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About the Project

1000 MW Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Project, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Client
Jaypee Karcham Hydro Corporation Limited (JKHCL), a subsidiary of Jaiprakash Associates Limited

General Description
Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Project is envisaged as run-of-the-river development on River Satluj. The
project will utilise the head available between the tail waters of Baspa Hydroelectric. Project Stage-II and
head waters of Nathpa-Jhakri Hydroelectric Project.

Location
The project’s reach is between Karcham and Wangtoo villages in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh State
of India, just upstream of Nathpa-Jhakri Hydroelectric Project presently under construction. Nearest broad
gauge railway station is Kalka under Northern Railway. The nearest airport to the project site is Shimla,
which is 210 km from Karcham Wangtoo site. Airport is connected to Project site by paved road. Landslides
are expected in monsoon, which blocks the road temporarily.

Scope of Works
The project envisages a concrete gravity dam about 43 m high above the river bed (approx. 98 m high above
the deepest foundation level). The dam will have 6 sluice spillway bays of size 9m (W) x 9m(H) . The other
main component of the Project are: 10.48 m diameter, 17.2 km long head race tunnel, 4.75m dia. 4 nos.
pressure shafts, an underground power-house with 4 x 250 MW installed capacity, transformer hall and 909
m long 10.48 m dia tail race tunnel. The diversion of river is envisaged by construction of a Diversion tunnel.

Nature of Contract
Own Project on Build-Own-Operate (BOO) basis.

Salient Features
RIVER DIVERSION WORKS

Diversion Tunnel

Dia 10.5m

Length 456m
Coffer Dams

Type Rock fill with impervious core

Upstream 20.5m high

Downstream 8.5m high

DIVERSION DAM

Type Concrete Gravity

Height from deepest 98 m


foundation level
Total length at top 177.8 m

Live storage capacity 544.97 Ha-m

MAIN SPILLWAY (SLUICES)

No. of bays 6

Size of each sluice 9m (W) x 9m (H)

Size of each gate 9m (W) x 9.25m (H)

Type of gates Radial Gates (top sealing type)

AUXILIARY SPILLWAY

No of bays 1 no., 8 m wide

Size of each gate 8m (W) x 7.35m (H)

Size of each gate 6.00m (W) x 5.25m (H)

Size of intake tunnels 6.0m modified Horse Shoe shaped

SEDIMENTATION CHAMBERS

Particle size to be excluded + 0.2 mm

Width of each chamber 16.0m

Depth of each chamber 28.0m

Length of each chamber 505m

LINK TUNNELS

Size Four individual link tunnels of 6.0m dia

Length of each tunnel Outer link tunnels - 125.5m, Inner link tunnels - 65.5m

Gates at start of link tunnels 4 nos.

Size 6.0m (W) x 6.0m (H)

FLUSHING CONDUITS

Number 4

Size 2.75m dia circular

Lengths 300m, 330m, 370m and 405m


HEADRACE TUNNEL

Size & Type 10.48m dia circular

Length 17.2 km

Slope 1:150

SURGE SHAFT

Type Restricted Orifice

Diameter 16m/ 27m

Top Open to Sky

PRESSURE SHAFTS

No. and type 4 nos. steel lined

Diameter 4.75 m

Length of each penstock 290.50 m

VALVE CHAMBER

Location Downstream of Surge shaft

Size of chamber 95x10x22 m (LxBxH)

Type of valves Butterfly valves

Diameter of each valve 4750mm

E.O.T. Crane 1 x 65/5 t

POWER STATION COMPLEX

POWER HOUSE / TRANSFORMER CAVITY

Type Underground

Installed capacity 1000 MW (4x250 MW)

Size of machine hall 143 m (L) x 21 m (W) x 49 m (H)

Size of transformer hall 143 m (L) x 15.5 m (W) x 25 m (H)

Average gross head 298.73m

Net head at 417 cumec 275.93m


tunnel Discharge
Length of cable tunnel 528.71m

COLLECTION GALLERY CUM D/s SURGE CHAMBER

Size 220m (L) x 16m (W) x 42.5m (H)

TAIL RACE TUNNEL

Size & Type 10.48m dia Circular shape

Length 909m

POWER GENERATION
Installed capacity 1000 MW

Annual generation 90% 4559.77 GWH


dependable year

Installed Capacity
1000 MW (4 x 250 MW Each)

Power Generation
The Project on completion will generate 4560 million Units in a 90% dependable year.

Key dates pertaining to the


Project
MOU Signing with GOHP August, 1993
In-Principal Clearance by
March, 1996
CEA
Implementation Agreement November, 1999
Addendum to Implementation
May, 2001
Agreement
Environment & Forest November, 2002
Clearance
Techno-Economic Clearance March, 2003

Present Status of Works

• Himachal Pradesh Govt. has already approved the Detailed Project Report (DPR) of the project
• After the scrutiny of DPR in detail at the Government of India level by CWC and CEA, the Techno
Economic Clearance for the project has been accorded by CEA in March 2003.

• Construction Works have commenced and will be completed by year 2010.

Total Cost on Completion


Rs. 56000 Million

Source: http://www.jilindia.com/underexec_karcham.htm