Code No: RR420302
IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
(a)


(b) Derive the material constitutive matrix for a plane strain problem. 
[8+8] 


by variational approach. 
[16] 

[16] 


Figure 3 

(a) 

(b) The nodal displacements for the simplex twodimensional element shown ﬁgure4b are u _{1} = 2 mm, u _{2} = 6 mm, u _{3} = 1 mm, v _{1} = 4 mm , v _{2} = 5 mm and v _{3} = 8 mm. Determine the displacement components at an interior point B (10,10). 
The nodal coordinates (in mm) are given in parenthesis.
Figure 4b
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[5+11]
Code No: RR420302
5. 
Discuss the ﬁnite element methodology to solve the torsion problems from the ﬁrst 

principles? 
[16] 

6. 
Explain the following with examples: 




[8+8] 

7. 




[8+8] 

8. 
Give the necessity of rotating and oﬀsetting the work plane in ANSYS environment. What are the useful features of CAEFEM package in analysis? [16] 
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2
Code No: RR420302
IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. 



[8+8] 

2. 
With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of ﬁnite element 

method for one dimensional analysis. 
[16] 

3. 
A beam of length 2 m is ﬁxed at both ends. Estimate the deﬂection at the center of the beam where load is acting vertically downward of 10 kN. Divide the beam into two elements. Compare the solution with theoretical calculations. 

Take E = 2 x 10” N/m ^{2} , A = 250 mm ^{2} . 
[16] 

4. 




X _{i} = 0, Y _{i} = 0, X _{j} = 1 mm , Y _{j} = 3 mm, X _{k} = 4 mm, Y _{k} = 1, u _{1} = 1 mm, u _{2} = 0.05 mm, u _{3} = 2 mm, V _{1} = 0.5 mm , V _{2} = 1.5 mm and V _{3} = 1 mm. If 

E = 2 X 10 ^{5} N / mm ^{2} and µ = 0.3. ﬁnd the stresses in the element. 
[8+8] 

5. 
Determine the temperature distribution in a circular tapered ﬁn varies the diameter from 4 cm to 1 cm over a length of 1 m. The convection takes place on lateral 

surface as well as tip. The conductivity of the ﬁn material is 200 W/m K, heat transfer coeﬃcient over the surface is 980 W/m ^{2} K and T∝ = 22 ^{0} C. Assume base 

temperature is 100 ^{0} C. 
[16] 

6. 
Derive the elemental mass matrix for 1D bar element and 1D plane truss element? 

[16] 

7. 




shape functions for tetrahedron element. 
[8+8] 

8. 
What are diﬀerent steps followed in preparation of preprocessing, processing, and 

post processing stages using NASTRAN package? 
[16] 
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1 of 1
Code No: RR420302
IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. Determine the circumference of a circle of radius ‘r’ using the basic principles of
ﬁnite element method. 
[16] 


method for one dimensional analysis. 
[16] 


carries a load of P at the center is given by PL ^{3} /192 EI using FEM by dividing 

the beam into two elements? 
[16] 


isymmetric elements. State their applications. 
[16] 


1D heat transfer element? 
[16] 


[16] 



shape functions for tetrahedron element. 
[8+8] 
8. With an example, explain the procedure involved in solving an engineering problem in computational ﬁnite element analysis using computer software. [16]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1 of 1
Code No: RR420302
IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Answer any FIVE Questions
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. 
Discuss the following basic principles of ﬁnite element method. 




[8+8] 

2. 
With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of ﬁnite element 

method for one dimensional analysis. 
[16] 

3. 
A beam of length 2 m is ﬁxed at both ends. Estimate the deﬂection at the center of the beam where load is acting vertically downward of 10 kN. Divide the beam into two elements. Compare the solution with theoretical calculations. 

Take E = 2 x 10” N/m ^{2} , A = 250 mm ^{2} . 
[16] 

4. 




N _{i} , N _{j} and N _{k} of the element. 
[6+10] 

5. 
Derive the element conductivity matrix and load vector for solving 1 D heat con 

duction problems, if one of the surfaces is exposed to a heat transfer coeﬃcient of 

h and ambient temperature of T∞? 
[16] 

6. 
Discuss the methodology to solve the Eigen value problem for the estimation of 

natural frequencies of a stepped bar? 
[16] 

7. 
Write a short notes on: 






[6+4+6] 

8. 
With an example, explain the procedure involved in solving an engineering problem in computational ﬁnite element analysis using computer software. [16] 
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
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