Image processing

1

Image processing
In electrical engineering and computer science, image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame; the output of image processing may be either an image or, a set of characteristics or parameters related to the image. Most image-processing techniques involve treating the image as a two-dimensional signal and applying standard signal-processing techniques to it. Image processing usually refers to digital image processing, but optical and analog image processing also are possible. This Monochrome black/white image article is about general techniques that apply to all of them. The acquisition of images (producing the input image in the first place) is referred to as imaging.

Typical operations
• Euclidean geometry transformations such as enlargement, reduction, and rotation • Color corrections such as brightness and contrast adjustments, color mapping, color balancing, quantization, or color translation to a different color space

• Digital compositing or optical compositing (combination of two or more images), which is used in film-making to make a "matte"

The red, green, and blue color channels of a photograph by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii; the fourth image is a composite

• Interpolation, demosaicing, and recovery of a full image from a raw image format using a Bayer filter pattern • Image registration, the alignment of two or more images • Image differencing and morphing • Image recognition, for example, may extract the text from the image using optical character recognition or checkbox and bubble values using optical mark recognition • Image segmentation • High dynamic range imaging by combining multiple images • Geometric hashing for 2-D object recognition with affine invariance

vutbr. Image Processing. com/ [3] http:/ / www. • Wilhelm Burger and Mark J. A. ISBN 0-534-95393-X. Computer Vision and Image Processing. John Wiley. ISBN 0-470-01526-8. hindawi. implementations and demonstrations [5] Computer Vision Online [6] A good source for source codes. utko. cz/ en/ image-processing-extension-for-rapidminer-5 [8] http:/ / iprg. in . EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing [4] — Open Access journal on Image Processing Image processing algorithms. im/ [6] http:/ / www. by Alan Peters.tool for image processing and image mining • IPRG [8] Open group related to image processing research resources • • • • References [1] http:/ / books. PWS Publishing. Robertson. Springer. Digital Image Processing: An Algorithmic Approach Using Java [2]. related to image processing • Rapidminer Image Processing Extension [7] . • Bernd Jähne (2002). Ray. software packages. datasets. Vaclav Hlavac and Roger Boyle (1999).Principles and Applications [1]. • Tim Morris (2004). Fisher.Image processing 2 Applications • • • • • • • • • • • Computer vision Optical sorting Augmented Reality Face detection Feature detection Lane departure warning system Non-photorealistic rendering Medical image processing Microscope image processing Morphological image processing Remote sensing Further reading • Tinku Acharya and Ajoy K. in/ books?id=smBw4-xvfrIC& lpg=PP1& ots=FVFYaOATEF& dq=image%20processing%20ajoy%20ray& pg=PP1#v=onepage& q=& f=false [2] http:/ / www. Palgrave Macmillan. Updated 28 April 2008. Wiley InterScience. feec. ISBN 0-333-99451-5. ISBN 3-540-67754-2. computervisiononline. org/ details/ Lectures_on_Image_Processing [4] http:/ / www. google. Springer. Burge (2007). E. and Machine Vision. External links Lectures on Image Processing [3]. ISBN 1846283795 and ISBN 3540309403. archive. com/ [7] http:/ / spl. Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing. co. com/ journals/ ivp/ [5] http:/ / www. K Dawson-Howe. Trucco (2005). ipol. co. Image Processing . imagingbook. Digital Image Processing. C. Vanderbilt University. • Milan Sonka. • R. Analysis. etc. Fitzgibbon.

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