Technical Bulletin

0199 - 99 - 3005 / 5 EN
This Circular supersedes: TR 0199-99-3005/4
Date: Author: Phone: Fax: 29.06.2006 Service Information +49 (0) 221 822-3687 +49 (0) 221 822-5358 DEUTZ AG Deutz-Mülheimer Straße 147-149 D-51063 Köln www.deutz.com

Fuels
The 5th replacement is made owing to detailed specifications of bio-fuels Biological contamination in fuels Explanation of essential fuel properties, appendix 1 This technical bulletin applies for all air-cooled and liquid-cooled DEUTZ compact engines. This TB applies accordingly for engines no longer in the programme.

General
The following fuels are approved for the DEUTZ compact engines: Diesel fuels MDF distillate fuels Light fuel oils Jet fuels Bio-fuels

For general specifications of fuels, see section: Biological contamination in fuels Fuel additives

Distillate fuels with residue oil parts or mixed fuels may not be used in DEUTZ compact engines. The DEUTZ vehicle engines are designed for diesel fuels according to DIN EN 590 with a cetane number of at least 51. DEUTZ engines for mobile work machines are designed for a cetane number of at least 45. When using fuels with a lower cetane number, formation of white smoke and misfires may be a problem. A cetane number of at least 40 is permissible for the US-American market, therefore special engine models have been developed to avoid starting difficulties, extreme white smoke or

Note: The part numbers indicated in this document are not subject to updating. Binding for the identification of spare parts is exclusively the spare parts documentation.

Copies to:
- TR KM - According to SIT 001

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Technical Bulletin
0199 - 99 - 3005 / 5 EN

increased hydrocarbon emissions (EPA regulation – US EPA REGULATIONS FOR LARGE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES). If the white smoke behaviour is unacceptable when using at a very low cetane number, the use of ignition improvers is recommended as a retrofittable remedy. If the use of fuels with a very low cetane number is known in advance, we recommend you to order the engines in the EPA version. For DEUTZ engines for Tier III and EURO III/IV with electronic injection only the following fuels are released: Diesel fuel according to EN 590 US diesel fuel according to ASTM D 975 Grade-No 1-D and 2-D, Japanese diesel fuel JIS K 2204 Grade 1 Fuel and Grade 2 Fuel with lubricating properties according to diesel fuel EN 590 (HFRR max. 460 micrometer according to EN ISO 12156) Bio-diesel according to EN 14214, kerosene and light fuel oils are not released for engines TCD 2012 and TCD 2013. The certification measurements to satisfy the legal emission limits are performed with the test fuels defined by law. These correspond to the diesel fuels according to EN 590 and ASTM D 975 described in section 1. No emission values are guaranteed with the other fuels described in this bulletin. The owner is obliged to check whether the fuels are approved for use by regional regulations.

Diesel fuels
Diesel fuels are released and can be used according to the following specifications. Fuel EN 590 Specifications Annex 2

ASTM Designation: D 975 Grade-No 1-D and Grade Low Sulfur No. 1-D Annex 3 ASTM Designation: D 975 Grade-No 2-D and Grade Low Sulfur No. 2-D Annex 3 JIS K 2204 Grade 1 Fuel and Grade 2 Fuel NATO F-54, equivalent to diesel fuel in acc. with EN 590 Annex 4 Annex 2

The European standard EN 590 has the status of a national standard with a national attachment in most European countries, e.g. DIN EN 590. For DEUTZ engines for Tier III and EURO III/IV with electronic injection US diesel fuels are released according to ASTM D 975 Grade-No 1-D and 2-D. Japanese diesel fuels according to JIS K 2204 Grade 1 Fuel and Grade 2 Fuel are only released when the lubrication properties correspond to the diesel fuel EN 590 (HFRR max. 460 micrometer according to EN ISO 12156). Low sulphur and sulphur-free fuels Low sulphur and sulphur-free diesel fuels (e.g. according to EN 590) with a sulphur content < 50 mg/kg or < 10 mg/kg are permissible. The wear problems in the injection system which used to occur due to the low lubrication capability of low sulphur fuels (especially in fuellubricated distributor injection pumps) are guaranteed in diesel fuels according to ASTM 975 or EN 950 by appropriate additives. In case of low sulphur diesel fuels which do not

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The following marine distillate fuels can be used for DEUTZ marine engines: Fuel ISO 8217 DMX Specifications Annex 5 OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.44 °C are available for an Arctic climate.46 mm in the HFRR test (ISO 12156-1). It is possible to add flow improvers to the diesel fuel. © 84657-0 A1 Mixing of paraffin with Summer diesel fuel The mixing takes place in the engine tank: Fill with the appropriate amount of paraffin first. Mixing of normal petrol is not permissible for safety and technical reasons (cavitation on the injection system). then add the diesel fuel. Diesel fuels up to . High sulphur content in the fuel Fuels with sulphur content≥ 0.fm 3 / 23 © 2006 .99 . If only Summer diesel fuel is available. Only marine distillate fuels are used which contain no residue oils (residue from the distillation process).3005 / 5 EN conform to this standard. Marine distillate fuels This includes distillate fuels used mainly in shipping. Winter operation with diesel fuel Special demands are made on the cold behavior (temperature limit value of the filtrability) for Winter operation. paraffin can be mixed at low temperatures with the diesel fuel up to 30% as shown in the diagram below to ensure the flow capability. The suitable fuels are available at the filling stations in the specified times. the lubrication capability must be guaranteed by additives.5 mass-% require a shorter lube oil change interval (see Technical Circular 0199-99-3002). The choice of a suitable additive and the necessary dosing and mixing procedure should take place in agreement with the fuel supplier.Technical Bulletin 0199 . The characteristic value for sufficient lubrication capability is a maximum wear spot of 0.0 mass-% are not permissible due to high corrosion and considerable reduction of the life of the engines. Fuels with a sulphur content > 1. For engines TCD 2013 4V and fuel according to ASTM D 975 1-D/2-D paraffin may not be mixed.

99 . The possible high sulphur content ≥ 0. May we also remind you that fuels according to ISO 8217 DMA are only permissible when the sulphur content is a maximum 1.0 weight-%) NATO F-75 NATO F-76 Specifications Annex 5 Annex 6 Annex 7 Marine distillate fuels are not released for engine series 2008. The following non-road fuels and light heating oils can be used: Fuel DIN 51603 ASTM D 396 Grade-No 1 ASTM D 396 Grade-No 2 BS 2869 Class A2 CSR 441 Specifications Annex 8 Annex 9 Annex 9 Annex 10 Annex 11 Non-road fuels and light heating oils are not released for Tier III and EURO IV engines with electronic injection. The cetane number must be at least 40 otherwise starting difficulties.860 g/cm3 a reverse blocking at the injection pump is necessary (may only be done by DEUTZ authorised personnel). Because of the potentially heavy contamination great emphasis must be placed on fuel purification and an additional fuel filter with a water trap installed if necessary. 2015 and engines for Tier III and EURO IV with electronic injection. The higher density demands a reverse blocking at the injection pump (may only be done by DEUTZ authorised personnel).0 weight-% are not permissible due to increased corrosion and reduction of the life of the engines. At a density of > 0.Technical Bulletin 0199 .0 weight-%. Usually heating oils are not allowed in diesel engines. extreme white smoke or increased hydrocarbon emission may occur. Non-road fuels and light heating oils In some European countries non-road fuels with identical properties to heating oil are defined which are handled differently to heating oil in terms of tax. Fuels with a sulphur content > 1. These are not an issue of this circular. The cetane number must be at least 40 otherwise starting difficulties. With regard to use in the engine (warranty claims) no distinctions are to be made between the corresponding non-road fuels and light heating oils. 1. 2009. OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. extreme white smoke or increased hydrocarbon emissions may occur. The user must of course abide by the tax regulations.5 mass-% demands a shorter lube oil change interval.fm 4 / 23 © 2006 .3005 / 5 EN Fuel ISO 8217 DMA (restriction: Sulphur content max.

OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. 2009 and engines for Tier III and EURO IV with electronic injection. NATO designation) F 44 (kerosene. Blocking of the injection pump is not allowed.Technical Bulletin 0199 . Since the jet fuels F 34 / F 35 and F 44 are kerosene. Jet fuels are intermixable. 1:1 mixture of F-54 and F-34/F-35) Specifications available on request JP-8 (kerosene. In the engine series 226/327/302/916 jet fuels may only be used in agreement with DEUTZ. The US bio-diesel used for the mixture must comply with the standard ASTM D6751 B100. Specifications Annex 12 Bio-fuel Bio-diesel Only bio-diesel fuels according to EN 14214 (FAME = Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) are permitted. NATO designation)) F-63 (kerosene. NATO designation. based on soy oil methylester is only permissible in mixtures with diesel fuel with a bio-diesel content of a max. A slightly higher wear in the injection system is to be expected which may be expressed in a statistically shorter life of these components. depending on engine speed and torque.3005 / 5 EN Jet fuels The following jet fuels can be used: Fuel F 34 / F 35 (kerosene.99 . Due to the lower density and the greater occurrence of leak fuel due to lower viscosity. US military designation) JP-5 (kerosene. a few problematical fuel properties exist (viscosity. Jet fuels are not released for engine series 2008. lubrication capability and low distillation point). Addition of kerosene to the diesel fuel according to EN 590 to improve the flow capability in Winter operation is permissible. The engine warranty is upheld when using these fuels.fm 5 / 23 © 2006 . The cetane number must be at least 40 otherwise starting difficulties. Fuel Bio-diesel according to EN 14214 Specifications Annex 13 The use of US bio-diesel. NATO designation. corresponds to F-34/F-35 with additives) F-65 (kerosene. a power loss up to 10% is possible. extreme white smoke or increased hydrocarbon emission may occur. 20 weight-%. US military designation) Jet A (kerosene for civil aviation) Jet A1 (kerosene for civil aviation) Jet fuels F 34 and F 35 are equal for using in diesel engines.

2013) are not resistant to bio-diesel and must be changed annually. 2008. The series 909.g. 2012. 910. 10213. The conversion of DEUTZ engines to rape seed oil with conversion kits and modified tank systems of various manufacturers is not permissible and leads to a loss of the warranty claims. TCD 2013 are not released for bio-diesel as standard.3005 / 5 EN The series 912. The lube oil change interval must be halved in relation to operation with diesel fuel according to EN 590. 1013. OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. TCD 2012. 2009. Fax-No. Engines with low annual running times.fm 6 / 23 © 2006 . Only engines of the series 912W/913W/413FW/413W with the 2-tank system from Henkelhausen. 2011. Vegetable oil Pure vegetable oils (e. these are: Engines in combined heat and power plants Engines in generator sets with power supply / parallel operation Engines in harvesting machines A power loss up to 5% is possible due to the low heating value. emergency power units. About 30-50 h after changing over from diesel to bio-diesel the fuel filter should be changed to avoid a drop in performance due to blocked fuel filters. 913. The lube oil quality must correspond with that of TB 0199-99-3002. The use of bio-diesel-resistant fuel pipes (Viton) is recommended. can be operated with vegetable oil according to the DIN draft 51605. ++49 (0)2151 574 112. they may have to be replaced before one year expires. 2015. danger of piston seizure. 1012. are excluded from operation with bio-diesel. Bio-diesel loosens deposits of fuel ageing products and transports them into the fuel filter. Since the fuel pipes may wear prematurely with increasing fuel temperature and high running performance. Bio-diesel can be mixed with the normal diesel fuel but the special guidelines for biodiesel always apply for mixtures (lube oil quality. D-47809 Krefeld. in this case the annual changing can be omitted. 914. rape seed oil) are not bio-diesel and have problematical properties for diesel-engine operation (strong coking tendency. Blocking of the injection pump is not allowed. In series engines the fuel pipes. Otherwise the engine must be started and stopped with diesel fuel. Charged engines are excepted from release for applications which are usually operated with a high utilisation above 80% of the rated power. 1015. 413 and 513 are released for bio-diesel on compliance with the basic conditions below as of year of manufacture 1993.99 . the diaphragm fuel supply pumps and the LDA diaphragms (series 1012. These fuels must be treated like normal diesel fuels. 2012. lube oil change interval) except for mixtures with a content up to 5 weight-% bio-diesel which is recently being sold at European filling stations. The fuel pipes must be checked for damage (swelling) in the course of daily maintenance E 20. e. 1011. extremely high viscosity.Technical Bulletin 0199 . poor evaporation behaviour).g. Standstill times longer than 4-6 weeks with bio-diesel must be avoided. The change should not be made immediately but after about 30-50 h because the loosening of the dirt takes time. 2013. no conversions are necessary.

Separ filter or RACOR filter).Tank interior corrosion.Use of smaller supply tanks with accordingly short dwell times of the stored fuel on the fuel fil- Fuel additives The use of fuel additives is not permitted. The flow improvers mentioned above are an exception. Service Information This document has been created digitally and is valid without a signature. Remedial measures . OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.Avoid exposure of the storage tank to direct sunlight. e.g. fungi) may reproduce to form bio-sludge under unfavourable conditions (favoured especially by heat and water).Technical Bulletin 0199 .Installation of fuel prefilters with water separators.use of biocide if fuel system and storage tank are already contaminated by micro-organisms. Use of unsuitable additives will result in loss of warranty.Filter blockage and related loss in performance due to gel-like deposits ter (especially after long periods of standstill) Cause Micro-organisms (bacteria. There is an increased risk especially in the case of bio-diesel (FAME). D-22840 Norderstedt. . The bacteria and fungi grow in the watery phase at the phase boundary to the fuel phase from which they draw their nutrition. (e. . especially in countries with frequently fluctuating fuel qualities and high water percentage. yeasts. regular tank cleaning by specialised companies .99 . Water contamination is usually caused by condensation of water in the air. Water is very weakly fuel soluble so that the penetrated water collects at the bottom of the tank.Keep the storage tank clean.fm 7 / 23 © 2006 .g.3005 / 5 EN Biological contaminations in fuels Symptoms The following symptoms may indicate that a fuel tank is polluted by micro-organisms. GrotaMar 71 from Schülke & Mayr GmbH.

the greater the mass of the injected fuel. Flashpoint The flashpoint is insignificant for engine operation. Cold behaviour The following characteristic values give an indication of the suitability of fuel at low temperatures: OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. Water Too high a water content leads to corrosion and in connection with corrosion products and sediments to sludge. Viscosity The kinematic viscosity in mm2/s at a certain temperature (1 mm2 s-1 = 1 cSt [Centistoke]) is specified. Coke residue The coke residue applies as a reference value for the tendency of residue to form in the combustion chamber. The higher the density.99 . Malfunctions in the fuel and injection system are the result. Sulphur content High sulphur content and low component temperature can cause increased wear due to corrosion.to mass-unit. scale) which cause wear in the injection system and combustion chamber as well as valve leaks. Sediments / overall soiling Sediments are solids (dust. Too high a viscosity requires preheating. transport and insurance). rust. Ash Ash is carbon-free combustion residue which can lead to wear when deposited in the engine and turbocharger. It is a value indicating the fire hazard and is important for classification in one of the hazard classes (decisive for storage. Distillation range The distillation range indicates how many volume-% of the fuel is overdistillated at a certain temperature. especially in partial load operation. The greater the distillation residue (residue after evaporation) the greater the combustion residue in the engine. The viscosity must be within certain limits for engine operation. Too low a sulphur content may impair the lubricating capability of the fuel insofar as this has not had lubricating capability improvers added. At the same control rod setting the engine performance increases with greater density.3005 / 5 EN Annex 1: Explanation of important fuel properties Density The density is usually specified in g/cm3 or kg/m3 at 15 °C and is important for converting the fuel consumption from volume .fm 8 / 23 © 2006 . The sulphur content influences the lube oil change intervals.Technical Bulletin 0199 .

Acid connections in the fuel lead to corrosion. Extremely desulphurised fuels contain special lubricity additives. It describes the amount of caustic potash solution necessary for neutralisation of the acids. increase hydrocarbon emission and thermal and mechanical overloading of the engine. Lubricity The lubricity decreases with the degree of desulphurisation and can drop to the extent that there is considerable wear in the distributor fuel injectors and the CR systems. Neutralisation number The neutralisation number is a measure of the content of free acids in DK or FAME. The cetane number is determined on a test engine. The pour point is approx. This test simulates the sliding wear in the injection pump by rubbing a ball on a polished steel plate with constant contact force. Oxidation resistance Fuels may oxidise or polymerise partly during longer storage. The limit value of filtrability (CFPP) indicates at what temperature filter and pipe blockages may occur. 3 °C above the solidification point. To test the limit value defined in DIN EN 590.3005 / 5 EN The solidification point indicates at what temperature the dead weight no longer gets the fuel flowing.Technical Bulletin 0199 . wear and formation of deposits in the engine.fm 9 / 23 © 2006 . The cetane index can be used as a substitute calculated value from density and distillation behaviour and correlates well with the cetane number as a rule. Heating value The lower heating value (Hu) indicates the amount of heat released when burning 1 kg of fuel. Appropriate additives provide protection of the metals which come into contact with the fuel even under extreme conditions.99 . The HFRR-Test (High Frequency Reciprocating Wear Rig) was developed for evaluation of the fuels. white smoke. Cetane number / Cetane index The cetane number specifies the ignition willingness of the fuel. OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. Too low a cetane number may cause starting difficulties. This may lead to formation of insoluble (paint-like) components and the associated blockage of the filter. a ground copper strip is brought into contact with diesel fuel for 3 hours at 50°C. The cloud point indicates at what temperature solid precipitation (paraffin) becomes visible. Copper corrosion Diesel fuel can have a corrosive effect on tank walls especially in case of longer storage with change in temperature and formation of condensation. The flaking of the ball after 75 minutes is measured as mean wear diameter (limit value 460 µm).

0 max.4) at 60 °C Viscosity at 40 °C Distillation compensated at 250 °C compensated at 350 °C 95 vol. 0. ** Specification also applies for NATO fuel F-54 OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. up to 15. % vol. 24 Class 1 max. . 200 max. 01. 11 max.20 max.10 max.845 max.01 max.30 max.99 .00 10. % max.3005 / 5 EN Annex 2: Fuel specification ** (minimum requirement): Diesel fuel according to EN 590:2004 Features Cetane number Cetane index Density at 15 °C Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Sulphur content kg/m3 weight-% mg/kg Units Limit values EN Test method 590:2004 at least 51 at least 46 820 .Technical Bulletin 0199 . 01.02.10. 0.50 EN ISO 5165:1998 EN ISO 4264:1996 EN ISO 3675:1998 EN ISO 12185:1996/C1:2001 EN 12916:2000 EN ISO 20846 EN ISO 20847 EN ISO 20884 EN ISO 20846/EN ISO 20884 EN ISO 2719:2002 EN ISO 10370:1995 EN ISO 6245:2002 EN ISO 12937:2000 EN 12662:1998 EN ISO 2160:1998 EN ISO 12205:1996 EN ISO 12156-1:2000 EN ISO 3104:1996 EN ISO 3405:2000 Fatty Acid Methyl Ester content (FAME) Limit of filtrability (CFPP) * 15. 25 max.11.00 .4.fm 10 / 23 © 2006 . . . 350 (until 31.2004) or 50.10 °C weight-% weight-% mg/kg mg/kg Degree of corrosion g/m3 µm mm2/s at least 55 max.04. % compensated at vol.12. up to 28.04. 16. % °C vol. * data apply for the Federal Republic of Germany.03.11. up to 30. 460 2. up to 14. 65 at least 85 360 5 EN 14078:2003 EN 116:1997 °C °C °C °C max.09. corrected "wear scar diameter" (wsd 1.00 Flashpoint coke residue (from 10 % distillation residue) Ash content Water content Overall soiling Corrosion effect on copper (3 h at 50 °C) Oxidation stability Lubricity. National regulations may deviate.

3 .05 No.fm 11 / 23 © 2006 . % kg/m3 °C vol.1 max.35 ** ASTM D 129 ASTM D 2622 ASTM D 130 ASTM D 613 ASTM D 524 mm2/s weight-% max. 288 1.4.99 . 1-D Sulfur No. 338 1. 0.05 at least 282 max. 0. 1/2-D weight-% weight-% Degree of corrosion max. 1-D Grade No. 0.9 . 0. 0.01 ASTM D 44 ASTM D 482 ASTM D 1298 ASTM D 93 ASTM D 2709 ASTM D 86 Test method Copper corrosion (max. 860 * at least 38 max.2.4 max. 3 at least 40 0.3005 / 5 EN Annex 3: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) diesel fuel according to ASTM Designation D 975-02 Features Units Limit values Grade No. 0. 3 at least 40 0. 3 h at 50 °C) Cetane number Coke residue according to Ramsbottom weight-% of 10 % distillate residue Limit of filtrability * °C Minimum requirement DEUTZ ** depending on season and region OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.05 No. 2-D Density at 15 °C Flashpoint Water and sediments Distillation range at 90 vol.05 – max. 860 * at least 52 max.01 max.50 max. 0. 1/2-D Grade Low Sulfur No. 0.15 ** max.50 max. 2-D Grade Low Grade Low Sulfur No.Technical Bulletin 0199 . % °C °C Kinematic viscosity at 40 °C Ash Sulphur Grade No.

05 * * from 2005 max.Technical Bulletin 0199 . -1 max. % weight-% at least 2.mg due Cetane index Kinematic viscosity at 30°C Sulphur vol. -5 max. 0. 0.1 at least 45 ISO 3405:1988 ISO 3924:1977 ISO 3405:1988 ISO 3924:1977 ISO 3015:1974 ISO 3016:1974 ICS 75.5 max. 0.5 max.1 at least 50 Grade 2 Fuel at least 50 max.20 ISO 4260:1992 ISO 4260:1992 ISO 5163:1990 ISO 5164:1990 ISO 5165:1992 ISO 4264:1992 ISO 2909:1981 ISO 3104:1994 ISO 4260:1992 ISO 8754:1992 Test method Coke residue from 10% distillation resi. 350 max.160. 360 max. -7. -2.05 * at least 2.7 max. 0.5 max.99 .3005 / 5 EN Annex 4: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) diesel fuel according to JIS K 2204:1997 Features Units Limit values Grade 1 Fuel Flashpoint Distillation range at 90 vol.fm 12 / 23 © 2006 .005 weight-% OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. 0. % Pour point Limit of filtrability °C °C °C °C at least 50 max.

0. 0 – max. -6 max.15 °C. 0.0 at least 60 ISO 3675 ISO 12185 ISO 3104 ISO 2719 kg/m3 mm2/s °C max. -16 ** max.weight-% idue Ash weight-% * Minimum requirement DEUTZ ** This fuel can be used without preheating up to .5 at least 43 ISO 3016 ISO 3106 ISO 3015 ISO 8754 ISO 5165 ISO 10370 ISO 6245 Cloud point Sulphur Cetane number at least 40 max.4 .5 .5. 0.01 Coke residue from 10 % distillation res.30 max.0 * *** Test method DMA max. 890 1. *** Note the shorter lube oil maintenance interval OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.6.99 .fm 13 / 23 © 2006 . 1.0 *** at least 45 max.Technical Bulletin 0199 .01 max. 0. 1.30 max.3005 / 5 EN Annex 5: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) distillate fuel according to ISO 8217:1996 Features Units Limit values Category ISO-F DMX Density at 15 °C Viscosity at 40 °C Flashpoint Pour point Winter Summer °C °C °C weight-% – – max. 890 1.

200 max.5 0. 0.16 max. -13 max. -18 max. 10 max.3005 / 5 EN Annex 6: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) diesel fuel according to NATO specification Features Density at 15 °C Kinematic viscosity at 40 °C Flashpoint Cloud point Pour point Ash Neutralisation number (acidic) Neutralisation number (water-soluble acids) Sulphur content Corrosion (copper) 3 h at 100 °C Coking tendency Distillation behaviour at 90 vol. 0. 1 max.Technical Bulletin 0199 .05 max. 0.4. 0.3 at least 61 max. 357 max. 385 at least 45 Test method DIN 51757 DIN 51562 Part 1 DIN EN 22719 DIN EN 23015 DIN ISO 3016 DIN EN ISO 6245 DIN 51558 Part 1 DIN 51558 Part 1 DIN 51400 Part 1 and 6 DIN EN ISO 2160 DIN 51551 Part 1 DIN 51751 DIN 51773 DIN 51777 Part 1 ASTM D 2276 App.fm 14 / 23 © 2006 . A 2 ISO 6614 mg/kg mg/l minutes max.0 max. % Distillation end point at 90 vol. 10 National specificationsDE = TL 9140-0003FR = STM 7120 BIT = MM C 1002/E OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.01 max.8 . % Cetane number Water content Sediments Demulgation capacity * Units kg/m3 mm /s °C °C °C weight-% mg KOH/g mg KOH/g weight-% Degree of corrosion weight-% °C °C 2 Limit values F-75 * 815 .860 1.99 .

0.99 .0 ** max.880 at least 85 1.01 max.0 weight-% OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.fm 15 / 23 © 2006 .2 at least 45 mg/l * ** Test method IP 160 IP 123 IP 71 IP 34 IP 219 IP 15 IP 4 IP 139 IP 182 IP 336 IP 154 IP 14 ASTM D 613 Coke residue (from 10% distillation res. STAN 91-4US = MIL-F-16884 JFR = STM 7120 BNL = KN 10323 Observe national requirements.Technical Bulletin 0199 .7 . max. 0.weight-% idue) Cetane number Sediments max. 10 National specificationsEN = DEF.3005 / 5 EN Annex 7: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) diesel fuel according to NATO specification Features Density at 15 °C Distillation compensated at 350 °C Kinematic viscosity at 40 °C Flashpoint Cloud point Pour point Ash Neutralisation number Neutralisation number (water-soluble acids) Sulphur content Copper corrosion 3 h at 100 °C Units kg/m3 vol.0 max. 0. 1. -6 max.3 at least 61 max. % mm2/s °C °C °C weight-% mg KOH/g mg KOH/g weight-% Degree of corrosion Limit values F-76 * 820 . 1 max.4.3 0. 1. -1 max.

5 at least more than 50 at least more than 0. 6. OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. -11 max.99 . 50 max.0050 max.3005 / 5 EN Annex 8: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) light fuel oil according to DIN 51603-1:09/2003 Features Density at 15 °C Heating value Flashpoint in closed pot according to Pensky-Martens Kinematic viscosity at 20 °C Distillation process total evaporated volume percentages up to 250 °C up to 350 °C % % °C max.01 DIN 51777-1 or DIN EN ISO 12937 DIN EN 12662 DIN EN ISO 6245 Units kg/m3 MJ/kg °C mm2/s Limit values DIN Test method 51603-EL-1 max. 200 max.0050 DIN EN ISO 10370 or DIN 51551-1 DIN EN 24260 or DIN EN ISO 8754 or DIN EN ISO 14596 E DIN 51400-11 or DIN EN 24260 or DIN EN ISO 14596 mg/kg mg/kg weight-% max. 65 at least 85 max.Technical Bulletin 0199 . 24 max.0 DIN 51757 or DIN EN ISO 12185 DIN 51900-1 and DIN 51900-2 or DIN 51900-3 or calculation DIN EN 22719 DIN 51562-1 DIN EN ISO 3405 or ASTM D 86 Cloud point Temperature limit value of filtrability (CFPP) dependent on cloud point at cloud point = 3 °C at cloud point = 2 °C at cloud point ≤ 1 °C Coke residue according to Conradson of 10% distillate residue Sulphur content for fuel oil EL-1 standard specified as a weight percentage Sulphur content for fuel oil EL-1 low-sulphur specified as a weight percentage Water content Overall soiling Ash content Storage and thermal stability A limit value can only be specified after development of a suitable method.2 max. 0. 0. -11 max.fm 16 / 23 © 2006 . -10 max. 3 DIN EN 23015 DIN EN 116 % % % weight-% mg/kg % % mg/kg % max. 860 at least 42.6 over 55 max. 0. 0.

0.1 max. % at °C °C °C Kinematic viscosity at 40 °C Sulphur Copper corrosion (max.18 – at least 282 max.15 max. 850 at least 38 max. . 0. 0. % max.fm 17 / 23 © 2006 . 3 at least 40 * max.5 No. 215 – max.35 max.3.5 No.9 .99 .4 max. 288 1. 0. 3 h at 50 ° C) Cetane number Coke residue according to Ramsbottom weight-% of 10 % distillate residue Pour point °C * Minimum requirement DEUTZ Test method No.Technical Bulletin 0199 . 2 max. 1 Density at 15 °C Flashpoint Water and sediments Distillation range 10 vol.05 max. 876 at least 38 max. 0.2. 0.3 .3005 / 5 EN Annex 9: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) light fuel oil according to ASTM Designation D 396-96 Features Units Limit values ASTM D 396-96 No. 3 at least 40 * max. 338 1. -6 ASTM D 524 ASTM D 97 ASTM D 445 ASTM D 129 ASTM D 130 mm2/s weight-% Degree of corrosion OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.05 ASTM D 1298 ASTM D 93 ASTM 2709 ASTM D 86 kg/m3 °C vol. % at 90 vol.

0.10.20 1 BS 7392 BS 7392 EN 22719 ASTMD 1744 EN ISO 3735: EN ISO 6245: EN ISO 8754: EN ISO 2160 Flashpoint in closed pot according to Pensky-Martens Water content Sediments Ash content Sulphur content Copper corrosion (max.9.-15. % vol.-30.5. 65 at least 85 at least 56 max.99 . 0.3.weight-% idue Distillation compensated at 250 °C compensated at 350 °C vol.Technical Bulletin 0199 .01 0.-15.5. 3 h at 100°C) Limit of filtrability Summer (16. 200 max.10. -12 EN 116 EN 116 OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.3. -4 max.9.fm 18 / 23 © 2006 .) Winter (1.5 .3.3005 / 5 EN Annex 10: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) light fuel oil according to BS 2869:1998 Features Kinematic viscosity at 40 °C Summer (16.5 at least 820 at least 45 max.) °C °C max.) mm2/s mm2/s kg/m 3 Units Limit values BS 2869 Class A2 Test method 2.01 0.0 . % °C mg/kg weight-% weight-% weight-% Degree of corrosion max.30 EN ISO 3104: EN ISO 3104: EN ISO 3675 or EN ISO 12185 BS 5580 EN ISO 10370: Density Cetane number Coke residue from 10 % distillation res.-30.3.5 1.) Winter (1.

99 .07. 0. 880 max.2002 Features Density at 15 °C Units kg/m3 kg/m Kinematic viscosity at 20 °C Sulphur content Distillation compensated at 250 °C compensated at 350 °C vol. % °C mg/kg weight-% g/m3 °C °C weight-% max.35 at least 40 EN ISO 3405 EN ISO 3405 NF T 60-103 ISO 6296 EN ISO 12937 NF M 07-020 EN ISO 12205 NF T 60-105 EN 116 ISO 6615 EN ISO 10370 EN ISO 5165 3 Limit values CSR 441 at least 830 max.20 Test method EN ISO 3675 EN ISO 12185 EN ISO 3104 EN 24260 EN ISO 14596 mm2/s weight-% Flashpoint Water content Water content and sediments Oxidation resistance Pour point Limit of filtrability Coke residue (from 10 % distillation residue) Cetane number OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.3005 / 5 EN Annex 11: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) light fuel oil according to CSR 441:01. 9.Technical Bulletin 0199 . -9 max.5 max.10 max. -4 max. 25 max. 200 max.fm 19 / 23 © 2006 . 0. 65 at least 85 at least 55 max. % vol. 0.

20 – – – at least 42.5 max. % distillate amount Distillation end point Distillation residue Distillation loss °C °C vol. 8.Technical Bulletin 0199 . 1. % mm2/s °C weight-% vol.0 at -20 °C at least 38 max.99 . STAN 91-91USA = MIL-DTL-83133 EF 134/AGB = D.3005 / 5 EN Annex 12: Fuel specification (minimum requirement) jet fuels NATO code F-34/F-35 Features Units Limit values NATO code F-34/F-35 * Density at 15 °C Distillation range at 10 vol.STAN 91-87/91 applies for the Federal Republic of Germany Minimum requirement DEUTZ = DCSEA OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. STAN 91-87/91NL = D.fm 20 / 23 © 2006 . A2 DIN 51900-1 and -2 DIN EN 23015 DIN ISO 3016 DIN 51773 DIN EN ISO 2160 Degree of corrosion 1 (2 h at 100 °C) * ** *** National specificationsD = TL 9130-0012.5 max. 205 max. D. % vol.8 – – at least 40 *** DIN 51751 Kinematic viscosity Flashpoint Sulphur content Ash Water content Sediments Heating value Hu Cloud point Pour point Cetane number Copper corrosion DIN 51562-1 EN ISO 2719/IP 170 DIN 51400-1and 6 DIN EN ISO 6245 DIN 51777-1 ASTM D 2276 App. % mg/kg mg/dm MJ/kg °C °C 3 Test method ** kg/m3 775-840 DIN 51757/ max. 1. 0. 300 max.

8. 1.99 . 1.0 at -20 °C at least 38 max.5 max.5 max.3005 / 5 EN NATO code F-44/F-63 Features Units kg/m3 Limit values NATO code F-44 * Density at 15 °C Distillation range at 10 vol. % vol.5 max.5 max. % distillate amount °C Distillation end point Distillation residue Distillation loss °C vol. 290 max.Technical Bulletin 0199 .30 – – – at least 42.5 at -20 °C at least 61 max.20 – – – at least 42. % mm /s °C weight-% vol. 0. 0.8 – – at least 48 1 (2 h at 100 °C) ASTM-D 86 Kinematic viscosity Flashpoint Sulphur content Ash Water content Sediments Heating value Hu Cloud point Pour point Cetane number Copper corrosion ASTM-D 445 ASTM-D 93 ASTM-D 1266/2622 ASTM-D 240/2382 Degree of corrosion 1 (2 h at 100 °C) ASTM-D 130 * ** *** National specificationsDE = D. 8. STAN 91-86USA = MIL-DTL-5624 T Grade JP-5F 144/AGB = D. 1. 1. 300 max. STAN 91-86 National specificationsF = DCSEA 108/A Minimum requirement DEUTZ = DCSEA OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. % mg/kg mg/dm3 MJ/kg °C °C 2 Test method F-63 ** 797 ASTM-D 1298 788-845 max. 205 max. 205 max.6 – – at least 40 *** max.fm 21 / 23 © 2006 .

20 max. 5. up to 30. 0.80 max. 0.25 max. 0.30 at least 51 max. 10.5 max. °C max.0 max.99 .5.02 max. 0 weight-% mg/kg mg/kg Degree of corrosion Hours mg KOH/g gr lod/100gr weight-% weight-% weight-% weight-% weight-% weight-% weight-% weight-% mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg Units weight-% kg/m 3 Limit values EN 14214:2003 at least 96.Technical Bulletin 0199 .0 at least 120 max.0 max. 0.04. 0.020 max. 110 °C Acid number Iod number Content of linolenic acid-methylester Content of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester ≥ 4 double bonds Methanol content Monoglyceride content Diglyceride content Triglyceride content Content of free glycerine Content of total glycerine Content of alkaline metals (Na + K) Content of alkaline earth metals (Ca + Mg) Phosphor content Limit of filtrability (CFPP) * 15. 24 1 at least 6 max.0 max.900 3.5 .5 860 . 10. 500 max. 5. 1 max.20 max. 0. 0.fm 22 / 23 © 2006 . 12.0 max.0 Test method EN 14103 EN ISO 3675:1998 EN ISO 12185:1996/C1:2001 EN ISO 3104:1998/C2:1999 prEN ISO 3679:2002 prEN ISO 20846:2002 prEN ISO 20884:2002 EN ISO 10370:1995 EN ISO 5165:1998 ISO 3987:1994 EN ISO 12937:2000 EN 12662:1998 EN ISO 2160:1998 EN 14112 EN 14104 EN 14111 EN 14103 mm2/s °C mg/kg weight-% EN 14110 EN 14105 EN 14105 EN 14105 EN 14105 EN 14106 EN 14105 EN 14108 EN 14109 prEN 14538:2002 EN 14107 EN 116:1997 OBJ_DOKU-6533-001.3005 / 5 EN Annex 13: Fuel specification (minimum requirements) Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) for diesel engines (bio diesel fuel) Features Ester content Density at 15 °C Viscosity at 40 °C Flashpoint Sulphur content Coke residue (from 10 % distillation residue) Cetane number Ash content (sulfate ash) Water content Overall soiling Corrosion effect on copper (3 h at 50 °C) Oxidation stability.20 max. 0. 0. 120 max.09.

up to 14. up to 28.11. .03. 16.10.11. National regulations may deviate.20 max.02. up to 15. OBJ_DOKU-6533-001. 01.10 Test method data apply for the Federal Republic of Germany.99 .3005 / 5 EN Features 01.fm 23 / 23 © 2006 . .10 max. * Units °C °C °C Limit values EN 14214:2003 max. .04.Technical Bulletin 0199 .

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