Illinois State University

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Defensive Line

Fundamentals & Techniques

Coach RaShan Frost

ILLINOIS STATE

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WHAT IS A LOAF

1. Change of Speed

2. Not turning and going to the ball.

3. Getting passed up by another player

at your position.

4. Laying on the ground - HOT STOVE.

5. Turning down a hit.

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PRACTICE #: --

OPPONENT: -------

D-LINE DAILY TEACHING AND DRILLS

PRE-PRACTICE GET-OFFS-GREEN SA LL FORM TACKLING

ANGLE TACKLING

SPIN TACKLING

TWIST GET -OFFS

SLANT GET -OFFS

CAGEI CHUTES

ALIGN & ASSIGN

LAME DOG GET-OFFS

BOARDS GET-OFFS CAGE/CHUTES

FIT, DRIVE, & SHED

PASS RUSH

CLOSE DR.ILL PROGRESSION PULL-SLIDE - RIP/SWIM HANDS: 1. CHOP &FLlP

2. SWAT & RIP

3. CLUB & RIP

4. CLUB & SWIM

5. JUDO DRILL

6. HANDS DRILL

7. DBL. DOWN &

SUDE

BOB, SW AT-RIP! SWIM LIMP ARM

RIP & HOGTIE GET-OFF BULL RUSH - SNATCH HUMP - COUNTER CLUB SPIN

KEY TURN RIP SPEED RUSH

GL STANCE CHARGE PrNCH

2 KNEE RUN

SLANTS & TWISTS o AIR

VS. BLOCKS

FIT

6 PT, TURN, DUMP STEER DRILL

3 PT FIT

-SHED. TACKLE 2 MAN SLED

-6 PT FIT

-3 PT FIT

-FIT & DRIVE

HOOPS SINGLE FIGURE 8 CHASE CHOP& RUSH

DATE: _

POP-UPS

HIPS: l. STRAIGHT

2. ANGLE LONG BURMA

l. RIP 2. SWIM

3. SPIN 4. COUNTER TWISTS VS. POP-UPS

BAGS

\,2,3 HOLE W-DRILL

SIDE SHUFFLE WEAVE TOUCH QUARTER TURNS

CONDITIONING EFFORT PASS RUSH POP-UPS

HOOPS

BAGS

BLOCKS

3 ON \ BASE/DRIVE ZONEI REACH CUTOFF SCOOP COMBO

FOLD

DOUBLE TEAM DOWN/ BACK BLOCK CUT

INFLUENCE TRAP VEER TRAP

DEFENSES

ALIGN. TECHNIQUES SHADE

211 G TECH 3 TECH STECH

6 TECH

7 TECH

9 TECH

AA

TURNOVERS FUMBLE

SCOOP & SCORE CIRCLE STRIP TACKLE STRIP TACKLE PUNCH

SCHEDULE

SPECIAL TEAMS
POSITION
SPECIALTY
STRETCH
PRACTICE

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2
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J
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
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23
24
25
26
27
28
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30 D-Line Introduction and Philosophy

Philosop by: Coaching Points of Emphasis .

I) Unity - We're in it together! Play like your family is in a fight!

2) Accountability - I am my brother's keeper, Count on Me.

3) Effort - Giving maximum effort must be a habit.

4) Technique - Know what to do and do it well.

5) Discipline - Doing things the right way.

6) Fundamentals - The little things make a big difference.

7) Work Hard, Play Hard - You play how you practice, work with a purpose, work to be a champion getting better everyday.

8) Have Fun - Tum it loose on game day.

Defense is 90% effort and attitude- Attack and React

1) Relentless Pursuit - Swarm to the football (11 hats to the bail).

2) Must have a burning desire to whip the man in front of you - defense isn't for the weak, the timid or the fainthearted.

3) Everyone play with the intent to make the play themselves

4) D-Line is heart and soul of defense: Everything starts and ends here!

Weare the foundation of the defense!

BuzzWords

1) Alignment - Stance - Assignment - Pad level - Hand Fit

2) Get-off

3) Effort - Swann

4) pursuit - Run to Ball

5) Create Turnovers

6) Execution

7) Never one for one

8) Be great on 3 rd down - 3 & Punt

Commandments of D-Line Play

1) Stance, Alignment, Assignment - Pre snap I Football IQ

2) Get off, Hand fit, Separation - Execution / Technique

3) Shed, Pursuit, Tackle - Effort

Attack and React

1) Establish new LOS 1-3 yards back - done with good get off

2) Whip man onl React to blocking scheme - violently shed block.

3) Get to ball- Pursue with the intent to make the play yourself

Fundamentals and Technique

Stance

1) Rt. hand Vs. Lt. hand stance - ball side hand is the down hand

2) Ball side foot is the back foot - Toe to instep relationship

3) Feet shoulder width apart

4) Shoulders square/flat back

5) Down hand fingers contacting ground

6) Head slightly up

7) Weight slightly forward

8) Off-hand ready

Pass Rush Stance

1) Elongate - sprinter stance

2) Butt up

3) Weight forward - off hand back and up

4) Think pass - React to run

Defensive Line Keys

1) Ball

2) Man on (hip of near man on line stunts)

3) Ball carrier

Pre-Snap Reads

1) Down and distance

2) Time and score

3) OL stance and splits

4) Eyes ofOL

5) Personnel and formation

6) Offensive tendencies

Hand Placement

1) Shoot hands hard into inside numbers, aim for breastplate of shoulder . pads

2) Thumbs up - lock out

3) Bench press away - push/pull to gap. Turn OL shoulders and use release

Hat Placement

1) Eyes shoot to "V" of neck of the man head up to your gap.

2) Keep head up

3) Keep head lower than chin ofOL - good pad level

Types of Releases to Shed Blockers

1) Snatch (pull) Release

A. Fit hands - Bench away

B. Hard violent pull away from gap of responsibility

C. Pull off blocker violently using hands, hips and feet

2) Rip Release

A. Fit hands - Bench Away

B. Push/Pull - Push outside arm up field, turn blockers outside

shoulder - pull with inside arm

C. Trail hand rip under

D. Get hips through

E. Pull off with off hand

3) Swim Release

A. Fit hands - Bench away

B. PushiPull- tum blocker sideways

C. Snatch and pull shoulder (outside or inside)

D. Trail hand quick/tight swim over (Ice pick with swim hand)

E. Get hips through

F. Pull off with offhand

Alignments - 3 Basic Types

1) Base Alignment - 50% Shade

A. Foot split the crotch of OL shaded on

B. Attack OL up field

C. Get OL back to establish new LOS

2) Wide Alignment - 100/0 Shade

A. Toe to Toe ofOL shaded on

B. Attack and penetrate

3) Jet Alignment -Gap alignment

A. Foot outside ofOL shaded on

B. Sprinter stance

C. Pass rush - THINK PASS, REACT TO RUN!

TERM INOLOGY -BLOCKS 0

DRIVE: B locker which you are aligned on attacks straight at you and tries to knock .L
vou off the football and tries to widen you. T
REACH: Front side scoop. The blocker is scooping you from side trying to get his ff
body between you and the football.
CUTOFF: Back side scoop. The blocker is scooping you back side trying to get his ~~
body between you and the football.
DOWN: The blocker is trying to block the next man down and inside of you. ~~
VEER: Inside release by the blocker to block inside backer, trying to avoid you. ~
SCOOP: Full zone step by the offensive linemen. pp
T
POWER SCOOP: Blocker posts you up with a drive block, second lineman bucket ~i
steps behind trying to gain position on you and lening drive blocker
release on linebacker.
DOUBLE: Drive block with a down block by adjacent lineman trying to knock you ~9
off the football. T
FOLD: T Fold is backside tackle and guard rrO
a Fold is backside guard and center
G Fold is frontside guard and tackle
lNFLUENCE TRAP: Blocker sets up for pass for one count and kicks out, setti~
up the trap block. T ~
fNFLUENCE DRA W: Blocker sets for pass inviting defender upfield and then ~r
engages in a drive block opening up running lanes. BLOCK RECOGNITION

Base

1) Explode off ball - attack blocker - hand fit - separation - feet moving.

2) Maintain gap leverage, cannot get knocked off LOS.

3) Violently snatch release, find ball and pursue.

Zone-Reach

1) Explode off ball - attack blocker - hand fit - separation - feet moving.

2) Work up field, push/pull, maintain gap leverage.

3) CANNOT GET REACHED! -AT ALL COSTS!

4) Violently release when ball declares and pursue ball carrier.

Cut-Off

1) Explode off ball - attack blocker - hand fit - separation.

2) Squeeze OL - condense gap and maintain gap leverage.

3) Release when ball declares or blocker's hips tum.

4) Can use a backdoor release.

5) Stay tight, don't run up field, stay tight to LOS - be aware of cutback.

Scoop Block

1) Explode - attack blocker - hand fit - separation - feet moving

2) Fit on G as he works up field, G will take you to play by proper hand

fit.

3) Upon feeling T coming work in seam between G and T

4) Work up field - make T run you to the play

5) Be aware of possible cut block - use outside hand to protect

6) Shed blocker violently and chase the football.

Cut Block

1) Explode off ball- attack blocker - good pad'level

2) As OL head drops to cut - stay square to LOS

3) Shoot hands and jam blocker's helmet and pad, forcing blocker down and away.

4) Give ground, keep feet moving, stay low.

2) Influence Trap

A. Note high hat - showing pass - RUSH.

B. See G taking you up field - look inside for trap

C. Sit and take on trapper with inside shoulder - stay low and square. Squeeze the hole.

Double Team

1) Split Technique

A. Explode - attack base blocker - hand fit - separation - feet movmg.

B. Feel down block - sit on stool into down block (butt in gap).

C. Work to split block, work up field - keep feet active. 2) Knee Drop

A. Explode - attack base blocker - hand fit - separation - feet moving.

B. Feel down block - drop gap knee and pop up.

C. Feel down block coming off, disengage base blocker, pursue football.

CP: IfD-Lineman is losing ground, immediately get down and collapse the gap. It is important that the D-Lineman doesn't get taken to the next level and one of the linemen gets to the linebacker. If 2 are on 1 then that means a defensive player is free.

Trap

1) Veer Trap

A. Explode off ball.

B. If no one is blocks - look inside for trapping lineman.

C. Play wrong ann technique to spill outside.

Fold Block

1) Explode.off ball - attack blocker.

2) Notice down block as man head on pulls - (read light/heavy in presnap).

3) If down blocker's head is in front of body - wipe across his face.

4) If down blocker's head is behind body - U-Turn It, run the circle - stay tight to LOS.

5) Don't give any ground - shed block and chase the football.

Pass Rush Techniques

Qualities of a Great pass rusher

1) Intelligence (Football IQ) - Knows what to do, knows what's going

on.

2) Effort and Determination - Pass rush is 90% want to.

3) Speed and Quickness - Must be agile and able to run well.

4) Strength

5) Fundamentally sound - Good technique is a must.

Objectives of Good Pass Rush - Pressure the QB

1) Sack the QB

2) Knock down passes

3) Disrupt the confidence of QB and passing game rhythm

4) Create turnovers - Interceptions and fumbles

Comm.andments of Pass Rush

1) Know down and distance - pre snap reads.

2) KnOW opponent - weaknesses, protections, depth of QB drop.

3) Have a predetermined rush plan.

4) Key the ball, anticipate the snap.

5) Good get off on snap with a good low body lean.

6) Attack half a man, know and use proper rush lane.

7) Active feet and violent hands - always stay active.

8) Keep rush up field at all times. (Retrace when QB steps up in pocket)

9) Gain ground to OL - close distance between OL and rusher; stay tight

to QL, keep his hands off of you.

10) Execute move - coordinate hands and feet.

11) Get hips past OL hips.

12) Have counter move available if first move doesn't work.

13) Accelerate off move to QB. 14)QB in front of you - get hands up. 15) QB front away - close.

16)Ifyou are the contain rusher, rush the up field shoulder ofQB.

17) Tackle high on QB - insures ball not being thrown, it also gives rusher the opportunity to strip the ball.

18) Don't leave feet unless the ball has been released from QB 's hands and it is thrown in front of you.

19) Ball thrown - plant, sink hips and redirect to ball.

3) C or D gap- speed and contain, squeeze pocket

A. Speed

B. Rip

C. Counters

D. Swim

E. Combinations

Rush Lanes

1) A gap - Power rush, push pocket

A. Rip

B. Bull

2) B gap - 2-way go, push pocket A. Rip

B.Swim

C. Bull

D. Combinations

E. Counters

Pass Rush Lanes

DE DEAD ZONE

DT DEAD ZONE

5YDS

2YDS

6·7 YDS

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34YDS

5YDS

DE MOVE ZONE

DT MOVE. ZONE

1·2 YDS

OE CLOSING ZONE

DT CLOSING ZONE

E

T

N

E

Know and study your pass rush lanes. We must keep the integrity of ourlanes in order to be successful.

LO.S: Line of Scrimmage

Closing Zone: Area where you should close the distance between yourself and the blocker in order to begin your move.

Move Zone: Area where you should be in your move.

Counter Zone: Area where if your move has not cleared you must counter back· inside.

Dead Zone: Area where you are no use to us. You have broken pass rush integrity and we are not successful as a unit to pressure or sack the OB.

"A defensive player's worth is directly proportional to his distance from the ball at the end of a play. "