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ApHaYTHn Ii M'bpBa~HTt B'b C. BpaUHrOBO.

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(ETBorpatcKH 6lttIKH).

OT'L M. reOprHeB'h.

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BpS~BrOBO DPBBJIBlIS BHBMSHHeTO HO He caao cs CBoeTO ltIBH8JIO, SMO H es CBOH ceramear, 6B'l"L, YHsCJIiI)I;eH'b C'b BaAll&8HOBB)I;HB CTapBHHB <{lOPMB 0'l"L )!;ymcB8a H Be~eCTBeBa RYJITypa.

BpSn;orOBIJ,B nOSBSBsn OT'ISB8S, B rOJIilMa lIscn 0'1"]) TOBa, 1n;0 HSJIaraM'b B'D n3B CH 6'h.!'BzRH, e WlO)J;'b HS JIH'IHH, aenoCpil)!;CTOOHU Ha6JIIO)I;eS08 0 P&3DU'l"L. Maoro 0'l"L roBOpHBn 0006- HOCTH aa "SPHSYTCRUH" opan;HrollcRH )!;H8JJeR'l"L C'b3t'b Y3B8.lI'L O'l"L PO)!;HUHurl CU B'L Bpanaroso, HilROH 0'l"L 6'uil1KRBTii ca sa MHH8JJOTO H8 Bpanarono B 3S 6pan;HroBcRorl apaayra nposspaxs, DO ne'lSTaHHrl )!;O cera CTSTUlhtO U MaTepOHJIH S8 Tl;x'b. 3a maJIOCTb HillIJ,O no - ot)CToIlHo, nHC8HO )l;OCel'a DO TOlf ssnpocs, He H8- )lilpHX'b. MaTepBBJIH U HilROH 6i1JIil1KRH ~a)l;e M H m e B 'b B'b Moo. RH. IV, VII, XI; B'D ltH. IV UMa H )l;BiI rrpaaassa, aanBC8HU on P Y C C e C R B. IIITeM'b cnoaeaysa S8 Bpansroso U npo<{lecop'L It. II p e II e R'b B'b CBOHTi> saDHCRU "IIITYBRHe no Bsarapaa", r -as A. T'e o a 0 p 0 B'b Aa)l;e "Him~o no HOCOBRHri B'D eeao HpIW,HrOBO" (Ilep. CD.) rO)l;. II, RH. 3); TyR'h ce oraaea H CT8TH8T8 na C. Apr U p 0 B'b - "Ihu'b 6urapcRurl TaIlHH eSHn;U", ne'IaTaHa B'b 06. I HS Bur. KH. )I;p-BO, 1 901 r. B. K I H 'lOB 'L B'D C'b1JHHeHHeTO CB "MaRc~oHHJl" cnoaeaysa H'lnn;o H sa 6p&IJ;llrOBeRun apHsym. Haa-ceraf r-m, npo<{l. JI. M H Jl e T H 11 'b B'D CBOJlTa CTaTH8 "ApHSYTHri B'b Oaaaerpeacso'' (Ilep, CDHC. RH. LXI, 1901 r.) npaaa napaaera Mea)!;y apBaYTHn B'b Caraerpeaeso H 6pan;HroBcRHri apBsYTu.

3a OCHOBUHoeTO aa CeJIOTO U sa. CTBMOJIOrallBHJl npOUSXOA'b ua oeTO BpalJ,OrOBO HJd~ HilRO.lJRO JIel'eH)I;O H MaJIRO y6i1AHTMHH 'l"LJIRynaHHB. E)I;HO npil)!;aHUe ASBa Mamees B'D Mc6. RH. XI, MUO cerainsoro Bpanaroso 6HJIO n'bpBOM'b KUM ceane, ~o C'ltCTOeJIO 0'l"L HtROJIRO "M'bpBamRU" ci>MellcTBa, H se uil)J,'b TORa p;omJIU "apHaYTHri". A B'b RBHraTa "Bob'b 0&0.110 BpaIJ,HI'OBO" (CTp. 11) CIIIJ,08T'b 'l"LJIRyBS, K8RBO ,,6pSTCKaTa JII060BL,

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6paTCKOTO ZUBYBaDHC H BSaHMBaTS IIOMO~L DS OCHOBaTeJlBTB sa $a6paHS ,lI;&JIU C& 1I080A'I> sa HaHMeD08&DBCTO DS Ce.lOTO C'I> IIpt· KpaCHOTO UMC BPSTCTBO, nit RaTO n C& ce 6paDUJIU H C& nolIUHJB&JIH 6paTCEU, a TYP1\HTlJ De C& MOrJlK Aa HSpeE&n AYMaTa BpaTCKU, a CI ro asroaapaaa B p a r 1\ H K'L H TO OCTSHaJlO C'L UMCTO lily 110 TYPCEH BpaT1\HM., a 110 6'LJ1rapCKU B p a 1\ H rOB 0, KOeTO e ltOCTa p&snpOCTpaHCHO B'L caMOTO ce.IJO".

110 Ton B'LUpOC'I> C. Apr B po B 'I> passaaaa CJItAHOTO: "lIptAB SaCeJIJlBRHeTO sa Bpa1\urOBO, na sans.D;'L on aero, Da OllTS $R Ilemepa, IIpU CAHOHlIeHBR ptRa B'b ceramHBn "JIBB&.D;B" aeaUO CeJlBlD,eTO II p e B p C H 'L. Kpalt Hero MUHYB&JI'I> OOCTJIRH'L .~PJM:'I>, KOliTO B)l.tJi'L on T .• IIasap)l;atHK'I>. IIptCBIISJI'L lJRHaEIIHeBO, .HC&-RoPBIl H OTBBaJI'L aa 101"1>; CJlt.D;Bn lily H )1;0 cera ce sa6t· .!'lJsB8.llu. To 6WIO B3JIOZeHO na rpa6czun sa BoltcRBn, IqO MBHRBaJlU 110 TyA: moce, rs IIpH 1I0TypIIB&HeTO HIJ. nOM&I\Hn 6oJIO paaopeao, atBTCJlBn lily ce IIP1>CHaJlB: eABu ce npiJce.llH.llB B1> Ileuiepa, .D;pyru B'L IIasapA3tHK1>, a OKO.1l0 15 KN;II\U .D;Om.llB H 06pasyB8.Jlu ceramaoro Bp&I\UrOBO, '1UeTO m.psoaasamo HKe ID,e AS e 6B.IIO naK'L Ilpeapeas''.

Taa cntAtBHH AprHpOB'L xepna on r-aa raA.1KOB1>, CIIOpeA'I> RorOTO BpR1\urOBO 6HJIO oT6t.l'.hsaBO B'L D;apHrpaACEBH "KlOTIOR'I>" C'L CTRpoTO axe IIpeBpeH'L. llO·HRTanK'I> IIPOA'L..1J3t8Ba: "U ,11;0 cera B'L MtcTBOCTbTa ,JIRBSAurl', B'L CTapOTO cennne HR IlpeBpeD'.L, ce HIUIBPaJIU OCTRDRU OT'I> oeHOBR H& MID,U. TaM1> B e.lt.D;'.L. pasopeaaero na CeJIOTO e CTaBaJI'L lIaHSBp'L aa a6u B ,ll;p., a JrI.'IJCTOTO, )l;tTO e CTaB&.ll'L naaaapsr», ce HapHII&JIO ome Y s Y D'I Rpm R a". CJItn T08& AprHpOB'L CR saARBR B'LllPOCR, "on Ai ce e BSeJIO cersmaoro UMe Bpauaroso P" H orrosapa, RaRDO "Upt.D;R 150 rO)l,RHR, cnopezs r·H'.L faA'IltOB'L, 70- 80 lICJI.H)I,H on KOCTYPcRRn CeJIa I'asase, CJlBBHRn;&, OilY TCRO, KallaYH'L H Opsxseao ce IIptCl'JlHJIR B'.L Bpa1\RrOBO K My AIUlU 1'OBa HOBO H&8B8.HUe, EOeTO saJr1tCTD.'lO craporo IIpeBpeH'L".l)

TtsR DOBH IIpBCeJIn;B, MRKe)l.OHCKB 6'bJIrRpa on Eocrypcso, ca 6UJlH TOI'aBa aapeseaa on CTapOTO aaceaesae aa Bpa1\UrOBO B DS OROJlBHn ceJJ.R "apHaYTH", 1I0Hcme )l.OmJlH OTR1>M'L "apHRYTJJ.YE&". Torana MaReAOHBJl e 60Jla M8JIRO 1I0SHaTa ra IUICTO MaKCAOHC1\1> He ce e YUOTpt6HJIO. B'b IIKHaJIRT't stROBe saaaa IIOJIU-

I) C. AprBpon. c.dIA'L TOBa c'b06~aaa B c.I'I;.3.RHT'h OMena aa lipauaroao, ItOBTO ee cptlJlUH B'b OtlWO TypCltO AOKYlleHTB: ]]QPcilllOao, BaPl~I(K060, Jipa'4- KOSO B lJpa"Uat.

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,.eqeCR& poaa e HrpUS AJI6s0HJI H TJI e (hus H3riCTOSj HsricTall C~ UHn U U6SHCKUrl paslIHp~ on TOBS Bptlle. ETo 8IWJ,() U OaCeJleHDeTO, KoeTO npHHZJ;8JJO on TD.8 crpaaa, ce OapRlI&.IO "spoaYTCKO", a rlXOOTO crapo OTe'leCTBO "apDSYTJlYR'I>". EsuR'I>n, DS lIaKeAoocRRrl 6'1>.uapR on KocTypcRO 6uJI'I> aapesear, CJiII\(). TaSS "apHaYTCKII eauK'I>", ~OTCI ce OT.lIHQaB8.l1'1> on eSHRa Da lIiJCTBOTO CTSPO naceaeaae. BpaQH1'OBCRHri SpDSyTB Be ce cp&lUln on TOJI nptROJYLj rl C'I> roP)(OCTL CH npHR&1JB8.T'L TOBa De ,lJ;OpH H ,lI,eBL ,lI,HerneH'I>, SEO H Aa ClI'hT&'l"J) ce6e CH H AS ce K&SB&n ,,(Y.LJIrSpH" (WIt. nOApo6Ho no TO.8 B'I>npoC'I> B'I> CnOJleHSTSTa CT8TR8 "ApHaYTHn B'I> CH.1IHCTpeHCRO" OT'L 011. MHJIeTn'l».

Oeramaoro Bpanaroso on aS1J8J]O e 6H..10 1IIa..ll£0 Ce.JIQt\ RoeTO ne ce P&8JIH1J&B8.110 0'r'I> OKOJIBHrl pO]l.OnCKH ceaa DHTO no eSUK'J., nUTO no aacezeaae, Crapsri 4RHTCJlU DS EpSQuroBI} 6UH "M'I>pB8Qon", £OHTO ce H C1JHTSn sa OCBOBaTe.'1U Bll. C&1I0TO ceao, B. Kil101JOB'L B'I> C'I>'1UOeBUeTO CH "l\IsKep;oDHn" (CTp. S 7) RIl3Ba, lie "ZHTCJHln aa CeJIaTS OROJlO llHpHHCRHH BJYLX'I> AJla· Borynrs DOC1ln oc0600 BMe I( 'I> pBS Q H". TOBa Cill e,ll,RB'I> peA'I> Py)!,apcKH ceaa, SOUTO 06XBalI\Sn 60raTsTs C'I> aeJlt:ma PYAS 06.'IRCTL IleiKAY Ctp'I>, ,1J;enp'l>-XHC&P'l>, Me.llOBI\1> H HCBpOKon'l>. Huero M'I>pB8QH HMS CBJYL3KS C'I> PYAapCTBOTO, C'I> KoeTO ce SaBHMSB8J1U ZHTeJlUn on peseaara 06..11aCTh. "M'I>pBa" oapu1Jan TSMOllOUri xopa CHTOeZ'I> on B,t.rJlHIl\IL, TS rrspaoaasaaao Tpt6BS Aa C~ ce DapH1J8JJH I('I>PBSQH cauo B~r.JIHpUn, "yrJl.8pa" B'I> KPSTOBCRO. Cera AplaTS ,,1II'I>pBaRJI'l>K'J." ce ynoTp'M.8 lIeCTO BMiJCTO PY,lJ;SPCTBI}. T01JDO, Bora C~ SaCe.11BolH l('I>pBa~aT'h BpaQarOBO, ne 1I03lteM'I> OTrOBOpo, DO <i>aRT'L e, .1Je Tt C~ nO-CTSpO on apoaYTurl. llo BC01JKHT'B M'l;cTHH B'I>31I0MUHSOBB, sa6tJl'h3Ba n. KiYlO1JeB'I>, KOUTO ce 'Iyuan Me.lft~y aaceaeaaero, ee BHatA&, lie MaKeAooQH nO'IORJIH ,lJ.a ce CCJIll'r'I> U'I> Ilcaors R'I>JI'I> KPRJI OS XVII n., CJIt,ll;'I> RBCTPO-TYPCKurh BOiloll, 1\08TO AOKOC08.11H TOll spail.

Ha }l;pyro 1IItCTO B'I> cnoaesarara Kours B. K~01JOB'I> npo,lJ.'I>.l4&aBS Aa 06HCa.8BS rasa: "oeC'I>1II0iJooo, RSRTO H no-paso cnOMeOaX'I>, pa3MUPHQun, S oail-Be1Je a.116aOCKUn, on RpM BR IIHBa.1BJI BiJK'I> H 08'1S.110TO OS ceramaaa C~, KOHTO nO,lJ.iJilcTByB&I& AS ce OT.tCTH u'I>.napCKOTO HaCeJIeBOe OT'I> otEOH dBepO-3SnS,lJ;BH S H lOamH spaanta BS CTpaBsTR j 8JI6aBCKHHT'I> OaTHCR'I> U }l;HeC'l> npO,1l,'I>JIataBa ~a npaaa TaM'I> eraorpaqieaa np01lltHu".

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CIIOpe)J.'I> K. Hpesesa I:pa~B['OBO OMS AO 550 Ra)II~O C'L 3154 )l;ymo ZBTeJIo.l) Bpanaroso e ceao, 06a1Je He T8R'I>BO, DRBOTO CI IIS0611\0 Hamon ROJl06apCKO ceza. Bsaroaapeaae BS xy- 6aBBJI MtCTOHaxOJJ;'I> H HS meapara npapoaa, BpS~BrOBO MOata ,11;8 ce BS,II;BrBe 0 AS saexe BBJl.HO eKOHOlln1JBO 0 KyJITypHO nozoaeaae. H HSBCTOH&, Ma)1JHO e HS 6pa~BrOBe~a, KOl'aTO 1Jye ,ll;a Hap01JSn pOJ;HOTO My CeJlBII\e ,ceJIO', S811\0TO 60 C.lIt,ll;B8JIO B Hero JJ;S OTBeceM'I> K'LM'I> OBM rpyna CeJIJJ~H, RaKBOTO C~ TBJl on OKOJlHBn PO,lJ;OIlCRO CeJlS BJlB /TpaKBAcKHn nOKpatt MSpB~S. ,11;0 CKOpO Bpanaroso HSJJ;MoHaBame 0 OROJ1RilCKBH ~eHT'I>p'L Ilemeps, K&KTO C'I> CBoon MaTep08.ilDO oOrSTCTBa, rasa B C'I> CBOOrl cpaaHBTeJlBO ,l(06pt· ypeaeaa Y1JHJIOmS, B'I> KOOTO B AO cera MJl8- ,l;eJItLT8 OT'I> ABaTa noaa eaapsmsa TpeTOK.iJaCBOTO CO 06paSOBaHBe B OT'L :&OBTO He )I&JI~BHa npO}l,'I>.lJZaBan CBoeTO 06paSOBaHBe no Cpt,ll;HO B sacma Y1JBJlBII\8. 38TOBa Bps~rOBO )1;0 CKOPO ce CJIanme B ropzheme C'I> CBOJlTa MBOr01lBCJleBHS OHTeJIBreB~BJI.

IIoCTpoARaTa D8 MlI\orl H'I> Bpanaroeo e 1JY;J;DOBaTa:

"OKaTO B'I> OKOJIHBn CeJIS nil. 0 B'I> Ilemepa MID,OTt ca eAHOerazsaa, HOSKO, C'I> rOJItMo )l,BOpOBe a rp8)J.IIHB, Tyn H80POTBB'I> BHlI\.JJ;tllle Bpe,l(OM'I> on KpaA AO KpaA ece )(BOeT8ZHB, a no-pfuso .ll;Opo 0 TpoeTWKOO BOeORB, HO HeSaB'LpmeHO KNi.mB. A TOBa e xapasrepao B'I> nocTpoihtHTii H8 KNi.lI\HTii T'LRHO sa OHU qaCTL aa M8KeAOHCRO aaceaeaae, KOJITO nacean IOlItHHJl HeHH'b Am, a BMeHHO KOCTYPCKaTS KOTJIOBHHa C'L 1I0COKa BST01JH8, .11;0 COJlYBCKOTO 1I0JIe. ETO KaKBO rosopa B. KNi.B1JOB'L 110 TOB8 as CTp. 36 B'L CBOJJT8 saara; "CeJI8TR HS IOJltBO-MsKe;r.oHcRon 61>JIrspa CNi. sessora C'LCiPSHH BxynoM'I>. TYK'I> OMa CTpeMeJIt'l> K'I>lI'1> 06p83YBaHi:.e ua rOJItMo ceaa, Ka)ID,on CNi. 1I0BCNi..II;i> nocrpoesa rscro, e)l;HS AO )l;pyra, 6e3'1> maposa nO.lIHHO 1I0MeJltAY BM'I>; saceJleHHeTO B'I> IOlKHS Ma&e)J.oBOJJ Bpt)J.OO1JOTS AS CTpOO )J.BoeTaatHH E&MeHHO crpara, BOKPOTH C'I> sepeuaaa H.m llJIO'lO. Br, AO.1HBJI Ran CTOHT'I> XpaHO II ype)J.B, no BtKors II JJ;oMamHB atHBOTHO, a HS ropaaa Ran e ZHJIBlI\e HS d>MeAcTBOTO B 06HKHOBeHO BMa 3 CTaB: sa cnasse, sa rorsease 0 sa )J.pilXlf.u C;AID,O raaa H 6pa~oroBcKHTt KNi.lII,O CNi. 6es'L ABO pone, 6es'I> rpaaaaa, C60TII eJUl8 B'I> JJ;pyrs T8 06paaYBsn ~tJI8 CTt08. Ilocrpoeaarf 110 TOJI H81100'l> MU\O - CTPYIISHII e)J.HS AO ,l!;l'yra ra ,l!;OpO oe npoOORBsn B'I> rlX'L JltH3HeTBopHHTiI C.lI'I>B'IeBn JlNi. 'In - CNi. e)l;O&

I) CDOpe.l'L craTBCTBItUa on 1893 I'. Bpaaaroao HJlLlO 669 AOJlaltBBCTB& C'L 318 • .11mB &BTeolB.

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OT'L RaZHan npaxaaa, SOBTO y6BB3T'L UPSBBII ZBBO'I'J), II'LPnars seceaa noraera B YCMOBSB H3 spi;xsaTa poz6a. Y JJB~m ca riCHB, T'LMHH B sesacra. TSJI He'llBCTOT& e naaten aexaraeHBlJeH'Io ifJaxTOp'b: SapSSeHRft'I'J) 1I'L8,1;yX'b on MBpB8HHn B JIIIRp06un HR. rHuelUBrl Be~eCTBa e npasaaa sa pa .. ~:rBlJHH OOJItCTB, IJ~O 6es'lo Bpi;lIe nOKOCJlII8Tl> aBBora Ha CTapB H uaJJ;u.

IT pi;S'b cpi;,;'b eezo IIBHaBa, es nocoss csaepo - sanaAB&, MaJI'bS'b, KaMeHJIBB'I> nOTOS'L, soATo .lIi;TOO Bpi;lle np·kc'J.xBa; pasno.103teOUn nORpal Hero c'hHcRcTBa 06BSOOBeHO XB'bP.llJlT'L H Tyn IlceB'bSIlO3tHB HC'IIBCTOTHB, B'Io CBOJI "OT'Ien as C8.0HTapOoTO C'I.CTOJlHBe Ha ITe~epCR8.TS OSOJIUJI npta'L 1902 r." OSO.llHtiCKBJlT'J, .'1i;saPL, r. Beaasso I'copraess, saro roaopa sa BpS~BroIlO, ere l,as'L ce aapasaaa sa 'IIUCTOTaTa U S)(paBOc.lOIlOOTO C'bCTOHHUe aa BSCCJIeOBeTO npta'lo CiYilU8.Ta rozaaa: "HellBCTOTSTS npana BpaIJ,UrOBO BeXUraeHUlJeCSB l'pa,ll;'b, npi;n'loJIOeH'Io C'I. Ty6epsy.ll030B 6a~J:B. Ty6epsyJI03aTa TyM e B&A-1I00ro paanpocrpaaeaa on nCUqSB ,l(pyru aaceseaa AlilCTS B'b ITelUepCR8. OSO.lUJI U TOBa 06CTOJlTeJICTBO e TB'bp"il JJ;06pil nOSHaTO aa noeesero .dmspu II'L r p. IT Jl08)lBR'Io." 1)

B'Io Bpau,RrOBO cera OMa SOa'lBreJIOO 'IIBc.lO ,lI;IOKJlBJi 0 csaazoae C'L pa3JlBQOU CTOSO j n 06paayBST'b B'L l\eBTpa Ha Ce.lOTO I\iua sapmaa, ROlf TO 06XB~a HtSO.mO y.llH'IKH. Iba H 1I00ro ('Ua,ll;OBe cs Jl'bpBeR'Io MSTepOJlJJ'b, KoRTO ce CBUJI on poAoncurl cess .HCiYi-KopUJI, OCUKOBO R zp, HCiYi-KOpHhaOR, OCBKOBIJ,H, qaOaRqUeBl\H synYB&n on Tyn . ncaxsa }lOM&mBR noTpt6B B ZIITBH XpSUH. Ce.lIOTO e OC06HO OiKHBiloo npm naaapeo'b .l(eBLj rorana TyR.'}, p;OXamp;ST'b un ITassp;(iKHmKO H IlaoaJl;BIICSO xaoro rpaaaaapa H Cl'.lIHHH Ta paanpop;ana1''b SeJIeHqYl\H H ZBTHH xpaaa,

On no-cTapHrl Xy6SBO erpaaa JIuqan aa II'LpBO lli;cTO '1epKB&Ta C B. H BaH 'b K p'b C TOT e JI L C'b xy6ana B BUCOsa R&H6aBapUJI. qepKBaTa e MaCUBDII- es K8lleHHH crtHR, T'LIlHa B )J;OCTa ronMa. liMa ,lI;llil R.y6eTa, KOBTO ca nponysaaa OT'L seserpecs, llirpa,ll;eBa e np'Iis'b 1833 1'0));. ITeTORJIaCHOTO YlJHJIBlUe e BRCOR9 113,l1;arOaTa erpaaa, aa TpH eraaa, B'L RSTOqHaTa HaIBROOKa sacrs aa CeJlOTO; xapasrepao e, lie U B'b y'lH.llUlUeTO HilMa ));80p1>. ITo-Bona crpa,ll;a e raa, 8'b SOJiTO ce nOllilIqan

') Ih C8UBTapUHll 6JJ.lllTuu'L sa Ilemepcsara OKO.IBB npt3'L ~DlaTa 1902 r.

J(Olile A& ce BBAB JlCBO 3AP&BOc.lOBBOTO C'LCTOBBBe H& BpalJ,BrOBO B'Jo cpaBBeHUe CIo ()&OABBClltBJI u,euT'Lp'L rp. Ilemepa B Cb ApyrB POAODCKB Ce.lB~a ua CAIIJ,IlT& 0&0.1'"

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06I1\HHCKOTO ynp8.BJIeHHe, nomara H TeJlerpaif>1>T'I>. B'b nOCJIt.ll.BO BptMe 6paQHrOBQH n01l8SXa ,l(S YKp8.maB8T'1> CeJJOTO CH He eaxo C'L xy6aBH K~~H, HO H C'L uo-maposa H lIHCTH YJlDQR.

3 a H H THe H no iii H B 'L K 'L. EpRI\HroBQH ce S8BRM8.DaT'l> r.1!aBHO C'L SeMJle.ll.tJJHe. HH3'L xy6aDaT8. OKOJIHOCTL aa Bpanaroso BHZ,I(8.Me BetKH ,l(eOb, AOPII H npaa)(HHlleH'L, M~ze H zeuu C'L MOTUKa na pazo Aa. OTHB8.T'I> HJJR .lI.S ce Bp'LIQSn OT'l> noaero, IIollTU BCRqEH CtHT'I> TIOTlOBL, IQOM'L npUTeZRBR1'L nexa aeua. CtH'l"I> ro U B1> OKO,,18HT'1I ceJIS, a Bait - Belle B'L BtrR, Roaapcso, Ileutepa, KpeqHM'L, AitJJ;HHOBO, Ilepymana, H ,lI;p. JIosspeTBOTO U BHHapCTBOTO C~U\O rasa ,lI;RBaT'L JJ;OOPH HSrO.ll.H, 6JIRrOJJ;RpeuHe UR RJIHMRTH'lBHn YC-lOBHH. Ii rIO.ilOnapCTBOTO e MHOro paanpocrpaaeno. Cnopezr, npoq,. K. Hpexesa ("II~TyBaBHH no Bsarapaa", CTp. 441) H3JJH3a, KaKBO pa.'UfLatARBeTo BR TpeH,1J;Rif>HJl3. <)H.'IO npfmeceao TYS'L TeO'LpB8. npt.ll.H 60-65 rO.ll.HHH OT'L ce.1J.OTO XHcapL-RIOCeJIepH.1) fp06'LT'I> HR 6psQHroBeQa AtAo 'I'a ce, KOitTO e nptuec'LJI'L TyK1> T3.3H UBAYCTPUH, ce DHmAR ome npa BpRTRTR ua. UOBOTO Y'lHJIHlQe: eiJ;HR KaMeHHa. IIJJOlla C'L asoripaaeaae aa saaam, sa sapeae rIOJIOBO MaCJIO. BpaQHI'oBD;U ce 3aBDMRB8.'l"L U C'L sonpaaapcrso, OTrJleZ.lI.aUe pasaa OBO~HH JJ;'LpBeTa., seaea'lYQH H np. M~aten, raaaao OT'L Malie.ll.OBCKOTO ("apHaYTcRoTO") HRCeJIeHHe ce SRUUM8BRT'L D C'L T'l>prOBHH, uio C'LCTOH npt.ll.UMOO B'L JI.'LpneB'L MRTepHBJI'L H ApyrR MtCTHH npoaaeezeaaa. Apyrn ee 3aBHMaDaT'L C'L Kp'LqMapCTBo, a eJJ;Ha qaCTL OT'l> apoaYTHn ce saHHM8Ba C'L )J;IOJIrepCTBO, TaJ! uMeHuo, KOHTO npO)('L.'IEaBS ,l(R. ynoTpt6a B'L cBoun CKpDTH npasaasa TaitBBJI aempoacsa eSDR'J., KOitTO r. AprHpoB'L onOCR B'L cnOHeBVoTaTR CTYAHH, OHResoseaa: "R'LM1> 6'L,napCKHT'B TaAuo C30D;D". Toa TaeH'L e3HK'L e noaaarr, AOHtll)('1I U as nemepcsarf ,lJ;IO.llrepo, DO nO-CJJa60 H TYK1>-TSMt U30naqeH'L 0 D3M'IIHeH'L, noaeae HM3 AYMH, qyz,ll.H aa 6psQuroBCRHTt xempa, ili roa e30K'L npts'L Bptl\le HHo B'LSCTRHHf:TO aa 1876 rOA. 6paQHrOBQH npsspacao CD nOCJIYZO.1lH B'L TYPCKon aarsopa npa c~Ae6BOTO paanarsaae, KaTO C~ MOI''[8 Hesa6i1JI'MSHO AS ce paS6RpaT'L nOMezAY CH.2) MMa AyMH, KOBTO C1>BnaAaT'l> C'L esasa aa lIase.ll.O-pOM'LHRTt B'L Ileutepa; TaKRDa C~ AyMHTt: M H C yp s e (:~fHCYP'L) = nsnana (CiYi.A'L)j CT8MH 3 = CTOMHaj c ae na p s e (caensp») = TeCJJaj At.PMU = Tpecso . .u;PyrH

') Xwcap'lt-(\Ilce.lepB e )1,0 c. CBW)l.ltBPlBH; H ABiiTlI cesa c& paaOO.loaeHIl ",0 OOAROEBeTO Ha CptAua-ropa 1ll'.It.lY UBBB • .103.1 R rJJAOBe.

I) K. 11 P e 'I e & 'It, IT&TJBaOBIi DO B'Io.IrapulI, CTp. 440.

- 124

xapasrepaa ~yllH on rosops as JJ;IO.lIrepHrl B'!> Bpanaroao C& nanp. MeKemap = rp'I>K'L; nsnna = yM1>, aK'!>JI'I>, pasyM'!>; (nanIJ,aT8. My cetJH R&KO eJ{BO SJIBa,ll;ZHCRO csenapse); nH.lIa4JRH = napa; n.n,ilRy = CTapeIJ,'L; Rt,pR&. = H)(e; Etpqe = MOMHlIe (lIyna); JJ;OBJIellH ca = eJJa CaM'L, Aoit)l,B; S8.UeqB ea = H~H CH, Maxait eel; MaHYIta. meHa B np 1) rJlaBBHHTL eJJeMeBT'L, cnope,ll;'!> Hpesesa, B'!> TOOK TaeH1> eSHE1> CX 06URHOBeHH a.16aHCKH ~yMH, H TO on IOZHOTO HaptllHe na TOCKHrt.i) II )1;0 cera 6paIJ,HrOBCRHrl; "MeII\pB" npo~'!>UtaBan ,lI;R rpa~Rn RXI.l.\H, MRTO HUS'I> C'I>Ct,ll;BBT'B ceaa B1> nOJIeTO, TaR&. H no 3anl\~BHrl PO,ll;OnB. ECHn4J1>T'L as TBB ~.'1- repa e HSBtcTeH'!>; TOit CD HMa.,l'L raaaarapa, rJIaBHB lIaitcToplI II nO~MaAcTopn; cera, B TOH. eCHa4J1>, K8RTO eCB84JcTBOTO Bs06w,o, nponaza no~'L BJlBRHHeTO na HOBBrl 410pMH na npOH3BO)l,CTBOTO. On peryJlBTt RII. ~IOJIrepCKDH eCBa4J1> 8'!> BpaIJ,HrOBO MOraT'L AS. ce YSH8.IlT'L IIBOI'O nO)l;pOUHOCTH D3'!> BCTOPIIJlTa. BII. TOJI eCH81frb.

30. OCHOB8.HBeTO ua BpaIJ,HrOBO ~o cera HHIIJ,O nosese He ce e nHC8.11O B YCTaHOBH.lfO, OCB'llH'!> TOBa, IIJ,O C'L06nwx'J., C'I> HtROH l\OTaTO on C. Aprop08'!> B MHmeB". Cnopeas MOBn 6t.1J.i>.atRB B3.'lB38, lie 6pal\HrOBCKHT'I> "apBaYTR" He cs ~om .. 1B B'L Bpal\BrOBO no-paao on 150 BJIR 1 70 rO~HRB. B'L TOBa Me y6t-

,

3u;aBan MHorOTO cnOMeBH on BptMeTO aa SaC('JIJlHeTO HM'!>, IIJ,O

OXOTHO paanpasa ceranmoro crapo B MJla)J,O nOKO.11tune. CJlymaX1> OT1> ~'I>)J,O K 0 JI b 0 ,l.I, 0 H B H 'J, (ORO.11O 80 roa), KaKBO aeronaars ,lI;t~o UBJl'L "apBaYTHH1>" BS'!> ROCTYPCRHT'k cesa. TOBa TOit YSHU'!> on CBOJI 6al.l.\a, noaro roaopars "x8oc'LJI,!> apHaYTcKH", na H Toll ce HaYtJBJI1> on Hero ,lI;a DpBKaSBa ,1I,OUp'I>, aMII. sese nosa6paBBJI'L, 3al.l.\OTO H'I>Ma C1> soro ~a npHKa308, na n MJI3~"rl; "HC'IaT'L" )1,80 ro ytJa'l"L. 00,1l;06HO paasasaaure H 6806a .JI B JI a ,l.I, 0 HOB a. TaRa 'Ie 6eS'b HR HaA·Ma.lIEO C1>MHtune MOZeM1> npae cnoaeaararf no-rops l\B!fJpB. ,l.I,aJIB np'hCeJIeHReTO e CTaHaJIO H3Be,1l;Ha3t1> lIJJn aa DtROJIRO IIXTB, He xoae TO'lHO P;R ce onpt,ll;tJIH; aaa uRit-npneMJlBBO e, MEBO rl; uanyUl,aJIB CBOHTt 6alIJ,BHU RillTOBe aacsopo e)l;UII CJIt,ll;'1> APYI'H B qe DPOH3XOJR;1.aT1> on U'hKO.1J.RO ROCTYPCKB ceJlR.3) B'!> TOBS ome DO Belle ce YB'l;pHBa!I€', soraro paauarsase noCTapBn "apoRyrB". EAUH II\e nocosar» ezao ceJIO OR0.110 KocTYP'J>, ~pyrH - APyro, 'l'a rasa ,1I;HeC1> ce HUUPOHBIl.T'b ,11;0 ners, meers

') UpHoeAeoHTt .IIyMO, K&KTO H Mooro ApyrD, C1>.1> S&OBCU1> on. nOpJ'IHIt& Illepn .lIOItOllaHOn, OT1> HUKOJ:a T1>pOOIII&nOB1> HAP.

a) K. II p e 'I e It 1>, Il&TYB&ODJI DO B ..... rapaa, CTp. 440.

") lIlIa npaceaua OT1> C&~ TDB .tcTa (KOCTYPCKO) H B1> C. Ko3&pcltO. 1:[P1>R'I8, Il&Te.reUHI\I1 B Ilemepa •

125

eeaa H TO Bee OKOJIO ItOCTYP'J,. THn ceaa Cal: C JI H M H H n a, It 0 - CTOBO, Optme~'b, OMYCS'b,I) IIptBeJI'b,2) ItStIaYS'b;B) a B. ItalRtIOB'l> npuoaBJI H r S JI H ~ a (xeae C'l>ot'im;eHo r a JI H m e), KaTO CUOMeH&Ba H C JI H M H U n a H O!l 0 T C S 0.4)

Ilpoeecops It. IIpelleK'J, sassa, tIe B'J, Bpanaroao HMaJIO TpH HapO,ll;HOCTRH eJIeMeHTa, SOHTO 3tHB'UH B'b OT,lI;tJIUH tIaCTH BS rpaxa, a DeHBO a p Hay T H, HaA-MRorot'ipoltRH, npscezeana on MaRe,ll;OHHH, M'J, P B a n ft, CTSPH P0,ll;OUCRU ,lI;OMOpO,ll;~H, H t'i 0.71- rap H, HOBH KO.l0HllCTH on TpaKBAcKO rroae", "BctKO naexe CH rosopa Ha CBoeTO BsptllHe H CH HMa CBOJI HOCHJI." On JIOllRO pasIIHTBSRe MOzaX'J, ,lI;S ce yntPH, KaKBO M'bPBa~H H t'iOJIrspo Cal. e,ll;HH'J, H C&lI\'b HapO,ll;eH'b eaeserrrs. "MlJpBaR'L" e enarers Ra 60JIrapHHaj czmo H cnopers C. ApropoB'l> "M'J,pBaK'b" OH.lIO "H,lI;eHTHtIHO" C'I> "npOCT'b 1I0BtK'b", pasBJItlleR'b, reamess, IIcTHRa e, 'Ie aaeeaeaaero cnOMeHYBS H Go JI rap H WIH 6 Y rap H (tIeCTO H 60 rap H), ooalle rli, K&TO OT,lI;tJIeH'b HapO,ll;ROCTeR'b e.7leMeHn He Cal.m;eCTBYBan. Cera .lIHqST'b JlCRO ,lI; Ba eaeaeara, HMeHBO a p Hay T H H M'b P B a ~ H. E,II;HHT'h on ,lI;PyruT'h ce paarasasarr, K&KTO UO ROCHH, TI\Ra H UO ,lI;HaJIeRT'b. liMa J\BS BH)J;a HOCHH H ,lI;Ba paaJIHlIBH aaaresra, C.d',lI;OBaTeJIHO H ABa RapO)J;ROCTHIl eaeMeHTa. Tpera HOCHa H TpeTH AHaJIeKn RtMa, HHTO n'bK'b HMa CJlt,ll;H on TaKOBO Rt~O.

XapSXTepHO B'I> «pOHt!THKaTa DR apBaYTCRHJI rOBOp'L e, lie ce HSrOBapJI 1b, saRTO B'I> aarrama Bsarapaa, RaTO lIBCTO e; a M'LpBa~HTt ro aarosapars no HSTO"IHo-thJIrapCRH, HMeHHO MRTO H300~O B'I> PO)J;OnBT'B, KaTO Ii H 'a CD).

Hanpaasps M,])pBa~Hrli me lWKaT'b: cH/aK, JI'an, MJI'altO, ryJIaMa, paRTa, 6amB, )l;'a~a H np., a apHayTHrli: CHeK, aen, MJleKO, rYJIeMa, pes'ra, Gerne, .n;e~a H np. Ooalle C. AprHpoB'l> HaBeatJJ;a ,lI;yM.H C'b UpOHSHomeRHe 'a BM. 1b H Y apHsYTHTt, aanp. 6'a.IIlH, ryJI'Da, paK'Ta. As']) qyx'J, JJ;S npoasaaears 6erne, rYJIeMa, pes'ra, neaa, He me C'l>MRtRHe, "Ie TOBS e pesynan on BsaHMOdJllcTBueTO DS ,lI;Bsra .D;HaJIeRTa. M'LpBamKBJln ,lI;HUeST'J, e nOBJIHJIJI'J, HS lISKe)J;ORCROJI R'b C1dHC'I>JI'b, lie 1b nOJlyqWIO B. no-maposs BSrosops TSR'LB'I> DeRRO, K&R'I>BTO ro cptm;aMe B'L nosesero po)J;onCKB JJ;HaJIeSTH. Ho H AReC'l> Cal. I(&JIKO AY1dHrli C'I> TaKOBO

') U MemeB'!> c'L06~aBa 38 TOB8 ceso, ~ Clli~O MRmeB'!>.

') C. AprepoB'!>.

') Y C. AprupoB'It "O.YTCKO", a Y MameB'b - "O.YCK'b."

- 126 -

npoaasomeaae Y 6paD,Hl'OBCKHri apuaYTH. Ihleuuo y.lI;apeuo 7b B'I> upaa ua aOpHCTHH ~P)(H 2 H 3 JI. e)l;. 1J. ce aaroaapa Bee KaTO a (a), aanp, BSryP'a, B'J)pB'a, YMp'a, Msa, aarp'a, ZHB'a B up. 06&1Je B'J) BTOPOTO 6x,1I;uo BptMe ce aaroaapa KaTO e: Y3rype-1D,8, M.pMe-lD,a, yMpe-ID,&, B3M.pMe-lD,a, ZHBe-lD,a B np. r-U'L MueTIf'I'I> B'J) CBOHTa CTY)I;UH "ApuaYTRT'h B'J) CWlHCTpeUCKO" (CTp. 26) aaBeZ)I;& npnilpH: 6'a.lI, 0'8.J:0, .ran, 6'&X, caas, )(JI'aRO B )l;p., B'I. KOHTO BCRO JlBllD maposoro npoasaomeaae na 'fb, C'LBcilll'L ae- 06HKUOBeuo y 6pRD,HrOBcKBTt apaayra, B'LnptKB CBJlHOTO B.lUJHUBe UR 6.lIBSKHn pO)l;OnCRB )l;B&.lIeRTB. A SOaeM'L,saKBO crapara po)l;BUa aa CB.lIBCTpeucKHTt B 6p&D,HfOnCKuTB apuRyTH e IOfOS&nR)I;Ua MaKe)l;ORBH, TR 6B Tpt6B&.lIO CJI'B)I;oBaTe.lIRo H q.oHeTH1JHRTR CToAROCTL UR 'fb )l;a 6x)I;e e)l;UaKBa B'J) THH ABt rpyna np8ce.'II~1I. B'LSM03tUO e, ID,OTO CTapOTO npoaaaomeaae aa 7b no aCHlIBJIaD,IUI ,J;a ce e CTerH&.lIO B'L 6panHl'OBCKHri apaayra B'L e, a y CDJIHCTpeuCKHn }J;a ce e pasmaparo B'J) , R. 1)

A&o AYMaTa sanossa C'L r.lIRCHa, roraaa TM raacaa npaBUHO e AOTYB&Oa, aanp.: iecea, rellB, ieaen, resBR, reXTB, iepe, iB.rHe, iB.ceH, taCi'L.JIKa, iB.pe6HD,&, Hl.CT8Hj If.I. (BM.tCTO as'L) HJlH a; cptlD,a ce H l8.3 B.lIH Hl.3Ra. OT'L ynoTpt6&T& D& TOBa UllOO MtcToHMeHHe HI. C R a npOH3.1H3a 8 enBTeT'LT'L HI. c K a J( Z H H, &oitTO ce ynoTptUH OT'L pozonaaaa, R01'&TO HCRaT'L )1;& noaarpaars opaI~RfOBeD,a. Eaasa ce 8 THCRa (-:- TH-38-Ka).

BOKa.JI'LT'L ;§ CH sanaana na&'L CifiID,HlI H3rOBOp'L j me RaEaT aanp, R'1CHO, R ne KOCBO, rt.KMO, B'1IIlKa (AprHpOB'L oT6tJIilsB8. H samsa), neT'LR, nec'L&, QeTB'1pT'LK, JJ;'1IIl, uaT'1RMBx 8 np.

3 B Y R'L 0, &Or&TO e nors Y)I;apeBlIe ce B3rOB&pH BCHO, a.

B'J) ueY)I;apeHU CpH1JKB ce H3M'BRlIBa B'b y, nanp, O&Y.JIY, Ma.IEY, c(~.JIY, oT6yp, c'1uyp, ROJIRY, MBory, asy (HO H .ilKY), rY.lleMH, YTHm1..lI, 3'1M6y, yr.llBB)I,uy H np. OoaTIe ° =;§ B1. U 'L m BM'kcTO HOlD,h B B'J) H'LmKBII BMtCTO BOIIlKBH. B1. 3BaTe.leU1. ce 3&)I;'Lpza n&)I;es'L 0, M&sap1. B ueYJJ;&peHO: TIeTRo, CCCTPO, JIeBo, THBo, JIiI1JO B np.

C'LTIeTaBUeTo Ulm e BUi'~OH3MtReHo B1. Ul'l, aanp.: iIm1J1.

BM'BcTo iImT'L, mso, RYQeBHm1J'L, 6umeulImTI1., HHm1Jy, Ham1JY, 3am1JY, omTIe (enrse), Hym1JiI, apenrrs,

ApB&YTHT'B npOH3BaCHT'L B ,lI;eBL ,lI;BemeB'L HOC 0 B R B (H&- 3&.lIB), ROr&TO n'LIt'L M1.PBRD,HTt nO,1l;urp&B8.T'L TOSB npOH3UOC'L. Taxa aanp, apBaYTHn ID,e KruKaT'L: a,1l;B'1 neB)I;'L, oA rJIeu)l;ail!

') BIIZ10 "ApaaYToTt B10 Caaaerpeacao'' on npo4l . ..1I. MUeTH'I'1>.

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Z'I> cs ct.UAHMe, ueIS ,ll;S ro 6t.U,II;B, B:sp'I>M6B (nop'I>M6B) raa ROmyJIJI, BlltCTO B3pI6B (nopaoa) raa PBSS B np. Y nOTpMn.n ce ome C.1tAoBn UOCOBRH: Rpi.ury 1) (Rp'I>Or), IeU,II;'I>P, rOBeB,II;O, roBeU,ll;8.p (BO B rOBC,II;8.p), rpeoJ.J;s (B,II;a), qeHJ.J;O, neaaece, M>M6a, ,lI;eOOH,lteCe, ,ll;t)[oy, rptOJ.J;BTH, 3'1M6HTB, X'I>H,II;eJIJI, utMOO, MtO,ll;'I>P, ptM6a, ctu,lI;, ct.MoOTa (UO H ct.MO'I>TS), rpeU,II;H (B rpeaa), npeU,II;H (npeBJ.J;'I», peUJ.J;B, JltHK, BareHAPH.lIH, TptM6H, rJIeu,II;a, ,1J;eBeBT, J.J;eceuT, ,ll;eceUTHUS, peuJ.J;, rpOMOOB~, neu~a, 6t.OJ.J;H, yFJIeH,II;uy, rJIeH,II;o.

3USeM'I>, Rt,\RBO B apHaYTHn B'I> CBJIBCTpeHCRO ynoTpt6JlT'P asaara, ooalle rl npOB3HaCJlT'I> B all BM . .I., aanp, M'aHCY, np'aH,1J;'I>, rJI'eH,II;'I>, rp'ao,ll;'I>, II'aB,II;'I>, iaHSHK H np,

T&3B )l;BO.8ROCTL Y 6pa~HrOBCKBT'k apaayra He czmeernyan. Hs6poeHHTt J.J;yMH C'I> cnaseaa peif>.lIeRCHB on noeoss npoBSHOC'b call'I> llyX'I> H aanBC8X'I>. H'llMa,ll;a ce npocrapaxs nOBe1JC B'I>pxy TaSH BazOR caomnaaa aa eSBRa aa 6paI\BroBcKm apoaYTH, noaeae serosa e Belle nacano Y HaC'!> (Blit. nO)l;p06H0C1'H B'I> I\BTBpaHaT8 CT8THJl "ApoayTHTt B'l> CH.1JHCTpeHCKO" on npo{~. JI. MH.lIeTHlI'I».

ApoayTun aR~eHTyBaT'I> CUd;M'I> paSJIR'lHO on Il'I>PB~~Hn. ll'l>pBUn aasora OR nOC.lItil.HHTa CpHlIRa on spaa, a BTOPBTt H sa nOCJIt,'l;B.8Ta cpasaa. AK~eHTHaTa CHCTe1rla na n'I>pBH'l"k e, R8.KBaTO e B'I> ROCTypCltOTO aapssae, AK~eBTOBRaTa B'I> ,ll;HUJeXTa aa apHaVTHTt ce BBm,ll;a nO-JlCBO on c.ltiJ.HHn npB1rItpH:

lIsBOp BO~'L aaaapsme TY,l(aBe .•• Raili.H CII qeB,lI;O Be cpaMH!

EJI'L cer'L 6a'lB ptK''£' ... aa TaTK'I> B MattK'I>. Cpaa orne:

Kbra ce c' r'bprK HCKaMe, ry.'1·8.ll'l> ceD,'!,'I> KMaxe; libra Me r'bprH H3JILM. Mucro liB aaJIHY YCT8.0'l>.

OUIlJe OHB'aCT'I> HK e <l>T'I>C8.JJ'I> MH.JK zeeepo, IJOCTOM nO'leKaA; na[JY~K }JY (il) C'I> oa KYH.lI.paatHH, CaK'TO My (iI) e HR Krop'lHH, llIHMHitn My (H) e OR 6aKll.AHH.

JIerHnJI'I> MOM'I> sacniI.Jl'1> ,lI,oe, IIo)J. )J.LpBO nop; UaC.IlHHony ,lI,bc

CilTH'I> JI pocs H36H.l'l> n

I) Tasa EaS.aT"!. aa ezaa apzraa A'Ll"1t3, KOHTO CJJylltH as roseae 6auHlIa It aoeese :ut6"L BoiB DOra1Ja u& cJlypua.

-- 128 -

Cye 6eJl ee J,I.'}"JI6eH npHSpRJI'L loe

qYAH ce JIYJlO, YIIIU ce "

KaK J,l.3. c'l>6YAU )(YIl3.T'I> "

)(yuecH Rall'l>.1 Aa cBilpn "

Ito..IIKY E'I>B8.JI'I> csapema "

Touy ce 110)('1> iycnaB'1> "

~YHecH aCJu Aa 6J1ee "

Ito.my JIrllCTO 6JIHiewn "

TO.llI£Y ce MOn iycuaB'I> "

CamJ;aTa 410HeTRqHa OC06HOCTb B1> a&IJ;eHTOBKaT& cpiJlIJ;&Jl:e R Y CRJIRCTpCHCKHn apnayra.')

H B1> lfJopllHn aa e3DKa aa 6pa~HroBcKBn apHayTB 3&6t.lltsBaliC HtKOH OCOOHOCTH.

~eHyBaHBrl IfJOPMH C&, KaKTO B'I> KHHZOBHHff esass: rpaA'LT, BOJl'LT, '10BeK'LT B np, i$a MH. q. 1L'JeHHaT& lJIopKa e -mu: '10BeIJ;HTII, H.llB ,qOBeIJ,'TB; ZeH'TH, MOM.'TB H np.

P&SJIBKa MezJ,l.Y AaT. naJ,l.. ez. q. H& JIHq. MiJcTooeHH8 lfJopJl:& My (sa II. p.) H U (3& Z. p.) He ce npaaa; sanp, me lWKan sa Z. p.: "C MaDRa MY" BMtCTO: C MaDRa U; ".u;ii.)J.ox My napara" BMtCTO: JJ,8.J,l.OX U napara; Mope My (= u) uparspsa HaOKa (rtHKa) caara,

Onpexeaaero as l'JIarO.lla B'L ceramno BptMe r .lIaCD nit:

6K& rpeH,IJ;a R()Jl'a
6uem rpemm KOJIOm
6He rpeJ,l.H KO.llD
uHHMe rpC,lI,HMe KO.lUMe
6uHTe rpe,ll,DTe KOJlHTe
6HaT rpeART (ll rpeazar) Eo.7I'aT TpeTO .11H~e e,ll,. 'I. on U1alllepif>eKn (MBH. aecespm.) ce ynoTpMH U sa mpso JIHIJ;e eJ,l.. q. j rasa aanp, "AeTO ro aaa HC1Cll.lUe" BMtCTO: .zrBTO ro asa UCK&X'Lj "BHMme" BMiJCTO BBRaX'L H np.

if>OPllUT'B aa crrO:URI'RTC.'IHHH rJlRrOJI'L, sa ceramao BptMe a:

C'LM, ca, ecmu (IIJII no-plaso e), CMe, CTe, cs. Oco6eHO e sa6iJJItzuTeJIHa if>opMa ra e C T H, aanp.: Mope u8.)I;a ecmu, HeRa HOeH, )J.Op ecmu M.l8.A& SeJIeHa.

3a 6&J,l.HO BptMe ce ynoTpMH cnox, rJI. tee (= me), aanp, tee re Oliff, aaa nOKpaA TOBa on uapssaerc H& M'LPBa~m ce e BM'LKH8JIO B 0IC7" HUp. 3rl HJ,l.a. Y rroTpMH ce H n, anp, .n

') Blla"L CTaT. .ApnaYTB'ri B'J. CUBcTpeBCItO", CTp. "

129 -

.... 'Tpt6Ba ~a oT6iJJr1Ju • ." B 4»oPII&T& sa 1.'.1[. e~; "II. ~' (= Bema), KOJITO earypao e rnri.ll& B'J," OO-CTBpo Bp'.lDle Hetl,l"'1 KasB8n B He1imem (2 . .1[.), ~Ih"~ (3.1.) B lip.

. Xapasrepaa ea Jl HilRO.',q1l1l '. BSP&SB B8'I> rouopa aa 6pa~roBeBBn apoarrB: KOJI,.HKa = IIpaR1.j 1t~-'J,? = 'lOBO. 11\0 e?· Tyl me e C'L'leT&HBe on myll + mTO+ e; :MB~pqe (1Ofcyp'l» = D8omr;a (C1>A'I»j CTalOl3 =t'l'O:MBa; c\XHO = cm.(x)o Clip. couo; lieu = 1Ie(x)n; .isn, ilsHR'l> B lIP.; .l[aIlB& = acn.ma; Kem1JBHB. = JlecelJRB& ;D,'I>.I3n&THeB8:M = pa8BI'psBa:M'I>, Hsn IIBIIfI, 1I0ll'lnl:'I> C'L IIp83R& pa60i'&j U1IpRBD,a = (nposrJiA,Be) = B'l>8rJ[&B~& j 6BmoHRmlls = eTaM <:BRRR j H'8.RBR =c OB8B ,1I;eol>, OH,1I;em j 6irme = CBRH.8 j Ha6apBB6:M = ,1I;Odm;IM'I> ce j :MarapllHHS = CTa,;.O JlarapeTa; B'LpTO:Ma (opT6J1s) = B~ze (y nOMsun 4l0pTOMa)j eJ(0~ TO.laBB :....=,lI;a yRpRe, plarLOCaj nirHD,R = ~PBY.m j' mllBD,3 '-A'l>CR&; Aa ·6tD,R&T=-,lI;a 608&8n (M'I>PB8D,Rrl; me UZ8.n:·,aR 68saT)j HmlJ'b =- Be&aK'l>j CK'I>P'LBOcBaM --:- pasIl'l>B&JI'I> (He Me cnp!I.BOOBaI! -' He :Me pasII'LBaA I); nync rJIe,ll;aA: j oU'8.'IeH = OTBOpen, allRI'1>03'I>; cl.'I&H = ct'lRa (ctlJ'J.D,)j re&eB'l>' (on TeHz"n); KAHeJaBaTa CB ro BIrorJ,.lI? (BRA'h J:B RaM6aHSTa ?)j ,ro CTema cymaTa? He ro BR,lI;R? ro Mpa(X)Me! ro 6ep'l> JIOSeTO? (o6pa. .III .lI08eTO?) j BHm 6aRPY, ltaK'I>B e CTaH'I>JI T. e. BWR roPRlJKaT8 (6aRPJl) &aRBa e CTaHaJIa j Harrp'l>CTHHKa TH ro Rsry6ux;' peIrb

c; ,lI;epa; n yptma? - YJI;pac&a JIB Te?j T'I> f.llOZAB?

M'I>pB&D,Rn aaceaars esaepoaenazsaea 'IaCTb aa Bpanaroso, BMeHHO OHo.8, RORTO 06pasyaa ,lI;O.JIHJlTa B no-xy6aBa 'IaCTb na CeJIOTO. ApHaYTHT'h saeltan IOrOBST01lHaTa, rrO-BBCORaTa lJaCTJ,; TJEa HM3 H rro-xyoasa crpam, l\hpBaD;HTt C~ 6'h~BHi ZHBilH'f'b I1'L .lI0mH 11 HeXUrHeBlllJBH ZUJIUID;o., 8aBHMaBST'L ce C'I> SeMJIfIJ;tJiue H C~ Ht'yMOpBH pa60TBJID;H. ApHaYTurl C& 60raTOTO C'I>CJIOBRe aa CeJIOTO; rl; 1fMRT'L saBU)J;HO eROHOMRtIHO rrOJIOZeHHe. M'I>pBSD;Hn RaTO "tIepBH PO(')H'" ca PS60TUJIR TtM'I>, no. R cera ome HM'I> pa60THT'I>. Tt HSrJIeZp;an HSM~lJeHH, YHRseHH, CJIa_6lf, AO&aTO mpBuTt C& JUtH, rrO-,lI;OBO.llHR, Ha,n:MtBBH u qeCTO zeCTORU cnpsae CBORTt pa60THBu,R M'I>pB&IJ,B. ApH&YTHrl; 6UH ylJaCTBRD;H H rrpt,ll;BOARTeJIH Ba B'l>CTaHBeTO. llintID;sBRH' CH rrpaBBJIR B'I> IIOA8elrlB8. Ta&HB3 noaaexaa, CKPIlTR R36u, DUO aa HilROJUro ricTa. DI, RSOSTS aa ,a;ilp;o lleT'I>p'I» Me'lR&pcRH. e . CTaBa.lO rro,l;oOOro Talao e'I>BiruJ,aHBe. ApHaYTHn 6U.71B CMilJIH B pilmR-

9

- 130 -

Te.IIIJI,. Bll&.IB qy.-ua 01lllT1l~ B J..BTPBU&, &pnsa 80M B ripa B'J. CBOBn CILIB B CDOCOOUOCTII. Ti ee OT.IR'I&Ba.IB o~e B C"J. CBOam CHa.UOCTf> B CTpORua B'J.Umaocn.

AumroHH8lfLT1o KezAY &pUaYTR B IfLpB&~ R .-0 cera ome He e C'I>lJCiIIfL B8'1e3H&I'L; TOR ce DpOJlB1LI'J, C'Ia BCB'IR&Ta CB CU& 8'1. H&lIUOTO, £Ol'&TO ce S&Ce.III.IJI DpBce~ apH&yTR R e '1'p8JLI'I. ,l;OpB AO oCBOOOZJJ;eHReTO H& BurapBB. Hxa npBlliplI, on. ROIITO ce BII&A&, RO.lKO OCTpB ca 6BJ[B OTHOmeHR8m xez)(y eAu,d B .IlpYrRm Oc06HO 06.1iuOTO RX'L xaoro ra e P&8.IR'I&B&lo. ITo...,., p&SKomuOTO, 6oraTO oo.liuo H& &PH&ymu& ee RpBe.I& B ueroB&Ta roPA& B H&,I;xiuua H&TYpa. OJ. ,l;06po XaTepBUUO C'LCTO.IlHBe, Tot Tp'MB&JI0 Aa saeae B B~UO 06~eCTBeHO JIO.lOBeRBe. ITp&3,I;HJB& .IB ee JIP&S,Il;UB&'L, Be.lBKO T1op&eCTBO, Bece.l6am II\e ce B8B'l>pmo B'L .-B& IIpOTOBOnO.lOZUB Jlarepa. p;st .IIaXUB - )(n xopB~a: ropao - apRaJTCKO B ,-OUO - M.'LpBamKO. II AsilT'h xOpllll\a CB DUO CBOBd OTJlBRB RaItTO B'L Ba'lOBa H3 arpara ~ CI~O B B'L B'LumUBJI CB BIJA'I>. E~RBn nteAH B Hrp&e.aB 'lBCTO MaKe)(OUCRB nicuB, T8RRB&, BaRBBTO ce riJlT10 no KoCTypC&O ; .Qlyrm nile.ao H CRa'l&JlO no pozoncsa, ITo-CTapBn apuayTR B'J) Bpanaroao B)(O cera JIOMHHn CBOBri apuaJTcKB ntcHH, ll&E&p'L 'Ie cera sese ae rR ynoTpt6HT1>. On TBH CTapB, ,l;OBeceBH RS'I. KOCTJPCRBri cesa riCHR, &8'L 8&llBC&X'L AB'k, saemo C'L Ttxum .IIe.JIO)(BH; n CI asrepecaa JIO MY8BR&JlBam ea JIpoCTa H OPBrRBUBa ROHn;e~.

MeJlO)(OBn DpBJlH'Ian MUOro Ha TUJl, ~o ntaT1> BS'L PoAoIIBri naCTHpC&Bn Ma&ep;oBo-POM'LHCltB nseaeaa (Rapa&a'laHHn, MacHri). TaRaB& irscens, MBOro eAu03BYllua B RpaT&a e c.atp;HHTa:

~M"PeHO. t:\ t:\

~B J I aLII r =tFt: r t u i1 r 7pI1

3110' na·.lK .iRK' K8. ra·.:IB· m'le, 3e.· na ·.18 J&H' u. ra·.l8· mqe;

Co m'lo rn .iRK' Ell. 3110' De.·.IB, CO W'IO ro .iR1I· &a !18.' Da.IH?

3£1160.

Co

'1ep • BH o· 'IH, ioi.o • pB ioi,

'1ep • UK o· '1B, ioi.o • pH, ioil. •

- 131 -

APpa, 1IIHOro nO-paSJIHIJ:Ha H MBOro nO-CJIOatHa OT'L rn.pB&Ta e:

~o. ~.

Jlij~a~J~'7~4g_~ ~~=X7 s

Ma - pH CIA - re

.0 - XpO - DOIKO, +a - .IBm &'ep - Ka,

~==-i Ll_ t-=t=r=a' 143 ; @ 1 J I
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T'Lpni-H'Li, io-60-6o 11) IIyrollB IIIlJeplt&, nyrolJ:H R'eplt8.; ,lI;06po AOilAe B same cero:

B Dame eezo ItpyDIB, .IaOB, B same cere mimu, Tp1.UItIL ,lI;ouy~e.la ie cBAT'Ta ItYTp'aTa, .n;a Be XlI &apaT R'epIt8.Ta,

qe iomqe 1IIH ie llUe'llt8.,

ill'leplt8.Ta, R'epIt8.Ta ... ,lI;a Be liS Jt8.ze m'lepIt8.Ta,

ill'lepltaTa, R'epOTa:

MapH, nrso ie TOua ItpeIJ:eT8..!o? Mapa, Itom AoAAe R BHJJ;Olle;

Maps Biu.e BT,mItBH ee iyuams; Mope milo C'L TiuI ltT,pDIB-uemu? Mope Biue pa.s6oi ce iYlLlaDllI; Mope mTO C'L THJI Bpa'lILllRm'la? EABO uiLBH, APyro CT3.0.H .••

Mope BRAe PYARH ee iyuamB, Mope BRAe CT8.JfHa ce iYll.IamH, Mope BilAe lIeTJlR ce iyn.llaDlBI. ..

T'Lpnit-ni, io-6o-6ol •••

Ilo-ceraf TUJI ntCHU ce s&MimJI'l"l> C'L ,lI;PYl'B, M 'L P Bam K H, SOUTO B&1IIBpaMe H B'L OKOJIHUri pozoncsa ceaa; ea npmp'L ~D me nplIBe,D;a TpeTJI ep;HR ntceHI>, Tasasa, K&KBaTO H cera ome ce IrlJe Ba xopo:

') npHDilJn., KoiiTO ce noarapa npa BcillUl CTUX'h. 3B8'leDaeTO aa ma AY».

De JIOKUa ,ll;a »a OOaCollT'h. Hsstpoo lI\e CA ... y.o, es IWHTO ce B311.a8Ba B'h3X.~eBBe,· .YBCTBO, aaerpoeaae,

· _ XlJpo. _ '.' ,- .-,

-~~k&£gmg~

flc,l&O .Ie HeAltll .... llLiaN,.Iei, Ttl a • 6ep • .,. • ",.la ..

He.l(RQ ze, He4IW )(HI u.l'aB JIe..ra TH a6ep npaTILI'L: - ,Zte ~a a, He.i.RY, Aa AoAN', ~ .l01Wl All. ro l'OJlbe; Tys, Hila MOXB sa nero MIlAEa aa He~sy ryBopH:

Ce,ll;H CB cHBO Be iO,ll;B -JlomH C'L)( C1>H'a C'LBHJI'L; C1>6yr'L cnpoTH llHAa~ l[epB'L )(8 S1>Pll'L HSryp'B, lIepay II'L XY'lR iyan'L

Ue)J.H CH, He,ll;~tO, He ioza, lie CH iezaa Ba Mah'L '

II nerasaa iy 6aIlla. ' He,ll;RY CH }faiht'L He CAyma ITa que3B'L B' Aa,ll;BH y60pH, 113B8.)I,H KOH'le paaeao, PaHeHO Ta He H3,l1;euo

MeTH'L 111 :uaTBH searp Ta ca )(K KOH'le B'LCE),J.H'L. l\HtUB'L Ifa HeARY AyMame:

He;~KO n, HeA"O KBA CHlIO, "lIK .IeJl'a. TH np~Bo lla iOAHm Ha qeAO Aa re aaTpiIte

YpOSH Aa Te He qJallJ:aT. He~KY eM IIAb,., He cJlyma, IIpaO! lIa ibpy iotiI.:J:e;

119B8,l1,H BOat, n06H 1£0.18,

Ila ea Tott 1t0B1le TaJ( B'Lpsa. 1\1, ro BB,lI;Ole MOtt(K)Te,

E,!I.o1> CH' C· APYr1> mynT'aX'L:

BJl'LraTlt'I> 6HJla 'la3 MiUht'L, f:UqO ie POAHA,., TaKOB CHH! ,llYJ..e CH AYM'L, BSAYM'LT, Toft ee HB seM'a aaaepa II ce C'LC ,llym'L pas,ll:eAB.

On HS'laJIO aU'l'sroHHSM'LT'I> M.e~AY THa Ana eJIeMeBTS 6BJl1>TOJIROBS CHJleH'L, ll\OT6 M'LPBSK'LT'L Be Cllim.lI'I, Aa arpae npa CH8.i&HHT-B apHSYTH H rllSAaBH'l-B apRaYTCKB "lIynR"; RpaayTIIH'LT'L n'LK'L C1JHTa.l1'L SS YOHiReHHe ,lI;R OTH,lI;e RI\ arpa npa 6-BP;HBrl, He'lHCTHTt M'LpBan;q. 1\bpnaK'LT'I> He MOi&e.l1'L A3 uesrae S3 xyORBa apnayrsa. POAilHHCKII BP'LSKB He cs HlIlaJIH, HHTO n'LK'L MOr.110 ,lI;S CTSBa ,lI;YMa sa JIOA06HQ CPO,!(BDRHe.' l\hpBaK'LT'L ce meHH sa M'LpDam&a, S apHaYTHH':r.~'L 8& 60raTa H ".lIena" aposYTCKU "lIyrra." Ilo-ceras YCJIOBHBTR ee n3MtHlln, a saeaso C'L TOBa H T-BXHHT-B oraomeaua, H BCn'lKO TOBa craaa B'L rrOJISa sa e)J;HHCTDOTO, as MDpo.n06HBOTO zIIBYBaHe. BpaR'LT'I> Mez)J;Y ,lI;BRTo, ereMeHTa. sese ce )J;onym.a npa HSBtCTHR YCJlOBHn; Tt CEl 6UJIH on xapl\KTep'L,lI;a - ce sanaaa HIlCJIt)J;(,HOTO OT'L ManKa H ~all\a, T. e. HaBlI~D, ot1H1JaH, HpaRD -- R Hait-BRmHOTO,. BOCH.lITa.

AltO M'LpBaK'L ce omeHm sa "apHaYTCKa 'lyna", TO T1I e crraesaaa npaBOTO ca )J;a roaopa apoaYTCRH, a BaA-Belle.,u;a HOCH CBOeTO ~JIeno apHaYTCRO PYO"; a 06paTH01 aKO 1IM.'llpuamJ,t&" ce OUzeJIa sa apHRYTDH'L, B TH T03l:e CH SSD8.8BQJIi ,DPIIJlOTOJ;& aoea "M'LpBamltO pyo." ,lI;HeC'L 06a1Je TOH aBTarOHHS'LM'L e npa-

- 13'3

Teen It lie, ee DpoJIBa, JIOIl8i1'J. 'u.aa, B.aan:' ,ll;BeC'l callO ee SIIU'.rIt' •• oroC'kJlelcna sa apsayrctm,.IL- ,rorlMa qaen; Ofli T'i~ (l&' pasll'JrceBB. IIpa BOB8J1CB06o,ll;eHlt nOJIBTHtJeCKB ZBBOT'L oraomeBBSTt. C1.BC')Mlt ce B8IIiJH.m B TO B1> non&' Ba nO-CTa paa aupem. ,,If'.(,paaIIIKlIlI, eJleMeD'l"L. ,lI;HeClt .'J.PbaB'LT'L eiOOO,ll;HO ce '1I3B11.8J11l, 6ea1. A8 6&,,0 OcMBIlaH'J. sapa,ll;7t eeoa eaBK'J., .1.01'&TO mn "apHaYTBB'J,n" ce ~a OfB.&CB8TL, OT,diJea'L R qy3U'L no' eaRn HI T&a od~a po~onCB& rOBopBa 06J&CTL. If TOt e npBBy~eB 00..,-, 8.IUB1Iero Ha T8JI HOOIa;ronpBIITaa 3& sero aTKoccfJepa. Aa I180CTUII opBrHHLlIHm tBOH elHKOB1I cfJ0p.B BU JI'LB'L DO SaBIIE'L ..... ceTlIJI yT'ixa . .J;a ra ynoTpil6J1 ome esao :8'J, caoa AO)(amellt &part. eo.IRo 8.18JIRHe OK&8B& H JUlaaOBSHST'L eBBn, «itopllm aa BOtTo ee 'aayqBaT'L B ynOTp'f;~'l"It 1IeaI'O n&TB 6eS'IJ AI ce pu6Kp1L'n.

3a6iuilzaTe.188 e erapara HOCWI sa 6pa~lroBCUft apaayn. 1I AeBb AHemeUlt ce cpiI~aTL 3S&1JUTe.lSB ocraBn OTL Taa HOCHR. Bp~BroBCIUITt apaayTo Cili ,1(ODLII TJIA "... Cili~8T8 IO&Ho-.a~OBCK& 1I0CllJl" £OHIO R AUeClt o~e S8MopaMe B'J. KOCTJPCKHri ce.aa 1'yu. TJI ce ynoTpil6J1J1a 6es'l> npoMilH8 ]1,0 DpiI~ oCBo60&J(eBHeTo, e .. I'l'~'J,. KoeTO 8&n01J:BR ~8 CE' saMilHa es )('J,pB&lllK&po~onCKa DOCIUI. 3a ]l,& a.alle ~O - ro,dJ nOJIJITJIe S8 crapara Ho.CWl aa 6pa~HroBCKoTil apaayra, 8Slt .Il\e onMma, ,1;0 Ko.IKOTO .ora, KaRTO 3E.eUCKaTa Tasa Cll~O B ~T8 aOCHa

L J£eaou !lOOlLlL

1. q 0 P .. n H T 'II C& dBu B'L.1lUeDIl H on ,ll.OJI&IIIHO npe.ro, 1OeT0 ce 6arp'uo pa8.lB1J:UO : Z'UTO, SeJIeHO, sepueao, CRdW. qpJa'lt Ko.dIH8D;B1l R& palUBlIBm npe.Aft npaaa ... R map e B 1I q 0 pan H. illapRRri ()H.1H OChfltBOleBHO np8BO.lBHeABH t1lrypw:

KB&,gIaT1lera, BYTldK8, Kp'LCTOBe, .IIIBBD, KOHTO O)[aJlB pas.lBtau DO .. 0&88RI, wiec10 nKTIl yCDOpe~HO. RB&Apa'neT&Ta 6HBa.1B on pa8.lnRB "~B"TOBe H OOI'pa~HO 111. yenopema paMKB. IIpeZ.1J;&T8 6ua AeGe.u. H sAPSua, ~JIaKBri K.&CH. ,lI;'J..1IEBBlT8 He e H~llBUaB8..1la 1I01le1le on ~Ba DeNI. 11& spaa B~la.,}H BJYLBb, as K08TO ~UaJIH AJI'LZIIB& Jauaa, m.OTO ,l(a 1I0ate TpB nara ,ll;R o6r'J.ppe spaaa, 3a AS ce omere TaK'LB'L sopam, TP'h<isa "a ce nptXl'Lp.I.I'l"L npm mUTS 4, 5, 6 BoIH nosese B'LPBB (KOHD;If) OTL p81WA11O 06srpeu8 Bpeat,l(~, H C'Io 1I0Hom.hTa Ha' ners a.-pUll

134 -

B AOOe.'lH'IKH me.'ltsHB Ur.lH (mama) AaBUH sa '1opana map e H a 0 C HOB a. TaKBB& sepana cera ome ce HOC.llT'L no PO,l;Ouri, a Bai-Be'le ra BKa Y R&paR&'1aBBn, HaKOBTO ~tJJ:aTa BOCHa e ('06CTBeBO npoB8BeAene. 2 06YBKHTi; 6UJlH '1epBeHB H ra UapB'Ia.'H ,,11-.1 eBB K a - Jle B PH", ".lIeKH '1eJlH". B'L cpiIAaTa - nptABJlTa CTpaBa - 0&JlH sepseaa KOata 06HEBOBeBO CI I'D npaBUJIH DJlHTKB sa no-eBTBBO; nO-60rRTHT'1I npaBHJIB H no-,lt'UOOEH B OT']) no-xy6aBa ROsa.

3. It 0 m y Jl H T i; ce npaBJlJIH OT']) 6tJIa T'LHEa npeat,lta. Ta ce KynyB8.JIa on 6aE8JIBTt. ItpOJl.llH ra AurH, Ta Aa MOate ,lta r e BOAH ,ltOJlH.lJTa 'laCTI> Bait-Il&JIEO ners npscra, Ha raa qaCTb, KO.llTO ce OCTRBJI ,lta ce BH)I;H~ Hspa60TBan Oco6BH BB,ltOBe meBH~ KOII-

Ilpauarouaa "apBayuu".

TO aapasars Be C K H, a no no'JIBri, no.1f H Be a a H H. PXRaBHTi; CX~O TaKa CX Auru, OTBOpeHH 'a nraposa, sa Aa' Iloran .n;a ce aeaars na RpM.

Becsara no p~KaBHT'k 6UBan aa .n;Ba peaa, TaKa CXlIl,O H e)tUH'L pezs 'no pi'\'i6a ,11;0 MHmHu~aTa. BesaBBri nOJIH pt.n;KO allan ~Ba pe,1l;a B'kcKH. Ooasuoseao aa ri;X'b U8BeSB8.n cano e.n;UH'D pe,1l;'L. no OI"bp.1JeTO, JIEaTS B nasynuTt 2ReHCRaTa pH3R C&m,O rasa HMR BeCKR. Becsarf no JIItaTa H nasYXBri cx Haitmapeaars H HaR-xyoaBo aanpaaeaa . .HEaTa ce saKOUIIBa C'L ROU'le "lKeSCItO" R "MXatKO~. TOJI sonsera eli MeTaJlU'IeCKH on Te.JI'b, Z'bJIT'b BJIH (j'U'b (CHB'D). Ha asara TypH.lIH at'bJITB sonsers, Ha BeSKBTh cz USBeSBa.1JH lIn H .1J e r a", KOBTO 611Jll1 sepaesa, a.1JeSIf, at'bJlTH, sepaa H np. ilBJIeTO e 6uJlO D'LJlHO C'b sonpaaa, Hait-qeCTO aaeaa. JhmJIo e BeSKH sepaa, so D'LJIHH C'J, saeso. Taxaaa PHSRr es sesaaa UOJIHr Bea8.HH pliKaBH, OnpJlBH H nsSyXH ce napasar-s "B e a a H H" K 0 m y JI H, sa pa8JIBR8. on npoCTHT'B "H e B e a 8. H H" somyaa,

4. C'D H T a UH.'Ia. ,1I;'b,lra B'DJIHe08. H rI8.MYllHa ,ltpi;xa. IIaMyK'DT'b H Bb.1HaTa 06pa3ynan KYTuitKH. 'f'b'le ce 1I.eTBOPHO

- 135 -

u Ae6eJlO. OJ..iITS e 6es'L p.&R&BH H e A'LJJra )1;0 £OJI'hH1nt BJIB IIUKO no~)I;JI'LEKaj Ba np6s e On'LHST8, S Kp'LCnn e CTerB~T'L C'L "MIZKU" B .zeBCKB" KOnlleTS (ROUI\B). Or'LpJIBeTO U uaayBurll, £OBTO C& OTBOpeHB TS ce BBiitAan naSYXHlln Be8KB HS aeaaaara £0- IUy.ILII AO KOIII\Bn, ca uphmBTB.C'L lIepBeH'L BJIB a.'leH'L rsIlTsB'L. Tol e on B'.kKOJIKO peza, a Hal-KpalBBlin pe,ll,'L 06p8SyB8 KpIrose ("Kp'LBrOBe"), KOBTO ee KaBB8n .C e It U A u". TUJI cellU,lI;B ce npaBlIn eaxo no n&SJBun, aBe B no IIKBn. Hs06II\O IIJr1&J1H SS nUb, B'L MOJlHHCKaTS Aptxa AS ce nOCTHrBe nO-rOJltMo nscrpo, C'b6J183BB'l'e.1JBO YKpameBue B8 rpNiABn. M H m K B T t· (MBlIIK8. e KpalBsTa p&ltaBOa '1RCTL aa C1>JITa) csspmsars C'L ABa peza rslT8Hu. On KP'LCTa Ra,ll;OJl)' pI60&en C£ 06mBTh naK'L C'L raiTRHB H se C& SaKOUqeBH, a OTBopeBH. On Jltl!O H AtCHO pNi60Beri CNi n,tnu8TB.

5. H'L,lI. Z ~ Ifl T a I (pasaaa) ce npauars on aaena 1I0X&, (ueBa 11(11), KOflTO ce KynyB8 on 6a.K8JIun. Ha 1{OXSTa ce npifmuB& "z'LJIn TeJI,.,", H TO aa AOJlBB1I Kpat. TeJI'Ln e mHpOK'L eARR'L np'LCT'L, TUJI

pNiKaBB ("R'L,lI;zylflraA")

. c& upumuTH BS MHO

e JI e q e, £OeTO ce OO.llB- j •

qa UO,ll;'L C'LBTa B e ereraaro 3ApaBO ')1;0'

Kp'LCT8 H r'L p6!i.

6. B t. C e RB K'J, e I'0PHS AptX8, ,lI;e6eJls U B'bJIBeBS. IIJlann ce rena U e '1IeTBOpem, I'b18 sepaa 60Jl.

II paaa ce ,lI;'LJI'br'L ,1(0 KO.II'kB'B, rasa m.OTO Aa ce BUZ,lI;S C'LJlT8 OT,lI,OJlY .'1,0 4 BJJB 5 npscra: "on B'LCeHBRY ~a ce I'JJeUA8 esrara, '1IeTepa H.m ners np'LCTB". B'LceBD&'Ll''L ce npasa 6es'L pNi&8BH, Ra&TO H csara. ItPODKaT8 e IJO'lTH e ,!I,B8KBa C'L TaB

DB C'Ul&, PauuaT& e caJlO T88B, se C'LIlT& oe saSOOIlB&, a B'r ceBllfiTL Be ee BaBOJI1IJ&. aBaTa B IIO.Im eAII&EBO e& oomB'lll c-. .epBB B 1fepaeHB raATaRB. On. AOJIaDIHO npe.lO np1B8'l"1> B" P II, II, &OBTO 06BBLUT'L p~GoBeri Ba B'ltceHIIU II cnpDIB&rJ. (,"10 Ae6e.IB KpaAmB~. Ibp~rl ee npaBJIn. on. .. epH& a '1~p-Bella n~ II C& Tpa pe,I&, on. SORN cpiwllUIT'Io e 1fepBeB'J., a ABaft SpalHB 1JepBa. Tu so.CiBHaqJI.ll. e 06. MBmam CAntO Tlsa CBp1oIlIB&TL, saaTO B no~1I'ri, .~ np~

7. On. CTpaHB sa neeBII" Hlla 'I B 'i' P & B OT'L Jliu,o B AicBo. Ha BC'ka 'iB'iJPD 80 a 11 a nap B, no TP. Ba BC'ba; ri C~ '1epBeHB. )J;U.BuaT& .. 'It e OKO.lO 10-15 CJl. Ha B'Lpxa, Ba ropB" &pal ee C'I>6Bpan n eABO. IIo-oT,II;o.l'lJ, yCUOpe)J;80 ~ "''Iypa, e "TL, BaA'L .I·tBU II AkmuI 1fflYp1t. P&~Beri HII. AZt>O& C& oomllT. 'CJ, IJ'Lp~.

Qan&p1on. e '1epIeB1t a (iBe a.a Z'L.I'JO. Cera TaRRD& qanapR H');)j:a no 6aK8.1HT'll,

8. It 0 C it TaCt! 0CT8B& aeaaereaa on. crpaBB'l1~ Aa 06pasysa cay.l t ~ B. OT3I1.A'L ee upaB8TL n.l e T e H S B, JWBIO (jIlBaTli H1»KO.Iso.

Moze .1;11. 6ll,!J;e B elBa lLIeTeBKa; Toraaa ce JUBTa H raATaB'L (B'LPI\8), a B& &P&iI A, H, C = noap., ee 3IlIIIIIBaTL a napa (06BJUlOBeBO IIBHl"J.pa), D = 'IH'ItVlta,

E = laM. B 6iJ.l8 Za6S8, ra, KOraTO arpaan., .A&

Ap'LBB8.TL.

9. It a naT a ce nocrasa Ba r.llaBaTa, TUII. se N1 a&a.a m.pxa; npaaa ce on 'I e p B e H a 6 0 r a c II a UB on. aa,ll; B .. e ('1epOOBa 'Ioxa).

10. OrnpiJA'L BR sanaTa ce npasa n t n.l e T 0, BOeTO e BaI-

H3,11;BrBaTaTa qacn. npiJA'L sanaTII.. .

11. II ynaero CJIyza ,11;11. ee saKptna 0 aero )J; 1).16 e H 'L T'I>, KolTO ce CllYII\& HaSaA'I> B )(OCTBra AO SP8Jl' aa B'LCCBIIU. ,lI;IO.I- 6eaa c· 6m a C'L 'IepBCBB nepa aa '1CTBp~riX'L spa8~a.

12. II p B B e 3 a .II 0 Toe 0'1"£ ,lI;oJ[amao UJlaTBO, naJlyqBO, 6uo B C'L Be3CBSR QCpBeBH (saRTO H npa PH3B'ri). 3&xpimBa ee on njnaero, nptCT8ra 'IeJJOTO a llORpaA YllIHT'f; (BaA'L ymBT'll) HBBaBa R ee aasomea nil. samara 'IaC'fL nOA'L KOpeBBft BI WleTcBRBn Cl> Z'L.'ITB KOn'leTR - "J[llZRB" H ,,&CHCBB" •

D

......

186 -

- 157 -

, 13. )~z y JJ jq~ a T a e BO.I8.lllt B'UBeB'.i • W.peB't.; Ha aero ICe Be38.n P&SJIHlIBB OltCTPH 4lurYPH B TO, C'b or.le,l;'l. K:J.)['" "8-' paethT&.. qeCTO' .1l&TB DtHIJfOUHn .dlBOIRR H8paOOtB&T'L TUJI "D, H 0'l"Jj ~lUa. ~YB~"'T& OTDp'iA'lI ce 8&ROOQaa es:

14. II t t,T'H. llo-CTapBtil, zeBB 'HOCH'l"Ja .t,l;RB. aru1'H nrtm, a DO MJIlWlri' -, epe61,pHB B', 1:9.It ••• ,Ha ,rlJ.~ 1!J1Il. B806paseHB paaaa ,JlrYPB' H .neps, Hun cpop.a C'LPA~BIf, H ee 8&.lI8B8'Mr (sasoDlIuan) IIOKeJQY CII es Ari RYRJI'lRB.

" 10. Ba Kp"CT8 eJl. npimaCBaJIH B q e P B e B 'io 00.11 C ~ On.

J(nTi CTp&OB aa OOBOseri (nuBrl) - OT.!1'l~BO B A'.hcHO'-,Ca. BOCH.lB n H C R IQ Jl H, ROIl1'O, cs BJ(8J(U A'lNlatBHa AO eARa nep;a H Cii OR.'!B on ROBI\H xepseaa, P&3M'])ceBB Clt nO"'J(8.IBO eIlBB.

16. llpilra'l'lr (Up1JCTB.lB&) IIp'loaCB&JIJI ca DOA'},. noaea H JJ;7tJIZBBaT8 .Y AOCTRrua AO spaa B8 B'bCeBHBa. PII33Ta .. e AR·TpB Dp1>CTa nO-Aura on ClIIlT&. ll}YhraqBri ce npaaars WI> ,JJ;OMamB8. npt'&A8. K()flTO e o(iarpeH8 sepseao, (;.JUO. 8eJIeHO, ZltJITO H up. !\aSTO H npa 1I0paoHT'Il, 4»HrypBri CA K88;J;p&Tqel&, Bp7tCneT8, .lHR"H D'L ,paSJUI1fHO, 'OO.lO',seBHe It np, nO-,XYOaBBT'B npi;ra'lu C& HIl8JIU HaoKO.'IO nUCKI6.neT8 (nCB) mapeUH. ~.n a B8 pHlI&1''L K H r e a JI :n p ,];, r a 'I II,

17. 00 e T K H T 1> (00Bl.\B1-t) r& OU.lH 01"1> pYU'ICTa Cpe61.PBH UB JIt'LJITB, 01"1> .ll'IIB&T& ooeTKa 1.0 .. ');caaTa ce Dpol&sa.Dl 01l.lB, 1"I>OKH CHBA3tUpqem, no SOUTO B8R8'lBflJIB ()-MH nap II.

18. TY'iB1ui HAU .iB.'LJlTo-Mil,ll;BH't.'i rpBIlH,B 118..'IUlB8.lB p&BaTa. Til ca lleT8JIII'IeCH& UpyZHH&, maposa Olt010 e,:(BH'J. np1tC1'1t B CBaTa Tasa, mOTO AS 06paaysa KPil.~. BOITo ,J.a npB.ltosa ~o R<»KaTa. Cera ra BOCIJ1"I> apaO'laBRBT-B BSDp. B'L c. .HclL-KopaH.

19. T Y 11 B H n p 'hC or e B a ("nIJ'l.cTeAHB") U ,lI,0 cera ynoTpii6a 6i,pOTO saeereaae.

n. :MUtKI' IJOOBJI.

MliZB&T8 BOCBH e no-upoera-ers ZeBCK8Ta. Til ee C'LCTOB on. CoI'I'kP;BUTB qaCTU:

1. K a JI e B p H HJIB n'LK'L ~ 'L P By.! U. KO.iKaTa aa 06yBKBrl e 6BJIa xepaa, OTOptp;i; C~ Hl[8.ilH K8081.\B. Taa 06YBKB ce aapn8n It nil a It JI H H II e .HI.

2.qopa 0 HT·lJ 6.1lJ1HC&~H, JUl.KB51TO a HteHCBBn, 6C3'Lp88.la~. S. B 'h.l14 Sa..1I 1\ H, J,J,OCTHr&'l"I> AO KO.liiIl3Ta, Clip. )1;0 T8.~, ,on, r,'l;tTo ce aaO()1fB8. pa38T8 Clt 6aRpa'ieTs.

- 138 -

4. r &. ~ liT iJ CJi 6cbB pil)l;1tO CBB1t8BH; rl; ce spun no~ PIf8aTS C'L -6a.lpS'IeTS •

. 5. A P Bay T C R S Tap H 8 a e &Iura B on T'l>B'LB1> nJIan.

Ta e RJiCS - ,llOtTB1'& ,11;0· BOJliBaTS; on TIUl'L B8)1;OJlY CJi ~ri. PilsaTs 8Ka .aoro ,1I;BnJlB, BOBTO ee HapB'Ian (S a I p a 'I e r a, Ha Rp1>CTa B)I;paBO ce crlra C'L 41HTBJleBa BP'LBb, a )l;OJlBBJI spall e cBOOO.a;eB'L H .oate ~S ce pasnepa. Ilpa SpBSyTCKO xopo, B01'&TO ce npaaar» S8B'LPTB&BBJI, pBS&T8 ce pasnepa, TaKa xe OBO.lO KP'LCTS aa RrpS'IS ce o6pssyBa e,ll;RB'L 6il.rJ, XOpBSOHTuen spx.l"L. 1'RJI spsrose C'L roriMS .1IIOOOBb C~ I'B UpSBUR UpH RrpST&.

6. 0 <5 B K BOB e BaT S pBS&, BOlTO ce o6,.IIB'Is aa roao T'.bo e eI. mBpOKB puaBB.

7. Ha,1l;'L TM pil8a OO.1I8'1UB a B T e p B JI, on KOnpBB&, sepBeBa RJI8 mapeaa.

8. B'L c-e H B K'L T 'L e c~m,o TaK'LB'L, K&S'LBTO B zeOCKBsn.

9. It S n S T S ( 41ec'Ln ) e 6en II8CK1O.ll'L B 06BBT'Ja.. e C'L T'l>B'LK$ IIJIsn - AIOJI6eB'L.

10. It 0 C iI. T a e 6BJ18 (Sp1>CH&TS C'LDciM.'L UH n'LS'L C'L q-y • ~ a C tJ e BJIB De p s 0 M 'L.

11. II 0.11 C'L. HOCO.lH '1epaeB'l> noses, 3)1;paBO B neBo ererHan HS Kp'LCT&.

12. - qecTo U&TH ee OpBIIscBa C B .1I 11 X'L, Ba BOATO ce B8- nKBaT'L IIom,OBe H BOSOue.

13. M&aterl ex. BOCHJIB ome H -BB)l.HOJlBIBH e a e s e'ra . . Tok 6UH on sonpaaa, oTnpiJ)l.iJ C'J,. ralTao8 xepaa; aa Kpaa : C~ 8MaJI8 q epa R n & U K H. Ha nx.nRorl 8MaJIO U e T e z K H. 1'OBII. C~ M&.lIRO ralTsBeBH ronsera npa-

JIO'lBH aa MaCJIUBS.

On JItso 8 on )l.iJcBO cptm,y BetK&' neTeJI1t8 8MS 8 seMKR; TOBa ca raitT8- BeB8 npscreasera, TOJ! UeTeJIKR H seMEH C~ sa YKpameBOJI. IIo)l.'L nx'L 8MS s&mBTIf "M~ZKH" 8 l13ieHCKU" senna, B08TO S8- KOn'laBan.

B

A = OeTe.llUI

B = 3(,MItH.

OnBcaOSTa BOCHJI e )J,OBeceBS 8S'L KoCrypCBO, Tn Mozua )1;8. ce Sa)l.'Lp4iH ,lI,'LJlro BpiJMe. JIO)I.'L CHJIBOTO BJIHJIB8e BS OBOJI08ra 90CB.II, TJI ce BSMiJa.8J1a UOCTeneBOO )l;OlaTO Bal-ceTri ee 830- CT&BIIJIa 8 ce saMimHJlII. C'L pO,ll,OnCKO-M'LpBamKaTa BOCBII, soaro

139 -

e nO-lIp0CTa B 1I0-,II;e.llBB&TH8. lispaBHeHBeTO H8BOCHJlTa ,BBII'l>pBO CTaB8.l10 6aBB:0, a CJ1iJA'l> oCRo603AeHBeTO - 1I0-6'l>pze. ItoJlRO'l'O ce oraaea ,11;0 M~ZKOTO (l6.1iJoo, 8a6'btsBa ce,lIe' ItaKTGapH8YTRft TaD C~~O II It'l>pnqHri B'J.SnpBe)(8.n rpazcsoro sa.n&,II;HoeBpOlIeRcKO 06.1l'lnuo. Hocars cera 1I8HT&.IIOHB" Bspa60TeHB 0'1"1> maaR'L (a69o), mara B spoeaa npa DCTBB mBB81JJ1 II Bpoa'IB. Hocan TaKa eamo B maDRB, eBponeRcBB UlIe.lR •

.iKeHCK8Ta HOeRS, MKTO 'MS8Xlle, cera e S&HilBeBacr. npBaWU, KOSTO ce C'l>CTOU on CJliJp;nHri sacra: 1) aHTe.p'BJI, 2) cyKlnH'l> B 3) 6pt.IIBBR'l>.

CTapaTa apaayrcsa BOCBS, es )(a..IBB BSJlilnenBJI, e sanaseas y Ari CTSPBqH aa OKO.iIO 70-75 I'O,lUfwna B'l>8paCTI>, ROOTO B ,11;0 cera aoears CBoeTO crapo apnsyTcKO pyo.

E,II;RaTs on riX'l> e 6a6s B a Bile B H ~ a q y JI K 0 B a, a APyraT8. 6a6a Ba n s eBB ~ a H e HOB a.

Ton "apHaYTCKO pyo" B'J. !tOCTYPCKO B ,11;0 cera ce HOCH, pas6Bpa ce He B'J. C~m.Bri 1I0,ll;PO(SHOCTB, BaRBBTO C& 60JIB npil,ll;H 100 - 200 I'O)(BHH. OCHoBnHsn C&lI\eCTBeH'l> xapsKTeP'l> na noeBHTa e onaaeas H ,11;0 .3;eill. ,ll;HemeH1>. On pasnara aa ROCTYP- . qSHH TYBa B'J. CoIfIBS MOZaX1> )(a }'SHaH, KOB BMeHHO 'IIRCTB, BaRTO aa ZeHCBaTa, TaD eamo B aa M&3tKRT8 HOCHS, ClK eanaaeaa U ce aocars ,ll;HeC'D. .iKCHUri no !tOCTYPCRO HOCHn ouie: 1) aaeHBrl KaJIeBpB HJIB ".'IeKBri 'IIeJIB"; 2) ClK~B ClK R 1I0PSIIHTiI 3) BeBaHBrl KomyJIB; 4) C1>S:I; 5) B1>,II;atyIflTaATiI, ROBTO ce ylIorpt6ST'I> no-pilp;KO; 6) B'1ceBHK1>; 7) CKYJIy!fJB, napa, 3t1>JITB B 6UB 3tS6KB; 8) sana; 9) nYDJI'e; 10) ,ll;IOJI6eH1>; 11) nylflTB; 12) npersvs KUTeH1>, 06eTKo, TyllnB rpaaaa a up,

A M&aterl ome aocars: 1) C~~B R&.IIeBpB; 2) 6eJIB W~H; 3) rama: 4) apHaYTCKaTS pasa; 5) pasa C1> maposa pasasa; 6) SHTepBS:! OTL ROnpBH&; 7) Bt.ceHHK1>; 8) Kans; 9) nepQRMlle UB QYM6aclle; 1 0) IIOSC1> sepaeas, H 11) CHJIS:lX1>.

On KaBaHOTO B,])PXy CT8POTO 06JIilKJIO aa 6paqBroBcRBTiI apHayTB lIaR']) ce IIOTB'bPAJIB8, lIe H8pO,ll;'])n TB'])P,ll;-B OIIOPBTO no.npza Tpa,ll;B~BOHHaTa CH HOCHS U lie caao CJ1ilA']) A'hJIrOBpi;MeHBa 6op(Sa C'D lIy3t,ll;O BJIBS:lBBe B TO IIpR Be6.aaronpHS:lTBH YCJ10BHJI, B'b KaRBOTO 1I0na,1l;an T8Ka B30JIOpaHH B'b lIys,ll;a cpil)J;a RO.lIOBHCTH, BaRBBTO ClK 6UH THS aama apaayra, Hait-ceTRiJ B TO 1I0CTeneHHO

- 140 -

ee mmycm ~eBua on ~ B n~)I;B BOCIIJI. IloBe.e B CII.IIIOTPE'..BCBBrli II&PB&YU· (II&. MIIJleTJl1rl, .n;. c.) U lIpiIce.. eB~B on. .!toCTYPCKO B DOBeD J m7. npiI,.. 7£) l'O,D;lIBH, BOraTO _.aOUB O'n. Pasrpa.u;cao B'It CUlICTpeBCBO, B~O Be ce e noKB'luo 3& HinwramB~T& 81l" oc06aa. BOCKJI· - ri Aomm B'A IIOtBJI, BaB8aTO e DplleT& J Crapllri &BreD OKo.IO P&8rp&~ - H .TOI& 00cm1lTe.!CTBO e KOCBeBO AOKa381e.tCTllO, se npilce.leHBe'l'O B& CH.HCTpeIIClUlri &pHaytB 01'1. MueAOBD e CT&BLlO n TB'Itp.... O'I'aoriJIl.RO .phe.