Module A: Comparative study Texts written in different times compel contemporary audiences to re-evaluate present day society as differing

contexts give rise to differing values. This notion is true for the gothic novel Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley and the science-fiction film, Blade Runner, by Ridley Scott, where responders are forced to examine the dangers of science and nature as humans continually push the boundaries of technology. In Frankenstein the composer within her 19th century context places emphasis on the beauty of the sublime and relationships. In Blade Runner, Scott illustrates to responders that the endangering of such values in the wake of technology and its byproduct: consumerism, in the 20th century as society moves through the digital age. A comparison of the respective values demands the reassessment of present day values held from contemporary, ergo, the observable differences in texts from different times make such texts worthy of study The composers of Frankenstein and Blade Runner represent through their texts the degree to which relationships are valued in society. In Frankenstein responders observe the De Lacey family as an example of the ideal family. Shelly employs empathy to illustrate the significance of relationships. Frankenstein the creature yearns for the bond shared between the Lacey’s and his expressions of loneliness evokes empathy within readers as they are made receptive of the importance of emotional fulfilment through the relationships we seek. However, in Blade Runner there is a clear break down of the familial unit within the film. At no stage in the film is there a depiction of the nuclear family. Tyrell is a man who lives alone with no company except that of his material possessions. Ironically, everyone other than the humans see the value of relationships. The replicants are the only creatures who desire family. This comes back to the idea of the replicants being “more human than humans.” Scott has utilised irony to raise questions in the minds of responders about humanity and society’s progression towards a cold state of materialism. A close-up shot of Roy Batty’s face following Zhora’s death in contrast to the emotionless of humans such as Tyrell, demonstrates the way society has become cold and selfish. Following this scene, Roy’s anger dissipates and responders become more receptive of Ridley Scott’s warning to society. Scott warns audiences to nto allow capitalist desires supersede the need for emotional fulfilment through relationships. The two texts constructed in different times highlight attitudes towards nature and bring into contention concerns at present which call for action. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is noted for its representation of beauty in the sublime. Shelly’s vivid imagery: “the lush green hills which it rested on and the soft blue skies,” appeals to the senses of responders, who are forced towards appreciating the aesthetic value

The creature often seeks solace in retreating to the depths of nature which effectively calms him down. a difference in values can lead to the resonance of the composers message in responders. Shelly’s society strictly required women to adhere to their house-keeping duties and discouraged any academic pursuit in professions outside of the home. A comparative study of texts constructed in different times bring about evaluations of current values and the need to revert to previously held values from simpler times for benefit of society. This picturesque setting is in stark constrat to the macabre and overwhelmingly digitalised world presented in Blade Runner. Scott has masculated the replicant women through costuming in recognition of their increasing rights within society. Texts from differing times are worthy of study for their insights into the social structures which exist. A comparison of the texts illustrates the outdatedness of female subordination. Invaluably. texts serve as precautionary tales as human’s dally with science at the expense of fundamental values including relationships and nature. in general. audiences are inspired to become more socially aware as texts analyse the relative structures in existence. Texts are subject to the context relevant to their composers.’ In Blade Runner. values which don’t change can raise concerns with responders. Frankenstein and Blade Runner force responders to evaluate the human experience and inspire action in response. The juxtapositioning of nature in texts from different times raise awareness in audiences of the need for a change in attitude. This is further highlighted through setting in Tyrell’s office where nature is artificial including the owl.and the overall value. . This change is highlighted through a comparison of texts which sheds light on humanity. The idyllic setting is typical of the romantic literature of Shelly’s time when conservation was not an issue. As a result. This becomes farcical and effectively responders recognise the folly of men and the dangers of nature becoming a commodity. Thus. responders can appreciate texts from different times for the change in values. Ridley Scott’s uses film noir as a chilling premonition as to what our world will become if we continue to destroy and abuse nature in the pursuit of our material desires. the women Tyrell creates for himself are valued simply for their looks as revealeld in the classification of female replicants. so long as time progresses. In the same way. of nature. A lack of female dominance in the novel clearly demonstrates this and Victor Frankenstein dismisses women as ‘meddlers. In the opening scene an extreme long shot of the city shows the omnipresent billboards and neon lights which dominate the surroundings.

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