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PAPERS.AVAILABLE.ONLINE. November2.2010.doc; formatted and updated March13, 2011;
PAPERS ARE AVAILABLE ONLINE – SEE THE WEB ADDRESSES AT:; S. A. Ostroumov. Biocontrol of Water Quality: Multifunctional
Role of Biota in Water Self-Purification.- Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 80, No. 13,
2010, pp. 2754–2761.
Medium-term and long-term priorities in ecological studies.

Ostroumov SA, Dodson SI, Hamilton D, Peterson SA, Wetzel RG.

Riv Biol. 2003; 96(2): 327-332. ;

PMID: 14595906 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]; Abstracts in Eng. and Italian (p.
332). Bibliogr. 20 ref. Full text:;;

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Decreasing the measurable concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the water of the
experimental systems containing Ceratophyllum demersum: the phytoremediation

Ostroumov SA, Shestakova TV.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2009 Sep-Oct; 428: 444-447.

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Effect of a cationic amphiphilic compound on rotifers.

- Ostroumov SA, Walz N, Rusche R.

- Dokl Biol Sci. 2003; 390: 252-255.

- Full text is available free:
rotifersDBN/d/50523707; and:

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Ostroumov S.A. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders. - Hydrobiologia, 2005, 542:
275-286. The full text is made available online free: See:;;... Ostroumov S.A. Some aspects of water filtering activity of
filter-feeders. - Hydrobiologia,... Key words: ключевые слова: экология , водные экосистемы ,
качество воды , фильтраторы , ecology , aquatic ecosystems , water qulity , filter-feeders , suspension

S. A. Ostroumov. On the Multifunctional Role of the Biota in the Self-Purification of Aquatic
Ecosystems. - Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2005, pp. 414–420.; DOI: 10.1007/s11184-005-
0095-x; Full text is available:;
-------------------------------------------------------S. A. Ostroumov, and M. P. Kolesnikov.
Biocatalysis of Matter Transfer in a Microcosm Is Inhibited by a Contaminant: Effects
of a Surfactant on Limnea stagnalis. - Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 373, 2000,
pp. 397–399. [Translated from Doklady Akademii Nauk, Vol. 373, No. 2, 2000, pp.
278–280]. Limnea= Lymnea = Lymnaea;

[at the author's comp, File Name: Danbio 4] Abstract: a new aspect of the
ecological hazard due to environmental pollution - at a relatively low sublethal
concentration of a pollutant – was discovered in this study. The pellet excretion
by the mollusks - gastropods Lymnaea stagnalis - feeding on the phytomass of
macrophytes (such as the aquatic plant Nuphar lutea) was as high as 4–7 mg dry
weight per 1 gram wet weight of the mollusks per 72 h. Pellet sedimentation
contribute to vertical transfer of chemical elements in the ecosystem. The pellet
composition depended on the species of the plants eaten by the mollusks. When
the gastropods L. stagnalis feed on N. lutea, the pellets contain, in addition to
organic and inorganic carbon, nitrogen (N, 2.3–2.9%), phosphorus (P, 0.4–0.5%),
and silicon (Si, 1.1–1.9%). The relative silicon content may be 30% higher than in
the food phytomass. The surfactant tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide
(TDTMA, 2 mg/L) inhibited the feeding rate of the mollusks and pellet production,
their accumulation at the bottom of microcosms, and the matter transfer connected
with this. The data obtained demonstrated a new aspect of the ecological hazard
due to environmental pollution with TDTMA and other quaternary ammonium
compounds at sublethal concentrations. According to the author’s opinion and
prediction, other contaminants may also suppress pellet production, their
accumulation at the bottom, and the matter transfer associated with that.;
----------------------------------------------------------S. A. Ostroumov. The Synecological
Approach to the Problem of Eutrophication. - Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 381,
2001, pp. 559–562. Translated from Doklady Akademii Nauk, Vol. 381, No. 5, 2001,
pp. 709–712. [File Name: Danbio 6];
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Responses of Unio tumidus to mixed chemical preparations and the hazard of synecological summation
of anthropogenic effects.
Ostroumov S.A. Dokl Biol Sci. 2001, 380: 492-495.
Full text available free:
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Pellets of some mollusks in the biogeochemical flows of C, N, P, Si, and Al. — Doklady Biological
Sciences, 2001. Vol. 379, P. 378-381. Bibliogr. 12 refs. [Authors: S.A.Ostroumov, Kolesnikov M.P.]
(Translated from: DAN 2001. Vol. 379. No. 3. P. 426-429). ISSN 0012-4966. Distributed by Springer, DOI 10.1023/A:1011620817764;;;
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Ostroumov S.A. Identification of a new type of ecological hazard of chemicals: inhibition of processes of
ecological remediation. Doklady Biological Sciences. 2002. 385: 377-379. In Eng.; ISSN 0012-4966.
DOI 10.1023/A:1019929305267;
Full text see online free:;
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System of principles for conservation of the biogeocenotic function and the biodiversity of filter-feeders.-
Doklady Biological Sciences. 2002 (March). Vol. 383: 147-150. Bibliogr.15 refs. ISSN 0012-4966 (Print)
1608-3105 (Online). Distributed by Springer,
PMID: 12053567 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Full text:;

-----------------------------------------------------S. A. Ostroumov. Biodiversity Protection and
Quality of Water: The Role of Feedbacks in Ecosystems. - Doklady Biological
Sciences, Vol. 382, 2002, pp. 18–21. Translated from Doklady Akademii Nauk, Vol.
382, No. 1, 2002, pp. 138–141.;
[File Name: Danbio 1] Abstract: A new fundamental principle was proved
in the paper: to maintain the water quality, it is necessary to protect the
functionally active biodiversity of water ecosystems. In other words, protection of
the functionally active biodiversity of aquatic organisms in a water body is a method
(and an indispensable one) of maintenance of water quality in this ecosystem. Also,
the author reports new experimental data on how detergents inhibited filtration
activity of marine bivalves, mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, and oysters
Crassostrea gigas.

-------------------------------------------S. A. Ostroumov. Identification of a New Type of
Ecological Hazard of Chemicals: Inhibition of Processes of Ecological Remediation. -
Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 385, 2002, pp. 377–379. Translated from Doklady
Akademii Nauk, Vol. 385, No. 4, 2002, pp. 571–573.
[File Name: Danbio2; Danbio02.385p377.E.Identification(DKBL377.pdf]
Abstract: The author discovered and characterized a
new type of ecological hazard of chemical pollution of water, which involves
inhibition of important processes of ecological remediation of ecosystems (water
filtration by aquatic bivalves). Experiments were performed using mollusks
(oysters), Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, and a cell suspension of Saccharomyces
cerevisiae. The cell suspension was a model of suspended matter in aquatic
ecosystem. Laundry detergent Lanza-Automat inhibited water filtration by oysters
(Crassostrea gigas). As a result, the removal of the cells (Saccharomyces
cerevisiae) from water was inhibited. This demonstrated a new type of ecological
hazard caused by water pollution with chemical pollutants at sublethal
concentrations. This hazard is associated with the fact that chemical pollution of
water causes inhibition of the physiological activity of filter-feeders, thereby
inhibiting the important ecological processes of water filtration. These ecological
processes contribute significantly to improving water quality, water purification and
the related remediation of aquatic ecosystems (their ecological repair). ---;;
S. A. Ostroumov. The Concept of Aquatic Biota as a Labile and Vulnerable
Component of the Water Self-Purification System. - Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol.
372, 2000, pp. 286–289.[ Translated from Doklady Akademii Nauk, Vol. 372, No. 2,
2000, pp. 279–282]. (;
ABSTRACT. A new fundamental concept of the role of biota in the functioning of
aquatic ecosystems is proposed. According to that concept, the complex of aquatic
organisms (aquatic biota) is a central, labile and potentially vulnerable component
of the water self-purification system in aquatic ecosystems. This fundamental
concept leads to substantial changes in the hierarchy of priorities for protection of
biodiversity and environment. According to the concept suggested in this work, the
maximum allowable concentrations (MACs) for specific substances should be
established after taking into account the possible effects of pollutants on the water
self-purification system. Possible effects on many organisms, including filter
feeders, should be taken into consideration. Both inhibiting and stimulating effects
of sublethal concentrations of pollutants are dangerous, because either of them
may cause an imbalance in the complicated system of water self-purification. The
fundamental concept suggested in this work heightens the level of priority of the
sublethal effects of pollutants. The sublethal effects leading to changes in the
functional activity of populations of aquatic organisms may cause an imbalance in
the system of water self-purification. ---;
Danbio3_00v372n2.E.biota vulnerable component.pdf;
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Inhibitory analysis of top-down
control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water selfpurification
// Hydrobiologia. 2002. vol. 469. P.117-129. 8 tables. Bibliogr. 71 refs.:
2Hydrobiologia469p117w Addendum.DOC;
---------------------------------------------------------------------Polyfunctional role of biodiversity
in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations
and concluding remarks // Hydrobiologia. 2002. v. 469 (1-3): P.203-204. Bibliogr. 8
refs. ISSN 0018-8158 (Print) 1573-5117 (Online):
Ostroumov S. A. Anthropogenic effects on the biota: towards a new system of principles and criteria for
analysis of ecological hazards. Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum. 2003. 96: 159-170. [ISSN 0035-
In the paper, the author developed an innovative approach to assess the hazards from anthropogenic
impact on the biosphere. The author suggested to assess the man-made impacts (including effects of
pollutants and xenobiotics) on the biota according to the following four levels of disturbance in biological
and ecological systems: (1) the level of individual responses; (2) the level of aggregated responses of
groups of organisms; (3) the level of stability and integrity of the ecosystem; (4) the level of contributions
of the ecosystem to biospheric processes. On the basis of the author's experimental studies, an example is
given of how to apply the proposed approach and the system of criteria to the analysis of concrete
experimental data. To exemplify the efficiency of the proposed approach, it is shown how to use it to
analyze new data on effects of a synthetic surfactant on water filtering by bivalves. It is concluded that
the proposed approach will be helpful in better assessing environmental and ecological hazards from
anthropogenic effects on biota, including effects of man-made chemicals polluting ecosystems. The
following key issues were presented and analyzed in the paper: 1. The traditional approach to
classification of chemicals according to their environmental hazards. 2. A new approach to the analysis of
hazards of anthropogenic effects on the biota. 3. An example of applying the new approach to the analysis
of environmental and ecological hazards.
The paper (Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum. 2003. 96: 159-170) was cited by international experts,
e.g., in the paper: R. Grande ; S. Di Pietro; E. Di Campli; S. Di Bartolomeo; B. Filareto; L. Cellini. Bio-
toxicological assays to test water and sediment quality. Journal of Environmental Science and Health,
Part A, Volume 42, Issue 1 2007 (January), pages 33 – 38 [Affiliation of the Authors: Rossella Grande a;
Stefania Di Pietro ab; Emanuela Di Campli a; Soraya Di Bartolomeo a; Barbara Filareto b; Luigina
Cellini a; here the letters a and b stand for the following institutions:
a Department of Biomedical Sciences, University “G. d'Annunzio,”, Chieti, Italy;
b Agency for the Protection of Environment, Pescara, Italy] DOI: 10.1080/10934520601015446;;
--------------------------------------------------------------------- Aquatic ecosystem as a
bioreactor: water purification and some other functions. - Rivista di Biologia /
Biology Forum. 2004. vol. 97 (1). p. 67-78.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Ostroumov S.A., Dodson S.,
Hamilton D., Peterson S., Wetzel R.G. Medium-term and long-term priorities in
ecological studies // Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum. 2003 (May). 96: 327-332.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Some aspects of water filtering
activity of filter-feeders // Hydrobiologia. 2005. Vol. 542, No. 1. P. 275 – 286:
---------------------------------------------------------------------On the Multifunctional Role of the
Biota in the Self-Purification of Aquatic Ecosystems // Russian Journal of Ecology,
Vol. 36, No. 6, 2005, pp. 414–420:
------------------------------------------------------------------------annotation of the book:
Biological Effects of Surfactants:
---------------------------------------------------------------------Inhibition of mussel suspension
feeding by surfactants of three classes // Hydrobiologia. 2006. Vol. 556, No. 1.
Pages: 381 – 386. 3 Tables. Bibliogr. 37 refs [Coauthors: S.А.O., J. Widdows].
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Ostroumov S.A. A new type of effect of potentially hazardous substances: uncouplers of pelagial–benthal
coupling. - Doklady Biological Sciences. 2002 (March). Vol. 383 (1-6): 127-130.
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KEY WORDS for the papers above: fundamental, concept, role, biota, functioning,
aquatic ecosystems, central, labile, potentially, vulnerable, component, water selfpurification,
priorities, protection, biodiversity, environment, maximum allowable
concentrations, MACs, substances, filter feeders, inhibiting, stimulating, effects,
sublethal, concentrations, pollutants, hazards, imbalance, sublethal effects,
functional activity, populations, bivalves, sodium dodecylsulphate, Triton X-100;
SDS, TX-100, water filtration, phytoplankton, Mytilus edulis; TDTMA,
tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, Brachionus angularis, cyanobacteria, green
algae, diatom, algae, flagellata, vascular plants , invertebrates, synthetic
surfactants, pesticides, suspended particles, sedimentation, sorption, evaporation,
hydrolysis, photochemical, conversion, catalytic redox conversion, free radical,
reactions, contaminant, toxicity, binding to dissolved organic compounds, DOCs,
chemical oxidation, biogens, hydrobionts, biotransformation, redox reactions,
destruction, conjugation, extracellular enzymatic transformation, pellets, bottom;
feedbacks, ecosystems , biological sciences, water quality, functionally active
water ecosystems, protection, aquatic organisms, water body, maintenance of
water quality, detergents, inhibition, filtration activity, marine bivalves, mussels,
Mytilus galloprovincialis, oysters, Crassostrea gigas, bivalves, detergent IXI,
detergent Deni-Automat, aquaculture, mariculture, freshwater, marine water
bodies, pelagial Protista, infusoria, heterotrophic Protista; Rotatoria; Coelenterata,
Rhizistomida; Nemertini, plankton, Mastigophora; Polychaeta, Sipunculoidea,
Phoronoidea, Brachiopoda, Bryozoa; larvae, nekton, Cladocera; Copepoda; Insecta;
Pisces, molluscs, copepods, Copepoda; Cirripedia, Echinodermata; Hemichorda;
Euphausiida; Mysida; Decapoda, Macrura; Tunicata, Appendiculariae; Salpae;
Pyrosomida; Benthal Protista, Ctenophora, attached ctenophors Tjalfiella; Spongia,
benthos, Mastigophora; Spongia, Porifera; Bryozoa; Mollusca , Bivalvia; Diptera;
Trichoptera; mayflies , Porifera; Hydrozoa; Actinozoa, Gorgonaria, Pennatularia,
Actinaria , Metridium; Brachiopoda; Kamptozoa, Entoprocta; Phoronida; Sipunculida;
Pterobranchia; Acrania; Gastropoda; Amphipoda , Corophiidae; Crinoidea,
Ophiuroidea, Asteroidea, Brisingidae, Holothuroidea , Psolus; Tunicata, Ascidiae;
discovery, ecological, hazard, chemical, pollution, water, inhibition, ecological,
remediation, ecosystems, water, filtration, aquatic, marine, bivalves, mollusks,
oysters, Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, suspended,
matter, laundry detergent Lanza-Automat, removal of the cells, pollutants,
sublethal, concentrations, filter-feeders, improving, water quality, self-purification,
remediation, ecological, repair; mariculture, the Black Sea, Mytilus edulis, Dreissena
polymorpha, Unio tumidus, M. galloprovincialis, Ephemeroptera, Brachionus,
calyciflorus, Cladocera, bichromate, Triton X-100, detergent OMO, Pesticides,
cationic surfactant ,TDTMA, fungicide, Carbendazim, kaolin particles, Isochrystis
galbana, tetradecylcetyltrimethylammonium bromide, SDS, sodium dodecylsulfate,
detergent IXI Bio-Plus (Cussons), dish washing liquid E, dish washing liquid Fairy,
shampoo, Avon Hair Care, bioassay, biotest, ecotoxicology, benthos;