GENERAL SPECIFICATION 3.

04 GENERAL PIPING DESIGN

Chevron Offshore (Thailand) Ltd

0 A Rev.

PH MLJ By

Issued for Use Issue for Review Description TABLE OF CONTENTS

8/2001 6/2000 Date Rvw'd Appv'd

1.0

INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Scope Exclusions Responsibilities Conflicts and Exceptions

2.0 3.0

MANDATORY CODES AND STANDARDS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 General Piping Design and Layout Valving Branches Pipeways and Racks Accessibility and Clearance Pipe Stress and Flexibility Cold-Spring Installations

4.0

PROCESS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 General Wellheads, Flowlines, Manifolds and Separation Systems Pressure Vessels Fired Heaters Heat Exchangers Pumps Compressors Erosion Monitoring Chemical Injection Sample Connections

5.0

UTILITY SYSTEMS 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Fuel and Utility Gas Instrument Air Utility Air Cooling Water Lube and Seal Oil Systems

6.0

PRESSURE RELIEVING SYSTEMS 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 General Open Relief Systems Closed Relief Systems Conventional and Pilot Operated Relief Valves Thermal Reliefs Rupture Disks Flare Systems

7.0

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 7.1 7.2 7.3 Firewater Systems Foam Systems Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Systems

8.0

VENTS, DRAINS, FLUSHING AND CLEANING SYSTEMS

8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0

General Vent Connections Drainage Systems Flushing Systems Cleaning Systems

INSTRUMENTATION 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 General Flow Instruments Level Instruments Pressure Instruments Temperature Instruments

10.0

CONTROL VALVES 10.1 10.2 10.3 General Piping Sizes and Pressure Drop Station Arrangements

11.0

SPECIALTY ITEMS 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 General Blanks Strainers Drip Rings

12.0

SUPPORTS AND ANCHORS 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 General Support Design Materials Applications Spring Supports Dummy Supports

13.0

DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 General Piping Plans Elevations and Sections Details Isometrics

APPENDICES I II III Mandatory Codes and Standards Government Regulations Chevron Standards

GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

1.0 1.1

INTRODUCTION Scope This specification, in conjunction with the other Technical Requirements, defines the minimum acceptable requirements for the design, layout, support and flexibility of piping systems used in upstream oil and gas production facilities. This specification governs piping systems provided in accordance with API Recommended Practice 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping" and ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping."

1.2

Exclusions This specification does not apply to process design, line sizing or equipment layout; nor does it apply to piping material and component selection, or to piping fabrication, installation, inspection and testing.

1.3

Responsibilities CONTRACTOR shall be solely responsible for providing complete and operable piping systems in full accordance with all applicable Industry Codes and Standards, Government Regulations and COMPANY Technical Requirements.

1.4 1.4.1

Conflicts and Exceptions All conflicts between this specification, the other Technical Requirements, and the applicable codes and standards shall be submitted in writing to COMPANY for resolution. Any and all exceptions to the Technical Requirements shall be submitted in writing to COMPANY for approval. MANDATORY CODES AND STANDARDS The primary codes governing piping systems provided under this specification shall be API Recommended Practice 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping" and ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping." The most recent issue of the codes and standards listed in Appendix I "Mandatory Codes and Standards" shall be considered as a part of this specification. Special design allowances outlined in any of the codes and standards may not be used without written approval of COMPANY. COMPANY "Safety in Designs" Manual (GO-590) shall be considered as part of this specification. CONTRACTOR shall refer to COMPANY "Safety in Designs" Page 2 of 56 8/2001

1.4.2

2.0 2.1

2.2

2.3 2.4

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GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD

GS 3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001

Manual regarding all safety concerns related to piping system design, layout, fabrication and assembly, such as valve accessibility guidelines, overhead clearance requirements and valve handwheel/stem position limitations. 3.0 3.1 3.1.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS General Piping systems and components, including design, layout, support and flexibility shall be in full accordance with API RP 14E "Design and Installation of Offshore Production Piping," ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" and COMPANY Technical Requirements. All addenda issued through the date of the Purchase Order, Contract or Agreement, as applicable, shall apply in full. The selection of pipe, piping components and valving shall be in full accordance with the Technical Requirements, including General Specification 3.00 "Piping Service Classifications and Material Requirements," and in particular the appropriate Material Class Data Sheet for the intended service. Substitution of alternate materials or components shall require prior written approval by COMPANY. The design, layout and support of Polypropylene Lined (PPL) carbon steel piping systems shall be in accordance with ASTM F492 "Propylene and Polypropylene (PP) Plastic-Lined Ferrous Metal Pipe and Fittings," the manufacturer's requirements and recommendations and the Technical Requirements. The design, layout and support of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) piping systems shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's requirements and recommendations, and the Technical Requirements. CONTRACTOR shall note that the Technical Requirements do not include complete, detailed design, layout, support or flexibility requirements specific to the needs of FRP piping systems. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for developing piping design and layout requirements to the mutual satisfaction of COMPANY and the FRP piping manufacturer. The design, layout and support of Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) piping systems shall be in accordance with ASTM D2846 "Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Plastic Hot and Cold Water Distribution Systems," the manufacturer's requirements and recommendations, and the Technical Requirements. References in this specification to ANSI Class 150, 300, 600, 900, 1500 and 2500 flange ratings refer to ANSI B16.5 "Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings." References to API 3000, 5000 and 10,000 pound flange ratings refer to API 6A "Specification for Wellhead Equipment."

3.1.2

3.1.3

3.1.4

3.1.5

3.1.6

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Page 3 of 56

8/2001

3 3. relief valves. Piping.2. or above operating or maintenance areas of process equipment. an elevated access platform shall be provided for operation and maintenance.2. Diagonal and skewed angle piping runs shall not be accepted without specific COMPANY approval. Piping shall not be routed directly above mechanical equipment such as pumps or compressors. servicing and maintenance. and meter runs shall be accessible from deck level or access platforms.doc Page 4 of 56 8/2001 . that protrude into walkway areas at or below minimum elevations as defined by COMPANY's "Safety in Designs" shall be rerouted. Valves and piping components requiring operator attention or regular servicing shall be accessible from deck level. The number of flanged joints in hydrocarbon service shall be kept to a minimum. instruments. Piping shall be routed in the true vertical or horizontal plane unless specified otherwise. Control valves shall be grouped at centralized operating locations. all control valves. side.2 3.2 3.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.2. if practical.2.2. Piping shall be arranged for easy removal of equipment for inspection. and generally parallel to column rows. while still providing adequate expansion and flexibility in the design. Care shall be taken not to create unnecessary low point liquid pockets or high point vapor traps. If not accessible from deck level.2. changes in direction shall coincide with changes in elevation. 3.7 All sour service hydrocarbon piping systems shall be in accordance with NACE MR-01-75 "Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Material for Oil Field Equipment.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 3. Similar equipment and piping shall be grouped together to simplify the piping layout and ease operation and maintenance. unless specified otherwise by COMPANY. Areas reserved for pulling of heat exchanger bundles and compressors shall be free of overhead piping. valves.6 3. Piping shall not be installed below the lowest deck level unless absolutely necessary due to its service or route to or from a lower area. Specifically. For major piping runs. Maintenance areas shall be clearly designated as such and free of piping runs. Piping and equipment shall be arranged to maximize safety and operator accessibility.4 3.5 3. Piping shall be routed to minimize run lengths and fitting quantities. such as a boatlanding or pump caisson.2.7 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342." Piping Design and Layout CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for all piping design and layout.1. rear or beneath such equipment to facilitate operation and maintenance. ensuring that it is suitable for the intended service and is in accordance with the Technical Requirements. etc.1 3. Piping runs shall be to the front.

Hot and insulated lines shall be grouped together and separated from cold lines to control corrosion.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Access platforms are preferred to chain operators.16 3. Chain operators shall not be acceptable on valves 2" NPS and smaller. If practical.2.3. Threaded connections and unions shall not be permitted.2.doc .e.2. or similar substances shall not be located near equipment or other piping with temperatures exceeding 200 °F.3 3. Flange bolt holes shall straddle normal horizontal and vertical center lines. vertical stems.2.1 3. Valving The centerline of valves shall not be more than 11'-0" above an operating level or platform without COMPANY approval. Horizontally positioned valve stems shall not be located in the face hazard zone. Mitered joints and welds shall not be acceptable without written COMPANY approval. Chain drop shall normally clear operating platforms by 3'-6".9 3. chemicals. Valves in which the center of the handwheel is 6'-0" or more above an operating level shall be provided with chain operators or extension stems.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 3.8 Prefabricated piping shall have a sufficient number of properly located field welds to allow flanged connections to be installed without imposing excessive strain on the equipment or piping. high temperature and high pressure lines shall not be located close to potential sources of electrical sparks such as electrical conduits. The handwheel shall not be located more than 4'-0" above the deck or operating platform. Valves shall not be installed with the stems inclined below the horizontal plane without COMPANY approval.2. unless otherwise approved by COMPANY.2. Special consideration shall be given to valves 10" NPS and larger with handwheels positioned horizontally.2 3. All piping connections in systems for corrosive service (polypropylene lined piping) shall be flanged. Piping carrying caustic materials.11 3.2.2. and motor operated equipment such as valves.10 3. As an Page 5 of 56 8/2001 3.13 3.3. or 6 times the wall thickness of the pipe. The minimum spacing between circumferential weld joints shall be 2". which is defined to be between 4'-6" and 6'-3" above the deck or operating platform. electrical connections. whichever is greater. Hot materials shall not be discharged into open drains located near electrical runs.15 3.3.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.12 3. electrical trays. condensation an vapor problems. acids.14 3. i.2.

9 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.3.4.4.8 For screwed or socket welded utility services.4. 3. The bracing method shall be subject to approval by COMPANY.4. a union shall be provided immediately outboard of branch block valves unless the valves are flanged.2 3. Branch connections 2" NPS and smaller shall be equipped with break flanges in the following services: • Chemical. quench. a gear operator with the handwheel in the vertical plane may be provided. instruments.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. In this case.4. Connections that may require bracing include sample points. close to the header. A flanged branch valve shall be acceptable in lieu of break flanges. Branch connection root valves shall be located in the horizontal section of the branch.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 alternative to an additional platform.3 3.4. Care shall be taken in the location of small connections in piping subject to thermal movement. Branch connections in process services shall be located at the top or side of the header. corrosion probes.4. Care shall be exercised in the detail design of small branch connections to prevent mechanical damage or breakage due to vibration or excessive force.4 3.doc Page 6 of 56 8/2001 . purge and steam injection into process lines • Flushing services The break flanges shall be placed outboard of the branch block valve. Branches Branch connections in utility services shall be located at the top of the header. and vent and drain connections (particularly where double block and bleeds are required).5 3.7 3.1 3. 3.4. 3. purges. Header branch line block valves shall be located to allow complete drainage on each side of the valve.4 3.6 3.4 Valves that require operation during an emergency shall be easily accessible or shall be equipped with remote operating devices with convenient local control. Compressed air line branches shall be provided with a full size opening arranged to allow system cleaning by blowing down pressure.4. thermal relief valves. Couplings or other weld-on type branch connections and fittings shall not be located on a weld joint. the centerline of the handwheel shall not be more than 6'-3" above the deck or operating platform.

egress routes. Loops shall not extend horizontally past the pipeway or rack edges without COMPANY approval. etc.5.6.4 3.5 3. utility and service lines shall generally be placed on the top level.3 3.6.2 3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 3. monorail hoists and hook hoists. The clearance between piping.5.5. Pipe entering or exiting pipeways and racks shall roll out with a change in elevation so as not to block adjacent pipe slots. access and laydown areas.1 3. Expansion pipe loops shall be installed over the top of pipeways and racks. styles. insulation requirements.5. On single level racks. The outer edges of pipeways and racks.5 3.6. Where process lines run to higher elevations.5 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.4 3.3 3. shall be 1" minimum. the difference in elevations between lines running platform north/south and those running east/west shall be a minimum of 2'-0".6 3.1 Pipeways and Racks Where pipeways and racks are provided. and 7'-0" at all stair treads as a minimum.5. shall be allocated to heavy (liquid) lines and large diameter piping.2 3.6. Overhead piping shall provide a clearance of 6'-8" at all platforms.5. The center-to-center spacing between piping shall be governed by the flange diameters. and process lines on the lower level. and thermal expansion characteristics of the piping.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. If possible.. utility and service lines shall generally be grouped separate from process lines.6. Accessibility and Clearance Piping shall be routed to avoid creating overhead interferences and tripping hazards. The "Approved for Construction" layout shall include a minimum of 15% spare space (oversized) based on linear width. A minimum clearance of 18" shall be provided between piping and equipment or other obstructions in areas requiring occasional access. whether double or single level. Horizontal clearance between piping and equipment or major structural members shall be 12" minimum. Page 7 of 56 8/2001 3. Process lines shall be placed on the same side of the pipeway and rack as the equipment they service when possible. and shall not infringe upon designated walkway. The center of pipeways and racks shall be allocated to light (gas or vapor) lines and small diameter piping. Pipeways and racks shall be oversized by 25% during initial layout based on linear width.doc . walkways. including flanges and/or insulation. they may be located on the top level. Piping arrangements shall provide sufficient operating space for maintenance equipment such as bridge cranes.6 3.

6. pipe loops. Centrifugal pumps with a 6" NPS or larger nozzle 3. valves and piping components. Pipe Stress and Flexibility Thermal and mechanical expansion/contraction of piping systems shall be considered in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping.6. On installations with long runs of pipe. Centrifugal compressors b.7.2 3. a longitudinal clearance shall be provided between pipes leaving the pipeway or rack to accommodate thermal expansion. and mechanical and thermal shock that may be encountered throughout the service life of the piping installation. namely bellows type joints shall not be provided without COMPANY approval.7 3." Pipe loops or offset legs shall be utilized to provide flexibility for piping systems subject to expansion/contraction. vibration. parallel piping or installation of temporary supports. Mechanical expansion joints. The piping arrangement shall provide sufficient support and changes in direction.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" and the Technical Requirements. in-line instrumentation.6.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.1 3. Sufficient breakout unions and flanges shall be provided for servicing equipment.doc Page 8 of 56 8/2001 .7 3.8 3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 3. CONTRACTOR shall consider stresses resulting from static and cyclic movement of piping. The criteria for determining whether or not to perform a stress/flexibility analysis shall be approved by COMPANY.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.6 Piping systems shall be constructed with unions or flanged joints wherever disassembly may be required. As a minimum.7.7. spring supports and/or expansion joints to ensure that stresses are within the limits allowed by ANSI B31. a detailed stress/flexibility analysis shall be provided for the following services: a. Reciprocating compressors rated at 200 HP and higher c. anchors. Piping that requires frequent servicing shall be arranged to preclude unnecessary removal of equipment.

f.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" and the Technical Requirements. accurate weight balance calculations shall be made to determine the required supporting force at each hanger location.7. b. such as a weldolet.7. the stress range reduction factor (f) used to calculate the allowable displacement stress range (SA) shall be in accordance with ANSI B31.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" for unreinforced fabricated tees.7. When spring hangers are utilized. The applied forces and moments on hub connectors are within the manufacturer's allowable limits. d. The fatigue life is acceptable. e. The design expansion rate shall be 1/2" per 10°F change in temperature per 100' of length. expansion. and occasional) complies with ANSI B31. including: a. The applied forces and moment on flanged joints are within the limit allowed by the applicable code or Technical Requirement.7. The calculated stress (sustained. The factor (f) shall be 0. g.8 3. e.doc Page 9 of 56 8/2001 . The stress intensification factor for piping branch connections made by an integrally reinforced fitting. Thermal expansion shall be considered in the design of nonmetallic (CPVC) piping systems. shall be in accordance with ANSI B31. the difference between the minimum ambient operating temperature and the temperature of the saturated steam reduced by 50°F.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. c.6 If the piping stress analysis is performed with a computer program.7.7 3.7 for calculating SA when using a less rigorous methods of stress analysis.5 Calculations to determine piping flexibility and expansion stress shall be based on the greater of the following temperature differentials: • Difference between the minimum ambient operating temperature of the installation and the design temperature.7. Reactions at pipe restraints or anchors are available for support design. it shall ensure that the pipe work complies with ANSI B31." as applicable. • For steam traced lines.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping. 3.3 allowables.9 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.4 Centrifugal pumps operating above 1800 rpm Piping installed on bridges Services operating at 200°F and higher Services operating at 40°F or lower When piping stress analysis is performed. 3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 d. 3. 3.

ANSI B73. In accordance with NEMA SM 23 formulas 3. Loads and moments exerted by piping systems at the flanges of mechanical equipment (such as pumps and compressors) shall not exceed the permissible reactions specified by the equipment manufacturer or the applicable industry standard. Applicable industry standards and permissible limits shall be as follows: Equipment Type (standard): Centrifugal Pumps (API STD 610) Centrifugal Pumps (ANSI B73.8. Care shall be taken in designing and locating anchors and guides so as not to cause excessive stress by severely restricting the movement of the piping. whichever is more conservative. Page 10 of 56 8/2001 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.1.7.14 3.1 Cold-Spring Installations Cold-sprung piping installations shall be acceptable only if approved by COMPANY.7.2) Reciprocating Pumps (API STD 674) Gas Turbines (API STD 616) Centrifugal Compressors (API STD 617) Reciprocating Compressors (API STD 618) Steam Turbines (NEMA SM 23.8 3.11 3. Lines that require expansion loops or offset legs shall be grouped together to minimize the cumulative space required by the loops.12 3.7. as modified below. API STD 612) Permissible Limits: In accordance with API STD 610 formulas 75% of the value calculated by API STD 610 formulas In accordance with API STD 674 formulas In accordance with API STD 616 formulas In accordance with NEMA SM 23 with constants in the formulas increased by a factor of 1.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 3.7.10 The maximum stress in a piping system during hydrostatic testing shall not exceed 90% of the specified minimum yield strength (SMYS) of any pressure containing piping component.85 In accordance with API STD 618 formulas. The weight of the pipe at each equipment connection shall be accurately calculated to quantify the loads and moments imposed on the equipment.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.doc .7.13 3. API STD 611.

8.2 4. or if a cold-spring installation is necessary to provide for lateral clearances in closely spaced groups of lines.1.1 4.2 4.1. Piping injection and sampling connections shall be of minimum length and protected from external mechanical damage.2. moments and stress on the equipment flanges.1 4.doc .2.2.3 4. Safety devices on manifold headers and flowlines shall be designed and installed in accordance with API RP 14C "Recommended Practice for Analysis.4 4.2.8. Piping headers with flanged ends shall be located so that future extension of the header is not blocked by adjacent piping or equipment.2. concentric and in contact prior to bolting the piping in place.8. Installation and Testing of Basic Surface Safety Systems on Offshore Production Platforms.2 4.1 4. Manifolds and Separation Systems General The piping system design shall provide access for periodic nondestructive testing for erosion. Deadlegs in process piping shall be avoided whenever possible. The check valve shall be installed on the upstream injection side of the block valve.1. Page 11 of 56 8/2001 3.4 4. The piping shall be permanently supported to ensure that mating flanges are parallel.2 Cold-springing of piping will be considered only for piping that must be strain free at operating temperatures. compressors and other equipment shall be designed to prevent excessive loads.1. Cold-spring of more than 1/2" shall not be permitted.3 3.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.1. PROCESS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT General Piping terminations at pumps.2.2.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 3. Wellheads. Flowlines. Cold-sprung installations shall not be acceptable at rotating machinery under any circumstances.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. A check valve shall be either close-coupled or integral to the block valve on injection line connections. Suction and discharge piping to rotating and reciprocating equipment shall be designed to facilitate alignment of the equipment. Each connection shall include a close-coupled block valve.3 4.1." Wellhead Piping and Flowline Systems The piping design and layout shall take into consideration independent wellhead movement due to wave action and wind forces.1.1 4.2 4.0 4. Design.

3. Drains shall be piped to within 6" of the skid drain pan. A straight tee with a weld cap or blind flange installed on the end run may be substituted for a procured cushion tee. and exit the branch side.2.2.2 4. Changes in direction shall be made with cushion tees.5 4.2. Manifold Systems Short radius elbows in manifold assemblies shall be specifically prohibited and shall not be accepted by COMPANY under any circumstances.7 4.5 4.2. Manifold headers shall be designed. Manifold headers shall be terminated with blind flanges on each end to provide a fluid cushion area and a means for rodding out.2.4.2.2 of API RP 14E "Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4.2.2.3.2.2.2.4 4.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.3 4.3 4.3 4.2. Each riser and header on production manifolds shall be equipped with a drain valve for draining into the production manifold skid drain pan.4 4. Header block valves shall include body bleed valves to facilitate testing for leaks. Wellhead flow shall enter the straight end run.4 Piping shall not obstruct access necessary for well servicing.2.doc Page 12 of 56 8/2001 . Production flowline check valves shall be located immediately upstream of the well manifold header tie-in block valve so as to protect the entire flowline from backflow.2.2.3.2 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.3.1 4.6 4.2.2. Changes in direction shall not be permitted within 10 nominal pipe diameters downstream of wellhead chokes or throttling valves. Oil Separation Systems Piping design layout shall avoid wet legs and vertical risers if possible.1 4.2. Each injection flowline shall be provided with a check valve located at the wellhead so that the entire flowline is protected from backflow.2.2.4. A branch block valve and quick disconnect shall be provided immediately upstream of each flow line check valve to permit de-pressuring and draining of the flowline into the relief header by using a temporary high pressure hose. Manifold inlet and outlet connections shall be provided with an isolation block valve.2.3." Required 4. The typical arrangement for a separation vessel piping system shall be in accordance with Figure 5. arranged and installed so that future expansion will not be obstructed by other piping or equipment.2 4.

A removable pipe spool shall be provided on the inlet (wellstream) to production and test separators. Lines carrying materials of high viscosity shall be designed with a continuous slope and shall drain into the vessel.4 Pressure Vessels Process piping at vessel nozzles shall be provided with blanks or spectacle blinds to allow isolation of the vessel for inspection and maintenance.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.8 4.5 4. in addition to the normal control system. Vessel drains that discharge into an open drain system shall be piped from the block valve to a splash hub on the drain system to allow observation. Liquid outlet headers shall be piped to permit gravity drainage from the vessel.3 4.3.3 4.6 4. For instrumentation connections.7 4. the first block valve off a vessel connection shall use a piping class ball valve as the root valve. Atmospheric vents from vessels shall be equipped with plugged or blanked shutoff valves.3.doc Page 13 of 56 8/2001 .1 4. If. All vessel connections shall be flanged with a minimum size of 1-1/2" NPS. 4.4.3.3.4 4. 4. it shall be located at grade close to the shutdown valve in a location safe from fire exposure.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. Fired Heaters Fuel Oil The fuel oil header at each fired heater shall be located above the burners and shall not be dead ended. a manual actuation station is required.3. Vessel emergency shutdown valves shall be located within 30' of the vessel measured horizontally. Vessel drains operated only during shutdown periods may be provided with plugs or blanks in lieu of permanently installed valves with COMPANY approval.3.2 4. Additional valves beyond the root valve shall be in accordance with the appropriate piping or instrumentation specification.9 4.1 4. except that temperature and pressure gauges/transmitters may use 3/4" or 1" NPS screwed connections when specifically approved by COMPANY.3.3.4.3.3. unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements.1. The total pipe length from the vessel nozzle to the valve shall not exceed 50'.10 4.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 piping system components shall be provided as shown unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements.

All vent valves shall be provided with plugs or blind flanges. The header that supplies the heater shall be provided with block and bleed valves.4.3. A spectacle blind shall be installed downstream from the block and bleed valves.1. Throttle valves for fuel gas service shall be of the globe or needle type.5. channel covers.1 4. Heat Exchangers Shell and Tube and Double Pipe Heat Exchangers Process and water piping to heat exchangers shall be arranged to provide easy removal of shell covers.4.1 4.1 of this specification and the Technical Requirements.doc Page 14 of 56 8/2001 . Piping shall be arranged. 4. channels and tube bundles.2.2 4.4. Fuel Gas The piping arrangement for fuel gas systems on fired heaters shall be in accordance with Section 5.3 4.1. of the vee-port type.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4.3 4. Unless specified otherwise.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.4.4. Check valves shall be installed at the vessel end of the flow lines to prevent backflow when a heater or heat exchanger tube ruptures.5. or check valves shall be properly located to ensure that cooling water will remain in the exchanger should the cooling water supply be lost. All other valves shall be fire safe ball valves.1 4. a ball check valve shall be provided in each air connection.4. Miscellaneous Burner control valves shall be located at a working level so that adjustments can be made while observing the flame.3 Globe-type burner line valves shall be connected to the side or top of the header with lines draining to the burners.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. The check valve shall be installed at the burner with the valve in the up-flow position.5 4.2 4.4 4.5.1.5.4. Bypass valves located at automatic control valves shall be ball or globe valves.4.2.2 4.2.4.2 4.1.3. Facility blowdown valves shall be located so that operation of the valves will not be affected by a fire at the heater.1. Piping arrangements for air atomization shall provide safeguards to prevent fuel oil from entering the air system.2 4.4.3.2.3 4.4.1 4.

Suction and discharge headers shall be extended to reach support beams and closed with a blind flange.5. Valve handwheels shall be arranged to project toward the major maintenance side of the pump installation but away from the pump.2.3 4. The piping system shall consist of multiple cascading headers to equalize the flow to each bundle.6. single-phase flow headers may be arranged as a simple rake or comb-shaped manifold.2 4. Suction and discharge block valves shall be located as close as possible to the pump to permit removal of the pump without having to drain an excessive amount of piping or shut-in other equipment.2 4.6.6.2 Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers Inlet and outlet headers shall not be located over or under the tube areas. Elbows in horizontal suction piping leading to double suction pumps shall be at least 5 pipe diameters upstream of the pump suction flange if a reducer is not utilized.3 4.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4. Piping connections to split-header bundles shall be designed to provide necessary flexibility to accommodate motion produced by differential temperature within the bundle. If the pressure drop from the header inlet to the most distant nozzle of the last heat exchanger in the row (Px) is less than 1/9 of the pressure drop through the heat exchanger (Py). except at the driver end where the width shall be a minimum of 5'-0". if the valve stem is located in the vertical position.4 4. Suction and discharge lines shall be independently anchored. If a reducer is located between the elbow and the pump flange. Piping shall not obstruct the driver end of horizontal pump skids under any circumstances.5 4. Pumps Sufficient maintenance and access space shall be provided around pumps.6. Piping shall be arranged to minimize flow turbulence.5.2.6.1 4. A reducer next to the pump flange shall be considered to be equivalent to three pipe diameters of the larger pipe. A valve may be installed within the run.doc . Multiple bay heat exchangers with incoming two-phase flow regimes (other than the dispersed or bubble flow regions in a Baker flow map) shall be provided with a symmetrical inlet piping arrangement.2.5.2. Elbows shall be installed to turn in the vertical plane. Page 15 of 56 8/2001 4.6 4. a straight run of at least 2 pipe diameters (based on the larger pipe) shall be provided.5.6.5.7 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. No other method of support shall be acceptable. especially on the pump suction piping.4 4.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.6.6 4.1 4. The minimum maintenance width provided around pumps shall be 3'-0".

The strainers shall have a free area a minimum of 300% of the pipe internal cross sectional area. permanent strainers shall be installed in the suction line of pumps handling fluids that may contain solids. and to be slightly sloped toward the pump.12 4. Suction and discharge pulsation dampeners shall also be considered on reciprocating pumps in order to reduce vibration and the impact of acceleration head in the suction piping. Shock absorbers or flexible connections shall be provided on reciprocating pumps if quick closing or remote control valves are installed in the discharge line. Temporary start-up strainers shall be installed in the pump suction piping utilizing a removable spool between the pump and block valve as close to the pump as possible. 4. Proper spacing shall be provided to allow for both the strainer and gaskets.9 Horizontal reducers at pump suction connections shall be eccentric and installed with the flat side on top.6. direction changes in close proximity to the pump discharge shall be avoided to the best extent possible. Piping shall be arranged to minimize the equivalent length of the suction piping. For FRP piping systems. location.11 4. permanent strainers shall be installed in the pump suction line.14 4. Shock absorbers or flexible connections shall be designed to prevent shock and minimize stress on the pump.6.6.6.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. A concentric reducer shall be provided if the reduction occurs immediately before the elbow on the downcomer from overhead. CONTRACTOR shall submit the type.6. packing flush and other pump fluids shall be piped to open drain hubs to allow observation. As a minimum. If feasible and economical.16 4. The mesh size shall be approved by COMPANY and the pump manufacturer. a long radius reducing elbow shall be provided.6.6.6.6. mesh size and material of all pump strainers to COMPANY for approval.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4.18 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.15 4. Permanent strainers shall be tee type bathtub strainers for piping 8" NPS and larger.6. If specified in the Technical Requirements.doc Page 16 of 56 8/2001 .10 4.13 4. Suction piping shall be designed so that temporary start-up strainers can be easily installed or removed without springing the pipe. to eliminate liquid and vapor pockets. Fluids shall not be discharged onto the pump baseplate.17 4.8 4. Drain lines for jacket and seal cooling water.6. unless the pump is specifically designed to handle solids.

2 4.7.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4.7.7.1.7.2. and corrosive gases. the suction scrubber shall be located upstream of the pulsation dampener.1. Where pulsation dampeners are provided. Flow through conical type strainers shall be from outside to inside. Temporary strainers shall be provided in all compressor suction lines 3" NPS and larger.7. Compressor suction block valves shall be located in horizontal runs of piping.1. Suction and discharge headers shall be extended to reach support beams and closed with a blind flange. Air Compressors Suction piping for air compressors shall be equipped with a silencer and an air intake filter in accordance with the Technical Requirements. moisture. and shall drain freely to the scrubber.1 4.8 4. Proper spacing shall be provided to allow for both the strainer and gaskets.1 4.2. and shall be installed in a removable spool piece as close to the compressor as possible.1 4.7.7. No other method of support shall be acceptable.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. additional knockout equipment shall be provided.7.9 4.7 4. Air compressor suction piping between the air filter and the compressor connection shall be fabricated of either galvanized or stainless steel piping.3 4. Suction scrubbers shall be located as close to the compressor as possible. Temporary strainer design and mesh size shall be approved by COMPANY and the compressor manufacturer.2 4.4 Compressors General Compressor piping shall be provided with blanks for isolating the compressor during hydrostatic testing and maintenance.2.doc .7. Air compressor intake filter openings shall be located to minimize the entrance of dust. Piping on compressor skids shall be supported from the compressor structural skid.7. or an alternate corrosion resistant material if approved by COMPANY.7. Where compressors are connected to a common header.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.1. The strainers shall have a free area a minimum of 300% of the pipe cross sectional area.7. the piping system shall be designed to accommodate variations in piping temperatures that result from all combinations of operating and non-operating units. Suction piping upstream of the suction scrubber and between the scrubber and the compressor shall be arranged to prevent trapping or liquid collection.1.1.7 4.1.2 4. The installation arrangement shall be approved by COMPANY. Page 17 of 56 8/2001 4.6 4. Where it is impractical to prevent traps.1.7.5 4.1.7.

non-slam type approved by COMPANY.7.7.7.4. the suction and discharge block valves and vent valves shall be manually operated and shall be located together in one area for ease of startup and operation.7.4.7.4.3 4. coolers. an analog study of the complete system shall be provided.3 4.4. the valves shall be located together in one area for ease of startup and operation. Piping and pulsation bottles shall be supported independently and shall not be solely supported by the compressor cylinders. The selection of discharge check valves shall be subject to approval by COMPANY.3 4. Unless specified otherwise. pulsation dampeners.2 4.) from the first stage suction scrubber to the last discharge cooler and scrubber on the final stage.1 4.3. The design of pressurizing lines installed around suction block valves shall approved by COMPANY.doc Page 18 of 56 8/2001 .6 4. but downstream of the antisurge connection. The analog study shall include all piping and equipment (scrubbers.1 Centrifugal Compressors Check valves installed on the discharge of centrifugal compressors shall be quick response.7. Check valves shall be located as close to compressor discharge nozzles as feasible. Positive Displacement Compressors The arrangement of the bypass piping and location of the bypass valve shall prevent the collection of liquid when the valve is closed. The check valve shall be of the dampened piston type. Drain piping shall be provided from each compartment on cylinder manifolds and pulsation dampeners.3. compressors.4. Discharge antisurge lines shall also be equipped with a check valve. 4.2 4. The check valve shall be located as close to the main discharge line as possible.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4. The support design shall allow hot adjustment.5 4. discharge.7.7 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.7. etc.7.4 4.4.3.4.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. bypass valves shall be automatically controlled. If manual suction.7.7. For compressor systems 1000 horsepower and above.4 4. recycle and vent valves are required by the Technical Requirements.7. If required by the Technical Requirements.

instruments or equipment.1 Erosion Monitoring General Erosion monitoring systems shall be in accordance with NACE RP-07 "Preparation and Installation of Corrosion Coupons and Interpretation of Test Data in Oil Production Practice.3 4.2 4. Erosion coupons and probes shall be placed in piping systems where the presence of sand or two phase flow might cause erosion of the piping. Erosion monitoring devices for other service conditions shall be of the coupon type.6 4. and a protective cover for the probe holder. A minimum clearance of 5'-0" shall be provided directly above the fitting to allow access for the removal tool.1.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.1.8. Piping that commonly requires erosion monitoring equipment includes production flow lines. The plug body shall provide support for the coupon or probe and shall seal the pressure of the piping system.8.8 4.5 4. Access Fittings Access fittings and piping shall be in accordance with ANSI B31.2.8. and minimize the potential for the escape of process fluids.8. Access fittings shall be of the same material as the piping to which they are attached. production separator and test separator.8. The arrangement shall ensure maximum safety to personnel performing the work.1. erosion monitoring equipment shall be of the probe type if sand is present in the flow stream.1. flow splitter." Access fittings shall be flanged type and shall provide adequate support for the coupon or probe holder.2. Erosion monitoring systems shall be designed for insertion of a test probe or coupon directly into the flow stream.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4.4 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.4 4.2 4.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping" and API RP 14E "Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems.2.2 4. The system shall not interfere with the maintenance or operational access of other piping. manifolds.8. and headers upstream of the initial surge vessel.1. 4.8.8.3 4.8. Unless specified otherwise.8. Access fittings shall be located at the top of the pipe.1 4.8.1 4. valves. an accurate indication of the position of the coupon or probe in the pipe.8.2.1." Erosion monitoring systems shall be arranged in a compact manner that allows for ease of installation and removal of erosion coupons and probes without depressurizing the piping system.doc Page 19 of 56 8/2001 .

8.5 Plug bodies and assemblies shall be 18-8 stainless steel with tetrafluorethylene polymer (TFE) packing.4.8. Coupons shall be located to monitor the area of highest anticipated erosion with the edge facing the fluid flow.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4. and shall be suitable for the service.4 4.doc Page 20 of 56 8/2001 .8. Retrieval/Installation Tools Retrieval/installation tools shall be designed to remove and install the monitoring devices through access fittings with the line fully pressurized.8.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.1 4.3 4.8.8.8. Chemical Injection Flanges in chemical injection piping shall not be located over walkways.3 4. chemical injection lines shall be run under walkways.3.3.2 4.4.5. Probes shall be installed in the top of the pipe and shall extend into the pipe a distance equal to approximately 60% of the inside diameter of the pipe. Valves used with the tools shall be of the fire safe type in accordance with the requirements of API SPEC 6A "Specification for Wellhead Equipment" and API SPEC 6D "Specification for Pipeline Valves. stairways. End Closures.1 4.8.8. Connectors.. coupons shall be of the single pair. 4.9.2 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.3 4.2 4. unless approved by COMPANY.9.5.1 4.8.3 4." Tools shall be designed to allow safe bleed-off of any residual pressure remaining in the tool after removal from the access fitting. Coupons Unless specified otherwise. access areas. An instrument block valve shall be provided to isolate the pressure switch from the erosion monitoring system.3.2 4.4. Whenever possible.8.5. strip type constructed of the same material as the piping system to be monitored.5 4. Coupons shall be electrically isolated from the coupon holder by insulating material suitable for the service.2.8.8. maintenance areas. Probes Probes shall be installed primarily in service where sand is present in the flow stream.9 4.1 4. etc. The valve shall be constructed of 18-8 stainless steel as a minimum. and Swivels.

3 5. Sample Connections Sample connections shall be installed in the side of piping rather than on the top or bottom. 4.1.9.2 5. A drain valve shall be provided in each supply line close to the burner. Tubing shall be fully supported within tubing tray. b. Fuel gas distribution headers shall be arranged for uniform distribution of gas. a condensate leg with a 3/4" NPS block valve (with a plug or blind flange) shall be installed at the low point.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 4. access and maintenance areas.10 4. Headers shall be located above the burners and shall be provided with drains installed at all low points.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping.4 5.1 4. complete with plugs or blind flanges.1 5. Valved vents shall be provided at high points to release trapped air from the piping high points.2 4.4 Deck penetrations shall be prohibited within the contained area of the chemical storage tanks." NFPA 54 "National Fuel Gas Code.3 Instrument tubing and compression fittings may be used for injection pump suction and discharge piping subject to the following conditions: a. all vents shall either be accessible from platforms or shall be arranged in one area next to a structural support to allow sniffing for oxygen.3 5.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. c.10. etc.doc Page 21 of 56 8/2001 . Tubing shall be labeled with service (chemical). sample connections shall be located close to oily water drains. Piping shall be routed to avoid liquid traps if at all possible.1 5.1. complete with plugs or blind flanges.5 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Sample lines shall be as short as practical." and the Technical Requirements." ANSI B31. stairways. utility. On purge gas systems. blanket and purge gas service shall be in accordance with ANSI B31.10. No joints shall be allowed over walkways.0 5.2 "Fuel Gas Piping." NFPA 37 "Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines.1. 4.10.9. If liquid traps cannot be avoided.1. If practical. Burner supply lines shall be connected to the top of the header to minimize liquid carryover. UTILITY SYSTEMS Fuel and Utility Gas Piping systems for fuel.1.

Page 22 of 56 8/2001 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.6 Burner fuel gas piping shall have a union or flange disconnect at each burner and shall be arranged to permit individual burner removal without interrupting operation of the rest of the system. Instrument piping shall be routed overhead and supported to provide a neat. Instrument Air Piping Sizes The minimum size for instrument air headers shall be 2" NPS.2. Tubing for large pneumatic actuators shall be 1/2" minimum.1 5.2. instrument air piping shall meet the following minimum size requirements: Nominal Pipe Size: (inches) 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/2 2 Maximum Number of Instrument Connections: 4 10 25 80 150 5.1.1. The minimum size for supply lines to instruments shall be 1/2" NPS.7 5. subheaders.3 Design and Layout Instrument air headers in process pipeways shall be of the loop type if possible.2 5.2. As a minimum.1.2.2 5.2. branches and supply lines shall be properly sized based on instrument air usage.1.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 5.2.2. Blanket gas regulators and ball valves shall be located as close to the equipment as possible. Headers and subheaders shall be arranged so that groups of instruments can be isolated without effecting the air supply to the rest of the system.2.2 5.1. Instrument supply from the supply line shutoff valve to the instrument shall normally be 3/8" tubing. level.2.2.1. All headers. and for subheaders 1-1/2" NPS. Purge gas block valves and blow down valves shall be located as close as possible to the loading valve or system terminating point opposite the flare header.1 5. plumb. vibration free installation.3 5.4 5. The minimum size for branch lines shall be 1" NPS.5 5.doc .1.2.2.2.8 5.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.1. but shall be accessible from grade or a platform.1 5.2 5.

All spare connections shall be provided complete with block valves and plugs or blind flanges unless specified otherwise.2 5. and shall be readable from the deck or access platforms.2.3 5. and for hose station branches 1" NPS.3.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.2. The minimum size of for utility air headers shall be 2" NPS. If an air line serves more than one instrument.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 5.2. subheader or branch. Takeoffs shall be spaced at intervals of no more than 25'.3 5.3. and block valves shall be supplied for each branch connection.2.2.2.3 5.doc Page 23 of 56 8/2001 . The piping arrangement shall minimize low points and liquid traps.5 5.2.1.3.4 5.3.4 5.2. Instrument supply lines shall terminate with a shutoff valve located not more than 3'-0" from the instrument.2. and shall be evenly distributed along the header.1. Pressure gauges shall be located at the beginning and end of all headers.1 5. Instrument supply line piping shall be installed with sufficient flexibility to accommodate normal maintenance and equipment movement. and shall be readable from the deck or access platforms.3.3.3. Instrument Supply Lines Instrument air supply lines shall be taken from the top of the header.6 Headers and subheaders shall be arranged to allow free flow through a full size opening to facilitate final cleaning of the air system.2.2.3.7 5.1. a separate block valve shall be provided on each instrument supply line.1 5. Subheader or branch connection takeoffs shall be provided along the entire length of a header. Branch connections shall be located on the top of the main header.2.8 5.1.2.3. Pressure gauges shall be located at the beginning and end of all headers and at the end of all subheaders.2.2. A minimum of 20% spare subheader and branch connections shall be provided on all headers.2 5. 5.1 5.3 5.4 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Utility Air General The utility air main header shall start at the air receiver nozzle and terminate with blind flanges on each platform deck. Each air line takeoff shall be provided with a block valve.

4.3 5.4 5. Hose Stations Hose stations shall be provided in sufficient quantities. For cooling water piping systems associated with process liquid or gas heat exchangers. piping shall be arranged.doc .3 The piping arrangement shall minimize low points and liquid traps. Hose stations shall be provided with a 1" NPS ball valve and a 1" NPS quick disconnect fitting.4.4 5.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 5. Shaft-Sealing.2.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.4. Cooling water headers and piping supported from the engine shall be of welded or flanged construction regardless of the pipe class specified.4.2.1 5.1.4.3.1. If practical. and Control Oil Systems for SpecialPage 24 of 56 8/2001 5. Cooling Water Heat Exchangers Piping connections to heat exchangers shall be designed to facilitate equipment removal by means of breakout spools. Lube and Seal Oil Systems Interconnecting piping on lube and seal oil systems shall be in accordance API Standard 614 "Lubrication.1 5.2 5. or check valves shall be properly located to ensure that cooling water will remain in the exchanger should cooling water supply be lost. Hose connections shall be mounted on fixed platform handrails or on structural members approximately 3'-6" above the deck.3 5. they shall be located within 18" of the exchanger connection.1 5.2.4.2 5. and properly located to provide full deck area coverage utilizing 50' long hoses. replaceable seals.2 5.3.3.5 5. Internal Combustion Engines Cooling water valves shall be installed with the valve stem oriented in the down position to prevent flow blockage in the event of valve stem failure.5.3.4.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.2.2 5.3.1. Where inlet and outlet temperature/pressure indicators are installed in the piping.2.4.2 5.5 5.1.2. preferably with a change in direction to facilitate removal. the piping shall not be located over the heat exchanger tube bundle pull area. Each inlet and outlet line serving components that require periodic removal for servicing and maintenance shall be provided with Dresser style connectors with resilient.2.1 5.4.

5.1 6. Screwed fittings shall not be acceptable in seal oil piping systems. except where removal is necessary such as at instruments and instrument root valves.5. Where accepted.1. minimizing the number of fittings and elevation changes.2 As a minimum. Oil drain lines shall be sloped at least 1/4" per foot of pipe run. Pressure relieving systems shall be in accordance with API RP 520 "Recommended Practice for the Design and Installation of Pressure-Relieving Systems in Refineries.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 Purpose Applications" and the Technical Requirements. unless specified otherwise by COMPANY.3 5. toxic.8 6.5. Screwed fittings and components in lube oil piping systems shall be held to a minimum.0 6. lube oil piping systems shall utilize 316L stainless steel construction on the main filters and all piping and valving downstream of the filter." Part II and API RP 521 "Guide for Pressure Relief and Depressuring Systems. Drain lines with plugs or blind flanges shall be provided at all locations necessary to completely drain the piping system.5. Vent lines from main filters shall be piped back to the oil reservoir. Both lube oil and seal oil piping systems shall have provisions for flushing the entire piping system prior to start-up.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.2 6.7 5.5. Cooler connections and skid cooling water supply and return connections shall be flanged.5.1. and to accommodate thermal expansion caused by sudden heating as a result of high temperature release.5. Discharge headers for pressure relieving systems shall be routed as straight as possible.4 5.doc Page 25 of 56 8/2001 .5 5.1.3 6. Pressure relief piping shall be designed to accommodate thermal contraction resulting from auto-refrigeration of flashing liquids and expanding gases." Pressure relieving systems for corrosive.6 5. Headers and 5.1 6.5. or sour gases shall not discharge to the atmosphere.1. PRESSURE RELIEVING SYSTEMS General Pressure relieving systems shall be designed so that the relief device is mounted as close as possible to the equipment or pressure system being protected. screwed components shall be seal welded.4 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Seal oil piping systems shall be 316L stainless steel construction.

" and API RP 521 "Guide for Pressure Relief and Depressuring Systems.1.1. but never into the bottom.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. Closed Relief Systems Closed relief systems that discharge into a common header shall be designed with the pressure relieving device located above the header.6 6.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Flame arrestors shall be located no further than 4'-0" from the end of the vent pipe unless approved otherwise by COMPANY. Minimum hole size shall be 3/8" diameter.2 6. stiffeners.4 6.3.2.5 6. If unavoidable.7 Liquid pockets and traps shall be avoided if possible.1 6.2 6.doc .1.4 6. Pressure relieving systems shall be supported with gussets.2 6.2.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 piping shall include a minimum slope of 1/4" per 10'-0" of pipe run in the direction of relief flow. A weep hole shall be provided in the horizontal pipe run just downstream of the relief valve. they shall be provided with a 3/4" NPS valved drain routed to the closed drain system. and shall be located a minimum of 10'-0" above all platform areas within a 25' radius.1 6. If conditions do not allow entry into the top of the header.4. a 3/4" NPS valved drain shall be installed in the discharge piping at the lowest point and routed to the closed drain system. Relief systems for flammable gases discharging directly to atmosphere shall be equipped with a flame arrestor. Conventional and Pilot Operated Relief Valves Conventional and pilot operated relief valves shall be connected to vessels in the vapor space above any contained liquid." Vent stacks shall terminate in a vertical run. Open Relief and Vent Systems Vent stacks for open relief systems shall be designed in accordance with API RP 520 "Recommended Practice for the Design and Installation of PressureRelieving Systems in Refineries. If the relief valve inlet is attached to Page 26 of 56 8/2001 6. alternate entry may be into the side.2.3 6.2.3. If the pressure relieving device cannot be located above the header. Relief systems with two or more relief valves shall be designed and arranged so that one valve does not discharge directly into the other.3 6. or stationary supports designed to absorb reaction forces from the worse case relief conditions. 6.3 6. Relief lines shall enter headers on the top in the vertical plane.3. at a 45 o angle with flow directed parallel to the flow in the header.

provided that: 6.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.2 Discharge lines from pressure relieving safety devices shall be designed to facilitate drainage. 6. Relief valves shall be installed in the upright (vertical) position with the spindle vertical.4. unless space or piping configuration preclude such an installation.doc Page 27 of 56 8/2001 .04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 piping. the piping shall be connected to the vessel in the vapor space above any contained liquid.4. The valve may be installed in other positions with COMPANY approval.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. or shall be fitted with drains that discharge into a safe location approved by COMPANY.

Reducing bushings. 6.7 6." 6. couplings and unions shall not be acceptable.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 • The valve design is satisfactory for such position.1 7.6. the fragments do not interfere with the relief valve seating.6. and located on the platform or at a remote location in accordance with the Technical Requirements.1 7.0 7.4.2 Rupture Disks Rupture disks for pressure relief systems shall be in accordance with the ASME "Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.1 6.7.1. Flare systems shall be of the boom or vertical type. • The process fluid is such that material will not accumulate at the inlet of the valve. FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS Firewater Systems Firewater systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 13 "Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems" and the Technical Requirements.1 6.2 7.doc . Risers or vertical pipe 3" NPS and larger shall have a flanged joint or a mechanical coupling at each deck level.1. • Proper drainage of the discharge side of the valve body and the discharge piping is provided." When rupture disks are located upstream of a relief valve.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.6 6. Page 28 of 56 8/2001 6.4 Relief valves shall not be installed in the horizontal position without prior written approval from COMPANY.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342." Section VIII "Pressure Vessels.5 6. Changes in pipe size shall be made with a one piece reducing fitting. the pressure relieving system shall be designed so that if the disk ruptures. Flare Systems Flare systems for pressure relieving systems shall in accordance with API RP 521 "Guide for Pressure Relief and Depressuring Systems" and the Technical Requirements. Thermal Reliefs Pressure relieving systems for equipment or pressure systems that handle or process flammable liquids or gases shall be designed for thermal relief in accordance with API RP 520 "Recommended Practice for the Design and Installation of Pressure-Relieving Systems in Refineries.1.2 7." and API RP 521 "Guide for Pressure Relief and Depressuring Systems.7.

3 7.5 A maximum of eight sprinklers may be installed on any single branch line.2.1.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 7. including both wet and dry type systems.2.2. The minimum size for drain valves shall be 1" NPS. one flanged or union joint shall be provided in each riser to permit hydrostatic testing of the piping systems up to this joint. Firewater systems shall minimize low point traps to make the system as "self draining" as reasonably possible.1.2 7. The water line to each high back-pressure foam maker inlet shall be valved separately.2.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.4 7.4 7.2.1 7.1 7. Where unavoidable.1 7.2. All sprinkler pipe and fittings shall be designed and installed so that the firewater system can be drained completely.2.1.2. Drain valves shall also be provided at the ends or remote points in the system. low point traps shall be provided with drain valves.3. Strainers shall be provided if solids large enough to obstruct openings in foam equipment might be present. In fixed systems for exterior tanks.3 7.doc Page 29 of 56 8/2001 . 7. High Back-Pressure Foam Makers High back-pressure foam makers shall be positioned on the tank so that an explosion within the tank which blows off the roof or damages the uppermost roof plates would not result in the interruption or reduction of quality of the foam discharge.2.6 7.2.3 7.2.1. The foam injection system shall be capable of being injected directly into one or more product supply lines already connected to the tank. Foam Systems General Foam systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 11 "Low Expansion Foam and Combined Agent Systems" and the Technical Requirements. Branch lines shall include a minimum slope of 1/2" for each 10'-0" of pipe run.1.1. Cross and feed mains shall include a minimum slope of 1/4" for each 10'-0" of pipe run.2.2 7.2 7.1.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Flushing and Draining Provisions Systems with foam concentrate piping and solution piping that are normally empty shall be designed so that the piping can be flushed with clean water after the system has been in service.2. The laterals to each foam chamber on fixed roof tanks shall be separately valved outside the fire area.2.2 7.

2 Vent connections shall be provided with permanent block valves.3. shall include sufficient blind flanges to enable complete cleanout.2 8.3.3 7.2 Foam distribution piping shall be designed so that the system can be drained.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 7. unless the valves are designed to prevent entrapment of liquid.4 7. Vent connections shall be adequately sized to vent piping within a reasonable period of time.1.2 8.2. Pressure relief devices shall be installed in sections of closed piping isolated by valves. The absence of vent connections on the P&ID's shall not constitute a waiver of the requirement to provide valved vents at all piping high points.5 8. and shall have a minimum slope of 1/4" per foot of pipe run.1 8.1 8.1 8.1.3 7. Dirt traps shall be installed as close as possible to the last nozzle in any one pipe leg.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. 7.3. Flow in piping shall only be split in the horizontal plane. CONTRACTOR shall note that P&ID's typically specify only those vents required for process purposes. Vent Connections Vent connections shall be provided at all piping high points. The design for venting shall not permit loss of extinguishing agent when the system operates. unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements.2 7. and are by no means complete relative to high point vents.3.3.2.3. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Systems Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 12 "CO2 Extinguishing Systems" and the Technical Requirements.doc Page 30 of 56 8/2001 . /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. If pressure operated container valves are installed in a system. DRAINS.2. a means for venting off any pressure that leaks from the containers shall be provided. but shall be 3/4" NPS as a minimum. FLUSHING AND CLEANING SYSTEMS General Separate gravity drain headers shall be provided for each deck level. VENTS. A dirt trap consisting of a capped nipple at least 2" long shall be provided at the end of each pipe run.1 7. Headers shall be located below deck level. The piping shall be sloped toward the drain a minimum of 1/2" for each 10'-0" of pipe run.0 8. including plugs or blinds.

2 8. biological and chemical treating and other disposal problems shall be considered in the design of the drainage systems.3.1 8. 5 (i.3 8. Segregation of wastes. The minimum size for any header containing the flow of two or more branch lines shall be 6" NPS. store and dispose of refined oils drained from equipment. oil recovery sludge disposal. Additionally.1 Drainage Systems General Offshore platform drainage and waste disposal systems shall be designed in accordance with API RP 14E "Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems. Sizing of sanitary drains shall be based on Uniform Plumbing Code fixture unit values. state and local codes and regulations.3.2." the latest edition of MMS Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Order No.1.1.2. The gate valve shall be guaranteed not to be impaired by rapid temperature reduction when the valve is opening or throttling. and the second block valve shall be a plug type globe valve. A separate collection system shall be provided to collect.3 8. and all national. Open drain systems and closed drain systems shall be completely independent of one another. Vent connections in liquid hydrocarbon services with a vapor pressure over 65 psia at 100°F shall be provided with double block and bleed valves.doc .2.3. All sanitary drain piping shall slope a minimum of 1/4" per foot of pipe run.1. Page 31 of 56 8/2001 8.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 8. a 3/4" NPS bleed valve (with plug or blind flange) shall be installed on the upstream side of the spectacle blind.3. The minimum size for any single branch into a header shall be 4" NPS.1. Vent connections in services rated at ANSI Class 900 or higher shall be equipped with double block and bleed valves. The block valves shall be spaced approximately 2'-0" apart.2 8. Open Drain System CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for overall design of open drain systems to ensure that water will drain properly and not stand or pond at any location.2.3. 8. The first block valve shall be a gate valve. Part 250).3.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.4 8.e. and a spectacle blind provided between them. The design of all offshore platform drainage and waste disposal systems shall be subject to approval by COMPANY. CFR 30. complete with a plug or blind flange. as would be experienced in liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) service for example.3.5 Vent connections in services rated at ANSI Class 600 or less shall be equipped with a single block valve.4 8.3 8.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.

2.2. Containment curbs shall be provided under all liquid seals.3. The minimum size for any single branch line shall be 4" NPS.2.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. Laterals shall be constructed flush with the inside of the main pipe.3 8.2. Spillover (overflow) pipes from vessels and tanks shall discharge into an open drain splash hub to allow observation that the vessel or tank is being overfilled. Individual collection drains shall be designed to prevent small debris and trash from entering the platform drain piping.6 8.3.2. Hydrocarbon open drain systems shall not be installed within enclosed areas (such as a building) unless the hydrocarbon open drain systems are piped to a safe area before making the connection to a gravity drain system.2. sizing. and locating cleanouts and flushing tees. and a 45o ell if needed.e. and shall be provided with either a drain valve or a plugged drain connection. no internal projection. 8. except that drain lines less than 8'-0" in length may be reduced to 2" NPS.doc Page 32 of 56 8/2001 . CONTRACTOR shall provide a drilling drain/wash down system which shall be completely independent of other open or closed drain systems. The minimum size for any main containing the flow of two or more branch lines shall be 6" NPS. liquid seals shall be provided on each deck drain main tying into the main drain downcomer. As a minimum. Low Point Drains Drain connections shall be provided at all piping low points. Removable bar grating shall be provided on the top of open type drains to provide access for cleaning.2. If necessary. Drain and branch lines shall enter open drain headers at a 45o angle from the top or side utilizing a 45o lateral. Drain connections shall be adequately sized to drain the piping within a reasonable period of time 8. sizing and routing of drain lines.3. The ends of all headers shall be terminated with blind flanges to facilitate cleaning and unplugging. layout and quantity of deck drains and troughs.3.3.3.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.2.3. pipe.3. and on branch piping from skids located inside buildings. Changes in direction on open drain headers shall be made with a 45 o lateral ("wye" type tee) and a 45o ell. hubs.7 Liquid seals shall be provided in accordance with the Technical Requirements.3. Access shall be provided to all cleanouts.3.5 8.4 8.2 The minimum size for any single drain line shall be 3" NPS.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 Responsibility includes the design. and funnels shall be provided to drain oil and chemicals to suitable drain piping. branches and mains. Where specified.3 8. 8. The system shall be provided with cleanouts. i.8 8. flushing tees and/or tiein points for jetting of the piping.9 8. complete with a flushing tee.3.

with check valves located in vertical lines.8 8.3.3.2 8.3. unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements.4.7 8. i.3 8.3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 under gravity conditions. downstream of the valve to allow drainage.doc . not pressurized.2 8.e. Cleaning tees shall be provided at all changes of direction instead of elbows. small drain lines may be disconnected from valves and the valves plugged when the drain lines are not in service. i.5 8. shall be located so that discharge can be observed. and are by no means complete relative to low point drains. 8. The absence of drain connections on the P&ID's shall not constitute a waiver of the requirement to provide valved drains at all piping low points. In liquid services where the liquid is pentane or heavier. a valved drain shall be installed above the seat of check valves.3. If approved by COMPANY.e. Flushing Systems If specified by the Technical Requirements. if practicable. including plugs or blinds. Tanks involved in flushing operations shall be designed for thorough cleaning after flushing operations.5 8.3. CONTRACTOR shall note that P&ID's typically specify only those drains required for process purposes. Drain connections in services rated at ANSI Class 600 or less shall be equipped with a single block valve. Drain valves. a pressurized water cleaning system shall be provided for flushing gravity open drain systems.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.4.4.3. As a minimum. and 1" NPS on lines 12" NPS and above. Drain valves that are commonly operated shall be piped from the block valve to a splash hub for observation.3 8. as well as services with lower ratings but operating in hazardous areas shall be equipped with double block and bleed valves.4 Drain connections shall be provided with permanent block valves.3.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.3. Drain connections in services rated at ANSI Class 900 or higher. Page 33 of 56 8/2001 8.3.4 8.3.5.1 8. permanent backwash and chemical flushing facilities shall be provided for heat exchangers.3. drains shall be 3/4" NPS on lines 10" NPS and smaller.3. Cleaning Systems If specified by the Technical Requirements.3. Flushing systems shall utilize full pipe openings (not vent and drain connections) that permit a fluid flowrate sufficient to ensure that the line is cleaned completely.6 8.

2 9.1 9. Section 2 "Measurement of Petroleum Liquid Hydrocarbons by Positive Displacement Meter" "Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards.2 Each cleaning tee shall consist of a straight tee.doc Page 34 of 56 8/2001 . Locally mounted instruments shall be mounted in positions that are readily accessible from grade or from an operating platform.1 9.2.2.1.2 9.1 9." Chapter 4.2 STD 2531 STD 2534 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. The 3/4" NPS gate valve shall be installed on the pipe projection outside the blind flange. and easily within reach of operating personnel.1.1. Cleaning tees shall be arranged so that the 3/4" NPS flushing piping projects through the blind flange and is open ended 1" above the branch or main invert elevation.1. INSTRUMENTATION General As a minimum. and a 3/4" NPS butt welded 90 degree elbow. Section 2 "Mechanical Displacement Meter Provers" "Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards.2.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 8." Chapter 5. All instrument root valve connections shall be 1/2" NPS screwed connections.09" bore. Positive displacement meters shall be installed according to the following API standards.1.5.4 9.5. STD 1101 "Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards.1. instrument connections and the first block valve of instrument pressure piping shall conform to the same design and material specifications as the line or the equipment to which the instrument or valve connects. a 3/4" NPS Schedule 40 plain end pipe. Flow Instruments General Flow instruments shall be installed in accordance with the Technical Requirements.3 9. The design details for rodding out individual connections shall be subject to approval by COMPANY.1 9. a blind flange with a 1. Provisions for rodding out instrument connections to prevent plugging shall be considered on an individual basis." Chapter 8.0 9. unless specified otherwise by the Technical Requirements.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. a 3/4" NPS gate valve. Mounting positions generally shall be between 3'-0" and 5'-6" above the deck or access platform.3 9.

2.3. with as the maximum length straight run pipe provided upstream of the orifice as practical.2.1. Orifice Fittings and Plates Orifice fittings on horizontal meter runs in gas measurement service shall be installed so that the orifice plate can be removed horizontally.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.2 9.3.4.2. Short or long pattern valves shall be provided as required by the particular installation. Section 3 "Turbine Meters" 9.4 9. If the "male x female" valves interfere with the operation of the orifice fitting. Page 35 of 56 8/2001 9. Piping layouts shall be designed such that straightening vanes are not required for meter runs.2. The lower side of the fittings on the upstream pressure connections shall be equipped with drain valves.2.3 9.2. Wellhead wet gas meter runs shall be installed vertically with flow directed downward. meter run piping shall be installed so that air in the line will be purged automatically and so that any condensate will drain into the meter run.2 9.2. installed a minimum of ten pipe diameters upstream of the meter.3 A basket or bathtub type strainer shall be provided upstream of all positive displacement meters.2.2.2. Mating flanges of orifice plate holders shall be aligned so that jackscrews will be diametrically opposed.2. then "female x female" valves with 1/2" NPS nipples (schedule 160) may be provided. Meter Runs Meter runs shall be installed horizontally.2.1 9. If possible. Strainers shall be installed to permit cleaning without the necessity of draining long sections of pipe.2 9. Orifice fittings on horizontal meter runs in liquid measurement service shall be installed so that the orifice plate can be removed from the top. Rotameters Rotameters shall be mounted in locations that are as free of vibration as possible.3 9.2.2.3.2.1.4 9.1 9.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.doc .4 9.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 5.2.3.5 9.3.2. Orifice fittings shall be provided with 1/2" NPS full opening "male x female" valves.3 9.

3.3.4.9 9. Level Instruments Level instrument installations shall be in accordance with the Technical Requirements. Level measurement standpipes shall conform to vessel design conditions. Level instruments shall not be connected to process lines under any circumstances. If necessary to prevent complete unit shutdown.7 9. Exceptions may be granted for small diameter horizontal vessels.5 9. but shall be 2" NPS. Piping for rotameters shall be provided with drain and vent valves and designed to allow sufficient clearance for removal of the floats without disturbing the rotameter. level instruments shall be direct connected to vessel or tank nozzles. allowing sufficient clearance to permit vertical connection of the inlet piping to the bottom of the meter.1 9.4 9. but COMPANY approval shall be required. Each level instrument shall have individual.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. Level instruments and gauge glasses may share a common standpipe as described in API RP 550 "Manual on Installation of Refinery Instruments and Control Systems.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 9.2.3. The valve installation shall have sufficient clearance for rotameter removal. 9.2.3 9. On pressure vessels and tanks.6 9. schedule 80 pipe as a minimum. Section 2 Level.4 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.4. Standpipes shall be equipped with vent and drain valves.8 9. Pressure Instruments Pressure instrument installations shall be in accordance with the Technical Requirements.3.3.Process Instrumentation and Control. Vessel nozzles for external level instruments shall be horizontal and the connecting piping shall not be pocketed.3 9.4 9.2 Rotameters shall be mounted vertically.3. Use of bridles or standpipes shall require approval of COMPANY.3 9. Drain valves shall be installed on all low point connections.2 9." Part 1 . with flow directed upward.2. Standpipes shall be provided with process block valves at the vessel nozzles.4. valved connections so that isolation of one instrument will not affect other instruments. rotameter piping shall be provided with block valves and a bypass valve.3.3.doc Page 36 of 56 8/2001 .3.

A drain valve shall be located between the control valve and each block valve.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 9.5.5. Thermowells in carbon steel piping with an ANSI Class 600 rating or lower shall utilize a 1" NPS screwed connection.1. Where a control valve is less than line size.1. Station clearance shall be in accordance with ISA RP 4.1.1.1.0 10. the preferred layout shall be to provide a removable pipe spool between the control valve and a block valve that includes an elbow." Break flanges shall be installed upstream and downstream of the control valve for ease of removal and maintenance. CONTROL VALVES General Control valve stations shall have a compact arrangement with sufficient clearance for removal and operation of all control.3 10. For this reason.1 10. The reducer shall be located as close as possible to the valve. the thermowell shall be installed in a 1-1/2" NPS long weld neck flanged nozzle.6 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Thermowells shall not be backwelded to the piping connection. allowing only enough space to service equipment. Thermowell connections shall utilize a 1-1/2" NPS flanged connection for the following services: • Piping in ANSI Class 900 and higher ratings • Alloy piping services • Lined piping services • Hydrogen sulfide or other toxic gas services. block and bypass valves.4 If the Material Class Data Sheet requires Schedule 160 or double extra strong pipe. Control valve stations shall be supported with base ells and/or other suitable types of supports.5 10. instruments and associated controls without requiring disassembly of any other components.5 9. unless specified otherwise. Page 37 of 56 8/2001 10. an eccentric reducer shall be installed with the flat side down to allow complete drainage.1 10. 9.5.4 10.1.doc .GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.2 10.1 9.5. Sufficient flexibility shall be built into the control valve station to permit replacement of the valve without damage to gaskets.2 "Standard Control Valve Manifold Designs.3 9.2 Temperature Instruments Temperature instrument installations shall be in accordance with the Technical Requirements.

especially where a manual control bypass is provided. In some cases.2 10.1 10. Piping Sizes and Pressure Drop Piping shall be self supporting to allow control valve removal and maintenance. control valve stations shall be located at deck level.2.1 10.1. For control valves 3" NPS or smaller. Provisions shall be made to facilitate the change without major piping modifications. If instrument and control valve stations cannot be located at deck level.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 10. as specified in the applicable piping class specification. Bypass valves shall be located where the operator can reach the handwheel either from the deck or an easily accessible elevated platform. The controlled-variable indicator shall be readable from the control valve station. such as removable spools with flanged connections.1. the centerline of the valve shall be located a minimum of 2'-0" above the deck or operating platform.1 SPECIALTY ITEMS General Specialty items shall be of standard sizes.3 10.2 10.3.3 10. Page 38 of 56 8/2001 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.0 11.4 10. an easily accessible service platform shall be provided around the station. If a different control valve is required.3. Chain operators shall not be permitted on control valve block or bypass valves.3. the centerline of the valve shall be located a minimum of 18" above the deck or the operating platform.1 11.2 10. the piping shall be designed for the larger size. Orientation of control valves with the actuator down shall require approval by COMPANY and the valve position shall be noted on the procurement specification.3 10. The downstream piping shall be at least one nominal pipe size larger than the upstream line. 10.3. Station Arrangements If possible.2. For control valves 4" NPS or larger. Control valve stations shall not be located in an overhead pipe rack under any circumstances. Control valves in vapor recycle or flashing liquid service shall be located as near as practical to the line termination. b.doc . and as short as possible with a minimum of bends and elbows to minimize the downstream pressure drop.7 Control valve actuators shall be oriented in the vertical position.5 11.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.3.2. Where a control valve requires bottom access the following requirements shall apply: a. pressure and/or flow conditions may vary sufficiently to require a larger (or smaller) control valve in the future.

unless mobile lifting equipment can be easily utilized. Typical services for which drip rings shall be installed include: • In-place field pressurization of relief valves for testing. 11.3.2.2 11.3 11.3. flange faces shall be oriented in the vertical position.2.4 11. Drip Rings Drip rings shall be installed between a pair of flanges.2 Specialty item materials shall be consistent with the applicable Material Class Data Sheet as specified in the Technical Requirements.1 11. or with flow in the downward direction in vertical lines.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 11. Adequate space shall be provided to remove the basket from the bottom. Removable pipe spools or spacers shall be installed at raised face or ring type joint flanges too rigid to separate with jackscrews. • Vent/Drain points for close coupled instrumentation.3.1 11. an instrument or a piece of equipment. one of which may be on a valve.2. Strainers All Y-type strainers shall be installed with the basket directed downward.4 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Bathtub type strainers shall be installed in the upright position in horizontal lines to allow top entry. Blanks Provisions for installing blanks in piping shall consist of a pair of flanges. Simplex/duplex basket strainers shall be installed in the upright position to allow the basket to be lifted out from the top. Strainer bonnets shall be provided with a stainless steel "male x female" threaded ball valve and plug in accordance with the material classification.2.5 11. Permanent handling equipment shall be provided for blanks weighing more than 175 pounds.2 11.3. For blanks weighing more than 75 pounds. Strainers installed upstream of turbine meters shall be sized to remove all particles larger than one-half the distance between the tip of the rotor and the bore of the meter. one of which may be on a flanged valve or a piece of equipment.1.doc Page 39 of 56 8/2001 .4 11.3 11.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.3.3 11. • Drain points on congested piping configurations.2 11.

or when stresses in the piping system caused by the rigid restraints exceeds the allowable specified in the Technical Requirements. and 1/2" for lines 3" NPS and larger. and shall be limited to 1-1/2" NPS and smaller lines. prior approval of COMPANY in writing. etc.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping. 12. CONTRACTOR standards proposed for support design.1. including "U" bolts.1. channel and structural pipe. stanchions. For example.. Piping shall be supported to ensure that the stresses shall not exceed the allowable limits in ANSI B31.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. guides. COMPANY approval is required to support small piping from adjacent piping.3 "Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping. where L is the span between supports • Deflection based on one-half the allowable stress value specified in ANSI B31.5 Wellhead hookup piping from the wellhead to the production manifold shall be supported by spring hangers. • L/500.6 Small piping shall generally not be supported by adjacent. restraints.doc Page 40 of 56 8/2001 . base ells. the line size may be increased to eliminate the addition of intermediate supports. 12.1. Use of alternate support methods shall require specific.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 12. on piping that requires flexibility for imposed movements.1 SUPPORTS AND ANCHORS General All pipe supports. anchors. If economical.0 12.2 The basis for pipe supports shall be rigid steel support structure.1. including piping spacing. W-shapes.1. and support structures shall be provided in strict accordance with the Technical Requirements. /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. shoes.4 12. larger pipes. shall be submitted to COMPANY for approval prior to implementation. The basic method for securing piping to the support structure shall be by rigid clamping with “U” bolts that are neoprene coated and double nutted." The support spacing shall not exceed 15'-0" unless approved by COMPANY. S-shapes.3 12. stops. dummy legs.1.1 12. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for determining when other methods of pipe supports are appropriate or necessary. spring hangers." Support spacing shall be based on limiting the pipe deflection between supports to the lesser of the following: • 1/4" for line sizes 2" NPS and smaller. 12. generally constructed of angles. rigid clamping should not be used on high temperature insulated piping.

guides. Valves and heavy components in FRP piping systems shall at all times be independently supported or suspended to prevent excessive torque.1. deck. The supports.15 12. Pipe supports that provide support from directly overhead.1. All supports shall be in accordance with the FRP pipe manufacturer's recommendations. stops and anchors shall be attached to a structural member of the equipment skid or the platform.1 12.1. bending and longitudinal stresses being transmitted to.doc Page 41 of 56 8/2001 . Both horizontal and vertical piping runs shall be supported at locations of the least vertical movement of the piping.1 "Structural Welding Code.7 Piping shall be provided with suitable anchors.1.9 12.2 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.1. expansion forces and vibration on equipment and vessels. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for ensuring that all FRP piping layouts are properly supported with appropriate flexibility for the intended service.2. guides. Pipe supports shall not be anchored to equipment baseplates or soleplates. Support Design General All pipe supports shall provide positive support to the pipe from below.10 12.1.1 12." Pipe supports shall be designed to be welded to main structural beams of the platform.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.1.1. compressors and drivers shall be attached to structural members capable of withstanding the design loads. module 12.1.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 12.2. sway braces or vibration dampeners to prevent excessive loads.14 12.13 12.12 12.2 12. Supports for riser piping shall be independent of supports for any connected horizontal piping. or carried by the FRP pipe system.11 12.1. Pipe supports shall be designed in accordance with the AISC "Manual of Steel Construction" and AWS D1. either resilient or fixed supports. Load bearing sleeves on insulated piping shall be of sufficient size and thickness to prevent damage to the insulation material.8 12. stops. Adjustable base ell pipe supports shall not be provided unless approved by COMPANY. Pipe supports at pumps. Piping stops and anchors shall transmit the entire load directly to the supporting structural member.1. such as rod hangers or "U" bolts clamped or bolted to overhead steel shall not be accepted by COMPANY.2.

2. guides.doc Page 42 of 56 8/2001 .1.1. The saddles shall be isolated from the /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Supports shall provide rigid support and sufficient bracing to withstand the vertical loads of the piping and associated equipment.9 12.1. or if the limitations on reactions and stresses is tightly controlled.2. Pipe supports shall not rest upon or be supported by grating. Piping supports shall be designed to facilitate easy removal of the connected equipment. Pipe-to-pipe fabrication shall not be allowed on pipe supports. deck plate or other non-structural elements.2.8 12. Pipe supports shall be designed to last the entire service life of the platform. contraction and movement of the piping system. Pipe supports shall be designed and constructed of standard structural shapes. but detailed with bolt threads excluded from shear planes.2. High strength bolted connections shall be designed as bearing type connections with bolt threads in shear planes.3 12. 12. stops. vessels. 12.2. instrumentation and valves without compromising support for adjacent piping." The basic wind speed.2.11 If the vertical movement of the piping is excessive. Piping supports.1.1.13 All FRP piping shall be provided with carbon steel saddle type supports that provide 180o of circumferential support. 12.1.2. variable-load spring hangers shall be provided. exposure and earthquake risk zone (transportation accelerations) shall be in accordance with the Technical Requirements. The design shall provide lateral stability sufficient to prevent excessive deflection or horizontal movement.2. then the piping shall be supported by constant-load spring hangers.1.10 When specified or required for piping that shifts vertically.12 Sizes and types of spring supports shall be selected so that the supports can carry the full design load through a displacement 150% of the calculated displacement.6 12.1.2.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 or skid.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.2. At the point of bolting. all steel members shall have a minimum thickness of 3/8"." Base plates shall be designed for either bolting or welding to the platform support beams.7 12.1.2. 12.1. All pipe support column base plates shall be designed in accordance with the AISC "Manual of Steel Construction.5 12.4 Supports shall be designed to accommodate thermal expansion. anchors and struts shall be designed to withstand the wind and earthquake (transportation) loads specified in the latest edition of ASCE 7-95 "Building Code Requirements for Minimum Design Loads in Buildings and Other Structures. 12.1. valves and appurtenances.

6 12.4 12. Dead load shall be defined as the dry weight of the piping system including all pipe.1 Loads Pipe  supports shall be designed to accommodate the dead. live and environmental loads. Lateral.2.3 12. Page 43 of 56 8/2001 12.2.2. The final design of a pipe support structure shall be governed by the worst case combination of all possible loads.2.2.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. etc. 12. Live loads shall include liquid or solid materials in the piping during normal operation or hydrotesting. and miscellaneous supports shall not exceed the stress allowed in the AISC "Manual of Steel Construction. torsional.2. columns. flanges. Stresses Stresses in beams. elastomeric liners.3 12.2. In addition to the dead.3 12. bracing. Wind loading requirements shall comply with API RP 2A "Recommended Practice for Planning.2 12.2. structural shapes.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. insulation.3.2. fittings.doc . and similar loads caused by piping reactions and transmitted to the pipe support structure shall be considered in the design of the piping supports.5 12. live and environmental loadings specified.2. valves. fireproofing.2. Materials Unless specified otherwise.1 12.2. Designing and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms. Design shall be based on loads developed from a barge cargo motion analysis for the specific tow proposed.2.3.2." Supports shall be fabricated from materials with a minimum thickness of 3/8". Dynamic loading resulting from vibrating equipment and from the surging of fluids in piping shall be considered in the design of all pipe supports. or other materials approved by COMPANY and the FRP pipe manufacturer." The AISC allowable stress may be increased by 33% for the transportation design case. piping supports for risers and riser piping handling two or three phase flow shall be designed to withstand slug flow reaction forces.3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 FRP pipe by FRP saddles." Design loads shall include the two (2) second gust condition as a minimum.2 12. pipe and plate for bolted or welded construction shall be of carbon steel that meets the requirements of ASTM A36 "Specification for Structural Steel.7 12.2.2. except that the wind and transportation loads shall not be assumed to act simultaneously.2.2 12. instrumentation.2. The structural design of pipe supports shall consider transportation loads.

3 12.1 12.4.2. For higher design temperatures.2 12. Pipe shoes for insulated hot piping shall include slots to secure the insulation weather proofing jacket with metal straps.3.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. nuts. a minimum of 3/8" thick.4 12.3.4.3. The general method employed to secure uninsulated piping to structural support steel shall be carbon steel "U" bolts with rubber sleeves and double nuts. Piping supports shall be carbon steel for piping systems with design temperatures of 500°F or less.2 12. it shall be loosely secured with a broad. Vent and drain systems shall be braced and/or reinforced at all double block and bleed valves. Support methods and details shall be approved by COMPANY. CPVC piping shall not be rigidly anchored to supports.4.1.4.4.2. Bolts. smooth hanger to allow pipe movement. Neoprene rubber pads.2 12.4. ductile. instead.doc Page 44 of 56 8/2001 .2. shall be provided between the pipe and support steel for all pipe 8" NPS and smaller. Applications General Pipe supports for CPVC shall be spaced a maximum of 3'-0" apart.4. Piping 2" NPS and larger shall be supported on pipe shoe type supports. A CPVC saddle shall be glued to the underside of the pipe at all support locations. double nutted.1 12. Pipe supports shall be provided with top and bottom saddles that securely clamp to the pipe with bichromated cadmium plated bolting. Supporting Insulated Lines Piping 1-1/2" NPS and smaller shall be supported directly from the insulation by addition of a load-bearing galvanized steel sleeve outside of the insulation. or malleable iron.2 12. with the sliding interface between the bottom of the pipe shoe and the support steel.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. and provide a minimum of 1" clearance between the insulation jacket and the support steel.1.3 Piping supports shall not be fabricated of cast. the support material shall be the same material as the piping. All "U" bolts and nuts shall be bichromated cadmium plated. Instrument pressure piping shall be suitably supported and protected from accidental damage.1. The support design shall allow for the full insulation thickness. 12.4 12.5 12.3.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 12.4. Stainless steel "U" bolts may be substituted on stainless steel piping systems.1 12. and washers shall be carbon steel conforming to ASTM A325 "Specification for High-Strength Bolts for Structural Steel Joints" with a bichromated cadmium plated coating.

4.3.6 12.8 12.3 12. Hangers shall not be provided on starter lengths less than 6'-0" long unless the hangers are located at the end of a side-feed system.4.3 12. lateral and upward dynamic forces developed at bends due to high velocity vapors and condensed liquids.3.5 2.3. Supports for Flare System Piping Flare system piping shall be designed.4.5 4 6 7 10 12 Page 45 of 56 8/2001 12.4. The horizontal distance between hangers and the centerline of an upright sprinkler head shall not be less than 3". The unsupported distance between an end sprinkler head and the last hanger shall not be more than 36" for 1" NPS pipe. The minimum design values for forces to be restrained shall be as follows: Nominal Pipe Size: (inches) 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Force: (tons) 0.3.4. as well as to accommodate sudden thermal expansion or contraction. hangers shall not be spaced more than 12'-0" apart.75 1.1 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.4.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. or 48" for 1-1/4" NPS and above.4. If the unsupported distance exceeds the specified limits. or if an intermediate cross main hanger is omitted Hangers shall be provided for 1" NPS arms from branch or cross mains if the arms are over 24" long.4 12.4. At least one hanger shall be installed between each two branch lines on cross mains.7 12. piping shall be extended beyond the end sprinkler and supported by an additional hanger.4.1 Supports for Firewater Piping Firewater piping supports shall be designed and constructed to support the weight of the piping system filled with water plus an additional load of 250 pounds applied at each support point.4. Risers shall be supported by attachment directly to the riser or by hangers located on the horizontal connection close to the riser.4 12.doc .5 12.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 12.3.4.3. If sprinkler heads are less than 6'-0" apart.3.2 12.3.4. anchored and guided to resist the forward.

6.1 12.4. If additional support is required.4.1.1 12.4.2 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 20 and above 12. but in combination with all other applicable loads. The hangers shall be suspended from the horizontal struts between columns.5.6 12.2 15 For pipe supports subjected to stresses resulting from an upset flare relief condition. Tucking small lines under larger lines shall not be accepted.4.4.4. Supporting Small Lines by Larger Lines Where approved by COMPANY. Springs and lever arms shall be protected against overload during hydrostatic testing.5.5 12.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.5.1 12.3 12.4.4. small lines may be supported from two larger lines by hanging a horizontal structural support member from the larger lines with "U" bolts.3 12.6. Spring Supports General Spring supports shall be capable of supporting the pipe under all operating conditions and shall allow free expansion and contraction of the piping. The small lines shall be logically grouped to run on the horizontal member between the two larger lines.5 12. Spring supports shall prevent excessive stress induced by transfer of weight to the pipe or connected equipment.6. the AISC allowable stresses may be increased by 33%. Page 46 of 56 8/2001 12. Supporting small lines from larger lines shall not be approved if the temperature of the supporting piping exceeds 150°F.4 12. Small lines that branch off from main piping runs preferably shall be routed and supported with other lines unless the shortest direct route is required.5.4.5.2 12. Supports for Hydrostatic Testing All piping and supports shall be designed for the loads developed during hydrostatic testing.1 12.5.1.doc .4. Dummy legs (pipe extensions) from elbows may be used to reach beams or brackets beyond the turn with COMPANY approval. Restraints or stops installed for testing shall be removed immediately after testing has been satisfactorily completed. rod type hangers may be provided to avoid supporting the branch line from the above line. Temporary supports shall be allowed only if approved in writing by COMPANY.2 12.5. Supports for large lines may be designed for pneumatic testing only if approved in writing by COMPANY.4.

5. The travel stops shall be factory installed so that the hanger level is at the cold position.2 12.3 12.4.2 12.4. Linkages to permit swing shall be provided at hanger locations where lateral or axial movement is anticipated.2.1.5. variable-load spring hangers shall be provided unless the vertical movement of the piping or the additional stress due to load fluctuations require the use of constant-load spring hangers.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 12.2.5. The travel stops shall be factory installed so that the piston cap is set at the cold position.5." except as supplemented or modified by the Technical Requirements.5.4 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. If the horizontal movement between the cold and hot positions of piping is such that the hanger rod is more than 4o from the vertical during operation of the piping system.3 12.3 Supports and parts shall conform to the latest requirements of MSS SP 58 "Materials. Constant-load supports shall provide a means of vertical adjustment after erection.2 12. 12. Hanger rods shall be subjected to tensile loading only.3 12. and the vertical movement of the piping or the stress of load fluctuations makes variable-load supports unsuitable. The travel stops shall permit future re-engagement without making hanger rod adjustments even if the lever is not in the cold position.5." and MSS SP 69 "Selection and Application of Pipe Hangers and Supports.5.2 12.5.1 12.3. Variable spring supports shall be furnished with travel stops. pipe hangers and structural attachments shall be offset so that the rod is vertical during operation.5.4.doc Page 47 of 56 8/2001 .5.4 12. then constant-load supports shall be provided. Variable-Load Supports When spring supports are specified or required. Provisions for Lateral and Axial Movement Hanger rod type spring supports shall require COMPANY approval.3.3. but capable of acting as a rigid hanger during erection.5.5.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. Constant-load supports shall be installed with travel stops. Design and Manufacture of Pipe Hangers and Supports.4. Hangers shall be designed so that the hangers cannot become disengaged by movement of the supported pipe. The travel stop shall be easily removable.1 12. Constant-Load Supports When spring supports are specified or required.1 12.5.

Key map with Platform North Arrow e. Piping Line Numbers. Elevation.1 Dummy Supports Dummy supports (legs) shall generally not be utilized except when approved by COMPANY on a case by case basis.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 12.6. All drawings shall be dated and signed by appropriate CONTRACTOR representatives. CONTRACTOR shall identify revisions on drawings with clouds and revision triangles. CONTRACTOR shall provide to COMPANY a document index detailing all drawings and their proposed submittal schedule within 2 weeks of Contract. The terminating end of dummy supports shall be capped. Completed Title Block d.5 13. Section and Detail Callouts.1 13.0 13.1. The remaining portion of the dummy support may be carbon steel.6.1.1. The following information shall be included on piping drawings as a minimum: a. and the title and revision blocks shall be appropriately completed with descriptions. whichever is greater. at least up to the first dummy support field weld. or Purchase Order award. Agreement or Purchase Order Number b.3 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. When approved.2 12.3 12. if applicable c. Reference to COMPANY-supplied drawings.6. Project Title and Contract. Dummy supports on insulated lines shall be insulated to a distance from the pipe weld a minimum of four times the line insulation thickness.6 12. Revision clouds and numbered revision triangles f.2 13. as applicable.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.doc Page 48 of 56 8/2001 . or 9". and weep holes provided on each end of the support. Dummy supports longer than 6'-0" shall be an engineered item. including calculation of mechanical stresses to size the support pipe.1 13.4 12. Dummy supports on stainless steel or heat treated carbon steel lines shall be of the same material as the pipe. DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS General CONTRACTOR shall utilize industry standard drawing practices as a minimum in executing the work.6. dummy supports shall be in accordance with the Technical Requirements defined herein. dates and signatures. For instance. When revised. all drawings shall utilize title blocks and revision blocks for drawing identification and control. including sheet references g. Valve Codes and Specialty Item Numbers 12. Agreement.6.

1. Namely. congested areas or where several lines converge.8 13. Detailed fabrication dimensions i.4 13. Isometric drawings shall show a single-line. All valves. insulation. All field welds shall be identified.1.6 13. l. 13. instruments. 13.4 Details Enlarged views and details shall be generated as necessary to illustrate. spool or piece mark numbers (Isometric or spool drawings only) Piping drawings shall show complete assembly and installation details for all piping except piping mounted on skid packages.2 13. no-scale isometric view of a single piping service. size and complete material descriptions (Isometric or spool drawings only) k. shoes. Drawings shall also contain enough detail to allow for planning of work during offshore hookup and commissioning. 13. in particular the assembly between piping and equipment or vessels. All details necessary for full clarity shall be provided. drains and purge points. j.5 Isometrics Isometric drawings shall be the primary piping drawings used during pipe spool fabrication.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 h. Piping Plans Piping plan drawings shall be prepared providing all information necessary for fabrication and assembly of piping systems.doc Page 49 of 56 8/2001 .1. or portion thereof. explain and confirm full details and clearances at intersections. all offshore field welds shall be identified.3 Elevations and Sections Elevations and sections shall be provided to clarify the piping plans.1.7 13. Piping drawings shall show all components required for fabrication. and their ancillary components shall be depicted in piping drawings.1. Arrows shall be drawn on piping centerlines to indicate the direction of flow. guides. Piping drawings shall show all vessel and equipment direct connection points. Isometric. 13. anchors.5 Weld symbols and Weld Procedure Specification (WPS) numbers Field weld locations Bill of Materials with quantity.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. All /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Connections to vessels and equipment shall be labeled to agree with CONTRACTOR or CONTRACTOR drawings. including instrument installation points and the interconnecting points for all vents.

doc Page 50 of 56 8/2001 .04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 materials required by an isometric drawing shall be recorded in the material blanks provided on a standard isometric drawing sheet.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.

Designing and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms Analysis.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.Installation Guide for Pressure-Relieving and Depressuring Systems Manual for Installation of Refinery Instruments and Control Systems Specification for Wellhead Equipment Specification for Pipeline Valves. Part II .3 B73. Design.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 APPENDIX I MANDATORY CODES AND STANDARDS American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) Manual of Steel Construction American National Standards Institute (ANSI) B16. End Closures.1 B73.2 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Fuel Gas Piping Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping Specification for Horizontal End Suction Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical Process Specification for Vertical In-Line Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical Process American Petroleum Institute (API) RP 2A RP 14C RP 14E RP 520 RP 521 RP 550 SPEC 6A SPEC 6D STD 607 STD 610 STD 611 STD 612 STD 614 STD 616 STD 617 STD 618 STD 674 STD 1101 STD 2531 STD 2534 Planning. Selection and Installation of Pressure-Relieving Devices in Refineries.2 B31.5 B31. Shaft-Sealing and Control Oil Systems for Special-Purpose Applications Combustion Gas Turbines for General Refinery Services Centrifugal Compressors for General Refinery Services Reciprocating Compressors for General Refinery Services Reciprocating Pumps Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342. Installation and Testing of Basic Surface Safety Systems on Offshore Production Platforms Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems Sizing. Connectors and Swivels Fire Test for Soft-Seated Ball Valves Centrifugal Pumps for General Refinery Service General-Purpose Steam Turbines for Refinery Service Special-Purpose Steam Turbines for Refinery Service Lubrication.doc Page 51 of 56 8/2001 .

04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 APPENDIX I .doc Page 52 of 56 8/2001 .2 Standard Control Valve Manifold Designs Manufacturers Standardization Society of Valve Fittings Industry (MSS) SP 69 Selection and Application of Pipe Hangers and Supports National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) MR-01-75 Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Material for Oil Field Equipment RP 07 Preparation and Installation of Corrosion Coupons and Interpretation of Test Data in Oil Production Practice National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) SM 23 Steam Turbines for Mechanical Drive Service National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 11 12 37 54 Low Expansion Foam and Combined Agent Systems CO2 Extinguishing Systems Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines National Fuel Gas Code /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3.(Continued) MANDATORY CODES AND STANDARDS American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 7-95 Building Code Requirements for Minimum Design Loads in Buildings and Other Structures American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) A36 A325 D2846 F492 Specification for Structural Steel Specification for High-Strength Bolts for Structural Steel Joints Specification for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) Plastic Hot.1 Structural Welding Code Instrument Society of America (ISA) RP 4.and ColdWater Distribution Systems Propylene and Polypropylene (PP) Plastic-Lined Ferrous Metal Pipe and Fittings American Welding Society (AWS) D1.

doc Page 53 of 56 8/2001 .Minerals Management Service (MMS) Outer Continental Shelf Order No.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. 5 /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 APPENDIX II GOVERNMENT AGENCIES United States Department of the Interior .

Paddle Spacers.doc Page 54 of 56 8/2001 . and Paddle Blanks for Raised Face Flanges Standard Conical Temporary Pump Suction Screens Standard Valve Installation Guide /var/www/apps/scribd/scribd/tmp/scratch3/9910342.04 REVISION 0 AUG 2001 APPENDIX III CHEVRON STANDARDS GO-590 Chevron "Safety in Designs" (SID) Manual Chevron Standard Drawings: GD-L1050-2 GF-L14298-9 GC-L31452-22 GB-L88612-7 GB-L99961-6 Piping Standard for Sizes and Locations of Jack Screws in Flanges and Exchanger Feet Standard Assembly and Details of Blanks and Special Rings for Class 150.GENERAL PIPING DESIGN CHEVRON OFFSHORE THAILAND LTD GS 3. 300. 900. 600. 1500 and 2500 Ring Joints Standard Figure 8 Blank (Spectacle).

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