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Subject : Physics
Topic : Forces and Pressure
Subtopic : Archimedes’ Principle
Form : 4 Science
Date : 6th September 2007
Time : 9.00 am – 9.30 am
Duration : 30 minutes
Number of students : 28 students
Learning outcome : At the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
i. Explain buoyant force.
ii. Relate buoyant force to the weight of the liquid displaced.
iii. State Archimedes’ principle.
iv. Describe applications of Archimedes’ principle.
v. Solve problem involving Archimedes’ principle.
Prior knowledge : In form 1, students already learned the concept of density and
they can explain why some objects and liquids float.
Learning material : Microsoft Power Point, eggs, beakers, water, salt, eureka can,
object with mass, whiteboard, marker pen.
Attitudes and values :Thinking rationally, being confident and independent,
hardworking, and thinking skills and high self-esteem.
Scientific skills : Observing, defining operationally, measuring and using numbers,
inferring, relating and communicating.
Procedure/Time Content Activity of student and teacher Material and Method
Elicitation of Introduction to the buoyant force • Teacher greets the students and seeks Method
ideas for students’ readiness to learn. • Demonstration
( 5 minutes ) • Teacher state the objective of the lesson •Questioning and
to the students. answering
• Teacher shows to the students an egg Material
and a glass of salt water. Then teacher asks • Power point
what would be happen if the egg is • An egg
submerged into the water. • Beaker full with
• Students give the answer. Teacher asks salt water
why they answer like that.
• Teacher shows the demonstration. The
egg will float in the salt water.
• Teacher asks students why the egg
floats in the water.
• Students might be answer because of the
upward forces act on the egg.
• Teacher will explain that the upward
force is called buoyant force.
• During the demonstration, a little bit of
salt water will flow out from the glass
where the glass is full with salt water.
Teachers will explain that the water flow
out from the glass is called displaced water.

Step 2 • Do a simple experiment to • Teacher asks how can we determine the Methods
Restructuring make relationship between magnitude of buoyant force. • Explanation
of ideas buoyant force and the weight • Students might be give several answers. • Questioning and
( 15 minutes ) of water displaced and to • Teacher proceeds with own experiment. answering
prove the Archimedes’ • Teacher and students do the experiment • Experiment
principle. together. •
• From the experiment, the result should
be shows that the water displaced is
equal to the buoyant forces. Materials
• Teacher asks students to conclude from • Eureka can
the result they get. • Water
• Beaker
• Plastisin
• Marker pen
• Whiteboard
Step 3 • Make the exercises. • Teacher gives questions for students. Method
Application of • Asks the volunteer to write down their • Answering
ideas answer at the whiteboard. question.
( 5 minutes ) • Discuss the answer.
• Power point
• whiteboard

Step 5 Closure • Student answer and fill the crossword

Reflection • Crossword puzzle puzzle. Material
( 5 minutes ) • Power point