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History of Art Forms

From Pre- Historic to
Modern Art

A t Th
Art Through
h The
Th Ages
A

Paleolithic Cave Art
z These Paintings date back
z to Prehistoric times (32,000)
( )
z Years ago.

Cave Paintings
The most common themes in Cave paintings are
large wild animals such as bisons, horse and
deer and tracing of human hands. The paintings
are mostly abstract in form because the society
was a hunter- gatherer society.

King Hammurabi Of Babylon
(1792- 1750 B C)
z He became the first
z King
g of the
z Babylonian Empire.

z He is known for the Set of Laws called
z “Hammurabi’s Code.
z This was the first written code and recorded in
History.
z As an ancient Law – Giver, Hammurabi’s Portrait
is in many government buildings through the
world.

The bottom level depicts the vegetation in the Tigris and Eupharates delta delta. The third level depicts the procession ends at a temple area.Iraq Warka Vase .Uruk z This is one of the earliest z surviving g works. . The second level depicts the males carrying bowls of fruits and grains. The Vase has three levels of depiction of carving carving.

Statue of King Khephren z This statue of z King g Khephren p z incorporates the z symbolism of z power and z protection. .

Indus valley Seals (1500 B C) z Seals and Stamps have z been used during g the z Indus Valley z Civilization where z seals were carved z in a rock that were z pressed into wet clay. .

King of Akkad . .Mesopotamia z The King of Akkad is z regarded g as the first z king to have a z centralized rule in his z empire.

Priest King of Mohenjo Daro z The Priest – king is z wearingg a decorated z cloak over the left z shoulder shoulder. .

King Akhenaten of Egypt (1350 B C) z King Akhenaten was a z great Pharaoh of Egypt. g gyp z This Sculpture is the z most recognized work z of Art in the Ancient z World. .

z Her sculptor shows the z accurate facial z expressions. .Queen Nefertiti z Nefertiti means “The z Beautiful woman has z come” is the most z famous of all z Egyptians.

.Mask of Tutankhamum z King Tutankhamum’s z tomb is the best z preserved and most z ancient His tomb is the ancient. z epitome of Egyptian z Civilization.

Discobolos (discuss thrower) (450 B C) z The Subject is an z athlete called z Timanthes. sculpted by z Myron He is the first Myron. Very little z emotions are shown on the z face. . This statue is an z example of harmony z and balance. z Sculptor to master this z style.

Seated Buddha – Gandhara School of Art (200 A D) z Dating from 6th or 7th z Centuryy B C z Popularly known as z “The The Greco- z Buddhist Art” .

the great which was ruled by Emperor Ashoka and was a major part of the Buddhist Religion. z Gandhara was conquered by Alexander. This style is magnified as well as intricate style of Art. .z This kind of sculpture comprises of Buddha and Bodhisattvas.

Lord Vishnu asleep on a serpent G t Era Gupta E (500 A D) .

Rules were laid down in order to build Structured Temples.The Art and Architecture during the Gupta Era was termed as “ Golden Age “ in the history history. . Buddhist Art flourished during this period and created a new epoch in “Temple Temple Architecture Architecture”.

z Bright colors z Items in pictures are not in proportion z Mostlyy religious g themes z Rounded arches z No rose windows . Medieval Art and A hit t Architecture z Romanesque architectural style z Many columns used to hold up the roofs of large buildings buildings.

M di Medieval l Art At .

M di Medieval l Art At .

M di Medieval l Architecture A hit t .

M di Medieval l Architecture A hit t .

M di Medieval l Architecture A hit t .

due to the use of tempura paints i t and d stucco. t z Pointed arches z Flying buttresses & fewer columns z Highly ornate detail z Rose windows . Renaissance Art and A hit t Architecture z Gothic architectural style z Much more realistic z Items pictured are in proportion z B th secular Both l and d religious li i themes th z Blended colors.

R Renaissance i A Artt .

R Renaissance i A Artt .

R Renaissance i A Artt .

R Renaissance i A Artt .

R Renaissance i A Architecture hit t .

R Renaissance i A Architecture hit t .

R Renaissance i A Architecture hit t .

R f Reformation ti Art At z Catholic reformation art was of the baroque style and was designed to impress an illiterate population with the glory and grandeur of the Catholic church. European reformation art was very plain l i and d usually ll depicted d i t d every day d life. . lif – It is often referred to as the art of the Dutch Masters. church z N. such as Rembrandt and Hals.

Reformation Art .

Reformation R f ti Art At .

Reformation Art .

B Baroque A Artt z The desire to evoke emotional states by appealing to the senses. underlies Baroque Art. tension.. . sensuous richness.. z Characteristics include grandeur.. y. often in dramatic ways. vitality. and often a natural background. emotional exuberance. movement. drama.

Baroque Art .

B Baroque A Artt .

Baroque Architecture .

B Baroque A Architecture hit t .

functional like the declining aristocracy it represented. z S bj t are painted Subjects i t d with ith wispy i brushstrokes & the colors used often i l d d luscious included l i golds ld and d reds. R Rococo A Artt z The Rococo style in painting is decorative and non non-functional. d z Its subject matter frequently dealt with the leisurely pastimes of the aristocracy Rococo art often looks fuzzy. .

R Rococo A Artt z Characteristics of the Rococo style: z F Fussy detail d t il z Complex compositions z Certain superficiality z More ornateness z Sweetness z Li ht Light z Playfulness .

Rococo R A Artt .

Rococo Art .

Rococo Art .

R Rococo A Architecture hit t .

R Rococo A Architecture hit t .

y z The rise of Neoclassical Art was part of a general revival of classical thought. which was of some importance in the American and French revolutions. g g . unemotional form of art harkening back to the style of ancient Greece and Rome. z Its rigidity was a reaction to the overbred Rococo style and the emotional Baroque style. . N Neoclassical l i l Art At z Neoclassical Art is a severe.

N Neoclassical l i l Art At .

Neoclassical Art .

N Neoclassical l i l Art At .

N Neoclassical l i l Architecture A hit t .

ti l the th visionary. g z Romanticism emphasized the individual. the personal. calm. the subjective.. the irrational. R Romanticism ti i z Romanticism can be seen as a rejection of the precepts p p of order.l the th spontaneous. .. balance. z It was also l tot some extent t t a reaction ti against i t the th Enlightenment and against 18th-century rationalism and pphysical y materialism in general. harmony. t the th emotional. idealization. y. and the transcendental. the imaginative. and rationality that typified late 18th- century Neoclassicism..

Romanticism .

Romanticism .

R Romanticism ti i .

The l bright. P R h lit Art Pre-Raphaelite At z Detailed observation of flora. z A Brotherhood of artists formed in 1848 to recreate the Renaissance style. z Their moral seriousness is seen in their choice of religious or other uplifting themes. b i ht sharp-focus h f technique. z Th use off clear. .

Pre- Raphaelite ap ae te Style .

Pre- Raphaelite Style y .

. I Impressionism i i z The impressionist style of painting is characterized chiefly by concentration on the general impression produced by a scene or object j and the use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light. z The most conspicuous characteristic of Impressionism was an attempt to accurately and objectively record visual reality in terms of transient effects of light and color color.

Impressionism .

I Impressionism i i .

I Impressionism i i .

P i tilli Pointillism z Pointillism was a form of art that created pictures by combining a series of small dots. z Seurat was one of the major artists of this school of painting. p g z Seurat rejected the soft. irregular brushstrokes of impressionism in favor of pointillism. b k d . close-packed dots off unmixed i d color l tot a white hit background. a technique he developed whereby solid forms are constructed by applying small.

P i tilli Pointillism .

Pointillism .

z M Many expressionist i i t artists ti t reflected fl t d their th i disillusion with modern society. E Expressionism i i z Expressionism is a style of art in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately. but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist. especially i light in li ht off the th two t worldld wars. .

E Expressionism i i .

E Expressionism i i .

and reassembled in an abstracted b d form f z Cubists treat nature in terms of the cylinder. . C bi Cubism z In Cubism C the subject matter is broken up. z Subjects j in Cubists paintings p g are often hard to recognize. analyzed. the sphere and the cone.

C bi Cubism .

Cubism .

C bi Cubism .