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impeachment

an I ntrod uction

Atty. Karry Sison

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impeachment

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formal inquiry
enforce accountability of public
officers

“PUBLIC OFFICE IS A PUBLIC


TRUST”

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Impeachment
= formally charged of an impeachable
offense

innocence/guilt determined in a
trial

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IMPEACHABLE
OFFICERS

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president
vice president

SC justices

con-com members

ombudsman

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GROUNDS FOR
IMPEACHEMENT

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culpable violation of the constitution
treason
bribery
graft and corruption
other high crimes
betrayal of public trust

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NATURE OF
IMPEACHEMENT

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political process

legal process

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IMPEACHMENT
PROCEDURE

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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

exclusive power o initiate all cases of


impeachment

acts as the prosecutor

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SENATE

sole power to try and decide all cases of


impeachment
duty to conduct trial until final judgment is
rendered
legislative business is suspended

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Any HoR member Filed with
the Office of

Any citizen upon VERIFIED COMPLAINT the
the resolution Secretary
/endorsement by General
any HoR member
DETERMINATION OF
COMMITTEE SUFFICIENCY IN FORM N DISMISSED
ON JUSTICE
AND IN SUBSTANCE
Y
affirmative
vote of 1/3 VOTING BY THE
N DISMISSED
of the House PLENARY
Membership
Y

TRANSMITTAL TO THE SENATE AS


SENATE FOR TRIAL IMPEACHMENT
presided by
the CJ PROPER COURT
(president) or
the Senate
President
TRIAL
VOTING BY THE
IMPEACHED 2/3 MEMBERS OF
THE SENATE
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EFFECTS OF
IMPEACHMENT

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removal from office
disqualification to hold any office

liable and subject to prosecution,


trial and punishment according to
law

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no motion for reconsideration

no appeal

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“Public office is a public trust. Public officers and
employees must at all times be accountable to
the people, serve them with utmost responsibility,
integrity, loyalty, and efficiency, act with patriotism
and justice, and lead modest lives.”

Article XI, Section 1, 1987 Constitution

Maraming salamat po.

Sources:
Sison, et al., Impeachment Q&A
Bernas, Constitutional Law

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