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P&Id, Line list, Temperature, Pressure.

Overall Plant Layout and Piping corridor plan.

Scope of work and the Specifications for the Job.

Specifications for materials like PMS and VMS.




 

Items like Valves, Flanges, Speciality items, Reducers can be estimated from P&Id.

Length of Pipes, Elbows, Width of Pipe Rack can be estimated by referring P&Id

and Overall Plot Plan.

No of Tires (on rack) can be estimated by referring the spacing required for pipes

and also the space available.

MTO for Steam Traps, Valves (for Vent and drain) can be calculated by using

Thumb Rules.




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ÿan be estimated by assuming all the Pipes (on a grid) empty

except some bigger size lines filled with Water.

 
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Das lines to be considered as empty and rest of the lines

to be considered as filled with the Fluid (which they are suppose to carry in

operating condition).

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Oxial Stresses (Tensile / ÿompressive), Shear Stresses, Radial Stresses, Hoopes

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a. Sustained Loads 2. Occasional Loads 3. Displacement Loads (Self limiting

   

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a. Pressure b. Dead weight of Pipe and attachments

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Desired life cycle for Piping in operation is 20 Years (7000 ÿycles).

         



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Load of bare pipe + fluid + insulation ( if any ).


Load of bare pipe + waterfill.

Load of valves and online equipment and instrument.

Thermal loads during operation.

Steam out condition, if applicable.

Wind loads for piping at higher elevation, if required.

Forced vibration due to pulsating flow.

Bare pipe with size above 12" shall be supported with Pad or Shoe

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Basic Span is 5.5m / 9m / 11.5m / 15m respectively.

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Onchor is provided to restrict all the axial and rotational movements of Pipe, whereas

ÿross Duide is provided to restrict displacements of Pipe along with the axis

perpendicular to it¶s centreline and Duide is provided to restrict the longitudinal

movements of pipes along with it¶s axis.

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Hydrocarbon lines are usually subjected to Steam Out condition and designed

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Onchor support of Heat exchanger is provided on the side from which Tube

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To reduce the friction factor. The co-efficient of friction for Draphite Pads is

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displacement of pipe (thermal expansion of pipe / tank material, tank settlement etc).

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‘1. What is the maximum no. of cell nozzles connected to a single header of air

cooler piping header in normal practice?

Ons:

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‘2. What is fluid hammer and how it is generated?

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‘3. What is the purpose of expansion bellows?

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‘‘. You have to connect a 20" pipe to a manhole of existing tank , how will you

go about in carrying out the suitability of the manhole flange.

‘5. What should be the material of shoes for supporting OS pipes & why?

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‘7. What are sway braces?

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