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the blob that goes on each lattice point It doesn't matter where you put the basis in relation to the lattice point (Kittel, p6) Lattice vectors: a, b, c which translate to any point by: r = ua + vb + wc When referring to lattice; refer to atoms not electrons; when we speak about lattice heat capacity: relates to vibrations of atoms not KE of eUnit Cell: • • • basic building block; repeating builds lattice infinite number: can vary size; but nature does not allow all symmetry considerations also reduce number of possible cells

Wiki: • The unit cell is a small box containing one or more atoms, a spatial arrangement of atoms. The unit cells stacked in three-dimensional space describe the bulk arrangement of atoms of the crystal. • The unit cell is given by its lattice parameters which are the length of the cell edges and the angles between them, while the positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the set of atomic positions (xi , yi , zi) measured from a lattice point. may be primitive (only one atom per cell), or non-primitive Bravais lattice: Wiki: • Infinite set of points generated by a set {r | r = ua + vb + wc} of translation operations. • There are 14 possible symmetry groups of Bravais lattices: including the 3 cubic types, sc, bcc, fcc. • Look at 2D: rectangular centered Bravais lattice.

Primitive Cell: Lecture: • minimum volume cell contains one lattice point; constructed from primitive lattice vectors

u2. The primitive unit cell (or simply primitive cell) is a special case of unit cells which has only one lattice point combined and shared by eight other primitive cells. . The volume. and u3. The body centered cubic (BCC) and face centered cubic (FCC) lattices are simply unit cells. and it is a parallelepiped. Vc. Construction of a Wigner-Seitz cell . and also gives a lattice cell of smallest volume for a particular lattice. not primitive. It is the most "primitive" cell one can construct. and are primitive if the atoms look the same from any lattice points using integers u1. . • A Wigner–Seitz cell is an example of another kind of primitive cell. The simple cubic lattice is the only primitive unit cell conventionally. Wigner Seitz Cell Wiki The Wigner–Seitz cell around a lattice point is defined as the locus of points in space that are closer to that lattice point than to any of the other lattice points. . The lattice and translation vectors . The primitive cell is defined by the primitive axes (vectors) . and . The Wigner–Seitz cell in the reciprocal lattice is known as the first Brillouin zone. The general unit cell has an integral number of lattice points. It is made by drawing planes normal to the lines joining nearest lattice points to a particular lattice point. of the primitive cell is given by the parallelepiped from the above axes as.Wiki: • minimum cell corresponding to a single lattice point • a crystal can be categorised by its lattice and the atoms that lie in a primitive cell (the basis) Primitive translation vectors are used to define a crystal translation vector. It can be shown mathematically that a Wigner–Seitz cell is a primitive cell spanning the entire Bravais lattice without leaving any gaps or holes.

Notation: • atomic position in a cell: (a.b.c) • Miller indices – a plane (abc) (negative – bar on top) • {abc} set of equivalent planes • [abc] – direction in the crystal (perpendicular to plane) • <abc> .a set of equivalent directions .

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