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Company Analysis Report of
NATIONAL THERMAL POWER CORPORATION LIMITED (NTPC Ltd.)
Submitted by: GROUP 10 Abhinav Garg Ambuj Lal Arijit Changmai Harsh Kanani (P101001) (P101005) (P101010) (P101018)
Submitted to: Prof. Anupam Sircar
Mr. 1956 as a public sector unit. Core Values Business Ethics Customer Focus Organizational & Professional Pride Mutual Respect & Trust Innovation & Speed Total Quality for Excellence Core Businesses Presently. Business portfolio of the company consists of the following: y Power Project Construction y Generation of Electric Power y Coal Mining and Coal Washing y Oil Exploration y Distribution and Trading of Electricity through its fully-owned subsidiary company 2 .194 MW. power trading & distribution. It has also diversified into hydro power. Rural areas and villages did not have accessibility to electricity. Arup Roy Choudhury is the CMD of this firm.´ Mission ³Develop and provide reliable power. coal mining. related products and services at competitive prices. NTPC generates power from Coal and Gas.Company Overview History of NTPC: When India got independence the installed capacity was 1362 MW. oil & gas exploration. Power was limited to few urban centres. power equipment manufacturing. powering India¶s growth. with increasing global presence. The National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) was formed on 7th November 1975 under Section 617 in the Companies Act. It was the first power sector company under the government along with NEEPCO. With an increasing presence in the power value chain. integrated multiple energy sources with innovative and eco-friendly technologies and contribute to society´. . Vision ³A world class integrated power major. During the Fifth Plan period (1974-79) Central Government felt it should supplement state governments¶ efforts to expand the power sector in order to ensure that the country achieves the desired economic growth.200 MW. NTPC has an installed capacity of around 32. With an installed capacity of 32. NTPC is well on its way to becoming a major Integrated Power producer. NTPC is the largest power generating major in the country.
A wholly owned subsidiary.194 Regional Spread of Generating Facilities REGION Northern COAL 8.375 3.327 .Business Diversification Hydro Power NTPC entered hydro power business with the 800 MW Koldam hydro project in Himachal Pradesh. Distribution of Capacity NO. PFC and TCS has been formed for operating a Power Exchange. The Government of India has so far allotted 7 coal blocks to NTPC. NTPC has also jumped into coal mining business with an aim to meet about 20% of its coal requirement from its captive mines by 2017. Ash Business NVVN is engaged in the business of Fly Ash export and sale to domestic customers. Two more projects have also been taken up in Uttarakhand. NHPC. Coal Mining In order to reduce the import of coal and to make attain the goal of energy security.955 29. OF PLANTS NTPC Owned Coal Gas/Liquid Fuel Total Owned By JVs Coal & Gas Total 15 7 22 5 27 CAPACITY (MW) 25. Coal Production is likely to start in 2009-10. a JV between NTPC..312 TOTAL 10.330 2. µNational Power Exchange Ltd. Power Trading µNTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd. Joint ventures with cement companies are being planned to set up cement grinding units in the vicinity of NTPC stations.' (NVVN).864 32. a wholly owned subsidiary was created for trading power for maximum utilisation of its assets. NTPC Hydro Ltd. including 2 blocks to be developed through joint venture route.015 3 GAS 2. In order to facilitate power trading in the country.¶. is setting up hydro projects of capacities up to 250 MW.
895 7.47 09 2007200.94 91.76 10 2008206.43 90.864 32.24 92.50 76.09 07 2005170.70 03 2001133.52 89.194 PAST PERFORMANCE: Technical OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE OF COAL BASED NTPC STATIONS PLF Generation(BU) Availability Factor (%) (%) 2009218.950 7.80 88.09 02 2000130.81 91.20 05 2003149.79 % for Rest of India from 446.940 5.60 89.91 06 2004159.06 00 1998109.84 Bus for NTPC compared to 23.360 3.49 % for NTPC from 23935 MW to 28840 MW in the period 2006 to 2010 while for Rest of India it has been by 30.293 350 1.84 90.16 84.86 83.67 89.40 88.10 % from 100325 MW to 130558 MW in the same period.36 99 Growth in Installed capacity has been 20.50 BUs to 552.400 2.51 91.600 7.20 81.400 924 26.79 04 2002140.14 92.10 81.54 01 1999118.11 87.07 % from 170.299 1.57 88.86 92.12 08 2006188. 4 .70 80.11 89.39 90.653 3.88 BUs to 218.88 87.71 Bus.Western Southern Eastern JVs Total 6. Whereas growth in Generation of electricity has been by 28.
Profit after tax has increased from Rs.NTPCs share in Installed Capacity is 18 % of Total Installed Capacity in India. SWOT Analysis of NTPC Strengths y y y y y y y y NTPC has the largest market share in domestic power generation with a huge customer portfolio across India. R&D etc that assist in development of the sector.97 % from 14. Different segments of thermal plants generation of multiple sizes and fuel types. In house training facility.820 million from Rs. Working on the Solar and Hydro projects. 13.420 MW coal based and 1920 MW of hydro based Power Plants by 2017. Tanda and Unchahar. In line with the mission of JNNSM 310 MW of power through Solar PVs & Solar Thermal by 2014 has also been envisaged. Debt to Equity Ratio has been at 0.29 % in 2008-09. An added capacity of about 1000 MW by renewable sources by 2017 has also been planned. Revenue from other Operating activities has increased to Rs. Future Plans A Long term Capacity addition Plan has been formulated stipulating an addition of 15.´ The generation ratio per employee turns out to be 8.392 million in 2009-10 from Rs.60 in 2008-09.616.179. 820.48 MU / annum for each employee. whereas its Share of Electricity Generated is 28 % of Total Electricity Generated.130 million in 2008-09.254 million in 2008-09. High engineering skills in project configurations. Long procurement process leading to long lead times and process delay. Weaknesses y y y Poor financial health of customers.Takeover plants of Talcher. Return on Capital Employed is slightly lower in 2009-10 at 13. Turnaround ability of old plants. It has got the µNAVRATNA¶ status and high brand equity among the shareholders. 5 . Higher guaranteed returns and adequate financial profile. For example . Human Resources Management at NTPC NTPC has around 25000 employees across the country. Improper and fragmented IT structures. 4.119 million in 2008-09. 15. The HR policy of NTPC has the vision.61 in 2009-10 compared to 0. Ability to raise low cost debts and superior credit rating. Financial Revenues from Sales of Electricity alone have increased to Rs.867 million in 2009-10 from Rs.´ To enable our people to become a family of world class professionals. 4. 872.
Lack of responsiveness in the hierarchy. by the Great Places to Work Institute.000 MW by 2017. Opportunities y y y y y y y y y y Opportunities abroad to turn into a global utility. modernization and infrastructure developments in India. 6 . operational expenses and slow expansion. nuclear power etc. Stringent environmental norms in the future may add to the cost of generation. domestic coal. Award of the Meritorious Performance for the Year 2008-09.500 crore as on March 31. by with a vision to mitigate fuel risk and maintain long run competitiveness.y y y Inadequate use of knowledge and technology that can assist in improving the efficiency and effectiveness of business. Development and commercial deployment of non-conventional energy sources. direct sales to bulk customers. Threats from private power producing companies like Reliance Power. NTPC has been awarded No. Planning for an installed capacity of 75. Threats y y y y y y Shortage of skilled labourers. ACHIEVEMENTS y y y y Ranked 317th in the µ2009. Best Workplace in India among large organisations for the year 2008. India Chapter in collaboration with The Economic Times. with cash and cash equivalent of about Rs 14. Forbes Global 2000¶ in World Biggest Countries. 2010. Use of fuel mix by considering imported coal. Increasing raw material costs. Downward regularity and competitive pressure on tariffs. Operational risk.1. Executing increased number of power plants that classify for Mega Power projects status thereby reducing the cost of the projects and power generated. Improve collections by trading. gas. NTPC is strongly positioned to invest in accelerated growth. And using Jawaharlal Nehru Mission plans to expand itself in the renewable sector. Legal and Political frameworks. ICSI (Institute of Company Secretaries of India) National Award for Excellence in Corporate Governance 2009. Integrate into distribution business in India. Tata Power in near future. Expansion in International markets. The cash is being ³progressively deployed´ in generating assets. Renovation.
com www.info.profit.shine.ntpc.in www.References 34th NTPC Annual Report 2009-10 Websites www.com 7 .co.ndtv.
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