# ﻿LA ENGINEERING

RELAY COORDINATION SAMPLE STUDY RESULT

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 1 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Revision Log

4.

1.

5.

2.

6.

3.

7.

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 2 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

Owner:

Project:

Arc Flash Equipment Evaluation

Title:

Relay Coordination Study Report

Revision:

Rev 0

In accordance with established procedures, the quality of this calculation has been assured. Signatures certify that the above calculation was originated and approved as noted below:

Prepared By:

Ton La, P.E.

Date:

------~~-----------------

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 3 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

1. INTRODUCTION

The primary function of protective devices in a power system is to detect short circuits and isolate the fault by activating the appropriate circuit interrupting devices, which increases the reliability and safety of the electrical system. The relay coordination study is required to properly select the protective devices and necessary settings so that the circuit interrupter closest to the fault opens before other devices.

2. SCOPE

This study evaluates the criteria required for providing protection to the various components of the electrical distribution system for the Texas Plant and develops protective relay settings based on the criteria for protection while providing the best coordination between these relays. The scope of the study begins at the power source connection to the main substation. This scope extends downstream to the largest 480 volt motor or feeder on each 480 volt MCC bus.

3. SYSTEM MODEL AND CALCULATIONS

SKM Power Tool (Electrical Engineering Software) (V5.0.2.4) software package was utilized to model the plants electrical systems and coordinate protecting devices using SKM Captor on time-current curves.

4. STUDY PROCEDURE

4.1 Data

4.1.1 Short circuit study result from drawing no. 100. 4.1.2 Relay Setting from drawing no. 101

4.1.3 Time-curve curves were plot based on manufacturer data.

4.1.4 Equipment data for relay, breaker, transformer, motor, switchgear,

and motor control center was obtained from client one line diagrams and field personnel.

4.2 Protection Criteria

The protective device settings are individually chosen to accommodate circuit parameters. The criteria used in determining the recommended feeder protective device setting are as follows:

4.2.1 If any type of faults occurs, the upstream protective device closest to the fault should operate as quickly as possible.

4.2.2 If the protective device closest to the fault fails to operate, then the next closest device should operate as quickly as possible while still maintaining coordination.

4.2.3 NFPA 70 (NEC) Requirements

4.2.3.1 Article 240-100 and 240-101: Overcurrent protection shall be provided for feeder and branch circuit conductors above a nominal 600 volts.

4.2.3.2 Article 450-3: Transformer protection.

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 4 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

4.3 Coordination Criteria

4.3.1 Coordinating two electro-mechanical overcurrent relays (Figure 1 ):

At maximum fault current, a 0.35 second interval should be used for caliberated relays, or 0.4 second interval should be used for non-caliberated relays.

8 cycle circuit breaker operating time - 0.13 second.

Relay overtravel- 0.1 second.

Manufacturing tolerance safety factor for non-caliberated relay - 1.7 second. Manufacturing tolerance safety factor for caliberated relay - 1.2 second.

4.3.2 Coordinating a downstream fuse with upstream electro-mechanical overcurrent relay (Figure 2):

At maximum fault current, a 0.2 second interval should be used. Relay overtravel- 0.1 second.

Safety margin - 0.1 second.

4.3.3 Coordinating a upstream fuse with downstream electro-mechanical overcurrent relay (Figure 3):

At maximum fault current, a 0.23 second interval should be used for 8 cycle circuit breaker and a 0.183 second interval should be used for 5 cycle circuit breaker.

8 cycle circuit breaker operating time - 0.13 second. S cycle circuit breaker operating time - 0.083 second. Relay overtravel- 0.1 second.

4.3.4 Coordinating a downstream electro-mechanical overcurrentlinstantaneous with an upstream electro-mechanical overcurrent relay (Figure 4 ):

At instantaneous, a 0.35 second interval should be used for cali berated relays, or 0.4 second interval should be used for non-caliberated relays.

At maximum fault current, the upstream relay should not fall below 0.2 second. 8 cycle circuit breaker operating time - 0.13 second.

Safety margin - 0.07 second.

4.3.5 Coordinating a downstream circuit breaker with and upstream electro-mechanical overcurrentlinstantaneous relay (Figure 5):

At maximum fault current, a 0.2 second interval should be used. Relay overtravel- 0.1 second.

Safety margin - 0.1 second.

5. STUDY RESULT

5.1 MCC-1, MCC-2, MAIN BREAKERS (480V), MCC-1/MCC-2 TIE BREAKER Transformer TR-1 & TR-2 kVA Rating:

1000kVA self cooled (ONAN) @ 55°C rise, FLA = 1202A 1120kVA self cooled (ONAN) @ 65°C rise, FLA = 1347 A 1288kVA forced-air-cooled (ONAF) @ 65°C rise, FLA = 1549A

MCC-1 main bus rating = 1600A

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 5 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

MCC-2 main bus rating = 1600A 5.1.1 MCC-1 Main Breaker Setting

5.1.1.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-1-EXISTING)

LTPU: 1.0 (1600A) Sensor Rating = 1600A LTD: 4 second

STPU: 4.0 (6400A)

STD: 0.33 second

5.1.1.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-1-RECOMMENDED)

LTPU: 1.0 (1600A) Sensor Rating = 1600A (No Change) LTD: 5 second

STPU: 4.0 (6400A) (No Change) STD: 0.18 second

5.1.2 MCC-2 Main Breaker Setting

5.1.2.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-2-EXISTING)

LTPU: 1.0 (1600A) Sensor Rating = 1600A LTD: 4 second

STPU: 4.0 (6400A)

STD: 0.33 second

5.1.2.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-2-RECOMMENDED)

LTPU: 1.0 (1600A) Sensor Rating = 1600A (No Change) LTD: 5 second

STPU: 4.0 (6400A) (No Change) STD: 0.18 second

5.1.3 MCC-1/MCC-2 Tie Breaker Setting

5.1.3.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-1-EXISTING) (TCC Name: MCC-2-EXISTING)

LTPU: 0.7 (1120A) Sensor Rating = 1600A LTD: 4 second

STPU: 4.0 (6400A)

STD: 0.18 second

5.1.3.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-1-RECOMMENDED) (TCC Name: MCC-2-RECOMMENDED)

L TPU: 1.0 (1600A) Sensor Rating = 1600A LTD: 5 second

STPU: 4.0 (6400A) (No Change)

LA ENGINEERING

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 6 of 9

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

STD: 0.18 second (No Change) (Tie is set same as Main Breakers)

5.2 MCC-4A MAIN BREAKER (480V) Transformer TR-9

Impedance = 7.84%

1000kVA self cooled (ONAN) @ 55°C rise, FLA = 1202A 1120kVA self cooled (ONAN) @ 65°C rise, FLA = 1347A 1288kVA forced-air-cooled (ONAF) @ 65°C rise, FLA = 1549A

MCC-4A main bus rating = 1200A

Transfer Switch = 1200A

The overcurrent setting for the primary protection shall be satisfied:

1. Per NEC Table 450.3(A), when the transformer's impedance is more than 6% and less than 10%, the transformer's secondary protection setting shall not exceed 125% of nominal FLA or the next higher available setting shall be allowed.

The code requires the breaker to be set at 1503A (1.25 x 1202) or less.

2. Maximum bus rating.

5.2.1 MCC-4A Main Breaker Setting

5.2.1.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-4A-EXISTING) (TCC Name: MCC-4B-EXISTING)

L TPU: 1 (1200A) Sensor Rating = 1200A LTD: 24 second

STPU: 6.0 (8000A)

STD: 0.5 second

5.2.1.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-4A-RECOMMENDED) (TCC Name: MCC-4B-RECOMMENDED)

LTPU: 1.0 (1200A) Sensor Rating = 1200A (No Change) LTD: 24 second (No Change)

STPU: 4.0 (4800A)

STD: 0.2 second

5.3 GEN-1 0-2300-0001, 2.4kV Main breaker (1 050kW Generator) SWGRlMCC-9 (TR-5), 2.4kV Generator Main Breaker

Generator 10-2300-0001, 10-2300-0002 Rating:

Voltage = 2.4kV kW = 1050 kVA=1131

FLA = 316A

- ----------------------------

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 7 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

Feeder cable = 1-3/C #500 kcmil (Rated at 425A @ 90°C) SWGRlMCC-9 main bus rating = 1200A

Total FLA max for Generators 10-2300-0001 and 10-2300-0002 = 632A

The overcurrent setting for each generator output protection shall be satisfied:

1. NEC 445.13 (Ampacity of Conductors)

The code requires the breaker to be set at 363A (1.15 x 316A) or more and protect. the conductors.

2. Maximum bus rating.

5.3.1 GEN-10-2300-0001, 2.4kV Main breaker (1050kW Generator) Overcurrent Setting

5.17.1.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-9/GEN-EXISTING)

Tap: 6 (480A) 400:5 CT

Time Dial: 5.5

5.17.1.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: MCC-9/GEN-RECOMMENDED)

Tap: 5 (400A) 400:5 CT

Time Dial: 5.5 (No Change)

5.4 Grounding system for 12.47kV, Transformer XFMR-01 Secondary, Main SUB-100. 5.4.2 Relay 40-52-1-51G1 (Main SUB-100)

5.4.2.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: BUS1-GND-EXISTING)

Tap: 3.5 (35A) 50:5 CT

Time Dial: 4

5.4.2.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: BUS1-GND- RECOMMENDED)

Tap: 3.5 (35A) 50:5 CT (No Change)

Time Dial: 6

5.4.3 Relay 40-52-8-51 GS (Main SUB-40-1)

5.4.3.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: BUS1-GND-EXISTING)

Tap: 3 (30A) 50:5 CT

Time Dial: 2

5.4.3.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: BUS1-GND- RECOMMENDED)

Tap: 3 (30A) 50:5 CT (No Change)

Time Dial: 4

5.4.4 Relay SYN-52-4-51 GS

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 8 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

5.4.4.1 Existing Setting

(TCC Name: BUS1-GND-EXISTING)

Tap: 3 (30A) 50:5 CT

Time Dial: 2

5.4.4.2 Recommended Setting

(TCC Name: BUS1-GND-RECOMMENDED)

Tap: 3 (30A) 50:5 CT (No Change)

Time Dial: 2 (No Change)

0
GO
...
TIME IN SECONDS iii
C)
Q ~
Q Q <0> ;; ~
Q Q '"
Q Q <:> <:> .; .:; 8
)lOL "" )lOL I:
... ~
"<f
el_ .e
..... CD
0:::
'" .::!1
;:; >-
"( Ul
co 0
'"
"i' Ul
'" n,
'¢ !"J
)lL ~~ )It
",0 N
- '"
0, .g s
'1"
co N
, on ::!1 x
N ,
"'Z
0>- CD
(I) .5L.Jll.. ~
w
a: IJl
w
~ l';! 1:
'" jg
z OS?
~ N :::l
..... OOL "", DOL 0
!z ~~
w _______U,,_ Z
a: >-
!5 :00
u
a
w
Q 0 a
z
w
~
~
0
0
W
0:::
I
.,...
0
u 0
0 '" ~
::::; '" 0
0
In t-
o Q Q 0 Q
Q Q 0, 0
a Q 0
a <:> 0 ---~.

TIME IN SECONDS

It)
0
0
N
,.._-
....
cD
.c
0
U
0
Q
Q c:>
0
)lOl
0
CD
""
CD
CJI
.l!
:g
8
r:::
I!!
)II .!
~ c:> c:> c:> c:>

o ·0 o

o .0

)lOl

)ll
'"
en .... ii:
f-
UJ 0 0..
a: 0
UJ
~ :.;;:
0;
z g:
...... OOl
~
~ 0>. '"
.r_ i:i::
~ I-
JI...
c ~/OOI

en e.:-

M

<i

C5

I.)

:2

c

'f
o 0 ,. e;-
O a,
::;; o U I
.r_ :::!E o 0
.r_ ::;; 0
><: N
(!l ><: .r_ 0::. ~
ro ><: f-
0, CO ::;;
c o
0, 0, o
Q 0 ~
0 c:>
c:> 0
0
- o
~ .., t-
O
c:> c:>
0 TIME IN SECONDS

III
0
0
N
r---
li;
.0
s
0
0:>
c:i 0
0
)101
0
eo
~
a;
Ol
~
~
Q)
0
c:
~
)II .l!!
Q)
a::: o o o o

o o o

o o

'"

)101

)II

U') UJ a:

UJ

~

z

:: 001

z UJ a: a: :::::J U

o

'"

o IX)

9

C'") N

:::!: >U)

U U)

~

af "f o o :::!:

ci o

It) l-

e

N~

J:

..,.

() o ;;;

rY

~ en

o o o o

o o o

o

.,;

o o

o

o o

C> C> C> C>

)lOL

)lL

z

~OOL

~

<:> <:> <:> c

TIME IN SECONDS

co C> d

C> C>

N a o Cl

g

<'> "

,:,

a\

<> o c

.:.

<> 0>

'"

'"

~

'"

~

o o

"i' z lIJ e

>

~ '0

<> o

Z

w G

o o <:>

o .0

II)
0
0 I
N
r--- I
....
CD I
..c I
0
ts
0 I
~
<:> 0
<:>
)lOL
0
0
~
N
CD
Cl
S
;g
)lL 8
c
I!!
.!!
CD
a:: C>

.,;

OOL
~
0
><
CD
B
(J)
1:
~
0 :::J
o z w C>

o ~

<=>

.,;

z

..... OOL

ffi

~

·r

r~ : ~onif

0
.....
.,.
N
iii
D)
~
~
0 - s
C
0 0 I!!
0 J!!
)lOL tl. :----'HII 6 ~

2ij!i

~ n 8 ~~ -. !~
~. ~~
~~JH iw! ~~ :l ,.
~IP! ~ 2
~
.~ 2 £ ~ TIME IN SECIlIIOS

o o o o

o o o

c co

o

«~ 001
'<t
ll)
::2
>-
en
o
en
c5
r ...J
I!l
~
If - 0
~ en
N
'" :::)
.:. III
... [fJ tf)
e I!l
Of ;;; 'f C>
..:. <>i' 'f ~
'"
'" '" '" '"'
6 '" Z .t)
... 0 >- z
.... !I) >-
U) 0 0
c 0 ....
0 0 c::i
0 0 0 0 c
0
c::i 0 )lOL

)II

Il) o o N

..:

~ g

)II

ELECTRICAL STUDIES RELAY COORDINATION STUDY

Date: 09/6/05 Rev: 0 Page 9 of 9

LA ENGINEERING

ATTACHMENT

Relay Coordination Criteria

Figure 1: Coordinating Two Overcurrent Relays

Figure 2: Coordinating Downstream Fuse With Upstream Overcurrent Relay Figure 3: Coordinating Upstream Fuse With Downstream Overcurrentl

Instantaneous Relay

Figure 4: Coordinating Downstream LV Breaker With Upstream Overcurrent Relay

Figure 5: Coordinating Downstream Overcurrentllnstantaneous With Upstream Overcurrent Relay

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.------_.

<:
0
0
0
~
:>M
~i N
N
N
N
l~ I
..... N ~
..... N
- :> N
- N
I ~ ~o
>- ....
<: --
.....:l "7 ~
~ f2. -01
21 co
1 D

II)
0
0
- N
- 00
- Gi
I .c
CZl 0
::J 0
~ 0 TIME IN SECONDS
0
0 .....
co co co ..,.
co co 0 ~ N
co co 0 co
co co
)lOt )lOt CD
Cl
.l!!
(5
>
CI)
0
c:
(J) f!!
>- .2!
::s CI)
0:::
UJ
0:::
)U I- )H
Z
UJ
0:::
0:::
en :::l
LLJ U ~
a: <
LLJ 0::: 0
e, UJ
~ > ><
z 0 ;:: r-----t> CI)
...... OOt 0 >- « DOL Iii
0
l- S -c a (J)
z ...J
LU W a "E
a: I- a
a: rt: ~
:::> C) N
u ~
Z '<'""" o
i= ~
« ~
~ z
;;;: is CJ)
co «N 0::: o co
...IN
WN 0 CJ)
-"..t:' 0 o,
~ U tV) ~
W
__g:;_
UJ w
0::: N 0:::
N ~
:::l N
N
C) >-
li.. -c w
...J 0:::
W
rt: U
o
or> I-
0 0 co co
<=> co co co =
co co co 0
co· 0 ..... -

-

.....
- lO
..... 0
- 0
I N
tI} .a
::> ...
al CD
..Q
0
1)
0 TIME IN SEC(JIIOS
0 0
0 <:> 0 r--
0 <:> ·0 co ~
0 0 c;;, 0 0 N
co
)101 )101 CD
OJ
~
« ~
0 8
0
N c
e
>- ...... .!
W:5 ~ CD
C/)w D::
)II 20::: >- )II
C/)
~~ o
USw C/)
o:::~ o,
~ ~;:, ('t)
ffi ~" ....
zO <
~ sffi 0
><
z 0>
-001 00 :::- CD
as (9:2 e- 9 ~Ol-O ~
~U5 ~ en
~ C
~o:: w jg
zl- tr :::J
-CI) ~ 0
:: 00. ...
0:::;:, ill
... °I <Il
>- 01- :J
co :'5 0- 0
UJ .. ~
-""- N
W
0::: w
;:, en
(9 :::J
U.
u::: ~
W
D::
0
0
Ln l-
e 0 a
<:> o.
e 0 0 ." ~
<:> 0:> 0
'" 0 N
- 10
- 0
- 0
I N
CI) on
~ ...
r:Cl CD
.c
0
U
0 TIME IN SECOMlS
a 0
a a 0 .....
a 0 <:I 0 ...,.
a 0 ca 0 Q Q N
.....
)lOt )lOl Qj
CI
2 ,g!
« ~
W
0::: B
l- e
C/) I!!
Z .!
3: CD
0::
)It 0>- )II
~::s "
I-W W
~o::: (/)
C/) =>
UJ u,
V> (1)=>
l,:tJ =>0 ~
<l:
LU u._UJ
n.. Z
~ 2.;( ><
~OOI L5~ litn .!!
Z !J
!z 0:::«
1-1- en
w '" C/)C/) c
a:; N
a:; Il.Z ~ ~. ~
a ~ =>- ::l
C)o!S ';" '>- 0
w zl- :5 (J)
~ _Z U
I-UJ w
«0::: 0:: (J)
a Zo::: 0... 0
o=> (Y)
0:::0
00:::
OW >-
0> «
0 _J
UJ
Ctj 0::
W uJ
0::: en
=> ::::>
C) u,
u, 0
o
'" I-
a a
0 0 <0> 0
a 0 0 a
a 0 Q Q
a CJ CJ CJ CJ

)lOL

)lL

.e-

CJ CJ CJ CJ

.... .... ......

CJ CJ CJ

CJ Q

...... ...... ...... ......

~

~

...... ...... ......

~

>- __ --r-..--

:5

w 0:

CJ CJ CJ

Q Q

TIME IN SECOMlS

Q

C>

c::i

)lOL

~ .;3.

o o

ci

~ )lL

:2:

>-

(f)

o

en

a,

«')

DOL

Q

c::i

Q

c::i

g

o

-

-

~

III

01

TIME IN SECIHIS

Q Q Q Q

Q Q Q

o Q

)lOl

1
I )ll
I
I
I ell
W
ffi
~ e-,
z ~
..... OOL ...
~ ~
a:
a: Jt._
a o o o

'"

o o o

'" C)

C)

0
;; co
~
Q CD
)101 !
~
8
c:
~
.!!
G)
a::
)11 Q

Q

«

~/

~

o OOl

en

o,

cry

C)

c

x