You are on page 1of 5

Volume 6, Issue 5, May – 2021 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology

ISSN No:-2456-2165

Multiple Winglets in Swept Back Wing


Dr. Rajasekar K Srivaishnava Laxmi V
Department of aeronautical engineering Department of aeronautical engineering
Bannari amman Institute of Technology Bannari amman Institute of Technology
Sathyamangalam, India Sathyamangalam, India

Ajaykumar M S T Rajesh R
Department of aeronautical engineering Department of aeronautical engineering
Bannari amman Institute of Technology Bannari amman Institute of Technology
Sathyamangalam, India Sathyamangalam, India

Abstract:-This paper mainly focusses only on the


aerodynamic analysis of aircraft wing with multiple
winglets and without winglets. NACA 2214 airfoil profile
is used in this project. CFD analysis is done for this
project to compare the lift, drag and induced drag of
these model. Transient k-Epsilon turbulent equation and
3D unstructured mesh is used in this project. It is found
that Multiple winglets has less Cd and drag compared
with other types of winglets.

I. INTRODUCTION

On this paper we're going to locate the efficiency of


multiple Winglets at sweep returned wing. The more than one Fig.1 2D domain
winglets put off wingtip vortices which reduces nearly half
the induced drag generated for the duration of cruise. the III. GEOMETRY AND MODELLING:
principle intention of enforcing winglet is to lessen the
brought about drag that is responsible for 30%-forty% of the The wing and multiple winglets are design using Catia
whole drag of the plane. Winglets are able to reducing the V5 by using NACA 4 series of 2412 airfoil. The cord length
induced drag and converting them to additional thrust as a and semi span of wing is 0.1125m and 0.9m. There six types
consequence reduces the gas utilization and will increase the of wing and winglets which was straight wing, 5-degree
efficiency of the plane. They also can provide advantages sweep wing of cant angle 90, 10-degree sweep wing of cant
consisting of better cruise speed and discount in noise tiers. angle 90, 15-degree sweep wing of cant angle 90, 15-degree
This paper deals with the numerical analysis of a swept sweep wing of cant angle 110 and multiple winglet of cant
returned wing through including more than one winglets at angle 60,90,110.
the wing tip. CFD numerical evaluation is done at positive
boundary situation. The goal of the analysis is to compare the
aerodynamic characteristics of the wing with one-of-a-kind
winglet configuration and to analyze the performance of the
wing with multiple winglets.

II. METHODOLOGY

The analysis is performed in three different types of


sweep back angle, variable cant angle and Multiple winglets
of different cant angle. The results obtained is compared with
straight wing without winglet for comparing aerodynamic
efficiency. The CFD simulation is done using Ansys Fluent
18.1 at various angle of attack at Reynolds number of
18.35×105.
Fig.2 C-Domain radius length and width

IJISRT21MAY011 www.ijisrt.com 1
Volume 6, Issue 5, May – 2021 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
ISSN No:-2456-2165

Fig.3 Multiple winglets cant angle of 60,90 & 110 degree

IV. MESH:

The meshing was done in ANSYS Fluent 18.1


workbench using Intel i5 9th generation processor and 8.00
GB RAM. The grid independence study was done by
performing various size of mesh elements. Grid independence
is carried out to find the suitable size of elements in mesh. In
this case the total number of elements in the mesh is around 2
to 2.7 million elements, which is very effective in
computational time and results quality.

Prism layer is applied over the mesh geometry to create


a layer of grids to capture the vortex formation over the wing.

Fig.4 Meshing parameters

V. SLOVER SETUP:

The velocity of free stream velocity of 30 m/s has


Reynold’s number of about 18.35×105 (turbulent flow). The
fluid domain is made up of 5 boundaries in the shape of semi
bullet.

Zone Boundary Conditions


Wing root Symmetry
Wing Surface Stationary wall
Inlet Velocity inlet
Outlet Pressure outlet
Wall Stationary wall
Velocity Inlet 30 m/s
Fig.5 Unstructured Mesh of Domain & Prism layer over the Turbulent Equation Transient k-Epsilon (Two
unstructured mesh of wing Equation)
Table.1 Boundary condition parameters.

The simulations were performed using Transient k-


Epsilon (Two Equation) which is second order equation used
to calculate velocity contour.

IJISRT21MAY011 www.ijisrt.com 2
Volume 6, Issue 5, May – 2021 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
ISSN No:-2456-2165

Fig.8 Coefficient of Lift Vs Angle of Attack (AOA)

From the above graph we can compare that Multiple


winglets of cant angle 60,90 & 110 degree has less CL
comparing to other winglets. So, we can come to that
Multiple winglets has less CL.

Fig.9 Coefficient of Drag Vs Angle of Attack (AOA)

From the above graph we see that Multiple winglets of cant


angle 60,90 & 110 degree has less Cd comparing to other
wing and winglet types. So, we came to know that Multiple
winglets has less Cd.
Fig.6 Solver parameters
VII. TURBULENCE IMAGES AND TABLES:
VI. RESULT AND DISCUSSION:
Straight Wing:

Fig.7 Mesh Convergence graph

From the above graph we can come to know that Fig.10 Side View
elements after 2567369 have same coefficient of lift for
straight wing. So, from this grid independent study we have
proceed with 2567369 elements for all coming simulations.

IJISRT21MAY011 www.ijisrt.com 3
Volume 6, Issue 5, May – 2021 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
ISSN No:-2456-2165
5 Degree Sweep Back Wing Cant Angle 90: Fig.14 Vector Plots Side View
Multiple Winglet Cant Angle 60 90 110:

Fig.11 Side View


Fig.15 Vector Plots Side View
10 Degree Sweep Back Wing Cant Angle 90:

Fig.12 Vector Plot Side View Fig.16 Streamlines Top View

15 Degree Sweep Back Wing Cant Angle 90:

Fig.17 Coefficient of Induced darag Vs AOA


Fig.13 Side View
From this above Turbulence images and from graph we
15 Degree Sweep Back Wing Cant Angle 110 : came to know that multiple winglets of 60 90 110 degree
have less Cd compared to other wing.

VIII. CONCLUSION :

By comparing the [10] to [16] images we can able to see


the vortex difference in the winglets while seeing the image
[16] the vortex formation is very low compared with other
types of winglets. By seeing image [17] we can come to
conclusion that induced drag produced by multiple winglet is
very less compared with other winglets.

IJISRT21MAY011 www.ijisrt.com 4
Volume 6, Issue 5, May – 2021 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
ISSN No:-2456-2165

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Thanks to Asst. prof Dr. Rajasekar K for his devoted


guidance and the work he has done –working in conjunction
with Dr. Kalil Rahiman. The clarity of her comments in the
designing and analysis of the Rotor Blade allowed me to
complete the article with expected results.

REFERENCES

[1]. Performance Analysis of a Wing With Multiple


Winglets,
[2]. Considerations about Winglet Design Bento S. de
Mattos, American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics-2003, Orlando, Florida
[3]. CFD Simulation and Experimental Study of Winglets at
Low Subsonic Flow Sanjay Kumar Sardiwal,
International Journal of Engineering Research and
Applications ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 5, 2014
[4]. A Report on Numerical Investigation of Wings with and
Without Winglet Mohammad Salahuddin, International
Journal of Research in Aeronautical and Mechanical
Engineering, ISSN: 2321-3051, VOL.1, Issue. 1, 2013
[5]. Analysis on Reducing the Induced Drag Using the
Winglet at the Wingtip Alekhya Bojja, International
Journal of Engineering Research & Technology
(IJERT), VOL. 2, Issue 12, ISSN: 2278-0181,
December – 2013

IJISRT21MAY011 www.ijisrt.com 5