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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

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 (a) 1. Write short notes on plane stress problem with suitable examples. (b) Derive the material constitutive matrix for a plane strain problem. [8+8] 2. Derive the ﬁnite element equations from the one dimensional second order equation by variational approach. [16] 3. Calculate the deﬂection at the center of the beam as shown in ﬁgure 3. Take E = 220 Gpa; A = 40 mm × 40 mm. [16] Figure 3 4. Show that the shape function at node i (N i ), for the simplex triangle is one and zero at nodes j and k. (a) (b) The nodal displacements for the simplex two-dimensional element shown ﬁgure4b are u 1 = 2 mm, u 2 = 6 mm, u 3 = -1 mm, v 1 = 4 mm , v 2 = 5 mm and v 3 = 8 mm. Determine the displacement components at an interior point B (10,10).

The nodal coordinates (in mm) are given in parenthesis.

Figure 4b

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 1

 5. Discuss the ﬁnite element methodology to solve the torsion problems from the ﬁrst principles? [16] 6. Explain the following with examples: (a) Lumped parameter model. (b) Continuous system model. [8+8] 7. (a) Explain the semi automatic mesh generation technique. (b) List any three Finite element analysis software and explain their capabilities. [8+8] 8. Give the necessity of rotating and oﬀsetting the work plane in ANSYS environment. What are the useful features of CAEFEM package in analysis? [16]

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

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 1. (a) Write short notes on plane stress problem with suitable examples. (b) Derive the material constitutive matrix for a plane strain problem. [8+8] 2. With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of ﬁnite element method for one dimensional analysis. [16] 3. A beam of length 2 m is ﬁxed at both ends. Estimate the deﬂection at the center of the beam where load is acting vertically downward of 10 kN. Divide the beam into two elements. Compare the solution with theoretical calculations. Take E = 2 x 10” N/m 2 , A = 250 mm 2 . [16] 4. (a) Derive strain displacement [B] matrix for a 3 noded Triangular element? (b) The nodal coordinates and the nodal displacements of a triangular element, under a speciﬁc load condition are given below: X i = 0, Y i = 0, X j = 1 mm , Y j = 3 mm, X k = 4 mm, Y k = 1, u 1 = 1 mm, u 2 = -0.05 mm, u 3 = 2 mm, V 1 = 0.5 mm , V 2 = 1.5 mm and V 3 = -1 mm. If E = 2 X 10 5 N / mm 2 and µ = 0.3. ﬁnd the stresses in the element. [8+8] 5. Determine the temperature distribution in a circular tapered ﬁn varies the diameter from 4 cm to 1 cm over a length of 1 m. The convection takes place on lateral surface as well as tip. The conductivity of the ﬁn material is 200 W/m K, heat transfer coeﬃcient over the surface is 980 W/m 2 K and T∝ = 22 0 C. Assume base temperature is 100 0 C. [16] 6. Derive the elemental mass matrix for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element? [16] 7. (a) Name any three elements used in stress analysis of 3-dimensional problems. (b) Describe the procedure of obtaining stiﬀness matrix by properly choosing shape functions for tetrahedron element. [8+8] 8. What are diﬀerent steps followed in preparation of preprocessing, processing, and post processing stages using NASTRAN package? [16]

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

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• 1. Determine the circumference of a circle of radius ‘r’ using the basic principles of

 ﬁnite element method. [16] 2. With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of ﬁnite element method for one dimensional analysis. [16] 3. Show that the central deﬂection of the beam of length L m (both the ends are ﬁxed) carries a load of P at the center is given by PL 3 /192 EI using FEM by dividing the beam into two elements? [16] 4. With suitable examples explain the meaning and formulations of properties of ax- isymmetric elements. State their applications. [16] 5. Explain the methodology for the treatment of all three boundary conditions in a 1-D heat transfer element? [16] 6. Derive the elemental mass matrix for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element? [16] 7. (a) Name any three elements used in stress analysis of 3-dimensional problems. (b) Describe the procedure of obtaining stiﬀness matrix by properly choosing shape functions for tetrahedron element. [8+8]
• 8. With an example, explain the procedure involved in solving an engineering problem in computational ﬁnite element analysis using computer software. [16]

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

All Questions carry equal marks

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 1. Discuss the following basic principles of ﬁnite element method. (a) Derivation of element stiﬀness matrix. (b) Assembly of Global stiﬀness Matrix. [8+8] 2. With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of ﬁnite element method for one dimensional analysis. [16] 3. A beam of length 2 m is ﬁxed at both ends. Estimate the deﬂection at the center of the beam where load is acting vertically downward of 10 kN. Divide the beam into two elements. Compare the solution with theoretical calculations. Take E = 2 x 10” N/m 2 , A = 250 mm 2 . [16] 4. (a) Discuss the signiﬁcance and applications of triangular elements. (b) Two dimensional simplex elements are used to ﬁnd the pressure distribution in a ﬂuid medium. The (x, y) coordinates of nodes i, j and k of an element are given by (2, 4), (4, 0) and (2, 6) respectively. Find the shape functions N i , N j and N k of the element. [6+10] 5. Derive the element conductivity matrix and load vector for solving 1- D heat con- duction problems, if one of the surfaces is exposed to a heat transfer coeﬃcient of h and ambient temperature of T∞? [16] 6. Discuss the methodology to solve the Eigen value problem for the estimation of natural frequencies of a stepped bar? [16] 7. Write a short notes on: (a) Convergence requirements (b) Mesh preparation for tetrahedral element (c) Shape Function for tetrahedral element. [6+4+6] 8. With an example, explain the procedure involved in solving an engineering problem in computational ﬁnite element analysis using computer software. [16]

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