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1.

Electron Backscattering Patterns in a Field Emission Gun Scanning Electron


Microscope, C.J. Harland, J.H. Klein, P. Akhter and J.A. Venables,, Electron
Microscopy I (1978) p564
2. Surface Studies in a UHV Field Emission Gun Scanning Electron Microscope, J.A.
Venables, A.P. Janssen, P. Akhter, J. Derrien and C.J. Harland; J. Microscopy, 118
(1980) 351
3. A Microscopic Work-Function Detector for Surface Studies with Application to
Cs/W, A.P. Janssen, P. Akhter, C.J. Harland and J. A. Venables, Inst. Phys. Conf.
Ser. 52 (1980) 375
4. UHV SEM Studies of Stranski-Krestanov Growth Systems, P. Akhter, J. Derrien,
A.P. Janssen and J.A. Venables., Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 52 (1980) 383
5. High Spatial Resolution Surface Potential Measurements Using Secondary Electrons,
A.P. Janssen, P. Akhter, C.J. Harland and J.A. Venables, Surf. Sci. 93 (1980) 453
6. Accurate Micro crystallography in the SEM, J.A. Venables, C.J. Harland and P.
Akhter, EMSA 38 (1980) 184,
7. UHV-SEM Studies of Stranski-Krestanov Growth Systems., J.A. Venables, P. Akhter
and J. Derrien, , 8th International Vacuum Conference; 4th International Conference
on Solid Surfaces and 3rd European Conference on Surface Science, Cannes (France)
1 (1980) 42
8. Accurate Micro crystallography at High Spatial Resolution Using Electron
Backscattering Patterns in a Field Emission Gun Scanning Electron Microscope., C.J.
Harland, P. Akhter, J.A. Venables, J. Phys. E:14 (1981) 175
9. Observation of a Registered Phase in Cs/W (110)., P. Akhter and J.A. Venables, Surf.
Sci. 102 (1981) L41,
10. SEM Observations of Caesium Monolayers on Polycrystalline Tungsten., P. Akhter
and J.A. Venables, ,Surf. Sci. 103 (1981) 301.
11. SEM Observations of Adsorption of Ag/W (110), P. Akhter, 29th All Pakistan
Science Conference, Karachi; December 1983; 8K (1983).
12. UHV-SEM Study of the Nucleation and Growth of Ag/W (110), G. D. T. Spiller, P.
Akhter, J.A. Venables,, Surf, Sci. 131 (1983) 517
13. Photovoltaic - An Ultimate Source of Energy., P. Akhter, Symposium on Energy
Crises in Pakistan, NWFP University, Peshawar; March, 1986
14. Pakistan Country Paper on Renewable Energy Resources., A. Mufti, P. Akhter, I.A.
Qazi and Z.I. Zaidi, Proc: SAARC Workshop - on Renewable Energy Resources,
Islamabad, Pakistan, April, 1986; p-73,
15. Optimum Utilization of Skill and Means., P. Akhter, ECO Workshop on Science
Policy, Planning and Development; Islamabad - Pakistan; 21-28 September, 1986
16. Chemical Etching of Silicon Wafers, P. Akhter, A. Baig and A. Mufti, Proc:
International Symposium-Workshop on Silicon Technology Development, Islamabad,
Pakistan, June, 1987; pp CG.1-10,
17. Effect of Un-Even Temperature Profiles on the Diffusion of Impurities in to Silicon,
P. Akhter, A. Baig, B. Ahmed and A. Mufti, Proc: International Symposium-
Workshop on Silicon Technology Development,, Islamabad, Pakistan; June, 1987; Pp
CJ.1-8
18. Measurement of Solar Irradiance at Islamabad, P. Akhter, A. Baig, I. Mazhar, M.
Usman and A. Mufti, International Symposium-Workshop on Silicon Technology
Development, Islamabad, Pakistan; June, 1987; CN.1-9
19. Pakistan Country Paper on Renewable Energy Sources, A. Mufti and P. Akhter,
Founding Meeting of Inter-Islamic Network on Renewable Energy Sources,
Islamabad; September 1987
20. Fabrication Facilities of Electronic Devices in Pakistan, P. Akhter, Proceeding of the
ECO Electronics Technology Workshop TUBITAK, Gabze, Turkey; November
1987; P-165
21. Dissolution of B-Doped Si (100) Layer in NaOH Aqueous Solutions, P. Akhter, A.
Baig and A. Mufti, ICTP, International Report, IC/88/380 (1988)
22. Standardization of Atomic Absorption and Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometer,
Z.I. Zaidi, P. Akhter and A. Mufti, Regional Workshop on Physics and its Industrial
Applications, Standardization and Quality Assurance, NPSL, Islamabad; Feb. 1989
23. Measurement of Oxygen and Carbon Concentrations Using IR Spectroscopy, Z.I.
Zaidi, P. Akhter and A. Mufti, Regional Workshop on Physics and its Industrial
Applications, Standardization and Quality Assurance, NPSL, Islamabad; Feb.1989
24. R&D Activities at National Institute of Silicon Technology, P. Akhter, World
Laboratory Conference, Islamabad; 1989
25. Effect of a Peak in Temperature Profile of Diffusion Furnace on Silicon Solar Cell
Fabrication, P. Akhter, A. Baig, B. Ahmad and A. Mufti, Second. Sci. Technol. 4
(1989) 409
26. Dissolution of Si (100) Layers in NaOH Aqueous Solutions, P. Akhter, A. Baig and
A. Mufti, J. Phys. D: 22 1924 (1989)
27. Analysis of Silica Sand and Quartz Samples Using ICP Technique, Z.I. Zaidi, A.
Mufti, P. Akhter and S. Hussain, Proc: National Symposium on Modern Trends in
Contemporary Chemistry, Islamabad, Pakistan, 1990; Pp 149-152
28. Angle of Incidence Effect on the Stoichiometry of Electron Beam Vacuum
Evaporated Tin-Oxide, I. A. Qazi, P. Akhter and A. Mufti, Proc: National
Symposium on Modern Trends in Contemporary Chemistry, Islamabad, Pakistan;
1990; Pp261-264
29. Measurement and Estimation of Clear Day Insolation for Photovoltaic Application.,
P. Akhter, A. Baig and A. Mufti, Energy and the Environment into the 1990's, Vol.1
PP489-493, Ed: A.A. M Sayigh, Pergamon Press, UK (1990).
30. Low Cost Metallization Processes for BSF Silico Solar Cells., P. Akhter, M. Ahmed,
A. Baig, M. Abbas and A. Mufti, Energy and the Environment into the 1990's. Vol.1
PP125-129, Ed: A.A. M Sayigh., Pergamon Press, UK(1990).
31. Effect of C and O2 Impurities in Single Crystal Si Solar Cells., P. Akhter, Z. I. Zaidi,
M. N. Zakir, M. Ahmad, A. Baig, I. A. Qazi, K. N .Ahmad, S. Hussain and A. Mufti,
4th Arab International Solar Energy Conference, Amman, Jordan, (1990).
32. Transparent Conducting Coating Materials, Techniques and Applications in
Photovoltaics, I.A. Qazi, P. Akhter and A. Mufti, 2nd International Symposium on
Renewable Energy Sources, Cairo, Egypt, 1-4 October, 1990
33. Measurement of Oxygen and Carbon Concentration Using IR Spectroscopy, Z.I.
Zaidi, P. Akhter, S. Hussain, M.N. Zakir and A. Mufti, Proc 12th IMEKO World
Congress, Beijing, China; Sept.1990.
34. Effect of Oxygen and Carbon Impurities on the performance of Silicon Single Crystal
Solar Cell, P. Akhter, M.N. Zakir, A. Baig, Z.I. Zaidi, A. Mufti, Internal Report;
ICTP, 1990; Miramare, Trieste, Italy.
35. Analysis of Pakistani Silica Sand and Quartz for Solar Cell Industry Using ICP
Technique, Z. I. Zaidi, A. Mufti, P. Akhter and S. Hussain, Proc: 2nd National
Chemistry conf.1990; Karachi, Pp: 80-83
36. Measurement of Axial and Radial Distribution of O2 Concentration in Cz Silicon
Crystals Using FTIR Techniques., Z.I. Zaidi, P. Akhter, S. Hussain and A. Mufti, 2nd
National Chemistry Conference, Karachi; 1990; Pp 326-328
37. A Noval Approach to Estimate the Clear Day Global Radiation, A. Baig, P. Akhter
and A. Mufti, Renewable Energy 1 (1991) 119,
38. On Angular Dependent Growth of Electron Beam Evaporated Tin Oxide Thin Films,
I. A. Qazi, P. Akhter and A. Mufti, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 24 (1991) 81.
39. Solar crop drying in Pakistan" Progressive Farming, Anwer, S. Tahir, M. N. Zakir, "
A Journal of Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad. Vol. 11, no. 3,
May/June, 1991, 5?8.
40. Application of solar energy in Pakistan. N. Zakir, I. A. Qazi " Daily Dawn, 14th
September 1991. Karachi.
41. Solar energy application, scientist working on ways to reduce capital cost, M. N.
Zakir, I. A. Qazi, Daily dawn, 5th October 1991. Karachi.
42. Effect of O2 and C Impurities on the Performance of Si Single Crystal Solar Cells., P.
Akhter, M.N. Zakir, A. Baig, Z.I. Zaidi, M. Ahmed, S. Hussain, I.A. Qazi, and A.
Mufti, Semicon. Sci. Technol. 6(1991) 135
43. Clear Sky Solar Radiation Data for Islamabad, P. Akhter, A. Baig and A. Mufti, Inter.
J. Solar Energy 10 (1991) 155,
44. Comments on Stranski - Krastanov Growth of Bi and Ag on Si(100)., P. Akhter and
A. Baig, Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 30A (1991) L1203
45. Analysis of Impurities in Silica Sand and Quartz Critical for Solar Industry Point of
View, Z.I. Zaidi, A. Mufti, P. Akhter and S. Hussain, Proc: Workshop on
Photovoltaic: Physics, Technology and Application, Tripoli, Libya; 15-20 June, 1991,
46. Measurement and Distribution of Oxygen and Carbon Concentration in Czochralski
Grown Silicon Crystal, Z.I. Zaidi, P. Akhter, S. Hussain and A. Mufti, Proc:
Workshop on Photovoltaic: Physics, Technology and Application, Tripoli, Libya; 15-
20 June, 1991.
47. Infrared Bands Of Electron – Beam Vacuum Evaporated Tin- Oxide Thin Film
Determined By Fourier Transform Spectroscopy” I. A. Qazi, M. Abass and S.
Hussain, 5th National conference on solid states physics, Lahore, Pakistan, October
26- 29- 1991.
48. Oxygen Incorporation And Precipitation In Czochralski Grown Silicon, K. N.
Ahmed, S. Hussain, 5th National conference on solid states physics, Lahore, Pakistan,
October 26- 29- 1991.
49. On the Measurement of Clear Day Solar Irradiance Components at Islamabad, P.
Akhter, A. Baig and A. Mufti, Renewable Energy, 2(1992) 175
50. Phosphorous Oxide Gettering of Polycrystalline Silicon, P. Akhter, COMSTECH
Workshop on Recent Development in Material Science, Islamabad, Pakistan; 2-6
December, 1992.
51. Effect of Temperature on the Performance Parameters of BSF Silicon Solar Cells.,
Munawar Ahmad, P. Akhter and A. Mufti, Inter. J. Solar Energy, 13(1992) 11
52. Energy Conservation in Buildings, Ahmad I, and Z. I. Zaidi, Fourth Symposium on
Frontiers in Physics of Satellite Meeting on Atomic and Molecular Physics, Quaid-I-
Azam University Islamabad, 15-18 April 1992.
53. Optimum Azimuth Angle for Solar Devices, Ahmad, I., Z. I. Zaidi, Science
International, All Pakistan Conference, Khanspur, 16-21, May 1992.
54. Performance of BSF Silicon Solar Cells using Concentrated Sunlight. Ahmad, M.
Farooq, Z. I. Zaidi and U. S. Qureshi, FASAS Symposium on new material &
contemporary application and Comstech workshop on recent advances in material
science, Islamabad, 28th Nov-6th Dec. 1992.
55. Thermo-Electrical Characterization of Silicon Solar Cells under Concentrated Sun
Light, Ahmad, M. Farooq and Z. I. Zaidi. Annual Conference 1993 at Center for
Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore from 2-5, April 1993.
56. Optimum tilt angles for solar panels for some cities of Pakistan, M. N. Zakir, I. A.
Qazi, T. Hussain, A.T. Naveed 2nd International Conference on Silicon Technology,
Developments & it's Role in the Sun Belt Countries, 8?11 May, 1993, Islamabad,
Pakistan.
57. Axial distribution of boron in Czochralski grown crystal ingots", M. N. Zakir, I. A.
Qazi, T. Hussain, K. N. Ahmed, 2nd International Conference on Silicon Technology,
Developments & role in the Sun Belt Countries, 8-11 May, 1993, Islamabad,
Pakistan.
58. Simulation of the Thermal Behavior of Box type Solar Cooker, Ahmad, M. Farooq,
U. S. Qureshi and Z. I. Zaidi, 2nd Internal Symposium-Workshop on Silicon
Technology Development and Its Role in the Sun Belt Countries, 8-11, May 1993
Islamabad, Pakistan.
59. Optimum Tilt Angle of Solar Panels for Some Cities of Pakistan, M.N. Zakir, I.A.
Qazi, T. Hussain, A.T. Naveed and P. Akhter, Proc: 2nd International
Symposium/Workshop on Silicon Technology Development, Islamabad, Pakistan;
May 1993
60. Study of Effect of Radiation (IR, Visible, UV) on the Transmittance of Various Type
of Glasses., I.A. Khan, T. Hussain, P. Akhter and A.Q. Qureshi, Proc: 2nd
International Symposium/Workshop on Silicon Technology Development, Islamabad,
Pakistan; May 1993.
61. Screen Printed Silver Metallization on Solar Cells.,M. Abbas, T. Hussain, I.A. Qazi
and P. Akhter, Proc: 2nd International Symposium/Workshop on Silicon Technology
Development, Islamabad, Pakistan; May 1993
62. The Study of parameters of I.D. Saw for Maximum Yield., A. Aziz, T. Hussain and P.
Akhter, Proc: 2nd International Symposium/Workshop on Silicon Technology
Development, Islamabad, Pakistan; May 1993 63.
63. Optimization of Encapsulation Parameters for Solar Cell Modules, A.Q. Qureshi, T.
Hussain and P. Akhter, Proc: 2nd International Symposium/Workshop on Silicon
Technology Development, Islamabad, Pakistan; May 1993
64. Review of Attenuation of Solar Mapping of Pakistan., M. Asghar, Z.I. Zaidi and P.
Akhter, Proc: 2nd International Symposium/Workshop on Silicon Technology
Development, Islamabad, Pakistan; May 1993
65. An Improved Design of Box Type Solar Cooker, M. Farooq, I. Ahmad, Z.I. Zaidi and
P. Akhter,, Proc: 2nd International Symposium/Workshop on Silicon Technology
Development, Islamabad, Pakistan; May 1993
66. Effect of Undoped Impurities on the Performance of B-doped Silicon Single Crystal
Solar Cells, Z.I. Zaidi, S. Hussain and P. Akhter, 3rd International Symposium on
Advanced Materials; Islamabad; Sept 20-24, 1993,
67. Effect of Undoped Impurities on the Performance of B-doped Silicon Single Crystal
Solar Cells, Z.I. Zaidi, S. Hussain, M. Asghar and P. Akhter, 3rd Int. Symp. Adv.
Mat, Islamabad; Sept 20-24, 1993,
68. Measurement of Oxygen and Carbon Impurities in Silicon Wafers by FTIR
Technique and Their Effect on the Performance of Silicon Solar Cells, Z.I. Zaidi, S.
Hussain, M. Asghar and P. Akhter, 5th Nat. Chem. Conf., Islamabad; Oct 25-28,
1993,
69. Photovoltaic Effect, Materials and Technologies (Invited), P. Akhter, Proc: Baragali
School of Electronics; June, 1993,
70. Renewable Energy in Pakistan., P. Akhter, I. Ahmad and Z.I. Zaidi, Regional
Workshop on Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Conversion and Rural Energy
Planning, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 18-13 December, 1993.
71. Current Research Activities in the Field of Photovoltaic Technology in Pakistan., P.
Akhter, Regional Workshop on Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Conversion and
Rural Energy Planning, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 18-23 December, 1993.
72. Future Energy Sources, Their Science, Engineering and Technologies., P. Akhter, 2nd
All Pakistan Science Conference,, Aitchsion College, Pakistan; 26-30 December,
1993
73. A Computer Programme to Calculate Solar Radiation on A Surface in Pakistan., I.
Ahmad, M. Asghar, Z.I. Zaidi and P. Akhter, 2nd All Pakistan Science Conference,
Aitchsion College, Pakistan; 26-30 December 1993.
74. Photovoltaic System Sizing of Khanpur Village (Chakwal), A.Q. Qureshi, A.
Hussain, A.H. Qureshi, M.A. Khan, T. Hussain and P. Akhter, 2nd All Pakistan
Science Conference, Aitchsion College, Pakistan; 26-30 December, 1993
75. Semiconductors Surfaces, Their Importance, Characteristics, Effects and Measuring
Techniques., P. Akhter, Baragali School of Electronics, University of Peshawar,
Pakistan; 1994
76. Present Status of Cast Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells, Z.I. Zaidi, I.Ahmad and P.
Akhter, 3rd All Pakistan Science conference, Bara Gali; 11-15 Sept, 1994
77. Solar Radiation Maps for Pakistan, A. Ahmad, Z.I. Zaidi and P. Akhter, 3rd All
Pakistan Science Conference, Bara Gali; 11-15 Sept, 1994 78.
78. Case Study of Photovoltaic System Sizing of Khanspur Village, A.Q. Qureshi, T.
Hussain and P. Akhter, COMSTECH-NIST Workshop on New Trends and
Breakthroughs in Solar Energy Research; Islamabad - Pakistan; 27th August - 8th
September, 1994
79. Significance of BSF for Si Solar Cells., M. Ahmed, P. Akhter and Z.I. Zaidi, Applied
Solar Energy 31.(1995) pp 4-12.
80. Software Development for System Sizing., M. Asghar, Z.I. Zaidi and P. Akhter,
Applied Solar Energy 31(1995) pp 18-19
81. Solar Radiation Over Pakistan, I. Ahmed, P. Akhter and Z.I. Zaidi, Applied Solar
Energy 31(1995) pp 41-50
82. Solar Energy Development Activities in Pakistan, P. Akhter, I. Ahmed and Z.I. Zaidi,
Applied Solar Energy 31(1995) pp 55-61
83. Analysis of Quartz Crucibles using Atomic Absorption Technique, Z.I. Zaidi,
Munawar Ahmad, S. Hussain and P. Akhter, 2nd National Symposium on Modern
Trends in Contemporary Chemistry, Islamabad; April 4-6, 1995
84. Measurement of Precipitated and Total Oxygen Concentration in NIST Grown
Silicon Crystal Using Infrared Spectroscopy, Z.I. Zaidi, S. Hussain, Munawar Ahmad
and P. Akhter, 2nd National Symposium on Modern Trends in Contemporary
Chemistry, Islamabad; April 4-6, 1995
85. Determination of Concentration of Impurities in Polysilicon, Cz-Silicon, Residues
and Quartz Crucibles, Z. I. Zaidi, Munawar Ahmed, S. Hussain and P. Akhter,
Pakistan Institute of Physics Conference; Islamia University Bahwalpur; April, 1995
86. Photovoltaic - Achievements and Problems, P. Akhter, Pakistan Institute of Physics
Conference; Islamia University Bahwalpur; April, 1995
87. Energy Education As A Part Physics Curricula, A. Q. Qureshi and P. Akhter, Pakistan
Institute of Physics Conference, April, 1995, Islamia University Bahawalpur.
88. Significance of Back Surface Field for Silicon Solar Cells, M. Ahmed, Z.I. Zaidi and
P. Akhter, Gelioteknika: Official Journal of the Uzebekistan Academy of Science,
Tashkent, Uzbekistan, ISSN 0130-0997, 1-3(1995), 174.
89. Solar Cell - Development, Breakthroughs and New Trends, P. Akhter, Seminar on
Topics in Semiconductor Science and Technology; Quaid-e-Azam University,
Islamabad; May 3, 1995
90. Solar Energy Data for Pakistan, I. Ahmad, P. Akhter and A. Mufti, 20th International
Nathiagali Summer College on Physics and, Contemporary needs, PAEC, 24 June -
13 July, 1995
91. The Role of Solar Energy in Future Energy Mix and the Islamic World, P. Akhter,
International Conference on Solar Energy and the Islamic Countries; Tehran, Iran;
November 1995
92. Photo – Oxidation Model And Mechanistic Study Of Amorphous Carbon Alloys, Q.
Qureshi, S. Hussain, J.I. B. Wilson, P. John, 5th National All Pakistan Science
International, Conf. 26-30 Dec.1995, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
93. Development of Solar Energy in Pakistan, P. Akhter, International Conference on
Solar Energy and the Islamic Countries; Tehran, Iran; November 1995
94. The Status of Solar Energy Technologies Development in Pakistan, P. Akhter, I.
Ahmad, Z.I. Zaidi, S. Arshad and I.A. Qazi, The 5th Arab International Solar
Conference, (AISEC-5), Bahrain; November, 1995.
95. Solar Energy in Pakistan (Country Paper), P. Akhter et al, Asia - Pacific Solar
Experts Meeting, Renewable Energies for Development, Culture and Environment,
Islamabad, Pakistan, December 18 - 21, 1995.
96. Silicon Solar Cell - From R&D to Production, P. Akhter, 5th National Symposium on
Frontiers in Physics, Q.A.U. Islamabad, Pakistan, December 1995.
97. Evidence of a Simple Cubic Phase in Electron Beam Vacuum Evaporated Indium–
Oxide on glass Substrate. M. Abbas, I. A. Qazi, A. Samina, M. Masaood and A.
Majeed. J. of Vac. Sci. Tech. A 13(1) 151 1995.
98. Deposition Of Transparent Conducting Thin Films By Electron Beam Vacuum
Evaporation. I. A. Qazi, M. Abbas, A. Samina and M. Masaood. Pakistan Institute of
Physics Conferences 1995, Bahawalpur.1996.
99. Potential of Using Solar Energy in Air conditioning, P.Akhter, I. Ahmad and R. Abro,
3rd National Conference/Workshop on Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, April 3-4, 1996.
100. NIST Solar Water Heater, I. Ahmed, R. Abro and P.Akhter, Conf. pro. of 5th
Science International Conference, Rawalakot, 1996.
101. Soil Temperature of Pakistan, Ahmad I, A. Baig, S. Hussain, Abro R. S and P.
Akhter, 5th All Pakistan Science Conference on Science International, 15-19
September 1996, Rawalakot, A. Kashmir.
102. Measurement of Radial Distribution of Precipated and Total Oxygen in NIST
Grown Silicon Wafer, Z. I. Zaidi, P. Akhter, I Ahmed, R. S. Abro and A. Mufti.,
Applied Solar Energy 32(1996) pp 52-56.
103. Solar Thermal Activities at NIST, I. Ahmad, R. Abro and P.Akhter, Journal of
Natural Sciences and Mathematics (1997).
104. Passive Solar Building Technologies for Hindu Kush and Himalayan Range, I.
Ahmed, R. Abro and P. Akhter, Agha Khan Foundation Conference, Karachi May,
1997.
105. Passive Cooling Technologies in Pakistan, R. Abro, I. Ahmed and P. Akhter,
Agha Khan Foundation Conference, Karachi May, 1997.
106. Development of Solar Thermal Energy Technologies in Pakistan, P. Akhter, I.
Ahmed and R. Abro, Agha Khan Foundation Conference, Karachi May, 1997.
107. Renewable Energy Technologies - Their Availability, Status and Prospects, P.
Akhter, Proceeding: 22nd International Nathiagali Summer Collage on Physics and
Contemporary Needs, August 1997, Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, New York.
108. Solar Energy Technologies - Their Development and Promotions, P. Akhter,
Proceeding: 22nd International Nathiagali Summer Collage on Physics and
Contemporary Needs, August 1997, Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, New York.
109. Passive Heating and Cooling of Buildings, Ahmad I, P. Akhter and Abro R. S, 6th
Solar Energy Application Training Course, August 6- September 4, 1997, Gansu
National Energy Research Institute (GNERI) Lanzhou, Peoples Republic of China.
110. High Performance Sputtered Ni-SiO2 Composite solar absorber, M. Farooq, A.A.
Green, and M.G. Hutchins, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 67-73, 54, 1998.
111. Solar Energy Technologies - Transition of Conventional to Sustainable Energy
Sources, P. Akhter, J. of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, 38(1998) pp 5-12.
112. Silicon Saw Dust Spectroscopic Analysis and Its Chemical Purification, M.
Ahmed, Z. I. Zaidi and P. Akhter, US-Pakistan Symposium Workshop on Silicon
Technology, 8-11, March 1998, Islamabad, Pakistan.
113. Solar Box Type Cooker, I. Ahmed, A. Aziz Z. I. Zaidi and P. Akhter, US-Pakistan
Symposium Workshop on Silicon Technology, 8-11, March 1998, Islamabad,
Pakistan.
114. Solar Thermal Energy for Pakistan., I. Ahmed, R. Abro, Z. I. Zaidi and P. Akhter
, US-Pakistan Symposium Workshop on Silicon Technology, 8-11, March 1998,
Islamabad, Pakistan.
115. Solar water pumping, an economical & harmless way of living, M. N. Zakir, I. A.
Qazi, 41-43, Quarterly Science Vision, July-September, 1998, an International
Journal of COMSATS, ISSN 1027 961X.
116. Renewable Energy Technologies - Current Statues and Activities for their
Promotion in Pakistan, P. Akhter, International Conference on Role of Renewable
Energy Technologies for Rural Development, Khatmandu, Nepal. October 1998 Page
257 - &pi0;260.
117. Environmental Management and Solar Thermal Technologies, I. Ahmed, R. S.
Abro, Z.I. Zaidi and P. Akhter, 9th National Chemistry Conference, 6-8 December,
1998, University of Karachi, Karachi.
118. Optical Properties of Higher and Lower Refractive Index Composites, M. Farooq,
M.G. Hutchins, M. Abbbas and P. Akhter, 6th International Symposium on Advanced
Materials; Islamabad; Sept 19-23, 1999.
119. Optoelectronic Properties of Thermally Evaporated Large Area Cadmium Sulfide
Thin Films for Heterojunction Devices, S. Arshad, M. Abbas, P. Akhter, V.S.
Antochenko and T.I. Taurbave, 6th International Symposium on Advanced Materials;
Islamabad; Sept 19-23, 1999.
120. Determination of the Activation Energy and Diffusion Constant for Phosphorous
Diffusion in Boron Doped Silicon single Crystal Wafer, A. Majeed, A. Baig, M.
Abbas, P. Akhter, T.I. Taurbaev, B.G. Topanov and K.K. Dikhanbaev, 6th
International Symposium on Advanced Materials; Islamabad; Sept 19-23, 1999.
121. Magnetron Sputtered TiO2 and Àl2O3 Antireflection Coatings T.I. Taurbaev,
B.G.Topanov, V.F. Shorin, V.E.Nikulin, K.K. Dikhanbaev, P. Akhter, M. Abbas, M.
Ashraf, A. Majeed, 6th International Symposium on Advanced Materials; Islamabad;
Sept 19-23, 1999. 122.
122. Superthin Shottky Solar Cell Structure with a Back Isotipe Heterojunction., V. S.
Antoschenko, T. I. Taurbaev, P. Akhter, M. Abbas, M. Masaood, 6th International
Symposium on Advanced Materials; Islamabad; Sept 19-23, 1999.
123. Innovation And New Prospective For Wind Energy In Pakistan, A. Q. Qureshi,
Saeed Hussain, 5th International Energy Efficiency and Environment Conservation
Symposium, at Islamabad, on 6th–7th December 1999.
124. Renewable Energy For Sustainable Village Power For Cholistan And Balochistan,
A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain, 5th International Energy Efficiency and Environment
Conservation Symposium, at Islamabad, on 6th–7th December 1999.
125. Clean Fuel: An Option For New Millennium, A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain, 5th
International Energy Efficiency and Environment Conservation Symposium, at
Islamabad, on 6th – 7th December 1999.
126. Sustainable Energy Policy: Acknowledging Changes, Preparing The Future, A. Q.
Qureshi, Saeed Hussain, 5th International Energy Efficiency and Environment
Conservation Symposium, at Islamabad, on 6th – 7th December 1999.
127. Renewable Energy Technologies in Pakistan - a Country Report, Z. I. Zaidi, I.
Ahmed and P. Akhter, Workshop on Renewable Energy Technologies-Dissemination
and Market Development, Islamabad, April 3-6, 2000,
128. Renewable Energy in South Asia, Status and Prospects; World Energy Council,
London (2000)” P. Akhter, et, al.
129. Food Security And Green Power, A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain, 3rd Sustainable
Development Conference, Islamabad. 21-16 May, 2000,
130. Socio-economic Profiles and Prospects for Diffusion of Renewable Energy in
Cholistan Villages, A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain et al, Lead Pakistan Occasional
Paper No 18, 2000.
131. Antireflecting and Passivating Coatings for Si Solar Cells on a Basis of SiO2 and
TiO2 Layers, T.I. Taurbaev, V. E. Nikulin, V. F. Shorin, B. G. Topanov, K. K.
Dikhanbaev, P. Akhter, M. Abbas, 7th Arab Conference on Solar Energy
Technology, 2001, Sharjah, U.A.E.
132. Macroporous Structures and Optical Properties of Chemically etched Porous
Silicon, A. A. Migunova, T.I. Taurbaev, P. Akhter, M. Abbas, 7th Arab Conference
on Solar Energy Technology, 2001, Sharjah, U.A.E.
133. Characterization of Sno2/Zno P-GaAs Hetrojunction with improved Ohmic
Contacts on GaAs Substrates; M.Abbas, M. Masaood Hashmi, P. Akhter and I. A.
Qazi; National Symposium on Physics in Industry, 28-30 June, 2001, Karachi.
134. Doping of amorphous hydrogenated silicon from a gas phase using
monosilylphosphine and monosilylborane, J. J. Ivanov, S. M. Manakov , F. A.
Mukashev, K. Tauasarov , T. I. Taurbaev , P. Akhter , B. G. Topanov, M. Abbas, and
M. Hashmi in ‘Advanced Materials – 2001’, Ed. A.A. Mazhar, PP 68-73, Dr. A.Q.
Khan Research Laboratories, Kahuta.
135. Correlation Between Si-H and Si-H2 Bond Densities and Electronic and
Structural Properties in a-Si:H Films Prepared by Magnetron Method, S. M. Manakov
, K. Tauasarov , T. I. Taurbaev , P. Akhter , M. Abbas and M. Hashmi, Advanced
Materials – 2001’, Ed. A. A. Mazhar, PP 436-440, Dr. A.Q. Khan Research
Laboratories, Kahuta.
136. Using of Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP) for Forming n+ p- junction of Si Solar
Cells, T. I. Taurbaev, P. Akhter, V. F. Shorin, K.K. Dikhanbaev, B.G. Topanov, V.E.
Nikulin, R. Utesinova, M. Abbas, A. Majeed. And A. Baig, Advanced Materials –
2001’, Ed. A.A. Mazhar, PP 60-62, Dr. A.Q. Khan Research Laboratories, Kahuta.
137. Barrier Height, Series Resistance and Diode Quality Factor for Tin Oxide Doped
ZnO-GaAs Junction Diode; M Abbas, M. Hashmi, P. Akhter, I.A. Qazi, T. I.
Taurbaev V. F. Shorin, E. A. Svanbeav, and K. K. Dikhanbaev, Advanced Materials –
2001’, Ed. A.A. Mazhar, PP 222-224, Dr. A.Q. Khan Research Laboratories, Kahuta.
138. Characterization of GaAlAs – GaAs Concentrator Solar Cell in the System with
Fresnel Lens; P. Akther, V.S. Antoschenko, Sh. B. Baiganatova, T.I. Taurbaev, V. F.
Shorin, M. Abbas, and M. Hashmi, in ‘Advanced Materials – 2001, Ed. A.A. Mazhar,
PP 218-221, Dr. A.Q. Khan Research Laboratories, Kahuta,.
139. Production of High Purity Silicon Material for Photovoltaic & Electronic Devices;
B. Raza, Z. I. Zaidi, P. Akhter, S. T. Ali and A. Abro; 7th International Symposium
on Advanced Materials, 2001, Islamabad, Abstracts Book, page-82.
140. Cost Effective Texturing of Silicon for Solar Cell Fabrication; A.T. Naveed,
M.Abbas, A. Majeed, M.N. Zakir and P. Akhter; 7th International Symposium on
Advanced Materials, 2001, Islamabad Abstracts Book, p-87, and The International
Symposium on Optical Science & Technology, 29th July – 3rd August, 2001, San
Diego, USA.
141. Renewable Energy Technology–An Energy–Solution for Long-Term Sustainable
Development, P. Akhter, Science, Technology & Development; 20 (2001) 25.
142. Photovoltaics – its Physics, Technology and Applications, P. Akhter, M.N. Zakir,
A.T. Naveed, and M. Abbas, Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, 41 (2001)
107.
143. Optical Properties of Higher and Lower Refractive Index Composites in Solar
Selective Coatings" M. Farooq and M.G. Hutchins, J. of Solar Energy Materials and
Solar Cells, 2001, MS No. 691.
144. A Novel Design In Composites Of Various Materials For Solar Selective
Coatings, M. Farooq and M.G. Hutchins, J of Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells,
2001, MS No. 723.
145. Solar water and space heating of PCRET building, Naveed A T, Ahmad I, and
Qazi I A, Proced. Workshop on Renewable Energy Technologies for Clean
Environment and Sustainable Development, Amman, Jordan, March 26-29, 2002.
146. Renewables and Energy Sustainable World, P. Akhter, Training Workshop on
Renewable Energy Technologies for Clean Environment and Sustainable
Development, 26-29 March, 2002 Amman, Jordan.
147. The Role of Biomass as Renewable Energy Source, P. Akhter & M. Azim,
Science & Technology Policy and Scientometrics, 2002.
148. Bi-Directional Transmission Assessment Study of Angular Solar Selective Panels,
Masaood Hashmi, Ki-Se Kim, Hong-Je Kim, Euy-Joon lEE, The Korean Solar
Energy Society Seoul. May, 2003- Pp103-110.
149. Computer Simulation Study for Higher Solar Absorptance and Lower Emittance
Multilayer Coating Design. Masaood Hashmi, M Farooq, I. A. Qazi, Kang, Eun-Chul,
Kim, Ki-Se, Lee, Euy-Joon, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society Vol, 23 No3,
2003 pp-81-91 ISSN 1598-6411.
150. The Use of Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, P. Akhter & A. Hussain,
International Workshop on Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, 2003,
Islamabad, Pakistan.
151. Renewable Energy Technologies and Energy Sustainable World, P. Akhter,
International Workshop on Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, 2003,
Islamabad, Pakistan.
152. The Deposition Rate and Distribution of Thickness of a-Si:H Films Prepared by
DC Magnetron Sputtering, S. M. Manakov , T.I. Taurbaev , P. Akhter , M. Abbas.,
International Workshop on Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, 2003,
Islamabad.
153. Optical Properties of Antireflection Coatings for Si Solar Cells from SiO2, TiO2,
Al2O3 and Gradient Layer, T. I. Taurbaev, B. G. Topanov, V.F.Shorin, V. E. Nikulin,
K. K. Dikhanbaev, P. Akhter, M. Abbas, and M. Ashraf, International Workshop on
Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, 2003, Islamabad.
154. Development and Characterization of p-ZnTe / n-GaAs Hetrojunction, M. Abbas,
M. M. Hashmi, Atta-ul-Haque, P. Akhter, T.I. Taurbaev, V.S. Antochenko, V. E.
Nikulin, V.F. Shorin, B. G. Topanov, and K.K. Dikhanbaev, International Workshop
on Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, 2003, Islamabad.
155. Renewable Energy Sources – Need for Clean and Sustainable World, P. Akhter,
Pak-Vacuum New Letter, 2003
156. Electrical and Optical Properties of Vapor Deposited Organic Dye Thin Films,
Kh. S. Karimov, P. Akhter, A. Hussain, M. Abbas M. M. Ahmed, M. N. Khan, S. A.
Moiz , M. A. Turaeva In Advanced Materials, 2003, A.Q. Khan Research Lab 2003).
157. Study of Aluminum–Doped Zinc Oxide Thin films Prepared by Vacuum
Evaporation and Solution Dipped Hybrid Technique, A. Hussain, P. Akhter, M.
Abbas, I.A. Qazi, Advanced Materials, 2003, A.Q. Khan Research Lab (2003).
158. Study of Morphology of Separated Ga1-xAlxAs Films, Antoschenko V.S.,
Taurbaev T. I., Baiganatova Sh. B. , P. Akhter, M.Abbas, A. Hussain, In Advanced
Materials, 2003, A.Q. Khan Research Lab (2003).
159. Influence of Some Technology Factors on Luminiescent Properties of Porous
Silicon, K.K. Dikhanbaev, P. Akhter, A. A. Migunova, V. E. Nikulin, T. I. Taurbaev,
G. Topanov, A. Baig, Advanced Materials, 2003, A.Q. Khan Research Lab (2003).
160. Magnesium Silicide Production and Silane Synthesis on Its Basis, T. I. Taurbaev,
P. Akhter, F. A. Mukashev, S. M. Manakov, U. V. Francev, B. M. Kablanbekov,
M.Abbas, A. Hussain, Advanced Materials, 2003, Ed. A.A. Mazhar, A.Q. Khan
Research Lab (2003).
161. Fabrication of Semiconductor Scanistors and Study of their Characteristics., R. M.
Aitmambetov, P. Akhter, K. K. Aubakirov, S.P.Vagin, K. K. Dihanbaev, T.I.
Taurbaev, A. Hussain, Advanced Materials, 2003, Ed. A.A. Mazhar, A.Q. Khan
Research Lab (2003).
162. Wind Power – The Fastest Growing Renewable Energy, Saeed Hussain, Article in
Pakistan Vacuum News Letter, April 2003.
163. Effects of Annealing on Optical Properties of Amorphous Silicon., B. M.
Kablanbekov, P. Akhter, E. A. Svanbaev, T. I. Taurbaev, B. G. Topanov, U. V.
Frantsev, A. Hussain, Advanced Materials, 2003, Ed. A.A. Mazhar, A. Q. Khan
Research Lab (2003).
164. Photosensitivity of Thin Film Structures Based on Amorphous Silicon., S. M.
Manakov, T.I. Taurbaev, P. Akhter, A. Hussain, Advanced Materials, 2003, Ed. A.A.
Mazhar, A.Q. Khan Research Lab (2003).
165. Pakistan Thrust Areas in Renewable Energy for Rural Development P. Akhter, In
“Renewable Energy Technology for Rural Development”; Ed: J.N, Shrestha Institute
of Engineering, Tribuvan University, Khatmandu, Nepal. (2003) pp 103-106
166. Performance Evaluation of Transpired Solar Collector for Air Heating System .M.
Masaood Hashmi, Kim, Eun-Chul Kang, Euy-Joon Lee Proceedings of the Korean
Solar Energy Society Conference. May, 2004.A-2-1, pp87-92.
167. Study of Prismatic Solar Heat and Light Hybrid Collecting System. M. Masaood
Hashmi, Ki-Se- Kim, Eun-Chul Kang, Euy-Joon Lee, Proceedings of the Korean
Solar Energy Society Conference. May 2004. A-2-5, pp111-116.
168. Performance Evaluation of Transpired Solar Collector by Using Indoor Test
Facility. M. Masaood Hashmi, I. A. Qazi, Ki-Se Kim, Eun-Chul Kang, Euy-Joon Lee.
Proceeding of the 5th ISES Europe Solar Conference, Fresburg, Germany. June
2004.Volume-1, Topic (01) pp-380-385ISBN3-9809656-4-3.
169. Experimental Investigation on the Enhanced Thermal and Visual Comfort With a
Prismatic Solar Hybrid Collector. M. Masaood Hashmi, I. A. Qazi, Eun-Chul Kang,
Jin-soo Kim, Euy-Joon Lee. Proceeding of the 5th ISES Europe Solar Conference
Frelburg, Germany. June 2004. Volume-2, Topic (04) pp-294-299ISBN3-9809656-4-
3.
170. Barriers in the Progress of Renewable Energy Technologies, Dr. Parvez Akhter,
Regional Workshop on Renewable Energy Progress and Prospects, February 2004,
Dhaka, Bangladesh.
171. Renewable Energy Technologies – Pakistan Priorities, Dr. Parvez Akhter,
Regional Workshop on Renewable Energy Progress and Prospects, February 2004,
Dhaka, Bangladesh.
172. Antireflection Coatings for Photovoltaic Applications Based on a Graded-Index
Layer, V. E. Nikulin, T. I. Taurbaev, R. M. Aitmambetov, E. M. Muratov, P. Akhter,
Hussain, Int’l PVSEC-14 (2004) p-143-144.
173. Challenges for Promotion of Renewable Energy Technologies in the Developing
World and Options for Pakistan; P. Akhter and Dr. I.A. Qazi, International Meeting
on Renewable Energy Technologies and Sustainable Development, COMSATS
(2004) Islamabad.
174. Rural Electrification Through PV and Hybrid Systems in Pakistan; M. N. Zakir,
K. Khetran, I. A. Qazi and P. Akhter, International Meeting on Renewable Energy
Technologies and Sustainable Development, COMSATS (2004) Islamabad.
175. Organic Solar Cells for Future Low Cost and Sustainable Solar Energy
Applications in the Developing World, M. Abbas, M. Azim, I.A. Qazi, P. Akhter, S.
Hussain and T. Hussain, International Meeting on Renewable Energy Technologies
and Sustainable Development, COMSATS (2004) Islamabad.
176. Solar Energy Prospects for Pakistan, Parvez Akhter, NUST-PCRET Workshop on
Wind and Solar Technologies, NUST, 2003, Rawalpindi.
177. Bi-Directional Transmission Assessment Study of Angular Solar Selective Panels,
Masaood Hashmi, P. Akhter, Ki-Se Kirn, Euy-Joon lee, Journal of the Korean Solar
Energy Society Vol. 24 No3 (2004) pp.55-63.
178. The Impact of Transpired Solar Air Heater on PV Efficiency, M. Masaood
Hashmi, P. Akhter, S. Hussain, E. C. Kang, G. H. Kang, Euy-Joon Lee, Proceeding:
Asia-Pacific Regional Conference 2004, International Solar Energy Society, Gwangu,
Korea, Oct 2004, pp.875-881.
179. Performance Evaluation of Transpired Solar Collector by Using Indoor Test
Facility, M. Masaood Hashmi, P. Akhter, K.S. Kim, Euy-Joon Lee, Proceeding: Asia-
Pacific Regional Conference 2004, International Solar Energy Society, Gwangu,
Korea, Oct 2004, pp.869-874.
180. Measurement Justification of Glare Free Prismatic Day lighting and Fresh Air
Heating System, M. Masaood Hashmi, I. A. Qazi, P. Akhter, Ki-Se Kim, Eun-Chul
Kang, Euy-Joon Lee; Journal of Solar Energy. September, (2004)
181. The Impact of Wind-Speeds and Fan Velocities on the Efficiency of an Unglazed
Transpired Solar Collector, M. Masaood Hashmi, I. A. Qazi, P. Akhter, Ki-Se Kim,
Eun-Chul Kang, Euy-Joon Lee; Journal of Solar Energy; Feb. (2004)
182. Simulation Justification of Glare Free Prismatic Day lighting System, M.
Masaood Hashmi, P. Akhter, I. A. Qazi, Ki-Se Kim, Eun-Chul Kang, Euy-Joon Lee;
Journal of Energy. March, (2004)
183. Integral Effect Test of Solar Fresh Air Heater and Electrostatic Precipitator on
Indoor Air Dust Removal Performance, M. Masaood Hashmi, I. A. Qazi, P. Akhter,
M.Abbas, Ki-Se Kim, Eun-Chul Kang, Euy-Joon Lee, Journal of Energy. April 2004.
184. Design and Analysis of Prismatic Light Pipe Day lighting System, Masaood
Hashmi, P. Akhter, Ki-Se Kim, Euy-Joon Lee, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy
Society, 2004.
185. The Impact of Transpired Solar Air Heater on PV Efficiency, M. Masaood
Hashmi, P. Akhter, Ki-Se Kim, Euy-Joon Lee, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy
Society, 2004.
186. Integral Effect Test of Solar Fresh Air Heater and Electrostatic Precipitator for
Indoor Air Dust Removal Performance Analyses, Masaood Hashmi, P. Akhter, Noh.
J. Ihee, E. C. Kang, E.J .Lee, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, 2004.
187. Effect of Different Surface Properties (BRDF, BTDF) on Simulated Results of
Glare free Prismatic Day lighting and Fresh Air Heating System, Masaood Hashmi,
P. Akhter, E. C. Kang, E.J .Lee, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, 2004.
188. Solar Wall Summer Cooling Issue Justification Study by Measurement in KIER
Twin Test Cell., Masaood Hashmi, P. Akhter, Ki-Se Kim , E.J .Lee, Journal of the
Korean Solar Energy Society, 2004.
189. Simple Photo-voltaic Tracking, System; Karimov Kh.S., Akhter P., Ahmed M.
M., Chattha J. A., Saqib M. A., Yousafzai S.A., Khan S.A., International Conference
on the Physics, Chemistry and Engineering of Solar Cells, May 13-15, 2004, Badajoz
Spain, Abstracts Book p.54.
190. Organic Solar Cells For Future Low Cost And Sustainable Solar Energy
Applications In The Developing World, M.Abbas, M. Azim, I. A. Qazi, P. Akhter S.
Hussain and T. Hussein, Meeting on Renewable Energy and, Sustainable
Development Islamabad, Pakistan, Feb, 5-7, 2004
191. Organic solar cells-The emerging low cost PV Technology” A. Hussain, F. Amar,
M. Abbas, P.Akhter.6th International Symposium-2004 on energy and Environment
Conservation.
192. The Impact of Transpired Solar Air Heater on PV Efficiency, M. Masaood
Hashmi, P. Akhter and S. Hussain, E. C. Kang, G.H. Kang, and Euy-Joon .Lee, Korea
Proceeding of the Asia Pacific Regional Conference 2004 of International Solar
Energy Society Gwangju, Korea, Oct 2004, pp-875-881. ISBN-89-954429-1-3.
193. Simple Photo-voltaic Tracking System; Karimov Kh. S., Akhter P., Ahmed M.
M., Chattha J. A., Saqib M. A., Yousafzai S.A., Khan S.A., Journal Solar Energy
Materials & Solar Cells (2005).
194. Cleaning The Environment with Renewables, S. Hussain and M. Hashmi, Journal
of Korean Solar Energy Society.
195. Effect Of Back Surface Field On I-V Characteristics Of Monocrystalline Solar
Cells, A. Baig, M. Khalil and S. Hussain, Journal of Korean Solar Energy Society.
196. Development And Characterization Of P-GaAs/n-CdS Hetrojunction Using High
Vacuum Evaporation, A. Hussain, M. Abbas, P. Akhter, A. Mohsin, W. R. Butt, T. I.
Taurbaev, S. M. Manakov and V. F. Shorin. 9th International Symposium On
Advance Materials-2005.
197. Aluminium and Indium -Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared By Vacuum
Evaporation And Spin-Coating, A. Hussain, M. Abbas, P. Akhter, M. Awais, T. I.
Taurbaev, B. M. Kablanbekov and V.E. Nikulin, 9th International Symposium On
Advance Materials-2005.
198. Vibrational Spectra of Amorphous Silicon Thin Films, S. M. Manakov, B. M.
Kablanbekov, T. I. Taurbaev, S. Zh. Tokmoldin, P. Akhter, M. Abbas, M.M Hashmi,
A. Hussain, 9th International Symposium On Advance Materials-2005.
199. The influence of a metal-catalyst on the changes of Amorphous Silicon optical
parameters when annealing, T.B. Danegulova, B. M. Kablanbekov, E. A.Svanbaev,
T. I. Taurbaev, P. Akhter, M.M Hashmi, A. Hussain, 9th International Symposium
On Advance Materials-2005.
200. “The effect of Nitrogen gas flow rate on the properties of TiN-coated HSS using
Cathodic Arc Evaporation PVD Technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah, M.R.M. Toff
and A.H. Hashim, Surface Review and Letters, 12 (4), 2005: 631-643.
201. Review of Physical Vapour Deposition (PVD) Techniques for hard coating”A.
Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M.R.M. Toff “. Jurnal Mekanikal, 20 (2005):pp. 42-51.
202. Effect of ion- bombardment on the properties of TiN deposited on HSS using
cathodic arc evaporation technique” A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah, M.R.M. Toff and A.H.
Hashim, Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in
Mechanical & Materials Engineering, jointly organized by Universiti Malaya,
Malaysia & Nagaoka University of Technology, Japan, Pages 504-509, Dated: 30-31
May 2005, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA.
203. The Deposition and Characterization of TiN coated HSS by using Cathodic Arc
Evaporation Technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah, M. R. M. Toff, A.H. Hashim and
M. Amin, National Seminar on Advanced Processes and Systems in Manufacturing
(APSIM) organized by National University of Malaysia (UKM), Pages 9-16, Dated:
17-18 May 2005, Bangi, MALAYSIA.
204. “Effect of Nitrogen gas flow rate on the Tribological Properties of TiN coated
HSS using CAE PVD Technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M. R. M. Toff
Regional Conference & Exhibition, Scientific and Analytical Methods in
Manufacturing-SAMM 2005, organized by Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and
Technology, Pages 73-85, Dated: 16-17 August 2005, Sungai Petani, Kedah,
MALAYSIA.
205. “The effect of metal ion etching on the tribological, mechanical and
microstructural properties of TiN-coated D2 tool steel using CAE PVD technique”,
A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M.R.M. Toff Surface Review and Letters, 13 (3), 2006:
pp.
206. “Effect of substrate bias voltage on the microstructural and mechanical properties
of TiN-coated HSS synthesized by CAE PVD technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah
and M.R.M. Toff, Surface Review and Letters, 13 (4), 2006.
207. “Friction coefficient and surface roughness of TiN-coated HSS deposited using
cathodic arc evaporation PVD technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M.R.M. Toff,
Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 60, Issue 4, July 2006.
208. “Effect of substrate bias on friction coefficient, adhesion strength and hardness of
TiN-coated D2 tool steel deposited via cathodic arc PVD technique”, E. Hamzah, A.
Mubarak and M.R.M. Toff, Surface Review and Letters, 13 (6), 2006.
209. “Surface characterization and adhesion strength of TiN coating synthesized on
HSS using Cathodic Arc Evaporation PVD Technique”, E. Hamzah, A. Mubarak and
M.R.M. Toff, 14 th International Conference on the strength of Materials
(ICSMA14), 4-9 June 2006, Xi’an, China.
210. “The effect of metal ion etching on the mechanical and tribological properties of
TiN-coated tool steel using CAE PVD technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and
M.R.M. Toff, 5 th International Materials Technology Conference & Exhibition
(IMTCE’06), Organized by Institute of Materials Malaysia (IMM), Pages 1-15, 17th-
20th July, 2006 at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
211. “Effect of substrate temperature on microstructural and mechanical properties of
TiN-coated tool steels”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M.R.M. Toff, International
Conference on Manufacturing Science & Technology ( ICOMAST), Organized by
Multimedia University (MMU), Pages 201-204, 28-30 August 2006, Melaka,
MALAYSIA (GKH Press Melaka 2006). (ISBN 983-42051-1-2).
212. “Atomic force microscopic studies of TiN-coated D2 tool steel at various N2 gas
flow rates using CAPVD technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M.R.M. Toff, 2nd
International Conference on Solid State Science and Technology (ICSSST),
Organized by KUSTEM, 4-6 September 2006, Terengganu, Malaysia.
213. “Effect of TiN coating thickness on the surface roughness deposited using
cathodic arc evaporation PVD technique”. A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M. R. M.
Toff, Conference on Manufacturing and Electronic Technology, Organized by
Society of Mechanical Engineers (SME-UTM S227), Pages 97-103, January 14-15,
2006, UTM, Skudai, Johor, MALAYSIA.
214. “Effect of substrate bias voltage on the surface characterization of TiN-coated
HSS using CAE PVD technique”, A. Mubarak, E. Hamzah and M. R. M. Toff, 1st
Regional Postgraduate Conference on Engineering & Science (RPCES), Pages 301-
306, 26-27 July 2006, Organized by School of Postgraduate Studies, Universiti
Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, MALAYSIA.
215. “Deposition, surface roughness, AFM and reduction of macrodroplets studies in
titanium nitride coatings using cathodic arc evaporation PVD technique”, Mubarak
Ali, (poster presentation) Conference on Manufacturing and Electronic Technology
(COMET-2006), January 14-15, 2006, MALAYSIA.