Bibliography of Academic Writings and Reflections on Social Science Research in Nepal by Pratyoush Onta, PhD1 Martin Chautari Kathmandu

, Nepal Introduction Academic reflections on social science research in Nepal began for real in the early 1970s. The first major seminar on this topic was organized by the Institute of Nepal and Asian Studies (INAS) of Tribhuvan University (TU) in Kathmandu in October 1973. Full-length articles examining the status of geography, sociology, anthropology, history, political science, economics and public administration were presented by various scholars on that occasion. Several individuals commented on each of those papers and the entire proceedings of the seminar were published the following year (Sharma 1974a). This major event was followed by a seminar on linguistics organized by INAS in November 1974 (its proceedings were published as INAS 1976; see also Malla 1976). During the second half of the 1970s, TU constituted 25 working groups of experts on different subjects/disciplines and 23 of the reports prepared by them were published in a special issue of the Tribhuvan University Journal (vol 10, no 1, July 1978) under the theme ‘Research in Tribhuvan University: Problems and Prospects’. For our present purposes, it must be noted that expert group reports were published for several social science disciplines including economics, political science, history, sociology/anthropology and geography. During the 1980s and the 1990s, both large events focused on the social sciences in general and smaller ones focused on specific disciplines were held. An example of the former is the ‘National Seminar/Workshop on the Development of Infrastructure and Programmes in Humanities and Social Sciences’ organized by TU’s Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences (IOHSS) in Kathmandu in December 1983. Papers on history, Nepalese history, culture and archaeology, anthropology, political science, geography, linguistics, economics, psychology, home science, and statistics were presented and commented upon on that occasion. Recommendations were also made and the entire proceedings were published a few months later (see Lohani 1984a). Another example of the same kind was the national conference on ‘Social Sciences in Nepal: Some Thoughts and Search for Direction’ organized by TU’s Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies (CNAS) in Kathmandu in September 1995. Papers on sociology/anthropology, history, political science, economics, geography, psychology, linguistics, and demography were presented in the conference (see Khatry 1997 for its proceedings). An example of a specific discipline focused seminar held during the 1990s is the ‘International Seminar on the State of Nepali Historiography: Problems and Prospects,’ organized by TU’s Central Department of History (CDH) in Kathmandu in October 1993. Papers were presented on the historiography of ancient and medieval Nepal by Tulsi Ram Vaidya (1995), and on modern Nepal (up to 1950) by Krishna Kant Adhikari (1995). Prem Raman Uprety (1995) presented a paper on selected trends and problems in post-1950 Nepali historiography.2 These papers were later published as part of the seminar proceedings in Manandhar et al. (1995). In fall 1992 two major back-to-back conferences were held in Kathmandu
Pratyoush Onta is a historian based at Martin Chautari, Kathmandu, Nepal. He is the editor of the journals Studies in Nepali History and Society and Media Adhyayan. He has authored, edited and co-edited several books. email: sinhas@mos.com.np 2 My report on this history seminar can be found in Pratyoush Onta. 1993. History: a bold beginning? The Independent, 8 December, p. 11.
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where a slightly different version of the article by Hachhethu (2002b) also appeared.4 Countryspecific studies arising from this regional level study were published in the journal Economic and Political Weekly.g. writings on history. During 2002-2003. political science. 3 2 . ed. sociology and anthropology have been covered extensively by consulting relevant bibliographies. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point. A major article on the state of social sciences in Nepal was published by Hachhethu (2002a) in the journal Contributions to Nepalese Studies based on research executed during fall 2001.3 In some of the presentations made in these two conferences (e. journals.g. Nepali sociologists and anthropologists gathered in December 2007 – also in Pokhara – to reflect upon the state of their disciplines in a national workshop organized by the Department of Sociology/Anthropology (DOSA) of Prithwi Narayan Campus (PNC. The first was organized by the Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal (SASON) and the second was organized jointly by the Department of Anthropology of the University of Sydney and CNAS. Anthropology of Nepal: Peoples. As a result of the above mentioned exercises and other initiatives not discussed here. sociology (Mishra 2005) and geography (Adhikari 2010). After the year 2000. edited volumes and other reference sources. its proceedings can be found in Parajuli 2008). Social Science Research Capacity in South Asia: A Report. Articles arising from this project have examined the discipline of history (Onta 2003). no comprehensive list of such writings exists to date. New York: SSRC. 2002. Specific discipline focused meetings have continued to take place. A relatively less effort has been made to locate all relevant 34 of the more than 50 papers presented during the second conference were published in Michael Allen. geography. With respect to social science disciplines.. Devkota 1992) and on their sidelines. Nepali geographers met in Pokhara under the auspices of the Nepal Geographical Society (NGS) to reflect on the state of their discipline and hear research presentations of their colleagues (see Subedi and Poudel 2005 and Subedi. Onta 1992). His research was done as part of a regional level study on ‘Social Science Research Capacity in South Asia’ sponsored by the New York-based Social Science Research Council (SSRC). Poudel and Poudel 2006 for its proceedings). For example. With these points in mind. Problems and Processes.where anthropological and sociological research papers were presented. 4 A report with the “thematic summary of the main findings and recommendations for all five countries in South Asia” was published by the SSRC as Partha Chatterjee et al. a moderate volume of academic writings reflecting upon the various state of social sciences in Nepal have appeared since the early 1970s.. reflections on the state of these disciplines. While discipline-specific reviews have referred to their related predecessors. In January 2004. 1994. I have prepared this bibliography of academic writings on social science research in Nepal. their thematic orientations and tensions inherent in them were discussed (e. political science (Hachhethu 2004). various efforts have been made to review the state of social sciences in Nepal or the state of specific disciplines. Nepali historians met in Pokhara in April 2003 at a conference organized by the History Association of Nepal (HISAN) in which two of the papers presented examined regional history writing (Kshetry 2003) and the (low) enrolment of students in the discipline of history (Thapa and Budhathoki 2003). several academics looked at the state of specific disciplines under a project executed by the Kathmandu-based Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-Nepal (ISET-Nepal). Such a compilation is necessary both to have a more general view of the status of reflections on social sciences in Nepal (and specific ones focused on particular disciplines) and to promote new research on the same topic.

Tribhuvan University CNAS = Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies.com/collections/journals/).d. Tribhuvan University SASON = Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal TU = Tribhuvan University Also see Nepal Research Centre (n. European Bulletin of Himalayan Research. Himal. Available online copies of other items. Sunday through Friday. For suggestions regarding any corrections that need to be made in the entries given here and additions of relevant items missing in this edition. Copies of most of the books and journals from which entries have been obtained for this bibliography are available at the Martin Chautari (MC) Library. please send an email to Pratyoush Onta at sinhas@mos. Thapathali.martinchautari. Kathmandu (Tel: 4238050) which is open to the public from 10:30am to 5pm (4:30 pm during winter months).com. Tribhuvan University CEDA = Centre for Economic Development and Administration. German. Tribhuvan University CDH = Central Department of History.6 Abbreviations Used CDG = Central Department of Geography.np) in October 2010. Tribhuvan University NCCR = National Centre for Competence in Research North-South NGS = Nepal Geographical Society PNC = Prithwi Narayan Campus. when found.writings on economics. linguistics and a number of other disciplines which also fall within the remit of social sciences in Nepal but fall outside of my core disciplinary interests. 6 5 3 . some of them might be accessible only in restricted sites. Himal Southasian. Thanks also to Harsha Man Maharjan and Bhaskar Gautam for assistance in locating some of the references. It will be periodically updated there.org.com. Tribhuvan University INAS = Institute of Nepal and Asian Studies. Tribhuvan University DOSA = Department of Sociology and Anthropology. Russian and Japanese research on Nepal have been included. I am grateful to several individuals for providing me information that has been used in the preparation of this bibliography.5 Publication and Availability This bibliography was first published online in the website of Martin Chautari (www. British. this bibliography is incomplete and will have to be augmented by others with different disciplinary foci. Tribhuvan University CDSA = Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology. have also been noted. Information on the online availability of other articles will also be appreciated. In that sense.). 27 Jeet Jung Marg. Also writings covering French.np with a copy to Harsha Man Maharjan at harsha. Please accept our thanks in advance for such suggestions. demography. Tribhuvan University CERID = Centre for Educational Research Innovation and Development. PNC IOHSS = Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences. However. Online copies of articles published in the journal Studies in Nepali History and Society can be found at the website of Martin Chautari.maharjan@gmail.digitalhimalaya. psychology. Online copies of articles published in the journals Contributions to Nepalese Studies. Nepalese Linguistics and Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology can be found in the online journal collection of Digital Himalaya (www.

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