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WATER-BASED

PA1NT FORMULATIONS
Volume 4

by

Ernest W. Flick

I np I NOYES PUBLICATIONS
WesWood, New Jersey, U.S.A.
Copyright 8 1997 by Ernest W. Flick
No patt of this book may be reproduced or utilized in
any fonn or by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording 01 by any informa-
tion stonge and retrieval system, without permission
in Writing from the Publisher.
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 75-2939
ISBN 0-8155-1415-8
Printed in the United States

Published in the United States of America by


Noyes Publications
369 Fairview Avenue
Westwood, New Jersey 07675

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publications Data


(Revised for vol. 4)

Flick, Ernest W.
Water-based paint formulations.

Vol. 4 published by Noyes Publications.


Includes index.
1. Paint--Patents. II. Title.
TP935.F62 1975 66T.63 75-2939
ISBN 0-8155-0571-X (v. 1)
ISBN 0-8155-1345-3 (v. 3)
ISBN 0-8155-1415-8 (v. 4)
In Memory
of

My Mother and Father


This collection of 232 up-to-date water-based trade and industrial formulations
will be of value to technical and managerial personnel in paint manufacturing
companies and firms which supply raw materials or services to these
companies, and to those interested in less hazardous, environmentally safer
formulations. The book will be useful to both those with extensive experience
as well as those new to the field. This book includes new and different
formulations than those included in the previously published Industrial Water-
Based Paint Formulations and Water-Based Paint Formulations.

The data consist of selections of manufacturers' suggested formulations made at


no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials.
The information given is presented as supplied; the manufacturer should be
contacted if there are any questions. Only the most recent data supplied us has
been included. Any solvent contained is minimal.

The table of contents is organized in such a way as to serve as a subject index.


The formulations described are divided into sections which cover exterior,
interior, and exterior and/or interior water-based paints, enamels, and coatings,
as indicated below:

I. Coatings and Topcoats


11. Coil Coatings
111. Enamels
IV. Enamels-Baking
V. Exterior Paints and Related Products
VI. Interior Paints and Related Products
VII. Lacquers
VIII. Primers
IX. Sealants and Related Compounds
X. Stains
XI. Miscellaneous

Each formula has been placed in the chapter which is most applicable. The
reader, if seeking a formula for a specific end use, should check each chapter
which could possibly apply.

vii
...
viii Preface

In addition to the above, there are two other sections which will be helpful to
the reader:

XI. A chemical trade name section where trade-named raw materials


are listed with a chemical description and the supplier's name. The
specifications which the raw materials meet are included if
applicable.
XIII. Main office addresses of the suppliers of trade-named raw materials
and/or formulations.

Included in the descriptive information for each formulations, where available,


the following properties may be listed: viscosity, solids, content, %
nonvolatiles, pigment volume concentration, density, pH, spatter, leveling, sag
resistance, scrub stability, freeze-thaw stability, ease of application, gloss
foaming, cratering, brightness, opacity, water spotting, adhesion to chalk, brush
clean-up, reflectance, and sheen.

Ernest W. Flick

Notice

To the best of our knowledge the information in this publications is


accurate; however, the Publisher does not assume any responsibility or
liability for the accuracy or completeness of, or consequence arising from,
such information. These formulations do not purport to contain detailed
manufacturing nor user instruction, and by its range and scope could not
possibly do so. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not
constitute endorsement or recommendation for use by the Author or
Publisher.

Water-based paint raw materials could be toxic, and therefore, due caution
should always be exercised in the use of these hazardous materials. Final
determination of the suitability of any information or product for use
contemplated by any user, and the manner of that use, is the sole
responsibility of the user. We strongly recommend that users seek and
adhere to a manufacturer's or supplier's current instructions for handling
each material they use.

The Author and Publisher have used their best efforts to include only the
most recent data available. The reader is cautioned to consult the supplier
in case of questions regarding current availability.
SECTION I: COATINGS AND TOPCOATS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Acrylic EmulsiodUrea-Formaldehyde Wood
Clearcoat Modification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Aliphatic Wood Coating Formulation (Sancure
825/Rhoplex CL-104) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ancamine 2410 High Solids Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Exhibit 4 .Starting Formulation Ancamine
2410/Ancamide 500 High Solids Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Black Single Coat K-Flex XM-4316 PU Dispersion
Cured with HMMM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Clear Bake Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Phenolic Clear Bake Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Clear Bake Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Phenolic Clear Bake Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Clear Wood Coating-A & B & C K-Flex UD-320W Modified . . . . 10
Direct to Metal Acrylic Latex Coating Starting Point
Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Low Gloss VinyVABS Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Clear Topcoat for Flexible Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Strippable Coating Sample Formulation A Unmodified . . . . . . . . . . 13
Strippable Coating Sample Formulation B
Lower Adhesion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Strippable Coating Formulations Thickened with Ucar
Polyphobe Rheology Modifiers Formula C Good Leveling . . . . . 14
Formula D High Build . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Strippable Coating for Plastic Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Strippable Coating Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Topcoat for Prefinished Hardboard Siding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Water-Borne Alkyd/Melamine Wood Clearcoat Modification . . . . . . 18
Waterborne Clear High Gloss Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
White Gloss Maintenance Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
White Gloss Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Wood Topcoat Model Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

ix
x Contents and Subject Index

SECTION 11: COIL COATINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24


Chromate Coil-Coating Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Low-Sheen Coil-Coating Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Medium-Gloss Coil-Coating Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Strippable Coil Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

SECTION LII: ENAMELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29


Acrylic Emulsion Enamel-B&C K-Flex UD-320W Modified . . . . . 30
Synergistic Effects of Combining Nacorr with Anti-
Corrosive Pigment in an Air Dry Water Reducible
Alkyd Modified Acrylic Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Ancamide 2353 Fast Drying White Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Ancamide 2353 Low VOC White Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Cary Gloss White Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Clear Enamel (For Maximum Solvent and Abrasion
Resistance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Gloss Safety Red Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Gloss Safety Yellow Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Gloss White Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Gloss White Enamel (Maximum Solvent and Abrasion
Resistance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Green Air Dry Enamel for Flexible Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
High-Hiding Eggshell Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
MacGregor Gloss Black Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Pinehurst Gloss Green Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Self-Priming Interior Semi-Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Exterior Maintenance-Type Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Semigloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Southern Pines Gloss White Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Spensol I 5 4 Orange Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Waterborne Black Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680
(Formula No . 3019-28A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Waterborne Blue Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680
(Formula No . 3019-316) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Waterborne Dark Blue Enamel Based on Epotuf
37-143/37-680 (Formula No . 3019-31D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Waterborne Green Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680
(Formula No . 3019-3lF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Waterborne Orange Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680
(Formula 3019-310 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Waterborne Red Enamel Based on Epotuf 37-143/37-680
(Formula No . 3019-31B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Waterborne Red Orange Enamel Based on Epotuf
37-143/37-680 (Formula No . 3019-31E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Contents and Subject Index xi

Waterborne Yellow Epoxy Enamel Based on Epotuf


37-143/37-680 (Formula No . 3019-31C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Whispering Pines Semigloss White Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Anquamine 401 1:l White Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Anquamine 401/Solid Resin Dispersion 2:l White
Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

SECTION IV: ENAMELS-BAKING ........................ 62


Clear Bake Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Phenolic Clear Bake Coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Clear High Gloss. Baking Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Blue Metallic Urethane Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Experimental Water-Reducible Polyester Gloss White
Baking Enamel Using Halox SZP-391 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Waterborne Acrylic Bake Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Water Reducible Polyester Baking Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Spensol L54 White Baking Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
2-Component Waterborne System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

SECTION V: EXTERIOR PAINTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS . . . 70


Exterior Flat House Paint with ZnO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Exterior Gloss White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Exterior House Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Exterior House Paint .Tint Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Exterior Semigloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Exterior Semigloss Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Exterior Tint Base Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Exterior Trim Formulation Modified Vinyl Acrylic Paint . . . . . . . . . 79
Exterior Trim Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Exterior White Flat House Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Exterior White Trim house Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Good Quality White Exterior Flat Paint for Masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Good Quality White Exterior Flat Paint for Wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Gregson Drive Gloss White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
High Quality Exterior Semi Gloss Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
High Sheen White House Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Low VOC Exterior House Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Quality Exterior Flat Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Quality Exterior Flat Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Quality White Exterior Trim Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Quality White House Paint with ZnO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Urethane Fortified Porch & Deck Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Weather Barrier Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
White Exterior Flat House Paint with Zinc Oxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
xii Contents and Subject Index

White Roof Coating ................................... 99

SECI'ION VI: INTERIOR PAINTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS . 100


Clear High Gloss Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Fast-Dry Sealer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Economy Flat Wall Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Good Quality Interior Flat with <50g/L VOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
High Quality Super Flat Interior Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Interior Clear Wood Finish (Rhoplex CL-l04/Sancure 815) . . . . . . 106
Interior Sanding Sealer (Rhoplex CL-105) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Interior Contractor Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Interior Good Quality Flat for Roller and Brush
Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Interior Good Quality Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Interior Semigloss Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Interior Vinyl Acrylic Eggshell for Roller and
Brush Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Interior Vinyl Acrylic Semigloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Intumescent Interior White Fire-Retardant Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Low VOC Interior Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Solvent Free Interior Satin Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
White Interior Eggshell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

SECTION VII: LACQUERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119


Green Lacquer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Foam Control with Agitan Additives in a High Gloss
DIY Waterborne Lacquer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
White Lacquer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

SECI'ION VIII: PRIMERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124


Acrylic Latex Tannin Block Primer Using Halox BW-100 . . . . . . 125
Alkyd Modified Latex Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Ancamide 2353 Curing Agent Anti-Corrosive Primer . . . . . . . . . . 127
Anquamine 401/Semi-solid Epoxy Dispersion Lead
and Chromate Free Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Anquamine 401/Solid Resin Dispersion Lead and
Chromate Free Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Corrosion Inhibitive Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Metal Wash Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Cost Effective 2K Water-Base Epoxy Primer Using
Halox SW-111 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Dipping Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Experimental General Purpose Tannin-Stain Resistant
Water-Base Primer Using Halox Xtain A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Contents and Subject Index xiii

Experimental High Performance Tannin-Stain Resistant


Water-Base Primer Using Halox Xtain A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Experimental Waterbase Acrylic Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . 135
Exterior House Paint Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Exterior House Paint Primer Based on Ucar Latex 163 . . . . . . . . . 139
General Purpose Latex Maintenance Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
General Purpose/Low Cost Water-Base Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
High Performance Bare Metal Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
High Performance Galvanized Metal Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
High Performance 2K Water-Base Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
High Performance 2K Water-Base Epoxy Primer Using
Halox SZP-391 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
High Solids Red Iron Oxide Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
House Paint Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Lead and Chromate Free Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Lead and Chromate Free Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Lead and Chromate Free Waterborne Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Lead Based Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Lead Silico Chromate Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Low Sheen Gray Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Non-Lead/Non-Chromate Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Primer for Factory-Primer Hardboard Siding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Primer 20323D Based on Phosguard J-0853 and 10 ES
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 157
Primer 203236 Based on Phosguard J-0813 and 10 ES
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 158
Primer 20596F Based on Heucophos ZPZ and 10 ES
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 159
Primer 20596G Based on Heucophos ZMP and 10 ES
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 160
Primer 21102E Based on Molycoat 212 and 10 AS
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:701 System . . . . . . . . 161
Primer 21105H Based on Phosguard J-0815 and 10 ES
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:702 System . . . . . . . . 162
Primer 211051 Based on Nalzin 2 and 10 ES
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:702 System . . . . . . . . 163
Primer 21109C Based on Strontium Chromate and 10 ES
Wollastocoat Henkel's Waterpoxy 1401:702 System . . . . . . . . 164
Rapid Dry Waterborne Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Red Inhibitive Maintenance Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Red Iron Oxide Corrosion Resistant Epoxy Primer (Two
Component System) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Red Iron Oxide Water Reducible Alkyd Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
xiv Contents and Subject Index

Rust Inhibitive Chromate Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172


Solvent Resistant. Water-Reducible Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
lT-P-1975 Federal Specification Metal Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Universal Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Universal Primer Non-Lifting and High Salt Spray Resistance . . . . 176
Water-Base Acrylic Universal Primer Using Halox
SZP-391 & BW-100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Water-Base Acrylic Universal Primer Using Halox
SZP-391 & Xtain A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Waterborne Black Iron Oxide Primer Based on
Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No . 3019-38A) . . . . . . . . . . 179
Waterborne Red Iron Oxide Primer Based on
Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No . 2954-76A) . . . . . . . . . . 180
Waterborne Red Oxide Epoxy Primer ...................... 181
Waterborne Yellow Iron Oxide Primer Based on
Epotuf 37-143/37-680 (Formula No . 3019-39B) . . . . . . . . . . 182
Water Reducible Alkyd Yellow Iron Oxide Primer
Using Halox SZP-391 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Water Reducible Alkyd Yellow Iron Oxide Primer
Using Halox CW-491 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Water Reducible Epoxy-Ester Red Iron Oxide Primer . . . . . . . . . . 185
Water Reducible Epoxy-Ester Red Iron Oxide Primer
Using Halox CW-491 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
White. Corrosion Resistant Latex Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
White Inhibitive Maintenance Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

SECTION IX: SEALANTS AND RELATED COMPOUNDS . . . . . . 190


Ancamide 2353 Curing Agent Aluminum Mastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Clear Sealant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
High-Quality Exterior Latex Caulk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Patching Compound (Brushing Grade) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Patching Compound (Trowel Grade) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Pigmented Caulk Formulation based on 2:l Vinyl
AcrylidAcrylic Blend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Premium.Performance. Medium-Flexibility Caulk . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Sealant Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Translucent Caulk Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
ASTM C-920 Pigmented Caulk Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Translucent Sealant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
Vinyl Acrylic Sealant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
Weather-Barrier Mastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

SECTION X: STAINS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205


Brown Wiping Stain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
Contents and Subject Index xv

Interior Wiping Stain (Emulsion E-2977) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207


Stain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Light Redwood Wiping Stain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
Stain Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Tannin Stain Blocking Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Acrylic Tannin Stain-Blocking Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Water Reducible Redwood Solid Color Stain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

SECI'ION XI: MISCELLANEOUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212


Anquamine 401 Clear Coat Semi-Solid Epoxy Dispersion . . . . . . . 213
Anquamine 401 Clear Coat Solid Epoxy Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . 214
Anquamine 401 Liquid Epoxy Clear Coat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214
Aqueous Polyester-Urethane Pigment Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Black Gloss Enamel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Clear Barriernie Coat for Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Clear Tint Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
FCA's for Waterborne Building Product Formulations
Clear Waterborne Cement Sealer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Waterborne Black Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Exterior/Interior Block Filler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
High Solids Self Priming Alkyd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Masonry Block Fill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Masonry Blockfill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Water Reducible Alkyd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
2-Component Waterborne System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224

SECTION XII: TRADE NAMED RAW M A T E W S . . . . . . . . . . . 225

SECTION XIII: SUPPLIERS ADDRESSES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246


2 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Acrylic Eaulsion/Urea-Formaldehyde
Wood C l e a r c o a t M o d i f i c a t i o n

K-Flex UD-320W i s an a l i p h a t i c , s a t u r a t e d , w a t e r s o l u b l e r e s i n
m o d i f i e r . T h i s urethane d i o l m o d i f y i n g r e s i n i m p a r t s improved
s t a i n r e s i s t a n c e t o t h e f o r c e d d r y ( t h e r m o s e t ) wood c l e a r c o a t
f o r m u l a t ion b e l ow.

What makes t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n u n i q u e , i s t h e absence o f n e u t r a l -


i z i n g amines. As a r e s u l t , a f r e e a c i d c a t a l y s t may be used
(Nacure 155) and l o w e r t e m p e r a t u r e c u r e s may b e a c h i e v e d . A p o t
l i f e of 24-48 h o u r s i s p o s s i b l e .

WB Wood C l e a r c o a t M o d i f i c a t i o n : %K-Flex UD-320W


Component: 0% -
5% 10%
B e e t l e 65 24.5 24.5 24.5
Methanol 2.4 2.4 2.4
S i l w e t t L-77 0.4 0.4 0.4
Rhopl ex AC-1024 49.2 44.2 39.3
Water 7.2 9.4 11.5
E x x a t e 700 1.4 1.4 1.4
Chemcor AS-35-3 4.1 4.1 4.1
K-Flex UD-320W 0.0 2.8 5.5
Nacure 155 4.9 4.9 4.9
Methanol 5.9 5.9 5.9

F o r m u l a t i on Procedure:
1 . The components were added i n t h e o r d e r as p r e s e n t e d , f o r
e a s i e r in c o r p o r a t i o n .
2 . The Nacure 155 c a t a l y s t was p r e - d i l u t e d w i t h t h e methanol
below i t i n t h e f o r m u l a t i o n b e f o r e i n c o r p o r a t i o n , w i t h a
Nacure 155/Methanol r a t i o o f 4 5 . 5 / 5 4 . 5 .

S u b s t r a t e : B i r c h Faced Plywood
S e a l e r : S e l f S e a l e d ( 2 Coats, 2 bakes)
S e a l e r / T o p c o a t , WFT: 20-25u ( 0 . 8 - 1 . 0 m i l ) / C o a t
S e a l e r / T o p c o a t Bake: 10 min./71C (160F)

4 Hour Spot T e s t
Stain Test: 0% UD-320W 10% UD-320W
Acrylic/UD-320W/B-65 50/0/50 40/10/50
Coffee Severe Haze Light Stain
Milk Severe Haze No E f f e c t
Mustard No E f f e c t Light Stain
Water Severe Haze No E f f e c t
Lemon J u i c e S l i g h t Haze No E f f e c t

No e f f e c t was seen i n t h e 4 h o u r s p o t t e s t i n any o f t h e


f o r m u l a t i o n s w i t h k e t c h u p , n a i l p o l i s h remover, i s o p r o p a n o l ,
l i q u i d cleaner o r l i p s t i c k .
Drawdowns made o v e r Aluminum p a n e l s and baked 10 m i n u t e s a t
160F r e s u l t e d i n an H p e n c i l h a r d n e s s and 100+ MEK d o u b l e r u b s .

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-26
Coatings and Topcoats 3

A l i p h a t i c Wood C o a t i n n F o r m u l a t i o n
JSancure 8 2 5 / R h o ~ l e x CL-104)

61 end : Pounds
Rhoplex CL-104 (38% S o l i d s ) 134.2
Water 33.8

Add f o l l o w i n g w i t h good a g i t a t i o n :

Dowanol DPM 12.75


Hexyl C a r b i t o l 2.55

M i x 10-15 m i n u t e s

Sancure 825 (34% S o l i d s ) 100.0


S u r f a c t a n t Package (Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g ) :
S u r f y n o l 104H 2.6
S u r f y n o l DF-l1OL 1.3
DC-14 1.3
Mineral S p i r i t s 1.3
S u r f y n o l DF-70 0.7

Add and m i x 30 m i n u t e s

A d j u s t t o d e s i r e d v i s c o s i t y u s i n g A c r y s o l RM825 (Rohm & Haas Co.)


I f r e q u i r e d , f l o w i s enhanced b y a d d i t i o n o f v e r y low l e v e l s o f
F l u o r a d FC-129 (3M C o r p . ) as a 10% s o l u t i o n i n w a t e r .
NOTE: A v o i d e x c e s s i v e use o f f l u o r o c a r b o n s , as s h a r p s u r f a c e
t e n s i o n d r o p s can cause r e c o a t problems and s t r o n g foaming
tendencies.
Always a d j u s t t o d e s i r e d v i s c o s i t y range p r i o r t o e v a l u a t i n g
f l o w / l e v e l and d e a e r a t i o n p r o p e r t i e s . Low v i s c o s i t y can
y i e l d “ P i c t u r e - F r a m i n g ‘ ‘ and/or a “ F i sh-Eye“ e f f e c t . H i g h
v i s c o s i t y can y i e l d p o o r d e a e r a t i o n p r o p e r t i es.

S u r f y n o l a d d i t i v e s have been shown t o p r o v i d e t h e f o l l o w i n g


b e n e f it s :
*Color u n i f o r m i t y o f stains
* E a r l y s t a i n 1appi ng resistance
*Consistent w e t t i n g , f l o w and l e v e l i n g on v a r i o u s woods
*Foam c o n t r o l

W i t h no d e t r i m e n t a l e f f e c t upon:
*Topcoat r e c o a t a b i l i t y and i n t e r c o a t adhesion
*Gloss r e t e n t i o n upon a g i n g
*Tannin b l e e d r e s i stance
*Water s e n s i t i v i t y
*Chemical r e s i s t a n c e

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s & Chemicals, I n c . : Surfynol Surfactants:


F o r m u l a t i o n A ( B . F . Goodrich)
4 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Ancamine 2410 H i g h S o l i d s C o a t i n g

A Side: & Gals


DER 331 330.9 34.1
TS 610 7 0.4
50% FC430 i n X y l e n e 3.5 0.4

Disperse, t h e n r e d u c e speed

Stainless steel flake 176 3.2


BYK 320 7.1 1
A r o m a t i c 100 79 10.9

B Side:
Ancami ne 241 0 150.5 15.5
Ethyl Alcohol 37.7 5.8
Dissolve, t h e n add:

C a b o s i l T S 720 8.8 0.5


W o l l a s t o c o a t 10ES 133.3 5.5

Disperse t o 6 n . s . u .

M e t h y l E t h y l Ketone 152.3 22.7

Typical Properties:
Non V o l a t i l e b y W e i g h t : 0 . 7 5 Wei g h t / G a l l o n Comp A: 12.06
Non V o l a t i l e b y Volume: 0 . 6 0 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp 0: 9.65
PVC: 0 . 1 6 Mixinq Ratio: 1:l
CPVC: 0 . 3 4 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 10.85
PVC/CPVC: 0 . 4 8 I n i t i a l Viscosity: 580 cP
P i gment C o n t e n t : 0 . 3 0 Pot L i f e : 4 . 5 h r
N V V on V e h i c l e : 0 . 6 4 D r y t o Touch: 0 . 7 5 hr
VOC g / 1 : 3 2 7 . 9 Dry Hard: 4 h r
VOC l b s / g a l : 2 . 7 4

Ancamine 2410 C h e m i c a l R e s i s t a n c e : 7 Day I m m e r s i o n R e s u l t s :

Reagent : Result: Reagent: Result :


Acetone No E f f e c t NMP No E f f e c t
Cyclohexanone No E f f e c t C1 o r o x No E f f e c t
PM A c e t a t e No E f f e c t Sk y dr o 1 No E f f e c t
Ethyl Acetate No E f f e c t 50% c a u s t i c No E f f e c t
Ethanol No E f f e c t 10% c a u s t i c No E f f e c t
Isodecanol No E f f e c t 6% HC1 : No E f f e c t
A r o m a t i c 100 No E f f e c t Sulfuric: 81 is t e r e d
To1 uene No E f f e c t Acetic Acid 81 i s t e r e d
DMF No E f f e c t D i e t h y l ami ne Blistered 0 1
TH F No E f f e c t 50% p h e n o l i n x y l e ni e D 0 4
EP No E f f e c t

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s a n d C h e m i c a l s , I n c . : Ancamine 2 4 1 0 C u r i n g
Agent: E x h i b i t 3 Formulation
Coatings and Topcoats 5

E x h i b i t 4 - S t a r t i n g Formul-ation
Ancarni ne 2 4 1 O/Ancami d e 500 High. Sol i d s C o a t i n g

A Side: Lbs Gals


DER 331 284.6 29.3
C a b o s i l TS-610 7.6 0.43

D i s p e r s e a t H i g h Speed
Reduce Speed, t h e n add:

A1 umi num L243 106 8.59

When u n i f o r m l y mixed, add:

E p o d i l 759 86.3 11.64


S F 69 0.3 0.04

B Side:
Ancami ne 241 0 77.67 8.00
B e e t l e 216-8 22.7 2.60
Ancamide 500 81.8 10.34
Ethyl Alcohol 29.1 4.44
M e t h y l E t h y l Ketone 73.9 11.01
nButyl Alcohol 81.7 12.10
Ethyl Alcohol 9.8 1.49

Typical Properties:
Non V o l a t i l e b y W e i g h t : 0.72 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp A : 9.68
Non V o l a t i l e by Volume: 0.64 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp 0: 7.53
PVC: 0.056 M i x i n g R a t i o : 1:l
CPVC: 0.31 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 8.61
P V C / C P V C : 0.17 I n i t i a l V i s c o s i t y : 270 C P
Pigment C o n t e n t : 0.09 Pot L i f e : 3 h r
NVV on V e h i c l e : 0.7 D r y t o Touch: 1.5 h r
VOC g / l : 290.53 Dry Hard: 4 h r
VOC l b s / g a l : 2.43

C o r r o s i o n Resi s t a n c e :
E x h i b i t 4 i s a p r e l i m i n a r y s t a r t i n g f o r m u l a t i o n combi n i ng
Ancamine 2410 c u r i n g a g e n t w i t h Ancamide 500 c u r i n g a g e n t as t h e
B s i d e . C o r r o s i o n r e s i s t a n c e i s v e r y good. C l e v e l a n d h u m i d i t y
t e s t i n g showed no a t t a c k a f t e r 700 h o u r s . S a l t s p r a y r e s u l t s
on g r i t b l a s t e d s t e e l showed no a t t a c k i n t h e f i e l d and m i n o r
a t t a c k a t t h e s c r i b e (8 r a t i n g ) a f t e r 7 0 0 h o u r s .

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and C h e m i c a l s , I n c . : Ancamine 2410


C u r i n g Agent: E x h i b i t 4
6 Water-Eased Paint Formulations

B l a c k S i n g l e C o a t K-Flex-XM-4316 P U - D ~ s p e r s l o nC u r e d w i t h HMMM

F o r m u l a t i o n WR-40 i s a h i g h p e r f o r m a n c e h i g h g l o s s b l a c k
f o r m u l a t i o n based on K - F l e x XM-4316 p o l y e s t e r - u r e t h a n e d i s p e r s i o n
c r o s s l i n k e d w i t h an amino r e s i n . The f o r m u l a t i o n o f f e r s a h i g h
g l o s s c o a t i ng

Component: %Wt
Pigment G r i n d P a s t e , P a r t 1 :
K-F1 ex XM-2311 2.40
Water, d e i o n i z e d 2.95
Dimethylethanolamine ( 1 ) 0.15
Monarch 1300 1 .oo
K-Sperse 152 MS 0.07
Dimethylethanolamine ( 2 ) 0.10
Pigment Paste, P a r t 2 :
K - F l e x XM-2311 1.20
K-F1 ex XM-4316 1.20
Water, d e i o n i z e d 1.10
Pigment P a s t e 10.17
K-F1 ex XM-4316 63.95
Water d e i o n i zed 6.20
Resimene 747 9.55
N a c u r e 2547 0.13
S i l w e t L7604/L7605 ( 1 : l ) 25% i n H20 0.40
Water as r e q u i r e d f o r v i s c o s i t y a d j u s t m e n t 9.60
Formulation Characteristics:
R e s i n/HMMM, r a t 1 0 : 75/25
N o n v o l a t i l e , c a l c u l a t e d , 'YO: 3 9 . 0
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC, g / L , ( l b / g a l l o n ) : 145, ( 1 . 2 3 )
pH: 7 . 8 - 8 . 3
B r o o k f i e l d V i s c o s i t y , 25C, s p i n d l e #16, 60 rpm, c p . : 300-500
F i l m P r o p e r t i e s : S u b s t r a t e , aluminum
Cure S c h e d u l e , t e m p e r a t u r e , t i m e : 150C, 1 5 m i n u t e s
Dry F i l m Thickness, m i l , (micron): 1.0 (25)
G l o s s , 60, 20, 90: 91, 8 1

Formulation Notes:
P i g m e n t G r i n d P a s t e P a r t 1 : B l e n d t h e K - F l e x XM-2311 p o l y u r e t h a n e
d i s p e r s a n t r e s i n w i t h w a t e r and d i m e t h y l e t h a n o l a m i n e ( 1 ) a n d add
t h e c a r b o n b l a c k , p r e m i x and add t h e b l e n d o f K-Sperse w i t h
d i m e t h y l e t h a n o l a m i n e ( 2 ) , c h e c k t h e pH and add more d i m e t h y l e t h a -
n o l a m i n e i f pH i s b e l o w 9 . 2 , d i s p e r s e i n a s t e e l b a l l m i l l t o
Hegman NS 8 r a t i n g .
P i g m e n t P a s t e P a r t 2 : A f t e r g r i n d i n g i n t h e s t e e l b a l l m i l l add
t h e a d d i t i o n a l K - F l e x XM-2311, XM-4316 and w a t e r t o t h e b a l l
m i l l , r u n f o r an a d d i t i o n a l 30 m i n u t e s . The p i g m e n t c o n c e n t r a t e
i s s t a b l e . A f t e r l o n g e r a g i n g a d d i t i o n o f s m a l l amounts o f amine
f o r pH a d j u s t m e n t m i g h t b e r e q u i r e d .
L e t d o w n F o r m u l a : L e t t h e p i g m e n t p a s t e down u n d e r a g i t a t i o n
w i t h r e m a i n d e r o f K - F l e x XM-4316, w a t e r , m e l a m i n e c r o s s l i n k e r
and c a t a l y s t . Add t h e s i l i c o n e s u r f a c t a n t a n d u s e t h e r e m a i n d e r
o f t h e w a t e r f o r v i s c o s i t y a d j u s t m e n t s . F i n a l pH o f t h e f o r m u l a -
t i o n s h o u l d be between 7 . 8 t o 8 . 3 .
SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : P r e l i m i n a r y F o r m u l a t i o n WR-40
Coatings and Topcoats 7

C l e a r Bake C o a t i n g

M a t e r i a1 : ~
Pounds _Gal 1ons
_ _
E p i -Re2 3522-W-60 Resin 637.50 69.29

T h o r o u g h l y p r e - n i x t h e f o l l o w i n g and add t o t h e above under


gentle agitation.

Cyme1 324 53.10 5.71


B u t y l O x i t o l Glycol Ether 22.50 3.00
2-Propoxyethanol 40.20 5.00
BYK-301 A n t i - c r a t e r i n g agent 2.00 0.25
Syntex 3981 A c c e l e r a t o r 2.75 0.37

Blend thoroughly. D i s s o l v e f o l l o w i n g b y warming t o 150F.

Add t o above under a g i t a t i o n b e f o r e a l l o w i n g t o c o o l .

O i c y a n d i ami de 13.50 0.41


Dei o n i zed w a t e r 133.00 15.97

T y p i c a l C o a t i ng P r o p e r t ies :
% N o n - v o l a t i l e - w e i g h t : 48.5
- volume: 43.2
V i s c o s i t y : 57 K . U .
pH: 7 . 0
Pounds/Gallon: 9 . 0 5

V o l a t i l e Composition:
_ _ _ _G _
Pounds a l l o_
ns
Water 388.0 46.50
Organics 62.7 8.00

V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 1.46
Grams/Li t e r : 175

F i l m Properties:*
Bake Schedule: P e n c i l Hardness Reverse Impact, in.-lbs.
5 min. a t 450F 4H 160
30 min. a t 400F 5H 160
15 min. a t 400F 5H 160
30 min. a t 350F 4H 160

* F i l m s c a s t #42 Myra Bar ( 0 . 7 5 m 1 . ) on b o n d e r i t e 1000; 10 min.


flash.

SOURCE: She1 1 Chemical Co. : S t a r t ng F o r m u l a t i o n No. 2500:


E p i -Rez 3522-W-60 R e s i n
8 Water-Based Paint Formulations

C l e a r Bake C o a t i n q
M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal l o n s
Epi -Rez 3551 -WY-43 Resi n 756.0 84.00
Add under a g i t a t i o n :
E k t a p r o EEP 21.2 2.68
B e e t l e 80 86.8 9.54
Water 31.5 3.78
Typical Coating Properties:
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 47.5
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 41.8
Pounds/Gallon: 8 . 9 6
Epoxy/Urea, based on s o l i d s %: 80/20
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds VOC) :
Pounds/Gal l o n : 1 . 8 5
Grams/Li t e r : 222
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d #5 Sp n d l e , 20 rpm, c p s : 1,400
Typical Film Properties:
Dry F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 1 . 0 m i l
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000
Bake Schedule a t 350F, m i n u t e s : 20
P e n c i l Hardness: 3H
Reverse Impact, i n . l b s . : 80
S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 2501: Epi-Rez 3551-WY-43 R e s i n

P h e n o l i c C l e a r Bake C o a t i n g
M a t e r i a1 : ~~
Pounds Gallons
Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 Resin 442.9 48.48
Water 115.5 13.87
Premix and add s l o w l y under a g i t a t i o n :
M e t h y l o n 75108 162.5 16.75
B u t y l O x i t o l Glycol Ether 48.8 6.50
n-Butyl Alcohol 43.9 6.50
Syntex 3981 A c c e l e r a t o r 58.1 7.90
Typical Coating Properties:
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 4 6 . 6
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 1 . 0
Pounds/Gallon: 8 . 7 2
E p o x y / P h e n o l i c : 60:40
C a t a l y s t , a c t i v e on r e s i n s o l i d s , %: 3 . 3
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 2 . 6 8
Grams/Li t e r : 322
V i s c o s i t y , #4 F o r d Cup, seconds: 40-60
pH: 6 . 4
R e d u c t i o n f o r C o n v e n t i o n a l Spray A p p l i c a t i o n : None
Typical Film Properties:
Dry F i l m Thickness: 0 . 4 m i l s
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000
Bake Schedule: 15 min. a t 450F
P e n c i l Hardness: 9H
Reverse I m p a c t , i n . l b s . : > I 6 0
MEK R e s i s t a n c e , d o u b l e r u b s : 100
S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 2502: Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 R e s i n

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g Formulations


Coatings and Topcoats 9

C l e a r Bake C o a t i n g

M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal l o n s
Epi -Rez 3540-WY-55 R e s i n 579.6 63.42
Water 113.7 13.65
Premix and add:
B e e t l e Urea Formaldehyde R e s i n 80.7 8.92
n-Butyl Alcohol 43.2 6.40
Syntex 3981 A c c e l e r a t o r 55.9 7.61

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 4 5 . 7
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 42.6
Pounds/Gallon: 8.73
Epoxy/Urea: 80/20
C a t a l y s t , % ( A c t i v e on r e s i n s o l i d s ) : 2
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gal 1on: 2.19
G r a m s / L i t e r : 263
V i s c o s i t y , #4 F o r d Cup, seconds: 60-80
pH: 7 . 1

S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 2506: Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 R e s i n

P h e n o l i c C l e a r Bake C o a t i n g

M a t e r i a1 : _ _ _ _Gal
Pounds _1ons
_
P a r t A:
Epi -Rez 3551 -WY-43 R e s i n 662.1 73.56
Premix and add under a g i t a t i o n :
S a n t o l ink EP560 93.1 10.18
E k t a p r o EEP 80.6 10.16
Add under a g i t a t i o n :
Water 50.8 6.10

T y p i c a l C o a t i ng P r o p e r t i es :
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 42.0
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 6 . 6
Pounds/Gallon: 8.87
Epoxy/Phenolic, based on s o l i d s , p e r c e n t : 80/20
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gal 1on: 2.90
G r a m s / L i t e r : 348
V i s c o s i t y , #4 F o r d Cup, seconds: 70-80
T y p i c a l F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
Dry F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 0 . 5 m i l
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000
Bake Schedule a t 350F. m i n u t e s : 20
P e n c i l Hardness: 5H
Reverse Impact, i n . l b s . : s160
MEK R e s i s t a n c e , Double Rubs: 100
S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 2505: €pi-Rez 3551-WY-43 R e s i n

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical C o . : S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n s
10 Water-Based Paint Formulations

C l e a r Wood C o a t i n Q - A & B 8 C
_-
K-F1 e x UD-320W Modi f ie d

The f o l l o w i n g wood c o a t i n g f o r m u l a t i o n e v a l u a t e s K - F l e x
UD-320W a t 5 and 10% m o d i f i c a t i o n on s o l i d s . The s y s t e m was
c a t a l y z e d w i t h K-Cure 129W. Cure r e s p o n s e was examined on
c l e a n b a r e and 840 t r e a t e d Aluminum a t a r a p i d s c h e d u l e o f 60
sec./82C. Hardness improvements were f o u n d a t a l l l e v e l s o f
m o d i f i c a t i o n (See f i l m p r o p e r t i e s ) . The t r e a t e d s u b s t r a t e gave
s o f t e r f i l m s i n i t i a l l y compared t o b a r e m e t a l , b u t i m p r o v e d
p r o p e r t i e s were o b s e r v e d a f t e r 2 4 h o u r s a g i n g . K - F l e x UD-320W
m o d i f i c a t i o n increased f i l m hardness b u t d i d n o t improve water
resistance properties

Formul a t i on : *W -W Wt%C
Rhoplex AC-1024 66.7 61 .8 51.4
B e e t l e 65 33.3 34.3 40.4
K - F l e x UD-320W 0.0 3.9 8.2
FC-430 0.13 0.13 0.13
K - C u r e 129W 1.7 1.7 1.8

Acrylic/Polyol/Urea SO/-/50 45/5/50 35/10/55


% Solids 66.7 67.5 72.2

F i l m Properties:
S u b s t r a t e : Aluminum ( C l e a n B a r e )
C u r e : 60 sec./82C
F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 0 . 7 + - 0 . 1 m i l DFT

Crosshatch
Adhesion
Penci 1 KHN25 MEK Rubs (%Loss)
A: 50,’-/50
Initial HB-F 4.19 200 0
24 H o u r s F-H 11.20 200 0

0 : 45/5/50
Initial HB-F 6.25 200 0
24 H o u r s H-2H 14.20 200 0

C: 35/10/55
Initial HB-F 5.41 180 0
24 H o u r s H-2H 15.50 200 0

SOURCE: King I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n UDW-10 A & B & C


Coatings and Topcoats 11

D i r e c t t o Metal A c r y l i c Latex Coating


S t a r t i n a Point Formulation

Ingredients: Lbs Gals


Resin Phase:
Water 45.9 5.510204
M a i n c o t e PR-71 481.2 55.31034
Ammonia ( 2 8 ) 2.05 0.273333

Set a s i d e f o r l a t e r a d d i t i o n , i n t o a s e p a r a t e v e s s e l add:

Water Phase:
Water 150 18.00720
Bentone AD 1.4 0.064641
Tamol 165 11.2 1.222707
Drewpl us L-493 1 0.133155
B u t y l Cel l o s o l v e 36.6 4 .a73501
Dibutyl Phthalate 7.3 0.8371 55
n
Ammonia (28) 0.4

Premix:

Chrom. Grn. Oxide 5-5310 47.9 1.078828


A c t i r o x 215 89.8 3.368847
Nyad 1250 116.3 4.805785

D i s p e r s e t o 5 n . s . u . Then l e t down w i t h r e s i n phase 4fter


homogenization, add, whi e m i x i n g , t h e f o l l o w i n g :

Ethyl Alcohol 18 2.748091


15% NaN02 i n Water 3.06 0.337375
20% QR-708 i n Water 12.75 1 .514251

General Performance Benef t s :


E x c e l l e n t adhesion t o s t e e l , g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l and aluminum
Suitable f o r s i n g l e coat service
Excel 1e n t r e c o a t a b i 1 it y w i t h s o l v e n t based f i n i s h e s
H i g h r e s i s t a n c e t o s a l t spray, 3000 h o u r s f r o m 2 d r y m i l s on
cold r o l l e d steel
Appl icab1 e under margi n a l c o n d i t i o n s (40F)

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , Inc.: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n


12 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Low Gloss V i n v l / A B S Topcoat


M a t e r i a1 Lbs. Gals .
Spensol L53 808.7 92.85
D i sperse-Ayd 6.6 0.75
S u r f y n o l 104H 6.0 0.75
Fl a t t ing Agent TS100 25.0 1 .so
Lodyne S107B 1.4 0.15

D i s p e r s e a t h i g h speed f o r 15-20 m i n u t e s , t h e n p r e m i x and add:

M i cheml ube 737 16.4 2.0


Water 16.7 2.0

Anal y s i s:
P e r c e n t Sol i d s , Weight : 31 .8
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 28.4
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #2 Zahn, Secs.: 20-25
G l o s s ( 6 0 / 2 0 ) : 7/4
pH: 8.0-8.5
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Li t e r : 288
Pounds/Gal 1on : 2 . 4

F o r m u l a t i o n 2124-54C

C l e a r Topcoat for F l e x i b l e S u b s t r a t e s

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Spensol L53 826.5 95.00
S u r f y n o l 104H 4.0 0.50
C o l l o i d 679 1.9 0.25
Ucar SCT 100 2.3 0.25
M i cheml ube 737 16.4 2.00
Water 16.7 2.00

Add t h e above m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r under good a g i t a t i o n .


NOTE: An o p t i o n a l a z i r i d i n e c r o s s l i n k i n g agent can be added t o
t h e above f o r m u l a a t a l e v e l o f 7-10 l b s . / 1 0 0 g a l l o n s .

Analysis:
P e r c e n t Sol i d s , Wei g h t : 29.8
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 2 8 . 6
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, # 4 Ford, Secs.: 65+-5
Pounds/Gallon: 8 . 7
PH: 8 . 5 t - 0 . 3
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
G r a m s / L i t e r : 374
Pounds/Gallon: 3 . 1

F o r m u l a t i o n 2307-248

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L: F o r m u l a t i o n s


Coatings and Topcoats 13

S t r i p p a b l e C o a t i n g Sample F o r m u l a t i o n A
_____
Unmodi f ied

Innredi e n t s : Pounds Gallons


Ucar L a t e x 447 797.3 88.54
AMP-95 2.1 0.27
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 47.5 6.01
Foamaster VF 2.1 0.27
Water 40.9 4.91

Coating Properties:
V i s c o s i t y , cP: 1060
S t o r m e r V i s c o s i t y , KU: 70
pH V a l u e : 6 . 6
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by weight: 59.3

S t r i p p a b l e C o a t i n q Sample F o r m u l a t i o n B
Lower
- - Adhesion

Inqredients: _ _
Pounds ~a l l o n s
G
Ucar L a t e x 447 777.0 86.33
AMP-95 2.1 0.27
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 46.7 5.91
Foamaster VF 2.1 0.27
Soya L e c i t h i n 20.0 2.29
Water 41.1 4.93

Coating Properties:
V i s c o s i t y , cP: 1820
Stormer V i s c o s i t y , K U : 83
pH V a l u e : 6 . 7
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t : 60.3

S u b s t r a t e S t r i p p a b i 1i t y :
Substrate: Formula A Formula B
Galvanized Steel X X
A1 -Bonderi t e X X
A1 -A1 o d i ne X X
Cold R o l l e d Steel X X
My1 a r X X
G1 ass X X
Polystyrene X X
G l o s s A1 k y d X X
Polyester X X
X=peeled c l e a n and e a s i l y

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar L a t e x 447: Formulations A & B


14 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Strippable Coatina Formulations


T h i c k e n e d w i t h Ucar Polyphobe Rheology M o d i f i e r s
Formula C
Good L e v e l i n g
Ingredients: Pounds ~~
Gal l o n s
Ucar L a t e x 447 780.9 06.77
AMP-95 4.4 0.57
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 46.8 5.95
Foamaster VF 2.1 0.28
Water 40.6 4.89
Ucar Polyphobe 107 13.4 1.54

Coating P r o p e r t i e s :
V i s c o s i t y , cP: 2500
Stormer V i s c o s i t y , KU: 104
pH V a l u e : 8 . 1
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t : 6 0 . 1

Formula D
High B u i l d
Ingredients: ~~Pounds Gal 1ons
Ucar L a t e x 447 702.7 06.97
AMP-95 4.8 0.62
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 46.9 5.94
Foamaster VF 2.1 0.27
Water 40.6 4.07
Ucar Polyphobe 102 11.6 1.33

Coating P r o p e r t i e s :
V i s c o s i t y , cP: 3200
Stormer V i s c o s i t y , KU: 84
pH V a l u e : 8 . 9
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t : 58.8

S u b s t r a t e S t r i p p a b i 1 it y :
Substrate: Formula C Formula D
Galvanized S t e e l X X
A1 -Bonderi t e X X
A1 - A l o d i ne NT NT
Cold R o l l e d Steel X X
Mylar X X
G1 ass X X
Polystyrene NT NT
Gloss A l k y d X X
Polyester NT NT
X=peeled c l e a n and e a s i l y NT=not t e s t e d

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 447: Formulations


Coatings and Topcoats 15

Strippable Coatinq f o r P l a s t i c Substrates

Inqredients: Pounds Gal l o n s Wt%


P r e m i x #1 :
Ucar V e h i c l e 441 603.8 69.80 71.12
Defoamer (1 ) 9.1 1 .31 1.07
Soya L e c i t h i n (2) 10.1 1.16 1.19

Premix #2:
T r i o c t y l Phosphate 40.2 5.22 4.74
S t r i p p i n g A i d (3) 13.9 1.47 1.64
Water 39.2 4.71 4.62

P r e m i x #3:
T h i c k e n e r (4) 27.1 3.10 3.19
Water 27.2 3.26 3.20

P r e m i x #4:
Triethylamine 7.2 1.18 0.85
I s o p r o p a n o l , 91% 8.6 1.27 1.01
Water 14.3 1.72 1 .68
Water 48.3 5.80 5.69

iers:
) Defoamer - P a t c o t e 513 ( P a t t e r s o n C h e m i c a l ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
) Soya L e c i t h i n - K e l e c i n 1081 (Spencer K e l l o g g ) o r e q u i v -
a1 e n t .
(3) S t r i p p i n g A i d - S t r o d e x PK-90 ( D e x t e r C h e m i c a l s ) o r
equivalent.
(4) T h i c k e n e r - A c r y s o l ASE-60 (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

Procedure:
B l e n d Premix #1 f i r s t , i n t h e o r d e r shown, and t h e n add t h e
r e m a i n i n g Premixes i n n u m e r i c a l o r d e r . A l l o w f i v e t o 10 m i n u t e s
o f a g i t a t i o n between a d d i t i o n s o f P r e m i x e s . The l a s t i n c r e m e n t
o f w a t e r , shown b e l o w Premix #4, can b e added i n s t a g e s t o a l l o w
proper a g i t a t i o n .

Coating Properties:
T o t a l S o l i d s , % b y w t : 40.1
p H : 8.6
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , cP: 2410
V i s c o s i t y , S t o r m e r , KU: 84
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 2 wk a t 12OF: Pass
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 441: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n LP-1924
16 Water-Based Paint Formulations

S t r i p p a b l e C o a t i nq F o r m u l a t i o n s

In q r e d ien t-s : Pounds


~- Gal 1o n s
-~
Ucar V e h i c l e 441 840.0 97.1
T h i c k e n e r ( 1 ) (11% N . V ) 5.4 0.7
B u t y l C a r b i t o 1 Sol v e n t 8.4 1.o
Water 10.0 1.2
Coating Properties:
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 8.6
pH 8.0
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 43.8
Formul a t i on LP-3760
I n g r e d i entg: Pounds Gal 1ons
Ucar V e h i c l e 441 830.0 95.9
Thickener ( 1 ) (11% N.V.) 5.4 0.7
B u t y l Carbi t o 1 Solvent 8.4 1.o
Soya L e c i t h i n 6.6 0.8
W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) 3.3 0.4
Water 10.0 1.2
Coating Properties:
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 8.6
pH: 8.0
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 44.4
F o r m u l a t i o n LP-3761
Ingredients: Pounds Gallons
i c a r V e h i c l e 441 827.0 95.6
T h i c k e n e r ( 1 ) (11% N . V . ) 5.4 0.7
Butyl Carbitol Solvent 8.4 1 .o
Soya L e c i t h i n 10.0 1. I
W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) 3.3 0.4
Water 10.0 I .2
Coating Properties:
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 8.6
pH: 8 . 0
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 44.6
F o r m u l a t i o n LP-3762
Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1o n s
Ucar V e h i c l e 441 820.0 94.8
T h i c k e n e r ( 1 ) (11% N . V . ) 5.2 0.6
Butyl Carbi t o 1 Solvent 8.2 1.o
Soya L e c i t h i n 16.4 1.9
W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) 3.3 0.4
Water 10.7 1.3
Coating Properties:
Weight per Gallon, l b : 8.6
pH: 8 . 0
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 45.0
F o r m u l a t i o n LP-3763

S u p p l ie r s :
( 1 ) Thickener - A c r y s o l G-110 (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) W e t t i n g A g e n t - I n t e r w e t #33 ( I n t e r s t a b ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
N o t e : I n c l u d e a s u i t a b l e p r e s e r v a t i v e i n each f o r m u l a s u g g e s t i o n .

SOURCE: U c a r E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 441: Formulations


Coatings and Topcoats 17

Topcoat f o r P r e f in i shed Hardboard S i d i n g

Inqredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


PiQment O r 4 nd:
Water 134.8 16.2
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 4.7 0.6
Tamol 731 9.3 1.o
Foamaster VF 1 .o 0.2
T i -Pure R-960 174.4 5.2
N y t a l 400 46.5 2.7
S i l c r o n G-601 46.5 2.0
Nuocide 960 4.5 0.6

Letdown :
Ucar V e h i c l e 462 535.4 60.8
Cyme1 325 45.2 4.4
A r c o s o l ve PP Sol v e n t 36.1 4.9
Cycat 4040 2.8 0.3
Foamaster VF 1.1 0.1
CAO-1 A n t i - O x i d a n t 3.0 0.3
T i n u v i n 328 UV Absorber 6.5 0.7

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 28
C r o s s l i n k e r , phr: 15
C o s o l v e n t , p h r : 15
Volume S o l i d s , %: 41
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.6

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 462: F o r m u l a t i o n


Suggestion
18 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Water-Borne A1 kvd/Mel ami n e


Kood C l e a r c o a t M o d i f i c a t i o n

K - F l e x XM-2304 i s an e x p e r i m e n t a l p r i m a r y h y d r o x y l c o n t a i n i n g
a l i p h a t i c , saturated urethane r e s i n m o d i f i e r . T h i s water-borne
a l k y d / m e l a m i n e wood c l e a r c o a t f o r m u l a t i o n d e m o n s t r a t e s i m p r o v e d
s t a i n r e s i s t a n c e and f l o w / l e v e l i n g u s i n g t h i s p r o d u c t .

%K-Flex XM-2304
Component: 0% 5% 10%
C a r g i l l 7412 31 . 5 28.3 25.1
Resimene 747 31 . 5 31.5 31.5
Isopropanol 14.8 14.8 14.8
Water 15.7 15.6 15.6
K - F l e x XM-2304 0.0 3.5 6.5
Nacure 155 6.5 6.5 6.5

K-F1 ex XM-2304: 0% 5% 10%


% Solids (Calculated) 66.6 66.5 66.4
Alkyd/XM-Z304/HMMM 50/0/50 45/5/50 40/10/50
Wetting Poor Good Best

S u b s t r a t e : Sanded and S e a l e d B i r c h Faced Plywood


S e a l e r : Commerci a1 V i n y l S a n d e r / S e a l e r
T o p c o a t , WFT: 20-25u ( 0 . 8 - 1 . 0 m i l )
Topcoat Bake: 1 0 m i n . / 7 1 C (160F)

4 Hour S p o t T e s t

S t a i n Test 0% XM-2304 5% XM-2304 10% XM-2304


Mustard M i l d Attack Mild Attack No E f f e c t
Ketchup Stain No E f f e c t No E f f e c t
Coffee Severe S t a i n Mild Stain Mild Stain
Homog. M i l k Severe A t t a c k Mild Attack M i l d Attack
Lemon J u i c e M i l d Attack Mild Attack No E f f e c t
L i q u i d C1 eaner Severe A t t a c k Severe A t t a c k / M i l d A t t a c k
N a i l P o l i s h Remover Severe A t a c k No E f f e c t No E f f e c t
W h i l e a l l 3 f o r m u l a s were u n a f f e c t e d i n t h e 4 h o u r s p o t t e s t
b y b l e a c h and m i n e r a l o i l , t h e y a l l e x h i b i t e d a m i l d a t t a c k b y
Peps1 C o l a ; s t a i n i n g f r o m w a t e r ; and a s e v e r e a t t a c k f r o m
isopropanol .
W i t h t h e above c u r e c o n d i t i o n a l l t h r e e f o r m u l a s gave an
H-2H p e n c i l h a r d n e s s and 100+ MEK d o u b l e r u b s a t 23 u ( 0 . 9
m i 1 ) on A1 umi num.

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-24
Coatings and Topcoats 19

Water-Borne Alkyd/Melamine
Wood C l e a r c o a t M o d i f i c a t i o n

K - F l e x UD-320W i s an a l i p h a t i c , s a t u r a t e d , w a t e r s o l u b l e
r e s i n m o d i f i e r . This urethane d i o l modifying r e s i n imparts
s t a i n r e s i s t a n c e t o t h e f o r c e d d r y (thermoset) alkyd/melamine
wood c l e a r c o a t f o r m u l a t i o n b e l o w .

What makes t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n u n i q u e i s t h e absence o f n e u t r a l -


i z i n g amines. As a r e s u l t , a f r e e a c i d c a t a l y s t may be used
(Nacure 1 5 5 ) and l o w e r t e m p e r a t u r e c u r e s may b e a c h i e v e d . The
b i n d e r r e s i n ( a l k y d ) i s water d i l u t a b l e w i t h t h e a d d i t i o n o f
a c o s o l v e n t such as i s o p r o p a n o l . A p o t l i f e o f 8-10 h o u r s i s
possible.

WB Wood C 1 e a r c o a t -Modi f ic a t i o n % K-Flex UD-320W


Component: 0% 5% 10%
C a r g i l l 7412 31 . 5 28.3 25.1
Resimene 747 31 . 5 31.5 31.5
Isopropanol 14.8 14.8 14.8
Water 15.7 15.4 15.0
K-F1 ex UD-320W 0.0 3.5 7.1
Nacure 155 6.5 6.5 6.5

K - F l e x UD-320W: 0% 5% 10%
% Sol i d s ( C a l c u l a t e d ) 66.6 66.5 66.4
A1 kyd/K-F1 ex UD-32OW/HMMM 50/0/50 45/5/50 40/10/50

S u b s t r a t e : Sanded and S e a l e d B i r c h Faced Plywood


S e a l e r : Commerci a1 V i n y l Sander/Seal e r
Topcoat, WFT: 20-25u ( 0 . 8 - 1 . 0 m i l )
T o p c o a t , Bake: 10 m i n . / 7 1 C (160F)

4 Hour Spot T e s t
Stain Test 0% UD-320W 5% UD-320W 10% UD-320W
Mustard Mild Attack M i l d Attack No E f f e c t
Ketchup Stain No E f f e c t No E f f e c t
Coffee Severe S t a i n Severe S t a i n Mild Stain
Homog. M i l k Severe A t t a c k No E f f e c t No E f f e c t
Lemon J u i c e Mild Attack Severe A t t a c k Severe A t t a c k
Pepsi Cola Mild Attack M i l d Attack No E f f e c t
N a i l P o l i s h Remover Severe A t t a c k No E f f e c t No E f f e c t

W h i l e a l l 3 f o r m u l a s were u n a f f e c t e d i n t h e 4 h o u r s p o t t e s t
b y b l e a c h and m i n e r a l o i l , t h e y a l l e x h i b i t e d s t a i n i n g f r o m w a t e r
and a s e v e r e a t t a c k f r o m i s o p r o p a n o l and l i q u i d c l e a n e r

W i t h t h e above c u r e c o n d i t i o n a l l t h r e e f o r m u l a s gave an H-2H


p e n c i l h a r d n e s s and 100+ MEK d o u b l e r u b s a t 23u ( 0 . 9 m i l ) on
A1 umi num.

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-25
20 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne C l e a r Hiqh G l o s s Topcoat

Edaplan LA-402 was used i n a Waterborne H i g h G l o s s Wood


Topcoat t o improve w e t t i n g and l e v e l i n g . I n c o m b i n a t i o n w i t h
A g i t a n 315 foam c o n t r o l agent, s u p e r i o r f i l m p r o p e r t i e s a r e
ach ieved .
M a t e r i a1 : &
Rhoplex E-3188 (Rohm & Haas) 608.00 71 .77
Water 101.33 11.96

A d j u s t pH t o 8 . 5 - 9 . 0

Ammonia (28%) 5.27 0.62

Premix and add s l o w l y :

Water 14.79 1.75


Dowanol PnB (DOW Chemical) 14.79 1.75
A r c o s o l v e DPM ( A r c o Chemical) 14.79 1.75
A r c o s o l v e DPt8 ( A r c o Chemical) 9.93 1.17
T r i b u t o x y e t h y l phosphate 9.93 1.17

Add f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g :

FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 0.49 0.06


W e t t i n g Agent 2.47 0.29
Michem 392-25 (Michelman) 14.11 1.67

A d j u s t v i scosi t y

A c r y s o l RM-825 (Rohm & Haas) 0.51 0.06


Water 50.67 5.98

Properties:
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y w e i g h t ) : 31.2
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y volume): 29.4
Weight p e r G a l l o n (pounds): 8 . 4 8
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( g r a m s / l i t e r ) : 106
V i s c o s i t y ( c P s ) : 150+-10%

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : WR-31: A d d i t i v e s f o r Waterborne Wood


Formulations
Coatings and Topcoats 21

W h i t e Gloss Maintenance Topcoat

Inqredients : Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i nd:
Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 59.6 7.00
Water 18.4 2.21
Bentone LT 1. o 0.06
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.25
Tamol 681 18.2 2.00
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 2.2 0.25
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
DeeFo HG-12 1.9 0.25
A c r y s o l RM-2020 17.2 2.00
A c r y s o l SCT-275 8.6 1 .oo
Tronox CR-828 225.0 6.59

Letdown :
M e t h y l C a r b i t o l S o l v e n t )Premix 8.5 1 .oo
A c r y s o l SCT-275 1 8.6 1 .oo
Ucar V e h i c l e 435 626.9 72.06
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 15.8 2.00
Troysan Polyphase AF-1 4.9 0.50
DeeFo HG-12 1.9 0.25
Sodium N i t r i t e , 15% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 9.0 1.08
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.25
A d j u s t t o minimum pH 8.7

Pai n t P r o p e r t i es :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC), %: 18.3
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
by volume: 36.1
pH Value, i n i t i a l : 8 . 7
Viscosity:
Stormer, KU: 78
I C I , p o i s e : 1.1
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.3
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 140F: Pass

Film Properties:
Contrast Ratio, 6-mil wet drawdown: 0.958
Gloss, 60: 70
Gloss, 20: 25

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 435: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n M-2453
22 Water-Based Paint Formulations

White Gloss Topcoat


____
M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
A r o l o n 580-W-42 65.0 7.30
Tamol SG-1 5.0 0.52
T r i t o n CF-10 3.0 0.34
C o l l o i d 694 2.5 0.35
Ethylene Glycol 23.0 2.48
B u t y l Carbi t o 1 10.0 1.26
D o w i c i l 75 1.o 0.08
Water 18.0 2.16

M i x a t l o w speed:

T i t a n o x 2101 300.0 8.57

G r i n d under h i g h shear 15-20 m i n u t e s .


Under l o w s h e a r , add l e t d o w n .

Water 20.0 2.40


Col l o i d 694 2.5 0.35
A r o l o n 820-W-49 598.0 67.95
Propylene Glycol 18.0 2.08
B u t y l Carbi t o 1 Acetate 8.0 0.98
Cobalt Hydrocure I1 0.4 0.05
H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-300 (10% S o l n ) 5.0 0.53
Ammonia 1.o 0.13
* l o % QP-300 i n E t h y l e n e G l y c o l

Analysis:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , Percent: 20.0
P i g m e n t / B i n d e r R a t i o : 0.94/1
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Weight: 5 7 . 4
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 44.0
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, KU: 72-76
Pounds/Gallon: 11.08
pH: 8 . 8 - 9 . 0
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Li t e r : 144
Pounds/Gallon: 1.2

SOURCE: Reichhold Chrmicals, Inc.: A r o l o n 820: Formula 194-2


Coatings and Topcoats 23

Wood Topcoat Model F o r m u l a t i o n s

Rohm and Haas: Wt%


Rhoplex WL-96 (42%) 73.9
P a t c o t e 519 0.2
B u t y l Carbi t o 1 ) 6.2
Dowanol PNB ) Premix 3.1
Michem Lube 110 (25% S o l i d s ) 2.9
Ammonia (14%) A d j u s t t o pH 8 . 0 0.1
Water 13.6
S . C . Johnson: Wt%
J o n c r y l 554 90.9
E k t a s o l v e EB 3.6
Jonwax 26 4.5
Water 1.o
Goodyear : Wt%
E k t a s o l v e EP 8.5
S a n t i c i z e r 160 2.7
D i e t h y l ami ne 1.1
Drew L-475 0.2
Water 9.1
P l i o l i t e 7104 (44%) 58.5
W i t c o b o n d 234 19.9
Sanncor : Wt%
Water 16.1
Dowanol DPM 4.9
Rhoplex WL-96 (42%) 35.3
Sancure 815 42.3
Dehydran 1293 0.5
BYK 306 0.5
A c r y s o l RM-825 0.3
Ammon ia ( 14%) Approx. 0 . 1
E v a l u a t i o n i n C l e a r Topcoats:
S u r f y n o l 104 s u r f a c t a n t was e v a l u a t e d i n w a t e r b o r n e c l e a r
t o p c o a t s t o c o n f i r m i t s m u l t i p l e b e n e f i t s i n a c t u a l wood
c o a t i n g f o r m u l a s . S i n c e t h e most s t r i n g e n t performance r e q u i r e -
ments a r e r e l a t e d t o high-end wood c o a t i n g s . Model t o p c o a t
f o r m u l a t i o n s o f t h i s t y p e were s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y .
I n o r d e r t o e v a l u a t e a p p l i c a t i o n and f i l m p r o p e r t y b e n e f i t s ,
S u r f y n o l 104 s u r f a c t a n t was added a t 1% t o t h e model t o p c o a t
formulations.
S u r f y n o l 104 s u r f a c t a n t ' s b e n e f i t s i n c l u d e :
*Improved f 1ow and 1eve1 ing
*Superior s u b s t r a t e w e t t i n g
*Low foam, and o f t e n defoaming performance
*Rapid d i spl acement o f a i r b u b b l e s
* M i n i mal r e s o l u b i 1 iz a t ion in w a t e r

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s 8 Chemicals, I n c . : Surfynol Surfactants:


Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
Coil Coatings 25

Chromate Coi 1- C o a t i na P r i m e r

Ingredients: ~
Pounds _G a l l o_
ns _
Wei sht%
Pigment G r i n d :
Dei o n i zed Water 46.0 5.54 4.33
E t h y l e n e G1y c o l 3.8 0.41 0.35
N,N-Dimethylethanolamine 0.6 0.09 0.06
Foamaster VF 0.3 0.03 0.03
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 3.8 0.45 0.35
Polywet ND-2 15.3 1.63 1.44
L-203-D S t r o n t i u m Chromate 25.6 0.83 2.41
233 B a s i c Z i n c Chromate 25.6 0.81 2.41
T i -Pure R-900 204.5 5.96 19.25

Letdown :
N, N - D i m e t h y l e t h a n o l ami ne 5.9 0.79 0.56
Ucar V e h i c l e 462 629.5 71.85 59.26
Carbi t o 1 Solvent 16.1 1.88 1.52
A r c o s o l v e PP S o l v e n t 16.1 2.15 1.52
Cyme1 303 35.5 3.55 3.42
Foamaster VF 1.8 0.22 0.17
D e i o n i z e d Water 31.7 3.81 2.92

Procedure:
Charge t h e f i r s t s i x g r i n d components t o a Cowles m i x e r i n
o r d e r l i s t e d . Thoroughly m i x l i q u i d components b e f o r e a d d i n g
pigments. Add pigments s l o w l y and s t i r u n t i l u n i f o r m . G r i n d a t
h i g h speed f o r 10 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l g r i n d reaches about 50C.
For t h e letdown, add t h e i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r shown,
making s u r e t h e mix i s u n i f o r m a f t e r each a d d i t i o n . For a l e s s
c r i t i c a l procedure, p r e m i x f i l m i n g a i d s w i t h c r o s s l i n k e r and
w a t e r . M i x p a i n t a t l e a s t 10 m i n u t e s a f t e r t h e f i n a l a d d i t i o n .

P a i n t P r o p e r t i 8s:
Pigment:Binder Ratio: 0 . 8 : l . O
T o t a l N o n v o l a t i l e s , % by w e i g h t : 54.3
R e s i n :Me1ami ne: 89; 1 1
O r g a n i c i n E f f l u e n t , % by volume: 10 9
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , cP: 300
pH Value: 9

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Veh c l e 462: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n LP-3821
26 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Low-Sheen C o i l - C o a t i n q Topcoat

I n q r e d ie n t s : _
Pounds _ G a l l o _
ns ~
Weight%
Pigment G r i nd:
Ethylene Glycol 2.42 0.26 0.23
P o l y w e t ND-2 9.69 1.03 0.93
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 2.39 0.27 0.23
Foamaster VF 1.17 0.15 0.11
N, N - D i m e t h y l e t h a n o l ami ne 0.30 0.04 0.03
D e i o n i zed Water 95.87 11.53 9.25
S i l c r o n G-601 48.46 2.77 4.68
T i -Pure R-960 o r Zopaque RCL-6 193.80 5.82 18.70

Letdown :
Foamaster VF 2.11 0.27 0.20
D e i o n i z e d Water 22.10 2.65 2.13
N,N-Dimethylethanolamine 3.26 0.44 0.32
Ucar V e h i c l e 462 585.18 66.80 56.47
Pigment G r i nd 354.10 21.87 34.16
A r c o s o l v e PP S o l v e n t 30.20 4.02 2.91
Cyme1 303 39.50 3.95 3.81

Procedure:
Charge t h e f i r s t s i x g r i n d components t o a Cowles m i x e r t a n k
i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d . M i x a t l o w speed f o r 5 m i n u t e s . S l o w l y add
t h e p i g m e n t s and s t i r u n t i l u n i f o r m . G r i n d a t h i g h speed f o r
10 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l g r i n d reaches 5 0 C .
For t h e l e t d o w n , combine t h e a n t i f o a m , w a t e r , and t h e amine;
b l e n d i n t o Ucar V e h i c l e 462 w i t h s l o w a g i t a t i o n . Reduce t h e
pigment g r i n d w i t h t h e n e u t r a l i z e d l a t e x and s t i r a t l o w speed
f o r 10 m i n u t e s . Add t h e melamine r e s i n and s o l v e n t . S t i r a t
moderate speed f o r 10 m i n u t e s .

Paint Properties:
P i g m e n t : B i n d e r R a t i o : 0 . 8 : l .O
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 1 9 . 7
T o t a l N o n v o l a t i l e s , % by w e i g h t : 53.6
O r g a n i c i n E f f l u e n t , % by volume: 1 0 . 5
Resi n:Mel ami ne: 87: 13

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 462: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n LP-3794
Coil Coatings 27

Medium-Gloss C o i l - C o a t i n g Topcoat

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons Wei q h t %


Pigment G r i n d :
Ethylene Glycol 2.48 0.27 0.23
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP- 10 2.53 0.29 0.24
Foamaster VF 0.47 0.06 0.04
Polywet ND-2 10.06 1.07 0.95
N,N-Dimethylethanolamine 0.35 0.05 0.03
D e i o n i z e d Water 52.89 6.36 5.00
T i - P u r e R-960 o r Zopaque RCL-6 253.28 7.61 23.96

Letdown :
Foamaster VF 4.29 0.55 0.41
D e i o n i z e d Water 4.61 0.55 0.44
N,N-Dimethylethanol ami ne 2.97 0.40 0.28
Ucar V e h i c l e 462 630.31 71.96 59.64
Pigment G r i nd 322.06 15.69 30.45
A r c o s o l v e PP S o l v e n t 31.57 4.20 2.99
Cyme1 303 35.22 3.52 3.33
D e i o n i z e d Water 26.02 3.13 2.46

Procedure:
Charge t h e f i r s t s i x g r i n d components t o a Cowles m i x e r t a n k
i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d . M i x a t low speed f o r 5 m i n u t e s . S l o w l y add
t h e t i t a n i u m d i o x i d e and s t i r u n t i l u n i f o r m . G r i n d a t h i g h speed
f o r 10 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l g r i n d reaches 50C.
For t h e letdown, combine t h e f i r s t i n c r e m e n t o f w a t e r , t h e
a n t i f o a m , and t h e amine; b l e n d i n t o t h e Ucar V e h i c l e 462 w i t h
slow a g i t a t i o n . Reduce t h e pigment g r i n d w i t h t h e n e u t r a l i z e d
l a t e x and s t i r a t low speed f o r 10 m i n u t e s . Add t h e r e m a i n i n g
w a t e r , melamine r e s i n , and s o l v e n t . S t i r a t moderate speed f o r
10 m i n u t e s .

Paint Properties:
Pigment:Binder R a t i o : 0 . 8 : l .O
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC): 18.9
T o t a l N o n v o l a t i l e s , % by w e i g h t : 53.1
O r g a n i c i n E f f l u e n t , % by volume: 10.5
Resin:Melami ne: 89: 11
pH Value: 9

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 462: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n LP-3793
28 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Ingredients: Pounds Gallons Wei q h t %


Pigment G r i nd:
D i spersant (1 ) 3.3 0.33 0.32
Soya L e c i t h i n ( 2 ) 3.1 0.33 0.30
Ethylene Glycol 4.7 0.50 0.45
Water 74.3 8.93 7.12
Defoamer (3) 0.7 0.09 0.07
C a l c i u m Carbonate ( 4 ) 263.0 11.69 25.21
Titanium Dioxide (5) 25.6 0.73 2.46

L e t Down:
Ucar V e h i c l e 441 630.2 72.86 60.38
Dispersant (1 ) 3.1 0.31 0.30
Soya L e c i t h i n 4.9 0.53 0.47
Defoamer ( 3 ) 1.6 0.20 0.15
Melamine ( 6 ) 5.6 0.56 0.54
Butyl Cellosolve Solvent 14.4 1.92 1.38
Thickener (7) 6.3 0.73 0.60
B l u e T i n t Paste ( 8 ) 2.6 0.29 0.25

S u o ~ile r s :
D i s p e r s a n t - S t r o d e x PK-90 ( D e x t e r Chemical) o r e q u i v a l e n t
D i s p e r s a n t - Ross and Rowe 551 (Ross and Rowe Chemicals)
or equivalent.
Defoamer - Foamaster VF (Diamond Shamrock) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
C a l c i u m Carbonate - A t o m i t e (Thompson, Weinman) o r e q u i v -
alent.
T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-900 ( d u P o n t ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
Me1ami ne - Cyme1 350 (American Cyanamid) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
T h i c k e n e r - A c r y s o l G-110, 22% (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v -
a1 e n t .
Aqueous D i s p e r s i o n - T h a l o B l u e (Tenneco) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

Procedure:
Charge t h e f i r s t f i v e components t o a Cowles m i x e r t a n k i n t h e
o r d e r l i s t e d . M i x a t l o w speed f o r one m i n u t e . S l o w l y add p i g -
ments and s t i r u n t i l u n i f o r m . G r i n d a t h i g h speed u n t i l d e s i r e d
g r i n d f ineness has been accompl ished.
For t h e letdown, p r e - b l e n d Ucar V e h i c l e 441, S t r o d e x PK-90,
soya l e c i t h i n , and defoamer. W i t h s l o w a g i t a t i o n , add t o t h e
pigment g r i n d . S t i r a t l o w speed f o r 5 t o 10 m i n u t e s . P r e - b l e n d
B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e S o l v e n t and melamine and add t o l e t down. S t i r
f o r f i v e m i n u t e s . Add b l u e t i n t p a s t e and t h i c k e n e r and s t i r
f o r 5 t o 10 m i n u t e s . If done s l o w l y and c a r e f u l l l y , l e t down
components may be added s e q u e n t i a l l y .
Coating Properties:
N o n v o l a t i l e s , %: 54 t o 55
pH: 8 . 0
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 1 . O
V i s c o s i t y a t 25C ( B r o o k f i e l d LVT, 60 r p m ) , cP: 200 o 300

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 441: Formu a t i on


S u g g e s t i o n LP-3024
30 Water-Based Paint Formulations

A c r y l ic Emu1 s i o n Enamel -B&C


K-F1 ex UD-320W M o d i f i e d

K-F1 ex UD-320W modi f i c a t 1 on o f t h i s w h i t e a c r y l ic/melami ne


emulsion f o r general i n d u s t r i a l a p p l i c a t i o n s demonstrated several
a d v a n t a g e s in c l u d i n g : i m p r o v e d f l o w / l e v e l ing, h i g h e r g l o s s ,
i m p r o v e d g l o s s r e t e n t i o n on QUV e x p o s u r e - h i g h e r s o l i d s ( l o w e r
VOC) and l o w e r c o s t p e r pound on a s o l i d s b a s i s .

Grind Composition: Q
J o n c r y l 540 41.8
AMP-95 1. o
S u r f y n o l 104 1.o
T i - P u r e R-960 48.6
Water 7.6
( G r i n d t o 6 + Hegman on t h e B a l l M i l l )

Letdown C o m p o s i t i o n : Wt%-B Wt04-&


G r in d 100.0 100.0
J o n c r y l 540 50.9 39.1
HMMM 19.9 29.1
K - F l e x UD-320W 3.6 7.2
N a c o r r 1552 1.3 1.3
Water 23.0 25.0

Enamel C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
V i s c o s i t y , c p s ( 2 5 C ) : 200-205
pH: 8 . 7 0 - 8 . 7 5
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0 . 7 6 : l .O

A p p l i c a t i o n and Cure:
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 ( i r o n p h o s p h a t e d CRS)
Cure S c h e d u l e : 1 5 ' / 3 0 0 F (150C)
DFT ( m i l s ) : 0 . 9 + - 0 . 0 1 ( 2 2 . 5 ~ )

Film Properties: 0 C
A c r y l ic/K-Flex/HMMM: 65/5/30 57/16/33
Penci 1 Hardness 4H-5H 4H-5H
Knoop Hardness ( 2 5 9 ) 17.0 18.4
MEK R e s i s t a n c e (2X) 100 100
C r o s s h a t c h Adhesion 100% 100%
Impact Resistance:
Direct ( i n lbs): 100-110 100-110
Reverse ( i n l b s ) : 20- 30 20 -30
C1 eve1 and H u m i d i t y (55C) 9/M 9/MD

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n UDW-12 B & C


Enamels 31

S y n e r g i s t i c E f f e c t s o f Combinina N a c o r r w i t h
A n t i - C o r r o s i v e Pinment i n an A i r D r y Water R e d u c i b l e
A1 kyd M o d i f i e d A c r y l i c Enamel

Improvements i n t h e c o r r o s i o n r e s i s t a n c e o f a w a t e r r e d u c i b l e
a i r d r y a c r y l i c enamel a r e p o s s i b l e u s i n g N a c o r r r u s t and c o r r -
o s i o n i n h i b i t o r s , When used i n c o m b i n a t i o n w i t h a c a l c i u m s t r o n t -
ium p h o s p h o s i l i c a t e c o r r o s i o n i n h i b i t i n g p i g m e n t ( H a l o x SW-1111,
a d e f in i t e improvement in c o r r o s i o n r e s i s t a n c e was o b t a i ned.
S a l t s p r a y t e s t i n g was c a r r i e d o u t o v e r i r o n p h o s p h a t e d p a n e l s
( B o n d e r i t e 1000).

Hal ox Haloxt
Grind: Control SW-111 Nacorr
Aquamac 1090 3.79 3.79 3.76
Nacorr ____ ---- 0.78
2-Butoxyethanol 2.79 2.79 2.77
N y t a l 400 11.61 9.29 9.21
H a l o x SW-111 ____ 2.38 2.36
Raven B l a c k 16 0.71 0.71 0.70

Letdown: (Add g r a d u a l l y w h i l e on m i l l a t l o w r p m ) :
C o b a l t Hydrocure 0.06 0.06 0.06
Manganese H y d r o c u r e 0.08 0.08 0.08
Water 15.85 15.85 15.72
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 30% 0.28 0.27 0.27

Aquamac 640 ( p o s t - a d d 8 shake) 64.83 64.80 64.29

H a l ox Haloxt
Characteristics: Control SW-111 Nacorr
P i gment/Bi n d e r R a t i o 0.4 0.4 0.4
Non-Volatile, % by weight 44.3 44.4 44.0
T o t a l Resin S o l i d s , % by weight 32.0 32.0 31.8
N a c o r r , % based on t o t a l p a i n t w e i g h t -- __ 0.8
H a l o x , % based on t o t a l p a i n t w e i g h t -- 2.4 2.4

Film Properties:
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 I r o n Phosphated CRS
C u r e : 7 days a t room t e m p e r a t u r e (22-23C)
A p p l i c a t i o n : Spray
F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 20-25 m i c r o n s
H a l ox H a l ox+
F o r m u l a t i o n Test Procedure: Control SW-111 N a c o r r 1151
Penci 1 Hardness 2B-B 28-8 28-8
Tukon Hardness, KHN25 1.2 2.2 2.2
C r o s s h a t c h Adhesion, % removed 0 0 0
S a l t Spray, 100 h o u r s Light-med Very l i g h t No r u s t
rust rust
S a l t Spray, 310 h o u r s Very Very Medi u m
dense r u s t dense r u s t rust
The use o f N a c o r r s w i t h t h e a n t i - c o r r o s i v e p i g m e n t o f f e r e d t h e
b e s t c o r r o s i o n r e s u l t s i n t h i s s t u d y . They had l i t t l e o r no
d e l e t e r i o u s e f f e c t on o t h e r p a i n t p r o p e r t i e s .
SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : N a c o r r W R - 1 4
32 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Ancamide 2353 F a s t D r v i n a W h i t e Gloss Enamel

-
Lb Gal
P a r t A:
G r i n d Base:
DER 660x80 (Dow) 472.55 51.47
Nuosperse 657 ( H u l s America) 3.54 0.42
B e e t l e 216-8 (American Cyanamid) 2.84 0.34
Dowanol PM (Dow) 47.26 6.20
T i P u r e R-960 (DuPont) 307.16 9.44
L e t Down:
H i g h F l a s h Naphtha ( A s h l a n d ) 73.72 10.03
M e t h y l P r o p y l Ketone (Eastman) 14.18 2.10
P a r t 8:
Ancamide 2353 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 131.44 14.86
n-Butanol (Ashland) 34.78 5.14
P r o p e r t ies :
P a r t A V i s c o s i t y : 86KU VOC, @ 80KU: 2.8 l b / g a l
P a r t B V i s c o s i t y : 64KU Mix R a t i o : 4:l by Volume
M i xed V i s c o s i t y : 80KU I n d u c t i o n Time: 0
PVC: 15.2% Pot L i f e , h r : 3
Vo 1 ume S o l i d s : 62.2% Dry Times:
Set t o Touch, min: 50
Dust Free, min: 75
Hard D r y : O v e r n i g h t
60 G l o s s : 104

SOURCE A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamide 2353 C u r i n g


Agent: T a b l e 12 F o r m u l a t i o n
Enamels 33

Ancamide 2353 Low VOC W h i t e G l o s s Enamel

P a r t A:
G r i n d Base:
L i q u i d DGEBA Epoxy 352.76 36.43
Nuosperse 657 ( H u l s America) 3.88 0.46
S u r f y n o l 740 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 1.76 0.25
Dowanol PM (Dow) 48.68 6.32
T i P u r e R-960 (DuPont) 388.04 11.92

L e t Down:

H i g h F l a s h Naphtha ( A s h l a n d ) 67.73 9.22


M e t h y l P r o p y l Ketone (Eastman) 14.11 2.09

Part 8 :
Ancamide 2353 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 212.03 23.46
n-Butanol (Ashland) 63.14 9.34

P r o p e r t ies :
P a r t A V i s c o s i t y : 73 KU VOC, @ 70 KU: 2.2 l b / g a l
P a r t B V i s c o s i t y : 64 KU M i x R a t i o : 2:l by Volume
Mixed V i s c o s i t y : 70 KU I n d u c t i o n Time: 0
PVC: 17% Pot L i f e , h r : 2
Volume S o l i d s : 70% Dry Times:
Set t o Touch, h r : 5
Dust Free, h r : 7
Hard D r y : O v e r n i g h t
60 G l o s s : 102

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamide 2353 C u r i n g


Agent: Tab1 e 11 F o r m u l a t i o n
34 Water-Based Paint Formulations

C a r v Gloss W h i t e Enamel

Inaredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Butyl Cellosolve Solvent 39.0 5.20
Water 20.0 2.40
Tamol 731 9.6 1.05
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 2.4 0.27
Byk 023 2.5 0.35
T i -Pure R-900 240.0 7.02
N a t r o s o l P l u s 330 1.1 0.10
Water 5.0 0.60
Nuosept 145 1.4 0.16

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 620.0 71.84
Water 19.6 2.35
B u t y l C a r b i t o 1 Sol v e n t 12.8 1.60
S o l v e n t 142HT 32.8 5.00
LE-410 Emulsion 15.0 1.82
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 1 7 . 8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 4 0 . 6
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 1 . 9
Stormer, KU: 85
I C I , Poise: 2.0
pH Value: 9 - 9 . 6
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 0 . 1
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 196

T y p i c a l T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e Pigment Performance

Titanium Dioixde Stormer IC1 G l o s s Values


KU Poise 60 20
T i -Pure R-900 85 2.0 85 52
T i -Pure R-902 83 2.1 79 41
T i -Pure R-960 86 2.0 79 41
T i -Pure R-706 82 1.7 90 60

Tronox CR-828 86 2.0 87 59


T i o n a RCL-535 83 1.7 87 59
Kronos 2310 84 1.8 84 53

T i o x i d e TR 90 83 1.7 88 54
T i o x i d e TR 93 86 1.8 86 57
T i o x i d e TR 80 85 2.0 90 68

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s Latexes: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n E-2218C
Enamek 35

C a w Gloss W h i t e Enamel

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
B u t y l C e l l os01 ve Sol v e n t 39.0 5.20
Water 20.0 2.40
Tamol 731 9.6 1.05
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 2.4 0.27
Byk 023 2.5 0.35
T i -Pure R-900 240.0 7.02
Water 5.8 0.70
Nuosept 145 1.4 0.16
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 2.0 0.27

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 620.0 71.84
Butyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 12.8 1.60
Sol v e n t 142HT 32.8 5.00
LE-410 Emulsion 15.0 1.82
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. 5.0 0.57
Ucar Polyphobe 106HE Rheo. Mod. 2.7 0.31
Water 10.0 1.20
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 17.8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 40.7
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 2 . 1
S t o r m e r , KU: 86
ICI, P o i s e : 2 . 5
pH Value: 9 - 9 . 6
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 0-1
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 196

F i 1m P r o p e r t i e s :
G l o s s , 60: 88
Gloss, 2 0 : 47
Flow and L e v e l i n g : E x c e l l e n t
Dry-to-Touch, h o u r : 1
Recoat, h o u r s : 2-4
W a t e r / B l is t e r R e s i s t a n c e : Excel l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s L a t e x e s : F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-221 6G
36 Water-Based Paint Formulations

C l e a r Enamel ( F o r Maximum S o l v e n t and A b r a s i o n R e s i s t a n c e )

M a t e r i a1.L _ _ _ _
Pounds _l o_
Gal ns
P a r t A:
Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 490.6 54.82
Michem Lube 743 Mar and S l i p Agent 41 . O 5.00
C y c l o S o l 63 32.3 4.37
E k t a s o l v e EP, 2 - P r o p o x y e t h a n o l 33.2 4.37
Water 53.6 6.44

Part 0 :
E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 145.8 16.51
DeeFo P I - 4 C o n c e n t r a t e Defoamer 4.0 0.49
Water 66.6 8.00

Composite B l e n d : V i scosi t y
Part A 58 K.U. 650.7 75.00
Part B 68 K.U. 216.4 25.00
P a r t s A and 0 85 K.U.

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 41.8
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 7 . 6
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds ( V O C ) :
Pounds/Gallon: 2 . 7 4
G r a m s / L i t e r : 329
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30

Resi n Composi t i on :
Epoxy R e s i n , %: 75.0
C u r i n g Agent, %: 25.0
T o t a l , %: 100.0

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1802:


€ p i - R e z 5522-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
Enamels 37

G l o s s S a f e t y R e d Enamel

Ingredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


P i gment G r i nd :
Ucar L a t e x 481 173.4 20.09
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 10.0 1.14
T o l u i d i n e Red 10-6C-41-L100 110.0 11.58
Aquatrend I 1 Red I r o n Oxide D i s p . 878-1046 9.4 0.59
C o l a n y l Carmine D i s p . 13-3148 (Azo Red) 7.8 0.76
Foamaster 333 15.0 2.00
N a t r o s o l P l u s 330 1.o 0.09
Water 8.3 1 .oo
Nuosept 145 1.2 0.13

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 416.9 48.31
B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent 38.3 5.10
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent 12.4 1.55
S o l v e n t 140 32.8 5.00
LE-410 Emulsion 15.0 1.82
Aquatrend I 1 Red I r o n Oxide D i s p . 878-1046 5.0 0.31
C o l a n y l Carmine D i s p . 13-3148 (Azo Red) 3.0 0.29
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 11 .O
Volume S o l i d s , %: 39.5
Weight S o l i d s , %: 43.4
Stormer, KU: 88
ICI, P o i s e : 1 . 5
pH Value: 8.5-9.5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 12OF, weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 210

Film Properties:
Gloss, 60: 81
Gloss, 20: 40
Flow and L e v e l i n g : E x c e l l e n t
Dry-to-Touch, hour: I
Recoat, h o u r s : 2-4
Water/Bl is t e r R e s i s t a n c e : Excel l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s L a t e x e s : F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2222C
38 Water-Based Paint Formulations

G l o s s S a f e t y Y e l l o w Enamel

I n p r e dient s : Pounds Gallons


P i ament G r i nd:
BuTyl C e l l o s o l v e S o l v e n t 12.8 1.70
Water 10.0 1.20
Tamol 731 5.0 0.54
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 10.0 1.14
Foamaster 333 15.0 2.00
T i -Pure R-900 66.3 1.94
N a t r o s o l P l u s 330 2.8 0.25
Water 5.0 0.60
Nuosept 145 1.2 0.13
B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent 24.8 3.30

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 572.9 66.39
Water 24.0 2.88
Byk 026 2.0 0.25
Butyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 12.8 1.60
Sol v e n t 142HT 32.8 5.00
LE-410 Emulsion 15.0 1.82
A q u i s Dalamar Y e l l o w D i s p . YW-811D 76.2 8.28
Aquatrend I 1 Y e l l o w I r o n O x i d e D i s p . 878-0012 12.1 0.73
Aquatrend I 1 Lamp B l a c k D i s p . 878-9908 0.1 0.01
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 1 1 . 4
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 7 . 4
Weight S o l i d s , %: 43.9
Stormer, KU: 89
ICI, P o i s e : 1 . 7
pH V a l u e : 8 . 5 - 9 . 5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 218

F i 1m P r o p e r t i es :
G l o s s , 60: 86
G l o s s , 20: 46
F1ow and L e v e l ing : E x c e l 1e n t
Dry-to-Touch, h o u r : 1
Recoat, h o u r s : 2-4
W a t e r / B l i s t e r Resistance: E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s Latexes: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n E-2225C
Enameh 39

Gloss White Enamel


M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal 1ons
P a r t A:
Epi - r e z 3520-WY-55 R e s i n 411.6 45.03
Michemlube 182 Mar and S l i p Agent 27.8 3.33
Water 13.7 1.64

P a r t 0:
Epi-Cure 8537-WY-60 C u r i n g Agent 160.0 17.70
E k t a s o l v e DB A c e t a t e 8.2 1 .oo
Triethylamine 3.7 0.61
P a t c o t e 519 Defoamer 4.0 0.57
Kronos 2020 o r Tronox CR-800 250.0 7.33

H i g h Speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 10 P . C . S . , t h e n add:

Epi-Cure 8537-WY-60 C u r i n g Agent 42.4 4.69


Water 150.0 18.10

Composi t e 81 end : V i scosit y


Part A 85 KU 453.1 50.00
Part B 110 KU 619.1 50.00
P a r t s A and B 99 KU

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 55.8
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 42.3
PVC, %: 1 7 . 3
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gal 1on : 1 . 6 1
Grams/Li t e r : 187

R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n (based on s o l i d s ) :
Epoxy Resin, %: 65.0
C u r i n g Agent, %: 35.0
T o t a l , %: 100.0

R e d u c t i o n f o r C o n v e n t i o n a l Spray ( b y volume):
P a r t s A and B: 17 P a r t s
Water: 1 Part

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1606:


Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8537-WY-60 C u r i n g
Agent
40 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Gloss W
~ h i.t e. Enamel
~

M a t cr i_a 1-1 Pounds


~~ Gallons
Part A:
Epi -Rez 3520-WY-55 R e s i n 329.4 36.04
Michemlube 182 Mar and S l i p Agent 27.8 3.33
Water 88.6 10.63

Part B:
E p i - C u r e 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent 160.0 19.28
Deefo P I - 4 C o n c e n t r a t e Defoamer 4.0 0.49
R u t i l e T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e , Kronos 2020 o r
Tronox CR-800 250.0 7.33

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 10 P . C . S t h e n add:

E p i - C u r e 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent 22.5 2.71


Water 168.2 20.19

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , % : 5 1 . 5
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 7 . 6
PVC, % : 1 9 . 5
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gal l o n s : 1 . 8 9
Grams/Li t e r : 227

R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n ( b a s e d on s o l i d s ) :
Epoxy R e s i n , % : 62.2
C u r i n g A g e n t , %: 37.8

R e d u c t i o n f o r C o n v e n t i o n a l Spray ( b y v o l u m e ) :
None r e q u i r e d

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical C o . : S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1 8 0 5 :


Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g
Agent
Enamels 41

G l o s s W h i t e Enamel (Maximum S o l v e n t and A b r a s i o n R e s i s t a n c e )

M a t e r i a1 : ~
Pounds _Gal 1ons
_ _
P a r t A:
€ p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 442.2 49.41
C y c l o S o l 63 22.2 3.00
E k t a s o l v e EP, 2 - P r o p o x y e t h a n o l 22.7 3.00
Water 93.8 11 . 2 6

P a r t 8:
Epi -Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 135.1 15.30
Deefo P I - 4 C o n c e n t r a t e Defoamer 4.0 0.49
T i - P u r e R-960 o r Kronos 2160 250.0 7.74
Water 12.5 1 .so

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 10 P . S . C

Water 66.1 7.93


Glacial Acetic Acid 3.2 0.37

Composite B l e n d : V i scosi t y
Part A 61 K . U . 580.9 66.67
Part B 103 K . U . 470.9 33.33
P a r t s A and B 83 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , O h : 5 4 . 0
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , % : 4 0 . 4
PVC, %: 1 9 . 2
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 2.34
G r a m s / L i t e r : 280
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30

R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n (based on s o l i d s ) :
Epoxy R e s i n , % : 74.5
C u r i n g Agent, %: 25.5

R e d u c t i o n f o r C o n v e n t i o n a l Spray ( b y v o l u m e ) :
P a r t s A and B : 25 p a r t s
Water: 1 part

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical C o . : S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1803:


Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
42 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Green A i r D r y Enamel f o r F l e x i b l e Substrates

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Spensol L53 261.6 30.00
Amrnoni um Hydroxi de 1.9 0.25
D i sperse-Ayd W28 4.4 0.50
C o l l o i d 679 1.9 0.25
Ucar SCT 100 2.3 0.25
S u n b r i t e Yellow 272-0558 50.0 4.69
Sunbri t e Green 264-8142 25.0 1.43
T i t a n o x 2101 25.0 0.75
Mapico 1075 50.0 1.48

Add t h e above i n o r d e r under good a g i t a t i o n , t h e n pebble o r


s a n d m i l l g r i n d t o 7 Hegman.

Letdown :
Spensol L53 526.7 60.40

Analysis:
Pigment Volume Concentration, Percent: 24.7
Pigrnent/Binder R a t i o : 0 . 6 / l . O
Percent S o l i d s , Weight: 41.2
Percent Sol i d s , Vol ume: 33.8
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #2 Zahn, Secs.: 50-60
Pounds/Gallon: 9 . 5
pH: 8.5+-0.3
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Liter: 289
Pounds/Gallon: 2.4

SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L: Formula 2316-62A


Enamels 43

H i qh-Hidi nq Esashe11 Enamel


I n s r e d ie n t s : Pounds G a l 1ons
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 226.7 27.21
Cel l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l ose ER-4400 2.0 0.18
Nuosept 145 2.3 0.25
Tamol 731 9.2 1 .oo
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.3 0.25
AMP-95 1 .o 0.13
Propylene G l y c o l 51.8 6.00
Col l o i d 643 1.9 0.25
Tronox CR-800 225.0 6.54
Optiwhi t e 100.0 5.46
Burgess No. 98 25.0 1.15

Letdown :
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 11.9 1.50
B u t y l Carbi to1 Solvent 11.9 1.50
A c r y s o l SCT-275 17.2 2.00
Ucar L a t e x 379G 418.2 46.21
Col l o i d 643 2.8 0.37

Pai n t P r o p e r t i e s
PVC, %: 3 5 . 6
Volume S o l ids %: 3 7 . 6
Weight Sol i d s %: 5 3 . 4
Weight p e r Ga l o n , l b : 1.09
S t o r m e r . KU: 04
I C I . noise: 1. 4
I .

pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 2
Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t i e s :
Ref 1e c t a n c e , %: 91.9
G l o s s , 60: 8
Sheen, 85: 22
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m * : 0.968
Flow and l e v e l i n g , brushed: Good

*Opacity increased w i t h toning.

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n I - 1 9 9 8 A


44 Water-Based Paint Formulations

MacGregor G l o s s B1ack Enamel

Ingredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i n d :
Ucar L a t e x 481 88.0 10.20
Byk 023 2.5 0.35
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 10.0 1.14
Aurasperse Carbon B1ack W-7012 45.0 4.69
Water 8.3 1 .oo
Nuosept 145 1.2 0.13
Ammoni urn H y d r o x i de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 2.4 0.29

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 556.0 64.43
Dee Fo 102OF 5.0 0.68
B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Sol v e n t 39.0 5.21
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent 12.4 1.57
Sol v e n t 142HT 32.8 5.00
LE-410 Emu1s i on 15.0 1.80
Water 15.0 1.80
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. 8.3 0.95
Ucar Polyphobe 106HE Rheo. Mod. 4.5 0.52
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 2 . 3
Volume S o l i d s , %: 37.9
Weight S o l i d s , %: 4 0 . 6
Stormer, KU: 90
I C I , Poise: 2 . 6
pH V a l u e : 8.5-9
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 204

F i l m Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 91
G l o s s , 20: 65
Flow and L e v e l i n g : E x c e l l e n t
Dry-to-Touch, h o u r : 1
Recoat, h o u r s : 2
W a t e r / B l is t e r R e s i s t a n c e : Excel l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s Latexes: Formulation


Suggest ion E-2221 E
Enamels 45

P i n e h u r s t G l o s s Green Enamel

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent 7.5 1.oo
Water 5.8 0.70
Tamol 731 5.0 0.54
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 10.0 1.14
Byk 023 2.5 0.31
Chromium Oxide Green W-6017 53.3 3.08
Aurasperse Carbon B l a c k W-7012 3.2 0.34
Aurasperse P h t h a l o Green W-6013 25.4 2.54
Y e l l o w I r o n Oxide 878-1812 7.0 0.42
N a t r o s o l P l u s 330 2.0 0.18
Water 4.2 0.59
Nuosept 145 1.2 0.13

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 640.0 74.16
Water 8.3 1 .oo
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent 12.4 1.55
S o l v e n t 142HT 32.8 5.00
B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent 31 . 5 4.20
Water 8.8 1.06
LE-410 Emulsion 15.0 1.82
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 4 . 6
Volume S o l i d s , %: 37.1
Weight S o l i d s , %: 4 2 . 0
Stormer, KU: 88
I C I , Poise: 2.3
pH Value: 8 . 5 - 9 . 5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 221

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 88
G l o s s , 20: 64
Flow and L e v e l ing: Excel 1e n t
Dry-to-Touch, h o u r : 1
Recoat. h o u r s : 2-4
W a t e r / B l i s t e r Resistance: E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s Latexes: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-22429
46 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Self-Primina I n t e r i o r Semi-Gloss Enamel

Pigment G r i n d : Lbs. &&


Water 100.0 9.37
Busperse 203 14.0 1 .31
I g e p a l CTA-639 3.0 0.28
Bubreak 448 3.0 0.28
Water* 25.0 2.34
C e l l o s i z e QP 15,000* 2.0 0.19
Atomi t e 73.0 6.84
T i - P u r e R-900 200.0 18.74

D i s p e r s e 10-15 m i n u t e s on a h i g h - s p e e d m i l l
Add t h e f o l l o w i n g w i t h s l o w a g i t a t i o n .

L e t Down:
Rhopl ex R-AC-507 550.0 51.55
Ethylene glycol 40.0 3.75
Texanol 25.0 2.34
Water 32.0 3.01
*These i n g r e d i e n t s a r e p r e m i x e d .

E x t e r i o r Maintenance-Type C o a t i n g

Pigment G r i n d : Lbs. Wt%


Water 100.0 8.85
Tam01 -681 14.0 1.24
8ubreak 448 3.0 0.27
I g e p a l CTA-639 3.0 0.27
E-845 40.0 3.54
T i - P u r e R-900 150.0 13.27
Atomi t e 191 . o 16.90
Mica 25.0 2.21
Kadox 911 12.0 1.06

D i s p e r s e 10-15 m i n u t e s on a h i g h - s p e e d m i 11.
Add t h e f o l l o w i n g w i t h s l o w a g i t a t i o n .

L e t Down:
Rhopl ex MV-23 527.0 46.64
Texanol 5.0 0.44
Ethylene glycol 30.0 2.65
Water 30.0 2.66

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : B u t r o l 35: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n s


Enamels 47

Semi gloss Enamel

Inqredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Piament G r i n d :
WaIer 268.2 32.20
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-15,000 2.0 0.18
Nuosept 145 2.4 0.25
Tamol 731 9.2 1 .oo
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.25
AMP-95 1 .o 0.13
P r o p y l e n e G1y c o l 43.2 5.00
Byk 035 1.o 0.13
Tronox CR-800 250.0 7.27

Letdown :
Thickener; premix* 29.9 3.48
Ucar L a t e x 3796 428.4 47.28
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 20.0 2.52
Byk 035 1.9 0.25
T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-7M 0.5 0.06

*Premix c o n s i s t s o f 1 : l : l b l e n d o f Propylene G l y c o l ; Rohm


and Haas' A c r y s o l SCT-275 t h i c k e n e r : w a t e r , r e s p e c t i v e l y .

Pa n t P r o p e r t i e s :
PVC, %: 23.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 31.8
Weight S o l i d s , %: 46.0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.60
Stormer, KU: 82
I C I , poise: 0.4
pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 5
Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t i es :
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 89.5
Gloss, 60: 59
Contrast Ratio, 3-mil f i l m : 0.967
Flow and L e v e l i n g :
brushed: Very Good
drawdown, NYPC Blade: 8

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n I-1989A


48 Water-Eased Paint Formulations

Semi q l oss Enamel

In g r e d i e n t s : Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 15.0 1.80
Propylene G l y c o l 55.0 6.35
Tamol 1124 5.0 0.51
P r o x e l GXL 1. o 0.11
Col 1o i d 640 2.0 0.26
T i -Pure R-900 230.0 6.90
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 4.0 0.46
ASP-1 70 15.0 0.70
Water 50.0 6.00

Letdown :
Water 39.9 4.79
C o l l o i d 640 1.o 0.13
NeoCar L a t e x 6040 425.0 47.39
Water 100.0 12.00
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 30.0 3.79
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 4.0 0.52
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 20.0 2.30
Water 50.0 6.00

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 2 4 . 9
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 0 . 5
Weight S o l i d s , %: 44.5
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.47
Stormer, KU: 88-93
I C I , poise: 1.1
pH V a l u e : 8.75-9.25
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: Pass

Film Properties:
Gloss, 20: 20
G l o s s , 60: 65
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : 0.980
ASTM Scrub C y c l e s , w i t h shim: 1600
B l o c k R e s i s t a n c e , 1 day: Exc
Wet Adhesion, 4 h o u r s : Exc
Flow and L e v e l i n g : Exc
S t a i n Removal : Exc

Source: Ucar Emulsion Systems: NeoCar Polymers: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2481
Enamels 49

S o u t h e r n P i n e s G l o s s W h i t e Enamel

Ingredients: ___
Pounds Gallons
Pigment G r i n d :
Propylene G l y c o l 40.0 4.62
Water 20.0 2.40
Tamol 731 9.6 1.05
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 2.4 0.27
B y k 023 2.5 0.35
T i - P u r e R-900 240.0 7.02
Nuosept 145 1.4 0.16
Water 11.1 1.33
Ammoni um H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i on 2.0 0.24

Letdown :
U c a r L a t e x 481 620.0 71.84
Butyl Carbitol Solvent 12.8 1.62
S o l v e n t 142HT 20.0 3.05
T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-5M 1.o 0.12
Byk 0 2 6 1.o 0.14
LE-410 Emu1 s i on 15.0 1.82
U c a r P o l y p h o b e 102 Rheo. Mod. 20.0 2.30
Water 11.9 1.43
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Pai n t P r o p e r t i e s :
P i g m e n t Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 1 7 . 6
Volume S o l i d s , %: 4 1 . 1
W e i g h t S o l i d s , %: 5 3 . 1
S t o r m e r , KU: 90
I C I , Poise: 1.9
pH V a l u e : 8 . 5 - 9 . 5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s p a s s e d : 5
H e a t - A g e S t a b i l i t y , 12OF, weeks p a s s e d : 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 1 7 4

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 6 0 : 88
G l o s s , 2 0 : 52
F1 ow a n d L e v e l in g : E x c e l 1e n t
Dry-to-Touch, hour: 2
Recoat, hours: 4
W a t e r / B l is t e r R e s i s t a n c e : E x c e l 1e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ultra-Gloss Latexes: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n E-2251 C
50 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Spensol L54 Oranqe Enamel


Materi a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Water 30.0 3.60
Ammoni um Hydroxi de 1.1 0.15
Bentone EW 3.0 0.14
Premix the above three materials and Cowles g r i n d 15-20 minutes
to fully disperse Bentone EW. Then add the following materials
under good agitation:
Spensol L54 87.3 10.00
Surfynol GA 4.4 0.50
Aerosol OT-75 2.3 0.25
Nalco 2300 0.5 0.06
Molybdate Orange 125.0 2.70
Water 41.7 5.00
Pebble o r sand m i l l g r i n d to 7 N . S .
Letdown :
_____
Materi a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Spensol L54 670.9 76.85
Surfynol 104H 2.0 0.25
15% Solution FC430 in Water 2.1 0.25
Ucar SCT-100 2.3 0.25
Analysis:
Pigment Volume Concentration, Percent: 9.0
Pigment/Binder Ratio: 0.5/1 .O
Percent Solids, Weight: 39.1
Percent Solids, Volume: 30.0
Viscosity, #4 Ford, Secs.: 80-.90
Gloss (60): 50-60
Pounds/Gallon: 9 . 7
pH: 8.5+-0.3
VOC (excluding water):
Grams/Li ter : 303
Pounds/Gallon: 2.5
SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, Inc.: Spensol L: Formula 2154-59A
Enamels 51

Waterborne B l a c k Enamel
Based o n E o o t u f 37-143/37-680
X F o r r u l a No. 3019-28A1

Component A: & Gals


E p o t u f 37-680 78.91 8.91
A r c o s o l v PTB 24.41 3.34
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.68 0.49
Dowanol PPH 7.37 0.04

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

W o l l a s t o k u p 10 ES 48.40 2.00
Raven 410 20.02 1.38

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N.S.
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 432.06 48.77


2-Butoxy Ethanol 9.54 1.27

Component 0:
M i x f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform:
E p o t u f 37-1 43 91.85 10.32
E p o t u f 37-058 7.95 1.07
2-Butoxy Ethanol 73.09 9.84
Tap Water 98.04 11.77

Wei g h t / G a l l o n ( L b s . ) : 8.96
Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30
PVC ( % ) : 46.30
VOC ( Lbs. /Gal 1on) : 2.80

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Formula 3019-28A


52 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne Blue Enamel


Based On Epotuf 37-143/37-600
LFormula No. 3019-31Gl
Component A : &
jS Gals
Epotuf 37-680 133.28 15.04
Arcosolv PTB 24.31 3.33
2-8utoxy Ethanol 3.63 0.48
Oowanol PPH 7.38 0 .84

Add following in order under agitation:


Wollastokup 10 ES 64.54 2.67
Sunfast 81 ue 248-3750 34.37 2.29
Tioxide TR92 22.02 0.66

High speed disperse to 5 N . S .


Add following under agitation:
Epotuf 37-600 368. 1 1.58
Component B:
Mix following under high-speed agitation until uniform:
EDotUf 37-143 88.91 9.99
Epotuf 37-058 7.62 1.03
2-Butoxy Ethanol 91 .15 12.14
Tap Water 82.89 9.95
Weight/Gallon (Lbs.): 9.29
Percent Sol ids (Wt . ) : 57.50
Percent Solids (Vol.): 37.30
PVC ( % ) : 46.30
VOC (Lbs./Gallon): 2.83
SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, Inc.: Formula No. 3019-31G
Enamels 53

Waterborne D a r k B l u e Enamel
Based on E p o t u f 37-143/37-600
(Formula No. 3019-31Dl

Component A: !& Gals


E p o t u f 37-680 134.16 15.14
A r c o s o l v PTB 24.47 3.35
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.65 0.49
Dowanol PPH 7.43 0.84

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

W o l l a s t o k u p 10 ES 64.97 2.68
S u n f a s t B l u e 248-3750 34.60 2.31

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N . S .
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 370.85 41 .86

Component 0 :
M i x f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l u n i f o r m :

E p o t u f 37-1 43 89.50 10.06


E p o t u f 37-050 7.67 1.04
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 91.75 12.22
Tap Water 83.44 10.02

Weight/Gallon ( L b s . ) : 9.12
Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30
PVC ( % ) : 46.30
VOC ( L b s / G a l l o n ) : 2.83

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : Formula No. 3019-31D


54 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne Green Enamel


Based on E D O t U f 37-143/37-680
XFormula No. 3019-31F)

Component A : Lbs
~

E p o t u f 37-680 165.99 18.73


A r c o s o l v PTB 23.12 3.17
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.47 0.46
Dowanol PPH 8.05 0.91

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

W o l l a s t o k u p 10 ES 78.51 3.24
S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 75 23.71 2.22
S u n f a s t B l u e 248-3750 9.68 0.65
T i o x i d e TR92 9.21 0.28

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N.S.
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 295.72 33.38


2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 29.74 3.96

Component B:
Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l u n i f o r m :
E p o t u f 37-143 82.10 9.22
E p o t u f 37-058 6.97 0.94
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 59.85 7.97
Tap Water 123.78 14.86

.
Wei g h t / G a l 1on (Lbs ) : 9.20
.
P e r c e n t Sol i d s (Wt ) : 57.50
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30
PVC ( % ) : 46.30
VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.80

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : Formula No. 3019-31F


Enamels 55

Waterborne Oranqe Enamel


Based o n E p o t u f 37-143/37-600
( F o r m u l a 3019-3111

Component A : Lbs
EpOtuf 37-680 179.20 20.23
A r c o s o l v PTB 22.73 3.11
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.41 0.45
Dowanol PPH 8.36 0.95

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

W o l l a s t o k u p 10 ES 78 * 45 3.24
S u n b r i t e Ye1 l o w 74 26.52 2.49
Novoperm Red F3RK-70 8.20 0.76

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N . S .
Add f o l l o w i n g u n d e r a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 282.39 31.87


2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 30.04 4.00

Component B:
M i x f o l l o w i n g under h i g h - s p e e d a g i t a t i o n u n t i l u n i f o r m :
EpOtuf 37-143 82.02 9.22
E p o t u f 37-058 7.80 1.oo
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 60.60 8.07
Tap Water 122.11 14.66

Wei g h t / G a l 1on ( Lbs . ) : 9.12


Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30
PVC ( % ) : 46.30
VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.80

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Formula No. 3019-311


56 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne Red Enamel


Based on E p o t u f 37-143/37-6%0
(Formula No. 3019-3181

Component A : !&
E p o t u f 37-680 97.48 11 . o o
A r c o s o l v PTB 25.04 3.43
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.73 0.50
Dowanol PPH 9.29 1 .06

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

W o l l a s t o k u p 1 0 ES 60.09 2.48
Novoperm Red F3RK-70 20.69 1.92

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N . S .
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 377.11 42.56


2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 18.73 2.49
Tap Water 12.91 1.55

Component 8 :
Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l u n i f o r m :
E p o t u f 37-1 43 80.34 9.03
E p o t u f 37-058 7.88 1.06
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 65.27 14.22
Tap Water 118.45 8.69

.
Wei g h t / G a l 1 on ( Lbs ) : 8.97
.
P e r c e n t Sol i d s (Wt ) : 57.50
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30
PVC ( % ) : 46.30
VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.84

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Formula No. 3019-318


Enamels 57

Waterborne Red Orange Enamel


Based o n EDOtUf 37-143/37-600
I f o r m u l a No. 3019-31El

Component A: Lbs Gals


E p o t u f 37-680 157.10 17.73
A r c o s o l v PTB 23.40 3.21
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.49 0.46
Dowanol PPH 8.57 0.97

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

Wol l a s t o k u p 10 ES 73.31 3.03


S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 74 19.47 1.83
Novoperm Red F3RK-70 8.20 0.76
T i o x i d e TR 92 7.56 0.23

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N.S.
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 307.00 34.65


2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 25.51 3.40
A r c o s o l v PTB 5.40 0.75

Component 8:
M i x f o l l o w i n g under h i g h - s p e e d a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform:
E p o t u f 37-143 84.28 9.47
E p o t u f 37-058 7.36 1.00
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 57.28 7.63
Tap Water 124.03 14.89

Weight/Gallon ( L b s . ) : 9.12
Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30
PVC ( % I : 46.30
VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.80

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Formula No. 3019-31E


58 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne Y e l l o w EDOXY Enamel


Based on EDOtuf 37-143/37-680
( F o r m u l a No. 3019-31Cl

Component A: Lbs Gal


E p o t u f 37-680 198.55 22.41
A r c o s o l v PT8 22.56 3.09
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.36 0.45
Dowanol PPH 8.21 0.93

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

W o l l a s t o k u p 10 ES 83.03 3.43
S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 74 32.49 3.05
T i o x i d e TR-92 12.63 0.38

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N . S .
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 263.53 29.74


2-8utoxy Ethanol 26.43 3.52

Component 8 :
M i x f o l l o w i n g under h i g h - s p e e d a g i t a t i o n u n t i l u n i f o r m :
E p o t u f 37-143 80.25 9.02
E p o t u f 37-058 6.91 0.93
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 65.03 8.66
Tap Water 119.86 14.39

Wei g h t / G a l l on ( L b s . ) : 9.23
Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 57.50
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.30
PVC ( % ) : 46.30
VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.40

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : Formula 3019-31C


EnameLF 59

W h i s o e r i n g P i n e s Semigloss W h i t e Enamel

Inqredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Propylene G l y c o l 30.0 3.47
Water 53.3 6.40
6yk 023 2.5 0.35
Tamol 731 10.0 1.09
T i -Pure R-902 230.0 6.92
Path 9 40.0 1.98
Nuosept 145 1.5 0.17
Water 16.7 2.00
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 2.0 0.94

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 461 556.0 64.66
Ucar F i l m e r I 6 T 12.4 1.57
Sol v e n t 142HT 31.5 4.80
LE-410 Emulsion 15.0 1 .BO
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod 16.9 1.94
Water 19.7 2.37
S u r f y n o l 104E 2.0 0.24

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 23.3
Volume S o l i d s , %: 39.2
Weight S o l i d s , %: 51.5
Stormer, KU: 93
I C I , Poise: 2.1
pH V a l u e : 8.5-9.5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F. weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 181

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 5 4
Gloss, 20: 14
Flow and L e v e l i n g : E x c e l l e n t
Dry-to-Touch, h o u r : 2
Recoat, h o u r s : 4
Water/61 is t e r R e s i s t a n c e : Excel l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s L a t e x e s : F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2245C
60 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Anquamine 401 1 : l W h i t e G l o s s Enamel

P a r t A: &j Gals
Epi -Rez 3520-WY-55 Epoxy R e s i n (She1 1 ) 363.24 39.20
DER 331 Epoxy R e s i n (Dow) 40.36 4.17
Water 52.32 6.27
S u r f y n o l DF-11OD ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 3.00 0.36

P a r t B:
Anquami ne 401 C u r i n g Agent ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 90.46 9.90
Dowanol PM S o l v e n t (Dow) 40.87 5.37
Benzyl Alcohol 29.97 3.44
S u r f y n o l DF-l10D ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 3.00 0.36
T i P u r e 960 (DuPont) 272.48 8.16
G l a c i a l Acetic Acid ( A i r Products) 5.31 0.61
Water 185.01 22.16

Typical Properties:
W t S o l i d s ( % ) : 65.84 Resin Stoichiometry: 1.3:1
Volume S o l i d s ( 3 6 ) : 4 0 . 9 5 VOC ( l b / g a l ) : 1 . 5 3
PVC ( % ) : 1 9 . 9 4 VOC ( g / l ) : 184

W h i t e G1 o s s Enamel P r o p e r t i es :
Pot L i f e , h r : > 4
G l o s s , 60 spec, 1 d a y : >90
G l o s s , 60 spec, 4 week: >90
Mix Ratio: 1 : l
M i x e d V i s c o s i t y , cP: 290
Tack F r e e Time, h r : 1
H a r d D r y Time, h r : 6-8
P e n c i l Hardness, o v e r n i g h t : HB
P e n c i l Hardness, 7 d a y s : H
Cross Hatch Adhesion: 5
1 / 8 " Mandrel Bend: Pass
D i r e c t I m p a c t R e s i s t a n c e , i n - l b s : 60
Reverse I m p a c t R e s i s t a n c e , i n - l b s : 20
VOC, l b / g a l : 1 . 6
Volume S o l i d s , % : 4 1
PVC, Yo: 1 9 . 9

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, I n c . : Aquamine 401 C u r i n g


Agent: Formulation 1
Enamels 61

Anquamixe-401/Sol i d R e s i n D i s p e r s i o n
2 : 1 W h i t e -Gloss Enamel

P a r t A: Lbs G-a 1s
Epi -Rez 3520-WY-55 Epoxy Res1 n (She1 1 ) 557.4 61.26
Water 45.1 5.41

P a r t B:
Anquamine 401 C u r i n g Agent ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 72.5 7.93
Dowanol PM S o l v e n t (00,) 26.0 3.42
Dowanol EPh S o l v e n t (Dow) 17.0 1.85
Defoamer 4.0 0.50
T i P u r e R960 (DuPont) 227.7 6.82
G1 a c i a1 A c e t i c A c i d ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 2.0 0.23
Water 105.0 12.58

Typical Properties:
W t Solids (%): 74.26 Resin Stoichiometry: 1.58:l
Volume S o l i d s ( % ) : 4 3 . 0 3 VOC ( l b / g a l ) : 1 . 2 6
PVC ( % I : 1 5 . 8 5 VOC ( g / l ) : 1 5 1

W h i t e G l o s s Enamel P r o p e r t i e s :
Pot L i f e , h r : >6
G l o s s , 60 spec, 1 d a y : > 9 0
G l o s s , 60 spec, 4 w k : > 9 0
Mix Ratio: 2 : l
M i x e d V i s c o s i t y , cP: 3 6 0
Tack F r e e Time, h r : 1
H a r d D r y Time, h r : 6 - 8
P e n c i l Hardness, o v e r n i g h t : HB
P e n c i l Hardness, 7 d a y s : H
Cross Hatch Adhesion: 5
1/8" Mandrel Bend: Pass
D i r e c t I m p a c t R e s i s t a n c e , in-1 b s . : 60
Reverse I m p a c t R e s i s t a n c e , i n - l b s . : 20
Taber A b r a s i o n , mg loss/lOOO c y c l e s : 9 0
VOC, l b / g a l : 1 . 8
Volume Sol i d s , ' % : 4 3
PVC, % : 1 6 . 5

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and C h e m i c a l s , I n c . : Anquamine 401 C u r i n g


Agent : Formul a t i on 2
Enamels-Baking 63

C l e a r Bake C o a t i n s
M a t e r i a1 : Pounds _ Gal l o n
_ _ s ~
Epi -Rez 3551 -WY-43 Resi n 617.04 68.56
Add under a g i t a t i o n :
E k t a p r o EEP 16.14 2.04
B e e t l e 80 188.87 20.87
Water 71 .OS 8.53
T y p i c a l C o a t i n g P r o p e r t i es :
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 51.8
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 47.4
Pounds/Gallon: 8.93
Epoxy/Urea, based on s o l i d s , %: 60/40
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 1.47
Grams/Li t e r : 176
V i s c o s i t y , #4 F o r d Cup, seconds: 60-70
Typical F i l m Properties:
Dry F i l m Thickness: 0.7 m i l
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000
Bake Schedule a t 350F, m i n u t e s : 20
P e n c i l Hardness: 6H
Reverse Impact, i n . l b s . : 160
M€K Double Rubs: 100
S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 2503: Epi-Rez 3551-WY-43 R e s i n

Phenol ic C l e a r Bake C o a t i n g
M a t e r i a1 : Pounds _ Gal l o n
_ _ s ~
Epi -Rez 3540-WY-55 R e s i n 439.6 48.07
M e t h y l I s o b u t y l Ketone 98.8 14.81
Dei o n i zed Water 98.8 11.85
S i l w e t L-7604 S u r f a c t a n t 2.4 0.28
S a n t o l i n k EP-560 193.3 21.15
Dimethylethanolamine 19.1 2.54
Syntex 3981 A c c e l e r a t o r 9.1 1.30
T y p i c a l Coating P r o p e r t i e s :
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 46.8
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 42.7
Pounds p e r G a l l o n : 8.61
Epoxy/Phenol ic, sol i d s : 60/40
P e r c e n t C a t a l y s t , A c t i v e , on Resins S o l i d s : 0 . 5
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 2.90
Grams/Li t e r : 348
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , #5 S p i n d l e a t 50 RPM, cps: 1,200
Typical Film Properties:
Dry F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 0.5 m i l s
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000
Bake Schedule: 10 m i n u t e s a t 400F
P e n c i l Hardness: 6H
Reverse Impact, i n . l b s . : 160
MEK R e s i s t a n c e , d o u b l e r u b s : 100
S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 2504: Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 Resin

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g Formulations


64 Water-Based Paint Formulations

C l e a r H i q h Gloss, Bakina F i n i s h

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Cymel 303 premi x--combi ne in t h e f o l l o w i n g o r d e r :
Cymel 303 57.6 5.76
Isopropanol 4.5 0.68
Nacure 2500-X 4.5 0.55
Triethylamine 0.6 0.10
Water 28.8 3.46
Add i n f o l l o w i n g o r d e r w i t h a g i t a t i o n :
Spensol L51 768.1 87.88
Cymel 303 Premix 96.0 10.55
A e r o s o l OTS 5.4 0.63
Lodyne S107B 5.4 0.56
Byk 301 3.1 0.38
Cure f o r 2 h o u r s a t 250F o r 30 m i n u t e s a t 300F.

Analysis:
R a t i o o f Spensol L51 t o Cymel 303: 80:20
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Weight: 33.8
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 30.1
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Li t e r : 189
Pounds/Gallon: 1 . 6
F o r m u l a t i o n 2061-40D

B l u e M e t a l 1ic U r e t h a n e Enamel

Material : Lbs. Gals.


Component A--add i n f o l l o w i n g o r d e r w i t h a g i t a t i o n :
Spensol L51 707.9 81 .oo
Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g two m a t e r i a l s , t h e n add:
A1 umi num P a s t e #E2255 30.0 2.34
Water 31 .2 3.75
Add :
Aurasperse W4123 92.0 11.50
S u r f y n o l 104H 4.0 0.50
Lodyne 51076 1.5 0.16
Component B:
XAMA-7 7.4 0.75

NOTE: Add t h e above Component B t o Component A p r i o r t o appl ica-


t i o n and m i x w e l l f o r 5 t o 10 m i n u t e s .

Analysis:
P e r c e n t Sol i d s , Weight : 31 .8
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 28.4
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #2 Zahn, Secs.: 25-30
pH: 8.0-8.5
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) : G r a m s / L i t e r : 408
Pounds/Gallon: 3 . 4
F o r m u l a t i o n 2099-19

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L : Formulations


Enamels-Baking 65

E x p e r i r e n t a l Water-Reducible P o l y e s t e r Gloss W h i t e
B a k i n g Enamel U s i n a H a l o x SZP-391

Grind: Lbs./lOO G a l s . G m s / L i t e r
W/R P o l y e s t e r 72-7203 170.0 204.0
DMEA 10.0 12.0
Cyme1 303 50.0 60.0

Premix t h e n e x t two raw m a t e r i a l s b e f o r e a d d i n g .

n-Butyl Alcohol 8.0 9.6


Dow C o r n i n g 14 0.8 I .o
R-902 T i 0 2 225.0 275.0
H a l o x SZP-391 15.0 18.0
D e i o n i z e d Water 50.0 60.0

H i g h Speed D i s p e r s e t o 7 Hegman g r i n d .

Letdown :

W/R P o l y e s t e r 72-7203 100.0 120.0


DMEA 15.0 18.0
n-Octyl Alcohol 1.o 1.8
T r o y s o l LAC 1.5 1.8
n-Butyl Alcohol 10.0 12.0
D e i o n i z e d Water 325.0 390.0

Mix u n t i l uniform - Do n o t a e r a t e !

Hold f o l l o w i n g f o r v i s c o s i t y adjustment.

D e i o n i z e d Water 55.0 66.0

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
.
% P i gment/Wt : 23.16 .
D e n s i t y 1bs. / g a l : 10.36
% Pigment/Vol : 7.25 . D e n s i t y g/L: 1,249
% S o l i d s / W t . : 48.24 V i s c . #2 Zahn ( s e c . : 50-60
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 33.12 pH @ R . T . : 8.5-9.0
% PVC: 21.85
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 2.03
VOC, g/L: 304.5

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n PEG39


66 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne A c r y l i c Bake Enamel

The WR-17 s t u d y was conducted t o d e m o n s t r a t e t h e improved


c o r r o s i o n r e s i s t a n c e a f f o r d e d a w a t e r b o r n e system by c h o o s i n g
a more h y d r o p h o b i c c a t a l y s t , Nacure 155 (DNNDSA), o v e r a more
h y d r o p h i l i c c a t a l y s t , K-Cure 1040 (p-TSA). F r e e a c i d c a t a l y s t ,
r a t h e r t h a n t h e b l o c k e d v e r s i o n s , were used i n t h i s s t u d y ,
s i n c e t h e f o r m u l a a l r e a d y c o n t a i n e d a n e u t r a l i z i n g amine. A
summary o f t h e f o r m u l a t i o n , i t s p h y s i c a l p r o p e r t i e s and t e s t
r e s u l t s a r e l i s t e d below.

G r i nd C o m p o s i t i o n : Wt%
T i t a n o x 2020 15.07
A c r y s o l WS-68 3.97
2-Butoxyethanol 0.67
n-Butanol 0.63
DMEA 0.90
0.1. Water 4.69
( P e b b l e M i l l G r i n d t o 7 t on Hegman)

Letdown Composi t i on :
A c r y s o l WS-68 43.63
n-Butanol 0.54
Hexamethoxymethylmelamine 4.51
2-Butoxyethanol 3.90
*DMEA (10% i n w a t e r ) 2.20
* O . I . Water 20.10
*Used t o a d j u s t pH and v i s c o s i t y

Characteristics:
P i gment/Bi nder : 40/60
A c r y l ic/Mel ami ne: 80/20
T o t a l S o l i d s , %: 3 7 . 7
T o t a l Resin S o l i d s , %: 22.6
W t . / g a l . C 25C ( l b / g a l ) : 9.65
V.O.C. (Measured) l b . / g a l . : 1.84

A p p l i c a t i o n and Cure:
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 ( i r o n phosphated CRS)
Cure Schedule: 1 5 ' a t 149C (300F)
F i 1m T h i c k n e s s : 0 . 7 - 0 . 8 m i 1

Film Properties: Control K-Cure 1040 Nacure 155


p-TSA DNNDSA
P e n c i l Hardness H-2H H-2H H-2H
Tukon Hardness, KNH25 13.2 13.2 13.0
MEK Rubs (2X) 24 42 50
Impact R e s i s t a n c e , ( i n - l b s . )
Reverse 90-100 20-1 30 90-1 00
O i rect 40-50 30-40 30-40
C r o s s h a t c h Adhesion, % Loss 100 100 100
S a l t Spray, 150 h r s . (ASTM 8117)
mm C r e e p / B l i s t e r : 6-7mm/10 6 7mm/lO 3-4mm/ 0

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-17
Enamels-Baking 67

Water R e d u c i b l e P o l v e s t e r B a k i n g Enamel

I n t h i s s t u d y N a c o r r c o r r o s i o n i n h i b i t o r s were i n c o r p o r a t e d
i n t o a p i g m e n t e d w a t e r b o r n e p o l y e s t e r system c r o s s l i n k e d w i t h a
h i g h -NH t y p e melamine r e s i n . The N a c o r r s were added a t a l e v e l
o f 3%, based o n t h e t o t a l f o r m u l a w e i g h t . S i n c e t h e N a c o r r s a l s o
f u n c t i o n a s d i s p e r s i n g a g e n t s , t h e r e i s a d e f i n i t e advantage i n
in c o r p o r a t i ng them in t o t h e d i s p e r s i n g s t a g e .

G r i n d (Pebble M i l l ) : Control Nacorr


T i -Pure R-960 24.00 24.00
C a r g i 11 72-7203 18.00 17.81
2-Butoxyethanol 4.00 2.50
Nacorr ---- 3.00
Water 1.31 ----
DMEA 0.69 ----
Letdown :
C a r g i 11 72-7203 6.00 6.19
DMEA 1.oo 1 .69
Cyme1 327 6.67 6.67
S i l w e t 7605 (10% i n 2 - b u t o x y e t h a n o l ) 1 .oo 1 .oo
Water 37.33 37.14

Characteristics: Control Nacorr


P o l y e s t e r / M e l ami ne R a t i o 75/25 75/25
Pigment/Bi nder R a t i o 1/ I 1/ I
Pigment, % 24 24
T o t a l Resin S o l i d s , % by weight 24 24
A d d i t i v e l e v e l , % based on t o t a l w e i g h t o f p a i n t -- 3.0
Film Properties:
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 I r o n Phosphated CRS
Cure: 10 minutes/300F (149C)
F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 16-21 m i c r o n s
Control N-1151 N-1351
P e n c i l Hardness 2H-3H 2H-3H H-2H
Tukon Hardness KHN25 16.6 17.7 11 . o
MEK Rubs (2X) 65 64 24
I m p a c t ( i nch 1b s . ) , Reverse 5-10 5-10 5-10
Direct 70-80 60-70 60-70
Gloss, 60 91.4 90.6 92.2
S a l t S p r a y , 408 h r s . 13/D3 2/10 2/F8
Film Properties:
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 I r o n Phosphated CRS
Cure: 1 0 minutes/250F (121C)
F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 16-21 m i c r o n s
Control N-1151 N-1351
Penci 1 Hardness H-2H H-2H HB-F
Tukon Hardness KHN25 11.1 12.2 6.7
MEK Rubs ( 2 x 1 12 13 12
I m p a c t ( in c h 1b s . ) , Reverse (5 <5 5-10
Direct 60-70 60-70 50-60
G l o s s , 60 93.3 94.7 93.3
S a l t Spray, 408 h r s . 13/MD4 2/10 3F/2

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : N a c o r r WR-18
68 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Spensol L54 White B a k i n a Enamel


____
M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Speneol L54 87.3 10.00
Water 75.0 9.00
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e 1.9 0.25
S u r f y n o l GA 4.4 0.50
A e r o s o l OT-75 2.3 0.25
Foamki 11 639AA 1.1 0.15
T i t a n o x 2101 200.0 5.85

Pebble o r s a n d m i l l g r i n d t h e above m a t e r i a l s t o 7+ N . S .

Letdown :
Spensol L54 536.9 61.50

Premix t h e n e x t f o u r m a t e r i a l s , t h e n add under good a g i t a t i o n .

Cyme1 385 62.1 5.75


DMEA 1.8 0.25
Isopropanol 6.8 1 .oo
Water 41.7 5.00

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g under good a g i t a t i o n :

S u r f y n o l 104H 2.0 0.25


Versa-Flow 102 2.0 0.25

Bake s c h e d u l e : 10 m i n u t e s a t 300F (150C).

Analysis:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , P e r c e n t : 18
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0 . 8 / 1 .O
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Weight: 44.7
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 3 2 . 6
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #4 Ford, Secs. : 30
Gloss ( 6 0 ) : 60-70
Pounds/Gal l o n : 10.3
pH: 8 . 3 + - 0 . 3
VOC ( e x c l u d i ng w a t e r ) :
G r a m s / L i t e r : 240
Pounds/Gal 1on : 2

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Spensol L: Formula 2154-598


Enamels-Baking 69

?-Component W a t e r b o r n e S y s t e E

F o r m u l a t i o n WR-41 d e m o n s t r a t e s t h e i m p r o v e d p e r f o r m a n c e o f a
2-component w a t e r b o r n e system when m o d i f i e d w i t h K - F l e x XM-4316,
a p o l y e s t e r - u r e t h a n e d i s p e r s i o n . A t b o t h NCO/OH r a t i o s , i m p r o v e -
ments were made i n g l o s s , M E K r e s i s t a n c e , and f l e x i b i l i t y .

NCO/OH R a t i o : 1 . 1
Acrylic/PU-Dispersion: 80/20

Component A : Wt%
E m u l s i o n E-3275 71 .38
K-F1 ex XM-4316 17.40
Sodium N i t r i t e (5% aq) 0.00
P r o g l y d e DMM 0.89
Edaplan LA 402 0.07
S i l w e t 7001 (5% a q ) 0.00
S i l w e t 7605 (25% a q ) 0.25
S i l w e t 7604 (25% a q ) 0.25
Dimethylethanolamine 0.73

Component 0:
Bayhydur XP-7063 9.03

Formulation Characteristics:
N o n v o l a t i l e , t h e o r e t i c a l , % : 46.3
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC, g / L , ( l b / g a l l o n ) : 60, (0.5)

F o r m u l a t i o n P r o p e r t e s , A i r - D r y 20-25C, 2 weeks:
G l o s s 60, %: 95
20, %: 69
K o e n i g Hardness s e c ) : 69
P e n c i l H a r d n e s s : H-2H
Knoop Hardness: 2 . 4
MEK Double Rubs: 80
I m p a c t , D i r e c t , i n c h . l b . : >160
I m p a c t , Reverse, i n c h . l b . : >160

F o r m u l a t i o n P r o p e r t i e s , Bake 8OC 20 m i n . P o s t - c u r e 20-25C, 2


weeks :
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 c o l d r o l l e d s t e e l
.
F i l m t h i c k n e s s , m i c r o n (mi 1 ) : 32+-2 ( 1 . 3 + - 0 . 1 )
NCO/OH R a t i o : 1 . 1 Knoop Hardness: 3 . 7
G l o s s 60, %: 96 MEK Double Rubs: 120
20, %: 66 I m p a c t , Forward, i n c h x l b . : ,160
K o e n i g Hardness ( s e c ) : 89 I m p a c t , Reverse, i n c h x l b . : 160
P e n c i l Hardness: 2H

Formulation Preparation:
Add component B t o component A under l o w shear m e c h a n i c a l
a g i t a t i o n f o r approx. 5 m i n u t e s .

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : P r e l i m i n a r y F o r m u l a t i o n WR-41
Exterior Paints and Related Products 71

E x t e r i o r F l a t House P a i n t w i t h ZnO

Inqredients: Pounds
___. Gal l o n s
P i gment G r in d :
Water 236.2 28.30
U c a r P o l yphobe 9831 R h e o l o g y Modi f ie r 9.5 1.10
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.20
P r o x e l GXL 2.0 0.20
C o l l o i d 226/35 8.5 0.80
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-100 3.3 0.40
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 25.9 3.00
P o t a s s i u m T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 1.5 0.10
T i - P u r e R-706 225.0 6.60
417-W Z i n c O x i d e 25.0 0.60
Minex 4 125.9 5.80
N y t a l 300 50.0 2.10

Letdown :
U c a r L a t e x 625 426.4 48.40
Butyl Carbitol Solvent 10.7 1.40
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
Skane M - 8 2.2 0.30
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.9 0.10

Paint Properties:
P i g m e n t Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 4 0 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 8 . 0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 5 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.59
Stormer, KU: 95
I C I , Poise: 1.1
pH V a l u e : 8 . 9
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s p a s s e d : 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks p a s s e d : 2

F i 1m P r o p e r t i e s :
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l w e t drawdown: 0 . 9 6 9
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 1 . 9
Sheen, 8 5 : 8
Wet A d h e s i o n , g l o s s a l k y d : E x c e l l e n t
F l o w and L e v e l i n g : Good
Sag R e s i s t a n c e , m i l s : >12

SOURCE: U c a r E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar P o l y p h o b e 9831 R h e o l o g y


M o d i f i e r : F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n E-2483
72 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x t e r i o r F l a t House P a i n t w i t h ZnO

Inqredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 227.2 27.30
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. 18.5 2.10
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.20
P r o x e l GXL 2.0 0.20
Col 1o i d 226/35 8.5 0.80
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-100 3.3 0.40
P r o p y l e n e G1y c o l 25.9 3.00
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 1.5 0.10
T i -Pure R-706 225.0 6.60
417-W Z i n c Oxide 25.0 0.60
Minex 4 125.9 5.80
N y t a l 300 50.0 2.10

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 625 426.4 48.40
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 10.7 1.40
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
Skane ME 2.2 0.30
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.9 0.10

Pai n t P r o p e r t ies :
P i gment Vol ume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 40.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 5 . 6
V i s c o s i t y , e q u i 1ib r a t e d :
S t o r m e r , KU: 98
I C I , Poise: 1.5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 2

F i l m Properties:
C o n t r a s t R a t i 0 , 6 - m i 1 wet drawdown : 0.968
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 1 . 9
Sheen, 85: 7
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass
Wet Adhesion, g l o s s a l k y d : E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 625: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2463
Exterior Paints and Related Products 73

Exterior Gloss W h i t e
Inqredients: Pounds Gallons
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 112.0 13.40
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1. o 0.10
S o l v e n t 142HT 10.0 1.50
Tamol 165 13.7 1.50
P o t a s s i u m T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 0.5 0.03
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 3.0 0.40
P r o x e l GXL 2.0 0.20
Byk 023 2.5 0.30
T i -Pure R-706 225.0 6.80

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 519.0 58.60
Sol v e n t 142HT 10.0 1.50
Byk 025 2.0 0.30
Butyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 26.0 3.30
Water 85.6 10.10
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1. o 0.10
Ucar P o l yphobe 9831 Rheology Modi f ie r 14.8 1.70

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 1 9 . 8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 3 . 9
Weight S o l i d s , %: 4 5 . 8
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.28
S t o r m e r , KU: 9 5
I C I , Poise: 1.8
pH Value: 9-9.5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 0-1
Heat Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c C o n t e n t , g / L : 120

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 7 7
G l o s s , 20: 3 4
F1ow and L e v e l ing : E x c e l 1e n t
Dry-to-Touch, h o u r s : 2
Recoat, h o u r s : 4-6
W a t e r / B l is t e r Resi s t a n c e : Good

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar P o l y p h o b e 9831 Rheology


Modi f ie r : F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n E-2482
74 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x t e r i o r House P a i n t

M a t e r i a1 : -
Lbs
Grind:
Water 101.6 12.20
Nuosept 95 (Nuodex) 1.5 0.16
Tamol 731 (Rohm and Haas) 7.5 0.82
I g e p a l CO-630 (GAF) 3.4 0.38
T i - P u r e R-902 (DuPont) 213.3 6.23
B e a v e r w h i t e 325 T a l c (Cyprus) 111.7 1.07
325 W.G. M i c a ( U n i m i n ) 25.4 4.99
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 4.5 0.20
Premix and add:
Ethylene Glycol 23.6 2.54
Texanol (Eastman) 5.9 0.74
N a t r o s o l P l u s 330 PA ( A q u a l o n ) 4.0 0.36
Letdown :
Water 125.0 15.01
248-5809 (McWhorter) 437.8 48.03
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 3.0 0.39
Water 50.0 6.10

Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n t e n t , %: 31.2
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y w e i g h t ) : 54.6
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y volume): 39.3
VOC. g / l : 126
Stormer V i s c o s i t y . K . U . : 90+-5
I C 1 V i s c o s i t y , P o i s e : 1+-0.1
G l o s s a t 60, %: 0-5

Recommended P r o d u c t s :
A g i t a n 260, 315 o r 731

SOURCE: King Industries: F o r m u l a t i o n WR-39: F C A ' s f o r Trade S a l e s


Paint
Exterior Paints and Related Products 75

E x t e r i o r House P a i n t - T i n t Base

Inaredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 209.6 25.20
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. 19.6 2.10
Ammoni um H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 1.8 0.20
P r o x e l GXL 2.0 0.20
Tamol 1124 5.0 0.50
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 3.2 0.40
Propylene G l y c o l 25.9 3.00
Tronox CR-828 150.0 4.40
Minex 4 125.0 5.80
Hydrite Flat D 75.0 3.50

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 625 455.9 51.80
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 11.4 1.40
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
Troysan Polyphase AF-1 7.3 0.80
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.9 0.10

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 3 5 . 8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 53.2
Viscosity, equilibrated:
Stormer, KU: 91
I C I , poise: 1.4
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 2

Fi l m Properties:
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.956
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 0 . 1
Sheen, 85: 7
C o l o r Acceptance: E x c e l l e n t
C o l o r F l o a t : Good
Wet Adhesion, 4 - h r : E x c e l l e n t
Flow and L e v e l i n g , ASTM D-4062: 8
Film Build, sq.ft./gal.: 411
L o w Temperature Coalescence:
s e a l e d : 10
u n s e a l e d : 10

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 625: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2460
76 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x t e r i o r Senialoss

I n q r e d ie n t s : ~
Pounds _Gal 1ons
_ _
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 150.0 18.96
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 60.5 7.00
Tamol 1124 7.4 0.75
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e (28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n ) 2.0 0.25
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.25
C o l l o i d 653 1.9 0.25
T i -Pure R-700 250.0 7.16
Letdown :
Water 91.5 10.99
Ucar Pol yphobe 102 Rheology Modi f ie r 13.1 1 .so
Ucar L a t e x 2300 447.7 50.88
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 11.2 1.41
Col l o i d 653 2.8 0.37
Troysan Polyphase AF-1 7.3 0.75
T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-7M 1.1 0.13
Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 22.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 32.6
Weight S o l i d s , %: 47.2
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.43
Stormer, KU: 99
I C I , P o i s e : 1 .26
pH V a l u e : 8.0
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 7

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 78.3
G l o s s , 20: 39.6
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.964
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 91.8
Scrub R e s i s t a n c e , c y c l e s passed: 161

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n E-2263


Exterior Paints and Related Products 77

E x t e r i o r Semisloss F o r m u l a t i o n

Inqredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


P i gment G r ind :
Water 190.0 22.80
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 17.4 2.00
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.23
Propylene G l y c o l 60.5 6.99
Troysan 586 1.8 0.19
Tamol 1124 5.3 0.54
C o l l o i d 643 1.8 0.23
T r i t o n Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.25
Tronox CR-828 250.0 7.50
P o l y g l o s s 90 25.0 1.15

Letdown :
Water 1 5.5 0.66
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r ) Premix 4.4 0.51
NeoCar Latex 2300 474.4 53.61
C o l l o i d 643 1.8 0.23
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 15.8 1.99
Troysan Polyphase A F - 1 7.4 0.74
T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-7M 1.1 0.13
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.23

Note: I f wet adhesion i s d e s i r e d , b l e n d i n g w i t h an a c r y l i c


r e s i n , such as Ucar Latex 625, i s recommended.

Pai n t P r o p e r t i es :
PVC, %: 23.6
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.7
Weight S o l i d s , %: 52.6
Weight per Gallon, l b : 10.68
Stormer, KU: 99
I C I , poise: 1.5
pH Value: 8.7
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 92.3
Gloss, 20: 19
Gloss, 60: 59.5
Flow and L e v e l i n g : Exc
C o l o r Acceptance: Exc

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: NeoCar Polymers: Formulation


Suggest ion E-2264
78 Water -Based Paint Formulations

E x t e r i o r T i n t Base F o r m u l a t i o n

In q r e d ien t s : Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 197.4 23.7
Ucar P o l yphobe 102 Rheology Modi f ie r 15.2 1.7
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.3
Troysan 586 2.0 0.2
Tamol 1124 5.0 0.5
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.3
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 3.2 0.4
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 25.9 3.0
Tronox CR-828 150.0 4.4
Minex 4 125.0 5.8
Hydrite Flat D 75.0 3.5

Letdown :
Water 3.8 0.5
Ucar L a t e x 625 319.2 36.3
Ucar L a t e x 461 145.5 16.9
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 11.4 1.4
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.3
Troysan Polyphase AF-1 7.3 0.8
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.9 0.1

Pai n t P r o p e r t ies :
P i gment Vol ume C o n c e n t r a t ion, %: 3 5 . 8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 8 . 0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 9
Stormer, KU: 83
I C I , P o i s e : 0.95
pH V a l u e : 9 . 6
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 12OF, weeks passed: 2
R a t i o o f Ucar L a t e x e s 625:461: 70:30

F i lrn P r o p e r t i e s :
Sheen. 8 5 : 9 . 2
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.952
Dry Adhesion ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a1 kyd
and l a t e x c h a l k ) : Exc
Wet Adhesion ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a l k y d
and l a t e x c h a l k , g l o s s a l k y d ) : Exc
B1 is t e r i ng ( u n t r e a t e d a1 umi num, g a l v a n i zed s t e e l , a1 kyd
and l a t e x c h a l k ) : Exc

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 461: Formulation


E-2474
Exterior Paints and Related Products 79

E x t e r i o r Trim Formulation
Modi f ie d V i n v l A c r v l ic P a i n t

Inqredi ents: Pounds Gal 1ons


P i ament G r i nd:
WaTer 98.5 11.8
Ucar P o l yphobe 102 Rheology Modi f ie r 19.3 2.2
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.3
Propylene Glycol 59.6 6.9
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.2
Tamol 1124 7.3 0.7
C o l l o i d 643 1.9 0.3
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.2
Tronox CR-828 246.3 7.2
P o l y g l o s s 90 24.6 1.1

Letdown :
Water 78.0 9.4
Ucar P o l yphobe 1 14 Rheology Modi f ie r 6.5 0.7
Butyl Carbitol Solvent 20.5 2.6
Ucar F i l m e r I 8 T 10.2 1.3
Ucar L a t e x 3796 316.1 34.9
Ucar L a t e x 633G 162.0 18.4
C o l l o i d 643 2.8 0.4
T r o y s a n P o l y p h a s e AF-1 7.2 0.7
Byk 346 1.1 0.1
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.3

P a i n t P r o p e r t ia s :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 24.2
Volume S o l i d s , %: 35.0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 7
S t o r m e r , KU: 96
I C I , Poise: 1.2
p H Value: 7 . 6
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 2
R a t i o o f Ucar L a t e x e s 379G:6336: 7 0 : 3 0

F i l m Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 46
G l o s s , 20: 10
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.967
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 91.8
Block Resistance: 8
D r y Adhesion ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a1 k y d
and l a t e x c h a l k ) : Exc
Wet Adhesion ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a l k y d
and l a t e x c h a l k , g l o s s a l k y d ) ; Exc
B l i s t e r i n g ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a l k y d
and l a t e x c h a l k ) : Exc

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar L a t e x 0336: F o r m u l a t i o n


E-2471
80 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x t e r i o r Trim Formulation

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 190.6 22.9
Ucar Pol yphobe 102 Rheology Modi f ie r 21.8 2.5
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.3
Propylene G l y c o l 60.5 7.0
Troysan 586 1.8 0.2
Tamol 1124 5.3 0.5
C o l l o i d 643 1.8 0.3
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.2
Tronox CR-828 250.0 7.3
P o l y g l o s s 90 25.0 1.1

Letdown :
Water 7.2 0.9
NeoCar L a t e x 2300 365.4 41.3
Ucar L a t e x 6336 107.8 12.3
C o l l o i d 643 1.8 0.3
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 15.8 2.0
Troysan Polyphase A F - 1 7.4 0.8
T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-7M 1.1 0.1
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.3

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 24.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 5 . 5
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 7
Stormer, KU: 93
I C I , Poise: 1 . 4
pH Value: 8 . 9
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 12OF, weeks passed: 2

F i l m Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 77
G l o s s , 20: 28
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.977
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 2 . 2
B l o c k R e s i s t a n c e , 1-week d r y , RT: 8
Dry Adhesion ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l ,
a l k y d c h a l k ) : Exc
Wet Adhesion ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l ,
a l k y d c h a l k , g l o s s a l k y d ) : Good
61 is t e r i ng ( u n t r e a t e d a1 umi num, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a1 kyd
c h a l k ) : Good

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 6336: F o r m u l a t i o n


E-2472
Exterior Paints and Related Products 81

Exterior Trim Formulation

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 98.5 11 . 8
Ucar P o l y p h o b e 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 19.3 2.2
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 1.8 0.3
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 59.6 6.9
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.2
Tamol 1124 7.3 0.7
C o l l o i d 643 1.9 0.3
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.3
T r o n o x CR-828 246.3 7.2
P o l y g l o s s 90 24.6 1.1

Letdown :
Water 47.2 5.7
Butyl Carbitol Solvent 20.5 2.6
Ucar F i l m e r I 8 T 10.2 1.3
Ucar L a t e x 626 372.5 42.8
Ucar L a t e x 471 129.4 14.9
C o l l o i d 643 2.8 0.4
T r o y s a n P o l y p h a s e AF-1 7.2 0.8
Byk 346 1.1 0.1
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 1.8 0.3

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 2 4 . 2
Volume S o l i d s , %: 35.0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.5
S t o r m e r , KU: 89
I C I , Poise: 1.5
p H Value: 8 . 8
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks p a s s e d : 2
R a t i o o f Ucar L a t e x e s 626:Ucar 471: 7 0 : 3 0

F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
G l o s s , 6 0 : 53
G l o s s , 20: 15
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0 . 9 7
Reflectance, %: 92.2
Block Resistance: 9
D r y Adhesion ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a l k y d
and l a t e x c h a l k ) : Exc
B l i s t e r i n g ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e l , a l k y d and
l a t e x c h a l k ) : Exc
Wet A d h e s i o n ( u n t r e a t e d aluminum, g a l v a n i z e d s t e e , a l k y d and
l a t e x c h a l k , g l o s s a l k y d ) : Exc

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar L a t e x 471: Formu a t i o n


E-2475
82 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x t e r i o r W h i t e F l a t House P a i n t

I n q r e d ients: Pounds Gal 1ons


P i gment G r ind :
Water 234.5 28.20
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. M o d . 19.6 2.30
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.20
Proxel GXL 2.0 0.20
Tamol 1124 5.0 0.50
Col l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.1 0.30
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 25.9 3.00
T i -Pure R-706 225.0 6.60
Minex 4 135.4 6.20
N y t a l 300 75.0 3.20

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 625 408.6 46.40
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 10.2 1.30
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
Troysan Polyphase AF-1 7.3 0.80
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.20

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 42.5
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 5 . 7
V i s c o s i t y , e q u i 1 ib r a t e d :
Stormer, KU: 90
I C I , Poise: 1 . 3
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 2

Film Properties:
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.965
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 91.9
Wet Adhesion, g l o s s a l k y d : E x c e l l e n t
C h a l k Adhesion, ASTM # 5 : G o o d

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 625: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n E-2459
Exrenor Paints and Related Products 83

E x t e r i o r White T r i m House P a i n t

Inqredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


P i Qment G r i nd:
Water 208.1 24.90
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. 19.6 2.30
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.20
T r o y 586 2.0 0.20
Tamol 1124 7.4 0.70
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.30
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.20
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 60.5 7.00
T i -Pure R-902 237.5 7.10
P o l y g l o s s 90 50.0 2.30

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 625 459.3 52.20
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 11.5 1 .50
C o l l o i d 640 2.8 0.40
T r o y s a n P o l y p h a s e AF-1 7.3 0.80
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.9 0.10
Byk 346 1.1 0.10

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 27.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 4 . 0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 48.6
Viscosity, equilibrated:
S t o r m e r , KU: 91
I C I , Poise: 1 . 3
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 2

Film Properties:
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.968
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 3 . 4
G l o s s , 60: 40
Wet Adhesion, g l o s s a l k y d , 4 - h r : E x c e l l e n t
Adhesion, 1 week, ASTM D3359 ( w e t ) :
a l k y d : 4A
aluminum: 5A
C h a l k Adhesion, ASTM # 5 : Good
B l i s t e r i n g , 24 h r s . :
aluminum: 10
a l k y d c h a l k (ASTM # 5 ) : 8 F
Flow and L e v e l i n g , b r u s h e d : 7

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar L a t e x 025: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2402
84 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Good Q u a l i t y W h i t e E x t e r i o r F l a t P a i n t f o r Masonry

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons


P i gment G r i nd :
Water 199.9 24.00
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-15,000 2.5 0.22
P o t a s s i u m T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 2.0 0.09
Nuosept 95 1.5 0.16
C o l l o i d 643 2.0 0.26
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 3.0 0.34
AMP-95 1.o 0.13
Tamol 850 7.0 0.71
T i - P u r e R-902 220.0 6.60
E a g l e 417W 25.0 0.53
Snowf 1ake 100.0 4.44
Minex 4 131.7 6.07

D i s p e r s e a t h i g h speed f o r 15 m i n u t e s . Do n o t exceed 120F.


D i s p e r s i o n s h o u l d be 3-4 on Hegman.

Letdown :
Water 1 127.1 15.26
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l ) Premi x 40.0 4.62
C e l l o s i z e Hydroxyethyl C e l l u l o s e )
QP-15,000 ) 2.3 0.20
C o l l o i d 643 2.0 0.26
NeoCar L a t e x 2300 305.0 34.47
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 13.0 1.64

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 5 0 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 5 . 3
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 4 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.98
S t o r m e r , KU: 88-93
I C I , p o i s e : 0.8-1.0
pH V a l u e : 8 . 0 - 8 . 5
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: Pass

Film Properties:
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 8 9 . 4
Gloss, 60: 2
Sheen, 85: 3
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : 0.970
ASTM S c r u b C y c l e s , w i t h s h i m F a i l u r e : >3000

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: NeoCar P o l y m e r s : F o r m u l a t i o n


Suggest ion E-2252
Exterior Paints and Related Products 85

Good Q u a l i t y W h i t e E x t e r i o r F l a t P a i n t f o r Wood
Ingredients: Pounds Gallons
Pigment G r i nd:
Water 195.8 23.50
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP- 15,000 2.5 0.22
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 2.0 0.09
Nuosept 95 1.5 0.16
C o l l o i d 643 2.0 0.26
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 3.0 0.34
AMP-95 1.o 0.13
Tamol 850 7.0 0.71
T i -Pure R-902 245.0 7.35
E a g l e 417W 50.0 1.07
Snowf 1ake 70.0 3.11
Minex 4 85.0 3.92

D i s p e r s e a t h i g h speed f o r 15 m i n u t e s . Do n o t exceed 120F.


D i s p e r s i o n s h o u l d be 3-4 on Hegman.

Letdown :
Water ) 51 .5 6.17
P r o p y l e n e G1y c o l 1 40.0 4.62
C e l l o s i z e Hydroxethyl C e l l u l o s e ) Premix
QP-15,OOO 1 2.0 0.17
C o l l o i d 643 2.0 0.26
NeoCar L a t e x 2300 405.0 45.77
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 17.0 2.15

Note: I f wet a d h e s i o n i s d e s i r e d , b l e n d i n g w i t h an a c r y l i c
r e s i n , such as Ucar L a t e x 625, i s recommended.

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 39.8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.8
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 6 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.82
Stormer, KU: 88-93
I C I , p o i s e : 0.8-1 . O
pH v a l u e : 8 . 0 - 8 . 5
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: Pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 0 . 8
Gloss, 60: 3
Sheen, 85: 6
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : 0.976
ASTM Scrub C y c l e s , w i t h shim F a i l u r e : >3000

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: NeoCar Polymers: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2253
86 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Greqson D r i v e Gloss W h i t e

Ingrediernrs; Pounds Gal l o n s


____
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 112.0 13.40
Ucar P o l y p h o b e 02 Rheo. Mod. 10.0 1.20
Ammoni um Hydrox de, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.o 0.10
Sol v e n t 142HT 10.0 1.50
Tamol 165 13.7 1.50
P o t a s s i um T r i po y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 0.5 0.03
T r i t o n Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 3.0 0.40
Proxel GXL 2.0 0.20
Byk 023 2.5 0.30
T i - P u r e R-706 225.0 6.80

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 481 519.0 58.60
S o l v e n t 142HT 10.0 1.50
Byk 025 2.0 0.30
Butyl Carbitol Solvent 26.0 3.30
Water 76.4 9.17
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.o 0.10
Ucar P o l y p h o b e 106HE Rheo. Mod. 14.0 1 .60

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n r t a t i o n , % : 1 9 . 8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 3 . 9
Weight S o l i d s , %: 45.8
S t o r m e r , KU: 87
I C I , Poise: 1.0
pH V a l u e : 9 - 9 . 5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 0-1
Heat-Age S t a b i l i y. 12OF, weeks p a s s e d : 4
V O C , grams p e r 1 t e r : 120

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 6 0 : 90
G l o s s . 2 0 : 70
F1 ow and L e v e l ing : E x c e l 1e n t
Dry-to-Touch, hours: 2
Recoat, h o u r s : 4-6
W a t e r / B l i s t e r R e s i s t a n c e : Good

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: U l t r a - G l o s s L a t e x e s : F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2256
Exterior Points and Related Products 87

H i g h Q u a l i t y E x t e r i o r Semi G l o s s P a i n t

M a t e r i a1 :
Grind:
Water 62.50 5.99
N a t r o s o l P l u s (Aqualon) 0.52 0.05
A c r y s o l RM 1020 (Rohm and Haas) 31.32 3.00
A c r y s o l RM 825 (Rohm and Haas) 7.31 0.70
Pigment D i s p e r s e r NL (BASF) 1.04 0.10
TKPP (10% i n w a t e r ) 3.13 0.30
P r o x e l GXL ( I C 1 B i o c i d e s ) 2.09 0.20
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 3.13 0.30
Kronos 2310 (Kronos) 261 .02 25.02

Letdown :
Propylene g l y c o l 41.76 4.00
Dowanol DPnB (Dow) 10.44 1 .oo
Mineral S p i r it s 10.44 1 .oo
A c r o n a l DS 6183 (BASF) 417.63 40.00
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 3.13 0.30
Water 188.46 18.04

P r o p e r t i es :
Pigment Volume C o n t e n t , %: 2 5 . 5
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y w e i g h t ) : 45.2
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y volume): 32.1
VOC, g / l : 107.0
Stormer V i s c o s i t y , K . U . : 1 0 5 t - 5
I C 1 V i s c o s i t y , P o i s e : 1.5+-2
G l o s s a t 60, %: 6 7 . 0

A g i t a n 731
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b s / g a l l o n : 10.6
% foam on m a n u f a c t u r i n g : 0.66

Recommended P r o d u c t :
A g i t a n 731: H i g h p e r f o r m a n c e w t h e x c e l l e n t p e r s i s t e n c y

A l t e r n a t i v e Products:
A g i t a n 260 o r A g i t a n 315

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t on WR-39-2
88 Water-Based Paint Formulations

H i g h Sheen W h i t e House P a i n t

Inqredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 203.9 24.48
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. 15.2 1.75
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 1.8 0.25
T r o y 586 2.0 0.20
Tamol 1124 4.9 0.48
C o l l o i d 643 1.9 0.25
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.1 0.25
Propylene G l y c o l 34.6 4.00
Kronos 2310 225.0 6.75
Minex 10 71 .O 3.27
Burgess N o . 98 75.0 3.42

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 625 461.9 52.19
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 11.5 1.45
Col l o i d 643 1.9 0.25
Troysan Polyphase A F - 1 7.3 0.75
Byk 346 1.1 0.13
Ammmonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t on 0.9 0.13

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 35 2
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.1
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 4 . 0
V i s c o s i t y , e q u i 1ib r a t e d :
Stormer, KU: 88
I C I , Poise: 1.O
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 2

F i l m Properties:
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drwadown: 0.984
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 2 . 2
Sheen, 8 5 : 6 4 . 0
Wet Adhesion, g l o s s a l k y d : E x c e l l e n t
Chalk Adhesion, ASTM #5: Good

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 625: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n E-2461
Exterior Paints and Related Products 89

L o w VOC E x t e r i o r House P a i n t

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs %Wt
Grind:
N a t r o s o l 250 MHR 2.5% ( A q u a l o n ) 127.0 15.2
Water 85.0 10.2
Tamol 731 (Rohm and Haas) 16.0 1.8
KTPP 1.o 0.1
T r i t o n CF-10 (Rohm and Haas) 1. o 0.1
Kathon LX 1.5% (Rohm and Haas) 1.7 0.2
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 2.0 0.3
T i -Pure R-902 ( DuPont ) 250.0 7.5
E a g l e Z i n c 417W ( E a g l e ) 25.0 0.5
Minex 4 ( I n d u s m i n ) 144.0 6.6
A t t a g e l 50 ( E n g l e h a r d ) 5.0 0.2

Letdown :
E m u l s i o n E-3122 (Rohm and Haas) 301 . O 34.0
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l A g e n t ) 2.0 0.3
A c r y s o l RM-2020 (Rohm and Haas) 15.0 0.2
N a t r o s o l 250 MHR 2.5% ( A q u a l o n ) 29.0 1.7
Skane M-8 (Rohm and Haas) 2.0 3.5
Water 149.0 17.9

Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n t e n t , %: 4 3 . 5
% N o n v o l a t i l e (by w e i g h t ) : 52.4
% N o n v o l a t i l e (by volume): 34.3
Stormer V i s c o s i t y , K.U.: 9 2 t - 5
I C 1 V i s c o s i t y , Poise: 1.3+-2

Recommended P r o d u c t :
A g i t a n 731: S u p e r i o r p e r f o r m a n c e i n b o t h a p p l i c a t i o n and
production o f p a i n t . Fine tuning w i l l optimize
p e r f o r m a n c e and may p r o v i d e a c o s t advantage.
A g i t a n 315: E x c e l l e n t foam c o n t r o l i n a l l a s p e c t s o f p a i n t
m a n u f a c t u r e and a p p l i c a t i o n . Lower c o s t a l t e r -
n a t i v e t o 731.

A l t e r n a t i v e P r o d u c t : A g i t a n 260

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-39-4
90 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Q u a l i t y E x t e r i o r F l a t Formulation

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i nd:
Water 183.3 22.0
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-15,000 2.5 0.2
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 2.0 0.1
Drewpl us L-475 2.0 0.3
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 4.0 0.5
Tamol 850 7.0 0.7
AMP-95 1.5 0.2
T i -Pure R-902 220.0 6.6
E a g l e 417W 50.0 1.1
I m s i l A25 130.0 5.9
C e l i t e 499 20.0 1 .o
Water 16.7 2.0

Letdown :
Water 1 188.2 22.6
N a t r o s o l P l u s 330 ) premix 4.0 0.4
Propylene G l y c o l 30.0 3.5
Drewpl u s L-475 2.0 0.3
Ucar L a t e x 6390 65.0 7.4
NeoCar L a t e x 2300 208.0 23.5
Ucar F i l m e r I 8 T 14.0 1.7

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 48.7
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 0 . 0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.5
Stormer, KU: 83-88
I C I , Poise: 0.9
pH V a l u e : 8 . 9
Low Temperature Coalescence: Pass
Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 2
Sheen, 85: 2
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.990
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 8 8 . 4
Scrub R e s i s t a n c e , c y c l e s passed: >1500
D r y Adhesion, c r o s s h a t c h t a p e p u l l : Pass
Wet Adhesion, c y c l e s passed: >2000
5 0 - m i l M u d c r a c k i n g : Pass

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 8390: F o r m u l a t i o n


E-2477
Exterior Paints and Related Products 91

Qual i ty Exterior Flat P a i n t


Inaredients; Pounds Gal 1 ons
Pigment Grind:
Water 252.1 30.27
Cellosize Hydroxyethyl Cellulose ER-30,000 4.0 0.36
Nuosept 145 2.3 0.25
Tamol 960 10.5 1 .oo
Potassi u m Tripolyphosphate (KTPP) 2.0 0.10
Triton Nonionic Surfactant N-101 2.2 0.25
~ ~ p - 9 5 1 .o 0.13
Propylene G1 ycol 34.5 4.00
Colloid 640 1.9 0.25
Ti -Pure R-900 225.0 6.54
Eagle 417W 25.0 0.54
Mica 325WG 25.0 1.07
IT-325 175.0 7.37

Letdown :
Ucar Latex 379G 408.3 45.12
Ucar Filmer IBT 17.8 2.25
Skane M-8 2.2 0.25
Colloid 640 1.9 0.25

Paint Properti 8s:


PVC, %: 40.1
Volume Solids, %: 39.3
Weight Solids, %: 57.7
Weight per Gallon, lb: 11.9
Stormer, KU: 100
ICI, poise: 0.9
pH, initial: 8.9
Freeze-thaw Stability, 3 cycles: Pass
Heat-Aged Stability, 2 weeks at 120F: Pass
Film Properties:
Ref 1 ectance, %: 90.5
Sheen, 85: 5.1
Contrast Ratio, 3-mil film: 0.966
SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Formulation Suggestion E-19928
92 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Q u a l i t y White E x t e r i o r Trim P a i n t

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 98.5 11.79
Ucar P o l yphobe 9831 Rheology Modi f ie r 5.0 0.60
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.20
Propylene G l y c o l 59.6 6.90
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.30
Tamol 1124 7.3 0.69
Col l o i d 643 1.9 0.30
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.30
Tronox CR-828 246.3 7.39
P o l y g l o s s 90 24.6 1.18

Letdown :
Water 16.7 1.99
Ucar Polyphobe 9831 Rheology M o d i f i e r ) 5.8 0.69
Water ) Premix 44.7 5.38
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent 30.7 3.04
Ucar L a t e x 626 496.7 57.08
Col l o i d 643 2.8 0.39
Troysan Polyphase AF-1 7.2 0.79
T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-7M 1.1 0.10
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.9 0.10

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 24.2
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 5 . 0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 49.7
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 5 6
Stormer, KU: 95
I C I , Poise: 1.4
pH V a l u e : 8 . 9
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 12OF. weeks passed: 2

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 71
Gloss, 2 0 : 26
C o l o r Acceptance: E x c e l l e n t
Flow and L e v e l i n g : E x c e l l e n t
Wet Adhesion, 2 4 - h r d r y : E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Polyphobe Q 8 3 l Rheology


M o d i f i e r : F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n E-2484
Exterior Paints and Related Products 93

Q u a l i t y White E x t e r i o r T r i m P a i n t

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 98.5 11.79
Ucar Polyphobe 02 Rheology Modi f ie r 10.7 1.28
Ammoni um Hydrox de, 28% Aqueous S o l u t on 1.8 0.20
P r o p y l e n e G1yco 59.6 6.90
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.30
Tamol 1124 7.3 0.69
Col l o i d 643 1.9 0.30
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.30
Tronox CR-828 246.3 7.39
P o l y g l o s s 90 24.6 1.18

Letdown :
Water 8.2 0.98
Ucar Pol yphobe 102 Rheology Modi f ie r ) Premi x 8.6 1.02
Water 1 44.7 5.38
B u t y l C a r b i t o 1 Sol v e n t 20.5 2.56
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 10.2 1.28
Ucar L a t e x 626 496.7 57.08
C o l l o i d 643 2.8 0.39
Troysan Polyphase AF-1 7.2 0.79
T r i t o n A n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-7M 1.1 0.10
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.9 0.10

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 24.2
Volume S o l i d s , %: 35.0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 49.7
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.56
Stormer, KU: 90-95
I C I , Poise: 1.4
pH Value: 8 . 9
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 12OF, weeks passed: 2

Film Properties:
Gloss, 60: 62
Gloss, 20: 15
C o l o r Acceptance: E x c e l l e n t
Flow and L e v e l i n g : Excel l e n t
Wet Adhesion, 24-hr d r y : E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n E-2458


94 Water -Based Paint Formulations

Q u a l i t y W h i t e House P a i n t w i t h ZnO

I n q r e d ients: Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i nd:
Water 295.6 35.49
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-30,000 4.0 0.36
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
Propylene G l y c o l 25.9 3.00
Col l o i d 226/35 10.3 1 .oo
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 1 .o 0.05
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.2 0.25
Col l o i d 653 1.9 0.25
T i -Pure R-902 225.0 6.75
XX503R 25.0 0.54
N y t a l 300 100.0 4.21
Minex 4 96.4 4.44

Letdown :

Ucar L a t e x 624 364.2 41.39


Ucar F i l m e r I8T 9.1 1 .I5
Skane M8 2.2 0.25
C o l l o i d 653 2.8 0.37
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 2.0 0.25

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 45.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 35.4
V i s c o s i t y , e q u i 1ib r a t e d :
Stormer, KU: 82
I C I , p o i s e : 0.85
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.70
Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.951
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 91 . 1
Sheen, 85: 4.0
Flow and L e v e l i n g , b r u s h e d : Good
Wet Adhesion: E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 624: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n E-2426
Exterior Paints and Related Products 95

U r e t h a n e F o r t i f i e d P o r c h & Deck Enamel

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals .
A r o l o n 840-W-39 130.5 15.00
Water 50.0 6.00
C o l l o i d 679 1.9 0.25
C e l l o s i ze QP4400 1.o 0.09
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e 1.9 0.25
D i sperse-Ayd W28 4.4 0.50
Kroma Red RO 7097 50.0 1.23
T i t a n o x 2101 5.0 0.15
Durami t e 150.0 6.61

Add t h e above i n o r d e r under good a g i t a t i o n , t h e n p e b b l e o r sand


m i l l g r i n d t o 7 Hegman.

Letdown : u sI Gals_
A r o l o n 840-W-39 304.5 35.00
Spensol L51 304.1 34.75
Ucar S C T I 00 2.3 0.25

Analysis:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , P e r c e n t : 2 2 . 0
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0.8/1 .O
Percent S o l i d s , Weight: 46.9
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 3 6 . 4
V i s c o s i t y (a 25C, K U : 85-95
Pounds/Gal l o n : I O . 1
pH: 8 . 5 + - 0 . 3
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Li t e r : 150
Pounds/Gallon: 1 . 3

SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L: F o r m u l a 2262-80


96 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Weather B a r r i e r Formulat-

IlrpdEnts: Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 143.3 17.3
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-52M 4.0 0.3
Dispersant ( 1) 8.0 0.8
P o t a s s i um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 2.0 ---
Ethylene Glycol 20.0 2.2
W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) 1.2 0.2
Antifoam ( 3 ) 1.5 0.2
Titanium Dioxide (4) 103.0 3.2
C a l c i um C a r b o n a t e ( 5 ) 385.0 17.1
Z i n c Oxide ( 6 ) 40.6 0.9
Mildewcide ( 7 ) 5.0 0.5

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 123 496.6 55.9
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 6.0 0.8
Antifoam (3) 2.0 0.3
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 2.5 0.3

S, u p p l ie r s :
( 1 ) D i s p e r s a n t - C o l l o i d 226/35 (Rhone-Poulenc) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
W e t t i n g Agent - S u r f y n o l 104 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
A n t i f o a m - C o l l o i d 643 (Rhone-Poulenc) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-960 (DuPont) or e q u i v a l e n t .
C a l c i u m Carbonate - A t o m i t e (ECC) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 6 ) Z i n c O x i d e - Kadox 915 (Cookson) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 7 ) M i l d e w c i d e - N o p c o c i d e N-96 ( H e n k e l ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC), %: 40
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
b y Volume: 5 3 . 8
by Weight: 68.5
S t o r m e r V i s c o s i t y , KU: 110

F i 1m P r o p e r t i e s * :
Tensile:
S t r a i n Rate, i n / m i n : 2 . 0
S t r e s s , p s i : 108
E l o n g a t i o n , % : 1070
T e n s i l e a f t e r 24-hour Water i m m e r s i o n :
S t r a i n Rate, i n / m i n : 2 . 0
S t r e s s , p s i : 52
E l o n g a t i o n , % : 1650
Water Pondi ng:
Water T r a n s m i s s i o n a t 2 4 Hours, mg: 9 0
Low T e m p e r a t u r e F l e x i b i l i t y :
180 Bend a t -2OC: No C r a c k i n g
* D r i e d and C o n d i t i o n e d 7 Days a t 72F (22C) and 50% RH

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar L a t e x 1 2 3 : F o r m u l a t i o n WB-120


Exterior Paints and Related Products 97

W h i t e E x t e r i o r F l a t House P a i n t w i t h Z i n c O x i d e

I n q r e d ients: Pounds _ G a l l o n
_ _s ~
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 249.1 29.90
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-30,000 4.0 0.40
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 25.9 2.98
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 2.0 0.20
Tamol 850 4.0 0.40
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.1 0.24
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.25
T i -Pure R-706 200.0 5.90
E a g l e 417W 50.0 1.11
Minspar 4 100.0 4.63
N y t a l 300 75.0 3.16

Letdown :
Water 75.0 9.00
Ucar L a t e x 353 251 .O 27.50
Ucar L a t e x 6390 88.7 10.08
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 23.8 3.01
Col l o i d 640 3.8 0.51
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 3.0 0.40

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 41 . 1
Volume S o l i d s , %: 36.0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 9 . 6
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.61
S t o r m e r , KU: 93
I C I , poise: 0.9
pH, i n i t i a l : 9 . 4
Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 5 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y :
1 week a t 140F: Pass
2 weeks a t 120F: Pass
R o l l e r S t a b i l i t y , 1 week*: Pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t i es :
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 88.2
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : 0.951
Wet Adhesion, 2 4 - h r . , c y c l e s : >2000
C h a l k Adhesion:
D r y : Exc
Wet: Exc
Color*:
Acceptance: Exc
Development : Exc
F l o a t : Exc
* T i n t e d w i t h 2% by w e i g h t p h t h a l o b l u e ( H u l s 888-7124)

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 353: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-1519
98 Water-Bared Paint Formulations

W h i t e E x t e r i o r F l a t House P a i n t w i t h Z i n c O x i d e

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


P i grnent O r ind :
Cel l o s i ze H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-4400 123.1 14.78
Water 98.1 11.78
Propylene G l y c o l 59.0 6.86
Tamol 960 7.1 0.72
P o t a s s i urn T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 1.5 0.15
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 2.5 0.28
Col l o i d 643 1. o 0.14
AMP-95 1 .o 0.13
T i -Pure R-902 225.0 6.76
Eagle 417W 25.0 0.54
Minex 4 145.0 6.68
Optiwhi t e 50.0 2.73
A t t a g e l 50 5.0 0.25

Letdown :
NeoCar L a t e x 6035 378.0 41.77
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 20.0 2.53
Skane M-8 1.o 0.12
C o l l o i d 643 1.5 0.21
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 2.0 0.24
Cel l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-4400 43.0 5.16

Pai n t P r o p e r t ies :
PVC, %: 45.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 7 . 0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 54.7
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 1 . 7
Stormer, KU: 97
ICI, p o i s e : 0 . 8 - 1 . 0
pH V a l u e : 8 . 5 - 9 . 0
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 1 4 0 F : Pass

Film Properties:
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 89.7
G l o s s , 60: 3
Sheen, 85: 4
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : 0.969
ASTM Scrub C y c l e s , w i t h shim F a i l u r e : > l o 0 0
C h a l k Adhesion: Exc

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: NeoCar Polymers: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2272
Exterior Paints and Related Products 99

White R o o f Coating

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Water 172.60 20.72
PMA-100 1 .80 0.09
Ammonia (28%) 0.90 0.12
Potassium Tripolyphosphate 1.92 0.09
AZO-33 Z i n c O x i d e 22.83 0.49
Durami t e 466.65 20.74
T i t a n o x 2160 24.31 0.73
B u b b l e B r e a k e r 3295 3.30 0.44
B u b b l e B r e a k e r 776-P 3.30 0.44
M e t h o c e l 31 2MS 4.14 0.36
Texanol 17.93 2.27

D i s p e r s e under h i g h s h e a r f o r 10-15 m i n u t e s .
Add l e t d o w n :

A r o l o n 820-W-49 470.89 53.51

Analysis:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , P e r c e n t : 47.5
P i g m e n t / B i n d e r R a t i o : 2.26/1
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , W e i g h t : 63.18
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 47.33
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, KU: 80-90
Gloss: F l a t
Pounds/Gallon: 11.91
pH: 8 . 8 - 9 . 2
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Liter: 64.0
Pounds/Gallon: 0 . 5 3

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: A r o l o n 820: Formula 2185-40A


Interior Paints and Related Products 101

C l e a r H i g h Gloss V a r n i s h

Material: Lbs. Gals.


Spensol L51 651.9 74.50
Ammonium Hydroxide 1.9 0.25
S u r f y n o l 104H 4.0 0.50
Byk 321 1.9 0.25
C o l l o i d 679 I .9 0.25
A r o l o n 840-W-39 167.5 19.25
M i cheml ube 02925 31 . 1 3.75
Lodyne S107B 1. o 0.10

Add t h e above m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r under good a g i t a t i o n , t h e n add


t h e f o l l o w i n g c u r i n g agent j u s t p r i o r t o use and m i x w e l l f o r
a t l e a s t 10 m i n u t e s .

XAMA- 7 11.4 1.15

Analysis:
Percent Sol i d s , Weight : 30.9
Percent S o l i d s , Volume: 28.0
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C #2 Zahn, Secs.: 20
Gloss ( 6 0 ) : 100+
Pounds/Gallon: 8 . 7
pH: 8.5+-0.3
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) : G r a m s / L i t e r : 290
Pounds/Gallon: 2 . 4
F o r m u l a t i o n 2307-22A

Fast-Dry S e a l e r

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gal s .
Spensol L51 687.2 78.63

Premix and add:


Water 1.4 0.17
Ammoni um Hydroxi de 0.4 0.06

Add i n f o l l o w i n g o r d e r w i t h a g i t a t i o n :
A r o l o n 840-W-39 176.2 20.25
S u r f y n o l 104H 5.2 0.66
Lodyne S I 0 7 2.2 0.23

Analysis:
R a t i o o f Spensol L51 t o A r o l o n 840: 75:25
Percent S o l i d s , Weight: 32.1
Percent S o l i d s , Volume: 29.5
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #2 Zahn, Secs.: 2 3 t - 4
Pounds/Gallon: 8.73
pH: B t - 0 . 5
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) : G r a m s / L i t e r : 286
Pounds/Gallon: 2 . 4
Forrnul a t i o n 2061 - 9 1 A
S0URCE:Reichhold Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L51: F o r m u l a t i o n s
102 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Economv F l a t W a l l P a i n t

Inqredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


P i gment G r i n d :
Water 484.5 58.16
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-30,000 6.0 0.55
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
Tamol 731 4.6 0.50
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.2 0.25
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-40 2.2 0.25
AMP-95 1.o 0.13
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 13.0 I .50
D r e w p l u s L-475 1. o 0.13
Tronox CR-813 75.0 2.34
ASP NC2 200.0 9.30
No. 1 W h i t e 150.0 6.65
C e l i t e 281 25.0 1.30

Letdown :
Water 30.2 3.63
Ucar L a t e x 353 125.4 13.78
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 8.1 1.03
Drewpl u s L-475 1.9 0.25

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 70.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 2 9 . 8
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 0 . 2
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.32
S t o r m e r , KU: 9 4
I C I , p o i s e : 0.9
pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 3
Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 5 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

Film Properties:
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 1 . 2
Sheen, 85: 1 . 1
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : 0.959
ASTM S c r u b C y c l e s , w i t h s h i m f a i l u r e , 10%: 102
Color*:
Acceptance: Exc
Development: Exc
* T i n t e d w i t h 2% b y w e i g h t p h t h a l o b l u e ( H u l s 888-7214) or
r e d i r o n o x i d e ( H u l s 888-1045).

SOURCE: U c a r E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar L a t e x 353: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n 1-2469
Interior Paints and Related Products 103

Economy F l a t W a l l P a i n t

Ingredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 484.5 58.16
Cel l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-30,000 6.0 0.55
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
Tamol 731 4.6 0.50
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.2 0.25
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-40 2.2 0.25
AMP-95 1.o 0.13
Propylene Glycol 13.0 1.50
Drewplus L-475 1.o 0.13
Tronox CR-813 75.0 2.34
ASP NC2 200.0 9.30
No. 1 White 150.0 6.65
C e l i t e 281 25.0 1.30

Letdown :
Water 30.2 3.63
Ucar L a t e x 353 125.4 13.78
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 8.1 1.03
Orewplus L-475 1.9 0.25

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 70.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 29.8
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 0 . 2
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.32
S t o r m e r , KU: 94
I C I .. .o o i s e : 0 . 9
pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 3
Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 5 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 1 . 2
Sheen, 85: 1 . 1
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : 0.959
ASTM S c r u b C y c l e s , w i t h s h i m f a i l u r e , 10%: 102
Color*:
Acceptance: Exc
Development : Exc
* T i n t e d w i t h 2% b y w e i g h t p h t h a l o b l u e ( H u l s 888-7214) or
r e d i r o n o x i d e ( H u l s 888-1045).

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar L a t e x 353: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n 1-2460
104 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Good Q u a l i t y I n t e r i o r F l a t w i t h <50g/L VOC


I n q r e d ie n t s : Pounds Gal 1ons
P i gment G r i nd :
Water 358.0 43.00
Propylene G l y c o l 10.0 1.16
P r o x e l GXL 0.5 0.05
Col l o i d 226/35 6.0 0.59
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.2 0.25
Drewplus L-475 4.0 0.52
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 15.0 1.72
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50% S o l u t i o n ) 2.5 0.19
T i -Pure R-902 200.0 6.00
Snowf 1ake 175.0 7.75
Minex 4 175.0 8.05

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 3796 200.0 22.10
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 3.0 0.38
Drewplus L-475 4.0 0.52
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 17.3 1.98
Water 50.0 6.01

Paint Properties :
PVC, %: 63.1
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 4 . 5
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 5 . 1
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 12.18
Stormer, KU: 87
I C I , poise: 2.1
pH, i n i t i a l : 9 . 2
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i 1 it y , 1 c y c l e : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: Pass
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Content, g / L : 4 5 . 6

F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
Ref 1 e c t a n c e , %: 9 0 . 0
Sheen, 85: 2
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m : * 0.961
ASTM Scrub C y c l e s , w i t h shim F a i l u r e : 330
Color:*
Acceptance: Excel l e n t
Development: E x c e l l e n t
Low Temperature Coalescence I O - m i l drawdown a t 40F: Pass
Mudcracki ng, 3 0 - m i 1 on s h e e t r o c k : Pass

* T i n t e d w i t h 2% by w e i g h t p h t h a l o b l u e ( H u l s 888-7214)
o r r e d i r o n o x i d e ( H u l s 888-1045).

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n I-2230A


Interior Paints and Related Products 105

H i a h - Q u a l i t y Super F l a t I n t e r i o r P a i n t

Ingredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


P i Qment G r i n d :
Water 150.0 18.02
P r o p y l e n e G1y c o l 25.9 3.00
P r o x e l GXL 0.5 0.05
Col 1o i d 226/35 8.0 0.78
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-10 2.2 0.25
C o l l o i d 640 3.5 0.47
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology Mod f i e r 15.0 1.72
AMP-95 5.0 0.63
T i -Pure R-902 250.0 7.51
Snowf 1ake 960 125.0 5.54
Minex 4 125.0 5.76

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 3796 419.8 46.64
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 16.8 2.11
C o l l o i d 640 3.5 0.50
Ucar Pol yphobe 102 Rheology Modi f ie r 7.5 0.86
Water 51.3 6.16

Pai n t P r o p e r t i es :
PVC, %: 43.3
Volume S o l i d s , %: 43.4
Weight S o l i d s , %: 61.0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 12.09
Stormer. KU: 90
I C I , p o i s e : 2.0
pH, i n i t i a l : 9 . 2
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: Pass

F i 1m P r o p e r t ies :
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 92.5
Sheen, 85: 7
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 3 - m i l f i l m * : 0.962
ASTM Scrub Cycles, w i t h shim F a i l u r e : >2000
Color*:
Acceptance: Excel 1e n t
Development : Excel 1e n t

* T i n t e d w i t h 2% by w e i g h t p h t h a l o b l u e ( H u l s 888-7214) or
r e d i r o n o x i d e ( H u l s 888-1045).

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n I-2227A


106 Water-Based Paint Formulations

I n t e r i o r C l e a r Wood F i n i s h
(RhoDlex CL-l04/Sancure 8151

B1 end : Pounds
Rhopl ex CL-104 (38.5%) 540.0
Sancure 815 (35.0%) 148.5
S u r f y n o l DF-62 1.4
S u r f y n o l 104PG-50 3.0

M i x above f o r 10 m i n u t e s b e f o r e a d d i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g :

Hexyl C a r b i t o 1 20.8
Propylene G l y c o l 30.0
A c r y s o l RM-1020 18.0
Water 66.0
Michem 39235 22.3
Aqueous Ammonia ( 14%) 2.5

F o r m u l a t i o n B (Rohm and Haas)

I n t e r i o r Sandina S e a l e r
(RhoDlex CL-1051

E l end : Pounds
Rhopl ex CL-105 ( 3 7 . 0 % ) 709.3
S u r f y n o l DF-62 1.3
Water 32.9
Aqueous Ammonia (14%) 8.0
M i x above f o r 10 m i n u t e s b e f o r e a d d i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g :

Propasol B 45.2
Hexyl C a r b i t o 1 22.3
A c r y s o l RM-2020 4.1
Water 30.8
Aqueous Ammonia (7%) 2.6
S u r f y n o l 104DPM 3.0
F o r m u l a t i o n C (Rohm & Haas)

S u r f y n o l a d d i t i v e s have been shown t o p r o v i d e t h e f o l l o w i n g


benef it s :
*Color u n i f o r m i t y o f s t a i n s
* E a r l y s t a i n 1appi ng r e s i s t a n c e
* C o n s i s t e n t w e t t i n g , f l o w and l e v e l i n g on v a r i o u s woods
*Foam c o n t r o l
W i t h no d e t r i m e n t a l e f f e c t upon:
*Topcoat r e c o a t a b i l i t y and i n t e r c o a t adhesion
*Gloss r e t e n t i o n upon a g i n g
*Tannin b l e e d r e s i stance
*Water s e n s i t i v i t y
*Chemical r e s i s t a n c e
SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s 8, Chemicals, I n c . : S u r f y n o l S u r f a c t a n t s :
Formulas
Interior Paints and Related Products 107

I n t e r i o r Contractor F l a t

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d
Water 184.0 22.09
Propylene G1y c o l 26.0 3.02
Tamol 1124 10.0 1.01
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-405 2.0 0.23
C o l l o i d 643 1.5 0.21
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
T i -Pure R-901 100.0 3.33
Optiwhite 150.0 8.20
Durami t e 190.0 8.41
C e l i t e 281 20.0 1.04

Letdown :
Ucar Latex 379G 148.0 16.35
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 8.0 1.01
C o l l o i d 643 2.5 0.34
Water 50.0 6.00
Ucar Polyphobe 10 Rheology
-. Modi f ie r 21 .o 2.41
Water 217.5 26.11

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 7 1 . 4
Volume Sol i d s , %: 40.3
Wei g h t Sol i d s , %: 29.4
Weight p e r Gal on, l b : 11.3
pti, i n i t i a l : 8 5-9.0

Ucar Polyphobe 107:


NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 5 . 3
Stormer, KU: 90/98
I C I , poise: 0.7
Scrub Cycles: 140

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n Suggestion I - 2 2 3 1 A


108 Water-Based Paint Formulations

I n t e r i o r Good Q u a l i t y F l a t
f o r R o l l e r and Brush A p p l i c a t i o n

I n Q r e d ie n t s : Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 184.0 22.09
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 26.0 3.02
Tamol 1124 9.0 0.91
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-405 2.0 0.23
Col l o i d 643 1.5 0.21
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
T i -Pure R-901 100.0 3.33
Opt iwhi t e 150.0 8.20
Durami t e 190.0 8.41
Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 379 254.0 28.07
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 16.0 2.03
C o l l o i d 643 2.5 0.34
Water 50.0 6.00
Ucar Polyphobe 103 Rheology M o d i f i e r 22.8 2.62
Water 119.2 14.31
Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 58.0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 34.4
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 1 . 9
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 1 . 3
pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 5 - 9 . 0
T h i c k e n e r Comparison:
Ucar Polyphobe 103:
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 5 . 7
Stormer, KU: 91/98
I C I , P: 1 . 5
Scrub C y c l e s : 1102
Flow/Leveling: E x c e l l e n t
50-mi 1 Mudcrack: Pass
R o l l e r / S p a t t e r : M i n i mal
Ucar Polyphobe 102:
NVM l b / 1 1 0 g a l : 7 . 0
Stormer, KU: 86/96
I C I , P: 1 . 8
Scrub C y c l e s : 1200
F l o w / L e v e l i n g : Excel l e n t
50-mi 1 Mudcrack: Pass
R o l l e r / S p a t t e r : M i n i mal
Ucar Polyphobe 102/104 b l e n d :
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 3 . 7 / 2 . 3
S t o r m e r . KU: 95/101
~I ~ ~I ~

I C I , P: 1.4
Scrub C y c l e s : 1200
F l o w / L e v e l i n g : Good
50-mi 1 Mudcrack: Pass
R o l l e r / S p a t t e r : M i n i mal

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n 1-2232


Interior Paints and Related Products 109

I n t e r i o r Good Q u a l i t y F l a t
f o r R o l l e r and B r u s h A p p l i c a t i o n

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 184.0 22.09
Propylene G l y c o l 26.0 3.02
Tamol 1124 9.0 0.91
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-405 2.0 0.23
C o l l o i d 643 1.5 0.21
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
T i - P u r e R-901 100.0 3.33
Opt iwhi t e 150.0 8.20
Durami t e 190.0 8.41

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 379 254.0 20.07
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 16.0 2.03
C o l l o i d 643 2.5 0.34
Water 60.3 7.20
Ucar Polyphobe 9831 Rheology M o d i f i e r 12.5 1.40
Water 119.2 14.31

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 5 8 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 34.4
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 1 . 9
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 1 . 3
S t o r m e r , KU: 95
I C I , Poise: 1.6
pH V a l u e : 8 . 5 - 9 . 0
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c C o n t e n t , g / L : 139

Film Properties:
Sheen, 85: 1.8
Flow and L e v e l i n g : Good
Sag R e s i s t a n c e , m i l s : 7

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar Polyphobe 9831 Rheology


M o d i f i e r : F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n 1-2240
110 Water-Based Faint Formulations

I n t e r i o r Good Q u a l i t y F l a t

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


P i gment G r i nd :
Water 184.0 22.09
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 26.0 3.02
P r o x e l GXL 0.5 0.05
Tamol 1124 9.0 0.91
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-405 2.0 0.23
C o l l o i d 643 1.5 0.21
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
T i -Pure R-901 100.0 3.33
O p t i whi t e 150.0 8.20
Ourami t e 190.0 8.41

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 3796 254.0 28.07
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 16.0 2.03
Col l o i d 643 2.5 0.34
Water 50.0 6.00
Ucar P o l yphobe 103 Rheology Modi f ie r 22.8 2.62
Water 119.2 14.31

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 5 8 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 4 . 4
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 1 . 9
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.3
pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 5 - 9 . 0

T h i c k e n e r Comparison:
Ucar Polyphobe Ucar Pol yphobe
02 03
NVM, l b / 1 0 0 g a l 7.0 5.7
Stormer, KU 86/96 91 /98
I C I , poise 1.8 1.5
Scrub C y c l e s 1200 1102
F l o w / L e v e l ing Exc Exc
50-mi 1 Mudcracki ng Pass Pass

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n I-2232A


Interior Paints and Related Products 111

I n t e r i o r Semi g l o s s F o r m u l a t i o n

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i nd:
Water 125.0 15.0
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 19.6 2.3
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 1.8 0.3
P r o p y l e n e G1y c o l 43.2 5.0
P r o x e l GXL 2.3 0.2
Tamol 1124 7.3 0.7
Col l o i d 643 1.9 0.3
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.1 0.2
Tronox CR-828 250.0 7.3
Burgess No. 98 19.7 0.9

Letdown :
Water 24.8 3.0
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 2.2 0.3
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent 23.8 3.0
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 11.9 1.5
Ucar L a t e x 379G 346.8 38.3
Ucar L a t e x 6030 184.0 20.9
C o l l o i d 643 2.8 0.4
Byk 346 1.1 0.1
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 1.8 0.3

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 2 2 . 5
Volume S o l i d s , 96: 3 6 . 4
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.7
Stormer, KU: 83
I C I , Poise: 1.9
pH Value: 8 . 7
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F. weeks passed: 2
R a t i o o f Ucar L a t e x e s 379:6030: 70:30

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 64
G l o s s , 20: 18
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.972
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 1 . 9
Block Resistance: 9
Flow and L e v e l i n g : Good
Low Temperature Coalescence: 10
W a s h a b i l i t y , s t a i n removal*: 10
( c r a y o n , f e l t pen, l i p s t i c k , p e n c i l )
% g l o s s r e t a i n e d : 92
Wet Adhesion, g l o s s a l k y d : Exc
*Washed w i t h F a n t a s t i k ; lO=complete s t a i n removal

SOURCE : Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 0030: F o r m u l a t i o n


1-2473
112 Water-Based Pain? Formidations

_I n t e
_ r i o_ r V~ i n y l A c r y l i c E g g s h e l l
f o r R o l l e r and Brush A p p l i c a t i o n

I n q r e d ie n t s : Pounds Gallons
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 100.0 12.00
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 26.0 3.02
Tamol 1124 8.0 0.81
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-100 2.0 0.23
C o l l o i d 643 1.5 0.21
P r o x e l GXL 1.5 0.15
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
T i -Pure R-900 230.0 6.91
Omyacarb UF 100.0 4.42
ASP-1 70 50.0 2.33

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 379 420.0 46.41
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 12.0 1.52
Col l o i d 643 2.5 0.34
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
Ucar Polyphobe 9831 Rheology M o d i f i e r 11 .o 1.27
Water 168.0 20.07

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 36.4
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 7 . 4
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 4 . 4
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 1 . 3
Stormer, KU: 95
I C I , Poise: 1 . 2
pH V a l u e : 8.5-9.0
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Content, g / L : 121

Film Properties:
Gloss, 60: 35
Flow and L e v e l i n g : Good
Sag R e s i s t a n c e , m i l s : 12

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Polyphobe 9831 Rheology


Modi f ie r : F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n 1-2241
Interior Paints and Related Products 113

I n t e r i o r V i n y l A c r y l ic Eqashel 1
f o r R o l l e r and Brush A p p l i c a t i o n

Ingredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i nd :
Water 100.0 12.00
P r o p y l ene G1y c o l 26.0 3.02
Tamol 1124 8.0 0.81
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t x-1 00 2.0 0.23
C o l l o i d 643 1.5 0.21
P r o x e l GXL 1.5 0.15
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
T i -Pure R-900 230.0 6.91
Omyacarb UF 100.0 4.42
ASP- 170 50.0 2.33

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 379 420.0 46.41
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 12.0 1.52
C o l l o i d 643 2.5 0.34
AMP-95 2.0 0.25
Ucar Pol yphobe 102 Rheology Modi f ie r 30.0 3.45
Water 149.0 17.89

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 36.4
Volume S o l i d s , %: 37.4
Weight S o l i d s , %: 54.4
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.3
pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 5 - 9 . 0

T h i c k e n e r Comparison:
Ucar Polyphobe 114:
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 5 . 0
Stormer, KU: 93
I C I , P: 0.5
F l o w / L e v e l i n g : Poor
Sag R e s i s t a n c e : 24+

Ucar Polyphobe 102:


NVM l b / l 0 0 g a l : 7 . 5
Stormer, KU: 92
I C I , P: 1.8
Flow/Level i n g : E x c e l l e n t
Sag R e s i s t a n c e : 12

Ucar Polyphobe 102/114 b l e n d ( 4 : l ) :


NVM l b / 1 0 0 a a l : 4 . 0 l b o f Ucar P o l y . 102
Storme;, KUT 97
I C I , P: 1.6
F1ow/Level ing : Very Good
Sag R e s i s t a n c e : 14

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n 1-2237


114 Water-Based Paint Formulations

I n t e r i o r V i n y l A c r y l i c Semigloss

I n a r e d ient s : Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 104.9 12.59
Polywet ND-35 4.0 0.39
T i -Pure R-902 205.0 6.16
Drewpl us L-475 2.0 0.28

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 367 423.0 47.00
Water 33.3 4.00
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 23.8 3.01
Nuosept 95 2.0 0.21
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t GR-5M 1.o 0.12
AMP-95 5.0 0.64
Drewpl us L-475 4.0 0.56
Water ( a d j u s t a c c o r d i n g t o Polyphobe l e v e l ) 214.5 25.75
Ucar Polyphobe 114 Rheology M o d i f i e r 26.5 3.05

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 20.4
Volume S o l i d s , 96: 40.3
Weight S o l i d s , %: 54.2
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 5

T h i c k e n e r Compari son :
Ucar Polyphobe 114:
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 6.6
B r o o k f i e l d , 0.3, P: 680
I C I , P: 0 . 5
60 G l o s s : 79
Ucar Polyphobe 102:
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 10.7
Brookfield,-0.3, P : 186
ICI, P: 2.2
60 G l o s s : 74
Ucar Polyphobe 103:
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 8 . 2
B r o o k f i e l d , 0.3, P: 336
I C I , P: 1 . 5
60 Gloss: 69
Ucar Polyphobe 107;
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 5 . 1
B r o o k f i e l d , 0.3, P: 226
I C I , P: 0 . 7
60 G l o s s : 67
Ucar Polyphobe 1 0 6 H E :
NVM l b / 1 0 0 g a l : 5.6
B r o o k f i e l d , 0 . 3 , P: 2,086
I C I , P: 0.7
60 Gloss: 70

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n 1-2239


Interior Paints and Related Products 115

Intumescent I n t e r i o r White F i re-Retardant Paint

I n g r e d ient s : Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 290.0 34.8
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 3.0 0.3
S u r f a c t o l 365 4.0 0.4
Ucar L a t e x 367 75.0 8.2
C o l l o i d 677 3.0 0.3
Phos-Chek PI30 260.0 17.3
Aero Melamine (powdered grade) 80.0 6.8
D i p e n t a e r y t h r i t o 1 (powdered grade) 75.0 6.4
Nuosept 6 3 5 1 1 .o 0.1
T i -Pure R-900 60.0 1 .8
C h l o r e z 700 40.0 2.9

Letdown :
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-15,OOOH
( 1 . 5 % aqueous s o l u t i o n ) 45.0 5.2
Ucar L a t e x 367 145.0 16.0
C o l l o i d 677 1 .o 0.1

Procedure:
Under a g i t a t i o n , add a l l i n g r e d i e n t s o f t h e pigment g r i n d i n
t h e o r d e r l i s t e d . Completely d i s p e r s e each i n g r e d i e n t b e f o r e
a d d i n g t h e n e x t . When t h e pigment g r i n d s l u r r y i s complete,
a g i t a t e f o r an a d d i t i o n a l f i v e minutes; t r a n s f e r t o a p e b b l e
m i l l and g r i n d t o Hegman 3. Under a g i t a t i o n , p r e p a r e t h e f i n a l
l e t d o w n i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d . Under a g i t a t i o n , add t h e pigment
g r i n d s l o w l y t o t h e l e t d o w n . Note: P r o t e c t t h i c k e n e r s o l u t i o n s
w i t h p r e s e r v a t i v e d u r i n g p r o c e s s i n g and s t o r a g e .

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 74
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t : 60
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.8
Stormer. KU: 75-80
C o n t r a s t R a t i o : 0.87

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 367: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n 1-1338
116 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Low VOC I n t e r i o r F l a t
I n q r e d ie n t s : _ _ _ _G
Pounds _a _
l l o_
ns
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 333.3 40.00
Kathon LX 1.7 0.20
Tamol 1124 5.1 0.52
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.0 0.23
Drewpl us L-475 2.0 0.26
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 15.0 1.73
Sodi um H y d r o x i d e 3.0 0.15
T i - P u r e R-902 190.0 5.70
Durami t e 185.0 8.21
Iceberg 155.0 7.07
Water 50.0 6.00

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 379 200.7 22.18
Water 39.4 4.73
Drewpl us L-475 2.5 0.33
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 7.7 0.96
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 15.0 1.73

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 64.9
Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 2 . 3
Weight S o l i d s , %: 53.1
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 2 . 1
Stormer, KU: 92
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 26.09

Film Properties:
G l o s s , 60: 2
Sheen, 8 5 : 3
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.977
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 91 .8
Scrub R e s i s t a n c e , c y c l e s passed: 161

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n 1-2238


Interior Paints and Related Products 117

-
Solvent Free I n t e r i o r S a t i n P a i n t

Material: !& %wt


Grind:
Water 260.0 31.20
KTPP (100%) 1.5 0.07
Tamol 731 (Rohm and Haas) 7.0 0.76
T r i t o n CF-10 (Rohm and Haas) 2.5 0.28
Kathon LX 1 . 5 % (Rohm and Haas) 1.7 0.20
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l A g e n t ) 1.o 0.13
T i - P u r e R-900 (DuPont) 170.0 5.10
N y t a l 300 ( R . T . V a n d e r b i l t ) 40.0 1.68
C a l c i um C a r b o n a t e 70.0 3.11

Letdown :
Rovace SF-091 (Rohm and Haas) 372.2 41.50
Rovaque OP-62 L O (Rohm and Haas) 45.0 5.22
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l A g e n t ) 2.0 0.26
A c r y s o l RM-2020 (Rohm and Haas) 15.0 1.65
A c r y s o l TT-935 (Rohm and Haas) 12.5 1.42
Sodium C a r b o n a t e 24.0 2.52
Water 57.5 6.90

Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n t e n t , %: 37.0
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y volume): 34.0
Stormer V i s c o s i t y , K . U . : 95+-5
I C 1 V i s c o s i t y . P o i s e : 1.1+-2
G l o s s a t 6 0 , - % : 13.0

Recommended P r o d u c t :
A g i t a n 315: E f f i c i e n t . F i n e t u n i ng w i 11 p r o v i d e c o s t b e n e f i t s .
A l t e r n a t i v e Products:
A g i t a n 260: E f f i c i e n t , c o s t e f f e c t i v e .
A g i t a n 731: E f f i c i e n t , z e r o voc .
SOURCE: King Industries: Formu a t i o n WR-39-3
118 Water-Based Paint Formulations

White I n t e r i o r Eqsshell

Inqredients: Pounds
~~ Gal l o n s
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 226.7 27.21
Ucar Polyphobe 9831 Rheology M o d i f i e r 8.5 0.97
Nuosept 145 2.3 0.25
Tamol 731A 11.5 1.25
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-57 2.3 0.25
AMP-95 2.0 0.26
Propylene G l y c o l 51.8 6.00
Col l o i d 640 1.9 0.25
Tronox CR-800 225.0 6.54
Opt iwh it e 100.0 5.46
Burgess No. 98 25.0 1.15

Letdown :
AMP-95 2.0 0.27
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 22.5 2.85
Water 78.7 9.45
Ucar L a t e x 353 341 .O 37.47
Col l o i d 640 2.8 0.37

Paint Properties:
PVC, %: 35.8
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.2
Weight S o l i d s , %: 5 2 . 4
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.04
Stormer, KU: 95
I C I , poise: 1.4
pH, i n i t i a l : 9.0
Freeze-thaw S t a b i l i t y , 5 c y c es: Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

F l m Properties:
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 9 1 . 4
Gloss, 60: 6.3
Sheen, 85: 22.6
Contrast R a t i o , 3-mil film: .969
Color*:
Acceptance : Exc
Development: Exc

* T i n t e d w i t h 2% b y w e i g h t p h t h a l o b l u e ( H u l s 888-7124) o r red
i r o n o x i d e ( H u l s 888-1045).

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Formu a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n 1-1520


120 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Green Lacquer

Insredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


P i ament G r i nd :
Water 45.00 5.40
Ethylene Glycol 0.65 0.07
D i s p e r s a n t ( 1) 6.26 0.68
T e r g i t o l S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 0.62 0.07
Antifoam (2) 1 .oo 0.13
P h t h a l o Green ( 3 ) 50.00 4.95
Medium Chrome Y e l l o w ( 4 ) 33.04 0.67

L e t Down:
Ucar V e h i c l e 443 666.11 75.19
Butyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 13.26 1.67
T r i b u t o x y e t h y l Phosphate 13.26 1.58
P h t h a l o Green (3) 51.50 5.10
D e i o n i z e d Water 26.55 3.19

Suppl i e r s :
( 1 ) D i s p e r s a n t - C o l l o i d 107 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) A n t i f o a m - C o l l o i d 675 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(3) P h t h a l o Green - T i n t - A y d WD-2744 D i s p e r s i on ( D a n i e l
Products) o r equivalent.
( 4 ) Medium Chrome Y e l l o w - X-3356 C . P . Medium Y (Ciba-Geigy)
o r equivalent .
Lacquer P r o p e r t i as :
P i gment/Bi nder Rat io : 0.25/ 1
S o l i d s , %:
by Weight: 37
by Volume: 31
pH: 8 . 5
V i s c o s i t y , No. 4 F o r d Cup, sec: 25

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 443: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n LP-3812
Lacquers 121

Foam C o n t r o l w i t h A g i t a n A d d i t i v e s i n a
H i a h G l o s s D I Y Waterborne Lacquer

The c h o i c e o f c o a l e s c i n g a g e n t s can s i g n i f i c a n t l y i n f l u e n c e
t h e g e n e r a t i o n o f foam i n a w a t e r b o r n e f o r m u l a t i o n as w e l l as
a f f e c t t h e performance o f t h e foam c o n t r o l agent (FCA).

Component: &j %Wt


Rhoplex CL-104 (Rohm and Haas) 642.8 76.83
DC-14 (Dow C o r n i n g A d d i t i v e s ) 24.7 2.95
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 1.3 0.16
Michem 39235 (Michelman) 21 . e 2.61

A d j u s t pH t o 7-8

Aqueous Ammonia 28% 3 0.36


Propylene G l y c o l 24.7 2.95
Coalescent 37.6 4.49
Water 29.2 3.49

Adjust t o v i s c o s i t y

Water 51.5 6.16

P r o p e r t ies :
% N o n v o l a t i l e (by w e i g h t ) : 30.7
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y volume): 29.1
pH, 25C: 7 . 5 - 8 . 0
V i s c o s i t y #2 Zahn, 25C ( s e c o n d s ) : 20-26
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( p o u n d s / g a l l o n ) : 2 . 0 7
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( g r a m s / l it e r ) : 249

T h i s s t u d y has demonstrated t h a t d i f f e r e n t c o a l e s c e n t s can


s i g n i f i c a n t l y a f f e c t foam g e n e r a t i o n and hence t h e performance
o f t h e foam c o n t r o l a g e n t . However, A g i t a n 295 p e r f o r m e d
e q u a l l y w e l l i n b o t h systems, r e g a r d l e s s o f t h e c o a l e s c i n g
a g e n t used.

For optimum foam p r e v e n t i o n and f i l m p r o p e r t i e s , A g i t a n 305


i s recommended w i t h t h e Texanol, w h i l e A g i t a n 731 i s recommended
f o r t h e DPnB.

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : WR-32: FCA's f o r Waterborne Wood


Formulations
122 Water-Based Paint Formulations

W h i t e Lacauer

Inaredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i nd :
Ucar V e h i c l e 443 149.9 17.2
D i spersant ( 1 ) 5.9 0.7
Surfactant (2) 2.1 0.3
T e r g i t o l S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 2.1 0.2
Antifoam ( 3 ) 0.9 0.1
Titanium Dioxide (4) 187.4 5.5

Pebble M i l l o v e r n i g h t .

L e t Down:
Ucar V e h i c l e 443 421.3 48.2
Antifoam ( 3 ) 0.9 0.1
Proposol S o l v e n t B 40.9 5.6
T r i b u t o x y e t h y l Phosphate 20.4 2.4
Mar-Resi s t a n t A i d ( 5 ) 0.9 0.1
Ammonium Benzoate, 10% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 10.0 1.1
Dei o n i zed Water 150.8 18.1

Suppliers:
( 1 ) Dispersant - Disperbyk ( B y k - M a l l i n c k r o d t ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) S u r f a c t a n t - S u r f y n o l 104 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 3 ) A n t i f o a m - Hodag PX-218 (Hodag) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 4 ) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - Zopaque RCL-9 (SCM) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(5) M a r - R e s i s t a n t A i d - Byk 301 ( B y k - M a l l l i n c k r o d t ) o r
equivalent.

Lacquer P r o p e r t i e s :
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0.8/1
T o t a l S o l i d s , %: 42.4
pH: 8 . 6
V i s c o s i t y , No. 4 F o r d Cup, sec:
I n i t i a l : 20
A f t e r 10 days a t 140F: 20

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 4 4 3 : F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n LP-3846
Lacquers 123

W h i t e Lacquer

Inaredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


P i gment G r i nd :
Ethylene Glycol 3.16 0.34
Dispersant (1 ) 6.31 0.70
T e r g i t o l S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 1.59 0.18
Antifoam (2) 0.23 0.03
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.44 0.05
D e i o n i z e d Water 28.20 3.39
T i t a n i um D i o x i d e ( 3 ) 156.52 4.59

G r i n d f o r 15 m i n u t e s a t h i g h speed i n a h i g h - s h e a r m i x e r .

L e t Down:
Ucar V e h i c l e 443 546.84 62.00
T r i b u t o x y e t h y l Phosphate 4.60 0.55
Filmer (4) 11.19 1.42
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent 11.20 1.41
Ammonium Benzoate 0.74 0.07
D e i o n i z e d Water 210.25 25.29

Suppl ie r s :
(1) Dispersant - Disperbyk ( B y k - M g l l i n c k r o d t ) o r e q u i v a l e n t
( 2 ) A n t i f o a m - C o l l o i d 675 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 3 ) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i t a n o x 2060 (NL I n d u s t r i e s ) o r
equivalent.
( 4 ) F i l m e r - Texanol (Eastman) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

Lacquer P r o p e r t i e s :
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0.67/1
S o l i d s , %:
by Weight: 38.5
b y Volume: 2 8 . 1
pH: 8 . 5
V i s c o s i t y . No. 4 F o r d Cup, s e c : 35

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 443: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n LP-3813
Primers 125

fi
H a l o x BW-100

Grind: Lbs./100 G a l s . Gms/Liter


Water 250.0 300.0
P r o p y l e n e G1 y c o l 15.0 18.0
D o w i c i l 75 1.o 1.2
C o l l o i d 111 5.0 6.0
S t rodex PK-95G 3.5 4.2
S u r f y n o l 104E 4.0 4.8
Drewplus L-475 2.0 2.4
Texanol 10.0 12.0
Pol yphobe 102 16.0 19.2
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 4.0 4.8

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g a t h i g h speed and d i s p e r s e t o 4+ Hegman g r i n d .

T i -Pure R-902 175.0 210.0


Halox BW-100 100.0 120.0
Beaverwhi t e 325 50.0 60.0
Snowf 1ake 185.0 222.0

Letdown :
CL 27NA 340.0 408.0
Drewpl us L-475 2.0 2.4

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n under a g i t a t i o n and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m .


Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g 2 raw m a t e r i a l s and add under good a g i t a t i o n
DO NOT AERATE!

Water 25.0 30.0


Pol yphobe 106E 2.0 2.4

Mix u n t i l uniform.

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i 8s:


.
% P i gment/Wt : 42.91 Density lbs./gal.: 11.90
% P i gment/Vol : 20.07. D e n s i t y g/L: 1,427.4
% S o l i d s / W t . : 57.79 KU V i s c . I3 R . T . : 85-90
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 39.51 pH I3 R . T . : 8 . 5 - 9 . 0
% PVC: 50.79
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.01
VOC. g/L: 120.97

SOURCE: Halox Pigments: SugQested F o r m u l a t i o n DOW/BW-100


126 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Alkvd M o d i f i e d Latex Primer

Ingredient: -
Lb Gal Wt%
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 100.10 12.02 8.35
Busperse 3 9 / D i s p e r s a n t 8.01 0.74 0.67
Bubreak 448/Defoamer 3.00 0.44 0.25

(Premix n e x t 2 items)

Water 25.02 3.00 2.09


QP-15000 C e l l o s i z e / H y d r o x y e t h y l
Cell ulose 1 .oo 0.09 0.08
I g e p a l CTA 6 3 9 / S u r f a c t a n t 6.01 0.68 0.50
A r o p l a z 1271/Long O i 1 A1 k y d 42.04 5.01 3.51
B u t r o l 2 3 / M o d i f i e d B a r i u m Meta- 100.10 3.25 8.35
borate
T i - P u r e R-SOO/Titanium D i o x i d e -
Rutile 200.19 6.01 16.69
M i ca-325 25.02 1.06 2.09
Atomi t e / C a l c i um C a r b o n a t e 75.07 3.32 6.26
N y t a l 300/Talc-Magnesium S i l i c a t e 75.07 3.17 6.26

L e t Down:
Rhoplex M V - 2 3 / A c r y l i c E m u l s i o n 483.46 54.94 40.32
Texanol/Ester Alcohol 5.00 0.63 0.42
Ethylene Glycol 30.03 3.23 2.50
Water 20.02 2.40 1.67

P a i n t P r o p e r t ies :
Total Vehicle 60.27
w
83.10
Pigment 39.73 16.90
Volatile 42.67 61.07
Organic Solvent 7.59 10.58
Non-Volati l e 57.33 38.93
N o n - V o l a t i 1e V e h i c l e 17.60 22.02

D e n s i t y ( l b / U . S . gal): 11.99
S p e c i f i c G r a v i t y : 1.44
P.V.C.: 43.42%
P/B R a t i o : 2.258
Spread @ 1 M i l : 624 F2
C o a t i n g VOC: 220 G/L
M a t e r i a l VOC: 109 G/L

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : F o r m u l a t on Sugges ion: KR-01


Primers 127

Ancamide 2353 C u r i n a Aaent A n t i - C o r r o s i v e Primer


Preliminary Formulation

&
J! Gal
P a r t A:
L i q u i d DGEBA Epoxy 233.7 24.093
MPA-1078 (Rheox) 4.0 0.541

Mix w e l l , t h e n add a t h i g h speed:

T i Pure R-900 ( DuPont) 25.0 0.751


10 W o l l a s t e k u p AS (Nyco) 370.0 15.289

D i s p e r s e t o 5 Hegman and 125F.


Reduce speed and add:

Xylene ( A s h l a n d ) 45.0 6.207

Part B:
Ancamide 2353 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 125.54 15.212
M P A - 1 0 7 8 (Rheox) 4.0 0.541
B e e t l e 216-8 (Cyanamid) 15.0 1.724

Mix w e l l a t h i g h speed, t h e n add:

Red I r o n O x i d e 5-3100 ( M i n e r a l Pigments) 60.0 1.441


B e a v e r w h i t e 325 ( C y p r u s ) 96.7 4.204
Phospl us 5-0866 ( M i n e r a l Pigments) 141.4 5.065

D i s p e r s e t o 5 Hegman and 125F.


Reduce speed and add:

D i a c e t o n e A l c o h o l (Union C a r b i d e ) 31.3 3.997


Super H i g h F1ash Naphtha (Ash1 and) 106.8 14.691

P r o p e r t ies :
Volume Sol i d s : 71.8% VOC: <2.1 l b / g a l
PVC: 39.7% M i x i n g R a t i o : 1:l b y Volume
CPVC: 54.6% Pot L i f e , h r : 3
PVC/CVPC : 0.725 Dry t o Touch, h r : 1
W e i g h t / g a l l o n . P a r t A: 14.45 Dry Through, h r : 6
W e i g h t / g a l l o n , P a r t B: 12.45
W e i g h t / g a l l o n : 13.45

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamide 2353 C u r i n g


Agent: T a b l e 9 F o r m u l a t i o n
I28 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Anquami n e 401 /Semi -sol i d Epox D i s p e r s i on


___
Lead and Chromate F r e e Red I r o n Y O x i d e P r i m e r

P a r t A* & @&
Dow XUS19000.01 Epoxy R e s i n 223.79 23.11
Benzyl Alcohol 11.17 1.28
Water 213.66 25.60

P a r t B:
Anquamine 401 C u r i n g Agent ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 111.95 12.25
Water 80.05 9.59
G l a c i a l A c e t i c Acid ( A i r P roducts) 2.10 0.24
Red I r o n O x i d e * * 62.98 I .57
LVT 400 T a l c ( B a r r e t t ) 125.94 5.29
W a l l a s t o k u p I O E S (Nyco) 139.95 5.78
Z e o s p h e r e s 400 ( 3 M ) 62.98 3.43
H a l o x SZP 391 76.96 3.07
Dowanol PM S o l v e n t (Dow) 32.18 4.23
Dowanol PnP S o l v e n t (Dow) 33.59 4.55

* A l t e r n a t e l y use Epi-Rez 3515-W-60 a t same l o a d i n g


* * A l t e r n a t i v e l y use T i 0 2 f o r o f f - w h i t e p r i m e r

Typical Properties:
W t S o l i d s (%): 65.96
Volume S o l i d s ( % ) : 5 1 . 1 7
PVC ( % ) : 3 7 . 4
Resin S t o i c h i o m e t r y : 1 .6:1
VOC ( l b / g a l ) : 1 . 2 1
VOC ( g / l ) : 1 4 5

A n t i c o r r o s i v e Primer P r o p e r t i e s :
Pot L i f e , h r : 4
Mix Ratio: 1 : l
Tack F r e e Time, h r : 1 . 0
H a r d D r y Time, h r : 6
VOC, l b / g a l : 1 . 2
Volume S o l i d s , %: 5 1
P V C , % : 37
Cross H a t c h Adhesion: 5
1 / 4 " M a n d r e l Bend: F a i 1
D i r e c t I m p a c t R e s i s t a n c e , in-1 b s : 20
D i r e c t I m p a c t R e s i s t a n c e , i n-1 b s : ( 5

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s a n d C h e m i c a l s , Inc.: Anquamine 401 C u r i n g


Agent: Formulation 3
Primers 129

Anquami n e 401 /Sol i d Resi n D i s p e r s i on


Lead and Chromate F r e e Red I r o n O x i d e P r i m e r

Part A: !=&
Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 Epoxy R e s i n ( S h e l l ) 342.6 37.65
Benzyl A l c o h o l 8.9 1.03
S u r f y n o l DF-58 Defoamer ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 4.0 0.48
Water 61.6 7.39
Red I r o n Oxide 73.0 1.79
Barium S u l f a t e 72.8 1.99
l O E S W o l l a s t o k u p (Nyco) 109.4 4.52
Halox SW-1116 100.0 4.20
Zeosphere 4007 (3M) 73.0 3.65
Water Ground M i c a 10.3 0.44

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e of N . S . , t h e n add:

E p i -Rez 3520-WY-55 Epoxy Resi n (She1 1 ) 129.3 14.21


Water 22.1 2.65

Part 8 :
Anquamine 401 C u r i n g Agent ( A i r Products) 60.7 6.58
Water 111.8 13.42

Typical Properties:
W t S o l i d s ( % I : 63.1
Volume S o l i d s ( % ) : 4 7 . 3
PVC ( % ) : 3 5 . 1
Resin S t o i c h i o m e t r y (on e q u i v a l e n t s ) : 1.6:1
VOC ( l b / g a l ) : 1.02
voc ( g / l ) : 122.5
A n t i c o r r o s i v e Primer P r o p e r t i e s :
Pot L i f e , h r : 4
Mix R a t i o : 4 : l
Tack F r e e Time, h r : 0 . 5
Hard D r y Time, h r : 6
VOC, l b / g a l : 1 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 47
PVC, %: 35
Cross Hatch Adhesion: 4
P e n c i l Hardness, o v e r n i g h t : HB
P e n c i l Hardness, 7 days: H
1 / 4 ” Mandrel Bend: F a i l
D i r e c t Impact R e s i s t a n c e , i n - l b s : 35
Reverse Impact R e s i s t a n c e , i n - l b s : t5

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, I n c . : Anquamine 401 C u r i n g


Agent: F o r m u l a t i o n 4
130 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Corrosion Inhibitive Primer


Material: &j Gals
Add to mixer with agitation:
Water 98.6 11.83
Bubreak 448--Defoamer 2.0 0.30
Busperse 39--Dispersant 5.0 0.46
Igepal CTA-639 2.0 0.23
Premix and add the following:
Natrosol 250HR 2.0 0.40
Water 6.0 0.72
Stir in the following pigments:
Atomi te 135.0 5.97
Ti -Pure R-900 100.0 3.08
Busan 11-M1 50.0 1.82
High speed disperse to minimum 5 . 0 NS grind
Let down with the following materials:
Aquamac 700 570.0 65.82
Texanol 69.0 8.75
Butrol 35--Flash rust inhibitor 7.0 0.63
Parameters: Properties:
Weight Solids: 52.9% Viscosity: 80-85 KU
Volume Solids: 40.5% DH: 8.4-8.6
Pi gment Weight : 27.4% Gloss (a 60: 18-22
PVC: 27.9%
P/B Ratio: 1.08
VOC Level: 174 g/L
Metal Wash Primer
With today‘s concern over coatings containing chromate pig-
ments, there is a need for a chromate-free metal wash primer.
Buckman Laboratories has developed a metal wash primer made
with Busan 1 1 4 1 , which is a non-lead, non-chromate anticorrosive
pigment. This formula is based on the military specification
coating MIL-P-15328C entitled “Primer (Wash) Pretreatment Blue.”
This specification is the same a s the U . S . Navy Formula 117-8
for metals. The Busan 11-M1 based primer has performed well in
tests versus the traditional zinc chromate primer. The formula
is as follows:
Resin Component (80 gal lonsl : Lbs/100 Gals
Polyvinyl-Butyral Resin (Ucar XYHL) 56
Busan ll-Ml 50
Ti-Pure R-900, Titanium Dioxide 50
Copper-Phthalocyanine Blue 17
Butyl Alcohol, Normal 125
Isopropyl Alcohol 341
Water 15
Acid Component (20 aallons):
Phosphoric Acid, 85% 28
Water 25
Isopropyl Alcohol 99
Package separately: The mixed container must be used within
8 hours after mixing.
SOURCE: Buckman Laboratories: Suggested Formulations
Primers 131

C o s t E f f e c t i v e 2K Water-Base Epoxv P r i m e r
Usina H a l o x SW-111

Component A: Lbs./100 Gals. Grams/Li t e r


Add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r l i s t e d :
€ p i - R e z 5522-WY-55 450.0 540.0
D i acetone Alcohol 7.0 8.4
Water 100.0 120.0
Nopco NDW 2.0 2.4

M i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s and add t h e f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h
speed :

R . I . O . R-4098 100.0 120.0


H a l o x SW-111 50.0 60.0
Wol 1a s t o k u p 1OES 150.0 180.0
Sparmi t e 100.0 120.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5+ Hegman g r i n d . Then add t h e f o l l o w i n g


s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g . Do n o t a e r a t e !

Epi r e z 5522-WY-55 30.0 36.0


Water 25.0 30.0

Component B: Lbs. / l o 0 G a l s . Grams/L it e r


M i x a t l o w speed:
€ p i -Cure 8290-Y-60 60.0 72.0
N a c o r r 1754 3.0 3.6

A d d t h e f o l l o w i n g raw m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r l i s t e d w h i l e m i x i n g a t
h i g h speed:

Zeeospheres 400 100.0 120.0


325 Mesh W.G. M i c a 10.0 12.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ Hegman g r i n d . Then add t h e f o l l o w i n g


s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g . Do n o t a e r a t e !

Water 40.0 48.0


Mix r a t i o : * Component A -
80% b y volume.
Component B - 20% b y volume.
*TO o b t a i n optimum r e s u t s , a l l o w 20-30 m i n u t e s i n d u c t i o n t me
p r i o r t o application.
Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
% P i gment/Wt. : 41.65 Density lbs./gal.: 12.25
% Pigment/Vol.: 18.78 D e n s i t y g/L: 1,470.0
% Solids/Wt.: 65.81 Set-to-touch: 30 m i n u t e s
.
% Sol i d s / V o l : 49.66 D r y Hard: Overnight
% PVC: 37.81
P/B R a t i o : 1.72
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.25
voc, g/L: 150.00

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n


I32 Water-Based Paint Formulations

D i p p i na Primer

Ingredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


P i oment G r i n d :
Oeioni zed Water 41.6 5.00
Ammoni um Hydroxi de, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 0.2 0.02
Dispersant ( 1) 1.6 0.22
T e r g i t o l S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 3.2 0.36
Antifoam ( 2 ) 0.7 0.09
T i t a n i um D i o x i d e ( 3 ) 50.0 1 .so
Barytes ( 4 ) 53.1 1.45
S t r o n t i u m Chromate ( 5 ) 57.7 1.87

L e t Down:
Ucar V e h i c l e 443 500.0 57.52
Antifoam ( 2 ) 0.8 0.11
B u t y l C e l l o s o l v e Solvent 51.5 6.86
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent 20.6 2.60
Hexamethoxymethylmelami ne ( 6 ) 54.7 5.47
Ammonium Benzoate, 10% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 8.5 0.93
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 6.5 0.74
Oeioni zed Water 127.1 15.26

Suppliers:
( 1 ) Dispersant - Bykumen WS ( B y k - M a l l i n c k r o d t ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) A n t i f o a m - Hodag PX-218 (Hodag) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 3 ) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-960 (Du Pont) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 4 ) B a r y t e s - Sparmite ( P f i z e r ) o r equi v a l e n t .
( 5 ) S t r o n t i u m Chromate - 5-1365 (Oavis/MPC) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 6 ) Hexamethoxymethylmelamine - Cyme1 303 (American Cyanamid)
or equivalent.

Primer P r o p e r t i e s :
S o l i d s , % by w t : 37.4
pH: 9.5
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , cP: 800

Add Water t o 18 sec (#3 Zahn Cup) f o r d i p p i n g .

Primer Performance:*
Bake Cycle, min: S a l t Spray:
F l a s h Time: 10 Hours Exposed: 565
Bake a t 200F: 2.5 Rusting Rating: 9
F i n a l Bake a t 300F: 10 B l i s t e r R a t i n g : 9M
P e n c i l Hardness: 2H Creepage, i n : 1/8
Gloss, 60: 30
Impact Resistance, i n - l b :
D i r e c t : 45
Reverse: 5
* S u b s t r a t e - B o n d e r i t e 1000

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 443: Formulation


Suggestion C-2030
Primers 133

E x p e r i m e n t a l General Purpose T a n n i n - S t a i n R e s i s t a n t
Water-Base P r i m e r U s i n a H a l o x X t a i n A

Grind: Lbs. / l o 0 G a l s . Gms/Li t e r


Water 100.00 120.00
N a t r o s o l 250 MR 0.75 0.90
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 1 .oo 1.20
E t h y l e n e G1 y c o l 30.00 36.00
Tamol 681 15.00 18.00
T r i t o n CF-10 3.00 3.60
Foamaster VL 2.00 2.40
R-902 150.00 180.00
Halox X t a i n A 15.00 18.00
Snowf 1ake 220.00 264.00

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ NS g r i n d .

Water 25.00 30.00

Letdown :
Mor-Lok 1035 467.00 560.40
Skane M-8 2.00 2.40
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 1 .oo 1.20
Texanol 5.00 6.00
Foamaster VL 1 .oo 1.20

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n under a g i t a t i o n and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m .

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m

QR-708 5.50 6.60


Water 79.00 94.80

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
..
% P i gment/Wt : 34.36
% Pigment/Vol : 15.03
D e n s i t y l b s . / g a l . : 1 .23
Density gms./i.: 1,346.7
% Solids/Wt.: 55.81 PH @ R. . : 9.0-9.5
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 40.73 KU V i s c @ R . T . : 95-100
% PVC: 36.89
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.10
VOC, g m s . / l . : 132.04

SOURCE: Halox Pigments: Suggested Formu a t i o n MOR-1035-A


134 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x D e r i r e n t a 1 H i ph Performance Tanni n - S t a i n R e s i s t a n t
Water-Base P r i m e r U s i n a H a l o x X t a i n A

Grind: Lbs./100 Gals. Gms/Liter


Water 125.00 150.00
N a t r o s o l 250 MR 0.75 0.90
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 1.00 1.20
E t h y l ene G1y c o l 30.00 36.00
Tamol 681 18.00 21 - 6 0
T r i t o n CF-10 3.00 3.60
Foamaster VL 2.00 2.40
R-902 150.00 180.00
Halox X t a i n A 5.00 6.00
Snowf 1ake 277.00 332.40

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ NS g r i n d
Water 25.00 30.00

Letdown :
Mor-Lok 1043 434.00 520.80
Skane M-8 2.00 2.40
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 1 .oo 1.20
Texanol 4.75 5.70
Foamaster VL 1 .oo 1.20

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n under a g i t a t i o n and m i x u n t i l u n i f o r m .

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g and m i x u n t i l u n i f o r m .

QR-708 5.50 6.60


Water 66.00 79.20

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
.
% P i gment/Wt : 37.60 D e n s i t y 1b s . / g a l . : 11.51
% P i gment/Vol : 17.11. D e n s i t y gms. /l. : 1,381.2
% S o l i d s / W t . : 57.21 pH @ R . T . : 9 . 0 - 9 . 5
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 41.18 KU V i s c . @ R.T.: 90-95
% PVC: 41.55
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.13
VOC, g m s . / l . : 134.92

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n MOR-1043-A


Primers 135

E x p e r i m e n t a l Waterbase A c r y l i c Red I r o n O x i d e P r i m e r

Grind: Lbs./100 Gals. Gms/Liter


Water 63.0 75.6
Methyl Carbi t o 1 52.0 62.4
Tamol 165 10.0 12.0
T r i t o n CF-10 3.0 3.6
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Drew L-493 1. o 1.2
R.I.O. R0-4097 50.0 60.0
Snowf 1a k e 250.0 300.0
H a l o x SZP-391 33. 0 40.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ NS g r i n d .

Water 25. 0 30.0

Letdown :
Mai n c o t e HG-54 510. 0 612.0
Texanol 4. 0 4.8
Dibutyl Phthalate 12 9 15.5
Drew L-493 3 5 4.2
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 1 5 1.8
Raybo 60 5 0 6.0

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n u n d e r a g i t a t i o n and mix u n t i l un f o r m .

A c r y s o l RM-1020 10.0 12.0


Water 26.0 31.2

M i x u n t i l uniform.

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
% Pigment/Wt.: 31.58 Density lbs./gal.: 10.63
% Pigment/Vol.: 13.81 D e n s i t y g / L : 1,275.9
% S o l i d s / W t . : 52.35 KU V i s c . B R . T . : 90-95
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 38.97 pH @ R.T.: 8.0-9.0
?6 PVC: 35.41
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.72
VOC. g/L: 206.40

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n HG54-391


136 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x p e r i m e n t a l W a t e r b a s e A c r y l i c Red Iron O x i d e P r i m e r

Grind: ~ _ ______
Pounds Gallons
Water 63.00 7.56
Methyl Carbi t o 1 52.00 6.11
Tamol 165 12.30 1 .26
T r i t o n CF-10 3.00 0.34
Drew L-493 1 .oo 0.14
Red I r o n O x i d e 57.40 1.34
S n o w f 1a k e 192.60 8.56
H a l o x BW-191 100.00 4.21

L e t Down:
Mai n c o t e HG54 510.00 60.00
Texanol 4.00 0.50
O i butyl Phthalate 12.90 1.48
Drew L-493 3.60 0.50
Ammoni um H y d r o x i d e 2 8% 1.70 0.24
Sodium N i t r i t e 8.40 1.01
Water 49.00 5.90
U c a r T h i c k e n e r SCT 2 0 0 7.50 0.85

D e n s i t y l b s / g a l : 10.78
% W t . Solids: 53.5
% V o l . S o l i d s : 40.0
% PVC: 3 5 . 0
V i s c o s i t y : 9 0 - 9 5 KU @ 7 7 F

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n


Primers 137

E x D e r i m e n t a l W a t e r b a s e A c r y l i c Red I r o n O x i d e P r i m e r

Grind: L bs. Jl_O 0. G31-s .


Gm s / L 1 t_er
Water 63.0 75.6
Methyl C a r b i t o l 52.0 62.4
Tamol 1 6 5 10.0 12.0
T r i t o n CF-10 3.0 3.6
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Drew L - 4 9 3 1. o 1.2
R . I.0 . R0-4097 50.0 60.0
Snowflake 225.0 270.0
H a l o x CW-491 66.0 79.2

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4 + NS g r i n d

Water 25.0 30 0t

Letdown :
Mai n c o t e HG-54 .310.0 612.0
Texanol 4.0 4.0
Dibutyl Phthalate 12 9 15.5
Drew L - 4 9 3 3.5 4.2
A q u a Ammonia ( 2 8 % ) 1.5 1.8
Raybo 6 0 5.0 6.0

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n u n d e r a g i t a t i o n and m i x u n t i l u n 7 f o r m .

Acrysol RM-1020 10.0 12.0


Water 26.0 31 . 2

Mix a n t i i u n i f o r m

Formula Constants: Formula P r o p e r t i e s :


% P i g m e n t / W t . : 31 . 9 9 Density lbs./gal.: 10.71
% Pigment/Vol : 13.93. D e n s i t y g/L: 1,285.1
% S o l i d s / W t . : 52.62 KU V i s c . @ R . T . : 95-100
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 39.05 pH @ R . T . : 8 . 0 - 9 . 0
% PVC: 3 5 . 6 6
VOC, l b s . / g a l : 1 . 7 0
VOC, g / L : 2 0 4 . 0 0

SOURCE: H a l o x P i g m e n t s : S u g g e s t e d F o r m u l a t i o n HG54-491
138 Water-Based Paint Formulations

E x t e r i o r House P a i n t P r i m e r

Iflared> entss: Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 150.4 18.05
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheo. Mod. 8.7 1 .oo
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.9 0.25
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
Col l o i d 226/35 10.2 1.oo
Propylene G l y c o l 25.9 3.00
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.25
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.1 0.25
Kronos 2310 125.0 3.65
Halox BW-100 100.0 4.37
N i c r o n 400 113.5 4.78

Letdown :
Water ) 8.3 1 .oo
Ucar Polyphobe 102 )Premix 8.7 1 .oo
Ucar L a t e x 625 508.6 57.80
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.25
B u t y l C a r b i t o 1 Sol v e n t 12.7 1.60
NuoCi de 404-D 10.3 1 .oo
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CA 2.1 0.25
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.9 0.25

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 3 2 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , % : 4 0 . 0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 54.5
Viscosity, equilibrated:
Stormer, KU: 90
I C I , Poise: 1.45
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 3
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 2

F i l m Properties:
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.96
Ref 1e c t a n c e , %: 8 8 . 3
Sheen, 85: 1 9 . 9
Tannin S t a i n Resistance:
Cedar and Redwood: Very Good

SOURCE: U c a r Emulsion Systems: U c a r L a t e x 625: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2456
Primers 139

E x t e r i o r House P a i n t P r i m e r Based On Ucar L a t e x 163

I n q r e d ie n t s : Pounds
~~ Gal l o n s
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 244.7 29.37
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-30,000 3.5 0.32
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
Col 1o i d 226/35 10.5 I .oo
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.25
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.1 0.25
Propylene G l y c o l 25.9 3.00
Tronox CR-828 125.0 3.65
N i c r o n 400 T a l c 113.5 4.76
Halox EW-100 100.0 4.37

Letdown :
Ucar L a t e x 163 437.5 49.16
Ucar F i l m e r IET 12.7 1.60
C o l l o i d 640 1.9 0.25
NuoCi de 404-D 10.3 1 .oo
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CA 2.1 0.25
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 3.8 0.50

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 3 2 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 40.0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 54.0
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 1 . 0
Stormer, K U : 86
I C I . p o i s e : 1 .O
pH, i n i t i a l : 8 . 5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

Film Properties:
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 8 8 . 3
Sheen, 85: 1 1 . 6
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6-mil b a r : 0.96
T a n n i n S t a i n R e s i s t a n c e c e d a r and redwood: Very Good

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n E-2457


140 Water-Based Paint Formulations

General Purpose Latex Maintenance Primer

Ingredients:
- !& Gal Wt%
Pigment Grind:
Water 105.91 12.71 9.28
Busperse 39/Dispersant 8.47 0.79 0.74
Bubreak 448/Defoamer 3.18 0.47 0.28
(Premix next 2 items)
Water 26.48 3.18 2.32
QP-15000 Cellosize/Hydroxyethyl
Cell ul ose 1.06 0.09 0.09
Igepal CTA 639/Surfactant 6.35 0.72 0.56
Aropl az 1271 /Long Oi 1 A1 kyd 40.47 4.82 3.55
Butrol 23/Modified Barium MetaboratelO5.91 3.44 9.28
Ti -Pure R-SOO/Ti tani um Dioxide-
Rutile 211.83 6.36 18.56
Mi ca-325/Potassi um A1 umi num Si 1 i cate 26.48 1.13 2.32
Atomite/Calcium Carbonate 17.71 0.78 1.55
Nytal 3OO/Talc-Magnesium Silicate 17.71 0.75 1.55
Let Down:
Rhoplex MV23/Acrylic Emulsion 511.57 58.13 44.82
Texanol/Ester Alcohol 5.30 0.67 0.46
Ethylene Glycol 31 .77 3.41 2.78
Water 21 .18 2.54 1 .86

Paint Properties: %wt %VOl


.__
Total Vehicle 66.65 87.45
Pi gment 33.35 12.55
Volatile 47.08 64.15
Organic Solvent 8.08 10.71
Non-Volati le 52.92 35.85
Non-Volatile Vehicle 19.56 23.20
Density (lb/U.S. gal): 11.41
Specific Gravity: 1 .37
P.V.C.: 35.00%
P/B Ratio: 1.705
Spread I
3 1 M i l : 575 F2
Coating VOC: 237 G / L
Material VOC: 1 1 1 G/L
S O U R C E : Buckman Laboratories: Formulation Suggestion: KR-02
Primers 141

General PurposeJL0.w C o s t Water-Base Primer

Grind: Lbs./100 Gals. G m s i l i t e r


Water 150.0 180.0
Butyl Cellosolve 29.0 34.8
Tamol 165 15.0 18.0
T r o y s o l LAC 3.0 3.6
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Drew L-493 1.o 1.2

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g a t h i g h speed and d i s p e r s e t o 5 Hegman g r i n d .

Y . I . O . YO-2087 50.0 60.0


H a l o x CW-491 100.0 120.0
N y t a l 400 250.0 300.0

Letdown :
Water 93.0 111 . 6
Mai n c o t e PR-71 380.0 456.0
Dibutyl Phthalate 5.7 6.8
Aqua Ammonia ( 2 8 % ) 3.0 3.6

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n u n d e r a g i t a t i o n and m i x u n t 1 u n i f o r m . Then


add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r l i s t e d :

E t h a n o l 95% 14.5 17.4


Raybo 60 5.0 6.0

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h s p e e d . Do n o t a e r a t e !

QR-700 5.0 6.0


Acrysol RM-1020 2.0 2.4

Mix u n t i l uniform.

Formula Constants: Formula P r o p e r t i e s :


% P i gment/Wt . : 3 6 . 0 5 D e n s i t y 1b s . / g a l . : 11 . 0 9
% Pigment/Vol.: 16.29 Density g/L: 1,331.0
% Solids/Wt.: 54.20 KU V i s c . @ R . T . : 90-95
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 31 . 3 5 pH @ R . T . : 9.0-9.5
% PVC: 42.63
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1 . 5 4
VOC, g / L : 1 8 4 . 6 8

SOURCE: H a l o x P i g m e n t s : S u g g e s t e d F o r m u l a t i o n PR-71/491A
142 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Hiqh Performance Bare Metal Primer

G r i nd : Lbs./100 Gals. Gms/Liter


Water 92.0 110.0
Butyl Cellosolve 35.0 42.0
Tamol 165 10.0 12.0
T r o y s o l LAC 2.0 2.4
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Drew L-493 1. o 1.2

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g a t h i g h speed and d i s p e r s e t o 5 Hegman g r i n d .

Y.I.O. YO-209 50.0 60.0


H a l o x SZP-391 50.0 60.0
N y t a l 400 125.0 150.0

Letdown :
Water 112.0 134.5
Mai n c o t e PR-7 470.0 564.0
D i b u t y l Phtha a t e 7.0 8.4
Aqua Ammonia 28%) 3.0 3.6

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n under a g i t a t i o n and m i x u n t i l u n i f o r m . Then


add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r l i s t e d .

E t h a n o l 95% 18.0 21.6


Raybo 60 5.0 6.0

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h speed. Do n o t a e r a t e !

QR-708 12.0 14.4


A c r y s o l RM-1020 5.0 6.0

Mix u n t i l uniform.

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
% P i gment/Wt. : 22.51 .
D e n s i t y Lbs / g a l . : 1 0 . 0 0
.
% P i gment/Vol : 8 . 7 6 D e n s i t y g / L : 1,199.7
% S o l i d s / W t . : 47.26 KU V i S c . @ R.T.: 90-95
% S o l id s / V o l . : 35.78 PH @ R.T.: 9 . 0 - 9 . 5
% PVC: 24.48
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.85
VOC, g / L : 222.13

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n PR-71/391BM


Primers 143

Hitah Performance Galvanized Metal Primer

Grind: L b s . / 1 0 0 Gals. Gms/Liter


Water 92.0 110.0
Butyl Cellosolve 35.0 42.0
Tamol 1 6 5 10.0 12.0
Troysol LAC 2.0 2.4
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Drew L-493 1.o 1.2

Add the following at high speed and disperse to 5 Hegman grind.


Y.I.O. YO-2087 50.0 60.0
Halox SZP-391 50.0 60.0
Shi eldex 25.0 30.0
Nytal 400 100.0 120.0

Letdown :
Water 106.5 128.0
Mai ncote PR-71 470.0 564.0
Dibutyl Phthalate 7.0 8.4
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 3.0 3.6

Add grind portion under agitation and mix until uniform. Then add
the following in order listed:
Ethanol 95% 18.0 21 . 6
Raybo 60 5.0 6.0

Add slowly while mixing at high speed. Do not aerate!


OR-708 12.0 14.4
Acrysol RM-1020 5.0 6.0

Mix until uniform.


Formula Constants: Formula Properties:
% P i gment/Wt .: 22.63 Density lbs./gal.: 9 . 9 5
% Pi gment/Vol . : 9 . 3 7 Density g/L: 1 , 1 9 3 . 2
% Solids/Wt.: 4 7 . 5 0 KU Visc. @ R.T.: 90-95
% Solids/Vol.: 3 6 . 5 9 pH @ R.T.: 9 . 0 - 9 . 5
% PVC: 2 5 . 7 5
VOC, lbs./gal.: 1 . 8 3
VOC, g/L: 2 1 9 . 1 9
SOURCE: Halox Pigments: Suggested Formulation PR-71/391GM
144 Water-Based Paint Formulations

H i g h Performance 2 K Water-Base Epoxy P r i m e r

Component A : Lbs. / l o 0 Gals. Gms(L1 t e r


Add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r l i s t e d
E a i - R e z 5522-WY-55 450.0 540.0
Oiacetone Alcohol 7.0 8.4
Water 100.0 120.0
Nopco NDW 2.0 2.4

M i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s a n d add t h e f o l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h
speed.

R . I . O . R-4098 100.0 120.0


H a l o x SZP-391 50.0 60.0
Wol 1 a s t o k u p 1 OES 150.0 180.0
Sparmi t e 100.0 120.0

H i g h s p e e d d i s p e r s e t o 5 + Hegman g r i n d . Then a d d t h e f o l l o w i n g
s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g . DO NOT AERATE'

Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 30.0 36.0


Water 25.0 30.0

Component 8 : Lbs. / l o 0 Gal s . Gms/Li t e r


M i x a t l o w speed:
Epi -Cure 8290-Y-60 60.0 72.0
N a c o r r 1754 3.0 3.6

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g r a w m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r l i s t e d w h i l e m i x i n g a t
h i g h speed:

Z e e o s p h e r e s 400 100.0 120.0


325 Mesh W.G. M i c a 10.0 12.0
H i g h s p e e d d i s p e r s e t o a 4 t Hegman g r i n d . Then a d d t h e f o l l o w i n g
s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g . DO NOT AERATE!
Water 40.0 48.0

Mix Ratio:* Component A : 80% b y v o l u m e .


Component 8 : 20% b y v o l u m e .
*To o b t a i n optimum r e s u l t s , a l l o w 20-30 minutes i n d u c t i o n t i m e
p r i o r t o application.

Formula Constants: Formul a P r o p e r t i es :


% Pigment/Wt. : 41.63 Density l b s . / g a l . : 12.25
% Pigment/Vol.: 18.70 D e n s i t y g/L: 1,470.0
% Solids/Wt.: 65.77 Set-to-touch: 30 m i n u t e s
% S o l id s / V o l . : 4 9 . 5 % Dry Hard: Overnight
% PVC: 3 7 . 7 1
P/B R a t i o : 1.72
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1 . 3 2
VOC, g / L : 1 5 8 . 4 0

SOURCE: H a l o x P i g m e n t s : S u g g e s t e d F o r m u l a t i o n E p i - R e z / B B l
Primers 145

Hiah P e r f o r m a n c e 2 K Water-Base EDOXV P r i m e r


U s i n g Halox SZP-391

Component A: Lbs./lOO Gals. Grams/Li t e r


Add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r l i s t e d :

Waterpoxy 1401 375.0 450.0


E k t a s o l v e EP 30.0 36.0

M i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s and add t h e f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h
speed.

R.I.O. R-4098 100.0 120.0


H a l o x SZP-391 75.0 90.0
W o l l a s t o k u p 10ES 100.0 120.0
N y t a l 400 150.0 180.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5+ Hegman g r i n d . Then add t h e f o l l o w i n g


s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g . Do n o t a e a r a t e !

Deionized water 240.0 288 * 0

Component 0 : Lbs./100 Gals. Grams/Li t e r


M i x a t l o w speed.

Waterpoxy 701 80.0 96.0


E k t a s o l v e EP 5.0 6.0

Mix r a t i o : * Component A - 90% b y volume.


Component B - 10% b y volume.

*To o b t a i n optimum r e s u l t s , a l l o w 20-30 m i n u t e s i n d u c t i o n t i m e


p r i o r t o application.

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
% P i gment/Wt : . 36.75 .
D e n s i t y 1b s . / g a l : 11 .56
% Pigment/Vol. : 15.80 Density g/L: 1,387.2
% Solids/Wt.: 60.10 Set-to-touch: 30 m i n u t e s
.
% S o l id s / V o l : 43.96 D r y Hard: Overnight
% PVC: 35.93
P/B R a t i o : 1.57
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.57
voc, g/L: 188.40

SOURCE: H a l o x P i g m e n t s : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n
146 Water-Based Paint Formulations

H i g h P e r f o r m a n c e 2 K Water-Base Epoxy P r i m e r
U s i n q H a l o x SZP-391

Component A : Lbs./100 Gals. Grams/Li t e r


Add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n order l i s t e d :
Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 450.0 540.0
D i acetone Alcohol 7.0 8.4
Water 100.0 120.0
Nopco NDW 2.0 2.4

M i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s and add t h e f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h
speed :

R . 1 . O . R-4098 100.0 120.0


H a l o x SZP-391 50.0 60.0
W o l l a s t o k u p lOES 150.0 180.0
Sparmi t e 100.0 120.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5+ Hegman g r i n d . Then add t h e f o l l o w i n g


s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g . Do n o t a e r a t e !

E p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 30.0 36.0


Water 25.0 30.0

Component 8 : Lbs./100 Gals. Grams/Li t e r


M i x a t l o w speed:
€ p i -Cure 8290-Y-60 60.0 72.0
N a c o r r 1754 3.0 3.6

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g raw m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r l i s t e d w h i l e m i x n g a t
h i g h speed:

Zeeospheres 400 100.0 20.0


325 Mesh W.G. M i c a 10.0 12.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ Hegman g r i n d . Then add t h e f o l l o w i n g


s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g . Do n o t a e r a t e !

Water 40.0 48.0

Mix Ratio:* Component A - 80% b y volume.


Component B - 20% b y volume.
*To o b t a i n optimum r e s u l t s , a l l o w 20-30 m i n u t e s i n d u c t i o n
time p r i o r t o application.

Formula Constants: Formula P r o p e r t i e s :


96 P i gment/Wt. : 41.63 Density lbs./gal: 12.25
% Pigment/Vol : . 18.70 D e n s i t y g/L: 1,470.0
% Solids/Wt.: 65.77 Set-to-touch: 30 m i n u t e s
% Sol ids/Vol . 49.58 D r y Hard: Over n igh t
% PVC: 37.71
P/B R a t i o : 1.72
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.32
voc, g / L : 158.40
SOURCE: H a l o x P i g m e n t s : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n
Primers 147

H i q h S o l i d s Red I r o n Oxide EDOXY P r i m e r

M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal l o n s
P a r t A:
Epon R e s i n 874-CX-90 263.0 28.85
B e e t l e 216-8 12.0 1.41
S h e l l Xylene 75.5 10.49
S h e l l MIBK 60.4 9.10
PGME A c e t a t e 15.1 1.86
Z i n c Phosphate 5-0852 176.5 6.74
10 ES W o l l a s t o k u p 176.5 7.29
Sparmi t e 233.5 6.35
M i c r o M i c a C-3000 38.8 1.36
Copperas R-5098 38.7 0.90
H i g h Speed D i s p e r s e t o a T e x t u r e o f 5-6 N . S
Bentone SD-2 9.3 0.65
P a r t B:
E p i - C u r e C u r i n g Agent 3140 132.0 16.32
S h e l l Xylene 42.9 5.95
She1 1 n - B u t a n o l 18.4 2.73

Composite B l e n d :
Part A 1099.3 75.00
Part B 193.3 25.00
P a r t s A and B: V i s c o s i t y : 85 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l w e i g h t s o l i d s , p e r c e n t : 81.2
T o t a l v o l ume s o l i d s , p e r c e n t : 6 5 . 4
PVC, p e r c e n t : 3 5 . 0
I n d u c t i o n t i m e , m i n u t e s : 30
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds p e r g a l l o n : 2.43
Grams p e r l i t e r : 292

F i 1m P r o D e r t i es :
(Drawdown on CRS. Cured f o r 7 days a t 77F, 55% R.H.)
Pigment: b i n d e r r a t i o : 1.72
C u r i n g agent p h r , on s o l i d s : 56
P o t l i f e ( h r s ; f r o m 85-130 K U ) : 6
Pounds/gallon: 12.92
Dry f i l m t h i c k n e s s : 1.5 m i l s
Set-to-touch dry, h r s . : 1.0
Cotton-free dry, h r s . : 7.5
Through-dry, h r s . : 18.0
P e n c i l hardness: H
I m p a c t r e s i s t a n c e , ( D i r . /Rev. ) : 52/4
F l e x i b i l i t y : Pass 1 / 4 "
A d h e s i o n : SA
S a l t s p r a y t e s t i n g (500 h r s ) : 2F-2M
Water r e s i s t a n c e (500 h r s a t 160F): 4M

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1819:


Epon R e s i n 874-CX-Q0/Epi -Cure C u r i n g Agent 31 40
148 Water-Based Paint Formulations

House P a i n t P r i m e r

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 283.8 34.07
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e ER-30,000 3.5 0.32
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
Propylene G l y c o l 25.9 3.00
Col 1o i d 226/35 6.4 0.62
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 2.2 0.25
C o l l o i d 650 1.9 0.25
T i -Pure R-902 150.0 4.50
325 Mesh W h i t e Waterground M i c a 25.0 1.07
N y t a l 300 100.0 4.21

Letdown :

Ucar L a t e x 624 426.7 48.49


Ucar F i l m e r IBT 10.7 1.35
NuoCide 404D 10.3 1 .oo
C o l l o i d 650 2.0 0.37
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 2.0 0.25

Pai n t P r o p e r t ies :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 3 0 . 0
Volume S o l i d s , %: 32.6
V i s c o s i t y , e q u i 1 ib r a t e d :
Stormer, KU: 80
I C I , poise: 0.7
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 5 4
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 120F: Pass

F i l m Properties:
C o n t r a s t R a t i o , 6 - m i l wet drawdown: 0.948
R e f 1ectance, %: 88.7
Sheen, 85: 7 . 0
Flow and L e v e l i n g , brushed: Good
Wet Adhesion: E x c e l l e n t
C h a l k Adhesion: E x c e l l e n t

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 824: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n E-2425
Primers 149

Lead and Chromate F r e e P r i m e r

Material: & Gals


P a r t A:
Epi -Rez 5522-WY-55 Res n 330.0 37.21
D i acetone Alcohol 7.0 0.89
C o l 1o i d 640 Defoamer 3.5 0.41
Water 80.0 9.60
R0-4097 Kroma Red 100.0 2.45
Sparmi t e 23.1 0.63
lOES Wollastokup 150.0 6.19
H a l o x SW-111 100.0 4.20

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 6-7 N . S .

E p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 147.0 16.43


15% Sodium N i t r i t e S o l u t i o n ( W a t e r ) 8.0 0.95
Water 8.7 1 .04

P a r t B:
E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 60.0 6.80
Water 11.0 1 .32
Zeeosphere 400 100.0 5.00
Water Ground M i c a , 325 mesh 10.0 0.43

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 4-5 N.S.

Composite B l e n d : Viscosity
Part A 114 K . U . 957.3 80.00
Part B 101 K.U. 234.7 20.00
P a r t s A and B 106 K . U .

SOURCE: S h e l l R e s i n s : S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1818


I50 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Lead and Chromate F r e e Red I r o n O x i d e P r i m e r

Material : =!&
, Gals
Part A:
Epi -Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 330.0 37.21
Oiacetone A l c o h o l 7.0 0.89
Col 1 o i d 640 Defoamer 3.5 0.41
Water 80.0 9.60
R0-4097 Kroma Red 100.0 2.45
Sparmi t e 100.0 2.73
1OES Wol 1a s t o k u p 150.0 6.19
Halox SW-111 50.0 2.10

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 5-6 P . C . S

Epi -Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 147.0 16.43


Water 16.6 1.99

Part 8 :
Epi-Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 60.0 6.80
Water 11.0 1.32
Zeeosphere Type 400 100.0 5.00
Water Ground Mica, 325 mesh 10.0 0.43

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 4-5 P.C.S

Water 53 6.45

Composite B end : Viscosity


Part A 82 K.U. 984 80.00
Part B 101 K . U . 234 20.00
P a r t s A and 8 85 K . U .

SOURCE: She 1 R e s i n s : S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 180


Primers 151

Lead and Chromate F r e e Waterborne EPOXY P r i m e r

M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal 1ons


P a r t A:
Epi -Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 330.0 37.21
D i acetone A1 coho1 7.0 0.89
C o l l o i d 640 Defoamer 3.5 0.41
Water 60.0 7.20
R0-4097 Kroma Red, Red I r o n Oxide 71.1 1.74
S p a r m i t e Barium S u l f a t e 71.1 1.94
lOES Wollastokup 106.7 4.40
Halox SW-111 100.0 4.20
Zeeosphere 400 71 . 1 3.55
Water Groumd Mica, 325 Mesh 7.5 0.32

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o t e x t u r e o f 5-6 N . S .

€ p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 147.0 16.43


15% Aqueous Sodium N i t r i t e S o l u t i o n 8.0 0.95
Water 6.3 0.76

P a r t 9:
Epi-Cure 8292-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 60.0 6.80
Water 11c.o 13.20

Composi t e 81 end : V i scosi t y


Part A 122 K.U. 989.3 80.00
Part B (#4 Ford cup,
15.1 Seconds) 170.0 20.00
P a r t s A and B 68 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 6 2 . 1
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 46.3
P.V.C., %: 34.9
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 1 . 2 3
G r a m s / L i t e r : 148

Resin Composition (on s o l i d s ) :


Epoxy Resin, %: 0 7 . 6
C u r i n g Agent, %: 1 2 . 4

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1818:


Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8292-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
152 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Lead Based . P r i m e r

M a t e r 1 a1 : Pounds Gal 1ons


Part A:
2-Propoxyethanol 11.6 1.50
T r i t o n X-100 S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.39
Tamol 731 S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.38
9-148 Defoamer 4.0 0.48
B e n t o n e LT, 3% i n w a t e r 75.0 8.95

B l e n d w e l l and a d d :
Red I r o n O x i d e 100.0 2.34
B a s i c Lead S i l i c o Chromate 100.0 2.93
C e l l t e 499 D i a t o m a c e o u s E a r t h 25.0 1.30
-
Maonesi um S i 1 1 c a t e
I n c r e a s e d i s p e r s e r speed t o 3 , 0 0 0 RPM. A c h i e v e
25.0 1 .05
grind fineness
o f 6 - 7 PCS. Add u n d e r r e d u c e d a g i t a t i o n :
E p i -Rez 3520-WY-55 R e s i n 260.0 30.00
Tap Water 297.0 35.68

P a r t B:
E p i - C u r e 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent 124.5 15.00

C o m p o s i t e B1 end :
Part A 904.6 85.00
Part 8 124.5 15.00

Typical Coating Properties:


V i s c o s i t y : P a r t A : 65 KU
P a r t 8 : 90 KU
P a r t s A and 8 : 94 KU
Wei g h t / G a l l l o n : I O . 29
Application:
B r u s h : As i s
S p r a y : Reduce 1 0 p a r t s p a i n t t o 1 p a r t w a t e r t o a v i s c o s i t y
o f 80 Krebs U n i t s
P.V.C., %: 2 5 . 2
V e h i c l e N o n - V o l a t i l e , %: 2 8 . 4
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 0 . 2
T o t a l W e i g h t S o l i d s , %: 4 6 . 4
R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n : Epoxy R e s i n , %: 67
C u r i n g A g e n t , %: 33
V o l a t i 1e C o m p o s i t i o n : Pounds Gal 1o n s
Water 465.0 55.81
Organic 85.2 11.20
D r y C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s (Room T e m p e r a t u r e C u r e ) :
S e t t o t o u c h : 30-60 m i n u t e s
D r y t o h a n d l e : 60 m i n u t e s
Dry hard: 4 hours
D r y t o r e c o a t : 20 h o u r s

SOURCE: S h e l l C h e m i c a l Co. : S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1809:


Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g A g e n t
Primers 153

Lead Silico Chromate P r i m e r


Material : Pounds Gal 1ons
P a r t A:
E p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 200.0 22.35
D i a c e t o n e A 1 coho1 6.6 0.84
T r i t o n X-100 S u r f a c t a n t 5.0 0.56
Water 84.8 10.18
C o l l o i d 640 Defoamer 3.5 0.41
RO-4097 Kroma Red, Red I r o n O x i d e 104.4 2.45
Zeeospheres Type 400 194.6 9.73
B a s i c Lead S i l i c o Chromate 83.5 2.45

P e b b l e m i l l a p p r o x i m a t e l y 18 h o u r s

E p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 266.8 29.81


Water 10.2 1.22

P a r t 8:
Epi -Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 45.3 5.13
Water 35.0 4.20
Zeeospheres Type 400 150.0 7.50

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 6 PC

Water 26.4 3.17

Composi t e 81 end : Viscosity


Part A 87 K . U . 959.4 80.00
Part B 140 K . U . 256.7 20.00
P a r t s A and B 90 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 6 7 . 1
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 5 1 . 4
P.V.C., %: 43.1
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gal 1on : 1 .01
G r a m s / L i t e r : 121
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30

R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n (based on s o l i d s ) :
Epoxy R e s i n , %: 9 0 . 0
C u r i n g Agent, %: 1 0 . 0
T o t a l , %: 1 0 0 . 0

R e d u c t i o n f o r C o n v e n t i o n a l Spray ( b y v o l u m e ) :
P a r t s A and B: 20 p a r t s
Water: 1 part

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1813:


€pi-Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
154 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Low Sheen Gray P r i m e r

M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal 1ons


Part A:
Epi -Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 522.1 58.34
Water 69.4 8.33

P a r t 8:
Epi -Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 82.1 9.30
Kronos 2020 191 . o 5.58
SP B l a c k 4 Powder 0.3 0.02
P a t c o t e 847 Def amer 2.0 0.28
Water 25.0 3.00

H i g h Speed D s p e r s e t o 7-8 N.S. Texture.

Water 126.2 15.15

Composite Blend V i scosi t y


Part A 48 K . U . 592.5 66.67
Part B 76 K . U . 426.6 33.33
P a r t s A and B 62 K . U .

T y p i c a l C o a t i nQ P r o o e r t ies :
T o t a Weigh: Sol;ds, %: 51.1
T o t a Weight S o l i d s , %: 39.5
PVC , %: 14.2
V o l a i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 1 .51
G r a m s / L i t e r : 181
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30

Resin Composition (based on s o l i d s ) :


Epoxy Resin, %: 85.0
C u r i n g Agent, %: 15.0

R e d u c t i o n f o r C o n v e n t i o n a l Spray ( b y volume):
( V i s c o s i t y = 55 K.U.)
P a r t s A and B : 11 p a r t s
Water: 1 part

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1812:


€pi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8290-Y-60
Primers 155

#on-Lead/Non-Chromate Primer
Material : Lbs. Gals.
Water 83.89 10.06
I g e p a l CO-630 2.54 0.29
QP-4400 0.87 0.07
Tamol 731 10.70 1.23
Foamaster VL 1.10 0.14
S u r f y n o l 104H 1.66 0.21
D i e t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monomethyl E t h e r 35.32 4.14
T i t a n o x 2101 58.50 1.75
Raven 1020 0.65 0.03
H a l o x BW-191 148.69 6.27

H i g h speed Cowles 15-20 m i n u t e s t o a 3-4 Hegman g r i n d .


Add l e t d o w n :
A r o l o n 820-W-49 540.36 61.40

Premix:
Dalpad A 13.24 1.43
Water 58.26 6.99

Premix:
A r o p l a z 1271 37.99 4.54
Cobalt Hydrocure I 1 3.79 0.49
C a l c i um Hydrocem 3.79 0.46
Z i r c o n i um Hydrocem 1.88 0.22

Then add:
S u r f y n o l 104H 3.31 0.17
Skane M-8 2.20 0.15

Premi x :
OR-708 0.17 0.02
Water 2.26 0.26

Analysis:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , P e r c e n t : 18.85
P i g m e n t / B i n d e r R a t i o : 0.69/1
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Weight : 50.54
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume: 3 4 . 5 2
V i s c o s i t y C 25C, KU: 85-89
Gloss (60): F l a t
Pounds/Gallon: 10.08
pH: 8 . 7 - 9 . 2
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
G r a m s / L i t e r : 70.8
Pounds/Gallon: 0 . 6

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : A r o l o n 820: Formula 2025-80-1


156 Water-Based Paint Formulations

P r i m e r f o r F a c t o r y - P r i med Hardboard S i d i ng

Ingredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 164.3 19.8
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 6.0 0.6
Tamol 731 17.6 1.9
Foamaster VF 2.6 0.3
T i -Pure R-960 96.5 2.9
ASP 400 289.4 13.5

Letdown :
Ucar V e h i c l e 462 325.0 37.0
Ucar A c r y l i c 515 118.2 13.0
Cyme1 325 31.3 3.0
Foamaster VF 0.9 0.1
Nuocide 960 5.1 0.6
A r c o s o l v e PP S o l v e n t 31 . 3 3.0
Propylene Glycol 35.3 4.3

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 42
C r o s s l i n k e r , p h r : 12
C o s o l v e n t , p h r : 15
Volume S o l i d s , %: 40
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 11.2

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 462: Suggested


Formu 1a t ion
Primers 157

P r i m e r 20323D Based on Phosguard J - O m


and 10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t
Henkel ‘ s Waterpoxy 1401 :701 _Sysrem

Component A : & Gals


Waterpoxy 1401 452.05 49.95
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.44 1 .38
10 ES Wol l a s t o c o a t 255.50 10.56
Red I r o n O x i d e 5-3106 137.40 3.30
Phosguard 5-0853 147.89 5.22

Disperse t o 5 n . s . u . , r e d u c e speed and add:

M e t h y l Amyl Ketone 55.00 8.09


Water 74.60 8.96

Component 8 :
Waterpoxy 701 100.00 11.17
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.40 1.37

Formulation Constants:

Non V o l a t i l e by W e i g h t : 0.70 VOC g r m s / l i t r e : 236.82


Non V o l a t i l e by Volume: 0.53 VOC l b s . / g a l . : 1.98
PVC : 0.36 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp A : 12.96
CPVC : 0.46 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp 0 : 8.80
PVC/CPVC : 0.79 Mixing Ratio: 6.97
Pigment C o n t e n t : 0.44 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 12.43
NVV by W t . o f V e h i c l e : 0.47

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , I n c . : P r i m e r 20323D


1.58 Water-Based Paint Formulations

P r i m e r 203236 Based o n Phosguard 5-0813


and 10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t
Henkel ‘ s Waterpoxy 1401 :701 System

Component A : Lbs Gals


Waterpoxy 1401 452.05 49.95
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.44 1.38
10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t 255.50 10.56
Red I r o n O x i d e 5-3106 137.40 3.30
Phosguard 5-0813 130.49 5.22

Disperse t o 5 n.s.u., r e d u c e speed and add:

M e t h y l Amyl Ketone 55.00 8.09


Water 74.60 8.96

Component B:
Waterpoxy 701 100.00 11.17
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.40 1.37

Formulation Constants

Non V o l a t i l e b y W e i g h t : 0.70 VOC g r m s / l i t r e : 236.82


Non V o l a t i l e b y Volume: 0.53 VOC l b s . / g 1 . : 1.98
PVC : 0.36 Wei g h t / G a i on Comp A : 12.76
CPVC : 0.46 Weight/Gal on Comp 9: 8.80
PVC/CPVC : 0.79 M i x i n g Rat 0: 6.97
Pigment C o n t e n t ; 0.43 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 12.26
NVV by W t . o f V e h i c l e : 0.47

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , Inc.: P r i m e r 203230


Primers 159

Primer 20596F Based on Heucophos ZPZ


and 10 ES Wollasto-
~~

_Henkel's
_ ~ _ -Waterpoxy 1 4 0 1 : 7 0 1 System

Component A: Lbs &lls


Waterpoxy 1401 452.05 49.95
Ektasolve EP 10.44 1 .38
10 ES Wol 1 astocoat 255.50 10.56
Red Iron Oxide 5 - 3 1 0 6 137.40 3.30
Heucophos ZPZ 152.48 5.22

Disperse to 5 n.s.u., reduce speed and add:


Methyl Amyl Ketone 55.00 8.09
Water 74.60 8.96

Component 0 :
Waterpoxy 7 0 1 100.00 11.17
Ektasolve EP 10.40 1.37

Formulati on Constants
Non Volatile by Weight: 0.70 VOC grms/litre: 236.82
Non Volatile by Volume: 0.53 VOC 1bs. /gal . : 1.98
PVC : 0.36 Weight/Gallon Comp A : 13.01
cpvc: 0.55 Weight/Gallon Comp 6 : 8.80
PVC/CPVC : 0.67 Mixing Ratio: 6.97
Pigment Content: 0.44 Weight per Gallon: 12.48
NVV by Wt. o f Vehicle: 0.47

SOURCE: Nyco Minerals, Inc.: Primer 20596F


I60 Water-Based Paint Formulations

P r i m e r 205966 Based On HeucoDhos ZMP


and 10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t
H e n k e l ' s Waterpoxy 1401:701 System

Component A: & Gals


Waterpoxy 1401 452.05 49.95
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.44 1 .38
10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t 255.50 10.56
Red I r o n Oxide 5-3106 137.40 3.30
Heucophos ZMP 152.48 5.22
Disperse t o 5 n.s.u., reduce speed and add:

M e t h y l Amyl Ketone 55.00 8.09


Water 74.60 8.96

Component B:
Waterpoxy 701 100.00 11.17
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.40 1.37

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants

Non V o l a t i l e by Weight: 0.70 VOC g r m s / l i t r e : 236.82


Non V o l a t i l e by Volume: 0.53 VOC l b s . / g a l . : 1.98
PVC : 0.36 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp A : 13.01
CPVC: 0.53 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp 8 : 8.80
PVC/CPVC : 0.68 Mixing Ratio: 6.97
Pigment C o n t e n t : 0.44 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 12.48
NVV b y W t . o f V e h i c l e : 0.47

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , Inc.: P r i m e r 205966


Primers 161

P r i m e r 21102E Based on Molycoat 212


and 1 0 AS W o l l a s t o c o a t
H e n k e l ' s Waterpoxy 1401:701 System

Component A: & &


3&
Waterpoxy 1401 452.05 49.95
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.44 1.38
10 AS W o l l a s t o c o a t 255.50 10.56
Red I r o n O x i d e 5-3106 137.40 3.30
M o l y w h i t e 212 130.39 5.22

Disperse t o 5 n.s.u., r e d u c e speed and add:

M e t h y l Amyl Ketone 55.00 8.09


Water 74.60 8.96

Component 9 :
Waterpoxy 701 100.00 11.17
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.40 1.37

Formulation Constants
Non V o l a t i l e b y Weight: 0.70 VOC g r m s / l i t r e : 236.82
Non V o l a t i l e bv Volume: 0 . 5 3 VOC l b s . / a a l . 3 : 1.98
PVC : 0 . 3 6 W e i g h t / G a i l o n Comp A : 1 2 . 7 6
CPVC : 0 . 5 5 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp 8: 8.80
PVC/CPVC : 0.66 M i x i n g R a t i o : 6.97
Pigment C o n t e n t : 0 . 4 3 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 12.26
NVV b y W t . of V e h i c l e : 0.47

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , Inc.: P r i m e r 21102E


162 Water-Based Paint Formulations

P r i m e r 21 105H Based on Phosauard 5-0815


and 10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t
H e n k e l ' s Waterpoxy 1401:702 System

Component A : !& Gals


Waterpoxy 1401 452.05 49.95
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.44 1.38
10 ES Wol l a s t o c o a t 255.50 10.56
Red I r o n O x i d e 5-3106 137.40 3.30
Phosguard 5-081 5 139.19 5.22

Disperse t o 5 n.s.u., r e d u c e speed and add:

M e t h y l Amyl Ketone 55.00 8.09


Water 74.60 8.96

Component 0:
Waterpoxy 702 45.28 5.27
E k t a s o l v e EP 23.41 3.08

Formulation Constants
Non V o l a t i l e by W e i g h t : 0.69 VOC g r m s / l i t r e : 237.36
Non V o l a t i l e b y Volume: 0.51 VOC l b s . / g a l . : 1.98
PVC : 0.39 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp A : 12.86
CPVC : 0.50 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp B: 8.23
PVC/CPVC : 0.79 Mixing Ratio: 10.47
Pigment C o n t e n t : 0.45 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 12.45
NVV by W t . o f V e h i c l e : 0.44

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , Inc.: P r i m e r 21105H


Primers 163

P r i m e r 211051 Based O n N a l z i n 2
and 10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t
Henkel 's Waterpoxy 1401 :702 System

Component A : & Gals


Waterpoxy 1401 452.05 49.95
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.44 1.38
10 ES Wol l a s t o c o a t 255.50 10.56
Red I r o n O x i d e 5-3106 137.40 3.30
Nalzin 2 172.32 5.22

Disperse t o 5 n.s.u., reduce speed and add:

M e t h y l Amyl Ketone 55.00 8.09


Water 74.60 8.96

Component 8 :
Waterpoxy 702 45.28 5.27
E k t a s o l v e EP 23.41 3.08

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants

Non V o l a t i l e b y Weight: 0.70 VOC g r m s / l i t r e : 237.36


Non V o l a t i l e by Volume: 0.51 VOC l b s . / g a l . : 1.98
PVC : 0.39 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp A : 13.23
CPVC : 0.54 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp 8 : 8.23
PVC/CPVC : 0.73 Mixing Ratio: 10.47
Pigment C o n t e n t : 0.46 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 12.80
NVV b y W t . o f V e h i c l e : 0.43

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , I n c . : P r i m e r 211051


164 Water-Based Paint Formulations

P r i m e r 21109C Based on S t r o n t i u m Chromate


and 10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t
H e n k e l ' s Waterpoxy 1401:702 System

Component A: *L
Waterpoxy 1401 453.17 50.07
E k t a s o l v e EP 10.47 1.38
10 ES W o l l a s t o c o a t 256.20 10.59
Red I r o n O x i d e 5-3106 137.75 3.31
S t r o n t i u m Chromate 166.40 5.27

Disperse t o 5 n . s . u . , r e d u c e speed and add:

M e t h y l Amyl Ketone 55.10 8.10


Water 74.79 8.98

Component B :
Waterpoxy 702 68.04 7.91
E k t a s o l v e EP 35.18 4.64

Formulation Constants

Non V o l a t i l e bv W e i a h t : 0.69 VOC a r m s / l i t r e : 250.17


Non V o l a t i l e b; V o l h e : 0.51 VOC i b s . / g a l . : 2.09
PVC : 0.38 W e i g h t / G a l l o n Comp A : 13.16
CPVC : 0.54 Wei g h t / G a l 1 on Comp B: 8.23
PVC/CPVC : 0.70 Mixing Ratio: 6.99
Pigment C o n t e n t : 0.45 Weight p e r Ga l o n : 12.54
NVV by W t . o f V e h i c l e : 0.44

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , Inc.: P r i m e r 21109C


Primers 165

Rapid D r y Waterborne Epoxy P r i m e r

Material : Pounds Gal 1ons


P a r t A:
E p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 258.7 28.92
D i a c e t o n e A1 coho1 5.4 0.69
C o l l o i d 640 Defoamer 2.7 0.32
Water 59.4 7.13
R0-4097 Kroma Red, Red I r o n Oxide 77.6 1.90
lOES W o l l a s t o k u p 116.6 4.81
H a l o x SW-111 116.6 4.90

H i g h Speed D i s p e r s e t o a T e x t u r e o f 5-6 N . S

Epi -Rez 5522-W-55 R e s i n 114.3 12.77


E p i -Rez 3540-WY-55 R e s i n 74.1 8.24
15% Aqueous s o l u t i o n o f sodium n i t r i t e 6.2 0.74
Water 79.7 9.58

P a r t B:
Epi-Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 46.7 5.29
Water 8.6 1.03
Zeeosphere 400 t y p e 77.0 3.89
Water Ground Mica, 325 Mesh 7.7 0.33

H i g h Speed D i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e o f 4-5 N . S

Water 78.5 9.42


Glacial Acetic Acid 0.4 0.04

Composite Blend: Viscosity


Part A 64 K . U . 911.4 80.00
Part 0 70 K.U. 219.7 20 * 00
P a r t s A and B 62 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 59.1
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 43.8
P.V.C., %: 3 6 . 2
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 1.19
G r a m s / L i t e r : 142.8

Res4 n ComDosi t i on :
Epoxy R e s i n , %: 8 9 . 6
C u r i n g Agent, %: 1 0 . 4
R e d u c t i o n t o Spray V i s c o s i t y : None r e q u i r e d

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1814:


Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 R e s i n /
Epi-Cure 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
166 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Rapid D r y Waterborne Epoxy P r i m e r

M a t e r i a l P a r t A: Pounds _ Gal 1ons


_ _ ~
Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Waterborne R e s i n 205.0 22.78
Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55 Waterborne R e s i n 61.9 6.88
C o l l o i d 640 5.0 0.60
Water 140.0 16.81
Bentone LT 3.0 0.20

H i g h Speed M i x f o r 15 m i n u t e s

Water 30.0 3.60


D i acetone A l c o h o l 7.8 1 .oo
R0-4097 Kroma Red, Red I r o n Oxide 65.5 1.60
Halox SW-111 93.8 3.94
Sparmi t e 46.7 1.28
325 Mesh Wet Ground Mica 46.9 2.00
399 Lo-Mi c r o n 85.0 3.78

H i g h Speed D i s p e r s e t o a t e x t u r e of 5-6 N . S .

Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 18.8 2.09


15% Aqueous s o l u t i o n o f p o t a s s i u m n i t r i t e 8.0 0.95
Water 104.0 12.49

M a t e r i a l P a r t 8:
Epi -Cure 8292-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 27.0 3.08
E k t a s o l v e EP 37.9 5.00
Water 99.3 11.92

Composite B l e n d : Viscosity
Part A 102 K . U . 921.4 80.00
Part 8 1 0 . 5 secs ( F o r d #4) 164.2 20.00
P a r t s A and 8 68 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


R e s i n / C u r i n g Agent R a t i o ( s o l i d s b a s i s ) :
Epoxy R e s i n : 8 8 . 1
C u r i n g Agent: 1 1 . 9
T o t a l w e i g h t s o l i d s , %: 47.6
T o t a l volume s o l i d s , %: 33.2
P.V.C., %: 40.8
I n d u c t i o n t i m e , m i n u t e s : 30
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/gal 1on : 1 .95
G r a m s / l i t e r : 234

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1821:


Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Waterborne Resin/Epi-Rez 3540-WY-55
Waterborne R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8292-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
Primers 167

Red I n h i b i t i v e M a i n t e n a n c e P r i m e r

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 151.5 18.19
Bentone LT 1 .o 0.06
Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 25.5 3.00
Tamol 681 18.2 2.00
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
DeeFo HG-12 2.1 0.25
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 2.2 0.25
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.25
A c r y s o l RM-2020 17.2 2.00
5-3103 50.0 1.20
Heucophos ZBZ 75.0 2.51
Atomite 145.8 6.46

Letdown :
Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 8.5 1 .oo
A c r y s o l SCT-275 8.6 1 .oo
Ucar V e h i c l e 435 505.1 58.06
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 11.4 1.44
T r o y s a n Polyphase AF-1 4.9 0.50
Foamex 825 2.1 0.25
Sodium N i t r i t e , 15% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 9.0 1.08
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.25
A d j u s t t o minimum pH 8 . 7

Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC), %: 30.0
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
b y volume: 34.0
pH Value, i n i t i a l : 8 . 7
Viscosity:
Stormer. KU: 80
I C I , poise: 0.7
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 4
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 140F: Pass

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 435: Formulation


S u g Q e s t i o n M-2452
168 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Red I r o n O x i d e C o r r o s i o n R e s i s t a n t EPOXY P r i m e r
(Two Component System)

Ingredients: -
Lb
( P r e p a r e P a r t # l & P a r t #2 s e p a r a t e l y )

P a r t #l
E p o t u f 37-618/Epoxy R e s i n Hardener 147.91 18.96 13.41
Xylol/Xylene 95.36 13.19 8.65
Ye1 k i ns-TS/Soya L e c i t h i n 3.89 0.46 0.35
B u t r o l 2 3 / M o d i f i e d B a r i u m Meta-
borate 194.62 6.32 17.65
Red I r o n O x i d e 194.62 4.98 17.65
N y t a l 300/Talc-Magnesium S i l i c a t e 18.49 0.78 1.68

P a r t #2:
E p o t u f 38-501/Epoxy R e s i n 272.91 30.29 24.74
M e t h y l I s o b u t y l Ketone 70.06 10.49 6.35
X y l o l /Xylene 105.10 14.54 9.53

M i x t w o components i n 1 : l r a t i o and w a i t f o r 30 m i n u t e s b e f o r e
paint application.

P a i n t P r o p e r t i es : %Wt %vel
Total Vehicle 63.03 87.92
Pigment 36.97 12.08
Vol a t i 1e 35.09 74.41
Organi c S o l v e n t 35.09 74.41
Non-Vol a t i1e 64.91 25.59
N o n - V o l a t i l e Veh c l e 27.94 13.52

D e n s i t y ( l b / U . S . g a l ) : 11.03
Specific Gravity 1.32
P.V.C.: 47.19%
P / B R a t i o : 1.323
Spread @ 1 M i l : 411 F2
C o a t i n g VOC: 464 G/L
M a t e r i a l VOC: 464 G/L

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : Formulation Suggestion: KQ-23


Primers 169

Red I r o n O x i d e P r i m e r

Material : Pounds _G a l l o_
~ ns _
P a r t A:
2-Propoxyethanol 11.6 1.50
T r i t o n X-100 S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.39
Tamol 731 S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.38
91 48 Defoamer 4.0 0.48
Bentone LT, 3% i n w a t e r 75.0 8.95

B l e n d w e l l and add:

Red I r o n O x i d e 100.0 2.34


C e l i t e 499 Diatomaceous E a r t h 25.0 I .30
Magnesi um S i 1 ic a t e 100.0 4.22

D i s p e r s e t o a g r i n d f i n e n e s s o f 6-7 P.C.S., t h e n add under


agitation:

Epi -Rez 3520-WY-55 Resin 276.0 30.00


Tap Water 295.0 35.44

P a r t B:
Epi -Cure 8536-MY-60 C u r i ng Agent 124.5 15.00

Composite 81 end :
Part A 893.6 85.00
Part 8 124.5 15.00

Typical Coating Properties:


V i s c o s i t y : P a r t A : 68 Krebs U n i t s
P a r t B: 90 Krebs U n i t s
P a r t s A and B: 98 Krebs u n i t s
Pounds/Gal l o n : 1 0 . 1 8
Application:
B r u s h : as i s
S p r a y : Reduce 10 p a r t s p a i n t t o 1 p a r t w a t e r t o a v i s c o s i t y
o f 83 Krebs U n i t s
P.V.C., %: 25.2
V e h i c l e N o n - V o l a t i l e , %: 2 9 . 2
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 3 1 . 3
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 4 5 . 3
R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n : Epoxy R e s i n , %: 67
C u r i n g Agent, %: 33
Vol a t i 1e Composi t i on Pounds Gallons
Water 467.0 56.14
Organics 85.2 11.20
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 2.05
G r a m s / L i t e r : 246

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1806:


E p i - R e z 3520-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent
170 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Red I r o n Oxide P r i m e r

Ingredients: -
Lb __
Ga 1 Wt%
P i Oment O r in d :
Water 117.69 14.13 11.77
Busperse 3 9 / D i s p e r s a n t 5.65 0.53 0.56
Bubreak 448/Defoamer 2.82 0.42 0.28
Zinc S u l fate-Heptahydrate 1.88 0.11 0.19
I g e p a l CTA 6 3 9 / S u r f a c t a n t 2.82 0.32 0.28
( M i x 10 m i n u t e s and add)
B u t r o l 23/Modi f ie d B a r i um Meta-
borate 47.08 1.53 4.71
Red I r o n O x i d e 94.15 2.41 9.42
N y t a l 300/Talc-Magnesi um S i 1 ic a t e 94.15 3.97 9.42

L e t Down:
( P r e m i x a l l t h e f o l l o w i n g i n g r e d i e n t s and t h en add t o t h e g r i n d )
Beckosol 13-402/Water R e d u c i b l e
A1 k y d 282.46 32.84 28.25
Butyl Cellosolve 84.74 11.28 0.47
Ammonium Hydroxide-28% 22.60 3.01 2.26
Water 233.50 28.03 23.35
A c t iv - 8 / D r i e r 0.94 0.12 0.09
C o b a l t Naphthenate-G%/Drier 1.88 0.26 0.19
Z i r c o n i urn 6%/Dri e r 5.65 0.79 0.56
A n t i s k i n n i n g Agent 1.88 0.25 0.19

Paint Properties: %vel


Total Vehicle 76.27 91.98
Pigment 23.73 8.02
Volatile 54.56 68.54
Organic Solvent 19.43 26.38
Non-Volati l e 45.44 31.46
Non-Volatile Vehicle 21.72 23.44

D e n s i t y ( l b / U . S . g a l ) : 10.00
Speci f ic G r a v i t y : 1 .20
P.V.C.: 25.50%
P/B R a t i o : 1.093
Spread @ 1 M i l : 505 F2
C o a t i n g VOC: 403 G/L
M a t e r i a l VOC: 233 G/L

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n : KP-10


Primers 171

Red I r o n O x i d e Water R e d u c i b l e A l k v d P r i m e r

Inqredients: -
Lb Gal Wt%
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 154.98 118.60 14.64
Busperse 3 9 / D i s p e r s a n t 5.81 0.54 0.55
Bubreak 448/Oefoamer 2.91 0.43 0.27
I g e p a l CTA 6 3 9 / S u r f a c t a n t 2.91 0.33 0.27
Zinc S u l f a t e - H e p t a h y d r a t e 1.94 0.12 0.18
B u t r o l 2 3 / M o d i f i e d B a r i u m Meta-
borate 48.43 1.57 4.57
Red I r o n O x i d e 98.86 2.48 9.15
N y t a l 300/Talc-Magnesium S i l i c a t e 193.72 8.17 18.30

L e t Down:
( P r e m i x a l l t h e f o l l o w i n g i n g r e d i e n t s and t h e n add t o t h e g r i n d . )
C a r g i l l 7464/Water R e d u c i b l e A l k y d 248.93 28.78 23.51
Secondary B u t y l A l c o h o l 86.21 12.81 8.14
Ammonium Hydroxide-28% 9.69 1.29 0.91
Water 200.50 24.07 18.94
Cobalt Naphthenate-6%/Orier 1.94 0.26 0.18
Z i r c o n i um 6%/Dri e r 3.87 0.54 0.37

P a i n t P r o p e r t i as:
Total Vehicle 67. ao 87.66
Pigment 32.20 12.34
V o l a t i 1e 49.71 67.42
Organic Solvent 16.14 24.74
Non-Vol a t i 1e 50.29 32.58
Non-Volatile Vehicle 18.08 20.24

D e n s i t y ( l b / U . S . g a l ) : 10.59
S p e c i f i c G r a v i t y : 1.27
P.V.C.: 37.88%
P/B R a t i o : 1.781
Spread I3 1 M i l : 523 F2
C o a t i n g VOC: 357 G/L
M a t e r i a l VOC: 205 G/L

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : Formulation Suggestion: KP-09


I72 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Rust Inhibitive Chromate Primer


Material: Lbs. Gals .
Water 136.0 16.33
Tamol 731 16.0 1.85
Triton CF-10 3.0 0.34
Nopco NDW 2.0 0.27
Ethylene Glycol 26.0 2.80
Dowicil 75 0.5 0.02
Kelecin 1081 2.0 0.24
Mix at low speed:
Titanox 2101 200.0 6.01
Zinc Chromate Y539D 15.0 0.52
Oncor M50 30.0 0.88
Mica 325 33.0 1.41
Snowf1 ake 100.0 4.43
Lampblack #877 4.0 0.37
QP-4400 1.2 0 :1 1
Grind under high shear 15-20 minutes.
NOTE: Do not allow temperature to exceed llOF during grind.
Under low speed add letdown:
Nopco NDW 1.5 0.20
Arolon 820-W-49 500.0 57.08
Ammon i a 7.0 0.84
Diethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether 6.0 0.76
Diethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Acetate 6.0 0.73
Preblend :
Aroplaz 1271 or 1272 25.7 3.08
Triton CF-10 1.3 0.15
Water 4.0 0.48

Analysis:
Pigment/Binder Ratio: 1.37/1
Pounds/Gallon: 11.33
Percent Nonvolatile, Weight: 58.5
Percent Nonvolatile, Volume: 43.4
Pigment Volume Concentration, Percent: 31 .O
pH: 8.8
Viscosity @ 25C, KU: 75-78
60/20 Gloss: Flat
Grind Hegman: 4-5
VOC (excluding water):
Grams/Li ter : 1 1 3.0
Pounds/Gallon: 0.94
SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, Inc.: Arolon 820: Formula 5-3
Primers 173

Solvent R e s i s t a n t , Water-Reducible EPOXV P r i m e r

M a t e r i a l :. Pounds Gal 1ons


P a r t A:
E p i -Rez 5522-W-55 R e s i n 200.0 22.35
D i a c e t o n e A1 coho1 6.6 0.84
T r i t o n X-100 S u r f a c t a n t 5.0 0.56
Water 84.8 10.18
C o l l o i d 640 Defoamer 3.5 0.41
R0-4097 Kroma Red, Red I r o n O x i d e 104.4 2.45
Zeeospheres Type 600 307.1 17.55

P e b b l e m i l l a p p r o x i m a t e l y 18 h o u r s

E p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 187.2 20.92


Water 39.5 4.74

P a r t 6:
E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 118.3 13.40
Water 55.0 6.60

Composite B l e n d : Viscosity
Part A 64 K.U. 938.1 80.00
Part 0 58 K . U . 173.3 20.00
Parts A t B 85 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 6 2 . 6
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 4 9 . 2
P.V.C., %: 40.7
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gal 1on : 1 .37
Grams/Li t e r : 164
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30

R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n (based on s o l i d s ) :
Epoxy R e s i n , %: 75.0
C u r i n g Agent, %: 25.0
T o t a l , %: 100.0

R e d u c t i o n f o r C o n v e n t i o n a l Spray ( b y volume):
P a r t s A and 6 : 36 p a r t s
Water: 1 part

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1808:


Epi-Rez 5522-W-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
174 Water-Based Paint Formulations

TT-P-1975 Federal S D e c i f i c a t i o n Metal Primer

Inqredients: Pounds Gal l o n s


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 266.4 32.0
C e l l o s i ze H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l ose ER-15M 1. o 0.1
Dispersant ( 1 ) 15.2 1.7
N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (2) 2.7 0.3
Ethylene G l y c o l 26.8 2.9
B u f f e r (3) 2.0 0.3
A n t i f o a m (4) 2.4 0.3
Preservative (5) 2.7 0.3
T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e (6) 133.9 3.9
I n h i b i t i v e Pigment (7) 89.2 2.7
M i c a (8) 35.7 1.5
C a l c i u m Carbonate (9) 46.5 2.1

L e t Down:
B u t y l C a r b i t o l Solvent--Premix w i t h : 7.2 0.9
Ucar T h i c k e n e r SCT-275 8.2 1 .o
Ucar L a t e x 163 423.6 47.6
A n t i f o a m (4) 4.8 0.6
Mildewcide (IO) 5.8 0.6
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 9.0 1.2

Suppl ie r s :
(1) Dispersant - C o l l o i d l l l M ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(2) N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t - T r i t o n CF-10 (Rohm and Haas) o r
equivalent.
(3) B u f f e r - AMP 95 (Angus) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(4) A n t i f o a m - C o l l o i d 770 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(5) P r e s e r v a t i v e - Nuosept 95 ( H u l s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(6) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-900 (DuPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(7) I n h i b i t i v e Pigment - N a l z i n 2 (NL Chemicals) o r e q u i v a l e n t
(8) M i c a - 325 WG M i c a (KMG M i n e r a l s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(9) C a l c i u m Carbonate - Snowflake (Thompson, Weinman) o r
e q u i Val e n t .
(IO) M i l d e w c i d e - Polyphase AF-1 ( T r o y ) o r e q u i v a l e n t
Paint Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC), %: 27.9
T o t a l S o l i d s , % b y Volume: 36.5

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 163: F o r m u l a t on


S u g g e s t i o n LP-2085
Rimers 175

U n i v e r s a l Primer

Inqredients: Pounds Gallons


P i gment G r i n d :
Water 51 . 5 6.18
Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 50.4 5.93
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 2.0 0.26
Tamol 165 8.1 0.92
S u r f y n o l CT-111 4.0 0.48
Drewpl u s L-475 2.0 0.27
A e r o s i 1 R-972 3.0 0.19
T i -Pure R-900 121 .o 3.57
M i c r o t a l c MP 12-50 61 .7 2.74
Busan 11-MI 50.0 2.08
Water 60.8 7.30

Letdown :
Butyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 21.2 2.66
Ucar L a t e x 461 521.2 59.91
A r c o s o l v PNB 1 10.1 1.37
Ucar F i l m e r I B T ) Premix 10.1 1.27
S a n t i c i z e r 160 ) 2.3 0.24
Sodium N i t r i t e ) Premix 2.4 0.14
Water 1 20.2 2.42
Water 10.7 1.28
Ammoni um H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 1.5 0.20
Ucar Polyphobe 102 Rheology M o d i f i e r 5.5 0.59

P a i n t P r o p e r t i es :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 2 2 . 4
Volume S o l i d s , %: 38.0
Weight S o l i d s , %: 4 9 . 5
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 10.2
Stormer, KU: 85
I C I , Poise: 0.9
pH v a l u e : 8.5-9.5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , c y c l e s passed: 5
Heat-Age S t a b i l i t y , 120F, weeks passed: 4
VOC, grams p e r l i t e r : 225

Film Properties:
Sheen, 85: 5 max
P r o h e s i o n C o r r o s i o n W e a t h e r i n g C y c l e , h o u r s passed: 800
C l e v e l a n d H u m i d i t y , h o u r s passed: 800
T a n n i n g / S t a i n i n g R e s i s t a n c e : Good
Tape Adhesion (ASTM 0-33): E x c e l l e n t
S a l t Fog, h o u r s : 48 max

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n E-18138


176 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Universal Primer
Non-Li f t i ng and H i g h S a l t Spray R e s i s t a n c e

Insredients: & Gals


A r o p l a z 3859-2-80 245.30 27.72
MPA-1078 6.00 0.81
C a l c i u m Chem-All 8% 9.00 1.13

Premix:

Red I r o n Oxide 5-3106 100.00 2.40


Phosguard 5-0806 138.60 5.20
10 AS W o l l a s t o c o a t 121 .oo 5.00
399 T a l c 103.50 4.60
M e t h y l I s o b u t y l Ketone 133.30 19.99

D i s p e r s e t o 135F and 5 n . s . u .

To1 uene 13.50 1.86


VM & P Naphtha 68.80 11.24
A r o p l a z 3859-2-80 123.20 13.92
C o b a l t Chem-A1 1 12% 1 .25 0.15
Z i r c o n i um Chem-All 12% 3.75 0.47
nButyl Alcohol 25.80 3.82
S k i n o #2 3.00 0.39
PM A c e t a t e 16.53 2.16

F o r m u l a t i o n Constants

Non V o l a t i l e b y Weight: 0.69 VOC g r a m s / l i t r e : 410.71


Non V o l a t i l e by Volume: 0.48 VOC l b s . / g a l . : 3.43
PVC : 0.35 Weight p e r G a l l o n : 11.03
CPVC: 0.45 P i gment C o n t e n t : 0.42
PVC/CPVC : 0.79

1 . Can be r e - c o a t e d w i t h p o w e r f u l s o l v e n t - c o n t a i n i n g t o p c o a t s .
N o n - l i f t i n g e p o x i e s , u r e t h a n e s , and a l k y d s .
2 . Very h i g h s a l t s p r a y r e s i s t a n c e - 3000 h o u r s a t 3 m i l s .
3. F a s t d r y i n g i n t h i n f i l m s .
4. Must be f u l l y c u r e d b e f o r e t o p c o a t e d .
5. Ready t o s p r a y w i t h o u t d i l u t i o n .
6 . Touch d r y i n a p p r o x i m a t e l y 8 m i n u t e s .

SOURCE: Nyco M i n e r a l s , I n c . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n


Primers 177

Water-Base Acrylic U n i v e r s a l P r i m e r U s i n g
H a l o x SZP-391 & EJW-100

Grind: Lbs./100 Gals. Gms/Liter


Add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r l i s t e d w h i l e m i x i n g a t l o w speed:
Water 125.0 150.0
Nopco NDW 1.5 1.8
N a t r o s o l 250MBR 1 .o 1.2
Aqua Ammonia 28% 1 .o 1.2

M i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s t h e n add t h e f o l l o w i n g raw m a t e r i a l i n o r d e r
listed:

E t h y l e n e G1y c o l 30.0 36.0


Tamol 681 18.5 27.8
T r i t o n CF-10 3.0 3.6
T i -Pure R-902 150.0 180.0
Z i n c Oxide 10.0 12.0
Halox SZP-391 50.0 60.0
Halox BW-100 50.0 60.0
Snowf 1ake 130.0 156.0
H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5+ Hegman g r i n d

Letdown :
Rhopl ex MV-23 490.0 588.0
Texanol 8.0 9.6
Skane M-8 2.0 2.4
Nopco NDW 1 .o 1.2
Add g r i n d p o r t i o n under a g i t a t i o n and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m . Then
s l o w l y add t h e f o l l o w i n g raw m a t e r i a l w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h
speed. Do n o t a e r a t e !

OR-708 T h i c k e n e r 5.5 6.6


M i x u n t i l u n i f o r m and add t h e f o l l o w i n g :

Water 58.0 70.0

Mix u n t i l uniform.

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
% Pigment/Wt. : 34.55 D e n s i t y 1bs. / g a l . : 1 1 .35
% Pigment/Vol.: 14.76 D e n s i t y g/L: 1 ,367.4
% S o l i d s / W t . : 54.55 KU V i s c . @ R.T.: 90-95
.
96 Sol ids/Vol : 38.71 pH @ R . T . : 9.0-9.5
46 PVC: 38.14
VOC. l b s . / g a l . : 1.14
VOC, g/L: 136.82

SOURCE: Halox Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n MV-23/391-100


178 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Water-Base A c r y l i c U n i v e r s a l P r i m e r U s i n g
H a l o x SZP-391 (L X t a i n A

Q r i nd: Lbs./100 Gals Gms/Liter


Add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r l i s t e d w h i l e m i x i n g a t l o w speed.

Water 125.0 150.0


Nopco NDW 1.5 1.8
N a t r o s o l 250MBR 1 .o 1.2
Aqua Ammonia 28% 1. o 1.2

M i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s t h e n add t h e f o l l o w i n g raw m a t e r i a l i n o r d e r
listed:

E t h y l e n e G1 y c o l 30.0 36.0
Tamol 681 18.5 27.8
T r i t o n CF-10 3.0 3.6
T i -Pure R-902 150.0 180.0
Z i n c Oxide 10.0 12.0
Halox SZP-391 50.0 60.0
Halox X t a i n A 5.0 6.0
Snowf 1 ake 175.0 210.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5+ Hegman g r i n d

Letdown :
Rhopl ex MV-23 490.0 588.0
Texanol 8.0 9.6
Skane M-8 2.0 2.4
Nopco NDW 1. o 1.2

Add g r i n d p o r t i o n under a g i t a t i o n and m i x u n t i l u n i f o r m . Then


s l o w l y add t h e f o l l o w i n g raw m a t e r i a l w h i l e m i x i n g a t h i g h
speed. Do n o t a e r a t e !

QR-708 T h i c k e n e r 5.5 6.6

M i x u n t i l u n i f o r m and add t h e f o l l o w i n g :

Water 58.0 70.0

Mix u n t i l u n i f o r m .

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
.
% P i gment/Wt : 34.56 Density lbs./gal.: 11.35
% Pigment/Vol : 14.81 . D e n s i t y g / L : 1,367.4
% S o l i d s / W t . : 54.57 KU V i s c . @ R.T.: 90-95
.
% Soli d s / V o l : 38.76 pH @ R.T.: 9 . 0 - 9 . 5
% PVC: 38.20
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 1.14
VOC, g / L : 136.69

SOURCE: Halox Pigments: F o r m u l a t i o n MV-23/3BlXA


Primers 179

Waterborne Black I r o n O x i d e Primer


Based on EDotuf 37-143/37-680
(Formula No. 3 0 1 9 - 3 8 A )

Component A: Lbs Gals


E p o t u f 37-680 183.82 20.75
A r c o s o l v PTB 38.54 5.28
Dowanol PPH 10.79 1.23

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

BK-5099 85.85 2.07


W o l l a s t o k u p 10 ES 285.60 11 .80

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N.S.
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 214.59 24.22


A r c o s o l v PTB 25.73 3.52
Tap Water 92.72 11.13

Component 8 :
Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i 1 uniform:
E p o t u f 37-143 77.43 8.80
Mineral S p i r i t s 24.71 3.85
A r o m a t i c 150 24.71 3.35
Tap Water 33.32 4.00

Weight/Gallon (Lbs.): 10.98


Percent S o l i d s (Wt.): 55.56
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 38.67
PVC ( % I : 35.88
VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.50

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Formula No. 3 0 1 9 - 3 8 A


180 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne Red I r o n Oxide P r i m e r


Based on EDotuf 37-143/37-680
I f o r m u l a No. 2954-76A)

Component A: Lbs Gals


E p o t u f 37-680 172.36 19.45
A r c o s o l v PTB 34.47 4.72
Dowanol PPH 10.34 1.18

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

R5098 Red I r o n Oxide 87.04 2.03


W o l l a s t o k u p 10 ES 290.42 12.00

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N.S.
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 209.42 23.64


A r c o s o l v PTB 24.99 3.42
Tap Water 112.88 13.55

Component 0 :
Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform:
E p o t u f 37-143 72.91 8.28
Mineral S p i r i t s 24.13 3.76
A r o m a t i c 150 24.13 3.28
Tap Water 39.07 4.69

Weight/Gallon ( L b s . ) : 11.02
P e r c e n t Sol i d s (Wt. ) : 54.89
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 37.68
PVC ( % I : 37.25
VOC ( L b s . / G a l l o n ) : 2.46

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Formula No. 2954-76A


Primers 181

W a t e r b o r n e Red O x i d e Epoxy P r i m e r

M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal l o n s
P a r t A:
E p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n 330.0 37.21
D i a c e t o n e A1 coho1 7.0 0.89
Col 1o i d 640 Defoamer 3.5 0.41
Water 60.0 7.20
R0-4097 Kroma Red, Red I r o n O x i d e 71.1 1.74
Sparmite Barium S u l f a t e 71 . I 1.94
1OES W o l l a s t o k u p 106.7 4.40
H a l o x SW-111 100.0 4.20
Zeeosphere 400 71 . 1 3.55
Water Ground M i c a , 325 Mesh 7.5 0.32

H i g h Speed D i s p e r s e t o a T e x t u r e o f 5-6 N . S

€ p i -Rez 5522-WY-55 Resin 147.0 16.43


Water 14.2 1 .71

Part 8 :
€ p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent 60.0 6.80
Water 110.0 13.20

Composi t e 61 end: Viscosity


Part A 989.2 80.00
Part B 170.0 20.00
P a r t s A and B 70 K . U .

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 6 2 . 0
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 46.2
P . V . C . , %: 3 5 . 0
I n d u c t i o n Time, m i n u t e s : 30
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 1.23
Grams/Li t e r : 148

R e s i n Composi t i on :
Epoxy R e s i n , %: 8 7 . 6
C u r i n g Agent, %: 1 2 . 4
T o t a l , %: 100.0

Source: S h e l l Chemical C o . : S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1810:


Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e 8290-Y-60 C u r i n g Agent
182 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Waterborne Y e l l o w I r o n Oxide P r i m e r
Based on EDotuf 37-143/37-680
( F o r m u l a No. 3019-396)

Component A : & Gals


E p o t u f 37-680 183.41 20.70
A r c o s o l v PTB 38.45 5.72
Dowanol PPH 10.77 1.22

Add f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r under a g i t a t i o n :

YD-2288 69.43 2.07


W o l l a s t o k u p 1 0 ES 284.95 11.77

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 5 N . S .
Add f o l l o w i n g under a g i t a t i o n :

E p o t u f 37-680 214.11 24.17


A r c o s o l v PTB 25.88 3.55
Tap Water 93.71 11.25

Component 8 :
Mix f o l l o w i n g under high-speed a g i t a t i o n u n t i l uniform:
E p o t u f 37-143 77.25 8.78
Mineral S p i r it s 24.55 3.82
A r o m a t i c 150 24.55 3.33
Tap Water 33.90 4.07

Weight/Gallon ( L b s . ) : 10.81
P e r c e n t S o l i d s (Wt. ) : 54.80
Percent S o l i d s ( V o l . ) : 38.50
PVC ( % ) : 35.89
.
VOC ( Lbs /Gal 1on) : 2.50

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals. Inc.: Formula No. 3019-398


Primers 183

Water Reducible A l k y d Yellow I r o n Oxide Primer


Using Halox SZP-391
Grind: Lbs./100 Gals. Gms/Liter
Chempol 1 0 - 0 0 9 1 200.0 240.0
B u t y l Cel l o s o l v e 55.0 66.0
DMEA 4.0 4.8
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 4.0 4.8
Y . I . O . YO-2087 75.0 90.0
Halox SZP-391 33.0 40.0
Beaverwhi t e 325 75.0 90.0
Snowf 1ake 75.0 90.0
Bentone SD-1 1 .o 1.2

Disperse a t h i g h speed t o 4+ NS g r i n d .

Letdown :
Chempol 10-0091 50.0 60.0
DMEA 4.0 4.8
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 4.0 4.8
Cobalt Hydro-Cure 5% 2.0 2.4
Cal c i um Hydro-Cure 5% 3.5 4.2
Zirconium Hydro-Cure 12% 2.0 2.4
Active 8 1. o 1.2
Byk 301 1.o 1.2
n-Butanol 25.0 30.0

Add s l o w l y w h i l e mixing.

Water 400.0 480.0

Formula Constants: Formula P r o p e r t i e s :


.
% P i gment/Wt : 2 5 . 6 7 Density l b s . / g a l . : 10.15
.
% Pigment/Vol : 1 0 . 2 4
% Solids/Wt.: 4 4 . 7 5
Density g/L: 1,217.8
KU V i sc. @ R . T . : 8 0 - 8 5
.
% S o l i ds/Vol : 3 1 . 3 5 pH @ R.T.: 9 . 0 - 9 . 5
% PVC: 3 2 . 6 5
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 2.93
VOC, g / L : 3 5 1 . 6 8

SOURCE: Halox Pigments: Suggested Formulation WRA-301


184 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Water R e d u c i b l e A l k y d Y e l l o w I r o n Oxide P r i m e r
U s i n s H a l o x CW-491

Grind: Lbs./lOO Gals. Gms/Liter


Chempol 10-0091 200.0 240.0
Butyl Cellosolve 55.0 66.0
DMEA 4.0 4.8
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 4.0 4.8
Y.I.O. YO-2087 75.0 90.0
H a l o x CW-491 33.0 40.0
Beaverwhi t e 325 75.0 90.0
Snowf 1ake 75.0 90.0
Bentone SD-1 1.0 1.2

D i s p e r s e a t h i g h speed t o 4+ NS g r i n d .

Letdown :
Chempol 10-0091 50.0 60.0
DMEA 4.0 4.8
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 4.0 4.8
C o b a l t H y d r o - c u r e 5% 2.0 2.4
C a l c i u m H y d r o - c u r e 5% 3.5 4.2
Z i r c o n i u m H y d r o - c u r e 12% 2.0 2.4
Active 8 1.o 1.2
Byk 301 1.o 1.2
n-Butanol 25.0 30.0

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g .
Water 400.0 480.0

Mix u n t i l uniform.

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
% Pigment/Wt.: 25.67 Density lbs./gal.: 10.15
% P i gment/Vol : 10.24 . D e n s i t y g / L : 1,217.8
% S o l i d s / W t . : 44.75 KU V i s c . @ R . T . : 80-85
.
% Sol i d s / V o l : 31 .35 pH C R . T . : 9 . 0 - 9 . 5
% PVC: 32.65
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 2.93
VOC, g / L : 351.68

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n WRA-491


Primers I85

Water R e d u c i b l e EDoxv-Ester Red I r o n O x i d e P r i m e r

Grind: Lbs/100 G a l s . G m s / L i t e r
W/R Epoxy E s t e r R e s i n 340.0 408.0
B u t y l C e l l os01 ve 25.0 30.0
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 3.0 3.6
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Red I r o n O x i d e 100.0 120.0
H a l o x SZP-391 42.0 50.4
Talc 791 .O 229.2

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ NS G r i n d

Letdown :
W/R Epoxy E s t e r R e s i n 125.0 150.0
B u t y l Cel l o s o l ve 25.0 30.0
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 3.0 3.6
C o b a l t H y d r o c u r e (13%) 2.5 3.0
Manganese H y d r o c u r e (12%) 2.5 3.0
Activ 8 1 .o 1.2
N-Butanol 25.0 30.0
Byk 301 2.0 2.4

A d d s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g and m i x u n t i l u n i f o r m .

Water 175.0 210.0

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
% P i gment/Wt. : 31 . 2 4 Density lbs./gal.: 10.65
% P i g m e n t / V o l . : 12.15 O e n s i t y g / l . : 1,278.4
% S o l i d s / W t . : 52.28 KU V i s c . @ R . T . : 80-85
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 34.70 pH @ R . T . : 9 . 0 - 9 . 5
% PVC: 34.70
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 4.13
voc, g/L: 494.87
SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n WREE39lH
186 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Water R e d u c i b l e Eooxv-Ester Red I r o n Oxide P r i m e r

Grind: Lbs./100 G a l s . Gms/Liter


W/R Epoxy E s t e r Resin 340.0 408.0
Butyl Cellosolve 25.0 30.0
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 3.0 3.6
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Red I r o n Oxide 100.0 120.0
Halox CW-191 42.0 50.0
Talc 190.0 228.0

High speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ NS g r i n d .

Letdown :
W/R Epoxy E s t e r R e s i n 125.0 150.0
Butyl Cellosolve 25.0 30.0
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 3.0 3.6
C o b a l t Hydrocure (12%) 2.5 3.0
Manganese Hydrocure (12%) 2.5 3.0
Active 8 1.o 1.2
N-Butanol 25.0 30.0
BYK 301 2.0 2.4

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m .

Water 175.0 210.0

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formul a P r o p e r t i 8s :
.
% P i gment/Wt : 31 ,55 Density l b s . / g a l . : 10.64
% P i gment/Vol : 12.35. D e n s i t y g/L: 1,276.4
% Sol i d s / W t . : 52.54 KU V i s c . @ R.T.: 80-85
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 34.90 p H @ R . T . : 9.0-9.5
% PVC: 35.39
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 4.12
VOC, g / L : 493.60

SOURCE: Halox Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n WREE491


Primers 187

Water R e d u c i b l e Epoxy-Ester
Red Iron Oxide Primer
U s i n g H a l o x CW-491

Grind: Lbs. / l o 0 Gals. Gms/Li t e r


W/R Epoxy E s t e r R e s i n 340.0 408.0
Butyl Cellosolve 25.0 30.0
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 3.0 3.6
AMP-95 3.0 3.6
Red I r o n Oxide 100.0 120.0
Halox CW-491 42.0 50.0
Talc 190.0 228.0

H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o 4+ NS g r i n d .

Letdown :
W/R Epoxy E s t e r Resin 125.0 150.0
Butyl Cellosolve 25.0 30.0
Aqua Ammonia (28%) 3.0 3.6
C o b a l t Hydrocure (12%) 2.5 3.0
Manganese Hydrocure (12%) 2.5 3.0
Active 8 1 .o 1.2
N- B u t ano 1 25.0 30.0
Byk 301 2.0 2.4

Add s l o w l y w h i l e m i x i n g and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m .

Water 175.0 210.0

Formula C o n s t a n t s : Formula P r o p e r t i e s :
.
% P i gment/Wt : 31 . 5 5 D e n s i t y l b s . / g a l . : 10.64
% P i gment/Vol : 12.35. D e n s i t y g / L : 1,276.4
% S o l i d s / W t . : 52.54 KU V i s c . @ R . T . : 80-85
% S o l i d s / V o l . : 34.90 pH @ R . T . : 9.0-9.5
% PVC: 35.39
VOC, l b s . / g a l . : 4.12
VOC, g/L: 493.60

SOURCE: H a l o x Pigments: Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n WREE491


188 Water-Based Paint Formulations

White. Corrosion R e s i s t a n t Latex Primer

Innredient s : !& Gal a


Pigment G r i nd:
Water 100.12 12.02 8.62
Busperse 3 9 / D i s p e r s a n t 10.01 0.93 0.86
Bubreak 448/Defoamer 3.00 0.44 0.26
I g e p a l CTA 6 3 9 / S u r f a c t a n t 3.00 0.34 0.26
C e l l o s i z e QP-l500O/Hydroxyethyl
C e l l u l ose 2.00 0.17 0.17
Water 25.03 3.00 2.16
B u t r o l 2 3 / M o d i f i e d Barium Meta-
borate 100.12 3.25 8.62
T i -Pure R-SOO/Titanium D i o x i d e -
Rutile 150.19 4.51 12.93
A t o m i t e / C a l c i u m Carbonate 150.19 6.65 12.93
Mica-325 Mesh/Water Ground 25.03 1.07 2.16

L e t Down:
Rhopl ex MV-23/Acryl i c Emu1si on 500.62 56.89 43.10
Texanol/Ester Alcohol 7.01 0.89 0.60
Ethylene Glycol 30.04 3.23 2.59
Water 55.07 6.61 4.74

Pai n t P r o p e r t ies : %vel


Total Vehicle 63.19 84.36
Pigment 36.81 15.64
Volatile 44.32 61 .52
Organic Solvent 4.23 5.63
Non-Volatile 55.68 38.48
Non-Volatile Vehicle 18.87 22.84

D e n s i t y ( l b / U . S g a l ) : 11.61
S p e c i f i c G r a v i t y : 1.39
P.V.C.: 40.65%
P/B R a t i o : 1.951
Spread @ 1 M i l : 617 F2
C o a t i n g VOC: 134 G / L
M a t e r i a l VOC: 59 G/L

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n Suggestion: KP-08


Primers 189

White I n h i b i t i v e Maintenance Primer

Inaredients : Pounds loris


Pigment G r i n d :
Water 151.5 8.19
Eentone LT 1.o 0.06
Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 25.5 3.00
Tamol 681 18.2 2.00
Nuosept 95 2.3 0.25
DeeFo HG-12 2.1 0.25
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t CF-10 2.2 0.25
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.25
A c r y s o l RM-2020 17.2 2.00
Tronox CR-828 100.0 2.93
Heucophos ZBZ 50.0 1.67
Atomi t e 125.7 5.57

Letdown :
Methyl C a r b i t o l Solvent 8.5 1.oo
A c r y s o l SCT-275 8.6 1.oo
Ucar V e h i c l e 435 505.1 58.06
Ucar F i l m e r I E T 11.4 1.44
T r o y s a n Polyphase AF-1 4.9 0.50
Foamex 825 2.1 0.25
Sodium N i t r i t e , 15% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 9.0 1.08
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.8 0.25

A d j u s t t o minimum p H 8 . 7

P a i n t P r o p e r t i es :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC) , %: 30.0
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
b y volume: 34.0
pH Value, i n i t i a l : 8 . 7
Viscosity:
S t o r m e r , KU: 80
I C I , poise: 0.8
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 1 0 . 5
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : Pass
Heat S t a b i l i t y , 2 weeks a t 140F: Pass

SOURCE: Ucar E m u l s i o n Systems: Ucar V e h i c l e 435: Formulation


S u g g e s t i o n M-2451
Sealants and Related Compounds 191

Ancamide 2353 Curina Aaent Aluminum M a s t i c


P r e l im i n a r y F o r m u l a t i o n

-
Lb Gal
P a r t A:
L i q u i d DGEBA Epoxy 307 31.7
MPA-1078 (Rheox) 8 1.0
10 W o l l a s t e k u p AS (Nyco) 250 10.3

D i s p e r s e t o 6 Hegman and 130F:

Epodil L ( A i r Products) 35 4.0


H i g h F l a s h Naphtha 120 16.5
B e e t l e 216-8 (Cyanamid) 25 2.8
L a n s f o r d L243 ( S i 1b e r l i n e ) 125 10.2
Diacetone Alcohol (Union Carbide) 24 3.0
C a b o s i l TS 720 ( C a b o t ) 10 0.4

Part 8 :
Ancamide 2553 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 169 20
Properties:
Volume S o l i d s : 71 .9% VOC: t2.5 l b g a l
PVC: 20.0% M i x i n g R a t i o 4:l b y Volume
CPVC: 47.1% Pot L i f e , h r 5
PVC/CPVC: 0.426 Dry t o Touch, h r : 3
Weight/gallon, P a r t A: 11.29 Dry Through, h r : 7
W e i g h t / g a l l o n , P a r t B: 8.45
Wei g h t / g a l l o n : 10.73

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, I n c . : Ancamide 2353 C u r i n g


Agent: T a b l e 10 Formula
192 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Clear Sealant

Inaredients : Weight%
Ucar L a t e x 100 95.15
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-4 0.16
Nopco NXZ 0.36
P r o x e l GXL 0.24
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 0.85
Cosan 158 0.42
Propylene G l y c o l 0.85
Ucar T h i c k e n e r 146 0.48
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.64
A c r y s o l SCT-275 0.85

M i x i ng Procedure:
A h i g h - s h e a r , low-speed vacuum m i x e r o f t h e d o u b l e - b l a d e d
p l a n e t a r y t y p e o r t h e d o u b l e - b l a d e d sigma t y p e i s recommended.
Charge t h e l a t e x t o t h e m i x e r . Add t h e r e m a i n i n g i n g r e d i e n t s
s l o w l y i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d t o t h e m i x e r w i t h a g i t a t i o n . The
mix w i l l t h i c k e n when t h e NH40H i s added. S t i r f o r f i v e m i n u t e s
and t h e n add a s s o c i a t i v e t h i c k e n e r . M i x i n g t i m e s h o u l d be >30
m i nutes.

Sealant P r o p e r t i e s :
N o n v o l a t i l e s , % by w e i g h t : 61.9
pH Value: 8 . 8
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , P : 24,000
Semco G u n n a b i l i t y , g/sec: 28
ASTM C731: Pass
T o o l i n g Time, min: > 5
Boeing Slump, i n : 0 . 0
E l o n g a t i o n a t Break, %: 1000
T e n s i l e S t r e n g t h , max, p s i : 230
Time f o r 180-mil Bead t o D r y C l e a r , days: 7
Shore "A" Hardness, 7 days a t 50% R.H.: 48

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 100: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n CC-1010
Sealants and Related Compounds 193

High-Qual it y E x t e r i o r L a t e x Caulk

Ingredients: Pounds Gallons Wt%


C o l l o i d 677 1.8 0.3 0.13
P r o p y l ene G1yco 13.6 1.6 1.01
T e r g i t o l Nonion c S u r f a c t a n t NP-40 5.5 0.6 0.40
Composi t i on T 3.0 0.1 0.22
Potassium T r i p o yphosphate (KTPP) 0.5 0.0 0.04
Tamol 983 0.9 0.1 0.07
T i -Pure R-900 12.7 0.4 0.94
Ucar L a t e x 100 418.0 46.9 30.94
A c r y s o l SCT-275 0.5 0.1 0.03
S a n t i c i z e r 160 109.0 11.8 8.07
O r g a n o f u n t i o n a l S i l a n e A-187 0.6 0.1 0.05
Camel Carb 521.6 23.0 38.63
Snowf 1 ake 172.7 7.7 12.78
Camel Cal 58.2 2.6 4.31
M i n e r a l Spi r i ts 22.7 3.5 1.68
Nuosept 95 1.8 0.2 0.13
Skane M8 2.3 0.3 0.17
Ammoni um Hydroxi de, 14% Aqueous
Sol u t i on 5.5 0.7 0.40

Caulk P r o p e r t i e s :
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
-
bv w e i a h t : 84.7
by volume: 74.4
Weight per G a l l o n , t h e o r e t i c a l , l b : 13.5
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , P:
I n i t i a1 : 2800
A f t e r 5 freeze-thaw c y c l e s : 2150
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , %: 45
Boeing Slump: None
O F Bend: Pass
Shore "A" Hardness, 72F a t 50% R . H . :
1-day: 10
3-day: 33
7-day: 50
Semco G u n n a b i l i t y , g/sec:
i n i t i a l : 9.5
a f t e r 5 freeze-thaw c y c l e s : 9 . 0
Stress-Strain Properties: 32F -
OF
t e n s i l e s t r e n g t h , max, p s i 54 67 330
e l o n g a t i o n a t break, % 230 155 87
Adhesion P r o p e r t i es : 180 Peel Adhesion*, p l i
Substrate Drv 24-hr. Water Soak
G1ass 20.7 (COH) 15.1 (COH)
A1 umi num 21.9 (COH) 13.2 (COH)
Concrete 20.5 (COH) 12.7 (AO/COH)
Hypal on Sheet 13.8 (COH) 12.9 (COH)
* COH=cohesi ve f a i 1u r e
A 0 =adhesive f a i 1u r e

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Latex 100: F o r m u l a t i o n


Suggestion CP-1001
194 Water-Based Paint Formulatiom

P a t c h i n a C o l w u n d (Brushina Grader

Inqredients: Pounds Gallons


P i gment G r i nd :
Ucar L a t e x 163 667.5 75.0
W e t t i n g Agent ( 1 ) S l u r r y o f : 1.7 0.2
Water 8.3 1 .o
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.5 0.2
Antifoam (2) 3.9 0.5
Dispersant (3) 3.1 0.3
Preservative (4) 0.8 0.1
C a l c i u m Carbonate ( 5 ) 90.0 4.0
Mica ( 6 ) 25.8 1.1
Titanium Dioxide ( 7 ) 65.6 2.1
M i 1dewci de ( 9 ) 4.5 0.3

L e t Down:
Coarse S i l i c a ( 1 0 ) 286.7* 12.2
M i n e r a l Spi r i t s 3.4 0.6
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 3.4 0.5
Ethylene Glycol 17.6 1.9
*Post Added

Suppl ie r s :
W e t t i n g Agent - S u r f y n o l 104 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
A n t i f o a m - C o l l o i d 770 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
D i s p e r s a n t - C o l l o i d 226/35 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
P r e s e r v a t i v e - Cosan 101 (Cosan) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
C a l c i u m Carbonate - D u r a m i t e (Thompson, Weinman) o r
equivalent.
M i c a - 325 WG M i c a (KMG M i n e r a l s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-901 (DuPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
S i l i c a - C e l i t e 281 ( J o h n s - M a n v i l l e ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
M i l d e w c i d e - Nopcocide N-96 (Diamond Shamrock) o r
equivalent.
Coarse S i l i c a - R u f f B u f f (Tammsco) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

P a t c h i n g Compound P r o p e r t i 8 s :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC) , %: 31 . 7
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
by Volume: 6 0 . 4
b y Weight: 71.6

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 163: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n V-2084
Sealants and Related Compounds 195

P a t c h i n s Compound ( T r o w e l G r a d e l

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons


Pigment G r i n d :
Ucar L a t e x 163 685.3 77.0
W e t t i n g Agent ( 1 ) S l u r r y o f : ----- ----
Water 8.6 1 .o
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.7 0.2
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-40 1 .l 0.1
A n t i f o a m (2) 1.7 0.2
D i s p e r s a n t (3) 3.5 0.3
Preservative (4) 0.8 0.1
C a l c i u m Carbonate (5) 219.3 9.7
M i c a (6) 25.8 1.1
T i t a n i u m Diox 64.4 2.1
S i l i c a (8) 64.6 3.4
M i l d e w c i d e (9 5.1 0.3

L e t Down:
Coarse S i 1 i c a 34.5 1.6
Mineral S p i r i
m m-o.n. i.t-i m
.A.......
Ethylene Glycol
~

.,-. -.. . - - , -
... .Hvdrnxida. -
- .- A. .a t-i -e -n -u -
3R% - -n .l -u -t i.n-.n.
s S
3.4
3
-.. 4.
17.2
0.5
0.5
1.9
Suppliers:
( 1 ) W e t t i n g Agent - S u r f y n o l 104 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t
(2) A n t i f o a m - C o l l o i d 770 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(3) D i s p e r s a n t - C o l l o i d 226/35 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 4 ) P r e s e r v a t i v e - Cosan 101 (Cosan) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 5 ) C a l c i u m Carbonate - D u r a m i t e (Thompson, Weinman) o r
equivalent.
(6) M i c a - 325 WG M i c a (KMG M i n e r a l s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(7) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-901 (DuPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(8) S i l i c a - C e l i t e 281 ( J o h n s - M a n v i l l e ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(9) M i l d e w c i d e - Nopcocide N-96 (Diamond Shamrock) o r
equivalent.
(10) Coarse S i l i c a - R u f f B u f f (Tammsco) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

P a t c h i n g Compound P r o p e r t i e s :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n ( P V C ) , %: 29.7
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
b y Volume: 59.9
b y Weight: 70.7

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 163: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n V-2083
1% Water-Based Paint Formulations

P iQlented Caulk Formulation


based on 2:l V i n y l A c r v l i c / A c r v l i c Blend

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons


Ucar L a t e x 161 269.5 30.12
Ucar L a t e x 163 127.7 14.40
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-405 5.0 0.60
Nopco NXZ 1.6 0.20
Propylene G1 y c o l 12.5 1.50
Ammonium Hydroxide, 14% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.4 0.05
Cosan 234 6.0 0.70
A c r y s o l SCT-200 0.5 0.06
S a n t i c i z e r 160 99.8 10.70
S i l a n e A-187 0.6 0.07
M i n e r a l Spi r i t s 20.8 3.20
Blend 10 m i n u t e s , t h e n add t h e f o l l o w i n g :

Tamol 850 1.2 0.15


Composi t i on T 3.3 0.40
T i -Pure CR-800 14.0 0.81
W i ngdal e W h i t e 576.2 25.50
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 0.5 0.02
M i c r o w h i t e 25 254.0 11.40
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.8 0.12
D i s p e r s e a t h i g h speed u n t i l u n i f o r m i n c o n s i s t e n c y ( t y p i c a l l y
10-30 m i n u t e s ) .
Typical Properties:
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
by w e i g h t : 83.9
by volume: 73.6
Pigment : B i nder R a t i o : 3.2:1
P l a s t i c i z e r on L a t e x S o l i d s , 96: 44.9

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 161: F o r m u l a t i o n


JDD-995
Sealants and Related CompoundF 197

Premi um-Performance. Medium-F1 e x i b i 1it y Caul k

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons K%


Ucar L a t e x 163 485.0 54.5 38.8
S u r f a c t a n t (1) 6.5 0.7 0.5
Surfactant (2) 8.5 0.4 0.7
P l a s t i c i z e r (3) 93.5 10.1 7.5
T o o l i n g Agent ( 4 ) 19.0 2.9 1.5
Ethylene Glycol 12.5 1.4 1.o
Water 32.5 3.9 2.6
Cal c i um Carbonate ( 5 ) 583.0 25.8 46.6
T i t a n i um Dioxide (6) 10.0 0.3 0.8
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous
S o l u t i on 0.5 --- ---
Suppl iers :
( 1 ) S u r f a c t a n t - T r i t o n X-405 (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) S u r f a c t a n t - Composition R (Merck) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(3) P l a s t i c i z e r - S a n t i c i z e r 160 (Monsanto) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 4 ) T o o l i n g Agent - V a r s o l No. 1 (Exxon) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 5 ) C a l c i u m Carbonate - A t o m i t e (Thompson, Weinman) o r
equivalent.
( 6 ) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-901 (DuPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

Seal a n t P r o p e r t ies :
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w t : 79.0
Weight p e r G a l l o n ( t h e o r e t i c a l ) , l b : 12.5
F i l l e r / L a t e x S o l i d s R a t i o : 2.1/1.0
P l a s t i c i z e r (on t o t a l b i n d e r s o l i d s ) , % by w t : 26.0
Shore "A" Hardness ( 4 wks a t 73F, 50% R H ) : 27
T e n s i l e S t r e n g t h ( 2 w k s a t 73F, 50% RH), p s i : 1 3
E l o n g a t i o n ( 2 wks a t 73F, 50% RH), %: 460
180 Peel Adhesion ( p e r i n ) :
Pinewood: 9 ( a d h e s i v e )
Aluminum: 11 ( c o h e s i v e )
G l a s s : 12 ( c o h e s i v e )
E x t r u s i o n : Good g u n n a b i l i t y
ASTM S h r i n k a g e (28 days a t 73F, 50% RH) %: <25
Slump a t Room Temperature: None
Recovery (25% E x t e n s i o n RT f o r 1 / 2 h r ) , %: >80

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 63: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n K-2080
198 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Sealant A ~ p l i c a t i o n

Inqredients: Weiqht%
Ucar L a t e x 163 33.00
S u r f a c t a n t (1) 0.70
P l a s t i c i z e r (2 9.00
Tool ing Agent 3) 2.00
Water 1.50
Ethvlene Glvco 1 .oo
Calcium c a r b o n a t e ( 4 ) 48.00
Extender (5) 3.00
Surfactant (6) 1 .oo
Titanium Dioxide (7) 0.80

Suppl ie r s :
( 1 ) S u r f a c t a n t - T r i t o n X-405 (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) P l a s t i c i z e r - B e n z o f l e x 9-88 ( V e l s i c o l ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(3) T o o l i n g Agent - V a r s o l No. 1 (Exxon) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 4 ) Calcium Carbonate - A t o m i t e (Thompson, Weinman) o r
equivalent.
(5) Extender - B a r y t e s No. 1 ( W i l l i a m s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 6 ) S u r f a c t a n t - Composition T (Merck) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 7 ) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-901 (OuPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

Sealant P r o p e r t i e s :
N o n v o l a t i l e s , %: 8 3 . 3
F i l l e r / L a t e x S o l i d s R a t i o : 2.6/1.0
P l a s t i c i z e r t o L a t e x S o l i d s , %: 31.2
Weight p e r G a l l o n , l b : 12.5
24-hr E x t r u s i o n Rate, g/sec: 3
Shore " A " Hardness, 1 month: 22
T e n s i l e Strength, p s i : 8
E l o n g a t i o n , %: 158
A c c e l e r a t e d Weathering, XW, Wooden Channel, 1000 h r :
Very good

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 163: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n K-2079
Sealants and Related Compouna!s 199

T r a n s l u c e n t Caulk F o r m u l a t i o n

Inaredients: Lb/100 Gal Gallons


Ucar L a t e x 105 758.16 89.09
Antifoam (1) 0.59 0.08
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 6.18 0.87
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 5.88 0.78
Ethylene Glycol 9.81 1.06
Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t ( 2 ) 1.96 0.26
Dispersant (3) 1.96 0.22
S i l i c a (4) 24.52 1.34
P l a s t i c i z e r (5) 53.94 5.83
Union C a r b i d e O r g a n o f u n c t i o n a l S i l a n e A-187 3.92 0.44
Preservative (6) 2.94 0.39
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 2.94 0.35

Suppl ie r s :
( 1 ) Antifoam-Nopco NXZ ( H e n k e l ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t - S u r f y n o l 104E ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) o r
e q u i Val e n t .
( 3 ) D i s p e r s a n t - Disperse-Ayd W-22 ( D a n i e l ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 4 ) S i l i c a - Cab-0-Si1 L-90 (Cabot) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 5 ) P l a s t i c i z e r - S a n t i c i z e r 160 (Monsanto) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 6 ) P r e s e r v a t i v e - Nuosept 95 ( H u l s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

Typical P r o p e r t i 8s:
pH V a l u e : 7 . 2
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
b y Weight: 6 0 . 2
b y Volume: 55.1
Brookfield Viscosity, P : 31,000

T y p i c a l Performance P r o p e r t i e s :
Boei ng S1 ump: Passed
Semco G u n n a b i l i t y , g/sec: 32
A f t e r 5 Freeze-Thaw C y c l e s : 11
A f t e r 14-day Heat A g i n g : 34
Shore A:
7-day d r y : 30
14-day d r y : 30
ASTM C679 Tack: Passed
ASTM C794 180 Peel Adhesion, p l i :
D r y G l a s s : 33.8
Dry Aluminum: 31.3
Wet G l a s s (7-day i m m e r s i o n ) : 1 5 . 0
Wet Aluminum: 14.0
ASTM C793: Passed

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 05: Formu a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n CT-2002
200 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Translucent Caulk Formulation

Ingredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Ucar Latex 169 758.5 87.90
Nopco NXZ 0.6 0.09
Ammonium Hydroxide, 28% Aqueous Sol u t i on 6.3 0.84
Ethylene G1ycol 14.4 1.56
Surfynol 104E 2.1 0.28
Daniels WO-22 2.1 0.24
Cab-0-Si 1 L-90 26.4 1.44
S a n t i c i z e r 160 58.2 6.28
Organof u n c t i onal S i 1ane A-1 87 4.2 0.47
Nuosept 95 3.2 0.42
T e r g i t o l Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t NP- ,lo 3.2 0.38
T y p i c a l P r o p e r t i 8s :
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by weight: 63.5
pH: 7.2
V i s c o s i t y , Poise: 31,000
T e n s i l e , p s i , maximum: 64
E l o n g a t i o n a t break, %: 990
Water Absorption, %, 7 days: 31.6

Formulation CT-2012

ASTM C-920 Pigmented Caulk Formulation

Ingredients: Pounds Gallons


S a n t i c i z e r 160 106.1 11.46
Potassi um Tripolyphosphate (KTPP) 1.8 0.08
T r i t o n Nonionic S u r f a c t a n t X-405 13.5 1.53
Oaxad 30-30 1.8 0.19
Proxel GXL 1 .o 0.13
Cosan 101 1.5 0.19
Ucar Latex 169 481.1 55.48
Snowf 1ake 532.7 23.65
T i -Pure R-902 12.9 0.39
Mineral S p i r i t s 25.1 3.97
Organofunctional S lane A-187 1.2 0.14
Ammoni um Hydroxide 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 1.3 0.17
Methocel 856 2.1 0.18
Propylene G1ycol 14.6 1.68
Acrysol ASE-60 9.3 1.06
T y p i c a l P r o p e r t i 8s
T o t a l S o l i d s , %: Tensile, p s i , maximum: 90
by weight: 79.5 Elongation a t Break, %: 270
by volume: 70.7 Water Absorption, %, 7 days: 11.3
Pigment:Binder: 1.8:l Shore A Hardness: 30

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar Latex 169: Suggested


Formu 1a t iono
Sealants and Related Compounds 201

Trans1 u c e n t Seal a n t

Inqredients: Pounds Gallons Wei q h t %


Ucar L a t e x 100 815.50 92.67 91.47
Nopco NXZ 0.68 0.09 0.08
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 7.13 1 .oo 0.80
Ammoni um Hydroxi de, 14% Aqueous
So 1u t i on 13.53 1.71 1.52
P r o p y l ene G1 y c o l 11.32 1.31 1.27
S u r f y n o l 104 2.22 0.30 0.25
D i sperse-ayd W-22 2.29 0.26 0.25
Cab-0-Si1 LM-130 28.04 1.53 3.16
O r g a n o f u n c t i o n a l S i l a n e A-187 3.36 0.39 0.40
N u i s e p t 95 3 . 42 0.36 0.40
T e r g i t o l N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t NP-10 3 28 0.39 0.40

Caulk P r o p e r t i e s :
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by w e i g h t : 61.2
pH Value: 9 . 4
Weight p e r G a l l o n , t h e o r e t i c a l , l b : 3.5
V i s c o s i t y , B r o o k f i e l d , P: 27,800
Boeing Slump: None
Semco G u n n a b i l i t y , g / s e c :
i n i t i a l : 24
a f t e r 5 freeze-thaw c y c l e s : 24
180 Peel Adhesion, Dry, p l i :
g l a s s : >50
a1 umi num: >50
Hunter Lab C o l o r :
L: +93.24
a: -0.59
b : -0.78
Y I E : -0.93
ASTM C732 Weathering-500 Hours: no c r a c k i n g
no d i s c o l o r a t i o n
no adhesion l o s s

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 100: F o r m u l a t i o n


Suggestion CT-2008
202 Water-Bared Paint Formulatwns

V i n y l A c r v l ic Seal a n t
I ng r ed ien t s .: Pounds Gal 1ons
Ucar L a t e x 161 450.0 50.34
Kathon LX (1.5%) ( 1 ) 1.3 0.15
Tamol 850 1.3 0.14
Ethylene Glycol 12.4 1.34
S a n t i c i z e r 160 99.0 10.69
Mineral S p i r i t s 20.0 3.07
N a t r o s o l 250 MXR 3.0 0.28
P o t a s s i um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 1 .o 0.05
Camel F i l 729.4 32.42
T i -Pure R-902 15.0 0.45
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t X-405 9.1 1 .oo
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 0.5 0.07

Typical Properties:
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
by w e i g h t : 82.2
by volume: 78.2
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC): 46.9
P i g m e n t : B i n d e r R a t i o : 3:l
P l a s t i c i z e r on L a t e x S o l i d s , %: 40.0
E l o n g a t i o n a t Break, %: 722.0
Boeing Slump: Pass
ASTM C-731: Pass
ASTM C-732 Weathering: No bond l o s s
ASTM C-734 OF Bend: Pass
ASTM C-736 E x t e n s i o n - R e c o v e r y : Pass
Water A b s o r p t i o n , 7 days, %: 41.9

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 161 : F o r m u l a t i o n CM-294


Sealants and Related Compowrds 203

Weather-Barrier Mastic

Inaredients: Pounds Gallons


P i gment G r ind :
Water 150.0 18.0
C e l l o s i z e H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-4400H 4.0 0.3
D i spersant ( 1) 4.0 0.4
Potassium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e 1 .o ---
E t h y l ene G1y c o l 20.0 2.2
Antifoam (2) 1.5 0.2
Titanium Dioxide (3) 62.0 1.9
Calcium Carbonate ( 4 ) 407.0 18.1
Z i n c Oxide ( 5 ) 40.0 0.9
M i ldewcide (6) 5.0 0.5

L e t Down:
Ucar L a t e x 163 502.0 56.4
Ucar F i l m e r I B T 6.0 0.8
Antifoam (2) 2.0 0.3

Suppl ie r s :
(1) Dispersant -
C o l l o i d 226/35 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
(2) Antifoam - Nopco NXZ (Diamond Shamrock) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 3 ) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - "Ti-Pure" R-960 (DuPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t
( 4 ) Calcium Carbonate - " A t o m i t e " (Thompson, Weinman) o r
equi Val e n t .
(5) Z i n c Oxide - AZO-55 (ASARCO) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 6 ) M i l d e w c i d e - Nopcocide N-96 (Diamond Shamrock) o r e q u i v -
a1e n t .
Mastic Properties:
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC), %: 40.0
T o t a l S o l i d s , %:
by Volume: 53.0
by Weight: 67.3
F i l m Properties*:
Tensi 1e P r o p e r t ies :
S t r a i n Rate, %: 20 100 200
Stress, p s i : 120 120 200
E l o n g a t i o n , %: 420 300 260
T e n s i l e P r o p e r t i e s a f t e r 7 days water immersion:
S t r a i n Rate, i n / m i n : --- --- 200
Stress, p s i : --- ---
70
E l o n g a t i o n , %: --- --- 800
Water Ponding: Water T r a n s m i s s i o n a t 24 h r : 210 mg water
Low-Temperature F l e x i b i l i t y : 180 Bend a t -4F: No c r a c k i n g
Water Vapor T r a n s m i s s i o n Rate f o r 336 h r , perms: 5 . 7
Adhesion t o Urethane Foam, 180 Peel, l b / i n :
D r y : 7.8 (Foam Cohesion F a i l u r e )
Wet-7 days immersion i n w a t e r : 2.2 (Foam Cohesion F a i l u r e )
* D r i e d and c o n d i t i o n e d 7 days a t 72F and 50% RH

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 183: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n WB-2081
204 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Weather-Barrier M a s t i c

The f o l l o w i n g f o r m u l a t i o n has undergone e x t e n s i v e e x t e r i o r


exposure and p r o v i d e s improved r e s i s t a n c e t o d i r t and d a r l y
c h a l k i ng :

Inqredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pi ament O r ind :
Wa:er 95.8 11.5
Dispersant ( 1 ) 8.9 0.9
P o t a s s i um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e 1 .o ---
W e t t i n g Agent ( 2 ) 1.2 0.2
Ethylene Glycol 19.3 2.1
Antifoam (3) 1.5 0.2
Titanium Dioxide (4) 112.5 3.5
Calcium Carbonate (5) 420.3 18.7
Z i n c Oxide ( 6 ) 44.3 I. o
M i 1dewci de ( 7 ) 2.5 0.3
Water 33.3 4.0
Cel l o s i ze H y d r o x y e t h y l C e l l u l o s e QP-15000 3.9 0.3

L e t Down:
Ucar L a t e x 163 496.9 55.8
Ucar F i l m e r I 8 1 5.8 0.8
Antifoam (3) 1.9 0.3
Water 2.5 0.3

Suppl ie r s :
( 1 ) D i s p e r s a n t - C o l l o i d 226/35 ( C o l l o d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 2 ) W e t t i n g Agent - S u r f y n o l 104 ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 3 ) A n t i f o a m - C o l l o i d 643 ( C o l l o i d s ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 4 ) T i t a n i u m D i o x i d e - T i - P u r e R-960 (DuPont) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 5 ) Calcium Carbonate - A t o m i t e (Thompson, Weinman) o r e q u i v -
alent.
( 6 ) Z i n c Oxide - XX-503 ( N J Z i n c ) o r e q u i v a l e n t .
( 7 ) M i l d e w c i d e - Skane M-8 (Rohm and Haas) o r e q u i v a l e n t .

M a s t i c P r o p e r t i8 s :
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n (PVC) %: 43.0
T o t a l S o l i d s , % by Volume: 5 5 . 0

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: Ucar L a t e x 183: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n WB-2002
206 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Brown Wiping Stain


Materi a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Kelsol 3931-WG4-45 261.00 31.45
2-Butoxy Ethanol 18.00 2.39
Patcote 531 7.50 1.09
Red Iron Oxide R-4098 7.30 0.17
Yellow Iron Oxide 1075A 4.50 0.13
Brown Iron Oxide 444 14.90 0.38
Syloid 234 25.00 1.50
Grind to a 5+ Hegman grind

Kel sol 3931 -WG4-45 402.00 48.43


Premix the following, then add under agitation.

2-Butoxy Ethanol 4.00 0.53


Acti v-8 2.40 0.30
Cobalt Hydrocure I 1 3.80 0.50
Manganese Hydrocure I 1 6.00 0.71

Pregel the following, then add under agitation:


Ammoni u m Hydroxi de 2.20 0.29
Pol OX WSR-301 1.10 0.11
Carbopol 941 1.10 0.11
Water 100.00 12.00

Analysis:
Figment Volume Concentration, Percent: 2.17
Pigment/Binder Concentration, Percent: 0.164
Percent Sol ids, Weight : 42.55
Percent Solids, Volume: 39.29
Pounds/Gallon: 8.59
pH: 8.2-8.6
VOC (excludi n g water) :
Grams/Liter: 229
Pounds/Gallon: 1.91

SOURCE: Reichhold Chemicals, Inc.: Kelsol 3931: Formula 2581-81-A


Stains 207

I n t e r i o r Wiping S t a i n
I E n u l s i o n E-2977)

Blend: Pounds
Water 150.0
Aurasperse W-1021 Y I O 22.5
Aurasperse W-3041 R I O 7.6
Aurasperse W-7012 LB 3.3
Emu1s i on E-2977 372.0
S u r f y n o l DF-37* 1.3
Propylene G l y c o l 39.0
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de (28%) 6.3
A c r y s o l ASE-60\1:1 64.0
Water/premi x 64.0
Water 133.8
S u r f y n o l 104DPM 4.4
* S u r f y n o l DF-58, 70 and 75 defoamers a r e v i a b l e a l t e r n a t i v e s .

F o r m u l a t i o n E (Rohm & Haas)

Stain

81 end : Pounds
J o n c r y l 95 293.19
E k t a s o l v e DB 9.00
S u r f y n o l DF-37 1.32
Super Seatone B u r n t Umber 100.00
Nuosept 95 1.50

M i x a t 1000 rpm f o r 10-15 m i n u t e s .


Premix t h e f o l l o w i n g and add w i t h a g i t a t i o n :
Letdown :
Water 441 .32
Propylene G l y c o l 30.24
N a t r o s o l 250 HBR 3.00
Ammon ia 1 .oo
S u r f y n o l 104DPM 8.80

F o r m u l a t i o n F (S.C.Johnson)

S u r f y n o l a d d i t i v e s have been shown t o p r o v i d e t h e f o l l o w i n g


benef it s :
*Color u n i f o r m i t y o f s t a i n s
*Early s t a i n lapping resistance
* C o n s i s t e n t w e t t i n g , f l o w and l e v e l i n g on v a r i o u s woods
*Foam c o n t r o l
W i t h no d e t r i m a n t a l e f f e c t upon:
*Topcoat r e c o a t a b i l i t y and i n t e r c o a t adhesion
*G1 oss r e t e n t i on upon a g i n g
*Tannin b l e e d r e s i s t a n c e
*Water s e n s i t i v i t y
*Chemical r e s i s t a n c e
SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s & Chemicals, I n c . : S u r f y n o l S u r f a c t a n t s :
Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
208 Water-Based Paint Formulations

L i a h t Redwood Wipina S t a i n

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Spensol L54 51.9 5.94
Water 51.8 6.22
D i sperse-Ayd W22 0.5 0.06
Foamki 11 639AA 0.8 0.10
Mapico 297 24.5 0.60
BK 5000 1.7 0.04

Pebble m i l l g r i n d 16-24 h r s .
Then add i n f o l l o w i n g o r d e r w i t h a g i t a t i o n :

Letdown :
3% Bentone LT P r e g e l * 288.0 34.12
Spensol L54 254.2 29.12
A r o l o n 820-W-49 187.4 21.29
Lodyne S107 1.7 0.18
QR708B 17.5 2.10
Ammoni um Hydroxi de 1.7 0.23

*3% Bentone LT P r e g e l :
Water ( d e i o n i z e d p r e f e r r e d ) 818.9 98.31
Bentone L T 25.4 1.69
High speed d i s p e r s e r 15-20 m i n u t e s .

Analysis:
R a t i o o f Spensol L54 t o A r o l o n 820: 50:50
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , P e r c e n t : 2 . 6
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0 . 1 5 / 1 .0
Percent S o l i d s , Weight: 26.5
Percent S o l i d s , Volume: 24.3
Percent V e h i c l e Sol i d s . Weight : 2 0 . 8
Percent V e h i c l e S o l i d s , Volume: 19.6
Pounds/Gallon: 8.44
pH: 8.Ot-0.5
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Li t e r : 72
Pounds/Gallon: 0.60

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : Spensol L: F o r m u l a t i o n


2099-81 D
Stains 209

S t a i n Concentrate

Component A:
M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gal s.
K e l s o l 3931 -WG4-45 207.5 25.00
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 7.5 1 .oo
Water 34.7 4.17
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de 1.9 0.25
P a t c o t e 531 1 .8 0.25
Mapico 567 50.0 1.16
Mapico 1075 25.0 0.74
Atomi t e 50.0 2.22
S y l o i d 234 10.0 0.60

Pebble o r sand m i l l t o 6+ Hegman g r i n d .

Letdown :
K e l s o l 3931-WG4-45 166.0 20.00
Cobalt Hydrocure I 1 1.9 0.25
Manganese H y d r o c u r e I 1 2.1 0.25
Activ-8 0.2 0.03
2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.8 0.50

Premix t h e n e x t t h r e e m a t e r i a l s b e f o r e a d d i n g :

Polyphase AF-1 9.8 1 .oo


2-Butoxy E t h a n o l 3.8 0.50
A e r o s o l OT-75 2.3 0.25
M i cheml ube 51 1 32.0 4.00
Water 37.5 4.50

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g amount o f w a t e r j u s t p r i o r t o use and m i x w e l l .

Component 0:
Water 277.6 33.33

Analysis: Comp. A Comp. A+B


Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , P e r c e n t 18 18
Pigment/Binder R a t i o 2.8/1 . O 0 . 0 / 1 .O
P e r c e n t Sol i d s , Weight 49.0 34.45
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Volume 39.3 26.2
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C. #4 Ford, Secs. 110 19
Pounds/Gal 1on 9.72 9.26
VOC ( e x c l u d i ng w a t e r ) :
Grams/Li t e r 169 169
Pounds/Gal 1on : 1.4 1.4

NOTE: T h i s t y p e o f f o r m u l a t i o n m i g h t be b e n e f i c i a l t o p a i n t
m a n u f a c t u r e r s who s e l l d i r e c t l y t o b u i l d i n g o r p a i n t i n g
c o n t r a c t o r s . These s t a i n c o n c e n t r a t e s can be mixed w i t h
water a t t h e j o b s i t e .

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: K e l s o l 3931: Formula 2210-44


210 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Tannin S t a i n B l o c k i n a F o r m u l a t i o n

Pigment G r i n d : % by W e i s h t
Water 9.2
Bubond 357 1.0
Busperse 39 0.6
Bubreak 4400 0.3
I g e p a l CTA 639 0.3
Water 2.3
Cel l o s i ze QP-15000 0.2
T i P u r e R-900 18.3
N y t a l 300 9.9

L e t Down:
Ucar 376 39.2
Texanol 2.0
Ethylene Glycol 2.7
C e l l o s i ze QP-15000 0.2
Water 13.8
T i n t t o desired color

A c r y l i c Tannin S t a i n - B l o c k i n q Primer

M a t e r i a1 : % bv Weisaht
Water 8.6
Busperse 39 0.6
T r i t o n X-100 0.3
Bubreak 448 0.2
Premix f o l l o w i n g , t h e n add t o above:
Water 2.2
C e l l o s i ze QP-15000 0.2
S i f t i n f o l l o w i n g pigments:
T i -Pure R-900 17.4
N y t a l 300 6.6
Busan 11-M1 2.5
H i g h speed d i s p e r s e t o Hegman 5 . 0 . Reduce speed and l e t down
as shown b e l o w :
Rhopl ex MV-23 A c r y l ic Emu1s i o n 48.1
Water 8.8
Texanol 2.0
E t h y l e n e G1 y c o l 2.5

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s , I n c . : Suggested P a i n t F o r m u l a t i o n s


Stains 211

Water R e d u c i b l e Redwood S o l i d C o l o r S t a i n

I n c o r p o r a t i o n o f A g i t a n 701 i n t o a w a t e r r e d u c i b l e wood s t a i n
g r i n d y i e l d s improved g r i n d v i s c o s i t y as w e l l as foam c o n t r o l i n
t h e l e t d o w n . A d d i t i o n o f t h i s s i l i c o n e t y p e FCA has no e f f e c t
on r e c o a t a b i l i t y o f t h e t o p c o a t .

Grind: & %Wt


McWhorter 73-7358 70 8.13
Red I r o n O x i d e 50 5.80
A e r o s i l R972 (Degussa) 2.5 0.29
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 2.5 0.29

H i g h speed 15 M i n u t e s t o 6 Hegman

Data on Imoroved V i s c o s i t v and Foam C o n t r o l w i t h A -o i t a n :


Test No A g i t a n A g i t a n 701
G r i n d V i s c o s i t y , 25C, P o i s e 69 58.5
G r i n d Weight p e r G a l l o n (pounds) 10.06 11.11

Letdown : &
Add w h i l e m i x i n g :
McWhorter 73-7358 90.0 10.45
OK 412 (Degussa C o r p . ) 25.0 2.90
B u t y l C e l l os01 ve 80.0 9.29
Premix and add:
Manganese Hydro Cure I 1 (Mooney) 9.5 1. l o
Butyl Cellosolve 24.0 2.79
Polyphase AF-1 ( T r o y Chemical ) 8.0 0.93
Add f o l l o w i n g w h i l e m i x i n g :
Aqueous Ammonia 28% 11.5 1.33
D e i o n i z e d Water 468.4 54.38
Aquabead 519 ( M i c r o Powders) 20.2 2.32

Properties:
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y w e i g h t ) : 29.54
( b y v o l u m e ) : 25.41
Pigment t o B i n d e r R a t i o : 0 . 4 4
Pigment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n : 11.92
Weight p e r G a l l o n (pounds): 8.61
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC ( p o u n d s / g a l l o n ) : 2 . 8 4
( g r a m s / l i t e r ) : 341
Water-Cosolvent Weight R a t i o : 8 0 . 6 8 : 1 9 . 3 2
pH, 25C: 8.8
V i s c o s i t y , # 2 Zahn Cup, 25C ( s e c o n d s ) : 33

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : WR-31: A d d i t i v e s f o r Waterborne Wood


Formulations
Miscellaneous 213

Anquamine 401 C l e a r Coat


S e m i - S o l i d EDOXYD i s p e r s i o n

P a r t A: & Gals
Dow XUS19000.01 Epoxy Resin* 346.93 38.70
Benzyl A l c o h o l 17.35 1.99
Water 216.83 25.98

Part 8 :
Anquami ne 401 C u r i n g Agent ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 177.00 19.37
Water 35.40 4.24
Dowanol PM S o l v e n t (Dow) 35.40 4.66
Benzyl A l c o h o l 44.25 5.07

* A l t e r n a t e l y use Epi-Rez 3515 a t same l o a d i n g

Typical Properties:
W t s o l i d s ( % ) : 57.45
VOC s o l i d s ( % I : 52.43
VOC ( l b / g a l ) : 1.05
VOC ( g / l ) : 126

Anauamine 401 C l e a r Coat P r o D e r t i e s :


Pot L i f e , h r : >4
Gloss, 60 spec, 1 day: 100
Gloss, 60 spec, 8 wk: >90
Mix R a t i o : 2 : l
Mixed V i s c o s i t y , cP: 320
Tack F r e e Time, h r : 1 . 0
Hard D r y Time, h r : 6-8
Penci 1 Hardness, o v e r n i g h t F
VOC, l b / g a l : 1 . 1
Volume S o l i d s , %: 56

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chem c a l s , I n c . : Anquamine 401 C u r i n g


Agent: F o r m u l a t i o n 5
214 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Anquamine 401 C l e a r Coat


S o l i d EDOXV D i s p e r s i o n

P a r t A: &
€pi-Rez 3520 621.68 69.30
Water 89.20 10.69
P a r t 8:
Anquami ne 401 79.06 8.74
Water 61.59 7.38
Defoamer 4.25 0.53
PnP S o l v e n t 24.85 3.36
T y p i c a l P r o p e r t ies :
W t S o l i d s ( % ) : 70.0
Volume S o l i d s ( % ) : 41.35
VOC ( l b / g a l ) : 1.13
VOC ( g / l ) : 136
Anquami ne 401 C1 e a r Coat P r o p e r t ies :
Pot L i f e , h r : >5
G l o s s , 60 spec, 1 day: 100
G l o s s , 60 spec, 8 wk: >SO
M i x R a t i o : 4:l
Mixed V i s c o s i t y , CP: 390
Tack F r e e Time, h r : 0.5
Hard D r y Time: 6-8
P e n c i l Hardness, o v e r n i g h t : F
VOC, l b / g a l : 1 . 1
Volume S o l i d s , %: 42

Anquami ne 401
L i q u i d EDOXV C l e a r Coat

Part A: Lbs Gals


DER 331 Epoxy R e s i n (Dow) 411 .SO 42.54
Benzyl A l c o h o l 65.04 7.46
P a r t B:
Anquami ne 401 C u r i n g Agent ( A i r Products) 270.98 29.65
Water 169.91 20.36

Letdown :
Water 416.50 50.00
Typical Properties:
W t S o l i d s (%): 47.5 VOC ( l b / g a l ) : 0.47
Volume S o l i d s ( % I : 44.2 VOC ( g / l ) : 56
R e s i n S t o i c h i o m e t r y : 1.6:l
L i q u i d Epoxy C1 e a r Coat P r o p e r t i8s :
Gloss, 60 s p e c u l a r : >90 Hard D r y : O v e r n i g h t
Pot l i f e , h r : 1 VOC l b / g a l : 0.47
Set t o Touch, h r : 3

SOURCE: A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals, Inc.: Anquamine 401 C u r i n g


Agent: F o r m u l a t i o n s 8 & 7
Miscellaneous 215

Aaueous P o l y e s t e r - U r e t h a n e P i qment D i s p e r s i on

K-Flex XM-2311 and K-Flex XM-4310 a r e b o t h e x p e r i m e n t a l


a l i p h a t i c p o l y e s t e r - u r e t h a n e aqueous d i s p e r s i o n s recommended
f o r t h e r m o s e t w a t e r - b o r n e c o a t i n g s . K-Flex XM-2311 p r o v i d e s
e x c e l 1e n t p i gment w e t t i ng p r o p e r t i e s . K-F1 ex XM-4310 has a 1ower
a c i d number, h i g h e r h y d r o x y l number and i s recommended as a
m o d i f y i n g r e s i n f o r thermoset w a t e r - b o r n e a c r y l i c s , p o l y e s t e r s ,
a l k y d s o r urethanes o r p r i m a r y r e s i n f o r c r o s s l i n k i n g w i t h
ami n o p l a s t r e s i n s .
G r i n d : (Cowles) G r i n d t o 8 N . S . Hegman Gauge:
Component: % by Weight
K-F1 ex XM-2311 10.00
Water 0.70
T i -Pure R-900 23.85
Letdown :
K-F1 ex XM-4310 43.89
HMMM 7.45
S i l i c o n e A (25%)* 0.18
S i l i c o n e B (25%)** 0.18
Water 9.45
Nacure 2547 0.30
Dimethylethanolamine 1.43
Water 2.57
Characteri s t i cs:
XM-2311/XM-4310/HMMM: 14/61/25
T o t a l S o l i d s , %: 5 4 . 5 4
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC, g / l : 32.2
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0 . 8 / 1 .O
pH V a l u e ( A s i s ) : 8.45
V i s c o s i t y , c p s * * * : 200
***Brookfield, S p i n d l e #16, 60 RPM
F i l m Properties:
S u b s t r a t e : I r o n Phosphated C o l d R o l l e d S t e e l
Cure: 15 M i n u t e s / l 4 9 C (300F)
D r y F i l m T h i c k n e s s : 20-25 m i c r o n s ( 0 . 8 - 1 . 0 m i l s )
P r o p e r t ies :
P e n c i l Hardness: 2H
Knoop Hardness, 259: 4 . 4
MEK Double Rubs: 200+
Impact R e s i s t a n c e ( i n . l b s . ) : D i r e c t : 160+
Reverse: 160+
60 G l o s s , %: 94.10
C l e v e l a n d H u m i d i t y R e s i s t a n c e (325 H o u r s ) : 60 Gloss,%: 90.54
Taber A b r a s i o n I n d e x ( C S 17, 5009): 274
F o r m u l a t i o n Notes:
1 . S l o w l y add n e u t r a l i z i n g amine (10% i n H20) under good a g i t a -
t i o n t o g r i n d and/or f i n a l f o r m u l a t i o n s f o r pH and v i s c o s i t y
adjustment.
2. C o s o l v e n t i s n o t recommended f o r v i s c o s i t y a d j u s t m e n t .
3 . C a t a l y s t l e v e l recommendation range: 0.1-0.25% a c t i v e p-TSA
on t o t a l r e s i n s o l i d s . 4 . Recommended pH i s 7 . 5 - 8 . 0 .
5 . Immediate l e t d o w n o f g r i n d i s recommended.
* S i l w e t L-7604 * * S i l w e t L-7605
SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-29
216 Water-Based Paint Formulations

B l a c k G l o s s Enanel

M a t e r i a1 : Lbs. Gals.
Spensol L52 175.4 20.00
Aerosol OT-75 2.3 0.25
S u r f y n o l 104H 2.0 0.25
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de 1.9 0.25
Regal 330 Carbon B l a c k 15.0 1 .oo

Add t h e above m a t e r i a l s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d under good a g i t a t i o n ,


t h e n p e b b l e m i l l g r i n d t o 7 N.S.

Letdown :
Spensol L52 679.7 77.50

Add t h e f o l owing c r o s s i n k i n g agent o p t iona ) j u s t p r i o r t o


use and mix w e l l .

XAMA- 7 7.4 0.75

Anal y s i s :
P;gment Volume C o n c e n t r a t i o n , P e r c e n t : 3 . 5
Pigment/Binder R a t i o : 0 . 6 / 1 . O
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Weight: 31.9
Percent S o l i d s , Volume: 2 8 . 4
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #4 Ford, Secs.: 25-30
Pounds/Gal 1on : 8.82
pH: 8 . 5 t - 0 . 3
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
G r a m s / L i t e r : 275
Pounds/Gallon: 2.3

F o r m u l a t i o n 21 54-1 0

C l e a r B a r r i e r / T i e Coat f o r V i n y l

Material : Lbs. Gal s.


A r o l o n 840-W-39 599.2 68.87
Water 33.3 4.00
Carbi t o 1 35.0 4.25
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de 1.9 0.25
Spensol L54 194.8 22.31
Aerosol OT-75 2.9 0.32
Add t h e above m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r under good a g i t a t i o n .

Analysis:
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Weight: 33.9 Percent S o l i d s , Volume: 31.2
V i s c o s i t y I3 25C, #2 Zahn. Secs.: 20-25
Pounds/Gallon: 8 . 7 PH: 8.5-9.0
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) : G r a m s / L i t e r : 209
Pounds/Gallon: 1 . 7
F o r m u l a t i o n 2262-831)

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, Inc.: Sponsol L: F o r m u l a t i o n s


Miscellaneous 217

C l e a r T i n t Base

Material: Lbs. Gals.


K e l s o l 3931 -WG4-45 370.0 44.52
S t r o d e x P-1 00 1.6 0.19
I n t e r c i de T - 0 4.2 0.43

Premix t h e n e x t t h r e e m a t e r i a l s i n o r d e r , t h e n add under good


agitation:

A c t iv - 8 2.1 0.36
C o b a l t Hydrocure I 1 1.3 0.17
Manganese H y d r o c u r e 5.0 0.66

Add t h e f o l l o w i n g i n o r d e r :

P o l ymekon SPP-W 33.3 4.16


Polyphase AFl 8.4 0.81
Water 405.9 48.73
Ammoni um H y d r o x i de 0.5 0.07

Analysis:
P e r c e n t S o l i d s , Weight: 23.3
P e r c e n t S o l i d s ] Volume: 21.6 ( a p p r o x )
pH: 8 . 2 - 8 . 6
V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, #2 Zahn, Secs.: 20-25
VOC ( e x c l u d i n g w a t e r ) :
Grams/Li t e r : 185
Pounds/Gal 1on : 1 . 5 4

SOURCE: R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . : K e l s o l 3931: Formula 2099-32


218 Water-Based Paint Formulations

FCA’s f o r Waterborne B u i l d i n g P r o d u c t F o r m u l a t i o n s
C l e a r Waterborne Cement S e a l e r

Mater ia1 : &


Rhoplex AC-3001 (Rohm and Haas) 761.68 95.21
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l Agent) 0.88 0.11
Butyl Cellosolve 36.40 4.55
S u r f y n o l 104E ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 1.04 0.13

P r o p e r t ies :
% N o n v o l a t i l e (by w e i g h t ) : 45.78
V i s c o s i t y , CPS: 150+-10%
pH: 7 . 7 - 8 . 7

Waterborne B l a c k Topcoat

Grind: &
Water 121.8 11.85
N a t r o s o l 250MR ( H e r c u l e s ) 1.1 0.11
Ammoni a (28%) 0.5 0.05
Tamol 731-25 (Rohm and Haas) 12.1 1.18
FCA (Foam C o n t r o l A g e n t ) 3.8 0.37
B a y f e r r o x 318M ( M i l e s ) 174.5 16.98
WG-325 M i c a (KMG M i n e r a l s ) 48.3 4.70
G r i n d a t h i g h speed f o r 15 m i n u t e s

Letdown :
Rhoplex AC-3001 (Rohm and Haas) 605.1 58.88
Butyl Cellosolve 43.6 4.24
S u r f y n o l 104H ( A i r P r o d u c t s ) 3.2 0.31
Water 13.7 1.33

Properties:
% N o n v o l a t i l e ( b y w e i g h t ) : 50.0
(by volume): 37.9
pH, 25C: a p p r o x . 9 . 0
V i s c o s i t y , #4 F o r d cup, 25C, seconds: 18
C o a l e s c e n t , % on polymer s o l i d s : 15
T h e r e t i c a l VOC ( g r a m s / l i t e r ) : 119.8
(pounds/gallon): 1.0

R e s u l t s d e m o n s t r a t e t h e v e r s a t i l i t y o f A g i t a n 260 as a
p e r s i s t e n t foam c o n t r o l agent and i t s a b i l i t y t o improve c o l o r
( r e p r e s e n t e d by t h e L Value and y e l l o w i n d e x ) and p r e v e n t
pigment f l o a t .

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n WR-33
Miscellaneous 219

E x t e r i o r / I n t e r i s r Block F i l l e r

Inqredients: Pounds Gal 1ons


Pigment G r i nd:
Water 240.0 28.80
P o t a s s i um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (KTPP) 2.0 0.09
Drewplus L-475 3.0 0.39
Tamol 731 10.0 1.09
P r o p y l e n e G1y c o l 20.0 2.31
T r i t o n N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t N-101 3.0 0.34
Kathon LX 1.5 0.18
T i -Pure R-900 40.0 1.20
ASP 400 150.0 6.97
325 Mesh W h i t e Waterground M i c a 50.0 2.12
Minex 4 100.0 4.61
Snowf 1ake 400.0 17.76
Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28% Aqueous S o l u t i o n 2.0 0.26
Water 25.0 3.00
NeoCar L a t e x 2300 230.0 25.99
Ucar F i l m e r IBT 15.0 1 .89
Water 1 22.0 2.63
C e l l o s i z e Hydroxyethyl C e l l u l o s e )Premix
ER-15,000 1 4.0 0.35

Paint Properties:
PVC. %: 70.6
Volume S o l i d s , %: 47.2
Weight S o l i d s , %: 67.0
Weight p e r Gal on, l b : 13.17
Stormer, KU: 115
I C I , p o i s e : 1.55
pH V a l u e : 9.2
Freeze-Thaw S t a b i l i t y , 3 c y c l e s : F a i l
Heat-Aged S t a b i l i t y , 4 weeks a t 140F: Pass

Film Properties:
R e f l e c t a n c e , %: 83.5
G l o s s , 60: 2 . 3
Mudcracking, 50 m i l : Pass
Sag R e s i s t a n c e , m i l s : 16
F i l l e d Appearance on B l o c k : Exc

SOURCE: Ucar Emulsion Systems: NeoCar Polymers: F o r m u l a t i o n


S u g g e s t i o n K-2216
220 Water-Based Paint Formulations

High S o l i d s Self P r i m i n g A l k y d
Inaredients: j& Gal
Pigment G r i n d :
C a r g i l l 57-5766/High S o l i d s A l k y d 224.26 27.35 18.71
Ye1 k i ns-TS/Soya L e c i t h i n 2.99 0.35 0.25
Bentone 38 1.99 0.14 0.17
Methyl Alcohol 1.50 0.23 0.12
T i - P u r e R-SOO/Titanium D i o x i d e -
Rutile 199.35 5.99 16.63
B u t r o l 23/Modi f i e d B a r i um Meta-
borate 99.68 3.24 8.32
A t o m i t e / C a l c i u m Carbonate 149.51 6.62 12.47
N y t a l 300/Talc-Magnesium S i l i c a t e 149.51 6.31 12.47
M i n e r a l S p i r i t s ( R u l e 66) 37 * 88 5.89 3.16

L e t Down:
C a r g i l l 57-5766/High S o l i d s R e s i n 224.26 27.35 18.71
Z i r c o n i u m 6% 6.98 0.98 0.58
Cobalt Naphthenate-6%/Drier 1.99 0.27 0.17
A n t i s k i n n i ng Agent 1.99 0.26 0.17
M i n e r a l S p i r i t s (Rule 66) 96.68 15.04 8.07

P a i n t P r o p e r t i es:
Total Vehicle 49.94 77.71
Pigment 50.06 22.29
Vol a t i 1e 15.95 29.35
Organic Solvent 15.95 29.35
Non-Volati l e 84.05 70.65
Non-Volatile Vehicle 33.98 48.36

D e n s i t y ( l b / U . S . g a l ) : 11.99
S p e c i f i c G r a v i t y : 1.44
P.V.C.: 31 .55%
P / B R a t i o : 1.473
Spread @ 1 M i 1 : 1133 F2
C o a t i n g VOC: 229 G / L
M a t e r i a l VOC: 229 G / L

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n Suggestion: KQ-20


Miscellaneous 221

Masonry B l o c k

M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal l o n s
P a r t A:
2-Propoxyet hanol 11.6 1.50
T r i t o n X-100 S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.39
Tamol 731 (25% N . V . ) S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.38
C o l l o i d 640 Defoamer 4.0 0.50
R u t i l e Titanium Dioxide 50.0 1.46
Atomi t e C a l c i um C a r b o n a t e 100.0 4.44
Water 50.0 6.00

M i x a t h i g h speed 10 m i n u t e s ; t h e n add and m i x 3 m i n u t e s :

Short S t u f f Polyethylene Fibers 7.0 0.93

Add u n d e r r e d u c e d speed:

Water 48.6 5.83


E p i -Rez 3520-WY-55 Resin 260.0 28.57

P a r t B:
€ p i - C u r e 8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent 124.5 15.00
ASP 1 7 0 Aluminum S i l i c a t e 50.0 2.38
325 Mesh Water Ground M i c a 100.0 4.24
Water 166.0 20.00

M i x a t h i g h speed 10 m i n u t e s ; t h e n add and m i x 3 m i n u t e s :

Short S t u f f Polyethylene Fibers 1.o 0.13


Water 22.4 2.69

Typical Coating Properties:


T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 4 1 . 7
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 57.7
PVC, 94: 4 5 . 6
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gallon: 1.60
Grams/Li t e r : 192
A p p l i c a t i o n : B r u s h and R o l l e r

Resin Composition ( s o l i d s ) :
Epoxy R e s i n , % : 65.7
C u r i n g Agent, %: 34.3
T o t a l , %: 100.0

Composite B l e n d : Viscosity Pounds Gal 1ons


Part A 97 KU 538.2 50.00
Part 0 >141 KU 588.9 50.00
P a r t s A and B 131 KU

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1615:


Masonry B l o c k F i l l : Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 R e s i n / E p i - C u r e
8536-MY-60 C u r i n g Agent
222 Water-Based Paint Formulations

Masonry B l o c k f i 11

M a t e r i a1 : Pounds Gal 1ons


P a r t A:
2-Propoxyethanol 11.6 1.50
T r i t o n X-100 S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.39
Tamol 731 S u r f a c t a n t 3.5 0.38
C o l l o i d 640 Defoamer 4.0 0.50
Tap Water 71 .O 8.50
M i x and add:
R u t i l e Titanium Dioxide 50.0 1.46
A t o m i t e C a l c i u m Carbonate 75.0 3.30
ASP 170 Alumi num S i 1 i c a t e 35.0 1.67
H i speed d i s p e r s e 10 m i n u t e s ; t h e n add:
Short S t u f f Polyethylene Fibers 7.0 0.93
Tap Water 11.4 1.37
Add a t reduced speed:
Epi -Rez 3520-W-55 R e s i n 260.0 30.00

Part 8:
Epi -Cure 8537-W-60 C u r i n g Agent 129.0 14.25
Tap Water 166.0 20.00
Mix we1 1 and add:
ASP 170 Aluminum S i 1 i c a t e 50.0 2.38
325 Mesh Water Ground M i c a 100.0 4.24
A t o m i t e C a l c i u m Carbonate 125.0 5.56
H i speed d i s p e r s e 10 m i n u t e s ; t h e n add:
Short S t u f f Polyethylene Fibers 1.o 0.13
Tap Water 28.7 3.44

Composi t e 81 end :
Part A 532.0 50.00
Part B 599.7 50.00

T y p i c a l Coat ng P r o p e r t i es :
Viscosity P a r t A: 128 Krebs U n i t s
P a r t B: 108 Krebs U n i t s
P a r t s A and B: F r e s h : 108 Krebs U n i t s
P . V . C . . % 42.2
T o t a l Weight S o l i d s , %: 6 7 . 4
T o t a l Volume S o l i d s , %: 46.2
R e s i n C o m p o s i t i o n : Epoxy Resin, %: 65
C u r i n g Agent, %: 35
V o l a t i l e s C o m p o s i t i o n : Water. l b s . : 393.6
O r g a n i c , l b s . : 63.6
V o l a t i l e O r g a n i c Compounds (VOC):
Pounds/Gal 1on : 1 .21
G r a m s / L i t e r : 145
A p p l i c a t i o n : Brush and R o l l e r

SOURCE: S h e l l Chemical Co.: S t a r t i n g F o r m u l a t i o n No. 1616:


€pi-Rez 3520-WY-55 Resin/Epi-Cure 8537-WY-60 C u r i n g
Agent
Miscellaneous 223

Water Reducible A1 kyd


Ingredients: -
Lb Gal 5
Pigment G r i n d :
Water 132.72 15.93 12.53
Busperse 3 9 / D i s p e r s a n t 5.90 0.55 0.56
Bubreak 448/Defoamer 2.95 0.44 0.28
Zinc Sulfate-Heptahydrate 1.97 0.12 0.19
I g e p a l CTA 6 3 9 / S u r f a c t a n t 1.97 0.22 0.19
B u t r o l 2 3 / M o d i f i e d B a r i u m M e t a b o r a t e 49.16 1.60 4.64
Red I r o n O x i d e 98.31 2.51 9.29
N y t a l 300/Talc-Magnesi um S i 1 ic a t @ 196.63 8.30 18.57

L e t Down:
C a r g i l l 74-7450/Water R e d u c i b l e
A1 k y d 252.67 29.71 23.86
n-Butyl Alcohol 84.55 12.53 7.99
Ammoni urn H y d r o x i de-28% 9.83 1.31 0.93
Water 216.29 25.97 20.43
Cobalt Napthenate-6%/Drier 1.97 0.27 0.19
Z i r c o n i u m 6% 3.93 0.55 0.37

Paint Properties: %Wt


Total Vehicle 67.32 87.47
P i grnent 32.68 12.53
Vol a t i1e 50.16 68.37
Organic Solvent 17.20 26.47
Non-Volatile 49.84 31.63
Non-Volatile Vehicle 17.16 19.11

Density (lb./U.S. gal): 10.59


S p e c i f i c G r a v i t y : 1.27
P.V.C.: 39.60%
P/B R a t i o : 1.905
Spread F 1 M i l : 507 F2
C o a t i n g VOC: 376 G/L
M a t e r i a l VOC: 218 G/L

SOURCE: Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s : F o r m u l a t i o n S u g g e s t i o n : KQ-22


224 Water-Based Paint Formulations

2-Component Waterborne System

F o r m u l a t i o n WR-41 demonstrates t h e improved performance o f a


2-component w a t e r b o r n e system when m o d i f i e d w i t h K-Flex XM-4316,
a p o l y e s t e r - u r e t h a n e d i s p e r s i o n . A t b o t h NCO/OH r a t i o s , improve-
ments were made i n g l o s s , MEK r e s i s t a n c e , and f l e x i b i l i t y .

NCO/OH R a t i o : 1 . 6
A c r y l ic/PU-Di s p e r s i on: 80/20

Component A : Wt%
Emulsion E-3275 69.31
K-Flex XM-4316 16.89
Sodium N i t r i t e ( 5 % aq) 0.00
P r o g l y d e DMM 1 .23
Edaplan LA 402 0.07
S i l w e t 7001 ( 5 % aq) 0.00
S i l w e t 7605 (25% aq) 0.00
S i l w e t 7604 (25% aq) 0.00
D i m e t h y l e t h a n o l ami ne 0.00

Component B:
Bayhydur XP-7063 12.50

Formulation Characteristics:
N o n v o l a t i l e , t h e o r e t i c a l , % : 48.7
T h e o r e t i c a l VOC, g/L, ( l b . / g a l l o n ) : 48, (0.4)

F o r m u l a t i o n P r o p e r t i e s , A i r - D r y 20-25C, 2 weeks:
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 c o l d r o l l e d s t e e l
F i l m t h i c k n e s s , m i c r o n ( m i l . ) : 32+-2 ( 1 . 3 + - 0 . 1 )
Dry Time ( m i n u t e s ) : Set t o t o u c h : 4.5
S u r f a c e d r y : 12
Through d r y : 18
G l o s s 60, %: 96 Knoop Hardness: 5 . 5
20, %: 74 MEK Double Rubs: 120
Koenig Hardness ( s e c ) : 108 Impact, D i r e c t , i n c h . l b . : >160
P e n c i l Hardness: 2H-3H Impact, Reverse, i n c h . l b . : >160

F o r m u l a t i o n P r o p e r t i e s , Bake 80C 20 m i n . P o s t - c u r e 20-25C,


2 weeks:
S u b s t r a t e : B o n d e r i t e 1000 c o l d r o l l e d s t e e l
F i l m t h i c k n e s s , m i c r o n ( m i l . ) : 32+-2 ( 1 . 3 + - 0 . 1 )
NCO/OH R a t i o : 1 . 6
Gloss 60, %: 100 Knoop Hardness: 7
20, %: 80 MEK Double Rubs: 135
Koenig Hardness ( s e c ) : 134 Impact, Forward, i n c h x l b . : > 1 6 0
P e n c i l Hardness: 3H Impact, Reverse, i n c h x l b . : > 1 6 0

Formulation Preparation:
Add component B t o component A under l o w shear mechanical
a g i t a t i o n f o r approx. 5 minutes.

SOURCE: K i n g I n d u s t r i e s : P r e l i m i n a r y F o r m u l a t i o n WR-41
226 Water-Eased Paint Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

AC 1024 A c r y l ic r e s i n Rohm&

A c r o n a l DS 6183 Copolymer a c r y l i c e s t e r d i s p e r s i o n BASF

A c r y s o l ASE-60/G-110/ Water-soluble a c r y l i c r e s i n s Rohm&


RM-S25/RM-l02O/RM-2020/
SCT-200/SCT-275/
TT-935/WS-68

A c t iv-8 D r i et-, accelerator, s t a b i 1 iz e r RTVan

Aero Me1ami ne Powdered grade AmCyan

A e r o s i 1 R-972 Fumed s i l i c a Degussa

A e r o s o l OT-75/OTS S u r f a c e a c t i v e agent AmCyan

A1 umi num L243 S i 1b e r

A1 umi num P a s t e #82255 A1 coa

AMP-95 D i s p e r s a n t 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol Angus

Ancamide 500/2353/ C u r i n g a g e n t s f o r epoxy r e s i n s Paci f i c


2410

Anquami ne 401 L i q u i d p o l y a m i d e c u r i n g agent Paci f ic

Aquabead 519 Micro

Aquacat Drier catalyst Ultra

Aquamac 640/700 Acrylic latex McWhort

Aquamac 1085/1090 W a t e r - s o l ub e a l k y d McWhort

Aqua-sperse 877-9907 .ampblack Co o r D i s p e r s a n t Hul s

A r c o s o l v DPM D i p r o p y l e n e g l y c o l monomethyl e t h e r A r c 0

A r c o s o l v DPNP Sol v e n t Arco

Arcosolv DPtB Coalescent Arc0

A r c o s o l v PNB Solvent Arc0

A r c o s o l v PNP Solvent Arc0


Trade Named Raw Materials 227

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE


A r c o s o l v PP Solvent Arc0

A r c o s o l v PTB Sol v e n t Arc0

A r o l o n 500-W-42 Oxidizing alkyd. % s o l i d s : 42 Rei chh

A r o l on 020-W-49 A c r y l i c polymer. % s o l i d s : 49 Reichh

A r o l o n 840-W-39 A c r y l i c polymer. % s o l i d s : 39 Rei chh

A r o m a t i c 100 Hydrocarbon s o l v e n t Exxon

Aromatic 150 Hydrocarbon s o l v e n t Exxon

Atomi t e Cal c i um c a r b o n a t e ECC

A r o p l a z 1271 Long-oil linseed alkyd r e s i n Rei ch

A r o p l a z 1272 100% s o l i d s v e r s i o n o f A r o p l a z 1271 R e i c h

A r o p l a z 3859-2-80 Alkyd r e s i n Reich

ASA 35.3 Wax e m u l s i o n CCA

ASP-NCP/ASP-l70/ A1 uminum s i 1i c a e x t e n d e r pigments Engel


ASP-400

Atomi t e Calcium c a r b o n a t e , natural ECC

A t t a g e l 50 Colloidal a t t a p u l g i t e thickener Engel

Aurasperse W-1021 Y I O Y e l l o w i r o n o x i d e Har s haw

Aurasperse W-3041 R I O Red i r o n o x i d e Harshaw

Aurasperse W-4123 Harshaw

Aurasperse W-7012 LB Carbon b l a c k Harshaw

AZO-33 Zinc oxide Asarco

AZO-55 Z i nc o x i de. American p r o c e s s Asarco


228 Water-Based Paint Formulatiom

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE


B a r y t e s No. 1 Barium s u l f a t e extender pigment WC&D

B a s i c Lead S i l i c o Chromate Rheox

Bayhydur XP-7063 Water-dispersible isocyanate Bayer

B a y f e r r o x 318M S y n t h e t i c i r o n o x i d e pigment Miles

Beaverwhi t e 325 T a l c extender pigment Cyprus

Beckosol 13-402 Water r e d u c i b l e a1 k y d Rei c h

B e e t l e 65/80/216-8 U r e a - f o r m a l d e h y d e compound AmCyan

Bentone AD/EW/LT/ Rheological a d d i t i v e Rheox


SD-1/38

Benzof 1 ex 9-88 Plasticizer Vel s i c

BK5000 Pigment P f iz e r

BK5099 Pigment Harcros

B l a s t i t e #220 Aluminum o x i d e SOH IO

Brown I r o n O x i d e 444 Pigment Col umb

B u b b l e B r e a k e r 776-P/ Defoamers Witco


3295

Bubond 357 C a t i o n i c polymer Buckman

Bubreak 448/4400 Defoamer Buckman

Burgess N o . 98/No. 128 Hydrous c l a y Burgess

Busan 11-M1 Barium metaborate m i c r o b i o c i d e Buckman

Busperse-39/203 D i s p e r s i n g agent Buckman

B u t r o l 23/35 C o r r o s i o n and s c a l e i n h i b i t o r Buckman

B u t y l Carbi t o 1 D i e t h y l e n e g l y c o l monobutyl e t h e r Union

B u t y l C a r b i t o l A c e t a t e D i e t h y l e n e g l y c o l monobutyl e t h e r Union
acetate
Trade Named Raw Materials 229

R A W MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

B u t y l Cel l o s o l v e E t h y l e n e g l y c o l monobutyl e t h e r UnCarb


acetate

Butyl Oxitol Glycol ether She1 1

Byk 020/023/025 Defoamers Bykchem

0yk 155/156/301/306/ Additives BykChem


320/321/346

Bykumen WS W e t t i n g / d i s p e r s i ng agent BykChem

Cab-0-Si 1 L-SO/LM-130 Fumed s i 1icas Cabot


TS-61 O/TS-720

C a l c i u m Hydrocem D r i e r c a t a l y s t f o r w a t e r systems Mooney

C a l c i u m Hydro-Cure C a t a l y s t f o r w a t e r systems Mooney

Camel Cal E x t r a f i n e ground l i m e s t o n e s l u r r y Genst a r

Camel Carb Calcium carbonate extender Genstar

Camel F i l C a l c i um c a r b o n a t e Genst a r

CAO- 1 Antioxidant PMCSpec

Carbi t o 1 D i e t h y l e n e g l y c o l monoethyl e t h e r UnCarb


and e t h y l ene g l y c o l m i x t u r e

Carbopol 941 T h i c k e n i n g agent BFGood

C a r g i 11 57-5766 WR H i g h s o l i d s a l k y d C a r g i 11

C a r g i 11 72-7203 WR O i l f r e e p o l y e s t e r C a r g i 11

C a r g i 11 74-7450 WR S h o r t soya a l k y d C a r g i 11

C a r g i 11 74-7474 WR c h a i n - s t o p p e d a l k y d C a r g i 11

C a r g i l l 7412 Non-oxi d i z i ng a1 kyd C a r g i 11


230 Water-Based Paint Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE


Cargill 7464 Water reducible a1 kyd Cargi 1 1
Cel i te 281 /499 Di atomaceous si 1 i cas Manvi 1 1
Cellosize ER-52M Hydroxyethyl cellulose thickeners UNCarb
ER-15,000/ER-30,000/
QP-44OO/QP-44OOH/QP-l5,OOO/
QP-15, OOOH
Chemcor AS-35-3 Wax emulsion CCA
Chempol 10-0091 WR short oxidizing oil alkyd Freeman
Chlorez 700 Chlorinated paraffin resin Dover
Chromi um Green Oxide 5-5310 Pigment Mi nPi g
CL 27NA Dow
Cobalt Chem-All 12% Mooney
Cobalt Hydrocure 12%/ Catalysts for water systems Mooney
I1

Cobalt Naphthenate-6% Drier Interst


Colloid 107/111/111M/ Dispersants Rhone-
226/35
Colloid 640/643/650/ Defoamer/Antifoams Rhone-
653/675/677/679/
694/770
Composi ti on R / T Surfactants Cal gon
Cosan 101/158/234 Preservat i ves Cosan
Cycat 4040 Acid catalyst AmCyan
Cyclo Sol 63 Aromatic solvent She1 1
Cyme1 303/324/325/ Melamine-formaldehyde resins AmCyan
327/350/385
Trade Named Raw Materials 231

R A W MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCIPTION SOURCE

Dalpad A Coal e s c i ng agent Dow

Daxad 30-30 Dispersant Grace

DC F l u i d 593 Phenyl t r i m e t h i c o n e DowCorn

DC-14 S i 1 icone DowCorn

DeeFo HG-12/PI-4/ Antifoam/defoamers Ultra


806-1 15

Dehydran 1293 Defoamer Henkel

DER 331/660X80 Epoxy r e s i n s Dow

D i c y a n d i ami de AmCyan

D i sperbyk Dispersant BykChem

Disperse-Ayd/W22/W28 Dispersants Daniel

DMEA N e u t r a l i z i n g amine UnCarb

Dowanol DPM/DPnB/ Glycol ether products DowChem


EPh/ PM/ PnB/Pn P/PPH

Dow C o r n i n g 14/57 S i 1i c o n e a d d i t i v e s DowCorn

D o w i c i l 75 A n t i m i c r o b i a l agent DowChem

Dow XUS19000.01 Epoxy r e s i n DowChem

Drewpl u s L-475/ Foam c o n t r o l a g e n t s Drew


L-493/Y-281

D r i k a l it e C a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e e x t e n d e r pigment ECC

Durami t e C a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e e x t e n d e r pigment ECC

E-845 Thickener Rohm&

E a g l e Z i n c 417W Zinc oxide Eagle

Edaplan LA 402 Flow and l e v e l i n g agent King


232 Water-Based Paint Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

E k t a p r o EEP Ether ester Eastman

E k t a s o l v e DB Sol vent Eastman

E k t a s o l v e DB A c e t a t e Solvent Eastman

E k t a s o l v e DE Sol vent Eastman

E k t a s o l v e EB Sol vent Eastman

E k t a s o l v e EP 2-propoxyethanol solvent Eastman

Emul s i o n E-2977 Rohm&

E m u l s i o n E-3122 A c r y l i c emulsion Rohm&

Emul s i on E-3275 A c r y l ic d i s p e r s i on Rohm&

€ p i -Cure 8290-Y-60 Epoxy c u r i n g agent Shel 1

Epi -Cure 8292-Y-60 Epoxy c u r i n g a g e n t Shel 1

Epi -Cure 8536-MY-60 Epoxy c u r i n g a g e n t Shel 1

Epi -Cure 8537-WY-60 Epoxy c u r i n g agent Shel 1

Epi -Rez 351 5-W-60 Epoxy r e s i n Shel 1

Epi-Rez 3520-WY-55 Epoxy r e s i n Shel

Epi -Rez 3522-W-60 Epoxy r e s i n Shel

E p i -Rez 3540-WY-55 Epoxy r e s i n Shel

Epi -Rez 3551 -WY-43 Epoxy r e s i n Shel

Epi-Rez 5522-WY-55 Epoxy r e s i n Shel

Epodil L Hydrocarbon d i l u e n t f o r epoxy r e s i n s

E p o d i l 759 R e a c t i v e d i 1u e n t

E p o t u f 37-058 Epoxy r e s i n Rei c h

E p o t u f 37-143 Epoxy r e s i n Rei c h

E p o t u f 37-618 Epoxy r e s i n h a r d e n e r Rei c h


Trade Named Raw Materials 233

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

E p o t U f 37-680 Epoxy r e s i n Rei c h

E p o t u f 38-501 Epoxy r e s i n Rei c h

E x x a t e 700 Oxo-acetate cosolvent Exxon

FC-430 F1 u o r o s u r f a c t a n t 3M

F1 a t t i n g Agent TS-100 Degussa

F l u o r a d FC-129 F1 uorochemi c a l 3M

Foamaster R/VF/VL/ Antifoam/defoamers Henkel


333

Foamex 825 A n t i foam TegoChe

Foamki 11 639AA Foam c o n t r o l a g e n t Cruci b

F u n g i t r o l 234 Fungi c i de Cosan

G o l d Bond R Microcrystalline s i l i c a Tamms

H a l o f l e x 202 Polymer emu1 s i on ICIRes

H a l o x 8W-100 C a l c i u m b a r i u m phospho-si 1 ic a t e H a l ox

H a l o x BW-191/CW-191/ White non-lead pigments H a l ox


CW-49l/SW-lll/SW-1116/
sz P-39 1
Halox X t a i n A H a l ox

HEC QP-4400 Hydroxyethyl c e l l u l o s e UnCarb

Heucophos ZMP/ZPZ Zinc yellows Heubach

Hexyl Carbi t o 1 Solvent UnCarb


234 Water-Based Paint Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE


Hodag PX-218 Antifoam Hodag

Hydrite Flat D K a o l i n e x t e n d e r pigment Georgia

Iceberg Anhydrous aluminum s i l i c a t e Burgess

I g e p a l GO-630/ Surfactants Rhone-


CTA-639

I m s i l A25 Microcrystalline s i l i c a Unimin

I n t e r c i d e T-0 M icrobiostat

I n t e r w e t #33 W e t t i n g agent Akzo

5-1365 S t r o n t i u m chromate Davis

5-31 03 M i nPi g

J o n c r y l SCX-1520/ A c r y l i c polymers Johnson


56/95/540/554

Jonwax 26 Wax e m u l s i o n Johnson

Kadox-515/911/915 Zinc oxide N J Z i nc

Kathon L X Fungicide Rohm&

K-Cure 129W Catalyst King

K e l e c i n 1081 Soybean o i l Rei ch

K e l s o l 3931 -WG4-45 O i l copolymer. % s o l i d s : 45 Rei c h

K-F1 ex UD-320W/ Poly01 s King


XM-2304

K-F1 ex XM-2311 Pigment d i s p e r s i n g r e s i n King

K-Flex XM-4310 Polyester-urethane dispersion King


Tra& Named Raw Materials 235

R A W MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

K-Flex XM-4316 Polyester-urethane dispersion King

K-Flex 188 Pol yo1 King

K o d a f l e x DBP Plasticizer Eastman

KP-140 P1a s t i c i z e r Eastman

Kroma Red R0-7097 I r o n o x i d e pigment P f iz e r

Kronos 2020 Rut i1e t i t a n i um d i o x i de Kronos

Kronos 2160 T i t a n i um d i o x i d e Kronos

Kronos 2310 Titanium dioxide Kronos

K-Sperse 152MS Dispersant King

L-203-D S t r o n t i u m chromate Cookson

Lampblack #E77 Hul s

L a n s f o r d L243 S i 1b e r

Lodyne S107/S107B C i ba-

LVT 400 Talc Barrett

Magnacat D r i er-catalyst Ultra

Mai n c o t e HG-54 A c r y l ic 1a t e x Rohm&

Mai n c o t e PR-71 Acrylic latex Rohm&

Manganese Hydrocure Catalyst OMGroup

Manganese Hydrocure I 1 C a t a l y s t OMGroup

Mapico Red 297 I r o n oxide Col umb

Mapico Red 347A I r o n oxide Col umb

Mapico 567 I r o n oxide Col umb

Mapico 1075 I r o n oxide Col umb


236 Water-Based Paint Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE


McWhorter 73-7358 Modi f ied p o l yo1 e f in McWhort

McWhorter 248-5409 A c r y l i c emulsion McWhort

Merbac 3 5 Bactericide Cal gon

Methocel J-12-MS/856 Hydroxypropyl m e t h y l c e l l u l o s e s Dow

Methyl Carbi t o 1 D i e t h y l e n e g l y c o l monomethyl e t h e r UnCarb

M e t h y l on 75108 Occi den

Mica 325 mesh, w a t e r ground Engl i s h


KMG/
Uni m i n

M i chem 392-25 Wax e m u l s i o n Michel

M i chem Lube 110/182/ Wax a d d i t i v e s M i chel


511/737/743/02925

M i c r o t a l c MP12-50 Low m i c r o n t a l c P f iz e r

M i c r o w h i t e 25 GeoMarb

Minex 4/10 Sodium p o t a s s i u m aluminum s i l i c a t e s Unimin

Min-U-Si1 40 S i l i c a paint f i l l e r Uni m i n

Moly-White 212 C o r r o s i o n i n h i b i t i v e pigment Sherwi n

Monarch 1300 F l u f f y carbon b l a c k Cabot

Mor-Lok 1035/1043 Morton

MPA- 1078 A n t i - s e t t l i n g agent Rheox

Nacor r Corrosion i n h i b i t o r King

N a c o r r 1552/1754 Corrosion i n h i b i t o r s King

Nacure X49-11O/XP-l81/Catalysts f o r p o l y m e r i c c o a t i n g s K i ng
XP-188/155/25OO-X/
2547
Trade Named Raw Materials 237

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL D E S C R I P T I O N SOURCE

N a l c o 2300 A n t i foam Nal c o

Nal z i n SC-l/2 Corrosion i n h i b i t i v e pigments Rheox

N a t r o s o l P l us/P1 u s H y d r o x y e t h y l c e l l u l oses-modi f ied Aqua1 on


330/P1 u s 330PA

N a t r o s o l 250 HBR/ Hydroxyethylcell uloses Aqua-


1on
250HR/250MHR/250MR/
250MXR

NeoCar L a t e x 2300 NeoCar p o l y m e r . 55% s o l i d s UnCarb

NeoCar L a t e x 6035 E x t e r i o r polymer. 53.5% s o l i d s UnCarb

NeoCar L a t e x 6040 F o r i n t e r i o r s e m i g l o s s a p p l ic a t i ons UnCarb

N e o c r y l XA-6085 A c r y l ic c o p o l y m e r I C I Res-
N i c r o n 400 T a l c Luzenec

Nopco NDW/NXZ Defoamers Hen k e l

N o p c o c i de N-96 M i 1dewci des Henkel

No. 1 White Calcium carbonate ECC

Novoperm Red F3RK-70 Hoec h s t

NuoCide 404-D/960 M i 1dewci de Huls

N u o c u r e C o b a l t 10% Polyurethane c a t a l y s t Hul s

N u o c u r e Manganese 6% Polyurethane c a t a l y s t Hul s

Nuosept 9 5 / 9 5 1 / 1 4 5 / Preservatives Huls


6351

N u o s p e r s e 657 D i s p e r s i n g agent Huls

Nyad 1250 Wollastonite Nyco

N y t a l 300/400 Tal cs Vander


238 Water-Based Paint Formulations

R A W MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

OK 412 F l a t t i n g agent Degussa

Omyacarb UF Natural calcium carbonate Omya

Oncor M50 A n t i - c o r r o s i v e pigment NLChem

Optiwhi t e Anhydrous aluminum s i l i c a t e Burgess

O r g a n o f u n c t i o n a l S i l a n e A-187 OSISpec

P a t c o t e 513/519/531/ Defoamers Patter


047

Phos-Chek P/30 Flame r e t a r d a n t Monsant

Phosguard 5-0806/ M i nPi g


5-0013/5-0015/5-0053

Pigment D i s p e r s e r NL Dispersant BASF

P1 i01 it e 7104 S t y r e n e - b u t a d i e n e copolymer Goodyea

PMA-100 Fungicide Dow

PM A c e t a t e Arco

P o l y g l o s s 90 C1 ay Huber

Polymekon SPP-W Mooney

POlyOX WSR-301 Water s o l u b l e r e s i n UnCarb

Polyphase AF-1 Bactericide fungicide Troy

P o l y-Tex 61 1-Q Interez

Polywet ND-Z/ND-35 Dispersant/surfactants Uni r o y

P r o g l y d e DMM Dipropylene g l y c o l dimethyl ether DowChem

Propasol S o l v e n t B I n d u s t r i a l solvent UnCarb

P r o x e l GXL Chemical b i o c i d e IC1


Trade Named Raw Materials 239

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

91 48 Defoamer Troy

QR-708/OR-7088/ Rheology m o d i f i e r s Rohm&


QR-1374

R-2899 I r o n Oxide Red ir o n o x i d e P f iz e r

Raven 16/410/1020 Carbon b l a c k s Col umb

Raybo 60 F1ash r u s t i n h i b i t o r Raybo

Red I r o n Oxide 5-3100 Pigment M i nPi g

Red I r o n Oxide 5-3106 Pigment M i nPi g

Red I r o n Oxide R-2899/R-4098/R-5098 Pigments P f iz e r

Red I r o n Oxide R0-4097 Pigment Harcros

Regal 330 Carbon b l a c k Cabot

Resi mene 747/797 Me1ami ne r e s i ns Monsan

Rhoplex AC-1024/ A c r y l i c emulsions Rohm&


AC-3001/CL-lO4/CL-l05/
E-3188/MV-23/R-AC-507/WL-96

Ropaque OP-62 LO Opaque polymer Rohm&

Ross & Rowe 551 Modi f ied 1e c i t h i n Ross&

Rovace SF-091 V i n y l a c r y l ic copolymer Rohm&

Ruff Buff Coarse s i l i c a Tammsco

Sancure 81 5/825 Waterborne u r e t h a n e r e s i n Sanncor

S a n t i c i z e r 160 Plasticizer Monsan t o

S a n t o l i n k EP-560 Cross1 in k e r Monsanto

SF-69 S i 1i c o n e GE

Shi e l d e x Anti-corrosion pigment, n o n t o x i c Davison

Short S t u f f Polyethylene f i b e r s Mini F i b


240 Water -Based Paint Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

S i c o r ZNP-S Anti -corrosion pigment BAS F

S i 1ane A-187 OSISpec

S i l c r o n G-601 Fine p a r t i c l e s i l i c a gel SCM

S i 1wet L-77/7001/ S i l i c o n e w e t t i n g agents UnCarb


L-7604/L-7605

Skane M - 8 Mildewcide f o r p a i n t Rohm&

S k i n o #2 A n t i s k i n n i ng a g e n t OMGr ou p

Snowf 1ake Calcium carbonate ECC

S o l v e n t 142HT She1 1

Sparmi t e B a r i um s u l f a t e Harcros

Special Black 4 Carbon b l a c k Degussa

Spensol L44/L51/L52/ Urethane p o l y o l s Reich


L53/L54

S t r o d e x MO-lOO/P-100/ Surfactants Dexter


PK-90/PK-95G

S u n b r i t e Green 264-8142/ Pigments Sun


S u n b r i t e Ye1 1ow 74/
S u n b r i t e Y e l l o w 272-0558/
S u n f a s t B l u e 248-3750

Super Seatone B u r n t Umber Pigment H i 1t o n

Surfactol 365 Dispersant CasChem

Surfynol C T - l l l / Surfactants A i rProd


CT-131/CT-151/DF-37/
DF-62

S u r f y n o l DF-58/ Defoamers A i rProd


DF-70/DF-75

S u r f y n o l DF-llOD/ Surfactants A i rProd


DF-11 OL/DF-21 O/GA/
TG/104/104DPM/104€/
104H/104PG-50/420/
485
Trade Named Raw Materials 241

R A W MATERIAL CHEMICAL D E S C R I P T I O N SOURCE

sws 211 A n t i foam Wacker

S y l o i d 234 S i 1 ic a f 1 a t t i ng a g e n t Davi son

S y n t e x 3981 Accelerator Rhone-

T a l c 399 Extender pigment WC&D

Tamol 165/681/731/ Dispersants Rohm&


731A/050/960/983/
1124/SG-1

Tan 10A Col umb

T e r g i t o l NP-4/NP-10/ Nonionic s u r f a c t a n t s UnCarb


NP-40

Texanol Coal e s c i n g a g e n t Eastman

Thalo Blue Aqueous d i s p e r s i on Tenneco

T h i x a t r o l ST Thi xotrope Rheox

T i n t - A y d WD-2744 Phthalo green d i s p e r s i o n Daniel

T i n u v i n 328 UV a b s o r b e r C i ba-

T i o n a RCL-9 T i t a n i um d i o x i d e S CM

T i o x i d e TR-92 T i t a n i um d i o x i d e Ti oxide

T i - P u r e CR-800/ T i t a n i um d i o x i d e s duPont
R-700/R-702/R-706/
R-900/R-901/R-902/
R-960

T i t a n o x 2020/2060/ T i t a n i um d i o x i d e s Kronos
21 01 /2160

T r i t o n GR-7M Anionic surfactant UnCarb

T r i t o n CF-10 W e t t i n g agent UnCarb

T r i t o n CA/GR-SM/ Nonionic s u r f a c t a n t s UnCarb


N-57/N-lOl/X-100/
X-405
242 Water-Based Point Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL D E S C R I P T I O N SOURCE

Tronox CR-800/CR-813/ R u t i l e titanium dioxides Kerr-Mc


CR-828

Troysan Polyphase Fungicides Troy


AF-1/174/586

Troysol LAC Detergent/surfactant Troy

TS 610 Cabot

Ucar 515 Acrylic latex UnCarb

Ucar F i 1mer I B T UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 100 High s o l i d s a c r y l i c b i n d e r UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 105 Self-crosslinking acrylic latex UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 144 S t y r e n e - a c r y l ic emu1 s i on polymer UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 146 UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 161 V i n y l a c r y l ic copolymer UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 163 A1 1- a c r y l ic b i n d e r UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 169 A c r y l ic polymer b i nder UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 353 UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 367 V i n y l a c e t a t e copolymer UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 379 UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 3796 UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 421 A c r y l ic 1a t e x polymer UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 422 A c r y l i c l a t e x polymer UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 446 UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 447 V i n y l a c r y l ic polymer UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 461 Styrene/acrylic latex-soft UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 471 Styrene/acrylic latex-hard UnCarb


Trade Named Raw Materials 243

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL D E S C R I P T I O N SOURCE

Ucar L a t e x 481 U l t r a - g l o s s l a t e x . Polymer: Hard UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 624 100% a c r y l i c l a t e x UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 625 A c r y l ic 1a t e x UnCarb

Ucar l a t e x 626 A1 1- a c r y l ic b i n d e r UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 651 Acrylic latex UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 2300 UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 6030 F i ne p a r t i c l e s ze " b o o s t e r " 1a t e x UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 6336 Hard, a l l - a c r y l c latex UnCarb

Ucar L a t e x 6390 A c r y l i c b i nder . "Booster" 1a t e x UnCarb

Ucar Pol yphobe 102/103 Rheology modi f ie r s UnCarb

Ucar Polyphobe 1 0 6 H E / High e f f i c i e n c y t h i c k e n e r s UnCarb


107/114-

Ucar Polyphobe 9831 Rheology modi f ie r UnCarb

Ucar SCT100/SCT200/ Thickeners UnCarb


146

Ucar V e h i c l e 435 A c r y l i c polymer (45% s o l i d s ) UnCarb

Ucar V e h i c l e 441 A c r y l ic emu1 s i on Uncarb

Ucar V e h i c l e 443 A c r y l i c l a t e x (41% s o l i d s ) UnCarb

Ucar V e h i c l e 455 S e l f - c r o s s 1 in k i ng a c r y l ic 1a t e x UnCarb

Ucar V e h i c l e 462 T h e r m o s e t t i n g s t y r e n e a c r y l i c l a t e x UnCarb

Ucar XYHL Polyvinyl-butyral resin UnCarb

Ucar 376 UnCarb


244 Water-Based Paint Formulations

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE

V a r s o l No. 1 Mineral s p i r i t s Exxon

Versa-F1 ow 102 Shamroc

Waterpoxy 701 /702/1401 Epoxies Henkel

Wingdale White N a t u r a l ground c a l c i u m carbonate GeorMar

W i t c o b o n d 234 Polyurethane dispersion Witco

W o l l a s t o c o a t 10AS Nyco

W o l l a s t o k u p IOES NyCQ

W/R Epoxy E s t e r R e s i n Rei c h

W/R P o l y e s t e r 72-7203 C a r g i 11

X-3356 C.P. Medium Medium chrome y e l l o w p i g m e n t C i ba-

XX-503/XX-503R Zinc oxides NJZinc

XAMA- 7 Rohm&

YD-2288 Harcros

Ye1 k i ns-TS Soya l e c i t h i n Ross&

Y e l l o w I r o n O x i d e YO-2087 Pigment Harcros

Y e l l o w I r o n O x i d e 1075A Pigment Col umb

Zeeospheres 400 Z e e l and

Zeeospheres 600 Z e e l and

Z i n c Chromate Y539D Heubach

Z i n c Hydro-Nap Mooney

Z i n c O x i d e 417-W Eag1e
Trade Named Raw Materials 245

RAW MATERIAL CHEMICAL DESCRIPTION SOURCE


Z i r c o 6% Drier Interst

Z i r c o n i um Chem-All 12% Mooney

Z i r c o n i um Hydro-Cem Z i r c o n i um d r i e r , 12% Mooney

Z i r c o n i u m Hydro-Cure 12% C a t a l y s t f o r w a t e r systems Mooney

Zopaque RCL-6 Titanium dioxide. R u t i l e SCM

Zopaque RCL-9 T i t a n i um d i o x i d e SCM

1OES Wol 1a s t o c o a t Nyco

233 B a s i c Z i n c Chromate Wayne

399 Lo-Micron T a l c Extender pigment WC&D

895-9901 W a t e r - d i s p e r s e d b l a c k pigment Tenneco


Suppliers' Addresses 247

A i r P r o d u c t s and Chemicals Burgess Pigment Co.


7201 Hami 1t o n B l v d . P.O. Box 349
A l l e n t o w n , PA 18195 S a n d e r s v i l l e , GA 31082
(215)-481-4911/(800)-345-3148 (912)-5552-2544/(800)-641-8999
Akzo Chemical s , I n c . Byk-Chemi e USA
300 S. R i v e r s i d e P l a z a 524 S . C h e r r y S t .
Chicago, I L 60175 W a l l in g f o r d , CT 06492
(312)-906-7500/(800)-257-8292 (203)-265-2086
A l c o a I n d u s t r i a l Chemicals Cabot Corp.
P . O . Box 67 R t . 36 West
B a u x i t e , AR 72011 Tuscola, I L 61953
(501)-776-4981/(800)-643-8771 (217)-253-3370/(800)-222-6745
American Cyanamid Co. Calgon Corp.
Chemicals Group P.O. Box 1346
One Cyanamid P l a z a P i t s b u r g h , PA 15230
Wayne, NJ 07470 (412)-777-8000/(800)-4-CARBON
(201)-831-2000/(800)-443-0443
Cargill, Inc.
Angus Chemical Co. P.O. Box 5630
1500 E . Lake Cook Rd. M i nneapol is , MN 55440
B u f f a l o Grove, I L 60089 (612)-475-6478/(800)-535-1443
(708)-215-8600/(800)-362-2580
CasChem, I n c .
Aqua1 on 40 Avenue A.
P . O . Box 15417 Bayonne, NJ 07002
2711 C e n t r e v i l l e Rd. (201)-858-7900/(8OO)-CAS-CHEM
W i 1m i n g t o n , DE 19850
(302)-996-2000/(800)-345-8104 Chemical Corp. o f America
2 C a r l t o n Ave.
ARC0 Chemical Co. E . R u t h e r f o r d , NJ 07073
3801 West C h e s t e r P i k e (201)-438-5600
Newtown Square, PA 19073
(215)-359-2000 C i ba-Gei gy Corp.
7 Skyline D r .
Asarco, I n c . Hawthorne, NY 10532
180 Maiden Lane (914)-347-4700/(800)-431-1900
New Y o r k , NY 10038
(212)-510-2000 Columbian Chemicals Co.
1600 Parkwood C i r c l e
BASF Corp. A t l a n t a , GA 30339
100 C h e r r y H i l l Rd. (404)-951-5700/(800)-235-4003
P a r s i p p a n y , NJ 07054
(201)-316-3000/(800)-526-1072 Cosan Chemical Corp.
400 1 4 t h S t .
Buckman L a b o r a t o r i e s I n t ' l I n c . C a r l s t a d t , N J 27072
1256 N. McLean 8 l v d . (201)-460-9300
Memphis, TN 38018
(901)-278-0330/(800)-BUCKMAN
248 Water-Based Paint Formulations

C r u c i b l e Chemical Co., Inc. Drew I n d u s t r i a l D i v .


P.O. Box 6786 A s h l a n d Chemical I n c .
G r e e n v i l l e , SC 29606 One Drew P l a z a
(803)-277-1284/(800)-845-8873 Boonton, NJ 07005
(201)-263-7800/(800)-526-1015
Cyprus I n d u s t r i a l M i n e r a l s
P.O. Box 3419 DuPont Co.
Englewood, CO 80155 1007 M a r k e t S t .
(800)-325-0299 W i 1m i n g t o n , DE 19898
( 8 0 0 ) -441 -751 5
Daniel Products
400 Claremont Ave. Eagle-Picher I n d u s t r i e s , Inc.
J e r s e y C i t y , NJ 07304 P.O. Box 550
(201)-432-0800 C & Porter Streets
J o p l i n , MO 64802
F r a n k D . D a v i s Co. (417)-623-8000
7011 M u i r k i r k Rd.
Bel t s v i 1 l e , MD 20705 Eastman Chemical Co.
(301)-776-2400/(800)-638-4444 P.O. Box 431
K i n g s p o r t , TN 37662
Davi son Chemical D i v . (615)-229-4006/(8OO)-EASTMAN
W.R. Grace & Co.
P.O. Box 2117 ECC I n t e r n a t i o n a l
B a l t i m o r e , MD 21203 5775 Peachtree-Dunwoody Rd.
A t l a n t a , GA 30342
Degussa Corp. (404)-843-1551/(800)-843-3222
65 C h a l l e n g e r Rd.
R i d g e f i e l d Park, N J 07305 E n g e l h a r d Corp.
(201)-641-6100 101 Wood Ave.
I s e l i n , N J 08830
D e x t e r Chemical Corp. (908)-205-5000
845 Edgewater Rd.
Bronx, NY 10474 E n g l i s h M i c a Co.
R i dgeway C e n t e r B1 d g .
Dover Chemical Corp S t a m f o r d , CT 06905
W15 & D a v i s (203)-324-9531
P.O. Box 40
Dover, OH 44622 Exxon Chemical Americas
(800)-321-8805 13501 K a t y Frwy
Houston, TX 77079
Dow Chemical USA (713)-870-6000/(800)-231-6633
2020 Dow C e n t e r
Midland, M I 48674 Freeman I n d u s t r i e s , Inc.
( 800 ) - 258-CH EM 100 M a r b l e d a l e Rd.
Tuckahoe, NY 10707
Dow C o r n i n g Corp. (914)-961-2100
Box 0994
M i d l a n d , M I 48686
(5171-496-4000
Suppliers' Addresses 249

GE S i 1i c o n e s H i 1t o n - D a v i s Co.
260 Hudson R i v e r Rd. 2235 Langdon Farm R d .
W a t e r f o r d , NY 12188 C i n c i n n a t i , OH 45237
(518)-237-3330/(800)-255-8886 (513)-841-4000/(800)-477-1022

Genstar Stone P r o d u c t s Co. Hoechst Celanese Corp.


Exec P l a z a I V 5200 77 C e n t e r D r i v e
11350 McCormick Rd. C h a r l o t t e , NC 28217
Hunt V a l l e y , MD 21031 (704)-559-6000/(800)-365-2436
(410)-527-4000
J.M. Huber Corp.
G e o r g i a M a r b l e Co. Clay D i v .
1201 R o b e r t s B l v d . , 8ldg. 100 One Huber Rd.
Kennesaw, GA 30144 Macon, GA 31298
(404)-421 -6500 (912)-745-4751/(800)-637-8176

B.F. G o o d r i c h Co. H u l s America I n c .


991 1 B r e c k s v i 11e Rd. 80 C e n t e n n i a l Ave.
B r e c k s v i 11e, OH 441 41 P i scataway, N J 08855
(216)-447-5000/(800)-331~1144 (908)-980-6800/(800)-631-5275

Goodyear T i r e & Rubber Co. I C 1 R e s i n s US


1144 E . M a r k e t S t . 730 Main S t .
Akron, OH 44316 W i l m i n g t o n , MA 01887
(216)-796-3010 (508)-658-6600/(800)-225-0947
W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. I n t e r s t a b Chemicals, I n c .
55 Hayden Ave. 500 J e r s e y Ave.
L e x i n g t o n , MA 02173 P . O . Box 638
(617)-861 -6600 New B r u n s w i c k , NJ 08903

H a r c r o s Chemical s I n c S.C. Johnson Polymer


5200 Speaker Rd. 1525 Howe S t .
Kansas C i t y , KS 66106 Raci ne, W I 53403
(913)-321-3131 (414)-631-4875/(800)-231-7868

Harshaw/Filtrol Partnership Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp.


30100 C h a g r i n B l v d . Kerr-McGee C t r .
C l e v e l a n d , OH 44124 P . O . Box 25861
Oklahoma C i t y , OK 73125
Henkel Corp. (405)-270-1313/(800)-654-3911
11501 N o r t h l a k e D r .
C i n c i n n a t i , OH 45299 King I n d u s t r i e s , I n c .
(513)-530-7300/(800)-543-7370 S c i e n c e Rd.
Norwalk, CT 06852
Heucotech, L t d . (203)-866-5551/(800)-431-7900
99 Newbold Rd.
F a i r l e s s H i l l s , PA 19030
(215)-736-9533/(800)-HEUEACH
250 Water-Based Paint Formulations

KMG M i n e r a l s , I n c . Morton I n t e r n a t i o n a l
P.O. Box 729 333 W. Wacker D r i v e .
1433 G r o v e r Rd. Chicago, I L 60606
K i ngs M o u n t a i n , NC 28086 (312)-807-2000
(704)-739-3616/(800)-443-MICA
N a l c o Chemical Co.
Kronos, I n c . One N a l c o C t r .
P.O. Box 60087 N a p e r v i l l e , I L 60563
3000 N . Sam Houston Pkwy (708)-305-1000
Houston, TX 77205
(713)-987-6300 New J e r s e y Z i n c Co.
F o u r t h S t . 8 F r a n k l i n Ave.
M a n v i l l e F i l t r a t i o n 8, M i n e r a l s P a l m e r t o n , PA 18071
P.O. Box 519
Lompoc, CA 93438 NL Chemicals, I n c .
(303)-978-4900/(800)-6 4-31 03 P.O. Box 700
H i g h t s t o w n N J 08520
McWhorter
400 E a s t C o t t a g e P l a c e Nyco M i n e r a l s , I n c . ,
C a r p e n t e r s v i l l e , I L 60 10 P.O. Box 368
W i l l s b o r o , NY 12996
Michelman, I n c . (5181-963-4262
9089 S h e l l Road
C i n c i n n a t i , OH 45236 O c c i d e n t a l Chemical Corp.
(5131-793-7766 300 Berwyn P a r k
Berwyn, PA 19312
M i c r o Powders, I n c . (215)-251-1000
580 W h i t e P l a i n s Rd.
T a r r y t o w n , NY 10591 OM Group I n c .
(914)-793-4058 2301 S c r a n t o n Rd.
C l e v e l a n d , OH 44113
Miles Inc. (216)-781-8383/(800)-321-9696
Mobay Road
P ittsburgh, PA 15205 Omya I n c .
(412)-777-2000/(800)-662-2927 61 M a i n S t .
P r o c t o r , VT 05765
M i n e r a l P i gments Corp. (802)-459-3311/(800)-451-4468
Davis Colors
7011 M u i r k i r k Rd. Paci f ic Anchor Chemical Corp.
B e l t s v i l l e , MD 20705 1224 Mendon R d .
Cumberland, R I 02864
Monsanto Chemi c a l Co. (401)-333-4100/(800)-874-66668
800 N . L i n d b e r g h B l v d .
S t . L o u i s, MO 63167 Pfizer, Inc.
(314)-694-1000/(800)-325-4330 235 E. 42 S t .
New Y o r k , NY 10017
Mooney C h e m i c a l s I n c . (212)-573-7217
2301 S c r a n t o n Rd.
C l e v e l a n d , OH 44113
Suppliers' Addresses 251

PMC S p e c i a l t i e s Group S h e r w i n W i 11 iams Co.


20525 C e n t e r R i d g e Rd. Chemi c a l s D i v .
Rocky R i v e r , OH 44116 P.O. Box 6520
(216)-356-0700 C l e v e l a n d , OH 44101
(216)-566-2344
Raybo Chemical Co.
P.O. Box 2155K S i l b e r l i n e M f g . Co.
H u n t i n g t o n , WV 25722 P.O. Box A
L a n s f o r d , PA 18232
R e i c h h o l d Chemicals, I n c . ( 7 1 7) -668-6050
P.O. Box 13582
Research T r i a n g l e Park, NC27709 Sun Chemical Corp.
(919)-990-7500/(800)-448-3482 4526 C h i c k e r i n g Ave.
C i n c i n n a t i , OH 45242
Rheox, I n c . (513)-68l-5950/(800)-543-2323
P.O. Box 700
H i g h t s t o w n , N J 08520 3M Corp.
(609)-443-2500 3M C e n t e r
S t . P a u l , MN 55144
Rhone-Poulenc I n c . (61 2 ) -733-1 1 1 0
P r o s p e c t P l a i n s Rd.
C r a n b u r y , NJ 08512 Tammsco, I n c .
(609)-860-4000 P . O . Box J
Tamms, I L 62988
Rohm & Haas Co.
Independence M a l l West Tenneco M i n e r a l s Co.
P h i l a d e l p h i a , PA 19105 P.O. Box 281300
(215)-592-3000 Lakewood, CO 80228
(303)-987-6200
Sanncor I n d u s t r i e s , I n c .
300 W h i t n e y S t . T r o y Corp.
P.O. Box 703 72 E a g l e Rock Ave.
Leomi n s t e r , MA 01 453 East Hanover, N J 07936
(508)-537-4748 (201)-884-4300

SCM Chemical s U l t r a Additives, Inc.


2701 B r o e n i n g Hwy 460 S t r a i g h t S t .
B a l t i m o r e , MD 21222 P a t e r s o n , NJ 07501
(301)-288-8884/(800)-638-3234 (201)-279-1306/(800)-524-0055
Shamrock T e c h n o l o g i e s , Inc. U n i m i n Corp.
Foot o f P a c i f i c S t . 258 E l m S t .
Newark, NJ 07114 New Canaan, CT 06840
( 2 0 1 )-242-2999 (203)-966-8880/(800)-243-9004
S h e l l Chemical Co. UCAR Emu1 s i o n Systems
Two She1 1 P l a z a 410 Gregson D r i v e
P . 0 . 8 0 ~ 1422 Cary, NC 27511
Houston, TX 77251 (919)-469-6700
(EOO)-TEC-EPON
252 Water-Based Paint Formulations

R.T. Vanderbilt Co.. Inc. Whittaker, Clark & Daniels, I n c .


30 W i n f i e l d S t . 1000 C o o l i d g e St.
P . O . Box 5150 South P l a i n f i e l d , NJ 07080
N o r w a l k , CT 06856 (908)-561-6100/(800-732-0562
(203)-853-1400
Witco Corp.
V e l s i c o l Chemical Corp. 520 Madison Ave.
5600 N . R i v e r Rd. New Y o r k , NY 10022
Rosemont, I L 60018 (212)-605-394l/(800)-238-9150
(708)-698-7000

Wacker S i l i c o n e s C o r p .
3301 S u t t o n Rd.
A d r i a n , M I 49221
(517)-264-8500/(800)-248-0063