GROUP NO.1 (SECTION ³A´) NAME OF STUDENT 1. GAURAV BANSAL 2. NAVEEN KUMAR 3. NEERAJ CHADAWAR 4. NISHANTH P 5. SANAT KUMAR 6. SHOUNAK MONDAL PHONE NO. 9971244884 9911666550 9654470466 9873117737 9873983426 7827343221 E-MAIL



Dr. Sumeet Kaur



parenting/ age&q&f=false 7. 1993) 4. 2006) ounsel Press Business Series by Articles y Daycare Dos and Don'ts (10 tips to prepare yourself and your baby) By Gina y Teach your child to handle anger By Christina Frank.html) P 2 . 2010) 8. Guy B. I Love Daycare (Teach Me About) by Joy Berry and Dana Regan (Oct 26. Haby PhD. Health com (http://www.cnn. How to Start a Home-Based Day-Care Business.anger. Start & Run a Home Day are (Sel Catherine M. Carl Goes to Daycare by Alexandra Day (Oct Pruissen (Jun 1. 2002) Marks 4th (Home-Based Business Series by Shari Steelsmith (Nov 1. (http://www. Daycare Book by Alison Clark-Stewart http://books. Positive Dis ipline for Child are Providers A Practical and Effective Plan for Every Preschool and Daycare Program by Jane Nelsen Ed. fewer later By Denise Mann. How To Open Up A Daycare by Kristen Middleton (Mar 17.html) y Day care babies More infections now. Daycare attendance before the age of two protects against atopy in preschool age children Michelle M. How to Start a Home-Based Day-Care Business. and Cheryl Erwin (Aug 27.Bibli g phy B ks 1. 2010) 2002) 3. 2003 6. LCSW (http://www.cnn. Parenting. 5th (Home-Based Business Series) by Shari Steelsmith (Dec 1. et al 5.

y Should all Children in Daycare be Vaccinated Against the Flu? Per Problems with your child at day Karolinska y Moms Talk Q&A: Day Care http://gaithersburg.cnn.aappublications. not getting along with others.html?iref=alls earch y y Daycare v/s Preschool http://preschools. y Swine flu information for childcare providers http://daycarematch. etc.html y The Effects of Daycare Reconsidered http://www.wickedlocal. Sweden y A Comparison of Child Day-Care Settings in Four Countries http://pediatrics. study finds http://edition.patch. Huddinge University Hospital. such as crying when you y Unexpected Death Due to Acute Airway Obstruction in Daycare Centers http://pediatrics.html y Board rejects revised plan for Acton daycare y Preschoolers' sexual behavior at daycare centers: An epidemiological study Frank gin=gateway&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_u P 3 .sciencedirect. let's work on this toget her. Gustafsson et al Department of Child and Adolescent y Day care centers turn on TV for toddlers.

org/papers/w4953 P 4 .rlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=e74493c6ae458c30c793a4786c6195d7&searchtype= a y Economic Effects of Quality Regulations in the Daycare Industry Tasneem Chipty. Ann Dryden Witte NBER Working Paper No.nber. 4953 http://www.

find out what's going on at the center. but one that appears so several days a week is not normal.essortment. etc. not getting along with others. Problems with your child at day care. The parent needs to look for warning signals and act accordingly. let's work on this together.html Thousands of commercially-licensed day care centers operate successfully without taint. Day care is typically an ongoing service during specific periods. or scandal of a child's mistreatment or abuse. c> Your child seems dazed or out of sorts. An emotionally distrait toddler or preschooler is not a> Your child develops new inappropriate behaviors.Literature Review Day care or child care is care of a child during the day by a person other than the child's legal guardians. But if your little one shows dirty hands. Due to changing lifestyles Day Care centres are mushrooming everywhere . there may be a problem. b> Your child appears dirty or ill kept. The article says 5 ways to look for what is wrong with your child. All kids go through stages in their growth and social skills that are manifested through new types of activity or actions. The service is known as child care in the United Kingdom and day care in North America and Australia. rumor. But if your child starts to display extremely different behaviors that make you concerned. or torn clothing on a regular basis when picked up from day care. Some of these are questionable or downright bad. typically performed by someone outside the child's immediate family. http://www. muddy clothes. Perhaps your child needs a longer nap-time or more fluids to keep from getting dehydrated P 5 . 1. such as the parents' time at work. such as crying when you leave. But the truth is that many problems go undetected because children are too young to speak up for themselves and parents don't always know what to look for.Today nearly 47 % of American children attend Day Care at some point of their lives. like biting other children or taking toys from them. Of course all kids enjoy playing in the dirt or mud if allowed to do so.

mention it to her politely first. Coupled with the financial expense of quality daycare and selfimposed guilt of entrusting someone to care for your child. ask for a few referrals from fellow parents whose children attend the center. The ability to chat openly about how other parents view the care and services provided or how other children enjoy the daycare facility will help you all overcome some natural anxiety. Daycare Dos and Don'ts (10 tips to prepare yourself and your baby) By Gina RobertsGrey. LCSW (http://www. The process of attending daycare or dropping your child off at daycare can be an overwhelming feat for many families. If your witness a teacher using profanity or belittling a This article discusses about the various steps to be followed by a parent so that neither the parent or the child has a problem with the day care. A few weeks before your child will be at daycare all day. 2. schedule short visits that last 10 to 15 minutes long P 6 . the subject of daycare generally leads to parents carrying a mixed bag of emotions they struggle to sort through. Go to the supervisor if the teacher makes excuses or becomes irate. It's fairly typical to find a day care center classroom in disarray.babiestoday. e> Your child's teacher manifests reckless or inadequate care of the children. Practice Makes Perfect You can build your child's security with attending daycare by starting with short time intervals.d> Your child's classroom is unorganized and ill-kept. making friends or coping with the separation from family and home can be quite consuming for parents. List of Dos and Donts include: Playing 20 Questions Once you've verified the safety and licensing records of your local daycare centers. Wondering if your child is adjusting to the facility's routine. But children should be taught how to pick up after themselves and put away toys and equipment under the teacher's supervision.

urges parents to limit feeding an emotional or tearful goodbye scene. it is wise to expect a few glitches along the way. Practice What You Preach Give your baby the chance to model your behavior and acceptance of attending daycare. Shasta. Bridget Lemazny of Twin Lakes. she will experience the same emotional response as if she saw you leave. site Supervisor of Siskiyou Child Care Center in Mt. Wis. she will sense your confidence in her caregivers." Don't Sneak Out Lux also cautions that trying to avoid a scene will not prevent your child from becoming upset when you drop her off. found out having a family member or trusted friend who is readily available and resides close to your child's daycare center as an emergency contact adds an additional layer of support. Let her watch you chatting with the staff to encourage your child to trust these people. "A loving hug and kiss combined with 'I'll be back at 5 o'clock' is easier on you and your child. When she sees your smile and hears the calm interaction between you." she says. "Parents need to realize that a drawn-out separation promotes more tears and anxiety. P 7 .. If you hand your child over to a member of the daycare center's staff. "When your child realizes you've slipped away. Set a Routine Suzie Lux. try to establish a connection with one individual your child feels comfortable with. Calif. Have a Back-up Plan Although your ultimate goal is for your entire family to become accustomed to daycare.." she says.Familiarity Breeds Comfort Schedule or request the same caregiver for your child whenever possible.

From deciding whether a home daycare is for you to planning healthy. emotional. This book is also great for parents who want to take an active role in assuring the best childcare for their children. Caring for children is as challenging and multifaceted as parenting itself. and the demand for safe. a home daycare could be the perfect choice. firm limits and respectful environment at home ·Uncover support and learning opportunities for yourself and fellow childcare providers ·And much more! P 8 . Positive Discipline for Childcare Providers offers a thorough. and all other tasks associated with running a small business. Start & Run a Home Daycare (Self-Counsel Press Business Series) by Catherine M. 2002) Child Care is a much sought-after service today. Inside are workable solutions to many of today's toughest childcare issues and everything you need to develop an enriching experience for children. from keeping the books to keeping the children happy. Providing quality child care and making a profit isn't child's play. you want to provide an all-around quality childcare experience at every level. practical program that is easily adaptable to any childcare or preschool situation and setting. licensing requirements. including those with special needs ·Encourage parents to establish a partnership with you and provide the same kind. and Cheryl Erwin Empowering Methods for Effective Childcare As a professional childcare provider. learn. Start & Run a Home Daycare provides the information you need to build a thriving business caring for children. nurturing care for children is always high. and workers alike. parents. Positive Discipline for Childcare Providers: A Practical and Effective Plan for Every Preschool and Daycare Program by Jane Nelsen Ed. The initial cash investment can be minimal.3. 4. You want to find ways to form a partnership with parents in their children's development. In addition. you need to master record keeping. You'll learn how to: ·Create a setting where children can laugh.D. you want to create an environment that is inviting and nurturing for children as well as encouraging for your adult staff. appealing meals. and cognitive development in all children. This book will help you get started right and keep your daycare running smoothly and successfully. and grow ·Support healthy physical. Simply put. If you love working with children and want to run your own business. Pruissen (Jun 1.

children. After controlling . The associations with newborn health persisted when the comparisons were made among siblings. Data from the 1994 wave of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were available for 6603 singleton infants followed from birth. birth defects. Dimitri Christakis. Positive Discipline for Childcare Providers demonstrates techniques that decrease misbehavior by increasing the child's sense of capability. doctors said. a lot of time is spent watching TV. study finds http://edition. "They really want to believe that they leave their children there. even before mother's (re)entry to the labor force? Preexisting differences among children may be an alternative explanation for many apparent daycare outcome effects.html?iref=allsearch A study from the Center for Child" Researchers surveyed licensed home-based and center-based day cares in Michigan. who directs the Center for Child Health in Seattle." 5. enriching Do children of employed mothers differ from other children. Florida. and mothers of healthy premature infants."In a magical way. The Effects of Daycare Reconsidered http://www. Behavior and Development at Seattle Children's Research Institute examined 168 child care programs and found that 70 percent of homebased and 36 percent of center-based programs showed television to preschool kids. or extended hospitalization at birth began working significantly later after the birth of the child. Extensive TV watching for young children has been associated with shorter attention span. began working significantly earlier. And I don't know that they're aware that in fact. childhood obesity and developmental issues such as knowing fewer words and being less prepared for school. 6. Day care centers turn on TV for toddlers. that took care of children under the age of 5 Face-to-face interactions such as engaging with the children with toys or reading books are more stimulating. Washington. and community feeling.cnn. it's preparing them for school. "Most parents don't know what happens at their children's preschool.nber. and mothers of infants with higher development scores and more difficult temperament. courage. The P 9 magnitudes of the effects were large enough to have practical importance. it's a stimulating." said author Dr. experts said. Washington and Massachusetts. Mothers of children with intrauterine growth retardation.

from the Chinese view that health care should be built into the daily routine of child day care to the American approach of placing that responsibility primarily on the parent. 9. This is an ongoing service which is during specific time periods and especially during parents working hours. Similarities between Day-care and Preschool: Both preschool and day-care have similar requirements. The issue of health and health care in the day-care setting is also viewed in a number of ways. A Comparison of Child Day-Care Settings in Four Countries http://pediatrics. and drawbacks. in others it serves primarily to provide working parents a safe haven for their children during work hours.for both observed and unobserved differences between families.1. and each system has its own particular purposes.2 Although attention has been previously drawn to the different pattern of food asphyxiation in children compared with adults. This paper explores the day-care settings found in four countries. A surprisingly wide variety of child day-care systems exist throughout the world. benefits. child day care is viewed as an integral part of the public Sudden collapse due to acute upper aerodigestive tract obstruction in infants and young children is most often caused by ingested food or toy parts. a mother was only 50% as likely to have been employed at all in the first five years after the birth of a high risk infant. Daycare v/s Preschool Day-care centre is a place where a child is taken care of by another person who is not his family. In some countries.2 the following two cases taken from the autopsy files of the Adelaide Children's Hospital over a 20-year period demonstrate particular risk factors associated with youngchildren eating in daycare centers 8.aappublications. Both of them charge almost the same which does not make much of a P 0 . This is the sole reason why many parents choose day care over preschool although preschool education is very important to form a basis of their child¶s education.aappublications. Unexpected Death Due to Acute Airway Obstruction in Daycare Centers http://pediatrics.

Day-care is for children of ages infant to elementary and whereas preschool is aimed at catering to students of ages 2 ½ and 5 or 6 years.html 10.difference if you are deciding to put your child into a preschool or a day care. These two both have different activities which help the child to develop their different skills and development. Common reasons are: women working. Daycare . Statistics show that as the number of working mothers has surged in the last two decades. Alison Clarke-Stewart draws on extensive research to survey the social. political. single parent families. the problems of negotiating the dual demands of work and home have sharply increased in both complexity and Reference:http://preschools. The average working mother spends forty hours a week on the job. fathers of limited help. the emotional welfare of American families depends on good daycare. fewer families have older relatives living with them.e. Book by Alison Clark-Stewart Today¶s Parents experience unprecedented physical and Psychological stress related to the provision of childcare. A host of social changes have created new need for day-care centers. Her evaluation of options and consequences enables parents to make informed choices for their own children and provides a glimpse of how their choices will affect future generations. Preschool timings are limited whereas a day-care caters to all the working parents. which is a great benefit. women alone i. and reviews the latest research into the effects of daycare on children's . about ten hours commuting. More than ever. and economic landscape of daycare over the last decade. Dissimilarities between Day-care and Preschool: The basic difference between these two is that preschool works on a specific education approach whereas a day-care is viewed as more of a custodial of the children. changing values-parents today do not feel that they need to make sacrifices for their children. and another thirty-six caring for children and the home. Clarke-Stewart approaches the subject from several angles: she compares past and present as well as American and global P practices.

74%).6600274 www.95). this book separates fact from fiction. She also looks at the emergence and current state of institutional daycare in corporations and schools.65 months) would have an odds ratio of (0. and were exposed to more children at each daycare.html P 2 .com/bjc/journal/v86/n9/abs/6600274a. Incident cases (age 1±14 years) were rapidly ascertained during 1995± ge&q&f=false 11. doi:10. 25 h per week. individually matched on date of birth. and its wealth of research findings.nature. compared to children who never attended Published online 6 May 2002 The relationship between daycare/preschool ('daycare') attendance and the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia was evaluated in the Northern California Childhood Leukaemia Study.1038/sj. The odds ratio associated with each thousand child±hours was 0. for example. resulting in a total of 140 case±controls pairs. Fewer cases (n=92. race. remained in daycare for more hours. Besides. 66%) attended daycare than controls (n=103.bjcancer. With its sweeping view of daycare's role in contemporary childhood.984±0. These findings support the hypothesis that delayed exposure to common infections plays an important role in the aetiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. attended a daycare with 15 other children.991)50=0. and suggest that extensive contact with other children in a daycare setting is associated with a reduced risk of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Reference:http://www. 1419±1424. Hispanicity.999).bjc. gender. Children who had more total child±hours had a significantly reduced risk of ALL. Daycare attendance and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia British Journal of Cancer (2002) 86. and residence.991 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0. for a total duration of 30. As she explores the social and emotional environment of this field she lays out the ingredients for success and offers a checklist Parents can use to assess their own arrangements. Population-based controls were randomly selected from the California birth registry. 0. controls started daycare at a younger age.64 (95% CI: 0. allaying parents¶ fears and equipping them with the practical knowledge they need to secure the best daycare for their attended daycare for longer duration.development. Reference:http://books. which means that a child with 50 thousand child±hours (who may have.

G. et al Daycare attendance before the age of two protects against atopy in preschool age children Early attendance at daycare has been shown to protect against K.2-3 Reference:http://onlinelibrary. FRACP. Marks. Peat. inland city (Wagga Wagga. Atopy was assessed by skin prick tests to six common allergens. The results of this study do not support either of the proposed hypotheses.CO. 0. One proposed hypothesis for this association is that early exposure to other children protects against atopy by facilitating the spread of infections among children.26. R. doi: 10.14±0. J.0..04).12. Daycare attendance and other possible risk factors for atopy were measured by a parent-completed questionnaire.1002/1099-0496(200011)30:5<377::AID PPUL3>3. as defined by a positive skin prick test. M. n = 286) and one dry. 95% CI. n = 364) in New South Wales. 95% CI. (2000).0.CO. Marks PhD. Daycare attendance before the age of two protects against atopy in preschool age children. The greatest effect was seen in children who attended a daycare center (odds ratio (OR). nor can the effect be explained by any of the other potential confounders measured. in 1995. 0. We conducted a cross-sectional study of children aged 3±5 years living in one humid coastal city (Lismore. as well as a number of potential confounding factors. M.41±1.50) rather than family daycare (OR. Guy B. Our aim was to determine whether attendance at daycare before age 2 years protects against atopy in Australian preschool age children and to test the two alternative hypotheses.1002/10990496(200011)30:5%3C377::AID PPUL3%3E3. Reference :Haby.2-3/abstract P 3 . Daycare attendance before the age of two protects against atopy in preschool age children Michelle M. and Leeder.wiley. Australia. B. 0. An alternative hypothesis is that children attending daycare centers have less atopy due to lower levels of exposure to indoor allergens. 0. Pediatric Pulmonology. Children who attended daycare before age 2 years had a reduced risk of atopy at 3±5 years.66.. 30: 377±384. S. Haby PhD.

Reference: 5-year-old children from these centers as well as home-care controls were observed in the laboratory interacting with their mothers during three types of episodes: while ignored. Canada. Tacoma. The specification of the reduced form model is derived from an eight P equation market model for wages and work hours. Children attending good-quality daycare were intermediate. more importantly. and while required to do a difficult task. Overall. Verbal interaction patterns differed as well. while attended to. behavior differed during the various episodes. USA A Daycare Quality Assessment Instrument was developed and subsequently usedto select two high-quality and two poor-quality daycare eway&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_ userid=10&md5=30537c38c59634e957dc216f96a93e6d&searchtype=a 14. limits on group size and staff/child ratio. we consider the effects of the number of mandated inspections. while children attending poor-quality daycare were more likely to have verbal interaction limited to numerous single statements²that is. Parent²Child interaction and daycare: Does quality of daycare matter? Carole Peterson Richard Peterson Memorial University of Newfoundland. Washington. with home-care children carrying on more sustained dialogues.13. Ann Dryden Witte NBER Working Paper No.sciencedirect. type of child care chosen. Children in poor-quality daycare were less compliant with task instructions than were other children. Economic Effects of Quality Regulations in the Daycare Industry Tasneem Chipty. 4953 We estimate reduced form models to discern the effect of state regulation of the quality of center and family day care. Three. price and hours 4 equilibrium price and hours of care and the quality of care as measured by the actual . and staff training requirements on staff/child ratio. the three groups did not behave equivalently. less dyadic interchange. Specifically. Results were interpreted in terms of children learning patterns of adult interaction at daycare that affect interactions with their mothers.

Per A. Sweden The frequency of sexual behaviors in a population of preschoolers (n = 251) attending Swedish daycare centers was studied using a questionnaire given to the staff.of care and a set of hedonic equations for the characteristics of care. consume more hours of care and consume higher quality day care. attempting to make the adult touch the child's genitals. only regulations regarding staff training appear to have consistently desirable effects. Reference: http://www. Huddinge University Hospital. The results offer an incipient frame of reference for statistically normal expected sexual behaviors in preschoolers at daycare centers. Only masturbation and clinging body contact were positively correlated with behavioral disturbance. Karolinska Institute. and staff/child ratios. P 5 . initiating games with a similarity to adult sexual activity. but the welfare implications of the effects are more ambiguous. like searching for body contact and responding to such contact. The rarity of certain behaviors implies that their occurrence in an individual case may necessitate special clinical attention. Such regulations decrease equilibrium price and hours of care and increase the staff/child ratio for both centers and family day care. hours of care. playing sexually explorative games. Gustafsson et al Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. For example. Tax deductions and subsidies for child care have similarly ambiguous welfare effects. Child care regulations are binding. attempting to touch a woman's breast. Regulations of group size and the staff/child ratio have significant effects. households that take a tax deduction for child care pay higher prices for 15. Some behaviors turned out to be frequently occurring. without pleasure or in a way that caused pain. to masturbate obsessively. The correlations between age and single behaviors may be summarized as manifestations of the process of socialization. Stockholm. Other behaviors occurred more frequently but were still uncommon (less than 2% of the children displayed such a behavior ³sometimes´ or ³often/daily´): exhibiting own genitals. The results indicate strongly that child care regulations do affect equilibrium price. several behaviors were very uncommon (1% or fewer): touching an adult's genitals.nber. using sexual words. Preschoolers' sexual behavior at daycare centers: An epidemiological study Frank Lindblad. In equilibrium. using objects against own or other childs genitals/anus. However.

com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V7N3YB56GP32&_user=10&_coverDate=05/31/1995&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=gateway&_origin=gat eway&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_ userid=10&md5=e74493c6ae458c30c793a4786c6195d7&searchtype=a Problem Statement Looking at the possible drawbacks of Day-Care Centres .Reference:http://www.sciencedirect.what is missing ? Is the child safe at the day care centre ? P 6 .

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