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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

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(a)

  • 1. Write short notes on plane stress problem with suitable examples.

(b)

Derive the material constitutive matrix for a plane strain problem.

[8+8]

  • 2. Derive the finite element equations from the one dimensional second order equation

by variational approach.

[16]

  • 3. Calculate the deflection at the center of the beam as shown in figure 3. Take E = 220 Gpa; A = 40 mm × 40 mm.

[16]

(a) 1. Write short notes on plane stress problem with suitable examples. (b) Derive the material

Figure 3

  • 4. Show that the shape function at node i (N i ), for the simplex triangle is one and zero at nodes j and k.

(a)

(b)

The nodal displacements for the simplex two-dimensional element shown figure4b are u 1 = 2 mm, u 2 = 6 mm, u 3 = -1 mm, v 1 = 4 mm , v 2 = 5 mm and v 3 = 8 mm. Determine the displacement components at an interior point B (10,10).

The nodal coordinates (in mm) are given in parenthesis.

Code No: RR420302 Set No. 1 IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT

Figure 4b

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 1

5.

Discuss the finite element methodology to solve the torsion problems from the first

principles?

[16]

6.

Explain the following with examples:

  • (a) Lumped parameter model.

  • (b) Continuous system model.

[8+8]

7.

  • (a) Explain the semi automatic mesh generation technique.

  • (b) List any three Finite element analysis software and explain their capabilities.

 

[8+8]

8.

Give the necessity of rotating and offsetting the work plane in ANSYS environment. What are the useful features of CAEFEM package in analysis? [16]

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1.

  • (a) Write short notes on plane stress problem with suitable examples.

  • (b) Derive the material constitutive matrix for a plane strain problem.

[8+8]

2.

With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of finite element

method for one dimensional analysis.

[16]

3.

A beam of length 2 m is fixed at both ends. Estimate the deflection at the center of the beam where load is acting vertically downward of 10 kN. Divide the beam into two elements. Compare the solution with theoretical calculations.

Take E = 2 x 10” N/m 2 , A = 250 mm 2 .

[16]

4.

  • (a) Derive strain displacement [B] matrix for a 3 noded Triangular element?

  • (b) The nodal coordinates and the nodal displacements of a triangular element, under a specific load condition are given below:

X i = 0, Y i = 0, X j = 1 mm , Y j = 3 mm, X k = 4 mm, Y k = 1, u 1 = 1 mm, u 2 = -0.05 mm, u 3 = 2 mm, V 1 = 0.5 mm , V 2 = 1.5 mm and V 3 = -1 mm. If

E = 2 X 10 5 N / mm 2 and µ = 0.3. find the stresses in the element.

[8+8]

5.

Determine the temperature distribution in a circular tapered fin varies the diameter from 4 cm to 1 cm over a length of 1 m. The convection takes place on lateral

surface as well as tip. The conductivity of the fin material is 200 W/m K, heat transfer coefficient over the surface is 980 W/m 2 K and T= 22 0 C. Assume base

temperature is 100 0 C.

[16]

6.

Derive the elemental mass matrix for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element?

 

[16]

7.

  • (a) Name any three elements used in stress analysis of 3-dimensional problems.

  • (b) Describe the procedure of obtaining stiffness matrix by properly choosing

shape functions for tetrahedron element.

[8+8]

8.

What are different steps followed in preparation of preprocessing, processing, and

post processing stages using NASTRAN package?

[16]

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

  • 1. Determine the circumference of a circle of radius ‘r’ using the basic principles of

finite element method.

[16]

  • 2. With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of finite element

method for one dimensional analysis.

[16]

  • 3. Show that the central deflection of the beam of length L m (both the ends are fixed)

carries a load of P at the center is given by PL 3 /192 EI using FEM by dividing

the beam into two elements?

[16]

  • 4. With suitable examples explain the meaning and formulations of properties of ax-

isymmetric elements. State their applications.

[16]

  • 5. Explain the methodology for the treatment of all three boundary conditions in a

1-D heat transfer element?

[16]

  • 6. Derive the elemental mass matrix for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element?

 

[16]

  • 7. (a) Name any three elements used in stress analysis of 3-dimensional problems. (b) Describe the procedure of obtaining stiffness matrix by properly choosing

shape functions for tetrahedron element.

[8+8]

  • 8. With an example, explain the procedure involved in solving an engineering problem in computational finite element analysis using computer software. [16]

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Code No: RR420302

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions

Max Marks: 80

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1.

Discuss the following basic principles of finite element method.

  • (a) Derivation of element stiffness matrix.

  • (b) Assembly of Global stiffness Matrix.

[8+8]

2.

With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of finite element

method for one dimensional analysis.

[16]

3.

A beam of length 2 m is fixed at both ends. Estimate the deflection at the center of the beam where load is acting vertically downward of 10 kN. Divide the beam into two elements. Compare the solution with theoretical calculations.

Take E = 2 x 10” N/m 2 , A = 250 mm 2 .

[16]

4.

  • (a) Discuss the significance and applications of triangular elements.

  • (b) Two dimensional simplex elements are used to find the pressure distribution in a fluid medium. The (x, y) coordinates of nodes i, j and k of an element are given by (2, 4), (4, 0) and (2, 6) respectively. Find the shape functions

N i , N j and N k of the element.

[6+10]

5.

Derive the element conductivity matrix and load vector for solving 1- D heat con-

duction problems, if one of the surfaces is exposed to a heat transfer coefficient of

h and ambient temperature of T?

[16]

6.

Discuss the methodology to solve the Eigen value problem for the estimation of

natural frequencies of a stepped bar?

[16]

7.

Write a short notes on:

  • (a) Convergence requirements

  • (b) Mesh preparation for tetrahedral element

  • (c) Shape Function for tetrahedral element.

[6+4+6]

8.

With an example, explain the procedure involved in solving an engineering problem in computational finite element analysis using computer software. [16]

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