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Miss. Alka Maurya
AMITY INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS SCHOOL, NOIDA
AMITY UNIVERSITY – UTTAR PRADES
The Legend of Indian Carpets
have emerged from it have substantially increased India's carpet exports and placed it prominently in the international carpet map. Carpet weaving was brought to India by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century. Some of the most exclusive carpets were created during the Mughal reign, each carpet unlike the other but infused with a common magic of colours and design. The carpet weaver has gradually grown as an artist, a creator who could weave poetry in to his designs and every knot he tied, giving a touch of aesthetic beauty to his creations.
Indian Carpets are renowned the world over for their exquisite designs, subtle elegance, attractive colours and workmanship. The magnificence of Indian carpet weaving and the intricate patterns that
wool has been the basic material for the knotted woollen carpet. The master-weaver reads aloud from it and the weavers follows his directions carefully. The colours and number of knots to be woven are indicated by signs. The usual procedure adopted by the weaver is to draw his designs and transfer them to graph paper on which each square represents a single knot. However silk is commonly used in handknotted silk carpets in Kashmir where the weaver also has access to the wool of the highest quality. they acquire a . The feel From the outset. Then the paper is divided into varying parts depending on whether the pattern is intended for the centre medallion or for a part os a repeated pattern. Indian carpets are renowned for their exotic colours. Pattern in a carpet is as much an integral part of the carpet as colouring. Infusing Colour radiance that is alive.A carpet weaver's skills are his own and the designs he evolves are from his mind to be translated in to beautiful form with the help of wool and silk. all types of natural dyes are used Colours fascinate. The Indian carpet weaver freed carpets from the limitation of space. was the most important colourant of vegetable origin. nature was the most important source of perfect dyes and subtle and attractive colours. And when they are blended with material and designs. Its root provided the whole range of pinks and reds and with the green from the grass and brown from the kiker tree. these sheets of paper are then passed on to the knotting workshop. repeated intricate and infinite patterns in an ordered symmetry and wove abstract symbols into dense ornamentation. A coded colour chart indicates the number of knots to be woven in their respective colours. Madder. Weaving the Magic of Creativity . The other manner followed by the weavers of Kashmir and Amritsar is the 'Talim' which demands time and experience. Designing Excellence The figurative was combined with the geometric and floral with the arabesque. At the beginning of the 20th century. Nowadays. This gave the weaver a wide choice. The wool used for the pile has a variety of origins. which grows almost everywhere. The master-weaver winds the warp around the loom and begins chanting the 'Talim' and the knitters chant their reply after carrying out the instruction. the use related to the role for which the carpet is being woven.
this knot is also called the 'twohanded knot' as it can be executed both from right to left and from left to right. Madhya Pradesh: Gwalior. Leh. Before washing. Danapur. the other is behind the first. Madhosingh. designing and weaving. Baramulla. Shahjahanpur. Mirzapur. Punjab: Amritsar. Finishing is a meticulous process which requires skillful craftsmanship and is done piece by piece in handknotted carpets. The Indian carpet weaver uses the asymmetrical or Persian knot which is tied with a strand of Yarn around two adjacent warp threads. Washing is done with water mixed with soap. Haryana: Panipat. Ghosia. Washing And Finishing Washing of a carpet is done to bring sheen and lustre. Jammu. Bikaner. Bihar: Obra. rubbing with wired brush and berai to make it even. Bhadohi. Each knot is separated from its neighbour by a loop that is cut after the next shoot of weft. Gopiganj.The loom gives shape to the carpet-weaver's creative expressions. the carpet is kept in the sunlight for drying and then it is sent for clipping. The simplest of these looms has two horizontal wooden beans between which the wrap threads are stretched. this is the final stage of carpet weaving and hence requires a lot of careful handling. West Bengal: Dargeeling. therefore. Madhubani Himachal Pradesh: Dharmshala. the one beam in front of the weaver. The weaver begins by weaving a selvedge and several shoots of weft are passed to form a narrow band to secure the knots at the end of the carpet. the carpet is rolled to the back of the loom. The process is more widespread as it is more rapid. The art of clipping reflects on the emboss like finish in the final carpet. One of the most commonly used loom in India is the roller-beam loom. Tonk. PRODUCTION CENTERS Uttar Pradesh: Varanasi. the carpet goes through the stage of burning the back of the carpet. leaving some threads free at either side for the lateral selvedges. Andhra Pradesh: Elluru and Warangal . Khamaria. it is as important as colouring. Jammu & Kashmir: Srinagar. After washing. Agra. The final appearance of a carpet comes after clipping and chemical finishing. Anantnag. bleaching powder and other natural chemicals. As the knotting proceeds. Rajasthan: Jaipur.
Wool and silk is used for making carpets. who conquered Kashmir. shawl patterns. turmeric. usually used as motifs. Agra is the . Carpet Industry in Punjab Punjab has ancient tradition of weaving cotton dhurries. which is pressed either by tramping upon it or by applying pressure by hand. the traditional paisley. Namdhas are either embroidered or appliquéd. they market it personally by approaching urban cities like Delhi on a door to door basis. The rulers of Jaipur took a keen interest in patronizing the carpet making activity. these carpets are embroidered with woolen thread that completely covers the base of Hessian. as in Kashmir. Hand knotted carpets are manufactured with floral or angular motifs. Namdhas: The namdha is a specialty of Kashmir. The carpet industry in Jaipur mainly started flourishing in the mid 19th century. vegetable and mineral dyes like indigo. Jaipur and its adjacent districts is the major manufacturing centers in Rajasthan that share a substantial part (15 percent) of total carpet manufacturing from India. Rajasthan carpet industry is more quality sensitive and designs are more emphasized. Bokhara hand knotted carpets are one of the finest with about 120. Mirzapur. Dhurries are made with the use of comb-like iron fork called “punja” which means hand. This is moistened with a special solution. During cold winter when tourism business ends. In that period. or on sackcloth. Carpet Industry in Rajasthan Rajasthan is also known for making namdha that is appliquéd. Carpet Industry in Uttar Pradesh Shahjahanpur. exotic and uniquely modern. Jaipur and Ajmer are the main places for beautiful carpets. Carpets made are of medium quality and on an average of about 60 knots per square inch is applied. Results of technology implementation were remarkable in terms of revenue and other operational aspects.Karnataka: Bangalore. as in Rajasthan. Carpets from the Punjab and Haryana are woven in traditional stripes as well as with stylized birds. however now chemical dyes are highly used. animals and human forms. The designs are beautiful. with designs which are oriental. Centers like Bikaner. Persian culture influenced the Kashmiri carpet for quite a long time. Traditionally. A namdha is prepared by spreading wool with certain quantities of cotton evenly either on mats.500 knots in a square inch. Kashmir has developed some of its own designs based on. They were fond of collecting Persian and Mughal carpets. Punjab also uses the talim method. Now-a-days Jute and cotton is used. Badohi. In Kashmir this trade is passed from one generation to the next. but gradually the Kashmiri Carpet industry has acquired an indigenous character. Shahjahanpur is also well known for luxurious carpets. leaves and flowers. These carpets are known for their high quality of craftsmanship and color-fastness. which makes it more durable. carpet making was introduced as a jail craft. Talim method is used to train craftsmen. which owes the development of the carpet industry to Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The number of knots on the back of the carpet indicates the quality. An average piece is made with about 324 knots per square inch. Chemical bath treatment is applied on carpets for a high luster. printed or embroidered. It is used to heat the waft yarn to fix up in woven structure. with geometrical patterns generally in black on a maroon background. madder. Pondicherry: Pondicherry Carpet Industry in Kashmir Kashmir is famous for its fine quality hand knotted carpets. Rajasthan made carpets shows hunting patterns with trees and floral motifs. henna were used. The deep pile of Indian hand knotted carpets comes in magnificent colors. Most commonly mouri designs are used in Punjab. During British rule growing demand outside the country encouraged this carpet manufacturing activity. In Kashmir. Khamaria and Agra are main hubs for carpet Industry in Uttar Pradesh. which are expensive and considered as lifelong investment.
as a result motifs are influenced by Tibetan tradition and culture. In Masulipatnam. Also the main designs called by the name of famous patrons for example Nurjaha. Shah Navaz. guava. Farasi. Designs resembles to that of Persian style. Threads of ground color are used. .Many Tibetan craftsmen are engaged in weaving woolen carpets. ambarcha etc. Agra is specialized in the use of silk mixed with woolen yarn. Handspun wool and jute thread are used. The carpets of Elluru and Warangal are the pride of Andhra Pradesh and have a strong local flavor.traditional center of carpet weaving from the period of Mughals. The weavers of the Mirzapur-Badohi region are renowned for their versatility by weaving carpets of practically any design. patterns used are named after the fruits and flowers like babul. dragon. Elluru and Warangle are the prominent centers for carpet manufacturing in Andhra Pradesh. lion and swastika are popular. Carpets in Himachal have magnificent designs and durable texture. The carpet weaving at warangal is done on a large scale because of ease to access cotton. including the Old Persian ones that are in great demand. Carpet Industry in Himachal Pradesh Sheep and goat rearing is a very common occupation of many villagers in Himachal Pradesh who are also engaged in blanket weaving texturing. Designs of birds. Carpet Industry in Andhra Pradesh Masulipatnam. More often. Images are in deep green and orange colors while off-white background is used. The design are again here of Indo-Persian origin. combination of blue and green with soft yellow and pastel shades is used. Mainly carpets of these areas are made in pure wool and for dhurries cotton is used .
Mirzapur. Tufted Woollen Carpets . Their design and colour schemes have their own independent logic and their own unique magic.Carpet Type Hand knotted Woolen Carpets Hand knotted Woollen Carpets from India speak eloquently of the superb workmanship of the Indian carpet Weavers. The art of weaving carpets has percolated through generations and the Indian craftsmen have been creating the greatest of specimen since the medieval period. The prominent areas which produce woollen carpets are Bhadohi. The Indian woollen carpets are inspired by the classical Persian Tradition of motifs to the most modern design. Khamaria. Amritsar and Pathankot in Punjab and Jaipur in Rajasthan. variety of designs. Ghosia. Superior hand-knotting technique. Varanasi and Agra in Uttar Pradesh. colours and a good number of knots per square inch have made them desired objects to impart a vivid appearance to a home besides adding warmth to it.
Gabbe Woollen Carpets .The handmade Tufted Woollen Carpets are produced with the help of tufting guns. Panipat is main carpet producing centre of Tufted Woollen Carpets. The variety of designs and colours used in these carpets make them a feast to one's eyes. A good quality fabric is used for a desired pile density and number of stitches per square inch.
The raw material composition of these carpets is generally 75% wool and 25% cotton. Gabbe Woollen Carpets are mainly produced in Bhadohi-Mirzapur region in Uttar Pradesh.Hand-knotted Gabbe Woollen Carpets portray a unique tradition of Tribal Design. Handmade Woollen Dhurries Woollen dhurries are one of the least expensive yet very elegant 'Hand-Woven Flat Floor-Coverings'. . The continuity of superb artistic tradition of Tribals have made these carpets a product of a living and thriving art.
Dhurries are just perfect to use anywhere: in a room. in a formal setting. . Their varieties of colours are fast selling and have made them one of the popular floor coverings in the world. Panipat and Bangalore Pure Silk Carpets Handkotted pure silk Carpets are renowned for suppleness and softness and fine workmanship in the world. Agra and Gwalior. Produced in Kashmir. Jaipur. Woollen dhurries are mainly produced in Bhadhohi. The designs vary from intricate motifs and patterns inspired from nature to hunting scenes. Agra. The main carpet producing centre of Staple/Synthetic carpets are Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir). These finely knotted carpets (256 knots per square inch) imbibe all the aesthetic characteristics of classical and contemporary designs and colours. these carpets display a fine workmanship and intricate designs of a kind. The material composition is 80% silk yarn and 20% cotton yarn with knottage 400 knots and above per square inch. Mirzapur. or casually in a balcony echoing its democratic antecedents. Staple/Synthetic Carpets Staple/Synthetic carpets are synthetic handknotted carpets with a feel of silk. bird and animal motifs or thematic designs like historical romances.
DRUGGETS INCLUDING NAMDHAS VALUE OF EXPORTS YEAR Rupees Crores (US$ Million) 1961-62 1962-63 1963-64 1964-65 1965-66 1966-67 1967-68 1968-69 1969-70 1970-71 1971-72 1972-73 1973-74 1974-75 4. RUGS.30) 4. Chainstitch Rugs are mainly produced in Kashmir.44 (27.94 (16.33) 13. Export Statistics EXPORTS OF CARPETS.42) 5.44) 26.42 (9.42 (34.11 (42.Chainstitch Rugs Decorative handmade embroided floor coverings or Chainstitch Rugs are made of 65% Wool or Silk yarn 35% cotton yarn.62 (6.00) 10.69 (17.15 (16.91) 4.49 (9.79) 7.88) 11.45) 5.66 (11.08) 9.56) .69 (17. Intricate needlework by creating a variety of traditional and modern designs and colours in these rugs reflects a fine craftsmanship of the worker.39) 11.79 (11.39) 36.76 (13.43 (11.96) 21.
79 (446.44) 2583.03) 2436.13 (514.71) 2708.25) 451.28 (311.95 (179.15 (512.03 (492.08 (206.52) 99.93 (381.94) 375.41) 1661.79 (614.40) 177.37 (125.06 (696.37 (191.93) 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2315.07) 2590.43) 219.08 (252.1975-76 1976-77 1977-78 1978-79 1979-80 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 41.68) 1999-2000 2136.47) 135.30) 565.24 (209.76 (188.94 (351.20) 172.26 (532.73 (600.73 (875.60 (221.07) 1584.86) 194.94) 3524.46) 66.02) 1364.96 (99.99) 992.S.66) 420.92 (408.77) 283.43 (50.86 (807.58 (447.07) 2013.41 (79.61 (304.62 (591.94 (478.61) 847.35) 245.72) 159.38 (173.04 (289. $ Million .62) 3082.38) 81.96) 2779.41) 1047.13) 1102.34 (282.00 (316.06) Country-wise export data from 2003-04 to 2008-09 (Prov) U.53) 3674.42 (206.
4 2.8 11.95 5.17 4.7 8. 696.56 um 1 Brazi 1.13 4.3 14.2 rs 0 1 6 9 7 0 Total 615.9 35.83 6.70 1. 875. 591.92 8. 600.48 6.3 5.95 5.44 8.03 11.2 42.61 4.23 4.8 12.3 14.04 3. 346. 301.33 ntina 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Aust 15.04 l Cana 10. 130.8 12.8 8 6 2 1 8 5 19 U.53 3.41 1. 135. 313.25 1.22 1. A.53 4.40 5.5 15.40 n 9 U.93 2.2 82.57 3. 132.04 1. 807.57 9.30 6.23 ralia 4 0 Aust 5.20 7.8 10.5 47.47 8.42 1.95 7.73 7.65 1 2 Japa 10.27 5. 325.33 2.9 41.4 24.11 ce 2 3 2 2 SNO COUNTRY 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 200708 2008-09 Ger 135.95 nd 17 18 Spai 20. 403.78 5.Arge 1 2. 30 44 44 94 71 06 .23 14.95 2.23 4 ds 14 15 Nor 1.08 8.47 4.99 4.3 93. 160.53 1. 153.12 4.43 8.05 4.05 3.25 3.0 26.8 23.75 5.S.65 5. 20 Othe 47.1 85.58 2.35 1.21 7.42 way Swe 4.46 4.05 den Swit 16 zerla 5.3 5.64 12 10.72 1.17 mark Finla 3.56 5.42 3.8 10.25 nd Fran 10.90 5.79 2.92 da 8 4 Den 4.39 6.25 ria Belgi 14. 40 2 52 04 62 12 24.43 2.9 14. 10 man 9 70 27 52 67 85 y 11 Italy 5.79 4.9 13 erlan 4.73 3.5 10.38 11.K.8 11.2 5. 414.51 6.6 45.49 3.33 n 2 8 0 6 0 Neth 10.
67 45. Ministry of Commerce Web-Site) Statement of estimated Exports for the month of April. • As of now. the carpets manufactured in India are mainly exported. 2600 Crores worth of Indian carpets are exported.March. • Almost up to 40% of the manufacturing cost goes in to the payment of wages which is very rare in any other industry.March 2008-09 in comparison with the April.52 41.(Source: NIC.65 14.5 217.29 875. • Germany • U.1 600.04 153. • However only a small market for these carpets does exist in India. it has more than 3 million artisans belonging to the rural areas of the country.2513 Hand made woolen Carpet.Daries etc.07% • USA & Canada : USA is the largest export market. • The industry provides employment opportunities to more than 100.81 46. 2006-07 403.4 55. the United Nations Development Programme set up a project here. Modern Designs. • Rest of the World including LAC: The share of exports of Indian Carpets and Floor coverings to rest of the world including LAC accounts for only 7.A.3 9%.85 24.1410 decrease 321. The domestic market size is about Rs.37% -18.K.9 287. including cotton carpet excluding handmade woolen tufted carpet Handmade woolen tufted carpet Handmade silk carpet Handmade staple/sythetic carpet Total 515. 2007-08 Product Value Of Export April -march 2007-08 @40.12 135.21% -15.62 160. New Markets MAJOR EXPORT DESTINATIONS Country • U.48 2008-09 301.61 2007-08 414. over Rs. • The scope for capital investment is very less. • In order to give a boost to the industry. 200 Crores.06 -37.48% DOMESTIC INDUSTRY • Today. TRENDS IN EXPORT • Europe (including Germany & Scandinavian Countries) : the share of our exports to Europe is 43.000 workers at their doorsteps who belong to the economically backward sections .45% -31. • Present & Future Growth Drivers of the Industry: • Low – End Carpets.33% • South East Asian Countries (including Japan and Australia): Japan has grown small market for carpets.S. • Today.Rugs.68% -24.12 17.71 Value in US $ million 2008-09 % increase / @45.85 . The share of our exports to USA & Canada is 45.
New Delhi.A. New Delhi Orient Carpets. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA Major Exporters in India • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Azimullah Carpets. Bhadohi Oriental Art Covers.• Others 93. New Delhi Khanna Carpet Carpet Company.Bhadohi Qaleen Alishan. Bhadohi Pars Carpets Pvt. Shamshi Exports. New Delhi.2 (FIGURES IN US$ MILLION)* SOURCE: CEPC EXPORTS FROM INDIA FOR THE LAST THREE YEARS (VALUE IN MILLION US$) SOURCE: EXPORT IMPORT DATA BANK. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE. New Delhi Alauddin Exports. Bhadohi Alam Enterprises. New Delhi Navkar Woollens Pvt. Bikaner Overseas Trade Linkers.19 85.. Bhadohi Shreedhar Exports. Bhadohi Kashyap Carpets. Samad Hadi Exports.Ltd.N. Bhadohi Bhat Carpet Factory. .57 47. Gopiganj Major Competitors in the global market 1998 • World • Iran • China • India • Pakistan • Nepal • Turkey 19982 2028 547 365 378 126 203 101 1999 1926 520 346 341 122 122 97 2000 1977 647 249 351 217 140 98 2001 1760 537 227 330 211 116 98 In USD Millions SOURCE: EXPORT IMPORT DATA BANK.. New Delhi Raheem & Son (Shah Mohd) Shanti Exports Intl. Intl. BhadohiI CL-INC. Bhadohi Srinagar Carpet Factory. New Delhi A. New Delhi Hassan Teppich. New Delhi Infab India.Ltd.. Bhadohi Nandi Exporters.. New Delhi Rug Gallery.
to the adversely affected sectors. Kaleen Kaleen is a Labeling programmes initiated by the government. MLFPS and VKGUY.2011. • Jaipur.3.12. In this venture. • The adjustment assistance scheme initiated in December. • The incentive available under Focus Product Scheme (FPS) has been raised from 1. • To impart stability to the Policy regime.6 of FTP under VKGUY Scheme has been permitted. 2008 to provide enhanced ECGC cover at 95%. This is subject to the condition that transfer would be only to Status Holders and Scrips would be utilized for the procurement of Cold Chain equipment(s) only. additional Duty Credit Scrips shall be given to Status Holders @ 1% of the FOB value of past exports. • In cases. The initiatives of government and NGO's are now supplemented by welfare and rehabilitation activities undertaken by the social labelling programmes.8. Both government and the Non government organizations have taken many initiatives to curb this problem. Manufacturer or exporter who wish to obtain license of RUGMARK has to submit a complete list of looms and/or sources of procuring their carpets to RUGMARK foundation. • The incentive available under Focus Market Scheme (FMS) has been raised from 2. both these institutions are also supported by the international agencies also. This facility shall be available upto 31. this foundation consists of manufacturers. 2010. • A common simplified application form has been introduced for taking benefits under FPS. Duty Entitlement Passbook (DEPB) Scheme is extended beyond 31-122009 till 31. the incentives under the FTP shall now not be recovered from the exporters subject to certain QUALITY STANDARDS The problem of child labour has long been present in the carpet industry in India. The duty credit scrips can be used for procurement of capital goods with Actual User condition. • Transferability for the Duty Credit scrips being issued to Status Holders under paragraph 3. Government on its front has passed many legislations like Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act. under the ministry of textiles.2010 in the Budget 2009-10.2010. half-yearly basis. 2009 are given below for information of the Members. requirement of ‘Handloom Mark’ for availing benefits under FPS has been removed. The list should be updated on a regular. Srinagar and Anantnag have been recognised as ‘Towns of Export Excellence’ for handicrafts. It is promoted by the Carpet Export Promotion Council (CEPC). where RBI specifically writes off the export proceeds realization. • Higher allocation for Market Development Assistance (MDA) and Market Access Initiative (MAI) schemes is being provided. • To accelerate exports and encourage technological upgradation.EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL Provisions in India’s Foreign Trade Policy Some of the highlights of the new policy announced on 27th August. is continued till March. There are four types of Labeling assigned to carpets : RUGMARK Kaleen Care and Fair STEP RUGMARK RUGMARK label. was the first Labeling programmes introduced in the carpet industry in India in 1994.5% to 3%.25% to 2%. NGOs and development organizations.3. FMS. 1986. Registered under CompaniesRegistration Act. exporters. • Interest subvention of 2% for pre-shipment credit for 7 specified sectors has been extended till 31. CEPC apart from providing the license to the exporters of carpets also takes measures to eradicate the child labour and see the welfare of the weaver . the formulation of a National Policy on Child Labour in 1987 etc. • To simplify claims under FPS.
China and Pakistan had decided to hold carpet fairs jointly across the world. STEP India office was established in May 1996. CEPC introduced the Kaleen label in 1995 for carpets to be exported as a hallmark of commitment towards the eradication of child labour. The annual membership fee is determined by their annual turnover.com last accessed on 18th Dec 2010.indiancarpet. It is basically y a company certification programmes.com last accessed on 19th Dec 2010. It is mandatory.rugandcarpets. Care and Fair addresses the concern of several carpet importers and retailers in Germany about the conditions prevailing in the carpet industry and the need to rectify it.in the carpet industry.nic.com/carpet-industry-india. STEP STEP is a labelling system started by members of the carpet trade in Switzerland in October 1995. just like STEP is a company certification programme and not a product labelling initiative. Iran.indiancarpet. It provides license and the holder of such license can use the monogram of STEP in all advertising materials. progressive elimination of child labour and standard working and health conditions for the carpet workers. . that aim to link Indian exporters and Swiss importers and consumers of carpets. Source: Indian Carpet Expo Reference • • • • • Carpet Industry Analysis available at http://www. showroom displays.htm last accessed on 18th Dec 2010. • The carpet industries of India. Production Centre available at www. STEP established with the objective of providing socially just conditions in carpet production and trade.in/industryinfrastructure/industrial-sectors/textile. The sponsors of CARE and FAIR intend to benefit the weaver households including the child labour Current Affairs • Mentioning that the Indian carpet industry had ensured a growth of 24 per cent in the first half of the current financial year. National Textile Policy available at http://www. Care and Fair Care and Fair. Care and Fair does not monitor the carpet production but relies on moral commitment of its members. Export Promotion Council of India available at www. • The CEPC also held a meeting of carpet manufacturers and exporters in which they were asked not to export the carpet on credit as the size of dues had already crossed the mark of Rs 1.html last accessed on 17th Dec 2010.000 crore in the past two years and the foreign buyers had not been showing interest in clearing the dues due to which production in Indian carpet industry could suffer.com last accessed on 18th Dec 2010.indiainbusiness. GSI standard in Indian handicraft available at www. etc.indiancarpet. Exporters of the carpet have to obtain license from CEPC.
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