The Adventure 2 marks Describe the debacle at Azad Maidan.

Professor Gaitonde was very fond of chairing public lecture meetings. He strolled in Azad Maidan and found a lecture in progress there. He saw a table and a chair on the platform but the presidential chair was unoccupied. He occupied the vacant seat. The public roughed him up, hurled tomatoes and eggs at him. Finally, the audience swarmed to the stage to eject him bodily. What plan of action had Professor Gaitonde arrived at? Professor Gaitonde, as a historian felt he should go to a big library and browse through history books. That was the surest way of finding out how the current state of affairs was reached. He also planned to return to Pune and have a long talk with Rajendra Deshpande. List the various things noticed by Professor Gaitonde when he was wandering in the British Raj. Professor Gaitonde noticed an Anglo Indian in uniform checking permits. There was a tiny union Jack on each carriage. He saw the headquarters of the East India Company. The buildings were of Victorian style and there were offices of British companies. There were Boots and Woolworth departmental stores and British banks. How did the shops and offices along Hornby Road differ from those he knew well? Professor Gaitonde found a different set of shops and office buildings along Hornby Road. There was no Handloom House building. Instead, there were Boots and Woolworth department stores. There were offices of Lloyds, Barclays and other British banks as can be seen in a high street in England. What µwas a blow¶ at Forbes building? Professor went to the English receptionist at Forbes building and asked to meet Mr. Vinay Gaitonde, his son. He was unable to meet him as he was at his office in modern day Bombay. The receptionist told him that she could not find his name there. It was a blow but not an unexpected one as his son was not even born then. Which facts of history surprised the Professor? At the library, Professor Gaitonde went through the different volumes of history. The fifth volume claimed that the Battle of Panipat was won by the Marathas led by Sadashivrao Bhau and his nephew Vishwasrao and that Abdali was chased away. Which account did Professor Gaitonde read through eagerly? Why? Professor Gaitonde read the account of consequences for the power struggle in India. It was in the book describing the Battle of Panipat. The style of writing was unmistakably his own, yet he was reading it for the first time. So, he read it eagerly. How did the Victory in the Battle of Panipat affect the balance of power? The Battle of Panipat established the supremacy of the Marathas in northern India. It was a great moral booster. The East India Company temporarily shelved its expansionist programme. How did the East India Company meet its match in the new Maratha ruler?

The new Maratha ruler Vishwasrao and his brother Madhavrao combined political acumen with valour and systematically expanded their influence all over India. The East India Company was reduced only in areas near Bombay, Calcutta and Madras just like its European rivals, the Portuguese and the French. How did the Peshwas involve the East India Company? The Peshwas were rulers from Pune who were shrewd enough to recognize the importance of the technological age beginning in Europe. They set up their centres for science and technology. The East India Company offered aid and experts. The Peshwas accepted it only to make the local centres self sufficient. What were the changes brought about in the twentieth century India? In the twentieth century, India moved towards a democracy as changes were inspired by the West. The Peshwas had lost their enterprise and were replaced by democratically elected bodies. The Sultanate of Delhi survived the transition because it wielded no real influence. The Shahenshah of Delhi was a figurehead to give official approval to recommendations of the Parliament. Why did Gangadharpant begin to appreciate the India he had read about? India had not been subjected to slavery. It had learnt to stand on its feet and knew what self-respect was. From a position of strength and for purely commercial reasons, it had allowed the British to retain Bombay as the sole outpost on the subcontinent. So he began to appreciate that India. How did the audience react to Professor Gaitonde¶s remark µan unchained lecture is like Shakespeare¶s Hamlet without the Prince of Denmark¶? The audience was in no mood to listen. That lecture series had no chairperson. They were sick of remarks from the chair, of vote of thanks, of long introductions and had abolished the old custom long ago. The chair was symbolic. They only wanted to listen to the speaker. They firmly asked him to vacate the chair and keep the platform empty and finally ejected him bodily. Why was Rajendra¶s smile replaced by a grave expression? Professor Gaitonde narrated his strange experience. Rajendra was smiling. He assumed that his friends' mind was playing tricks and his imagination was running amok. On seeing the printed page, Rajendra¶s face underwent a change and he was visibly moved. How did Professor Gaitonde meet with an accident? Professor Gaitonde was hit by a truck while he was going for his evening stroll. He lost consciousness. Though physically he was inactive, his mind was moving from place to place. Why did Rajendra Deshpande say that Gangadharpant neither travelled to the past nor the future? Professor Gaitonde after a collision with a truck saw different mental pictures in his active mind. He had made a transition from one world to another and back again. He was in the present but experiencing a different world. After listening to Professor Gaitonde, what logical explanation was given by Rajendra Deshpande?

Rajendra Deshpande connected science with history. He applied the theories of catastrophe and non determination in quantum theory to explain Professor Gaitonde¶s experience. How according to Rajendra was Gangadharpant able to experience two worlds? According to Rajendra, Gangadharpant thought process was focused on one particular event of the history and the mind elaborated these very points to create a different world picture. Gangadharpant had made a transition from one world to another and back again. By doing so, he was able to experience two worlds although one at a time. What had Professor Gaitonde been thinking at the time of the collision? At the time of the collision with a truck, Professor Gaitonde was preparing for a lecture on the course history would have taken in the result of the Battle of Panipat had gone the other way i.e. if the Marathas had won and so he visualized a very different India from the present one. 10 marks How does Rajendra Deshpande try to rationalize Professor Gaitonde about his transition to another world and back? Rajendra Deshpande was a physicist and felt that everything that occurred to us had a logical and scientific explanation. He felt that Professor Gaitonde had passed through a fantastic experience and tried to rationalize it on the basis of two scientific theories. One was the catastrophic theory which explained the Battle of Panipat and its result. The result of the Battle was determined by the act of leaders and the morale of troops. If Vishwasrao had not died, the morale of the troops would have been boosted and they might have won the battle. Next he talked about Quantum Theory. Lack of determination in the Quantum Theory when applied to history suggests that there can be many views of the world at one time. All alternatives are viable as far as reality is concerned. However, the observer can experience only one at a time. Professor made a transition from one world to the other as he had been thinking of the Battle of Panipat but he experienced them one at a time.

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