extinct by the turn of the century, but, whoever may be responsible, the tiger has proudly proved them
wrong. Tiger population may not still be in thrilling numbers and poaching still may be quite rampant but a lot more effort is being put into saving this beautiful animal. This is good news for the entire natural treasure of the country because if the tiger flourishes, so will the jungle and vice-versa. Project Tiger was incorporated in 1973 with nine tiger reserves
SAVE THE TIGER¬¬.
Tigers : The Present
The striped cats are facing a steady decline in their population from around 40,000 at the turn of last century, the number stands at 1411 today. If this continues to be the way things turn, then in a decade, tigers would soon be an extinct animal in India. Our children would only be able to see its pictures in classroom books and encyclopaedias only. Tigers would be reduced to one amongst the several animals which could not survive the greed of human nature. Is this what we are looking forward to? Is this the future that we want to present to our next generation? In 1972, a year before Project Tiger began there were 1,827 tigers in India. In 1997 the Tiger Census showed that there were 3,507 tigers. And in 2006 the official estimate of the number of tigers is 1,411 only. While 1411 is a rough estimate of the number of tigers, based on calculations and statistics found by the All India Tiger estimation team in 2008, these numbers are nonetheless shocking and frightening. The lower and upper limits of the tigerpopulation are being 1,165 and 1,657 respectively, with 14111 being the middle value. Today there are 28 tiger reserves in the country spread across 17 states. Central India once best habitat for tigers has noted sharp decline as per latest reports. New methodology for counting tigers was introduced in 2006 using camera traps. The findings are based on spatial occupancy of tigers and sampling such forests using camera traps in a statistical framework, which are not comparable to the earlier total count using pugmarks. As per last census in 2002 tigers were estimated to be 3500. After poaching outbreak in Sariska all tigers were wiped out here.
Madhya Pradesh-2002 ² 710 2006 ² 300 Orissa-2002 ² 173 2006 ² 45 Maharashtra-2002 ² 238 2006 - 103 Andhra Pradesh-2002 - 192 2006 ² 95 Chattisgarh-2002 ² 227, 2006-26
covering an area of 16,339 sq.km., which has increased to 37,761 sq.km. in 27 Tiger Reserves. The budgetary provision of the Government of India during 1973 was only Rs. 23 million, which has increased to 230 million during 2000-2001. In the beginning of the 1970s, once tiger hunting had officially been banned in India, a tiger count was done across the entire country. This lead to the astonishing discovery that only 1800 specimens of this magnificent animal were left. This jolted the concerned authorities and some serious thought went into devising plans to save the tiger. The result was the launch of "Project Tiger" in 1972 at the Dhikala Forest Rest House in Corbett National Park. The main idea behind the project was to provide safe havens for tigers where they could flourish as a species and hopefully reverse the startling decline in their population. The project initially had 9 parks that were chosen for it's implementation. This number has slowly risen and a total of 19 parks are now attached to the project. The project was begun in association with and still receives its main funding from the WWF. Although the experts affirm that the project has its shortcomings, the increase in the populations of the tiger is clearly evident to even the common man. Many experts had predicted that the tiger would be
Census of the reserves