Heather Gray CJS/210 Checkpoint: Law Enforcement Agencies

Local law enforcement includes metropolitan, county, and rural and small town law enforcement. The duties, functions, and responsibilities of these local law enforcement agencies are: perform routine patrol or traffic stops, enforce all traffic laws (including parades and other public events), arrest law violators, issue licenses and permits. These individuals are sometimes in uniforms and can be investigators as well. The Sheriff's office also had duties to perform like, court attendants, civil process, and other law enforcement jobs. Local law enforcement agencies are the ones who patrol our local neighborhoods for any suspicious activities that can evolve into a crime being committed. Both police officers and sheriff have to respond to 911 calls, give protect to the public, watch street activity, and uphold the law. Local law enforcers can not override State laws, so any State matters have to be handle by State officials. Any local law officer has to investigate crimes and help State and Federal authorities with investigate crimes when needed. State officials are in every U.S. state expect for Hawaii. The have jurisdiction over the state the are sworn in as a whole. Their duties, functions, and responsibilities are: to protect the governor and the vice governor, the properties they live in are secured. State officials also help maintain the motor vehicle laws. These officials investigate homicides and arson. Some of the State officials similar duties to local law enforcers. They also carry out duties for the local police, such as training academies, and criminal identification. The differences between local and state officials is that the State investigate arson and murders. The state also has different crime labs, such as, the Forensic lab; which local police have to rely on. The State also deals more with politics and other corruption within the state. The three Federal Law Enforcement Agencies are: The Department of Treasury, Department of the Interior, and the U.S. Postal Service. Department of Treasury: This agency has administrative control over the IRS, as well as other financial agencies, and anything that has to do with financial crimes, drug trafficking and terrorism. With the IRS this agency looks over federal income tax and collects back taxes. The Criminal Investigation looks into tax fraud or unclaimed income. Drug dealers are looked into for tax evasion because they have undeclared income. Department of the Interior: This is the agency that protects all parks and land own or controlled by the federal government. This officials have responsibilities of traffic control, fire control, and search and rescue operations. The also watch over smuggling of animals, and make sure people are not killing these animals just for fun. Although this agency has this control it could use more in the areas of terrorism and protecting national landmarks. U.S. Postal Service: This is one of the oldest federal agencies, created in 1836. These workers watch to make sure illegal use of mail service does not happen. They check for bombs, firearms and drugs just to name a few. The U.S. Postal Service covers more than 200 federal statutes that deal with the postal system.

References: Gray, Heather (n.d), CJS/210.
Dempsey, J. S. & Forst, L. S. (2005). Introduction to policing (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth. ISBN: 0-534-64290-X

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