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Paper Reference(s)
6679
Edexcel GCE
Mechanics M3
(New Syllabus)
Advanced/Advanced Subsidiary
Thursday 7 June 2001 Afternoon
Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Materials required for examination Items included with question papers
Answer Book (AB16) Nil
Graph Paper (ASG2)
Mathematical Formulae (Lilac)
Candidates may use any calculator EXCEPT those with the facility for symbolic
algebra, differentiation and/or integration. Thus candidates may NOT use calculators
such as the Texas Instruments TI 89, TI 92, Casio CFX 9970G, Hewlett Packard HP
48G
Instructions to Candidates
In the boxes on the answer book, write the name of the examining body (Edexcel), your
centre number, candidate number, the unit title (Mechanics M3), the paper reference (6679),
your surname, other name and signature.
Whenever a numerical value of g is required, take g = 9.8 m s
÷2
.
When a calculator is used, the answer should be given to an appropriate degree of accuracy.
Information for Candidates
A booklet ‘Mathematical Formulae and Statistical Tables’ is provided.
Full marks may be obtained for answers to ALL questions.
This paper has seven questions.
Advice to Candidates
You must ensure that your answers to parts of questions are clearly labelled.
You must show sufficient working to make your methods clear to the Examiner. Answers
without working may gain no credit.
N6993 2
1. A particle P moves along the xaxis in the positive direction. At time t seconds,
the velocity of P is v m s
÷1
and its acceleration is
t
6
1

2
1
e m s
÷2
. When t = 0 the
speed of P is 10 m s
÷1
.
(a) Express v in terms of t.
(4)
(b) Find, to 3 significant figures, the speed of P when t = 3.
(2)
(c) Find the limiting value of v.
(1)
2. Figure 1
A
u m s
÷1
0.2 m
A smooth solid hemisphere, of radius 0.8 m and centre O, is fixed with its plane
face on a horizontal table. A particle of mass 0.5 kg is projected horizontally with
speed u m s
÷1
from the highest point A of the hemisphere. The particle leaves the
hemisphere at the point B, which is a vertical distance of 0.2 m below the level
of A. The speed of the particle at B is v m s
÷1
and the angle between OA and OB
is , as shown in Fig. 1.
(a) Find the value of cos .
(1)
(b) Show that v
2
= 5.88.
(3)
(c) Find the value of u.
(3)
N6993 3
3. Figure 2
B
A
A light horizontal spring, of natural length 0.25 m and modulus of elasticity 52 N,
is fastened at one end to a point A. The other end of the spring is fastened to a
small wooden block B of mass 1.5 kg which is on a horizontal table, as shown in
Fig. 2. The block is modelled as a particle.
The table is initially assumed to be smooth. The block is released from rest when
it is a distance 0.3 m from A. By using the principle of the conservation of
energy,
(a) find, to 3 significant figures, the speed of B when it is a distance 0.25 m
from A.
(5)
It is now assumed that the table is rough and the coefficient of friction between B
and the table is 0.6.
(b) Find, to 3 significant figures, the minimum distance from A at which B can
rest in equilibrium.
(5)
N6891 4
4. A projectile P is fired vertically upwards from a point on the earth’s surface.
When P is at a distance x from the centre of the earth its speed is v. Its
acceleration is directed towards the centre of the earth and has magnitude
2
x
k
,
where k is a constant. The earth may be assumed to be a sphere of radius R.
(a) Show that the motion of P may be modelled by the differential equation
2
2
d
d
x
gR
x
v
v ÷ = .
(4)
The initial speed of P is U, where U
2
< 2gR. The greatest distance of P from the
centre of the earth is X.
(b) Find X in terms of U, R and g.
(6)
N6993 5
5. Figure 3
r
h
2
1
h
An ornament S is formed by removing a solid right circular cone, of radius r and
height
2
1
h, from a solid uniform cylinder, of radius r and height h, as shown in
Fig. 3.
(a) Show that the distance of the centre of mass S from its plane face is h
40
17
.
(7)
The ornament is suspended from a point on the circular rim of its open end. It
hangs in equilibrium with its axis of symmetry inclined at an angle to the
horizontal. Given that h = 4r,
(b) find, in degrees to one decimal place, the value of .
(4)
N6891 6
6. Figure 4
A
60°
h P
60°
B
A particle P of mass m is attached to two light inextensible strings. The other
ends of the string are attached to fixed points A and B. The point A is a distance h
vertically above B. The system rotates about the line AB with constant angular
speed . Both strings are taut and inclined at 60° to AB, as shown in Fig. 4. The
particle moves in a circle of radius r.
(a) Show that r =
2
3
h.
(2)
(b) Find, in terms of m, g, h and , the tension in AP and the tension in BP.
(8)
The time taken for P to complete one circle is T.
(c) Show that T <


.

\

g
h 2
.
(4)
N6993 7
7. Figure 5
A
R
30°
A small ring R of mass in is free to slide on a smooth straight wire which is fixed
at an angle of 30° to the horizontal. The ring is attached to one end of a light
elastic string of natural length a and modulus of elasticity . The other end of the
string is attached to a fixed point A of the wire, as shown in Fig. 5. The ring rests
in equilibrium at the point B, where AB = a
8
9
.
(a) Show that = 4mg.
(3)
The ring is pulled down to the point C, where BC = a
4
1
, and released from rest.
At time t after R is released the extension of the string is ( a
8
1
+ x).
(b) Obtain a differential equation for the motion of R while the string remains
taut, and show that it represents simple harmonic motion with period


.

\

g
a
.
(6)
(c) Find, in terms of g, the greatest magnitude of the acceleration of R while the
string remains taut.
(2)
(d) Find, in terms of a and g, the time taken for R to move from the point at
which it first reaches maximum speed to the point where the string becomes slack
for the first time.
(5)
END
(a) Express v in terms of t. When t = 0 the 2. (4) (b) Find. to 3 significant figures.2 m A smooth solid hemisphere. (2) (c) Find the limiting value of v. of radius 0.2 m below the level of A. A particle P moves along the xaxis in the positive direction. the velocity of P is v m s1 and its acceleration is speed of P is 10 m s1.1.88. as shown in Fig. (c) Find the value of u. The particle leaves the hemisphere at the point B. the speed of P when t = 3. Figure 1 A u m s1 0.5 kg is projected horizontally with speed u m s1 from the highest point A of the hemisphere. (1) 1 2 e 1t 6 m s2. At time t seconds. A particle of mass 0. which is a vertical distance of 0. The speed of the particle at B is v m s1 and the angle between OA and OB is . 1. is fixed with its plane face on a horizontal table. (3) (1) (3) N6993 2 . (b) Show that v2 = 5.8 m and centre O. (a) Find the value of cos .
to 3 significant figures. (5) N6993 3 . (5) It is now assumed that the table is rough and the coefficient of friction between B and the table is 0. 2.5 kg which is on a horizontal table.25 m from A. (b) Find.3. the minimum distance from A at which B can rest in equilibrium. of natural length 0. the speed of B when it is a distance 0. is fastened at one end to a point A. The other end of the spring is fastened to a small wooden block B of mass 1. to 3 significant figures.3 m from A. Figure 2 B A A light horizontal spring. as shown in Fig.6. By using the principle of the conservation of energy. The block is released from rest when it is a distance 0. The block is modelled as a particle. The table is initially assumed to be smooth. (a) find.25 m and modulus of elasticity 52 N.
where U 2 < 2gR. (b) Find X in terms of U. dx x (4) The initial speed of P is U. Its k acceleration is directed towards the centre of the earth and has magnitude 2 .4. The earth may be assumed to be a sphere of radius R. (6) N6891 4 . When P is at a distance x from the centre of the earth its speed is v. A projectile P is fired vertically upwards from a point on the earth’s surface. R and g. x where k is a constant. (a) Show that the motion of P may be modelled by the differential equation v gR 2 dv 2 . The greatest distance of P from the centre of the earth is X.
the value of . as shown in 2 Fig. (b) find. Figure 3 r 1 2 h h An ornament S is formed by removing a solid right circular cone. 3. (4) N6993 5 . (7) The ornament is suspended from a point on the circular rim of its open end. of radius r and height h.5. in degrees to one decimal place. (a) Show that the distance of the centre of mass S from its plane face is 17 40 h. It hangs in equilibrium with its axis of symmetry inclined at an angle to the horizontal. Given that h = 4r. of radius r and height 1 h. from a solid uniform cylinder.
The other ends of the string are attached to fixed points A and B. The particle moves in a circle of radius r. The system rotates about the line AB with constant angular speed . 2 (2) (8) (b) Find. h and . in terms of m.6. The point A is a distance h vertically above B. Both strings are taut and inclined at 60 to AB. Figure 4 A 60 h P 60 B A particle P of mass m is attached to two light inextensible strings. g (4) N6891 6 . (a) Show that r = 3 h. the tension in AP and the tension in BP. 2h (c) Show that T < . 4. The time taken for P to complete one circle is T. as shown in Fig. g.
A R Figure 5 30 A small ring R of mass in is free to slide on a smooth straight wire which is fixed at an angle of 30 to the horizontal. The ring rests in equilibrium at the point B. g (6) (c) Find. The ring is pulled down to the point C. (2) (d) Find. 8 (a) Show that = 4mg. the greatest magnitude of the acceleration of R while the string remains taut. the time taken for R to move from the point at which it first reaches maximum speed to the point where the string becomes slack for the first time. At time t after R is released the extension of the string is ( 1 a + x).7. and released from rest. (5) END N6993 7 . as shown in Fig. in terms of g. where BC = 1 4 (3) a . in terms of a and g. where AB = 9 a . 5. The ring is attached to one end of a light elastic string of natural length a and modulus of elasticity . 8 (b) Obtain a differential equation for the motion of R while the string remains a taut. and show that it represents simple harmonic motion with period . The other end of the string is attached to a fixed point A of the wire.
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