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Urban fragments in Dir Al- Sune

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Studio

The primary motives of the project are:

1: urbanizing
by increasing building density is environmentally friendly as buildings cast shadows on
each other, giving a natural cooling effect. Shaded areas are needed for the comfort to
play and relax. It also leaves larger open spaces that can be enjoyed by everyone, and
create a better shared sfere that opens for the future inclusion in the urban fabric.

2: human scale
working with variation, distance and scale, I wish to learn from traditional, informal
building, and create a comfortable and unique environment.

3: social sustainability
“the house with several faces” gives each housing unit access to different levels, and
adaptability. Future generations might requre new uses or expand the house by turn-
ing courtyards, terraces or semi-public space into new rooms.

4: the new and the old


traditional elements such as the courtyard, which functiones as lightwell, ventilation
and social arena, combined with modern roads and functional planning.

The qualities of an informally built environment

The non-uniformity of movement gives the significant element of surprise.


Self-constructed houses are built up around the human body, seen from eyehight an
not from a masterplan. The conglomeration of these self-contained units, result in
physical fragmentation and human scale environments where short distances create
an intimacy with the space. Irregular shapes give each space a unique identity.

How can we translate the qualities of such informal architecture into a modern struc-
ture that meets the needs of the inhabitants, has urban potential, yet keeps the scale
of a local community?

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
Site: Dir al - Sune, Arab al Sawahre

Position
Close to the Old City and Jerusalem City Centre, this area is still discon-
nected and has a distinctly rural character.

Existing buildings
Site is empty but for one building

Existing roads Street structure


Narrow, unconnected dirt roads
West and East Jerusalem

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
Fragments of East Jerusalem

View to west Fragmentation


The beauty of local architecture in a varying topography In old arabic quarter, Fez, and East Jerusalem.

Interpreting local housing orientations and typology

Existing housing Levelling and densifying Breaking up the facades

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
Is this a provocation?

Walls in East Jerusalem : local culture, a desire for privacy ?Adoption from the separation politics of the authorities?

Abstracts from Senan Abdelqader: Architecture of Dependency

“Some say that the city itself is culture, and that the history of culture is the history of the city. The absence of a city and
urban life has had a crucial impact on the unique way in which the Arab siciety in the State of Israel has evolved. The im-
pact of that vacuum is especiallly conspicous in the field of culture”
-Jamal Zahalka

“Having no control over the public sfere, they find themselves in a state of self-defense in relation to it.. One may say
that Palestinian society is devoid of public space”
- Senan Abdelqader

“ Their only affinity lies in their aspirations to imitate architectural patterns that have evoved elsewhere, usually in sites
populated by Jewish Israelis, which greatly differ from them in culture, history and aspirations. (...) Such imitation is a
hybrid and distortion of the neighbouring architectural patterns, in addition to its being alienated and even hostile to the
cultural setting. (...) Thus, initiatives, whether private or collective, to uproot the various architectural instances of pol-
lution and ugliness are of great significance. (..) Such solutions venture to pick specific modes and elements from his-
tory for themselves, without feeling burdened, and at the same time do not hesitate to adopt influences and concepts
from foreign cultures. In this context it is important to emphasize that such elements and ideas are capable of renewing
our affinities with our land in a more aesthetic manner, affinities that were distorted and even cut off in many cases.”
-Nabih Bashir

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
Separating the private and the public without walls

Steep topography Creating plateaus


Functional infrastructure and terraces for living space are needed Increasing building grounds and efficient outdoor space

Section 1:200
Liv Grete Str
Strømme Framgard
In+Formal
In+Formamal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
ma
Arch.
h. S
Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
The private and the public Public or shared private

Drawing on Scandinavian modernist ideologies of densi-


fying building mass to enjoy larger shared open spaces
for adaptable functions. Exploring use of rooftop gar-
dens, inner open spaces and degrees of privacy.
Private
Private
Private

A defined public parcel?

Plan 1:1000 Public space


Distribution of residential areas

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
Toward an architecture
Spacial organizing

Voronoi tesselation

The Many-faced house

endless combinations
Urban grid

With spacial poteltial

A new geometry

spacial configuration on access


repetitive, indistinct spaces

the problem of “leftovers”

max utilization of space

Mothod to my madness

Angle system simplifies

complicated simplification

Tiles
with access to different zones

recurring shapes+passages

Mosaic

Mosaic

Unsystematic system
1: 1000

The puzzle
Exploring “boulder”-shapes on their own terms, in
systems according to their angles. The resulting
plan allows a good exploitation of land, informal
passage between buildings and gives each house a
ccess to open space and a unique facade, view and
light.

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
A 3D fragmentation

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
Sports field
N

Equipm
pm
ment
ent
nt

TThe American
merican R
m Ro
Road
oad

Privat
ate hous
at ousin
sing
sin
with ccom
omm
mmercial
mm
opporrtu
o unities
un

A
A Commo
on square
on
Exist
xisting
g ho
housing

Playground
yground
und
d

G de
Gard
de
en
Private housing
ng w
with
ith
th
rental propertiess
Bus
B us stop

Community ce
en
enntr
tr
tre
Garden

Plan 1: 500

Section AA 1: 500
Liv
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Arch.
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Section A 1: 200
Shared space: garage, storage and shops

Family one

Family two

The two family unit


Each family has access to both levels.

They each have an empty space which can be


rented out or used for own commercial inter-
ests.

Garage and storage room on the ground floor


are shared, and they have separate entrances.

Main living space fo


for
or
family one

Shared garage
ge and
nd
dsstorage
orag
ag
space

10
11
12 9
13 8 10
14 7 11
15 6 12 9
5 13 8
4 14 7
3 15 6
2 16 5
1 17 4
18 3
2
1

Shop for rental


or private business
1
2
3 18

7 14 4 17

8 13 5 16

9 12 6 15
11 7 14
10 8 13
9 12
11
10

Ground floor
First floor

Roof off 1st floor is part


of terraced public
pub level

10
11
12 9
13 8
14 7
15 6
16 5
17 4
18 3
2
1

Main living space for


Terrace w/
w view to west, family
y two Bedrooms
family two
w
Terrace
rr w/ view to west,
we
wes
est
esst
s
family
m one
1
2
3 18

Courtyard
o ya
4 17
5 16
6 15
7 14
8 13
9 12
11
10

Café or shop
s for
rental
ren
ntal or
n or private
business .

Second floor
Third floor

Liv Grete Strømme Framgard


In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga
Public cafe corner Private courtyard

Section B 1:100

Perforated metal shutters offer privacy,


shade and variation to facade
B
Liv Grete Strømme Framgard
In+Formal Architecture, Fall 2010- 2011
Arch. Senan Abdelqader, Arch. Liat Brix-Etgar, Arch. Yoni Shaked, Arch Revital Saga