794.

122 M689

Modern cheas openings
1939.

JUL

i<a*ODERN
KANSAS

CHESS OPENINGS
a DDDi maasifi 7

DATE DUE

Demco,

Inc

38-293

Printed in the United States of America

PREFACE TO THE SIXTH EDITION
In the Sixth Edition of
change, which
this

book there
all

is

a notable
will

we

are sure that

our supporters

While we were considering the advisability of appreciate. it out in the current bringing year we were approached by Mr. Reuben Fine with a suggestion that he should undertake the task of revision
;

and we gladly agreed.
to those

Reuben Fine needs no introduction
interested in the

who

are

His past achievements had game him famous; and he added another glorious already made chapter to the story of his career, just as he had finished his
of chess.

work for us, by tieing for the first place in the great "A.V.R.O." Tournament towards the end of 1938.
Naturally we gave our reviser a free hand in dealing with his task, merely reserving to ourselves the editorial right of making such slight changes in his text as might

seem to us necessary. Mr. Fine, however, scrupulously adhered to the traditions of Modern Chess Openings, while availing himself fully of the privilege which must be conceded to a master of his rank of expressing his personal
opinions on the lines of play which are illustrated in the book, and altering as he thought fit the introductions to the

various openings.

In comparing this

new

edition with

its

predecessor

we

may

note that

it

contains 332 pages and 1,215 columns, as

We

against 300 pages and 1,060 columns of seven years ago, have gladly got rid of the cumbrous device of Addenda,

which was forced upon us by circumstances of production We have also, in deference to Mr. Fine's wishes, " abandoned the use of starred " columns to indicate what
in 1932.

In his preface the reviser explains the system adopted by him in appraising lines of play, so no comment on it is needed

appears to be the best line of play for both sides.

from

us.

PREFACE TO THE SIXTH EDITION
of difficulty which arose in the completion was caused by our desire to introduce new variations from the "A.V.R.O." Tournament after the manuscript had been sent to the printers and was in process of being set up. The printer's work was held back

The only
edition

this

permit the mention of the most important of these; and it so happened that this delay made it possible to put in some of the novelties from the Hastings Tournament of 1938-39 and a few from the Leningrad-Moscow
sufficiently to

Tournament

this year.

In conclusion

we

thanks to Mr. Fine for the admirable
carried

should like to convey our personal way in which he has

out his revision (on which point we think our readers will agree), and to acknowledge how little he left us to do. The manuscript was typed by his wife, and the
printers had no difficulty on the score of illegibility. desire also to express our gratitude to all who have helped us in the preparation of this new editi6n, and especially to

We

our assistants in the exacting work of reading the proofs, with particular mention of Messrs. F. J. Camm and R. Hutter, and Sir Gilbert Jackson.

T&E EDITORS.
London, Januar\\ 1939.

PREFACE
task of revising Modern Chess Openings has been both arduous and pleasant; arduous because of the almost endless ramifications of modern opening theory, which necessitated the examination of the openings of thousands of games; pleasant because the result is

THE

a solution, albeit an incomplete one, to the complicated I have been guided by the principle of the labyrinth.
earlier editions, that this work is intended to be both modern and practical For that reason I have enlarged the sections on the Queen's side openings and the Ruy Lopez, as these are the sine qua non of contemporary tournaments, although I have refrained from paying

attention to any particular variation in these openings, since the practical player must be acquainted with a great number of different lines.

too

much

wish to express my grateful thanks to various friends who have helped me particularly to Mr. Fred Reinfeld for his countless invaluable suggestions, and
I
;

to

Mr. Sidney Bernstein for reading the manuscript.

REUBEN FINE.

New

York, December 20th, 1938-

PREFATORY NOTES
THE arrangement
to us

most suitable for a book on Chess Openings.
is

of openings in alphabetical order seems At the

same time there

or those infrequently played.
altered for this

the difficulty of finding irregular openings For such the student must

refer to the general index, which has been considerably

new

edition.

have evaluated the variations by means of a number of symbols which are extensively used in all chess publicaFor those who are unfamiliar with their exact tions.

We

meaning we append a short glossary.

++
-H-

(after

White move) White has a winning

advantage. (after Black move) BlacV has a winning

advantage.

4

(after

White move) White has a
but there
is

distinct

superiority,

no question of a

forced win.
-f-

Black move) Black has a distinct superiority, but there is no question of a
(after

forced win.

White stands

slightly better.

+

Black stands slightly better.

=
Where

The

position

is

even.

a variation

is

given

without any

evaluating

symbol or comment, it can be assumed that the position reached is one where both sides have good chances, and
that considerable analysis is required to come to a definite In doubtful cases we would not recommend conclusion.

PREFATORY NOTES
our readers to forego their own judgment for an attacking player with a Pawn to the bad might consider his position to be an adequate return, whereas a more cautious player
;

might come to the opposite conclusion.

For

the

benefit

of

the

student

unfamiliar

with

a

particular opening, who wishes to acquaint himself with the leading variations, we would recommend in the first place a careful study of the introductory remarks. To obtain

a preliminary view of the opening, the variations given in the footnotes may frequently be neglected for the time It is particularly advisable that a player should being.

endeavour

to ascertain for

himself the

why and wherefore

of certain moves, the habit of playing a series of bookmoves by heart leading to disaster when the opponent
deviates

from the book.

have endeavoured to arrange the columns in the simplest possible form for reference, and this has rendered
necessary a considerable amount of transposition of the opening moves, mainly in the sections dealing with the

We

Queen's side openings and the

Ruy

to state this in order to avoid being

It is necessary with erroneous charged

Lopez.

have drawn attention, as far records of actual games. as possible, to the cases where one opening transposes
into another.

We

NOTATION
FOR the benefit of such of our readers as are not familiar with the English notation of the chessboard and the names of the pieces, we give a diagram of the board showing the (English) descriptive and the algebraic names of the squares and a table
of equivalents in various foreign languages for the of the English chess pieces.

symbols

The Board:
(BLACK)

D

E
ix

F

H
B

aS
QR8

K3

iSWt

&Ms&

7
6

5

4

3

KKts

KBi liSlI KRi

D

E

H

(WHITE)

The Symbols
Eng.
Ger.

:

Fr.

It.

Span.

Dut.

FUm.

Hun.

Cxech.

Pol.

Rust,

(B)

(B)

(B)

(G)

(P)

(P)

ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE
THIS defence
which in our 1925 edition was characterized as ''bizarre/' has met with the fate which often awaits openings that at first seem bizarre, and has
to
I

P

K 4,

now come
i...,

to

be regarded as normal.

as a playable move introduced long before the present Champion's days, was at Budapest in 1921, as a tournament weapon by Alekhine and quickly grew in favour. In this decade the defence has lost much of its erstwhile popularity, but it is still often Euwe, Flohr, Reshevsky, and Fine.

Kt

KB 3,

although

known

adopted by

condistinguishing feature of the defence is that, Black allows trary to all the tenets of the classical school, his King's Knight to be driven about the board in the early a weakstages of the game, in the expectation of provoking remarks ness in White's centre Pawns. Tartakover aptly that White has his initiative to defend; but if he is

The

successful Black's position remains fearfully cramped.

The

variations which

were the

earliest

to

assume a

certain appearance of regularity are represented in cols. i to 3. They give rise to extremely difficult positions in which White's centre proves difficult to maintain. Black's

development, apart from the Knight temporarily misplaced on QKt3, leaves little to be desired. The simplifying variation in cols. 4 and 5 is easier for White to play, but
yields

him no advantage whatsoever.

The

line in col, 6,

match played by Alekhine in the highly important 29th since been exhaustively game against Euwe in 1935, has The simple analysed and need not be feared by Black.
7 is one of the few ing theory prefers White*
continuation in
col.

lines

where prevail-

in cols. 8 to 10. he can adopt the comIf White wishes to avoid equality, in col. 10. Lajos Steiner's plicated attacking variation

Dr. Lasker's

move 4 P
1

B

5 is

shown

ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE
move

4? QKt3
cols.

(col.

n)

is

also

worthy of attention.
in note (b).

Black does best to adopt the simplifying line
In
12 to 17

White omits

for the time being a

B 4. second driving move against Black's Knight by P Flohr with Botvinnik scored a memorable success against this line at Moscow, 1936, but in a later game Flohr improved upon his earlier play. Book's move (col. 12,

Q

note (A))

is

a recent attempt to avoid Flohr's equalising line.

In

cols.

18 to 20

drive by P 5, he avoids the weakness attendant on the advance of his

K

White does not even make the first Thereby substituting quiet development.
difficulties in

Pawn, without, however, placing such

Black's

way

as in the earlier columns.

Notes for

cols, i to

5

(p. 3) ctd.

B Kt2
(*)

(h)

15
=j=.

RxKt,
Lafora

RPxB;
13

16 PxP, BxP; 17 Treer, correspondence, 1927.

QxQch, BxQ;
Q
;

18
15

RxP,
I,

Kt Kt 5 16 P Q R 3 !, Kt B 7 17 Q B 2, Ktx B 18 Q v Kt, P B 3 (better Rauser Fine, Leningrad, 1937} with rv<*n thanlS.., Kt Q2; 19 P B5! + .
;

12

PxP, BxP;

Q

Q2, Q
;

K2;

14

Q R

1,

Q R

Q

1

;

Q K

prospects.

P

Q Kt4
.

(/)

Continued
!

16
P,

;

18

Px

QxP, Kt Q
B

Q

1928)

arebad,..14

Znosko-Borovsky Kt 1 , Kt
16 Winter).

;

by Yates and
(k)

15BxKt,RPxB;
Kt

P

QR3

2 ; 17 K Rl (better than 17 Kt R 4, 3 with a strong attack. Spiel wann Colic, Dortmund, All other Kt moves on move 14 15 P B 5. Kt B 1 3+ 16 Orl4 ,Kt K4; + . Or 14. ., Kt Kt 5 ; 15 Q KtS-f. (Analysis
Colle, Paris, 1929.
;

QKt

.

7

OB 3,

Other

(1) 5. possibilities are less satisfactory B Kt2; 8 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 ; 9
:

.,

P

B ISBxB! B5; 12BxKt, Px"3; 17KR Ql. Yates Alekhme, B4; 16 Kt K 2, B Q 6 l>resden, 1926! 6B K3, Q Ql; 7 B Q 3, P Kt 3 8 Kt K H 3, B -Kt 2: *2) 5.., QxP; . Zubareff Grfinfeld, Moscow, 1925. ^ Kt B3, O O; 10 P K R 3 Q 5, B K 2 (or 6.., B B 4 7 KtK B 3, Kt(Kt3) Q2; (Z) If instead 6 P 8Kt B3, B KtS; 9 P K R 3, BxKt: lOQxB, KtK 4; 11 Q K 4,0 K2K 3, P K Kt 3 14 B K 2, B Kt 2 15B-Q2.' 12 P QKt3, P KB4; 13 Q p_B5 + Tarrasch Vukovic, Vienna, 1922) 7 Kt Q B 3, O O 8 B Q 3 R K 1 9 K KtK 2, Q Kt Q 2 10 P Q KtS, Kt B 4 11 B B 2, B KtS R 4 ; 14 Kt Q 4, P QR4a. HorowiU 12 00, B B3; 13 P B 3, B
Kt

P_-Q4(betterislO..,P

K4!;
;

11 Px P, Ktx K P; 12 Ktx Kt, 13 O O. Kt Kt 5 ; 14 B R 6,
;

B Px P 6 B K R 3, O
;

K
;

3,

P
11

Bx Kt);

10

O 6 2,
P~~BS

KtS;

KxB;

;

;

;

.

;

;

:

;

;

Kt

Kashdan, 1926. (m) Continued 16

B

4

;

19

(n)

16

B Kt 5, Q Q 2 17 Kt Q 4, P Q B 4 R K 1, P Q R 3. Petrov Flohr, Kerneri, 1937. RxB, Kt K2. Nimzovitch Kmoch, SemmerinK, 1926.
;

;

18

Kt

B

3

Q

ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE
i

P

K 4, Kt K B 3

;

2

4

P K 5, Kt Q 4 P Q4 P Q3
,

; .

3

P Q B 4, Kt Kt 3

;

K B 3, B- Kt 5 8 P K 6 ?, Px P ; Q P B 5 (a) A remarkable line is 7 Kt 10 PxKt, P K 5 ; 11 P K R 3, B R 4 ; Q4 (Simpler is 9.,, P K 4 with a strong attack. 4 P KKt4, PxKt; 13 PxB, Sorokm) ; 12 Q R 4, B Kt 2 ; 11 Q Kt~Q 2, P B QKt5, Q Q2; KKt3!; K 4, Q Q 5 15 Q 16 BxKtch, Kt K5. BxKt; 14 PxB, Kt K 6 PxB; 17 QxQ, Kt-B 7 ch = . Ilyin-ZhenevskyLdvenfUch, Leningrad, 1936.
;

!

Kt
12 10 13

!

;

PK
2,

1

;

!

;

12

9.., B KKtS; (6) If BxKtch, PxB; 13 Q B B 2, Q B 5 13
;

It)

B
f
! .

K

R4!
1

Kt

BxKt;
Kt 3
1

11

PxB

(11

leads to a draw),

B*B, KtxBP; Q RScfa;

probably better), P x Kt!; 13BxQ, RxB; 14 Q Kt 3, Px P ended in a draw. Znosfco-Borovsky Alekhine, Paris, 1925.
(d)

(c)

11

P

Q R

3,

PxP;

12

B

Kt

5 1?

(12

Px Kt and

12
-f,

KtxP are both although the game
B
3
;

11

.,B

K2;
16

15

KtxB, PxKt;

1200,00; P Kt 3
RxP,
.
;

13
;

P

17

R B

QR3,PxP;
1,

B

14 Ktx P, Kt Kt4 = Petrov
.

Fine,

Kemeri, 1937.
16 Bx Kt, PxB 17 B B 3, (*) 15.., KxQ (15... RxQ is bad because of 16 BvKt, PxB; 17 B -B 3, R Q B 1 j B 1 18 Kt R4 + Kmoch) Kt R4, K B 2. Negyesy Lokvenc, Vienna, 1925. Q B Kt 5 12 P B 5 (but not 1 2 Kt *"K Kt 5 ?, (/) A good alternative is 1 1 Q 4 13 Ktx Kt, Qx Bx B, Ktx'B P cBP!; 13 Ktx P or 13 BxB, Ktx B + ), Kt Q4 13KtxKt,C Kt = 11 ,, B K 2 ? is a mistake because of 12 P Q 5 !, Px J P 13 Bx Kt, However, 1 Kt U \\Jik AU ,, 1 l\J L\ it Kt ^ *, * I i\ JT A R PxB 14 Px P, t"Vfc~~*Vl( it K Kt Kt5; 15 IV L -Q 4 !, P AX W 3 (or 15.., B B 4 16 R * B I" f KtSl aud wins) 16 KtxB, Px Kt 17 RxPl, Ktx OP (or 17.. 17 Kt KtxQ P; P K 6 and Px P KKtl; 18 B Kt4, KtxQP; B 19Kt 4 wins the wins) ; 18 P-K! 6 Znosko19 Rx Kt and if 19 Px R 20 Queen. (Analysis by Borovsky and Griinfeld). Q 2, R Kt 1 ; 14 K R Q 1, Q Kt 2 IS B B 1, Kt K 4 !u (g) Or 13 Q Naegeli Euwe, Berne, 1932.
;

R

;

18

.

. ,

;

!

;

;

,

;

Jt>

;

.

,\

,

tJ

f

ij

,

JLf

JLI

, ;

I

i

;

;

1

!,

;

!

,

;

;

Nofes

ctd.

on p.

2.

ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE
i

P K 4 Kt K B 3
,

;

2

P

K

5,

Kt

Q4

;

3

P y B 4, Kt

Kt

3.

w
QKt Q2; P QB3;
(a)

CO

The

sacrificial

variation

7

H Q B1 O O O Q K4; 13 Q R Q 3, P~K 3 15 BxP, Q QR4; 16 B 4 I8B K3-jb. Q 4, Q K B 4 17 Q Kt 3, Alekhine Reshevsky, Kemen, 1937) II Kt B 3, P~K 3 12 B K 3, B K 2: 13 Q R Q1,Q B3; 14 Q Kt4,O O; 15 P -Q Kt3, P B 4 + SirG. A. Thomas
12

10KtxKtisrefutedbylO..,QxKt(andnotl0.. KtxKt:

KtxP?, BxB;
;

8
;

QxB, QxP:9 Q
l

O,

B K

lIKtBa,

3,

PK
;
.

;

;

Flohr, Antwerp, 1932. (6) This is good enough to draw, but 10. maintains that after 11 O O, Ktx P; 12 QxP, R slight drawing chances, but after 13.., R Q Kt certainly has a clear advantage.
(c)

,

Kt

B3
13

PxP;
1
;

B~K 3, Black hasoxily
K 4, Kt
Kt4! Black

was

better,

Alokhinr

14

Q

Kt

B

4

13PxP, B KtSch 17 Q B 3, R R6
;

;

14 Kt B 3, Kt ch O; 16 offered even less winning chances (Aiekhinc).
;

Bx

15PxB,O
;

O
K

O,
2.

Continued 15 Kt B 3, BxKtch; 16 PxB, O O 17 O, Alekhine Euwe, 29th match game, 1935. Black drew fairly easily, despite th minus. KR3, B R 4 8 B K 2, Kt B 3 ; 9 P Q 5, BxKt; 10 (e\ Or?P
(d)
;

Pawn

Kt
14

K4;
B
16

Q now
17

(/)

Q

Kt3.
If

B K2> Q R 5 12 O, P-Kt4: 13 Kt~~Q 2, K K Kt 1 Kt5 15 Px P, Ktx KtP (Kashdan Euwe, Hastings, 1931-32) and Kt B3, Q R 4 17 B B 4 (Kashdan). Continued 14 B R 4 15 P Q R 3, B Kt 3 16 P Q Kt 4. P~Q K 3
11
;

BxB.
;

2,

P

;

;

I

,

.

,

:

;

;

Mar6czy

Keres, Dresden, 1936.
;

(g) 6KtPxKt, P Q3; 7 B PxP, K PxP; 8 Kt B 3 (8 B B 4, Px P; 9 Q R5, Q B3: 10 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 11 O 0, P KKt3; 12 Q~~Kt5 B Kt2; 13 B R3 gives White some attack for the Pawn, P, W. Sergeant R. H. Newman, City of London Championship, 1932), B K2; 9 B B 4, O~~ O 100 O, Kt B3; HPxP,BxP; 12 P Q 4, B K KtS. Gruber drOnfeld.

Vienna, 1923.

Notas

ctd.

OH

t>,

7.

ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE
i

P

1\4,

Kt

KB 3;

2

P

1\5,

Kt

Q

4

.

B

Pikler, Budapest, 1931), B Kt2; 6 Q-~B3, P K3; Kt K B 3, KtxKP; 10 Kt x Kt, KR4, Kt B3j 8 O K 3, P Q 3 BxKt; 11 BxB, PxB. Richter Danielsson, Zoppot, 1935. (b) Better is 8.. ,0 KtxP; 9KtxKt,PxKt; 10QxP,QxQ: HBxQ,B B4; 13 B x P, O O O 12 Kt B 3 ?, P K 4 14 B K 2, P B 3 15 B B 4

,

7

P

;

!

;

;

:

Q Kt5 +
(c)
.

.

Tartakover

Colle, Bled, 1931.

13..,

P

K3; 14P

Kt3,Q

B3;

15

Q

B

2.

L. Steiaer

Pikler,

1931

Budapest,

(d)4.. 9 PxP; 5 KtxP, P K3; 6 B Q 3, Q Kt Q2; 7 O O, KtxKt; 8 P x Kt, B Q 2 ; 9 Q K 2, Q R 5 ; 10 P Q B 3, 5 O O. R. P. Michell Margate, 1923. B 4, because of 5 B Q 3, Q -Q 2 (5, ., B Kt3 ? : Inferior is 4 ., B P B 4 Kt Kt 3; 7BxB, RPxB; 8 P K 6 4BogoljuboffTarrasch, Breslau, 1925) 6 O O, Kt QB3; 7 P B 4, BxB; 8 Qx B, Kt Kt3; 9 PxP, KPxP*
1

R^
;

.

R K lch,Kt-K2; 11 P Q R 4 !,Q B 3 12 P Q Kt3,P KR3; 13 Kt B O O O; 14 P RS-f. Becker Griinfeld, Vienna, 1927. -KR3, BxKt; 6QxB, PxP; 7 PxP, P K3; 8 P K Kt 3, (e) Or 5 P Kt-Q B 3; 9 B QKtS, Q~~ Q 2 10 Q K 4, B B 4 11 P Q B 3, O 0-f.
10
; : ;

3,'

Rubinstein

Spielmann, Moscow, 1925.

Kt

satisfactory alternative is 5.,, (/) 3 transposes to note B4(7..,Q

A

KlB

P
(*))

10 BxKtch, 1937-38.

PxB;

11

BB4,

B

K2.

K3; 6 P B 4, Kt K 2 7 Kt B 3, 8P K R3,Bx Kt; 9BxB, Kt B3;

Sir G. A.

Thomas
.,

Fine, Hastings
;

K 3 (or8. Kt Q 2 9 P K B 4, (*) If 6.., PxP; 7 KtxP, BxB; 8QxB,P pKTS; 10 P B4, K Kt Kt3; 11 B K 3, B K 2 12 Q Kt B 3, O O; Botvinnik Flohr, Moscow, 1936) 9 P Q Kt 3, Kt Q 2 10 P Q B 4, B3 13 R O 13 K R Q I, Q B 2 KKt B3: 11 KtQB3, B KtS; 12 B Kt2, 15 Q R 14 R Q 3, K R Q Sir G. A. Thomas Q 1, Kt B 1 16 Kt K 4 Euwe,
;

.

:

;

;

1

;

;

.

Nottingham, 1936.
Notes ctd, on p. 7.

ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE
i

P

K4, Kt

KB 3.

7 B K2, B K2; 8 B K B 4, O Samisch Alekhine, Budapest, 1921.
(&)

(a)

3

.,

P

K3;

4

KtxKt, PxKt; O
13

j

5 P 9 O

Q

4,

O,
;

P Q 3 6 Kt B S, Kt B 3 P 3; 10 PxQP, BxP.
; j

12..,

Kt

R4;

Kt

Kt5, P

KR3

14

Kt

K 4,

Grob

Griinfcld,

Meran, 1926.

B Kt5
(d)

,(c)

Or
.

4..,

P

Yates

12..,

B Q2
P
.

Q4; 5 Kt B 3, P Q B 4 ; 6 B K B 4, Kt Capablanca, Moscow, 1925. 13 Kt K 5, P K B 3 ; 14 Ktx B, Ktx Kt. ;
is

B3

;

7

Q

Q

2,

TarraschR*ti
into the Throe
;

Badea-Baden, 1925.
(A) 2
.

,

K

4

Knights' Game,

or, if

the simplest reply, transposing, if 3 Kt 3 P B 4 or 3 B B 4, into the Vienna.

B 3,

K 3 ; 5 Kt (c) Or 4. , P 7 R Kl, O 0), KtxKt; 8 Grunfeld, M&hrisch-Ostrau, 1923.

4 6 O O, B K 2 7 P Q 4 {if 9 Kt K 5, Q B 2. Hromadka KtxKt; 5 Q B 3, P K3=a. R 5, e.g. 6 P K 3 7 P Q 3, (/) Rarely played, but nevertheless strong, is 6 Q 9 K Kt K 2, Ktx B Kt B3; 8 B K 3, Kt Q 5 10 RPxKt, Kt O4: 11 KtxKt, QxKt; 12 QxQ, PxQ; 13 P Q 4, P B5j 14 Kt B4 + Mardczy

B 3, P Q B PxKt, O O
Or
4..,

;

;

.

,

,

:

;

;

.

Landau, Zandvoort, 1936.
(g)

If 6.

,

B

B4;
is

7

Q B 3, Q
1926.

B

1;

8

Q Kt3+
5

(Kmoch).

Th column

is

Vadja
(i)

Kmoch, Budapest,
10..,

(h) Preferable

Kt
5 5
;

Safer
4

is

3..,

P

Q
;

4

Q PxKt, PxKt;
5.
;

KtPx P, Kt Px P,

with about an
;

equal game.

B P

Kt B 3, P Q B 4 6 P K Kt 3, Kt Q B 3 7 B Kt 2, (/) 9 P Q 3. Nimzovitch Alekhine, Semmering, 1926. &.., K2; B 3 is Black's best continuation, and if 10 Px P Bx P. A promising sacrincial line is 4 P K 6 1, e.g. 4. Px P 5 P Q 4, Kt K B 3 ;

P

800,00;

B

4,

P

K3

.

,

,*

Notes

ctet.

on

p+ 7.

ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE
Notes for
cols.

6

to

10 ctd*
;

O
13

O B

(h)
;

6. ., Kt B 3 ; 7 Kt 10 Q Q 2, P Kt3; K Kt 5, P B 3 14 Px
;

B

3,

P
P

11

B
,

BxPch is unsound: 9 KxB; 10 Kt Kt 5 ch, K Kt 1 11 QKt 3 ch* 13 KtxQdis. ch, KtxQ; 14 PxKt, B K3; 12 KtxKP, Kt R 4 K2 and wins); 8QxP, QxQ; 9BxQ, P K3 = Alekhme Fine, Pasadena, 1932. 9 B KB4,PxP; 10 Ktx P, Qx Q ch 11 Rx Q, Better than 8 .,B K2; (3) B K3 and now 12 B B 4 BxB; 13 KtxB, Kt R3; 14 Kt R5! + T
tor 9
I
;

() Or 7

BQ B

P,

Bx P

K Kt 3 8 B K R 4, P K R 4
;
;

15
.

Q

4,

P

Q

4 (Simpler is
!

7

,

Kt
,

Kt 2 9 B B 4 4, B 12 O O O P K 3 B 2 + Stoltz Colle, Bled, 193L B 3 and if 8 Kt B 3 ? P x K P
;

BQ
;

.

P

;

;

!,

(Tartakover).
(k)
(Z)

H. Golombek

T. H. Tylor, London, 1932,

Mar6czy
;

Colle, Bled, 1931.

Kt

(m) 6

Kt 5
7

QKt 4!, 10 K
Q
Kt,

P

2,

P Q

Q3 QR
;

7 BPxP, BPxP: 8 P 3 with advantage for White.
,

Q
;

4,

PxP:
O

9

PxP

Prins
9

1934.

Llorens, Sitges

()

Kt P x

P

3

Q
P

a strong attack) ; B 2 . Tartakover

=

8BPxP, PxP; 9PxP,BxP;
and Weemnk
;

(7

.

BxP
10
;

;

8

QKt

4,

K B
Kt

1

P
P

10
11

K B O

3,

Takacs and Landau, 1934.

Q 4 gives White O IIP 6 4 *
;

KR4;

(0)

If 9

B
13

K Kt5, B K2 Q R 3, Kt Q

2

14

Prins

Mulder, 1933. (p) White has a strong attack.

BxB, QxB; B K 4, KtxP;
O
Schwarz

O, 15 P

B

Q
4,

4

:

Kt

12BxP
Kt5 +
!

Herzog, correspondence, 1926-28.
to

Notes for
16 Q K B 2, Q R 4 ; 17 Flohr, Nottingham, 1936.
(t)

cols,

n
9

(A)

Continued 13..,

O

O O 14 B K Kt Q 2, Kt Kt3
;

3,

;

15 ctd. Kt KB4: 15 BxKt PxB' 18 P Q R 3, R Q 6. Bot'vinnik

Or7
13..,

,

K

Kt

11

P
(/)

K2;
12

Q5, Kt

K4;

PxP, QxP; PxP, KtxBch;
8

Kt
13

Hastings, 1927.

QxKt.

B

3,

BxKt:

10 BxB, O O O E. G. Sergeant Riti'

R Kt 1. Tartakover Takacs, Budapest, 1926. Q x P 5 Kt K B 3, B Kt 5 6 B K 2, Kt Q B 3 7 Kt B 3, O O O 8 Ktx Kt, Q X Kt 9 B K 3, P K 4 10 O O (or 10 P v p' Kt II Px B, Q R 4 ch 12 Bx 2, Qx K P + Ilyin-Zhenevsky Reti, Moscow 1925), PxP; 11 KtxP, BxB; 12 Ktx B, Q Q Kt4 =FQ3; 14 Q Q 2, Q B2; 15 Kt K3 (Yates Sacconi, Meran, (1) 13.., B
P

QR3;
;

14
4
.

(ft)

More aggressive

is

. ,

;

;

j

;

BQ
K2
;

;

;

.

1

(m) Better is 5 P Q 3, Kt 9 Kt K 4, B 8 Kt B 3, B x P Rubinstein, Dresden, 1926.
;

B3

6 Kt
;

10
6

B
Kt
;

K B 3, P Q 4 K 3 (Kmoch).
Kt

;

7

Px P

The column

e.p.,
is

P

K 3 Yates

-

8

12R

QxB, P KR3; Q1 + B65k
.

(A)

An

interesting attempt here 9 Kt K B 3,

is

10 P K 3 Reshevsky, Kemeri, 1937.

O

5!,

O,

B B4; 7 3, BxBPxP; HPxP/Kt Q2J

BQ

'

6 Kt 9

Notes for cols. 16 to 20 ctd* Kt 5 (better than 8 B K B 4, Q B 3, P B 4 7 Px P, Kt B 3 8 2 9 O O, Q p_Q R 3, Kt K 5 + Mieses Colle, Frankfurt, 1930), IOR K 1,P K R 3 11 Bx Kt.Pv B; 12 Kt K 5, P Kt 4 13Q Q3,R K 14 p Kt4 + Spielmann Landau, 3rd match game, 1935. Q 8 B Kt5, B Q 2 :fKt B3, KtvKtch; 7 QxKt, Kt B 3 (ft) 6 Holzhausen Kmoch, Giessen, 1928. 6 P KB4 is Brinckmann's innovation,
;
;

BQ

.

BQ
;

R
B
Kt

;

4 2
1;

;

.

;

Von

KtxKtch (Brinckmann). (1) (m) Better is 11.., PxP; 12 Ktx Kt, Bx Kt; 13 KtxP, B Q 2. O 13 Kt K 4. Brinckmann Takacs, Rogaska-Slatina, 1929. () 12, ., P Q B 4 3 P Q B 4, Kt Q B 3 4 P B 4, P Q 3 5 Kt Q B 3, (o) Or 2 K 2, B Kt2; 7 B K 3, Kt Q 5 8 Q Q 2, Kt Kt 5 6 B P KKt3; K 2, B Kt 2 12 00, O o! 9 KBxKt, BxB; 10 BxKt, BxB; 11 K Kt
Better
;
, ,

;

;

;

;

;

Nimzovitch
(p)
(q)

Vukovitch, Kecskemet, 1927.
. ,

Or 3

.

P

Q4

;

4

B P x P, Kt Kt 5
New

(Alekhine).

Nimzovitch

Alekhine,

York, 1927.

BIRD'S OPENING THE opening which begins with P K B 4, known in Holland
and Germany as the Dutch Attack,
is,

in spite

of White's

move

in

periences

exhand, subject to the objection that Black that no difficulties in development; and it is for

reason rarely tried by modern masters.
Schlechter's variation (cols, i and 2) and the line in col.

played by Dr. Lasker recently in an important game, may be recommended as a simple method of defence for the second player. The King's fianchetto development for Black Here Black not only avoids the is another excellent line.
3,

dangers which an early development of his Queen's Knight involves, but also nullifies the effect of the White Queen's Bishop on the long diagonal.
Bird's favourite Queen's fianchetto for White in this opening should be compared the manoeuvre in Nimzo See page no, where the similarity of the vitch's Attack.

With

plans of campaign is noted. The old English master had conceived the general idea of the attack long before the great modern exponent of enterprise in the chess openings.

In the

From Gambit Black

sacrifices

a

Pawn

for a

counter-attack.

In the light of recent games and analysis by Tartakover) the main variation beginning with (notably
is insufficient

P KKt4

must consequently be considered unsound. recent example of an unusual gambit line.

against best play, and the gambit Col. 10 is a

Notes for

cols, i to

5

(p. 9) ctd.

lOBxPch, K BxP.
(0 12

(&) Capablanca suggested latfr th<> continuation 8 K P, 3 ; 12 RI; 11 P Q 4, P

K

Bx

KtB 4

,

Kt x Kt

;

9

Px
f

(or

Kt x P)
;

2 Kt, Kt ; 13 Px Kt,
;

Kt

B x B ch ; 16 Q x B, R Q 1 Capablanca, Carlsbad, 1929.

R4, Kt

K5;
;

13
17

O

KtxP, KtxKt; 14 Px Kt, 18 R B 2, O, B Kt 2
;

Q~ B 3
x

15

B

B

B

3,

P*

Tartakover

K B 3 5 B Q a, O Q Kt- Q 2, (w) 3.., B Kt2; 4 P Q 4, Kt P QB4; 7 P QB3, PQKt3; 8 Q K2, B Kt2; 9 Kt K 5, Q B 2 3 100 0, Kt B3; 11 Q Kt B 3, Kt K 5 12B Q 2, Ktx Kt I3Q P* Kt, K 1 =f. Lilienthal Tartakover, 2nd match, 1933. 14 Px P, Px P 15 P B 4, K R () 12Kt K2,B Kt2; ISP B3,PxP; 14KtxBP,P R0, Capablanca I. S, Turover, New York. lfl3I
;
;
j

;

PB

;

;

j

Schlechter's Variation, threatening

Bx Kt

and an early advance of the

K

P

(d]
(e)

12

PxP, B B4ch. Tartaiover Grfinfeld, Vienna Other continuations are* ft\ 4. P R A P t*

1917.
.

-

vj.

^

*^

5

BxKUh,

Px"^; 6

Kt-^? O^B

1895) leads to White's ideal position in this opening.

^
ctd.

O-o'p^i-V^^f lTti

'

but 4
r

jmowski,

V Kt~?
Hasti.

B
.

tb 6<

" P" K 3

(J>

H

'

BIake) and *

" P
/>,

- B 3 (Tartakover) are good alter-

NoUs

*n

8.

IO

BIRD'S
1

OPENING

P

KB 4

p

1; 12

KtB3;
Q
12 "

...

.

.

Kt B 3, Q R Q 1 13 P K R 3, B B~~~ 14 P K 1 ~Eliskases IV Q 3. lliskases Miss Menchik, Hastings, 1933-34. 13 PxP, Q KtxP; HKtxKt, PxKt; IS Kt Q (ft)
; ;
,

8P B4,Q B2;

9

Q BI,P

K4;

omanovsky, Moscow, 1935); 7 O

K4!j 8 00, PxP; 9 PxP, BxKt, BxB; 13 Kt K 5 ?,
1 1

10

PxP, PxP;
4.
5,

P

Kt -Q 5

Q$ B
t

Kt

O,
5
;

:

15

R

B 2,

B

QB

I.

Eliskases

Griinfeld, Vienna, 1933.
(c)

B Kt 5, P Q RSI; 11 P K 4, Ktx P 12 Kt O 5, (d) BxKt; 13PxB,P K R3= (Handbuch). If, however. 9 B B 4, B K 3 10 P K 3 ch 12 K B1,B Q4; 13 R Kt 1, P Q R 3 KKt K2; 11 B QKtS,O O 14 B K2, B K3 + Bird Lasker, match, 1892. 12 B R4 and now 12.., O O O ch equalises, while B2 (t) 12,,, K 13 B Q3, KtxB; 14 PxKt, Kt K 2 15 Kt K 4, B B 4 16 R KB1 K R K B 1 17 R B Brinckmann Tartakover, Kecskemet, 1927. KB4; 7P K 4 (but not 7 P--Q 5 ?, Q K2; 8Q-Q4,B K4 (/) If6..,P 9 Q Q B4, P K R3 K 6, Bx Kt + Bird and Lee-Mason and Cook, con10 Kt K R 3 8 P K 5, B K 2 9 Kt K R 3, Px Kt 10 Q R 5 ch, sultation, 1890), P K-B1; 11 B QB4, Q Kl (orll..,R R2; 12 Q Kt6, R Kt 2; 13BxP+. Hromadka Gilg, Podebrady, 1936); 12 QxP(R3) and White has a strong attack
;
; :
;

The From Gambit. 9 Kt B 3, B K 3 10
.

;

if

;

;

;

;

1

.

!

;

;

.

;

;

;

(Smirnoff
(*)

Jacob son, 1926).

BxKt;
(A)
e.p.

12 PxB, B Q2; Danielsson, Munich, 1936.
.

If8..,Kt

KB3;

9

P
13

B
P

3,

Kt

Kt3,

B 3 10 PxP, K KtxP; 11 Kt Q R 3 O O 0; 14 B KKt2-f-, Hromadka
;

!,

12.,, K Q2; 13 Ktx R, Ktx Pch; 16BxP + (Analysis by Alekblne).

14

K Ql,KtxR; ISP K4,PxP

Notes

ctd.

an p. II.

BIRD'S

OPENING

ti

see

10

U
P

Q

Notes for cols. 6 to loctd. Kt5; 6Kt R 4, P K B 4 (For6,,, B K2; 7 Kt Kt 2, P K R 4 the column) 7 P K3, Kt K2; 8 B Q3, Q Kt B 3 9 O 0, Kt K4> KtxP, KtxKt; U BxKt, Kt B6ch; 12 RxKt, PxR; 13 QxP, O O;
(*)

5.

,P

,

;

;

(j) 12,.,

Kt4ch, K Kt

R K5;
1

;

15

Bx

B,

Rx

B.

Chekhover
14

E. Rabmovitch, 1934.
.

13

KtxKt, BxKt;

B
;

Kt2 +

Hellman

Strautmanis,

llie

Hague, 1928,
(A) The alternative is 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt K B 3 4 P K Kt 3 (4. P K R 3 is also good) 5 P Kt 5, Kt
,

K

Kt

7B K2,Kt-Kt2; 8PxP,PxP; 9Qx Q ch, Kx Q 10 Ktx P, B B 4 Kt-Q2; 12 Kt-KB3, BxKt; 13 Bx B, Kt Q fe 4. E. Hold- R.
:

;

R4

4 (the Swiss Gambit),
;

6 P

Q

3,

PQ 4

;

11B

Q3>

KKt Q4;

The position is abot even. 12 P B3, (J) Continued
15

Miini, 1913.

B

R4, Q

K

1.

00; 13 Pelikaa

Q K

2,

P

QR4;

U

P--OR4?

Alekbine, Podebrady, 1936.

E2

BISHOP'S
THIS method of development

OPENING
is,

in its distinctive variations,

a branch of the open game, leading to attractive combinathe advantage of the move. tion-play without emphasizing
Black having
in 2...,
at his disposal a choice of three
2...,

good
3.

replic*

Kt-K B 3,

B

B 4,

and

2...,

P QB

Black

should be on his guard against attempts to transpose into this being one of the prepared variations of other debuts, chief characteristics of the Bishop's Opening.
Berlin Defence, 2..., Kt 3 (cols. I to 6), is the one approved by the majority of present-day players,

The

KB

and the most analysed.

It

gives Black good prospects,

sheuld he successfully ward off the various sacrificial attacks White can inaugurate at the cost of a Pawn. The enduring

and somewhat cramping attack

in col. I is

adequate com-

The Boden-Kieseritzky pensation for the material given up. is unsound, White being confronted with Gambit (col. 6)
an unbreakable barrier of Black Pawns.

The

Classical Defence, 2..,,

B

64

(cols.

7 and 8),

limits White's opportunity for speculative attack, and yields Black may obtain a safe game without equality of chances.

any

risks,

p QB

3

by the adoption of the defence based on 2,.., which forestalls White's (cols. 9 and 10), a move

intention of building

up a Pawn-centre.

Notes for
(Jt)

cols, i to 5 (p. 13) ctd.

7

H Rx
6

R

Less favourable Ktl,Kt B4; 8

is

RKt

4.

..Q
5,

Ktch.

SKPxP, 4, Px P (but not 4, ,, P Q 4 (1} KtxP; 6PxP, KtxP; 7 Q K 2, B Kt 5 ch; 8K-B1+); SBxP, P 04: KtxP=. 3. P Q4 is inferior because of 4 Px P, Ktx P; 5 Kt KB 9, PxP, Kt Q B 3 6 O O, B K Kt 5 7 R K + (see Two Knights' Defence). W 5.,, p_ Q4i; e KPxP (6 BPxP, KtxP!), KPxP; 7 BxP, O 8 Kt Q 2, Px P 9 B Q Kt 3, P Q R 4 (Alekhinc). B Kt 5 12 B Q B 4, (n) Not 10 PxP, PxP; II Bx P (Q Ktx P is worse), Kt Kt3+ (Becker). Kt B4; 15 B Q 2, P QS; 16 KtR 4 K Kt3; 14 1, (o) 13.., P
I

The column is analysis. B 4 P Betteris 3 ., Kt B3;
,

QR

R

5

ch 6

;

;

Kt 3, KtxP; 5 P 9BxPch!, KxB;

6 Kt 10 R

K B 3, Q R5 Q
1, ;

R 4 Kt 7

;
;

;

;

1

(

)

;

!

;

1 ;

KR

!,

Spiflmann

Griiber, Vienna, 1929.

(a)
(b}

The Berlin Defence.
It

5

O

O,

B

K

'21;

6
;

O 0;

(c)

Or 6 Kt B3, Kt US; 7 Q 10 B Q3, Kt K 2 11 B
Torre,

Marshall
(rf)

New

R K 1, P Q 4. R 4, B Kt 5 8 O O. Bx Kt; 9 PxBs K Kt 5, Kt KtS; 12 6 Kt3. P Q R 4.
;

7..,

O O;

York, 1925. 8 O,

OO
R

P

B3;

9

K R

K

1,

P

Q

4

;

10

Q

R4

Q-Q3
B, Berlin
(*)

Rx

(A)

10

R
;

Ktx R

K l.BxB; HQxB,
14

R

K

1,

K

O;
15

12
5,

R
Kt

K

3,

Kt
3
1

1 ;

Kt

Q

2:

Q Kt

K.

K R 4 (13 K1 Richter), R
13

P

Budapest, correspondence, 1938. 13.., Kt K4; 14 P B 4. Mieses
13

Rubinstein, Breslau, 1912.

Q4; 10 Kt B3!, Px Kt; 11 R Q I, PxP; 12 O Q-f. 15 O and if KtxQBP, B5, P Q6; 14 Q K 3, Kt Q 5 16 Q KtS (analysis by J. H. Monison). Cp. Max Lange, pp. 106-6. For 5 Kt KtS see Two Knights' Defence, pp. 302-4. 5 P K 5, P Q 4 (h) 6 B Q Kt 5, Kt K 5 7 Ktx P, B 2 ; 9 Bx Kt, Px B Q B 4 8 B K3, B
(/)S..,Q
P
(g)
;
!

10

O O
(i)
(;')

;

is

Torre

Marshall

Bigelow, New York, 1925. Smirka, New York, 1925.

;

P-Q4; 4 KPxP (4 BPxP, KtxP: 5 Q B 3, B Q B 4 7 K B 1, B Kt3; 8 BxP, QxB; 9 P Q 3, Ox K P4 KtxP (4.., P K5; 5 P Q 3, B K Kt 5 6 Kt K2, B QB4 7 H~04, B-Q3; SO + ); 5 Bx Kt (If 5 Q K 2, KtxP; SQxPch, Kt Ka 7 Kt K B 3, Kt Q B 3 8 Q K 2. B Q 3 9 O O, O O 10 P B 3, 11 Q-B2, Kt R4T), QxB; 8 Q K 2, Kt Q B 3 7 Kt Q B 3, Q K 3 8 HxP, B B4; 9 Kt B 3, O 10 Kt K 4, B KtS; 11 P B 3, KtxP : 12 Ktx Kt, Qx Kt =
6 Kt K2, B S. MlotkowskJ),

Or 3..,

,

B7ch;

;

;

;

;

RK

1

:

;

;

.

Notes ctd rm

/>.

12.

BISHOP'S OPENING
i

P

K 4,

P K4

;

2

B B 4.

(a)
(6)

For 3.

.,

Kt
4

B
P

3 see

Two

Knights* Defence.

Q 3, with approximate equality. The column is the BodeaKiesentzky Gambit, sometimes arising from the Vienna Game or PetrofTs Defence. 6 KtxP, Q K2(6.., .,PxKt?; 7 BxPcb-t-4-); 7BxPch, Q3?; (c) 5...P K Q1; 8 Q x Kt 9 R K I +
Correct
is

00,
O,

;

.

10

P

MJ 6

K B 4,
13 2

Kt

Q

K

2
,

;

(^)

p
,

K
P

Q 2 Kt4,

7 11

R K
P
P.

1,

P

Q3

;

8 Kt

R 4, B
12

K3

;

9

Q Kt3,

O O;

P

B4, Kt

B Q 3, Q B 4+
.

B2;
Q

Bx
P

(/)

Kt

KB

KB4
B
4,

(the

BxKt;

3; 4 P 8 QxB,

PxP;

Analysis by S. Mlotkowski. Calabrese Counter-Gambit) is refuted K B 3, 3 6 Q P x P, B 5 Kt Q 9 Q +. QKt3, Q Bl; 10 B
;

BPxP;

by 3 P

3,

KKt5

Kt5;
The

7 PxP, text is th

Classical Defence.
(I) 3 Kt (g) White has the choice of the following alternative lines: transposes into Vienna Game and 3 Kt K B 3, Kt Q B 3 into Gmoco Piano. 4 P B 4 (4 P Q B 3, B R 4 ; 5 Kt B 3, Kt O B 3 leads 2 ) 3 P Q Kt4, B x P ( to the Evans Gambit), P Q 4 (4 ., PxP, known as M'DonndPs Double Gambit, K2 6 R 5 ch ; 4, B gives White a very strong attack by 5 Kt K B 3, B R 1, P Q 4) ; 5 P KS; 7 P Kt3, PxP; 8 O O, PxPch; 9 K O O; 8 Q Kt B 3, P B3; 9 PxP, KtxP. 7 O Kt o 6 Kt O, K2, -3\ 3 p (not 3 PxP; 4 BxPchf); 4 Kt K B 3, Kt +. Q4, P K Kt 3 4 Q Kt 3 or 3 , Q B 3 ; 4 Kt Q B 3 !, Kt 4, K B 1 (or 3 >4j 3 Q x II P ch ; 5 K Q 1 + ) ; 4 Q Kt 3, Kt Q B 3 ; 5 Kt Q B 3, as in the Vienna Gam*,
;
;
j

QB3

KBS; BxP

P~Q KPxP,

,

QB3

,

,

'

;

(k)

The Lewis Counter Gambit.
Handbuck, 1913, gives 6
9
,

If 4

7 Q Q 3, Q K 2 8 Q B 2. BxB, PxB; 10 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 11 P Q 3, Kt 1C Kt 5 12 R B { 13 Px R, Q R 5 draws at least) as in favour of White, but Black (if seems to have the better game after 12.., Rx Kt; 13 Px R, Ktx R P; 14 R R I, Q R5'; 15 Q K2, Bx Pch; 16 K Q 1, Q Kt6. This and the next two columns

B

K3;

(*)

B B 4, B

Px P, Bx K Kt 5
;
;

Pchl.
;
;

12

00, Rx Kt

are analysis. (j) 4 Kt
in

KB3

Is safest for

White, leading to equality.

The column

is

analysis

Handbuch, 1913.

CARO-KANN DEFENCE
THIS
4 has had numerous fluctuations in reply to i P wrote in 1925 that, after favour with the masters.

K

We

being held for a considerable time the best of the irregular in 1932 we replies, it had fallen into desuetude again, while
it had once more taken its place as a fairly With the resource for Black in master-play. frequent Attack at the end of introduction of the Panoff-Botvinnik

wrote that

1933 the defence again passed through a critical period. However, at the end of the following year it returned to the tournament arena, and there are now many who consider
it

the best of the irregular defences to I

P

K4.
other

The Caro-Kann has

the

superiority

over the

defences that the development of Black's Queen's Bishop is not obstructed (as in the French Defence), that there are few main variations, and that it is almost impossible for

White

to build

up a strong

attack.

On

the other hand,

B 3 does not attack an important centre point (as P does the Sicilian, P QB4), nor does it facilitate the development of an important piece (as does the French,

Q

p_K3).
Black
is

Consequently, if White develops often burdened with a lifeless position.

naturally,

Q

Normally the game opens i P K4, P QBs; 4, P Q 4, when White has four continuations
;

2?

B 3 (cols. I to 10). Black has the choice (i) 3 Kt 2 (coL 10) B 4; Kt for his 4th move of Kt B 3 or B a sub-variation of Kt B 3. 4..., Kt B 3 being practically

Q

Q

After $KtxKtch rarely seen. Black remains with a theoretical disadvantage, although
(the older line) is

now

4...,

White's superiority is seldom of great weight in practice. B B 4 (cols. 6 to 9) has had the support of Flohr for

many

In the best variation (cols. 6 and 7) White years. retains the initiative throughout the whole game. The attack It can lead to a in col. 9 is based on Russian analysis.

wild game, and may be recommended for those fond of enterprising chess.

who

are

ib

CARO-KANN DEFENCE
(ii)

3

P x P(the Exchange Variation) now has
it

12 columns

devoted to
is

instead of the three in our last edition.

This

to 19), where Panoff-Botvinnik attack (cols, It it is by no means easy for Black to maintain equality. is advisable for the second player, as in col. 18, to give up the centre at an early stage and maintain control of his

due

to the

n

Q4;

this

manoeuvre takes most of the sting out of White's

attack.

Against the older continuation in the Exchange Variation, where White omits the attack on Black's centre by P Q B 4 (cols. 20 and 22), Black has no difficulty in
equalising.
(iii)

3

P K
is

player,

who

5 (cols. 23 and 24) is weak for the first often hard pressed to maintain equality.

B 3 (cols. 25 and 26), advocated by Tarta(iv) 3 P kover, involves some very tricky play. The second player must not accept the Pawn-sacrifice (col. 25), but should
develop quietly, as in col. 26. This leads to a kind of French Defence, where Black's position is satisfactory.
(cols. 27 and 28) has been successfully in recent tournaments. played Against this move it is not for Black to develop harmoniously, and the variation easy

K

2

P QB4

will doubtless receive

few

years.

2

regular

lines,

a good deal of attention in the next 3 (cols. 29 and 30) avoids the more but leads to no advantage for White,

Kt

QB

Notes for
(*) 8.
,

cols. I to
;

5 (p

17) ctd.

a

Kt Q4

9 Qx Q ch, Bx Q 10 K Kt B 5 would leave White with the ^vantage of the two Bishops. The column is Alekhine Tartakover, Kecskemet, 1927. K Kt I, O; 10 O O O, (*) Black's only good line is 9.., R4;

Q

K2

;

H

(Alekhine).

(/) Best, Alternatives are (1) 5. ., B 8 KtxB,KtxKt; 9 Kt B 3,P Spielmann Capablanca, New York, 1927.

Q Q 3, Q Kt Q 2; 7 P K R 3, K 3 10P K Kt 3,B Q 3 11 B Kt2. K R 4, B Kt 5 6 P (2) 5. ., P -K R 4 7 B K2, BxB: 8 KKtxB, Q Kt Q2; 9 Spielmann Alekhinc Carlsbad, 1911. Not, however, 6 B KKt5, P R5; 7 BxKt, PxKt; 8 B K 5 RxP; 9RxR, Q R4ch; 10 P Q B 3, Qx Bch 11 Px Q, Px R+ 4-. A game

^4;
(JfeJ

Kt

5

;

6

;

:

QQ3.
;

;

won by

Torre.

Spielmann

HCnlinger, Vienna, 1929,

12..,

B

Kt2

equalises.

CARO-KANN DEFENCE
P K4
,

;

2

4

P Q4> P Q4: 3 KtxP(A), Kt BS.

KtQB3, PxP;

(A) The gambit 4 * White some attack. 4 B
7

K

v. d.

KfKY-*8; P~KI<t4 match, 1932. Bosch
-Flohr,

B PB Q BPxP; SKtxP, P Kt B
3,

4,

3

;

5

B

f

B-KftS;

P-K R 4, P-K R 3

Kt5; 6 B Q B4, K 6 6 Bx K 3, P
;

PKB3
P,
Jt'j.
.

B 4; H. O.

giv

6 9

Kt-K B 3,
,

fs)

A gambit

B x B,

10

R-

Q-R
1,

Q-.-Q
4

Q

(a} Best.

Q 3 I, Q x P ; alternative which is difficult for Black to meet is 5 B K 2,', Kt x Kt ; 8 B x Kt,, Kt Q 2 (better is 8 > B B 4 ; 1 ; 7 Q t-B t- 2} : 9 0-0, Kt-B 4 ; 2 x B ; 11 O-^O-O, 10 ch ; 2,' Q B 2; II Kt K5. Alekhine Winter, Hastings, 1936-37. The exchange of Queens is in favour of White because of bis PawP

g-o

-^O-^O-, Kt-Q
;

-

.

majority on the Queen's side. ISQxP, Q B2; 16 Q V 4; 19 B K 3, P R5;
1923.
(c\

'

Q

3,

20

KR-g

B

Kt2
1,

17

P
R4.

R

Q 5, K R B
Nimzovitch

1

;

B 3, R4ti, Berlin,

ISP

If

7,,,

R .KI;
(d)

11

P

00;
R5db
B5,

8

Q B2, P

KKt3;

Znosko-Borovsky

9 Kt K 2, Q B 2 ; Tartakover, Paris, 1925.

10

P KR

4,

16

Kt

Kt-Kt3; 10 13 P Q R 4, P Q Hastings, 1919. (/) 16 QxQ,

M

Or 6 P

Q B 1. Mattison Sterk, Paris, 1924. K Kt 3, B B 4 7 B Kt 2, P K 3 8 Kt K 2, Kt Q 2 9 O II P-QKt3, B-Q S Kt P-QB4, RB-B 2 ; 12 B-K^ Q-Q 2 H. H. Cole B1 15
;

;

;

O,

R4
7

;

14

RR

j

2,

;

Q

.

2 ; Winter,

KPxQ=.
11

Lfivenfisoh

Zubareff,

Moscow, 1925.
9
;

10B~-K3,BxB:
14

(*)

Weaker

is

QxP, QxQ; KtxB, B K 3

8
;

Ktx

Q,

B-Q B 4;
Kt
Q 2

BxB=.

Alekbine

12 0, Q Capablanca, New York, 1927. Notes ctd. on. p. 1 6,

13

K Kt-B 5 O--0 B B 4, Kt B 4;

;

CARO-KANN DEFENCE
P-K 4 P-QB 3
,

:

2

P-Q4, P-Q4!
4

3

Kt-QB 3

.

KtxP.

R 3, threatening 8 Kt-B 4, is refuted by 7 P K 4 (Capablanca), (A) 7 Kt R2 5, B is nevertheless quite strong, is 8 (B) An almost forgotten line, which O O, B Q 3 OB--63 BxB- lOOxB P K3: 11 B Q 2, K Kt B 3 12 ll23. 15 R-R 4 d=Chajes-RHi, Carlsbad, 14 Px B, 0-0 IS if I i Kt 13 P O B4, P B4; 14 B B3, P-QR3; Better is - 12.., -- K 2, B Q 3 16 Kt-K 4, Ktx Kt 17 Qx Kt, Kt-B 3 18 Q-K 2, Px P 15 Q 19 KtxP, B B4=. B 3, K Kt 1 17 B IS P-B 4, P-B 4 15.., O-O-O: (6) Continued 19 Ktx P. Maroczy Kercs, Zandvoort, 1936. 18 K R K 1, Px P B B 5 16 Kt K 5, B x B ch. Spielmann Capablanca, New York, 1927. IS P_K B 4, P K 3 7 Kt-B 3, B-Q 3 8 B-Q 3 Kt--K 2 9 O-O, (d} H B x B= MarshaU12 11 Kt-K 5, R-Q Kt-Q 2; 10 K-R 1, Q-B 2 The column is Kashdan Q-K 2.London, 1932. Flohr, Capablanca, New York, 1927. K Kt B 3 is 7.., Kt Q2: 7 Kt B 4, P K 4 (e) Or 6 (also good Bx B P 8 pJt R 4 ,P-K4forTf9'PxP,KtxP 10Q-K 2,b-g 2 11 P-R5 ?, II P K 6, PxP; Q R5 10 RPxKt: 9 PxP, Q I KtxB 14 B-K 3, Kt 20-0-01 12 B-Q 2, K Kt-B 31935.13 O-O O, B-B 4 K Kt5 + L. Steiner Opocensky, Lodz, 10 KtxB, RPxKt, 9 P Q B 3, O 0~O; tf\ It B Q K2, Kt Q21; 14 Q-B 3; 13 O-O-O, Q-B 2 12 B-Kt'5, Q Kt-ife 3 II Kt-K 4, Q-K 2 B 4, B K 2=. Ragosin Flohr, Moscow, 1935. 15 K B 4 13 Kt B 3, with a slight advantage for was 12 Kt Kt5, Q B 2 (g) Better
. . ,

PR

;

,

;

Q-k

:

;

;

:

;

:

;

;

;

;

5

;

t

;

;

;

,

;

I

:

.

;

1

;

;

;

I) ;

!

;

;

;

!

;

.

QR

;

;

'>

;

;

White (Bogatyrchuk).
(h)

Continued 15

Q B 4, B

R3

13

B B 3,
(t)

Kt Q 4. Bogatyrchuk 8 P x P transposes to col. 5.
Becker
D6ry, Vienna, 1928.

16 O O O, B x B ch; Flohr, Moscow, 1935.
! ;

17

Rx B

Kt

K2

;

(/)

White has some attacking chances on the King's

side.

CAROKANN DEFENCE
I

P K4, P QB 3 2 P Q4 4 P Q B 4 (A), Kt-K B 3
;

,

;

5

P Q4 PxP, PxP| 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt B 3.
;

(A)

The Panoff

Botvinnik Attack, which almost demolished the whole defence

in 1931-35.

12

K Kt
(6)

(a)

A

decided

K
12

2,

O

Improvement on 10 BxKt, KPxB!; 13 K II; 14 Q R Q 1, B f R
;

00

K

II

Kt 5=.

QxQP, B Q3;
Botvinnik
;

Flohr, 1st

match game,

1933.

Other

KPxB;
advantage
(c)

O

B, Reilly, Nice, 1934.
in

possibilities are likewise unsatisfactory, e.g. 10 Kt 3 ; 13 0, B 4, Q Or 10.., 11 B; Kt,

K2;

development for
.

PK3; White.

KtK

Bx

P K R 3 11 Bx Rt, 14Qx6P+. Znosko-Borovsky 12 QxP, with a great QX
.,

13 3 Easier to refute is 12 Botvinnik Flohr, 9th match game, 1933.
. , ;

QKt
K4

K R K 1 ch, K Q
an overwhelming

1 ;

14

Q KR

4

!

+.
by

(d)

16..,

B
B

Bl;

17

Kt

with

position.

Analysis

Botvinnik.
(e)

White must continue as
;

Q 02; PKtR4ch, KtK 5 13
9
4,

aggressively as possible. If 8 BxP, KtxB: Kt 3 ; 12 R Q I, 10 QxKt, P Kt 4 ; 11 Q 2, Q 3s=. PitschakHerzog, Liebwerda, Kt x Kt 14 Q x Kt, P
1 ;

K

K

!

1934.

B B 4 gives Black a strong attack at the cost of a Pawn. Q Ktx P is 8 K KtK 2 when he is better developed. Ql (ft) If 7 PxP, PxP; 8 BxKt, QxBj 9 KtxP, Q 11 QxQ, KtxQ; 12 O O 0, B-QB4=.
!,

by Yudovitch. ,Q Kt3ismetby 7PxP,andif 7. .,Qx Kt P ? 8R B 1 Kt Q Kt 5 ?; 11 Kt B 3, Resigns! Botvinnik 9 Kt R4!, QxRP; 10 B Q B 4, B Kt 5 Q Kt x P 8 B K 3, P K 4 9 P x P e.p. Spielmann, Moscow, 1935. However, 7
(/}

Analysis

(g)

e.

;

I.

;

.

.

,

;

:

t

Best for white on 7.
10

.,

;

Kt

QB

3,

Q x P;

Notes

ctd,

on p. 23.

20
i

CARO-KANN DEFENCE
P

K 4 P QB 3
,

;

2

P

Q 4 P Q4I
,

3

PxP.

(

A\ 6
1
.

8_ alee
to

B K 3 7 P B 5, P K Kt 3 R 4, B Q 2; 11 O O, O O jo Q Alekhine, Pasadena, 1932.
;

;

8
12

j

B B

Q Kt 5, B Kt 2 K B 4, P Q R 3

;

& Kt
13

;

K 5, Bx Kt.

led In the sensational game Nimzovitch Alekhine, Bled, 1931, $,., Q quick victory for Black after 9 Q Kt 3, BxKt; 10 PxB, KtxKt; Kt 3 Kt 7 ?, Kt Q 4 dis ch ; 12 Q 2, Q HBxKtch?,PxB; O2 followed bv ... Kt B 2. But Alekhine himself later refuted 8.,, Q R4; 11 PxKt, P K3; 12 O O + byl* Q Kt3, BxKt; 10 PxB, KtxKt; Alekhine Winter, London, 1932. B K3, B Q3; 16 B Kt3, Kt K 2. Krause Nimzovitch, (b) Continued 15 correspondence, 1924-25.
(a)

R4

a

K

13BQ

;

UQxRch,
.

10

B

p

KB 3;
(e)

9 KtxKt; 10 QxP!, KtxQP; 11 Px Kt-f (Panoff). KtSch wins a piece. Q 02; 14 Ktx Kt ch, Px Kt 15 Q- K 2ch, (d) If 13.
(c)
,

If

9., KtxP?;
3;

,

17

RQB

;

K

16B-

K3,

1

with the better ending.
16

Panoff

SerKOivff, MO-.COW,

1930,

15

QxQ, PxQ;

R--K11.

Analysis b/ decker.

White aa* a Atmimal

advantage.
(/)
(g)

The opening transposes to a Queen's Gambit Accepted. Alekhme Tartakover, Pans, 1925.
Better
is

(h)
(t)

B

K 2 B 3,

with advantage for White,

Alekhine

Euwe, Berne, 1932.
;

5

B -k B
(k)

(i)

KKt

This must be played as soon as possible. Inferior, e.R. Is 4 P Q B 3, Kt 6 Kt-BA.P-T.K. 3 ;. 7 4 4, 3,(better 7 B^-Q 3*}x B~ 3, P " K R 4 ; 11 P 9B-K2, P K Kt4!; 10 ~ ' Iplelraann Nimzovitch, 6, B R*3 IV. Spieimann Ninwovitcb, Carlsbad,' 19*23, K2;' 12

B-B

"

QKt BKt
B3,

"

Q^2j
3

QB

3

;

Or 10 Kt
Maroczy

Maroczy
(I)

4; Q2, Nimzovitch, Bled, 1931

BKt

11

KKt

BxB;

12

QxB, P K

Capablanca, Lake Hopatcong, 1926.

CARO-KANN DEFENCE
I

21
,

P K

4

,

P

QB 3

;

2

P Q 4f P Q 4

9 BKt5ch, B Q2; K 3, 10 B Nimzovltch, Breslau, 1925. Kt 3, Kt R 4 transposes (6) 7 Q

Flohr,

Ujpst, 1934.

,

BxB;

11

QxBcfc,

Q Q2=.

Wagner

to. col. 20.

SQKtS, BxKt; 9PxB,
12

(c)

Passive play

is

disadvantageous for Black.

P

Q R 4, O O O

P

;

13

O
Q

K3;
O,
2,

10

B

KtQ Kt 2=.
3
;

2,

Kt

P. S. Milner-Barry

Correct is 7... Q Kt 3 I : e.s. Q 2; 11 R K Kt I, P kt 3 * Flohr, Hastings,

U Q K 2,
Spielmann

(d)

Better than 8 Q Kt P Q R 3 ; 12 Q

B

0,

O

Q
;

9

BxB, QxB;
3,

13

Q-_K

Bx

Kt

;

10 14

P K R 3, B R 4 Ktx B, Kt Q 2=.

;

Capablanca, Moscow, 1925.

(} P. S. Milner-Barry

Znosko-Borovsky, Tenby, 1928.
; ;
;

Q Kt Q 2, B B 4 9 Bx B, Px B 10 Kt K 5, Q Kt 3 11 O K 2, K R Q 12 Kt 13 Q 14 Kt B 5, KtxKt: Kt3, P K 3; K5! =p. Spielmann Samisch, Berlin, 1920. 15 BxKt, Kt 8 O O 9 Q Kt Q 2, P Q R 3 10 K R 4 II B R 2 is not O, Kt (g) Kt K 5 is weak, advisable for Black (H. Steiner Kashdan, Gy6r, 1930). Similarly. 8 10 O K 5!, Kt~x Kt 12" B x Kt, because of 9 QKt Q 2, P B 4 1 Kt O, O O Laskei BxB; 13 PxB, KtxKt; 14 QxKt, P B5; 15 Q R

OO=
(/)

Or 8
;

!,

1

;

,

;

;

;

.

,

;

:

1

'

;

"

Tartakover, Mahrisch-Ostrau, 1923.
(h) Bogatyrchuk changed somewhat,

Tartakover, Moscow,

1925.
23.

The order

of

moves has been

Notes ctd. on

j>,

B

CARO-KANN DEFENCE
i

P

K 4 P QB3,

9 B Kt 5, Fine, Monterrey, 1934.

(a)

Kt

QB

Or 5.., B
3
;

K2

:

6

P
14

K
;

5,

K
O

Kt
O,

Q Kt 3

10

O O

Q

2

; ;

7

11

PB R PQ B R K PQ
4,
1,

4

;

8

3*=.

Kt B 3, TorreO.

(6)

13

Kt

Kt3,

BxB;
.
.

QxB, Q

Kt3;

15

QxQ, KtxQ;

16

O O

Kostich

Pure, Bled, 1931.

9 p

5 Kt Q Q 4 (5.., Q Q 1 is simpler, leading to a 3, Q (c) 4.., QxP; K B 3 ; ,_ Kt B 3, P */x 3 ; 8* O- A 0, B K 2 ; 7 ~, -r-r 6 variation of the Q.G.D.) ; ~ B B * Kt 4, ~ stron ^alternaO ; 10 B B 4 . L. Sterner Carls, The Hague, 1928. Q 4, Kt 3, Kt K B 3 ; 6 Kt Q B 3, Q Kt Q 2 ; : B K 2 3 ; 5 Q tive is 4 , anu, iiww /.., .cvi. and now 7.., Kt JE> * t 8 Q J * P o srf 3J B4!; 4, raour, Hastings, ji=>oi-oo;, (L. aieiner Flohr, jn.asi.mgs, 1932-33), (LJ. Steiner 9 B B 3, P x P ; 10 Kt x P, B K 3 with a good attack (Flohr).

B

K

R

,

,

PQ R
B

A

-

i

B

K

12...P
.

15

(*)

Or 3
3
:

B Bl; 11 Q B2, P K Kt 3 12 P Q 5, Kt R4 13 Q Q 2, Kt Kt 2 14 P K Kt4. C. H. Alexander Flobr, Hastings, 1937-38. R3; 13 KtxP, Kt K4; 14 P Kt S. Mikenas Flohr, Hastings, (/) 12.., Q 1937-38. K 2, KtxKt; 6 QPxKt, 5 Q Kt B3: 4 P K 5, Kt K 5 (g) 3. B 4 ? (7 P K 3 is necessary) 8 P K 6 and wins. Kt 3 7 Kt Q 4,
;

Kt

B

7

P

PQ R PQ K
4,

R3; R 2.

13

B
;

Alekhine Feigm, Kemeri, 1937. 3 ; 4 Kt Q B 3, Q B 2 ; 5 B O 8 Kt B 3, Q Kt Q 2 ; 9 3,

Q 3, K R2;

14

P

K R3, B K

3

;

15
;

KR K
6 B
10

1,

K 2, B K 2 O O, R K 1
;

K

;

R

B

3,
I
,

;

Spielmann

Walter, Trentschin-Teplitz, 1928. B 4 ? ; 5 Kt Kt 3, B (h) Weak is 4. , B 7 Kt K 5, B R 2 8 Q R 5, P K Kt 3 9 Q 3 ; 11 B 4, P Ziirich, 1934. And now 10 B () Lasker Flohr, Zurich, 1934.
;

PQ

,

;

PQ

;

,

;

!

KtS;
1

K

;

PQ 4
3
;

6 P K R 4, P KR3; B 3. Kt B 3. Lasker Muller,
is

overwhelming.
;

B

(/)

If 5

Ktx Kt
9

KKt5;
(k)

ch, K P x Kt P K R 3, B R
:

Smmering- Baden,
13

1937.

Kt

K4,

B

Kt

5

Frankfurt, 1930.

A

typical

PQ B K3, 10 K ch PB Bwith Nimzovitch
6 4
4,

B Q
2.

;

B Q 3, O O 8 O O, Kt Q 2=. Ragosin Flohl,
7

;

14

3,

game

its

Sir G. A. restraining

Thomas
moves
5,

Nimzovitch, 8 and 13.

CAROKANN DEFENCE

23

Notes for cols, to 15 ctd+ P -QR3, P Kt4; U B R 2, B Kt 2 13 Q Q 3, Kt Kt 1 P Kt 3 15 B R 6, R K 1 14 Kt K 4 ? (14 B 16 Kt K 4 with a Kt5I + Hasenfuss Flohr, Kemeri, 1937. attack), Kt (B3)
(*)

n

11

;

1,
,

;

;

Q4 strong

(j] Better than 12 continued 12 Q Kt

B
P

K 3,
Kt 5
;

15

18

Q Q 2, R P B5, B
(k)

K

1

;

16

B4

Q3I-K The

when the game Botvinnik 13 B Kt 1, P Q Kt 4 B 3 is safer), Q Kt (16 P
is

;

column

Weiss

Euwe, Hastings, 1934-35 14 Kt K 5, B Kt 2 Q 4 ; 17 Kt x Kt, Q x Kt

P Q Kt
(/)

Better is 9 3 ; 12 P

K Kt K2, and if Q Kt 4, P Q R 4

17

a Pawn.

2 ; IS B x B, Q K 2, Analysis by Lajos Steiner.

BQ
.

;

9.., Kt 13 P Q

Podhorzer, Vienna, 1934. K 5 ; 10 BxB, KtxB: R 3 with a good game.
19

H 00,

QxB ;

RKt

3,

Q R

5 and Black wins

(m) 7.., PxP; BxKt; K4; 10 O O, with a strong attack: 10..,Q Q2; 11 Q K 2, Ktx B ch ; 12 Qx Kt, O O O ; 13 P Q Kt 3 * 3 ; 14 Kt P x P. Mikenas-Flohr, Folkestone, 1933. 5 j 11 Q Kt 3 !, () Weaker is 8 , B K 2 9 O O, O O ; 10 B K 3, Kt Q Q 2 ; 12 K R Q 1, P B 4 ; 13 P K R 3 . Alekhme Turover and Wimsatt, Washington, 1933. The column is Ninazovitch Gygh, Zurich, 1934.

8PQ5,

9BxB,Kt

P-K

!

.

;

K

Notes for
..,

cols*

21 to 25 ctd.
is

2 followed by ., P K 3, White's weakened Pawn 6 P K 6 I, liability. ,, Px Pj 7 3, B x B ; 8 Q x B gives White some attack, although the game Mieses continued in Black's favour: 8... PxP: 9 Q Kt6ch. Speyer. Schevenmgen, 1923, Q2; 10 QxP(Kt4), Kt B3; 11 Q R 3, R R 4 ; etc.

P

(I)

On 4 P

K

Kt

4

!

?

OB 4,

..,

KtQB3,

the safest reply
..,

4.

.,

P

position will

BQ

be a

On

4.

B

KR4,

Kt 3; 5 P

etc.;

BQ when
!

.

K R 4, P K R 4

;

K

Capablanca, New York, 1927. K B 3 Black should proceed as in the text. Weak, however, is 6. .. (k} On 6 Kt Kt Kt3?: 2, Q Kt3; 7 O O, Q R3?; 8 Q Kt3!, Kt K2; 9 Tarrasch Nimzovitch, 10 B Kt4!> BxB; 11 QxB, Q Kt3; 12 Q
(j)

Nimzovitch

R3!.
11

BQ

Saa Sebastian, 1912.
10 Px P, K Kt (I) Also good is 9.., PxP; H. Wolf-Tartakover, Carlsbad, 1923. (m) Samisch Tartakover, Pistyan. 1922.

K 2;
O,

Kt

K B 3, P K R 4.
9

()
10

If 6..,

Q
(c)

R5ch,

K Q

B

K3;
1;
11

7

B

BxB, PxB;

8

K3-K

B K2;

KtxP, Q

Tartakover

Q

2;

Przepiorka, Budapest, 1929.

Teicbxnann

Mieses,

match game,

Berlin, 1913.

CENTRE GAME
THIS opening presents great difficulties for match-play. The early manoeuvres of White's Queen, though embarrassing to an opponent not familiar with the defence, when
correctly met often result in a congestion of forces unfavourable to White.

The

second move

general object of the exchange of Pawns on the is to clear the way for an advance of the King's

and King's Bishop's Pawns and, after Castling on tht Queen's side, to use the Rook on the open file. The " Centre Game " covers both the variations where White on his 3rd move immediately recaptures the Pawn and those in which he defers or renounces recapture. The former
variations constitute the Centre Game proper (cols. I to 8 below) ; the latter Centre Gambits '(cols. 9 and 10), and the Danish Gambit, which is an offshoot of the Centre Game.

Very
from the

recent examples of the Centre
Col.
5...,

Game

in master-

play are few.
line

4 with note () presents two, arising B Kt 5 for Black, which aims at a

counter-attack on the Queen's side. In the more frequently seen line, beginning with 5..., B Kts, there are three replies to 7..., Ki, given in

R

cols.

2 to 5

:

(i)

8Q
8

Kt3, defeated by the

line

adopted by Capa-

blanca in
(ii)

col. 2.

B

B 4, met by
B

the variation given in col. 4, but

relatively best.
(iii)

8

P

3, inferior,

as in col. 5.

The

early advance of
(col. 6).

P

K5

for

White has been proved

premature

In

col. 7, the

move

4...,

P

K Kt 3,

important games, is nevertheless inferior. The line given in col. 8 appears good for Black, but has fallen into disuse. The sacrifice of a Pawn in cols. 9 and TO gives White attacking chances, but Black's defence
should be sufficient to turn the gain
in

in spite of its adoption in

material to account.

CENTRE GAME
i

P
(a),

3

Q xP

K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

QB3

;

4

P Q 4f PxP; Q K 3 (&), KtB 3.

K B 3, Black can transpose by Kt K B 3 into Petroffs Defence (a) If 3 Kt by P Q 3 into Philidor's Defence by Kt Q B 3 or B Kt 5 ch into the Scotch Game. Or he can play 3. ., B B 4 4 Ktx P (for 4 B B 4, Kt K B 3 see Bishop's Opening, K Kt 5, P KR3; 6 BxKt, QxB; 7 P Q B 3, 5 B column 2), Kt K B 3 O=. Mieses Alekhine, The Hague, 1921. For 3 P Q B 3, 3 8 3, O
;

;

;

KtB

;

KtB

;

see

Danish Gambit.

3 ; 5 Kt Q B 3, P Q 4 ! ; 6 Kt x P, Kt x Kt ; 7 Px Kt, (W If 4 Q B 4, Kt Kt 5 =F. Mieses Leonhardt, Berlin, 1920. 4 Q Q R 4 leads to a variation of the Centre Counter with colours reversed, where White has a move in hand. Kt 3, P K Kt 3 11 B Q 3, B Q 3 =F. EdinburghB 3, 10 Q ; (e) 9 B Q B 4 ; 10 O O, B B 4 ! ; Liverpool, correspondence. 1901. 9 P Q B 4 ?, Q K 1 ch, B K 3 ; 13 B K 3, B K 2 ; 14 12 R O 1 1 Q x Q, B x Q 3, O ; 15 Kt Kt 5 ? (better is 15 B K 2), B K B 4 +. F. Meller Kashdan, Gy8r, 1930. Becker commends 9 Kt B 3.

KtB

00

;

;

KtB

O

!

K 1; 13 Q Q 3, QxP; 14 B K 2, B Kt 4 15 K Q I, (d) If 12PxB?, K R RxB; 16QxR,QxKt++. 12. K R KI?; 13 PxB, B Kt5; 14 Q B21++. Sultan Khan(*)
:
,

Marshall, Liege, 1930.

KtB 3;
QR Q
15
(g)

(/)

Or
If
1
:

6. 10

..

B

P Q3 B 4, B

;

7

K
9

P B
Kt

4,

B

5 =p. 3
.

8..,

BxX

12

B

K

K

PQ3; Kt
1
;

3

16

KR

!,

P

P B3, B

K

QR
1

;

Q B 4 8 Q Kt 3, Kt K R 4 9 Mieses Englund, Scheveningen, 1913. K 3 ; 10 Kt R3, Q K 2 ; 11 13 B Q 3. Kt 4 ; 14 Q Kt Q 5, Mieses Spielmann, Berlin, 1914.
:

;

Q

B

3,

K

KtB 4,

B x Kt i

Capablanca, Berlin, 1913. (h) 1 ; 16 RxKt, 17 B 7 ch, K R 4, Kt Q 4 ; 15 B (i) 14 p (Winawer Steinitz, Nuremberg, 1896) and now as recommended by Tarrasch, 17.. 4 ; 19 KtxP, 20 18 KtxR, Kt Kt, Q Q B 3 ; 21 R Q 1, 1; B x R P ? (21 ., B K 5 ) ; 22 Q 61++. W. F. de Greef M. Seibold, correspondence, 1931.

Mieses

R

K R

BxR;

K4

RxB
Kt

,

K =

R

QxKt;

Bx

K

(j)

Or 9 P

B 3,

Kt

K4
O
B

:

10

B

Kt
1

3,

Q

2

=F-

Spielmann
14

Eliskases, 1st
3,

(k)

Continue

K B

!

B K 3 ; 1 1 P Kt 4, P B 3 ; 12 P Kt 5, match game, 1937. 15 Kt Q 5, KtxKt. Tartakover;

ReshevBky, Stockholm, 1937.
I/)

u

B

Ktb, P

Q R

4.

Moisltner

Dr.

Em,

Lacker. 1920

26
i

CENTRE GAME
P
K4, P

K4;

2

P Q 4 PxP.
,

P
10

K Kt 3
(6)

(a)

If 4.
;

,

8

5

B

6Q KKt3,P Q41;

KtK2; 3 Q B Q2. KtK Kt5
5
.

B

K

K Kt 3,
(B
"by

Kt

B3;

6

P

K5, Kt

K R4;

7

Q

K3,

000, Q
(c)

7

P
!

K R 3,

K
Kt

Q3=.

Analysis
;

2 j 6 Kt Q B 3 transposes into Col. 1); B 3 ; 8PxP,KtxP; 9 Kt Q B 3, B K 3 Dr. Landau.
;

;

7 Px P e.p. ch, B K 3 8 Px P, Q Q 8 ch 9 Kx Q, Q K 4, P Q4 KtxPch+. Or SB QR6, QxP; 9 BxP, Q Kt5ch+ (Alekhine). 6 K KtK 2; 7 O O O, 00: 8 B B 4, P 03: (d) Inferior is 6
;

9

P

KR4!.
5

,

Mieses
is

Spielmann, Breslau, 1912.

(*)

B Q

2

safer.
.

(/)
(g)

Charousek*s improvement on the older 5
Better was 12

. ,

B R
Q Kt
8

4.

Q

B

1.

(A)

Winawer
If 6,
,,

continuation.
(i)

Charousek, Berlin, 1897. Neither 13 RxKt, nor 13 Kt

13

Kt

Q

2
.

seems

White's

best

5 answers.

KtK Kt 5
B3,
is

;

7

Kt

B

1,

P

Q3

;

Q

K

2

(j)

Analysis by Marshall.
If

(k)
(/)

4 P

Superior

4

.

.

PxP; 5 PxP, B B4-f. B B 4, with a position similar
,

to that In col. 9.

QRxQ;

(m) 13 Q 17

R K
KtxP.

1,

BxB;

14

Qx B,

Kt

Kt 5:

15

Q B

5.

Q B

1

:

10

QxQ, * *'

CENTRE COUNTER GAME
of defence on the first move is not popular, and never has been popular, though advocated in the past by some masters, mostly from Northern Europe whence The its name on the Continent of Scandinavian Defence. noted American analyst Fred Rein f eld has recently attempted to rehabilitate the opening, but he has not found any support among tournament players.

THIS method

The Centre Counter has two main lines, according as moves iP K4, P Q4; sPxP, Black plays KB 3. 2..., QxP or 2..., Kt
after the

The first line is open to the theoretical objections that the early development of the Queen is a violation of principle, that the centre is abandoned to White, and that, as in
most of the irregular defences to I P 4, there is no good square for Black's Queen's Bishop. White's 3 Kt is the simple and natural reply, and 3..., Q

K

QB3
P

QR4

(cols. I

to 5) the continuation generally held best for Black.

White has then a
4

choice

of

four variations, of which

Q4

is

the strongest.

The second

line,

wherein the

Pawn

is

not at once re-

captured, was once thought analytically unsound, on account of 3 B- Kt 5 ch, apparently holding the Pawn. But, as seen in col. 10, Black can win the Pawn, with a slight shade

of disadvantage in the position.

28
i
,

CENTRE COUNTER GAME
P K4 P Q4
;

2

PxP, QxP;

3

Kt

QB 3

,

Q Q R 4.

Ktx P
10

(a) If
;

7

10

Ktx P
is

00,

Ostend, 1907), and

Q
(6)

B 3, Q

9 P Q5, 8 Kt K Kt 5 ? (8 B K 3, P K 4 B 4 and wins. Cohn Tartakovcr, 11 B x B ch, P ?, Ktx B R x P gives Black the better of it, e.g. 9 B x B ch, Kt x B now 8 K 4 11 P K Kt 3, P B 3 and if 12 Kt B 7 ?, Q K R 4 wins.
!

000;
!

I

;

;

!

,

;

;

!

The column is Duras Spielmann, Vienna, 1907. K 5 10 Kt B 4, Q Q 1 11 Kt x B, Ktx Kt 12 P Q B 3, (c) Or (1) 9 ., B P K3; 13 B Q3, Kt Q 3 14 Kt Balogh Fahrni, correspondence, 1928-29. (2) 9 Q Kt Q 2 10 Kt B 4, Q B 2 11 P R 5, B K 5 12 Kt X B, KtxKt; 13Q Analysis by Dr. Lasker. B 3, KtxKt; 11 B Q 2, Kt Q2; 12 KtxKt, Kx Kt (d) Inferior is 10 Q 13B QB4,B K5; 14QxB, KtxQ; 15 Bx Q, P K 3;' 16 P K B 3, Kt B 3^= (Fred Reinfeld). The column to the 14th move is analysis by C. J. S. Purdy. 12 P Or 10 ., KtxB; () Or 10.., KtxKt; 11 BxKt, Q Q4 UQxKt,P B3; 12KtxB,PxKt; 13 B Q 3, P K Kt 4 14 P R 5, Kt Q 2
Better
10
.,

P

K
;

4.

;

K5.

;

;

.

,

B3.

;

;

;

;

B3.
;

15

B

Kt6ch.
If

;

KKt

(/)
(g)

Px P, B Q Kt 5 K2=.
5

;

6 Kt

B

3,

B Kt 5

;

7

B

K

2,

Kt

QB

3

;

8

O

O,

White won the ending. Tarrasch Mieses, Gothenburg, 1920. R6ti Rubinstein, Teplitz-Schdnau, 1922. 4 B B 4, Kt K B 3 ; 5 P Q 3 leads only to equality, Black having a safe continuation in 5 , P B 3. K 3 ; 10 P B 3 ; 8 B Q 3, P Q Kt 3 ; 9 2, O, P (j) Weaker is 7. B K2; 11 Kt K4, Ktx Kt; 12 Q x Kt, Q Q 4 ? ; 13 Q Kt 4, B B 3 ; 14 P B 4 with an overwhelming attack. Mieses Leonhardt, Prague, 1908.
(k)
(,-)
.

,

Q K

Q B 4, P K 3 9 O O, B K 2 10 R K 1, P Q Kt 4 ; (k) If instead 8 B Sir G. A. 13 Q K 2, R Q B I =F. Kt 3, B Kt 2 12 B Kt 5, Q Kt Q 2 11 B Thomas J. du Mont, Tunbridge Wells, 1912.
; ; ;

;

(1)

Dr. Schumer

Sir G. A.

Thomas, City

of

London Championship,

1912.

CENTRE COUNTER GAME
I

29

P

1<4,

P

Q4J

2

PxP.

(a)

Or 4

8
7

6, Kt
(6)

AlekMne
(c)

oO, 00:
(d)
(<f)

An

P Q B 3 5 Kt B 3, B Kt 5 6 B K 2, B x Kt 7 B x B, P K 3 ; Teichmann Lee, match, 1901 . 3; 9 R K 1, B K 2; 10 Q Q 3 K 3 ; 6 Kt B 3, B K 2 ; equally strong alternative is 5 B Q B 4, P 8 Q K2, QKt-Q2; 9 R K 1, Kt KtS; 10 B KtS, P B 3
.

,

;

:

;

B

.

Schlechter, Carlsbad, 1911.

Tarrasch Pillsbury, Monte Carlo, 1903. Riti Tartakover, match, 1920.

Somewhat stronger is 5 Kt K B 3, B Kt 5 ; 6 Kt B 3, P K 4 ; 7 P B 5, Q 2 Tarrasch) 8 Kt K 4, K Kt Q 2 ; 9 Q x P, Q K 2 ; (better 7. . , K Kt Lasker Alekhine, St. Petersburg, 1914. 10... P B4; 11 O 10 B White a winning attack now. The game continued 10.., Kt B3 ; 11 BxKt, gives O O; 14 Q R 4, etc. PxB; 12 -O, BxKtj 13 PxB, {/) The Kiel Variation. B3: 8 P B 4, B K3; 9 P QKt3, If 6 PxP, QxQch: 7 (g) R 3, K R -K 1 =. Treybal Bogoljuhoff , 10 Kt O 3, B Q B 4 ; 11 ; 1922. Pistyan, Walter, Mahrisch-Ostrau, 1923. (h) Spielmann

PxP?

QKt5.
O

;

O

0O
{*)

K

KtxaKt

PQ

Bogatyrchuk

Rabinovitch, Moscow, 1925.

o B 4 deserves more attention than It has received, if only for the reason /;) 3 p B 3 ; 4 P Q 4, Px P ; 5 Kt Q B 3 White has transposed to the that after 3. 7 P The continuation 3 P Q B 4, P B 3 ; Panoff Attack against the Caro-Kann K B 3, P K4; 6 P Q 3, B K B 4 ; 7 Kt B 3, 4 PxP, KtxP; 5 Kt 4; 2 12 B 5 ; B K3,BxB; Kt3; 10Q B 1 1, P is playable for White but gives Black good attacking possibilities. 7 Q 5 Kt QB3, Ktx P; 6 Ktx Kt, B3, BxBch. Kt; (ft) 4 P 8 QxQ, Krejcik Rethy, Vienna-Budapest, match, 1931.
!

9PxB,Q

K

HPxP.KtxP;
Qx

BBK

QB3;
(1)

QxB; PxQ=.

K 2, Kt Kt 3 8 B Kt 3, Q Kt x P ; 9 Kt x Kt better is 7 K Kt K2; 12 P K B 4, Kt KtS, B KtS; 11 O O, P K3; Maroczy Walter, Gy5r, 1924. R 3 9 P Kt 4, B Kt 3 ; 10 P B 4 +. The column i* Q (m) Best. MS.., P Bogatyrchuk Torre, Moscow, 1925.
KtxKt;
1?

Somewhat 10 Kt
4
-fc.

;

,

p__Q

;

DANISH GAMBIT
IN this interesting branch of the Centre Game, White offers his Queen's Bishop's and Queen's Knight's Pawns for the sake of rapid development, obtaining long diagonals for his
Bishops and considerable control of the board.
considered by the majority of experts the best based upon the capture of three Pawns, followed by the immediate counter-sacrifice of the Queen's Pawn This plan, preached and practised by Schlechter, (col. i).
is

What

defence

is

and endorsed by Amos Burn, was adopted, with excellent results from Black's point of view, at the Baden Gambit Tournament of 1914 and refutes White's opening strategy,
for the analysis has not yet been controverted. The remaining forms of the Gambit Accepted (cols. 3 to 4) yield White

an attack

sufficiently

compensating him for his two Pawns.

In the variations where Black captures two Pawns, retaining one a plan which has its supporters the development with KKt is inferior (col. 5), but the alternative

K2

lines,

where White posts

his pieces normally (cols.
cols.

are quite satisfactory for the first player. In White does not sacrifice a second Pawn

6 to 8), 9 and 10

(a

variation

recommended by Alekhine) by transposing
;

into col.

6 Black

can obtain

at least equality.

The forms of

the opening in

which Black contents

himself with equality of development rather than superiority in material (belonging to the Centre Game rather than
to the Danish) are illustrated in cols,

n

to 15.

Col.

n

is

second player, but col. 12 results in positional advantage for him. Col. 13 frequently is one of the very rare examples of a Danish in tournamentline for the

a simple equalising

play after the War.

Mieses has recommended col. 15 as the best way of declining the Gambit, an opinion in which the Larobok concurs nevertheless, White's attack is not easily frustrated
;

in over-the-board play.

DANISH GAMBIT
i

P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

P Q 4 PxP;
,

3

P

QB 3

.

(a)

Introduced

B 3, B (b) 7 X Q-h ), Kt 10 Q x Q, 1914. Reti, Baden,

R

KtK

by

Schlechter. Kt 5 ch ! ; 8 K B B 3 ; 10 Kt B 3, Q

1,O

K2

O;
;

9

11

Q -Kt 3 (9Bx Pch, K R 1 P Q R 3, B Q 3-K Nyholm
;

1;

Followed by B K3 and R (c) Marco gives the alternative 10. ., R
13

P

3 13P Q R 3, was even stronger) zfc.

B

K

K5, Kt
;

K1 +

.

If

QR

10.., Q 1 ; 14

K 1 11 P B3, P B 4 12 Kt B 4, R Q 1 R KI; 11 P B 3, Kt B 3 ? 12 R Bl!, Kt K 2 R K 2 15 Q Kt B 4 (15 K Kt B 4
:

Q

1

with

the better end-game
;

(Schlechter).
:

t

;

Nyholm
Kt

Tartakover, Baden, 1914.

9 9

K

o

P

Q 2 (or 7... B Q3; 8 Q B 2, Q K 2 ch ; O, B Q R 6 + . Tartakover) ; 8 Kt B 3, B Q Kt 5 ; Spielmann, Baden, 1914. () Opocensky Reti, Baden, 1914. has also been played), P QKt 41; 8 B Kt 3, (7 Q (/) 7 KKt QR4; 9 R Q B 1, Kt QR3; 10 O O, Kt B4; if Kt Q 4, KtxB+.
Kt
(<)

Or 7

O,

O O+

K 2, O

Kt
.

QB3, Q
10

;

Nyholm

K2

K2

Mieses
(g)

14..,
5.
.,

Tchigorin, Cambridge Springs, 1904. R Kt 1 ; 15 Q B 7. Ldrobok, 1921.

White has a strong
;
.
.

attack.

7 P Kt 5 ch 6 Kt B 3 (or 6 K B 1, Kt K B 3 K 5, P Q 4 ; 8 Q K 4 ch + ), Kt Q B 3 (Mieses says that the best answer to 6 Q K 2 or Kt K B 3 8 Q is 7 Q 7 Kt B 3, P Q 3 Kt 3, Kt R3j 9 O O O, O B2); ; Kt 1 with a powerful attack (11 .,Bx Kt ?; 12 Kt QS-f) 10P Kt4,BxP; K 6 (7 Qx Kt, P Q 4-f ), P K B 4 8 Px Pch' Kt 5 7 P () 6 P K 5, Kt
(A)

B

;

,

UKR
Q

;

.

BxP;

9

Kt

KB 3,

!

K2ch+

;

;

(j)

White's excellent development

(Alapin). is sufficient

compensation

for the

two Pawns
threatens

minus.

Both 4.., B Kt5; 5 PxP, Q B 3 6 Kt K 2, B B 4 (White Queen by 7 Px B, Q x R 8 Kt B 3) ; 7 O O, P Q 3 8 and 4 P 63 9 Kt R 5 (P- Johner Breyer, Baden, 1914) B K3; 6 BxB, PxB; 7 Q R 5 ch, P Kt 3 ; 8 Q Kt 5 ch, Kt B3; Kt Q 5 10 B Kt 5 are indifferent continuations for Black. 3 9 Kt 5, Kt 5 7 O 0, B x Kt 8 Kt x B, P If 0. , B (1)
(k)
;

to entrap the

Kt

K2

;

:

;

;

.

. ,

;

Kt B 4 , 5 Kt x P,
9

QxP,

;

.

10

B

K2, O

O

;

;

;

:

11

P

B

B~K

Kt

K4

;

4

.

DANISH GAMBIT
i

p__ K

4

,

P

K4

;

2

P Q 4 PxP;
,

3

P Q B 3>

B

(a)

But

J:he ^logical ^continuation. B x B, Px B Q Kt 3 would be met by
;

this is

not

Correct was 7..,
.

.,

QB

Kt

B3; 8 O

O,

1.

(6)
(c)

Opocensky
If

Fahrni, Baden, 1914.
1 ;

KKtxQ;
14
(*)

8 QxB ch, 2; 9QxQch, SBxPch, KxB; 7 Q Q 5 ch, K B Scblechter Spielmann, Baden, 1914. 10 KtxP, P- Q4l=. Kt 2, e.g. 12.., Q Kt K4j 13 KtxB, RPxKt; (ft Stronger was 12 B KtxKt, PxKt; 15 P B4!-f- (Marco).
Scblechter
If
.

QK

Hromadka, Baden,
;

1914.

O O+
1921.

(f)

Kt 5 7 Q 6 B K 3 ?, B Dr. Smitb and others P.
;

2 8 P B 2, W. Sergeant and
;
;

QK

B 3, P- Q 4 ; 9 B others, consultation,
:

Q Kt 5,
London,

9 Px B, P Q 4 10 Px Kt (10 B R 3, 8 P K 5, B x Kt O, O O (g) 7 O PxB; HBxR,QxQ; 12 K Rx Q, KtK 5 T), Px B; llPxP=. A good alternaKt KtSj 11 R K 1, B K3; 12 P K R 3, here is 10 B tive for White Kt3, 13 P K Kt 4. Kt R 3
;

(A)

Analysis

by R.

J.

Loman.
;

this and, if B Kt 5 (t) Alekhine warmly recommends chat White has thus better attacking chances than those Better is 4 ... P Q 3 ; transposing into col. 6. 0*) 9 P K5, (k) More in harmony with the opening is strong attack (Alekhine).

5

B

QB
10

4.

shown

on the ground

in col. 1.

PxP;

Q

Kt

3,

with a

B x Kt

B Kt 5 ; 10 Q Kt 3, Kt Q R 4 ; 11 B x P ch, K B 1 ; 12 Q R 4 K 1, with a satisfactory game (Alekhme). 13 P x B, K x B ; 14 Q x Kt, R Alekhine Issakoff, Moscow, 1919. (m) K 3 again transposes into col. 6. (n) 6 . , B 9 P B 4, Q Kt Kt d Kt Kt 5, Kt K 4 ; 8 B Kt 5 ch, P B 3 ; (o) 7 10 B B 4, P Q 4=. Selman Ford, New York, 1932. Q 1 (Alekhme). The column is Alekhine Verlinsky, Odessa, (p) Better Kt
9.
!

m

;

.

.

DANISH GAMBIT
i

33
3

P

K 4 P K 4 ;2 P Q 4 PxP;
,

,

P

QB 3

.

Danish Declined." Blumich says that 5 Kt -B 3 is much the best move, though after 5 6 Q x P, Kt Q B 3 ; 7 B Q Kt 5, B K 2 Black stands well enough.
(a\
(6)

The

. .

,

considers 5 B 4 best. 5 Q R 4 ch (or 5 P Q B 4, P KtxP; 7 QKt5, Q2; 8 Kt B 3, Q K2ch; Nyholm Breyer, Baden, 1914. Marshall recommends 5 B

B~0
B

Kt x P Ldrobok
P,
is

B

B

4!),

P

9

K B
5 ch.

B

3

;

6

1,

P

Kt

Q Px Q6!+

B
9

K3; 9Kt~-B3+
O
(e)

Schlechter, Baden, 1914. (c) Rti W) 5..,P-^3B4; 6Kt QB3,QxQP;
(Mieses).

7

B

Kt 5 ch

1,

Kt

B

3

;

8Q K
B

2 ch,

This

a better square for the Queen than leaves White with the superior game.
is

KR4

(Mieses).

If $..,

Kt

5,

{/)

Schlechter
15

Opocensky, Baden, 1914.

Q

R

(g)

R R

1,

B

5

;

7.

Drawn.
8.,,

Marshall

B 1, Q--R 7; 17 R R 1, Q 16 R Capablanca, Lake Hopatcong, 1926.
;

B

5

;

18

R B

1.

(A)

NyholmSchlechter, Baden, 1914. a.., B Q 2 was better. Kt K2; 4 Kt B 3, P Q 4 5 QxP, QKt B3;
7

Q

KS.
3,

6

B Q Kt 5,
;

Px K P Bx P, K B 3, Qx P ch K K 2, P Q3 + 6 P K 5, P O 6 4Riti Q4 Q_2, P Q P, Black can equalise by 4. ., P K B 4. Spielmann, Baden, 13 R 12 Kt R5, Kt Kt8: Kt 5, Q R6; 14 BxP, PB3; (A) If 15 B Kt2, QxP; 16 Q B 3, P KR3; 17 R Kt3, B Q3; 18 d R5 =F. (analysis by Rosentreter), Q
5

KtKB3; 7 B B 3,6 QxQch; B Q Q K Q Kt K B 3 Or 4 QK2, Kt K B 3 5 Kt x 1914. If 4
2,
;

(/) 4

B

Q

P

Q

4

;

5

Q

K2
Q

K 5, Kt (5 P 8 KtxQ, PxP-f.
4
;

QB
Or

3,

7

R K

1

ch,

B K

3 !), 4 Kt 2 ; 8

.

;

;

!

.

OO

34

ENGLISH OPENING
popularity of the English Opening has steadily been increasing in the last few years and is due largely to a desire for variety in the openings. The debut derives its name from its vogue at the time of the London Tournament
of 1851 and
its

THE

association with

Howard

Staunton.

The best reply for Black to i P Q B 4 is I..., P K4, which leads to a Sicilian Defence with a move in hand. In the Four Knights' Variation (cols. I to 7) White has four possible lines on his 4th move
:

(cols, i to 3) is the most important. White obtains the two Bishops, but must submit to a generally serious weakening of his Pawn position.
(i)

4

P Q4

was championed by N-imzovitch, but has (ii) It leads to unusual rarely been seen since his death. positions, where the player with more imagination Is at
home.
(iii)

4? K4

"

4P
"

Dragon

Q 3 leads after P 4 into the well-known Variation of the Sicilian with colours reversed.

Q

The tempo
Black's

gives

White a strong
is

initiative and,
it

disadvantage

not serious,

although can prove very

annoying.
(iv)

4

P

K3

(col. 7).

Here White omits or postpones
;

the central advance
It

P

Q4

Black can equalise

easily.

was formerly thought that the order in which White develops his Knights is of no consequence. Alekhine and others have shown that this opinion is faulty, for after 2 Kt K B 3, P K 5 is a strong reply (cols. 9 and 10),

ENGLISH OPENING
The
King's fianchetto development in
cols. 13 to 15

35

has

had the support of Capablanca and Flohr. An early advance on the King's Bishop's file (col. 13) makes it difficult for
Black to equalise, while an early advance of White's Queen's Pawn (col. 15) is the invitation to an early draw.

Other first moves for Black are shown The symmetrical defence with P Q B 4*
is

in cols. 16 to 25. (cols. 16 to 18)
line
(cols.

The definitely unfavourable for Black. Black prefers a quiet development of his pieces
21 ) leads to equality.

where
19 to

In the lines in cols. 22 to 24 (sometimes called Flohr's Attack) White attempts to profit from the absence of a Pawn on Black's centre squares. If Black has played P the advance of White's King's Pawn leads to a

KS

position 'where White's Pawns are weak, but Black's King is insecure. In the best line (col. 23) the chances are even. Against P B 3 (col. 24) the attack with the King's Pawn
is

inferior.

It should be noted that by playing P at an early stage in cols. 19 to 25 White can transpose into Queen's Pawn Game, or into the Queen's Gambit.

Q4

2Kt

* The variations with i P Q B 4, P Q B 4 have not been assigned a separate column because they transpose into I P Q B 4, Kt K B 3

KB

3,

P

B4.

ENGLISH OPENING
i

F Q B 4, P

K4

;

2

KtK B

3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

Kt

B 3, Kt B 3

7

BQ

K 5 5 Kt Q 2 (if 5 KtK Kt 5, P K R 3 6 P Q 5, Px Kt (a) Or 4. ., P PxKt, B B4; 8 PxKtP, BxP; 9 P K 3, Q K 2 10 P Q R 3, P Q R4; 4 R 3, P R 5=. Kostich Opocensky, B K 2, B B 3 12 B Q 2, 13 P 3 K Kt 3, KtxKt; 8 KtxKt, 7 P Prague, 1931), KtxP; 6 KKtxP, B KtSch; 9 B Q 2, BxBch; lOQxB, O O; 11 B Kt 2, P Q 3 12 O O 14 Kt Q 5, P Q R 4 15 P K 4 , fiotviuriik 2; 13 Kt B 3, B B 3
; ;

;

1 1

;

QK KtK
;

;

;

:

;

;

Flohr, 5th match game, 1933. K R 3 ; 12 B (b) 11.,, P H. Johner, Zurich, 1934. The 7.., P Q3; 8 P

Botvmnik), ---- ---

QK
~

K3

R 4, Kt Kt 3 13 Bx Kt transposes into Flohr column is Alekhine Yates, Semmering, 1926. (8 KtxKt, Px Kt; 9 Q -R 4, BxKtch; 10 PxB, 9 B ~K ~ P 10 B -Kt 3, 2, 5; ' 2; --" K Kt 4
;

-----;

KtK

12

B B2, Kt Q2;
Pirc,

(d) 8.

.,

P

Q3

;

9

PB
13 13

3,

O

O

;

10

P

K 4,
14

KtK 41:11 B
Kt
Kt3, B

B x Kt tch game, 1933. Kt 3 2, Kt
O,

O

;

K
;

Q
Kt

Q 2, Kt Kt3;
;

K3;

15

P
15

B5.

;

Botvinnik

Moscow, 1935.

() 12.,, KtxB; 16 Leningrad, 1934.

P

QR3;
(/)
(g)

RR5,
Lisitzin,

RPxKt, Kt K4; 14 R Q 1, Q K 2 Q 2 17 Q B4, Kt B3=. L6venfisch

Q K4,

Botvmnik,

Lasker
R6ti

Moscow, 1935.

KKt3,O O; 7B Kt2,Kt Q5; 8KtxKt,PxKt; 9P Q R 3, (h) OrL6P BxKtch; 10 PxB, PxP: 11 Q B 2, Kt Kt 5 12 QxP, Q B3; 13 QxQ Ktx Q=. Nimzovitch Spielmann, Bled, 1931. II. 6 B K 2, O 7 O O, B x Kt 8 PxB, Q K2; 9 Kt K I, Kt K 1 10 Kt B 2, P B4; 11 BxP; K 3 13 P Q 4, B B 2=. Fine Dake, Mexico City, Px, 12 KtK 3, B 1935.
;

Przepiorka, Marienbad, 1925.

:

;

;

;

Nimzovitch Naegeli, exhibition game, Berne, 1931. CoUe, Berlin, 1926. If 6KtxKt,6 BxKtch (better than 6 .,KtPxKt: 7 Q Kt 3, 4 9 B K 2, R K 1 8 P K3, 10 O O, Q--K2j 11 5 B 2, Q K 4 ; 12 Kt R4. Tartakover Griinfeld. match, 1922. Or 6... Q PxKt; 7 Q x Q ch 7 Px B r Q Px Kt (7. ., KtPxKt; 8 B KxQ; 5 R3, P Q3: 9 P Q4; 10 P K3, O O; 11 P 8 QxQch (8 Q Q 4 ?, Q K2: 9 B Kt5, 10 Bx Kt, PxB IIP K 3, R 1 12 Q B -CO--!* 6 and wins O; H. Golombek Flohr, Hastings, 1935-36), Kx Q=. Hanauer Reinfeld, New York, 1938.
(*)

(j)

List

(A)

00;

,

B~B

;

;

8BQ2+);

QB4)i

PB

;

;

!

ENGLISH OPENING
i

37
3.

P QB4, P K4;

2

Kt -KB

6 PxP, KtxP; 7 P K Kt 3, O O : Q 2, P Q 4 K 2; IIP Q R 3, B 03; 9 O O, P K R3; 10 1, Q 13 P 3 Q Kt 4, P R 3 14 Ktx B, Px Kt ; 15 P K 4 Capablanca Reshevsky, Semmermg-Baden, 1937. tM Q 3 8 P Q R 3, Kt K t 3 ; 9 O 0, B K2 : p B3; 7 B Kt 2, A W ^ * A tJ A AVV, * ^. JU * A *<l 10 B--K3, Kt -\ \f ~ ~-II P ~\ Kt 4, * . Q5? Q "1. , Q Q 2" 12 B x Kt, 'Px B ~ ""- 13 Kt K 4, Kt R 5!?; 14 Ki> Ragosin Keres, Semmering-Baden, 1937. Kt Q5; 14 BxKt, PxB; 15 Kt Q 2, B K2; 16 Q R Kt 1. (c) 13.., Ragosin Petrov, Semmering-Baden, 1937, Q4; 5 PxP, KtxP; 6 B Kt 5, KtxKt: 7 KtPxKt, B 02; (d) 4.., P 11 QxB, BxP; 12 O 8 P 04, B Q 3; 9 BxKt, BxB; 10 PxP, Bx Kt O, p QB3; 13 B R3, Q R 4 = Flohr Petrov, Semmering-Baden, 1937. Or 4 ., 1 6 P 8 O 0, B B 1 : 2 ; 5 Q B 2. O O 2, Q R 3, P Q 3 8 K 2 (Tartakover Dr. Em. Lasker, New York, 10 P Q 5, Kt Kt 5 4, B 9 3 with a promising position for White K 4 followed by 1924) and now 11 P (Tartakover). K5!; 6 KtxB, KtxKt; 7 Kt Q 4, O; 8 2, () If 5 Kt Q.% P p 04; 9 P QR3, Kt Q6ch; 10 BxKt, PxB; 11 P B 5, Kt K 5 =F. Eliskases L, Steiner, Budapest, 1933.
(a) 4.., B 8 B Kt 2, Kt 12 Kt Q Kt 5,

Kt5; 5 B
3
; ;

;

Kt BK

RK
; , ;

T.

BK
'

;

...

,

14KtxQP!,
'

, ;

-

, ;

;

BK pQ

.

;

;

BK RK

;

;

BK

BK

(/)
(g)

Flohr
If

Fine, Nottingham, 1936.

7

P

K Kt 3,
10
:

3...

P

p_ K B 4

04;
1

RK

;

KtxP.B KtSch; SB Q 2, BxBch; 6QxB,KKt K2; B Kt 2, P Q 3 (stronger than 8 ,, Kt K 4 9 P Kt 3, PxP, KtxP; 11 Kt Q B 3, Ktx Kt 12 Ox Kt, P Q B 3 13 O O, 9 O O,B 14 P B 4 +. Fine Berg, Kemeri, 1937J Q 2 10 Kt Q B 3, Chekhover B 1, Ktx Kt 12 Q x Kt, B B 3 13 P K 4 11 Q R

00

PxP;

4

;

8

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

.

Rabinovitch,
(h)

Tiflis,

1937.

Nimzovitch

Tarrasch, Baden-Baden, 1925.

Notesctd

onp

41.

ENGLISH OPENING
i

P

QB 4

,

P

K4;

2

Kt

PxP11

p_k4;
11

12
16

Kt 5 K 2, 6 B 5 P Q 3, B K41, Kt B3; 4 P B 4, P Q 3 7 Kt B3. B K2; 8 B K 3, Q Q2; 9 P K R 3, BxKt; 10 BxB, Alekhine Lihenthal, Hastings, 1933-34. B x B P Kt Q 5 12 B K 3 K 3, B K 3 10 B (M 7 p_o R 3, p_Q R 4 8 O 0, B K 2 9 P Q 3, BxKt, PxB; 12 Kt Q 2. Opocensky Flohr, Podebrady, 1936. Kt P B 3) Kt Kt, M 9 B K 3: 10 R B 1,Bx B Q 4 (better isKt K 2 15 11K Ktx B Bx B 3 R 14 R x B, 1, P ; 5, Q-lR 4 P B 3 13 Kan Chekhover, Moscow, 1936. g__K 4
(*)

3

P

;

;

;

!

.

;

;

0O
;
;

;

;

;

BB
;

;

;

!

.

(d)
(e

Alexander
5

\

Kt

K5

!,

BPxP; 9Q R4,B Q2;
Kevitz
Marshall,

Euwe, Nottingham, 1936. P Q 3 6 Kt x Kt, Px Kt
10 Q York, 1935.

R

5,

R Kt

;

7

P

1

;

11

P

Q R 3, Kt B

B

3,

P

Q4
3

; ;

12PxP.

8

Px K P,

New

Poiiand Morton , KtS; 6 Kt Q 5 !, BxKtch; (/) If 5 ., B Boston, 1938. P Q R 4 ; 14 Q R Kt 1, P B 3 ; 15 Px P, Px P ; 16 P B 4, Continued (,?) R -B 2 17 P K R 3 with a strong attack. Fine H. Steiner, Mexico City, 1934. /M 3 Kt K2; 4: 4 B Kt 2, Kt B 3 (4. , P Q 3 ; 5 P K 3, K 2, O O 8 P Q 4, B Kt 3 9 O O, B Q 2 ; 6 P--Q R 3, P Q R 4 ; 7 K Kt R6=. Nimzovitcfc Alekhine, Baden-Baden, 11 B~-Kt2, B P KtS, Q B 1 10 K 3, O O ; 8 P Q 4, B R 2 ; 3; 7 P B 3, P Q R 3 ; 6 O O, 1925) ; 5 Kt R 3 ; 10 P Kt 3, B K B 4 ; 11 B R 3 . Tartakover Griinield, R 3, 9 Marienbad, 1925. Q 2, P B 4 ; 7 R Q Kt 1 (7 Kt B 3, Kt Q 5 ; 8 O 0, (*) Weaker is 6 B 9 R Bl, Kt K2; 10 P Q Kt 4, KtxKtch=. task er Alexander, O ; 9 P Kt 5, Kt K 2 ; 10 Q B 2, Kt B 3 8 P Q Kt 4, Nottingham, 1936), 11 P K3, P Q R 3 ; 12 P Q R 4, P B 4 ; 13 PxP, RxP; P Kt B3T. Capablanca Bogoljuboff, Nottingham, 1936. 14 K2, Euwe, 3rd match game 1932. (j) Flohr
,
;

7QxB.

BB

K

;

;

;

PK

PK

P~Q

P_^B3: KR3: KKt
(K)

;

Capablanca

Alexander, Nottingham, 1936, Notes ctd. on p. 41.

ENGLISH OPENING
i

39

P Q B 4, Kt K B 3

;

2

Kt

K B 3.

(a)
(b)

Botvinnik
Better
is

Capablanca, Moscow, 1936.
;

B

6 Kt Px Kt, P Kt 3 with a position analogous to ,, Ktx Kt the Griinfeld Defence in the Q.P. opening ; or 6 . , P 3 : 6 P Q 4, P x P ' ' with a satisfactory variation of the Q.G.D. Kt 5 ch
5.
.

K

K

7PxP
Px Kt

10 12

Kt- K2.
(c)
1

6.

.>

P

K3

;

7

O-O, Q Kt-B 3

Nimzovitch

8 3, Kt ; Rubinstein, Dresden, 1926,

P-Q

Q

5

;

9

Ktx

Kt,

;

(4) I8..,Kt BS; 9Q Kt3,P K3; 10 B Kt 5, B Q 2 HBxKt,BxB: K R Q followed by P Q 4 (Becker). J>) 13..,PQKt4?: HKtxKPI.BPxKt; 15BxKP,PxKt; 16RxBch, 18 B Kt 4 ch and wins. Takacs Rubinstein RxR; 17 BxKtch, K Q
;

'

1

;

Rogaska-Slatina, 1929 (1st Brilliancy Prize).
(/)

*

4

,

.

,

Kt

QB3

;

5

Kt
is

QB

of the Sicilian Defence which
If 4. .,
;

m

3,

P

K

Kt 3

;

6

P

K4

transposes to a variation
:

White's favour.
3,

P Q Kt 3 5 Kt Q B BxKt; 8 P B3, B Kt2; 9 P

B

K4+.

Kt 2; 6 B Kt 5 1, Kt K 5 7 Ktx Kt AlekhineSamisch, Baden-Baden, 1925!

00:
New
(g)

11

00,
H.

P

Q3;

12

Kt

B2,

BK3^.
7

Dake

Fine, 6th

match game ' 6

ork, 1933,

Dake

Mfiller, Folkestone,

1933.

(A)

9 Kt
(*)

5,., PxP; K 5, B Q 3

6 P
;

10

P

Q4, Kt

B

B3;
.

B

Kt

4

Opocensky

R 3 8 BxKtch, 5, Alekhine, Podebrady, 1936.

P-Q

;

PxB:

Flohr

(j)

Thomas, Nottingham, 1936. White has no appreciable advantage.

Flohr

Tartakover, Nottingham, 1936.

ENGLISH OPENING

P-QB 4

.

B 3; 2 P (A) 1.., transposes into the Caro-Kann.
P

PQ

K

4,

PQ
Kt
;

4

(as in Botvinnik-Flohr, Leningrad,

1934)

O

fa) 5 K Kt 5 ; 9 O ; 0, Kt Bogoljuboff Ahues, Berlin, 1927. B 2, P B 4 14 Kt (6) 13 Q Alekhine, Kecskemet, 1927.
;

K4, P Q3;

6

P

Q R 3, B R4j
10

7

B Kt 5, P B 3
B3
;

PQ
;

3,

Kt-QB3;
B

8

11

R

4,

Kt

B K 3, K 4=

Q 2,

15

B

K B 3, B Kt 2. Kmoch

B 4 4 P K Kt 3, 4 5 P K 5, 5 (c) A good alternative is 3. ., 6 PxKt, PxKt; 7 QPxP (Nimzovitch prefers 7 KtPxP, QxP; 8 4 since Black cannot win a Pawn by 8.., PxP; 9 PxP, B Kt 5 ch 10 B Q 2, QxP, 11 BxB, Q K5ch; 12 B K 2, QxR; 13 Q Q 8, Kt B 3 14 B K B 3 !+ + 3 11 Kt QxP; 8Kt B3.P KR3; 9 B Kt2,B Q2: 10 Kt Q 2, JK 4 Q KtS; 12 Q K 2, B K 2=. Bogoljuboff Nimzovitch, London, 1927. K5; 5 KtxKt, PxKt; 6 Q Kt 4, P K B 4 7 PxP* A id) If 4.., Kt QxP; 8QxP(K4), B B4; 9 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 10 B K 2, B Q2: II O O O; 12 P Q 3, Kt Q 5 ? (P K R 3 was necessary) 13 B Kt5J + Flohr F
:
,

PQ

PQ

PQPQ

;

;

BB

)

;

*

;

;

;

.

Sir G.

A. Thomas, Hastings, 1931. (e) 6 Px Kt P, Px P ch ; 7 B

11

B

(/)

x P, B x P 8 Q B 2, Kt B 3= (Kashdan). B4; 8Kt B 3, P KR3; 9 B K2,PxP; 10 Px P, B KtS Q2, BxBch; 12 QxB, O O=. Eliskases Kessner, Vienna, 1932.
;

7..,P
Flohr

cb

(g)

Kashdan, Folkestone,

(h)

Kt
1933.

Q 3 11 Q R 4 ch, Q2; 14QR Ql,gR Ql; 15 Kt Q
Or 10
;

00, B

BB P
2,
/>

3

:

12

K 4=.
.

Q

B

2,

00

;

13

Kevitz

Fine,

B K New Yor

i
,

'

Nntts

ctd.

on

41

ENGLISH OPENING

4*

Notes for

cols.

6 to 10 ctd*

Tartakover

Alekhine, Warsaw, 1935,

HK-K2,KKtxRP!; I2PxB,B-Kt5, etc. B. 10 KtxP QxP; IIP B3,P-KB4I; 12 KtxB, Ktx Pch; 13 K K 2, Q x Kt etc. (3)9Kt-K3, 3 K-K BxKt; 10BPxB,Q-B3; 11 Q-B 2, Q-B 7 ch 12 K-Q Q-B 4Alekhine. etc.
Kt-B6ch;
Kt x
(1)
;

Betterwas7B-Kt2,*..7..,R-Kl;SP-Q4,PxP4.p.; 9QxP,Kt~K4; 10 Q Q 2, etc. (Alekhine). Correct was 8.. K Kt KtS! with a strong attack, t.g. (1) 9 KtxP, QxP; Kt 2 (10 P B3, Qx Kt !), Bx P ch 11 K~B 1, Q K B 4 etc. (2) 9 P K3, 10 11 BxKt, PxB; etc.), QKt-K4; A. 10 P-Q4 (or 10 B-K 2, Kt-Q 6 ch

BK
(jfe)

t

;

'

;

;

1,

;

1

{13

P,

Kt

Kt

5 followed
.,

Continued 13.

Drawn.

Euwe

Alekhine, 18th match game, 1935.

Qx

by Q x Kt), Kt Kt ; 14 P Q 3,

Kt 5

;

Analysis

by

QR Q

1 ;

15

Px P, Bx

P

;

16

Qx

Q.

(m) Rubinstein

Samisch, Breslau, 1925,

Notes for
^

cols,

n

to
r\

15 ctd.

m'.7 p_o A
\

*s.

\x*.

,

4, T*J.

PxP; T/X
.

.. Ti

9 8 PxP, Tj-i T>-*.irtTk

00;

Kt 00, V* e
r\

B
/^ cS

4 (better
.

in

n

is r\ e

B
LT*

KtS; ir A
.

PX
P-

Nottingham,

1:

() Kan

Vudovitch,

Tiflis,

1937.

f

Notes for co
(*)

5

31 to 25 ctd.
Black has one tempo
1,

If II

.

.,

K B
1 1
;

1

;

12

B

B 3, B x B and
B
1
:

less

than in the

text.
(/)

17

Q

K

13. .,
4,

K

R-Q
Kt

14

0-0, K

15

R-K

Kt

(Alexander

Fine, Nottingham, 1936),

and now 18

Q

2

;

16

Q

B6,

P

K4

;

Q

Kt4!

is

quite strong.

8

B

BQ3,
(/)

04, P-K3 (better 7.., B B 4) (*) Stronger is 6 KtPxP. KtPxP; 7 P R Ktl; 9 Q B 3, P KB4; 10 Kt K 2, P Kt3; 11 P~K R 3 QKt2; 12 P Kt4, PxP; 13 PxP, P KR3; 14BxP + Kashdan Simonson,
I,
.

;

1st

match game, New York,
Flohr

1938.

White now played 13 P Kt4? upon Betb^der, Folkestone. 1933. which 13. ., Q K 2 (instead of the doubtful sacrifice 13. ., Ktx P, which occurred in B 3; 15 Bx Kt, Px B would have given Black an overthe game) ; 14 P B 5, Q whelming attack (Kashdan). Kt 3, P Q 4 ; 4 PxP, KtxP; 5 B Kt 2, Kt x Kt (w)2..,P B4; 3 P Kt 2 8 Q R 4 ch (Ettskases Razmger, Linz, 6 Kt Px Kt, P K Kt 3; 7 Kt B 3, B
1

K

;

1934),
(n)

Kt
13

Q B

2

=

;

B3, Kt

Kl;

14

Q

KtS, P

KB

4.

Mar6czy

Yates, Hastings,

1924.

EVANS GAMBIT
DESPITE a prodigious amount of analysis, this offshoot of the Giuoco Piano still remains a problem child among the
openings.

About ten years ago Tartakover's

investigations

appeared

to establish the correctness of the brilliant

Pawn-

over a century ago by Captain W. D. Evans his conclusions have, however, since been questioned.
sacrifice introduced
;

In the accepted form of the Gambit, the
Position
"
(cols,
i

to 3) yields

advantage for his
(col. 4),
difficult a

Pawn

;

Normal White adequate positional " " the Compromised Defence
In
col.

"

though possibly sound analytically, gives Black too

game

in actual play.

5

White

is

able,

though

late, to

Castle with advantage on the Queen's side;

a rarity in this opening.

The

variation in

col.' 6,

avoids Lasker's Defence

(col. 8), in

based on Tartakover's analysis, which Black obtains a

favourable end-game or else remains a White's attack is not powerful enough
the material sacrificed.

Pawn ahead;
to

but

The

line

compensate for in note (d) may open

new

B

In col. 9, arising from 5.,., vistas for the first player. B 4, in place of B R4, White does best by transposing

into the

Normal
masters

Position.

Many

recommend Black

to decline the Gambit,

mg

contending that White's 4th move is then a needless weakenof the Pawn-position in the Giuoco Piano variation
Nevertheless, Cord el's line (col.
i)

arising therefrom. been adopted in

has

some modern tournament games with

favourable results for the first player, on account of his control of the open Queen's Rook's file. The enterprising variation based on 5 P Kt 5 and 6 Kt x P is not quite
6...,

sound for White, Black obtaining the superior game by Kt R3 and 8..., PxKt (col. 3).
Black

may

effectively avoid the

dangerous attacks in the

Evans Gambit and the Giuoco Piano by the adoption of the Two Knights' Defence, in which it is difficult for White
to retain the initiative.

EVANS GAMBIT
i

43
3

P K 4,

PK

4

;

2

Kt
4

KB
P

3,

Kt

Q Kt 4.
3,

QB
;

B
Q
4
.

B 4, B B

4

BxP
2 6

;

5

P B

B R4

6

P

3

4

7
8 9
10

OO B Kt
PxP P-Q3
Kt Kt

PxP

B
3 ....
(a)

Kt

,.PxP(/)

B3

B

Kt2....

KB3 n B K3
P
!

B

R4

K Kt K 2
Kt 5
()

-P-Q5
Kt

KKt5(6) Kt

P- Q4
Kt

R4 B Kt 2 Kt K 2
B Q3 O O Kt B 3
Kt Kt

Q Q P Q
1

Kt 3

K5

B3

Kt 3

B R3

P KR 3 &-& 5 Q K2

PxP

3

(i)

(/)

Kt
12
13 14

K2

(c)

R4

KtxP KKt K2fe) B R3 BxKt (A)

P

B-Q2
KtxB QxKt

KR3

P-Q6
KtxB PxKt
Kt

Kt 3

B Kt3

K2

QxB 00

KtxP KtxKt QxKt P B4

Q-Q3

Q-K 3

Q-P4
4

15

16

St Q R3
P
i

QXIM! Q R 4 ch

QB 3

P-QB 4
Q Q2 P B3 B B2

R Kr KR K

QR-Qi
i

Q-KR 4
Kt-Q2 P-Q3
B Kt 5
ch

RKti
i

K Ri

QR4

QxKt B R6+

R Kt
Kt

QR-Bi
Kt 3 Kt 4 qp
R
P
4
;

PxP QxP

B Q3 P B4
e.p.

B-Q2

BxBch
R Ki

KxB P K5

17

KR-Bx+W)
The Normal
10
14
Position.
If

P
8.
.,

Q Kt3ch+

Kt
4 ch,

\b\
;

R

K

1,

P

16

P
(?)

P

Q

5,

P

KtxB; B3
;

11

15
!

Px P

Q

R

ch,

K R

B
1

9 B K Kt 5, Kt B 3 10 P K 5+. 13 B Kt 5, 3; 12 Q x Kt, Kt K 2 (P. Johner Spielmann, Baden, 1914)
; ;

KtxB;
(d)
)

e)

K 1, P B 3 13 Q Q 3, B B 2 14 P- Q R 12 R B B 4, Kt K 2 QxKt, Kt Kt3-H. Motzko Vidmar, correspondence, 1910. 19 P Kt 5, Q Q 1 18 Kt Q Q 5. 17,., 10 P Q 5, transposing to col. 3, is better.
; ; ;

n

4,

15

00
:

;

;

(/)

than the
9

The Compromised Defence. Pawn are (!) 7. P Q 3
,

;

Alternatives giving White an attack worth Kt 3 (waller's Attack), Q B 3 ; 9 F 8 Q
" ; ;

more

K 5,

P Q Kt*4 10 B x P/Q x P 11 O R 4* P x K K Kt x P (F. J. Wallis suggests 9 B 02; 12 B R 3, P QR3I + ); 10 B R 3, B K 3 11 Q Kt Q 2, BxKt; Kt B3(4) 7. 12 QxB. Q6; 8 Q Kt 3, Q B3: 9 P K 5. (3) 7.., P 8 B R3, P Q3; 9 P K5, Kt K Kt5; lOKPxP, BPxP; 11 R K 1 ch KKt K4; 12 Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 13 Kt Q 2. Q Kt 3 for 11.., K Kt K2; 12 Kt Kt 5, O O (p) 10 !,BxKt; 11 QxB, P 03 + }; 12 P K61-K 10. .,P Kt 4 11 KtxP, R Kt 1 12 Kt Kt 5 13 B KKt K2; 13 B R 3, B Kt 3 14 Q B 4. Handbuch], Kt R 3 K3, (12 Q 13 P--B4 (13Q (P R3|); Ql,P R3; 15B Q3, P B4; K31), O Kt 2, B Kt 3 ch 19 K R I, 18 B B2, Kt B 4 16 PxP A, QxP; 17 Q 22 K Bx P=. C. H Kt Kt6ch; 20PxKt, Q R3ch; 21 Kt R 3, Px Kt
;
,
;

;

;

HQ
;

;

;

;

;.

Alexander
(h)

14 16

Kt

B
(i\

K 4+ Kt2 + p Q
.

11. ,00;
) ;
.

E. Spencer, Worcester, 1931.
12

13

B Q

QR
3
!,
;

Q

Q

R

1,

P

4

;

Kt 4 14 Kt

(or 12

K

.,

R
Kt

4,

P

Kl;
5
;

13

B

15 Kt

Q 3, Q R 4 Kt 3, Q Kt 5

; ;

px p

/

00;

B

Tartakover

70-6.P QKt4; 8BxP,PxP; 9BxKt,PxB; Tartakover P. Johner, Baden, Q 2 12 Q x P (B 3), Q B 3 13 P K 5, Q Kt 3=. K 3 8 KtxBP, Q B 3 7 KtxP, Kt 1914. 6.., KtxP (Pierce's Defence); 9 BxKt!. PxB;10 KtxR-f. p Q3 and 7.., K Kt K 2 are playable (Tartakover). The column is (y) 7 1923.
;
; ;

9 P s bl_Kt 3, Q B 3 12 PxPchrKtxP; 13

Q Kt

4 (Leonhardt's Defence)

K 5, Q Kt Ktx Kt, Rx

theoretically quite strong : 7 B Kt 5, Kt R 3 ; 11 P 3 ; 10 Kt Kt : 14 If 6... 0, Px P + R 4, B Kt 3 ; 10 Q
is
.

K

Q

5, 6,

PxP; HQxPch,

;

t)

Chajes, Carlsbad,

(a)

4.

.,

Kt x P

C01 col. 9,
'

is

best),

Q

fa 5 o-O,
by Tartakover) ; Kt v 02! + - A.
.

Kt-B3

Q B 3 6 P Q 4, transposing to 3, Kt 8 P-Q 4, fe x P + 7 P-Q B 3, Kt-Q B 3 Q3; 6 P-Q 4, B-Q2; 7 B Kt2 is suggested 8 P K 5, P Q 4 9 B QKt 5 7 6 P Q 4, P x P 3, P x P S. Pinkus - Marshall, New~ York, 1926. ~- " ~ ~ ~- ".... 10 Q -Kt 5 ch + K2 1, Q >; 12 B Q5,

B3

,

5

Ktx P

?

;

6

O
!

(5

O,

Q x Kt
1>
;

(5.

,

PB PB
;

;

;

;

;

,

J

\

;

10

R5 are (1) 8 .( P Q R 3; 9'Px"P, B (V) "inferior for" Black KtxRP; HRxKt,BxR; lfcPxP + (2)89 B-Kt 3 9 P-R 5 Ktx R P KtxKt, PxKt; 10 O O. PxP; (3)8.., KtxP; RxKt, BxR; 11 PxP. K 5+ 11 P {/) So far Tartakover's analysis. Q2, B Kt5; 16 R K 1, Q Q2; 175xKt,BxB; 18 B Q 3, (V) ISQKt
!

1935-36. Kt'3; 10 P
J,

.

,

;

;

.

B Q 2 8 Q Kt 3, The Sanders Alapin Defence runs 7 10 R Q 1, R Q 1 11R Q5. Or8PxP,PxP; 9B x P ch (both 9 Q KtS.Q B3; 10 B K Kt 5,Q Kt 3 11 B Q5 KKt K2; 12 Q BxKt, KxB; 13 BxKt, QxB; 14 KtxP, Q K3 and 9 Ox 6 ch, Kt x Q 10 Kt x P, B K 3 1 1 B x B, Kt x B lead to endings in Black's K 1 11 Q R 5 ch, P Kt 3 12 Ktx P, Kt B 3; favour), KxB; 10 Ktx P ch, K KKt I; 14 Kt B 4, Kt K4+ (S. Mlotkowski). If 8 Q Kt3, I3 Q--R6, R O B 3 or 8 P Q R 4, Kt B 3 and Black has a fairly easy defence with a Pawn ahead. The column is P. Johner Fahrni, Baden, 1914. B KtSch; 8 K B 1! B Kt 3 (if 7 (k) White's strongest line is 7 PxP, Q K2; 9 Q R4 + ); 8 O 0, P Q3 transposing into the Normal Position, cols.
Q
Lasker's Defence. K2; 9 PxP, PxP;
(i)
.

(h)

Breyer

Reti,

Baden, 1914.

. ,

;

m

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

.,

transposes into the Normal Position. . Dr. Dtthrssen Kt 1 16 B Kt 2, P Q 4 ; 17 4 Kramer, Ebensee, 1930. \' B Q3; 6 P Q4, Kt B 3 ; 7 O O, O O ; 8 QKt Q2, Q K2; (n 5 Or 5.,, 4 (Cordel) 5 +. 6 PxB, PxP; and Kt B 4 K 9 B 9 KtxP+. 7 p_-Kt5 !, Kt R4; 8 BxKt, 8 Ktx Kt, P Q 4=. (o) If 7 KtxP, KtxB; B3; 7 O 0, K Kt K 2 8 P Q 5, Kt Q I ; 9 Q R 4 , (A) If 6 ., Q Kt R 3, P 11 12 Q R Ql + B Kt3; 10 B K Kt 5, Q Q 3 ; Tchigonn Steimtz, 17th match game, 1889.
(/)* 7 (m) 15
.

.

,

P

P

K^ 4, K

Q3

;

PB

.

Q3

3QRxB;

PB

;

;

QB3;

.

EVANS GAMBIT DECLINED
i

45
4,

P

K4

,

2 4

Kt K B 3, Kt Q B 3 p QKt 4, B Kt3 (a).

;

3

BB

B B4

i

a\ 4

Kt
f\
t.

KB3;
(b}

p_Q4:
7

5

KtxP,
Schiffers

QKtxQP;
Pillsbury,

PxP, KtxP;
8

6

O
Q
4,

(Mardczy recommends 6

P

B

Q3;

9

B

K Kt 5,

B
P

R3), B3;

10 Kt

Q2:fc.

Kt B3; 5 O_ P-B3,

6

(c)?!., Kt

Tartakover Fahrni Baden, 1914. Kt Ktl: 10 P Q4. PxP; 11 BxP, BxB; 12 QxB, Kt K B 3 d\ 9 (Q-B 3!); 13Kt-B3,0-0; 14 6-O, Q Kt Q 2 ; 15P-R3,R Kl; 16 R R 1, P--R 3 17 Kt K R 4, Kt K 4 18 R R 8 !-H. Tartakover Yates, Carlsbad, 1929. 13 P Q 3, P Q 4. ; () 10 Kt x Kt, P x Kt ; 11 P B 3, Kt B 3 ; 12 O O, Tartakover Rubinstein, The Hague, 1921. p t Johner Hromadka, Baden, 1914. ^) 18 Q R 7 B Kt 2, transposing into col. 1. (g) Tartakover recommends 6 Kt Q5; 6 KtxKt, BxKt; 7 P QB3, B Kt3: 8 P Q 4, Q B3; 5.., K3 = 9 O 6, P Q3 (Spielmann Nyholm, Baden, 1914); 10 B ch= is safest. 2, P Q 4 7 P Q 3, Px P ; 8 Px P, (A e Kt4: 12 Kt B3 (12 Kt Q 2, QxP; 13 Q R 5 ch, Q Kt3; t 11... Q

KtxKt:
t

llPxKt.

R4; 8

BK

Q-Kt3, O O; 7 P-Q 3, P Q3; 8 B KKtS, 10 Kt K B 3 9 Kt B 3, B Kt 5 Q5, 2, Kt
;
; ,

Nuremberg, 1896.

;

00

.

m

BK

.

;

QxQ

B

Kt K Kt QxQch, RxQ + Kt-B5; 13 Kt-Q 5 fl3 B Kt3, B B-R 54 ch 14 14 P-B 2, 3, R 4 ohT- 15 K B 1, Q R 4 + R*ti ftrhs, Vienna, 1913), K Kt 2 17 PxP, PxP + Analysis KtxB- 15'PxKt, PB3; 16 Q B 3 ch,
14
),
; .
;

;

.

by

S.

Mlotkowski (B.C.M., 1917,
15
/)

k)

N T

BxP, BxB;

16
!

QxB

p. 38).
is

better (Blumich).

$}$
(*7'
IIP

KB
it

Whitaker

Sir G. A.

Thomas, London
X

Washington cable match, 1930.
I

Q 37PX K {!

^

Q -IS

R

P +

B

- Kt5

+
'

.

Dr. F.
9

Ddghton-J. H.

P ~ Q3:

BxKt> pxKt:

KB

Kz-S
4 T).

(8..',

QxKt;

9

B Q 5,

P

B3;

10

P

Q

4,

46

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
THE Four
its

Knights'

is
is

only weakness

that

one of the soundest openings indeed, If he wish, the it is too sound.
;

first

against an opponent of equal strength more readily with this than with any other opening. But, on the other hand, the second player has various simplifying

player

may draw

lines at his disposal, against

which

it is

impossible for

White

to obtain

an advantage.

Black has a choice of two main systems of defence. In the first place he may elect to follow White's development for a while; the attack based on the pinning of Black's King's Knight by B KKts, followed by the opening of
the King's Bishop's
terrors.
file,

having been shorn of
I

many

of

its

The

variations in cols.

to 15, in

which Black exchanges

Bishop for Knight on his 6th move, have in modern times had more vogue than the corresponding lines of play (cols. 16 to 21) in which such exchange is deferred or omitted
altogether.

The key-move of
White's 8th move in
choice of
:

the attack
cols.
I

is

B

to 12.

Kt 5 played on Black has in reply a

K

(i) 8..., Kt (cols, i to 5), for a long time a very popular defence, until it was found that White retained an advantage by 9 Kt R 4, reserving the choice of capturing

K2

Black's King's Knight.
(ii)

8...,
is

B

Q2

(col.

6 note
6

(a)), a

move
an

of which the

inferiority
(iii)

not easily demonstrable.

8...,

Q K2

(cols.

to

10),

old

defence

attributed to E,

Delmar

in Philadelphia in
It

875, though

commonly

called after J. Metger.

was disregarded for a

period, but It leads to

was revived very successfuly by Rubinstein.

difficult position-play, in which the stronger has the better chances. The line in col. 10 is a player recent variation from master-play, with good opportunities

for Black.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME

47

to 12), retaining the option (iv) 8..., P (cols, of releasing the pin by P Kt 4 at a suitable moment. The line in col. II, re-introduced by Lasker in 1914, equal-

KR3

n K

ises for

Black; that exemplified in
(cols.

col.

12

is

much weaker.
is

The Svenonius Variation
ically insufficient.

14 and 15)

theoret-

the variations in which Black retains his King's Bishop (cols. 16 to 21), that in col. 18, recently revived by

Of

Dr, Lasker, appears satisfactorily to meet the embarrassing attack inaugurated by 8 Kt KR4. The possibility of a

check at

QB4

in

some variations

is

of the retention of Black's King's Bishop. variations in col. 21 lead to extremely

an argument in favour The symmetrical
difficult
is fatal.

play, in

which the

slightest error

on Black's part

The

alternative

7Kt
replies,

K2
and

(cols,

Black's choice

of

in

22 and 23) limits Maroczy's hands has

produced some brilliant wins for the first player. purely symmetrical variation in col. 23, played by Dr. in an important game, is not quite adequate.

The

Euwe

The Nimzovitch Variation (cols. 24 and 25) gives White a very solid position, with the possibility of building up a
dangerous King-side attack. Black may, however, readily draw by the simplifying line in col. 25, note (m).
In the old defence 4..., B B4 (cols. 31 to 35), Black appears to have no completely satisfactory reply after White's rejoinder 5 O. Cols. 34 and 35 show alternatives for White.

O

In the second place Black may elect to go in for an enterprising counter-attack with 4..., Kt 5 (the Rubinstein Defence), a move which has been adopted by many

Q

of the strongest masters.
violates

Despite the fact that

4...,

Kt

Q5

an important opening principle, there is no way known in which the first player can obtain even a minimal superiority on the contrary, he must always be careful not
;

48

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
compromise his position. Most masters nowadays avoid Four Knights' Game solely because of the Rubinstein

to

the

Defence.

The
(i)

six usual replies at White's disposal are

:

sKtxKt

(cols.

36 to 38), leading to fully equalised

positions and an early draw. O (cols. 39 and 40), approved by Schlechter (ii) 5 O and analysed exhaustively by W. Henneberger. White is better developed, and has the superior Pawn-position, but Black's two Bishops are ample compensation for these
slight weaknesses.
(iii) 5 B (cols, 41 and 42), yielding Black a very strong attack at the expense of two Pawns.

R4

given in col. 44 shows promise for the first player, and Black would do best to adopt Schlechter's suggestion in note (&).
(iv) 5
(cols.

B

B4

43 and 44).

The

line

(v) 5

B

K2

(col. 45),

though favoured by Mar6czy,
50), a popular line some years 2 fell into disrepute 5...,

should occasion Black no anxiety.
(vi) 5

ago.

Kt x P (cols. 46 to For a time the defence
to the line of play

Q K

owing

based on 6

P B 4,

devised by

Bogoljuboff (col. 46, note (&)). But the sacrificial variation due to Teichmann has rehabilitated this defence, since
Tartakover's 12

P

KR3

in note

(d)

has been refuted.

The
is

alternative defence 5...,

B

B 4,

advocated by Tarrasch,

hardly good enough against Schlechter's suggestion in

col. 49.

The

reply 4...,

sometimes

made,

is

advantage in

col. 51,

and 52), though but White's where Black's I3th move is an improve(cols.

P

QR3

51

theoretically

unsound,

ment due

to Tarrasch, is inconsiderable.

moves for White than Kt 5. At the end of note (i) is an -sample of an old move revived by Nimzovitch in the grea Bled Tournament
Cols. 53 to 55 illustrate other 4th

3

t

of 1931.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
i

49
3,

PK
B
8

4

Kt 5

Kt

12345
4,

P

K4

;

2

Kt
5

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

Kt B

Kt
7

B

3.

,

B

Kt 5

;

O 0, O O 6 P Q 3, BxKt; P Q3; 8 B Kt5.
;

PxB,

K2

(a)
(b)
<c)

Janowski
19

BxKt + KR
3)
;

Spielmann, Nuremberg, 1906. 12.., Q K2 . Ed. Lasker J. Raoux, Dartford, 1914.
13
;

is

batter.

prefers

R K B 1, Kt B 2 17 Q QxQ; 19 RxQch, Kt Ktl;
16
;

P

If 10..,

Kt

Kl: 11 P B4I, P Q4; 12 B Kt 3, P B 3 {Teichmann B Px P, Px B 14 Rx R ch, Kx R 15 Q B 3 ch, K Kt -B 7 ch, K R 1 18 Q B 8 cb. (if PxP, B K 3 !, 20 PxP, PxP; 21 Kt -B3 + B~ Schlechter Duras,
;

\ :

;

-

.

Saa Sebastian, 1911. (d) Note by Yates.
() 14.
followed by
(/)
(g)
,

ISBxB, PxB;
P

QPxP?; ISQPxP, QxQ; !$QRxQ,PxP; 17RxP, B K3; K 5, FxP; 20RxRch, RxR; 21 R Q7, RB2; 22RxR 19 P
KR
4,

winning.

A game won by Em.

Lasker.

Marocry
Janowski

O. S. Bernstein, Ostend, 1906.
Lasker, match, 1909.
forcible
is

16

Even more PxP + ); 16 P
(A)

14

B6 +

Q B3, Kt

K6;

IS

P

B

5,

KtxB (KtxR;

.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
i

P K4, P

-K 4

;

2

Kt
5

K B 3,
O,

Kt
;

QB3

;

3

Kt

B

3,

Kt
7

B 3.
PxB,

4

B
8 (B

Kt 5, B
6

Kt

5

;

O

O O P 038

P Q 3> BxKt;
9

10

Q-K 2
Kt

Kt5)
(a)

9
10
11

R Ki
Qi....

P Q4 B Kt 5 .... Kt K 3 P KR3 B QBi

.P-QR3
Kt Kt

B-QB 4

QR4

B R4

(b)

P-B 4
Kt

().

-B-B3
Q B2 P Kt 3

R Qi
P P
Kt Kt P
Kt 3

12 13
14

P Kt4
P

B Kt 3 Kt R 4
Kt

P
(c)

Kts

B2

34!

Q2 P R3 B R4 B K3

KR3

B Bi B Kt 5
P B B

KR 3

15

K3 KtxB PxKt
P

R4 KKt2 P

R Q* Kt R 4

P-Q5
B
i

B-QKt 3
(k}

KtxB

(t)

16
17 18

KB 4

QR-Qi
B-Q5 Q-Q*
(h)

KB 4

R4 KR3
3

RPxKt

P B

BPxP

KtxKP!(;)

Q-B2
B
Kt

P K Kt 4 B Kt3 Kt Ki

PxB(e)

P B5

KtPxP
KtPxP(/)
(a)

KtxBP Q-Q3 Kt K5 +
K2
An
;

Bi
Kt 3

P-Q4 p_K B 3
Kt B i Kt Kt :
(m)

KtxKt
PxKt(/)

10 Cp. 15

B

fifll

(Kt KtKl, KtxKPl + BxKt; col.
),

KR4, B KtS!
11.

The Metger

Variation.

alternative
11

is 8. ., B Q2 BxKt, BxB; 12 Kt

;

9

12
:

Qx B,

P

K

Kt 4;

13
;

Q Q 2, P K R 3 R4! + ); II Q K3 B Kt 3, K Kt 2=.
14

;

B

(&)

11.

QB4, K Kt2;
jr.

.,

Bx Kt

;

12

Qx B,

PK R

16
;

3 13 B K R 4, P Kt 4 PxP, PxP; 17 Q B5 +

B

Kt

3,

P

.

Tarrasch

B3; Kostich,
;

Gothenburg, 1920.
(c)

1906.

16 1922.
(d)

K

13 P Q 5, P B 3 14 B~K B 1 (or 14 B Q 3, Px P; 15 Px P Px P ) AV R B * 10, P B t, P~Kt 3 JL/ jr t? i e i" JD r jcvi. o 17^P-Q R 4 x^. Wolf-Cohen, Nuremberg, _ Or 13 B J 3, Kt t> Q K3; 14 B QB1, Kt 02; IS R Kt I, P Kt3; Kt 2, P Q B 4 17 P Q 5, Kt B 5 ch=.' Bogo! >ljuboff Rubinstein, Hastings,

"

, '

~

;

v,/

*t

.

i

;

Wolf

Q B
Kt

te)

3

14 Ktx B, Px Kt ; 15 B Rubinstein, Tephtz-SchSnau, 1922. If 16 K Rl?; 17 ,

Weak
20
,

is

B

4 ch,

K R2

;

16

B

R 4,

PK Kt 4
19

=p.

;

P

B

5

(/)
(g)

B

18. P KKt3= (Kmoch). More energetic than the usual P

+.

Drewitt

BxKKt, QxB;
B 3.
P
If in

18 BxKt, Rubinstein, Hastings, 1922.

QxB;

P Q 5,

reply

2 wins a piece.

12PxKP,PxP; ISKtxP,

(h)

Threatening

(*) 14 (Lasker).

B

K

Q Ktx
2,

P.

Spielmann

Kt

preventing 14..,
16

Krejcik, Vienna, 1929. Q 4, followed by 15

KtR 4
K

Is

stronger

15.., 18 K5; 17 PxP, P *.p. Kt x P, Kt x B P), 19 P B 5 + . (18 ; Spielmann Rubinstein Carlsbad, 1911. The continuation in column is suggested by Deutsche Schackxetiung. (*) 13... Kt Kt 4 (or 14,., K Kt I ; B2; 14 B B I, Kt 3 ; 16 P Q B 4,Kt Kt 2 ; 17 6. Spielmann Ldwy, Vienna, 1908) ; 15 Kt R 3, B Q 2 ; 17 B 4, P Kt 2, Q R Kt 1 ; 18 4 Q R 4 16 Kt 1 ; 19 P B 5. Perlis Freyman, St. Petersburg, 1909. Lasker prefers 16. ., R 1 followed by Kt Kt 1, Kt 3 and P B 4. 2, 18 B (Z) Kt 4 and the K3, Bl; 19 Kt2, Q 2 followed by P B file. oublmg of Rooks on the (m] Bogatyrchuk Botvinnik, Moscow, 1935.

60

If

PxBPK

K5I, Kt Kt x P (B 3)

P

KB4;

PxP

PK
K

P-Q

K

R K

;

PK
K

B KR

K

15Kt-R4, B

PK

R R

R

B

PK B

K

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME

^K
4
11

4,

P K4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,
5

Kt
O,

QB3
O O
;

;

3

Kt

B 3, Kt B 3.
3,

B Kt5, B Kt5
12

O

6

P Q
14

BxKt.
15

13

K Kt4, leads to a position similar to that in col. 12, note (c). Lasker, St. Petersburg, 1914. Tarrasch maintained that White (b) Capablanca would have the better game by deferring the opening of the K R file (16 Pm P) until he has tripled Queen and two Rooks on it.
P
16 R or 10

P

R K 1, B Kt5: 11 P KR3, BxKt; 12 QxB, Kt 2 14 P Q 4, Kt Q 2 15 Q R Q 1, Q R Q 1 6 B 4. Q B 3= (Yates R. H. V. Scott, Hastings, 1922) Kt 1 j 12 Bx K Kt (Black threatens RKt 1, K R 1 11 Q Q 2, P Kt4),QxB; 13 B R 4, Kt K 2; 14 Kt K 1, P K Kt 4 1 5 P B 3, Kt Kt 3 ; 17 Kt Kt 2, B R 6 18 R x P, Kt R 5 + J. A. J. Drewitt 16 P Kt 3, RKt 2
(c)

Better than either 10
13

Kt4;

K 3,

P

B Kt3, K R3 17 B
,

;

;

;

;

RK
;

;

;

;

!

.

Sir G. A.
(d)

Thomas, Weston,

1924.

17..,

B Q
4,

K3;
Kt
;

18

Kt
?

Kt
.

4

!,

BxKt;
5 or 9
.

19
.

P

K 5,
Q
;

Kt

Kt

1

;

20

QxB +
Q R3
;
;

Tarrasch
(*)

Spiclmaxm, Berlin, 1920.

9

P
!)
;

B R 3, P B 4 11 Kt x P Ktx P 13 P Q 5, Kt B Suesman, New York, 1938
10 13
(/)
(g)

Q

1

(9

.

B
Q
14

Kt

!

1,
;

5

B

B 2j

12
1,

B

Kt B 4l, Kt K 3 (12 Kt Kt 3 15 Kt Kt 2+

,

Kt

2 would have been better)
.,
.

P

Simonson

Tylor Vidmar, Nottingham, 1936. The Svenonius Variation.
11

Q_^7++.

8! . 3 ? (14 Rx Q still draws), Capablanca Tarra5Ch, St. Petersburg, 1914. (Tarrasch). Kt3, KtxP!; 15 QxB, Q 0') 14 Q 8Q K2, PxP; 9 PxP. B Kt 5 ; 10 P KR3, BxKt: 11 (*) 12 R Q 1, Q B4; 13 P Q R 4, K R Q 1 ; 14 RxRch, Q Kt3=. H. E. Price B. Siegheim, Malvern, 1921. Lasker R^ti, Moscow, 1925. White's 13th move is suggested (I)
(h)
(i)

13

KR

PxP, RxKt; 12 P Q 4, Ql, B Kt5; 14 Q Kt

RK

=

Bx R; ISBxR,
QxB, Q Q3; R 3, 15 B

K3=

RxR;

by Kmoch.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
i

PK PK
4,

4

:

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

Kt

B 3, Kt B

3

Px P
14

Tarrasch suggests 7. ., B K 3 ; 8 P (a) For 7 ., Bx Kt see cols. I to 15. 4, R ;3 10 B K R 4, Kt 4 ; 11 P B 4, B Q B 4 (so far Tarrasch ; 9 Ktx P, 12 K RI, Kt KtS; 13 BxKt, Lasker, 16th match game, 1908) ;

PK
.

K

KKt K2 =
(6)

QxB;

H8..,Kt
12

PxKt;
(<?)

B

KR6 +
11

KtS; 9 Ktx Kt, R Px Kt; 10 Kt
.

Q 5, B B 4 ?
Q
2,

;

U
14

KtxKtch,

H. E. Atkins J. H. Blake^ 5. R4; 16 P Q 4, and 11 P B 4 have also been played. in column suggested by Alekhine as "rather in favour of Black." (d) Continuation Tarrasch Yates, Hastings, 1922, continued 13. ., B x Kt 14 P x B, K K 2 15 Kt B3, Kt Kt3; 16PxP +

Or

11

PxP, BxKt;

12

8R Kl; lasgow, 1911.

15

K

Rl, Kt

PxB, QKtxP;

Q B3

PK Q
13

BQ2;

Q R

-K

1,

1

;

;

.

13

P

(e)

9 .,Kt

B61,
O.

Sebastian, 1912. K B2; 13 P
(/)
(5)

K 1;" PxP; Or B4 +
.
.

(A)
{*)

Buchmann M. Marron, correspondence, 1930. If 11 RxP, B B4ch; 12 K R 1, B K 6 + Best is 11 Kt 3, B B 2. Tylor Lasker, Nottingham, 1936. 17 Kt
.,

Bx

P (B

4).

13

16 K Rl, P QKt4; 17 B Kt 3, Wamwright Euwe, Weston, 1924. B 5, B x B 18 R P x B, P (i) 17 P and P KKt4 +
;
.

R

Rl;

14

PxP?, QPxP; 15 Q Kt 3 (or Kt K 2), R R4 18 P Q R 4, P Kt 5
;

=p.

4 BBG. ch

;

E.

K

Kt 4

;

19

Kt

Kt 3 followed by Kt

R

5

cb

(k)

Kriiger

Shories,

Hamburg,

1921.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
i

53
3,

P

K 4, P K 4
4

:

2

Kt

K B 3, Kt Q B 3
B
Kt
5
;

;

3

Kt B
O.

Kt B*3

B

Kts,
22

5

O

O,

O
24

21
6 (P (P
7

23

25
(h)

Q3).Q 3) ()
Kt 5 Kt 5
).,

.BxKt
Kt

B

(B

K
33

2
..

B
p

QB 4
Kt 3 Kt 3

Kt

K2
Kt
3

(e)

8

9
10

ir

Qs Kt-Q5 P B 3 (6) KtxB KtxB P B3 Kt B2
P B

Kt

B
Kt

P B3
Kt

B R4

QPxB() P-Q 3 U) Q K 2 ... .B Kt 5 Kt K2 P KR3

KR3
R4

12

PKt 4
B Kt 3 Kt Q2

13

14
r

-

K3 B R4 Kt 35
Kt

P^B 3 K Ri B R4 B K3 Kt K Kt 5 Kt Kt 3 BxB P-Q4 R K (/) RPXB B Kt 3 P-Q4 P B3 PXP P KR3 PxP B K3 Kt R 3 Kt Kt 5 BxKt
i

QRQi
P

Kt

Kt

3

B Kt 5

(n)

B Bi Q K2
P R3

KR3
i

BxKt

QXB
P
Kt
4

KR K

K Kta

B-Q3
Kt

BxB

Q-K3 P K Kt 4
B B i=(
9

R4 K Ri Q Kt B 5

Q-K2
BxKt

PXB P-B 4
Kt Q2 Q K 2 (0}
QB
4,

Q-B 3
(a) 6.
,

(*)

P

10

p

B 3, B
14

Kt
12

K2;

Kt

Q4?; Q B4
;

7
11

P

Q KtxP, KtxKt; 8 PxKt, QxP; " Q Kt 4, B Kt 3 12 P Q R 4,
Sterk
Marshall, Pistyan, 1912
!,
;

KtS-f.

"4;

B

Q Q

3;

13pi-Kt5,

B QB4, Q Q 2! (B Q B4; 10 Q Q 2 P B 3 11 Ktx Ktch, Px Kt j BxKt; 130 R 6, Kt K 7 ch 14 K R 1, BxPch; 15 KxB, BSch; 16 K R I, Kt Kt3; 17 P Q 4, BxP; 18 P Q B 3, followed by OR Q 1 and K R Kt 1+); 10 Ktx Kt ch, Px Kt; HBxP, P KR3; 12PB3, Ktx Ktch; 13 Px Kt, B KR4; 14 K R 1, K R2; 15 R K Kt 1, R K Kt 1 ; 17 PxB, RxB; 16 R Kt3, R Kt3. Analysis by Dr. B. and Ed. Lasker. K2. 18 Q C i6p__KR4 + Chajes Marshall, New York, 1915.

BR4,

(M 9

;

Kt

(

)

.

Mar6czy Bogoljuboff, London, 1922. R 1, 10 K Kt 5 8 P B 3, B QB4; 9 B K 3, B Kt 2 (e\ Or 7 ., B 13 Ktx Kt.'Px P; 14 BxP, Kt K2: 11 Kt Kt 3, Kt R 4 12 P Q 4, K R 1 BxQ Kt; 15 B K 2, Kt B 3=. Mardczy Tylor, Ramsgate, 1929. Q4 (/) Simpler was 11.., P 17 Kt 16 P B3, P K R 3 R 3. Alekhine Euwe, () 15.., Q Q2; Amsterdam, 1936. Variation. (h) The Nimzovitch K 1 (if 7 ., R K 1 ; 8 P Q 4, BxKt; 7 KtxP, Q (i) Or6,., KtPxB; B3 ); 8 Kt Q 3, B x Kt 9 CjPxB, QxP, 10 R K 1, 9 PxB, KtxP; 10 Q B R3; 12 Kt B 5, B B5 = Q KR5; 11 Q B3, K 1 8 Kt Q 3, (j) White can obtain an easily drawn position by 7 Kt x P, R
(d)
;

;

;

;

!

;

;

.

;

BxKt;
(ft)

9

Q PxB, KtxP;
J.

10

Q

B

3.

Kt

Q

3

:

11

B

B

4,

Q

B

3.

M. E. Goldstein

H. Blake, City of London Chess Championship, 1923.

(I)

9

Kt

Or 7.., Kt3, Kt

B Q3;
R4;
10

8 Kt

(m) 8,., equality.

QBX

Kt; 9

K 2 (Capablanca favours 8 P Kt-B5. QxB, BxKt; 10 PxB, Kt Q 2
;

K R 3), B
gives Black

K Kt5;
complete-

() 9 p Kt 4, -B4 (o) 16 Kt

Ktx Kt P
-

10

Ktx P

!,

Kt

B

3

;

11

Kt

Kt

4 can be played

Nimzovitch

Leonhardt, San Sebastian, 1911.

54
i

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
;

P K 4, P K 4

a

Kt

K B 3, Kt Q B 3

;

3

Kt

B 3, Kt B 3.

(a)
(b)
(c)

Walbrodt Charousek, Nuremberg, 1896. II P Q 4. L. Savage W. H. Watts, City of London Championship, 1915.

Tarrasch Lasker, match, 1908, If 8 , B Q2; 9 Kt Yates, Malveru, 1921. (d) G. E. Wamwnght
(e)

HQxQ.PxQ;

12B

K R

6,

R

K

1

;

13

KR

K1,P

B5 +

R3;
.

14

B KB1-K

K 3, B Kt 3 (for O O 9 Kt x Kt, P x Kt 10 B x B, P x K B see Ruy //) $ B Kt 5, R K 1 ; 10 B x Kt, Px B ; 11 B Lopez; Classical Defence) 9 P K R 3, O O 12 Q Q 3. A. Muffaiig M, E. Goldstein, London, 1922, 12 BxKt, PxB; 13 Kt R 4, Q Q 3 ; 14 Q (g) B 4, Kt Kt 5 1; 9 P K R 3, KtxP; lOBxPch, (h) 7 Ktx Kt, QPxKt; 8 B
; ; ;

Schiffers

Stemitz, Hastings, 1895,

;

Kt4ch.

K R1+
(*)

9.

P

Q R3;
(/)
(ft)

(I)

(m)

(K

Q

12 P x Kt, Q P x P 12 K R2, Dr. W. Finn 1 !).

(TattersalPs Attack). 12 B 4, B B 3 2 ; 11 B Kt 5 !, B 10 B B B 1 Q 2, , 3. Yates A. R. B. Thomas, Edinburgh, 1926. 13 B Q 3, P 12 B R4, B Mar6czy Pillsbury, Nuremberg, 1896. B3; 13 P For 6. , Kt Q 5 ; 7 B B 4, see col. 49.
;

K

K

;

Q

Q

Q6-K
Q
Q

.

000: Q Dn 6.
;

13

x
S,

ch = .

Bardeleben's analysis.
2,

13

K

Q R

K

1

;

14

B

R6cfc,

K Kt

1

Bernstein, Paris, 1929.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
i

55
3.

P K 4, P K 4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

Q 33:3 Kt B 3, Kt B

RUBINSTEIN DEFENCE 4 B Kt 5, Kt Q 5.

7.,, ch; 8BxP, QxP; 11RK 1,0 0(11.. QxB?; 12 gKt 4+ +
(a)

If

PxP

9

O
};

O,

B

ch,

K R1
(b)
(c)

:

14

QR

K 1+

12

K2; RK

10

5,

P

KB
this

B B
4

3,
;

Q
13

Kt 4;

(Dr. Olland),

With the opening of
11

game

cp.

Q Q5 Ruy

Lopez, p. 242.

9 9

B K2, B B4;

10

OO, 00;
1930.

B Q3, P Q4=.

Maroczy

Kmocn, San Remo,
10

(d)
(*)

OO, OO;

Q

R 5, P Q3;

11

B Q3, P

KR3.

Kashdan
H. Wolf

Alekhine, Bled, 1931.
Alekhine, Carlsbad, 1923.

{/)
(g)

Kt 5 9 PxP, BxKt; 10 QxB. B Kt 5, B K 2 12 Q R Q 1, Q B 2 13 Q B 5 db (W. Henneberger), KR3I, B K2; 10 B K 3 (C. S. Howell), O O=. (i) 9 P B3I++. The column is Euwe Bogoljuboff, 10th match (/) 14 KtxP?, Q game, 1929, Continued 14.,, P OR 3; 15 Kt B 3, R Q 1; 16 B Q2, OO; R 3, Q B 3 =F. 17 Q R Q 1, K R K 1 18 Kt Kt 5, P R 3 19 Kt B3; 6 B B 4, P Q4; 7 PxP, B KKt5; 8 B K21. Th* (h) 5.-, P
(h)
:

Good enough to equalise, but no more. Recommended by Tarrasch. If 8... B
;

PxP;

11

;

;

;

column

is

analysis

by W. Henneberger.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
I

PK PK
4,

4

;

2

Kt

K B 3, Kt Q 63:3 Kt B

3,

Kt

B

'

RUBINSTEIN DEFENCE
4

B-Kt 5 Kt-Q 5
.

.

BKt 3
Allies
(6)
(c)

10

a0.
7

(a)

O 7 Ktx Kt, Px Kt Q3, Or 3, O Q K2; 7 Kt 5, P Q 3 ; 11 Q Q 2, 10 B ; Griinfeld, Innsbruck, 1929.
Or6 P

600, K

;

PQ

;

8

Kt

K
3
;

2,

P

O; B R PK8R KtxKt. BxKt;
12

Q4;

9

PxP, KtxP;
Kt

9 4 (better

B

K 2, K 3).

A
;

K Kt x P g R 5;
14

K1 9 O O, P Q3; 10 PxP, K R != (Dr. von Claparfcde). Here 9 Kt Q 5, P Q 3 10 P Q B 3, K 3, Q K 5! is T. H. Tylor P. S. MUrier-Barry. Hastings, 1938-39. Kt 5 (Becker). (d) 9.., PxPl followed by B Kt 3 as Black could have replied to the text-move with 13 ., B x P ch () 13 B KxB, Q R5ch + Or with 13. ., Q R 5; 14 Qx B ?, Q R Q 1+ (Becker). 17 R x R, R x R. Drawn. Havasi 16 R x Q, Q R Q 1 (/) 15 R P x B, Q x Q
;

gambit for a quick counter-attack. Kt Kt Q3, B Kt3; 8 5,

PK

11 11 Kt

I

;

!,

.

;

.

;

;

Kmoch, Vienna,
(g)

1930.

Rubinstein, San Sebastian, 1912. (A) 7 Kt Q3, P Q4; 8 BxP, KtxB; 9 B K3; 12 Kt K 1, O O B Q3; 11 match, St. Petersburg, 1914.

Tarrasch

OO,

KtxKt, QxPchj
=f=.

Nimzovitch

10 Kt K 3, Alekhine, tie
11

(*)

8

KtxP!,
12

QxP ch;

9

Kt

BxKt;
/M 7
10

QxB, QxQ;
B
is

13

Px Q

K 3, B

K

Kt 5

;

10

B

K

2,

KtxB;
column

QxKt
analysis

(Mardczy).

(;) O. S. Bernstein by Tarrasch.

Rubinstein, Vilna, 1912.

The

rest of the

is

p
(/)

KB 4
Post

(

Kt3;
playable),

8

RPx

KtxB, KtxKtch; 9 QxKt <9 PxKt, Kt; 10 B Kt 5, B K 3= (Schlechter).
1914.

RPxKt;

Flamberg, Mannheim,

(m) 9
(n)

Kt

R

4,

B

Kt3=.

Marocry

Euwe, London,
1936.

1922.

Alekhine

Van den Bosch, Nauheim,

9.

.,

Bx B would

have been simpler.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
P

57

K 4> P K 4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

Q

63:3

Kt

B 3, Kt B 3.

RUBINSTEIN DEFENCE
4

B

Kt5, Kt

Q$.

12

R

B

K 1 ch (12 Kt Kt S (Rubinstein)

(a)

8.

P B3

;

9 Kt

Q
is

K 2 13 Q R 5. Bogoljuboff), 4, B of doubtful value for Black.
;

B 3,

Kt x P

;

10

O, Kt x Kt

;

11

B

Q Px
K
2
;

Kt,

13

QB 2; K
Q
2,

Q

QI; 11 (&) 10.., K Kt 3 ch ; 14 K R 2, R Rubinstein, match, 1920.

P

K

KR3,
1
;

Kt

15

P

B

4,

R3; 12 B B4
;

PQ B
;

4,

B-K2;
Q
2
.

16

13 1 Bogoljuboff

R K

(c) Spielmaun tried 11 Q Teichmann suggests in reply 12

K

2 ch,

.,

Kt

K Q1 K6ch;

12 13

P K Ktx KR R3, B
2,

at Scheveningen, 1&23.
P, with

advantage

to Black.

K Ql=

B~K
Q
11

B

Q, Ktx Qch; 14 K B3; 13 Ktx P ch ? (13 (d) If 12 P 15 KxQ, Kt is forced), K K5; 16 Q Q 1 ; 14 Ktx R, Qx Kt ch ! Bx Q ch ; 18PxB,P K R31; 19 P Kt6,Px P; 20 R K2ch; 17Q Kt 5, Kt 6 ch ; 23 K Kt 6, Ktx Kt 4 ch ; 22 3 ; 21 5, Kt 3, P

K R3, Kt

Qx

!

;

PQ

KR
P
;

R+ -f

B 2, R 5, B 1,
.

(g)

15
If

(/)

Kt B3, Q Kt2+-K Teichmann's analysis. Kt 4, Kt x Kt 7 Q x Kt, Kt x P ch 8 K 6 Kt
10

K K 2, B B 4
(g)

K41;
6.

PQ
;

4

(or

10

12
;

B
7

Q

2,

PQ O
;

;

Q
Kt

1,

Kt x

3,

13

R
;

KB4;
8
11

11
1,

Q B

P

Q

5,
.

B
R6ti

B 4+

R 9 Kt Q 5 K2), Q x P ch
;

;

Balla, Pistyan,

1922.
,

K Ktx P ?

9 Qx Kt, Q B4; 10 Scheveningen, 1913.
(h)
(i)

R K

00,
1

ch,

K Ktx Kt B K2;

Q Px Kt, Kt B Q 3-K

x Kt ch (better Kt K 3) ; Ed. Lasker F. Euglund,

15 P R54-. Bogoljuboff Rubinstein, match, 1920. Or 6 Kt Q3, B Kt3; 7 P K 5, KtxB; 8 KtxKt, Kt
Schlechter's Variation.

Q4; 9
1
;

O.

(/)

(*)

Black's simplest

means
;

of equfl Using

is

6

.

.

,

O

O

;

7

O

O,

R K

8 Kt

B 3,

KtxP.
d)

15

B

K

3

QX p

16

O,

Bx R

;

17RxB.

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
K 4, P K 4
;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB

3

;

3

Kt

B

3,

Kt

B 3.

(a)

For 4
For 5
11,.
t

Lopez, Steimtz Defence.
(6)
(c)

PQ3;
see
?
;

5

P

Q4

and

for 4..,

B

K2;

5

O

O,

P Q3

see

Ruy

B R4
B

Ruy
12

Lopez,

cols. 132-5.
;

14

Ktx B
(d)

ch,

Px Kt

Q
;

3
1

15

P

P-K Kt 4, Q Kt 3 13 P K B 4, P K B 4 Q 5-K Znosko-Borovsky Rubinstem, Ostend, ^O?.

'

13..,

R K

(Bardeleben).

(*) 15 QxQch, RxQ; 16 R K 8 ch, R Q 1 ; 17 RxKcn, followed by 18 P Q Kt 3 and 19 B Kt 2 with the better end-game position Siielmann, Kt 5, R-~Q B 1 ; 16Q>Rch!+. Vienna, 1914. If 14 ., K Kt 1 ?; 15 B see Scotch Game, cols. 5-7. (/) For 4..,

RH

PxP
.

(g)

15

K Q2

Analysis by Krause.

(/O
.

SpielDianu

Bogoljuboff, Stockholm, 1919.

^ 5! 2f/ Knights' Defence.
,

F

Ktx P

4 P (giving back the
o 12

B B/,
>

BB R

"t;
is

8BxP,B Q3; 9PQ4,PxP; 10BxKtcfc,PxB; Nnnzovitch
Kashdan, Bled, 1931,
Gninfeld, Carlsbad, 1923.

4 see Giuoco Piano, and for 4 B~B *, Ktx P see Two Q 3 (suggested originally by Gunsberg), ^ Q 3 : 5 B B 4, tempo gained through White's 4th move): n Ktx Kt, P Q 4*
11

QxP

(j)

Nimzovitch

59

FRENCH DEFENCE
OF
in

the close defences to

I

P

K 4,

the French

is

one of

the best at the disposal of the second player, and therefore

modern

master-practice

every important contest, Of a solid character, experts.
against premature attacks,
first

it is still employed in almost and by the majority of the leading
it

possesses great resources

player.

The

efforts

which are apt to recoil on the of analysts to demonstrate its

weaknesses have always been met, eventually, by counterAt the analysis and to-day it stands as high as ever it did.
;

same time

it is

no good defence for those anxious to wrest

the initiative early in the game.

The play
moves
i

divides into four

main branches

after the usual

P

K 4,

P

K3

;

2

P

Q 4, P Q 4,
of
(i)

White has
(ii)

now the choice for his Q B 3, (iii) Kt-Q 2, or
(i)

3rd
(iv)

move

P-K 5.

PxP,

Kt

Exchange Variation (cols, an early draw after a dull game. The oldest and simplest line, it offers White little or no scope for combinative attack. Maroczy's line against the
3
as the
i

P x P, known

to 5), frequently leads to

most plausible attempt, in col. 4, still holds its ground and Exchange Variation is rarely adopted, except with a view to draw.
;

the

Q B 3, the normal or classical line, leads to (ii) 3 Kt an interesting struggle for the command of the centre. The simplifying defence by 3..., PxP (cols. 6 to 8) is of doubtful value, as White generally obtains a very strong attack. Kts (cols. 9 to 18) for a long time held to be 3..., B inferior, was revived mainly through the influence of Nimzovitch, and is now one of the most critical variations
in

the whole

defence.

Of

the

various possible replies.

60

FRENCH DEFENCE
(col. 9)

4PxP
10)
is

leads to an even position;

46 Q 2
B

(col.

very tricky; 4
5

P

with either

P

QR3

KS

(cols,

n

to 15), in conjunction

(cols,

n
;

to 13), or 5

Q 2 ^(cols.

line in 14 and 15) is by far the strongest Lajos Steiner's 2 (cols. 16 and 17) col. 14 is particularly powerful 4 Kt is verv solid, but leads to nothing against best play; but highly 4 3 ( C oL 18) is the most aggressive, 4 and 46 Q 3 (col. 18, note (/)) are dangerous; 4 weak.

K

p_QR

QKt

19 to 22) is Cols. 23 to 34 present the excellent for the second player. normal line for both sides. In Alekhine's Attack (cols.
the
(cols.

The deferred acceptance of

KP

23 to 28) there have been some revolutionary changes since our last edition. It has been definitely shown that the only

B 3 (cols. 27 playable defence is 6..., P the other defences lead to cramped positions
!

K

and 28), for where Black

has inadequate counterplay. The defence with 6..., P revived by the Russians Yudovitch and Belavenetz, In the form of the opening gives Black at least equality.

K B 3,

with exchange of Bishops on the 6th move both 7 P B 4 (as in col. 31) and 7 Q Q 2 (col. 32) are in White's favour. The attack with 6 B x Kt (col. 34) is not easy to meet.

The McCutcheon Variation
rehabilitated
line

(cols.

35 to 38) has been
line in col. 37.

and strengthened by the
to

This

was formerly thought

be the refutation of the

move

McCutcheon, but after the improvement on Black's I3th it is doubtful whether White can manage to draw.

of P K 5 on the 4th move (cols, 39 and whereby White seeks a direct attack on the Castled 40), King, has been revived by Spielmann, who avoids Maroczy's

The advance

analysis, given in note (&).

At

present

White appears

to

be able
it is

to obtain

an advantage with the

quite possible that the

pendulum

line in col. 39, but will soon swing in the

other direction.

FRENCH DEFENCE
(iii)

61

to 43), recommended by (cols. 41 has often been seen since our last edition. In the Tarrasch, most usual line, col. 41, the second player submits to an

3Kt

Q2

Queen's Pawn, but finds sufficient compensation the excellent placement of his minor pieces.
isolated
(iv)

in

3

P

K5

(cols.

44

to 46),

favoured by Steinitz and

later by Nimzovitch, has been revived by Keres and adopted by Alekhine, but has still failed to win general approval

With
(P

Q

the immediate counter-attack against White's centre B 3) Black equalises the chances. B 4, and later P

K

The remaining columns, 47
2nd moves for White,
kover's enterprising
spirit.

to 50, exemplify less common all of which are kept alive by Tarta-

White can

lay

no claim

to a

theoretical advantage, but confronts the second player with

unusual and

difficult

problems.

FRENCH DEFENCE
i

P

K4 P K3
,

EXCHAKGE VARIATION 2 P Q4 P Q4 3
; ,
:

,

PxP.

P B3

10 2, ; (c) If 7 . , Kt (i) Preferable is 9
.

Q

B

QKt Q2;

12
,

B

K Kt 5, B K Kt 5 9 K R 1 8 B (Mar6czy). .,BxKt; lOQx B,Q Kt Q 2 = (10..,P KR3; 11B R4, B 5, Q B2; 13 Q R K 1 is Morphy Ldwenthal, 2nd match
B
3
; ;
!

Q B

2

;

11

,

AV

i^ *, *x

j.v

*x

*

vvitu
.

a.

VCAY u.iawio,u

j\joi\.i\ji.t.+

to that in the text is 4 B Q3 5 5! j , 2, Q B 3, P Q B 3 ; 7 B B 3 ; 8 Q Q 2, Kt Kt 5 ; 9 P K R 3, 3, Kt 2 q= (Mar6czy 10 QxKtch, Q while an KtxB; Nimzovitch, Carlsbad, 1929), alternative for Black is 4... B 2 ; 6 P O; Q3, 5 2, Q 3, 7 Q B 2, P R3, 8 Kt Q 2, P Q Kt 3; 9 P Q Kt 4, Kt Q 2 ; 10 Q Kt Kt 3 P Reshevsky Fine, New York, 1936. Kt 5 ; 8 0) Or6. , K2; 7 Q B 2, B Q Q2; 9 1, O O ; 10 P Kt 4, B B 4 ; 11 P Q 4, Q las. Berndtsson Tartakover, Hamburg, 1930.

fame, 1858!). B K2; 12 P B 4, BxB; 13 QxB, Q Kt Q 2 j 14 Q R K 1 . () Or 11 Maroczy Rubinstein, Prague, 1908. Rti, London, 1927. (/) White's position is worth more than the Pawn. Maroczy Correct is 9 Q Kt Q 2, O O Kt 3 ; O 10 P Q Kt 4, Kt (g) Weak. 11 Kt Kt3, QR K 1 Mar6czy Spielmann, Sliac, 1932. Nimzovitch, Berlin, 1927. (h) Enoch
;
.

Q Kt

(0

A. line similar

K

K

;

KtK

R

O

K QB4; HKtPxP.PxP; 12PxP=. KKt K

KtK

KtK

B

K

R

00,K R

R K

4 P B 3 ; 5 Kt Q B 3, P B 3 = Q B 4, The simplest reply is 4 P Q B 3 followed by 5 B Q 3 and 6 2. 5 B 8 Q 3, B Q 3 6 B K Kt 5, P B 3 7 K 2, O Q 2. (m) B K Kt 5 (8 R K 1 9 P K R 3, P Kt 4 10 O 0, Q Kt Q 2 11 KtQ Kt 3, Schlechter Reti, Vienna, 1915), 9 O O, Q Kt Q 2 10 Kt Kt3, Q B 2 ; 1 1 P K R 3, B x Kt 12 B P x B, B R 4 13 Q B 4 Rubinstein Danischevsky.
(A)
(/)
,
; ;

(k)

Wmter

Alekhme, Nottingham, 1936.

KtK
;

KtK
,
;

.

KtK

;

,

;

;

,

;

.

(n) 7 Q Q 2, P B 3 8 K KtK 2, R K 1 9 00, Q Kt Q 2 10 Kt Kt 3, Kt Kt3; 11 QR KI, Kt B 5 ? 12 Q B 1, B Q 2 13 RxB, RxR: 14QBxKt,PxB; 15 Q R 6, P K B 4 16 Kt R 5, P B 3 17 Ktx P ch, K R 1 ; 18 P QKt 3, Kt Q3, 19KtxRP + J. H. Blake Mardczy, Liverpool, 1923. Teichmann Mar6czy, Carlsbad, 1923. (o) K 2 ch, B K 3 8 Kt x P, Q Q 1 9 Kt K3, QxP; (P) 6 BxKt, QxB, 7 Q 10 P--QB 3, Q-B4 11 P K Kt 3, O O = Mieses-Bogoljuboff, Berlin, 1920.
;

Lodz, 1907.

;

;

;

;

;

;

.

;

;

,

.

(g)

Spielmann

Tarrasch, Tephtz-Schdnau, 1922.

FRENCH DEFENCE
i

P K4

,

P-K 3

;

2

P-Q4, P-Q4;

3

Kt-QB 3

.

B K2; 6 B Q B 4, K Kt B 3 7 KtxKtch, BxKt; 8 Q K2, 1 ; 12 KtxP, B4, P B 4 ; 10 O O O, PxP; 11 B Q 6, R 13 Kt P Ragosin Makagonoff, Leningrad, 1934. K 5 !,-B Q 3; 8 Q B 3, P B 3; 9 P B 3, 76) An energetic alternative is 7 Kt K2: 11 B 5, B Capablanca Blanco, Havana, 1913. O; 10 B R 3 (9 P Q Kt 3 is now impossible O O ; 9 B K Kt 5, , (c) Or 8 because of 10 BxKt, BxB; 11 Q K4++); 10 BxKt, BxB; 11 Q K 4, R 4 + . Capablanca Chajes, New York, 1918. Kt3 ; 12 K 3 , Or 11.., P 12 QxB, Q Q 4 ; 13 Q (d} If 11.., BxKt; B 4, Q Q 4 ; 13 P B 4, Q Q R4; HBxBP-*-. Tarrasch Mieses, match, 12 B 1916. Mieses, llth match game, 1916. (e) Tarrasch K2; 11Q K 2, Q B2; 12Q R Q 1, Q 1 ; 13 P B 4, B Q2; (/) 10...B B 3, Black having a very cramped game. Maroczy 15 B 14 B Q2, Q R B 1 Rubinstein, Carlsbad, 1 907. The column is analysis in Deutsche Schackxeitung, December, 1930, in examination of 10. ,, P Q Kt 3. Deutsche Schachxeitung considers the variations critical position. (g) The R 4 ; (2) 13 Kt R 4 ; (3) 13 Kt 5 and (4) 13 B X Kt, (1) 13 B X Kt, Px B ; 14 Kt Px B ; 14 B K 4, and concludes that in all Black has a playable game. . L. Steiner Q 2, Q Kt3; 15 Q R5, Kmoch, (h) Continued 14 B Niendorf, 1927. K2: 6 Kt K 2, B K B 4 ; 7 O O, O; 8 Kt Kt3, (t) Or 5.., Kt B 4, B KtS; 9 B3; 11 Q Q 2, Q Q 2=. 2, B Q 3 10 B Marshall Nimzovitch, New York. 1927.

O

(a)

If 5.

,

;

0;

9

B

QR3;

B3.

K

O

KKt

.

.

Q3. PK

.

.

,

!

PK

PK

K

KR3;

R

;

K

QxQ

QKt K

;

K

O

QKt

PxP; 5 Q Kt 4 (5 KtxP?, QxP; 6 B Q 3, BxBch; 7 Flohr. Nottingham, 1936), and now, instead of the game continuation 7.. B 3, Kt B 3 ; 10 K R K 1 when White, K 2 ; 9 Kt 8 O O O, Q should have been played for two Pawns White's s sndidly developed, 7 , R3 Q x P ; 6 Kt B 3 ', , , compensation is insufficient), B B 1 (if 5 Kt with a strong attack); 6 3; 7 Q R4, B K2; 8 O O O, 3 ; 11 B K 2, QKt Q2; 10 Kt P K51, 3; 9 Kt B 3, B Kt 2 Kt3 i. Panoff Ragosin, Tiflis, 1937. 12 Q Alekhine, Hamburg, 1910. (/) Speyer
(k)

1927.

Or 4..,
;

!

QxB

bine
1 ?

,

.

.

QKt

QxP QxKP,
;

K

KB

,

PB

64
i

FRENCH DEFENCE
P K4 P
,

K3

;

2

P
4

P-K 5, P Q B 4.

Q4 P Q4
,

;

3

Kt

QB 3 B
,

Kt 5

;

9 Q x Kt P, Q B3 ( Kashdan Tartako ver, London, 1932) and ; would have won the Exchange. B 2; 8 Kt B 3 Kt K 2 (b) Rauser's improvement on the older 7 P x P, Q Kt KtS; 100-O, Kt-Q2; 9B-Q3, 12 B Q2 Q B2

Q B 3 6 Kt B 3, P B 3 ; 7 B (A) A novel idea is 5 PxP, Kt B 0-0, B-Q2; 9 R-K1, Pxpl; 10 Ktx K P/ Ktx Kt; 11 12 KtxB + Bogoljuboff Alekhine, Bad Nauheim, 1937. QB3; 7 Q KKt4, BxKtch; 8 PxB, (a) If 6 QxP, Kt
; .

I&KtBxB*>**,
'

Q Kt

5

BxP
(8

K Bl
10

now

(c)

Rauser

,M>
is

KtxP?
Q

B

essential);

KR6

!

--

HR-Kl,QxBP; .

_

'

Q

:

.

Alatorzeff,

id) Bogoljuboff's
(e)
x

Continued 1 4..,
;

is uboff 6 .,

Kt-Q

suggestion, which B Kl ; 15 B 3 ; 19 4,

Russian Championship, 1933.
is

P-K R

Kt 5, R
;

Q-B2;

Damelsson, Zoppot, 1935.
7

Q 2 16RxP, Q Kt3- 17RR8 B-B 6, R-Kt 2oT-Kt 6, Resigns ^ewgns.
; '

also quite strong.
1
;

'

'

Kt-B3,

KtK 2

8

P

KR4
;

!,

12

P

Kt3;

9

P

x P/ ,3

Px

ottingham 1936:

1 1

P

15

B
(*) (;) V rf/ f\

K B 4, B-Q 2 12 Q Q 3, P x P ;'l3 Kt x"p", PQ2 + Lilienthal Lovenfisch, Moscow, 1936.
; .

;

H R-Q Kt
;

'l

Kt
9

Alekhine

P-K B 4,_B-R 3

Q

Bogoljuboff Flohr, Nottingham, 1936. Also r"* v "c> is 6 Kt -*ki.v, B x B ch ; 7 * Kt 5, 4^ ^\ jj uii / strong *O Q 2 . 9 ft T3 3, P Q R 3 ; 1 /\ Kt /-\ 6, Q ; Q B Q "D^r\T>O. 10 trj. Q r* r\
, ;

10

Nimzovitch, San Remo,

Kt-B 3, Kt-Q

2 1930.

;

l'l>-Q R ^

'O 8 P QxB, B 3 (8 PxP B 2 + ), P Q Kt 3If better O Kt <f

I

Kt-Q B 3

(

;

12

P-Ql^ ^
P
Kt
3,

:

Berlin,

(w) 5

(/)

L. Steiner
.

. ,

PxP

;

G. Koshnitzky, Perth, 1937. 6 Kt Kt 5, B x B ch ; 7 Q x B,

Kt

QB

3

8

KtK B 3

P

Tt

q

Lt?.%!^"^,tStfe9^-^^
(o)

Lasker

Bogatyrchuk, Moscow, 1935. 1

FRENCH DEFENCE
p
16
3

K 4, P K
17

3

;

2

P

Q 4, P Q 4
18

;

3

Kt

Q B 3.
20

19

4
5

Kt K PxP P QR3 B K2

(B

Kt

5 ).. 2 ...

6
7 8

KtxP
B K 3 (b) Kt B 3 KKt B3
Kt3

Kt-QB 3 !(a)

9 10
11

00 Kt
P

B K2
B

QKt3

Kt2 00

12 13

Q2 QR-Qii KR Q
Q

Q-Q2

KB3 ,P QR3(/) B K Kt 5 B x Kt ch PxP BxKt .KtxP PxB B K2 PxP B X Kt ch QxB(f) KtxP BxKt KtxB Q-Kt 4 BXB Kt QB 3 (d) Kt K B 3 Q-Qi Kt K B 3 Kt B Q Kt 5 QxKtP Kt Q 2 K Kt K 2 R Kt Kt-Q 2 P B3 B Q3 O O Q-R6 B K2 P B4 O O Q-K2 Kt K2fe) Q-K2 BxKt Q B2 P-B 4 KtxB Q Kt-Q 2 P QB 4 PxP Kt Kt 3 PXP P Q5 KtxP BxP PxP B Kt 5 ch KtxB Q-K 3 QXP Kt Q 4 Kt Q 5 Q R 4 ch B Q2 P-B 3 BxBch B Kts QxP KtxB KtxP QxKt QxQ
Kt
i
ffi
!

KtxQ Kt K 3
;

(e)

00=
;
. .

00

(;)

K B 3 ; 7 K Kt B 3, Q Kt Q 2? 8 B K B 4, (a) More accurate than 6. ., Kt KtxKt (better Kt Q 4) 9 KtxKt. Kt B 3 10 B Q3, O Lasker11 KtxKtch, P Q B 3, Q Q 4 ; 13 Q K 2, P B 3 ; 14 O Capablanca, BxKt 12 Moscow, K 4 8 P Q 5, Kt Q 5 9 K Kt B 3 1935^ Kt 4 ? is best met by 7 , P K B4;10PxP,BxBP;Il B K 3= ; (not 9 Kt x Kt, Q x P 10 Q B 3, P x Kt !), P P KR4; 10 PxP, P KB4; 11 Kt Kt3=. Weak is 7. ., P Q Kt 3 ; of 9 Kt 5, O 8B~Kt2, B Kt2; 9 P Q B 3, Kt B 3 10 K Kt Kt 3, 7th O ? 11 P 1935. match game, Alekhine Euwe, KtxKt; 12KtxKt,K Rl; 13 Q Euwe. 5th match game, 1935. {c\ Alekhine KB4: 7 P B3! gives White a powerful attack: 7 P B 3 It 6.., P 9 Q Q 2, Kt B 3 ; 8 B KKt 5, O O (weaker is 7 B Q B 4, Kt K B 3 1 924) x Seitz, K R 1 1 1 P y\ B n fP-\.\ P f\12 P x P.O Mar6czytr Tj o ^ Gyor,^nKl. P x P ; 3, w v/ H~ _ *_^ * /^ rrj. IT n .A/ A O
;

;

;

j

.

;

;

;

R5.
;
.

;

;

M

10000,
R*

;

;

,,

* ;

,

,

i

1

/

.

'

Kt ?"T3"Q R 4, B Q 2 f 14 B K~Kt 5+ +. Alekhine Nimzovitch, Bled, 1931. R4 = Lasker Kan, Moscow, 1936. if) 14 B Warmly recommended by Alekhine. Other possibilities are: (1) 4 Q Kt4, 6 P-Q 7B-Q2,PxP; Kt CB3(4. ,K Bl; 5 P K 5, P-Q B 4 Kt3 7 R 3, Q-R 4 B 4 Kt 1 6 Q R 67 R (better than Q K 3, P Q 5 Qx P, R P= Kt x P 9 Q x P, P Q B 4 10 Q K 5 ch+ or 7 P K 4 8 B Q 2, PxQP; p K B 4 9 Kt K 2, P B 4 10 B x Kt + Alekhine Euwe, 9th match ) 3 Kt Kt 5 9 Q Q 3, Kt Q B| + (Alekhfne). (2) 4 B Q 3, 8 B-6 2, 1935) 8 B Q 3, 7 P x B, Kt K B 3 6 P Q R 3, B x Kt ch 5 B x P P -Q B 4 9Kt B3.QKt Q2; M O 0, 5? Q Kt 3 11 Q K 2,B-Kt 2; 12 Kt K 5, *"

M
,,
'

.

;

;

)

;

;

!

;

. ,

;

'

:

;

.

;

;

;

;

;

' >'.

_

^

*,

"i

.._

T\_

.1.^

rs_v_

;

j

-ifioc

still

Drefere'vVhiYe's" game.' prefers>"*

"The column" i"s Aleklme
7 11

9 Q Q2, P B4; 10 PxP, Q R 4 ; Tartakover, Vienna, 1922. Maroczy, Gothenburg, 1920. (j) Tartakover Kt Q2; 8 P K B 4 !, P QKtS 8.., 7 p 3 9 11 3, ) ; 2, B-Kt 2 P-Q Kt 3l if Kt K2 K2 12 O O O, B 11 B Kt2*

6KtxP,P-KB4;

Kt-Q B 3, B-Kt 2 8Kt-B3,O-O; Alekhine Kt QKtS, QxQch =
;
.

Euwe,' 3rd match game, 1935.

m
(7)
-

QB3

B-k

00;
;

;

B-B

10 8B-Q3, P B41; 9PxP, KtxP;x P 14 R Q Kt 1, R x B 15 13 Kt-R 6, B 12 Kt x Kt, R-Q 4 18 TCt R 6 draws. 16 K K2,1ixR; 17RxR, R Kt .^6ch;
'

R-Q Kt 10 B-Kt 5, = AleKhme Landau, B-Kt 5 ch, K-K 2 U Q x h.
1
;
.
'

O-B

B K2

;

9

Q

Kt

3,

;

Q

;

;

Kt

B

/

,

1

;

(m) Alekhine

Petrov, Warsaw, 1935.

(a)

Euwe
1

15

Kt
(b)

K KtS, Q
,

Flohr,

2nd match game, 1932.
16

Q3;
;

P

B4 +

.

14..,
;

Black now continued 14. K B1? O would have made White's
,

advantage

negligible.

P-K B 4
Q

8

Q
14

B2>
Q

11
.

R5 +
Kt

K2, P

. Alekhme, Bled, 1931. Flohr, Ujpest, 1934, 5 6 B x B (6 Ktx Kt, B x B ; 7 Ktx B, Q x Kt ; 8 Kt B3 10 B Q K2; 9 P B3, P B ; 7 Ktx Kt, Q 3, Kt B 3 ), 8 2 KtS ; 9 2 ; 10 Kt 3, B 4 ; 11 B Kt 2 . Flohr Alekhine, Bled, 1931. (/) Alekhine's Attack, sometimes also called Chatard's or Albin-Chatard's Attack Kt 3, P 10 B Or) Or 8. Q R3; 9 P Kt 3 , **r B4* o *, Q 3, P P QKt3; 12 Q 13 O 2, P +. Kt Bl; 10 Q Kt 4, P B 4 ; 11 (A) Or 9 12 O e.p., O, P B3; 13 R Kl, + . Alekhine Fahrni, Mannheim, 1914. Q 1 ; 14 4 A game won by Bogoljuboff. *) 14 Q B 1 ; 15 B If 7 Kt B1 ; 9 KtS, 8Kt-Q6ch, 10 KtxB, if) t5 1 2 13 6, 4 B 1 +. ' A 1 P; I it Kt 5, R and Rett. Analysis T5 * Breyer rrj. r _ 1_ Tr On +7 Q - ^ Kt 4. Kt by f\ A w Q 3 _ is If'o O O -r% ^ *. iSL Black's Viai?<f i-A^lv. ~8 B ., "O TS <> Kt 5 ch best'reply B It

13

K

(c)

Bogoljuboff Safer than 11 P ,
1,

P-Q B 4
K

;

Kt B 3, P Q B 3 9 P K Kt 3, Kt Q 2 10 B Kt 2, QKt 4; 12 Kt K 5, B Kt2; 13 O O b, Kt Kt 3 Alekhine, 18th match game, 1929. Q R3 (White's B was at Q3) 12 K R K 1, Kt Q 2: W 14 Px P Asztalos
; '
;

'

'

(d) L. Stemer () If 5 , Kt

,

Q-K P-Q
,

QB4; 0-0-0, B-Kt

P-K

=

Qx

P-Q

PxKt

,

,

-h

.

K K QB3; HP QR4; K PxP PxP: O K R R6 K K PxP; BxBch.QxB; KKtxP Kt-Q R-Ql,.Kt-QB3; T Q2 QX B

K

!

.

;

130 -0-0,P-Q

1 1 11

w

Mofc7w
(m)
(n)

v \^, Kt B t z jtvi 1> i>, i3 u^ 0-0, jc\i jo 4 12Kt-B3, B-Q2 R3 B 1 13 B ~~^ 3' Kt kt 3
; i
i

9r

'

~

''

13P ia Kt B 3 R O ^ ~ Q Kt B5I + 5 Lo^^-M Ji Menchik,
;

,

,10

,

Q

Kt

'

jf

JtJ

5

!

)

:

11

1

Rumin Stahlberg, Moscow, 1935. Or9 ,PxP, 10KtxR,P B3, 11 Kt B7,PxP: 12 Kt Kt 5 and now not 13 Kt x P, P x Kt 14 Q x P, Kt Q B 3 15 Q~Q 2, Kt " .._._. _.., Ostrau 1933),butl3Kt-R7,^ KtSch; 14Q-532" 2. Q Q 1 followed by B 6 14 Ktx P was also strong. Rumin QLilienthal, Moscow, 1935.
; ;
) s

'

R3'

FRENCH DEFENCE

67

,P Q R 3 7 Q Kt 4, B x B (better K B 1) ; (A Inferior alternatives are -(1)6 8Px B, P K Kt 3 9 B Q 3, Q K 2 10 Kt B 3, P Q B 4 II P x P, Kt Q B 3 Q2 12 O -O O 0. Ktx B P 13 Q K B 4, B g 2- 14 R R 6 + Bogoljiuboff Mar6c/y Bogolj A San Remo, 1930. (2)6 .,O O 7 B Q 3, P Q B 4 8 Kt R 3, R p B4; 10 Kt Q6 + BogoljubofF Spielmann, Vienna. 1922. P Kt3?; 8PxP!, PxQ: 9PxB-f): RSch, K B (7 (B) On 7 Q 10 PxP, Q Kt Q 2 11 O 6 0, KtxP; 8 PxP, KtxP; 9 Q B3, P B 4 Black has satisfactory counter-play. V2 Kt R3, B Q2: 13 Q K 3, R B
A.)
;
;

;

;

;

;

;

.

t

:

;

.

1

!

.,

;

;

1

C. H.

Alexander

and Yudovitch,

by the Russian analysts Belavenetz is 7 Q R 5, e.g. 7. , P Q R 3 8 B Q 3, P B 4 ; 9 KtxP!, K 6, Q K2; 12 O O O, Qx K P; 13 Kt B 3, 10 PxB, PxKt; IIP with a strong attack. B 4, Px P 10 B x P, Kt Q B 3 ; 11 Kt B 3, Q R 4 ; 12 R R 3> (6) If 9 P p__R4 :p. Bogoljuboff Mar6czy, Bled, 1931. (c) Dubinin Rabinovitch, Leningrad, 1934. 8 5 ch, K B 1 ; 9 R R 3, PxP; (tl) Alekhme gives 7.., PxB; B 3 ch, Kt B 3 ; 11 Kt R 3, Q K 1 ; 12 Q x P (R 4), K Kt 1 ; 13 P x Kt, 10 R with at least a draw. BxP; 14 R x B, PxR: 15 () Best is 9 K P x P, Kt x P ; 10 B x Kt, BxB; 11 (Crakanthorp Purdy> 1927), when Black's uncomfortable K position may still occasion him difficulties. Kt 6 ch,Px Kt 14 Qx Rch, K B 2 ; (/) There is no good continuation, *.. 13 Kt
(a)
;

An

T. H. Tylor, Brighton, 1938. interesting possibility, recommended

BxB!;

;

QR

QxBP

PxP

;

15Q_R7 QxB!;
Or)

16

Continued 15
18
Tiflis,

K

PxQ, P
K2, P

QxKt;
14

QxQ, Kt B3j
Q
2,
=F-

Yudovitch,

1937. (*) Superior to 1 1 B

Q

B

1,

4 =F. 15 PxP, Q R B 1 ; 16 P Q R 3, Kt L. Sterner Lilienthal, Ujpest, 1934. Lilienthal, Moscow, 1936. (/) Lasker Kt 2, Kt Kt 3 14 K R K 1, 13 B (m)ll ,QxP; 12 O O-O, P Rubinstein LSvenfisrh, Carlsbad, 1911. Kt B5; 15 Q 16 Kt K 2, B Kt 5 ; 17 O O O, Q R Q 1 ; R1 (n) 15 BxKt<h, K 18 P B4, Kt KtS; 19 P Q R 3, KtxB. L. Stemer Stahlberg, Ujpest, 1934.
(k)

12

(/) 8P Q PxP, QxP;

(0 Panoff

BQ3

Yates

Q R5ch, K Q x B P 12 Kt B 4, O O Maroczy, New York, 1924.
19
;

R7+ +. R8 = Q;

16 Kt

Kt6ch, K B2j 17 Kt Kt 1 and Black won.
;

RSch,
Panoff
-

13

Q K 2,
II

Kt

Q5

;

Belavenet7,, Tiflis, 1937. R4, P Q R3; 9 P R 5,

13

B

Not 14

KtK3, PxP;

Q3, Kt

B3 =

PxKt; lOPxKt, RxR;

QxR,

O!:

.

R

B2.

QR3;

;

;

68
i

FRENCH DEFENCE
K4
,

P

P

K3

;

2

P Q4. P Q4; 4 B KKt5.

Bs, Kt

KB3

;

13

1936.

KtQ
;

(a)

Or 9
2,

,

P

QxP

;

10

KKt3;
17
is

Q Q 4,
14

Kt

KtQ B 3 K2.

;

II Q x Q, Ktx Q Konstantmopolsky

;

12

B
;

Q 3, K
,

K2

;

Lihenthal

Moscow

*

Or 9 Kt x Kt
16

B
(b)

Kt QB3; lp Kt K2, QxP; 11 Q Q 2, P 13 Kt x Kt, Kt Kt 3 ; 14 P Q Kt 3, B Q 2
,

Q

3,

Black's

00Kt
;

O

O

;

.

Ehskases

Q Kt4 12 Q Kt Q 4, 15 Q K 3, R Q B 1
'

(c) Kan KtxBP; 11 B Q 3, P B 3 12 PxP QxPId) If instead 10 PxP, 13P KKt 3 (Capablanca Re" ti, New York, 1924) and now 13 ., KtxBch; 14PxKt' P K4; 15 O O, B R6; followed by Q 1 = (Alekhine). Kt 5, Q Kt 5 (*) Betterll.., KtxBP; 12B Q 3, PxP; 13 but after
;

more valuable than White's Lilientbal, Moscow, 1936.

Stahlberg, Podebrady, 1936. B in this position.

RK
;

Thomas

KtxQP White retains the upper hand. 13 Kt B 4 14 B Kt 2, B Q 2 15 K B 16 Ktx Kt 1, Q R RxKt; 17BxP!. Stahlberg Keres, Kemeri, 1937. PKB3; 9 Lasker KtxP; 10 B Q3, Kt B3: 11 Kt K B 3 PxP, (e) Or 8. P K 4 12 Px P, Kt x P=. Ehskases, Moscow, 1936. KtS; 14 P K Kt3, Kt B 4 15QxQ=. Sir G A (A) Correct is 13 Q PxP, * *
14 Q
(/)
, ;

KtQ

;

RK

1

;

,

;

;

Q

R

(i)

T
5

Lilientbal, Ujpest, 1934.

18 Kt
C;')

B Q 3, P B 4 8 P K 5, B K 2- 9 Px P Kt 2 .#., BxP(BS); 12 Q-Q 2, Ktx P *. Foltysy Keres, Prague, 1937, P K Kt 3 e.g. 10 Q R 3. Kt B 3 II P R 4 (k) A sound alternative is 9 BxP, 12 Kt B3, P-B3I; 13Q-R6, R B2; 14 PxP, QxP; 15 Kt 3 B R6' + Charousek Mar6czy, 1897.
6 Kt

^

o,

^

ju

v
?,

t

ACT

B

3

O

u O

x> A, ivt

A

jvi.

uu

-,

*\j jo
;

x

r\

t,

xxt

j\ *,

oui JDiacKsnouid win
'

;

7

:

10P-KR4, P-KB4;
.

II

PxP
.

,

:

PK
9

(/)

Richter

(m)
(*)
(o)

The
Or 8

Stahlberg, Zoppot, 1935. McCutcheon Variation.
,

White's attack was successful

(0) Continued 14 Kt Capablanca Alekhine, New by B Kt 2 and O O O.

KKt4 = Capablanca 9 Q-Q 2, B-Kt 2 Q KB4; 12000,000 = Capablanca
Kt
KtS;
10

Simpler is 6

Px B

;

7

Kt

Q

Q

2,
.

Q

QR

4

;

8

K

Kt

Kt-B 3, P-Kt 3

Kt3, Q

K 2, KtQ 2

2 ; 11 ; 4 . Znosko-Borovsky, 1913. B 3, P B 4 ; 15 B K 2, R Kt 1 16 O O -t York, 1924. Tarrasch suggests 10.., P Q Kt3 followed
;

Bogoljuboff, 10 2,

B-K

New York

Kt

B

1

Kt-Q

P-B

1924

K

FRENCH DEFENCE
P K 4, P K 3
;

69
Q B 3, Kt

2

P Q 4, P Q 4

I

3

Kt

KB 3.

^ ^^"S^^^^S^KR^
K
P _B 5

9 B-Q 3, 8 P-B4, P~Q B 4 P-B 5, Q-K 2 12P-B6, Px P 13 B R 5 db. P-QB4; 10 R^R 3, Kt-QB3; KxKt/P-BS; 13 B K2, Kt-K 2 14 Q-B 4, B-Q 2 n B-QsTktxB; Yates Znosko-Borovsky, Cheltenham, 1928. R5. 15 B 10 Q-Kt4ch: 11 QxQ PxQ; 12 P-K B 4, PxP; (*) Inferior is KB Bogatyrchuk Zubareflf, Moscow, 1925. 13 R Q R4- 13 BxP + EuweBogoljubofE, Budapest, 1921. After () If 12 th< ,3. B-Q2; 4 .p pc, safe. Yates Kmoch, Kecskemet, ?9 RB4 OxKP- 20 Kt^-B3 Q Q 3 and Black 14 B x P ?, at a loss for a good continuation, for te After the text-move White 1927 17 QxR, QxPch + -h, 16 Q-B 6 ch, K-B 2 PxB- 15 QxKtPch, K-Ql; 15 K Ktx K P + There remains the game Q 1, K 2, 'Ql~Kt 5 ch while 14 Kt 15 Q-B'4, 0-0-0; 16 P-Kt4, Q-KtSch 17 * B x B 8 Kt x P, O-O 9 Q-Q 3, P-K 4 for Black is 7

K lOB-Kt 6

;

1,

kt-kt 8

;

11

;

;

1*2

;

;

,

1

.

.

-ch'if

,

Is

t

is

if

;

:

.

;

.

.

,

;

;

;

,

Q
A

12K
P

8 Kt Q 6 ch, B x Kt Kt Q B 3 Q x Q, Kt x Q 12 B-QKt5, B-Q 2 OxlaP BxP1923. Kt-K5+ Bogoljuboff-kai, Mtoisch-Ostrau, 11 Px P, B-Kt 5ch ; 13 K 1 Sft-B3 Px P (irBetterthan9P-Kl!t3 PxQP; 10 B Px P,
7

Vl2 Kt Kt3 g) ?"^^to fupj^hS PxP vt Ktsia unsound
.

Q~Kt

Q 2 10 Q Q 2, B Lasker-Rcti, New Vork, 1924.
B
3,

B

Q3

;

1

37

'

QP

The
11

Kt

K B 3,
14

Gledhill Attack, 5
;

Q-Kt 4,

.
;

10

.

ktxBf &-B3:
J
f

;

;

Maroczy, London, 1923.
n
IlS
!

B2,O

0;

13

B

K3, Kt

(Q

2)

xP

;

^B Px Kt, Rx Ktchl-f
4
f

;

+. Whitehead

(m) Inferior
10
I
=

j~7

^txB
&
;

P

;

S^P

Q Kt

Kt
;

Q2

;

9

B

Q

3,

P

QR4

;

('A)

After 8

B^Q^T&Tx B ^'Q x Kt^ P" Q B 4

White's weak Pawn-position is a

great handicap for the endgame.

FRENCH DEFENCE
i

P

K4 p K3
,

;

2

p Q4

,

P-Q 4

.

(A) 4.., (B)

Alekhme
._, (a)
.

Q -B 2 9Kt-Kt3, B2,
12

Qx P! equalises more easily for Black. 10K-B 1,B-K2; 11 P-Q R 3, Kt-B (betterisP-Q R4); 12P-QKt4! W.t4i Capablanca, Avro, 1938. J KKt 5 JX J\t X> O, Kt B3, JM QB3; 6 B Kt 5, Q K 2 ch 7 B K 2, PxP- 8 O O X 9 Kt Kt 3. B O 3 in o T?t v P P_r> p o n /V vl rf ir? V^r
1

B

Kt

2,

0-0
Kt

R

;

,

;

3

.

'i

i

;

13
is

Kt x Kt, P x Kt
7

;

Kt 3

>

,

14

Kt-K

'

2

o, 1938.

(c)

More
10

precise

BxP?;

Kt_3 L

should reply 'o , KtxP and continue as 9. the text. oninued 14 R-Q1,KR-Q1; 15 R-Kt 1, Q W) Continu 1 16 1 and the game was eventually drawn. Flohr Botvmnik, 8th match game

T

BxBch, KtxB 8 Px P, Qx Qch 9 Ktx for if B Kt 3 11 Q 4 K Kt B3- 12 B iltSA tl; H B ~ R4 (Kan-BondarLky!^lF^^^^^
;

rl'

m

J

R-B

;

K-B

P-Q R 3
19,33

(A1

eT^oFuL
Yudovitch

Alatorzeff, Leningrad, 1934.
.

oo W

Q

--Ba.fe^'L^e^
(A)

Nimzovitch

Rubinstein, Carlsbad, 1911

oKtkt
PQ

R

_k,'
"

Kt3,

KKt K2;

9

O-O Q-Kt3
.

R;

r
KXP;10
(w)

RxQp Caneoa Alekhme,

Syracuse, 1934).

Montevideo, 1938

FRENCH DEFENCE
i

P K4 P
,

P x P 5 Q x P, Kt- Q B 3 (or 5 ... alternatives for Black are (1) 4 B Q 3, K Kt B 3 7 Q K B 4, Kt Q 2 8 OO, P B 3 9 P x P, 2= 6 Q Petrov Opocensky, Podebrady, 1936) K B4. Qx P 10 Kt B 3, B K Q 3, K Kt K 2 8 00, Kt Kt 3 9 Q Kt 3, B K 2 10 R K 1, 7 B j5__B 4 P Q R4 13 Kt Kt 3, Kt R 3 =F12 Q Kt Kt Kt 1 Q 2, OO: 11 P QR3, Kt K 2 5 P x P, K Kt B 3 6 B K B 4, Keres Euwe, Zandvoort, 936. (2) 4 8 P Q Kt 4, P QR4; 9 P B 4, RPxP; Kt 02; 7 P QR3, Q B 2
(a)
;

Good
;

:

.

.

,

;

Kt

K2

6

;

;

;

.

,

;

;

;

;

;

1

.

.

,

;

;

10BPxfc,KPxP; HQxP.KtxBP; 12 Kt Q4, Ktx Kt; 13 Qx Kt, Kt K3 ; 14 Q 6 2, B B 4 + Keres Stahlberg, Dresden, 1936. K Kt K 2 7 B K B 4, Kt Kt 3 8 B Kt 3, B K 2 9 R K 1, (6) If 6
.
. ,

;

Q
13

p

Kt3;
(c)

10

KR4
T

Q Kt Q
.

2,

B

;

;

Q

2

;

11

Keres

Hasenfuss,

Kt Kt 3, Q R Kemen, 1937.

B

1

;

12

P Q R3, P

;

Q B 3;

Alekhine

Euwe,
J?

Nottingham, 1936.

(d)

JN.' Vrf. vxruuiu JC.. iviai;uuu*j.u, i?^a. _ ^A; w K 2, B Q 3 ; 6 5 B ; Q B2; 9 P Q B 3, 8 P 08413=. Nimzovitch 3, P Capablanca, San Sebastian, 1911. Kt 3: 7 B Kt 2, PxP; 8 PxP, 3, 4; 6 (e) Inferior is 5.., Kt B 3 ; 11 P QR3!, Kt Q 5 ; Kt Kt5; 9 Kt R 3, B R 3 10 Kt B 4, K 3 . Keres Mikenas, Kemen, 1937. 12 Kt x Kt, Q x Kt ; 13 P x Kt, B x Kt ; 14 Q , "i Selesnieff, Pistyan, 1922. (/) Tartakover ~ (Kt 4 ... Q -R5 was preferable. 1 ; 15 Q Q 2. 13 P Kl, Kt 3, Kt B3; 14 {{) 12../V- K2; Tartakover Fine, Kemeri, 1937. Tartakover's Attack. The column is J. S. Morrison Nimzovitch, London, 1927. 5 Kt x P, B B 3=j, 3r 3 B Kt 2, P x P ; 4 B x P (if 4 Kt Q B 3, B Q 2 8 2, B ; Q 3 ; 7 Q Kt B 3, 3, Kt "K B 3 : 5 B Kt 2, Kt B 3 ; 6 Kt Kt Q5 . Tartakover Colle, Kecskemet, 1927. p K4; 9 P Better P Q B 4 (Tartakover). 3 ; 8 B Kt 2, Kt 4 !, P f; 6 5 Q Kt Q 2 ; 7 . Reti Maroczy, Gothenburg, 1920. 9 p K R4 <, ; (m) Spielmann Grau, San Remo, 1930.

Kt7 Q
7

..

U,

O

\J

',

O

\Z

*

.

3

K t 6 2,
R

P

Kl, K Kt

QB

4

;

4

K Kt B 3, Kt Q B 3

K2;

OO;

R

00,

PQ

,

PQ PQ K

R

;

KB

R

K

!

;

KR3,

=

K

OO PQ

B-K

0-00,

P-K

KR

GIUOCO PIANO
classical opening, favoured by the early Italian the principles underlying correct development in the players, Modern Open Game still find their best illustrations.

IN

this

innovations have so extended
in fine gradations of style

its

scope that

it

now

ranges

from the Pianissimo (col 15) to Max Lange and impetuous Evans Gambit, the powerful which are treated as different openings on pp. 106 and 42 JB 3, followed respectively. The variations arising from 4 P to 22), require to be met with considerby P Q4 (cols. I able care, White obtaining an immediate and enduring
attack owing to his great control of the centre. three replies at his disposal
:

Black has

(i)

4...,

Kt

63

Attack

(cols, i to 7)

The sparkling Moller (cols. I to 15). has received some recent tests, notably

by Keres. His analysis confirms the opinion previously held that Black's defensive resources are adequate, and that the variation is a draw with best play. In the difficult line
in col. 6 Black

Greco's original position. variation, dating back to 1619, has been modified by Dr. Bernstein's analysis- (col. 9, note and can be (&))

cost of an exceedingly

manages to keep cramped

the

Pawn, but only

at the

recommended as a simple equalising line for the second White need not necessarily sacrifice the Pawn, player. as cols, ii and 12 show, this safer line leads to an but, early draw. The Cracow Variation has been little tested in master-play; in col. 13 Black shows to advantage. The
Pianissimo
(col.

15) promises

little

for White.

(ii)

4...,

P Q3

(cols.
is

16 to

19)

is

inferior,

since

White's grip on the centre

too strong.

GIUOCO PIANO
(iii) 4...,

73

to 22),

B Kt3, followed by 5..., Q K2 (cols. 20 an old defence reintroduced to tournament practice Its object is to maintain Black's by Alekhine in 1923. Pawn at K4, but recent games indicate that the manoeuvre costs too much time and that White can build up a powerful
attacking position.

In the old Piano form (cols. 24 to 30) White has the choice of two varying systems of development. The posting of his Bishop at (cols. 25 and 26) leads to symmetrical

K$

positions,
tive

where Black's chances are superior.
is

The

alterna-

system

the Canal Variation (cols. 27 to 30), which is

much

Here White exchanges his Queen's Bishop stronger. for the Black King's Knight with a view to establishing a

strong Pawn-centre.
is

Capablanca's improvement in col. 28 an important strengthening of the attack, and Black would do well to adopt one of the alternatives in note i/).

74
i

GIUOCO PIANO
;

P K 4, P K 4

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B B 4. B B 4-

1112 B K Kt 5, Kt Kt 3 (better than 12 P Q 3, transposing into col. 3). White should transpose into col. 4 by 12 P K Kt 4, P Q 3 ; 13 P Kt 5. B4, P Q4!; 14 B x P, KtxB; 15 Q x Kt, P Q 3 16 BxP, (c) If 13 B B K 3 =F- 13 ., P Q 4 is also a satisfactory reply to 13 B K Kt 5. Q3>, 15 Kt Kt5, BxKt; 16 BxB, Q B2; 17 Q Q3 B 02(d) 14.. ,P ' 19 B B 4 + 18 P K Kt 4 i, P K R 3 Rydberg Jensen, Gothenburg 1910 (e) The Therkatz Variation. This position has received a great deal of attention from analysts but no (/) conclusive win for either side has as yet been established. The text is a recent innovation due to Keres. The best lines in the alternative variations, including some traps which must De avoided, are K 2, R K 1 ; 18 R K 1, K-~B 1 19 B Kt 5 (1) 17 B P_B3; 20R K6,PxB; 21 R B 6 ch,Px R;n 22in-n R -n ch,^K-~B 2 23 O R /.. ch 6 Q J___-U._ **..^1 ^**1. tn\irtr\ T n -v tr ft ^ -....'-'*_ * v 7 v "
!
.

(a) (b)

The Moller Attack.

,

;

;

.

.

ra K R
v

QxE

Q

B

Q
21
(4)

17

B1 27 Q Kt'5ch + KeresT Sachsenmaier/ PxBch, RxP; 22 BxRch, KxB; 23 QxKtch,
;

'

.

OQ

P-B3; T3

P-K Kt 3 Q-K
?,

1

20

T?

V+

R

B

(but not 17

6 ch
1

!,

17+

0/1

PxR; C 21 vl -O
r>

Q-B 3 with a R-K K-B likely drai 9 R-K 2 Q R 6 ch/KB r>/ 22 Q-R 7 ch K B ^tJ- o ^ ,,.* ^ Cn " "
.

correspondence' *oo-a-i
1,
1

,

R-K
-i.

1 ?

;

18
YJ.

;

'

.

!-K 2!!;'
te)

23

The only

QxKtch, K-Ktf;

24 3, defence, but a sufficient one. If

fib. ^^-B^la P -|
^
W
a
ai

K

?^1-,5^s;ih. K m ^,
v.i,
A

ti?. \\ R
-,..-. v..

^ ^iS^;^^?^&^S
R-R
Q-B 3 V +
e.g.
'

.

*-=<.
R
K
1

p

17..

B

O

2

18

i

I' x

p-fe- ^
If
if

I'

Fi

;

f

,,

"

while

he ^ e 2Q Q-.R 5 ch Kt~K* 20 ., P Kt3; 21 Q E

^

Schlechter's

p ? 4; ^.Q9 4here B4; S analvsis en ds
'

"Bayonet Attack."

attack.

19 B (A. Ritzen, 1924). as in Black's favour, but White retains a strong

R3

GIUOCO PIANO
i

75
;

P K 4, P K 4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

KtQ B 3

3

B B 4, B B 4.

K
17 19

KtQ Kt R4
R
(c)

K2, KtxKtch; 11 PxKt, B B 3 12 Px Kt, P O 3 13 P B 4,. (a) If 10 Q 6 =F is best for Black. If (10QK2), O O 11 PxB, Ktx B (11 ., KtxKtch: 15 P )xKt, Q R5; 13 R K 1, KtxKBP; 14 B B 4, Kt Kt 5 Q 6^ K Kt 3, Q R 4 17 R K 5 + Znosko-Borovsky Freymann, 1907) J B 3 16 B >xQKt, Kt Q^3; 13 Q Q 4, Kt K 1 14 B Kt 5, P KB 3; 15 B B 4,. j 3 16 Q R Kt 1 i. 14 R K 1 ch^ (b) 11.,, Q Kt Q3?; 12 QxKtP, Q B3; 13 Q x Q, Kt x Q B 16 R K 5, K Kt K5 (16 15 B R6ch, K Kt 1 Q Kt K ;> 2, P Q3; 18 KtxKt + ); 17 R K 1, P K B 3 18 R K 7, P Kt3;
;
; ;

;

;

;

!

;.

;

;

;

1

;

;

,

;

;

15

or
14

12 QxKtP??, R Bl; 13 B Kt5, KtxB; 14 KtxKt, Q 1 + + Schlechter Lasker, London, 1899. -K 1 ch, Black's position is quite solid. 9 ., Kt R4 + 12 Q ) R4; 10 B Q 3, P K B 4 ; 11 PxB, Kt Q3; 12 B Q 3, B-~Kt3; K< 10 ., O 0; 11 11 Q R 4, B Kt3; 12 BxPch, 10. 13 QxKt, Q

+

.

KQ

B3;
.

.

(d)

,

Kt

Kt5ch++.

QPxP;

QQ5,
If

00;

KxB;

BxPch++
Q4j
Kt5^
12

(8)

Steimtz's Variation.

10

B Q 3, O

0;

11

BxKt, PxB;

Kt

{4 "n .,P B4; 12 Kt Q2, K B2; 13 Ktx Kt, Fx Kt ; Q Stein itz-Lasker, 1st match game, 1896. The text is simpler, however. match Lasker, 3rd ~ ~ (%) Stemitz game, 1896. ~ -- -Q4; 10 PxB, PxB;~ 11 "P KtS, Kt K 2 12 B R 3, B (/) 9.., P " "' 14 K R KI, B K3; 15 Kt 15 P p Kt6,

HRxP,

B3L
K3?
PxP;
Kt 5,

,

.

;

>

and Neumann

QR3;

Alapin and Hamlisch^

consultation, 1900. B1; 10 . , B x R is fatal : 11 B x P ch, (k) Dr. O. S- Bernstein's Variation. 2 13 R K 1. 12 B K Kt 5, Kt K 1, O ; 14 B R 3, 2 ; 12 P Q 5, Kt 13 R (1) Or 11 QxB, KtxP: 15 QxP, Kt Kt3; 16 Q K 2, P Q B 3 . Analysis by Bernstein, 1922. R3?, KtxP!; 15 Kt x Kt, B x Kt; 16 R K 1> (m) 13 B Q Spielmann Eliskases, 1st match game, 1936-37. (n) Analysis by Tartakover in Die Hypermoderne Schachpartic.
.

B3++.

K PxB; BxR; HBxR,
;

K

K

=

GIUOCO PIANO
i

P K 4, P

K4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B B 4, B B 4.

10
(*)

13

P

QR
17

4,

?8

ia(c)

Kt

~Q B5

Kt 3
'

B "~ BI

;

14

Q
^

R 3, B
Tarrascll

-C a pablanca,
?
;

K3; ISP R5 Q
San

B 2 16Kt-^K4 ' Sebastian?

Tarrasch
16 Kt

(d)

~

Q3, B

Rubinstein, Berlin, 1918. Kt2 (if 16 B K3
,

17 RxB! + ~Kt3=. P.
.

Tartakover)

(/)

The Cracow Variation.

Martin, correspondence.

-A^ PxB, 100
;

- :t

O,

PB3;

~ K 5;
11

8
in

B

KtxP (if K 3, B Q

8

PxP, B~f
,

2 (or 11

Q-

(k)
(1)

Analysis

by Tartakover

The Giuoco Pianissimo,

Die Hypermoderne Schachpartie.

GIUOCO PIANO
i

77
;

P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

KB 3,

Kt

QB3

3

B B 4, B B 4.

(a)

4..,

Q
12

K2j
Kt

5

PQ
;

4,

B

KR K1
1908.

(M 8

B
;

K 3,
Kt

B3 Q 2, B

9

KR4

B

Kt 3 Kt 3,
;

13

QK P B

!

transposes into cols. 21 and 22. 2 ; 10 Q Q 3, O O O 1 1 P
;

3,

P

Q4 +
!

QR

3,

Maroczy

Perlis,

Vienna,

1913. (c) Handbuch, W) s P Q5, Kt K2; 9 B Kt5, Kt Kt3; 10 P K 5, PxP; 11 Kt K 4, 9BxPt BxB; 10 Q Q 3, O O; 11 O O, R Kl; or 8 B Q Kt 5, B Q 2 Kt 5. 5 (01 13 Kt Q 2), B Q 2 14 B 2 13 K 1, 12 K Kt B4, B Kt 3 (M. E. Goldstein J. G. Rennie, City of London (e) 15 16 Q Q Championship, 1922) Becker MattisoDKKt5; 13 Kt B 3 !, KtxB; 14 Px Kt (/) 12.., Kt

QK

;

;

PQ

;

;

2.

.

Carlsbad, 1929.
/.)

7

Kt
12

10

Kt

B K3j
(A)

Q2 + );
7..,

2 B 3, Kt B 3 (if 7 ., B Kt 5 8 B K 3, Kt B 3 9 Q Q 3, K R3; 10 P K 5, PxP; 11 B R 3, 8 O 0, Bx Kt; 9 P x B, P 14 Q R K1+. BxB, PxB; 13 Q" Kt3, Q B 1 Lovenborg
,

;

;

QK

;

;

The column
<
;

is

the

Miss-in-Baulk."
;

P-OB3;
14
(i)

Q
11
.

PQR4I +
Analysis

J2; 8 itxKt,

QR4,
PxB;

B
12

R 4 9 P Q 5, QxB, PxKt;

t

K4;
Kt

10

13

B

3,

B O Kt 5 P QR3
;

by W,

T. Pierce.

Q 3, it is no longer necessary for Black to post his Queen at 0') If 5 P can transpose into col. 15 by 5. ., P Q 3. (ft) Handbuch. 1913.

K 2,

and he

GIUOCO PIANO
P K 4, P K 4
;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt Q B 3

;

3

B B 4> B B 4

.

KKt B3;
Bosch
(i)

() 6 P

Q
10

5,

Kt

B

Q

5,

Kt 1 7 P Q 6?, QxP; KtxB; HPxKt, P B3;
;

8 12

Kt
'

QxQ, PxQ;
Q
;

2,

K K2

9

=f.

Kt R 3, Van den

Ahues, Bad Nauheim, 1936.
10

B
Q
2,

13 Q Kt 1925.
(c)

KKtS, P R3; 11 B K 3, Q Q 1 B R 2 (forestalling Kt B 4) =F, Tarrasch
!

12 B Q 3, R K 1 ; Alekhine, Baden-Baden

13 13

16 Kt x Kt
(d)

QKt Q2, Q B3;
.

14
14

Kt

Spielmann

Eliskases, 5th
;

15 Kt B 1, Kt K 3 match game, 1936-37.
;

K3, Kt

Kt4;

Q

B 2, P
BxKt;
QR4
;
,

K Kt3
8

B

R6

.

Eliskases

Griinfeld, Mahrisch-Ostrau,

1933.
(e)

4
7
P,

P~Q 4,
,

Px P
12

transposes into the Scotch Gambit.
;

11

Px

(/)

Kt

14 14 16

an end.
(h]

K 5, QPxP; (13 P (g) 11 PKt4, Kt B 3!+ A. Strautmanis L. Palau, The Hague, 1928), K Kt K 2! QxR (14 Q B3, Q K3 with Kt K 4 to follow), PxP; 15 PxP, Kt K 4 Q K B 8, P Kt 4 17 R Kt 1, Kt Kt 5 18 Kt B 3, and Black's attack is at
;

BxPch, K B 1 9 PxB', Kt B 3 Q K 6, Q K 2 = Von Feihtzsch A. QxBP; 12 Kt Q 2, Q R 6 13 Q K B 8
.
;

!

10 B ; 4, PxP; Ritzen, correspondence.

KB

;
;

;

IfKtxRP;
13

19

Ktx

KtxKt,
.

QxKt

20 B Kt5!++. Kt, P Kt 5 secures Black a draw by perpetual check;
;

but after

Q
(i )

Q
4
5

5
.

he has nothing better.
,

G. A. Thomas, City of London Championship, 1924. KR3, Kt Q R 4 7 B -Kt 3, P (m) Or 6 P
;

P Q 3 transposes into other columns. B K3, B Kt 3 (5.., P Q 3 ? 6 BxB, PxB; 7 B Kt 5, Q Q 3 8 B x Kt ch + 6 Q Kt Q 2, P Q 4 7 P x P, Kt x P 8 Q K 2, B K 3 9 O O Tartako. kover Reti, Pistyan, 1922. Or 5 B K Kt 5, P 03; 6 Q Kt Q 2, B K3; ,_~, 7 P B 3, P K R 3 R 4, Q K 2=. Sjoberg E. :ohn, Stockholm, 1912. 8 B K3, B Kt3; 8 K Rl, Kt K 2 9 P~~K R3 is much better (k) 7 B Q2, BxP; 14 Q Kt5, QxQ; 15 BxQ, B K 7. H. Jacobs Sir (I) 13 Q
(;)
;

;

)

;

;

;

-

,

;

<

;

6 Schlechter
(n)
(o)

.

,

O

;

7

P
.

K R 3, Q
Schlechter

K2

;

8

O,

B3; 8 P Q 4, PxP=. B K 3 9 B Kt 3, Q R
;

QU

Tarrasch, Berlin, 1918.

13

P

KR3

Salwe, Carlsbad, 1907.

GIUOCO PIANO
i

79
;

P K 4. P K 4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

Q B3

3

B B 4, B B 4.

11

PxP, KtxP;

12

Ktx
.

9

OBxP,
(6)

Kt 7..,O
8.,,

Kt3.

Tarrasch

O; 8O

Kt

K2;
(c)

12 P

K4 =

K R 3, Kt K 2 ; 8 P Q 4, (3) 7 P Yates, Baden-Baden, 1925. O O,B K3; 9 Kt Q 5, BxKt; 10PxB,BxB; Kostich Capablanca, match, 1919.
Kt,

Qx Kt=

PxP

j

HPxB,
K Kt 4>
Kt3
;

B KR4; 9 P B 3, R3; 10 Kt R 3, Q Q 2 B K Kt 3 14 K Kt Kt Q5; 12 BxKt, BxB; 13 Kt K Kt 1 Tartakover Rubinstein, Gothenburg, 1920. O O 15 o B4. Prokes Ahues, Hamburg, 1930. (d) 15 PxKt, P
!,
;

PK
3,

;

II

P

K2, B

.

(<s)

(/)

7

Kt
($)

The Canal Variation. Kt 6 ,, Kt QR4; 7 B Q5, Bx Kt; 8 PxB, Kt -Q
11

R4 =
B

P

B3=
.

(Bogoljuboff).
5
;

Or

6..,

B

K3;

10 KtxKt, QxKt; 2, 3, QxB. agreed. Spielmann Vidmar, San Remo, 1930. 12 B 13 BxBch, 10. , KtxKt; 11 PxB, Kt B 5 KtSch, B Q 2 (h) . Tartakover Fine, Hastings, 14 P KKtS, Kt K3; 15 PxP, 1935-36. KtxKt; 13 BxKt, PxP, B Kt3; 12 KtxB (12 (i) 11 R 3, P Q B 3=. H. Golombek R- P. Michell, Hastings, 1935-36), R P x Kt ; 14 16 B Q 3, P Q 4 ? ; 14 Kt B 3 15 Q B 3, Kt R 4 ? Kt 3, 13 Q + Grob Fine, Ostend, 1937. 3 (or 15 , B 14 B Kt3, R K 1 ; 15 Q 2; /yj 13., P KKt3; 17 P 16 Foltys Eliskases, Mahnsch-Ostrau, 1933); Canal P. Johner, Kt 3 17 K R 1, Q R Q 1 ; 18 P B 2, 16 B Carlsbad, 1929 a game which won a brilliancy prize. Kt 3, Q R 4 ch with a quick draw. Tartakover Rubinstein, Budapest, (k) 15 B 1929.
12

Draw

Q-K

K Kt

P KR

B

x Kt; 13
;

;

QxB;

QxP =

p_K

OO,

OO;

17PxP

OO

;

00,

;

,

.

BB2,

n_B3;

PK

B4.

OO,

BK

;

KB4.

(Z)

Weak.

Best

is

10..,

O

(Capablanca).

(m) Capablanca

Eliskases,

Moscow, 1936.

() CanalCapablanca,

M Tartakover

Carlsbad, 1929, Araiza, Nice, 1930.

8o

IRREGULAR AND UNUSUAL OPENINGS
define. is difficult to irregular openings Openings which in the past would without hesitation have been relegated to such a category have now become favourite

THE term

"

"

weapons of the routine-player tions arising from i P Q4

witness the countless varia-

and must to-day be called On the other hand, openings which eminently regular. formerly dominated the tournament repertory have now
disappeared almost completely. Where there may be a doubt as to the propriety of calling the lines given here irregular, their unusualness is a matter of statistics.

fication

have attempted to surmount the difficulty of classiby dividing the lines given in this section into three sub-sections: (i) Fianchetto Defences; (2) King's Knight's Openings; (2) other unusual lines of play, to which we have left the plain heading of Irregular Openings.

We

FIANCHETTO DEFENCES.
In the King's Fianchetto Defence
(cols.
I

to

3),

so

his school, it cannot frequently adopted be said that a clear advantage can be demonstrated for White at best the first player remains in control of more
;

by Amos Burn and

The Queen's Fianchetto Defence (col. 4) and Double Fianchetto (col. 5) are definitely inferior.
terrain.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.
irregular variations of these fall under two general heads, according as the development is on steady or on gambit lines. In the former case the Hungarian Defence
(cols. I to 3) is quite playable for Black,

The

who remains with

a

cramped but solid position.
(col. 4) and Alapin's tinuations for White.

Both the Inverted
(col. 5)

Hanham

Opening

are indifferent con-

IRREGULAR OPENINGS

8x

In the latter case Greco's Counter-Gambit has been new lease of life by the researches of Latvian analysts (particularly K. Behting), who maintain that the
given a

gambit

is

perfectly

sound.

quite correct, but in practical play B 4, brought into prominence 7 B

Their analysis seems to be by Black usually loses. by Sir G. A. Thomas's
still

victory with it over Tartakover at Spa, 1926 (col. 6), holds the field as White's best resource.

Queen's Pawn inadequate for Black.

The

Counter-Gambit

(col.

10)

is

IRREGULAR OPENINGS.

is

to

Under this heading Nimzovitch's Defence (cols, i to 7) by far the most important. Black's strategical object is lock the centre and undertake an attack against White's
against play and much King-side manoeuvres. In col. 2,

However, King's side. Black's Queen's side is
which
this is

White's

counter-attack

much

easier to

stronger than Black's one of the is

pioneer

games

in

this

variation,

demonstrated clearly. In col. 4 Black plays a French Defence without an early P Q 64, Nimzovitch handled this line with great virtuosity, but since his death the line
is

no longer
Cols.

seen.

8

i

Kt

KB

Opening.

and 9 show variations beginning with 3, which do not properly come under Reti's The Tenison Gambit (col. 8) is unsound.
(col. 10)

The Queen's Knight's Opening

has been trans-

ferred to the irregular openings because only two examples Cols, of its adoption have occurred in the past six years. unusual first moves for White. ii to 15 and note (m) show The Saragossa Opening is the strongest of these and has

received the enthusiastic support of the Spanish analyst Scnor Jose Juncosa. It transposes frequently into various

opening

lines,

some with the colours reversed.

IRREGULAR OPENINGS
FIANCHETTO DEFENCES

(

Kt
1921.
is

QB3

a) 3

p_Q B 3,
;

P

7

B

B 4, Q

-Q 4

KB4

;

4PxP,QxP;
;

5

Kt

B
I

3,
.

8

Q
;

Kt 3, Kt

Q

B Kt 5 6 Q Kt Q 2, Zander Carls, Hamburg,
;

V. Buerger, Anglo-American Universities cable match, 1924, (d) 13 P Q Kt3, P B4. Olland Yates, Schevenmgen, 1923.
(e)

6 B K 3, P B 3 (6 ., Kt B 3, on the lines of col. 3 KR3, 7 Q 8 B Q 3, P Q Kt 4 9 O Kt 2 0, B Q 2, R K 1 Q 1 +. Rubinstein Selesnieff, Tnberg, 1921. K 2, P B 3 7 O O, B Kt 5 8 P K R 3, B x Kt 9 Q x B, P K 4 ; (c) 6 Q 10 PxP, PxP; 11 B K Kt5, Q Kt Q2; 12 Q R Q I, Q B 2=. M. A- ^hapiro
(b) 5 P preferable)

00;
;

10

KR

;

;

;

;

;

5

Kt

14 Kt Kt 5 !, R x R ch 15 R x R, R B 1 16 B x P. 18 QxPch!, QxQ; 19 Kt x Q, KxKt; Kt3; Ktl, Q R4 20 B x P !, R Q Kt 1 21 B x Kt, R x Kt 22 B x P, with three passed Pawns for a Knight, +. Alekhine Allies, Montreal, 1923. P Q Kt 4 (Polish Defence) 2 P Q 4, B Kt 2 see Queen's Pawn (g) For i

P

(/)

13

B

B 3 ?, Kt x P B 5, Q K 1

1.

17

K
,

;

;

;

Kt

;

;

;

;

Game,

p. 210, col. 166.

P Q
Kt

(*)

2
;

3

Kt3;
(t)

(/)

7 K 2 8 B K Kt 5, Q Mattison Tartakover, Carlsbad, 1929. Double Fianchetto Defence, This advance is more effective after Black has played O O.
6

.,

P
10

O

O, Kt

K3;

3

Kt
; .

P

KR4 +

Q

2

K B 3, B R K 1, Kt

Kt

2

;

4

B

Q3, P

;

QB4 B2

: :

5 P 9 Kt

R 3,

B

3,

(k)

Janowski

7

p__Q R 4, 11B B4,P

(x)-Quite

weak oO 12B B
;

Delraar, Cambridge Spr ngs, 1904, js 4 Kt Q 2 ; 5 b Q B 4, P K 3 ; 6 O O, Kt 2 8 K 3, P K R 3 ; 9 Q Q 2, K R 2 ; 10 P R 3 P Q B 3 ; Q4; Q 3, P R3; 13 B Q6 + Alekhine Mikenas, Folkestone
.
,

K

.

IRREGULAR OPENINGS
KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING

Game by
4

(a)

8

G ro b_Alekhine,
(b)

p_Q
R

p_B3, B
4
.
,

The Hungarian Defence, which may be reached also from the Four Knights* An alternative is 3 3 Kt B 3, Kt B3; 4 B B 4, B K2 P Q 3K3; 5 Bx B, PxB; 6 Q Kt 3, Q B 1 7 Kt Kt 5 ?, Kt -Q 1 K B 3 9 P x P, P x P 10 O 0, P K R 3 11 Kt B 3, B Q 3 =p. 4, Kt
,
;

;

;

;

Zurich, 1934.
;

Defence),

Kt

4

;

PxP 5 P B3 Kt B 3 and if 6 P B1 7 B x P ch, K
!

(5
;

B

QxP(Q3)+ is Kostich A. J Maas, Nice, 1930. K3, PxP; 8 KtxP, KtxP; 9 Q KtxKt, P Q4; 10 KtxKt, (c) 7 B 11 B Kt P x Kt Q 3, P x Kt 12 K B x P + Tartakover Davidson, The Hague, 1921. p KR3?; 8 B K3, Kt R 2? (better R K 1) 9 PxP, KtxP: d 7 R5 + L. Sterner Vadja, Kecskemet, 1927. 10 KtxKt, PxKt; 11 Q K 5, Kt Q 2 White's advantage is infinitesimal. 11 P (e) If 10 Bx B ?, Px B O 8 Kt B 3, R K 1 9 P K R 3, B B 1 Kt K B 3 7 P B 4, (/) 6 10 B K3, P KKt3; IIP KKt4. B 2, P Q R 4 10 B O O; 9 P KR3, Kt B 4 11 B K 3, () 8 p_Q Kt3 12 P K Kt4 + Leonhardt -Hromadka, Pistyan, 1912.
K3;
11
;
; .

P Q6 6 Q K 5, Kt K 5 (Tartakover). 5 9 Q x Kt, P 8 Q R 4, K x B Q 3 10 Q
,
; ;

Kt x

P,

Kt

B

3 transposes into the
;

Two

Knights*

Kt3,
5 ch!

i

\

;

.

;

!

,

;

;

;

:

,

;

;

;

.

(ft)

(t)

Q4, Kt QR4 Evenssohn Nimzovitch, St. Petersburg, 1914. Inverted Hanhara Opening. The column is Tartakover Bogoljuboff, London,
13 P
5.
.,

1922.
(/)

B Q3

or

5

.,

B
2

K
P
4,

compared with Philidors Defence,
(k)
(j)

Kt 5 can also p. 117, col. 3.
;

be played.

The column should be

g

cols.

15,

Alapin's Opening. B B 4 ; 3 P~-Q
.

If

,

QB Px P
Q

3, a good reply is 2. ., P Q 4. 4 Kt x P transposes into the Centre

Game,

note
.,

(a).
;

fm) 3.

Px P

4

Ktx P, P

4 or

Q

K2

is

Black's simplest

line.

84

IRREGULAR OPENINGS
z

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING p_K 4, P K 4 2 Kt K B 3.
;

2 3

PKB
KtxP!

6

9 4
(a).

10

(&)..,

P-Q4
KtxP
Kt

Q-B 3
P-Q4
P Q3 Kt B 4

BPXP
KB3
(/)

PXP

IM34W
(o)

P--K5()

4
5

K2
Q

PXP

(c)

P-Q4
.P

B-QB 4
K3
O
Kt 3

6 Kt
7

B 3 (d) Q Kt 3 W B B 4 ...... P B 3 PxP Kt- K B 3
Kt

8

K3

QXP
Kt

QB3

KB3 B KS B K2
Kt

Q5(7)

B B O B B

Kt Kt Kt

KB3

4

QB3 Q~~K 4
Kt

Kt

K2

B3 Q K2

Kt5 00

9
10
11

B B4 P 63 P Q5 P-Kt 4 B K2
P
Kt
(a)

B

Q3

Q-Q4 00

12

R4

Q K3ch B K2 O O(A) Kt B 3 P Q5
Kt

P-B 4 PxP *.p.
(*)

Kt

Q2

Q2 B3 KtxKt PxKt

Kt Kt

B B4 Q Kt5 ch+
!

K

Kt

5

B-Q2(/)

Kt5
;

KtxP Q B 4 ch K R i (k)
;

R Kti R Bi

P-QB 4

The Greco Counter-Gambit. If 2 , P K B 3 (Damiano's Defence) 3 Kt x JP, Q K2; 4 Kt K B 3, P Q 4 5 P Q 3, PxP; 3 6PxP + 4 P x P, P B 3, P Q B 4 5 B Kt 5 ch. (b) Mlotkowski recommends 3 Kt B 3 !. If 3 B B 4, P x P 4 Kt x P, Q Kt 4 5 Kt B 7, Q x Kt P If 3 P x P, Q 6R Bl.P Q4; 7KtxR, Kt KB3; 8 B x P, B K R 6 9 B B 7 ch, K K 2 11 P 10 B B 4, Kt B 3 Q 4, R Q 1 12 B K 3, Kt K 4 =F7 P Q B 4, P Kt KB3!, PxP; 6 Kt Kt5, P Q 4 KR3; (c) 5 9 PxB, Kt B 3 10 B K 3, O 11 PxP-f. 8 Kt KR3, BxKt; A. Steiner Apscheneek, Kemen, 1937. that 6 Kt K 3 is best, but considered only 6 P B 3 (d) Nimzovitch maintained Kt B 3 afeasible reply. However, a correspondence game Stockholm Riga went 6 B 3, B K 3 9 Kt x B P ch, Q x Kt 10 P Q 5, 8 Q Kt B2 7 Kt Q 5, Q 12 B Kt B3!; 11 PxB, P Q 4 Q Kt 5, O O O 13 B Kt 5, PQ5I+. B3; 7 KtxKP, Q K 3 8 Q K 2, P Q 4 9 Kt (K 4) Q 6ch, 6.., P K 2 13KtxR, 2; 10 Kt B7!, PxKt; HQxCjch, KxQ; 12 Bx Pch, K
;
.

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

.

.

,

.

,

;

;

;

;

'

;

;

;

;

JO3;1314 B P
{/)
fe)

;

QR3', KtPxP; 14RxP + SirG. A.Thomas Tartakover, Spa, 1926. 9..,Q K3ch; 10 B K 3, Q Kt5; 11Q B 2, Kt B3; 12 O O, B K 2.
.

Q3+

(Ldrobok).

Tartakover, Berlin, 1928. 13 P B3!, Kt5, QxKtP, 12 R KKtl, QI; K R 4 T. Ilyin-Zhenevsky Behting, correspondence, 1921-25. 14 Kt Kt 6, RPxKt; 15 13 R B4, Q Q2; (Nimzovitch). (t) The game is about level. Kt K3, Kt KB3; 8 K Kt Q 5, KtxKt; 9 KtxKt, Q B 2 ; (j) 7 1 1 Kt K 3, P Q 4 12 B Kt 3, 10 B Q B 4, P B 3 3; 13 O O, B Q 3 ; + A. Steiner Apscheneek, Hamburg, 1929, 14 p
L. Steiner

14

Rx P,

(h)

11

Kt

P

QxRP;

K

!

RxQKt

B Kt5; 14 P B 3, P Q 4 ; 15 KtxQP, KtxKt; 13 16 Q x K Kt, P x P ; 17 P x P, Q R B 1 ?. Spielmann Tartakover, Semmenng, 1926. 18 Q Kt3, P Q R 4 (or Q R B 1Vidmar). Alekhine suggests 17 ., Kt Kt 5 K Kt 5, P Q 3 ; 6 Kt B 4, B K 2 ; 7 B 8 O O=. 2, O (/) Or 5 B ; S. R. Wolf Apscheneek, Hamburg, 1930. Stockholm Riga, correspondence, (n) The Queen's Pawn Counter-Gambit. (m] is 3 Kt x P, P x P ; 4 B B 4, Q Kt 4 ; 5 B x P ch, K K 2 ; to] Another possibility P 7 R B 1, B R 6 ; 8 B Q B 4, Kt K B 3 9 B B 4, Q Kt Q 2 6 ~ 4, ~ ~Q x Von Feilitzsch Keres, i-vJ.icopjuucuwe, 1934-35. ca, correspondence, iCJOt OO. x P ; 4 Kt B 3, Q K 3 ; 5 B Kt 5 ch, B Q 2 ; 6 O O-f. Ct K B 3 ; 5 P-jQJ, B K 2 ; 6 Px P, 7 Q B 4. F. Gutmayar ; F. :er, correspondence, 1920-21.
(k)
;

KB4

;

;

BK

000,

.

K

p_A

;

;

;

'

i

00

IRREGULAR OPENINGS
NIMZOVITCH'S DEFENCE
i

PK

4,

Kt

QB3.

(a)
(6)
(

9

.

.

,

O
P

O, followed by Kt

K 2,

seems safer (Tartakover).

Treybal
4,
;

Spielmann, Carlsbad, 1923.

K 2, K Kt K 2 6 Kt Kt 3, B Kt 3 7 B- Q 3, 10 R 4, B x B HQxB, 9 Kt Q 2, Kt R 4 KashdanFlohr, Hamburg, 1930. K 2, Kt R 3 7 Kt Kt 3, PxP; 8 BPxP, (d) Better than either 6 Kt d) Kt 3= (Asztalos Kostich, Ble-l, 1931) Q R 5 9 Q R 5 ch, Qx Q 10 Ktx Q, Kt 3, B K 2 8 B R 3, B P x P = Balla Breyer, R3 7 or 6 Kt Q 2, Kt
C)

Q

p__B4;
1919.
(*)

Q

2

8

Q

K3: B 3, P

5

Kt

;

12

P

Kt4!.
,

Kt 3

;

;

PK

;

;

PK
;

PK
I

;

;

.

12
5

(/)

Kt Kt

Kt3, Kt

B2;
Kt
5
;

13

P

Kt 4

Duras
sounder.

Nimzovitch, Ostend, 1907.

B 3, B Q
t

6

B Q2

is

The column

is

Lovenborg

Nimzovitch, Copenhagen, 1924.
(g)

Or3..
>

PxP;

Kt (A) Better 4 Kt K2; 7 with a strong attack. Becker

p_^R4
(i)
(/)

Q 5, Kt K 4 5 Q Q4=fc. 5 B 3, B Kt 5 5, BxKtch; 9 Kt Q 2, P 8 B Q 3, P Q Kt 3
4

P

;

PK
; ;

;

6

Q B

PxB, Kt 4 10 Q
;

R

4

;

Kt

4

JNimzovitch, Breslau, 1925.

Vadja Nimzovitch, Kecskemet, 1927. Or 2. ., P Q 3 3 Kt K B 3, B Kt 5 4 B Q Kt 5, P Q R 3 5 B R 4, 6 B Kt 3. Kt B 3 7 P B 3, P K 3 8 Q K 2, B K 2 9 O-O, Fine Mikenas, Hastings, 1937-38, O O; 10 Q Kt Q 2, B R 4 IIP (k) 4 Kt Q B 3, Kt KB3 transposes into Euwe Breyer, Vienna, 1921, which Kt K Kt 1 7 B B 4, P Q 3 8 Kt B 3, P B 4, Kt B 3 6 continued 5 5, B KtS; 90 0, Q Q2; 10 Q K 1, O O O ; 11 Kt K Kt 5, Px P =FK 3, e.g. B Kt 5 ch 6 Kt Q 2, Kt B 3 7 P B 3, (1) Much stronger is 5 B or 9 Kt B 4, (not 9 K Kt B 3, Kt -Kt 5 B R 4 8 B Q 3, Q K 2 9 Q B 3 B KtS; 10 KtxB, R Px Kt and now if 11 Q B 3, Kt R5I; 12 Q R 3, Ktx K P; Kt Kt5!+ + Analysis by b Bernstein. cr n Q B2, 11 Kt Q 3, Kt x P ch + or 10 Q B 3, (m) Forced, for if 10 Kt x B, Kt x P B Kt5; 11 Q B 1,B KtSch; 12 P B 3, B Q R 4 =p. The column is A. Steiner
;
;

P

QKt4:

;

;

QR4.

;

,

;

PK

;

;

!

;

;

;

;

;

.

!

;

;

Mikenas, Kemeri, 1937.

IRREGULAR OPENINGS

(a)
(&)

P

K 4 leads

to the

Vienna Game,

P

7

Superior to 4 Kt B 3, P 8 O PxB, 0, Kt

00;

Mar6czy
(c)

Nimzovitch, San

3 ; 5 B Kt 3 ; 9 B Remo, 1930.

Q

K Kt 3 to the King's Fianchetto Defence. K B 4, K Kt K 2 6 B K 2, B x Kt ch K 3, Q K 2 10 R K 1, B Q2=!
; :

(d)

Black

2 ., 2 ., 4 Kt

P P

Kmoch Nimzovitch, may lead into
,

B

Black
(e)

Niendorf, 1927. the ordinary forms of the King's Knight's Opening by K4 or into the King's Fianchetto Defence by 2 ., P KKt3. The reply Q 4, recommended by Nimzovitch, is doubtful, as after 3 PxP, QxP3, Q Q R 4 5 B Kt 5 a variation of the Centre Counter unfavourable for
results.

(col. 4)

(/)
(g)

(A)

Nimzovitch, New York, 1927. See also Rti Opening, p. 219. The Tenison (also called Lemberg) Gambit. P K B 4, as in N. T. Mimati H. Jones, Manchester, 1891 (Cook's Compendium,

Spielmann

Zukertort's Opening.

p. 288),
(*)

is

inferior.

S.

B K2; 5 Kt Q B 3, KtK B 3 6 B B 4, O O Kt-B3; SKtxKtch, BxKt, 9 Q-R 5, BxKt; lOPxB B-B4; A. Z.
4..,
:

7

OKtxP

Goravsky
(j)

(A)
(1)

Analysis Better 5

by P B

Sarazevsky, correspondence, 1925. V. Geier, Wiener Schachgettung, 1926.
4,

followed

by Kt

B

3 (Nimzovitch).

Ahues Nimzovitch, Kecskemet, 1928. (m] The Queen's Knight's Opening.
1
,

5 B--Kt 5 9 B K 2,
:

(w)

O

B-K 2

P

K4
;

;

2

6

P-K 4, P-K R 3

P

Q

4,

Px P

.

C. G. Steele

(o)

For 2

PQ

3 Q x P, Kt Q B 3 ; 4 Q Q R 4 7 3 ; 8 O-0--6 4, G. E. Wainwnght, Soutbsea, 1923.
;

B-R

:

P-Q

Kt

B-Q 2 W

B3

'
'

4 see Queen's

Pawn Game, cols.

24-7.

(p)

Petrov

Ragosm, Semmenng-Baden, 1937.

IRREGULAR OPENINGS

87

I

b]
i

The Saragossa Opening. P Q 4 is a good alternative,
Tartakover
,,

P

K4
1
.

Reti,
;

Baden-Baden, 1925.
4,

2

and.

.,

"Pawn Game, with the 2 p Q 4, P Q Kt 3 Mannheim, 1922).
(e)

2 P Q 4, Kt B3 ; Colle system for White (p. 177). 3 B Kt 5, B Kt 2 ; 4 Kt ;

P

P Q Q4

PxP; 3QxP gives White a Centre Counter with a K may transpose into the Queen's Another line is Kt K B 3
1
,

Q 2, P

Q4

(Mieses

Leonhardt^

K 2 with a Dutch Defence formation. Here 3 P K Kt 3, B 3.., p 04 is Tarrasch Leonhardt, Mannheim, 1922. P K 3, with the possible continuation 5 B Kt 2, B K 2 (/) Much better was 4 Kt K B 3 7 B Kt 5, Kt K 5. 6 13 Kt Kt5! + , Tarrasch Mieses, Mannheim, 1922. P K 5 ; 5 Kt Q 4, Or 3 P K3, P Q4; 4 Kt-K B 3, B Q 3 (if 4. R 5 ch, P KKt3; 8 QxQP, PxKt; 7 Q 34; 6 Kt Kt5, P Q R 3 9 BxPch with three Pawns against a piece (Tartakover). K Q 1, P B3 =F- Nimzovitch Winter, London, 1927. (i) 13 The Polish Opening. Q R 3 is quite safe. (k) An interesting gambit, favoured by Tartakover. 3 P
Or
2
,

P

K3
;

;

00,
'
"I
i

,

,

;

m
(J)

Tartakover

Colle, Bartfield, 1926.

\m)
(1)
(3)
i

Van

't

p

leads
i

i>.LQB3; 4 PxP, Kt B3; 5 Kt K 4, Kt 7 p Q4, QKt Q2; 8 P correspondence. 1934-35.
(n)

QR3 (Anderssen's Opening), bestP met K into the English Opening; (2) P Q4 p_KKt4 (the "Spike").
1

Kruys

Opening.

Other

first

1

,

;

QB

3,
;

P

moves seldom encountered are: if P K 4, 2 P Q B 4 by P Q 4 Kt 3 (King's Fianchetto Opening); 2 B Kt 2, BxP; 3 P Q B 4,
,

Kt 3

9

K
3

K4;
Kt

6

Kt

K2.
3,

PxP

e.p.,

Keres

BxP(K3)
Niemann,
4

2 B 4, P Q3; Q Kt Q 2. Sokolsky Panoff, Moscow, 1936. 7 B 6 QxQch, (o) 5.,, $ o Och, Kt Q2; 9 Kt K 2 (note
1..,

Kt

KB3:

P-Q

KB
(or

?Q3;
and

P

Q

4,

PxP:

KxQ;

K Kt 5
by

B

Nimzovitch

QB4), B

KB4;

Tartakover),

Cp. Nimzovitch's Defence. Tarrasch, Kissingen, 1928. (p) Nimzovitch

88

KING'S GAMBIT
2

K4 IN the group of openings arising from i P 4, P P K B 4, P x P, White speculates on an attack on Black's
with the help of the open King's Bishop's move White's main choice lies between B
file.

K

;

K B 2,
his 3rd

On
the

B

4,

Bishop's Gambit, or

Kt

K B 3, the King's Knight's Gambit.

These gambits, once very popular, are still occasionally practised by masters such as Spielmann, Tartakover, and Stoltz, and by a few leading amateurs.
Since the Abbazia Gambit

Tournament of 1912

it

has

been recognised that by an

immediate counter-attack in the
.

centre, without attempting to maintain his gain in material, Black obtains at least an equal, if not the superior, game,

and

is exposed to none of the traps in the classical attacks springing from the Bishop's and Knight's Gambits.

BISHOP'S GAMBIT.
This does not lead to such complicated positions as the Knight's Gambit, but has the merit of greater soundness. One of the strongest defences, based upon the countersacrifice of Black's Queen's Pawn, is shown in cols. I to 3.'

The
Kt

line in col. i

may

be recommended, together with that

in col. 5, as the safest equalising defences.

The

reply

3...,

K B 3,

favoured

discredited by Defence being demolished by Tartakover's analysis and note (/).

by Morphy, has been somewhat modern tournament play; BogoljubofFs
in col.

7

In the Lesser Bishop's Gambit (col. 8) White seeks to recover the Gambit Pawn without exposing his minor pieces
to the counter-attacks available to

Black in the Bishop's and

was adopted by Tartakover at the New York Tournament, 1924, with a considerable measure of success, and may be the soundest form of the King's
Knight's Gambits.
It

Gambits.

KING'S

GAMBIT

89

KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT.

The
the

strongest defence to this

is

shown

in cols.

I

to 5,

Black obtaining an advantage in development, and retaining

Pawn on B
but
little

now
\

Consequently, the Knight's Gambit is played, the possibilities of the Bishop's Gambit
5.

offering

more

attractions.

The classical reply 3..., P KKt4, retaining the Gambit Pawn, is not now encountered in serious play, White's
attacking chances, under the influence of the time-limit, far

outweighing that theoretical superiority which Black finds White has the choice so difficult to demonstrate in practice. of two systems of attack, according as he plays to break

up Black's Pawns by the immediate advance 4 P

KR4

(cols. II to 25), or contents himself with rapid development by 4 B B 4 (cols. 26 to 40), inviting the reply 4..., P Kt 5.

In the former case, the Allgaier Gambit (cols,

n

to 15)

gives White an exceedingly strong attack, equalling the Muzio Gambit in vigour. Black's defence in the usual lines

14) is extraordinarily difficult, despite the of a piece. The Kieseritzky Gambit (cols. 16 to advantage 25) has been advocated by Rubinstein, who maintains that
(cols,

ii

to

White recovers the Gambit Pawn with the superior game,
an ambitious claim not supported by the evidence of practical
play.

In the latter case, Black maintains his

Pawn

in the Berlin

Defence (cols. 26 to 29), but in an over-the-board game.

his task

is

by no means easy

Black has the alternative P Kt 5 on his 4th move, compelling the sacrifice of a piece, since the natural reply 5, the Salvio Gambit, exposes White to the over5 Kt

K

whelming attack
(cols.

in col. 30.

The

brilliant

Muzio Gambit

31 to 40) appears to yield White full compensation Col. 33 deserves special notice. for the material sacrificed.

go

KING'S GAMBIT
old defence 6...,

The

QK2

(col. 34),

favoured by From,

Brentano's Defence (cols. 35 to 37) has proved inadequate, Black losing so many Pawns that, even though he be successful in staving off the attack,
offers Black his best chance.

he

is left

at

a serious disadvantage in the resulting endgame.

The two gambits in cols. 9 and 10, although rarely seen, are worthy of mention. Breyer's Gambit (col. 9) resembles the Vienna Game, and is at least as good for White as most
variations

of the King's Knight's

Gambit.

The Keres

Gambit (col. 10) is an old line, which has been played by Keres in recent correspondence games, after being well tested by his fellow-Estonian, the late Martin Willemson. It leads to unusual positions, where White has much scope
for his imagination.

KING'S
i

GAMBIT
-

P K4 P K4
,

BISHOP'S GAMBIT
;

2

P

KB 4,

PxP;

3

B B4

.

Q_R 4
6 Kt

K B 3 6 Kt Q B 3, B Q Kt 5 7 B Kt 3, KtB 3 8 KtB 3, ., Kt 9P K 5, Bx Kt. Spielmann Jacobson, Copenhagen, 1923. IfS Kt K2: B 3, P K Kt 4 7 KtB 3, Q R 4 8 P K R 4, P K R 3 9 B x P ch, Q QxB; 10 Kt K 5, Q Kt 2 11 Q R5ch+ (Sanders Attack). B3, P QB3'; 7 P KKt3, B R6ch; 8 K K 1, Q Kt 5 (b) Or 6 Q 9QxQ, BxQ; 10 B Kt 3, PxP; 11 PxP. If 6 P Q 4, B Kt 2 7 Kt KB 3, 8P KR4.P KR3; 9 Kt B 3, Kt K2; 10 Q Q 3, O; 11 B R4; KtB 3 12 Kt K 2, B Kt 5 13 P B 3, Q R Q 1 14 Q Kt Kt 1, Kt KtKt3, 3-f. enarokoff Sosin, Russian National Tournament, 1926. Kt2; 7 P Q4, Kt K 2 8 KtB 3, Q R 4 9 P KR4, (c) Or6.., B 12 P B3 + P KR3; 10 Q Q 3, Q KtB 3 11 Kt Kt 5,
(a)

5

.

;

;

;

;

,

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

(d) If 10
,

.,

P

KR3;

11

K

;

;

.

Ktl

+

.

The column

is

Spielmann

Lovenfisch,

Moscow, 1925. Kt R4 (8... P KKt4; (a) 8 10 Kt K4, P K Kt4; 11 P K R4, P

9

P
;

PxKt;
14

p

(/)
'

B

14 B Bogoljuboff

K2+

KB3

(Sosin).

Sosm, Moscow, 1924.
;

Black

') ;)

4, P x P e.p. For 4 Kt K

B

BxKt; lOPxB, R Kl; HBxKt, QxBqp. Spielmann Reti, K B 3 is better. The column is analysis by Kmoch. (i) 7 Kt Or 3 Q R 5 ch 4 K B 1, P K Kt4 (the (j) The Lopez Counter-Gambit. 5 Kt Classical Defence); Q B 3, B Kt 2; 6 P Q 4, Kt K 2; 7 P K Kt 3 K Kt2, Q R3; 9 PxP, Q KKt3; 10 KtB 3, (MacDonnell's Attack), PxP; 8 P^K R 3 11 Kt O 5 + (k) 6 Kt QB3, K Ql; 7 Ktx P (7 Bx Kt, Rx B 8QxP, B Q3), P B3; 8 Kt KB 3, Q K2; 9 BxKt, RxB; 10 P Q 3, P Q 4 11 BxP, P K R 3=.
9 Baden, 1914.
;
,

Or

5

O0,

Kt

QB

K B 4 (Sosin). 15 Px P, B 3 see King's Knight's Gambit. Kt 5 ; 6 Q Q 3, P Q 4, 3, B

KR4); 9 P Q 4, P KR3; 12 PxP, RPxP; 13KtxP(B4), should now continue 13. R Kl ,
,

7PxP,KKtxP;

8

KtB 3,

;

;

;

KING'S GAMBIT
BISHOPS GAMBIT;
I

BREYER GAMBIT; KERBS GAMBIT
K4;
2

P

K4, P

P KB4, PxP.

Kt4; 14 R K R 3, P Kt4 + Loman Yates, Schevemngen, 1923. If 4 ., B Kt5; 5 P K 5, P Q 4 6 B KtSch, PxKt, PxB; 8 Q K2ch + Kt 3, P Q 4, 6 P x P, PxP; 7 P Q 4, B Q 3 8 K Kt K 2, () 5 B 9 OO, P K Kt4-K Spielmann Bogoljuboff, Mahnsch-Ostrau, 1923. Or 5 P Q 4. B Kt 5 6 6 B 3, P Q 4 7 P x P, 8 K Kt K 2, P x P + Spielmann
13

7 P ; Q 3, B x Kt 8 P x B, P Q 4~. 8 P Q 4, Kt B 3 9 KtxB, KtxKt; B K 2 9 B x P, P Q 3 10 B x P Spielmann Bogoljuboff, Tnberg, 1921. Or 8 10 Q Spielmann Grunfeld, Innsbruck, 1922. P K R 4, B Q 3 1 1 P R 5, Kt R 5 12 Q K 1 Kt x Kt ch (c] Infenor is 1
(a)

6

00
.,

(or

6

P

K 5, P Q 4),

OO

;

(6)

6

KtxP;

7

OO, OO;
;

;

Q37

,

;

;

;

,

;

RxKt, Q
(d)

.

P B3;

Bogoljuboff's Defence.

;

.

;

OO

;

;

;

OO
;

;

.

Ta rtakover.
(?)

Bogoljuboff, Carlsbad, 1923. (/) 5 , Q K2; 6
13

K Kt K 2, P Q
Q
Kt
3,

Kt 4

;

7

BxP, PxB;

8

P

K5 +

.

Kt, P x to Black's ninth move

Bx

B
is

;

14

Shanghai

15 Kt x B + (Tartakover). Chefoo, correspondence.
:

BxB

The column

(h)

7

P

(t)

The Lesser Bishop's Gambit. 3 Kt R 2 4 P Q 4, P Q

B

B3

-B 3,
;

B

R

K

1)

;

K2 8 12 Kt B 3 (if 12 14 Kt x B ch, Q x
;

,

OO, OO
,

;

9

Q x P, P
Kt
;

15

4 5 Px P, Ktx P 8 Kf ~I< B 3, B Kt 5 ch B 4, Kt K 6 1 B x Kt, P x B 11 Q Q 3 B 4 !), Kt B 3 13 Kt Q 5, B Kt 5 (better P Q 5. Tartakover Alekhine, New York, 1924
;

P

;

!

;

,

;

(;)

(k)
(/)

Q 2, B x B ch 8 Q x B was better (Tartakover). B 5 should have been played (Tartakover). Tartakover Capablanca, New York, 1924.
7
;

B
P

8

(m)

4 Kt

(n)

K2
4

The Breyer Gambit. Tartakover recommends
is
,

4

PxP, Kt K 4 6 Q K 4, Q K 2 1 P Q 4, Kt Kt 3 SQxQch, BxQ;9 B Q 3, Kt B 3. C. H. Alexander T. H. Tylor, Chester, 1934.
(o)

met by

4

.

,

P

Q x P, Kt B 3
;

;

5

Kt
;

QB

3,

Kt

P

Q 4.

Q

Kt

5

,

Q4;

5

(p)
(q)
(r)

Spielmann
Keres

Tarrasch, Gothenburg, 1920.

The Keres, Willemson, or Pernau Gambit.
Kunerth, correspondence, 1935

KING'S GAMBIT KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT
:

93

i

P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

P

KB 4

,

PxP;

3

Kt

KBs-

(a) (6)

4
13

P

O
7.
,

K5, P
0,

O

O; 14 Kt

KKt4;

5

P

K R 3. Kt KR3; 6 P Q 4, Kt B4 + K 5, Q Kt3; 15 P--B 3. Rubinstein Tarrasch
.
,

Meran, 1924. (c) Spielmann
11

K'- B2-K
x

(d)

Nyholm, Abbazia, 1912. SBxP.B Kt 5 9 B x P, K Q 2 10B Kt3,R Kl ch Eliskases, 3rd match game, 1937. Rubinstein Yates, hd^tmgs 1922. 13 P Q Kt4, P Q Kt3; 14 B K 4. R6ti Nyholm, Baden, 1914. Niinxovitch bchweinburg, 1934. 13 Bx Kt + ,5 PxP is best, transposing into cols. 1 4. The column is Spielmann
If

Kt

B3?;

;

;

Spielmann

.

Bogoljubofl, Berlin, 1919.

Notes

ctd.

on

p.

99

94

KING'S GAMBIT
4l

pK

P K4
4

ALLGAIER GAMBIT P KB 4 PxP; 3 KtKBs, P KKt 4 P KR 4 P Kts; 5 Kt Kt 5.
;

2

;

,

,

(a)

9
12

Q B3, Kt B3;
(b)
,

Kt

Kt
Kt

R3

The Allgaier-Thorold Attack. If 7 QxP, Kt K B 3 B 3, Kt K4 + 10 P P x P 9 B B 4 ch, K Kt 2 10 B K 5 ch, Kt -B 3 8 B 3 or 8. ., B K 3 9 B Q 3, Kt K B 3 10 Kt B 3, B
; .
:

8
;

:

11

;

;

K2

Q x P, B 00, B
;

Q3;

K2

;

II

Kt

;

12

B

K 5.

Kt 5,

Dr. A. von Gaparfede considers that Black obtains the better game by 10.., The column is Fahndrich and Schlechter Fleissig and Marco, 1903. Kt K B 3 11 Kt B 3, B Kt5; Kl; 10 PxP, P Kt6 (10 (d) 9.., 15 B B 4, R Kt 1 ; 12 O O, BxKt 5 13 PxB, KtxB; 14 PxKt, 12 Kt B 3, 16 Q Klch, QxQ; 17 QRxQch); 11 B K 3, B K 2 13 K Q 2. Fleissig and Marco Fahndnch and Schlechter, 1903, (e) The Ourousoff Attack.
(c)

B

3.

K

,

;

QxRP;

;

BxP;

(/)

8..,
9.., 17
5..,

K

Kt2;
10

9

P

Q4, P

B6

;

10

PxP, Kt

KB3

transposes into

col. 13.
(g)

P 36;

PxP

transposes into col. 13, note

(d).

P B4 (Mieses Pillsbury, Vienna, 1903), QxQ Pch. P Q4; 6 PxP, P KR3 (or 6 ., B K 2 7 B KtSch, P B 3 8 PxP, PxP; 9 B B4); 7 Kt K 4, B K 2 8 Q K 2, Bx P ch 9 Kt B 2 ch, B K2; 10 KtxP. S. Mlotkowski E. R. Perry, 1920 Q 4, P Q 4 (better 7. ., P K R 3 8 Ktx P, R R 2) 8 B K 2, (/) Or 7 P R R3 + 9 Kt R4, 11 KBxP, Kt Kt6; 10 Kt Q B 3, B K 3
(h) If
(t)
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

.

Dus-Chotimirsky
(k)

9

.,

Rabinovitch, Moscow, 1925. KtxR; 10 P Q4, P Q B 3 ;
12

12 KtxQP-f-); Larobok, 1921.

Kt

K

4,

PxP;

13BxP +

11

BxP, P
.

The note and column

Q

3 (or 11

,

P

Q4;

are from

Notes ctd

n

p. 99.

96

KING'S GAMBIT

i

P

K 4,

P

K4

KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT -2 P K B 4, PxP 3 Kt K
;

;

4

B B4

B 3, P

K Kt 4

.

11

QxP, Q
(b)

Kt B 3, Schlechter S Kt P~Kt 5 8 Kt advises 7 B 6B 9 K 3 followed eventually by O O O -K I 3,~; R 4, P P B 3, B B 3 10 Kt x P, P x Kt K2 +
1

.

.

,

;

;

;

:

*

.

Spielmann

-Griinfeld, Carlsbad, 1923.

The chances

are even.

Q Q8ch+

13 BxP, Q K 7 12.., O Black can force a 15 R-fi'l. 7 ; for if 14 IS R ; The column is Spielmana Grunfeld, (Nimzovitch) Vienna, 1922. 11 B B 4, P Q 4 (11 '" P R3^- 12 Kt Kt R3, (e) 10 Kt W { 12Kt~Kt Kd) R^ti E, Cohn, Abbaz ia 1912. (/) The Calabrese-Phihdor Gambit.
14

R-B 2, Q-K 8 ch

(d)

With

OO!;

;

Q^K

!

Q^K6ch^~Q2l
'

00;
,

(g) Alternatives are 7 PxP, PxP; 8 R x R, BxR- 9 Kt R 2 Or 7 p; P KtS; 8 BxP, PxKt; 9QxP, B K3: lOBxB PxB- II O R s Jh v B3, -Q2; Q-Kt4, Q-K2 + Or 7 Q-Q 3, P~Kt 5 8Tkt-Kt 1 (SlBS & %" Kt ~ Q R 3 Kt ll Kt K 2 Ma^halllklgbur'yf Vienna' -B3, 1903. ?T* o K o. K*'K\* II

P

12

.

'

^^
1866.

~

-

'

'

.

,

(h)
(i)

Anderssen

Neumann,

The
.

Salvio Gambit.

7 KtxBP, B B4; 8 Q B 3 + Or 7 P Q 4, Kt x Kt T P Q3; 11 PxQP, P B6 +

Kt

(j)

K
8

1,

P

Px

Kt,

B

Kt6;

B

9
' ;

4

9

Q ^

KtxR B B7K 1 P-Kt 6 l.P-Kt6

-

,

in in 10

.

(k)

Dublin

Cambridge, correspondence, 1892.

KING'S GAMBIT
i

97

P K4 P
,

K4

MUZIO GAMBIT
;

2

P
4

B

KB 4
B

,

PxP;
,

3

Kt

4

P

K B 3, P K Kt 4

;

Kt5.

Q 3, B R 3 8 Kt B 3, Kt K 2; 9 B x P, B x B lOQxB, QxQ, (a) 7 P RxQ, p KB 4; 12 PxP, P B 3. F. Edmonds suggests 7 P B 3, P Q 3 R 3, Kt-^K 2 10 B Q 3, O O. 9 Kt 8 p Q 4 B R 3 KxB; 9 P Q 4, QxPch; 10 B K 3, Q Kt2 + (Rev. T. (b) 8 BxPch, Haniilton). If 13. KtxKt; 14 B x Kt, QxB; 15 B B3 + (c) Lean's Attack. If 14 ,QxKt; (d) 14 KtxKt, QxQ; 15 KtxKt ch, KtPxKt; 16RxQ. 17 Q x R ch + 16 Q x P, R B 1 Kt 4 Analysis by Tchigonn and 15 5, Q
;
;

11

;

;

;

,

.

W QR T
'

;

;

.

(*\

16

QK4, KKt
(0)

M

Pierce 14 *Q

12"!

Kt5: 15 P KR3, Q 0-0; ISBxP, B Kt2;

Kt 3
14

;

16
18

B

K 3, Kt Q
P

B x P+
B

(Znosko-Bnrovskv).
5
;

15

B3;

17

Kt

Q

5,

Q

R4;

3,

Kt

K

Bx P rh, K R
3
;

J

->

19

R B

5 +

Mar6czv and Meergrun Tartakover and Frankl, consultation, 1920. 4 21 R x B, R 3 1, B Kt 2 19 Q Kt 4 ch, K B 2 20 QxP, 18 B Kt 3 -* (better still 23 Kt Kt 5 ch, Nimzovitch). 22 Q x Kt, Kt Kt 3 23 Q others Gunter and others, Hanover, 1926. At move 15 m the column Samisch and Ktx P was previously considered White's best line.
\h\
;

;

BK

;

Ktx R

;

O
ft

Kt vi

K3;
;

B- ^^^ B ^
PxQ;

fe_ UQR-K1,
k
,

Anderssen, London, 1862. Breirtano's Dofenre. The column and notes are from the Handbttch. B K B 4 9 B x P, B Kt3; 10 Kt B 3, Kt ; Alternatives are (1)8 13 Kt K 4. (2) 8. ., Q Kt 4 ; 9 Kt B3, R M BxB; 12 QxB, O K Kt5 KKtS- 10 Q K4ch1 Q K 2 rt11 rt " + _..v.._4~ch; .i* Kt 3 (if 14 .,B Q2; 15Kt K4); ISQxQ^ 3, Kt Kt 3 14 B () 13 B 7, + 17 Kt Ktl; 18 16 Kt Kt5, R Q 1
1}
, ;

7 11 -B 3 i (J) Steinitz
(i\

QxP

Q B4ch; 8 P Q 4, Q x P ch QxR, Q KKt3-f. F Esmonds
;

9 3, suggests 7

BK

QxB;
P

10 Q K 5 ch, Q Kt 3, B Kt2;

K2

"QK
;

;

,

;

BxP Q-Q *M
'

,

." .

RK'

RK8ch

.

(a)

7

.

,

Kt

K Bo,

8

Q x P, B

K2

;

9 Kt

3,

D

*?

;

10

P

Q 3. Aurbach

Spielmann, Abbazia, 1912.
(6)
(c)

Analysis
Analysis

by F. Edmonds. by Marco.
t

(d)
ig\

MacDoneU's
6..,

ttack.

10

Halprm and Marco, consultation, 1897 K3; 8 Kt Q 5, P Q B 3 9 Q B 3, PxKt; lOQxR, (/) 700, B Kt3ch (J. Malchm, 1912). 11 QxKt, Q 16 K R 1, B K5; 17 Q E 3, P B 4 (Mardczy). (g) 15.., QxPch; (h) Ghulam Kassim's Attack. K B 3. If 6.., PxP; 7 BxPch, 7 BxQP, Kt (*) 6 BxP, B 3, Px R=Q ch. 12 K B2 + . 9 Kt 8 Q R 5 ch, K K 2
and Fahndnch
;

Q

P 04: R5, B K3;

7
II

v r fl KtxP, Kt Q B 3 8 BxP, BxB; 12KtxB. BxS;
;

^3,
13

Q

P Q K 5 ch.
9

1,

Kt x P ; Charousek

PxB;

PQ4;
;

KxB;

(;)

Handbuch, 1913,

The " Wild Muzio." 7 Q x P (the Double Muzio), P 6 00, P x Kt Kt 2 + 10 Kt B 3, B 9 P Q 4, Kt B 3 (m) Analysis by Dr. E. von Schmidt.
(k)
(/)
;
;

Q

3

;

8

Q x P ch, Kt

B3

;

.

KING'S

GAMBIT

99

Notes for
(i)

cols, i to

Reti
If
;

Nyholm, Abbazia,

1912.
7

(7)

6

PxP
B x B,

B x Kt
(k)
(I)

10

BxP; Q R 5 ch +
e.p.,

P

B

4,

P

QB4;

8 P

Q

5,

B Kt5;

9

B~ K2

.

Grob

Naegeli, match, 1933-34.

Gumzsrich

Rellstab, Berlin, 1933.

KxB; 9P K5, B R6;
P
;

(m)

The Cunningham Gambit. If 5 P KKtS, PxP; 6
10

0,
Kt,

Px
;

BxR+.

P Q4; 7BxP, Kt
is

KB3; SBxPch,

() The Quaade Gambit. An alternative Kt 5 5 Kt K 5, Q R 5 ch 6 P Kt 3, P x P ;

4..,

BKt 2 leads to the Berlin Defence.
If 7..,

4 7

P Q4 (Rosentreter Gambit), Q x P, Q x Q. In both gambits,

(o)

P

Kt7disch;

8QxQ, PxR=Q; 9Q R5-K

Notes for
(g) 7.

cols.

16 to 25 ctd.
transposing into col. 17,
is

M BKt 2 B

;

8P

Q

4,

Kt

R 4,

safest for Black.

(h)
(*)

The Rice Gambit.
14

R 3, Kt B 6 ch ; ISPxKt, QxP; 16 R K5, 18 K B 1, Q R 7 ; 19 BxR, P Kt6; 20 Analysis by Capablanca, Burn, and Ed. Lasker. K5, PxP; 15 Kt Q 5, Q B 5 ! ; 16 KtxQ, (/) 14 P BxQ; 18KtxB + . Larobok, 1921.

B

Q Kt6ch;

B B 5, P Kt7ch.

B4;

17

Kt

Q2,

KBxKt;

17

QxP,

(*)
(1)

Brentano's Defence,
11..,
.,

p_;&&4
(n)

(w) 14.
;

P KB3; 12 QR K Q Q 2 15 B B 5,

is

KR

;

B

000

1,

BxKt; 13BxB, K-Q2; HBxKBP+ 17 QK2, 16 B x B, Px B (Schlechter)
;
;

1

(Rubinstein).
is

Neumann's Defence. The column
8
12

from Ldrobok, 1921.
10

11

(o) 7... B K2; BxPch, K Bl;

BxP, BxPch; 9 P Kt3, B Kt4; BxR, BxB; 13 Kt Kt6ch +
.

RxP, RxR;

IOO

KING'S

GAMBIT DECLINED
of declining the King's Gambit gives

THE customary method

rise to positions of great complexity, frequently reacting to the detriment of the second player, who, under the stress of

match-play, would be well advised to select instead one of the excellent lines at his disposal in the Gambit Accepted. But the number of times that, in modern master-play, Black
is

called

upon

to

make

a choice of

how

to

defend

is strictly

limited by the fact that he hardly ever has the offered to him.

Gambit

The usual defence 2..., B 64 (cols, i to 10) gives White chances of a successful attack on the King's Bishop's
file

after neutralising the restraining influence of Black's The interesting variations in cols. I to King's Bishop.

which have given rise to some of the most brilliant games on record, are now very seldom encountered. The
4,

beginning with 7..., Kt Black; but he would be well advised
line in col. 2,

Q 5,
to
5),

is

the best for

avoid these varia-

tions by the earlier 6...,
first

B

K3

(col.

recommended

by Tarrasch and then by Alekhine.

for the attack, however, which begins 4? B 3 (cols. 8 and 9), a favourite in Morphy's days and with that great master himself, and now again in favour with the experts. Col. 10 shows what
is

The most promising continuation

that

appears to be Black's strongest defence.

The Falkbeer Counter-Gambit,
20),

had a strenuous advocate

2...,P in Tarrasch,

Q4

(cols,

u

to

whose sensational

victory with it over Spielmann in 1923 (see col. u, note (b}} caused the latter to write prematurely, it is true of the demolition of the King's Gambit. Since our last edition

White's attack has been strengthened by the totally
variations in cols. 12 and 13, due to Keres, always obtains a clear superiority.

new

where White

KING'S GAMBIT DECLINED

lot

In addition, Keres and Stoltz have shown that the line In col. 15, which had been considered unfavourable for

White
first

since the celebrated
is

game Leonhardt

Sebastian, 1911,
player.

with best play as good as

Marshall, San won for the

some considerable improvements
playable.

Since Black's other defences have long been refuted, will have to be found

before the Falkbeer Counter-Gambit can again be considered

Attention

may

be drawn to the interesting line in

col.

20

Introduced by P. S. Milner-Barry.

QxP +
(6)
(c)

() 9 Q
.

Q
.,

1,

P Q Kt
;

Spielmaan
If 13.

4; 10 KtxB, PxB; Leonhardt, match, 1910.

11

B PxP, PxKt;

12

PxKt,
move

18

B

Q 2 14 Qx Kt threatening B K Kt 5 is decisive. The column from White's Kt7, Q K2; 19 K B 1 + Q
.

15th

is

analysis
(d)

P
13

P

KKt3. Spielmann Bogatyrchuk, Moscow, 1925. Better 12 K B 4, Q K 2 14 Q Kt 2. R 5, K Kt 1 19 P K 6, P x P + Spielmann (e) Continued 18 Q
;
;

by H. B. Uber. Or9P B3!, Ktx Ktch;

10

Px

Kt,

B

R4

;

11

Q

K 2, Q

Q3; 12 P B5 PxP, QxKP'*
Rabinovitch
;

.

Moscow, 1925.

P x P 9 B x P (or 9 Q x P, Kt K 4 10 B Kt 3, Kt R 4 Rubinstein recommends 9 B Kt5! = ), Kt Q 5 10 Q 11 Q Kt 4, KtxBKt3, Kt R 4 ' 12 Q x Kt, Kt x P ch 13 K Q 1, Kt K 6 ch followed by Kt x B + (Svenonms). Or 16.., Q Q5; 17 BxPch-K Or (g) If 16.., Q Q3; 17 Kt Kt5 + 16. ., Q The analysis from White's 15th move is due to T. H. Q 2 17 Q Kt 5 +
(/)

8.

.,

;

;

;

;

;

.

;

.

Blake.
15

BxQ, RxPT. White
(i)

(h)

Better

is

12.

.,

O

and

if

13

plays best 13

R B

Q x Kt P, K R
1,

Kt 1 ; 14 Q x B P, with about equal chances.

Qx Q

'

Hromadka, Mahrisch-Ostrau, 1923. (/) 7 Kt Q 5, B x Kt 8 P x B, Kt Q 5; 9 P x P, P x P is favourable to Black (Kmoch). The column down to Black's 14th move is Spielmann Tarrasch Pistvan y
;

Rubinstein

1922,

*

(k)

9

P
13

B
P

5 *,

B

B

1

;

10

P

Q4 34;

B3,

O

B +
.

Kt

5,

B

Kt

2

E. M. Jellie

2 M. E. Goldstein, 1923.
;

11

Kt

K 2, Q

K

;

12

Q

Q2

'

KING'S GAMBIT DECLINED
P K
4,

103

P

K4

;

2

P

K B 4, B B 4

;

3

Kt

K B 3, P Q 3.

Kt Q 5 ; 7 P x P, Kt Kt 5 ; 8 Ktx Kt, B x Kt , (a] Q K 2, Q R 4 ; 12 P K R 3, Kt 10 P Kt3, B B7ch; 11 P. S. Milner-Barry Sir G. A. Thomas, Hastings, 1933-34,

K

;

K 6 ch

9 P

K 6, Q R 5 ch 13 P Kt4 +
:

(6)
(c)

Spielmann
4
.

Yates, Moscow, 1925.

Px P
7

B

KtxP +
8

KtS;
(d) 5

B

(the Soldatenkoff Attack),

KtS, Kt

Tartakover

B 3 8 KtxP, O Buna, Carlsbad, 1911.
;

Px P

;

5

P B
9

O;

3, Kt Q B 3 6 P Q Kt 4 KtxKt, PxKt; 10 BxP!
;

B

Q x P,
()
(/)

Q-B 3)

B 4, B
;

K

8 P

If 7

KtxP,
;

00
11
.

Kt 5 6 P Kt 3, Kt
;

KR3, BxKt; 7 Qx B, Q Q 5 9 Q Kt 2, Q-R 4.
; ;

R 5 ch

(or 7.

.,

PxP-

gives Black a strong attack.

10

O

6 0,

Kt x P, Q P QB4

K 2:7 P Q 4, B Q 3
Q Kt Q
2,

8

Kt

B

Ktx Kt

3,

Ktx P

=p.

Charousek

9 B K 2, O->-O Janowski, Berlin, 1897*.
:

(g)

13

Q

B2

Spielmann

Van

Scheltinga,
to

Amsterdam, 1938.
llth

Marshall's Variation. Tarrasch, 1923.
(h)

The column

Black's

move

is

Spielmann

Q B 3 ch
11

(t)

If 6..,
j

10

K

Kt

Kt

B3;
1,

KtxP, Q Q x Kt 11 B
7
;

15

B Q3, BxKtch; Q Kt3! + Euwe
.

(j)7..,Q

K2; 8P
12

R5ch; 8 P Kt 3, B B7ch: 9 KxB Kt 2 + (Spielmann). Q 4, PxP; 9 Px P, B Kt 5 ch 1 Kt B 3, B B 3 PxB, BxP; 13 BxB, P K B 4 14 O O PxB'
;

;

;

Mar6czy, match, 1921.
8 Kt

P
14

Q6; 11 B P KR3, B
(/)

(k) If 7..,

BPxP;
KtS,

B
15

B
Kt

7 ch

K3;
KtS;

9

,,

B

10

Kt

R6ti

Hromadka, Pistyan,
(m) Stoltz
(A) 4

1922.

K 5, Kt K B 3 9 Kt B 7, Q K2; 10 KtxR 12 KxB, Q B4ch; 13 B K 3, Q x B Q2 + Stoltz Spielmann, match, 1932. B 3, Kt Q B 3 11 B K3, Kt R4; 12 B Q3 + W
;
;

.

;

'

.

Flohr, match, 1931.

PxKt; 7P
Dr.

P

QKt4
Q3, P

R Macdonald, Glasgow,

Kt 3 (Heath's Variation), B QB4; 8 PxP, PxP; 9 B
1923.

:

K 2, Q R 5

5

P

B 4, B
ch=.

Q

5; 6 C. B. Heath

KtxB

104

KING'S GAMBIT DECLINED
P

i

K4

,

P

FALKBEER COUNTER GAMBIT K 4 2 P K B 4 P Q 4 3 K PxP, P K 5
;
,
;

P

B7ch; 8 K Q 1, QxPch; 9 K Kt Q 2 (Alapin's Variation), B 3, Q Q 5 11 KtxKt, PxKt; 12 P 03 3, Q K 6 P B4 Reti Breyer, Budapest, 1921. 7. 14 B Q B 4 + 1 13 Q ch, is also bad. Kt 2, Kt B7; 11 Kt K 5, 10 B 8 P KKt 4, 00; 9 PxB, R K 1 (i) 13 Kt Q B 3, P K B 3 + 12 B x Kt, Kt Kt x R Spielmann -Tarrasch, Q2

KB 4;
R5
;

(a) If 7.

,

B

10

Kt

K B

;

;

;

.

.

,

;

;

.

MsLhrisch-Ostrau, 1923. (c) The Keres Variation.

B
11

K2 2;
:

(d)

Kt

Recommended by Keres as best. If 5.., PxP; KB 8 Kt " K B 3, Kt Q 2 ; 9 O O, P Q B Q2; *
'

KtxP; >; B K2 2;

Q
P
*

B4, Q QB4; B3 + 11 Kt Ketting Van Nuss, Rotterdam, 193)6. K 2~f 8~K ~Kt B~3 ~Kt Q 2 9 Kt Kt i, O K" 2, Q (e) 7 Q KtxB T. 11 B KtSch; Q2, Q Kt5 is a sufficient defence (Dr. von Claparde). See (/) B
.

K5 +

7B

.

Keres

6 B x P, Kt x P ; 7 Kt -K 4 !, R 1, Q Kt B 3 ; 3 ; -10 1934. Or $.., 6 PxP, Malmgren, correspondence, 8 Q K 2, P B 4 ; 9 Kt X Kt, Px Kt ; 10 P ch,
-

K

QxP?;
O
;

-----Qx
B
10

;

K 3.

also

B.C.M., 1937,

K5; 10 B B 4, B B4; 11 Kt K 3 would (g) 8 ., KtxKt; 9 KtxB, Kt leave White with only a minimal advantage (Keres). (h) Keres- Zirker, correspondence, 1935. 9 B P Q Kt 4 7 Kt x P, B Q 3 8 Q B 3, ; Q 2, B Q B 4 ; v* ; 6 10 B K2 + . Kettmg V d Vaart, correspondence, 1938. The column is Keres Stalda, correspondence, 1933-34. Tarrasch, Gothenburg, 1920. (7) R6ti 6 Kt Q B 3, Q K 3 ch 7 K Kt K 2, Kt K B 3 ; (*) 5 B x P, Q x P ? 8 O O, Q Kt3ch; 9 K R 1, 2 10 Q Kl, Kt B 3 11 R 3, O O; 12 P QKt4 + Keres Vidmar, correspondence, 1936. 6 B QKtS; 7 B Q2, O O 8 O O O, Q Kt Q 2 ; 9 B K 2 (/ KKt 3', as in the text), Kt Kt 3 ; 10 B B 3, B Kt5=F. Leonhardt (9 P
. , ;

;

00

;

BK

;

;

;

P~Q

.

,

;

Marshall, San Sebastian, 1911. Marshall, Folkestone, 1933. (tn) Stoltz (A) Tartakover discusses the alternatives QB3 (1) Kt K Kt3 in Die Hypermoderne Schachparttt, 1924. (4) P
:

;

(2)

P

Q4

;

(3)

Q

K2

,

KING'S GAMBIT DECLINED
P K4 P
,

105

I

FALKBEER COUNTER GAMBIT K 4 2 P KB4, P Q 4.
;

.

,

,

,

9QKt B3,PxP; 10QxP,Q
13

Kt

(b)

R 4, Q R 2 14 B B 3 + (L\ Godai). 13 Bx Kt, PxB; 14 B Kt4, P B4T.
;

Kt3;

11

B

Q

2,

B

B 7 ch

;

;

12

K B

,

t

1,

P

QR w

4'

Analysis by L. Godai,
;

Wiener

Schachzeitung, 1930.

B
Kt

(c)

Nimzovitch's Variation.
6

Q2;
(d)

KtS; 10KtxP +
4

KtB 3, B

If 3.
;

Q Kt 5
.

R6ti
;

7 Rubinstein, Stockholm, 1919.

PxP; 4 Q B 3, Kt K B 3 5 B Ktoch K Kt K 2, O O; 8 BxB, QKtxB; 900*
,

Px B

O O;

8

P, Ktx P PxP, KtxPl +

5
.

P

Q 3, B

QB

4

!

;

6

Kt

QB

3,

Kt

B

3;

7

Kt

B3

F. Lazard

Tartakover, Pans, 1929.

(/)

13

Kt

KtS!

,

Stoltz

Bnnckmann, Swinemiinde,
3

1932.

Kt

QB3;
(h)

5

B

1919.

column
8 Kt

4.., B is analysis 4..,

KtS, Kt
is

B

;

6
if

Q -K2 +
5

.

Tartakover

Q3

playable, for

Q
6

K2, Q

K2;

6

QxP, P
7

T. Gruber, Vienna'

K B 3.

ThJ

by Tartakover.
4
;

Kt

B 4, B

KB

QB3; SQxQP, QxQ;
9

P

B

3,

O O

O

PxQ, Kt

=f.

Dr. von Claparede.

KtS;

Kt

R3,

KtxQP,

() Tartakover
(j)

Orunfeld, Vienna ,1923.

Milner-Barry's Variation.
10.., O 14 B

p

(A) KB 3;
(I)

O

O; R4.

11

Q

KtS,

QxQ;

Milner-Barry

12 B RSch, K Kt Alexander, Margate, 1937.

1 ;

13

BxQ

Milner-Barry

Keres, Margate, 1937.

io6

MAX LANGE
THIS exceedingly complicated offshoot of the Giuoco Piano, named after the great German analyst of the last century, offers the first player limitless possibilities of brilliant comSo difficult is Black's binations at the expense. of a Pawn. master was found willing to defend the game that no
position after Marshall's
'

and Leonhardt
player,

in

games against Tarrasch in 1910 1911, But the well-known correspondence-

Seibold, in the Deutsche Schachzeitung for 1935 advanced strong arguments against the soundness of White's
attack.

M.

See

col. i,

notes (e) and (/).

The
in cols,

characteristic position after Black's 7th
i

move, shown

n, generally reached by transposition from the Bishop's Opening, Centre Game, Scotch Gambit, or
to
is

Two

Knights' Defence.
(cols. I
:

In the most usual form of the

opening

to 9),

Black has the choice on his 9th

mcve

of two replies
(i)

9...,

Q Q4

(cols, i to 6),

which was considered to

give Black the better

game

until the strength of Marshall's
i),

R6! (col. innovation, 156 usual moves, 10 Kt B 3,

was

realised.

After the

Q

position is certainly tion for the defence
analysis
is

Q B 4; n Q Kt K4, Black's A plausible suggesvery difficult. is n..., B K B (cols. 3 to 5), but
i

Pawn and
(ii)

in favour of the first player, retains a powerful attack.

who

recovers his

9...,

P KKt3
untenable

(cols.

7 to

9),

Loman,
It

but
.

against

either- 10

suggested by R. J. Kt or

Q2

ioQ-B 3

whether Schlechter's simplifying on 9 P x P, is satisfactory against the best defence (col. 10). The variations based on 5..., BxP (cols. 14 and 15) spring from the Giuoco Piano, and yield White an indifferent game, as he loses a Pawn with little
variation, based

seems

doubtful

compensation.

MAX LANGE
i

107
;

PK

4,

P K4

;

2

4

00,

Kt

K B 3, Kt Q B 3 Kt B 3 5 P-~Q 4
;

B.

B4, B

B4;

KKt4, Q Kt3, 12 Q Kt K 4, B Kt3; 13 P B 4, P 15 P x B, Q x P (B 4). Blackburne Teichmann, Nuremberg, 1896. K2; 16 Q B 3, with a continuation similar to note (c), looks 15.., B (6) 17 Kt x K P, Kt K 4 18 R x Kt, Q x R 19 Kt x R good, or 16 Kt Kt 5, Q Q 4 H. Blake). (J. B Q3?; 17 P B 4, Q Q 4 18 Q B 3, B K 2 19 P Kt5, 16. (c) K B 4 (Q R K 1, or R Q 2, so as to allow Kt Q 1 may be better) 20 Kt Kt 3, B2 (Q R6, Alapm; or Q Kt4, Deutsche Schachblatfer) 21 Q Kt4! + . irlarshall Tarrasch, Hamburg, 1910, Ifl6..,B K2, 17 Q B 3 ',Q Q 4 180 B 7, 19 Q R-Q 1, Kt where M. Seibold gives the continuation B R 5 K 4 20 Q B 4, Kt Kt 3 21 Q B 7, Kt K 4, etc. B -Kt 3 18 Q KB 1, R Q 6 19 R Q 1, Kt Q 1 20 P Kt 5, KB _. Kt3; (d) 17 K Kt B2; 21 Q Kt 2 (Marshall Leonhardt, 1st match game, 1911). 21 Kt KtS.as .Marshall
14

P

(a)

11

P

B 5, B x
If

000;

;

;

;

:

,

;

;

;

!

;

;

;

;

;

,

;

,

_

; ,

...

_

.

;

in the column, is a later () 18 KtxB,

improvement. QxKt; 19 Rx P (Q

Q 25

22 Q R 3 (22 Q Kt 2, Kt x P ; 23 better prospects (Seibold). (#) Rubinstein's Defence. B 3 ; 17 Kt K 4, 16 RxB, B Kt3; 15 PxP, (h) If 14.., Q R KB1; 18 P Kt5+ (Tarrasch). Q2; 17 Q K 2, P Q Kt 4 ; 18 P Q R 4, P Q R 3 ; 19 R PxP, (t) 16 .,Q 20 P Kt3 + (7) Notes and column are from analysis by Tartakover in Wiener Schachxeitung, 1924, (k) Analysis by V. Vukovitch.
(/)

R Q

Q

4:
1,

22

Kt x P ch+

Q

KB

2)

!,

4,

Kt

B

6 ch;

23

+

(Seibold's analysis).

K 4; 20RxR, PxR; 21 Q R4L K B 1, R Q 1 24 Q B 8, P Q 7; Q X Q, Kt~R 6 ch, etc.), Kt K 4, with the
Kt
;

KBxP;

RPxP;

.

richten, 1922.

KtxB, P KR4I + B Q 2 (or P B 4), B Kt3 + Analysis P x P 16 R x P-f White has the (A) 15 R x B R and threatens Kt B 7 (Tarrasch).
(0 16
.

(m) 22

.

in

Kagan's NeucsteSchachnach-

!,

;

.

important souare

KB

5 for his

io8

MAX LANGE

K Bl?; 9 B~Kt5, PxP; 10 B~R 6 ch, K~Kt 1 11 Kt B 3, Kt K4 + 14 PxP, KxP; 13 K Ktx B Px Kt 12 KtxBP, O O 17 B Kt5, R Q2; 18 P B 4, 15 ri -Q2, QR-Q1; 16 Q R6ch, K R 1 O B 2 19 Kt B 6, R K 2 20 Kt x P + 14 RxPch, K 13 KtxB, PxKt; 12 Kt Kt3, QKt3; 02; (c) If K R-K 1! 16 Kt B 4, Q B 2 17 Q B 3, Q R Q 1 18 B $ 2, 15 Kt-~R 5 PxP; 19 QR Kl (Tchigorm Charousek, Budapest, 1896). 19.., Kt K41; 20 Q Q 5 ch, K B 1; 21 R x R, Q x R +
(a)
(6)

It

8

,

;

B

KKt5;
11
;

12

,

..

BQ3;

;

;

;

j

.

1,

;

;

;

.

(d\

12

KtxQB, PxKt;
(yj

W

The Loman Defence.
If

11...

19

R_K 4, P K Kt 4

KQ2; 13 B

12
;

orIl.. O O; KtxQB, PxKt; 13 V B 7+ R6 + 21 B Kt 7 + A. Olson 20 R Q 1, Q R K B 1
;

f

.

;

.

Spielmann, Stockholm. 1910.

Kt 4, Q Q 4 11 Kt Q 2, K Q 2 12 Kt x B, P x Kt 13 Kt K 4, (g) If 10 Q Q3; UKtxB.PxKt; I5B R6,Kt K4; 16 Q Kt 5, K R K 1 17RxKt, K Bl; 19 QxQ, PxQ, 20BxR,RxB++ Handbuch, 1913. 18 P B 7, R K 4, Q Q 2 13 Kt B 3, Q R K 1; 10 KtxB, Px Kt; 11 RxPch, K B 2 12 R E. W. Osier 14 B R6, R K3; 15 RxR, QxR; 16 Kt R 4, B Q 3 + B 7 ch, 2 12 Kt 11 P K 4, P. W. Sergeant, 1922. If 10 R x B ch, P x R B K2; 13 B R 6, Kt K 4 14 B Kt 7, Ktx P 15 Q x P ch, K K 1 16BxR, 17 BxQ, R Q 1. QxQ; B4; 17 Kt K 4, R K 1 (if 17. ., K Kt 2 \h) Or 15.., QxQ; 16 PxQ, R K 4 19 P B 4 + 18 Q Kt Q 2, P B 6 (or Kt Kt 5) 19 Px P, 18 Q Kt Q 2, Kt PxP; 20 B B6ch + 19 B R4, Kt K4; 20 B Kt 3, KtxPch; 21 Ktx Kt, QRxKt; Von Feilitzsch Dr. Vecsey, correspondence, 1920. 22 Kt x P + 19 BxPch+. Analysis by W. T. Pierce and N. J. Roughton.
; ; ;

QxR

B

;

;

;

;

;

KQ

;

;

;

;

;

;

)

;

;

.

(,-)

!

.

P Q6 13 Kt B 3, PxP; R K 4 P B 4 (or 12 KxB; R Q QB 1; 16 Kt Q 5 ch + Therkatz) 13 R R 4, RxP; K B2; 14RxRP,RxP; 15RxRch,KxR; 16 Q Kt Q 2, Q B 3 17Q K2 + Fahrni Tartakover, Baden, 1914. R 4, K B1J+ (Em. (m) If 12 KtxP, R Ql; 13 P Q B 3, RxP; 14 Q
!,
,
;

Schlechter's Variation 12 (0 11... 15 14 QxP, Q 1,
)

Compare

col. 11.
.

;

;

.

Lasker).
(n)

Analysis

by Tartakover

in

Die Hvpermoderne Schach&arti*.

MAX LANGE
P -K
4,

109
;

P

K4

;

4

2 Kt K B 3, Kt Q B 3 3 B B 4, B B 4; 0-0, Kt-B 3 5 F-Q4;

note

(Z).

(&)
(c)

16

Q
8

R
,

5 ch

and draws.
9

Or

O

12

PxB, B Kt5; 13 (d) 9 B x Kt, P x B
( tf )

O;
;

Q-Q 3
10

BxKt, PxB;

10

KtxP, Q

R5;

11

B

K 3, BxB;
.,

B K

(Ldrobok). 3 (Mason

Loman, Dresden,
;

1892).

10,

is Kt

O O
9 7

=F,

Kt3, QxKP; 17 Qx Q ch, Ktx Q 18 The column is a suggestion by Em. Lasker.

R K 1,
;

P

B3;

1ft

B Kt3. B B 4,
;

8 P K R 3, Kt K 3 B 4, O O If 7 B Dr. Krause's Variation. B KKtS, B K2; 10 BxKt, PxB; 11 R K 1, P Q 3 (Bardeleben). Or B K Kt 5, B K 2 8 B B 4, P Q 3 9 Px P, B x P 10 R K 1 ch, B K 2 11 B Q Kt5. QKt5, PxP; 9 KtxP, B K3. (g) If SB 11 B K Kt 5= (fc)8..,O -O; 9BPxP, BxP(Q3); 10 P K R3,*Kt B 3
(/)
;

;

;

;

;

The column
()
If

Burghold Nestman, Leipzig, 1923. 6 ., Px Kt; 7 P K5, P Q 4 8 PxKt,
is
;

10R Klch,B K3; 11Q 14 B B6+ (Handbuch).
(</ )

R5,Q B3;
7

12

BKt PxB; QKt
5,

9 3

PxP, R
;

K Kt

1

;

13QxQ,RPxQ,
R 4, Q
K2
;

Tartakover

recommends

B

K

Kt

5,

P

K R3

;

8 B

9

K3; 10 BxB (10 Kt R3, Q K 2 transposes into the column), KtxB; 11 QxQch = . Kt 1. 17 K R 1, K K (Z) 16 Q R to)IflO ,Q B4? 11 BxPch!(v. Holzhausen's Attack), KxB; 12Q R 5 en, 15 P QKt4 + Black can K K3; 13 BxKt, PxB; 14 Kt Q 5, K Q 3 play 10.., B K3; 11 B Q 3,
() 9
if

P

B 4, P

Q

3.

B

000
;

;

000

!

;

.

no

NIMZOVITCH'S ATTACK
call the Queen's opening, which he prefers to with the Queen's Indian Defence Indian Attack (on analogy of in the Queen's Pawn Game), Hans Kmoch, in the book the characteristic the Kecskemet Tournament, 1927, gives

OF

this

moves

for

White

as

Kt

KB

3,

P

QKts, B

Kt2,

B 4. hardly possible to limit P 5, P 3, Kt the selection of the variations which follow strictly to those for White, owing to of which exhibit this
It is

K

K

K

plan

campaign

the fact that

White always has an adversary with a large In fact, only once (in col. 6) have we choice of moves!
found White's plan carried out in
its

entirety.

as Roughly, however, we have taken Kmoch's definition illustrations of this ultra-modern a guide in choosing the Nirnzovitch's death opening, which has been adopted after Russian players. by some of the younger
It is obvious, that the

opening moves

I

Kt

KB

3,

oc

;

2

B3 Kt 3,00; 2 B Kt 2,00 ; 3 Kt Q 3 or i P have only to are in no sense Nirnzovitch's copyright. refer to the Reti Opening and the Queen's Fianchetto P
Kt

Q

K

We

Opening

(p.

87,

col.

13);

and for White's general plan

of campaign compare the well-known
owski, Hastings, 18^5, in Bird's Opening.

game Bird

Jan-

absolute control of White's

In the defence Black must be careful not to give White he can do thiss either by 5

K

;

the fianchetto development of his King's Bishop (cols, i and 4), or by pinning White's King's Knight (cols. 3, 5 and 8),

or even by seizing the square by
(col. 7).

P

K

B

3 and

P K4

NIMZOVITCH'S ATTACK
i

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

KB3

;

2

P Q Kt 3

(a)
(6)

Nimzovitch
.

Alekhine, Carlsbad, 1923.
; ;

Or 2 , P Q 3 3 P Kt 3, P K 4 4 P B 4, R 4, P Q4; 6 PxP, QxP; 7 Kt Q B better): 5 Kt P-QR3; 9 B Q Kt 2, B-KKt5; 10 B K 2, BxB,
Nimzovitch

PK
3,

11

KtxPKt

5
:

Q5

Kt 2, Kt Kt 2, 9 B

B

Alekhine,

PK

New York, 1927. Or2..,P B4; 3 P Q B 3 6 P Kt 3, B Kt 5 7 B Kt 2, Bx Kt Kt 3=. M. E. Goldstein W. 3 10 00, Q
;

Q B 3 3 P KS, KtxB, Q Kt Q 2. B 4, P Q 4 4Pxl>,
; ;
!

5 (P

K

Kt 3 seems

;

;

8
S.

Bx

B,

;

Vmer,

Sydney, 1932.
9

K2: 6 Kt B 3, 00; 7 Q B 2, P B3; 8 B K 2, PxP?; (c) 5.., B pxP, P B4; 10 00, P QKt3; 11 P Q 4, PxP; 12 PxP, B-Xt?; Lisitzin B 1 14 Kt K 5 Lihenthal, Moscow, 1935. 13 Q R Q 1, Q R K 1, preparing for Kt BI. (d) Kmoch suggests 9 () Better was KtxP. The column is Nimzovitch Mar6czy, BJed, 1931,
; .

,

(/) (g)

Rabinovitch

Nimzovitch
S

Rauser, Russian Championship, 1934. Kashdan, Frankfurt, 1930.
6 A. H. Pnvonitz

8

B

(Jt)

P

K 2, P Q 5.
White
10
is

KR3, B R4;
or 10 Kt

B
W.

Kt

2 ; P 7 5 ch, Q Kt P. Hergenrother, correspondence, 1929.

Q

00,

QR8,
Th*

(i)
(y)

is

defending: the Queen's

P

B4

K5

Gambit Declined, with a move in hand, would be more commendable (J. H. Blake).

column
(A)

Vilner

For 4

PK Kt

Rokhlin, Russia, 1928.
3 see the Reti Opening.

112

NIMZOVITCH'S ATTACK

G R4; 7 B Kt 5 Kt K 5 Px P 11 Kt x P, Kt K 7 ch
!,
; ;

P

04: 5"P K3, P

K3;

6

;

Kt B 3, P Q4 (producing a kind of Queen's Pawn Game), SBxKtch, PxB; 9 O O, KtxKt, 10 Q Q 2, 12 Q x Kt, B R 3 13 P Q B 4. Krejcik Beutum,
;

Vienna, 1929.
(6)

3 P Baden, 1925.
(c)

Or4..,B Kt5; 5 P K R 3, BxKt; 6 QxB, P K4; 7 B K 4, P Q 5 9 Kt R 3 followed by Kt B 4. Nimzovitch
;

KtS.Q

Q3;

Rosselh, Baden-

5

Kt

B

3,

(d)

If7..,B
13 13

P K 3 6 P Q 4 transposes into note (a). Q 3 White can play 8 P K4,PxP; 9PxP,KtxP?;
; ;

10

R K1+

(Alekhine).
(e)

B X Kt, B B 3 14 R B 3. Nimzovitch Spielmann, New York, 1927 PxP, Kt Kt3=. Dr. Weil Fine, exhibition game, Vienna, 1937. K 2, P K 3 7 Kt K 5, BxB; 8 Q x B, B Q 3 9 Ktx Kt Qx Kt (g) Or 6 B B 4, P B 3. Nimzovitch Vidmar, New York, 1927. 10 P Q O was better (Alekhine). Loss of time. 11 ., Q K 2 followed by (*) K Kt 2, 14 O O O. Nimzovitch Marshall, New York. \i\ 13 B B R6ch; 15 K Ktl, Kt K 1 1927. Alekhine suggests the continuation 14. followed by P K B 3. 9 K Kt Kt5, B -Kt 1. K2; 8 Kt Q 4 P QR3? (P B 4 0) 7.., Q K 2, O-Q 10 O O, P B 4 11 Kt B 3 + Nimzovitch Ahues, 9 B J. H. Blake)
(/)
;

;

f

;

000
;

;

,

!,

!

;

;

;

.

Frankfurt, 1930. (k) Much better

was 9 P

Q
3

4.

O O (13 P (1) 13 O 12th match game, 1931. K Kt 3 (m) Or 2 , P

Q3I.
;

Blumich),

P
2
;

K5.
4
5
3.
;

Tartakover

Sultan Khan,
;

P_K4.
(n)

(better 5

Kt K B 3), O O 6 Kt K B 3, B Nimzovitch Euwe, Carlsbad, 1929.
;

P

K 3, B
B
4,

Kt

P
7

Kt

B

K B 4, P Q 3 K 2, Kt B 3

5
;

8

Q B O O,
1

13

QR Ql B

Bl;

14

P

Kt

Q

Nimzovitch

Yates, Kissingen,

1928.

1 13

PETROFF'S DEFENCE
THIS variation of the King's Knight's Game, though often
adopted in order to avoid having to defend the Ruy Lopez, has also been used by Marshall (following his countryman It is generally Pillsbury) as a weapon of counter-attack.
held that the opening is slightly in White's favour; but no decisive advantage has been established by analysis.

2),

The variations commencing with 3? recommended by Steinitz as White's

Q4

(cols. I

and

strongest continu-

ation,

may give rise to very complicated play on both sides. In the more usual form of the opening, after 3 Kt x P, B 3, Kt x P, White has the choice of three P Q 3 4 Kt
;

K

moves
(i)

:

5

Kt

B

3 (col. 3), leading to no

more than an equal

game with best play.
4 to 6), reintroduced by Lasker at Petersburg, 1914, by which White gains a slight positional advantage, which is, however, insufficient against
(ii)

sQ Ks

(cols.

St.

careful defensive play.

(iii)

5? Q4

(cols.

7 to 10), giving rise to brilliant

attacking possibilities for Black, who is a move ahead in his development. Marshall's favourite variation, best illusH. Alexander's trated in col. 8, has been refuted by

C

very marked improvement in note

(h).

Early variations by White, 3 Kt B 3 and 3 B B 4, are not considered in this section, but under the Three Knights'

and Bishop's Openings.

PETROFFS DEFENCE
i

P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

K B 3.

(a)
(6)

Z

.,
,

P Q3

transposes into Phihdor's Defence.

fe

B K2; 6 5 a playable alternative, (c) More aggressive than 7
B

OO,
. .

O
,

;

7

P
;

QB
8

4,

P
Kt

QB

3

;

8 Q
9

Kt3, Q Kt
5,

Kt3>

10

R4 =
3

P

QB3

Q

B

2,

B3

;

B

P

K R3

:

.

(d)

Alekhme
.,

C.

13QxB)QxP;
7

14

H. Alexander, Hastings, 1933-34. Kt x B ch, Px Kt 15 K R 1, Q
;

Continued 13 Q Kt 4 +.
'

KtxB

tsaier

QxP;
O O

B QB4, Q K (/) 5 Q
9
7 11 7 11
(g)
;

(*)

PQ4; ch4 K2

2, B KtxP, Kt

PxQP, PxP; 5 BKt5ch, P B 3 6 PxP, PxP; K 2, P B4; 9 P B 3, PxP; 10KtxP-K 8 B Kt 5 ch 6 K Q 1, P Q 4 7 P x P t.p., P K B 4 8 P x P.
;

;

;

;

B 3.

;

Stemitz
;

Pillsbury, 1895.
;

B Q
P
,

B 3, Kt Q Kt 3, B
B3, B

3

8
;

B3
B

Q K B 4, B K 2 12 B Kt 2, Q B 1
4,

9
;

13

QR

O,

B
I

K3

,

10

Kt

B

3.

Q +. Pans
10
.

Berne,

correspondence, 1922.
(ft)

P

BxQ;
(1)

Kt

8

Q

B4 = K3ch, B K2;
and others
6

B3;

8

KB
.

Kt

B

Zubareff
9

3 ; 9 Q K 3 ch, Q K2; Marshall, Moscow, 1925.

QxQch,
Kosticfi

BxB, QxB;

10

QxQch, KtxQ =

Kashdan, Bled, 1931.
(j)

Bogoljuboff
5.
f .

9

B

(^
(/)

P
,

B4 +
If

Q4;

Q

K 2, B K 2
;

Leonhardt
;

Romanovsky and others, Leningrad, 1924. 7 KtxKt, PxKt; 8 QxP,
; ;

Schlechter, Barmen, 1905.

O O;
4, ,
;

9 13

KtxKt;
16

P
(n)

Q Kt3
10.
.
.

Kt B 3 10 Kt Kt 5, K Q 1 11 00, P 14 Kt B 3, B KtxKt, P B 4 K3; Kashdan Mikenas, Folkestone, 1933.
-

QR3
15

B Q 2, P R 3

;

12

Q Kt O

(m) Capablanca
.,

Kostich, match, 1919.
3
;

Kt

P

Q

4

;

14 Kt
13

K 5, B K
1,

B

11

P
1
;

KR
15
1

3,

P
14

P K R 3 12 B K 3, O O O 13 P Q 4, Eliskases C. H. Alexander, Hastings, QR3
;
;

.

1933-34.
(o)

KR K

QR

K

;

B B 4, Kt Q

1

Fine

Kashdan,

New York

1934.

PETROFFS DEFENCE
i

P K4, P

K"4;

2

4

Kt KBs, Kt K B Kt KBs, KtxP.

3

;

3

KtxP, P Qs:

(a)
(b)

14 Kt
5

KR4 +
B
4
is

.

Em. Lasker

Marshall, St. Petersburg, 1914.
P.

P

Kaufmann's Variation, now rarely played. See
. ,

W.

Sergeant's

Charousek's Games, p. 185.
(c)

Kmoch
Yates

suggests 9

P

QB

4

;

10

P

B

4,

PxBP;
;

11

BxB P,

PxP.

(d)

Marshall, London, 1927.

10 P K R 3, as advised by 4; 9 Kt B 3, O O () By 8 R Kl, P Tarrasch, White can get an easier game, but no appreciable advantage. 12 Q K 2, KtxB; 13 Q x Kt, R Kl, BxPch; (/) Not 10 B x Kt followed by Q R 5 ch (the Marshall Trap). R K 1 is playable. If 11 , BxPch; 12 K x B, KtxP; 11 (e) Here KKt5 + List Kostich, Berlin, 1928. 13 B B 5, K R 1 15 P K Kt 4 (if 15 Q Kt3, KtxP Black can draw. (h) 14 B + ); O.S.Bernstein Marshall, San Sebastian, 191 l),KtxQP(if 15 ,B B2,

KB

HKxB.KtxP;

.

'

;

!

16
C.

H. Alexander
(i)

BK
(i)

6!,

B

B2,

Kt 5 1, BxB; 18 KtxB, 17 Kt H. V. Malhson, Brighton, 1938.
13

Q R5
Kt

16BK6
Q
15

;

19

If 12

,BxKt;

QxB,.

KtxQP;

14

Q K 3,

KB
16

4;

Q

R3 +

(Tarrasch).

Continued 14 QxKt, PxKt; 15 Tarrasch Marshall, St. Petersburg, 1914.
t

QxQ,
;

KRxQ;
.

BxP, R Q7=.
;

Bx

k) if

Q

B

Kt;

10

Px

Kt5?;

7
;

O
11

B,

KtxQ

P

Px

O,

P
Kt,

K B 4 8 P B4, Kt Q PxP; 12 BxP! +

QB3

9 Kt

B

3,

Sir G. A.

Thomas

A. R. B. Thomas, Hastings, 1937-38,

K 3, PxP; 10 BxP, B K Kt 5 11 B K 2, /D 8 P B4, Kt B3; 9 B Kt Kt 5; 9 P x P, Kt x B 10 Q x Kt, Q x P B 3, O O. Here 8 12 Kt 2 R Kl, B KB4; 12 Kt B 3, KtxKt; 13 QxKt, P Q B 3 14 B Q 2, 3 is Yates R K 5, Q Q 2 16 Q R K 1, Kashdan, Hastings, P K R 3 15
;

Q O

;

,

;

;

11

;

;

BK

;

1931.

BK

(m) 9
3.

P B4, Kt B3;
Q2, O

10
;

PxP, K KtxP;
11

11
1

Kt
;

B3,
Kt

O O
B 1.

;

12

BK

4,

(n) 10 QKt Kostich, match, 1919.

O

Q

Kt

3,

K R

12

Capablanca

no

PHILIDOR'S DEFENCE
THIS
old opening
is

an attempt

to

evade the stereotyped

attacks in the King's Knight's Opening without giving up the centre; but White by developing normally can assure

himself of the freer game.
the Defence.

Alekhine occasionally adopts

Variation, followed by advance of the Queen-side Pawns, for some time seemed to give Black a playable game, but after (col. l) the simple preventing this advance by P

Nimzovitch's modification of the

Hanham

QR4

exchange of centre Pawns at the right moment leaves Black The consensus of with a cramped and lifeless game.
opinion
favour.

concerning

the

difficult

variation
it

6Kt KKts,

illustrated in col. 2, is that

arising from is in Black's

The mode

met most simply by the

B 4 is of attack arising from 4 B line of defence in col. 4, note (K).

Q

Of

the

less
(cols.

commonly adopted

lines

of

play,

3.,.,

6 and 7), the Hanham Variation, leads to difficult positions, where Black must constantly be on guard against an early assault on his King; 3.,., P x P (cols, 8 and

QKt Qz

9) cedes the centre to the adversary prematurely; and 3,,., P B 4 (col. 10) involves too great a weakening of Black's

K

defensive position on the King's wing.

0-G.
(6)
(c)

(a)

5

.,

P

KR3:
;

6

PxP, PxP;

7

Q

K

2,

P

B3 ^
Q

* >

8

P ^
2
;

Tylor Tartakover, Nottingham, 1936. Tartakover gives 7 B K 3, P B 3 ; 8 BKt3!,
7.
;
.

OR4 O B2yK4, Q-B2,
9

B
is

Kt

KxB: lOKt K6,KxKt;
Q
(4)
(*)

,

PxP

8

Ktx
.

P,

11

4

14

Px B+ +

Alekbine
If

T. Tylor Koltanowski, Hastings, 1930. Marco, Stockholm. 1912. 7

correct) Q-B 4 ch, P Q 4 12Px P ch, K B 2 13 P H.
; ;
;

R

K

1 ?

(Kt

K4

QK2 +
9

.

or

Kt

Kt 3

B x P ch
Q 6 ch"

6

BxP ch, KxB;
Kt3;
10
,

Kt

Kt

KtxR, QxP;

5 ch, 11

R B

K
1,

Kt

1

;

8

Kt
12

PxP;

K6 QxP, Kt

QK + K
1

4

v . Kt Ktx
(g)

-~ R4ch; 12 Pf KtxP; 13 O, //: (Ldrob 1921). Tartakover Kostich, Teplitz-Scbbnau, 1922. Black's 13th move is due to
1
.
.

GrtirfeJd.

6

attack does not appear

A simple equalising line is 4 Kt x P 5 O O (or 5 P x P, P Q B 3). B _ K 2 O O. Kt 5, P K R 3 5 Ktx B P (the Locock Gambit), K x Kt 6 P x P (i) 4 Kt Kt Kt 5 7 B B 4 ch, K K 1 8 P K 6, K Kt B 3 9 Kt B 3, 2. White's Px
(h)
,

;

-

'

**,

;

;

;

;

sufficient.

QK

;

BxP;
Kt

(j)

Kt Kt5, B K3; 7 KtxB, PxKt; lOKt B3,Q R5; 11 P K Kt3, Kt K 4
6

8
!

Q

;

B34-.

L. Sterner

B 3, Q Kt Q 2 9 PxP 12 Q K2, Q B 3 'l3P B 4

Alekhme, Podebrady, 1936

11 zvi-^Jt
is

L. Rellstab
(/)

*.t* \j \j o \j T 13 ivi*,rot T. H. Tylor, Hastings, 1930. 10 O O O. If9..,Q K3;

<j>

rJL>

,

n8

PHILIDOR'S DEFENCE

p_K 4 P K 4
,

;

2

,

P Q3-

(a)
(j)
(c)

The Hanham Variation. o O was necessary, but White has 9
t
;

still

the better
;

15

R_K

13 B R3, P B 4 Continued 12.., Q Q 3 Nimzovitch Marco, Gothenburg, 1920. If 12. 1 + +.

14
.,

KxKt;

14
If 5

(d) PxP; not 6 ., B K 2 on account of 7 Kt K 6, PxKt; 8 B x Kt, Kt Kt3; BxKtP, KtxB; 10 BxR, K-B 2 11 P-QKtS, Kt-Kt3; 12 P-K B 4, Kt5, QxB; 13 Q-R5ch+ (Kmoch). 5 O O, B K 2 6 PxP, PxP; 7 KKt with a 3, g xK { 8Q R5,P KKt3; 9QxB,QxQ; 10BxQ,P B3; 11B
;
;

B R 3 ch, K Kl; 15 B Kt-Kt 5, Kt K R 3 6
;

game (Kmoch). P K 5, QxP; Q Kt 1 13 Ktx B,
;
. .

Q6++.

O, Black should play 6

,

KtKt 3

or 6

,

;

minimal advantage.
1933-34. () Sir G. A. Thomas Alekhine, Hastings, This early abandonment of the centre is not advisable. O O, B B 1 9 P B 3, K B 4, O O ; 7 Q Q 2, R K 1 S (p) 6 B Kt Q 2 10 P K Kt4 + . Kashdan Koltanowski, Referee Tournament, London, B 4, O O 7 O 0, 3 ; and 6 B Q 3, O O ; 1932. Alternatives are 6 B Q 9 K Kt K 2. 3 7 O 0, B Q 2 8 P B 4,
(/)

O

;

;

;

KtB
Kt
;

;

KtB

;

(h)
-) (t

Leonhardt
7

Nimzovitch, San Sebastian, 1912.

B

Kt

5 is also good,

B

3 being the best reply.

The column and notes
;

are by Mlotkowski.
:

Q B 4, K P x P 5 KtKt 5, Kt K R 3 6 O 0, Q B 3 7 P x P, (j) Or 4 B B x P 8 R K 1 ch. Alapm has shown that Black obtains a playable game after K Kt Kt Q 3, Q 4QPxP,BPxP; 5 Kt 9 Kt 5, P Kt 4 6 P B 3 6,10 B K R 3P 7 K R 3. BTheP~B 3; column Kt K 8 K Ktx K P, KtB 4 5, Q Q 3,
; ;

;

;

;

is Philidor's

Counter-attack.

ng

PONZIANI'S OPENING
Ponziani, or English Knight's Opening, is scarcely satisfactory for White, Black being left with a variety of

THE

adequate replies. The move 3 P Q B 3 lies open to the twofold objection that it takes away the best square from White's Queen's Knight and that it leaves him behind in his development, so that Black can effectively adopt several
strong sacrificial counter-attacks.

The
(i)

three customary replies are
3...,

:

to 8), anticipating White's once the commonest and the most natural continuation for the second player. After 4 Q R 4 Black can advantageously offer one or more Pawns for the sake of rapid development (cols, i and 2). The Steinitz Defence (cols. 3 to 5) is hardly sufficient, White obtaining too strong an attack after O O O, which
(cols,
i

P Q4

intention to

form a

centre, at

is

represented in

cols.

3

and

4.

Caro's Defence

(col. 6),
it.

recommended by
(ii)

the Larobok, has

much

to be said for

3...,

P

64

(cols.

which gives Black a free hand
of position.

9 and 10), a fighting defence, at the cost of some insecurity
line against
it

The Ldrobok's

(col. 9)

was held
and (m)

to upset it; but the suggestions in notes

(),

(/),

make

this at least doubtful.

(iii)

3...,

Kt

B

3 (cols,

n

to 15), a comparatively safe

defence, less fertile of resource

than

3...,

P

Q4.

White

obtains a promising attack in the usual lines shown in cols, and 12. Black may adopt the variation in col. 14 if he

u

wishes to be certain of the draw.

120
i

PONZIANI'S OPENING
2

P K4, P K4;

Kt

K B 3,
4

Kfr

QB3

;

3

PB

3,

P Q4

i

(a)
(j)

Leonhardt's Defence.
;

11

BK7+.
K B5+
(e)

7P Q4,PxP; 8 B Q R 6, B- Q 2 9 B Kt 7, P BxBch, QxB; 12 QxQP= (Tartakover). K2, Kt Kt5; 9 BxKt (If 9 P KR3, Q (c) 8 B
(d)

B4

;

10

B

B

6,

PxP;
O,

R5),
3,

BxB;
R
6
;

10

OrlOB
.

K2,Q

Berne

Kt 4 ; 11 Kt Q 2, Paris, correspondence, 1921.
The column
is

QxP;

12

BB

Q

13

00

O,

Or6..,
7

Q K2.
Defence.
;

Rabmovitch
9

Alekhme, Moscow, 1915.
10

(/} Steinitz's

M

p_K 5
Von

8

P

B
;

4,

11

B
(h)

Q

Q

I

;

K Kt Q 2, Q x P

;

Kt

Kt 3, Q

Q3

;

K3-I-.

Popiel

Burn, Cologne, 1898.

Tchigonn's Variation
13

compare

col. 5.

K 4, Q R4 14 K R K 1, K Q 1 ; 15 B 16 Q Kt3 + . E. Evill, correspondence, 1915) Kt 1 ; 17 K Kt2, 16 P Kt 4, K 15 P Q 6, PxP; (/) 14 BxBch, RxB; 18 P Kt 5, Px P; 19 Ktx P+ 4-. Rev. F. E. Hamond Rev. A. Baker, Kt B 1 correspondence, 1914. K 1 ch + . 15 K R (k) 14 BxKtch, KtxB;
(0 12. ,P B3; (Rev. F. E. Hamond
;

B

Rev.

W.

Q 3, QxP;

;

UP

(I)

7

,

P
.

K5

:

8

B x Kt ch, Ktx B Q Kt3;
IS

;

9

R K 1,
.

P

B

4

;

10

P

B

4,

Q

Q

1

;

Q3 + (w) 14 Q

Kt3, P

R K1 +

PONZIANI'S OPENING
i

121
3

P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

KB3, Kt Q B 3

;

P B 3,

(a)
(fi)

Caro's Defence.

Tartakover suggests 8
9

(c)

Kt 5, 12 B Schachzettung.
(d)
(e\

Q

Q3; 5 B Kt 5, B Q2; 6PxP,QxP; 7 O OB 4, B Q 3 9 P Q 3. Kt3, Kt B3; 10 P Q B 4, B Q3; 11 Q Q B 3, P QKt3; O 13 Kt Q 2, R K 1 14 O O, Kt x P + Analysis m Deutsck*
If4..,Q

B

;

;

;

.

p

Kt 5, Kt K 2 see col. 8. KtS?, Kt K2; 10 Q x K P, P K B 4 11 Q B 3, PxB; 12 QxR, B 5+ (Mlotkowski). 15 P Kt 5, P B3; 13 P QR4, P KtS, 14 PxP, The text-move threatens B x P ch. Kt 5 12 P K R 3 + f) Or 11 ., Kt 15 R PxKt, RxP; ISRxR, g) J3 B B4, Kt R4; 14 B K Kt3, KtxB ;
For 6 B
9

B

OO
.

;

;

(

.

;

i

BxR;
11

17

QxBP +

.

(A)7..,B Q2; 8 KtxB, KxKt; Kt R3 (Tartakover).

9

O

O,

Kt

B4

;

10 P

Q Kt4,

BQ3;

(3)

If 4

PxP, Q B3,
,

Alternatives for Black are: (1) 4 5 KtxP, Kt-B3. (2)4
tk)

BPxP;

KPxP; Q-B 3
.,
!.

5

KPxP, P Q4;
with

6

KtxP,

(1)

Better

is 5

.,PxP;

6

KtxP, KtxKt;

7

QxKt, BxP;

Kt

B

3 to

follow.
|,

w

)

Q B3
5

is

^orth consideration.

(n)
(o)

Larobok, 1921.

K O2- 9 Q B 5 ch,
KtxP;
7
,

B

KtS, B

now 12.., P K R 3 13 Kt R4, etc. PxP, 6 KtxP, Px Kt; 7 BxKt ch, PxB; K K 2 and draws. 5Q Px P is met by 5. ., B Px P
If
;

8
;

Q
6

KtxKP,
,

P
;

(p) 5

.

Q Kt

K2

Q4; 6 B

8

Kt KtS, Kt Kt 5 ch, B Q

KB3+
P

Kt

RSch,
KtS,

(Burn).
3 is also

2 or

B

good

for Black.

122
i

PONZIANI'S OPENING
2 Kt-

P K4, P K4I

KB3, Kt QB 3
4

;

3

P B

3,

Kt

B

3

j

P Q 4-

j

J

J.

H. White
(e)

6 KtxP, B B4; 7 Q Kt 4, O 0; 8 Qx Kt, P Q3, 9 B Q 3, P B 4; Q B 4, P Q Kt 4 HQxP, Q K2, 120 O, PxKt, 13 B Q B 4, K R 1 ; B Q3 + Spiess Hauser, correspondence, 1912. K3, 9 B B 5 B 3 7 Ktx P, B B 4 8 O 0, O (6) 6. ., Kt (Tartakover). B3, B K2; 10 O O, O O 11 B K 3, Kt Q2; 12 B Q 4, (c) Or 9 Q 13 Kt Q2 + . Heumana Lowy, Nuremburg, 19U6. "Kt3; K 3, B x B 7 P x B, Kt Kt 1 8 B Q 3, Kt B 4 9 Ktx P, Q Kt 4+. (d) 6 B
(a]
,

.

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

R. C.

Griffith,

1910.

KxQ;
(/)

6.., Ktx KB P, 7 Q Q 5, BKt3; 10 R Ktl followed by Kt Q 4+ (Sir

8 QxKPch, G. A. Thomas).
If

QK 2
P

;

9
14

QxQch,
P,

Q Kt3; 15 K Q 2, B KB 4; 16 B K 2, P KR3, 17 K7, R B2; 18 Kt R4 + 6 B K 2 (better than 6 P B 4), P K 5 (for PxP; 7 Px P, (g) 5 K P x P, Q x P 7 K Kt Q 2, P 8 P x P, Q x Kt P see Danish Gambit) K6 9 B B 3, Q R 6 10 Q K2, Kt K KtS, 11 Kt K 4, Q R 5 ch 12 K Q (not 12 Kt Kt 3,B Q 3;
.

Black has

fair

drawing chances (Mar6czy).

13

.,

Q

,_
4
;"

;

;

!

,

;

:

13 Q 1927.

Kt2, Ktx

R P + ), B
5

Q

2

;

13

B

Q

2,

O

,

1
.

O+

Tartakover

Bogoljuboff,

(h)
(*)

Tartakover

Bogoljuboff, 1928.

8

QKt

Q

Kt3 +
-Q5;

Or 4..,
.

9

K 5, Kt Q 4 6 Px P, P Q 3: 7 B Q Kt 5, B Q2j K5; 6 Q K 2, Kt B4; 7 PxP, Kt K3: 8 P Q 5, KtxKt, KtxKt; 10 Q K4 +

PxP?;

P

;

If 5..,

Kt

.

123

QUEEN'S GAMBIT
QUEEN'S GAMBIT ACCEPTED.

SINCE in almost all variations of the Queen's Gambit Black sooner or later captures the gambit Pawn, many masters recommend the immediate capture on the 2nd move. This
gives Black more freedom of action than the regular variations of the Gambit Declined, but often exposes him to a

powerful attack. After the moves

i

P

White must play

3

Kt

KB3

Q 4, P Q 4;

2

P Q B 4, P x P
equalising

to prevent the

P K4In the most regular variations (cols, i to 12) both sides proceed to develop as quickly as possible; Black concenIn trates on the Queen's side and White on the King's,

4 White omits the development of his Queen's hope of profiting from Black's cramped King's For a while this line enjoyed a considerable position. vogue, but master-practice has shown that the advance of his Pawn to B 5, as in col. i, assures Black at least an even
cols,
i

to

Knight

in the

game.
%

lines in cols. 5

Consequently theory at present recommends the and 6 where White exchanges at Q B 5 and thereby obtains a terrific lead in development. In col. 7 White exchanges Pawns at an earlier stage and his position
still

col. 8.

remains preferable. The best line for Black is shown in Here the second player postpones the development of his Queen's Knight and King's Bishop, thereby avoiding the loss of time of the other columns. It is not advisable for

White

to prevent Black's

QKt4

(col. 9).

In col. 10 White exchanges Pawns too early. Cols, and 12 show the variations where Black isolates White's Queen's Pawn. This gives rise to positions where White
generally obtains a powerful attack.

n

i2 4

QUEEN'S GAMBIT

R4ch (cols. 13 to 16) may be Bogoljuboff's recommended for those who wish to avoid the drawing possibilities .of the earlier columns, for it is not easy to see

4Q

how

Black can obtain complete equality against this line. In cols. 17 to 19 are shown some unusual 3rd moves for

Black. Col. 17 has been played and recommended by Alekhine, but is nevertheless not quite sufficient. In col. 20 White tries the Bogoljuboff Variation (Q R4ch) on his 3rd move with good results.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED.
This, together with the Queen's Pawn Game, is the The majority of modern typical form of the close game. players use one of these two openings and prefer them to

any
all

other.

A

study of the chess magazines and columns
this.
i

over the world easily proves

In the Orthodox Defence (cols,

to 85),

Black must

content himself with a very cramped game, but avoids the organic weaknesses which the other defences involve. In
the main variation

White has three main
;

lines

on his 7th
2 (cols. 21

move
to 28)
(i)

:

(i)
;

7

(iii)

R B I (cols, i to 20) (ii) 7 Q B 7B Q 3 (cols. 30 to 33).
i

7

R B
now
i

the trend
tion (cols,

is

has been analysed almost to exhaustion and away from this line. In the main varia-

to 7),

where Black adopts Capablanca's freeing
8...,

manoeuvre, beginning with
suggest

Px

P, theory at present can

no continuation

for

equality. Perhaps the line in attracted a good deal of attention

White which avoids asy Kt 3), which has col. 5 (13 B
of
late,

may

be the

solution.

Alekhme's attack by Kt K4 (cols. 6 and 7) has also been shorn of its terrors. In cols. 8 and 9 Black attempts a

n

more

enterprising defensive manoeuvre, postponing early exchanges. With best play White can maintain a slight pull. In col. 10 White avoids the exchange of pieces.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT
The
older continuation against the
2, is

1-25

8Q

B

shown

in cols,

n

to 15.

Orthodox Defence, This line has prac-

tically

strength of the reply

disappeared from master-practice because of the In general, if Black 8..., Kt 5.

K

can play Kt
difficulties.

K5

with impunity he has solved his opening

The Queen's

Fianchetto defence for Black (cols. 18 to

20), which was popular when Pillsbury introduced White's attack about 40 years ago, is now a rarity, for White's

position remains clearly superior.

B 2 (cols. 21 to 28) is favoured by many of (ii) 7 the younger players, particularly Flohr, Reshevsky, and Lilienthal. Against the best reply 7..., P 64 White can

Q

either maintain the tension with
is difficult

R Q

I

(col. 21),

when

it

for Black to find a good square for his Queen and Queen's Bishop, or play to give Black an isolated Pawn

23 and 24). White's slight superiority is a dangerous weapon in the hands of Flohr; Black can, however, avoid
(cols.

the isolated

Pawn by the line given in col. 25. Col. 26, where the second player attempts to maintain both Pawns
is

in the centre,

unfavourable for him.

Alternatives to

7? B4

are unsatisfactory (cols. 27 and 28).

(iii) 7 B Q 3 (cols. 30 to 33) is played occasionally, but should occasion Black no anxiety.

The Cambridge Springs Defence (cols. 36 to 50) has number of innovations for both sides since our last After Black's 6th move the main variations for edition. White are 7 Kt Q 2, 7 B x Kt, and 7 P x P. 7 Kt Q 2
seen a
:

36 to 43) is the older line. Both the counter-attack are Kt 5 and the immediate exchange 7..., 7,,., B sufficient for equality. 7 B x Kt (col. 44) likewise occasions Black no difficulties. 7 P x P (cols. 45 to 50) is the modern Black must recapture with the Kt on Q 4, when the line.
(cols.

PxP

position generally becomes very complicated. On his 8th Kt 3 (cols. 45 to move White then has the choice of 8

Q

i2 6

QUEEN'S GAMBIT
and

47)

with Landau's stronger of the two and, in conjunction leaves White a very slight positional (col. 47),

8Q Q2

(cols.

48 and 49)-

Q

Kt

3

is

th e
^

BQB4

advantage.

White attempts bridge Springs Defence are shown in
Variations where

to

avoid the

CamIf

cols,

51 to 54.

Black attempts

Q R4

at

inferior position; he can, transpose into orthodox variations.

all costs he will remain with the however, develop normally and

The Manhattan Variation (cols. 55 played much since our last edition. It
inadequate.

to 59)
is

has not been
theoretically

occasionally tried
is

but by the more enterprising of the masters,

.longer play

one of the Black can no strongest weapons at White's disposal, since can Capablanca's freeing manoeuvre. White

The Exchange Variation

(cols.

60

to 65) is

60 61), develop his King's Knight either at K.2 (cols. when he should Castle on the Queen's wing and play for a
King-side attack, or at B 3, when Castling on the Queen's he can wing is unfavourable for him. In the latter case with the Castle on the King's side (col. 63) and proceed which most minority-attack on the other wing, an attack It is advisable for experts prefer to avoid with Black, Black to defer Castling until White's intentions are clear

and

To prevent the minority-attack the second can recapture with B P at Q 4, but this has displayer
(col.

64).

advantages

(col. 65).

Lasker's Defence (cols. 66 to 69) is by far the simplest method for Black to draw. The immediate excursion 5..., Kt K 5 is unfavourable (col. 67), but deferred for one or two moves practically forces a level ending. Tartakover's line, shown in col. 70, is unfavourable for Black.

instead of
it.

The development of White's Queen's Bishop at KB4 Kt 5 has only the element of variety to recommend In the line where White plays both Knights out before

QUEEN'S GAMBIT

127

developing his Queen's Bishop, Black can reply either 4.... B Kt5 (cols. 76 to 79), which leads to lively positions with chances for both sides, or 4..., P B 4 (cols. So to 85). In this latter variation the second player obtains the majority
of

Pawns on

the Queen's side, but

must often submit

to a

dangerous attack.

The immediate exchange

of the centre

Pawns shown
little

is theoretically bad for White, but practice has that the weakness of White's Queen's side is of

consequence (cols. 80 to 82). Against Pillsbury's old move, 5 B Kt 5, Black should adopt the suggestion in col.

84, note (i).

The Tarrasch Defence (cols. 86 to 105) is an attempt by Black to obtain a free game for his pieces at the expense of an insecure Pawn-position.
Variation (cols. 86 to 100) is, however, most masters prefer to avoid the defence The so-called "Folkestone Variation" (cols. altogether. 97 to 100) is an interesting method of avoiding the main line of the Rubinstein Variation. It has been played by the Swedish players with a good deal of success, but the lines in cols. 99 and 100 practically refute Black's strategy
so strong that

The Rubinstein

In

cols.

Von Hennig-Schara
definitely

101 to 105 are seen some less usual lines. Variation (cols. 100 to 102) is

The now
"

the Against what Tarrasch called normal variation" (cols. 104 and 105), Black can obtain at least an equal game by breaking the symmetry.

unsound.

Cols.

Gambit.

106 to 115 show some unusual defences to the Janowski's Defence, 3..., P R$ (cols. 106 and

Q

an important tempo; the same is true of 3..., P Q Kt 3 (cols. 1 08 and 109"). Col. in is an interesting attempt by Alekhine to avoid the routine lines.
107), costs

In

all

the variations discussed

up

to

now White

develops

his Queen's

can, however, postpone the development of this Kt, as in cols. 116 to 123, and develop his King's Knight first. Against this the Vienna

Knight

at

QB

3.

He

128

QUEEN'S GAMBIT

^__

Variation (cols. 116 to 118), which should really be called Griinf eld's Variation, was very popular for a while and, it is still an although its reputation has fallen a good deal, resource for the second player. In the extremely important to advantage, but complicated line in col. 116 White shows various theoreticians do not consider the analysis definitive.

Where White,
at

as in cols. 121 to 123, develops his

Knight

Q

Q 2 (one of Capablanca's favourite lines) an early P B 4 equalises for the second player. In cols. 124 and 125
;

White omits the
altogether to the Queen's

development of his Queen's Bishop Black does best to exchange at B 5, transposing

Gambit Accepted.
(cols.

126 to 165) is now considered by many the best defence for Black. It has the great advantage over the other defences that it does not shut in Black's Black captures the Queen's Bishop. In the variation where the most gambit Pawn on his 4th move, now considered

The Slav Defence

important

line,

White must choose among three

possible

3 (cols. 126 to 130) is systems on his 6th move. 6 P the strongest. Euwe had a great deal of success with it in his return match with Alekhine; nevertheless, it cannot

K

be shown that White obtains a clear theoretical advantage. the older move 5 (cols. 131 to 134) Against 6 Kt 6QKt Q2 has been refuted by the line in col. 131, but 6..., P K3 (cols. 133 to 143) assures Black

K

Bogoljuboff's

complete equality. 6 Kt dent value, for after B
to

KR4
B
i

has no indepen(col. White's Knight must return

nO

83.
Since the

prevents Black's

by which the first player little or no advantage, Q some masters, notably Reshevsky and Stahlberg, prefer to

move

5

P

Q R 4,

P

Kt

4, leads to

omit

this

attempt altogether.
is

This variation has not been
consequently a welcome alter-

analysed very much, and
native to the routine lines.

The Meran Variation (cols. 141 to 145) has practically disappeared from tournament practice, and will not re-

QUEEN'S GAMBIT

129

appear until an adequate reply to Reshevsky's improvement in the Stahlberg Attack (col. 141) is found.

Some players prefer to avoid the Meran Variation, contenting themselves with a quiet but solid development.
Posting his King's Bishop at Q 3 (cols. 146 and 147) is better for Black than at (cols. 148 and 149), but in both

K2

variations Black's position remains cramped, and if White does not bieak too early in the centre he will retain a clear

advantage.
variations where White defers the development of Queen's Knight are shown in cols. 153 to 159. By developing his Queen's Bishop as soon as is feasible Black overcomes all opening difficulties. The Landau Variation
(col. 154,
line,

The

his

note

(/))

was thought
is

to be a refutation of this

but this opinion

no longer held by any prominent

master
In cols. 157 to 159 Black shuts in his Queen's Bishop and White develops his Kt at Q 2. This development of " the Queen's Knight, sometimes known as the Semmering
system,"
is

not to be feared.

The Semi-Slav Defence (col. 160) gives rise to interesting complications, which are, however, in White's favour. The immediate development of White's Queen's Knight
(cols. 161 to 163) is recommended by Alekhine, who scored a notable success with it against Euwe. The complications shown in col. 161 are certainly favourable for White, but

Black can obtain an even position by adopting the variation in note (c). It would be interesting to see Winawer's Counter-Gambit (col. 163) adopted in tournament play,
since no theoretical refutation
is

known.

The Exchange

Variation (cols. 164 and 165), long one of Marshall's pet lines, is no more considered dangerous for Black.
Albin's Counter-Gambit (cols. 166 to 170) is sometimes In to avoid the difficulties of the close defences.

adopted
the

main

line (cols. 166 to 168)

Black can only regain the

eambit

Pawn

at the cost of a disrupted position.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT ACCEPTED P-Q 4, P-Q 4 2 P Q B 4 PXP 6 3OKWK B 3 (A), Kt7 QK B 3 Kz O, P QR3! 5 BxP,P B 4 4 P K 3 P K3
130
i
:
, ;

;

,

;

;

Kt

B 3.

4 P (A] 3 Kt Q B 3, P K 4 Janowiki,NewYork;i924. If 3 P-K
!

;

K 3, P x P
4,

P-K 4

B

QB

4

;

6

equally

P

K4
,

Bx
!.

P,

Kt

Kt5 +

.

Stemitz

5 P x P, Kt Q B 3=. Marshall ; 4 5, Kt-g B 3 ; 5 Kt-Q B Blackburne, London, 1899. If 3 P K
;

P-Q

3. 3,

(18

Kt Q4 is a good alternative, e.g. 13 P K 4, Kt Kt5; 14 Q K 2, (a) 12 K x Kt-Q 6 15 P Q Kt 3, B Kt 5 16 B Q 2, O O 17 P x P, xPP P 19 18 KtB 2=*. Kt Q K 3, P B 4 qp. Landau A. Reynolds, Ostend, 1937), Q
; ; ;

1

I

;

Schmidt
(6)

Turn, Reval, 1936.
13.
.

,

Px P

;

17

KtxP+. Euwe
(c)

K 2 ; 15 P 14 P K 4, B Grunfeld, Zandvoort. 1936.
Nottingham, 1936.

K5

!,

Kt

Q2

;

16

Q B

5,

OO

;

ReshevskyFlohr,
14..,

K Kt Q 4;
(e)

(d)

B
18

Kt

K2; 15 P KtS
.

K 4,

Kt

Q KtS;

Lilienthal

17 16 B-Ktl, Belavenete, match, Moscow, 1935.

OO;

P K 5,

Grunfeld
Goglidse
11
,

Opocensky, Marienbad, 1925.
Lasker, Moscow, 1935.

(/)
(*)

P

B
(O

K2R4;
(*)
)

Kt5?;

14 P
18

K4.
Kt2,Kt

12

Q Kt
.

Q

Alekhme
!

2, Kt Q 4 (or 12 13 Flohr, Bled, 1931);
,

R

OO; P

13

Kt

Kt

0!);14B

KR

B6; ISBxKt.PxB; Q B 1 + Euwe Flohr, 8th match
16

Kt

K

4,

Ktx P;

QKtS, Kt Q 17 Q R Kt

KtS,
4,
1,

game, 1932.

PxP*
16

9. 13
1

PxP
(i)

Botvinmk P KtS; 10 P Q5!, Kt R Ql!!, PxKt; 14
!+

Flohr, 3rd match game, 1933.

QR4; Rx B
!

11

!,

B R4ch, B Q2; 12 PxP!, KtxR; 15 Kt-K 5, R-R 2
, ;

,

+

Alekhine
,

Book, Margate, 1938.
;

KtQS?;
(k)

Preferable is 11 14 KtxKt,
17..,
1937.

Kt Q 2 12 P K 5, OO; 13 Kt K 4, P R 3 (13.., BxKt; 15 Kt Kt5! + ); 14 R Q 1, Q K 2 K K2; 18 B K31 and White won quickly. Euwe Alekhine, 5tb
.
1

match game,

QUEEN'S GAMBIT ACCEPTED
i

131
;

P

Q4 P Q4
.

4

2 P PxP; 3 Kt P-K 3 P-KQB 4 BxP, P-B 4 KB 3, Kt KB 3 3 6 O-O. 5
;
,

,

;

;

(a)

If

12
!,

alternative) 16 Kt 5

K

Kx B

BxP, P Kt5; 13 BxPch'? 14 Q-B 4 ch, K-K 2 R K B 1 17 Kt Q 5 Q Q(14 1
; !

(13
.

;

,

18

the Kt~KKt5, K-K 15 b-K SchT B-K1!
!

O-O
id

is

1 ?

K Ktx Kt B x ' 4
'

;

Kt BK

'

(c)

11..,

B

Kt3

is

preferable.

(d]

Ehskases
9

Muffang, Warsaw, 1935.

, * (l Q?4, QKt Q21; into the column); 11 Q PxP,

e

p

-

OO;

10

R Q
12

B~B

I,

B

K 2 (10.., 2 (better 12

PKt

P-B 6. Euvre)BxP^
'

5

transposes back

(/)

Keres
8
T

Reshevsky, Semmering-Baden, 1937.
! !

B B 2 10 Q Q Kv& ? |^ Kt 1 1?? P fo r I Qr K 2 see note 13 B x P K" vt x ?Kch, KxQ; 11 P K 4, "^ KKt5; 12 B B 4, P B3- W). P _ R A. 14 K R-Q oh, K-K 2 =F. Flohr- Rubinstein, Prague/ 1931. 1(>R-Q1 P~K4; HPxP,PxP; 12 Ktx P, Ktx Kt;
>
<*
'

V
1

*

;

J

12

P ~Q5!,

PxP; ISBxQP, B

Kt2:

14

PK

4

19

,

ti>o"7' Semmenng-Badan, BxQ; KtxP; 20 QxKtP, Q B QxQ,
1937),
1;

x

t

^

(1

?, 18

2

V -t

21

22 Kt

Kt-K2, Q-Kt5-

PB wsswr:
K4

5*

(/)

Bogoljuboff

Alekhine, 5th match game, 1934.

132
i
,

QUEEN'S GAMBIT ACCEPTED
;

P Q4 P Q4
11

2

P

Q B 4> PxP
13

;

3

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

KB3
15

(a)

.

12
)
)

4 (P

K3

.Q

R 4 ch

(P-K 3
5 (BXP)
(P

Q-Q2

6
7

8

PXP PxP P QR3 Q K2 P-QKt 4
B Q3
P ~

B4 (00)

QxBP
)

Q-B 3

Kt-Q!

QxQ
B K2 Q K2

KtxQ P KS
P B4 B B4
Kt

(b}

Kt .33

P-QR3
!

9
10
II

P-QR3
O

R Qi

B3

QR 4 l(c)
-

B K2
2
13

QKt Q2

Kt B3 PxP Kt Q Kt 5 BXP B K Kt 5 P QKt 4

O

B K2

Kt

P

QR 4

B4

K5 QKt-Q 4
Kt

B B4

00

QR RKi

Bi

BxKt

14

KR-QidbWB Q 3 P R3 W
,
j

B

^ Kt 5 ? 4 4-xu ^v ^, B "--'- Kt K 5, B R 4 ~ 5 Kt Q B 3, P K 3 6 P K Kt 4, ** ^ T t (a) If 3. ., " " ' Kt3; 7 P KR4, P KB 3; 8 Q R 4 ch, P B3; 9 KtxB, PxKt: ^,o, 10Q;<F(B4} + Alekhine Grunfeld, Semmenng, 1926. Q R 3, Kt B 3 9 Kt B 3, B K 2 10 B K 3, O O 1 1 B O 3 (b) 8 P P Q Kt 4 12 B B 2, B Kt 2 13 Q K 2, R B 1 14 Q R B 1, Kt Q R 4
; ,

ju,

JA.

, ;

;

.

;

;

:

15

Kt

K5.
;

;

;

Bogoljuboff

Fine, Zandvoort, 1936.

(c)

10

13

Kt
(d)
(e)

K 5, Kt Q
1936.

Kt

B3,
4
;

B
14

B

K2; 11 B Kt 5, B 1, K Ktx Kt 15 Px
;

Kt,

O: Kt

12

B 3=F- Lasker

QR

Ql,

Q Kt

Q

2

Reshevskv' *'

Nottingham,
15

Reshevsky, Kemeri, 1937. 2 16 B Kt 1. White has attacking chances, Black a better Pawn position. The position is slightly in White's favour. The column is Colle Mar6czy, Hastings, 1924

Landau

B

R 4, B Q

;

(/)
(g)

Alekhine

Fine, Kemeri, 1937.

Tartakover
7..,

Book, Kemen, 1937.
-

10 14 IO

K5; 8 B Kt 2, KtxKtl (8 ., Kt Q3; 9 Q R 4, Kt Kt 3 Q Ql, Q BI, 11 00, B-R6; 12 P K4, BxB; 13 KxB, P K3P Q5' + Botvinmk Lovenfisch, Moscow, 1935): 9 PxKt, Kt KtaQ Kt3, B K 5; 11 Kt K5, B-Q4!, 12BxB,QxB; 13 3=.
(A)

Kt
.

PB

(*")

Threatening
Bogoljuboff

..,

(/)

Kt3, winning White's Queen. Alekhine, 23rd match game, 1934.

Kt

QUEEN'S GAMBIT ACCEPTED
i

133

P

Q

4f

P Q

4

;

2

P

QB 4

,

PxP.

(a)
(&)

P
If
.

K Kt 3, here or on the next move,
6.
,

10

00
(c)

B

K2;

H. Muller
is safer.

transposes to the Catalan System, p. 228. 8 Q B 2, P B4; 9 PxP, Grunfeld, Vienna, 1934.
7

BxP,

O

;

BxP:

7

BxP

If 8.., P Q5; 9 PxKt, PxKt; 10 BxP + If9KtxKtP?,Kt K5; 10B B 4, B K2; 11 P K 6,O 0!; 12PxKt, Bx ^: 13 Q R6,B KB 3; 14 R Q Ktl,P Kt4I; 15 Kt B7,PxB, 16KtxR, K5; 2, Kt QxKt-h. RaudSchmidt, 1936-37. A possible alternative is 9 10 Ktx QP, P B 4 with an unclear position. B 4 ch, K K 1 15 P B 7 ch 12 ,BPxP?; 13BxPch!, KxB; 14 Q (/) O with a winning attack. The column and notes are K K 2 16 B x P, R x B 17
(d)
.

()

QB
;

!,

;

;

due to Keres.
(g)

4

Kt

B

3,

Kt

KB3

;

5

P

K4

?,

P

Q Kt 4

;

6

P

K 5,

Kt

Q 4

;

OO;
(h)

10

Kt

Q2,

BxB
10
g=.

=p.

Ahues
!

Alekhine,
;

Bad Nauheim,
;

1936.

9 12

p0 R4, P QB Q
4,

A stronger line is 6 Q

Q
13

KtxKt
()
(I)

Reshevsky, Stockholm, 1937) Alekhine, 3rd match game, 1934. (t) BogoljubofT Kt P Q R 3 7 Kt Q B 3, B Q 2 8 d) Or 6 11 R Q 1, K Kt K2; 12 B2; 10' Q K2, B Q 3
;
,

K2

Kt5;

Q Euwe

Kt 3, B x Kt 7 P x B, P Q Kt 4 B 4 i (but not 10 P R 5 ?, P

8

B
4
;

K
11

2,

B

PxP, BxP;

KtK B 3
9

,

OO,

;

QB3 B K

,

3,

KtK

Kt

B

3,

4

,

.

Spielmann
is

Grunfeld, Carlsbad, 1929.

t

o

necessary, but Black remains

cramped

Capablanca
7

Bogoljuboff, Moscow, 1925
Zubareff,
is

(w) Capablanca
tn ]
>f

p_Q R 3

better

Moscow, 1925 The column

is

Reshevsky

Pake,

New

York,

p__o

4>

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED p_Q 4 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3,
;
;

Kt

KB3

\

4

B Kt 5, Q Kt Q 2.

Kt -R3; 16P-QR3,B
***

(a) If

12

,

P

QKt3;

13

Kt2; 17B

Q-B 2,

P Q B 4 14 PxP, KtxP; Q3.P Kt3; 18 K R B1 +
;

15
.

P

Q Kt4,

Capablanca

^IvFli'lS* ^Q where this variation
18

K2

dra

S i0n h 16 19 R OB2, *B P Q for if 18
'

P B61, PxP; 19 QRxP, Q x P ch 20 K Euwe Sir G. A. Thomas, Hastings, 1934-35. P K 4, B K 3 17 P K 5, Q K 2 ($ 16
;

first 'appeared)

(played in the exhibition 16 5, ;

P-B

P-Q
;

game Rubinstein Lasker, 1924, Kt4; " B-KtS. P-Kt 5 ;

;

18

R 1, B Kt2; B x B, P x B
18
3

21
!

QRxP++.
Kt5;

leads to a very

T^ ^

Kt 4 ? 19 B x P !, P x B 20 Q K >rrartakwer recommends J?!., P KtS; 18
, ;
;

R3;

R-Q1;
20

R K

not

17
1,

Q R5?, P-QKt4; B Q6 T but 17 R Q
J

!,

4

R-B 2,

and wins.

Rx R; 18QxR + R Q 1 19 Q K 2,
,
;

B

KtS, P

Black's attack is worth the Pawn (Alekhme ). Kt 1, Q R Q I J 17 Q 16 P Kt4!, P (m) 15.., B KtS?; R 4, 18 Q 3 ; 19 P Kt 5 + . Vidmar Fine, Warsaw, 1935. 1936. Vidmar, Nottingham, (n) Winter B5 , 16 P B 3, Kt B3; 17 PxP, PxP; 18 Q R }o) If IS.., P 19 B, Ktx Kt + . Stahlberg Grob, Ostend, 1936. but not 18 Ktx P ?, B B 4 ! The column is Stahlberg Fine, 8th match game, 1937.

Bl, B R3; "if instead 20 BxP, RxP; 21 QR Q 5, R Q 7 24 P K 4, B B 1 =F- Griinf eld Becker, 934 S'l6 ;B-K3?; 17 B B 2, Q-Q Kt 5 18 P-B 5, QxP; 19 Q-K 1 !, BxRPi 20 P-B 6, P KKt3; 21 Q R 4 K R 1 22 Q R6, R K Kt 1 B4 23 "st-Kt 3 ? 18 0-R 3 + to If 18 Q R 6, Q k Q 1 19 B *B 2, Q Q 4 20 P K 4, B x P 21 R K R 3 22 R KR3, Q Q 5 ch 23 K Rl, Q Kt2 + ), Q B 4 ch (21 BxB?, QxB; K22 R -B 2 (22~K-R 1 ?, B x P ch; 23 K x B, Qx B ch+ +), K R-K 1 23 Qx R P ch, B KxB.Qx K B 1 24 Q Q 5 25 P- K R 3, K 2, 17 Q Kt KtS; 15 R K 1, Q B3; 16 B KtS, B B 4 14 QR !l;"l8 Q K7, R Q2; 19Q R3!.
22 Vien

KR

V) Suggested

K

1,

RxP;

by Grunfeld.
23

B

;

;

!,

;

;

^7
;

-

!

;

;

;

!

;

;

;

'

;

;

m

P-Q

R

QR3;

KB4;

!

;

Rx

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
T

135
j

pQ

4,

P_Q 4 2P-QB 4
;

,

P

4

B Kt 5, Q

K3

3

Kt

Q B 3, Kt K B 3

Kt- -Q2.

P~QKt3;

Q KtSch; IS Q Q 2, Qx< ch; 14 KxQ, R Q 1 15 K Q 1, Kt K 1 (Alekhme Capablanca, 22nd 16 P K4, B Kt2; 17 P , is inferior for Black. match game, 1927) If here 17. , Q Flohr, Nottingham, 1936. Kt3?; 18 Q Q6, (&) Euwe Q 1, Q R Q 1 ; 20 Q Kt3 + . Alekhme Lasker, Zurich. Q Kt Q2; 19 1934. KtSch; 12 Q Q 2, Q ch; 13 KxQ, Ql; 14 K R Q 1, (c) 11.., Q B 1 ; 17 K K 2 . Kt(Q2) B3; 15 KtxKtch, KtxKt; 16 B Kt3, Alekhme Capablanca, 6th match game, 1927. 14 BxKt, PxB; 15 Kt B 3, Q 1 followed by (d) If 13 KtxKt, bxKt; p_ri 5. V. Buerger R. P. Michell, 1926. B3, B Kt5; 15 KtxP, Q Q 3 ; 16 Q T*) If 14 Kt R. P, Michell A. R. B. Thomas, Edinburgh, 1926. Kt 5 ch ; 17 Q B 3, Q R B 1 ; 18 Q x Q, is 16 Q 5, Q (f) The alternative x ch with a difficult ending. Black now obtains a strong attack. The column is Winter R. P. Michell, London, 1928. f \ Kt Kt 3; R2j 15 g 12P K4?,KtxPl; 13BxKt,BxB; 14BxP,R 19 KtxKt, 16 Kt K4, B K2; 17 Kt K 5, R B 2 ; 18 Q Q 3, Kt B 5 R =F Euwe Alekhine, 28th match game, 1935. B 20 Kt 5, B Kt2: 16 Q 2. 13 Kt B3, P B4; 14 R Rl, Q Kt5; 15 (fc) Vidmar Lasker, Nottingham, 1936. PxP; 19 ft, x P, B2; 17 B Kt3, Q Kt2; 18 (*) 16... Q Ql; . Fine Belavenetz, Moscow, 1937. 4 20 Kt R4, Kt Q 4: 21 B Kt j 20 BxKt, PxB. Kt2I; 19 Ktx Kt, (/) 18 PxP, B tt 15 17 P K4, KtxKt; 18 QxKt, Q B2, P KtS; 16 BxB, 20 P Q Kt 3, Kt B 3 =. Ragosin Eliskases, R B1; B Kt 2 19 Q 5, Semmering-Baden, 1937. Ragosin, Russian Championship, 1938. (I) Alatorzeff (m) 11.., PxP?; 12 BxP, QxQch; 73 RxQ, P KKt3; 14 P KKt4^ 15 Kt + . Fine Maroczy, Zandvoort, 1936. Lasker, Nottingham, 1936. (n) Sir G. A. Thomas B 4, Kt x B 1 1 P x Kt, Kt Kt 3 ; 12 B Kt 3, Kt Q 4 13 P Kt 3, (o) 10 B R 4, Ktx Kt (10. P B 3 ; 11 B B 4, KtxKt: 14 PxKt, P Q B 4 =. Or 10 P Kt x B ; 12 P x Kt, Kt Kt 3, as in Janowski Capablanca, New York, 1924, is weaker) ; 11 RxKt, P QKt3; 13 B Kt3, B Kt2=.
(a)

12..,

K

;

R

KR

Qx

K

R

R

OO?,

R Q1++.

R K
Rx

K

OO,
I ;

K Rx PxP;17PxP, BxKt=.
;

K

OO, OO,
!

K

R

;

R

K

Qx QxB;

KtKt2;

K4

;

K

;

,

136

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
2

p_g 4i
5

P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt K B 3 4 B Kt5, QKt Q2.
;

:

P K 3, B K 2

;

6

Kt

B 3,

O

;

7

R B i, P B 3

;

8

Q B 2,

B 3 12 Kt K 1, R R 3 (or 11 00, R Q 3, P K B 4 11 (a) 10 B P--B3?, Q R5; HPxKt, QxPch; 15 K B2,BPxP; 16 BxP, PxB; Bogoljuboff Przepiorka, Munich, 1926; here 13 P B 4, KtxP, Kt B3 + Q Kt B3 = is correct), Ktx Kt 12 Px Kt, P Q Kt3 130 0, KtxKt; 14 QxKt, p_B 4 15 P B 4, B Kt 2 =. Gereben Znosko-Borovsky, 1935. R 4 with a strong attack. 15 Q 14 B Q 3, Kt B 3 (b) 13, ., Qx R P B 5, Kt B 4. Alekhme Van den Bosch, Amsterdam, 1936. (c) 18 B K4, Q R4ch; 11 K K2, P B3; 12 B R 4, Q Kt Kt3 with (d) 10 Kt Kt5 =F (Alekhme). at least an even game, for if 13 B Q Kt3, Kt P QR3?; 15 B Q 3, B Kt 2 16 B K 4, Q R B 1 17 Kt (e) 14. Q 2, Alekhine and others Bogoljuboff and others, Budapest, P K4; 18 Kt
;

KtK5

;

;

13 17

.

,

;

;

,

;

,

B4.

;

;

1921.
(/)

11

B

PxP,
ig\

15 14

QR_B1
B

B4, PxP; 12 Kt x Q P, R R 2 R 01, PxP; 15
'

BxB P,
;

16

P Kt x B

ch,

KtxQP, Q

QKt4; 13 B Q R 2, P B 4 14 P Q 5 Q x Kt =. Flohr Fine, Warsaw 1P35. Kt 3 16 B Kt 1, B Kt2 17 O O,
;
;

!

;

qp.
,

Grunfeld

Prague, 1931.

QxR; 19R Q1,Q B2; 20RxKt! + + PircH. Sterner, Q6=. But not 15 ., B Kt2?; 16 K R Q 1, Q Kt 3 (4) If 15 00, Q 17BxKt!,BxB; 18 P Q Kt 4, Bx K Kt; 19PxB + Pirc Tylor, Hastings',
Q3; ISRxB!,
.

(h) 14.

BxP?;

Alekhine, Carlsbad, 1923. 15 O O, B Kt2; 16 K

R

Q

1,

Q

Kt3;

17

B

Kt

1,

.

1932-33.
(;)

Capablanca
If 8..,

12 16

B

(k)

P

BxB
(I)
;

Q

3}

QxB P
.

B4?; 9 B PxP, K PxP; 10 BxKt, KtxB; 11 PxP, Q 13 O Q 2 14 Kt Q 4, K R B 1 15 B B 5, R 0, B
;
,

Alekhine, 27th match game, 1927.

;

R B
Kt

4 2
1

;

Re"ti

Q_R4

16 Kt 12th match game, 1927. Ragosin, Setnmering-Baden, 1937. (m) Eliskases

12PxQP,BPxP;

Yates, Carlsbad, 1923. 13 B Q 3, B K2, Kt Kt3; 17 Kt-

Kt2; 14 O O, R QBl; K 5, Kt B5=F. Alekhine

15

Q

?

Capablanca,

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

137
;

P

Q4 P Q4
,

;

2P QB 4 P K 3 4 B Kt 5( QKt
,

;

3

Kt

Q B 3, Kt K B 3

Qz.

(a\

8

,

R

K1

;

12

B--R2, P
(6)

R3;

9 B 13

P~K 4,

B 4, P

KR3
B

;

10

B
14

Q

Kt2;

Px PK PKt
3,
;

11

5,

BxB Q4;

P, 15

P

Q Kt 4; KtxKt

Botvinnik

Kan, Leningrad, 1934.
Stahlberg, Stockholm, 1937.

Fine

9

I

(12B
Alekhine

Ktx Kt

;

15 P x Kt,

Henneberger, Berne, IMi>), Jfxr; ia j^i r x JT-, r j\ Kt Q 2 =F- Gibaud Chdron, Biarntz, 1926.
16

-

(d) If

B x Kt
21st

;

14 BxKt, BxB; 15 KtxP, QxQ; 18 B x B, P x Kt ; 19 B x R, R x B + .

The column

K Rx Q, Kt-Kt 6
is

!

;

17

R-B

7,

Capablanca

Alekhine,

match

game, 1927.

>Kt;3
Vidmar

m

Kt K5; 12 B K B 4, KtxKt; 13 Px Kt, P B 5 B Kt 1, P B 4 16 Kt K 5 is also in White's favour. Continued 16.., QxKt; 17 BxB, QxB; 18 P B 5, P B3;
11
;
;

14

B B

5,

15

;

19
13
!,

RB

4.

Yates, London, 1922.
,

R

(M Or 10
fil14

P
16

Kfe

Ql, KtxB; 15
ff

QR3;
12
.,

11

B
!,

QR4, P B Ktx Kt, P
13

4 : 12 rft4
;

PxP, KtxP;

16RxR.

Q K 2,

Teichmann, 1913.

15BxKt7PxB;
(i)

P

Q Kt4

PxP;

P
11

B B

BxQKt, QxB;
5
;

17

Kt

Q 4+
12

14 (Alekhine).

Kt-Q R 4

Capablanca-

Q-Kt 4
B
1

;

R6ti

E. G. Sergeant, Tunbridge Wells, 1927.

13

Q-R 4, PxP
(A)

M

Or 10 B
11...

Kt5, B
;

14

PxP
12

Kt2;
.

B6,BxB;
13

Qx B, R B
;

1

(Q

!)

,

Winter-J. A.

J. Drewitt,

Tunbridge Wells, 1927.

Capablanca

Lasker, 5th match game, 1921.

B~Kt2;

KtxBch, QxKtj

The

-R 4, Q R B.I 14 rest of the column is analysis.

Q

Q-R3

138

p_Q 4,

p

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED O 4 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3,
;

4

BKt

J

Kt

KB3

;

5,

Q Kt Q 2.

QPxP; 11 BxP, P R3 (Bogoljuboff suggests 11..,P Kt Kt 3 O, QKt4; by .., PxP and Q Kt Q4); 12 PxP?, KtxP; 13 Kt 3,B-Kt 2 15 Kt Q 4, Q R B 1 16 Q K 2, Ktx B =F. Davidson 12 P Q 6 i, 11 Px Q P, B P x P? Teichmann, match, 1922. Or 10. ., Kt Kt 3 BxP; 13 B x Kt, P x B 14 Ktx P . Alekhine Foltys, Podebrady, 1936. B3?; 15 Kt K 5, B Q 4? 16 KtxB, Q KtxKt; 17 QK2, (6) 14... B Q R-Q 1 18 P B4 + Stahlberg Capablanca, Moscow, 1935.
(a)

Or 10...

followed 14 B Q

;

;

;

;

;

;

.

;

(c)

15

Q K2
is

(Burn's suggestion)
.

is

a strong alternative.
; ,

(4)

Continued 17 Lasker

Capablanca, 10th match game, 1921. 19 demonstrated that 17 Q B x Kt !, B x B ; 18 B x Kt, P x B been played. Bx Kt, BxB; 12 KtxP, B K3; 13 K (e) If 11 K3 + . 11 KtxP, KtxKt; 12 RxKt, B

20

Q Kt Q4

KtxBch, PxKt;

BxB, KtxB; 18 BxKt, BxB; 19 Kt Q 7, K R-Q 1 Euwe Landau, Noordwijk, 1938. Here 16. 21 R Q 3
;

Subsequently Breyer should have Q B5

Kt

1,

Q R B 1+

or

(/) 17
(g)

KR B
(*')

(A)

Q Kt6, R Q3. Rotlevy Teichmann, Carlsbad, 1911Not 9 PxKP, PxKt; 10 Px Kt, Px Kt P + 15 KxQ B Q2; Or 13.., Kt K4; 14 B K 2, Qx Q ch
.

1.

Alekhine

Flohr11

16 Q R B 1, ; Capablanca, 8th match game, 1927. 1935. White has a slight pull, but should not Capablanca, Moscow,

win against best play.
(/)
. . ,

a strong attack.
(*) 9. .,

would now have given Whit* K B 3 is more precise, since 12 O O The column is Lilienthal Goglidse, Moscow, 1935. B x B ; and if 10 P K R 4, B K 2 is quite satisfactory for Black.

Kt

game

1927,

(m) Flohr

Vidmar, Nottingham, 1936.

Black must

still

play carefully.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

139
;

P Q4 P Q4
,

;

2

P
4

QB4 P K3 3 KtQ B 3, Kt K B 3 B Kt 5 Q KtQ 2.
,

;

.

P K 3, B K 2
26
7 8

;

6

Kt- -B

3,

00.
29
30

27
)
.

28
...P

(Q-Ba)...,
(P

B4

. .

,

33

$*'"
BxP P-B 4

P B4

B-Q3

KPxP
P B5 B 65

(BPxP)
(a)

9
10
11

B Q3
i

00 P KKt
B R3 Kt Bi

R K

F-B 4
P
3
(&)

B Kt2 O O O

PxP PxP B-Q3

P-QR3
R Ki R Qi
B Q3
PxP(t)

(A)
)

KR 4

PxP W KtxP

P-QR3
P QKt 4

00

00 B PxP
KPxP
Kt

(w)

PxP BxP

12 13

B B5 R Ki

KtQ 4

BxP

Kt 3

BxB RXB
BxKt

BxKKt
KtxB
P K Kt 4

14
15

BxB

16

P QKt 3 (c) Q Q2l P QKt4 P K R 4 ==
I

B-Q3 P Kt5 Kt K 5
)

QKt-K 5 BxB KtxKt KtxKt QXB Kt-K 4 BxB K Kt B 3 QxB B Qsl Q-Q4
tf)

B-Q2
B BS

QKt-Q 4 Kt K 5

KtxKt

Kt

QR-Qi
Q R3
B-~Q 4

BxKt P R3 O O

B K2 P QKt 4
(*)

Q

3

!

KtQ Kt 5
KtxB

KR

Qi

P P

Eliskases

K5,P QR3; IIP QR3,Q R4; 12B K 2, P R3: 13 B-OR 4 * Kt3,Kt K5?; 15BxP,PxB; 16QxKt,BxP; 170 B2 + Tartakover, Noordwijk, 1938. 9 B -K 2, P B5; 10 Kt K5 KtxKt* HPxKt,Kt Kt5; 12BxB,QxB; 13R QI.QxP; 14RxP,Q B2: is R Q 4! Kt K4; 16 P B4, Kt B3; 17 RxP, B K 3 (Euwe Tartakover, NoordwiikI

B5;

10

Kt

KKt4?; 14B

1938) gives Black
(6)

U

some attack

for the

Pawn.

,

Kt

Bl?;

12

BxB, RxB;

13

BxKt, BxB;

14

Q

B5++.

PxP;
()

14
11.

KtxKt, BPxKt;
,

15

BxP, PxB;

16

Znosko-Borovsky, St. Petersburg, 1909.

Q

Kt3ch +

.

Rubinstein

12 K Ktl, R K 1 ; 13 PxP, RxP; 14 4. Rubinstein Teichmann, Carlsbad, 1907. Teichmann, match, 1908. (/) Rubinstein 10 BxP, Kt Q4; 11 BxB, 12 O O, KtxKt: (g) 9.., PxP?; Flohr Fine, Hastings, 1935-36! 13QxKt, P QB4; 14 P Q 5, PxP; B 5 ?, P K 4 11 P Q Kt 4, P K 5 12 R 4 ; 13 B x B (h) 10 P 2, Kt QxB; 14 Kt K 2, P K Kt 3 =F. Landau Fine, Amsterdam, 1936. K R3; 1 1 B R 4, P Q Kt 4 ; 12 P B 5, P 4 ? 13 PxP, (t) If 10,., P Kt- Kt5; 14 B 2 !, Q Kt 3; 16 O O, Ktx P (K5) : Kt3,BxP; 15 Kt 1 7 Kt x Kt, Kt x Kt 18 B x Kt ', R x B 19 R BB 1 + . Flohr -Eliskases, Podebrady, y 1936. (7) An improvement on 13 15 0, KtxKt; 14 Q x Kt, P (ii now 15 5, PxP; 16 Rx P, P Q Kt 4 17 B R 2, B Kt 2 T), Ktx P =. 16. ., P Q B 4 17 Kt K 5. Eliskases Landau, Noordwijk, 1938. (*) (/) Capablanca Goglidse, Moscow, 1935. 9 10 BxB, 11 KtxKt, (m) If 8.., P Q R 3; P, KtxP; PxKt; 12 Q B2, P K Kt 3 13 PxP, KtxP; 14 R Euwe Fine, Amsterdam, 1936. The column is Botvmmk Vidmar, Nottingham, 1936. R 3; 1 1 B B 4 , P R 3; 12 O, P 1 13 Q R B 1 i. (A) 10 O 1, Kt

R Bl;

KtQ

15RxP.
K

QxB;

;

;

KtQ

K K

;

;

;

PQ

QB4:

PxP

;

;

PxQ

;

QB1.
K
;

QxB;

K

K

Keres

Sraysloff,

Moscow

K R-Q

1939.

140
I

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
;

P Q 4, B Q 4

2

K PQ BKt P QKt B
4,

3

;

3

Kt

QB

3,

Kt

KB3

4

5,

Q2.

(a)
(6)

JFor 4 -B4; 14 K R Q
;
!

Fo 7 PxP see the Exchange Variation, cols. 60-65. Or 10 PxP, KtxP; HQxQ, RxQ; 12 P Q Kt 4, Q Kt Q 2 ; 13 P Kt5, 1, B Q 2 15 P x P, P x P 16 Kt K 5 =. Sir G. A. Thomas; ;

Rubinstein, Carlsbad, 1929. Rubinstein, Berlin, 1926. (c) P. Johner K5; 11 Ktx Kt, B x Kt; 12 B B 4, B Cj3; 13 B Kt3 =r. (d) Or 10 ., Kt P. Johner Treybal, Carlsbad, 1929. Becker, Zandvoort, 1936. (e) Euwe B 2, B Kt2; 10 0, transposing into col. 27. (/) Stronger is 9 6 K5, KtxKt; 11 Px Kt, Kt K 5 12 B B 4, Ktx Kt; 13 PxKt, (g) OrlOKt Q Q 2 14 Q B 3, P Q B 4 with a satisfactory game for Black. Yatos Davidson,
;
;

Schevemngen, 1924.
P. Johner, Teplitz-Schonau, 1922. Alternatives are (1) 7 R B 1, Kt B4; 5; 8 B x B, Q x B 9 Q B 2, P K5! (for transposes into col. 11, note (a). Q- B2, Kt Q 3, (2) 7 Q 9 Ktx k s PxKt; 10 QxP, 8 R Q 1 see col. 28); 8 BxB, :xKt, *- * ^-, u* r, Q Kt5ch; 11 Kt Q 2, Qx KtP; 12 Q Kt 1 (12 R Kt 1 ?, Qx P 13 B Q3, Q R6: 14 K K2, Kt B 3 15 Q B 4, Q K 2 ; 16 Kt B 3, P Znosko-Borovsky Tartakover, Nice, 1930), Q B6; 13 Q B 1, Q R4; 14 P B5. p__K4 =F- Reshevsky Tylor, Nottingham, 1936. 14 P K 4 is superior. With this column cp Lasker's Defence, col. 69. (7) 16 B Samisch Selesnieff, Pistyan, 1922. R6 (fc) Px P lot-es a Piwn by 8 B Kt5, (0 6.., P QKt3?; 7 PxP, KtxP (7 11 KtxB, Q -K 1 ; 12KtxBch, 5, O O, 10 B B 6, Kt2; 9 Kt Kt P ; QxKt; 13 KtxP; if now Q K 5 ; 14 Ktx Kt ch, Px Kt i5 B R6, B3' + + the Pittsburgh Variation); 8 BxB, KtxB; 9 B Q3, B Kt2: 16 Q 1 1 R B 1, P Q R 3 12 Kt K 4, P R 3 ; 13 B Kt 1, 10 B1; ; Sal we Marco, Ostend, 1907. 14 K 1 is necessary, as Schlechter pointed out in a note to the brilliancy (m) Q R prize game Janowski Chajes, New York, 1916, where the same position occurred. 17 Q R 5 ch, Kt 1 ; 18 Q x P ch, 2 ? ? (K R1 (n) 16 B x P ch, K x B left White with nothing better than a draw by perpetual check); 19 Q R5ch?, Ktl; 20 Q B7ch and drew by perpetual check. Mikenas Kashdan, Prague, 1931. Mikenas could have won, as Janowski did in the game cited, by 19 Kt Q 71, KtxKt; 20 R x Kt, B B 3.; 21 Kt K 4 3, B x P 22 Kt KtSch, etc.
(A)
(t)

Tarrasch

10 B 7..,

OO,

OO

K

c

;

K

QxB;

R

^

;

;

KR3+-K

,

.

B

K

,

BxB;

,

OO,

Q_K2i.

00

;

Qx R

;

K

K R

K

;

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
I

141

4

P Q 4, P Q 4 B Kts, QKt

CAMBRIDGE SPRINGS DEFENCE 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt K B 3 Q 2 5 P KS, P B 3 6 Kt B 3, 4 7 Kt Q 2, B Kt 5.
;

;

;

;

QK

36

37

88

39

40

PxP;

13

Bogoljuboff, 9th match game, 1929. Compare col. 40. (e) Analysis by Bogoljuboff. Or 10 BxKt, KtxB; 11 QPxP, Kt K5; 12 KKtxKt, (/) 15 PxQ, R Kl; 16 K BxKt; 14 QxB, Q 1, K B

P B4, P B4(Kt Kt 5 12 K K 2) 120O,BPxP: ISKPxP, KtxP, Q Q 1; 15 Kt K 2, P Q Kt 3 =p. B B 1 16 Kt Q4, PxP; 14 Kt Kt3, Q 1; 15 P Q R Kt3. Euwe Grunfeld,QCarlsbad, 1929. 3, 17 Q Ql, Q QB4. Euwe Bogoljuboff, match, 1928. (c) 17 Q R 12 QxB, QxQch(d) If 9 ., PxP; 10 BxKt, KtxB; 11 Ktx P, Bx Kt ch B Q2; 14 B B 3, K R Q 1 15 P Q R4, Q R B 1 16 2 ! PxQ,
(a)

If 11

;

;

14

If 13.,,

;

;

;

;

;

Alekhme

KQ
13

QxQ;
B3;

B

K

(g)

Orl4..,P

3

=

15

B
:

R4

(15

B B

4

?,

R B B4
K

PxKt;
1 =f.

O O
1+),

!

;

16

Q Q

4,

QR

(Euwe).

Kt 5 ; 10 Best. Alternatives are (1) 9. Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 11 B K2. B 4 ; 13 P B 5 followed by B B4ch! P K4; 12 (if 12. , P 14 P Q R 3, Px Kt; 15 Px B, Qx P 16 Kashdan); 13 Ktx P, P K B 4 K 7 + . Kashdan (16 P x P is sufficient for an advantage. Kashdan), Kt B 4 ; 17 B B 4 ; 10 Kt Kt3, Q R5: Marshall, New York League match, 1932. (2) 9 ., P 12 Q Px P, Kt 5 ; 13 Px P, Bx Kt ch ; 14 Px B, Ktx P (B 4) 15 R Q 1 +. Capablanca Alekhme, 7th match game, 1927. 1 14 O O (14 P Q R 3, Kt KtS, etc.), Kt Kt3; 7, R ti) 13 17 B Kt 3, Bx Kt; 18 Px B, Ktx P =FB4; 15 R Q 8, B K 2, Kt Q 6 ch 15 BxKt, 14 B 16 QxP, B (;) If instead + . The continuation in the column is 17 Q Q 2, R Q2; 18 Q B 1, B
(h)

00, PxP

,

K

K

;

:

Qx P

HBxKt,KtxB;

K

p_K

K

K 16RxQR, RxR;
;

;

Q6

PxB;

KB4-

recommended by Euwe. (k) Black should draw (Euwe). 10 (J) Or ~

B4 14 B BxKt; 1

Rogaska-Slatina, 1929. (m) Alekhme Bogoljuboff, 10th match game, 1934,

142

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
; ;

!

4

CAMBRIDGE SPRINGS DEFENCE p Q 4 p O 4 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt B-Kt'5 ; Q Kt-Q 2; 5 P-K 3 ^-B 3 6 Kt-B 3,
,
;

KB3 Q-R 4;

id

Kt

(a)

Qi

K4 B K2-

11

matSiTame
(6)

Continued Is'Kt K5, PxP; 17 PxP, RxR. Capablanca match game, 1927. 1936. Bogoljuboff, Nottingham, (c) Lasker 18 Kt Kt 17 Kt K 4, Q R 4 xP (d) Continued 16 P x P, Q Alekhine Kashdan, Bled, 1931. New York, 1924. Ed. Lasker, (e) Capablanca
1

WKt^NtxKt;

B-K 2, 6-0 12 O-O, R-Q 13 P-Q R 3 (13 Q R-Q 1, Kt-Q 4 Bogoljuboff Alekhine, 10th 15 P QR3, P QKt3=. 14 P-Q Kt 4, P-QKt3; 15 K R-Q 1, Kt-Q 4; 1929) B-K 2; 1931. Mok^nas1
,

;

;

17

QxKt,B

Kt2=.

Alekhine, Prague,

Alekhine, 29th

;

;

5,

Q

R B

1 =F-

is^s'o^oodl Kt^x B (9 J Kt x Kt \ ll 3 ; while if 9 Q gives White a powerful attack, 10 P x Kt, g x B P ; 1 1 o; 13 B B 5, B 12 Q B 2, B Q 3 10 n -R v Kt Ktv Kt- 11 Px Kt, +. 16 ; 4, 15 BxB, B4 . 3 ; 11 P 10 Ktx Kt, Capablanca-Ed. Lasker, Lake Hopatcong, 1926) ; See also col. SO. +. B 4 followed by Kt (g) If 10 PxP, Kt 3 =F is also good 13 Q Kt 1, B 12 PxKt, B (h) 11.., KtxKt;

Kt^^P-K R's'; 4
P-K

K

X

5
.

!

9

Kt-B I
:

PxB

14%R-Ktl Q-B2-

PxB;

P-K
R

O-O-O 17P-B4+
Kt-B

Kt-B K

R5

QR6;
;

K

{Euwej.

Q Kt2 (14 B Q B 4 ?, P K R 3 PxB, 00; (*) Ifl2..,BxKtch; 15 KtxKP<- 16 PxKt, Q B 4 17 BxB, QxPch and wins, K R K 1 4 1H P-B 3, P-K Kt 17 B x Kt, B x B 16 B-K B 4, Kt-B 5 1! B-K 2 Kt-Kt 3

BR4
(7)

13

14

;

j

:'

(analysis

by

Asztalos

and Vukovitch)

;

19

B

;

;

Kt 3.

White's position

is still

tenable.

Analysis by Canal.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

143

4

P Q4 P Q4 B Kt 5> Q Kt
,

CAMBRIDGE SPRINGS DEFENCE 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt K B 3 Q 2 5 P K 3, P B 3 6 Kt B 3, Q R 4
;

;

;

;

;

J

(a)
(6)

Or 10
If 13
is

B Q 3, P K R 3
;

;

11

B

R 4, P x P

;

12

Px P, Kt B 5

=F (Asztalos).

column

B K 2, R K 1 14 R B 2, Kt B 1 +, for if 15 O ?, Ktx P. The Rabmovitch Tartakover, Moscow, 1925. Kt 3 HBxKt,KtxB; I2KtxP,B K3; (c) The alternative is 10 ., Kt (Q 2) 13 Kt B 4 (if instead 13 P Q R 3 ? then not 13 B x Kt ch ? 14 P x B, Kt Kt 3 15 Q Landau Bogoljuboff, Zandvoort, 1936; but 13 Ktx Kt; 14 Px B, Q 1 BxQ; 15 PxQ, Kt R7-I-), KtxKt; 14 Ktx Q, Ktx P ch; ISQxB, KtxQ.
;
!

,

;

;

.

,

(d)

16
9.

13 16

B
19

KR Q

B

(,s)

Q3,

R B5, Q R3 =. Flohr Winter, Hastings, 1935-36. .,00; 10 P K 4, KtxKt; HPxKt,B R6; 12 R Q R K
1
1 (13.., Q 3 ; 14 O, P Pure, Moscow, 1935) : 14 O Spiel mann Griinfeld Vaj da, London, 1927.
!

B

.

R3=.
(/)

B3: 0, P

Kt 1, P K 4; B K 3, R Q 1 Q Kt 3 15 K R K 1,
15
; :

17 QxKt, B Q2; 18 O O, Q R B 1 ; Stahlberg Spielmann, Moscow, 1935. Ql, B R6; 12 R B 2, P B3T." LSvenfisch Euwe, Leningrad, (g) 11 1934. If 11 B Q B 4, B R 6 (not 11 ., Ktx B P ; 12 O O, B Kt 5 ; 13 P Q R 3, QxP; 14R Rl,Kt K5; 15Q K2,Q B6; 16 K R B 1, Ktx B 17KtxKt! + Stahlberg Rellstab, Zoppot, 1935) ; 12 R Q Kt 1, Ktx B P ; 13 R Kt 3, P Kt 4 ! 14 B Q3, P Kt5 +.

Continued 16

Q

Kt3, Q

R31.

KBxP, KtxB;
!

K

.

;

.

;

Weaker is 15 B B 2, Q Q 4 16 P K4, KtxP; 17 QxB, KtxB + Alekhine Euwe, 25th match game, 1935. The best (*) If instead 15.., Kt K5; 16 Q K 2, KtxB; 17 Q R5 + is 16 B continuation after 15.., Q B 4, Kt K5: e.g., 17 Q K2, Q B6; Kt 4, Ktx B 20 Q R Q 1, Q B 6. White can now 19 Q 18 Q R B 1, Q Q 7
(*)
; .

.

;

;

force a draw,

but has nothing

better.

B

R

(?)

8 PxBP, 3 ch 12 K
;

1926.

P

The column is analysis by Griinfeld, Asztalos and Vukovitch. R 4, Kt x Kt 1 1 P x Kt, Q x P ch 12 Kt Q 2 (k) Euwe recommends 10 B 12 Kt B3, KtxKtch; 13 PxKt, BxP; 14 R B 1, P Kt5; 15K Q K 4 I =. Rubinstein Reii, Berlin, 1928. (m) 16 KtxR, B Kt2; 17 P K4-t.

PxP; 9 Q -R4, QxQ; Q 1, B Kt4 + G. S. A.
!

10

KtxQ, B

KtSch;
;

11

K K

2,

.

Wheatcroft
;

M. E. Goldstein, London,
,

m

1.

144

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
2

pQ BKt B
4

4>

5,

P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt K B 3 Q Kt Q 2.
5

;

Alekhme

P Q Kt 3, followed by B Kt 2, seems preferable. The column is , Capablanca, 34th match game, 1927. B K 2 7 Kt B 3 transposes into col. 34, note (*). (M e. Q2, Q R5; 10 Qx Kt, P Q R 4; 4, KtxKt; 9B c) 7 PxP, KtxP; 8P P K4!; B Kt5; 12 Q B 1, O O 13 P Q R 3, Bx B ch llKtBS, B 4, Q Kt4; 17 RxQP, Q Q B 4. Capablanca 15 R Bl!, PxP; 16 R 9th match game, 1927. White cannot continue 18 R x Kt, Bx R; 19 Q x B Alekhme, because of 19 Q R Q 1 20 Q moves, Q B 7 and wins. Fine, Semmering-Baden, 1937. (d] Ragosin ,B Kt5, 11 R~-QBl,Kt K5; 120 0, KtxKt; 13PxKt,BxP; \e) 10 I P P 1 14 B Rl; 16 K Bx Kt, Q R Q I+. The (/) If 14 Ktxk p,Px"Kt; TsBxPch, K column is Capablanca Alekhme, 31st match game, 1927. f \ Q Kt3; 8 KtxKt ch (8 B Q 3 gives White a dangerous attack), g 7. 12 R PxKt; 9B B1,P K4; 10B Q3,PxP; 11 O- 0, B K 2 Kt7ch.K 1, Kt B 1 ; . ~ ~. 5 Alekhine Kt B Kt ; 14 Kt B 5, B K3; 13 Kt R4,
(a)

13

;

K

;

;

HQxB,

,

;

[

1

-------

.....

,

.

.

Bogoljuboff, P QKt3; 10 O Kt2; 11 P--KR4, Q 0, B (A) 9 Alekhine Bogoljuboff, 19th Match Game, 1929. Lundin, Orebro, 1935. White stands better. (*) Alekhme The Manhattan Variation. Kt 3, P B 4 ; 8 P Q R 3, B x Kt ch 9 Q x B, P (*) If 7 Q

lltjbt

match game, 1929.

B2;

12

B Q3

M

;

B

5

Q K2;
(I)

11

QxQch,
,

If

8

12

Kt

Kt K5; 12 B KR4?, Q Kt B 3 ; 13 Kt K 5, B K 3 ; (m) 11 O ; 16 R Kt 1, P K R 4 qp. 14 p_QR3, P KKt4; 15 B KKt3, O K 1 is best, e g., 12 . Kt x Q B P ? ; Foltys Milner-Barry, Margate, 1937. Here 12 Q 13 P K4 + or 12 13 BxKt,~ QxQ; 14 KRxQ, PxB; 15 Kt Q 2 ~ K7,R Kl; 14B Kt4 regaining the Pawn with a fine game. If 12 -,O O;" 13B or 12. (Euwe). Q Kt B3; 13 BxKt, KtxB; 14 P K 4 Kt Xt 4 (17 B K 7 ? r, Q K3!; i/ B 10 BxR, PxKt; 17 JL> X-^JCXL^ (n) 15 Q R3; 16 JD ^ y 1\ o 18 Resigns. Mar6czy Tenner, New York, 1926). Both Alekhine and Bogoljuboff prefer White, but Black has excellent counter chances.
,
! .
,

New

K5!,

QxBP;

O;

KxQ =. 9 O
13

Capablanca

Spielmann,

O,

BxKt;

10

PxB, P
14

KtxKt, KtxKt;

Q

Ktl!.

New B5
;

;

10

Q
2,

K 3 ch,
Q

York, 1927.
11

B

B

R4;

Alekhine

Vidmar,

York, 1927.

,

,

QxBP;

,

,

,

_.

_

,

;

JCN.,

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
p Q
4,

145

p_Q 4

2

P
4

Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B B Kt 5, Q Kt Q 2.
I

3,

Kt

KB3

I

MANHATTAN VARIATION

(A)

Euwe recommends 7.., Q K 2. Q R3; 12 Kt K 5, P Kt4; 13 Q R3 6) If 11.., P K5; 16 Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 17 P Q R 4 Q Q 4 ? 18PxP! + c) 15.., Kt CaDablanca Spielmann, New York, 1927. 11 O O, B K 2 ; P B 5 9 B B 2, P K R 3 10 B K R 4, O 5) 8 Kmoch Fine, Amsterdam, 1936. 12 P B3 B R4, O O 11 00, BxKt; 12 PxB, () Or 9 KtxP, P KR3; 10 14 R B 1, P QKt3=. Pleci Marshall, Li^ge, Kt OB 4; 13 B B 2, R K 1
.

(A) (a)

See also

col. 55.

!,

;

.

.

,

;

;

;

.

;

;

is

P B 5, transposing into col. 55, Kt; 10 PxB, QxB P ? (10. R B1,Q-R4; 12 BxKt, PxB; 13 PxP, KtxP; 14 B Ktl, necessary) Analysis by Bogoljuboff. B K 3-15 Q Q 4 M14 KtK5: ISBxKKt, PxB; 16 Kt Q2. Continued 15 KtxB; 16 BxKt, PxB; 17 Kt-Q 2. Bogoljuboff9

(f) Yg(

Samisch

O

O,

Bx

Marshall, Briinn, 1928.

,

;

11

.

}

,

Spielmann, Dortmund, 1928. 1936. 0) Becker Spielmann, Vienna,

Kt B 1 9 Q B 2, P K 13 3 12 P K4',, 16 Q Q3; 15 BxKt, 14 KtxP, Ktx Kt; Spielmann Capablanca, Carlsbad, 1929. ( \ For 8 Kt B 3 see cols. 62-64. K 5 9 BxB,, KtxKt; 10 PxKt, eer n n) Better is 8 ., Kt 12 Kt Kt3, Kt B 3 (Tartakover). P K 12 Px B disch, (o) Nit 10
Ill

e

EXC

O

K2

Or 7

,

ll"P llP-QR3 B-Q2;

BxB;

P-KKt4; RPxB,

R
B

3

;

10

B

Kt3,

17

O

O-O
Q
Q

R 4, PxP;
.

,

KR3(P )

and wins
is
.

The column
f

BxB; HBxPch, KxB;
is
1;

QxB; K-Kt
1

11
;

B

2,

13

R

5

R_B

16

Alekhine Capablanca, 32nd match game, 1927. P K Kt 4

146

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
, ; ;

EXCHANGE VARIATION (A) ^ P Q 4 p__ Q 4 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3>_Kt K B 3 B-B 3 6 P X P. Kt 5, Q Kt Q 2 5 P4 B
> f*
,-,
;
;

;

on this page, so that for the (A) No attention has been paid to transpositions purpose of these variations White may have played Px P on any one of his 3rd, 4th 5th or 6th moves. Q3?; 8 Kt B3, O 0; 9 O O, P K R 3 ; 10 B R 4, R K 1 ; (*) 7.., B
11 15

KR
(6)
(c)

Q-B2, Kt Bl;
8..,

12

P

R 1 Is strong 12BxPch, 5 ? 11 B x Kt, P x B ; 12 P K R 4 !, P K B 4 14 KtxP, Q Kt3; 15 P B3 + . Nirazovitch 14 Kt B 4, Kt B 1 : Spielmann, Bad Kissmgen, 1928); 13 Q Kt3ch, K R 1 15 Q B3: (Spielraann Sir G. A. Thomas, Carlsbad, 1929), or 14 ., Kt Kt 1 ; 17 Kt Kt6 ch, R 2 ; 18KtxB + 15 P R5,P KR3; 16 Q B 7 !, Kt Alekhine Kashdan, Pasadena, 1932. K5; 11 BxB, QxB; 12 BxKt, PxB; 13 P K Kt4, Kt B3; (A) 10 ., Kt . Dake Kashdan. 14 Kt Kt3, P 15 O, P Q Kt4; 16 K Kt 1 Milwaukee, 1935. Asgeirsson, Folkestone, 1933. (e) Flohr Ktl, P QKt4 =. Reshevsky MonticeUi, Syracuse, 1934. (/) 16 K B 4, Kt Bl; 11 P K R 3, B Q 3 ; 12 BxB, QxB; 13 (g) 10 P KKt 3; 14 Q R Ktl, Kt R4; 15 P QKt4, P QR3; 16 Kt Q R 4 . Reshevsky Flohr, Stockholm, 1937. Keres, Semmenng-Baden, 1937. The advance of White's Q-side Pawns (h) Flohr is difficult for Black to meet. 12 P K R3 was stronger. (*) This allows Black to simplify. Stahlberg, Kemeri, 1937. (;) Reshevsky Kt2s (A) An alternative is 11.., KtxKt; 12 PxKt, Kt Q 2 13 B 4, B 14 Kt K2, Q Ktl; 15 Kt Q 4 . Euwe Bogoljuboff, match, 1928. Weaker is 14 QPxKt, Kt K 5 ; 15 BxB, Eliskases Fine, (I)
On
for Black. (12..,

p_OR4;

KI, B- Kt5 =p. Marshall Lasker, Moscow, 1925. P KR3?; 9 B K B 4, O O 10 O O 0, P
12

K4?, PxP;
Fine

13

KtxP,

BK

2

;

14

P

KKt 4

;

Q Kt 4;

BxKt, BxB: 11 Kt B 3,

.

10 O O O, Kt Not, however, 10.
13

Thorvaldson, Folkestone, 1933.

.,

Kt 51; Kt K

HBxB.QxB;
j

K

BxB;

PxB, QxP;

;

B7+

K

KR3;

BK

OO,

;

KB

QxB=.

Semmenng-Baden,

1927.
,

PxQ

16 Bx Kt, PxB; 17 Q (m) Continued 15. and now 19 R (Lovenfisch Fine, Leningrad, 1937)

QxB;

;

Kt 4, Q Kt4 Q B 2 +.
!

;

ISQxQ.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

147
;

PQ PQ
4,

4

;

2

4

B
67

Kt PQ B B PK PK K2; Kts,
4,

3

;

3

Q B 3, Kt K B 3
3.

5

LASKER'S DEFENCE
66
5

68

69

70

QKt
B R4
Kt

Q2...

6

Kt B3 P KR3(a)

7

BxB QxB PxP
PxP

KtK 5.... 00 Kt 63 KtK 5
BxB QxB PxP
KtxKt

^
P KR3 B R4
Kt
KS-..

K5
i

KtxKt

8

BXB QxB
R B

PxKt
Kt 3

BxB QXB
KtxKt (7) Q X Kt P QB3 B Q3 Kt Q 2 O O (A)
Q B
2

PxP PxP
B Q3 B K3 O O

9 10

p_QB 3

n
12

p_KB4 P BS O O
Kt B4 P K4l Kt - Q6 "
)

Kt x Kt (b) P X Kt Kt Q2

Q P Kt O P

QB3
B3 O

PxP

P X Kt

Q Kt 3

R Q

i (e)

13

14

R Qi B Q3 B K3(<2) Q-Kt5ch(fc) Kt Q2 P- BS P QKt 3 QxQ R QBiKtxQ Kt-Kt 5

64

P B4(/) Kt B3 PxP(g)

PxP BxP P QKt 3
Q Q3

K Kt Q 2 BxB QxB
P

KtK 5
B4

P QB4 ? (n
!

PxP

K-Qi -P)

PxPi

6<

An advisable in-between move when Black intends playing Lasker's Defence. K5; 7BxB,QxB; 8R B1,P QB3; 9 B Q 3, P K B 4 10 Kt K 5, Q B3; 11 KtxKt.BxKt; 12 Q Kt 3, P Q Kt 3 13 BxKt, BPxB; 14 PxP B P x P 15 Kt x Q P P x Kt 16 Q x P, R Q Bl = is Euwe Tartakover, Carlsbad*
(a)

Kt

;

;

;

!,

;

!

1929.
(6)
(c)

10 15

1916. is Marshall Vidmar, San Sebastian, 1911. 10... Q Q3 (Bernstein's Variation) is an excellent alternative. Euwe R3: 6 B R 4 Eliskases, Noordwijk, 1938, continued 12 P B 4, Px P I (5 ., had been interpolated) ; 13 B x P, Kt B 31; 14 Q B 3, B Kt 5 ; 15 O 0, BxKt: R 1, Q B3; 18 B K 1 ; IS Q R K 1 2, 16 PxB, Ql; 17 2=. The older continuation 10 , Kt 1, B 3 ; 11 P B 4 R Q 2 ; 20 is inferior. Kt 3 ; 13 B Q 3 B K 3 12 Q Kt 1, Q3,P QB4; 12 Q R3, P Q Kt3 ; 13 O 0, Kt B3; 14 B Kt5, (/) 11B P B 5 : 15 QxQ, Ktx Q =. Marshall Treybal, Folkestone, 1933. KtS (if 12.., P Q Kt3; 13 B Kt5, B Q 2 ; 14 BxKt, (,)'l2 P B5, B O, PxP; 16 Q R3 + . fine Bb6k, Kemeri, 1937) ; B x Kt ; 14 Q x Kt, B K 5 ; 15 Q R 4, Q R Kt 1 gives Black a strong attack. R4; 13 Q B3,RxP; 14 B Q 3, P Q Kt3 150 0, R R4; (*) 12.., Kt Bl . Eliskases Spielmann, match, 1932. 16 Q 1 ; 17 P B 3, P K B 4 (17... 16 4, R Bl, (t) 15 p Q B3, tried in the match Bogoljuboff Spielmann, 1932, is weaker) ; 18 B B 4. P B3: 19 BxKtch, PxB; 20 P K 5, P Q Kt3 =. KB3!; 10B Q3,PxP; B4; 12 O O,Kt B3; (/) Or 9.., Kt 13 Q 1, B Q 2 =. Stahlberg Lasker, Moscow, 1935. Kt 4, B Kt5 ; 15 K PxP; 130 0, Kt B3; 14 (ft) 12 PxP, 5, B R 4 16 Q B 5. Flohr B55k, Warsaw, 1935. 'The ending is tenable for Black* 4 ; 16 Q B 2 !, Q B 3 ! ; 17 Q K 2 !, 1 ; (Z) Continued 15 Q 4, R 18 Ql, B Kt2. Flohr Bernstein, Zurich, 1934. (m) Tartakover' s Variation. See also next column. 5, Ktx Kt ; 12 Px Kt, Ktr-Q 2; (n) 10. ., Q Kt Q 2 was better, e.g., 11 B 4 with a good game. The column is FlohV-13 B x B, Q x B ; 14 P B 4,
(d)
(e)

Or 12.., Kt

Q B2, P KB 4 transposes into col. 11, note (a). B B4ch, K R2 =. Capablanca Rubinstein, Budapest, 1929. O, PxP; 14 BxP. Janowski Kostich, Q2; 13
.

The column

PK

QR K R
R

KtK

K

K

KR
. .

PQ

PQ

BXB; 150
R

ISQxKtP

;

R

KtxQP;

PK

K

KR

HBxP,P

PQ

KtK
K

;

KR

PK

K

PK

KtK

Capablanca, Moscow, 1936

148

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
4,

p__Q

p_Q 4

;

2

p_Q B 4,
4

P
Kt

K3

;
-

B3

3

B

3,

Kt

KB3

;

Folkestone, 1933.

13

KR
(c)

(6)

P

(d)

O,KtQ2;"12Q R 4, P "^ R3; If9..,KtxB; 10B K 2, B Kt 2 110 " Q " Flohr Capablanca, Nottingham, 1936. Ql, Kt Q4; 14 Q R B R3 Eliskases Spielmann, match, 1936. 15 00, P Q 5.., P QR3?; 6 P B 5 !, O O 7 P K R 3, Kt B 3 8 P K 3,
; '
:

;

QKt3;
(e)

9

PxP, PxP;
7

10

R B
Kt

;

1

.

6..,

10Q
Flohr
(/)

K2, Kt

PxP;

KBxP,
11

KtS;

B~Kt3, B

Q

4 ; B3;
2,

Bogoljuboff Spielmann, Tnberg, 1921. 8 KtxB; 9 PxKt, Kt Q2; 12 Kt K 4, Kt Q 4 13 P

00,
5 ; 10
'

;

KKt3'

Kt Q2; 14 Kt B 4 s= (Bogoljuboff). Kt B 3 11 also good. The column is Bogoljuboff Mardczy, Carlsbad, 1929. 8 Q R 4 ch, P B 3 ; 9 Q x Kt, (g) 6 is much better for Black.
, ;

Milner-Barry, Margate, 1936. Or 10 B KtSch; 11 Kt

00,

,

Q

P

Q

12 P

K

4,

QB00,
3
;

13

B Kt3, P Q 5 is
Q
4

,KtKt3; 7KBxP,KtxB;

Kt

=

B 3 9 B KtS is good for White, but not 10 P 8 B Q3, KtxB; 9 PxKt, B Q 3 KKt3, O O 11 O O, R K 1 =p. Alekhme Em. Lasker, New York, 1924. Continued 15 Kt K 5 PxKt; 16 BPxP, BxP!; 17 PxB, KtxP(1) 18 RxKtch!!, KxR; 19QxP,KtxB; 20 R B 1 ch, K Kt 1 ; 21 7 ch! Drawn by perpetual check. Alekhine Vidmar, New York, 1927.
,

Capablanca Samisch's Variation. 7 P K R 3, B K 2 8 P K 3, O O ; 1 1 O 0, B Q 3 12 B x B, Kt x Teplitz-Schonau, 1922. Kt R 4 ; 8 B K 5, P (k) If 7
(h)
(i)
(7)
;

Becker, Carlsbad, 1929.

Kt

,

B

K5
13
;

;

Q R

;

9

Q

QB P QB
2,
1,
;

KB4
3.

;

10

B

Q

3,

Samisch

H. Wolf,

;

',

QB

(m] Bogoljuboff suggests 6
(n]

B

B

4.

Brinckmann

Reti

Kiel, 1921

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

P

g

4

,

P

Q

4

;

2

P

QB
4

-

:

3

;

3

Kt

Kt

QB

3,

Kt

KB3

;

B3.

(a)

Kt
12

(6)

p_K 3,
(c)

KS^.
9
ip

Known in Russia as the Ragosm System. If 7 KtxKt, BxKtch; 8 PxB, BxKt;
Better

9

Q
If

Freymann PK Kt R P
4.
is

Ragosin, Leningrad,
3,

1934.

Kt 3, PxP; 10 QxB P, now 11 B B 4, Q B3:
;

8

(d)

P

px p O
11

Colle

O

()

If 12 0, with a winning attack.

QR3, KPxP; 10 PxB, PxKt; 11 KtPxP, Alekhine, Hastings, 1926. Px Kt?, PxPch; 13 Kx P, Q B 4 ch 14 K K 1
;
;

Q

B x Kt ch

;

9

P x B,

PK 4

10

PK O
(14

3
;

(Alekhine). 12 B K 2,

K

Kt 3, Px

P)>

(/)

fe

p
(h)

QxQch, KxQ. Spielmann Fine, Zandvoort, 1936. ]0r7 ,B Q2; 8 Q B 2, R K 1 9 R Q1,B Q3; 10 B B 1, P Q R 4 ; Eliskases Ragosin, Moscow, 1936. Q R 3, p R 5 ? 12 P B 5
15
;
.

Kt 5 ?, PxP (this position can also arise in the Vienna Variation see (t) If 6 B 116 and notes) 7 P K 3, Q Q4; 8BxKt,PxB; 9 Kt Q2,BxKt; lOPxB, p Kt4-f-. Rabinovitch Ragosin, Moscow, 1935. Romanovsky Ragosin, Leningrad, 1934. (;") P x P transposes into the Vienna Variation, col. 116) ; Kt 5, P B 3 (5 (k) 5 B Kt 3 ; 9 B Q 3, Q x Q 10 P x Q, 6 P x P, K P x P 7 Q Kt 3, B K 2 8 3, Q Van Scheltinga Fine, Amsterdam, 1936. 5 Q B 2, Kt B 3 6 P K 3, 7 P O Q R 3, B x Kt ch ; 8 Q x B, B Q 2 9 P Q Kt 4, P Q R 4 10 P Kt 5, 12 B R 3, R K 1 =p. Rumin Ragosin, Kt R2; 11 P QR4, P Q B 3 Leningrad, 1934. For other replies see Nirazovitch's Defence (Queen's Pawn Game), with 4 P K 3. (1) Ragosin, Leningrad, 1934. (m) Dubinin (n) Although this position can also arise from the Tarrasch Defence, it more frequently comes from the Queen's Gambit Declined. 4 Kt 5, B K 3 7 5 BPxP; 6 QxP, (o) If 5 ., KPxP; 6 B B 3 9 B Kt5, O 10 Q Q 2, p x p; 7 B Kt5, B K2; 8 3, Kt B K 3 11 O O, Q Kt 3 1 2 K R Q 1 K R Q 1 = Euwe Milner-Barry, Hastings,
,

Reshevsky

Ragosin, Semmenng-Baden, 1937.

col.

;

,

p_ QR4=.
;

;

;

PK

;

;

;

;

!

;

PK

;

PK
; .

.

,

;

;

;

,

1938-39.
10

3, Kt QB3; 7 B B 4, PxP; 8 PxP, B K 2 9 O 0, O O _ ~ Kl, P Q Kt3? (Kt Kt3!; 10 B Kt 3, B B 3. Euwe); 11 KtxKt, 12 B "~ Avro, 1938. QKt5. KBotvmmk 10 O PxKt; '- B K2; 9 B K2, " O;- Alekhine, P Q Kt3; 11 Q Q2', B Kt 2 O 0, 2, O 'q\'8 ~ 14 QR Bl Lilienthal 12 Q K3, Kt Q2; 13 B Kt2, R B 1 Flohr,

R
-.

tp\ Q

PK
, ,

;

;

-

<

-

;

'

J

;

'

.

Moscow, 1935.
i

r\

10

B

QxQch;
16

R

(s)

14 Best.
3,
.,

B

and Black's position Kt B3; 18 Kt Schlechter, San Sebastian, 1912.

(t)

14

K2, Kt B3; 11 R Q Kt 1, BxB ch, 12 QxB, 00; 13 B Kt 5, Stahlbejrg Lasker, Zurich, 1934. KxQ, Kt R4; 15 K R B 1 K 2, P Q Kt 3 14 K R B 1, B Kt 2 15 K K 3, Kt B 3 If 13 B Q R B =. Keres Landau, Ostend, 1937. R Q 1 15 K R Q B 1, P Q Kt4 16 R B 7, Kt Q 2 17 3,
.
,

;

;

1

K5

;

;

;

is

very uncomfortable.

KK

Rubinstein

r5o
r

p_o 4 P
,

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED Q 4 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3.
;
:

KtK B 3

;

4 Kt

B3, P

64.

12 O O, Possible is 11.., Kt Q 2 P QKt3; 12 P Q5 + QR Q 1, B Kt2; 14 K R K 1, R B 1 15 B Kt 3, Kt B 3 B 2,17 Q R 4, K R Q 1 18 R K 3, P Q Kt 4 =. Keres Fine 16 Q Ostend, 1937. K 3, K R Q 1 16 P K 5, Q R 3 17 Q R B 1, (&) Orl4..,Q~B3; 15 Q Q x Q =. Reshevsky Fine, Hastings, 1937-38. The column is Alekhine Euwe, 18th match game, 1937, which continued 15 P Q 5, PxP; 16 BxP, Q K2; 17 Kt Kt5!, Kt K4; 18 Bx B, Kt Kt3 =. Kt Q2; 14 Q R B 1, Kt B 3 15 B Q 3, R B 1 ; 16 RxR, (c) Or 13 Bx R; 17 R B 1, B Kt2. Alekhine Grunfeld, Prague, 1931. B 1, Kt Kt3 =p. Fairhurst Alekhine, Folkestone, 1933. (d) 15 Q R () Or 7 ., Q R4!; 8 Q Q 2, KtxKt; 9 PxKt, PxP; 10 Ktx P, Ktx Kt ; K 4 12 Q K 3, B K 2 13 O O = Reinf eld Reshevsky, New York, 11 Q x Kt, P
(*) If

11

.,

.

j

P

QKt3;

13

;

;

B 4, Q

;

;

!

;

,

;

;

;

.

1938.
(/)

The column
Simpler
is

is

Alekhine

12

B

B

4,

Bx B

Euwe, 30th match game, 1937. 13 P x B, R Q Kt 1 =. Rubinstein ;

Tartakover,

Carlsbad, 1929. (A If 6 QxP, not 6.., Kt j 10 P K3, Kt K4;
;

B3?; 7 BxKt, PxB; 8 Q R4, PxP; 9 R Q 1, 11 Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 12 Qx B P+ (PUlsbury Lasker,

burg,

iOs7<j

Fine, New York, 1936. PxP; 7 P K3, Q Kt3; 8 BxKt, PxB; 9 BxP, B Q 2 10 O O, B Kt3 =F- Bogoljuboff Alekhine, 1st match game, 1934. Kt B K 2 is better. (*) 8 Alekhine, 29th match gane, 1937. (?) Euwe 7 P Q5; 8 Kt Q 5, Kt R 3 9 Q R4, B Q2j 10 BxKt, PxB; ) 11 P QKt4 Kt 5 ch; 11 Q Q 2, 10 Bx Q, B 8 KtxP??, PxKt; 9 Ktx Kt ch, Q x Kt

B

Q

2 =.

w)

,

_

. .

_

,

Dake

T*) 6... B3; 11
.
.

;

,

,

;

.

(Z)

!

!

;

BxQch-f +. Yudovitch Fine, Moscow, 19fr7. in analysis after the game by Dr. Lasker. (m] If 9 PxP, Q Kt3; 10 BxKt,

The
11

text continuation was suggested

BxKt

PxB;

P

K 4, R R2 +
I

.

Or 9 KtxP,
;

1 B Q Kt 3 12 R Q B 1, suggestion), P Q2, 140 O, Kt B3; 15 B Q3.Q K2; 16 KtK 5, KR Bl; 17 Kt B 4, R B 2 18 P K 5, Kt K 1 =. Reshevsky Horowitz, New York, 1935. (2) 11 B Q 3, Kt B 3 12 Q K 3 (12 P K 5, Q R 4 =), P Q Kt3, 13 00, Q K 2 =. Horowitz S. Bernstein, New York, 1936.

(n)
(o)

+. White has

R+ P
:

for

two

Alternatives are

B

(1)

1

pieces and the Kt 5 (Kmoch's
;

freer

game.

Kt2, 13Q-K3, Kt

;

F*

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

P

Q4 P
,

Q4,'

2

TARRASCH DEFENCE P QB 4 P K3; 3 Kt Q B 3, P Q B 4.
,

4

B PXP, K PxP 7 B

;

RUBINSTEIN VARIATION 5 Kt B 3 (a), Kt Q B 3 6 P K Kt 3, Kt B3 Kt2, B K2; 8 OO, O O (6).
;

;

7 Px P e.p,, PxP; Q 5 6 Kt Q R 4, P Q Kt 4 (a) If instead 5 P x P, P 10 QxP (or 10 PxP, B QKt3, KKt B3; 9 P K3, B Q 2 Kt5ch; 10 .,Kt B3; 11 Qx P, B Kt 5 ch, B Q 2, Q K 2 ch 12 B K 2, Kt K 5 + 12 B Q2, BxBch; 13 KxB, Q K2+ (Bogoljuboff). " normal K3 ; position" in the Tarrasch Defence (Tartakover). If 8. ., B (6) The Kt K 5 9 PxP, KtxKt; 10 PxKt, 9 PxP, BxP; 10 Kt KKt5!+; or 8 11 Kt K 1 followed by Kt Q 3 and B 4 (Bogoljuboff). BxP;
;
!

;

8

p

!

;

1 1

;

)

;

,

;

(c)

The R6ti

Variation.

B

Q2 followed by .., OR Q 1. If 13.., (d) Lovenfisch recommends 13.,, B Q2: 14BxKt,PxB; 15 Kt Kt3, Qx Kt; 16QxB,QxP; 17 Qx P.Q R Kt 1 ; R Kt5 =. ISQxfct, QxKt; 19BxP, R 3, Q R3; 19 Q Q 3, Q Q 3 20 Q K 3 K B 2 (e) 17.., PxKt; 18 B Alekhme Euwe, match, 1927. 21 QB B5 + 13 QBxKt, B K3; 14 Kt -B3, Ktx Kt; 15BxKt. (/) 12 ., KtxKt;
;

!,

.

Analysis
(ff)

by

Bogoljuboff.

Capablanca
10..,

Znosko-Borovsky, Paris, 1938.
11 Kt Kt5;

(h)

B

K2;
P,

BxK P
(7)

(t)

13
;

Q
16

Ktx B
1931.

Q2, B

Q

Q 4, KtxKt; 12 QxKt+ P K R 3 ? (better 14 Q K 2 17 K R K 1, P Q 6.
14
;

transposes into

col. 93.

match game,
(k)

B4), BxB; IS KtxB, Capablanca Euwe, 5th

Capablanca
10

Lasker, 9th

match game, 1921.

QKt5, BxP; 11 B Kt5, B Kt3; 12 Kt Q 2, P KR3: 13 QBxKt, QxB; 14 Kt B 4, B Q B 4 =. Colle Alekhme, Bled, 1931. If 11 P QR3, Kt K5; 12 P Q Kt 4, Kt B6; 13 KtxKt, PxKt; (1) HQxCj, QRxQ; 15 B KtS, BxB; 16 Ktx B, Kt Q 5 + . (m) 14.., P K^t3 is better. The column is Bogoljuboff Mar6czy, Bad SHac,
Kt
1932.

KtxQBP=.

()

15

R K^ 2, Q

K

1

Ala torzeff

16 Fine,
;

P

Q R

3,

Kt

Q

4

;

17

B

B

1,

R Q

1

;

18

P

K 3,

Moscow, 1937.

152

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
TARRASCH DEFENCE
,

p Q4 P

Q4

;

2

P

QB 4

,

P K3

;

3

Kt

QB 3
6

,

P

Q B 4-

4

RUBINSTEIN VARIATION BPXP, KPXP; 5 Kt BS, Kt QBs;

P

KKts-

Q Pi KS Kt K Kt5* 10 B B 4, B K 3 11 Px P, BxP; 12 Kt K 1, P-KR3 =. Flohr-Lasker, Moscow, B-Q5I; iTlt-QS, Kt-B 3; 14 R-B I, Other nossibilities are (1) 10 P Q R 3, Kt K 5 =. (2) 10 B x Kt, B x B is not quite souad) T? BxKt''(The sacrifice 11.., P-^S; 12 Kt-QR4 11 't-BS; 17 KtxP, BxKt; 18 BxB, KtxKt; 19 PxKt,
/

\

;

:

;

;

12

pK
(e)

is Black's best line (Bogoljuboff). 13 P B 4 gives White a strong attack, however. x Kt P Analysis by Bogoljuboff. Flohr Euwe, llth match game, 1932.
'

^Kt^^^Kt3
^^

3,

Q

;

12 B-Kt5, HPxB.O-O; Rubinstein B-K 3; B-QKt5; 100-0, BxKt; 15 MarshaU, P-QB4I + Q-K2; 14 KtxB, PxKt; 2 BWd Kt-Kt 5 with sufficient 'KtxP, KtxKt; 11 QxKt, QxQ; 12 BxQ, (J)V0 g B _ Q ^ Kt_ B 5 TakJ

r*"

13 Kt--B5,

.

.

(/)

Kt

Q

2.

11
i

Q

B2,

Q-Q2;

B

7.

Post

Wagner, Oeynhausea,

1922

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED'
p_Q 4 p Q 4
,

153

;

2

P

TARRASCH DEFENCE Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3
'.

(),

P~Q B4-

RUBINSTEIN VARIATION
4

BPxP, KPxP;

5

Kt

B 3, Kt Q B 3

;

6

P

KKt 3.

Brinckmann Wagner, Hamburg, 1921. Stoltz, Hastings, 1932. (c) Euwe Variation, popularised by the Swedish team at (V) The Folkestone (or Swedish) 9 FOlk 14 Px Q P Ktx P !; B4 13 1 2, (rWeak efi S l2B-~K3, B4 B Q 3 =p. Fine Lundm, Folkestone, 1933. 16 B 15 KtvKt was necessary) : ? (16 ., Ktx P 16 PxP, , 15 Grunfeld Stahlberg, Folkestone, 1933.
12

Qx

j^Kt;
P,

B

K

2

;

13

00

10P-K4. BPXP;

I,

PxP, PxP;

.

%15

'

BxKt

B-QR4;

R-Kt PxP

;

Q-B

P-K

!

^RxKt!+.

15

Bx KtP, R-~Q Ktl
)

oo
08
)

P; ,2
16

P-

;

Nimzovitch
P,

Stoltz,
5 ch,

match, 1933.

8

P-VfeS;
Kt

Kx' Kt-K KKtxKP, B-KB4;
Bx
3
;

9

10 B 10

Kt

PxP, QxP;

B-Q 2
11

II Kt x Kt + ; Q-~Kt3,BxKt;
;

Bx R;
13
15
iJ

12
3,

BxPch, K

Q

1 ;

34. 19 p_Q R 3, B Q 6 ch 20 K B 2, etc. Rey W3 KB3 P Q B 4 4 P x Q P, KPxP; 9 5 P KKt 3, Q Kt BS; 3 Kt Q Kt-Q2 P-Q5? (9 6 B-Kt2 Kt-B3: 7 0-07B-^K2; 8 PxP, BxP; Kashdan Horowitz K't K S- 10 Kt Kt3 B ktS- 11 K Kt Q 4, Q B3 = New York, 1938) 10 Kt-Kt 3 B-Kt 3 ll5-Q3 B-K3; 12R-Ql,BxKt; St.
;

3

;

10

is.ix

JIVT;

r,

JD

rvLouu,

*7

P

18 RxR, Johannson, correspondence,

B

RxR;

'(n\

;

,

;

;

13 QxB, Petersburg, 1914.

Q-K2;

14

B-Q 2, O O

j

15 P

QR4.

Lasker-Tarrasch,

154

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
,

i

p_Q 4 p_Q 4

;

2

TARRASCH DEFENCE P Q B 4. P K 3 Q B 4. 3 Kt Q B 3, P
;

The von Henmg Schara (or Duisburg) Gambit. P B 3, Kt Kt 5 10 K B 2, Kt B 7 1 1 R Kt 1, B B 4 ch 12 P K 3, Kt 5 ch, K K 2 14 P K Kt4, P B 4 15 P Kt 5, P B 5 ? 13 B 16 Px Kt, Px P ch; 17 K B 1, Px P with a strong attack, Kashdan Tartakover, Bled, 1931. Another good line for White is 9 P K 4, Kt -Kt5; 10 B -Kt 5 ch,
(a]
(6)

9

;

;

;

Kt

R3;

;

;

!

;

K K2,
(c)

11

K B

1.

12

B

15

Kt
(d)

Kt3,

KtxBP;
15
]

Ql?, Kt

Q6ch!;
16

KxKt,
15

13 K B 1, P Kt5; RxB =F- Makarczyk
If

14

Kt

K 4, P-B 4
14
17

;

Betbder, Prague, 1931.

Cheriogolovko

Kiseff,

KtxKtPch;

BxT
O 8
>

() 14. , Kt --* cKt; 18 RxB.
(/)

KtxB, Q6ch;
;
'

1938. KtxB; 16

now

13

KB

B
1,

.,

Kt

R3ch+. KtxB; 16 RxKt,
'

Q6ch;

K B
Kt

1,

RQ
1(7.

7

;

B

4

5

R Bl; 14 Tartakover, Budapest, 1929. Dake Makarczyk, Folkestone, 1933. (g) (h) Marshall's Variation.
12
(i)
(7)

B D t, P B3; B4, r~~~SD & QxP, B Q2;
t

Q_Q

2

6 Kt o rv. t 9 Kt

Kt

13PK4,

K
Jt\

Kt Q R 3 o o, r F B 3, P ~JTV 4
5,
J

;

,Q B 3 is better); 10 B X P, P A 11 Ktx_KP, Q K3; Ktx P, Bx P '15 Ktx B + Havasi
7

P

KQ"6, ~

.

;

.

Oskam Euwe, 1920. The Normal Variation, which had the enthusiastic support
(recommended by Alekhine);
10
7

of Tarrasch.

But

it

has not found favour with the other masters.

K5 (*) 6 ., Kt BxP; 9PxP,PxP;
Foltys
,

B

Q

3,

Ktx Kt

;

11

Px

Kt,

P

Q B 2, Q R4; K R 3 12 O,
;

8

PxP, O =.

Fine, Stockholm, 1937.

Alekhme, Folkestone, 1933. (I) Rosselli Q P x P 7 B x P, P Q R 3, transposing to the Queen's Gambit Accepted, (m) Q Black's best course. 11 KtxP, KtxKt; 12 BxKt, B (n) If 10 Q 2 13 P Q R 3, The column and notes are analysis Q R K 1 14 P Q Kt 4, B Q 3 ; 15 B Kt 2 by Ldvenfisch. Kt 16 Q R Q5; 15 Ktx Kt, (o) 14.., Kt
;

is

,

PxKP;

;

;

.

Bx

;

Bl.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

155

P Q4 P Q4
,

;

2

P

QB 4

.

(a)
(6)

Janowski's Defence.

For 3
6

.,

P

B

3 see Slav Defence.

7

9

P K KtxP,

5Kt B3, P Kt 3, Kt K 2

QB3;
;

00;

8

10

B

BKt
P

QB

4.

(Bogoljuboff suggests 6 Q B 2, B Q3; 7 B 2 8 P K 4, PxP; KtS, ; 2), Grimfeld Bogoljuboff, Badea-Baden, 1925.

Q

Kt3

B Q3

KtK

;

have lost a (c) This should for an advantage. The column

Pawn by is Euwe
Kt
14 4
!,
;

12 P 4. But White's reply also suffices Alekhine, Zurich, 1934.

K

Q Kt

B 3 ; 13 B Q 3, Kt Alatorzeff, Leningrad, 1934.
,

W)9... P

B3?;

10

K R4

P

KtxP; 11 Bx P ch, K R 3, K Kt B 3 15 B K
; ;

KR 5-K
1
;

12

B B4, Botvinmk

4, B Q2 BxKt; 13 P () 12 Stahlberg Bogatyrchuk, Moscow, 1935. (/) Occasionally played by Tartakover.
(g)

KKt

14

QR

Kt

1

with a strong attack*

PxP;
(fc)

9 Q 13

KR
is

R4ch?, P
Flohr
13
1

Ql, Q Kt

The column
16

B3; 10 B Q 3, O O 11 O O, P Q B 4 ; 12 PxP, Q 2 =p. R. P. Michell Tartakover, Hastings, 1935-36. Tartakover, Hastings, 1935-36.
;

Continued
5

Q

R Q 1, Q R Q
3,

PxP, KtxP;
;

17

00; 9 Kt 11 KtxKt+.
(7)
(ft)

(i)

PK Kt Kt K5? KtK B
B4,
Reshevsky

K R K 1, K

14

BxPch, KxB;
Kt
1
! ;

15
3,

QxKt, Q

334;

2 7 Kt R 3 ; 6 2, P B 3 is necessary); 10 , (9 Tartakover, Nottingham, 1936.
Tartakover, Zandvoort, 1936.

BKt BKt

B

K Ktx

K2
P,

;

8 O O, KtxKt;

13
3

0.
B3, P

Euwe

p_K4;
(/)

Kt 6 Kt

QB3, Kt KB3;
Q
5 =p. 5 Kt 3 ; 9

5 4 Kt B 3, V. Buerger E. Spencer, Tenby, 1938.

PxQP;
4
;

KKtxP?
Q
2
;

(QKtxP),

Kt

B

3

Or4P K3,PxP; Kt 3, 8 Q
;

PK

Q B 3, Kt B 3, Q

Q QR

6

PxP, Kt

Kt 5

;

lp

O

0,

B

KB3; 7B QB4,
11

P

Q

5

Alapin

Duras, Carlsbad, 1911.
Seitz, Hastings, 1924-25.

(m) Przepiorka

156

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

p Q4 P Q
,

4

:

2

(

fl

)

13

p_B 4, Ktx B
Q-QR4;

j

14

Qx

Kt,

Kt

R3
3
;

;

15

Q

B
2,

5

!

.

Stahlberg

Alekhme,
;

Kemeri, 1937.
(b) Tchigorin's Defence. 6 5 Kt~-B3,

P-K 3, O-O-O

If in reply

PxP, QxP;
7

B-

P-K4 +
5
;
;

4

Kt

K B 3, B Kt 5
.

Landau- Colle,

match, 1928.
(c)

Alekhine

Colle,

Baden-Baden, 1925.
8 PxQ, P-Kt 5 1897-99), Kt-B 3 9 5, Kt-K 2
; ;

PxP; 4 Kt B 3 (4 P QxKt, QxQ; P OKU P-QKt4l; 7 Qx Kt, Q x Q Kt4~P-QKt4!;
Or 3
'

M

>5

Kt

R4;

Q
5

R 4 ch, P B 3
P
.

9 Kt

-St
6

Petersburg,
;

B-K 3,

B x Kt

7

P

correspondence, 4 8 x B,

P-K

;

P-Q
14

Q-R 4 ch

Q 1, Px P =. K 4, B-Kt5;
Analysis

;

K2; 13 O O, (*) 12 .,B Tartakover, Nottingham, 1936. QxP; 4 Kt QB3,

by Euwe.

0;

Kt
8

Q Kt5,
5

Bx Kt; 15BxB. Euwe
; ;

6

10Kt-Q's);
(g)

B-Q2 B-Kt5; 7 P-K 4, BxKt; 6 P-K3.
5

m3

Q QR4; P

Kt B 3, P B 3 (5.., Kt B 3 PxB, Q-R4; 9 P-K 5, Kt Q 2
;

Kt

Q 3, 4 P-K 4, Kt-KB3; OB 3- 8 B KKtS, B K 2 9 BxB
B
;

K4
(9

6

B
;

QxBKt

10'Kt
3

B3,

QKtxP;
B Q
2
;

11

Kt x Kt, Ktx Kt

B

13

Q

Q

2,

14

Q

K 3, B
;

Alekhine^-Marshall, Baden-Baden, 1925) Breslau, 1925.
(h)

12

B B

3

K 2,

15

KB4??, Kt Q x Kt ? (11. 16 P B 4 O O, O O P Q B 3 =. Grunfeld Becker,
,

PxP, Kt-Kt5;
;

B 3, 7 Kt Kt 5 and wins),
;

K 12P-KR3,

.

Takacs

Havasi, Budapest, 1926.

5 ?, Ttrong attack, for if 10 here 4 Q PxP, Kt QB3; 5 Px

P-B

Bx P
P
? (5

;

11

Kt

K B 3,
Kt
5
.

Px

B,

P

Ktx P 12 Qx P, Kt-Kt6+ 6 Kt B Q 5), B KtS ch
; !

If
3,

;

Kt

Q5++.
7
.,

M

pKKt4?;

8

B

C2*

11

KtxKt, PxKt; 12 P

Kt3, P

;

Kt3 +

9 Kt K 5, B B 3 ; 10 Q Fine Grau, Stockholm, 1937

R 4,

i

PQ
4
5

4,

P

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED Q 4 2 PQ B 4, P K 3 3 Kt K B 3,
;
;

157

Kt

K B 3.

116

117

118

119

120

PxP

B Kt 5 B Kt 5 ch (a) Kt 33
Q

P
R4ch(A) Kt

KR3
B3
(A)

BxKt()

QxB

6

P K4

(a)
(b)

The Vienna
8 PxKt,
is

Variation, first played

and analysed by the great theoretician
;

Griinfeld.

and Wolf
(11

BxKt!;
14

PxB
(c)

12 PxB, B Grunfeld and Kaufmann, Vienna, 1933.
necessary),

PxP;
15

R4ch, Kt B 3 Q2; 13 Ktx Kt, Q B 2
9

Q

QxP, BxPch;
If9..,P

PQ Kt4!!; K B Q
2,

12QxKtP, R4+ + is
.

14 B x P, BxKt=. Hdnlinger Here 10 ,, BxKt; 11 B R 4 > R Q Kt 1 13 Qx Ktch, B Q 2; Apscheneek Grunfeld, Folkestone,
;
!

10

OO

O,

PxB;

11

KtxP,

;

1933.

13

Kt
(d)

KR3;
K2;
14

K4, Q
This

Kt

loses, as

was

first

Possible alternatives which

Kt R4; 14 Q B Euwe, Avro, 1938.
(e)

14KtxQP~Px Kt; 15RxP,Q
2,

PxKt, PxB; 11 PxP, R K Kt 1 12 KtxP, B Q2: Vidmar Bogoljuboff, Nottingham, 1936. B2 shown in the game Gereben De Groot, Munich, 1936. merit consideration are 12 Kt R 4 13 Q B 2, P K 4
10
,

!

PK4;
15
;

Kt3;
15

Ktx Q

16 P,

RQ Ktland Px
,

RxP, Q R4; 16 K Bl 18 Bx P, R B 1 19 K Ktl. Fine Griinfeld, Amsterdam, 1936. 2 More aggressive is 9 P K 5, 10 OO, BxKt; 11 PxB, PxP; (/) Kt 4 with attacking possibilities. 13 Q 12 Q x P, Kt B 3 Alatorzeff, Leningrad, 1936. 'g) Goglidse K 3, Kt 4 7 R 4, P B 3 8 B K 2, B Kt 2 9 OO, 'h) If 6 P
14,
,

K Bl;
;

.,R QB1; 13 K Ktl. Rx P, Q Kt 3 =p. Fme-^ KtxBch, K K 1 17 Kt B 6 oh,
6
12
;

;

:

16

;

;

QK

;

JR3 +
(i) (j)
.

PQ
;

;

PQ

;

;

.
,

O
7

Kt3; 9B
P

(k)

9 B x Kt 10 B x B gives White a strong attack. Grunfeld and Kaufmann Kmoch and Wolf, Vienna, 1933. Kt 4 7 R 4, P 5 B R 4, P x P 6 P K 3.
;

Tartakover,

New

K 2, Q Kt Q2;

iO

K3, P
6

BxKtch;
10

11
.,

KKt4; 8 B QxB, Kt K 5
B
Kt5; Ktch;
7

York, 1924.

Or 5 B R Kt3, P Kt 5
;

PQ B
0,

;

Kt

5

4,
;

B
9

;

12

Q

B

2,

Q

match, 1923.

R pQOr
(I)

p e tr ov
1936.

(w)

Kt3 =. 7 5, Kt ,PxP; SQxBP, Kt -Q2; 9 P K4, P K4; 10 Stahlberg, Kemeri, 1937. The column is Vidmar Capablanca, Nottingham,
Perkins, cable match, 1926. B 3 7 Q Kt- Q 2, Kt Q 2 ; 8 11 K2; 12 K R 0, B
:

3,

Bx

HPxB+

Q

Kt3,

4 ; 8 (Alekhine).

P~B

R4chT- Ed. Lasker Marshall, PxBP, Kt B 3 9 PxP, PxP;
;

B 3 8 Kt B 3, Q B 2, B Kt 2+. Tanowski KtSch; 6 Q Kt Q 2, P B4; P Q R 3, B R 4 10 Kt K 5,
;

11

PQ

;

PQ
;

(n)

Winter

10

B

(A)

6 Q Kt 3, P Q3, P K4;

Kl.

P

K 4, P x K P
Euwe

9

Kt x

P,

Q

B 5;

Fine, Avro, 1938.

158
i

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
Q4 P Q4
,

P

;

2

P QB 4 P~-K 3
,

;

3

Kt

KB3, Kt

KB 3

B K2; 7 (a) Or 6 Marshall, Carlsbad, 1929.
,

B Q 3, O
;

;

8

O

O,

P

B

4.

The column

is

Vidmar

(6)
(c)

For 5 Kt
It 8.
.,

B

(d)

Continued
Alekhine

B 3, P B 3 6 P Q 4 see col. 54. Q3 9 P K4 14 P Q Kt 3 15 P Q Kt 4, R Q
.
; .

. ,

;

1

;

16

P

B 5.

Bogoljuboff

Reti, Berlin, 1926.
(e)

Yates, Hastings, 1922.
is

(/)
(g)

Black's best course

to accept the gambit

Pawn now.
;

10 Q 1936.
(h)

6...B KtS; 7 B Q 2, Q K2; 8 B Q 3, P Q Kt 3 9 O O, B Kt2; B2, PxP; 11 PxP, P B 4 =. Konstantinopolsky^Rauser, Leningrad,
10 14
.,

BxP;
(i)

Kt

Kt K5; 11 Q R Q 1, Q B 2 12 Kt K5, KtxKt? (R Q 1) 15PxKt, P
;

;

13 PxQP, Q Kt 5, Q Kt B4; 16 Px P *. + Fine1 ;
.

Landau, Zandvoort, 1936.
Reshevsky
Feigin, Kemeri, 1937.

PxQP (but not 11.., Q B2; 12 PxQP, KPxP; 1; 14PxP,PxP; 15BxKt+. Fine Tartak over, Zandvoort, KPxP, PxP; 13 PxP, Kt Q Kt 5 (but not 13 KtxP?; 14 KtxKt, 18 Q R4 QxKt; 15 Kt Q 5, Q B 4 16BxKt,PxB; 17 Q Kt 4 ch, K R P B4; 19 KtxB + ).
1

3

Kt

(/)11

Q K2?, Q KtS, Q Kt

1936); 12

,

;

1

;

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
SLAV DEFENCE
I

159

P Q 4, P Q 4
Kt
B3,

4

2P-QB 4 P-QB 3 PxP; 5 P QR 4 B B 4
;
,

; ;

3

,

6

Kt P

K B 3,

Kt

Ka, P

B3 KS (a).

I

R 3 ? 7 B x P, Kt Q Kt 5 8 O O, P K 3 9 Q K 2, B K 2 11 P K4, B Kt 5 12 B Kt3 Q R 4 13 P R3. K 5, P B 4 (9. Q K 2 and then P B 4 is also good) 10 Kt R2 B R4; 11 PxP, QxQ; 12RxQ, B B7; 13 R Q 4, B B2; 14 Kt KB3, Kt B3 =F. Capablanca Euwe, Nottingham, 1936. B4? is a mistake: 10 Kt R2, B R4; 11 PxP, Kt B3; (c) Now 9.., P QI. Q K2; 13 Kt Q 4 K R Q 1 14 P Q Kt 4 12 R B B 2 (14 .,KtxP; 1SB Q2); 15 P R3 + Ragosin Flohr, Moscow, 1936. (d) 14...P B3; ISPxP, PxP; 16 Kt Kt 3, B B 2 17 B R6, K R K 1 18 Kt K 1 Capablanca Fine, Semmering-Baden, 1937.
IP

R

(a)

6.

. ,

Kt

;

;

;

:

QI,
If

(p)

9 Kt

O;

;

I,

;

.,

;

!,

;

!

!,

.

;

;

!

.

R4=. Schmidt Euwe, Noordwijk, 2, Q K 4, P K 4 18 R Q 1, P x P 19 P K 5, (g) P B4=. If here 16.., P Q R 4 ? 17 Kt K 5, Kt Kt5; 18 BxKt, PxB 19 KtxQBP + Euwe Alekhine, 17th match game, 1937. Kt4 (Samisch's continuation), B Kt3; 11 Kt K 5, KtxKt (11... (h) 10 P B x Kt 12 P x B, Kt Q 2 13 Ktx B Samisch Alekhine, German Quadrangular 12 PxKt, BxP; 13 Ktx B, R Px Kt; 14 R Kt 1, Q K 2 Tournament, 1937) 15 P B4, P 16 PxP, Kt B3=. Alekhine Euwe, 26th match game! QB4;
11

() Flohr )A
16

BxKt, B

Reshevsky, Semmering-Baden, 1937.

1938.

K R B 1,
.

Kt

QKt5; B3

12

B

Q

! ;

17

P

!

;

;

;

;

;

.

;

Kt 4 ; 12 Kt 13 KtxB K2; 11 3, Kt Flohr Capablanca, Avro, 1938. Flohr, Semmering-Baden, 1937. B 4 is likewise best. E.g., 10 Kt K 5, P B 4 ; 1 1 Kt jfl On other moves P 2, B R4; 12 Q Kt5?, P Q Kt 3 ; 13 P B 3, PxP; 14 P 4 ?, B ~ " Kt3 + ! Or 10 B Q 2, Q Kt 02?: Ragosin Capablanca, Semmering-Baden, 1937. 1 1 R K R 3 12 P 2 ; 13 P 1 ; R5 1, P 4, B 5, Kt Kashdan Fine, New York, 1933. B3?; 12 P R6!. (*) 11 ., Kt 3? (B QKtS); 9 Q (1] 8 K5; 10 KtxKt, BxKt; 2, Kt 1 1 Kt 13 P B 4, B 2 4, Q 2, B Kt 3 ; 12 P (B B 2 ; 13 P Q 5) 14 P B 5, P x P ; 15 P x P, R K 1 16 Kt 4 + . Reinfeld Collins, New York. 1938. If 16.., R 1 !. ch; 17 Kt 11 Kt !, B Q Kt 5; 12 BxB, (w)9..,Kt K5; 10 B Q 3 !, 13 P Q5!, 14 Q Kt5 + Euwe Alekhme, 13th match game, 1937. f Alekhine, 15th match game, 1937. n) Euwe
1937.

OrlOKt
14

Kt

R3;

Kt

R 2, B B 3.

BQ

Kl,BxB;
K

(*)

Reshevsky

R

J

K

K

;

K

R

K

K

HP

00,

BQ

BxP

K K

00
;

K K

;

B

!

Bx

;

Bx

PxP;

PxB;

.

i6o

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
Q4
4

r

p_-Q 4, p

SLAV DEFENCE P Q B 4, P Q B 3 3 Kt K B Kt B 3 PXP; 5 P QR4, B B 4
;

2

:

3,

Kt

B3

.

.

Semmering-Baden^l937^ 15 01, 0; 16 Kt

KR
(c)

^^ ^

Kt x Kt
.

Kt5 +

B

13 ., Q Ktl, 14 Kt K4, K3; 17 Ktx Kt, Ktx Kt; 18 Kt
Id]

B

K 2 14 Q B 2, R Q 1 13 O 0, B Euwe, 1st match game, 1935 K2, 15 Q B 3, 00; 16 Q R Q 1, Kt51 + Euwe Alekhine, 20th match game,
; ;

;

Alekhme
.

1935

Euwe

Alekhine, 1st

played in the -R /-NTkO. game, is f 'iv--

match game, 1937. 15 17 Kt B weaker), Kt x Kt
-I^T^J.
IT
;

.,

A

TO

/^IVJ-e.

tltft.

5,

O B x Kt
;

13C/ rt.^

;

16 Ktx Kt (16 18 Q x B +
.

P

R 6,

1 "7

"D

r\

I

Bosroliuboffs continuation, now considered best. 10 P K KtS; 8 PxP, QxQch; 9 KxQ, 4, B 7 14 B 12 Ktx Kt, Px Kt 13 B B 4, Kt R 4 Q 2, R Q Kt 1 ; llBxP, Kt B3 Alekhme Bogoliuboff, 3rd match game, 1929. B2 15 11 P 4 !, 9 PxP, Q Q 4 ; 10 QxQ, (h} if Q O (Alekhine Euwe, 4th match 13 O 12 Ktx P (B 4), O O ;, 13 Bx Kt, P x B the ensuing complications are in White's favour. game, 1937), Alekhme, llth match game, 1937. (*) Euwe K Q 1; K4, BxP!; 9 PxB, KtxP; 10 Q B 3, 0) If8P B 7 ch 14 K Q 1, ?, BxKtch, 13 PxB, Q 12 B KtSch (12 1, R K Bl, 13 BxP, KtxB; 14 Q x Kt P, Q K 6 ch ; 15 Q 1 ch . mate), Kt Q 2 ; 14 QxKtch, Vidmar Mikenas, Prague, 1931. If here 13 K 5 ch + 15 KtxQ, Ktx Kt; 16 B x P, Kt Mikenas, Prague, 1931. White stands slightly better. (k) Flohr K 3, Q Kt Q 2 9 B x P, Kt KtS; 7 KtxB, P x Kt 8 P 6 . 10 B Kt3, B Q3, 11 Q B3, Q Q 2 ; 12 P R3, Kt B 1 ; 13 P R 5 Alekhme Stoltz, Bled, 1931. After 6 , B B 1 White has nothing better than B B 4 can be played again. 7 j^t B 3, when 7 (*) Alekhine Euwe, 15th match game, 1935.
I

.

PB4;
1 ;

BxP;

K

;

,

K

.

p_B4;

PxQ;

K

PxP;

;

QxKKtP?

QxP; HQxPch,
,

OxQ

QxKPch,
.

K~Q
! ;

K xP +

V

p_K3;

;

,

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
P_Q 4
,

161

p_Q 4

;

2

SLAV DEFENCE P Q B 4, P Q B 3
;

3

Kt

K B 3.

Kt B

3

;

4

Kt

BS.

Kt 5 ch 17 B 16 Rx B, Bx P Euwe, 19th match game, 1935.
;

Q4; 8 B Q2,BxKt; 9 Px B, P Q Kt 4 10 Kt Kt 5 P B3: (a) 7..,Kt PxP, KtxP; 12 B K2+. Alekhine Bogoljuboff, 1st match game, 1929. B4; 13 Kt B 3, Kt Q 2 14 R Ql, Q B 3 15 BxP. (b) 12 KtxP, B O O: 16 Kt Kt5, P KKt3 qp. Alekhine Bogoljuboff, Nottingham, 1936 B Q2 13 Q R4; 14 BxP!, BxB; 15 R R3+, for if 15. (c) If
;

I,

11

,

,

,

,

!

!

and wins (Alekhine).

The column
;

;

is

Alekhine

(d)

9

Q P

K

(e)

B B4; 6 BxP, P K3; 7 O O, Q Kt Q 2 8 P K R 3, B 5 K 5 =. Resbevsky Simonson, New York, 1938. 2, Kt Black must be prepared to play P B4 as soon as White threatens P
,

If 8..,

B

12

K

4,

P

(/)

11...
If

now 12 ., B 4+ (W. A. Fairhurst). 3 15 B R Q 1 ; 17 P B3. 16 B 15 KtxB, KtxKt; K3, 14..7 O O; (h) Fairburst Reshevsky, Hastings, 1937-38. 10 QxB, Q P K3 9 BxP, BxB; Or 8 Q B 2, Q Q 4 (8 Q4; (i) QKt Q2,Q Kt O2; 12 Q K 2, Kt K 5 13 Ktx Kt, Q x Kt =:. Stahlberg Euwe, Stockholm, 1937) 9 K Kt Q 2, P K 3 ; 10 Kt x P, B K 2 1 1 Q Kt Q 2, Grunfeld O 0; 12 Kt B3, P B 4 13 B K2, PxP; 14 KtxP, Kt Tarrasch, Mahnsch-Ostrau, 1923. Alekhine recommends 1 1 Kt Q 2, for if then 11 , P B 6?; 12 B x B, P x Kt ; (;) = Q; + 13 B Kt7, Euwe, 23rd match game, 1935. (k) Alekhine mifS ..KtxP; 6Q Kt3,Q Kt 3 7KtxKt,QxQ; 8 Kt B 7 ch, K Q 2 ; 9 PxQ, KxKt; 10 B B4ch+ (Bogoljuboff). B 7 ; 10 Kt Q2, (m) Or 7.., QxQ; 8 KtxKtch, KPxKt; 9 PxQ, B
g

K2; 9 O QR4 Q B2;
;
;

BxP

O, 13 B 12 P

14

P

R 5, Q Q

O 10 Q K 2, Q Kt Q 2 11 R Q 1, B Kt2; Alekhine Tarrasch, Hastings, 1922. K Kt 5 K4!, PxP, 13 KtxP, B B4; 14 B K 3 (12 ., KtxP; 13 P Q5+); 13 Kt K 5, B Kt2;
;

Q3 K 4.

;

;

.

K

,

;

H

;

;

;

,

B3T.

.

.

PxB

14RxQ

.

:

B

Kt5;

11

R

R4, Bx Ktch;

12

BxB, BxP; 13R

R3+

(Bogoljuboff).

The

column

W

Torre Gotthilf, Moscow, 1925. () (*) Suchtinp's Variation. Kostich Balogh, Gyula, 1921.
is
:
:

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
r

PQ
4

4,

P
3,

Q4

;

PK PK
7

SLAV DEFENCE P Q B 4, P Q B 3 3 Kt KB 3, Kt MERAN VARIATION B Q 3 PxP; B 3 ,_Q Kt Q 2 5 Kt 3 B X B P, P QKt 4 8 3.
;
;

;

BQ
;

,

(a}

gives 11
f5

Qx P, Q Alternatives are- (1) 11,., PxKt; 12 PxKt (6) This is undoubtedly best. O-O, B-Kt P-4i; ISPxKtP.BxP; 14Q K2.Q--K2; 15 Baden-Baden. 2 16 R-K O _ O 3 17 Kt R 4 + ^ t? " v Bogoliuboff Sir G. A. Thomas, s "^ ^_ v A ^_ v * c k ^1925. (2) 1 ^ v* vf c 12 15"0-0/B TJ-i
B4, B

KB

Blumenf eld's continuation. On Freymann's suggestion, 2 13 P-Q R 4, P-Kt Kt-Q 4 12 O-O,
. ,

;

B-K

1 1

Kt
14

K 4, Bogoliuboff
R~-K
;

;

5

Kt2;
.

16

Kt3 =.

;

1,

P-R 3"
1,'

1

.

TJ''fc

'

~

4'

'

1

"'

'

1

'*

1D

ft

i

'-" *

'

Tf t/'^ J 2,

18 P B3, B Kt2 gives Black 16 Kt B6!, QxKt!; 17 QxR, O ; ent J?) attacking chances. Reshevsky Petrov, Kemeri, 1937. 14 KtxB, Q R 4 ch =. 2; (h) 13 BxPch, B 4, Ktx Kt Ktl; 15 B Kt 5, B Q3 (15.., Kt Q2; 16 B (*) 14 .,R + ); 16 P-B4, BxKt; 17 PxB, Kt-Q 2 ; 18 RxP!! + +. Vajda 17 J Rosselli, Nice, 1930. 17 P x P, B Kt 2 ; 18 P B 4, P R 3 =F. Alekhine P Q R 4, (7) 16 Bogoljuboff, 12th match game, 1934. R3,B Kt2; 19 R K B 1, K R B 1 ; 20Bx Kt, Bx B ; 21 Kt Kt4 * (ft) 18R B 1 !. Polland Kashdan, Boston, 1938. B Kt2; 13 Q K 2, B K2; 14 K R Q 1 11 PxP, BxP; 12 (J) Q R4; 15 P Q Kt3, O O =. Fine Vidmar, Nottingham, 1936. The column is LSvenflsch, Moscow, 1935. Ragosin 14 B2: ; (m)12Q Kt-Q 2, B K 2 13 Q K 2 (13 P R 5, 4, Q K 2. Alekhine Bogoljuboff, 2nd match game, 1934. 15 , B 1 S 5 ! =) O O R 4 =K Grunf eld Rubinstein, Meran, 1924. 14 Q 1, P (w)Tlohr Vidmar, Bad Sliac, 1932. B4; 10 Q R 4, PxP; 11 KtxKtch, PxKt; 12 B K 4 o) If 9.., P R Ktl; 13 KtxP + . Lisitzin, Leningrad, 1933. (p) Botvinnik

Stockholm, 1937.

17 R-Q 1, Kt K 2;"" 18 B B 6cY Bx~B"ch7"T8 Q x B, 'R Kt 1 1 9 Kt x P + Ehskases W. Michel, Bad Elster, 1 938. P Kt 5 15 B K B 4, B K2; 16 K JRB 1 * Or 13 .,R R4; 14 TC) O -O- 17 Q R3 + Capablanca Ldvenfisch, itiV3W*V, 1935. _ Moscow, i700. Q4; 15 QxQ, KtxQ; 16BxPch, K B 1 17 Kt B 6 i. (d) Or(l) H..,Q Kt 5, R Q Kt 1 ISKtxB, QxKt; 17 BxKt, PxSj 2; 15 B (2)14., 18QxP-t-. Stahlberg Spielmann, match, 1935. If 15 Kt B 6, B Kt2; 16 BxP, Q Kt3 qp. (e) Reshevsky's move. Q4; 16 Kt B3, P K4; 17 Q x P ch (17 QxKtP, P K 5 !) (/) 15 ., Q 19 Landau Schmidt 2, BxB; 20 QxQ; 18 KtxQ, R Kt3;

f

_

___

__

_

B B Q2
15

;

'

;

.

_

00,

;

.

.

.

.

BQ

;

;

BQ

KxB.

*

BQ

K

QxKt

00

;

K

00,
;

0-0

.

.

R

Kt~B K

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

163

P Q4 P Q4
,

4

Kt-B 3,

:

2P

SLAV DEFENCE <2B 4 P QB 3 3 Kt K B 3, Kt B 3 P-K 3 5 P K 3, Q Kt-Q 2.
, ;
;

I

10

K4?; 9 PxP, Q KtxPj (7 ., PxBP; 8 BxP, P QxQch, KxQ; 12 BxP, BxKtch; 13 PxB, KtxP; Kt2 + Gninfeld) 8 KtxP, KtxKt; 9 BxKt, 14 O-O, KtxQBP?; 15 B Kt B3; 10 B B 2, B KtSch; 11 B Q 2, BxBch and Black drew easily.
11
.

K4, (a\ H 7 P KtxKt, BxKt;

PxKP

;

Gninfeld Tartakover, Kecskemet, 1927. Q5, Kt Kt3; 11 B (6) Or 10 P
(c)

Kt3, B

K Kt 5

as.

Johner
16

(d)
(e)

Kt

Capablanca, 1911. K 4, B K 2 =.

would
10

Griinfeld Bogoljuboff, Berlin, 1926. White's advantage is dissipated, therefore have done better to proceed as in col. 149.

and he
;

Kt

(/)

6
14
11

.

,

B

-Kt 5

;

Q2, P

PxP;
(g)

P

K4; Q R4
!

7 11
-

B

O

Euw.e

Kt2, P K5; 12 Alekhme, 3rd match game, 1937.

0,

O

;

8

P

9 P x B, Q B 2 Q R 3, B x Kt B K2, P QKt4; 13 PxKtP,
;

15

Q
(h)

K 3, Q Q 6
15..,
cols.

B

B4, P B4; 12 PxP, KtxKt; 13 BxKt, BxB; 14QxB, KtxP; =. Alekhine Bogoljuboff, 21st match game, 1929.

Defence,

6 and

QR

Ql;
7.

16

BQ2.
11

Alatorzeff

Ldvenfisch,
1

1934.

Cp.
1,

French

13

P

(*)

K R 3, B Q 3 ?
Euwe
6.
.,
.

Or

10..,

Q

B2;
;

14

PK
Kt,

KR
4,

Px P

Ql, Q R Q
;

;

12
.

15

Kt x P

QR

B

Botvinnik

Q

Kt

1 ;

Rabinovitch,

1934.
(/)

(k)
(7)

Winter, Nottingham, 1936. Rubinstein's Anti-Meran System.

Ktx Kt
is

;

7

Px
9

Kt
2,

by Q
12

PxB

K2,

better);

B

Q2
Q

;

8

P B
10

Rubinstein

'*^ Spielmann

Vidmar, San Remo, 1930. Euwe, match, 1932.

Q

Kt3;

B

4,

B
K2,

Kt

00;

5 (8.

.,

B B 4,
O
O,

followed

11

BxKt;

164

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
;

p_Q 4> p Q 4

2

p-_Q

SLAV DEFENCE B 4, P Q B 3

;

3

Kt- K B 3. Kt B 3.

(a)
(fr)

PxQP, KtxP; 8 B K 2, Kt QB3; 9 KtxKt, PxKt; 10 13 B B 3, B -Q3=. QxP, P QB4; 12 Q KKt4, Q B 2 Bogoliuboff Alekhme, Berne, 1932. 7 P Kt4, P Q R 4 8 P Kt 5, Kt K 5 9 KtxKt, Q (c) 6... QKt-Q2; R5 B 12 P 11 P Kt3, Q R3| PxKt; 10 Kt-Q2, P B4; 10th match 3, Q 1935.ch Euwe Alekhme, game, 13 Q K2 + 1935.

6

p_B4FxP;

To avoid the main line P x P, K P x P 7 B Q
;

3,

(Blumenfeld's, B Q3 8
;

OO, OO
141)
;

col.

of the
is

inferior.

Meran Variation. If 6 Kt K 5,

7 11

OO

;

;

;

.

(d}

II Stahlberg, Zurich, 1934.
(*)

QQ2,

{/)

W For9 Or

Euwe
P

5...
.

,

P KR3 see col. 118. Kt Q 4 ? 10 Kt B 3 (10 Kt x B P is also good Kt5, 12 KtxKt, B PxKt; 13 B K2, P B6;
,

Alekhme, 8th match game,

for White),

14PxP +

Q

R4

.

Flohr

If 11

,

B 3, Kt Q 4 ; 16 BxKt, (h) 15 B Grunfeld, Amsterdam, 1936. Betterfor Whiteis 15 =. Kt B3, 17

KtxP?; B

12

Q

B3 +
P

.

QBxB;
;

17

BxP

Kt x

BxB, KxB!. Van Scheltmga Kt 3 16 B x P, P Q R 3 P, Q
;

;

(i)

5.
If

,

9 p

K R 3,
7

KtxP; B R4
,

6
;

B

10

P

K4
.

4,

K3

.

OO, Euwe
7

Kt

Q2;
9
,

8

Q 3 + Bogoljuboff Gothilf Moscow, 1925. 10 Kt x B, P x Kt Euwe, llth match game, 1935. (k} Alekhme If 6. Q B 1 ; 7 B Q 2, P K 3 ; 8 Kt (I) The most precise. Kt Q 2 suffices 10 B 9 R B 1, only 9. Variation), Kt B 3
;

(?)

QKt Q2?;
11

8

P

B

KKt4!, B

Alekhme, 6th match game, 1935.

Q

K 2, B

KKtS:

Kt3;

P

K R 4, P KR3; R3
Kt
!

,

H

15

QR B Bl,
(o)

4,

OO; BxKt=.
12

;

12

B-Kt5ch:
14

K-Q

B K 2 BxKt, PxB; QxBP, QxQ; RxQ, Q R Kt 1 Kt K 5 10 Kt K 5, KtxB; 11 Kx Kt If here 9 13 B--R 6 +. 1, B-K 2
,
!

(Landau's
; ;

;

5,

13

14

,

;

:

;

I

lOKtx B, p Kt3
15

..___,___
.

Fine

PxQ, Kt KtSl.

_ ., _ P. Schmidt, Stockholm, 1937. Fine Reinfeld, New York, 1938.
.

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
i

165

P Q4 P Q4
,

SLAV DEFENCE 2 P QB 4 P QB3:
,

(a)

8

,

PxP:

9

12

B
(b)
(c)

R4, Kt Kt3; 14 P K 5, Kt For 5 Kt B 3
Alekhine

QxBP, B K2;
13

Q

K2.

10

P

K 4,

00;

11

B

Kt

5,

P

KR3;

Petrov

Reshevsky, Semmering-Baden, 1937.
1937.

Q

4.

Petrov

Flohr,

Semmenng-Baden,

see cols.

136147.

(d)
(e\

Or 5.., P

B

Kt2;
(/)
(g)

800,00;

Rubinstein

Bogoljuboff, 6th match game, 1934. 3 (threatening K Kt3; 6 P R3), 9 Q B 2, Q Kt Q 2 ; 10 B Kt2, R Q 1926. Spielmann, Semmermg,

QKt

B

H QFIIP
;

7

1

;

QR

B Q
3

3,
.

(h)

B p

B2 Q Kt3
;

Alekhme Vidmar, Semmermg, The Stonewall Variation. 7 Kt If 6 Kt x Kt, P x Kt Q 2, P K B 4 B 4, Kt-Q 2 11 B-Q 2, Kt-B 3 10 Kt
; ;

1926.

;
;

8 Q 12 P

Kt

B

=p.

Bogoljuboff
,

Mar6czy,
10
;

(*)0r9

Kt

B

B

2

;

13

Q

R

Q2;

5 ch,

Q~B
Kt.

New York, 1924. R B 3, Q K2; 11 R R 3, Q Ktx Kt; 12BPxKt 15 Kt Kt 3 =. Rabmovitch 2 14 Q x Q ch, Kx Q
;

3, 3,

O-O

B Q
;

3 9 13
;

P

B

5,

O-O-O,

Tarrasch. Baden-Baden, 1925.

Alekhme Euwe, 8th match game, 1927. (j) 14 Defence. The column is the Noteboom Variation. (k) The Semi-Slav /n 5 p_K 4 P Q Kt 4 6 P K 5, B Kt 2 7 B K 2, Kt K 2 8 Kt K 4, 11 P B 4, P Kt3=F. Kt Q2; 10 K Kt Kt5, B K 2 9 Kt Q4 me, 1932. Spielmann Eliskases, 7th match 16 P Q 5, P x P with a complicated 15 Q~B 2, P B 4 (m) 14 B x B, Kt x B

KtxB, Ktx

00,
If

;

;

;

;

!

;

;

position (Euwe). K4I 16 p

BxP

here 13 17 BxB,
,

Q Kt-Q

2

?

,

14

KtxB;

IS

P

Q5I +

R 0O, R Pure 2
.

;

15 R K 1, Q R V: Winter, Prague, 1931.

i66

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
P Q4 P
,

SLAV DEFENCE Q4J * P -QB4,

P

Kt B3 =. P Q Kt4 ? 7 Ktx Kt P wins at once for White. Alekhine Euwe, 6th (d\ 6 B Q B 4 is probably best. Strongest then is 7 Kt K 5, P x Kt match game, 1937. 6 K3; 10 B K KtS, Qx B (butnot7 Q B3; 8 Ktx K B P, Px Kt; Kashdan Polland, New York, 1938); 8 BxPch, K K2; 9 Q R 5 11 KtxQ + Kt 5 ch, Kt B 3 11 R Q 1 with a winning attack. PxP- 10 B K 5+. KtS, (best); 7 Kt B 3 followed by Kt (6) If 5. ,PxP?; 6Q Zukertort Steinitz, match game, 1886. K2 Spielmann Jacobson, Copenhagen, 1923. (/) 13 Kt a clear refutation of which has not yet been found. (e) Wmawer's Counter-Gambit, 5 Kt B3, P K5; 6 Kt K5, Q R4; 7 B Q 2, (S) 4 PxQP, BPxP;
;
!

Q B 1 but not On 3 P-K3, |-B4: 4 3 Kt 3 Black should play 4 ^ .t, xv o ; JTAJTJ, 13 o JrXr, XJXJvt *>> Kto Q_Kt3; 5 PxP, BxKt IVs^vs ? w r x Q6 J? x ^Kt4 7 p x p B K 5 s <.Q <t R x B, QxQ; 7PxQ. Schlechter Perlis, Carlsbad, 1911); Hh + If 4 P Q R 4 (or 4 P K 3, P Q Kt 4 (6) Alekhine's bruliant innovation, KtxP?, PxKt; 6 Q B 3, Q B 2 7 Q x R, B Kt2; 8 QxP, P K4' + ), P K4; 5 PxP, QxQch; 6 KxQ, Kt QR3; 7 P K3, B K 3 8 Kt B 3, O O O ch =F. Fine Euwe, Zandvoort, 1936. line is 4.., P QKt 4; 5 P QR4, P KtS; 6 Kt Kt 1, (c) The safest
.
.

% (a]

Rx P 8R * M
4.
<j

1

;

* ;,

-

^

,

Jt

/

!

.

;

;

;

.

. ,

.

9OO.B

J

;

.

;

BB1

.

B

3

I

+

.

7 QKt3, Kt QR4; 8 Q R4ch, B Q2; 9 Q B 2, R B 1 ; K3, P Q Kt4 =F- Kan Lasker, Moscow, 1935. Or If 7..,^ KtS; 8 B Q3, BxB; 9 QxB, P K3; 10 O (*) 8Q--lct3!,QxQ; 9PxQ,R B 1 ? (P K3; 10B Q Kt5,Kt Q2; 11K K2 ); lOKt K5!,P QR3; 11 Ktx Kt,Rx Kt; 12 P Q Kt 4 1, P Q Kt 4 13RxP! +

(*)

The Exchange
if

Variation.
!

10

P

yj

.

;

K 5 R B 1 9 P K Kt 4 !, B Q 2 (better 9 ... is 8 Kt (Z) An original idea KtxKt); 10B Kt2,P K3; 110 0, P R3; 12 B KtS, P K R 4; ISKtxB, Kt x Kt 14 P x P + Alekhine Euwe, Avro Tournament, 1938.
1, ;
;

(Purdy).

1936.
"(n\

P

K KtS ;
(o)

9R QBl.Kt KR4; 10B K5,P B3; 11 B KtS, Ktx B 12RPx Kt 14 Kt Q 2, R B 2 ^. Pirc Fine, Stockholm, 13 P Q R 3, B Q 2 13 Kt K R 4, K R 1. Capablanca Lasker, New York, 1924.
j

f

;

QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
ALBIN COUNTER GAMBIT 3 2 P_Q B 4, P K 4
I
,

167

P 05.

Variation, col. 4, note (A).

(a)

3 P

K8,

KPxP; 4KPxP

Exchange transposes to the French Defence,

[,

Berlin, 1907.

*"
(g)

"

6

Kt-Kt

8 P-R3, BxKt; 9 KtxB4. 7 P-QR3, B-KKt5; X, Tff^rh- 7 B 02 Q K2; 8 Q Ktx P, Ktx Kt M, 3 is inferior B-Kt 5 <*, B_ R g
.

:

J

>l

Kt

3B"x B"?

\4

R x B*, Q x P^

15

0-0-0, Q-B 4 ch

^

^

^ Rtx
16

;

;'

Q-B 4,

Qx Q

;

1933. Opocensky, Folkestone,
(/}

..

H9.., KtxP;
Lasker
Grttnfeld

10

Q~B5ch, Kt-Q

2

;

11

KtxP+.

(*)
(I)

1914. Alekhine, St. Petersburg,

Tartakover, Carlsbad, 192?.

QUEEN'S
THIS opening comprises
!

PAWN GAME
all

P

4 three main groups, according as Black answers P makes any 3 (cols. 31 to 169), or (cols, i to 30), Kt

Q

of play arising from 4 other than the Queen's Gambit. It divides into
lines

Q

KB

other reply (cols. 170 to 195).

group P Q B 4 at an early stage would transpose into the Queen's Gambit. The most important variation in this group is the Colle System (cols. I to 7), where White is really playing a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined with colours reversed. In the hands of an attackIn the
first

ing player it can be a formidable line. The development B 3 (cols, i and 2) is inferior, but of Black's Knight at 2 generally results in advantage for the development at Q

Q

fianchetto development (cols. 5 and 6) White's attack is is certainly Black's best defensive line. often has a good deal of trouble broken, and the first player

Black.

The King's

In col. in preserving equality. avoid the loss of a tempo by P

7 Black, in his attempt to 4 at a later 3 and P

K

K

stage, leaves his position too open.

The
routine.

lines in cols.

8 to 10 are interesting deviations from

Black can avoid the dangers of Colle's System In to 13. by adopting one of the alternatives in cols, coL ii the loss of time involved is serious; in cols. 12 and

n

13 Black develops his Queen's Bishop immediately, thereby banishing all opening difficulties. In cols. 14 and 15 White

on his 3rd move, but Black's replies cannot possibly transpose into any variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined. Both cols. 14 and 15 are quite good, but are
plays

P

QB4

very rarely seen.

White may play
even the 2nd move
line is the

his Queen's Bishop to
(cols. 16 to 18)
;

B 4 on

the 3rd or

against this Black's best

advance of his Queen's Bishop's Pawn, attacking The omission of P Q B 4 on White's part leaves the position rather sterile, and Black should have no trouble in equalising.
White's centre.

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
K

169

Kt 5, adopted The development of White's Bishop at Tartakover in some recent tournaments, is not so simple by for Black to meet. White's strategical plan is to play his B 4 and R B 3, with a 5, followed by P Knight to successful strong attacking position. In col. 19 Black is the execution of this plan, but in col. 20 he in

K

K

preventing

into an indefensible plays for a counter-attack and drifts
position. Col. 21 has historical interest as one of the first

examples
is

of the Catalan Opening, which in a slightly revised form now one of the most popular debuts.

In

cols.

24

to

B 3 on his 2nd move, with the p K4. Black can, however,

at 27 White develops his Queen's Knight object of forcing an early

equalise

in various ways,

and often obtains an advantage against colourless play. The Stonewall Variation has the same strategical basis
as the Colle System.

White wishes to solidify the centre and then undertake an attack on the King's side. In col.
able to carry out his plan because Black does not take advantage of the opportunity to develop his Queen's does take care of the second In col.
is

28 he

this

player 29 child" of the Queen's Pawn Opening and "problem achieves an easy equality.

Bishop.

THE INDIAN DEFENCES.
The Indian Defences are those where Black plays Kt K B 3 on the first move and does not continue with P Q 4They
are essentially hypermodern and flourished right after zenith. the war, when the hypermodern school was at its Nimzo-Indian* Defence (cols. 31 to 69). The move (A) B although known before Nimzovitch's days,

3_

5

Kts,

it had been played and analysed only became popular after the great Russo-Danish master. After the opening moves by

iP Q 4 Kt
,

QB 3 2P QB 4
;

,

P KS; 3Kt Q B
:

3,

B Kt 5, White
*This term
is is

has a number of possible replies

the excuse for

a contraction of Nimzovitch-Indian; and its employment.

its

brevity

i 7o

QUEEN'S
(i)

PAWN GAME
is

4

Q_B 2

(cols.

31 to 47)

the most usual,

and
oft*

probably the strongest. into four lines. 4..., P

Here again Black can branch

Q4

has received (cols. 3* to 38)
last edition.

a good deal of attention since our

If
^

White

with the exchanges Pawns at Q 5 Black should recapture at least as good as White's. Queen, when his chances are shows the best line for both sides. In cols. 33 and Col. 31 The without success. 34 White attempts to vary, but less with the Pawn at Q 5 (cols. 35 and 36) is
recapture favourable for Black.

White can

also force the

exchange

of the Black King's Bishop by 5 The wild continuation in col. 37, where White first sacrifices the Exchange and then Black a piece, has been analysed should win. Black need exhaustively, and the first player in for these complications, but can adopt not, however, go P B 4 (cols. 39 to 41) has line in col.
(cols.

P

QR3

37 and 38).

played one's taste.

4-~, 38. fallen into disrepute; Black can at best obtain a difficult is a critical variation which has 4..., equality. received little attention. Nimzovitch loved such positions them with virtuosity, but they are not to everyand

the simple

BxKtch

4...,

Kt

B3
is

(the Zurich or Milner-Barry

considered by Euwe and others Variation (cols. 43 to 47)) the most crucial line in Nimzovitch's Defence. Here Black

omits the counter-attack on White's centre by P Q B 4 in order to prepare the advance of his King's Pawn. This line is more dangerous for Black, but also more enterprising. The most recent tests have all been in Black's favour (col.
45, for example).

(ji)

4

B 2, is attacked, so that he has less choice than after 4 at Kt 3, and the Nevertheless the Queen is not well placed move has not been seen much of late. In the usual varia-

Q_Kt3

(cols.

48

to 55).

Now

Black's Bishop

Q

followed by Kt Q B 3, Kt This plan which is due in large KS, KtxQBP, etc. measure to Nimzovitch, has been discredited, since the loss of time has almost fatal consequences (cols. 48 to 52"). Far
tion Black plays

P Q B 4,

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
B
;

17*

better for Black is the immediate recapture of the Bishop's

Pawn

(col.

53).

Botvinnik's 6

Kt
4...,

5

(col.

54)

is

an

interesting departure from routine. transposes into a Zurich variation

Kt
55
is

B

3 generally

col.

an important

exception.
(jii)

4

p KS
to

(cols.

favourite lines.
quietly

The
play

and

56 to 60) was one of Rubinstein's idea is to develop the King's side Black has various for an attack.

in defences at his disposal. The immediate counter-attack as good as was formerly the centre (cols. 56 and 59) is not O (col. thought to be the case, while the dilatory 4...,

O

The best defence 58) is decidedly inferior. of the Queen's Pawn only, coupled with the fianchetto of Black's Queen's Bishop (col. 57 and note (A)).
is

the advance

was introduced by (cols. 61 to 64) and has often been adopted by Lilienthal and Euwe. Samisch, White forces Black to saddle him with doubled Pawns, in
(iv)

4? QR3

order to be able to build up a strong Pawn-centre. Black must not underestimate the seriousness of White's threat;
his

best line

is

an immediate counter-attack against the
its

White centre
( v) 4

(col. 61).
(col.

65) has gained importance by Alekhine in a recent game. adoption by

p_Kt3

(vi)

4Kt B

both sides.

doubled-Pawns,

for 3 (cols. 66 to 68) is a difficult variation is prepared to accept the Here too White but it is not so easy for him to build up a

Samisch's line (col 66) shows the ideal setstrong centre. as up for White; simpler for Black is a quiet development,
in col. 68.

v ii) 4 B Q 3 and 4 B Kt 5 (cols. 69 and note (t)) have no theoretical value, since Black equalises immediately.
(

and 96 to (B) Queen's Indian Defence (cols. 71 to 90 The Indian defences. 105) is another of the excellent fianchetto of the Black Queen's characteristic move is the
Bishop (just as the characteristic move
in the

King's Indian

r/2

QUEEN'S
is

PAWN GAME
K

Defence

The the fianchetto of his King's Bishop). of Black s 5, this fianchetto is control strategical object of conditions the and the central importance of this square

play on both sides.

The
of
3

fianchetto
I

moves being

Kt

KB

P-Q
K

3,
is

White now

P P

the usual order rarely played at once, B 4, F 3 B3 2 4, The strongest continuation for QKtsKt 3, to oppose Black's Queen's Bishop
is

Kt-K

;

P-Q

K

;

the long diagonal. And thereby challenge Black's control of he has a choice of five continuations On Black's 5th move
:

(i) 5 ...

B

K2

is the simplest (cols. 71 to 75)

way

for the

() 5..., second 'player to equalise. 80) exchanges Black's important King's

B

Kt

5 ch (cols. 75 to Bishop and leaves

(Hi) S-, P with the Knight. superior to the recapture mainB 4 (co!s. 81 and 82) is a weak continuation, White at 5, which seriously cripples taining a strong Pawn in P (col. 83) is good only Black's game, (iv) S-, with the Pawn. at conjunction with the recapture la ed with the ob J ect of is I coL 8

with the White with a lasting initiative. The recapture is as in cols. 7^and 77, Queen on White's 7th move,

Q

Q4

Q4

P 7 4) ( (*') 5 an early defending the Queen's Bishop, thereby making If White wishes to avoid an early P
>

Q~B

QB4

possible.

draw he must adopt the complicated
note (g).

sacrificial

line

in

In the variations where White omits the fianchetto of
his King's Bishop, Black's task
to 88)
is

simpler.

However, 4 Kt

can lead to great complications. Cols. B 3 (cols. 85 a combination of the Queen's Indian and 86 and 88 are Nimzo-Indian Defences.
has already been mentioned that one rarely sees Black There is, however, no good fianchetto on his 2nd move. it can be ascribed to the dictates of reason for this, so that
It

irregularly.

105 are shown the lines where the 2nd move and White continues Black does fianchetto on The line in col. 96 is of particular importance.
fashion.

In

cols.

96

to

QUEEN'S
3

PAWN GAME
(col.

173

B

B4

(col.

97),

3B Kt 5

98),

and

3?

followed by the Colle set-up for White
are inferior continuations for the
first

(cols.

player.

99 and 100) In cols. 104

and 105 Black tries the immediate fianchetto against 2 P Q B 4. Here too there is no way known in which White can obtain an advantage.
allied to the

(C) BogoljubofFs Variation (cols. 91 to 95), is closely Queen's Indian Defence. In col. 94 White can

obtain an advantage by the fianchetto of his King's Bishop, transposing into the Queen's Indian Defence; in col. 93 Black obtains an inferior position because he avoids the
transposition.

(D) King's Indian Defence (cols. 106 to 150). In this defence Black has a choice of two main systems. In the first place he can play P Q 3, followed by an eventual P 4 or P Q 64; in the second place he can play P

K

Q4

either before or after the development of his King's

Bishop.

system (P Q 3 and P K4) is the older line, developed chiefly by Reti and Euwe just after the War, but has since practically disappeared from master-play. This is by no means accidental, but is due to the strength of the King's Fianchetto for White, shown in cols. 115 to 118. In the lines where White does not fianchetto his King's Bishop

The

first

Black is also unsuccessful in achieving complete equality, When but always secures a dangerous counter-attack. continuaWhite does not so fianchetto, the most customary
tion
is

6B K2

(cols 106 to

109,

when

it

is

difficult to

decide whether White's advance on the Queen's side is more effective than Black's on the King's. Recent master-

play consistently prefers White. (cols. 113 and 114) is unsound.
the best line for

The Four Pawns' Attack As has been mentioned,

White

is

coupled with an early

P

the fianchetto of his King's Bishop, K4- This leaves him in full

command
is

of the centre, and Black's

almost lost after the opening.

game in this variation White should be careful

174

QUEEN'S
Kt

PAWN GAME
P

and then P K Kt 3 KKt3 Black (col. 116), for against the immediate 3? can secure adequate counterplay by P B 3, preparing P Q 4. The attack with 3 P B 3 has been played with success by Alekhine, Nimzovitch, and Bogoljuboff. In both cols. 124 and 125 White shows to advantage, but in col. 126 the 64, which has attracted the attention of original 3..., P
to play first

QB3

and

K4

unusual variations for White are shown in cols. 127 to 130; because of the omission White can not hope for even a slight of p

Russian analysts, equalises.

Some

QB4

superiority.

In the second system, where Black plays P 4 at an early stage, he generally obtains adequate counterplay. The most important branch here is the Griinfeld Defence (cols. 131 to 150), where White must play with considerable care

Q

to maintain the

P

Q
(i)

advantage of the move. After 3 Kt Q B 4 White has no less than six possible continuations
:

3,

4?xP

(cols.

131 to 133)

is

the oldest line, formerly

thought to be unfavourable for White, an opinion which is no longer tenable. Black obtains the majority of Pawns

on the Queen's side, but finds it difficult to consolidate the Recent tests indicate that White action of his heavy pieces. cannot hope for much advantage, but that Black in turn

must play

carefully to equalise.

Kt 5 (cols. 134 and 135) stirred a sensation (ii) 4 B some years ago when Lundin won a match-game with it His analysis has, however, since been against Spielmann. demolished, and the move is now considered weak for
White.

B 4 (cols. 136 to 139) has been analysed much has the advantage that White's Bishop is not shut in, but allows Black to win an important tempo at a later stage. In the main variation (col. 136) it is played
(iii)

4B
It

of

late.

in conjunction with

Q

Kt

3.

Black can exchange Pawns

and force a

practically even ending; yet, as the line in col. Kt 3, 139 demonstrates, White cannot afford to omit

Q

QUEEN'S
(iv)

PAWN GAME

*75

4P 3 (cols. 140 to 145) is at present considered but White's advantage is often ephemeral. There are two main lines, according as White plays Q Kt 3 or conbest,

K

Q

tinues with simple development of his King's side. Against Kt 3 (cols. 140 to 142) the Queen's nanchetto for Black

solves his opening difficulties.
(cols.

In the Schlechter Variation

144 and 145), where White omits often obtains the upper hand.
(v)

Q

Kt3, Black

(cols. 146 to 148) was introduced by object of the move is to force an early liquidation of Black's Queen's Pawn, in the hope that White Black will then be able to set up a powerful Pawn-centre.

4Q Kt3
The

Botvinnik.

does best to accept White's challenge ; in col. 146 he obtains a great superiority in development. The interesting line in col. 148, due to Reshevsky, deserves further analysis.
(vi)

4 Kt

B

3

is

essentially a

move

of transposition

played as an independent variation as in it is weak.

cols.

149 and 150,

This (E) Tchigorin's Defence (cols. 151 to 155). defence has little to recommend it. Black can develop his Queen's Bishop, but his King's Bishop is a problem. By
preparing the advance of his King's

Pawn White

secures

an enormously superior

position.

(F) The Budapest Defence (cols. 156 to 160). This is an attempt by Black to wrest the initiative from White at the temporary expense of a Pawn but White, by returning the Pawn, is left with an advantage in development which
;

frequently proves decisive.

not

(G) Cols. 161 to 165 exemplify some defences which do fit into any of the more regular lines. The Blumenf eld Counter-Gambit (cols. 161 to 163) is not quite sound. The lines in cols. 164 and 165 leave Black with a hopelessly

cramped

position.

J7 6

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME

OTHER DEFENCES.
The Benoni Counter-Gambit
with a view
but
is is (cols. 171 to 175)

played

to setting

up a

solid centre

an attack on the King's

side. It

and continuing with has been played by Alekhine,

theoretically bad.
(cols.
It is

The Dutch Defence
important in
this

group.

most 195) is the the more enteradopted by
176 to

Alekhine and Botvinnik. prising of the masters, notably One of the objectives of the defence is an attack against White's King; consequently, the best line for White is a King's fianchetto (cols. 176 to 189).

B 3 Black has a choice develops Kt of two main systems of defence, depending on whether he In the former variation, played by plays P Q 3 or Q 4. Alekhine for a White, preparing the advance of
Where White
while,

K

by

his King's

clear superiority (cols. 176 and The other system, P 4, known as the Stonewall 177). Defence, gives rise to an exceedingly complicated and diffi-

Pawn, obtains a

Q

cult position

where the better player generally wins.
of

The development
;

White's

Knight

at

KRs
Q3

is

recommended by some authorities. Here the reversed P Q 4 is decidedly weak, while P
White's Knight misplaced.

situation is

leaves

B 4 on his 2nd, 3rd, or 4th move, If White plays P the second player can obtain adequate counterplay by checking at Kt 5 with his Bishop. If the first player then plays

Q

B
and

Q2, Black can
189,

BxBch

banish all his opening difficulties by and P Q4 (col. 186). The lines in cols. 188 where White avoids this exchange of Bishops,

deserve more attention in practical play.

The Staunton Gambit
and
still

fell

remains

so,

although

out of favour some time ago it offers White considerable

attacking chances.

QUEEN'S
p Q4 P Q4
, ;

PAWN GAME
P B 3.
3,
;

177

2

KtK B KtK B 3
4

COLLE SYSTEM

3

PK

3,

P B4

;

as in Apscheneek Alekhme, Kemen, 1937, transposing to Cambridge Springs Defence with colours reversed), BxKt; 7 Q x B. P B51?; 8B B 2, 4 9 P x P, Kt x P R 4 ch, K K 2,11 Q Q 1, Kt Q 6 ch =F. 10 B Araiza Alekhme, Pasadena, 1932. O 8 B K 2 7 O O, K 1; 9 P x P, B x P 10 2, R (6) 6 4, Kt Q2I, 11 R Kl, K Kt K41; 12 KtxKt, KtxKt; 13 B B 2, B Q 2

P

K.3;

(a) 4.., 7

Kt

B3;
R4,
;

5

B

Q

3,

B
;

Kt

5

;

6

P

KR3

(simpler

is

6

Q Kt

Q

Q 2,

PK
,

.

;

;

QK
2
;

;

PK
e.p.

Rumm
(c)

Lasker, Moscow, 1936.
If 7
5,

11

KtK
Q
(e)
1

.,Px P?,

BxKt;

SKPxP, Q B2;
PxB, Kt Q

12
i

9 R K 13 Kt

1,

B

3,

P

0;

10
4
;

B

Q
14

K

PxP

2,

R

Kl

; .

Przepiorka Stoltz, Hamburg, 1930. (d) This manoeuvre s often postponed one move in order to avoid the exchange of Queens. 8 Q K 2 is then played, and in that case Black's best reply is again
8..,

R
13

K
B

(/)

12 P K R 3, PxP, PxP; 11 Kt Kt 3, B Kt 3 (11 ., Q3? Q Kt Q4. Colle Yates, Budapest, 1926), 12 Q B 2, R K 1 K Kt 5, KtK 5 14 Q R K 1, B K B 4 =. Colle Kashdan, Bled, 1931. K R3; 14 Ktx Kt, Ktx Kt 15Kt B3, Ktx Kt ch = Gilg 13 B B2, P

B2.

10

;

;

13

;

,

;

.

Alekhme, Kecskemet, 1927.
(h)

,PxP; 15 Kt B 3 (i?) Continued 14 Koltanowski Soultanbeieff, Brussels, 1935.
If 9

!,

Ktx B

;

,PxP;
,

10

KtxP, KtxKt,
;

HBxKt, QxQ,
;

16QxKt,Q B5; 17 R Q 1. 12 Rx Q since Black's
, ,

development is backward. Colle Rubinstein, Berlin, 1926 Ktx P 1 1 Kt K 4, B K 2 12 Kt Kt 3, P B 4 13 B (i) BetterislO B K3; 14 R K 1, P K 5 =. Colle Eu\ve, 2nd match game, 1928. Sir G. A. Thomas, Ghent, 1926. (/) Colle B3; 12 B Q 3 (an improvement on 12 B B 2, P (k) If 11.., Kt
13

QB 4,

QK
(1)

'

2,

P

QKt3;
Moscow,
14

14
3,

KtK
Colle

Capablanca,

H

1936),

Q B3!);
15

Q

B

R

Kt 5, B P K R3 15 Q Kt 1
;

2 15 13
,

;

Kt3.
216

KtK

KR

Ql, R

5,

Prins

QK B

1

-T.

KR3; Rumm

2

(P

QKt3?;
Zandvoort,

Griinfeld,

1^36.

Q

KR3, QxP.

Bogoljuboff, 1925.

Notes ctd

on

p.

i78

QUEEN'S
4,

PAWN GAME
3,

p Q

4

;

2

Kt

KB

Kt

KB

3

,

3

P

'<

3

4

(*)

3, Q (a 3 9 P-B 4, 8 B-Kt 2, 0-0 60-0, P-Q Kt 3 7 P-Q Kt 3, B-Kt 2 Colle Yates, Q Kt-Q 2 1929. Carlsbad, 0-K 2 10 R-B 1, K R Q 11 Kt-^K5. 9 Q Kt-B4 + Kt K 1 not
\ t

p_>K

3

:

4

B

Q

B

3

(for 4

.

,

P

B

4 see

cols.

14)

;

5

Q Kt

Q

2,

;

;

,

(b)

It

8.

,

]SPxP;
is

9P-KB

1

;

(but

KtxP?,

),

;

Kt-B 4; 12 B B 3, BxKt, Kt-B 3 (11 (?) 10:"., P K4- 13 Kt Kt3, Kt K3; 14 B K 3, Q B 2 is playable. P. W. Sergeant Premier Reserves, London, 1932); 12 B-B 3 P-K 4: 13 Kt-Kt 5, R. Schadle,
KtxKt
weaker:
11
,

10

P

P

B-K2?;
;

'll

BxPch, KtxB;
'
;

KBH18; 8PxP,BxBP; 90-O,0-0; Q-Kt4+. KKt-B3;
12

10Q-R4,

QxB,

13

Colle-

Spielmann^d ^kt-KtS; 10P-QR4,PxP; 11 Px P, P-Q R 4 12 B-Kt 5, 14 R K 1, B B 4 q=. Alekhme Reshevsky, Nottingham, 13 O O, Kt B 3 Kt Kt 1-14 O O, Kt R 3 15 B x Kt, Rx B 16 Kt Kt 3. Colle 13
;

;

;

8 12

0-00-0;
Kt K5
(*)
.

(i)

YK\

110-B3 R-B 1-12 Kt-Kt 4, 'KtxKt
15

Rubinstein Sultan Khan, Hamburg, 1930. Tartakover Keres, Noordwijk, 1938. RubmstemMonticelli, Budapest, 1929. ^_._ 9 Kt Q 2, P Q Kt3 ; Or 8 Kt K 5 Kt K 2
: ;

K5lllOR3, 9 R-K1, R K
1

;

PxP?; 6 PxP,P-K3; 7 B-Q 3, B-Q 3 10 P-R3, P-KR3; 11 P-B 3, P-Q R 4

;

;

O
(/)

R5 B

mends 8 P
If 9 (m) 11

K 2 =. Q R 3, Q
1,

14 Kt-B 3, 4; Maroczy Bogoljuboff, New York, 1924. Bogoljuboff recomK 2 (8 , P Q Kt 3 is preferable) ; 9 Kt K 5.
13

,._ 10 P

QxK^ Kt-Kt 3;

-.. _ Kt,_ K B 4, B v 2
P-B

;

P

Q-B

Q R3, P

K4.

(n)

Bo?oljuboff

with complete equality. Capablanca, New York, 1924.

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
2

179

P

Q4 P Q4
,

;

Kt

KB 3,

Kt

KB 3.

(a) Colle

Bogoljuboff,

San Remo,
7 11

1930.
;

O 0;

(6)

6
10

00, QKt Kt
KtxP,

Q2;
Kt3;

P B 4, PxP; 8 Q R4, B Q 3 Ktx Kt, R Px Kt; 12 Q B 2, Q Q
;

9 Q Kt Q 2, 2 =F. Colle

Alekhme, San Remo, 1930. O, B Q3; 8 P (c) Or 7 O

Q Kt3, O O; 9 P B4, P B 3 10 Kt B 3, p QKt3: HPxP,KtxP; 12 Ktx Kt,Px Kt; 13 B -Kt 2, P Kt3 14 K R B 1, Q R3. Alekhme Kostich, Bled, 1931. QR3, Kt B2. Alekhme Euwe, 17th match game, 1935. (d) 14 P and P Q Kt 3 was a good alternative. Q 2, followed by B Q 3, O (<0 5 Q Kt Kt4 was superior (Kmoch). (/) 12 B
;

(g)

Colle

P. Johner, Berlin, 1926.

(h)
(**)

For 5
If

KtxP, KtxP; 6 P K4, Kt Kt5 see 7.., P K4; 8 KKt Kt5, Kt R3; 9 B

English Opening,

col. 18.

Kt5.

Znosko-Borovsky suggests 8 B Kt 5, P K 4?; 9 B x Kt, PxB; 10 Kt Q 5, Kt 5 ch; 13 K Q1+. Black could 1 ; 12 Ktx R, B B 7 ch, 11 Kt B Q 2, 9 B x Kt, K Px B 10 Kt Q 5, B Q 3 with a good however, 8. play, in L'Echiquier November, 1928. position. See analysis P K R 3. The column is P. Johner Seitz, (k) Tartakover suggests 12,

M

PxKt;

KQ

,

;

t

,

Debreczin, 1925.
(Z)

Or 4 Kt

B 3, P K 3
-K3,

Q B2; 8 P 11 R BI =.
(m) Gilg

Q Kt

Marshall

K B 4, 2 ; 9 B Torre, Moscow, 1925. Q

;

5

B

Kt

5,

P

B

3

;

6

Q

B

Q
1
;

Kt

3,

10

P

Q Kt 3 7 P B 5, K R 3, B K2;
;

Marshall, Carlsbad, 1929

i8o
i

QUEEN'S
P

PAWN GAME
2

Q4 P Q4
,

;

KtKBs,

Kt

KB 3

.

(a)
(6)

Keres
6

Reshevsky, Kemeri, 1937.
;

(Mar6czy). B K2; 9 Q Kt Q2, K K 2, P -- 3-_ c) Alternatives are- (1) 7 B O O; 10 Kt Kt3, Kt K5; 11 K Kt Q 2, Q R B 1 12 KtxKt. Selesnieff R 4, B K 5 8 Kt Q 2, P rt T3"; 9" P B 3, 7 Kt 1921 Teichmann, match, (2) , R 4 =F. B Kt3; 10 KtxB, Kt; 11 Kt Kt 3, P B 5 ; 12 Kt Q 2, Kt C. G. Watson Capablanca, London, 1922. Mar6czy, New York, 1924. (<Z) Capablanca
,

R R4j

Kt3, P B5?; 7 Q x Q, PxQ; 8 Kt R3, P K4; 9 Kt <t Kt ~B7ch, K -Q2; 11 PxP, Kt- R4; 12 KtxP, RxKt; 10 ~ '" ' -

Q

'

14

BxP+

ISBxP!

Q Kt

5,

,8 00,
; ; ;

RPx

K

K

-

() 3. ,P B3; 4P K3,Q Kt3; 5 B Q3,QxKtP; 6 Q Kt Q 2, Q Kt 3 K3 8 P 4 with positional compensation for the Pawn. Torre 7 O 0, P Grunfeld, Manenbad, 1925. P B 4 ; 5 P B 3, Kt B 3 6 B Q 3, Q Kt 3 7 Q B 1, _ (/) Or 4 O 11 Kt K 5, K R8Q Kt Q2,R B 1; 9Q Ktl,B K2; 10 P K R 3, 12 B R 2, B K 1. Samisch Rubinstein, Dresden, 1926.
;

K

;

,

;

;

;

Kt3 (Grunfeld). The column is Rubinstein Capablanca, London, (g) 13 Kt 1922, up to move 12. Q Kt Q 2 6 Q Kt Q 2, Q Kt 3 7 Q B 2, B Q 3 8 B Q 3, (h) 5 9B R 4, O O; 10 O O, Q B2; 11 B Kt3, P Q R 3 P Kt 4 13 P x P ? B x B 14 R P x B, Kt x P =p. Tartakover Fine, Nottingham, 1936.
.

,

;

;

;

p_Q

KR3;
(*)

;

12QR

OK

;

,

;

Tartakover

played 13 B K B 4, P KKt4; 16 PxB, with a strong attack.
(*)

(j)

Capablanca, Nottingham, 1936. B Kt 2, since in reply to the text White could have Keres recommends 12
,

14

Q

R5

!,

K-~Kt2;

15

P

KKt3, PxB;

14

P

KB

4,

B

Kt2;

15

R

B3.

Tartakover

Keres, Kemeri, 1937.

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
, .

181

P Q4 P Q4

(a)
(b)
(c)

For 3.., P K 3 4 B Kt2, P B 4 see R^ti Opening-, cols. 26-29 and 41. Tartakover Sultan Khan, 4th match game, 1931. 3 P B 4, P K 3 transposes into the Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
;

Defence.

Q

jd) Or 3.., Kt 4 ch is also good.

R

KB3;
P

4

P

B4, P

K3;

5

PQR3
112.

(Tartakover).

3..,

(e)

Preferable
is

is

10

column
(/)
(g)

Capablanca For 3 P B4, see Queen's Gambit Declined,
5

to hinder the Rubinstein, Berlin, 1928.

K R 3,

development of Black's
col.
;

Q B.
P

Tt

B x K Kt
(h)

P
;

13

B 4, B Kt 5 ch 6 Kt B 3, K Kt Q x B, Kt Kt 3. Miss Menchik P x P, Kt Q 2 14 P K4, PxP;
;

K2
15

7

R

B

1,

O
;

8

KR3

9

Colle, Carlsbad, 1929.

;

Ktx P, Ktx K P

16

Kt

Gilg

Colle, Carlsbad, 1929.

Q6.

K 3, P B 3 (or 5 , Kt B 3 ; 6 B Q 3, Q Q 2 : (/) 4 B x Kt, K P x B ; 5 P 7 Kt K 2, Kt Kt 5; 8 B x B, Q x B 9 O O, B Q 3 ; 10 P -Q 3, Kt R 3 ; Tartakover Spielmann, Copenhagen. 12 B PxB, Q Q 2. 11 Kt Kt3, BxKt; 4, PxP; 9 KtxP, BxKti Q 3, Q Bl; 7 K Kt K 2, B Q3; 8 P 1923); 12 P KKt3; 13 P 10 BxB, Q B2; 11 Q Q 3, Kt Q 2 Kt 3, B 4 =s. Tartakover Reti, Vienna, 1922. P

K

;

R

6B
13

;

K

000,
7

K

K

(k)
(Z)

B PxB, P K4;
Q
Q2, P
.

14
6

B
P

B

5,

O

O.

ReUstab

Keres, Kemeri, 1937.

P

K3; 9 Bx Kt, KtxB; 10 PxP, B Kt3; 11 B Q 3, B Q o O + Spielmann Bogoljuboff, Moscow, 1925.
(m)
sufficient

If 5

B3;

K4,

PxP;

Q

B

4,

QR4; 128 K
KtS,
1920.

O
Kt

O,

K2,
lias

Breyer and Reti Marco and Spielmann, compensation for the lost material.

Gothenburg,

White

182

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
,

p Q 4 P Q 4-

STONEWALL VARIATION

(a)

Weaker
? (8

is

8

Qj-B 4
(&)
jcj

O

5 Q Q O O
I).

2,

Q B

2

;

6

B

B
:

4,

Q

Q
.,

1 ?

j

7

B

Kt 5
;

?,

Q Kt Q 2

;

Vihier

Samisch

Tarrasch, Badea-Baden, 1925. (1) 3 Alternatives leading to equality are

Marsky,^ 1932.
7

?K4, PxP;
,

6

KtxP, B

Kt2;

Kt

KB

3,

O

P-K Kt 3

4

0; 8 B

Bx Kt, PxB; K 2, P KB4;

Taftakover--Sir G. A. Thomas,

5Q-.Q2, P-KR3; K 2 P K Kt 9 Kt
(d,}

6
4.

B

Carlsa, B-^B 4 7 P-K 3, P-Q B 3 8 P-Q B Hampstead Bnghton, correspondence, 1917.
,

1.

-

;

,

B

4,

;

;

4,

Kt-Q 2

;

W PK4?
2

Stellas

Bogoljuboff, Berlin, 1928. (the Blackmar Gambit)

Q Kt3 gtx'KtV -

_, 6 Kt ,_, _ Q B2, B Q2; 8 Kt R3, Q2, B Q3; " ~ "(/) Or 5 ., Kt B3; Kt i , * * * 10 O O, o 2, \j O O ; 100' 0,K Kt'l; IIP K 4, Q PxP; 12 K KtxP, w y 9 Kt B *. O ; 13 KtxKt, B K2; 14 PxP, BxPch; 15 KtxB . MarshaU tn Vienna, 1908, Rubinstein, Vienna IftOfi. Kt5!. 13 B Kt 1 3xP, (g) If 10 Q K2; 11 QxP, R KKtl;; 12 Q R6, 15 Q KtxKt, 14 B ~Q2, KtxB; 5; < Continued 13 Q Kt B 3, Kt !) 1931. Sultan Khan Rubinstein, Prague, n, Kt B3' 16 Q Kt QKtB'3; _Q. 9 Q K 1. The column is Gunsberg Teichmann, Monte 0, (t) Or 8 O Carlo. 1902. 9 B Q 2, 2 ; 8 O-O, ; t-B3, 9; 13 Q~~B 3, 1 12 4 3, 2 ; 11 3, 5 10 K Kt4 with A good attack. Marshall Teichmann, Vienna, 1908. 14 p 1912. ScMechter, Pistyao, (k) Yates

m

K

'

~~

,

-

B3K

K K

RxP;

Kt-K

B-Kt

R-B

P-B

B-K

;

R-R R-B

O-O

;

PP-Q R

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
;

183

PQ

4,

Kt

KB3

NIMZO-INDIAN DEFENCE 2 B 4, P K 3 3 Kt 4 Q B2, P Q 4
;

PQ

QB

3,

BKt 5

;

.

K 3, O 6 Kt B 3, Kt 3 7 R 3, B x Kt ch 8 P x B, (a) Or 5 P P B 4 9BPxP, KPxP=. Nimzovitch Marshall, London, 1927. If 5 5, R 4, P B 3; 8 B x Kt, PxB, 9 P K Kt 3, Kt 4 7 P x P 6 Kt B 3, P Q R 3 + since Black can hold the Pawn. Capablanca Nimzovitch, Kissmgen
;
;
;

PQ

PQ

;

;

PQ

;

PQ

BKt

,

B x Kt ch 7 Q x B, Kt B 3 8 Kt B 3, Kt K 5 9 Q Q 3, Q R 4 ch =. Rubinstein Colle, Budapest, 1929. 2 9 Kt B 3, PxP; 10 QxP, Kt B4; 11 B B 4, QxQ; (e) 12 KtxQ, B O2; 13 B Q 2, K Kt K 5 with a level ending. Euwe Gninfeld, Amsterdam, 1936. Q 2 11 B Q B 4, Q K R 4 12 O O, (d) Somewhat better than 10 ., B 13 Q R B Q3, Kt B3; 14 B R 2, Kt R 4; 15 Kt K 5, Kt Kt 5. Euwe p

1928.

K4

(6)

6

;

10

PQxR P

3,

;

,

;

P,

8QxB, Q Kt Q

;

;

;

1

;

B 4, Q Q 3 ; 11 2, 2 (Alekhine Kt 3 13 B Q 3, 12 Px P, Euwe, 10th match game, 1937) leads to a two-edged position. 2, B B3, PxP; 10 BPxP, Kt Kt3, 1 1 Kt Q 2 12 Kt B 4, (g) 9 P Q 3 13 B Q 2, R B 1 =. Alekhine Euwe, 8th match game, 1937. R 3, Bx Kt =. 14 15 P O, Kt Kt 5 (A) Or 12.., PxP; Ldvenfisch Botvmmk, 3rd match game, 1937. Kt3, O 0; 14 Q 1, PxP; 15 PxP, Q B 2 ; 16 O O, h) 13 Q Kt Kt5 =. Kmoch Griinfeld, Amsterdam, 1936. Ql,0 0; 18 Kt Q 6, B4; 16 Kt Kt 5, Q Kt 1 (7) 15 KtxP, Kt 15 Q R Q 1, R Q1; Kt R5 =. Analysis by Grunfeld. If here 14 , O Euwe Botvinnik, Nottingham, 1936. B 1 17 IQ p__n 5!, Q M*10 p_B4,Q Q3; 12 R Q Kt 1, P 4 13 Kt Kt 5, P K R 3 14 Kt Q 1 =F. Alekhine Euwe, 20th match 4, Kt x Kt ; 15 Q x Kt, game, 1937. Colle, Bled, 1931. (/) Flohr Kt B3; 9 R Q 1 (better than 9 P K 3, PxP; 10 KtxP, KtxKt; (m)S Nimzovitch 11 BxKt,0 O; 12 BxKt, PxB, 13 B Q 3, Q R 4 ch ; 14 Q R 3, 2 10 P lilPxP, K3, P Q Kt 3 11 Canal, Carlsbad, 1929), R 4 ; 14 B x Kt Kf 4,Q 13 Capablanca Fine, Avro,

Alekhme, match, 1926-27. Euwe, 12th match game, 1937. (e) Alekhine Kt B3; 9 Kt B 3, O O 10 P (/) s

PQ
,

,

BKt

;

BKt
;

PxP;

K

;

13PxP,00;
R

,

!

;

17KR
,

!

;

PxP

K

.

(

;

K

HPxPP.QxBP;
R
1

K

;

,

QxP;

PQ

OO; K

,

PQ

Q2.

BKt

;

.

Notes

ctd.

on p. 216

184

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME

(

a) If $..,

15 P B 4, PxP; (6 Naegeh Berne 1932.

RxKtch-

10QxB.

B-Kt5;

7

QKt3l
Px

Flohr
16

Kt B3; 8 P K3, O O; 9 P Q R 3, Naegeh, Berne, 1932. O O O with chances for both sides. Alekhine P,
f

Mq10
fi
(

Kt-B 3, Q Kt-Q 2 4 Q-Q4; 12QP-KR3; 13 B-Q B 4, !4BxKt+! Euwe Capablanca, Carlsbad, 1929. j? '7 0-0 8 P K 3, P-Q Kt 3 is quite good for Black 9 B Q 3, B R 3 Kt-K2, Kt-Q2; 11O-O, P-QB4; 12 P-Q Kt 3 PxQP ISKtxP,
!

;

:

!

;

B -B 4 ^BttlKU e Q ^fcid QxP; 12 Q Kt rQxP^ K133fBxQ, Kt 10 Q-KtB3 (10 Q-R R4, PxP; R4; 14 Q nPxQP O PxQP, Kt R4; 12 Q in T^tvP Kt B4!=l. Kt R4! (O D *,, 15 Kt_xr, ^_ _ B6; i\ QQ2 + Fine Stahlberg, *" -^^ R2, Kt v
8
;

SS^* 13
iqo7\
.

4

3SS^^
Fl
*

5;

S

C kh

m
;

Itg !

j

37

4,

5,

?

;

11
.

t

1st

I AVI, i, vi AU -^ Kt4, Q _ JO i>; 12 .P lijrxvjjr, WA.J-, 13 O K 4 CH, P B3; .* PxQP, QxP; TT4.OP T> Q /^O. ITl/'-f f^ T^ 15B-Kt2,B-K3(orl5..,0-0; 16 K-Kt 3, B-Q 2 R 17Kt-B3,QxR; 21 P x R, x P ch 20 Q-B 6, 19 Q x K P, Q R-K 1 18 liiLKt 5, P-K Kt 3 PxP; 18 P Kt31 O K8ch- 22 Q B2 + ); 16 P Q 5, O O O 17 PxB, l8K-Kt4?,x; whHe ?rfl8K-*tK%xB/;VB xif 18 - c K R-B 1 19 BxPch, K-K1:11; K-Kt3, Fme Hastings, 1936-37,' R x P? K 1 with excellent counter-chances. Not, however, 20 20 BxP, Q R Winter A. Reynolds, Birmingham, 1937), Kt4 + 21 K R3T R B8; 22 B )10,QxBp;llp-Q K t4, Q-K2; 12 B-B 1 P-Q R4; 13 P-Kt5, Kt K4' 14 B Kt2 + Rumm Capablanca, Moscow, 1935. 14 P-B 4, Q-R5ch; 13 R-B 1, Q-KKt4; (h) Or 12 BxP, QxBP; B 2 (Euwe Petrov, Stockholm, 1937), QxQch=. 15 Q Q2B-R3; K-K2' (if 15 O-O 16 PxP, RxP; 17Kt ^ D OQ >) 15 Kt-B 3, 18RB3I + ); 16 PxP, RxP; 17 Kt Q 2, B R3; 18 R B 3, R g Kt 1. 11
JT

-,r

n.

I

/~\ -

< />

;

/')

;

;

;

x.^^
,

;

;

-,
;

.

.

,

;

I,

.

,

;

Notes eld

on p. 216

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
;

PQ

4,

Kt

KB3

NIMZO-INDIAN DEFENCE 2 B 4, P K 3 3 Kt Q B 3, B 4 Q B2.
;

PQ

Kt 5

;

9

4 1, O Bx Ktch; 6 PxB!, Q B2; 7 Kt B 3, Kt R 3 8 (a) 5. ; P B6, KtPxP; 10 B Kt5, Kt B4; 11 BxKtrb. Stahlberg A. Steiner, Kemen, 1937. QR4; 9 P K4,O O; 10 B B 4, Q Kt 3; 11RQ 1, Kt K 1 ; (b) Or 8 .,P 12 Kt K2+. Bogoljuboff Alekhme, 4th match game, 1929.
,
;

KtQ

Botvinnik, 6th match game, 1933. K 5 6 Q B 2, P Q 4 ; 7 P K3, P Q B 4 ; 8 9 B Q 3, Q R 4 ch 10 K B 1, O O; 11 PxP, Kt (8 BPxP, Nimzovitch, Kissmgen, 1928) Q R 4 ch; is more difficult for Black to meet. Tartakover B 1, Kt Q B 3 ; 11 Kt B 3, Kt x B j 12 QxKt, PxP; 10 R 9 B P; Q2, K 2 =. Note by Tartakover and Nimzovitch. 13 B x P, Q Nimzovitch, Kissmgen, 1928 C/. col. 67. (e) Bogoljuboff /) The Zurich Variation (also known as the Milner-Barry Variation). Continuations 3 * 'seen are: (l)j*_., JP~Q, 3 ; T 5 B Q Kt Q 2; _6^ P K rarely Kt^S, 10 Kt _ ., 7 B ...... R*, _ . , Q 3, B Kt 2 8 P B 3, xKtch; 9 Qx . Alekhme Nimzovitch, New York, 1927. (2) 4 , P Q K.t 3 ; 5 P K 4, OB 4 1 1 B BxKtch; 6 PxB, P Q 3 7 P B 4, P K 4 8 B Q 3, Q K2; 9 O O 12 P B 5 + NoteboomKt B 3 ; 10 O 0, B Kt 2 11 R Q Kt 1, transposes after 5 P Q R 3, B x Kt ch; 6 Q x B> Flohr, Hastings, 1929-30, 4 , 4 into col. 37. Kt B 3 into cols. 44 and 45 after 6 , () Keres Alekhme, Dresden, 1936. R Kl; 12 Q Kt2, Q Q6 (h) Or 9 .,KtxP; 10 Ktx Kt, Px Kt ; Kt 4 ; 15 B B1+. Flohr K5; 13 B B 4, B B4; 14 P B 3, P (12... Kt B4; 3, Q London, 1932) 13 P K 3 (13 B Kt 5, Kt Kt 5 14 P Milner-Barry, B 4 =. Fine Van den Bosch, Amsterdam, R 4, Q K 5 16 15 B O, B 3, B B 4 15 K B 2, B Q6; 16 B K21 + 19 36), Q_Kt3; 14 P B 4 11 B Kt 2, Ktx K P ; 12 Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 3 is also good. P 10 (J) K 2 14 P B 4, B K 3 15 P Kt3, +. 13 pL-KtS (but not 13 BxP?, Q 14 P B 3, Kt Q3; Winter C. H. Alexander, Hastings, 1935-36), B K 3 Fine Alexander, Margate, 1937. K3 16 P 2 15 Q x K P, Kt 2, R K 1 10 P K 3 (or 10 P Kt 5, Kt Kt 1 ; 9 B 2 (i) If 8 P -Kt 3, P Q Kt 3 12 B Kt 2, B Kt 2 ; 13 O 0, Q Kt Q 2 14 P QR4, 15 B Q R 3, R R2; 16 Kt K5 + FineBecker, Zandvoort, 1936), P_K4; 11 PxP. KtxP; 12 KtxKt, PxKt; 13 B Q 3, B Q 2 14 O O, Flohr Nimzovitch, Bled, 1931. O R Q 1 ; 15 B B 2 K 3, P K 4 ; 10 P x P should have been played, (k) Now this is premature. 9 P 4 ; 17 P B 5, Kt B 5. Lilienthal Kt 3 16 Q R 2, 15 Q x R, Kt (I) Rovner, 1938.
(c)

Flohr

(d)

Or

5

KPxP; QxB

QxB, Kt

;

;

PxBP QB3

,

(

.

;

.

A ^"QJ^ PKR3;
KtB3,
.

.

.

;

;

;

00

;

!

,

PQ

HQxP, K

'

,

;

PQ
;
;

;

K

p_OR3;

H

QK QK QK
; ,

.

;

;

BxP

;

.

;

;

;

;

.

;

.

;

PQ

!

QUEEN'S
Kt

PAWN GAME
;

KB

NIMZO-INDIAN DEFENCE " 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 3
;

B3, B

Kt5.

8

12

PxP PxP; 130

B

Kt 5, P

K R 3 9BxKt,QxB, 10P K 3, O O; 11 B K KtS; UP R 3, B R4; IS K R Q 1, K 0, B
;

17

12

p__K5

Kt-Q 2 ?,Q Kt-Q
=F-

Fine

4 2 ; 13 P ?, A. Reynolds, Ostend, 1937.
;

K4

,^^
6

P RK K4; =.
2,

1

5;
15

Kt~R

!

;

14

P

K

Kt

3,

P-B 4

!

,

Px

P,

EEuweP QKtS; BS,
tf\

5

Alekhine, Kt R 3 6

Q
P,

B
Q
14

10

Qx

K2

Q2
;

7 Q x B transposes into col. 41) B-Kt5, B-Kt2; 9 P K3, B K2=. EUskases Kt a, P BxP; 7 f K 3, U u Q 4 9 O O O, r K JT 11 B Q 3, Kt Q Kt 5 12 B Kt 1, P Q Kt 3 =F E. Rabmovitch
;

22nd match game, 1935. P Q R 3, B x P (B x Kt ch
8
;

;

j

;

-,

;

14 Kt 13 K Kt I, P Q 3 Q R 4, Fine R. P MicheU, Hastings, 1936-37 14 K R Q 1, Q R Q 1 ; 15 P Q R 3, () P B5; 16 Kt K4 + Spielmann Colle, Carlsbad, 1929. P. Johner, Carlsbad, 1929. (j) Spielmann K Kt 3, P B 4 10 B Kt2, O O ; 11 O O, (i) A good alternative is 9 P P QKt3; 12 Q R 4, B Kt2; 13 Kt Spielmann Najdorf, Warsaw, 1935 Since White cannot maintain his R at Q 6, his advantage will disappear. The (/) column is Euwe Nimzovitch, Zurich, 1934, t is weaker: O; 9.., O m 9 (col. 51) is also good, but 9 P 12 P QR3?, K 2, P Q Kt 3 11 O, P Q R 4 10 P (or 10 B 5 + Bogoljuboff Nimzovitch, San Remo, 1930), B X Kt ; 11 B x B, P Q Kt 3 ; Kt2 (if 13 B Q 3, KtxB; 14 QxKt, B Kt2; 12 P QKt4, Kt K5; 13 B 18 P Q R 4, 1 17 K 1 K 2, K2 16 B 1, 15 0-0, Kt Kt 2; 14 B K 2, R B 1 ; Stahlberg Alekhme, Hamburg, 1930), B =p. K 2 16 Q R Q 1, Q K 1 =. Dake H. Sterner, Mexico City, 1934-35. 15 o 0, Kt Q4; 11 PxP, PxP; 12 P Q R 3, P Q 5 13 PxB, KtxP; (n) 6r 10 ., P + . R. P. 14 Q Q l. B K3; 15 O O, B Kt 6 ? ; 16 Q B 1, PxKt; 17 Michell Colle, Hastings, 1931. Sultan Khan, Hastings, 1931. (o) Winter

Nae

Romanovsky,^ Moscow, RB Ka Kt-Q Kt ^1^ K Q h
1
;

^
2
;

5 ?,

15

P

^^^ ^
Q R
;
.

Kt

3,

P

B 3, B Kt 2 13 K R Q 1, Q R 3 16 Kt B 3, P B 5 T.
;
;
;

1

B

1w Tl

R2?

Q k^lJ? 'Kt^-B 3, P Q R 3 Q B 2 is better) 15 Kt Kt 6 B R 3 13 R Q 2, Q K 2 Or 12.
!

(6

;

.

,

;

;

.

Kt3.

;

\

p_R

p_QR3 QR3
i

K3

;

;

p_B5

;

Q-K

,

R-Q

R-Q
;

;

;

QxP

QUEEN'S
P

PAWN GAME
, ;

187

Q 4 Kt
,

KB 3

NIMZO-INDIAN DEFENCE 2 P QB 4 P K 3 3
;

(a)

On

13

P

a draw by 14

K Kt 4 Ktx B P is the only good defence but forces White to take KxKt, PxP; 15 R KKtl, Q-R5_ch; 18 K K 3, QRScb;
!,
!

Mulder, Amsterdam, 1933. lb) Euwe lOPxP.PxP; 11 P-Q R3, P-Q 5 % \c Ifatonce9P-KKt3?, P-Q4!; P x B Ktx P 13 Q 1. Q K 2 + Reinfeld H. Sterner, Minneapolis, 1932. id] Or 11 ,P--R5; 12B-Kt2, P-QKt3; 13O-O, B-Kt2; 14 Q R-Q ), Stahlberg Nimzovitch, 5th match Kt R4, 15 B Kt4, B K 5 16 Q
}

12

:

!

.

;

B3.

Nimzovitch, 3rd match game, 1934* Alternatives are Q R 4 7 B Q 2, Q x B P 8 P Q 3 (8 R B 1 ?, (1)6. K 5 dis ch; 11 Ktx Q, Kt B 2, Ktx P ; 10 Kt Q R 4, Ktx B 9 Q 4 15 Q x Kt, Bx P =F. 14 Ktx Kt, Ktx Kt 12 Kt 02 BxKtch; 13 if 4 9 BxB, 10 BxKt, Rojahn Takacs, correspondence, 1931), BxKt; Capablanca, Barcelona, 1929. (2) 6. Aguilera OxBch- 11 O Kt4 Q 9 P 8 B R4 (8 B x Kt, Qx B 3, P Kt 5, P K R 3 7 B 10 O B2 P R5: 11 P QR3, BxKtch=. Bogoljuboff F6rder, Swinemiinde. 11 10 5 3, 1, 4> {93$, p_'KKt4; 9 B-Kt3, with a complicated position. Winter Capablanca, 1930. R 3, Kt 2 ; Ifr 9 O-O, B 8 B-K2, , (g } 7 P Q 1, K R Q 1 12 B Q 2, P Q 4 q=. Kashdan Fine, New York, 1936. 2 11 R Q Alekhine, 2nd match game, 1929. (h) Bogoljuboff
Stahlberg
;

,

;

R

Kt

Q R

-

'

1

!

j

K Ql,BxR; B2T;
,

;

Kt-Q

,

5_O-

;

K

QR4j

K

L K3

0-0;

P-K Kt-K P-QKt3;

Q-R4;

R-B

P-B P-Q

;

Botvinmk Miassoyedoff, Leningrad, 1932.' On 6.., BxKtch; 10 p K 3 4-. K 5 8 Q x P is bad, as 7 Q x B (7 Px B, as in col. 41, note (a) is also playable), Kt QxB; e.g., 9 Q x R ch A. F. Mackenzie's analysis in B.C.M., May, 1938, shows 11 P K3, Q KtSch; 12 K K 2, Q x B P ch ; K K2- 10 Kt B3, QxBP; 13 K 6 I Q4ch; 14 K B 1, Q B 4 ch 15 K Kt 1, Kt Kt 5 16 B Q3, KtxB++. However, 8 B x Q, KtxQ; 9 B R4 (or even 9 PxKt), Kt K 5 ; 10 O O O gives White a minimum advantage. Notes cid. on p. 216
'

;

:

;

;

i88

gUEEN'S
;

PAWN GAME
. :

IP-Q4, Kt-KB 3

NIMZO-INDIAN DEFENCE K 3 3 Kt-Q B 3. B 2 P-Q B 4 P

Kt 5-

,.,

; ; here 1937 ; P~B 4 is 'also possible the Q ueen's Gambit Accepted, col. 12. 9 B x P the position is almost the same as that P x P ; 7 B x P, P K 4 !. Bogoljuboff Colle, Bled, 1931. Continued id) Or 6 4 =. Kt4 2, R3; T> 8O- V_PxP 9 KtxP, X%.T^- rt T710 .- r etc. P-Q -navf ? 11 B K 2, i-6, ^ * JL _ ^s nrtto note. Cp Px Q*; 8 'KPxP, .* Stronger is 7 3 11P-KR3, 9 KPxP, PxP; 10 BxP, PxQP!; ; P R3; 13 B Kt 3, Q B 2 qp. Reshtjvsky Tartakover 31. 12 P
,
.

10

,,

y

y Q ~6
, ,

r\o

T>

OR<*.

x P

!

7

Bx P P B

11

'Kt

K4

P
;

;

.

P-Q

m Q-B

R4 8 O O, Kt B 3 9 P Q R 3, B QKt4=F- Landau A. Steiner, Kemen, 8 K P x P, P x P 7 O-O, P x Q P after
4
, ; !

;

"nt

;

P-B

l^ORS, $," KR3 QQ3,
x "9 10 P ';

B-Q

Kemeri, 1937.

s |

&K^2f 6P-B 3 (6 kt-K 2 ? B x P 7 R-K Kt 1, B-K 5 R P Kt x P + P B 4 7 Kt K 2, Kt B 3 8 O O, PxP, x P7 Kt x P=. Capablanca-Kan, Moscow, 1936. 8QPxP,BPxP; 9KtxP,B-Kt2; IOKt-Kt3, '7 P-QIS, P-Q Kt4' O R3- 11 Kt Q4, Kt B3; 12 Kt B3 + Landau-List, Ostend, 1937. P 1936.
,

9 6

;

!

;

R v % let x~B X B * ? f' 1 Q 4
)

!

),

;

;

f

.

7) Eliskases

Lilienthal,

Moscow,

f/)

Or

7

10

O

Kt-B 4, P-B3; KtxKKt; 11 Px

8

PxP,

Kt,

Kt-B 3
;

KPxP
;

(8

.,

petrov-EliskaseV.Semmering-Baden, 1937) Rubinstein Yates, Kissingen, 1928.
Notes
ctd.

9

B-Q R-K
3,

12

B

KtxP?; 9 B-Q 3 KWQ 2 13 Q B 3 K 3, Q-B 2 10 0-0, Q 1 t-Q 2 =
; ;

,

on p. 217

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME

189

? ; 8 P 9 3, 4 0, Qx P (B4) ; 13 P Q 1931. 6 P K 3, O 7 B Alekhine and Monosson Flohr and Redly, Nice, Q 3, ; 9 Kt Kt3, P Q Kt 3 10 B Kt 2, B R3; Kt B3; 8 Kt K2, P Q 3 K 4 is stronger). Botvmnik B 1 ; 12 R Q B 1, 11 p (perhaps P 4, R Keres. Avro. 1938. 9 B Kt K 2 ; 10 Kt B4; Q 3, 2, B B3; (c) 7..,Kt Euwe Bogoljuboff, Zurich, 12 BxB, KtxB; 13 P 11 1934. 2 ; 9 10 Q B 2, Q 3, (d) Necessary, for if 8 B B B 5 + . Fine L. Sterner, Lodz, 1935. 9 B Q 3, Kt B 3 (or 9 , P Q Kt 3 ; P x P is much weaker , (e) 8 4 . Euwe 10 Kt K2, B 12QxB, Kt B3; 13 P R3; 110 0, K 1 ; 11 O O, P Q Van den Bosch, 3rd match game, 1934) 10 Kt 2, R R 1 ; 14 13 B 1 ; B 1, Kt Q 4 ; B Q 2 ; 12 Kt Kt 3, Q 2, (11 1 1 Lilienthal K4! + . Lihenthal Ehskases, Ujpest, 1934); 12 Q 15 P Ragosin, Moscow, 1935. Botvinmk, Moscow, 1935. (f) Lilienthal R 3 ; 10 B R4, B Kt2; 8 P K3, Q Kt Q 2 ; 9 B Q 3, P Yg\ 7. 13 + . Euwe Kan, 11 Kt Q B 1 ; 12 K2, 1934. Leningrad, 5 gives 10 PxP, P KKt4; 11 B Kt3, KtxP ; 12 B (*) 9.., White an excellent attack, but it is doubtful whether Black's position is then any worse than in the column continuation. K 2, Kt Q R 4 ; 14 3 ; 15 O 0, Kt B 3 13 Kt Q 3, (i) Or 12 O O O (Alekhine Ehskases, Hastings, 1933-34); 16 P K5I+. Lilienthal CapablancH, Hastings, 1934-35. (i) O , 7 P K 4, P K 4 8 B Q 3, P B 4 ; 9 Kt K 2, Kt B 3 ; 2, O (\ $ 2 ? ; 11 P B 3 . Capablanca Ragosin, Moscow, 1935. 10 P Q 5. Kt o O; 7 P K4, P K4; 8 B Q 3, Kt B 3 ; 9 Kt K 2, Kt Q 2 ; (A 6 10 O P Q Kt3: 11 B R3; 12 Kt Kt3, Kt Q R 4 13 Q K 2 . 3, B O, >amisch Grunfeld, Carlsbad, 1929. Euwe Van Scheltinga, Amsterdam, 1936. (m)

(a)

6)6 Q KPxP; 10PxP,Q R4; H B Q 3, Kt K5;
3,

The Samisch Variation. B2, Kt B3; 7 Kt
;

B

P

Q

4

K

120

00;

BPxP, R

K

00, 00;
K

PxP SPxQP, KPxP,

;

K4!.
!

K

PxKP; HPxP, BxP; 12BxKP,
BxB;

QB
: ;

!

PxQP, BPxP!;
.

QB

K K

K

!

K

R

R

R3

p_B4;

R

K

BPxP, KPxP;

PxKP;
,

K

;

Q

QB
,

Q_B K

;

K

Notes

ctd.

on

i>.

217

QUEEN'S
p__Q
4
,

PAWN GAME
P

Kt

KB3

;

2

QB

4,

P

K3

;

3

Kt

QB

3.

NIMZO-INDIAN DEFENCE

Mattison

B 2, Q K 2 7 B R 3, P B 4 ; 8 P Kt 6 Q 3 f B Kt 2 ; 10 O O, O O 11 Kt R 4, BxB; 12 Kx B ?, Nimzovitch, Carlsbad, 1929. Nimzovitch recommended 7 P 2 13 Kt Q 1 ; 14 Q 12 B Q 3, , (b) Or 1 1 Winter Fine, Lodz, 1935. 15 P KtS is now best.
/

a\ 5

p_Q

;

;

3,

P
2,

9

B

Kt

2,

;

Q

Kt

00
Q

;

QK

,

00,

K
Cj

Q Kt 3 ch +
'2,

;
.

4 here.

Kt

K 3.

(c)

Samisch

6 P~K 3, P QB4; 7 B Q 3, 10 R Ktl, R4; 8 001, BxKt; 9 PxB, Kt K B 3 K 5 + Keres List, Ostend, 1937) SPxQP, KPxP, 9PxP, Kt Q 2:11 Kt 11 P K4!, B K2; 12 P K5, Kt K Kt 5 O, Kt B3; BxP; 10 Euwe Alekhine, 19th match game, 1937. A playable alternative is 13 R K1+. 4 p_B4; 5P^-KKt3, Kt K5; 6B Q 2, KtxB; 7QxKt,Q R4, 8 B Kt 2, O 0, PxP; 10 Ktx P, Kt B 3 1 1 K R B 1, Q B 4 =. Rubinstein O O 9 Martfczy, London, 1922. K 3, O O 6 B Q 3, P Q 4 7 O 0, B Kt 2 8'r-xP, PxP; (/) Or 5 P K 2 10 P Q Kt 4, Q Kt Q 2 11 R Kt 1, P Q R 3 12 Kt K 5, 9 pJl6 R 3, B Kt 13 P x Kt, Kt Q 2 14 P B 4, R K 1. Bogoljuboff Euwe, match, 1929. Kt x B x Kt ch 6 Px B, B Kt 2 7 P K 3, P Q 3 8 B Q 3, Q Kt Q 2 (g) 5 If now 10 Kt 9o Q 2, P K R 3 11 B R 4, P K Kt 4 12 B Kt 3, O, Q K 2 = O O =p. Bogoljuboff Monticelh, San Remo, 1930.
(e)

id)

Kt

KB3

Stahlberg, Helsingfors, 1935. Bogoliuboff Nimzovitch, Carlsbad, 1929. 4 ; Kt K5?; 5 Q B 2, If 4 ,

PQ
;

(?!.,

;

.

;

;

;

;

;

;

:

;

;

;

;

,

,

;

,

;

;

;

is best), 5 B (5 BxKt, BxKtch; 6 PxB, KtS, B 1, 5 ; 8 9 PxP, B4; 6 P K3, Q R4; 7 Q Kt3, Kt Q B 3 T. Reti Marshall, Brunn, 1928. 6 P 3, (if 6.., B Kt2; 7 Q 3, B3, P (fl Or 5 Kt P ? ; 11 R K Kt 1+. 9 B x Kt, B x B ; 10 Kt Q 2, 5 Kt- 8 BxB, Kt Kt 2 ; 9 O O O P 8 Q B 2, B Nimzovitch); 7 BxB, Kt K 5 K 5, Q K 2 IIP B 3, KtxB, 12QxKt, P Q3; 13 Kt Q 3, Kt Q 2 , 10 Kt 14 Ktl, Ql =F. Ahues Nimzovitch, Berlin, 1927. t Kt 3 ? 6 Q B 3, P Q 4 7 B Q 3, B-~ Kt 2 ; 8 Kt R 3 . k ) If 5 Alekhine Kmoch, San Remo, 1930. (/)
(*)

4

B

Alekhine, 27th match_game,_1937.

P Kt

PKR3;
K
;

R4

BxQ
K

QKt3;
,

K

K BxKt

R

PxP;

QxB

Bx

B

KB4;

;

QR
,

p_Q

;

;

Notes

ctd.

on

/>.

217

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
;
;

191

P
4

QUEEN'S INDIAN DEFENCE Q 4 Kt K B 3 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt K B 3, P Q Kt 3 Kt 3, B Kt 2 P K O. K 2 6 O O, 5 B Kt 2, B
,
,

;

;

10 Q Q 2 Kt Q 2 14 KtxB' 1, BxB; may be better. (b) 8 ., P Q4; 9 PxP, KtxKt; 10 PxKt, PxP; 11 KtK 5, Q~B 1 12 P QB4, PxP; 13 BxB, QxB; 14 Qx P, P Q B 4 =. Tartakover Alekhme! Baden-Baden, 1925. P Q3, 10 P K 4, Kt Q2; 11 B K 3, P K B 4 BI (9 (6) 9 PxKt!, Q 12 P Q 5 Pure Romanovsky, Moscow, 1935) 10 P K 4, Kt B 3:11 Kt Q 2 P K4!; 12 Kt Kt3, B R3; 13 Q K 2, R Ktl=. Pixc Kan, Moscow'
11

KR

(a)

P

KB4

The older QI, P

line 8

Ktx

QR4?;

Kt, 12 Q

Bx Kt 9 B B 4, P Q 3 R B 1, Q K 1 13 KtK
;

:

;

(Rubinstein

Samisch, Manenbad, 1925)

,

:

i

.

;

1935.

EUskases, Semmering-Baden, 1937. (d) Reshevsky but Black's position is quite solid.
(e)
;

White controls more space

Kt x P

Or8..,QKt Q2; 9PxP,KtxKt?; 10P Q6!,BxB; HPxB,QxKP; 12 P x Kt, B x R 13 P x Kt, Q x P 14QxB+. Bogoljuboff Nimzovitch, Carlsbad, 1923. Or here 9 Clausen Alekhme, 1935. 9.. ,PxP; 10 Q R4, Kt Kt 1
; .

is

the only playable reply.

3, (2) 9 Q2; 10 B Kt 2, R B 1 13 Ktx Kt, Px Kt, 14BxP,QxQ- 15BxQ Grunfeld, Kecskemet, 1927. 15 B Kt 2 gives White a strong attack. (g) 13 ., B x Kt ; 14 Q x B, Q x P (h) Kmoch Romanovsky, Leningrad, 1934. u) Samychovsky Botvmmk, Moscow, 1931. Kt B 3 ; 8 Kt B 3, 9 PxP, (;) Another satisfactory line is 7. Kt QKt5; 10 Q Kt3, Q KtxQP; 11 R Q 1, Q BI; 12 B KtS, Ktx Kt; 13 QxKt, P 1. Sdmisch Grunfeld, Berlin, 1926. B4; 14 Q R3, R B x P 9 Kt B 3, B 2 10 P K 4, P Q 3 ; 1 1 {k} Better than 8 3, P Q R 3 12 B Kt 2, Q B 2 13 Q R B 1, Q Kt Q 2 ; 14 K B1 1, Q 15 Q Vidmar Kmoch, San Remo, 1930. Grtinfeld Eliskases, Vienna, 1935. (1) 5 ; 10 P x P, 1, P (m) 7 Q 4 8 Kt B 3, Q Kt Q 2 ; 9 5, Ktx QKt; 11 PxKt, KtxKt; 12 P Q6!,BxB; 13 Px B,Qx P; 14 B, Kt B3=! Keres Botvinnik, Avro, 1938 (n) Weaker is 7 Q B 1 ; 8 Kt B 3, P Q 4; 9 P x P, Kt x P 10 B Kt 2 P QB4; 11 R B 1, KtxKt?; 12 BxKt, R Q 1 13 Q Q 2, 4 ? 14 Q B 4 !, Q Kt 2 ; 15 P x P + . Alekhme and Monosson Stoltz and Reilly, Nice, P B 4 is excellent 8 B Kt 2 (if 8 P Q 5, P x P 9 Kt R 4 1931. However, 7 . n x P 9 Ktx S ^\ 10 x B, P Q 4 ! =. Kmoch Van Scheltinga P, B x B Amsterdam, 1936. i. >>e .iclshine, 23rd match game, 1937. I/

(the

R B2=.

IIP

immortal Zugzwang game).

K 4, KtxKt, 12PxKt,KtxP;
Vajda

PKt

QKt

,

;

,

P-Q4;

K

.

.

,

;

K

;

K2+.

;

;

R K
Kx
;

PKt
R

RK

;

KtK KtK
;

.

,

BQ

KtK

.

,

:

i

,

;

K

,

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
;
;

_Q 4

,

Kt-

K B 3 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt K B 3, P Q Kt 3 P K Kt 3, B Kt 2 5 BKt 2, B Kt 5 ch.
; ;

QUEEN'S INDIAN DEFENCE

5 ; 9 P 0, Q 5, Kt x B (Euwe () 6 .,B K2; 7 Kt B 3 Kt and here 10 Ktx Kt, Q B 1 ; 11 P 4, P Q3; Alekhine, 21st match game, 193/1 R3 was possible. 12 P B 4, Kt Q 2 ; 13 B B 4 !, Kt x Kt ( Kt K B 3) ; 9 Q 5 ? P Q3; 8 Kt B 3, Kt (5)7 K 3, Kt Q 2 13 Q x P ch, 12 Q 10 Kt Kt5', P 3; 1; 14 BxR, QxB; 15 P B 3, Kesigns. Becker Fuss, Vienna, 1933. K 5 10 Q B 2, Ktx Kt 11 8 O O, P Q 3 ; 9 Kt B 3, Kt (if (c) R K 1, now 11 Kt Kt5?, KtxPcb + ), Kt Q 2 12 QI, Q K2; 13 B 4 14 Kt R 4, B x B =. Vidmar Alekhme, New York, 1927. But if 9 11 PxP, P K B 4 ; 10 Kt K 5 !, P Q 4 (4) A risky venture. B 4, Q Kt B 3 ; 14 Q R B1+. Euwe Flohr, O, Kt Q2; 13 P PxP, 12
;

K

SO

OO;

K

KB

K HBxB,PxKt;

;

;

KB

;

;

p_K

;

QR

QxKt K

;

,

;

2nd match game,
(e)

14

Q B3=. P KB4
;

16

P

K3, Kt
9
;

P
16

KR3 P B4 +.
Q
1
,

(/)

,

better than 15. ., Q OK4 (15 R Q 1, P Q B 4 B7ch; 1' K Q 2, Q B 4 18 Q Kt 2, Kt Kt5; 19 P K 4, Euwe Capablanca, 10th match game, 1932), KtxPch; 16 K Kt2, B 4, and White should win. 17 P QKt Q2; 10 00, Q B 1 11 P K 4, P Q R 3 12 K 1, Kt 3, Kt R 2 15 Kt K R 4, Q Q I 14 Q R 13 P Q 1, R Kt
,

1932. Ktx P ; 15

!

!

;

;

;

RK
is

;

1

;

;

Reshevsky
,

H OR

() After 10

P

B

QKt
;

Sir G. A. Q2; 11

Thomas, Hastings, 1937-38.
,

3

14

Q

R

4,

R

12 K R P K 4, Q R B 1 B2; 15 Q R 3, R Kl; 16 P
position,

K

1, Kt 3,

P K4 P Kt 3
;

no means devoid
(h)

(ReshevsKy

Keres,

Semmermg-Baden, 1937) Black's

though cramped,

by

of counter-chances.

B4; 8 PxP, PxP; 9 Q B 2 ; 10 Q B 2, 0~O; () Or 7 , P 12 P Q R 3, Kt -B3. Bogoljuboff Nimzovitch, Berlin, 11 Q R Q 1, P 1927. Kt B 3 ; 11 P Q 5, Kt Q 5 ; 0) 8. , P B4; 9 P K4, P Q 3 ; 10 K R 3, P -K 4 ; 14 P B 4. Sacconi Colle, Meran, 1926. 13 P 12 Ktx Kt, Px Kt White has the same line of play at his disposal on the next move. Vidmar, Hastings, 1926. (k) Colle 2 ; B 2, B 8 , P Q3; 9 Q 10 Q Kt3, 11 Kt B 3, 5 ; (1) Fine Sir G. A. Thomas, Nottingham, . Q Kt Q 2; 12Q B 2, R Q B 1 ; 13P 1936. (m) Euwe Spielmann, match, 1932. Kt K5; 7 9 QxB, P Q3: KtxKt; 8 BxKt, (n) 6.., 10 QI . Reti Capablanca, Kissmgen, 1928. KBxKt?, 8 QxB, P Q 3 ; 9 P Kt3, Q2; 10 B Kt2, (o) 7 R Ktl ; 11 Q R Q 1 . Alekhme Alexander, Nottingham, 1936. Q R 4 ; 10 P Kt 5 Black has a cramped game. Alekhme (p) Best. After 9 . P Colle, Scarborough, 1926. Alekhine, Semmering, 1926. (q] Rubinstein

Euwe

Reshevsky, Nottingham, 1936.

KR3;
;

OO,

OO,

K K4

BKt

KR

OO,

00,

BxB; QKt

,

QUEEN'S
r

PAWN GAME
;

193

p_Q 4

,

Kt

KB3

QUEEN'S INDIAN DEFENCE 2 P Q B 4, P K 3 3 Kt K B
-

;

3,

P Q Kt 3.

9

Px P 6. is also a promising line a & O 10 )_.R4ch, Qj_R4ch, Q 02; "10 Kt Kt5, Kt B3;
\

(

:

,

;

jablanca Capablanca

Alekhme, 3rd match

Kt3, Q Vidmar New York, 1927. 6 Px P is a weaker alternative :6.,,PxP(or6 ,BxP; 7 Kt B 3 Kt K 5 =) 7 O O, Q B 2 8 Kt B 3, P Q R 3 9 R K 1, Kt K 5 Kt3, B K 2 ; 12 B Kt2, O O =F. Ruben Sultan 10 KtxKt, BxKt; 11 P

O;

10

P

K4, Q
!

Bl;

11

P

game, 1927.

Or here 8.., B K 12 P B 3 Kt 2
;

7 Ktx P, 11 PxP,

P BxB; 8 K x B, P- Q 4 PxP; 12 B B 4
2
. ;
<

;
.

9 Kt QB3, Capablanca
;

;

;

;

Kha
P v Kt
(M

^r^K?
Kt
;

3

Kt

5;

B

K2
B
,

(if

7 ...

Kt
,

K

5

;

8

P
;

K R 4,

P

KR3

;

9
;

Kt x Kt,

10 Tartakover)

B

3.

P

8

Kt-Q B 3,
K4.F

O-O

4

B5;

Black holds his Pawn, but has a compromised position R 3 10 Kt R 3, Q-B 1 1 1 P x P, 9 O-O, Kt ; V. Buerger-Colle, 13 P B 4, Kt B 4 ; 14 Kt

B2.
8
;

,<,.

15

B
(A)

., K Rl, KR Kl. Vidmar Wli Kt 1 now gives White a minimal advantage.

^

Alexander, Nottingham, 1936.
;

(2) B 00; 9PxP, P-Q3; 10 P-K4, B-K2f 11 Kt-B 5, O-O 12 O-O, Kt-K 13P_B4+. Yudovitch Alatorzeff,P Moscow, 1937. B x B Qx B must be played K R3; 11 Ktx Q (or 11 Bx Kt, (e) If 10..,P 12 KtxKtP!! wins), BxKt; 12BxKt,QxB; 13QxB, Kt B3; 14QxQP+.
.

Col. 81 is best for Black. 11 K2- 10 P K4,

KtB 5

If (1) 7.

.

,

Q-B
7

1
,

8 P x P, P

Kt

R3;
?

Q J ; 9 Kt-Q B3, Kt Q B 3, Kt B2;
I

1

;

Capablanca Marshall, Carlsbad, 1929. Reti, Bad Homburg, 1927. (/) Srnisch for his Pawn.
,
;

Black has some positional compensation

.

H
-

P x P, transposing into col. 73, is best. (g) 6 P B4 10 Q I Weaker is 8 R K 1, K Kt-B 3 9 Kt B 3, B-Kt 5 gt 3, p_QR3 BxKt; 12 PxB, O O =. Rubinstein Nimzovitch, Baden-Baden,
;

;

f

1925.
(i)

-

! B-K2, 6 U 5 10 < Kt pJ_K B 4^^^ B ~ K <^LC
, ;
.

Bogoljuboff s

Alexander, Nottingham, 1936.

00 B 0-0B K
3, ',

B 3, Kt K 5 8 Q B2 KtxKt; 7 Kt P Q 3:12 P-Q 5. Alekhme11 3 ,.. j 7 Q Q 2, andAlekhine answered B K5 B2
; ;
;

Q_

,

_ KtB^
(1}

a
"

!?,

PxP;
Ktl;

2 is a better defence. B 3, 'io"Kt Grtinfeld Keres, Zandvoort, 1936. This loses too much time. 7 , P B 4 was simple (w) L. Steiner, Warsaw, 1935. (n) Alekhine

^ K

d,1937.

PxP, e.g., BxP; R K 1,Q Kt2; K4, 8.., KtxP; 9P
8 12

and

94

QUEEN'S
;

PAWN GAME
,

P Q 4, Kt K B

QUEEN'S INDIAN DEFENCE 2 P Q B 4 P K 3; 3 Kt K B 3 ,P 3

Q

Kt Kt3; 14 , Marshall, Kissingen, 1928. After 10 O O, P B4; 11 P Q 5 ?, B x Kt ; 12 Px B, Px P ; 13 PxP, (c) R K 1 the chances are about even. Q B2; 14 P K4, P B 5 ; 15 B B 1, Flohr Eliskases, Moscow, 1936. (d) 14 P B4, Q Kt B3, Flohr Botvmnik, Moscow, 1936. 15 P Q5 is now difficult for Black to meet. O; K 3, Kt K 5 ; 8 B x B, Q x B 9 Kt x Kt, B x Kt 10 B K 2, (e) Or 7 P Kt 2 , 13 B B 3, B x B 14 Qx B, Kt Q 2 =. 12 Kt Q 2, B il o O, P Q 3 Lasker Samisch, Moscow, 1925. Gilg, Kecskemet, 1927. (/) Alekhine P B4; 6 P K 4, PxP; 7 KtxP, P Q 3 ; 8 B K2, fe) Best. If (1) 5 10 B 2 9 B Q Kt Q 2 11 R Q 1, P Q R 3 12 P B 3, 3, O R B 1 13 Q Q2, Kt Monticelh Re~ti, Budapest, 1936 4 ; 14 P Q Kt3 3, PxP; 03; 6 P K4, Q Kt Q2; 7 P K R 3, P K4; 8 B (2) 5.., P O O 1 1 Kt Q 5 + . Tartakover Flohr, London. O O, 2 10 9 B x P, Q 1932. Kan, Moscow, 1935. (h) Lisitzin R 3 6 B R 4, B Kt 5 ch 7 Q Kt Q 2 ? ? P (t) A trap to be avoided is 5 8 B Kt 3 followed by P Kt 5 and Kt K 5 Kt Q 2 or 7 Kt B 3), P K Kt 4 (7 and Black wins a piece. Tarrasch Bogoljuboff, Gothenburg, 1920. On7 Q Kt Q 2, P Q 3 8 O O, Q Kt Q 2 9 Q K 2, P K 3 ; 10 B x Kt, (j) R 4, P K Kt 4 11 B Kt 3, P R 4 ; 12 Kt x P, P R 5 ; is necessary, for if 10 B 13 B + . Grob Canal, Meran, 1926. B4, P Yates, Semmenng, 1926. (k) Vidmar Q2, BxBch; 6 QKtxB, P Q3; 7 B Q 3, B Kt2; 8 O O, (I) Or 5 B 2 ; 10 K R Q 1, O O =. Miss Menchik Alekhine Q Kt Q2; 9 Q B 2, Q London, 1932. Kt4! exposes White to a dangerous attack. jo P KKt3, Kt ) Rabinovitch, Moscow, 1935. (n) Flohr
, . .

QR

K

;

;

;

,

K

;

K
;

00
,

;

:

K

00,

;

K

;

.

K

K

;

K

,

K
;

;

;

!

,

;

K4

;

K

R

K

(

W

QUEEN'S
j

PAWN GAME
-K 3
;

195

p_Q 4

,

Kt -K B

BOGOLJUBOFF VARIATION
3
;

2

P

Q B 4, P

3

Kt

-K

B

3,

B Kt 5

ch.

(a) If 5

On

6

P

K Kt3, B R 3

,

P

Q Kt 3 White

plays best 6

P

K
;

Kt
7

3,

transposing into cols

(A. Stemer's Variation)

Kt

R

7680.

3 is

an excellent reply:

8 8

p

Kt Px B, Kt B 3 9 P K 3, Q K 2 =F. Samisch Spielmann, Moscow, 1925. is weak here 6 P B 3 7 Kt B 3, Kt K 5 (6) The Stonewall formation Q B 2, P K B 4 9 P K Kt 4+ Freymann Bogatyrchuk, Moscow, 1927. 12 QxQ, Ktx Ktch; 13 Px Kt, Rx Q =p. (c) If 11 PxP, KtxP; K 2 12 P K 4, P x P 13 Kt x P, Kt B 4 14 B B 2, (d) Better than 11 ., Q
; : ,
;

;

.

;

;

;

;

o

1

15
If 5
,

R Q
P

1
;

.

Alekhine

Te)

8O--O,Q
Marshall,

New

Q4 K2; 9 Q B

6
2,

York, 1927),

PQ Kt O

P

K

3

(6

3
;

;

O O 7 B Kt 2, Q Kt Q 2 lOPxP, KtxP; IIP K4. Capablanca B 2, Q Kt Q 2 8 B Q3, PKR3; 7 Q
P
Kt
3,
;

Bogoljuboff, Budapest, 1921.

K

;

;

P

Better
(2)

10

9

p_K 4, P K 4 (06, P Q 4
;

Kt B 3) 8 P Q R 3 ?, P K 4 9 P Q 5, Kt R 4 10 P K Kt 3, is 7 Nimzovitch Tarrasch, Semraenng, 1926 KKt3: 11 O O, Kt Kt2=. P K Kt 3, O O 7 B Kt 2, Kt B 3 8 O O, P K 4 9 P Q 5, Kt K 2 P K 4 Kt Q 2 11 Kt R 4, P Q R 4 =. Grunfeld Zimmennann, Zurich, 1929. Vajda Prokes, Budapest, 1926. Kt B3; 6 B Kt2, BxBch; 7 QKtxB, P Q 3 8 O O, O O 5
.

.

,

;

;

;

6

;

;

;

;

;

)

J

;

,

10
;

10

P-~K
{})

4,

B x Kt
P

;

P Q 5 was played by Euwe Flohr, Avro, 1938. Q B 2, Kt K 5 8 O O, Ktx B 9 Q Ktx Kt, P Q B 3 12 Kt x P 1 1 Kt x B, P x K P Reshevsky Treysman, New
7
; ;
;

;

.

York, 1938.
If

See also Catalan System, p. 229. 3 8 O-O, 7 Q Ktx B,

B

Y

Or'lO.., KtxKt; 11 Px Kt, KtxP; 12 KtxKt, PxKt; 13 K R K 1, Becker Konig, Vienna, 1926. B Kt5 14 Q x P, Q Q 2 15 Q R B 1 Henneberger, Berne, 1932. (I) Euwe R 3, B x B ch 6 Q Kt x B, P Q 3 7 Q B 2. P K 4 5 P Q (m) An alternatixeib P. Johner Grunfeld, Berlin, 1926. K 4, B Kt5 9 P -Q 5, 8 P 3, KBxKt; P-QKt3; 6 P K 3, B-Kt2; 7 (n\ Better than 5 O 10 O O, P Q 3 11 Kt Q 2 leads 9 Bx Kt (9 R B 1, 8 Bx B, Kt K 5 O ; 11 Kt Q 2, B Kt 2 12 P K 4 to equality), BxB; 10 O, only Marshall Kashdan, New York, 1927. Vidmar Nimzovitch, New York, 1927. fo) The chances are even. List, 1926. (P) Grunfeld
(k)
; ;

2 ; 11 rk 19

Q

Q R 3, K R

P-Q

K

,

P-K 4
Q
5,
.

;

9

1

;

12

P

Kt

Q

Q-B 2, Kt-B 3 =.
1

Vidmar

10 ; Alekhine,

P-K 3,

New

;

00.

;

;

;

,

B-Q
;
;

;

;

.

'

'

i

196

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
;

P

QUEEN'S INDIAN DEFENCE Q 4, Kt K B 3 2 Kt K B 3, P Q Kt 3-

(a)

A novel continuation is 5 P B
B B3 3, Kt equalises);
;

4',
;

S Kt
(b)

{P-Q4
T. Berg

9 12

Q Q

Q

R 4, O O
;

1,

Kt

QR

Kt 2 PxP; 6QxP, P Kt 3 7 O, B 4 10 Kt Q 2, BxB; 11 KxB, Q B 13 Q R Kt 1, Q Kt2ch; 14 K Kt 1.
;

;

1

KtxP;
(c)

Or 8 P Kt 3, B Kt 2 9 B Kt 2, O O 10 P Q B 4, P Q 4 12 P K4, Kt Kt5 =. Winter Capablanca, Nottingham, 1936.
;
;

Alekhme, Kemeri, 1937.

11

Px P

Botvinnik, Nottingham, 1936. Kt R4; 5 B Q 3, KtxB; 6 PxKt, P Kt3; 7 Q Kt Q 2, , (d) Or 4 B Kt2; 8 P B5, P B 4 9 PxBP, 10 PxP, 11 P B3 Q Kt3; 12 Q K 2, P Q 4 =. Colle Kostich, Meran, 1926. Romih Capablanca, Paris, 1938. (e) B 3, B Kt 2 ; 4 B~Kt 5, P Q 4 ; 5 Kt K 5, P K 3 ; 6 P K 4, (/) 3 Kt PxP; 7 B Kt 5 ch, P B 3 ; 8 B Q B 4, Q Kt Q 2. Euwe Kmoch, Amsterdam, 1936. White has sufficient compensation for the Pawn. B Kt 2 4 Q Kt Q 2, P B 4 (equally good is 4 P K3 (g) Or 3 K 4, P K R 3 6 B x Kt, Q x B ; 7 B Q 3, P Q 3 8 Q K 2, Q Q 1 ; 9 O O 5 P B K2. Marshall Alekhine, New York, 1927); 5 P B3, Kt B 3 6 P K 3 P K 3 ; 7 B Q 3, B K 2 8 Q K 2, Kt Q 4; 9 B x B, Q x B 10 O O, O O 11 B R6, BxB; 12 Q x B, Kt -B 2 13 Q K 2, P Q4; 14 P K 4, P x Q P =! Marshall 'Capablanca, Kissingen, 1928. Alekhine, 13th match game, 1934. (h) Bogoljuboff h) In this and the next column White chooses a Colle System formation. B3, B K2; 7 Q 2, Kt Q 4; 8 PxP, PxP; 9 Kt B 1, Q B2: (;) 6 P 10 Kt Kt3, Kt Q B 3 11 B Q 2, P K Kt4 ; 12 P B 4, K Kt Kt 5 =F- Ahues-^ Alekhine, San Remo, 1930. 10 P B 4, QKt3, B -K2; 8 PxP, PxP; 9 B Kt 2, (K) If 7 P Q B 2 1 1 P K R 3, Kt K 1 12 P -R 3, P B 4 T. Rubinstein Geiger. RogaskaSlatma, 1929. Or7..,R QB1; 8Q K2,B K2; 9 PxP, PxP; 10 P K 4. Tartakover (Z)

Capablanca

;

QKtPxP;

RPxP;

,

;

,

:

;

,

;

;

;

;

K

;

00;

;

;

Nimzovitch, London, 1927.
12

P

(m) 8
10
;

K5,

PxP, PxP; 9 P PxP; 13 Q Ktx
,

K 4,

(n) Colle
(0)

P

P, Ktx Kt =. Capablanca, Carlsbad, 1929.

Q

B2;

10

Q
12

K 2, P Q3;
P

Colle

11 Kt Pirc, Frankfurt, 1930.

B

4,

O

O-

Kt

B4

14

B

B

Q4;

11

(p)

13

match game, 1936.

QKt

Kt 2 2, B B3, KtxKt;
;

KtxKt, BxKt?;

K1 15 R 14 KtxKt,

K

5

!,

Kt

.

P

Spiel mann

Q

2

;

13

Kt

B

3,

Q3^.

Alatorzeff,

Moscow, 1935.
Eliskases, 9th

Spielmann

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
,

197

2

Kt

QUEEN'S INDIAN DEFENCE I P Q 4 Kt KB 3. 12 P Q B 4, P Q Kt 3. K B 3, P Q Kt 3.

9 Q R3, P K B 4 O-O; 8 Q B 3, K Kt Q 2 (P B 4 K B 3 11 B Q 2, B R 3 ? 12 R K B 1, BxB; 13PxB, 10 Q Kt B 3, Kt Q Kl; 14 K B2 +. Sultan Khan Mattison, Prague, 1931. C is.., P Q5; 14 Q K 2, BxR; 15 PxKt, QPxP; 16 Kt K 4 Tartakover Winter, London, 1932. Kt Kt 5 14 B Q Kt 5, Kt K B 3 IS P Q 5, P K 4 (d) Continued 13. Koltanowski Al^khine, Hastings, 1936-37. Kt5! + 16 PxP e.p. KtxP; 17 Kt P Q 3 is necessary, but White Kt 2 4 P K 4, P K 4 '(4 3 P B 3, B () retains the superior position); 5 PxP, KtxP; 6 PxKt, Q R5ch; 7 K Q2, Q BSch; 8 K B 2, BxPch; 9 B Q 3, BxBch, 10 QxB, Q B 7 ch 11 Kt Q 2+ +. Fine Petrov, Semmenng-Baden, 1937. P K 3 5 P K 4, B Kt 5 6 B Q 3, Kt B 3 7 Kt K 2, If 4 (/) Best. Grunfeld Kostich, TrentschinP K4; 8 P Q5, Kt QKtl; 9 P QR3 + P Q 4,6BPxP,PxP; 7 P K 5, Kt K 5 8 B Kt 5 ch, 1928. Or here 5 Tephtz, B Q 3, P K B 4 (Spielmann Berndtsson, Gothenburg, 1933) 9 P B3 10 PxP e.p. + P K 4 8 Kt B 3 (8 P x P, Q R 5 as in Euwe Alekhme, (g) Better than 7 Budapest, 1921, gives Black an excellent attack), PxP; 9 B KtSch, P B3; 10 B Q B 4, P Q Kt 4 11 B K 2, PxP; 12QxP, Kt Q2; 130 0, Q K2;
(i)

(a)

Tartakover and Turover
If

Alekhme and Cukiermanm,
!)
; ;

Paris, 1931,
;

7..,

;

(

)

!.

.,

;

;

;

.

t

;

,

;

.

,

;

;

;

.

.

.

,

,

;

;

.

,

;

!

;

14

B

Kt2, Kt

B4;
4,

15

Q

B2!.
7 2

Spielmann

14 Q majority gives
(fc)

(t)

Or

6

Kt

Q2;
(;)

Doesburgh

Euwe

11 10 Bogoljuboff, Zandvoort, 1936. Tartakover, Stockholm, 1937.
;

PK Kt

R4, P Q R3. Montz him the advantage.

Grunfeld, Breslau, 1925.

Chekhover, Moscow, 1935. Black's Queen's
;

sid<

KtxKt; R3, B K

PxKt, P

K3; 8 Q R 4 ch, P B 3 9 B K B 4 B~K 2, O O; 12 O O, K R 1 =. Vai
White's advantage
is

negligible.

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
;

KING'S INDIAN DEFENCE

P Q 4, Kt

K B 3 2 P Q B 4, P K Kt 3 3 Kt Q B 3, B 4 P~K 4 P-Q3; 5 Kt-B 3 O-O.
;
,

Kt 2;

>

B 2, P 10 PxP, PxP; 11 Q R4, R K 1 Kt B 4 13 Kt Kt 3, Kt K 3 14 K R Q 1, Q K 2 15 B a satisfactory game for Black. 5th match game, 1929. (6) BogoljuboffEuwe,
9
;

KR3

(a)

In a match game against Euwe, 1928, Bogoljuboff played 8

B

.

;

;

B Kt 5, P B3; 12 Kt Q 2, B 1, P K Kt 4 with

Bogoljuboff, Bad Sliac, 1932. Or9..,Kt B4; 10 B K3 (10 P Q Kt3?, Kt R 4; 11 R K 1, P B 4! 12 Kt Q2, Kt B3; 13 P B 3, Kt R4'=F. Stdhelin Ehskases, Zurich, 1935), P Kt3: HKt Q2,Kt KI; 12 P Q R 3, P B 4; 13 P B 3, P B 5 14 B B 2, Kt R3 15 Q R Kt 1, Q Kt4 ? (P K Kt 4 followed by a general advance on the B 1, P K R 4 ; 17 K R 1, Q R 3 18 P Q Kt 4 . 16 K R K-side was in order)
(c)

Floor

(d)

;

;

;

;

,

Lilienthal
(e)

Kan, Moscow, 1935.
Flohr, Hastings, 1934-35.
is

R. P. Michell

Kt
14

B4; 11 P B3, Kt K 3 Q Q 2, B Q 2 15 K R Q
;

(/)

Unusual but strong

8

R
;

K
12
1
.

1, e.g.

8

.

.

B

K 3,

,

R K
Kt

1

;

9

B B
13

R4;

K

KtK

1,

Px P

;

10

Kt x P,

2,

P

QR3;

Antze

Carls, 1932.

(g)
(ft)

Colle

Landau, match, 1928.

Stronger than 7
11

RxQ;
(t)

KtxP, Kt

Better than 9

London, 1927), when Black has some counterplay.
18

Q 5, P K 3 8PxP,PxP; 9 P K5,PxP; lOQxQ, Q 4. Gninfeld Re.ti, Vienna, 1923. Q Q 2, B Kt2; 10 P B3, Kt R4 (Koltanowski Euwe,
P
;

PxP.

(3}

Continued 15 ., Kt B4; 16 2, P Grunfeld Simisch, Baden-Baden, 1925.

BK

QR

4

;

17

Q

Q

2,

P B4;

QUEEN'S
p_Q 4
,

PAWN GAME
,

199

Kt

KB3

KING'S INDIAN
;

2

P

Q B 4, P

p_K 4

P

DEFENCE K Kt 3 3 Kt-Q B 3 B
;

,

Kt 2

;

03.

(a)

Or 10 B
Or
6

Kt
p

02;

HP KR4 +
P

K 2,
B3

P

KB
.

4

?

,

11

Kt PxP,

PxP,
;

12

PxP, BxP;
5,

13

Q

Q 2,

B 5 =. Sultan Khan Flohr, (the object of his 7th move), P P--KKt3, B Kt5; 7 B Kt 2, Kt B3; 8 00, P K4; 7 Q best for Black B 4, KtB 3 is Q 2, B Kt 5 9 p!_Q 5, Kt Q 5 =. On 6 B 8 p OS P K4: 9 PxKt, PxB: 10 PxP, R Kt 1 with sufficient compensation K R 3 (after 6 B B 4) 7 Q Q 2, K R2; P If however, 6 owever, for the Pawn. 2 9 K O-O, P Kt 3 10 P K 5, Kt-K Kt 1 11 B Q 3+ 8 P-K R & B 4 10 Prague, 1931.
If

_

U
(&}

rune Grunfeld Gr

B-K 3, Q Kt-Q 2
6

Sdmisch Reti, Teplitz-Schonau, 1922. ansc-srau, Euwe, Mahnsch-Ostrau, 1923 . uwe,
,

7

Kt-Q 2, P-K 4

8

P-Q

Kt-K

1

;

9

B-K 2,
;

_

:

,

;

,

;

;

;

.

10 14

G M Norman Vidmar, Hastings, 1926. 10 P Q K4; 11 Q K2, Ktx Bch qp. 10..,' Q Kt
(/)

Kt~Kl 11 Kt-Kt3, P-B'4 12l>xP, PxP; 13 P~B 4, P-K 5; Kt,B 7; 9 B K37K~Kt- Q 2 10 Kt K 2 ? ?, Kt-K 4 and wins. ^rt ^r 8~
Kt
2,
; ' ;
!

^

8P

,

9B _ B2 P^ Q R 4
,

;

5

is

necessary

;

there can then follow

Marshall

Reti,

New

York, 1924.^

10

K]
zj

Best. If

P-K5 PxKP: 14BPxP, P-K 4 ? York, 1924. (2) 6
f
1

6,

Q Kt Q2:

10

Kt
.

K

K.I a,

Kt
7

Kt 5 15 B B P x P,' P x P
;

BXB

;

HS^XJD,
:

jr

B
8

i\t^a,
.

>.*

xvt

oo,

r-

jx

o

4

Alekhme

Kt

B 4-10 B B

O Ktx B

(f)

Kt 4 Kmoch. Or 9 B-Q 3, Kt-B 3; 10 (*) Wahltuch Vidmar, Hastings,_1926 L
;

Sdmisch 14 Q Kt x P,
'
>

m

6rlOB-B2,P-B5!, 11Q-K2, R-K1; 12B-R4, B-Q2; Colle Euwe, Antwerp, 1926. 14 Kt Q 2, Ktx K P +
!

2

Alekhme

Ed. Lasker,

New

P-Q 5,

Q Kt-Q

Marshall, 2 ; 9

New

;

B-Q 3,
BxB,

York, 1924.
13
13 Kt Kt5, P continuation in the column
:

.

PQ

Euwe,

Wiesbaden, 1925. 15 Kt x B, P x Kt+ +.

Continued

The

QR3;
is

to

Kt-Q R 4, Q-K R 4

The column

is

V.

11

P
(n)

Kt3,
*

1929. Capablanca Bogoljuboff, Carlsbad, Winter Tartakover, Warsaw, 1935.
,

* PxP; HPxP, RxR r**,
(o)

B Kt5; 12 P- 4*3, B 02; 13 B Kt2 12 R3 ^ 11 _, OrlO..,P KtS; " "P "R 3, Q 'K2; 16 PB K3, Kt T: Kt
. .
, ]

;

'15

xR Qx R,

:

Kt

R3;

KtS,

R4; B4
;

13 17

P

Q Kt

Q

R7

-

2OO

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
;

KING'S INDIAN DEFENCE Kt K B 3 2 P Q B 4 P KKt3.
,

la] 6

12

B
r
(?)

Or8 Kt2
g

^S

Keres

Grunfeld Defence) see cols 131150. 4 ; 11 R K Kt 3, P x P ? 10 Ktx P, 9 P 3 ; 15 4 14 P 13 Q Q Kt 4, Kt Q 2, Q both 9 P Kt3 and 9 Becker, Zandvoort, 1936. After the text

For 3

.,

P

Q

4 (the

KRK1:
,

,6-K2;

K

;

Kt-B

;

R

P RKB4 +
1

1,

B

Q2;
.

are

Co ntinuedl3.
17 P Best.
If

Kt-K
Flohr

1

Q-Q 3 P-Q 4 V) Alekhme Re Or Pistyan, 1922. 11 PxP KKtxP; 12 KtxKt, KtxKt=. B 8PxP PxP 9Q-B2(or9 P KR3, P B3; 10 4 =.K 3, Q-K2; 11 Q Kt 3, Spielmann Bogoljuboff, R Q 1. K R 2 13 P B 5, Kt R P K R 3 12 K 12 P-K R 3, Kt-Q R 4 ?, R-K Q-K 2 Kissmgen;i928), P-B 3 10 R-tf
mstead 8

BxP-

KKt4'.

Q-B 2,
:

B 1. P Kt3 ; 15 14 R Lilien thai, Moscow, 1936. P x P 9 Kt x P, Kt-Kt 3
; ;

Q-Q
ti,

2,

P

B4;

16

PxP,
;

10

Kt
l935

R 4 ,13
;

P

B

5

?,

P

K5
9

1,

;

'l 1

1

;

;

14

Kt

Q

4,

P

K 61 +
10

.

Goghdse

Flohr,
;

Moscow,

?^ If

Kt

K3

nowS 12 Q R Q
P

PxP?1,

Q
*JT,

K

KtxP, Kt
2
;

13

K

RK
v

B4; 1 +

.
'

Kt 2, R-K 1 Alek&me Samisch,

B

11

Q

B

2,

Berlin, 1921.

" mft

'

"

12
10

-, KtxKt
()

Kt KR4, P XtxKt=. Abramavicms Simonson, Folkestone, 1933.4 P K4, Q Kt 02: 9 O O, P Q R (h) If 8 11 B Q 4, K Kt K 4 12 Ktx Kt, Ktx Kt =. Alekhme
;

o 0, P K 4 8 5 (if KtxKt; 11 KtxQ, KtxQ; ISRxKt, OR Ktl=), Kt K2; 9 P K 4, Kt Q 2 KB"4; 11 B Kt 5, Kt B 4 12 Q Q 2, PxP; 13 KtxKP,
;

zvL/sjri,

*

"

PQ

,

;

;

10

B

K3?, Kt
;

Kt

5

;

;

SomewhatbetterthanlOKt-Q4,Kt 13 B K3, P Kt3; 14 Q Qj2

B4;
;

11

P-K 4, P-K 4
B
3,

Yates, Carlsbad, 1923

12K Kt
9

K 2,

.

Grunfeld
8

Yates, Moscow, 1925.

P

B

Q

2

;

Q Kt B 3,
7 ch
,

xtt-B
QR
4
(o)

Continued 14 P

T. Kupchik

oxp

-4f
Kt-R8;
Fine,

14 ?X P ^., Q Ktx P

B

Q

2
;

15

Kt-Q

5.

Rubinsteta;

9

New

KtS,

P-B6, PxP; 10 P-QR3, R-Kt 1 H Q-BT, York, 1938. Q Q2; 15 Q K 2, R Q 1. Alekhme Mikenas,

Kemeri, 1937

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
;

201

P

KING'S INDIAN DEFENCE Q 4, Kt K B 3 2 P Q B 4, P K Kt 3.

Kt
(a\

Q2+(A)
;

(o)

with a perfectly level position. Samisch Grunfeld, Carlsbad, 1923. The column is Rablnovitch Botvinnik, Moscow, 1935. 14 Kt Q Bl; 13 R K 1, Kt K 5 Kt3, B R 6 j &)OOTLtinucd 12 K3; 16 Q B 4. Bogoljuboff Euwe, 7th match game, 1928. IS B -R 1 Q Kt 2, 5 PxP, B-Kt2; 6 B 7 Kt-Q B 3, PxP; ; (e\ Weak is 4 R 3, Q Kt 3 ; 11 9 2,10 Kt 1 p_-ri -8 Kt-B 3, Kt-R 3 R 4 ; 13 R B 1 . Flohr Koltanowski, Hastings, 1935-36. K 3, Q 12 B 4 Y?'l7 Kt B3, P K4; 8 PxBP?, PxP; 9 O O, Q B2; 10 P Kt3,
,

Kt x P ? 6 Kt K B 3, B Kt 2 7 O O (but not 7 P K 4 ? Kt 5 9 B K 3, P Q B 4 10 P K o, Kt B 3 11 Px P' 8 O O, B 8 Kt B 3 RxQ, Kt B5 =F. Fine Reshevsky, Kemen, 1937), O KtxKt;9PxKt, P QB4; 10 B QR3, PxP; 11 KtxP!, Q B2; 12 Q Kt3 Kpres_ Flohr, Semmermg-Baden, 1937. Q B 3, Kt Q B 3 7 Kt R 3, B Kt 2 8 O 0, O O 9 Kt B 4 (h\ Or 6 Kt P K3- 10 P K3, P Kt3=. Stahlberg Flohr, Kemeri, 1937. Kt B 3 is also good enough 9 Kt K 5, Kt x Kt 10 P x Kt, Kt Kt 5 (c) S HKtxP.KtxKP; 12Q Kt3, Kt B3; 13 B K3,P K3; 14 Kt B 3, Kt Q 5
If instead 5
,

;

Kt

Kt 3

;

;

:

0x0-

12

;

;

;

;

,

.

;

:

;

,

;

'

00, B-Q

P-K

O-O

R-

;

11

B

erff

Flohr, Moscow, 1935. 4; 8 ff 7 ,
11
.

P
14

B

4-

QKt Q2; 12 Kt Q 2, B-Kt2; 13 Q-B 2, P-Q4=p. KKt-K2, P-B4; 9 O-O, Kt-K 1 10 P-K R 3, P-K P B4, Kt Q2; 12 KPxP, KtPxP; 13 Q B 2, Q Kt B 3
Kt2,
;
,

B
lh)

K 3+
13

I

Kt-R 4); 10Q-Q 2, Kt-B 4 11 B Kt 5, B Q 2 12 P-K Kt 4, K R 4 + Nimzovitch Tartakover, Carlsbad, 1929. K 10 8 Q Q 2,PxP;9BPxP, Kt B '(7)7 P Q 5, P B 3 chances for both sides. Alekhme Euwe,3rd O O O, P 9264 match game, eads to a wild position with Kt K3 2, Kt 4, B W 7Kt'sTP Q Q2;8Q B Q K 2, P Kl!;9PxP, KtxP!; 10 Fine Q Tartakover, QKt B 3 12 Q 4; 13BPxP, PxP=. 1 P0 10 Kt B 2, P Q 4 V Warsaw 1935 7.., Px P 8 Ktx P, P B 3 9 B K 2, R K
n
P

W
i

Baden-Baden, 1925. Landau Euwe, Amsterdam, 1935. 10 Px P should have been played. 9 Kt Kt Q 2 7 Kt R3, P-K 4 8 P Q 5, P Q R 4 If 6 Q
Rubinstein
Carls,
,
;

;

;

B 2,

KtS?(9.

f

;

,

R

P

.

;

1

;

1

:

1

;

;

;

1

;

,

ilBPx'P PxPVl2Pxfe,B-B4. Euwe-Pirc, Hastings, 1939. P 14 Kt K B 3 13 P K R 3, P Kt3 Kt3, K R (I) Continued 12 Botvinnik Alatorzeff, Moscow, 1931. M bite's game is much freer i< p__KKt4 B 3 9 P Q 5, Kt K4; 10B-K Kt 5, P QB3; 11 R Q (m]& 2, Kt PxP- 12 PxP, B B4 + Alekhme Bogoljuboff, Bled, 1931.3. Euwe ReshevsKy Kt B 3 9 P Q 5, Kt Kt 1 10 Kt B 3, P Q B (n) 8
, ;
;

1

,

0Q
. .

!

;

1

.

;

;

Avro 1938 (o) Rbdl

Black has provoked an attack
Helling,

m the

centre to counter-attack as

shown

Bad Pyrmont,

1933.

White has a strong attack.

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME

(a)
(b)
;

Chekhover

Alatorzeff,
3,

Moscow, 1935.
P,

Black's opening play

is

original
;

and

noteworthy.

Or 5 P
9
4,

B
-0,

7 Kt
11

P_Q

OO,
(c)

B

Q Q 1 Q Kt3,
4.
,

PKPK 00 Bx R3; 8
;

Px P
12

6

Px
3,

Q

Kt
Kt, 9 ;

10

;

Remo,
\d}

1930.

OO, PK P B P B PK Kt Kt BxKt,PxB;
Or
(if

Lasker

The column is Euwe, Mdhrisch-Ostrau, 1923.
5

Q

Kt3, QxQ; 13 KtxQ=. Vidmar Vidmar Euwe, Carlsbad, 1929.
3, 3,
)
;

BxB. B Q 3, P Q
3

3 (or

Kt

7 Marshall
3
;

B

PK OO Euwe,
3,

8B

Q B

3,
:

4

;

10

Q Kt

Kissmgen, 1928)

Q

2,

Kt

3

Bogoljuboff,
2

San

P

3

7..,

4;

8

R

11

12

5

!

8

PxP;
14

11

B

K3, P

KR3, B Kt2; Q Kt O 2, as Q R 4 ? (better 7 KtS; 10 B K5, P K 6
(h)

R2 Continued 13 B R 2, ; Em. Lasker Alekhme, New York, 1924. 4. P Q3 Q 2, B Kt 2 ; 4 (1) 3 Q Kt (/) Other variations rarely seen are 6 B Kt 5 ; 7 R 3, B x Kt 8 Kt x B, P Q 4 9 P x P 5 B B 4, KtxP; 10 P B3, Kt Cap ablanca Marshall, Lake Hopatcong, 1926. Kt 3, P Q 4 4 B Kt 2, B Kt 2 ; 5 P B 3, 6 B B 4, B B 4 ( (2) 3 K 1 8 Q Kt Q 2, Q Kt Q 2 9 Kt R 4, B K 3 10 Q Kt B 3! 7 Q B 1, R Kt K5; 11 Kt Kt5, KtxKt; 12 BxKt, P Q B 4. Znosko-Borovsky Euwe, Kt 2 ; 4 B Q 3, 5 P Q 3 3, B Scheveningen, 1923. (3) 3 R 3, 4 8 6 4, Q- Kt PxPQ2 7 3, 4; 10 P QR4, Q B2; 11 Kt R 3, P B 5 12 KtxBP, Kt B 4 : 13 Q K 2 Ktx B =F. Dus-Chotimirsky Capablanca, Moscow, 1925 (4) 3 P Q Kt 3, B Kt 2 Kt 2, 5 4 B 3, P Q 3 ; 6 B Q 3, Q Kt Q 2 ; 7 4 4, P Q Kt 3 11 R K 1, B Kt 2 =p. 8 Q Kt Q2, PxP; 9 BxP, R K 1; 10 Txrtakover Euwe, Amsterdam, 1926. Kt 2 ; 4 P K 4, O O(e) Black cannot afford to play carelessly, e.g. 3.., B R 3 ; 6 B K B 4, P Q 3 7 6 Q 2, K R 2 8 O O O, 5 B K Kt 5, P_QR4?; 9 B Q3,Kt R3; 10 P K 5, Kt K Kt 1 11 P K R 4, Kt Kt 5 , Tarrasch Davidson, Semmermg, 1926. 12 P R 5 with a winning attack. 2
(e)
;

B

KKtS, B

Kt2

QKt 3;

12

q=.

Vidmar

K 1 ?; 9 OO, P K 4 10 PxP, KtxPB 3, Q K 2 9 4 10 PxP', 4, Q K 2, P QR3; 13 P K Kt 4, Kt B 4 Flohr, Bled, 1931. 14 P R 3, Q R B 1 IS Q R B 1, P Q Kt 4.
P
;

Q

,

6

Q Kt

Q

2,

Q Kt Q
;

;

7

B

B

4,

PK PK

;

OO PK

:

;

OO,
;

QB3=.

PK

PK

:

;

;

OO

;

,

;

;

PK

;

00

;

PK PK PB PK

;

PB PK
;

00:

9PxKP,

00,

;

OO,
,

PK PK
;

;

_ P_QR

PK
,

;

;

,

Or

4

P

,

5 B B 4, in the column)
11

6 OO; Kt 8
;

PK
Q
2,
1 ;

3,

P

B
;

13

PK R
(i)

,

Kt

Kt

4

.

Capa;.lanca

Yates,

New

5,

Kt

K

Q

x 12

BP

4 9

;

7

Kt

PxP,
Kt
3,

BxB,

KtxB;

York, 1924.

Colle

Euwe, Amsterdam,

QUEEN'S
p Q4
,

PAWN GAME

203

KING'S INDIAN Kt KB 3; 2
3

PQB
P

DEFENCE
4
,

P

KKt 3

.

GRUENFELD DEFENCE
Kt

QB

3,

Q

4.

P
Kt
12 12

K

(a)

5P
=,

K Kt3,B
,

Kt2; 6B
',

Kt2,Kt

Kt31; 7P

K3,0 O; 8KKt
.,
;

K2,

13 P. Johner, Trieste, 1923).
sufficient

Kt

Capablanca Flohr, Hastings, p_KB4 involves some tricky gambit play: 7 P Q B 4 8 B K 3, Q R4?; 9 K B 2 O; 10 Q Kt3, PxP; 11 PxP, Kt Q2; B3<8 K BxR; 11 PKR3+); 9 P Q5, BxPch; 10 14 B 2, O O 15 PQxB, 4Kt Q 5 KR

4

1934-35.

/M 7

;

B3, Q

R4;
9
;

KtxKt, PxKt;
White has
4,

QxP,
B
3,

;

(Seitz

a strong attack,
;

but

it is

doubtful whether
11 15

it is

compensation for his material disadvantage.
is

12

B

(c)

K

Weaker
2,

B

B

P
1

B

R. P Michell Torre, Manenbad, 1925. If7B QB4.B Kt 2 8 Kt K 2, O O 9 B K 3, Q B 2 10 R Q B 1, K Kt3, P Q Kt 4 =p. 4 13 B Kt 02; 11 O O, k Ktl; 12 B B 4 ?, Stoltz Kashdan, Bled, 1931. Kt B3, 9 P K R 3, O O 10 Q Q 2, Q R4; 11 B Q B 4, K3, (/) Or SB PxP: 12 PxP, QxQch; 13 KxQ, R Q =. Vidmar Alekhine, Nottingham, Kt 5 ch, B Q 2; 9 BxB ch, QxB; 10 O O, 1936. The older continuation 8 B PxP; 11 PxP, Kt B3; 12 B K 3, O O (Kostich Grunfeld, Tephtz-Schonau,
(d)
(e)
,

Ed. Lasker

Kupchik, Lake Hopatcong, 1926

Q2

13

R

QB

,

B 4 10 Kt R K 1,14

O, P

PxP; K3

;

B B
;

PxP, Kt Kt3; B 3 =a. 5, B

PK
,

;

;

1

1922 and Kashdan

Alekhine, London, 1932)
lose.

is

disadvantageous for White, although
.

he need not necessarily (g) Continued 14 Q

Ktl, P
.

Alekhine, Dresden, 1936.

Black's llth

', B3? 6 ; position.^ ^ p Alatorzeff Lilienthal, Moscow, 1938 Kt Q 2 9 Kt B 3, P Q B 4 ; 10 B K 2 Botvinnik, Moscow, 1935. (t) Goglidse Or 5 7 KtxB, 6 P K R 4, Kt K 5 7 KtxKt, QxP; 8 Kt Q B 3, Kt 2 10 P R 5, Kt B 3 ; 11 Q Q 2, B B 4 =F- Kashdan 4 9 3, B Fine, New York, 1938 Grunfeld, Vienna, 1922. (k) Alekhine 3, B Kt 2 ; 7 O O -O, Kt B 3 ; 8 P 6 (I) A valuable improvement upon Lundin Spielmann, Stockholm, 1933. B B4 9 P B3 B^ack has a winning (m) Spielmann Van den Bosch, 4th match game, 1934. R 6 ch 15 K Ktl, KtxP!; 16 Kt K 2 attack. The continuation was 14 Px P, Q O O; 17 Q B 1, Q Kt 5 18 Q B 4, QxQ; 19 PxQ, KtxP. etc.
.

_Q

B 1, P B4; 16 PxP Engels move was premature, and compromised his p_K4, KtxKt?; 7 PxKt, B Kt 2 8 B R 3

QR3

;

15

R

;

QQR

,

PK
,

;

;

K

.

;

;

204

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
DEFENCE

pQ

4

KING'S INDIAN Kt KB3; 2 P
,

QB 4
04-

,

P

GRUENFELD DEFENCE
3

Kt

OB 3,

P

P QB31935

u)

II

4

Kt
8 P

K3, B

JR4?;
7

Ktx Kt 8 Px Kt, P Q Kt4 9 P QR4!+,for PxP, PxP; 11 Q B 3+ -f (Euwe). if 9 0- 7 K Bx P. Q Kt-Q 2 8 Kt B 3, P B 4 6 P K3.O (6) 5BK5,PxP; B 3 followed by 6. O Colie Grumeia, Baaeu-Baden 192o. 5. ., P 9 o O is better here, and sufficient for equality. the Pawn leads to no lasting advantage for White. After 6 P x P> tc] Winning Kt R 3 9 B Kt 3, KtxP; 7 KtxKt, QxKt; SB x P, there can f olio weithei (1) 8 B B4: 10 P QR3, Q R B 1 11 Kt B 3, R B7; 12 B O 3 RxKtP; =. Kashdan Santasiere, Milwaukee, 1935. (Flohr Botvmnik, Avro, Id O ran9 BxKt QxKtP; 10 Q B3,QxQ; HKtxQ,PxB; 12 O O, BKt 2; Or (2) 8.., Kt-B3; 9 Kt-B 3, BKt5 13 Kt-K5, P B3; 14 Kt Q 3.) K 2, Q 10 B 1;11 B Kt3, Q R 4 ch 12 Kt Q 2, B x B 13 Q x B, P K 4
B

K5,P KB3;

Or 4 .,Px P;

5P

B

5 B K 5, P B3, 6 B Kt3, KtxB; 7 RPxKt, Kt 2 9 B Q3-f. Euwe Alekhine, 14th match game, K 3 (5Q R4 cb, P B 3 6 Qx B P,Q Kt3 =), Kt Q 4
;

;

;

Kt

3,

;

;

p_B 3?;
.

10

;

;

.

,

;

;

with sufficient compensation for the Pawn. (d) An unusual alternative is 7 Q
,
,

RB

;

;

;

1

p
14

R4; 8 Kt Q 2, Q Kt Q 2 9 B K 2, Kl; lOPxP, KtxP; 11 Kt B 4, Q Q 1 12 Ktx Kt ?, Px Kt 13 Kt Q 2, K4' =. Lisitzm Romanovsky, Moscow, 1935. K Kt Q 4 12 BKt 3, R B 1 13 P K 4, Kt B2; (A Better than 11. Fine Keres, KR Ql, P KR3; 15 Kt K 5, Q K 1 16 P
; ;

Gilg

Helling, Leipzig, 1928.
;

,

;

,

;

QR4.

;

,

;

Seminenng-Baden, 1937.

Flohr, Semmering-Baden, 1937.

9 B K 2, Or7QPxP, K 2, KtxQBP; 10 Q B 4, Q Kt R 3. Capablanca Flohr, Avro, 1938. Flohr says 10 ., P- K 4 was better if 1 1 P Q Kt 4, 9 Q Q 3, Kt Q4; 8 Kt B3, B K 3 Better than 7 QxP, P B 3 10 B KS.BxB, 11 KtxB, Kt Q 2 12 KtxKt, QxKt; 13 B K 2, K R Q =

Euwe

Mikenas, Stockholm, 1937.
6
,

Kt

P tCapablanca + t3: 10B B3 K5; 8 PxP, Q
But not
(i)

B 4?; 7BPxP, PxP;

.

Lovenfisch

R4

8 Px P, Q Kt Q 2 Botvmnik, 13th match game, 1937.
;

;

;

9

Kt

;

;

;

1

Euwe
(])

Flohr,

Semmenng,
.

14 p__Q Kt4
(k)

Reshevsky

1937. Santasiere,

New
Notes

York,

1938.

Continued

13..,

KxB?j

Eliskases

Flohr, Semmering-Baden, 1937.
ctd.

on p. 217.

QUEEN'S
p Q 4 Kt
,

PAWN GAME
DEFENCE
KKt32

205

KING'S INDIAN

KB 3;

P QB4, P

GRUENFELD DEFENCE
3

Kt

QB3, P Q4-

B

B

(a) 1

;

OrlOP QR4,PxP; UBxP.Kt Kl; 12 P R 5, P K 4, Ktx P =. Ragosin 15 Kt 14 B K 2, Kt B 2
;

Q Kt 4 13 P R6, Spielmann, Moscow,
;

1935.

Weaker is 9 ,Kt-~Kt3; 10 K R Ql,PxP; HBxBP, KtxB; 12QxKt, Fine Lilienthal, Moscow, 1937. K 4, Q B 2 14 P K 5 13 P ? 16 Q R 3, Kt Q 4 15 K R PxP Fine Q 1, B K 3 (d) 14 P x P, Mikenas, Kemen, 1937. Black's weak Pawn-position is sufficiently counterbalanced by
c)

'&)

Bogatyrchuk
;

Spielmann, Moscow, 1935
;

Kt

Q

2

.

;

;

!.

the aggressive placement

9 B 1937 )

Bx Inferior is 6. ,PxP; KtQ 2 8 Kt K Kt 5 (8 O O, Kt Kt3; B4; 10 B Q 2, Kt K5=. Ehskases Keres, Semmenng-Baden, p_lK3 (8 ., Q K 1; 9 Kt Kt5 + ); 9 BxP, PxB, lOKtxP, Q K2; 13 P K R 3 Ktx B P 14 R B I, llKtxPdisch,K Rl; 12 Ktx R, Kt Kt 5 Q R 5 15 K K 2 + since the complications are in White's favour.
(?)
; !

of his pieces. 7 P, Q

K2, B
;

!

;

!,

;

,

Botvinnik, 12th match game, 1933. (/) Flohr The position can also arise from the Slav Defence : (s) The Schlechter Variation. B 3 3 Kt K B 3, Kt B 3 ; 4 Kt B3, P Q4; 2 P Q B 4, ! P--Q4, p K Kt3. For variations with Q Kt3 see cols 141 142. 2?; 7 PxP, KtxP; 8 KtxKt, PxKt; 9 O O, (A) If 6... Q Kt3, Kt B 3 (or 10 ., Kt Kt 1 11 B Q 2, Kt B 3 ; 12 K R B 1, B B 3; 10 Q 5 ; 13 R B5 + . Flohr Sultan Khan, 6th match game, 1931); 11 B Q 2, Kt . 13 R x Kt, Q Q 3 ; 14 R Q B 1 Rubinstein Bogoljuboff, 12 K R Q 1, Kt x B

PQ

;

KtQ
;

00;
K

;

Vl6I1

P Kt 3 8 P Q Kt 3, P B 4 9 P x B P ? (9 B Kt 2 is preferable), On 7 K5; lOBxKt, PxB; HQxQ!, RxQ; 12 Kt Q 4, PxP; 13 K Kt K2> 10th B Kt5 =F- Botvinnik Ldvenfisch, matchmatch game, 1937. Lovenfisch, 12th game, 1937. lj} Botvinnik B x B, P x B 9 Px P, PxP; 10 Q Kt 3, P Kt 3 11 B Q 2, (//) Better than 8 Kt OB 3; 12 KR Bl, Q Q 2 13 B Kl, P K3T. W, A. Fairhurst Flohr.
,

M

' ' ;

;

Kt

;

;

;

Folkestone, 1933.
(1)

Euwe

Flohr, Zurich, 1934.

206

QUEEN'S
,

PAWN GAME
KKt 3
.

KING'S INDIAN DEFENCE P Q 4 Kt KB3: 2 P QB 4> P

GRUENFELD DEFENCE
*

Kt

QBs, P Q4-

/ B a) 5 easily prove to

Kt
be

2 leaves

White

in

command
E.g., 6

of

more space, but

of

Lovenfisch, Russian Championship, 1933. 7 Q R4ch, B Q 2 Kt3, B B3; 8 Kt B 3, (b) An alternative is 6 Q K 2, Q Kt Q 2 11 O 0, Kt Kt3; 12 Q B 2, 10 B B Kt2; 9P K 3, O Kt Q 4 13 Kt K 5 . Fine Flohr, Semmenng-Baden, 1937. R QKtl?; 8 Kt K 5, B Q2; 9KtxB,QxKt; 10 P Q 5 . (c) Not7.., Euwe Alekhine, 2nd match game, 1935. K 4, Kt Kt 5 ; 9 Q R 4, B Q 2 ; 10 Q Q 1 is slightly 8 P (d) This is weak. in White's favour. (e\ Feigin Flohr, Kemeri. 1937. K 3, Kt Kt 3 ; 7 Kt B 3, B Kt 2 8 B K 2, 6 P (V) If 5 Px P, Ktx P 11 R L6venfisch B K3; 9 Q B 2, B B 5 ; 10 Q 1, Spielmann, Moscow, 1935. 5 B Kt 5 allows Black to obtain a strong initiative by 5. , 7 PxP, KtxP; 8 Ktx Kt, Px Kt ; Kt 2 6 P K 3, Px P! (inferior is 5 B K 2, Kt B 3 11 B 12 9 Kt K2, Q R4ch; 10 Kt B 3, P K 3 a:. Lovenfisch Flohr, Moscow, 1935) 6 Q x B P, P Q Kt 4 ; 7 Q Q 3, B B 4 ; 8 Q Q 1, P Kt 5 ; 9 Kt R 4 (9 B x Kt, P x Kt + ), Kt K 5, etc. 8 B Q 3, P Kt 3 9 3 7 B B Kt 2 tg\ 6 P 3, Q 2, P K 4. Reshevsky Flohr, Avro, 1938. 10 Q R Q 1, Q Kt Q 2; llPxP,KPxP; 12 P Petrov Landau, Kemeri, 1937. (h) Mikenas, Hastings, 1937-38. (f) Reshevsky
I

SB B 4,
KtxP

P

B4',

9PxP,B R3;

ephemeral value.

P
4,

K 4,

10

Q

Q

OO

this

QxQ
; ;

;

HKtxQ.BxB; 12RxB,

;

7

Kt

advantage

B 3, P

Kt 3

may
;

4-.

Botvinmk

OO;

,

!

;

OO, 00;
;

BxB=.

;

.

,

;

00;
;

;

OO

;

K

OO

!

:

K

;

00,

;

{7PxBP, PxP, SBxP, QxQch; 9 Kx Q was better), Px Q P; 8 KtxP, Kt B 3; KtxKt. PxKt; 10 P K R 3, B K 3 11 PxP, PxP=. Flohr Bogoljuboff, Kt 3, P B 3 6 B B 4, PxP; 7 Q x B P, B K3, 8 Q Q 3, Bled, 1931. (3) 5 6 Kt 1, P Q B 4 11 PxP, Q Kt 10 Q R3 Kt Q4; 9 B Q 2, Kt Kt 5 12 P K4. Euwe Botvinmk, Avro, 1938. Euwe Landau, Hastings, 1938-39, ran 6 QxBP, B 5 K3; 7 Q Kt 5 ch, Kt B 3 8QxP, B Q2; 9 Q IU3, ,PxP; 1 B B4; 11 Q R 4, Q Q 2. Here 6. ,00; 7 B R_OKtl; 10 Q B 4, P B3; 8 Q Kt 3, Q KtS; 9 P K 3, B K3; 1 Q R 3, P Q R 4, is Klein Szabo in the same tournament. KtS, Kt B 3 12 Ktx Kt, Q B 2; 11 (k) Better than 9 ., PxP; 10 Ktx P Px Kt; 13 B B 4 P K 4; 14 B K 3 -t. Keres Mikenas,, Hastings, 1937-38.
9
,

iiigjueuai, JC7V.JU.

{*}

\J

f

JLI.

o,

w

vy

,

v

JL>

\^ u,

JT

jj *

,

/

v/~~w

;

;

;

;

;

!,

;

Notes

ctd.

on

p.

218

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
;

207

PQ

4

,

TCHIGORIN'S DEFENCE Kt K B 3 2 B 4 (a],

PQ

PQ

3.

K B 3, 3 3 3, B Kt 3, 6 Q Q 3, Q Q 2 7 Reti, Pistyan, 1922. Another possibility here Kt 5 7 5 Q Kt Q 2, Q B 2 ; 6 O 0, B
P X Kt
(a)

2 Kt

;

Swinemiinde, 1930. (6) Continued 12.

PK 3 5 Kt B, KtB B 4 4 Kt K R PQ PK 8 PQ 4PKB Kt B P B B =Q Samisch4 PK P PQ Kt B K 2 =. Flohr Sdmisch,
;
,

4,
;

;

x

,

;

2,

3

.

is

3

3,

3

4

3,

;

;

3,

.,

Kt

Kt2;

13
5

B

R6, P
;

B

3; 14

Q
6
;

Kt3!.
3,

Capablanca

Rumm, Moscow, (c) Weak is
7 11 4..,

p_K Kt 3, PK B 3 8 B p_ Kt3, B KB4 =p. Ragosin
;

1936. 4 PxP?,

PxP;

QxQch, KxQ; Kt 2, P B 3 9 00, K B
Kan, Moscow, 1936.
6

3 ; Kt3, Q2; 4 qp. Euwe $ Q Q 3, Reti, M&hnsch-Ostrau, 1923. 5 QxP, 3 Or 4.., 6 1, P (d) Kt2 ; 8 P B 3 . Alatorzeff Rumm, Leningrad, 1934. 7 R is 6 B O 1 2, (e) Equally good

QKt

PQ
.

5

P

K

PxP;

KtxP, P
;

B

KtB 2 10 PQ R And 4 KtB 3
1

K Kt Q2;
Kt
Kt 3
;

3, is too

passive:

7

B

Kt2, Kt
7

Kt3,

B

PxP;

KtB

QQ

KKt3;
j

K Kt

K

2,
;

K

;

9

B

Q2
.

00,

K

8

B

K 3, Kt Kt 5

(/) Rubinstein Przepiorka, Marienbad, 1925. 3, 4 is playable. If 6 P x P, Px P ; 7 Q x Q ch, K x Q ; 8 f (g) 5 Kt Q 2 =. Rabinovitch Capablanca, Moscow, 1925. The column is Alekhine Q Janowski, New York, 1924, 3 (after 5 P Kt 3, P B 3 ; 6 B Kt2, Q Bl; KR3; 5 (h) Or4 .,P R 2; K 2 ; 10 4 9 4, B 7 K R 3, Q Kt Q 2 8 Kt Q 2, 5, B Px P Black has a strong initiative. Grunfeld Reti, K 2, O O 12 11 Q 1, 4 =. Grunfeld R6ti, Pistyan, 1922), Q Kt Q 2 ; 6 B Q 3, B x B ; 7 Q x B, Carlsbad, 1923. () Grunfeld Lasker, Mahnsch-Ostrau, 1923. 3, Kt 3, Bx Kt (or4. ., Q Bl; 5 P K R 3, B B 4 6 (j) Weakens4Q QKt Q2: 7 P Kt 4, B Kt3; 8 B B4=. Alekhine Reti, Margate, 1923);; K Kt 3 ; 7 B Kt 2, P B3; 8 Kt Q 2, B Kt 2 6 P B 4, P 5 KtPxB.Q BI; 12 Q R B 1, R Q 1 =F 3 3 Q Kt Q 2 11 B K 3, 10 9 Appel Tartakover, Lodz, 1938. R 3, B x Kt ; 9 B x B, R K 1 ; 8 K 3, (k) More aggressive than 7 B 1 11 10 Kt3, K Kt Q 2; 12 Q Q 2, Kt Kt3 =. Griinfeld 5,

p_K

KtB

p_

;

KtB
;

PK PK
!

;

PQ

K

PK
;

PK
;

KtB

00, 00

;

KtB
;

;

35

PQ KtB
m* Continued
1
;

R B

i* difficult

16 3, to maintain.

KtB

12

PK Q R PQ R
',

PK 00 PK
; ;

4

;

13

KtB

3.

Keres

1 5 Kt x P, 5, P x P 2, Q R Q 1 14 Tartakover, Ostend, 1937. White's advantage
;

PQ

208

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
2

BUDAPEST DEFENCE

PQ4, KtKBs;

P Q B 4, P K 4

;

3

If instead 4, P K R 4 5 Kt Q B 3, Kt Q B 3 (or 5 ... B B 4 (a) Best. R3, Kt QB3; 7 Kt Q 5, KKtxKP; 8 B KtS, P B 3 9 B K3 P Q 3 10 K Kt B 4 + Euwe Mieses, Hastings, 1924) 6 Kt R 3, K Kt x K P 7 B K2, P Q3; 8 Kt B 4, P KKt3; 9 O Samisch Spielmann, P Q 3; SPxP, BxP; 6 B K 2, P K B 4 7 P x P, Copenhagen, 1923. Or 4 Q K 2 8 Kt K B 3 (8 P B 5 wins a piece, but exposes White to a strong attack), Kt KB 3; 10 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 11 Kt Q 5 BxP;9B KKt5, Capablanca
.

,

;

:

6 Kt

;

;

.

O.
;

:

,

;

;

;

.

Tartakover, Kissingen, 1928. (b) Superior to the alternative 5.
,

.,

Kt
,

Kt R5?; 8 Kt KtS!, Q K2; 9 Q Kt4 + Alekhme Rabinovitch, BadenBaden, 1925. Playable is 6. B Kt 5 ch 7 Kt B 3 (7 Kt Q 2, Q K 2 8 B Q 3 ?, Q Q 3 wins a Pawn for Black), Q K 2 ; 8 B Q 3, B x Kt ch 9 P x B, P-~Q 3
.
;
'

KtS;

6 Kt

K B 3, B
;

B

4

:

7

P

B

5,

10

O

O,

(c)

6B K3,P QR4;

00.

:

7

Kt

K B 3, Kt R 3 ;
,

8

Kt

is

also in White's favour.
(d)
(e)

B3, B
,

B4:

9

Q Q

2

Q Kt 3 15 B R 3, Q B3; 16 Q Q 2, B4; 18 B Kt 2. Tartakover Tarrasch, Scunnering, 1926. Ktch was better. Kt KB3, B B4; 5 P K 3, Kt Q B 3 6 B K 2, KKtxKP; (/) 4 7 Ktx Kt, Ktx Kt; 8 O leads to a level position, while 4 Q 0, O Q4 is too P Q 3 (4 P K R 4 ? 5 P K R 3, Kt Q B 3 6 Q K 4, impetuous. After 4 KKtxKP; 7 P B 4, Q R 5 ch 8 K Q1 + +); 5 PxP, BxP; 6 Kt K B 3 O O 7 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 8 Q Q 1, B K 3 9 P K 3, Q K 2 10 B K 2, Q R Q 1 Black has a powerful attack. P B 3; 7 P x P, Q x P 8 P K Kt 3, Q x Kt P 9 B Kt (?) If instead 6 P 03; 100 0,0 0; 11 Kt KtS, Q B 3 12 Kt KtS, P K R 3 13 Kt K 2, 4 Q B 2 14 P Q R 3 + Rubinstein Tartakover, Kissingen, 1928.
17 P Q5, P in the column 8 ., Ktx
;
,

Yates Spielmann, Carlsbad, 1923. Continued 13 ,QxP; 14 B B 3,

;

,

!

,
;

;

;

;

;

;

.

,

;

;

;

:

;

.

White's advantage is negligible. P B3; 9 PxP, KtxP (B 3); 10 Q 8 12 B Q3, Kt B4; 13 B B 2, O; 14 2nd match gam? 1Q36 " on t> 218
(h)
ft)

If

P

,

Q3;

Q 1, Kt K 5 11 P K 3, O O + Simonson Kevitz,
;

.

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
Kt

209

PQ4,

KB

3.

BLUMENFELD COUNTER
GAMBIT

(a)

P

Q4; 7 P QKt Q2;
7 P 11
(3)

Undoubtedly strongest

Alternatives are:

K3, B

11
;

B

Kt

Q3; 2, Q

8

Kt

B
;

3,

K2;

12
(2)

O
5

Tarrasch

O
5

x P, P
O,

P

Q

K2;

Q 3 8 B Kt 5, B K 2 9 B~-Kt2; 12 P K R 3, Kt Kt3=F. H Sterner K4, KtxKP: 6 QPxP, BPxP; 7 B Q 3, Kt
;

Alekhine, Pistyan, 1922.

B Kt 2 10 P QKts! 13 Q B 2, P K4=p! Q Kt B 3, P Kt5l; 6 Kt Q R 4, PxP: P K 3, O O 10 B Q B 4, Q Kt Q 2
;
;

0,

Q

9BK2, R
1

(1)

5

PxKP, BPxP:
;

6

PxP

9

PxP, P

Q4;

10
,

O,

P

K

Kt 3;
;

Rubinstein Tartakover, Tephtz-Schonau, 1922. B 3, P Kt 5 9 Kt Kt 5, Q Q Kt 3 (b) If 8 Kt B Kt 2, and the White Kt has no escape. K R 3 is superior, and sufficient to give White an advantage. (c) 11 P K5,Q K2!(butnotl2 ,Px P ; 13 Kt K 4,Q K 2 14P Q6+); (d) Ifl2P K 4, B x Kt 14 Kt x B, Kt Q 2 =. 13 Q Kmoch Spielmann, Seramenng, 1926. 13 Kt K Kt 1 is now best. () ,QxKtP; 10 B Q 3, P Q3; 110 0, B Q2; 12 Q R 4, Q R6; (/) If 9 14 Kt B 7 ch + 13 Q x Kt, Q x Q Hellmg Leonhardt, Berlin, 1928. R4 + M. E. Goldstein G. E. Smith, London, 1922. (g) 13 Q P x B P 8 B x Kt, P x B 9 P K 4, P B 4 10 B x P + Gninfeld (h) Or 7 Rabinovitch, Baden-Baden, 1925. P Kt 5 13 Kt B 4, 12. Q I ; 14 B K 2, P (t) Continued 15 Kt B5. Marshall Hanauer, New York, 1937. 1 P Q 4. (i) This position can also arise from the Benoni Counter-Gambit B 4 2 P Q 5, Kt K B 3 3 Kt K B 3. P Q Kt 4 4 P B 4 !, B Kt 2 (for 4 , P K 3 se- cols. 161163) , (k) If 3
,
;

K B 3 8 Kt Kt 5 R K 1, KB Kt2=. 10 Q R 4, P R 3:11 P K 4
;

Samisch, Berlin, 1930*

11

;

.

.

,

,

;

;

.

,

;

K

KR4:

:

p_0 5 p_Q

;

;

12 B x P, PxKt; 11 BxPch, KXJ 9 Kt Rubinstein Spielmann, Vienna, 1922. Hromadka, Pistyan, 1922. (/) Bogoljuboff KKt3; 5 P KKt3, B B 4 6 B Kt2, Kt (m) Or 4... P R 6 10B R 1, B Kt 2 2; 8R Kl,Kt K5; 9 Kt Kt 1,B B3 with a good position. Euwe Mieses, Schevemngen, 1923. (*) Griinf eld Spielmann, Pistyan, 1922
;
,

R4i PxB P; B3, P Q5;
f

,

,

.

6 10

Kt

B

3,

P

K3;

7

P

K4, Kt

x

K

;

i

Ktx Kt, PxP; Q Kt3ch+.

R3
;

7 00, HKKt Q2,
;

210

QUEEN'S
I

PAWN GAME
P

Q4

.

QKt4 (the Polish Defence); 3 P K 3 (or 3 B B 4, B Kt2; (a) 2 ., P 3, P Q R 3 ; 5 Q Kt Q 2, P K 3 6 B Q 3, P B 4. Torre DusKt 2 5 Q Kt Q 2, P K 3 ; Chotimirsky, Moscow, 1925), P Q R 3 ; 4 B Q 3, B B 4, Kt P x P 8 Kt x P. Kt B 3 9 P Q Kt 3, Q B 2 ; 4 ; 7 P 6 O 0, Kt 2, P x P 11 P x P, Kt Q Kt 5 = Sir G. A. Thomas Samisch, Marienbad, 10 B 3 K Kt Q 2, P g 4 ; 1925. Or 2 , Kt K 5 (sometimes called the Dory Defence) 6 P KKt4!, BxP; 7 KtxP, P K4 4 KtxKt, PxKt; 5 Kt B 3, B B 4 K B 4, O ch ; 1 1 B Q 2, Kt Q 5 ; ch 9KxQ, Kt B 3 ; 10 P 8 P x P, Q x Q Keres Becker, Vienna, 1937 12 Kt P Kt 3 transposes into the Colic System, cols. 5 6. (b) 3 B 2, Q R B 1 ; 13 Q R Q 1, P Q 4 14 Q Kt 1 (Tartakover). (c) Better 12 Q lumn is Rubinstein Spielmann, Kissmgen, 1928. Or 3 ., P K R 3 4 B R 4, P Q Kt 3 ; 5 Q Kt Q 2, B Kt 2 ; 6 P K'3, R 3, O O -4 Kt B 3 : B K 2 -- B -- Q 3, P Q 3 8 7 ~ 3,~ - , 9 P ~ K ~ - " - ;- 10 Kt KR4; 12 BxB, QxB;' 13 B R6,' Kt B 3 = 11 Capablanca New York, 1927. Nimzovitch, Petrov, Semmenng-Baden, 1937. (e) Keres B 3, Q Kt3 (4.., P KR3?; 5 BxKt, QxB; (/) Alternatives are (1) 4 P 6 P K 4, Q Q 1 7 P Q 5, Q B 2 8 Kt R 31 + . Alekhme A. Sterner, Kemeri, K 3, P Q 4 8 Kt Q 2, B Q 2 5 Q B 2, P x P ; 6 Kt x P, Kt B 3 : 7 P 1937) 9 Q Kt B 3 ?, Kt K 5 10 B KB 4, P B 3 + Marshall Capablanca, New York, 4 P K 4, P K R3; 5 B x Kt, QxB; 6 P K 5, Q Q 1 1 Kt B 3, 1927. (2) PxP; 8 KtxP, Kt B3; 8 KtxKt, KtPxKt=. Torre Samisch, Marienbad,
4 p__K
;

PB
. ,

;

;

,

.

;

;

;

;

B2.
.

;

,

;

QK2,

,

--

;

PB

PB

00,

,

;

;

;

,

;

.

1925.

Semmenng,
(h)

O
Q

1926. The isolated Pawn Lasker, Moscow, 1925. 3 P (0 2 Kt K B 3, P Q B 4 Kt Q B 3 ; 6 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 7 P O; 10 B K3, Amsterdam, 1936. Or 2 P Q B 4, B

(g)

Continued 13
Torre

PxP, KtxP;
;

14
is

Kt
4,

B 3, B

K3=.
Ktx
;

Alekhme
P

no handicap

Spielmann,
5 Kt 3 ; 9 O

in this position.

K Kt 3, B B 4 8 B BxB; HKtxB, B K3; 12 Q Q 2
,

B

Px P

;

4

P,

K
2,

4

'

?

:

B

Kt
.

P

2,

K

2

,

5

P

Q R

3,

B x Kt ch

;

6

Qx

B,

KtSch; 3 Kt B 3, P K B 4 4 Q Kt 3, Kt K B 3 7 P K Kt 3, P Q 3. buwe
;
;

Gninf eld

Q

0,

Alekhme,

Keres, Avro, 1938.
(j)

Mikenas

Alekhine, Warsaw, 1935.

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
4
.

211

BENONI COUNTER GAMBIT
P

Q

P

QB 4

.

2 P 4 transposes into other variations 3, P (a) The most aggressive reply. 3 PxP, P into a of the Queen's Gambit or Queen's Pawn Game, 2.., variation of the Caro-Kann Defence. B 3 transposes into cols. 164165. B 3 ; 3 Kt 2. ., Kt (6) B 2 ! (5,., B Q 2 ? ; 6 Kt 5 ch, 5 + ) merit* Cj 4 t (

K

Q

PxP,

Q4

K p_B4;

B

K

K

PxP

consideration.
(d)

Alekhme

Tartakover, Dresden, 1926.

j)

Kmoch
5
;

B
P
13

K

(/)

.

.

,

2

9

Kt K 2 6 Kt Kt B 4, Kt Kt 3
,

Alekhme, Amsterdam, 1936.

K B 3, Kt
;

10
?,

KtK
11

Kt 3

;

7

B
;

Kt
11

3,

Kt
3

3,

O
O

O
O,

B

Q
.

Q

2 8 Q Kt Q 2, Fine Santasiere
; ;

Milwaukee, 1935.

9

If 7.., B Kt5, 8 Kt B 3, P Q R 3 11 P K R 4, Kt K 4 12BxKt, QxB; B 3 15 Kt Q 1 + Ehskases Krogius, Munich, 1936. Or 7 ., Kt KB3; 8 Kt B 3, Kt x KP; 9 Ktx Kt, QxKtch; 10 K B 2, K 1, QxKtch; 13 QxQ, BxQ; 12 R B Kt5, 11 B KtSch, K Q 1 K 8 ch + White has a paralysing grip. 14 R Kt5; 9 B Kt 5 ch, K Q 1 10 R K 1, Q x Ktch 11 QxQ, (t) Or 8 ., B BxQ; 12 R K 8 ch, K B 2; 13RxB, BxP, 14 Kt B 3, with a winning position. R 4, 14 Kt Q Kt Q 2 ? QR3; 13 Kt Q R 4, K B 2 (13 f-) 12 ., P Q-_Kt 5 15 R K 8 ch+ +) 14 Ktx P. Enevoldsen Winz, Warsaw, 1935. P B 5 7 Kt B 3, B Kt 5 B 4 5 P K 4, KtK B 3 6 B Q 3, (k) 4 ., P KR3 Belson Santasiere, 10 P 8 B K2, B K2; 9 B Q 2, Q Kt Q 2

KR B
(h)

KR3,

(g)

If

instead 7 Kt 10 Q Q2,
1,

KtxB T
;

KKt B3;
B

QB

3

P

KKt41;
O

8

B
Kt

K 3,
Kt5,

Kt
12

Q2 B K

9
2,

B

Kt

B3,

Kt2;
;

.

Bogoljuboff

Alekhme, 9th match game, 1934.
;
1 .

13

PKR3,BBxKt; R K2
B
3,
.

Black has no good continuation.

lOQxB, Kt Q2;

14

00,

;

;

;

;

,

;

:

;

.

;

;

;

;

;

Milwaukee, 1935. (0 Another good continuatioi*
7
;

O; K 4, B K 2 6 K is 5 P 2, O K R 4 !, P Q Kt 3 10 B K 3> 1 9 P Kt Kt 3, P Q R 3 8 B Q 3, Bastrikoff Panoff, 1938. Kt B2: 11 Q K2, R Kl; 12 Kt B5 + B K2; 6 B Kt2, O O 7 P K 4, Kt K 1 8 K 2, (m] Or 5. p B4; 9 O O, PxP; 10 KtxP, B B 4 11 P B4 + Becker Gnmf eld, 1922 Miss Menchik, Moscow, 1935. (n) Rabmovitch

KtK

;

KtK
;
;

;

.

,

;

KtK

;

.

(0)

Bolbochan

Grau, 7th match game, 1935.

212

QUEEN'S
;

PAWN GAME
5

p_g 4> p_K B 4
4

Kt

KB 3,

2

P

DUTCH DEFENCE K Kt 3, Kt K 63:3 B Kt 2, P K 3
B K2;

PB

4,

O

O.

8 Q K 2, Kt B 3 > 9 K3, P~Q3; 7 Kt B 3, Q K 1 Kt Q Kt5, Q Q 2, 11 Kt Kt 5, P K4; 12 P K4 Q 3 7 B B 4, Q K 1 8 Q Flohr, Rosas, 1935. Weaker is 6 Kt B 3, P 10 Kt Kt B3; 9 P Q 5, Kt Q 1 QKtS, Q Q 2 11 Q Kt3, P 12 Px P, Ktx P. Bogoljuboff Alekhme, llih match game, 1934.

Kt-Ql:

( fl )

6

P

;

;

10

P Q Grob

5,
1,

,

;

R

;

,

QR

B

3

;

(b)
(c)

Winter

Mikenas, Lodz, 1935. White's favour, and the various alternatives are of The position is decidedly

m

KtxKtch, BxKt; '14 Kt Q 2, B Kt5=. Herzog Flohr, Bad Liebwerda, 12 Q B 2, BxP, Kt QKtS; 10 Q Kt 3, Kt R 3 11 PxP, Kt B 4 8 Q Fine Bogoljuboff, Nottingham, 1936. 13 p_Kt3 + Kt3, K Rl (2) Kt 5, P B 3 12 P K 4, 11 B 9 B B4, Q Kt Q2; 10 Q R K 1, Kt R 4 Pirc p_B 5 13 B x B, Q x B 14 P K 5 Flohr, Ujpest, 1934. K R 3, B 2, Kt Kt 5 11 P 10 Q Kt 2, Q Kt Q 2 (d] Weaker is 9 B Kt R3; 12 P K3, P K Kt 4 13 Kt K 2, P B 3 14 K R Q 1, Kt B3=.
13
1934),
;
;
.

;

;

,

;

;

.

;

;

;

;

Griinfeld
'

Bogoljuboff, Zandvoort, 1936.

Tartakover, Nottingham, 1936. See also col. 187 variation introduced and recommended by Alekhme Kt 3, B B 3 , best. Alternatives that have been tried are "(1)7 Q Probably B2 11 Q 9 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 10 Kt Q Kt 5, B 8 R Q 1, Q K 1 Q 1 Kt 3, Kt 13 Q was better), P Q 3 ; 12 P Q 5, Kt Kt 5 (11 7 Kt K 1, P Q 4 8 3, (2) Capablanca Alekhme, Nottingham, 1936. Kt Q Kt 3 11 B K 3, B Q3; 12 Kt B 3, 3; 9 PxP, PxP; 10 Kt Q 3, P 2 =. Flohr 3 ; 13 R B 1, Q Alekhine, Podebrady, 1936. (3) 7 Q Kt Q 2, B B3; 8 Q B 2, P Q4; 9 P Kt 3, P B4; 10 B Kt 2, B P x P ; 11 KtxP, 13 Q R Q 1, Q Kt3I=. Fine Alekhine, Kt B3; 12 Q KtxKt,
'i

Alexander

A

t

p_Q5

;

,

;

;

PB

KB

;

R3TPB

K

,

BPxKt;
14

Amsterdam, 1936 (h) Reshevsky
(t)

Suesman,

If 13

,6 KtxP?;
,

ISQxKt, PxKt;
(/)

(k)
(7)

Q Kt x P ? because of 15 Kt Q Again not 14 Reshevsky Botvmnik, Nottingham, 1936. Grunfeld Tartakover, Tephtz-Schonau, 19?2.

16BxP.

New York, 1938. KtxKt, KtxKt; 15PxP-H;
1
!,

or 14.
2
:

.,

B Px Kt
4-

;

Kt

Q

16

Px P

QUEEN'S PAWN* GAME
i

213

P Q 4, P K B 4

;

2

DUTCH DEFENCE P K Kt 3 (a), Kt K B 3

(6)

;

3

B Kt 2.

KB3; 3 P KKt4?, P P Q 4 3 4 P Kt 5, Kt P KB5 3 5 PKtxKt,P BPxKt; 4 K 3, K Kt 3 K + 3 B Kt 5, K B 3 ,B B 4 7 B Kt 2, K R 4, P K R 3 6 B K B 4, B Kt 2 7 Kt -B 3, Kt Q 2 8 B Q 3, 5 p K Kt B3' 9 Kt K 5, KtxKti- Opocensky Tartakover, Pistyan, 1922. (2)2Kt KB3,Kt KB3; 3 P Q 5, P K Kt3, 4 P K Kt3,B Kt2; 5 B Kt 2 K Kt K 5 9 Kt 8 B
Kt
;

(a)

Some

continuations seldom encountered are:
:

(1)

2

Kt
; ;

QB

3,

P
;

Q

4 (2..,

6p

)

;

j

;

;

;

p

O O 6 O O, Kt R 3 7 P B4: 10 KtxKt, KtxKt;
; ;

P p

Spielmann

Mieses, Tephtz-SchSnau, 1922. is approximately (c) This position as the text. E.g., (1) 8 Q- _ .., advantage 12

Kt B 4 3, Q Q B2. Reshevsky Hasenfuss, Q Kt 3 3 B -Kt 2, Kt Q B 3 (b) An unusual defence is 2 ., P K 3 5 00, B Kt 2 6 P B 4, B Q 3 7 Kt B 3, Kt B 3 Q R4; 9Kt Q Kt5,O O; 10 Q B 2, Kt R2; 11 KtxB, Px Kt

B

4,

;

;

11

Kemeri, 1937.
; ;

;

;

;

;

;

Q 2, K B 3, 4 Kt 8 P Q R 3, 12 B B4 +
Q
'

.

..,.. 3, Kt Q 2 13 P Q Kt 10BxKt,BxB; HPxP,KPxP?; BPxP= should have P KtS-fc. Chekhover Rumin, Leningrad, 1936. 11. Kt 3, Q Kt Q 2 11 Q R Q 1, 10 P B 5 (weaker is 10 P been played), Q R 4 K R 1 12 K R 1, R K Kt 1 13 P K 3, P K Kt4 with a dangerous attack.

PK

;

.

14

,

;

;

:

;

Yudovitch
12
12

KtxKt, Q Kt Q 2
Kt

8 P Kt 3, Flohr Rumin, B PxKt =. Moscow, 1936. (2) 10 Q 9 B Kt 2, Q K 1 Q 3, K- R 1; 11 PxP?, KPxP, Q2, Kt K5; 13 P B 3, KtxKt(B6) =F- Flohr Botvinmk, 10th match
;
,

Botvmnik, Leningrad,

1934),

Q Kt

Q2

;

11

P

Q Kt 4,

Kt

K5

:

game, 1933. Botvmnik, Moscow, 1936. Id] Capablanca 8 Kt Q 2, Kt 3, P B 3 U] Or 7 Q

10P

Ehskases

Rumin, Moscow, 1936. Rumin, Leningrad, 1934. (/) Ldvenfisch 7 Kt B 4, Q 2, P B 3 8 Kt (V) Weaker is 6 B Q x B 10 Kt B 4, P Q Kt 3 11 Kt K 5, Q Kt Q 2 ; 12 Alekhine Tartakpver, London, 1922^

QKt4,Kt B2;

11

P

R4

;

?,P

K4

1

,

9 Q K R Q B 3, Kt R 3 12PxP,PxP; 13 P Kt 5, P K 5 =.
1 ;
;

00
;

;

;

;

13 (h) Continued Tephtz-Schonau, 1922.

PxP;

14

R

K 1, O

,*.,
15

;

K Kt Q 3, B R 3 =. Griinfeld Kt B 4. ^_,_^^ Mieses
>,..

B

3,

Q

B

2

;

9

Bx

B,

Notes

ctd.

on p. 218.

214

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
;

p KB4

DUTCH DEFENCE
2

P

Q B 4, P

K

8 7 Bx Kt, Px B O, (a} Weak is 5 Q K 2 6 Kt K R 3, Kt K 5 BxB,9 K7xB,P~Q4; 10 Kt-B 4, P-B 3 11 Q-Kt 3 O-O 12 P-B 3!, Landau Tartakover, Rotterdam, 1932. KPxP- 13 RxP+. B 3, P-Q 3 8 Kt-R 3 (equally good is 8 Kt .4 + Kt-B 3 fftf Best. If instead 7 12 2, P-B 3 9R-Q1 Kt-K2; 100 5, Kt Kt3; 11 Q-BO-O, P-B 3 P 10 KP-K 4,Euwe PxP; 9 2
?
,

;

;

;

;

!,

;

.

.

,

;

;

.

;

Alekhme, 10th match game/1927),

nKtxP.KtxKt; 12BxKt,P
c)

Q-K K4; 13Kt Kt5.
;

;

Euwe

Yudovitch, Leningrad,

1934

Q o Q Rt R g> ^Another Kt Kt3f, l6'PxP,PxP; 11R-Q1,P-B3; 12 O-O, P-K 4 13P-B5disch, KKt5 + Fine Alekhine, Margate, 1937. K- Rl- 14 Kt B B3; 9 KtxKt, PxKt, 10 Kt-K 1, BxP; HBxP,BxP; Or 8 Euwe Alekhme, 24th match game, 1935. 12 Bx P ch, KxB: 13 Q B 2 ch !3 p_Q 5 _j_. EuWe Alekhme, 26th match game, 1935. 19 3 e eS h B4 7 P-Q R 3, B-R 4 8 O-O, PxP; 9 Kt Kt 5 !, Sfenw^s 6 10 p Q Kt4, B Kt3; 11 P B 5 + Petrov Keres, Kemen, 1937. 13 Px P, K PxP; 12 B-Q 2, P-Q Kt3 y, Better than 11 P-B 3, K-R 1 K 3, Q K 1 16 P B 4, P B 5. Grau Alekhine, 14 Kt K5, P B4; 15 P
,

Stahlberg Alekhine, Zurich, 1934. Alekhme idea

_

_

;

m

.

,

.

i

'

.

^
B

-

;

.

;

;

;

ar

() Capabianca Botvinnik, Hastings, 1934-35. 2 5 Kt B ^ n c-o t^o K 3, 6 P 3, O K B 3 4 B Kt 5, B K 3 Kt Q B 3, Kt 11} 10 BxB, 9 1 2, Kt-K 5; P-dKt3; 7 B-Q 3? B-Kt 2 8 O-O, 1924. Ktx Kt 11 Px Kt Ox B 12 P Q R 4. Capablanca Tartakover, New York,
, ;

W

;

Q-K
4,

;

Q-K
;

6

Tartakover, Gothenburg, Bx Kt 8 Px B, O 0. Rubinstein Mar6czy,Tephtz-Sch6nau, 1922. (o) The doubled Pawn is not necessarily disadvantageous for White in such positions. the Ldvenborg-Marchand, Stockholm, 1916. If Black captures &) Kt White has a winning attack.

KtxB?; Q K4. RubmstemTartakover, QR _ Budapest, 1926. ^ O O 7 _ * m P Q3 P Q Kt p K Kt 3 5 B K 2 B Kt 2 6 O 0, 10 P-B P-Q R 4 HBPxP. S Q la-Q2,QKt-Q2; 9 B-Kt'2, Q-K 2 1920.
7 11

*() An unusual Q Kt Q2, 00; 10 O Kt2; O, B
il,\

line here is 4

Q

3,

P-K B B x Kt ch Kl, Q B3;
;

Kt-K 5
_

5

Kt-K B 3 B-Kt 5
9 x Kt,

ch

;

8 BxB, 12 P
:

P

Q Kt 3
r\ Q

;

_

A

*

-o

.

;

4,

;

;

5,

;

Nimzovitch

700
>

;

13PQ5.

QUEEN'S
i

PAWN GAME
,

215

DUTCH DEFENCE
P Q 4 P -KB 4.
(a)

STAUNTON GAMBIT
2

P K4.

Also known as the Black mar Attack. B 3 !, P K 3 4 Kt Q 2, Px P 5 K Ktx P, Kt K B 3; A novel line is 3 P B 4 ? 7 O 0, P x P 8 Kt Kt 5, P Q 4 ; 9 Kt x R P + . Denker 1934. Dake, Syracuse. P KKt3l, e.g., 4 KtxP, P Q 4 ; 5 Kt KtS, B Kt2; (c) Playable is 3
(a)
(b)

6

B

PK

;

;

Q

3,

!

;

;

6

p_K 4;

P--KR4, Kt QB3; 7 B QKt5?, Q Q3; 8 BxKtch, PxB; 9 P R 5, Marshall Tartakover, 10 PxP, QxPch; 11 K Kt K 2, Kt K 2 ^ Liege 1930. R 3 5 P Kt 5, PxP; Kt 4 ? Black's best reply is 4 (d) On 4 P Q 4 5 P Kt 5, Kt Kt 1 6 P~B 3, PxP; 6 B x P, P Q 4. If, however, 4 7 Ox?; P K3; 8 B Q 3, P K Kt 3 9 K Kt K 2, B Kt 2 10 O O, Q K2; K B 4, P B 3 1 2 Q Kt 3 with a powerful attack. Tartakover Mieses, Baden1 1 B Baden, 1925. O O, KB 4; 9 Kt Kt 3, P K Kt 3 10 (e Nimzovitch suggested 8 .,P 0. B R3ch; 11 K Kt 1, R<tti Mieses, Berlin, 1920. (?) B3, PxP; 6KtxP,P Q4; 7 B Q 3, Kt-B3; 8 O O, B~-Kt2; fe IfSP Euwe K 5, KtxB + 11 Kt 9 Q Q 2. O O; 10 Q R K 1, Kt Q Kt 5
.

,

PK

!

,

PK

;

,

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

.

Tartakover, The Hague, 1921. The column is N. P. Zelikoff R 4). illustrates Alekhme's Attack (5
(h)

If 5.
;

tested has yet to ft) After 4.., P

p_Q4
(or6.

PK P R5, KtxP; B Kt2; 6P R5,B Kt2; PR B B m be
,

N. M. Zubareff, 1922, and
.

9

5Bx4t,KPxB 6KtxP,Q-Kt3; 7 R-Kt 1, ?-Q 4 =), P x P 8 6KtxP,P-K3 Kt-K 5, O O; ,6~Kt3,7Q-Q2,P-Q3;80-0-0);7B-Q3,B-K2; Lasker Pillsbury, 11 KtxKtP! + P
;

QB3

The crucial variations.., 7 RxKt-f. 3 Kt 1 ; 8 P 7 6, practical play. White gets too strong an attack by 5 P B 3 (but not
6

B3,PxP; 9KtxBP,

B

BxKt!, BxB;

10

Paris, 1900.

Better for Black

P

B

/-)

or P
P.

B

3,

P

K

4 ss.

Johner

is 5 ., Q R4; 6 Q Q K3 7 6 B x P, P 6 (best) Nimzovitch, Carlsbad, 1929. Notes cfd. on p. 218.
,

Q-R5,

KKt3;

2,

;

Q

PK P
.

6

;

etc.

Q

2,

Q

4

;

8

O

O0,

216

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME

Notes for
(m)

cols, i to 5 ctd.
!,

K4?; 9 P K 4 KPxP; 10 BPxP, QPxP; 11 KtxP, KtxKt; 12BxKt, PxP; 13QxP, Q B3; 14B KKt5. Colle Sir G. A. R K 1 9 P K 4, QPxP; 10 KtxP, KtxKt; Thomas, Paris, 1929. (2) 8. 14 Pr-KR4, KtSch, K Kt 3 11 BxKt, PxP?; 12BxPch', KxB; 13 Kt MS, J3) 8., Q RR1; 15 RxPch'!++. Colle-O'Hanlon, Nice,Px1930.12 Q KtxP, Ktx Kt=. P 9 p_g Kt3, P K4;10P K 4, B P x P 11 B PxP, Q
Or
(1)

8..,

P

,

;

;

;

;

Fine

Keres, Kemeri, 1937. Q R 5 with a strong attack. Landau Book, Kemeri, 1937. O; 8 P K R 3, PxP, 9 KtxP, G P Q Kt 3?, B Kt 2; 7 B Kt 2, Kt B 4 + . Relstab Petror. Kt R 4 10 P Kt 3, Q B 2 ; 11 Q 2, Kemeri, 1937. Landau, Zandvoort, 1936. (P) Prms
(n) 15
to)
'
' ;

K

!

Notes for
(n) If

cols.

31

to

35
3
;

ctd.
12 P

10
14

Kt-B5, BxKt;

11

The column (o) 6 P
is

Q__K

5

;

Q
is

B 3 (Capablanca Euwe, Avro," 1938), Q x Q Ldvenfisch Botvinnik, 7th match game, 1937.
;

QxB, Kt-B "
P

K 3, O-O
;

;

13

B-K 2.
K5
=.

15

Bx

Q, 9
;

P

K 3, O
7

7

B Q 3,
8
;

Q Kt 3

;

8

Kt K 2, P B 4;
;

Px P, P X P

a good alternative.
(p)

Or

P_B3;
Euwe,

00;

game, 1931. Q K Kt 3 9 P Q R 3 ', B x Kt ch 10 P x B, B B 4 1 1 Q Kt 3, to) If 8 14 + 13 P Capablanca Kt4, B Q 6 12 P B3!, Kt Q 3 Euwe 3rd match game, 1931. The column is Stahlberg Alekhine, Prague, 1931.
, ;

11 1st match

BxKt, QxB; Kt B3, B B 4

P
12

B

Q R

K2

3,

10 P K 3, 9 Q x B, O O with a minimal advantage. Capablanca

B x Kt ch
;

;

;

QxQP

;

.

B3 5 3, Kt P x P ; 9 P x P, P Q 4 ; 10 Hastings, 1926. 2; 8 B (M 7
tj\
,

p_ K

Notes for cols. 36 to 40 ctd* 7 P B 3. O 6 Kt Q R 3, B x Kt ch B Kt 5, P x P 1 1 B x P, Kt K 5 =. Vidmar
;
;

j

8

QxB,

;

Alekhine,

K O O O ' (8 R Q 1 or 8 P K 4}, Q R 4 9 P Q R 3, prtfes; 10P K3.P QKtS; 11 B K 2, B Kt 2, 12 Q Kt Kt 1, P Q Kt 4 + P KR3; 8 B R 4, B K2; 9 R Q 1, Euwe Colle, Amsterdam, 1926. If 7 K 2, Q -R 4 12 Kt Q 2 K R Q 1 13 O O 10 P K 3, P Q 4,11 B O
;

,

,

;

;

!,

,

.

Or 11 K R Q 1, P Q R 3 12 Q R B 1, Kt Q R 4 ? 13 Kt K 5 !, Q B 2 Euwe- Sanusch, German 14 P__Q Kt4!, KBx P; 15 BxKt, PxB; 16KtxQP + Quadrangular Tournament, 1937. K 4 15 Ktx Kt, Px Kt 16 Q B2; 14 B B 4 !, Kt (w)Ifl3
(Q
;
;

Rubinstein

Ahues, Berlin, 1926.

;

.

,

;

;

Keres
(o)

() Rubinstein

Samisch, Dresden, 1936. Samisch, Berlin, 1926. White stands slightly better. Eliskases A. Sterner, Ujpest, 1934.

Notes for
(k)
(1)

cols.

51 to 55 ctd.

7

.

,

B x P is simpler and

safer.

Botvinnik
.,

Q K2?; 5 P Q R 3, BxKtch; 6 QxB, P QKt3; 7 P B 3. PxP, KtxP; 9Q B 2 Q R5ch; 10 PKt 3, Qx Q P IIP K4 + Bogoljuboff Alekhine, 6th match game, 1929. K3,P-~QR4; 6 B Q 2 (6 B Q 3 ?, P R5 7 Q Q 1, P R 6 T), (n) Or5P P K 4 7 P Q 5, Kt K 2 8 B Q 3, P Q 3 9 Kt K 2, Kt Q 2 10 Q Q 1, Kt QB4; 11 B -B 2, B Kt 5 =. Stahlberg Nimzovitch, 7th match game, 1934. P Q 3 6 P Q R 3 see cols. 4446. (o) For 5 Reshevsky, New York, 1938. (p) Fine
P
(m) 4 Q4, 8
!, ;
. ;
,

Savitzky, Leningrad, 1932.

;

,

;

,

;

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME
60

217

Notes for
(tn)Or?..,

cols.

56

to

ctd.

KtxP; 8 KtxKt, PxKt; 9 P KKt3, Kt Q2; 10 B Kt 2, O=. Reshevsky Botvinmk, Avro, 1938. Kt B3; 11 11 PxB, PxKt; 12 Q 10 P QKt4?, P Q 5 (n) 9 PxP, BxP; B2, Q R4, 13 R Q Kt 1, B Q 2 =p. Euwe Alekhine, 25th match game, 1937. Q Kt Kt 5 15 B Kt 2 with a strong attack. Flohr Lisitzin, Moscow, (o) 14
! ; .
.

,

;

1935.

Q 3, P Q 4 transposes into col. 56. (p) 5 B 00; 7 P QR3, B K 2 8 Kt B 4, P Q 4 9 PxP, KtxP; (g) 6 10K Ktx Kt,PxKt; 11 Q Kt3, Kt B 3 12B K 3, B B3; 13 R Q 1, B -Kt 5 K 2, B x B 15 Kx B. Capablanca Keres, Avro, 1938. 14 B B K2; 8 P B 5, P Q Kt 3 P QR3, BxKtch (but not 7 (r) If 7 Rubinstein Mar6czy, 9 P QKt4, PxP; 10 Q PxP, P K4; 11 P B4! + 8 KtxB, PxP; 9 BxP, O O 10 O O, Kt B3; 11 B K 3, Hamburg, 1930):
,

;

;

;

;

;

,

;

.

;

P

QKt3=.
($)
(*)

Rubinstein Ahues, Liege, 1930. Rubinstein and Colle Tartak over and Landau, Rotterdam, 1932. Rubinstein Colle, Liege, 19i>0.

8
12

PB3,

B

10 B Kt KB 3; 9 P K 3, O O Q Kt B2, P B4T- Ehskases Pleci, Warsaw, 10 O 0, O Kt2; 9 Kt K 2, Q R 5 ?
;

()

If 5..,

Kt

K5;

Notes for cols. 61 B 2, P K B 4 6 Q
;

to
;

7

65 ctd. P K3
3,

Q

K

(7

Kt
2
;

R 3, P QKt3;
11

O

0,

;

1935), 11 P

P

B3+.

QKt3,
Winter

8 Fine
9

PQ3; B
Q
Araiza,

3,

Chicago, 1934. B 6 Q ( )

2,

P

Kt B3; 10 Kt Nottingham, 1936.
(p)
(a)

B

Q
3,

4

;

7

R

B Kt 5, P B 4 8 P K 3, Kl; 11 Kt K 5, PxP=.
;

BPxP;
6

K P x P, Alexander,
P P

Bogoljubof?
,

7 Kt 11 R
t

4.., Bx Ktch is B 3, Kt B 3 8 Q Kt 1, R Kt 1
;

Reshevsky, Nottingham, 1936. too dogmatic, e.g., 5 PxB,
O,
12

O

O

;

B

K

Kt

Kt

B

R3

Kt2. 14 equalises (Alekhine).
r)

Q_

Alekhine

9 Q Q 3, Q K 2 10 Kt Q Grau Fine, Warsaw, 1935. H. Golombek, Margate, 1938. 14..,

2,
2,

QR
.

4

;

;

K4

Q3;
;

RKtl

now

Notes for
(m] There
is

cols.
. .

66

to

70
;

ctd.

p x p.
7

7

PxKt, BxPch; 8 K Q K Kt I'll R Kt 3, B x P
(n)

p_K5+-

nothing better. or 4 , B
1,
;

K B
1

If 4 Kt 5
1

,

B
5
'

;

(best),
!

Russian players).

12 If Black plays 1

Q x P ch
..,

PK

B Q 3, P Q 4 ; 6 B P x P, Kt K 5 6 Q Kt 4, KtxKt; R 3 ch, 10 B 9 Kt B 3 with mate to follow (a game between two R 4 12 Q Kt 3, BxP; laQxPch, etc.
Kt 2
5

P

K 5,

RKtl,

;

;

;

Bogoljuboff

Opocensky, Pistyan, 1922.

Notes for cols. 136 to 140 ctd. Weaker is 7.., PxP; 8 B x P, Q Kt Q 2 (more aggressive but still of doubtful 110 0, Q Kt 3 P Q Kt 4 9 B Q 3, B K 3 10 Q B 2, P Q R 4 valueisS 10 Kt KKtS B 02: 13 Q Kt K 4, Kt R 3. Van den Bosch Sultan Khan, 11 Q-B 2, B-B 5 ; 9 O-O, Kfr-Kt3, 10 B-K 2, B-K 3 Cambridge, 1932);

m

,

;

;

;

;

;

Reshevsky Santasiere, Syracuse, 1934. K 4 R K 1 13 Q R Q 1 K Kt Q 2 11 Ktx Kt, Ktx Kt ; 12 P B 4 . Alatorzeff (m] Inferior is 10 4th match game, 1935. Lihenthal, n 14 O, P B 4. Botvmnik Winter, Nottingham, 1936. (
12 P
. ;

,

;

)

o-

218

QUEEN'S

PAWN GAME

R3; 15 K R-Q 1, B-K 5 (6 P-Q R 4, Kt-Q 4 M Simpler 5 P-K 3. Kt-R 3, B-Kt2; 9 Kt-Ktl, P-QPR 4; 3 10 B 7 B a-Q2, Kt-Kt5; 8 R-B 8 3, P-QB4 +9 Euwe-Flohr, 6th matchPgame, 1932 Here? B-K 5,_K 2,B wii he xcellen B P-K 4, KtxKt; 10 x Kt, P-Q Kt 4 11 B Kt2;
(I)

Notes for

cols.
3,

12

P

=p.

Kt Q2?, Q-B 2; 13 B-R Kashdan Bogoljuboff, Bled,
is

146 to 150 ctd. P Kt 3 14 PxP, B
;

1931.

If 5

B-B 4,

PxP

;

6

!I

;

/

1,

;

t

.

t
,

;

attackmg prospects, should have been played
8

Kt

Q2,
611

Q "^:^ ? 6 P K 4* Ktx Kt 7 P x Kt, B Kt 2 ; 8 B P B 4 B 4 (Spielmann he will be after the eventual Q 1935) is bad for Black, since the variation in col. 132 with a tempo behind. playing R4; Kt-B 5 ; 14 Q Kt 3, B 1, 13 K R 1 ? ; (o) If instead 12 Reshevsky Mikenas, Kemen, 1937. The 15 Q_Kt4, * text is suggested by the Tournament Book.
"^fn) S
'

BK3; 6

9

B

K

2,

B

Euwe) Q Kt Q 2 , Kt2; 10 Q Kt K 4, O
,

7P O
;

K 6,K.t&i
11

Kt

B

5

-.

-Flohr Moscow,

P-QKt4; 16Kt-K5.
,

.

R-B

KtQ

Notes for
(i)

cots.

156
if

to

160

ctd.

On
(B
4)

9

Q Q
11

2,

Q

K

2
,

also has no alternative to 9

QxP

KKtxP(K4),

13 Kissmgen, 1928.
(ft)

KtxKt, Ktx Kt; 12 Q R 3, Kt R 3

Q-K 2

White has nothing better than 10
for
;

PK

9 Q-B 4; Q4+ 11 R Q 14 B-Q 3 +
;
.

Q Q 5. But
;

Black,

10

Kt

^o'lPv^V P Q R 3 12 P
1,

B

5

Bogoljuboff

Tartakover,

The Fajarowicz Variation. 5 Px B 2, P Q 4 If 4 Q Simplest. R 3, 8 Kt~-QB3; 7 Kt-KB3, 1928. H. Sterner Fajarowicz, Wiesbaden, Alekhme Tartakover, London, 1932. (m]
(I)
! ;

P

BxP;

P-Q

Q-B 3

e.p

,

B

KB4

;

6

followed

by

O-O-O

QR

4 ch,

^.

Notes for
(i)
; ,

cols.

181

to

185

ctd.
;

5 0-0; 6 P K R 4, Kt-B 3 7 P R 5, (k) If 5 Kt-B 4, Kt-B 3 (not Alekhine Tartakover, Carlsbad, 1923); Kl; 8 PxP, PxP; 9 Kt B3 + 9 O O 8 Kt Q 3, Kt B 2 B 3, P B 3 7 Kt Kt K 4 Jf P Q 5, 10 P B4, PxP ss. Rubinstein Bogoljuboff, Carlsbad, 1923.
,
;

O, P Also strong is 5 P x P, BxP, 6 Kt x * 9 Kt-B 4, Kt x Kt 10 B x Kt, Q Kt 3 ; Grunf eld Tartakover, Pistyan, 1922. Alekhine, Hastings, 1936-37. (j) Eliskases
.

Q
1 1

4

7

P

B

4,

O O
1
;

;

8

Px

P.

Kt-B 3, R-Q

12

Q-B 2 +

Q

;

;

;

OO

;

(I)

Bogoljuboff

Tartakover, Carlsbad, 1923.

Notes for cols. 191 to 195 ctd* Brinckmann Nimzovitch, Copenhagen, 1924. Teichmann Mieses, Teplitz-Schonau, 1922. (I) (m) The Balogh Defence. 4 P x P, Q x Q ch () Alternatives that have been tried are : (1) 3 P K 5, P x P ; 8 BxB 7 Kt-K B 3, B-B 4 KtxB, 6 5 KX'Q, p_K3; 3, Kt-Q 2 Grunf eld S. R. Wolf, P- B 3 11 P Q Kt 4 10 B B 4, 9 Kt B 3, B Q 2 B 3, Q B 1 5 B~Q 3, BxB; 6 QxB, Kt Q B 3 1914. (2) 3 PxP, BxP; 4 Q
(k)

BK

;

;

;

.

;

;

7 P II

K 3 8 O- O, Q Q 2 9 P B 4, O O O 10 R K 1, Kt B 3 3, P Euwe Weenink, 13 P QKf4!. Q2, R Kl; 12 Kt R 3 !, B K 2 Amsterdam, 1923. Weaker is 4 B Q 3, Kt Q B3;5PxP, KtxP;6 P K Kt 4, P~-K R 4 (o)
7

;

,

Kt

KB

;

;

;

;

11

B

;

.

B

KB3, PxP; 8 PxP, Q Q2!; 9 P K R 3, K B 4 ? (11 K B 1), P K 4+ +. Duhrssen
Ahues
Brinckmann, match, 1930.

B

3

;

10

R

R 2, Q

B

;

4

!

;

Balogh, 1928.

(p)

219

RETI OPENING.
THE characteristic moves of this for White are Kt K B 3, P QB4* P KKt3, B Kt2; and Kmoch prefers to
call the opening the King's Indian Attack, as he Nimzovitch's the Queen's Indian Attack. In our

calls

last
;

opening was named the Reti-Zukertort we have dropped the " Zukertort " because the characteristic King's Fianchetto is purely modern. In Reti's opening position judgment of a very high order is called for, and the ordinary amateur would be prudent not to adopt it unless he has a wide knowledge of the theories underlying
edition this

the close game.

The most
2

usual reply to

i

Kt

KB3
3
;

is

P P

Q4

;

after
:

P

(i)

B4 PxP

Black can then branch
;

off into

four possible lines
(iv)

(ii)

P Q

5

;

(iii)

P

QB

K 3.

These

four continuations are all equally good, so that the choice of defence is largely a matter of taste.

White can play to re(cols, i to 5). the Pawn by either 3 Kt capture 3 (cols, i to 3), which leaves Black with a tangible positional superiority after P or K3, which leads to approximate
(i)

2...,

PxP

R

QB4;

3?

White should transpose into the Gambit Accepted. Black can, however, avoid this Queen's by the relatively unknown line in col. 5.
equality.

If

possible,

Q 5 (cols. 6 to 10) was formerly thought to but has since been hailed by some as the inferior, refutation of Reti's Opening. White is really playing a
(ii)

2...,

P

be

Benoni Counter Gambit with a move in hand, but this move weighs heavily. By attacking Black's centre immediately
*But P

QB

4

is

not essential.

220

RETI OPENING.
;

White can certainly avoid a disadvantage due to Alekhine, shows that the variation
for the second player.

the line in col.
is

6,

full of pitfalls

This, coupled with a development or Kt 5, is one of Black's most promising counter-attacks. In the line in col. n, where the manoeuvres of the White Rooks and Queen appeared so
(iii)

2...,

P

QB 3.

of his Queen's Bishop at

B4

startling at the time the
is

game was

played, Black's position

quite solid

B

Kt

4..., effectively withstand all attacks. 5 (col 15) is a welcome departure from routine.

and can

P K3. At first sight this continuation to be inferior to the others, since it shuts in the appears
(iv) 2...,

Black Queen's Bishop.

But tournament experience has

that this objection is not serious, since Black can In col. 16 Blackusually manage to fianchetto this piece. to the 3rd move; in col. 17 he defers P 5 defers

shown

PxP

Q

to the 3rd, with satisfactory results in both cases.

Cols. 18

to 22 exemplify the variations where White avoids an early advance in the centre. Here Black has nothing to fear on
;

the

contrary,

White often

finds

his

game

beset

with

difficulties.

CATALAN SYSTEM.
is by far the most important addition theory since our last edition. It is a combination opening of the King's Indian Attack (P KKta) and the Queen's and P QB4). Essentially the opening Gambit (P

The Catalan System

to

Q4

one of transposition, into either a pure Retl Opening, a We have Queen's Gambit, or a Queen's Pawn Game. deemed it most convenient to include it under the Reti Opening, although the most usual order of moves is by way of the Queen's Gambit. See p. 227, note (A).
is

After
2

the
,

customary

moves

I

p_QB 4
K2
;

P

K3;
Kt 2,

3

Kt
;

KB
6

3,

P Q 4, Kt K B 3 P 04; 4? KKt3,
;

B

5

B

O O

O O

Black has the choice of

RETI OPENING.
three

221

main defensive systems. from gradually freeing

6...,

to 25) is a passive continuation, but

Q Kt Q2 (cols. 23 Black cannot be pregame and
securing

vented

his

adequate scope for his pieces. 6..., P B 4 (cols. 26 to 29) is the most aggressive continuation. Against the advance of White's King's Pawn the retreat to Kt3 is best for

Black

(col. 26).
is

However,

in all these

columns the second

player and the slightest

continually faced by difficulties in development, B 4 before 6..., P misstep is fatal.

Q

Castling (col. 30)

is

the simplest for Black to equalise.

Instead of maintaining his centre Black can also choose Gambit Pawn on his 4th move. This too of great complexity, where the advantage leads to
to accept the

positions

of the

move sometimes proves

decisive.

An

excellent defence

for Black is C. H. Alexander's line (col. 35), where Black Q B 4 as soon as White adopts the Catalan formaplays P The idea is to post Black's King's Bishop at Q B4J tion.
this considerably

White can
on
his 3rd

also,

enhances the mobility of Black's pieces. as in cols. 36 to 40, try the Catalan System

3 -tt>

B

move, but then Black has the strong defence Kt ch at his disposal, which assures him complete

equality.

Cols. 41 to 45 exemplify variations

the centre

is

not paramount.

where the struggle in In col. 41 White omits

makes absence of a sharply defined attack and counter-attack In col. 45 White obtains a superior these lines very drawish.
Black's position against

P QB4;

in cols. 42 to

44 Black omits

P

Q4-

The

Dutch Defence formation.

222
i

RETI OPENING.
Kt

K B 3,

P

Q4

;

2

P B 4-

(a)
(b)

The Reti Gambit Accepted.
,

Kt Kt

Inferior is 6. Kt R 3 7 O O, P B 4 as m the next column) 9 B K 3, B Q5; 12 Kt Kt3, Q Kt3; 13 K Kt
;
,

Q
-

Kt (c) Again 9 4 than to occupy it.
. ,

B

4

is

best.

It is

Havasi, Budapest, 1926. more important for Black to control the square

Q2.
,

K4 K2

; ;

8 P
10

R B

Q

3,
1,

Kt

B

2
:

1

O

(best is 8.

. ,

11

Rti

Q Kt

Q

2,

Kt Kt3 (Kashdan Nimzovitch, Bled, 1931) is somewhat weaker. K 5, Ktx Kt; 6 Ktx Kt, Kt B 3 7 P K 3, P K 3 8 P-Q Kt 3, (e) 5 Q Kt Kt Q2; 9 B Kt 5, B Q3; 10 B Kt 2, O O; 11 Ktx Kt, Bx Kt 12 Q Kt4, P B 3 =. Keres Fine, Semmenng-Baden, 1937. B 2 ?, B Kt 5 8 R B 1, (/) White's position must be handled with care. If 7 Q 9 Kt K3, B K 3 10 Q Kt 1 ?, Kt R3; 11 P KR3, Kt Q 5 1 2 P 14 Kt K 4, K R B 1 + Re ti Nimzovitch, Q 3, B K 2 13 Kt Q 2, O Semmermg, 1926. Kt Q 4 9 O O, B K 2 10 Kt R4 !, O O 11 Q Kt 1 !, (g) If instead 8. R B2; 12 Kt B 5, B K 3 (12 B B 1 ? ? 13 Kt (B 5) Q6! and wins); 13 p_B4!, PxP; HPxP, Kt Kt3, 15 B K 4, BxQ Kt=. Botvmmk Fine,
(d)

12

.,

;

;

QQ2,

;

,

;

;

;

.

,

;

;

;

,

,

Nottingham, 1936.
(k)

5

Kt

Q Kt
Q

K2 =
(*)

K3, B Kt2; 6 P K Kt 3, P K Q 2 9 P Q 3, B Q 3 10 B Q 2, O
; ;
.

A

continuation leading to equality

is

3.., 3 7
; ;

P

B
11

Q R3;
Kt

4
4,

P

Q R
;
.

2,

Kt P

KtxP, P Q Kt 4 K B 3 8 O O, B 4 12 Q Kt 1,
;
; ;

Bogoljuboff
, ;

P. Johner, Berlin, 1926.
;

B Kt 2 7 P K 3, Q Q 3; 8 Q x Q, P x Q 9 Kt B 3, Kt Q B 3 Or 6 10 P Q Kt3, P Q4; HPxP, QJPxP; 12 P QR4 + Tartakover Spielmann, Moscow, 1925. On 6. ., Q Q 3 both 7 Q x Q and 7 Q K Kt 3 are strong.
;

(j)

13

BxB, Kt B7ch;
Q

14

K Q

1,

KtxR;

15

BxR +

.

Euwe

Spielmann,

Wiesbaden, 1925.
4 transposes into regular variations of the Queen's Gambit Accepted. Fine, Zandvoort, 1936. Kt 3 ; 11 Q R4, Ktx 6, R Q Ktl; 10 Q (Kmoch). (w) If 9 QxP, column is Bogoljuboff Leonhardt, Magdeburg, 1927.
(k)
(/)

6 P Keres

R

R

P+

The

RETI OPENING.
i

223

Kt

K B 3,

PQ

4

;

2

P B 4, P

Q

5.

7
1
1

B pgK RP 00 P
(a)

If instead

6

.

,

Kt

3,

3

:

8
;

B
O
B

K 3, Q Q
0,

B

3 (or 6

.

.

,

2

;

3,

12

P
;

Kt 3

PQ B 3 P PQKt B KtB PQ B 3 K Alekhine B
;

7

3,

5

8

9

4,

3

;

10

;

13

.

K 2, B Kt 2 Euwe, 22nd match
5

R 4 -M

'

game, 1937. (b) 13...B

Kt

R2

Kt3;

;

16

P

B

HP

5

1,

K

2

K R 4, P K R 3. 5 + 17
,

K B 4 + ), P K 5l,7PxKt,PxKtT- Keres Flohr, K 5 8 K Kt Q 2, Kt Q 6 ch 9BxKt,PxB- 10 O O (d) Better than 7... P Kt B3; 11 Q Kt3, B K2 = Takacs Rubinstein, Meran, 1924. () Keres Stahlberg, 7th match game, 1938. QKt4, P B3 (for 4.., P K Kt 3 see col. 1 0) 5 KtPx P, P K 4 =F. (/) 4 P If now 6 KtxP!?, PxKt; 7 Q R5ch, K K 2 8 Q x P ch, K B 2 9 QxP 11 Q B 3 ch, Kt B 3 10 Q Q 5 ch, B K3; 12 P Q 4, Kt B 3 Q B2; K 1 +. Capablanca Schenk, simultaneous exhibition, Prague, 1935 13 B -Q 2, R 9. KKt K2 is weak: 10 P-QKt4', Q-B 2 11 P Kt 5, Kt Q*l; (g) 13 KtxQP. P K 5 12 B OR 3, O O? (Lisitzm Stahlberg, Moscow, 1935); y 14 RxP, Kt-K3; 15 KtxKt, BxKt, 16 P Q41.+
B
; , . ;

(c)

Another good reply

is

4

Kt x P

PQ
;

If
.

here 14.
P,

!

Keres

e.g. 5

Px

P

P K R 4 ? 15P Kt Euwe, Noordvnjk, 1938
,

K4

PQ R 3 Pernau, 1937
!

;

6

(6

Px P

;

'

;

'

,

;

'

(A)

In view of Black's threatening majority in the centre, White cannot afford to

develop quietly. (i) If 12 B
14
18 15
(j)

HBxBch, QxB; 15 Q Kt 3, Kt K B K3. If 13. ,K-Q1; 14 Q R 5 ch, Q Q_Q5ch, K B2; 16 Q B7ch+.
(*)

BxKtch, PxB;
Or 4 P
8

Kt2, B
15

B

Q2 +

R3 +

, .

but not 12.., Kt

K2

?

;

13

KtxQP PxKt'

'

2; 16 P Q 4, O Kt 3 (14. ., P

O: 17 PxP PxP' Kt3; 15Q-R3 + ),' * ^''

Kt

B3;
(I)

14

K 3, P K 4 5 PxP, P K5'; 6 Q K 2, Q K2; 7 Kt Kt 1 Q K3, Ktx KtP + Lokvenc Addicks, Prague, 1931. PxP, Kt KKt 5; 15 Q Q 2, Q R4. Kleefstra Euwe, Amsterdam
;

.

1933. Kt 3 is inferior, because of 4 P Kt 3 for even (w) The alternative 3 . , P * R 4 ? ; 5 P Kt 5, 4 p__K 3, 7 B4; 3 B Kt 2 Kt Q2; 9 Q Kt Q 2, Kt 8 4; 10 Kt Kt3+. Euwe Alekhme, 8th Kt 2, Kt B3; 6 match game, 1927), B Kt 2 ; 5 B O 7 Q Kt O 2 3, P B 4 ; 8 Kt Kt 3, P x P ; 9 B Kt 2, Kt B 3 ; 10 Q Kt x P + . R6ti Rubinstein' Carlsbad, 1923 In) Tarrasch Alekhme, Semmermg, 1926.

PKt3,

PQ

.

K

PQ

K

6PxQP, PxP; K PQ

PQ

224
i

RETI OPENING.
K B 3,

Kt

PQ

4

;

2

PB

4,

P

QB

3

;

3

P

K Kt 3,

Kt

B 3.

R6 = K R K P K4; 11 PxP, PxP; 12 P K 4, R K Q K 2, Kevitz Capablanca, New York, PxP; New York, 1931. 12 Kt B 5, Bx Kt 13PxB, R4, B K3; 11 P K 4 ?, P Q 5 (d) 10 Kt Q K2; 14 R K 1, B R6; ISBxB, QxB; 16 Q B 1, Q-K2; 17 P Q R 3,
Lilienthal, Budapest, 1933), B 2 ; 10 1, Q (c) Inferior is 9 4 14 Kt 3 13 P x P, B (14 1931, is also good). Capablanca Santasiere,

P K4?; 9 P K 4 !, B K 3 (9.., PxKP?; 10 PxP, KtxP; R4H-+); lOKPxP, BPxP, IIP Q 4, P K5; 12 Kt Kt5, O O; Romanovsky Rabmovitch, Moscow, 1924. P K 4 10 Px P, Px P 11 P K 4 B 3, Q K 2 (if now 9 ) (b) Or 9 Kt 10 R -K 1,P K4,llPxP,PxP; 12 P K 4,P x P; 13 Px P,B Kt 3 14 Kt KR4
(a)

If 8...
.

11

Kt

13

Px P +

,

;

;

!

;

;

(H. Muller

!

.

,

;

!

;

;

1924. White now sacrificed the Exchange, by 17 hope at most for a draw.
(/)
(g)
;

(*)

15

KR

B
B

1,

B

R2;

16

Kt

B

1,

Kt

B 4. Reti Em. Lasker, New York RxKt, but against best play can
;

Weakeris9 .,Q B2, 10 Kt R4, B R 2 HPxP, Kashdan Santasiere, 1928. 13 Kt O Ktl, B Q3. Flohr Thelen, 1931-32. (h) 15 Kt B K 2 9 Kt B 3, O O 10 Kt Q 2, Or 8 4, () QR_QI 12 P QKt 4, Q B2; 13 Q Kt3, P R3 =

15

Px

P,

K 4.

Bogoljuboff

Staehelin, Zurich, 1934.

B5.

KPxP; 12B KR3
R4
;

PQ
,

;

;

Q

1 1

.

;

Van Hoorn

PQ R Kraoch,
3,

1934

Phillips p_QR3, P QR4; 16 P QKt 4!+. Simonson, Newman and 12 K R 2 11 P Q R3,P Q R4; PQ 4, Capablanca, NewYork, 1936) 10R B 1,B K 5 = Capablanca and Kmoch 14 P B 5, Kt B K2; 13 Kt K 1, P Q Kt 4 Euwe and Lilienthal, 1935. 9Kt B3,O O; 10 Q B2,B R2; IIP K 4, PxKP; 12 PxP, Kt B4;

llPxP, B
15

(7)

Or

8.

B B4 R2; 12 P

;

9

Q Kt Q 2, O K 5, Kt K 5
;
;

13

Ktx

(9.

.,

Q
Kt,

K 2' Bx Kt
; .

;

10 P 14 Q

K4
K

.,

PxKP;
B

2,

R2;

;

1

;

13

QR
(/)

(fe)

Q

i

t

Q
,

Capablanca

(m] For 4

9 KtxKt, QxKt; 10 P Q 3, O O; 11 Kt Q 2, Reti Capablanca, Moscow, 1925. 13 Kt B3 = Torre, Moscow, 1925. (o) Reti
.

() Equally

14 Kt Q 4, Q 1=. Euwe Lilienthal, Moscow, 1936. 3, see cols. 19, 20, 23 and 25. Kt 2, B 3 ; 7 B good is 6 , P

B2;

QR

Kmoch, Leningrad, 1934.
8 12

P

K

K

K2 Q B 2;

;

R B

O

O,
1,

Q Kt Q 2

K R-Q 1

;

;

RETI OPENING.
i

225

Kt

KB
17

3,

P Q4

;

2

P B 4, P K 3.
19

16

18.

20

5 Kt 2, Kt K B 3 6 Kt R 3, Kt Kt 3 O, Q Kt Q 2 (a) Or 4 B 7KtxP, KtxKt; 8 Q R 4 ch, B Q 2 9 QxKt, B B3; 10 P Kt 3. B 03 * 11 B Kt2, O O=. RaiKmoch, Budapest, 1926. B B 3 6 B Kt2, Kt B3; 7 O O, B K2; 8 Q B 2, Inferior is 5. (b) O_O 9 Kt B 3, Q Kt Q 2 10 R Q 1, P K 4 11 P Q 4 Reti Vidrnar,
;

;

:

;

'

,

;

;

;

;

.

London, 1927.
(c)

Rti
5.
.

Tartakover, Semmering, 1926.
;

POR4; 13 I_B 3
B
() 7

(d)

,

B Kt 5 ch 6 Q Kt Q 2, 9B- Kt2, PxP; lOPxP,
.

O

;

7

P

C.

H. Alexander

RxR; HQxR, BxP; 12BxP.
;

Q R 3, B

K

2

;

8

P

Q Kt 4, Kt B3'
P

P. S. Milner-Barry, Brighton, 1938.

P
11

K 3 ?, P
Kt

Kt5;

Kevitz

Kashdan,

New

KB 3,

K4

;

8

Q

P K 4, P K Kt 3 9 Kt 12 Kt R3, 00; B 1
;

K
13
(d).

1,

B

Q

K

Kt
1,

2

;

10

Kt

York, 1931.

KR4^!

B

4,

(/) 7. .,
(g)

PxP
Px P

e.p. is inferior.

Compare
;

col. 22,

note

4. ., P Q 5 into col. 17. transposes into col. 16 Q 3, P -B 3 9 Q Kt Q 2, Kt R 3 10 P Q 4, P R 6 11 B B 3, (h) 8 P P Q Kt4 T. Lovenfisch Bogoljuboff, Moscow, 1924. The column is Rabinovitch Marshall, Moscow, 1925. 4.
.,
,

;

;

(i)

PxKP;
(A)

(7)

Kashdan Horowitz, New York, 1931. Or 8 Q B 2, R K 1 9 Kt B 3, B B
;

1

;

10

P

12

KtxP, B

Kt2=.

Q 4, P

Q Kt

3

:

11

P

K

4,

Bogoljuboff

Gygh, Zurich, 1934.

Rti

P-KB4;
(/)

If 8... R 12 P Bogoljuboff,

Rti

New York, 1924. Vajda, Semmering, 1926.

KI?; 9 QKt Q 2, Kt K5; 10 Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 11 Kt K 5, B3,PxP; 13BxP,Q B2; 14 Ktx Kt, B x Kt; 15 P K 4 .

226
i

RETI OPENING.

Kt

KB 3 ,P

Q4I 2P B 4 ,P K 3 3 P K Kt 3, Kt - Kt 2 00, O O.
.

2,

BK

;

KB3

;

5

CATALAN SYSTEM

Q x P is also playable, e.g. B B Kt 2, Q R 4 9 P Q 3, Kt B 3 R Ql; 11 Kt B 4, Kt Q4 = Sorokm Rauser, Tiflis, 1934. B 3, B B 3 (or 9 ., KtxKt; 10 BxKt, B Q2; is 9 Kt (6) An 11 QKtl, B BS; 12 Q Kt2, R B 1; 13 K R Ql,BxB; 14PxB, Q K 2 = 11 Ktx Kt, Px Kt 10 Q B 1, P Q Kt3 Takacs Capablanca, Hastings, 1929-30) 12 P 04, B R3; 13 R K 1, KtxP; 14 Ktx Kt, Px Kt 15 Q Q 2, R K 1 =. 10 B x B, 6th match game, 1931. Weak, however, is 9 Kt R 3, B B 3 Flohr Stoltz, K R Q 1, KtxB; 11 R B1,Q K2; 12 Q B 2, Kt Q 2 13 Kt B 4, R Kt 1
(a)

Best, but 7

;

;

10

Kt

Q2,

.

alternative

.
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

p_K4
(c)
(</)

=p.

Reti

Euwe
9,.,

PxP
QR
,

Flohr, 16th

O_R4;
1925.

13

Honlinger, Trentschm-Teplitz, 1928. match game, 1932. K Kt 5 ; 11 Q K 2, B e.p. ?; 10 Px P, Kt + . Capablanca Bl, R Q 1 ; 14 P

KR3
;

B3;

12

Kt

B

3,

Marshall,

Moscow,
;

as the Catalan System. (e) Now generally known 8 Kt K 5, Kt Q 4 Px P; 7 Q B 2 (7 Q Kt Q 2 ?, P Q Kt4 /} If 8 12 P 1 Kt Kt4, P K 4 QR4, 9P_lK4, Kt Kt3; 10 P Q 5, P K B 3 P B6!; 13 Kt^xP, KtxP-f-. Bogoljuboff Pirc, Noordwijk, 1938), P R4; R3!, QxBP; 10 B K 3, Q K R 4; 11 Ktx P, Kt-B 3 8 Px p^_B2; 9 Kt
.
I
;

1

;

R B

P Q Kt 3 9 B Kt 2, P Q R 4 ? 10 Kt Q 2 B R 3 IIP K4, PxBP; 12 P K5!, Kt Q 4 13PxP + Keres B66k, Kemeri, 1937. B 4=:. The column is Keres Bogoljuboff, Noordwijk, 1938 (h) If 14 QxP, B P Q KtS; 10 Q K 2, B R3; 11 P Q KtS, * Another good reply is 9 B Kt5!, 12 B Kt2, P B4; 13 Kt Px P, Px P 14 Ktx P, Bx Kt 15 B x B,
(g)

12

B B4

;

.

Ragosin
is

Ilym-Zhenevsky,
;

Tiflis,
;

1937.

Inferior

8..,

;

!,

;

.

,

,

1

;

16 Kt

KtS,

BxKt;

17

RPxB, Q B2=
!,
;

;

;

(Botvumik).

(7)

Botvmnik
16 8
,

Lasker, Moscow, 1936.

(k)
(/)

PxP, Kt
P
12

KtxKt;

B

QKt4?;
B 4,

KtS! (Euwe). 9 P B 5 K Kt Kt 5
Kt2I; 10P

Q B
13

2

;

P

K4 +
!

10 Kt
-

Kt3, P

K4
1

Botvmmk

;

11

KtxP,

Rabmovitch,
;

Leningrad, 1938.

(w)If9P
(n)

K4,B

Kt 3,

R B

1

;

11

P

K 5, Kt K

12B

Kt2 t

Flohr

Rairosm, Semmermg-Baden, 1937.

RETI OPENING.

227

(A)

The Catalan System can

arise
is

or a Queen's Gambit. it in cols. 26-40.

Since the latter
7

from either a pure R6ti Opening (cols. 23-25), the more usual order of moves, we have adopted

10

KtK
(6)
(c)

(a)

6,

,

P
P

QKtSj
B4;
11
is

5,

P

PxP, KtxP;

Q5

!

.

7..,

KPxP

weak, since
;

it

B 3 9 Kt B 3, B Kt 2 8 P K 4, Ragosin Rabmovitch, Leningrad, 1934. into the disadvantageous Tarrasch transposes
;
;

KtK

Defence in the Queen's Gambit Declined.

Kashdan,

B 3 ? 1 1 K Kt Kt 5 Kt B 3 12 B K 3, Kt B 5 ., B QxQ; HQRxQ, R Ql; ISRxRch, BxR; 16 P Kt3 + Fine New York, 1938. K3?, Kt B5T(d) 11 B 16 BxB. Alekhine P. S. Milner-Barry, Margate, 1938. (e) 15 ., BxP; If 10.., P K4; 11 K Kt Kt 5, Kt B 3 12 Kt Q5. (/) R 4, Q Kt3; 13 R Kt 1 (after 13 P K 5, Kt 04; (e) Better than 12 Q 15 PxP e.p. P KB4 KtxP; 16 Q K 2, 14 QKKt4, K Rl! not 14 K -hi: 17 B K3 + 15 KtK 4, B R3, Black has excellent counterplay. B R3; 14 B K 3, Q Kt2; 15 K R K 1, P K 4 16 P Q Kt 4, Ragosin), B--Q 6 17 Q R Q 1, K R Q 1 = Ragosin Eliskases, Moscow, 1936. Kt3, B B 4 (Keres Stahlberg, 5th match game (h) 16 KtxB, Px Kt; 17 Q 1938); 18 B KB 31+ (Keres). Kt Q B 3 9 Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 10 PxP, BxP (i) An improvement upon 8 11 Q B 2, Q K 2 12 R Q 1 (Keres Stahlberg, 1st match game, 1938)
If instead 10
5,
!,
;

;

13

B

B

.

;

,

;

r

;

.

;

,

;

;

;

.

(/)

Keres

Stahlberg, 3rd match game, 1938.

(k)
(I]

Or 9 KtxP,
Ragosin

KtxQKt;

10

PxKt, B

Q2=

(Ragosin).

Lasker, Moscow, 1936.

228

RETI OPENING.
,

r

p_g 4
31

Kt

KB3
32

CATALAN SYSTEM K3 2 P Q B 4, P
33

;

3

P

KKts, P Q435

34

(a ) Q

10

P
(b) lei ^P

p_ B 3 K4"P--K4;
14

:

7
11

Q P
:

x

P
,

K R 3, Kt-Kt 3
15

(B

4),

B
!,

Q

3

;

;

Kt-Q
(11

If 7

ft

14QxP,0-0; K^^^l2^R7^y^^]'lB&x^Q^P; O, 0-0 13 Kt R 5 Q K 2 V), Ktx P 12 R7 11
Q
Q
?,
;

OKtl- 9KtxP PxKt- lOQxR, Kt

B0 Kt-Q8 P
1

4

3

?

K4

R

Petrov-Alekhine, Margate, 1938. B 1 Black must embark on the speculative sacrifice
.

8 Kt 12 Q

B

K

3,

O
.

O

;

9

O

O,

Q

K2

;

2

Kt3(10 .,B
;

KtSch;

150-0'+);
12
15

11 B Q 2, K 5, when his

1

l'^-tBH
;

Kt-B4;

R-Q I,
P-Kt3,
Dake,

16

'Kt-Kt 2, Kt

Kt 3

;

17

R x R ch, B x R
,

KR-Q1,Q-R4;
,

18

Kt-Q 3

.

Fine

\rd-3crs +7
20

)

* 15 P Q Kt4, B K2; 2 14RxKt!,xR; 15Kt-K5 ^ame, 1937.' If here 13. (BxB?; K2 + ), Q B2; 16 BxKt, VxB- 16 Q 1 ; 18 B x B, Q x B ; 19 Kt-K 4 ! !, K 2 17 Kt-Kt 4, ;

Kt3-

16KR

OxP
;

Q-K

Ql.

,

PxB
;

B-K
;

,

R-Q

B Q

0-0, P-B 5 1 O-B 2, 1?f O^nVo-Q 3, B-Kt 2 9 Kt-B 3, P-B 4 10 x P-Kt5 i 12,Kt-Q 1, R-B 1 " 13 B-Kt 5, Q-R 4 J14 B Kt, Ktx B .15 Kt-K 3, P_B6=F
;

1

;

;

-

-

'

Kt

2

;

K2;
(h)

14

Jtit

i

Nottingham, 1936.
Flohr

Fine, Kemeri, 1936.

^

1,

KtxKt; ISQxKt,

New

e sacrifice (15 Kt, K 3 =F)3, B 17 Q K4, B B3; 18 ^ 1937 which continued 13.., BxKt; lekhine Euwe, 14th match game, 5 1 ; 17 6 ?, Q Kt-Q 2J 2 ; 16 14 P x B', B X Kt 15 Q x B, 18 Q R Ktl, when Black's position is not easy to defend. The text is simpler. -B 3. 14 B KtS, KKt Q4; 15 Q R B 1, Bx Kt; 16 PxB, .4 Kt-B 2 3 10 Kt-B 2, Kt-B 3 1 1 R 3, is 9 ) Weaker 3, Q Kt Q 5 q= 12 Kt B3 P K4; 13 Kt R4, Kt K 3 14QxQ,BxQ; 15 B 7 12 Kt-B 4, 2; 13Kt(B4)-R5, . 4 Simonson Fine. 2 ; 15 R B 1, B Q 2 ; 16 P Ktx Kt; 14 Bx Kt,

R

QT;

PK

Bx

^

;

Q-B

B-R
; ;

I

;

Q-Kt

Kt-K

*m

P-Q

B-Kt

;

PP-K
K

,

;

^^BSt^^^n*?^^ ^ QK
York, 1938.

B-R
K

RETI OPENING.
i

229

P

Q 4 Kt
,

KB 3

CATALAN SYSTEM
;

2

P

QB 4

,

P

K3

;

3

P

KKt 3

.

(a)

Again the immediate capture
8 Kt

7PxP,BxP;
11

Q
(b)
(c)

Kt3, B
Best
Flohr
Better

6 Q x B P, P B 4 ; of the Q B P is inferior K R 3, Q-B 2 9 Kt-Q 2, R Q Kt 1000, PQKt4; and Black's position is 12 BxB, QxB; 13 Kt KB 4, Kt2;
:
;

00

1

;

somewhat more comfortable.
is

Flohr

Reshevsky, Hastings, 1937-38.

6.

.,

P

Q R3,

transposing into cols. 31-32.

W.
is

A. Fairhurst, Hastings, 1937-38.

(d)
(e)

4..,

Q

Kt-^-Q
11

2,

with variations similar to those in
12

cols.

31-35.

If 10..,

BxKt;

BxB, PxP;

R Q

1,

Q

Kt3;

13

Kt

R4.
Tiflis,

(/)
(g)

Keres

Better 5..,
14

-Ragosm, Semrnenng-Baden, 1937. P Q 3 as in the next column.

(h)

KR
Kt
,

Kl, P

QKt3;

15

Kt
1937.

Q2!.
;

Belavenetz

Lovenfisch,

1937.
(*) /-)

Ala torzeff
5

Lovenfisch,
;

Tifiis,

39 If 10 Kt 1937.
15

here 6

B 3,

00

B3 P K
;

6
4
'

K
;

Kt
7

1 1

O

O,

B 3, B x B ch 7 Q Ktx B, P Q PxP, KtxP; 18 Ktx Kt, Bx B ch Alatorzeff P Q 3 12 K R K 1
;

3
;

is

similar to col.

9

QxB, QxKt;
Tiflis,

,

Chekhover,

KR

14

,PxBP; 12KtxP,P-QB4; 13 P Q5!,PxP; 14PxP,Kt Q2; B3, 16 P Q6+ (Reshevsky). (1} Reshevsky Treysman, New York, 1938, which continued 13.., P K4??; PxP, KtxKP; 15 KR Kl, Kt Kt3; 16 Kt Q 6, Q B 2 17 P B 4+.
(*)

Ifll.

Kl, Q

;

(m)

White has a

slight positional advantage.

(a)

known
(6)

P QB
White
4.
.

4 at any one of White's

first six

moves would transpose into

better-

variations.
is

now
;

playing the Griinfeld Defence to the Queen's

Pawn Game

with

a

move
(c)

in hand.

PxP;

8

and White
12 (Santasiere
(d)

HQxBch, PxQ;

B B4 5 P KtxP, QxKt;
,

B
9

4

12 should win.

Rx Q

Bx

,

for

if

5

.

,

Ktch, B

QPxP
2
;

;

6
11

Q

10

R
;

00,
Q
I,

Kt

B

with the better ending)
1 ;

Qx

QxRch Bx B
Q,

3 ; 7 (10 .,
;

12
;

Kt

Q R 4, BxB;
B
3

KtxP, Q

. Fine, Q 4 at an early stage is best, and would transpose into either the English (0) 3 p Opening, Queen's Gambit, or Queen's Pawn Game.

R3; 13 K Kt K 5, K R Q New York, 1938), Kt Kt3 =

14

Ktx B, Ktx Kt

15

Q

B

3

(/)
(g)

Reti Griinfeld, Mahrisch-Ostrau, 1923. Alekhine Nimzovitch, New York, 1927.

P
9

K4
Kt

(h)

Two
;

alternatives are

:

5 Kt R4, O
;

B

3,

B
10
,

(1) 2.

Kt P

5

;

6
3,
;

O;

P B
P Q
3

York, 1929. (2)2 Q B1 6P KR

B

K2
(1)

;

10

3

P

Kt B3; 7 Barcelona, 1929.
9

Q Q 2, Kt B 2 QKt3, B Kt2;
;

3,

K4
;

PxP; 3 P K Kt 3, B~~B 4
7
11

B Kt 00, K 11 xBxP.7 Kt P x B, P Kevitz and
;

,

P

Q Kt 3

;

3

P

K Kt 3, B
Q
3
;

Kt 2
8

;

4

B
P

Kt

P

Q
;

4,

K5

2,
;

Pinkus

;

B Kt 2, Kt Kt Q 1,
Kt2,

00R=
;

;

3
.

;

4 B 8 Kt Reti

Kt 2, P B 3, P

Alekhme,
5
;

New

-B 3 3

R

P Kt3, 9 P Q 3,
Kt2,
Yates,

T. Gruber, Vienna, 1923.
;

00,

P

K4

4 B 8 P

Q

4,

Kt

O 5 P Kt3, P Q 3 6 B Q2; 9 PxP. Capablanca

Q4; 6 PxP, KtxP; 7 BxB, KxB; 8 Q Kt3, Kt KB3: B3; 10 O O, P K4 = Rti Pokorny, Mahrisch-Ostrau, 1923. Capablanca, New York, 1924. (k) Reti Kt 3, Kt K B 3 5 00, P K 3 6 B Kt 2, B K 2 7 P Q 3, (I) Or 4 P O O- 8 Q Kt_Q 2, Q K 1 9 P Q R 4, P Q R 4 10 Kt B 4, Q R 4 11 Q Q 2, R 3. Reti Fick, Scheveningen, 1923, 4 P Q 4, at an early stage transposes into P the Dutch Defence to the Queen's Pawn Game. (m) Euwe Tartakover, Kissingen, 1928.

B

(j)

Kt2, Kt

5..,

P

.

;

;

;

;

;

;

-831

RUY LOPEZ
THIS opening cornes nearer than any other to conferring a winning advantage with the move; and its popularity for match and tournament play (when White is allowed the choice of playing it) is by no means surprising. White
controls the centre, his pieces have greater mobility than those of his adversary, and the opening accordingly yields him an immediate and enduring attack. Against the passive

defences such as the Berlin, Steinitz, and Steinitz Deferred, White's grip is extremely cramping; nor can Black try a

more
in

enterprising defence (e.g., the Classical, Cozio, or Schliemann) without the risk of finding White's superiority

development speedily

decisive.

The
follows
:

principal defences, in alphabetical order, are as

B 3 (cols, i to 20) is a Berlin Defence, 3..., Kt solid form of the close game, which leaves Black with a dangerously backward development. This is the reason why
The
has fallen out of favour in modern days and has received exceedingly few illustrations since the fourth edition of this work. In the customary variations of the attack, illustrated
it

K

in cols,

i

to 7, the substitution of 10

Kt

(col. i) strengthened by Schlechter's move 14? enables White to avoid the drawing possibilities of the Rio de Janeiro variation (col. 3). Against 5..., Kt (cols.

Q 4 for 10 R K I, QKt4
Q3

followed by P strong attack at the cost of a Pawn. O and 4 merits of the two moves 4
6 and 7)

P

Q R 4,

K 6,
As

gives White a to the relative

O

P

Q4

there

is

no

general agreement, but
to the latter
is

we
Kt

feel that the reply 4...,

Kt x

KP

an adequate defence.
3...,

Bird's Defence,

Q5

(cols.

21 to 25),

is

theoret-

ically unsound and has been abandoned in serious chess.

The

also out of fashion.

Classical Defence, 3..., B (cols. 26 to Against the strongest reply 4 P

64

35")

is

B

3,

232

RUY LOPEZ
P

4...,

position,

4 gives rise to an exceedingly complicated where only PxP (col. 29) yields White the Should White seek safety, the simple developsuperiority. additional ing move 4 O O (cols. 33 to 35), which has the
merit of avoiding prepared variations, assures
slight positional advantage.

him

of a

The Cozio and

Fianchetto Defences

(cols.

36 and 37, and

the 38 to 40) have both been practically abandoned by " " too strong in both for masters, the being Lopez grip Black's hopes of success against a player of approximately

equal

class.

The Morphy Defence,
heading
Deferred,

3...,

P QR3,
the

one
is

could

also

include

under which Steinitz Defence

This

is

practically the only defence ever played. due to the fact that the additional tempo is always

now

desirable for the second player.
3...,

P

QR3
(cols.

;

4B

R 4,

Kt

After the customary moves B 3 5 O O Black has the
;

choice of two widely differing systems of defence,

5...,

KtxP

41 to 75) and
is

5...,

B

K2

(cols.

76 to 114).

by which Black obtains a free, open game, hut at the expense of some It has lost popularity with the great insecurity of position.

The former

the

more aggressive

line,

masters, with the notable exception of Euwe, who continues to play it with success. Apparently the other masters
instinctively distrust the infraction of sound opening White's Pawn at 5 principles which the line involves. exercises a restraining influence on Black's game and can B4 serve as a basis for a vigorous King-side attack by P

K

K

at a later stage.

Moreover, Black's Pawn-formation on the Queen's wing is early left ragged, his Queen's Bishop's Pawn being frequently kept backward on the open file when White can force an exchange of Knights by Kt Q 4 at a As compensation for these weaknesses suitable moment. Black's minor pieces are aggressively placed and, if he can succeed in playing- P Q B 4, he will have a formidable

RUY LOPEZ
"

233

Pawn-roller/'

White, on
(ii)

his loth

B
(i)

KB 4;
Kt

In the normal variation move, has a choice of

(cols.
(i)
;

41 to 62)

(iii)
.

B KS;
(cols.

(iv)

R KI
is

QKt Q2; (v) P QR4;
move most
col.

or (vi)

Q4 10 QKt Qs Q K2

41 to 48)

the

frequently seen. tinuation is ii
41, played

After

10...,

O

O, White's best con-

(cols.

41 to 43),

when

the line in

by Dr. Euwe in an important encounter, solves Black's opening problems. Of the two other possibilities on

White's
is

nth move B
10

B

2,

with the continuation in

col. 45,

worthy of attention.
(ii)

B

KB 4

(cols.

49 and 50)

is

an old move

revived by Hungarian analysts. The complicated line in Col. 50 is very trappy, but with best play leads to an even
ending.
(iii) 10 B K3 (cols. 51 to 55) is a more logical move than the foregoing, and confronts Black with a serious problem about his Queen-side Pawns. In the main variation

to

in col. 52 White's King-side attack was formerly thought be quite sufficient for the Pawn sacrificed, but in the light of the innovation on Black's I7th move, shown in the

column, Black must be given the better chances in this particular line and consequently in the whole variation.
i (cols. 56 to 60) is the introduction to the (iv) 10 sparkling Breslau Variation, in which White gains a piece at the expense of a fierce attack, which is at least good

R K
draw

enough

to

for Black.

(v) 10 P Q R 4 (col. 61) has been revived by Alekhine, who has demonstrated that it is at least as good as the other

variations.
(vi)

10

Kt

Q4

(col.

62)

is

where White
Castling.

sacrifices

a

Pawn

a line of recent origin to prevent Black from

The older defence, 9..., B now not often encountered, as
is

better left

(cols. 64 and 65) is found that this square available for Black's King's Knight when
it is

QB4

234
driven from

RUY LOPEZ
Nevertheless, Black can attain theoretical 5. Neither side is well advised to vary from the

K

moves

equality. in the

normal variation.

Alternatives for

White on
;

his 8th

and gth moves are illustrated in cols. 66 to 70 they are not nearly as dangerous for Black as the main line. Of the alternatives for Black the Riga Variation (col. 73) Here Capablanca's line is still conis the most
interesting.

sidered the refutation.

The move

5...,

BK.2

(cols.

76

to

114),

much more

a view to popular now than 5..., KtxP, is played with and following up maintaining Black's centre Pawn at

K4

The bad with a counter-action on the Queen's wing. Black with a feature of this defence is that it leaves
cramped game,
prefers White.

and

recent

master-practice

consistently

move White has (ii)Q-K2;or(iii)P-Q 4
his 6th
.

On

the choice of

(i)

R KI

;

i (cols. 76 to 100) is the older line, played (i) g R with a view to defending the King's Pawn and leaving the B i free for the Queen's Knight. In Tchigorin's square B 4, Defence, where Black sets up his Pawns at Q Kt 4, of play and K4, White can branch off into three lines

K

K

Q

Q 3,
on

nth move, most masters. by
his

n P KR3

(cols.

76 to 86)
line,

is

preferred

In the traditional

where White

locks the centre and plays for a King-side attack, it is difficult to find anything new for either side before the 2Oth

move.
it is

Black's position remains exceedingly cramped, but no means certain that White's King-side manoeuvres by should lead to a win. With best play, however, White leaves his opponent without any counter-plav whatsoever
(col. 76), so that this

The

variations

where White keeps
is

variation should be avoided by Black. his Pawn at 4 are

Q

generally sacrifice involved

much

easier for Black; in col. 81,

e.g.,

the

Pawnis

unsound.

An

exception to this rule
in col. 84,

the attack on Black's Queen-side
1*d to

Pawns

which has

some

brilliant

wins

in

Keres's hands,

n Q Kt Q 2

RUY LOPEZ
(cols.

87 and 88)

is

a stronger alternative, since

it

saves

tempo for the attack. II P Q R4 (col. 89) is much weaker than the same move after White has played P KRa (col. 84), for White cannot afford to accept the
a valuable

Pawn-sacrifice involved.

BogoljubofFs idea of exchanging the centre Pawns in order to obtain a majority of Pawns on the Queen's side is no longer held in such high esteem as was formerly the case. By P Q 5, closing the centre, White can, if he wishes,
maintain a slight positional advantage
(col. 94).

A

weaker

alternative for Black is the omission of the

counter-attack on the Queen's side by P (cols. 97 to i oo). These variations are no longer popular because modern masters distrust the cramped positions which they involve on general principles. The Kecskemet Variation

QKt4

(cols.

98 and 99)

is

an example of

this.

(ii)

6Q K2
R K

(cols. 101 to 114), the

Worrall Attack,

is

coming more and more

into the limelight.
it

A
is

good many
at least as

authorities, notably Alekhine, believe that

i and recent tournament practice certainly good as 6 i, confirms this contention. Black cannot, as against

R K

force the Tchigorin defensive set-up. In the gambit defence, where Black sacrifices his King's Pawn to cramp White's

found in the development, some notable improvements were of 1936. If White American Championship Tournament
accepts the
attack,

Pawn,

as in col. 108, he

is

omits

P

which can prove fatal. The Q Kt 4 (cols, no to 113) are even more unfavourvariations

exposed to a severe where Black

able than the corresponding lines after
(iii)

6R K i.

6P Q4

(col.

114)

is

an indifferent continuation

for White.

64 (cols. 117 to 119), formerly played by 5..., B Alekhine, has since practically disappeared from tournament 6P B3 chess, White obtaining a clear advantage with both
(col. 117)

and

6KtxP

(col. 119).

236

RUY LOPEZ
The remaining columns, 120
to

135,

exhibit lines of
all

permit Black play diverging at an earlier stage. They to equalise with comparative ease and are for that reason
of infrequent occurrence.

The Exchange Variation

(cols.

136 to 140)
it

is

of the

greatest theoretical importance, since if White the other variations of Morphy's

were good for Defence would be of no consequence. It is played with a view to establishing a majority of four Pawns to three on the King's side and
advantage in the ending but Black in his two always finds more than sufficient compensation Bishops and freer development.
utilising this theoretical
;

The

Steinitz Defence, 3...,

P Q3

(cols. 141 to 160),

has

had the approval of not only Steinitz himself, but also his successors in the championship, Lasker and Capablanca. It gives a solid positional game, such as Steinitz loved, and,
like

the Berlin Defence,

demands unlimited patience on

It has strong tendencies towards a draw, Black's part. Black's game being very compact and not as a rule open to The characteristic positions commencing with direct attack.

7

141 to 148) are now more generally reached by transposition from the Berlin Defence, the troublesome O (cols. 154 and 155) attack based on 6 B x Kt and substitution of 7 B x Kt for being thereby avoided. By the I Black is hard taxed to equalise the game.

7

R Ki

(cols.

O O

R_K
The

Steinitz

4B

R 4, P Q

since our last

P Deferred, 3..., in popularity 3 (cols. 161 to 190) has gained most of the edition, chiefly because it avoids
Defence

QR3J

bad features of the Steinitz Defence, and retains most of
the good ones.
(i)

White has

the choice of five continuations

:

5

BxKtch

(cols. 161 to 167) is

played with a view

to taking advantage of White's superior development.

The

second player must be very careful, but
centre by
his

P K B 3 (cols. command of the open

he supports his 161 to 164) his two Bishops and
if

Q Kt

file

frequently

tell

in his

favour.

RUY LOPEZ
(ii)

237

5P Q4

(cols.

1

68 and 169) can be either a dull

drawing
169.
(iii)

line as in col. 168, or a sparkling

gambit as in

col.

5

P

B4

because of

Keres's

Margate, 1937.

170 and 171) has attracted attention adoption of it against Alekhine at Where Black maintains his King's Pawn at
(cols.

(col. 170) Lajos Steiner's move leads to an overwhelming position for White; Black should exchange his King's

K4

Pawn

early, as in col. 171, since

two minor

pieces,

when

a

White is forced to exchange draw is practically unavoidable.

(iv) (cols. 171 to 176), formerly thought to be inferior because of Rubinstein's analysis in the Larobok, has been rehabilitated. On his 6th move White has the choice of 6 B x Kt ch (cols. 172 to 174), where the interest-

50 O

ing line in
(col.

col.

174

is

hard for Black

to

meet, or 6
line,

P

Q4

175),

an

enterprising
skill

sacrificial

which Yates

handled with great
(v) 5

P

B

3 (cols. 177 to 190)

is

the

main

variation.

Where Black

plays Q contenting himself with simple developing moves, White's hold on the centre and freer development give him a clear superiority (cols.

B

2 and

B

K 2,

177 and 178).

The

P

K Kt 3,
it

and

this line

stronger continuation for Black is 6..., has often been adopted by Capa-

Black can develop his blanca, Alekhine, and Rubinstein. 2 or 63; the latter is stronger at either King's Knight

K

avoids the dangerous attack in col. 183. The Siesta Variation (cols. 186 to 190) is no longer seen; according to present analysis 6 P x P (cols. 186 to 188)

because

gives

White an overwhelming

attack, to

which no

satis-

factory defence has been found.

The Unusual Defences
great theoretical importance. 191 to 194) is the only one
it

(cols.

191 to 200) are of no Schliemann's Defence (cols,
;

which is occasionally played refuted by 4 Kt B 3. Alapin's Defence Deferred merits interest because no theoretical refutation (col. 200)
is

is

known.

238
i

P

K4 P K4
,

;

RUY LOPEZ Kt 2 Kt KB
3,

QB

3

;

3

B Kt 5

-

The most energetic continuation. Some alternatives are (1) 6 P Q 5, Kt Q 3 " ' 10 Kt x P, P~-Q 9 Kt B 3, Kt Kt 3 Kt-B Kfr-Kt o n KtxP, P- 3 7Kt-B3,KtxB; 8 Ktx Kt, P-Q R/-\-irv-i 033, KtxB; ^_ ^ t; *^'ir%**r -o VOID o llKt B3,0 0. (2) 6 PxP, 00; 7 Q Q 5, Kt B 4 SB K 3, P OR 3; 5r (3) 9 BQB4, Kt Kt5; 10 Q Q 1, P QKt4; 11 B K 2, B~Kt2r=. 6 R KI, Kt-Q3; 7 BxKt (7 PxP, Kt-B 4; 8 Kt-B 3, 0-0; 9 Kt-Q 5. B 4 and Black has a
:

;

*

'

;

1

;

;

,.-..

y-ve-

T^J.

j

. ;

Charousek

QPxB; 8 PxP, Kt Px P, Kt-B 4 9 R-Q 1, B-Q 2 10 P-K 6 (if 10 P KKt4, Kt RSbut not Kt R5; 11 KtxKt, BxKt; 12 P Kt5!++), PxP; 11 Kt-K5, B Q3; 12 Q-R 5 ch, P-Kt3; 13 KtxKtP, Kt Kt2; U B 3 13B-R 6, Kt K 3; KI; 12Kt S^^O^Kt B^l'llR Q1,Q W. H. S. MonckB 5,PJ. O'Hanlon, correspondence, J. 15 B 14 Q_--Kt 4, R B 2 Q 2+
Tarrasch, Budapest, 1896),

if7

,QPxB?;

8

;

;

;

.

;

1903
(d)
(e)

16
4
,
.

P Q

QR3;
R5;

13

..

p_n
16
i

The Rio de Janeiro

Tarrasch

In the 10th game the continuation was Lasker, 14th match game, 1908. P ch ; K 4 B Kt2 * where Hoffer pointed out a probable draw by 16. ., lg Kt Ktl, 17KxB, Q-R5ch; 18 12 Kt K 4 P Q 4 ; 11 P x P e.p., (g) Or 10 R Bl- 13 I 12 K4, B R3; 14 Q B 3, KtxKt; 15 KtxKt, B 4 ; 16 Kt B 5, B x Kt is better. P K 4 + . Schlechter Janowski, Paris, 1900. (t) 17 Kt Lasker, St. Petersburg, 1895. (/) Pillsbury B3; I, Kt P-Q4; 7 KtxP, B Q 2 8 BxKt, PxB; 9 R , (k) 6 10 B KtS, Kt Ktl ; HKtxB-f. Analysis by Max Lange. 10 B B 4 ch, If 7 P (/) Q 5, Kt Kt 1 8 KtxP, O O; 9 P Q 6,

/)

H Q_K 3, followed by KR 17 P
K

Kt 4. Schlechter Re"ti, Vienna, 1914. 17 P Variation, originated by the late Dr. Caldas Vianna. Kt R 4 +
.

If

S,

Q

Q Kt

5

(better

B-Kt 2)
.

;

18

B

B

I.

_

Bx

QKt

QxKt BxP;

K

;

K

K

;

KtxQP;

Rl

=F.

(w)

RUY LOPEZ
i

239
;

P

K4

,

PK

4

;

2

Kt

KB3, Kt Q B 3

3

B Kt 5.

BERLIN DEFENCE
3..,

Kt B

3

;

4

00,

KtxP.

12

RxP B Q3=.
(&)

(a)

8Px
12

Kt,

KtxP;

9

R K

1,

B

K

2

;

10

Ktx

Kt,

Px Kt

;

11

QxQch, KxO;
11

B

If 8..,

K2;
(e)

PxP; 9 PxKt, Kt K2; 10 Kt B 3, Kt Kt3; Q R5, BxKt; 13 BxB, Q Q2; 14 P Kt6! with a
05,
Kt5

Kt

Kt

5,

strong attack.

Halprin

Pillsbury, Munich, 1900.

Q Ql;
(d)

13 Kt 17 B

O
;

O;

;

14

P

B

5, ,

Kt

B

3

;

ISKtxBch, QxKt;

DidierPillsbury, Paris, 1900.

16RK1,
3,

Kt2; 11 Kt (e) Much weaker is 6 ., 9BxB,QxB; 10 Kt B 3,
10

B B2, B

6BR4,PxP;

7P B3,B
O;

K 5, KtPxB;
11

K2!; 8PxP,P 00 a gambit
is

Q Kt4;

9

B

Kt

Kt

R4

;

alternative.

7

R

PxP, Kt Kt2; 8 B Kt 5, B K 2K 1, Kt B 4; 12Q Q2 + A. Sterner
.

Treybal, Ujpest, 1934.

Q=
(g)

(/) /)

OrSQ
.

K2, Kt

Q5; 9KtxKt,QxKt;

10

Kt

B 3, B

K Kt 5;

11

Q

K3,

Mardczy

Pillsbury, Pans, 1900.
(or 6 ...
,

col. Bx Kt, Qx B'; 9 P B 4 + Compare Riga Variation! ~ ' 73) 7 txP, 5,., SQxKt, P B3; 9 P K B 3, PxB; 10PxKt + Or - - P Q4?; 6 1 B Q2; 7 KtxP, KxKt; 8 Q R 5 ch, K K3; 9 Kt B or 9~P f QB4+.

8

3xP,

.

;'

3,'

(t)

For 6

B

R

4 see col. 41

ff.
:

11 1919.

(/) ~~ Weaker is 7.. ,B KKtS; 8BPxP,QxP; 9 R K 1, Kt B 3 10 Kt B 3, 11 KtxP, KtxKt; 12RxKtch. 2 K 2, B K B 4 8 R Q 1, 9 Px P, Q B 1 10 Kt Q 4, (k) 7 Q P K B3, Kt B4; 12 Kt B 3, BKt3. Spielmann Bogoljuboff, Stockholm.
;

BK
.

;

;

00

:

9

P

Analysis by Svenonius. 3 K 2, (*) 5 Q Q 4, Kt B 4 ; 10 P Q B 3,
(I)

KtQ

;

6BxKt,QPxB; 7KtxP,B K2; =

00

8

R K
;

1,

B

K$;

RxR;
(a)

(n) 8..,

12

10 Kt K Kt 4, P Q 3 Kt KI; 9 Kt Q 5, B B 3 11 RxKt?, KKtxBch, PxKt; 13 P Q Kt 3, KtK4 + Janowski^Lasker,
;

.

Nuremberg, 1896.
Janowski
Bnrn, Cologne, 1898.

240

RUY LOPEZ
K4 P K4
, ;

2

Kt

KB

3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5.

7 P K R 3, 8 Kl, B Q2; B P B 3, B K 2 (a) 5 R 4, Kt 1 9 B B 2, P B 3 10 P Q 4, Q B 2. Kmoch Orbach, Giessen, 1928, a curiously dilatory opening, which led to a draw. 5 P Q 3 is of course playable, but is P K Kt 3 6 P B 4 it transposes into a variation practically never seen. With 5 similar to that in col. 18, note (d) and to the Duras Variation, cols. 121122. B Q 2 in normal variations and for 5 For 5 (6) PxP, see Steinitz Defence 2 6 P x P (weaker is 6 Kt B 3, 2 7 cols. 141 if. If 5 O 3, O

KtQ

;

OO;

BR

;

;

.

. ,

;

.

. ,

.

,

KtQ
7

.

.

,

;

BK

;

BK

:

10
7

B
(c)

B
B

3 6. .,

p

3,

BK OO 8 B
.

2;

;

R 4, R K

Kt

B

3 transposes into Steinitz Defence, cols. 141 ff. Here 1 ; 9 P Q 5 again leaves Black cramped. (Cp. also

12

Q
Q
12

is P Q 3 ; 6 P K 5, P Q 6 transposing into col. 16. 9 BxKt, KtPxB; lOKtxP, P Q3; Q Q2: 13 P K6I+. Sir G. A. Thomas Yates, Hastings, 1922. Q 7 Kt K B 3, B B 4 : 8 Q -Q 5, () If 5 Kix P, Ktx P ; 6 Q B3 K2; 9 Q-R5, O O; 10 B Q 3, P Q3; 11 Kt B3, Kt B 3+. 7 Kt Q B 3, Ktx Kt; 8 Qx Kt i is an alternative. (A) 6 Ktx P, [*) Or 10 ., P QB3; 11 Px Kt, Q Kt 3 ch; 12 K R 1, QxB; 13 Kt B 3,

U) Black's safest line
8.., P B3?; B4ch, R B2;

!

(/)

HKtxP,
!

OO,

!

;

OO;

B4;
(;)

14

Jl* Kt3; 13QxKP. QxB, iXt~ ,VL<?, - \6 * "~ ^ * Jt, Kt -P K Kt3; 10 -Kt5! PxKt; (k) 9
,
j

8

,

PxP, PxP. 2; 9 P

BK
:

K 5,

KtQ 4
;

;

10

P
11

B
P
!,

4,

PxP; 11 Kt B 5, BxKt; K5 + (Bogoljuboff).
;

(m) 7 Q x P, 11 Kt

6 Bogoljuboff

4. ,KtxQP; 5 KtxKt, PxKt; 6 P K 5, P B3; 8 B Q B 4, Kt B 2 9 B B 4 Kt K 3; 10 B x Kt, B P x B O + and (2) 4. P Q R 3 ? 5 BxKt, QPxB K2; 12 O 9 K Kt Q 2 +. KtxP, KtxP; 7 Q K 2, QxP; 8 Kt K B 3, Q Q 4

(/)

Nyholm Harald, 1920. Weak for Black are: (1)
B3, B

KtQ 4

,

;

;

J. S. Morrison,
;

KtQ 3

(n)

For 5 have been

OO, BK 2 tried.

London, 1922.
6

Q

K 2,

see cols.

1

to 5.

5 P x P,

P

Q

4 and 5

Q

K

2,

RUY LOPEZ
i

241

PK

4,

P

K4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

Q

63:3 B

Kt

.5.

,

t

Px P; 7 Px P, or Q5; 8KtxKt=
Q*5
;

B

2Q = Kt3;
5
;

4., B
8

B"

inferior,

s

P

KB3,B K3;
6
,

9

Bx Kt B2 +
7
.

x,
.

tx

P,

Q

7

Kt
9

Q

3,

P-

followed
(c)

Q2; (6) 5.., Q R4 10 R Q 1, Q B 3 by B B 3 and Kt Q KtxP; 8 Kt Q4!, P Q 4
;

Kt

BxKt, PxB;
(Dr.
2

PxP, KtxP; SKtxKt, PxKt;
Q
2; 6

O
B

9

B 4 + Or 5 ., B KtxB, PxKt.
cols.

Fick~Mar6czy, Schevemngen,

Bx

1923).

11
;

Kt,

B

7PxP
Q

O, Q 2

Steinitz
5 7

Kt 2 ; 7 Q Sftchting, Prague, 1908),
(*)

PxP/ P K R3 =p. K 3, B 6 B
(f\

(d\

P

Rosenthal, Londoa, 1883. 4 (Duras's variation, see also KtxP, B Q2; 8 Kt Q B 3, B

B

Duras

Kt 2 ; 9 Bernstein, St. Petersburg, 1909.

121122), P

K Kt3!
;

;

6 P

P

Q

2,

O

;

8

B

K R 6,
Kt
3

BxKt, PxB; 10 B Kt 5, Or 5 P K R3, P K Kt3; Kt K R 4 9 Kt B 3 (Duras

4,

B4=F.
for
if

W. Cohn

Lasker, London, 1899.
best,
5

KtxP
P

This exchange is +, and if 5 ., Q
,

K2;

6

\ B 3, 2 7 Kt 6 (R Q Malyutin,' St. Petersburg, 1906) 9.
;

K

00 Kt
; ,

Kt~B

. . ,

B
Kt

3,

Q

8

K

O
1

O, followed

B x B followed by B x Kt and B QB4. P Q 3 9 Q K 1 (Romanovsky
;

6

5

;

7

;

by P

K

Kt

3,

Kt

Kt

2 and

B4.
(h)

Analysis

by

Schlechter
;

6

Kt K2 (Mortimer's Defence); 5 Kt B 3 (not 5 KtxP, P B 3 {*) 4 ., 6 B Q B 4, Kt Kt3; B B4 Q R4ch++. Mortimer's Trap), P B 3 7P KR4!;P KR4; 8 Kt K Kt 5, P Q 4 9 PxP, PxP; 10 Ktx Q P, Ktx Kt B3 + 11 Q KtSch, 7 Kt B 3, P Q 5 8 P Q R 3, Q x Kt P 9 Kt B 4, (/) 6.., Q QxKtch; 10B Q2++.
;
;

;

.

;

;

Ik}

Nvhol-m

Moller, match, 1917

242
i

RUY LOPEZ
P -K A, P K 4
;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5.

BIRD'S

DEFENCE

14

B B2+
(a)
(&)

(a)

Capablanca
7

Blackburne, St. Petersburg, 1914.
;

Kt5-K The column is Tarrasch Blackburne, St. Petersburg, 1914. B 4, Kt B 3 7 P Q 3, P Q 4 8 P x P, Ktx P 9 R K 1 ch, B K3; 10 Q Kt 4, Q B3; 11 B K Kt 5, Q Kt 3 12 Q R4. If here 6,., P Q4; 7PxP,PxP; 8 Q K 2 ch, Kt K 2 9 B Kt 5 ch, B Q 2 10 R K 1, BxB; HQxBch + Panoff Freymann, Leningrad, 1934.
;

KB4, P QB3; 8 B B 4, P Q 4 9 PxP, PxP; 10 B Kt 5 ch, K B 1 (Alekhme Blackburne, St. Petersburg, 1914); 11 B R4. 7 B K B 4, Kt K 2 8 Kt Q 2, O O 9 Kt B 3, P Q 4 10 Q Q 2, followed by B K 5 or B K R 6 has been suggested. P Q4; 11 PxP, PxP; 12 Q R4ch, B Q 2 13 B Q Kt 5, (c) If 10
P
;

;

;

,

B

Kt2; 14 B (d) Or 6 B

;

;

;

;

;

;

.

(e)

Yates

A. Louis, Chester, 1914.
;

M3

O 8 P K B 4, P Q B 3 9 B R 4, P Q 4 10 K R 1 . Or 7 Kt Q 2, Recommended by Em. Lasker. 4 B R4 (weaker is 4 B K 2, Kt x B 5 Q x Kt, 7 P 6 P B 3, P Q B 3 Q 4, Q B 2. Dr. Olland Alekhme, Schevenmgen, B B 4 5 O O, Ktx Kt ch 6 Q x Kt, Kt K 2 7 P Q 3, O O 8 B K 3, t3 (Reti Spielmann, Budapest, 1914); 9 P B4; 5 O O (if 5 KtxP?, Q Kt4+), P Q 3. (fc) Or 4.., B
(/)
(g)
;
;

;

;

;

;

;

B3.
;

;

i

P K4 P K4
,

;

RUY LOPEZ 2 Kt KB Kt
3,

243

QB

3

;

3

BKt

5.

CLASSICAL DEFENCE
3..,

B B4

.

0, BPxP; (A) 6 O K2; lOKt Q5, Ktx Kt

7
;

PxP, PxKt?;

8

PxB, Q
9

11

London championship, 1938. Q2, BxBch; (a) Or7B

QxKt+.

Sir G. A.

Thomas

B3;
J.

9

Kt

B3; KKt
10

Montgomerie, City of
;

Kt5?, Kt B3; 9 P B 3, P K6; 10 O O, P Q4; 11 R K 1, O O B x P, P K R 3 13 Kt R 3, B x Kt + Yates C. B. Heath, Tenby, 1928. C 10 B KtS, KtxKt; 11 Kt Q5, Q Q3; 12 BxKt, Kt B6ch! 13 PxKt, QxKt; 14 PxP, QxB; 15 P K5; PxB; 16 Q RSch, K Q1I + : Or 10 P B4, KtxP + 11 B KtS, BxKt; 12 PxB, O O; 13 P B3 + . (d) 10.., KtPxB; O (or 12, B B 4 13 (3 KtS); 13Q Kt3ch, () 11.., BxKt; 12 PxB, The column is N. J. 15 Ktx I R Kt 1 ? K Rl; 14 QR K1+ for if 14
(6)
;

QxKt;
(

11

O

O,

O

8Q KtxB, PxP;
.

KtxP, Kt B 3

KtxKtcb,

O.
;

8 12

Kt

)

.

,

;

,

;

Roughton

C. B. Heath, Scarborough, 1930.
-I- .

PxB
1913.

(/)
;

5.., 9 Kt

B Kt3?; 6 B KtS, Kt B3; 7QPxP, P KR3; SBxKKt, R. C. J. Walker, City of London championship, Sir G. A. Thomas R4
by
Sir G. A.

(g)

Analysis
5

Thomas.
K2),
O,

(h)

Kt
8
12

pQ Kt
(i)

KB 3;
4,

KtxP
8

Q

(or
;

R

8 BKt 5 + 7 O O, K Kt K 2 4, P x P Q B3 6 KtS, O; 9 Q Kt 3 ch, P Q 4 10 Ktx Kt, Px Kt 11 BxP, (i) After 8 B BxBP. Black has 14 O P ch, K R 1 0, Ktl; 12 BxKt, QxB; 13 Bx
If 5
,

P x P e.p. K5, Kt Q4 =
. , ;

Q4. Or 5 O B 9 Ktx
Q
P,
.

5

Q

K 2, Q

K2

PxP;
; ;

KtxKt; 6 P Q 4, PxP; 7 PxB, 6 BxKt, QPxB; 7KtxP,Kt B3; Kt 3 ch, K R 1 11 Q 10 R K 1, O O
;

;

PQ

;

.

;

;

;

attacking possibilities.

QQ

(*)

9Q
;

3

13

Px

Kt 3ch, P Q4; 10 Ktx Kt, Kt, Q x B is inferior.
7

Px
8

Kt;

llBxP.R

Ktl;

12

P

KtS

(/) 6.., KtxP?; (m) Blackburne and Pillsbury

Q K 2, B Q 3

;

PxP

costs Black a piece.

Schiffers

and Stemitz, Nuremburg, 1896.

244
i

RUY LOPEZ
P K4, P K4;
2 Kfr

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt5.

7 Kt B 3, P Q 4, PxP; 6 Px P, Q KtK 2 QB3 8 B Q3 9 PxP, KtxP; JO KtxKt, PxKt=. Mar6czy Charousek, Kt 5 B K 3, Kt Kt3; 11 P KR3, BxKt; 10 Q4; 9 P K 5, B 1898), P O 12 QxB, K KtK 2; 13 P Q R 3 10 Kt x B, P x Kt. Metger, Schiffers and Teichmaan Charousck^ 9 (c) Marco and Suchtmg, 1897. 11 B Q 3 + R5, KtxRP; 12 RxKt, (d) If 11 P 14 B Q2 + Cambridge Town Hampstead, correspondence, 1918. Alekhine B Kt 5 16 B Kt3 + Q5, R Ql; 15 Q K 1 (/) 14 P
(8

B QB4, P Q4;
.

(Z>)

Or 5 P

!

;

;

;

.

,

;

!

PQB3

.

( tf )

.

!,

;

.

Bogoljuboff, St. Petersburg, 1914.

If7B K3,Kt B3; SKtxKt.PxKt; 9BxB,PxKB; 10B Q 4, (*) Best. O O; IIP KB 3, B B3; 12 Kt B 3, P Kt 5 13 Kt~K 2, R K 1 14 Q 6 2, 10 B Kt 5, B Kt 4=. Or 7 B x Kt, P x B 8 B K 3, Kt B 3 9 Kt Q B 3, K 5, Kt Kt5; 13 P P KR3; 11 B R4, P Kt4; 12 B Kt 3, R Kt 1 14 p_K6, R Kt5! =p. H. J. Stephensoa R. F. Goldstein, 1923. W 7.., BxKt; 8 PxB, Q B3; 9 R K 1 ch, Kt K 2 10 Bx Ktch, Px B;
; ; ;

00

;

;

;

Hennig, Frankfurt, Haupt tourney, 1930. (/)4..,P B4; 5 PxP!, Kt B3; 6 KtxP, O 0; 7 P Q B 3, Ktx Kt 8 p Q 4 + Sheffield Manchester, correspondence, 1917. Or 4 Q B 3 5 Kt B 3, K Kt K2; 6 Kt Q 5, KtxKt; 7 P x Kt, Kt Q5; 8 KtxKt, BxKt; 9 P B 3, Or 4 Kt B 3 5 KtxP, KtxKt; followed by P Q 4, R K 1 and B K3 + . Q P_Q 4, B Q 3 7 P K B 4, Kt Kt 3 8 P K 5, B K 2 9 P B 5
v.
.
.
.

12 11 Kt B 3, Q x P R. Loman, match, 1919. H. (*} S. Rotenstein
;

KtK 4 with a strong attack for the Pawns.
;

G. J. van Gelde*--

;

,

;

.

,

; ;

;

;

(k) Chajes

Bogoljuboff, Carlsbad, 1923.

Compare

col. 32.

RUY LOPEZ
i

245

P

K4, P

K4;

2

Kt

KB 3,

Kt

QB

3

;

3

B

Kt5-

K 1 ch; 13 B K 2, Q Kt 4 Black has perhaps a slight (A) After 12 Px Kt, R advantage (C D. Locock). P Q3 see Steimtz Defence, col. 157. (a) For 4
,

(&)
(c)

5
If

p Q
col.

3,

transposing into

col. 38, is stronger.

Compare

5.., B 196.

Kt2?;
9

6

PxP, KtxP;
10

7

KtxKt, BxKt;
O,

8

B

KR6-H

3 ; 11 KtxKt, QxKt; Sterk R<Hi, Debreczen, 1914. 12 t \ a form of the Ponziani favourabl leads to B 3 P Q 4; 5 P x P, 4 p e K Kt 3 5 P Q 4, P x P ; 6 Ktx P, B Kt 2 0, P for Black. An alternative is 4 O 9 PxP, QxP; 8 P Q B 3, P Q 4 7 (weaker is 7 B K 3, O O 10 KtxKt, PxKt; 11 QxQ, KtxQ; 12 BxP, KtxB; 13 PxKt, R Ktl + ), 11 B 10B Q3, 0-0; 8B-Kt5!, KtxKt; 9 PxKt, 12 P B 3, B K 3. V. Buerger R. F. Goldstein, match, 1921. 4

K Bl; Id] BxKt, PxB; 13
8..,

QxPch.

BxBch, KxB;

P

Q

QxP

;

p_QB3
;

;

;

P-KB3;

K3.P-B3;
;

P_Q
B
Q

Q_Q 3.
(

9 QBxKt, KxB; KKt2; 13KKt K2.
g ) 13
;

(/) 7

Or

5

KtxP, P

Q4;

6 Kt Q B 3, 10 BxKt,
Perils
,

PxP; 7 O O, P B 4 8 B Kt5, PxB; 11 P B 3, PKtS; 12 PxP,
;

Kt Q 5 5 B R 4 (5 Ktx Kt, Px Kt 6 Kt K 2, Somewhat better is 4 KtA 7 Kt x P ?, B Kt 2 8 P-Q 3, Q-Q B 4 + ), Kt x Kt ch 6 Q x Kt, B Kt 2. 13 P O 0; 12 R4, P Q3; 14 O O O, with a winning attack. t
(h)
/
;

000,
,

KtxKt.
,

Tartakover, 1913.
;

)

Tchigorin Pillsbury, St. Petersburg, 1896. and 4 P B 3 (B Kt2; 5 P Q 4, PxP; 6 PxP, <i) Less good are 4 9 PxP, Kt O 8 Kt5). O, P Q 4 KKt-~K2; 7 Kt B 3, B 3 ;.7 Kt-Q B 3, Kt 2 ; 6 Ktx Kt (6 B 3, Kt is 5 Ktx P, B (*) Inferior O 0), Kt P x Kt 7 B Q B 4. Lasker Pillsbury, Hastings, 1895. With the opening cp. col. 157, note (e). 9QxP, K2; 6 BxB, QxB; 7 O O, Kt B 3 ; 8 B x Kt, (1) 5 .,B R 3, B-Kt2; 0-0- 10 Kt B3, R-Q1; 11 Q K3, P Kt3; 12 P. Wilson, correspondence, 1922. JVC. E. Goldstein . 13 Q-1R6 i \ B Kt2; 7 KtxP, K Kt K 2 (7.., Kt R3 transposes back to the 6 + ); 9 cduiSS; 8B-B4, Kt-K 4 (8.'., Kt-R4; 9

00

,

;

K

1

;

QPxB; P-K

m

P-K5

B-QKt3+.

(n)

13

Kt

Kt5, B

Q2!

246
i

RUY LOPEZ
P K 4, P K 4
;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5,

(a)

After 4

B
B
2

B 4, B

B4
R
2,

Black has a very favourable position

in.

the Giuoco
14

Bx

(% II...
t:
'

B

KB 4;
12

12

Q

1,

Kt
Black.
! ;

R4;

13

13 PxP, KtxP; 14 Ktx Kt, Qx Kt =F. Q5 c) 14 Q Rx Kt (not KtxQ?, KtxQch++) 13 KtxKt(B6), KtxB; ^ If 1ck has improved his position considerably. Q )2,Bla, i/ &*>.*, **...> 16 KtQ 4, v*', 17 B K3, Bx Ktj P KB 4, B K B 4 (e) Or 15 Sir G. A. Thomas Tartakover, London, 18 P x B, Q _ K Kt 3 19 Q B 3, P Q B 3 =
' r

15

B

KtQ

4,

B

Kt3;

KtxKt,

is inferior for

Best Best, for

if

B

B

P

'

;

.

;

Q R -B 1. The column is Botvinmk Euwe, Leningrad, 1934. Kt 3 ?, B Kt 3; 21 B x B, P X B 20 B K 3, Kt Q 2 = If, however, 20 Kt 23 B x P, KtQ 6 24 Q B 2, B x B ch-K M. Seibold B. Ohls, 22 B K 3, P Q 5 1929-31. correspondence, ^ ^, 16 Kt-Q2; 14 P-B 4, P-K B 4 15 PxP ./., RxP; A P B 5, (h) If 13 playable B B2- 17 P Kt4 + Znosko-Borovsky Euwe, BroadstairS, 1921. U KtxKt, Q Q2; 15 B-K3, P Q|R 4 alternative for Black is 13 ., KtxB; US ., P QB4?; 16 PxP, P Q 5 17 P B 6, Q B 2 18 KtxP, B B 5 19 Q Kt4, BxR; 20 Kt B5 + Analysis by Sir G. A. Thomas); 16 Q R B 1, p rj c 'if instead 16 Kt Kt3,P QR4!; 17 B K 3, P R5; 18 Kt Q 2, P B 4 (t) R. P. Michell P. W. Sergeant, 1923. The column is Sir G. A. 19 Kt-B 3, P B 5 =
(/) Ji<

1932

Euwe

suggests 19
I
;

.

;

;

,

;

.

;

;

;

_

.

;

.

Kt

Kt 3
(fc)

. U) 14 PxKt, P B5! On) Cbajes Tarrasch, Carlsbad, 1923. 14 B 4, P Kt5; Or 13 R Kl, P Q 3, Kt Q 1 ; 15 () = Balogh Rey, K B 4, B 18 P 16 P B 3, Kt B 4 ; 17 Kt x Kt, Bx Kt correspondence. +. B3, Kt B 4 15 R K 1, Kt Kt3; 16 Q (o) If 13 .,Q KtxP; 14 P Q R 4 ; 15 P B 3, P R51 Bogoljuboff(p) Better than 14 PxKt, P Rubinstein, Stockholm, 1919. which would transpose into col. 44. The column is (q) Better 1han 15 KtxB, Bogoljuboff Euwe, 1st match game, 1928.

Q Q2

=.

Ktx P !3 Q-R 5 (13 P-K B 4 J. B 4, B Q 2 15 P B 5, Kt R 1 16 P B 64-+. 13 Kt Kt3 (weaker is 1 3 Kt Kt 5,B Orl2PxP<s..,KtxP(B3);
',,
;

-

!

;

14

P

;

;

B-Kt S K Kt 5

,

1),

=

QR4;

j

K KtQ R2
.

;

K2

RUY LOPEZ
T

247
;

p_K 4,

P K4

;

2

Kt

K B 3, Kt Q B 3

-3

B

Kt

5.

Alekhine, Mannheim, 1914. P KtS; 14 Q Q 3, Q B 1 ; 15 Kt Kt3, P R3; 16 B B4; 13. (c) Q Kt2; 17 Kt R 5, K Rl; 18 Q Q 2, K R2; 19 Ktx P !+ +. Olland Euwe, 1920. The column is analysis by Dr. von Claparede. Gothenburg. Kt 3, KtxKt; 16 PxKt?, 17Rxy, P QB4; (d) Weaker is 15 Kt R 5, R x R with the better ending for Black. Lasker 19 B 18 B Q 2, K R Q 1 Tarrasch, St. Petersburg, 1914. Ktx Kt; 11 Bx Kt, Kt R4; 12 Kt Q 4 is in White's favour. () 10. If instead 11 Kt Q 4, Ktx Kt; 12 Px Kt, (?) Now this retreat is quite strong. R 1, P B 5 TKt Kt2; 13 P B4, P KtS; 14 Kt B 3, P Q B 4 ; 15 Znosko-Borovsky, Weston, 1924. J. H. Blake KtS !, Px P; 13 Kt Or 11.., B KtS; 12 R K 1, O O (12 ., P Q 5 (g) KtS I, BxKt; 17 16 Q +. 15 14 KtxKt, 4, Q-Q2; B 4 ; 15 14 13 Kt KtS, Kt K 5 e.p. KtxP(B3); 4, P Malkm); Alekhine Nimzovitch, St. Petersburg, 1914. 16 Q OS 15 BxB, If 12 Q Q4; 13 KtxKt, BxKt; 14 B KtS, Q Q 2 Q PxB; 16 PxP, KtxQP; 17 B K 3 !, R is 1 18 R B 1, Ktx Kt ch; 19 QxKt, York, BxB; 20PxB-J- (Tarrasch). The column Capablanca Hodges, Newmatch 1916. Kt x Kt 1 2 P x Kt, P K B 3 (Blackburne-t-Zukertort, 3rd game, (t) 1 1 1887) is also playable. Euwe, German Quadrangular tournament, 1937. (i) Alekhine

>Ktx Kt(nofll ',KtxKP; 12 Ktx Kt, Px Kt 13BxB,PxB, 14KtxKP + P x Kt, P K B 4 (simpler is 12. Kt x Kt 13 B x Kt, P Q B 4 with equality) KtxKt, B PxKt; 14 B K 3, P B3; 15 P B 3, PxP; 16 RxP, Q Q2; B Q B 2, with a slight advantage. Sir G. A. Thomas Yates, Southsea, 1923. Q4?, KtxKt; 13 Px Kt, Kt Q 6 14 R K 3, Kt B 5 15 B B 2, (6) 12 Kt 18 Kt B 1, R B 2 q=. 17 Kt Q 2, P B 4 16 Kt Kt 3, P B 5 P QB4
,

)

f2 13 17

.

,

;

;

;

;

!

;

;

;

Flamberg

,

QxQ;

;

,

K

KBxKt;
,

B-K
;

;

BB

PxP

PxB

t

m

.

;

;

.

.

,

;

(

15

Bx

(1)

If

hisVeadT2 Kt

B

Kt, QxB; 16 (m) The alternative 12
i;

R

Q3;15P
K Ktl
() Nagy

4, KtxKt is weaker: KtxKt, KtxP; 14 KB4,PxP*..;16KtxP,KtxKtch;17QxKt,Q R5.18P KR3, 19 BxP! +
,

Q4~?, KtxKP; 13 KtxB, PxKt; QxKt P, Ktx KB P! and wins. 13
.

14

B Q

4,

Q Q3;

BQ

Dyckhoff, correspondence, 1936-

248

RUY LOPEZ
_K 4,
P

K4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5.

(&)
(c)

19

QR
,

K

1.

White stands
12

slightly better.

11

Kt

15 PxKt+. Schlechter Strobl, Vienna, PxKt), 12 KtxKt, KtxB; 13 Kt B 6 ch, PxKt (or K R 1 Knight's file is an asset for Black. 6, B 1, B K B 4 16 Q K 2, B x B 17 Q x B, P K B 3 18 (d) 15 B R K 1 ; 19 Px P, B x P 20 Q R Q 1, P B 3 = Becker Euwe, The Hague, 1928. who must fight to draw. after which it is White (e) A. valuable improvement, 4 Kt B 5 (or 17 The line previously accepted as best by theory was 17 g 1; R ; 21 Q x Kt P ch, K 1 20 B x P, Px B Kt 4, 18 KtxB, PxKt; 19 Q 4 R R2- 23 B Kt 5 with a decisive attack); 18 P B 4, B Q2; 22 P !9 Q Q B 4 20 Q B 2, P B 4 21 B Kt 5, Q B 1 22 Q R 4, B K 3 ; i, B 23 R B3 + Bergman Gnanfeld, correspondence, 1919. P QB4!; 20 KtxB (if 20 P B 5, PxKt; 21 P B 6, tf] 19 22 QxKt, R-Kt 1 1 21 B x P, P x B 5 + ), P x Kt if 20 Kt-Kt 3, with the better ending for Black. Romanovsky Tolusch, Leningrad, 1938.
1915.
11
.,

P-KKt5; 15Kt-Q4,KKtxP;

B4;

B

B

2,

Kt
16

Q2 P-lC B
;

13
4,

B

B 4, P
e.p.
;

Kt

4
is

;

Px P

KtRQ4
17
;

Ktx

K Kt 3, 14 B P, Ktx Kt ch ; playable for rt PxKt t^e open
;

;

;

.

;

,

.

,

KB

B-B

BR PQ

;

R_Q

;

;

;

.

Q-&Y+
(g)
(fc)

p_KB4
KtxB
,

;

P-Q

;

;

13
19

.,

equalises.

(*)

Q Kt 3, with an attack easily worth the Pawn. Romanovsky Sosin, 1928. K 4 !, K R 1 ; 15 Q Kt B KKt5, 14 P K B 3, B R 4 Or 13.
;

Yates, Trieste, 1923. P B3, 20 Kt Q 4, 19 (; ) Tarrasch, Mannheim, 1914.

16

KtxKt+.

Rosselli

QRK1,
,

P

QB4

;

21

RxKt! +
R4;

.

Breyer

-

Q 02; 11 Q 2, KtxKt; 12 QxKt, Kt (k) 10 16 15 KtxB; 14 PxKt, Michell, Southport, 1924. Kt, 13 P Kt(B4)xB!; 14 Ktx Kt {14 Px B P (/) B 2, ]P Q R 4; 17 Kt 5, P 16 15 B-Q4,

QKt
R

0-0;

P-QKt4, B-KB4;

P-KB4+.
QB

Kt 5, 13 Kt Yates-R. P.

QK1+.

B-KB4;
Keres
,

KB4?,

R5

4 T),
;

Kt

18

Q

B5 Q B 1,
;

(m) 18.

B

Euwe, Stockholm, 1937. Q2; 19 B R6. F. Kunert

B. Ohls, correspondence, 1929-30.

RUY LOPEZ
i

249
3

P

K 4 P K4;
,

2

Kt KBs, Kt QBs;

B

Kt5.

3..,

P
56

P Q Kt

QR 3

;

4 4

;

MORPHY DEFENCE B R 4 Kt B 3 5 O O, KtxP; 6 Kt 3, P Q 4 8 PxP, B K 3 7 B 9 P B 3, B K 2.
,

;

PQ

4,

;

;

ro
11

R Ki

57

58

59

60

00

12
13

P B3 P X Kt

Kt Q 4 () KtxKP(fc)

14
15

B K Kt 5 Q Q2 Q R5 P KR3
Kt
Q6.....P

Q B2
P Q KB2(s) BxP QxQch(/) P QB3 B Kt3 KxQ B Q2fc) P QB 4 Kt B 5 Kt B 5
QB4-...B

QB4

i6R K 3
17
18

Q2

BxPy) PxKt

PxP RXP Q Kt6 K Bi
Q

BxR

BxB KKtxB RxB PxR KtxKP
KtxR RxKt Q xP ch K Ri
Kt Kt

Kt B 5

B KB

4

R Bi

Q R5

Q B3

I

19

QR Ki R K3
Ry=
(d)

BxKt

BxKt

P -Q6 Q B2

PxB
Kt

PXB

Q6ch+ Kt Q6

RxQ
(*)

QxQch
RxB=(A)

w

K6

Q2

(Q

Q 2 see cols. 46 and 47. Q2?; 12 KtxB, Q or PxKt; 13RxKt++ (Tarrasch's Trap). PxKt, P R3; 13 P B 3, Kt Kt 4 (Teichmann Duras, 11.., B K3+ is inferior for Black. Playable is 11... Kt R4; Hamburg, 12 B B2, P QB4; 13 KtxB, PxKt; 14 BxKt, PxB; 15 Q K 2, Q Q6; 16 QxP, QxQ; 17 RxQ, Q R Q 1 with sufficient compensation for the Pawn sacrificed (Ldrobok, 1921). P Q B 4 ? 13 P x Kt, P x Kt ; 14 K P x P, If 12 (c) The Breslau Variation. B KKt5; 15 QxP, B B3; 16RxKt + -E.g., 16 R K 1 17QxB, RxR; 21 Kt Q 2, 18 Q Kt 3, Q Kt 3 ch 19 K R 1, R K 7 20 B K B 4, Q R K 1 24 B Kt3, RxKKtP; QR K7 Q--B7; 22 QxQ, RxQ; 23 Kt B 3
(a)
(ft)

For 11 Q Kt
If

11...Q

KtxKt;

12 1910); 14

.

. ,

;

.

,

;

;

;

;

B 5 ; 21 P x B, Q R 8 ch and draws. This column is F (d} (d) Continued 20 R x Kt, B e the result of exhaustive analysis in the British Chess Magazine, 1921-22. 2, Qx P (better than 17. ., Qx Q ch; 18 KxQ, (e\ 16 PxB, PxKt; 17 Q 6 ch , 19 K K 2, Ktx R 20 Kx Kt, P x P ; 21 B Q 5, Q R Q U; ; * v, * /\ * , 21 Kt Q 2, P B 4. 18 B-^ Q 1, Q~ Kt 3 ; 19 ^ ^> * *-* B2; ""^ ** K3, PxP; < Ql, Q Kt3; **? QxP, B *** " 20 B H. Wolf-Tarrasch, Carlsbad, 1923. The chances are about even. olf-Tarrasch, R 4 ; 17 B K B 4 1, P x Kt ; 18 Q Kt 3 repels the attack. (/) If 16 , Q Q6ch; 18 K B 1, B Q2; 19 P K 5 1, (i) Weaker is 17.., Kt If here 18.., Ktx R; 19PxB, 20 Kt B 3, KtxR; 21 KtxB, B B4; PxKt; 20 KxKt, B 1, 1 ; 23 B Bl.KtxR; 21 Kx Kt,B Kt6ch; 22 Q 2, (fc) 20K K4 (i) *H. Wolf-Tarrasch, Teplitz-SchSnau, 1922. 3 ! ; 18 B K B 4, If 15 KtxP, PxKt; 16 BxP, Q R5; 17 R B 1, P B5; 19 Kt R3, B B4ch; 20 K R 1, Kt Q 6 ; 21 KtxKtP, P Kt4; QB3; 25 B K2, BxB; 22 B B7, Kt B7ch; 23 RxKt, BxR; 24 BxP,
.

25 Kt

K1

I,

;

and wins.

KW

QKB
;

K

>

.

PxKP; 21PxP.

22KxKt.

BxKP;

R

K

KR K

M

R R

R

is worth more than the Exchange, but by returning his material (k) Black's position advantage White can draw. The column is Teichmann John, Breslau, 1913. 20 Q Q 3, Q Kt 4 ; 21 P Kt 3, Kt (Q 3) B 4 with a strong attack. Analysis (/)

by

Gninfeld.

250

RUY LOPEZ
p__K 4, P

K4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,
;

Kt

QB

3;

3

p
61

R3
FL_Q

4 Kt 4
;

;

MORPHY DEFENCE B R 4, Kt B 3 5 O O, Kt xP 6 P Q 4, Q 4 3 P X P, B K 3. 7 B Kt 3, P
;

I

62

63

34

65

fa)

11

R K1
Q

15 14

ingenious method of revitalising a discredited variation. The older line is ^ Kt B 4 12 B B 2, B Kt 5 =F. Perlis Lasker, St. Petersburg, 1909. <M Better than 12 , Kt-B 5 ; 13 Q K 2, Kt R4; 14 B B 2, O O ; 16 (Euwe). If here 13 P-B5>, Q B-~B 1 ; Kt-Q2 P + . Alekhine Euwc, KI, B Kt2; 15 Px P, P Q B 4 1 ; 16

An

:

!

Kt-KB3;
.
;

KtxB+
.

PB6,Bx

13th mateh game

Kt

14 P-Q Kt 3, 13 B-B 2, Q-Q 2 12 Q-K 2, Kt-B 5 A) 11, Kt~K B 3 16 B Kt 5 (16 Kt x B would recover the P), K R K 1 ; Kt 3 - 15 R K 1, 1938. Fine, Avro, 2 Kt R 4; 18 Bx B, Rx B +. Alekhm 17 Kt t 13 P Q Kt4 1 ()This leads to equality. The aternatve 12 .., O O (k)T P B 4, Kt B 5 ; 15 Q Q3+ is bad M3 PKB4?, B Kt51 + ), Kt Kt2;

Kt__ Kt 3
;

H

PxP

!

.

00
17

;

;

'

H
;

;

for Black.

^

jKtxp
,

.

Q_Q 3, Kt R 5

18

BxKt, PxB; 19,Ktx Kt and White
;

has improved his prospects. (f\ Engels Kiemnger. Barmen, 1938.

11 PxP, PxP; P KKt3 (Alapin); 10 P Q R 4, R Q Kt 1 If 9 ({ 15 Q Q 4 12 OKt Q2i KtxKt; 13 Bx Kt, B Kt2; 14 B Kt 5, Kt K 2 E G Sergeant A. Louis, Bromley, 1920. The later amiiysis is Burn's. 1915. R. C. Griffith, correspondence, (h) C Chapman P R 3 12 Q K 2, KtxKt; }A on 1 1 P Q R 4, P Kt 5 is best. But not 1 1 R6. Bo6k 13 BxKt, R Ktl; 14 PxP, PxP; 15B-B2, P B4; 16 R Hasenfuss, ^ pxp> Rxp; ^ Rt_ Q ^ g "1,^1937. ^ Lasker Rubinstein, St. Petersburg, 1934. 15 PxKt/B Kt3; 16 P Q R 4 (to 12 Kt Kt3, B Kt3; 13 Q Kt Q 4, KtxKt; 14 KtxKt, BxKt; 15 PxB, P B5- 16 P B3, Kt Kt6; 17 R K 1, Q R5; 18 Q Q 2, Kt B 4 19 BxKt, RxB- '20 Q KB 2, Q R3; 21 K R 1, P Kt 4 22 P K Kt 4, Px P c.p. +. Tsbmskv Vvakhireff, St. Petersburg, 1909 m 14 ,Kt-KKt5; 15 Px P Q Kt K 4 16 Ktx Kt, Ktx B P 17BxPch, Kx B 18 Q R 5 ch, K Kt 1 19 Kt Q 41 + Palermo Venice, correspondence, 1923. (m\ The Motzko Variation. Kt K 4 14 Q Kt 3, Q Q 3 15 R K 1 K Kt Kt 5 (Black has a nV 13 draw by 15 ,BxPch; 16 Q x B, Q Kt Kt 5 17 Q R 4, Q Kt 3 ch 18 K R 1, Kt B7ch etc.): 16 Q Kt K 4, Px Kt; 17 Bx B ch, K R 1 18 Ktx K P ? (much
;

.

,

;

^
.

_

^^

!

;

;

!,

;

;

;

;

.

;

;

!,

;

;

;

bettenslSB
(o)

F. Motzko. Analysis by P. Kniger, Ed. Lasker and

K3),Qx B

;

19

Ktx

B,

Kt

B6ch!+. Breyer Spielmann,Pistyan,1912.

RUY LOPEZ
i

25*
3

P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

KB3, Kt QBs;

MORPHY DEFENCE

Kt
12

(a)

B

10 PxP, PxP; 11 Kt Q 4, 8.., Kt-~K2; 9 P Q R 4, R Q Kt 1 QB4(ifll .,P QB4?; 12KtxP,RxKt; 13B R4,B Q2; UP KB3 + ); Kt 5, Q Q 2 13 Kt Q B 3, P Q B 3 14 Q R 5 Tarrasch Tchigonn,
;

;

;

.

match, 1893.
(6)

9

KtxB;
11

12

Q

R PxKt

K2, B

Qx'B, O O; 12 Q Kt 12 Kt B 1, Kt R4; 13 B

(if 9.., threatening

K2

Analysis

by

C. S. Howell.

Better

R4; QKt Q2, KtxKt; 11 BxKt, RxP+ or9..,B QB4 10 B K 3, BxB; r 9..,B QB4; .., 10 R Q 1, O 11 Q Kt Q 2, Kt B 4 Q 2) Q 2, Q Ktx B 14 R Px Kt, Kt Kt 2; 15 P QKt 4.
10
. ,

Kt

, ;

;

,

x;
;

;

;

;

is

simply 12.

.,

Q

Q

2

10

P

(c)

A variation favoured in the St.
B3

also of 10

P

Kt3;
(d)

2; Pelersourg Tournament of 19 14. If 9 , B transposes into the ordinary form of the opening, but White has the option 5 ch, KtxKt, PxKt; 11 BxB, PxB; 12 Kt Kt 5, BxKt; 13 Q 14 QxB,
.

K

00.

R

Rti

L. Steiner, Berlin, 1928.

12 B R 3, P B5; 13 B R 2, Kt B 4 ; 14 BxB, The column is Bogoljuboff Tarrasch, Vienna, 1922. Spielmann Rubinstein, Stockholm, 1919. R Q Kt 1 leaves White with complete possession of the , (/) The old move 8 Q Rfileafter9RPx P,RPxP; 10PxP,B K3; IIP B 3,B Q B4; 12 Q Kt Q2, O O ; 13 B B 2.

KxB;

() 11 15

p_Q

PxP, PxP +
.

R4, P

QB4;
.

(g)

Berger's Variation.

QKtl; 12Bx P ch, 10.., PxKt; 16 R KI, 15 RxQ, 14 BxKt, 18 B x P and 19 B 5+ (Berger). The column is Mar6czy 1911.
(h)

QxQ;
Q

HBxP,R
K3
14

K

BxB;

K K 2; 13B Q 5, B Kt 2; PxKtP; 17 RxBch, K B2,
Tarrasch,

San Sebastian,

(*) (/)

13

Q

3,

B

;

Px P, P Q B 4

is

no

better.

Lasker

Schlechter, 8th

match game, 1910.

252
i

RUY LOPEZ
P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

KBs,

KtQ B 3

;

3

B

Kts.

is best.

14 Q Burn Tarrasch, Ostend, 1907, K2, O; 15 Q K4 + The Friess Attack. An alternative is 7 P Q 5, Kt K 2 ? 8 R K I, Kt K B 3 Kt Q3; 9 B Kt 3, or 8 ., Kt B 4 (if 8 9 KtxP, KtxB?; 10 Q B 3, P KB 3; 11 Q R5ch++); 9 Ktx P, P Q 3 (if 9. ., Px B ? 10 P Q 6 !, PxP; llKt B4 + ); 10 Kt B6,Q Q2; 11 B Kt3 + 7..,PxB; 8 P x Kt, P Q 3 T
(a)
(6)
. ;
,
.

;

.

K Bit; 11 B Q 3, Q R5; 12 P K Kt 3, Ktx Kt P+. Or 11 Q R 5, O + K2; 7 Q K 2, P B 4 8 PxP + Or 6.., P Q 4 7 KtxP, 8 Kt x P + The column is the Riga Variation. (*) 14KxB,B K3; 15 B K 3, P K B 4 16 Kt B 3, K K 2 17 P K Kt 4, P K Kt3; 18 K Kt3 + Capablanca Ed. Lasker, New York, 1915. 8 P Q 4, Kt K2, Kt B4; 7 BxKt, (/) 6 Q K3 9 10 11 Kt-B KtQ 5 (B-B4; IIP R Q 1, Q K 2 QPxB; 3, 00; 12 Kt K PxP, 4 10KtxKt,QxKt; KR3,B K2; 12Kt Q2. A suggestion by Tartakover.
10

B

(c)

JOBxPch, Kt3, B Kt2;
6
v,

.

(d)

B

;

.

;

:

1

.

;

;

.

;

;

)

(g)

(h)

position into col. 74.

Cambridge Town Hastings, correspondence, 1921. Immediate development by 7 . , B K 2 is more prudent, leading by trans.

K3;
(/)

() S. Mlotkowski suggests 9..,
12

Yates

Conde, Hastings, 1923.

K B 1 10 KtxKt, QPxKt; 11 KtxB, QKt3, QxKt; 13 PxKt, P R 3. Continued 14 P Q Kt 3, P R3: 15 B Kt2, KtQ 4; 16 B K51 +
P
;

.

RUY LOPEZ
p-~%4, P
;

253
;

K B 3, Kt Q B 3 3 B Kt 5. MORPHY DEFENCE Q R 3 4 T?~"R4 Kt"~B 3 00, B K 2 6 R K i, i* V^ P QKt 4 7 -o Kt 3 P-Q 3 8 P ^ B 3, Kt B B B2 Q 4 P-B 4; 10 P-Q 4 Q-B 2; iiP-KR 3 0-0;R 12 Q9Kt-Q 2!
2

Kt

'

'

;

;

;

,

;

;

,

Kt

B 3.

,

X3P-Q5 **-$*

Kt-QR 4

(i)

--

c

Berlin, 1926.

2 24 R, Q-Kt 2 7 21?R-R { |6 ?' R R3. Sir G. A. Thomas Rubinstein, Baden-Baden, 1925. Because of White's vacillating play Black has the initiative and the better position. R 6, Kt Kt 2 20 Kt K 3, P B 3 21 (d) Better than 19 B Kt 2 Kt B 2 22 B x Kt, X B ; 23 Kt Q 2, R K R 1 ; 24 Kt (Q 2) B 1, P R 4 25 Kt Kt 3 PxP; 26 P x P, Kt Kt 4, and Black's game is satisfactory. Bogoljuboff Rubinstein'

19

R-R

K

16 Kt Rl, P

_.

BI, Kt

_* _,

-

1 3 .

23

2 Q-Kt 2 ?,

B3;

20

Kl RK KtR xP KtKKt B Rx R
,

_

-

o

--- ------ 7

-

"--

~-

i

17

4, ,

P
21

1,

2

;

^SK-R

Kt3: y Q B

18

Kt

irplay whatsoever.

Kt3, Kt

Kt2;

Q^B

K

;

;

K

B. Lasker, Florence, 1927. Vidmar, New York, 1927. (g) Capablanca K 2, P B 5 Black has adequate counter-chances on the Q-side, (h) After 21 Q The model game with this line is Chajes Grunfeld, Carlsbad, 1923, which continued 22 R Kt 2, Q B 1 ; 23 Q R K Kt 1, Q Kt 2 ; 24 P R 3, K R B 1 25 Kt Q 2, Q B 2 26 Kt (Q 2) B 1, B K B 1 27 P K R 4, B K 2 28 K R I, R K B 1 29 R R 2, Q B 1 =. The advance P K B 4 is not good for White after K Px P Black can post his Kt strongly at K 4. On the other hand, the attempt to force 4 is not advisable for Black; J. M. Aitken Reshevsky, Stockholm P K 2 (White's King was at R 1 instead of R 2), P B 5 22 Kt O 2 1937, continued 21 Q R K Kt 1 23 R Kt 2, Q R K B 1 24 P B 3, Q B 1 25 Q R K Kt 1, 4 26 KtxKBP, PxKt; 27KPxP, KtxPj 28PxKt,BxP; 29 x R ch, when the resulting ending was favourable for White. (i) A novel attempt to obtain a freer game, but it does not work out -well. The column is C. H. Alexander Keres, Hastings, 1937-38.
; ;
: ;

became steadily stronger. As indicated above, Black should have played 24. Rx R With fewer pieces White's K-side play cannot become dangerous. In Nulson Grunfeld* correspondence, 1937, this exchange (of Rooks) led to an early draw. Better 15 ., Kt Kt2; 16 P R 5 ? (16 PxP, PxP; 16 P QKt3-M (/) 17 B-Q 2, B-Q 2 R-kt 1 18 Px P, Px P ; 19 B-Q 3, B-l-Kt 4 q=. Rossellf.
' ! ;

(e) If Black operates on the open Q R file, the chances are about even. In the game Rti Samisch, Berlin, 1928, after 21 Kt R2, Kt B2; 22 R K Kt 1 B O224 Q Q 2, K R 1 23 B K 3, R R 1 25 Q R K B 1, R K Kt 1 26 P B s' Q R K B 1 27 R-B 2, Q-B 1 28 Q-K 2, JKt-Kt 4 29 Q-B 1 White's attack
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

,

KB

*

;

;

;

R

PB

'

254

K4 P K 4
,

;

RUY LOPEZ 2 Kt KB Kt
3,
;
;

QB

3

;

3

B

Ktjs. 6 9

o

.

.

p__Q

R3
;

;

P

Q Kt 4
81
(P

7

K2 O, B 5 O 4 B R 4, Kt B 3 B Kt 3, P Q 3 8 P B 3, Kt Q R 4 P B 4 10 P Q 4 Q B2.
;
,

R K
85

i,

B B2,

82

83

84

ii

KR3)
.

(00)
Kt Q 2) .......... Kt Q 2 (d) gt B .3) Bi (a) Kt 13 Kt B i Kt Kt3 BPXP P Q Kt 3 I 4 PXP Kt B3
12 V (Q v
.

,Kt

P
.
.

i.

<s

.

\

/

T-

,

>-v

/

t\

.

(

.

.

P B P X T\
i~t
-r-t *

T>

Q Re 4
"pTf-

!

B3 B K3

(w)

^*N

00
KR

?

PXP

15

P

B Kt5

KR3

P-Q5
Kt

Q

i

16
17

18
19

B KR4 R Ki R Bi Q-Kt 3 Q Q2 B K3 B Kt i
Kt
(a)

P KKt 4 P B3
Kt Kt
Kt

B2 K R2

3

Kt B3(/) P Q5 Q Kt Q 2 Kt QKt 5 B K 3 (7) Kt Bi B Kt i KR Bi P QR4 Kt K 3 P Kt 3 (A) Kt R3 P Q Kt 3 Kt B i Kt R 4 Kt 64

PxKtP PxKtP

QKt Q 2 B Q2 R QBi
B
i

Kt B i Kt Q R 4 K Kt Q 2

B Ki
Kt Kt Kt
P

P Kt3
)

B-Q2
Kt

B Q2
Kt 3
i
(

B B3

B B

Q2 B5
i

K4+(<
This

K

B K3

RiW
;

KR B
If

Q-Kt 4
Q R

()

Pawn

sacrifice is

unsound.
15

13

B Px P

14BPxP, Kt Q Kt 5

B Kt

P
1,

4,

R
;

Kt
16

Kt P x P

Rx P +

1 is best,

but not 13. Bogolj ubofif

.,

Rubinstein, Mahrisch-Ostrau, 1923. 15 KtxKt, PxKt; 16 B Kt 5 (weaker il (6) Better than 14.., KtxQP; Kt 3, Q Kt3; 18 Kt B 5, B B 3 ; 19 B K B 4, 16 Kt Kt3, Kt Q2- 17 B 20 B Q 5, R R 2:21 Q Kt 3, R B 2 +. Lasker Tarrasch, 3rd match 4 Kt Kt 4 ? ; 19 B Kt 3, R 4, Q Kt 3 18 3 ? ; 17 B 3, P game, 1908), B K3; 20 Q R Q If K R B 1; 21 B Kt 1 with a powerful attack. Lasker 1908. Tarrasch, 5th match game, Rubinstein, San Sebastian, 1911. (c) Leonhardt been given much attention. It is at least as good (d) An unusual line which has not Kt B 3 (cols. 7680). as 12 Tarrasch Lasker, 5th match game, 1916. Black's K-side is secure and he (e) has the initiative on the Q-side. The next few moves were 20 R K Kt 1, R K Kt 1 ; 21 Q Q2, B Q2; 22 R Kt2, P Q R 4 ; 23 R KB1, P Kt 5 ; 24 P B 4,

K

PR

K

;

Q~Q

.

Q 2; 14 Kt B (fi *An improvement on the older line 13. ., B B Q3 (15 R K2 is also good), Kt B 3 16 B K 3, Q Kt2; R B 2j 18 R Q B 1, Q R B 1 19 B Kt 1, Kt K 1 20 Q Q 2
15
; ;
;

~

1,

KR

B

1 ;

17
.

Kt Kt 3, Mar6czy
18

R6

rk

Px Kt-

\fl^eTro r
19

is

l9 4 16 *Kt

21 BxKt, with a minimal advantage for White. (h] Mardczv Kashdan, London, 1932. 14 PxKP, PxP; 15 KtxP, If 12... R Ktl?; 13 RPxP, (t) Note the difference between this QxKt; 16 RxKt, P B5; 17 B 6 2 12 89 aad R B 1 ; 16 Kt K3, PxP; 17 KtxP, B 1, Sf' r 'l4 ;*B Kt B3; 18 Kt(K3) B5 +. Keres T. H. Tylor, Margate, 1937. 3 18 B-Kt2, B B 1 ; 19 Kt 3, 17 3, (?) 6rl6..,Kt-Kl; B 1 +. Keres Berg, Kemeri, 1937. P Kt3; 20 1937. (I) Keres Reshevsky, Stockholm, B Px P ; 13PxP,R 14B-Ktl, (m) Orll..,B-Q2; 12 Q Kt-Q 2, QKt3?, Kt B 3 17 B Kt 2, B B 1 ; 15 Kt Bl, KI; 16 Kt 2 ; 19 P x P ? (White should play 19 P Q 5, as in col. 83), PxP; 18 Kt 3, Q 20 Kt Q5, B Q B4 =p. Horowitz Santasiere, New York, 1933. Asztalos, Maxibor, 1934. (n) L. Sterner

Ox

20

B

B2, Kt

P,

Q B5

=F-

Kt3, P R5; 17 B-Q 2, Kt (Kt5)x Q P Cohen Kashdan, New York, 1938.

!

;

PxKt,

R5;

RPxP; K3+.

^; 15^
KR

K

KR

P-Q

P-B

Q-Q

00:

T

QB1;

K

RUY LOPEZ
P K4 P K4
,

255

;

2

Kt

KB 3
;

,

Kt

QB 3

;

3

B
;

Kt 5.
6
9

MORPHY DEFENCE
3..,

P

P

QKt 4
88

QR 3
;

;

7

B R 4 Kt B 3 5 O O, 2 B Kt 3 P Q 3 8 P B 3, Kt Q R 4 P B4
4
, ,
; .

BK

R K i,
B B 2,
90

; ]

87
)

88

89

10 (P
11

Q4

(QB2)
(P

KR 3
B 3)

g=8
)

3W

.Q Kt ~ ~

(Kt
12

60

Q2
,Kt

.33

P Q5 Kt Qi
P Kt 4

Kt Bi B Kt5
(a)

13
14

QKt-Q 2

Kt K 3 BxKt

(c)

KtxKtP R K Kt i

QXB BPxP
Kt

PxP
Kt Kt

QR 4 () QKti(/) RPxP RPxP PxKP KtxP?
P

R

QR 4 Q Kt Q 2 QKti(i) Kt B3 Kt B (m) RPxP R Ki RPxP PxKP Kt Kt3 PXP Q-B 2
R
P
(h)

i

15

16
17

18

PxP PXP KKt Ba BXP R K2
B Kt 5

p__K B 4 P R3

1

PXP

B5

BK
00
Kt

Bi
3

QxKt RxKt
Kt

P-Q4 PxP
KtxP

PKR

3

QxP!

KR-QBi
Q-KKt 3
B Bi
Kt 63 B Kt5 Kt K i

K3
5

P Q

KB 4 y)
32

Kt 5

B K3
Kt

Kt

R Ri

B-Q 3

KR-Qi
R-Q3

BxKt

Kt5

BxB
B-Q2
QR-Qi-fn)

19

K B2+

(6)

(d)

(a) Leonhardt's move, as in Teichmann Leonhardt, Carlsbad, 1911, which continued 14 Kt R2, P K R 4; 15 P K Kt 4, Px P; 16 Px P, Rx Ktl ? ; 17KxR, ^ BxP; 18 P B3 +. L. Sterner Asztalos, Debreczen, 1925. (b) a Pawn for a powerful attack. IflSPxKP, PxP: 14 Kt K 3, (c) Sacrificing R Q1 3 ; 15 Q K 2, R 1 ; 16 Kt Kt 5. Alekhine Flohr, 1938) \ 15 Kt Q 5, Q Kt2=s ; or 13 P Q 5 with variations similar to those in cols. 7680. Black's position is theoretically equal, Fine, Hastings, 1936-37. (d) Alekhine but the defence offers great practical difficulties. B 1, BPxP; 13 PxP, B KtS; 14 P Q 5, Kt Q5s (*) Inferior is 12 Kt 15 B Q3, Kt R41; 16 B K 3, BxKt; 17PxB, Kt^-B 5 ; 18 R B 1, Q Q [?' * w -rLdrobok, 1921. KtS ; 13 P Q 5 (compare col. 78) is weak for Black. 12. ., P Rauser Rumin, Leningrad, 1934. 11 B 3 ; 13 PxP, PxP; 14 KtxP I. KtS, O O; 12 Q Kt Q 2, B 15 P ; B2; 16 P B 5, B Q3; 17 Bx Kt, Bx P ch; 18 K -R l t fxB: 19 QKt4ch, K Rl; P KtS; 12PxKtP, PxKtP; 13 3 transposes into col. 83. {*) 11.., 16 P Kt 3, Q R 4 17 P R4, P Kt4 ; 18 BxP, BxB: 19 Q Q 6, BxP; 20 QxR, B Q 1 ; 21 K B 1 (the subsequent analysis is S. Mlotkowski's), Q R7; 22 QxPch, B Q2; 23 QxP, BxR; 24 Kt 3 t, B B 2 ; 25 P Ks! Q 1 (or Ktx B P), with at least a draw. Black has a winning attack. One of Schlechter's favourite lines. (I) (k) jw)Orl2Q K2, R Kl; 13 P Q R 4, R Kt 1 14PxP,PxP; 15 Kt B B Q 2 ; 16 Kt K 3, B B 1 ; 17 B Q 2, P R 3 ; 18 R R 6, Q B 2 19 R R 1, 1, B Ilym-Zhenevsky Panoff, Leningrad, 1934. It should be noted that is superfluous here; there can follow 12.., P 12 Q 4 (or 12.., Q B2; 13 P 6 R4, B K3; 14 Kt B 1, Kt Q 2 ; 15 Q K 2, Kt Kt3 ; 16PxPTPxpJ 17 B K3, P Q4; 18PxP,BxQP; 19 Kt Q 2, 20RxR, P B 4 T. Grob Lasker, Ziinch, 1934); 13 Kt B 1, PxP; 14 PxP, 3; 15 B Q 2, R R 2 ; 16 Kt Kt 5, B B 5 ; 17 Kt K 3, B Q 6 T- Mar6czy Capablanca, New 12 P Q R 4, 3 ; 13 Kt B 1, P Kt 5; 14 York, 1924. 4, B Px P; 15 Kt5; 16 P Q 5, Kt Q 5 17B Q 3, Kt R4 ; 18B K2, KtxBch; 19 Q x Kt, P B 4TRomanovsky Reshevsky, Leningrad, 1939. L. Steiner, Moscow, 1936. (n] Panofi

K

(BK

K

K

K

KB4,Q

20PxB=.

M

K

PR
! ;

;

K

R

PKR3
.

QB1 =

;

K

RxR;

BK

PxQP,B

BK

PQ

;

256
i

RUY LOPEZ
P

K4

,

P

K4

;

2

Kt

KB3, Kt QBs;

3

B Kt 5.

In this position a serious mistake. 13. ., B K 3 maintains theoretical equality, 17 Q Q2; 18 PxP, B B 3 ; 19 B KtS and White won quickly. AJekhine Ehskases, Podebrady, 1936. Less precise is 9 ,PxP; 10 PxP, B KtS; B 3 !, (c) Bogoljuboffsidea.
(a]
(fc)
, ,

Kt-QR4;
Kt

12

B

Q2;

16

P

KR3!

B

2,

P

B4;

13

PxP!, PxP;

14

P

with the better end-game.

Lasker
;

K 5, QxQ; ISRxQ,
I

HKt

Bogoljuboff, Mahrisch-

P

Ostrau, 1923. (d) If instead 10

P B4; 13 Kt B 3, Kt B 5 ; 14 B B 1, Kt Q 2 ; 15 Kt Q 5. 16 P 3, QKt Kt3; 17 Kt K 3, BxKt; 18 (Verlinsky-E. Rabinovitch, Moscow, 1914), 18. ., R B 1 is good for Black. 17 P Bogoljuboff, New York, 1924. KKt4, B KtS; 18 P Q 5 (/) Yates 17 B Kt 2, Q Kt x P ; 18 B x Kt, PxB; (Rubinstein) is now good for White. 19 P K Kt 4 is Ragosrn Lilienthal, Leningrad, 1939. R 4; 16 B B 2, KtS; 14R QB1, Kt K2; 15 P K R3, B (g) 13 .,B 19 P Kt4 + Yates e.p. t RxP; BxQKt; 17 PxB, P K B 4 ; 18 Bogoljuboff, London, 1922. 18 Kt R2, B K B 1 ; 19 Q Q 3 +. Yates Rosselli, Trieste, 1923. (h) KR3, BxKt; 13QxB,PxP; 14PxP,Kt B 5. Yates (*) Superior to 1 2 P Rubinstein, Hastings, 1922.

.,KtxKP!?; 11 B Q 5, Q Q 2 12 Px P (not 12 B x K Kt, Q4),Kt Kt4; 13BxKt,BxB; 14P K R 3 (in the famous game Capablanca Ed. Lasker, London, 1913, White played 14KtxB!?,BxQ; 15 P K 6, PxP? and won; later Spielmann demonstrated that 15 ., Q Qll wins for Black), BxKt; 16 Rx Kt +. Analysis by Alekhine. 15 Q x B, Ktx P
!

;

B

(e)

12

,

R5;

QKt

PxB

PxP

K

.

(j)
(ft)

KR3, Kt QR4; 10 B B 2, P B 4 11 P Q 4 transposes into 7684 1 P Q 3 ? into col. 90, note (m). 9 P Q R 4, P Kt 5 10 P Q 4, KPxP; HPxQP,B KtS; 12 B K 3, P Q 4 13 P K 5, Kt K 5 14 P R 5
(I)
;

12 ., is B 9 P

Q B2
KtS!
;

is
.

preferable.

Treybal

Vidmar, Carlsbad, 1929.
;

columns
is

1

;

;

Ragosin
(m) 9.
(n)

Keres, Leningrad, 1939.
.,

Kt

QR4

;

10

B

B

2,

P B4

transposes into cols. 90

and

91.

Yates

Marshall,

New

York, 1924.

RUY LOPEZ
I

257
;

PK

4,

P K4

;

2

Kt

KB3, Kt Q B 3

3

B Kt 5.

MORPHY DEFENCE

(a) Or 9.., R Kl; 13 P Chicago, 1926),

P

17 + . Stoltz H. Sterner, Hamburg, 1930. ; 2 is safer, but the text is good enough. 13 R K 2 I (16Qx Kt?, B R7ch; 17 B 1, B 15.,, KtxP!; 16R (c) +J but not 16.., B Kt6?; 17 QxPch! + +), B Kt5j 17 PxB, B R7ch; 18 K B 1, B Kt6; 19 RxKt, R8ch; 20 2, (or 20 ., 22 Kt Q 2 + ) 21 B Q 2 + . Capablanca MarshaU, New York. 1918, 8 P Q 4, Kt Q 2 : 9 P x P, P x P ; (d) An alternative is 7 B x Kt ch, P x B ; 10 Q Kt Q2, O O? (10.. ,P B3; 11 Kt B 4, Kt Kt3=) ; 1 1 Kt B 4, B B 3 : H. E. Atkins Yates, 1920. 12 Kt 8 P Q 4, P QKt4; 9 2, B Kt5; 10 5, () Or 7 ., Tarrasch Selesmeff, Kt Q R 4 ; 1 1 Q Kt Q 2, P B 4 ; 12 P x P e.p., Kt x B Mahnsch-Ostrau, 1923. If 8.., PxP?; 9 PxP, B Kt5; 10 3, BxKt; Kt4 ; 12 B B 2 . Verlmsky Spielmann, Moscow, 1925. 11 PxB, 12 B 4 1 ; 13 Kt 3, 4 ! ; 1, P ~(/) Stronger than " ~ 5, Q Q 1 =F- Yates Romanovsky, Moscow, 1925. " 14P~QR3,lCt B3; 15 Keres, Warsaw, '1935." (g) L. Steiner 1 1 Kt Kt 3 ; 12 B Kt 3, Kt 3, P Kl; 10 Kt B 1, B \h) 9 .,R 5; 14 B B 2, B Kt2; 13 Kt KtS (better than 13 3, Kt Sir G. A. Thomas B 1 14 B 4, B 1. 15 B Yates, Cheltenham, 1928), 4 16 . Yates E. Spencer, Canterbury, 1930. 5 15 PxP, The Kecskemet Variation as first played. The best order of moves is exemplified ( t) in the next column and notes (k) and (/). . Alekhme, Kecskemet, 1927. , (7) L. Steiner R1; Kt Q 2; 11 Kt B 1, P B3; 12 Kt R4, P (A) 10 K Kt 4, Kt Kt 3 ; 15 B 1 ; 16 Q Kt Kt S, B B 2 ; 14 13 2, 5, B Bl . L. Sterner Kmoch, Kecskemet, 1927. 2 or R 1 12 B 3 ; 13 Kt Q 2 (better 13 B 3, P KtS, (I) 11 Kt Kt KtS; 14 B B2, P Q 4 ! =F- Asztalos Ahues, Kecskemet, 1927.
(b)

Kt

R2

BQ3; PK R 3
K

KB4!

K5;

10
14

(weaker

R

PxKt, PxKt; 11 QxP, is 13 P B 3, Q Q 6 +. K5 R 4 15 P Q
!,

BK Kt
4,

5

:

12
16

Q

KtS,

PK

!

Ed. Lasker

;

BxR:

Marshall,

BPxB,

K

21QxB,QxPch;
R5
,

Q

K K

BxR

Kt6+ QxB:

;

OO;

BB P=

PQ

.

PQ

KtB

HBxB, QxB;
K KtB
':

KtB
'

PQ

-PQ

KB1;

BK

QR4;

PxQP;

PQ

;

PK

K R K

;

KtB PK
K

PQ White's gameK 1m)
5),

KtB =
(n)

KR3,

PK
;

B

R K

BK
B 1,

B

is

somewhat
10

freer.

Or 9

.,

B

B B2;
16

P

KR4
12

13

B
.

/

\

P

K

15 14 Bx^ch, RxB; KtS, Kt R4; Ahues L. Sterner, Bad Niendorf, 1927. Compare 5 was much stronger.
Keres,

Kl;

Kt

Kt

Q2;

11

Kt

K 3,

P

KtB
;

B

3

12

5, col. 99.

B B

PQ

4, 1'

(p)

A. Steiner

Kemen,

1937.

258

p_K 4,

P

K4

;

RUY LOPEZ 2 Kt KB 3 Kt
,

QB3;

3

The Worrall Attack.
6 1 r-is 17...

~

B-K B 4
Q B

,

Saa Remo, 1930);

18 18

R-H6, R-R6,

AlekbineEuwe,

1st

match game,

1926.

P

I^SB^i^WlSK^W^?. A
y
KxSt;' 15 P ?^ fV?R Kt
'

Kt

5 ?

9

4 (the simple

p-K5+.
4
'
-

7.

,

? Chist^c^-Panoff, pM<^w^l|3
'

14

R K2

Q Q 6/15 B K 3 + +
J

jO^S

.

Spielmann
14

^ B^-Kt2 Vidmar, Bled,

KtxP?
.

Alexander, 'Margate, 1938.
-

T

O " ^ R

4 (or 5),
'

Qx

P=F, whfle

Reinfeld P f 1 7"Q x B 'P, B x Kt =s Kt!,RxQ; 16BXQ+. B66k C. H. -jrion -RfiTTtvPjR 6, Ktxr + if 13 Q
.

(14

BxKt,

1938-

,

Kt-Kt3;'
1937

17

R5

.

Alekhiae-Samisch, German Quadrangular Tournament,

Botvinnik, Moscow, 1935. Stoltz, Stockholm, 1928. (^) Reti

RUY LOPEZ
p__K
4
,

259
;

P

K4;

2

Kt

3

B

Kt5-

MORPHY DEFENCE
;

4

B R 4 Kt B 3
,

;

5

O
109

O,

B K2.
110

106

107

108

Q_B
t

(a) 10 R 01, Q B2; 11 P K R 3, P Kt4?; 12 KtxKtP, R K Kt 1 ; 15 PxP, PxP; 16 Kt~KB3, BxP; 3 14 PxP, 13 -04, E. G. Sergeant, City of London Championship, Sir G. A. Thomas 1 + 17 11 Q Kt-Q 2, Kt-BS; 12 1, is weak; after 10 10 1932^ 4 Black has the upper hand. 2 ; 13 Kt B 1, Fine -Reshevsky, Syracuse, 1934.

KtK
(6)

BPxP

:

P-R

;

(

P-Q3

PQ
;

,

O-O
B

;

R-Q

c\

1 1

pQ 00
5, is also
is

12

Q Kt Q

2,

Q

2

;

13

R Q 1, P B 5

(Yates

Kmocb,

London, 1927)
(d)
(e)

satisfactory for Black.

R&i-Grunfeld, Tephtz-SchQnau, 1922.
Safer
10

PQ
is

4,

PxP;
13

11

PxP=. R

Yates- Vidmar, Carlsbad, 1929.
14

(/)

12

,

Kt

K7ch?;
;

QxKt, Kt

Kt3;

Kt

Q

2

+.

Brinckmann

Schlage, Berlin, 1928. (g) 15 R x Kt, B

Pawn.
t

The column
\

h

9

B 3, P B 4 combination. 10..,BxKt; HQxB, PxP; 12 PxP (i) An unsound sacrificial B 4 is better. Kt Q R 4 13 B B 2, Kt Q 2 +. Kashdan Hanauer, New York, 1936. (j) 15 Q O 0- 7BxKt, QPxB(7 .,KtPxB; 8 Kt x P, P B 4 is Black's IkMtB 8 KtxP, Q Q5; 9 Kt K B 3, QxKP?; best fiirhting chance Alekhme); lOQxQ, KtxQ; 11 R K1 + + (Aiekhine). P B 3 IIP B 4, PxP; 12 KPx P, Kt K 1 13 Kt K 1^Z Weak is 10 P-K5; 15 B-K 3, B-K B 3; PB4- 14 P B4Sterner Kashdan, Folkestone, 1933. 16 Kt-Q B 3, P-Q Kt 4 Kt3 +. L. 17 B
13

Kt

PQ 5;

;

3 with a strong attack for the 5 or Kt 4 16 P B 4, B analysis by Tartakover. 11 Ktx Kt, Kt; 12 B K3, Q Ql; lOPxP, 14 P B 4

B

KtxQP;
.

Qx

;

PQ

'

1

!

;

;

;

(w) Kashdan and Phillips minimal advantage.

Alekhme and Warburg,

New

York, 1933.

White has

a

RUY LOPEZ
i

P K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5.

MORPHY DEFENCE

(a)

Premature.

11..,

P
Kt

K Kt3

followed

by Kt

Kt2

should have been played

(Alekhine).

p

12 B 1928.

KR3; 18 Kt(B3) Q 2. Alekhme 9 PxP is colourless: 9 ..QKtxP;
(c)

(6)

H..,Kt Q2;
4,

15

K 4,
2,

Kt

B

3, Kt ; 16 B Tylor, Margate, 1938. 1
!

K

KtS;

17

P

KKt3,

10

B

B

If9R

Q

Kt4 13 Kt Q 1 ?,KtxP! +
; .

Kt

B 4=. Euwe

Bx B, Ktx Ktch HQxKt, KtxB;
Bogoljuboff,

2nd match game,

(<)

ever, is 9 13 QxB,
(e)

type of defensive position sometimes seen in Steinitz's games. Simpler, how10 PxP, Kt QR4; 11 B B2, B Kt4 12 3, ., Px P; ; P Q4; 14 P K 5, Kt K5 = . Horowitz Fine, New York, 1938. Both 11 R K 1 and 11 P Q 5 were preferable. is decidedly weak. This
;

A

BQ

BxB

L, Steiner Alekhine, Folkestone, 1933. The game continued 15 Kt R 4 ?, B 3, P B 3 : 17 B x Kt, P x B ; 18 Kt B 5, P K Kt 3 =f. Best 16 Q 5 16 Qx Kt (not 16 Ktx Kt, Qx Kt; 17 Q x Kt, P K B 3, winning a piece), Ktx Kt (temp ting but inferior is 16 ,B K KtS; 17Q R4, B K7: 18 Ktx Kt BxR; 19 Kt Kt 4, B Q 6 ; 20 Kt B6I++); 17 BxKt, QxP; K2 . Analysis by Tartakover. 18 Q
(/)

Kt

B

is

15

K KtxP, KtxKt;
1

;

=

,

(g)

A. Steiner

Fine, Kemeri, 1937.
;

6P B3?, KtxP; 7 Q K2, Kt B 4 8 BxKt, QPxB; 9 KtxP, O* 10 P Q4, Kt Q2; 11 Kt Q 2, Ktx Kt; 12QxKt, B K3; 13 Kt B 3, B Q 314 Q RS, p_B 3 qp. Sir G. A. Thomas Reshevsky, Nottingham, 1936.
(A)

Alekhine Keres, Kemeri, 1937. The two Bishops are ample compensation for Pawn majority on the K-side. , P Q 3 is playable, since the tempting 7 Kt Kt 5, P Q 4 ; 8 P x P. (/) Kt Q 5 ; 9 P Q 6, Ktx B 10 Px P, Q x B P ; 11 R Px Kt, P K R 3 leaves Black the initiative and a splendid development for the Pawn sacrificed. with
(*)

Black's

6

.

.

;

(k)
(/)

Safer

is 1 1

P

Q

5,

or

1 1

Q P x P,

but the text

is fey

no means bad.

Tarrasch

Burn, Ostend, 1907.

White's position

is

worth the Pawn.

RUY LOPEZ
P

261
3

K4

,

P K4;

2

Kt -KB3,

B~~Kt5-

MORPHY DEFENCE 4 B R 4 Kt & 3.
-

,

^

^

_____
(6^
(c)

r

_____ u _

^
_

pjohner
8

Teichmann, Berlin, 1925.

O

Not

transposing into cols. 101 and 102, 12.., KtxKP?; 13 P Q 5, Kt Q 1 ;

K2,

is

14B-R7+.

even stronger. Kere*-Zinner,

Prague, j^ oUer Defence. For some years it was championed by AlekMne, but he has since abandoned it. For 5.., P Q 3 see the Steinitz Defence Deferred, cols.
(if Px Kt; 12RxPch, Or9 KtxKt; 10 Ktx Kt,P K 5 11 Ktx P, O 1 B 3 ch, Q K 2-13 B K Kt 5 + Or 1 2 ... K B 1 1312 B BK Kt K KtKt K 1413 KtKt 3 ch, 5, Kt3, 2; pl-Q4; 15BxPch>QxB; 16 R K8 mate); f CaT3ablanca-~~ P S. Milner-Barry, Margate, 193511 Q Kt Q 2, Q K 1 ? (this blunder deprives the ii\ 10 B KtSch, K Rl 11.., P Q 4 had to be tried); 12 KtxKt, PxKt; ne of'theoretical value Alekhine K P P-Q 4 14 Bx p, B -K B 141 15 Q-K R 4 +! or 10 B-B H. Sterner, 13 Qx 2, P-Q 4 R-Q 1, Q-K 2=, Pasadena 1932. If 10 B-K 3, P-Q 3 P i.i f Ktx P (Q 3) 12 Q Kt-Q 2, R-K 1 =F. Yates-Rey, Barcelona, 1929. il P x fi\ 15 wtv'K't n K^T. Yates Alekhine, Hastings, 1922. 9 Ktx Kt, 8 Kt x P, B-Q 2 7 P-Q 4, P x P J J^enor is 6 P-Q 3, P-Q 3 13 Q R-K 1, 12 B-B 4, Q-K 2 1 1 Q-B 3, O-O P * Kt- 10 K^-B 3, Kt-Kt 5 Bogatyrclmk14 Q Kt3, P B41; 15 P KR3, P Kt4T + Kl;
'

M

;

TCt

.

;

;

(

\

>

;

:

'

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

!

;

;

;

"

QR

.

J"~ n

"7',

f

5

.

Kt-B?,
J

:-i*iiii 2, l

6 , KtxJ^; *7 KtxKt K ch,'K-Kt2;' 10

Leningrad, 1934.

*tx{
Kt 4

^\ ^7^-^f^;^^y^ m
X
1
'

(7

KtxBP?, KxKt;

8

Q

B

er is 10

P
=p.

KB 4,
W.

(

*5 i

K3 B

!

P. Shipley and S. T. Sharp

g 603i
;

1

f

P

ft-o'pMtMfk 4 12 B P
5,

Q

Q Q 3, Kt R 5 ; Alekhine, Philadelphia, 1924.
; !

^
, .

R 5 ch, P

Kt 3
(

;

5

-

+)!

10

^EH to siHiiviWft^I^K-K'?P-K'S-KS-, *
4^i:B-Ktsi
B-fet2l
12

8KtxP,Kt_B4; flKt-BS.O-O;
1.

PxP, Kt^R4;

13

P-Q * B-B 2

10

,-B 3

,

Sit G. A.

262

RUY LOPEZ
P K4
,

P-

K4;
P

2

Kt

KBs, Kt Q B 3

;

3

B Kt 5

.

MORPHY DEFENCE
3..,

QR 3

;

4

B R 4f Kt B 3.

5

p
qp.

4; 7

Q6
(i)
(c)

B 3, Ktx P (P Q 3 transposes into better-known variations) 6 Q K 2. 4 Kt-K3; 9 PxP, Kt-B4; 10 B-Kt5, Bxkt, QPxB; 8
!

1

BaloghProbst, correspondence, 1928-29.
Variation.

PQ

;

,

The Duras

For 6 Kt

B3

see col. 135.
; ;

Alternatives are : (1) 7 Kt O O 10 P KRS, Kt Q2; 11 2) 7 P Mardczy, Vienna, 1908. B 3=. Kt 2 ; 10 Kt B 3, P

K

B 3, B Kt 2 8 B K Kt 5, P R 3 9 B Q 2, BxKt?, PxB; 12 Q K 2, Kt B 4. Duras 2, KR3, B Kt2; 8 B K 3, O O; 9

QQ

(d)

8.

Duras
(e)

9 KtxKt, , QKtxP; Yates, match, 1911.

PxKt;

10

Kt
;

B 3, P B3;
9

11

O
;

O, 10

PR3.
Q
-K 2,

Or
2.

7

P

K R 3,
K2, Kt

O

;

8
15

B P

K 3, B K 3

Kt

B

3,

R Kt 1

Kt
1907.

Q
(/)

R. H. V. Scott

Sir G. A.

14

Q

K4;

Thomas, match, 1915. KKt4, RxPl +. Duras

Vidmar, Carlsbad,

7 P KR3, B game (Leonhardt). K R 3, P (A) 9 P Kt Kt5! +. Treybal 14 Q R Q 1, (i)
(g)

Kt2; 8 B

K 3, O
K

O; 9 Q
11

B
P

1,

P

Q4

!,

with a good

QQ

2, Q Q3; Q 4 ; 10 Q Spielmann, Pistyan, 1922.

K Kt4, PxP;
f

12

PxP,

3.

Treybal

Grunf eld, Teplitz-Sch6nau, 1922.
;

12 P B4? Kt Q5; Q K2, R KI; 11 P K R 3, P Kt 5 tj) 10 KtxKt, PxKt; 14 BPxP, KtxQP; 15 B Kt3, Kt Kt3; 16 Q R5, 1933. R_-B 1 qp. Vajda Lundln, Folkestone, Kt3, B KKt5; 15 Q K 2. Tartakover R6ti, New York, 1924. (k) 14 P B4; 6 O O, P Q3; 7 BxKt ch, PxB; 8 B K 3 !, BxB; (1) 5 ., B
13

9

Kt

PxB, O 0; 10 Kt B B K2 7 (m) 6
.

3,

R

Kt

1.

Asztalos
5 11
;

Vidmar, Budapest, 1913.
O,

,

;

QR4;

10

B

PQ R P Kt R P Kt6?;
4,
2,

8

O

PxP, P B4;

PQ

3

;

9

B
P

Kt 5

(or 9

P R 5),
Canal

12

QKt4.

Asztalos, Trieste, 1923.
(n) Dyckhoff

Tarrasch, 1916.

RUY LOPEZ
i

263

P

K 4, P K 4
3..,

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5.

P QRs;

MORPHY DEFENCE 4 B R 4 Kt B 3
>

.

10 14

Note the numerous from cols. 126129. Kt B3, (6) 9

K2; (a) 6... B PxKt, Kt R4; QxKtP, B B3;

8 P Q 4, B KtS; 9 B Q 5 ?, KtxB; 12 Q x P, BxKt; 13 PxB, Kt B5; 2 ch, followed by O + (Grunfeld). possibilities of transposition into the Worrall Attack (cols. 101 113) 7

P

11

15

B 3, P Q3; PxP, PxP; Q R6, Q K
10

O O!;

Kt

Q
(c)

5

!),

P

Q4
Kt

;

HPxP,

P

KtxKt P (or 10 O 0, P Kt5; K5; 12 Kt Kt5, Rx Kt 1; 13 Qx

11

R,

Kt~Q 5, Bx Pch=.

Suchtmg
(d)

P. Johner, Vienna, 1908.

Schlechter
If 9..,

Rubinstein, match, 1918.
;

12
11

K2, Alekhine suggests 10 P Q 4, PxP; 11 PxP, B Kt 3 P K5, KKt Q4; 13 B Kt5. 9.., K Rl; 10 B KtS, P R3; B K R 4, P Kt 4 12 B Kt 3 can be played. 14 3, Q Q 3 15 Kt R 4, Kt K 3 16 Kt B 5 + Sir G. A. Thomas
;

(

)

Spielmann, Carlsbad, 1923. Bogoljuboff, Kissingen, 1928. (/) Tarrasch K 1, Q B 3 15 K R 2, (g) Continued 14 R Sir G. A. Thomas Alekhine, Margate, 1937.
;

QK

;

;

.

Kt B

5

;

16

B x Kt, Q x B ch

=F*

(A)
(i)

The Treybal

Variation.
,

B

KB

B O

KtS: Q Kt 5 O O;
(-)

K3;

B Q 3 ; 7 P Q 3, P B 4 ; 8 P R 3, Inferior alternatives are: (1) 6. 9 K3, P R3; 10 P Q R4, P B 5 ? ; IIP Q 4, O . Bogoljuboif Alekhine, 16th match game, 1934. (2) 6 , 13 2 ? 8 B Q 2, B 7 P Q 3, 2, B x B ch ; 10 Q x B, Q 2 ; 9 Kt ;

B

K PxP; 12BxQP,

11

P

KR3, Kt K

QK

;

1

;

12

Q

R5.

K

Flohr

Canal, Rogaska-Slatiua,

1929.

If8P
11

BxKt;
B
(k)

Kt 5 ch and
Flohr

Q

KKt4,B Kt3;9KtxP,KtxKP'; 10 KtxKt (10 KtxB, KtxKt=J K2, Q Q4; 12 Ktx Q B P, Qx Kt; 13 P Q 3, O O O 14 PxB
;

Black's position

is

worth the Pawn.

Euwe, Semmering, 1937.

264
i

RUY LOPEZ
P K
4
,

P

K4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt Q B 3

I

3

B Kt 5

.

Reshevsky, Kemeri, 1937. " colourless. on which Nimzovitch poured scorn as K2; 7 advocated 5.., B Kt5, with the continuation 6 Kt Q 5, B
(a)
(6)

Flohr

A move
,

QxB, O O; 16 P Q 5. Copenhagen Leningrad, by telegraph, 1930. W (A)6..,P-Q31?; 7Kt-Kt5,P-Q4; 8 Ktx Q P, Kt-Q 512 9KtxKtch(or Ktx 9Kt K3?, KtxB; 10 RPx Kt, P R3; 11 Kt B 3, Ktx P; attack. ?,Q--B 3; Sir G. A. K 2, O O 0, with a winning 13 Kt B3, B Kt2; 14 Q Thomas-Keres, Margate, 1937), Q x Kt 10 B x P ch, K-Q 1 11 P-Q 3 (II F-K R 4, P R3; 12 B Q 5, P B3; 13 Kt B 7 ch, P R3; 12 Q R5, P Kt3 wms), wi exceen aacn x x K B 2 14 Ktx R, Px B with excellent attacking prospects.5 9 B K.*-,, - ^ .* 3, 8 O O (or 8 B K 3), B K Kt 7 p Q 3, P Q 3 10 BxKtfBxB; 11 P-KR3, P-KR4; 12 Q-K 2, Kt-Q2I; 13 1912. Fridlizius Alekhine, Stockholm, R41; 17 PxPdb15 PxKt, P B5; 16 Q-Q 5, Q (/) 14 00, QxB;
15
; ;

10P B 3, Kt-K 2; 11 P-Q 4, Kt-Kt 3=. 8R-K17P-Q3; 9 Ktx Ktch,Bx Kt; 4 3; B K 2 6 O O, P Q Kt transposes into the column, 5. ., B (c) 5 6P 64,P-QKt4(6..,B-Q2; 7%xKt,BxB; 8Q-Q3); 7Px P 4(7and Kt 3, 10.. 9 QxKt, P B PxP- 8 BQ5, not, however/8 KtxP?, KtxKt; 9 B-KtS QxQch, pi.B5++ Noah's Ark Trap) PxP; 81 2 B x KtxQ; 13 Kt Kt 2 Q 5, KB--g3; O O, Kt-K 3 Kt, P x B 1 1 Q 10 B Kt 5, 14 Kt Kt6!+. Marco Euwe, The Hague, 1921. Kt 5 leads to col. 133 by transposition), P O O 8 B Q 5 (8 P Q R 4 ? (d\ 7 9BxKt,PxB; 10 Kt-K2, Ktx P; HKtxP,B Q3; 1 2 Kt-Q B 4 = Schlechter "" \e?*9' J^R QKtlr'lO P B 3, PxP; 11 KtPxP, Kt QR4; 12 B R2 10P-Q4,0-0; 11 KtxB oh, Ktx Kt; KtxKtri3BxKt,0-6 = Or9..,KtxP; B Q 2, P Q B 4=. 12 R Kl, B Kt2; 13 PxP, P Q4; 14 ,B Kt5; 13 B Kt5, 0-0; 14 P Q 5, P R3. Sir G. A. Thomas (/) 12 _ __. Alekhme. Hastings, 1922. 14 R K 1, BxKt; (g) Sacrificing a Pawn, with the continuation 13.., BxP;
:

O

In reply he
-0,

O O

;

PQ

!

00

,

;

;

;

;

;

1

.

.

t

;

,

r.
-,

I

;

;

,,,,

Alekhine Reti, Vienna, 1922. Q 5 is better. (k) 10 Kt
, ,

(1)

And now

1 1

P

(nt)

Tartakover

B 3 is much better. Alekhine, Bled, 1931.

RUY LOPEZ
x

265
3

P K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

KB3,
BxKt.

B Kt 5

.

MORPHY DEFENCE (EXCHANGE VARIATION)
3..,

P

QR 3

;

4

KtPxB; 5 P Q 4, PxP; 6 ^Q x P, 9 P QK3 1 7 O O, Kt K2 8PK5+); 8 Kt B 3, Kt KtS; R Kt 1, P K R 4 15 P K R 4, Kt B 5. Bernstein Alekhine, Berne, '"(6) 14 K 1030 10 P-B 3, Q-Q2: 9 Kt-Kt 3, B-K 3 is 8 B-K3, P-Q B 4 (c) Weaker 11 O O O O- 12 Q B2, Kt B3i- Romanovsky Botvmmk, Moscow, 1935.
(a) v

If

4

.,

;

/

7

t

B3

.

;

;

;

(d)

14BPx'P KtxP;
Black's

15

Px P, Kt

KtS

19 26

pos^on

is

800 QxKKt; 9R-K1,B-K3; Tanner BOOK ana
and
(

mo^co^rtable. ^
10

P

Q
; ;

^
4,

!.

Tartakover-

Q

KB
!,

^ ^ HB-Kt5.
p
;

Alekhine, Semmering,
?
_

4;

Karlm

n

6
I,

B
Kt

K Kt 5 *
R3;

oaio, LVOO. 7 B 3,

K

10Q-K1
6 9

ll'R

Kt

1 !,

P

BxB B3

8 P x B, Q Kt 4 12 P

K2
Kt
,

9

B

2; 13

00, PO

QR4.
!

O

'
;

Capablanca F

P p

^^^r^^p^^^r^^'^^-^^^

Janowski, St. Petersburg, 1914. B K Kt 5 1. If then is weak, for Black can safely reply 5 /) 5 KtxQ; KR3, P KR4! (but not 6, , BxKt; 7 QxB, Q 3 B 3 8 QxQ,Kt-Q 2 ; 12 B-Q 2, 1 1 Kt-Kt 3, B-Kt sVB-B 4 10 Kt-Q 2, Q

oO

;

OO
;

;

;

;

^K'&^l^ iiil^B^nVKT-T^,?
BxKt and 12,
.

M

13

^f^
tf-B
2?

13PxB+. Em. Lasker W ertolO P^KB4 P-B3; 11 Kt-K 2, Kt-Kt 3 12P-K R 3, B-Q 3; K R K 1 14 Q R-Q 1, P-Q B 4 T- Henneberger-Euwe, The Hague,
,

ftSAJ;

Kt

K
;

, 2),

Kt

K2

12

B

KtS, B x Kt;

>

f

;

K 3,
Px
1929
in

P
13

,

,

12 Kt

B

4,

Kt

B 3,
;

.

Mattison

Rubinstein, Carlsbad

R %7o- H B x B S" 02-'lO B K3 P
!
!

P

?n J

R4

On

9

00, RK1-

B

?3~~Ktl'o 5 (m) Bogoljuboff

0-0-6

if 9.., 0; 5 I !, P QKt3; 13 B B 4, After 9 ., Petersburg, 1914. B 4 12 K Kt K 2, Kt-Kt3; B3- II Ql, Black stands well. ^chlechter-Rubinstein, match, 1918. 1920. Kostich, Gothenburg,

11

Q2 Kt

12 P Kt3, P B 3 Lasker-Capablanca, St

is

the simplest

method

of equalising, for

B

QR

P-Q

;

:66
1

RUY LOPEZ
P K4 P K4
, ;

2

Kt

KB3, Kt QBs;

3

B Kt 5.

STEINITZ DEFENCE
3..,

p-Q 3

;

4

P-Q4> B-Q2; 5 Kt-B 3. Kt-B 3 6 O O, B K2.
143
144

;

141
7

142
i

145

R K
KtxP 00

(a)

PxP(&)
8

o 9
I0

B x Kt

PXB

Kt X Kt BxKt(i)

K Kt-K 2

(

Kt-K 4 W
KtxB

A)

B Kt 5
-RA

P QKt 3

pHKR3
TT -R

"1Z| 4I(C
12 1
* o_o 3

)

B-QKt 5
P

P-Q4() P K5
B Q2 BxKt

BXB PXB
K2 Q-Q2
Kt
Kt

Kt-Kt 3

BxB

KKt-Q2
B Q2

^R 2

13 6

R XB

BXB 0)

K5 Kt-R 2 B-Kt 3
P

(h)

BXB

QR4

KtK 5

KR-Ki P-Kt3 QR Qi
B-KtadiO)

Kt 3

Kt-Q B 3

B-B 3
B B3

14 *

R-K 3

Q Kt i-M B-KBi - (/)

Q-Q3

Q-Q*

P QR3 ()

PxP;

7 P Q Kt 3, f^ Freauently arising by transposition from the Berlin Defence. 2 transposing into 8 KtxP, KtxKt; 9 QxKt, BxB; 10 KtxB, Kt-Q

col. 153.
(ft)

BxP;
(c)

7 12
1

Kt
Cole

B

KtxB, KtxKt; 13 Kt Q 3 +. 12 BxB, QxB; 11... Kt R2;
=.
13

,00?; 8BxKt,BxB; 9PxP,PxP; 10QxQ,QRxQ; HKtxP, K 3, 14 R 13 Q-Q 3, K RK 1 1914. in
;

O. S. Bernstein

Em.
14

Lasker,

game

Russia,

(d)

B

Kt3, Kt

Bl;

Q

R-Q 1,

B

B3;

15

R-Q 2, Q

Kt

1.

H. G.

(/)

Capablanca, Hastings, 1919. Q Kt3, Q Kt3. Capablanca Em. Lasker, match, 1921. (e) 15 P 15 PxP, PxP; 16RxR,QxR. O. S. Bernstein-Em. Lasker, St, Petersburg,
(g)

1914.

p Kt 3
(h\

The alternative defence 10... R and B Kt 2, is less energetic.
Tf instead
is

K1

;

11

B

Kt2, B
;

KB1,
14

followed

by
The

12

15

R-Ktl Q-K5(i)

PxKt BxKt- 13 B Kt 5, R K 1 16 Kt-K 2, BxP+. Balla-Vidmar,

RxRch, QxR;
(Schlechter).

Warsaw, 1918.

column
(/)

L. Steiner-^-S. R. Wolf, Vienna, 1923. Q3, R Kt 1 ; 11 P 9.., PxKt; 10 B Tarrasch Em. Lasker, match, 1908.

QKtS, Kfr-Kt5

/M Q p K4; 11 B K B 1, P QR3; R K 1 10 B 4, Kt 12 Q-Q 2, Q-B 1?' Schlechter-ReTi, Vienna, 1912. 9/P-Q Kt3 is also playable, as is 9 B Kt5; but best is Tarrasch's move 9 B B 1 (cols. 146-7). p Q R 3 10 B Q 3, Kt K Kt 5 11 P K R 3, K Kt K 4 12 P B 4, (D 9 3, KtxB- 13PxKt,P-B4(Tar?asch). Or 11 Kt-Kt be B-B 3 12 P-K fe.3, Bx Kt; R5. Janowskibetter), Q (Q R5 may 13 Pxfe, KKt-i4; 14 P 1909. Em. Lasker, 8th match game, 1920. Kostich Selesnieff, Gothenburg, (m) 15

KR3

KB

:

;

KB4

;

BxB.

RUY LOPEZ
P K4 P K4
,
;

267

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B

Kt$.

3-.,

P Q3;

4

STEINITZ DEFENCE P Q4- B Q 2 5 Kt
6

00,

B K 2.

;

B 3, Kt BS;
150

146

147

148

149

14

^ Q B
(a)

* 3,

-

P
,

-r^*-

B

3.

-o

-~10
:

Smysloff

12 B Kt2 ' Kt K4; ; r, Ragosin, Leningrad, 1939.
3
;

~

13

P

B4, Kt

Kt

3;

9

KtxKt?;
5

QxKt, B B

11

P
111

g^S'S^n
Q
1 1

SSSii^^ik

^"

QKt4+.
8'

8 -^" l2B - Kt2;

Capablanca

A. B.

B

B3, KtxKt; 11 QxKt, B K3; 12 Q B 2, P-B 3 (6) 10 P Kt 3. Euwe Capablanca, London, 1922. Tarrasch recommends 10 P Kt 2.
(c)

13

Q Kt 3 and
18

B-Q 2,
Q

15

BxKt;
(d)

19
15

QxB, QR Q

BR2 RB
1

Kt2; 16 Q~Q1 Kt-B5; 17 K 4. KashdanL. Steiner, match, BxKt, PxB; 1930.
R6ti, Pistyan, 1922.

B 3,

+. Treybal

Tanaroff.

B3, P B 3 (better is P Q4!); 12 Kt 04 Kt 3 and White won brilliantly. Capablanca Sir G. A. Thomas, Hastings, 1919. Or9B K3, PxP: lOBxP, 0; 11 Kt Q 5, B x Kt 12 PxB, B-B3; (/) 13 KR Kl, BxB; 14 QxB, Q B3=. Mar6czy Capablanca, London, 1922. column is Nitnzovitch Breyer, Gothenburg, 1920. The Q4; 10 Kt Kt3, P K 5; 11Q K3LPxKt; (g) 8 ..KtxP?; 9 KtxKt, P
(0 Best.

Kt

Q 2,13 Kt

If 10.., 5,

B

B

00; B3
is

11
1

Q

;

4

The column

Q

Capablanca

;

Sterner, Hastings, 1924. (h) Another strong continuation is 10 P QKt3, O 0; 11 B 12 13 P B 4, Q K 2 ; 14 P K R 3 Kl, B O ; 11 Q R K Bardeleben, 1900. Inferior is 10 B Kt 5, 1, P Kt R2; 13 BxB, QxB; 14 Kt Q 5, Q Q 1 ; 15 P Q B 4, R Capablanca, 14th match game, 1921.

12

R K1+. Mar6czyL.

QR
(i)

KB1;

K

Kt2, R K 1 Pillsbury R 3 12 B R 4 K 1 =, Lasker
.

;

14.

.,

Kt

B3

;

15

QR Q

1,

B B3

;

16

P

K 5.

Brinckmann

Anderssen.

Niendorf, 1934.

^

268
i

RUY LOPEZ
Pr-K 4 P
,

K4
4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt Q B

3

;

3

B

Kt5-

3..,

P Q3J

P Q4 B

STEINITZ DEFENCE Q2; 5 Kt B 3, Kt BS
153 154

(a).

151

152

155

(O

O)

B X Kt

Also frequently reached by transposition from the Four Knights' Game. 7 ., Px P ; 8 R 1, B Q 3 (8. ., O O ? transposes into col. 141, note (6)) ; R 4, P Kt4; 11 B Kt 3, Q K 2 12 Kt Q 5, 9 B Kt5, P KR3; 10 B K 3, Q 2 ; 15 Kt B 4 +. Perhs H. Wolf, 13 BxKt, PxB; 14 Kt Q__Q1; Vienna, 1911. 16KtxR, BxB; 17 Kt Q 5 ', P B 4; 18 R Kt 1 +. (c) 15 BxKt, RxB;
(a)
(&)

K

K

K

;

Kt x Kt 8 Q x Kt, BxB; 9 Kt x B, B K 2 10 P Q Kt 3 transposes (d) 7 back into the column. Or here 9. ., P Q R 3 transposing into col. 143. B3; 12 Q B4+. The column is Lasker Capablanca, New (e) If 11.., B
.

. ,

;

;

York, 1924.

K2; 10 00, Bogatyrchuk, 1924. U O O -0, B K
Q
(g)

(/)

7..,

Kt

Q2

(Tarrasch Kt Q +. Bogoljuboff 000; recommended Q K3;Kt 12BBxRP Q PxP; Kt BxP, Q K Nimzovitch
suggests 7.
,
;

K 2)
B

8

B

K 3,
=.

9

11

5,
;

2

;

12

Kt

Q

5,

O

9..,

4

13

B

3,

R

K

;

10

2,

K3;

1

Mar6czy, Gothenburg, 1920. Kt Q2?; 9KtxB,Px Kt ; 10 Q R 6, Kt Kt 3; 11 7, (A) 8 12 Q R6 +. Bogoljuboff Balla, Pistyan, 1922. (0 Less complicated than 9 KtxB, PxKt; 10 Q R 6, Q Q 2 ; 11 R B 1 ; 12 Qx R P, B Kt2 (Nimzovitch Capablanca, St. Petersburg, 1914), Black has a strong attack for the Pawn.

Spielmann
,

QKt

K Q2

;

QKt when
7,

(/)

11 15

Kt

KtxB, PxKt;

Alekhine suggests Q 12 P

K4+.

K 5, PxP;
B
4

B

1,

leaving

Q2
13

open to the Kt.

If

Qx

Q,

QRxQ;

10..,

O O?

:

14

Ldrobok, 1921.
;

RxR,

RxR;

(k)
(/)

12..,

K R1

13

P

(Alekhme).

Alekhine

Brinckmann, Kecskemet, 1927.

RUY LOPEZ
i

269

P K

4,

P

K4

;

2

Kt

KB 3

,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5

.

STEINITZ DEFENCE
3-.,

P-Q3158
159 160
?

156

157

4 (P-Q4)..
5

PxP
Kt

(B-Q 2).. (Kt-B 3)

.B

Kts

.P-B3W P K Kt 3
B Kta

.

.BxKt

BxB
Kt

P-Q5

P-QR3
B R4

00
P

6
7 *

KtxP
Bs...

.KKt:

B3
B3 Kt5

P-QKt 4
Kt

P-Q4 B-Q 2
B
Q
Kt Kt Kt Kt

PxB Q-B3 P-B 4

BxKt

B-QB 4
KtxKt

QXP

PxB
Kt

PxKt
P B4

QxKt
(*)

Kt

B3 ^5

9
10
ii

Kt 65 BxKt (b)

B KS
Kt

B B K2 O O O O O

K2

K2

KR 4
R3 R3 B2

BxKt

QxRP
PxB
Kt

QxB

B

KR Ki Kt-Qa
(/)

O O
12

O O

0-0 -f
If 8.

BxB QXB * K3
P

(A)

Kt 3 Qi B KS B B4 B K2 KKt B2 Kt-B 3+ W Kt-Q2
Kt

K3
x

(k

(a)

Kt

Q
(b)

2

Forced. 12 ;
9.

00,
,

B 00
,

K
;

2 9 13 R
;

K
1

5,

PxP;
PxKt;
13

10
11

KtxP, BxKt;
P

11

Q

B

ch,

Q

+.

Not
13

P

P

K5;
(c)

KtxP +
Q
B

Kt3?;
+.

10
12

B

Kt5l,

K 5, PxP;
Q
5,

12

BxKt,

After 11..,

Kt5;

QxQ, KtxQ;
O O
;

Kt
Kt

5,

White has the better

ending.

K2; 13 P Q Kt 3, (d) 12.., LSvenfisch Dubinin, Leningrad, 1934.
,

14

B

Kt
;

Q
B

4

;

15

KtxKt.
Kt

Compare

col. 14.

P KKt 3; 7 KtxKt (7 Kt B 3, B Kt 2 (4 If 6. 90 Q 2, P KR3; 10 B K R 4 is weaker J.S.Morrison
1918), 11 P
(/)
(g)
(ti)

8

Kt

5,

B

3

;

PxKt;
R5. P

8

B

QB
12

4,

B

Kt

2

;

Kt4;
is

P

-B 4

+.

9 Q K Pillsbury

2,

Kt

K2;

Capablanca, New York, K R 4, P K R 3; 10 ?

Steimtz, London, 1899.

Lasker- Steimtz,
Better
6.
.

St. Petersburg, 1895-96.

,

P

B

3.

Compare note

(;")

and column.
.,
;

Alekhine Andersen, Folkestone, 1933. Continued 12, BxKt; 14 PxB, QxQ; 15 KtxQ, K R K 1 16 Q R Kt Kt3; 18 P Q B 4 with a winning ending.
!

K

Q
1,

B

3,

13

Kt

RxR; !7RxR,

Q

5,

(i)
(i)

Re"ti

Spielmann, Berlin, 1919.
0, Kt B 3 see Berlin Defence, col 11. 4 B x Kt ch, P x B 5 P Q 4, K 3 (Alapm recommended 6 Kt P 3, P K Kt 3 7 B K 3, Kt R 3 B 2 followed by B Kt 2), Kt K 2 7 Kt B 3, Kt Kt3 8 Q Q 2.
; ; ,

For 4
;

P B3
8 Q

6

B K2
(k)

Q

2,
;

B Kt

;

;

9

O

0,

O

is

a possibility.

Lasker

Speyer, 1909.

270
T

RQY LOPEZ
P
K4, P

K4;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B

Kts.

(&)

M

=. Romanovsky Capablanca, Moscow,
,

.

,

,

1935.

9. (d) 14..,

p~K R 4,
BPxP;
12

transposing into col. 163, is preferable. with a decisive attack. 15 Kt

11

O

vw/

0,

PxKP;
P,

1? Kt x Q
SaCn

Q KtxP, B Q4; 13 Kt a P B^K2 f ^3 Q R 5 R Q B 1
',

-r possibility is 9.

KKt5 B-K3;
,

Tartakover

Stoltz,

10

P-K R 4
Kt3,
;

14 Px B, Kt R 5 +. Bx Kt Pj-OKtS?, P~Q|;
;
!
;

(10

Qx Kt.
e
f/)
i fi 16

Foltys

Fine, Margate, 1937.

15 *Kt x B* 14 Q x R P, P B 3 Black has excellent counterplay for the Pawn
;

12 Kt-K Kt 1, line is 10 .,B-Kt5; 11 P-R5, Kt-B 1 P-B3, B-K3; 14 K Kt K2, Q Kt 2 15 O-O-O, O-O--O jvan cogaiyrcnuK, J-WUIIK**U, *^. " J*2 15 PvP* 17 PxP B B2 = Kan Bogatyrchuk, Leningrad, 1934. Weak, PXF, T3__-p c Vt_P L**J* 5, PxP; rv A .11 P-R 5, Kt-R 1 12 nJ-OO. Kt B 2 13 O R Kt 1, :l A 2 O-O-O, Kfr-B Q R-Kt however, is 10.., 00; 11 B Q2; 14P KKt4, PxP; 15 Ktx P, Kt K 4 16 Q K 2, Q B 1 1 7 Kt B 5, Sir G. A. Thomas Monticelh, Folkestone, R K 1 18 P B 4, Kt B 2 19 P R 6 +

Another playable
13
; '

Q

p P

Bl; o Q
;

;

;

'

.

i

1

. ;

1

: ;

\

;

;

.

;

1933
f'g)

Bogoljuboff

-Alekhine, exhibition
3,

I

B-R3' P B4 =
(*)

Or 7 Kfr-B
11
.

R
is

Kt-K2, Kt-K2;
Sir G. A.

Thomas

Equally good

10Kt-Kt2,P-^B4;
Balogh
/.)
ft)

Kt 3 9Q QS.Q Q2: 10B--Kt2, Kt 2 ; 13PxP,BPxP; 12 1, Alekhine, London, 1932. 7 ., Kt K2; 8 Kt R4, B K 3 ; 9 P KKt3, P Kt4; 13 Ktx P,Q-Q 2 =p. 11P-Q5,B-B2; Kt
1
;

8

P Q Kt 3, P

game, Baden-Baden, 1934.

R-Q

B-K

;

1400,

12P-KR4,PxP;
New
8
;

KtxKt. PxKP, KtxP; Andersen, Warsaw, PxKt; 10 Kt Q4!+. Kt B 3 9 Kt B 3, B K 2 10 R K 1, O O (Z) Simpler for Black is 8 HP-QKtStorllB-KtS.P-RS; 12 B-R4, Kt-R 2=), fc-K ,12 B-Kt 2, B KB:; 13 P-B3, P-Kt3; 14 Q-Q 3, B-Kt2=. Balla-Reti, Budapest.
If 6..,

Kashdan, Gyor, 1930. 15 4, Q Q 2. Kupchik

QB

P-KB4?;

7

Kt-B 3, Kt-B 8
;

Capablanca,

York, 1931.

Keres

1935.

,

;

;

I

;

1911.
ivn}

Alekhine

Koltanowski. London. 1932,

'RUY LOPEZ
i

271

P K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

KB

3,

Kt

QB3
,

;

3

B Kt5.

STEINITZ DEFENCE 3-., P QR3; 4 B

DEFERRED R4

15

R K 2,
(c)

(a) (b)

9 11..,

P

Q 2 6 P B 3 transposes into cols. 177 184. (f) 5 ., B More aggressive is 9 Q x P, B Q 2 10 P Q B 3, Kt B 3 11 O O, B K 2 12 P B3, 0; 13 B Kt3, B B 3 ; 14 Q B 2. Rivlme Znosko-Borovsky, Paris championship, 1930. K 5. The column is Stoltz Alekhine, Bled, 1931. (if) Simpler is 13 P Q R 4, R Kt 1 (but not 8.., B Kt2; 9 O O, Kt B3; (h) After 8 P 10Q K2,Q Q2; 11 P Q B 3, Px B P ? ; 12 Ktx P,P Kt5 13 Kt Q 5, Ktx Kt; 14 PxKtdisch, B K2; 15 B Kt5+. Treysman Dake, New York, 1936);
.

(d)

Brinckmann Yates, Kecskemet, 1927. Dake H. Stemer, 3rd match game, 1935.
;
;

O transposes into col. 165, note (I). R R2?; 120 O,B K2; 13 B Kt 5, O R3 16 B R4 Horowitz Fine, 7th
;

.

O; 14 Q R match game,

K

1,

R

K1

;

1934.

(/)

;

;

1

;

attack is not as strong as in the column. Of course, if 8 (Noah's Ark Trap). Q 5, B K 3 10 Q B 6ch, B Q 2 ; (t) On 8. , P x P White can play either 9 Q 11 Q Q 5, drawing by repetition of moves, or simply 9 Ktx P and rely on his superior to guarantee sufficient compensation for the Pawn. development Bogoljuboff, San Remo, 1930. The chances are about even. (/) Yates Compaie cols. 121 and 122 (k) A slightly altered version of the Duras Variation. (Morphy Defence). Q 5, Kt B 3 10 B K Kt (J) A strong alternative is 8 PxP, PxP; 9 Kt K 3, O 12 B O; (but not 10 KtxKtch?, QxKt; 11 P K R 3, P K2 Q K2; 14 O O O, P B4qp. Rellstab Fine, Kemeri, 1937), and 13 Q Black's position is difficult. Q2?, P QKt 3; 14 B R3, (m) L. Steiner's suggestion. If instead 13 Q P QKt4!; 15 PxP?, PxP; 16BxP,RxB! + And if 13 P K 5, Ktx P (Forced, O 0, K Kt4?; 14 Q Q 5 !, B K B 1 ISBxB, RxB; 16 for if 13, , P Q K2; 17BxKt,BxB; 18 Q Q3 +. Keres Alekhine, Margate, 1937) 14 KtxKt, 16 B Q 6, Q K B 3 15 O 0, P B 3 R4; 17 KtxKt, 2, P (or PxKt; ISBxKP, QxB; 19 Q x Q, B x Q (Keres), and Black can hold the position), B x Kt ; 15 Q K 2, P K B 3 ; 16 O O O, P~- B 3 1? B Q 6, Q R 4 and Black's defensive resources are quite adequate. Kt3; 14 Q Q 5 !, PxB; 15BxKt++. Or 13 ., Kt K4; (n) If 13 ., P 14 KtxKt, BxKt; 15 Q Q 5 +. Or 13 ., BxP; 14 R Kt 1 +.
;

9PxP,PxP; 10P QB3(10QxP,P QB4 ^),PxP;

Ktx P, KtB 3 Black's Q x P ?, P Q B 4 B 5+ +
11

;

KR3;

.

!

;

u Q_K

;

;

;

!

,

(o)

15

Kt3 +

272
i

P K4 P K4
,

;

RUY LOPEZ Kt 2 Kt KB
3,

QB3

;

3

B Kt 5

.

STEINITZ DEFENCE
3..,

P

QR 3

;

4

B R 4 P Q 3.
,

DEFERRED

Q 4 B P x P 7 Ktx P, P x Kt 8 Q R 5 ch, K K 2 QxP??; 10 Q K 8 ch, K Q 3 11 B K 3, QxBP; 1 ch, resigns. Book Andersen, Warsaw, 1935. Or 5 9 KtB3; HPxP+); 10 Qx P ch (10 B KBKtKtnow ,PxB, 10 5 K 8 ch, K Q 3 12 BxKt, 10 ., QxP; 11 Q is a Fata Morgana. 13 BxPch, QxB; 14 QxQch, KxQ; 15 BxKP, B KtSch; 16 KtB 3, BxKtch+. Michel Czaya, Berlin, 1937), K B 2 11 B Q 5 ch (Necessary; if H B R 4, B Q 3 12 Q K Kt 5, P R 3 13 Q Q 2, B Q 2 with a powerful attack), KtxB; 12 QxKtch, QxQ; 13PxQ, B KB4; 14 B B 4, R B 1 15 O O,
9

B4 (a) 5 ., P BxKt, Kt B3!
Kt

1

?

;

6

P

!,

;

;

;

(9

,

12

B3, B

Kt5; 13 B KtSch,

RQ

;

!

!

;

;

,

;

;

;

followed
(6)
(c)

by P
9

6

B3 + KtB 3, B K 2.
,

If

White delays P
O,

Q
;

4,

Kt

Q5

will give

Black a satis-

factory game.

Q B 3, Q Kt5; 12 P B 3, !=. Hastings, 1936-37), Sir G. A. Thomas, Hastings, 1937-38. (d) Keres B 3 14 Q B 4 with an overwhelming position. C. H. Alexander (e) 13 ., Kt Kashdan, Stockholm, 1937. Q 4 ; 10 Q Kt Q 2, B B 4 ; 11 Kt Kt3, B KtS ; (/) Inferior is 9 P x P, P K B 4, 15 P P B41; 13 K Kt Q 2, KtxKt; 14 KtxKt, O 12 P__OR4l:f. Dake Reshevsky, New York, 1938. Or here 10 R Q 1, P B*; Ktx Kt =F- H. Wolf Rubinstein, Vienna, 1922. P B3; 12 3, p_B4, 13 KtxP +. 3, P K5; 11 P Q4; 12 PxP, (g) If 10 ., P Q1,Q K3. C. H. Alexander Reshevsky, Hastings, 1937-38. White (fc) 14 R
Or
.,

O

Kt3;

13

Q

Kt K2; 10 Kt3 (Eliskases
;

Sir

G A.Thomas,

KtB 3

11

OOO

BK3,

;

H

KtB

KB
,

QPxP;
,

!

stands slightly better. (0 A critical position.
11

If 10.

B

B4
;

;

11

Kt K2, P B3; 12 Kt B 4, P Kt 3 p K6 because of 14.., B Q3; 15 P B Kt 2 15 P B 3, Kt Kt 4 16 P R 4,
14
;

13

;

KtB 2

KR

P

B K3 while if 10. P -B 4 B 4 (not 13 P K B 3, Kt Kt4 B 2 + ), P Q 5 140 R 4, 4, Q
,
!

;
;

'

;

;

17

P

K6
!

+.

Keres

Reshev-

Kt 5 1 ; Better than 12 KtxB P, 14 B x B, B 4; 13 B K 3, P B 5 R 3 with a strong counter-attack. 14 Q B 1, Q 3, KtxB B Kt2; 13 Q Kt K 2 - Or 12 Or 12 B B 4 ; 13 Q Kt x Kt, Q x R P ch 14 K B 3 Black has no good continuaKt x B P 13 After 12 R 1. tion because his Queen is threatened by R 14 Kt K6+. (1) (m) 6 R K 1, B K 2 transposes into cols. 97 100 6 Q K 2, B K 2 into cols. 7 P Q 4 into cols. 177 and 178. 110 113; 6 P B3, B K 2 B Q 2 transposes into better-known variations. 6 (ft) 7 PxP, PxP; 8 Q x Q ch, KtxQ; 9 B 0} Accepting the challenge. Kt3, Kt 5, O 11 B x Kt, P x B 12 10 B 3= is colourless. vi 3 B 4 and 10 , P B 5 + +. Noah's Ark Trap again. (p) 9 Q x P ?, P B4, with sufficient compensation for the Pawn. Yates Rubinstein, (q) 14 P Carlsbad, 1923.
(;)
;

sky, Avro, 1938.

BB

15

Q

Q

;

(*)

,

.

,

;

K

,

K2.

;

;

;

.

.

,

;

;

;

KtB

RUY LOPEZ
i

273

P

K 4, P K 4
3..,

;

2

Kt

K B 3,
4

Kt

QB

3

;

3

B Kt 5.

STEINITZ DEFENCE

P QR3;

DEFERRED B R 4 P Q3.
,

(A) 5

In cols.

10 14 18

KB4, BxB; 11 Qx B ch, Q Q2; 12QxQch, KxQ; 13PxP,K K3; B B4, R KB1; 15 Kt-Q2, J3xP; 16 Kt Kt 3, BxB; 17 RxB, PKt 3; P Q R 4 + Fine Alekhine, Avro, 1938.
P
.

B Q 2 6 P B 3, P 17983) 8 P x P, Kt x P
.
.

,

;

K
(for

;

Kt 3 PxP
;

Kt 2 (tms 7 P x Q 4, B see col. 183, note (/)) j 9

*ame position as Kt x Kt, P x Kt ;

1 1 Kt B 3, Kt B 1 12 P K 3, B Q 2 ; 13 Kt K 1, K Kt 1 15 P B 4 (15 B x Kt, B x B 16 K R 2 leaves 14 B x P, R ; a strong attack), PxP; 16BxP,BxP; 17 P B 5, Kt Kt 3 with a satisBlack with 1929. After the factory position for Black. Bogoljuboff Alekhine, 20th match game, B Q 2 is not at Black's disposal as a result the Bishop text-move the retreat 11 is forced out of play and White assumes control of more space. 1 ; 15 B Q 2, P R3: 16 K Kt2, B Kt3; 14 Q K 2, (.) 13. R 4. White won quickly. Alekhine B R2; 17 R R 1, P KKt4; 18 P P. Tohner, Zurich, 1934. The variation is similar to Queen's Pawn Game, Tchigonns

{a}
(6)

Leonhardt
!

Schlechter, Ostend, 1906.
;

P

K

An improvement on

R

Kt 4

;

;

,

;

,

Kt-K K

Defence,
(d)

col. 151.

Keres, Warsaw, 1935.
(e)

Yates

10 14

B-B
Kt
(g)

m

Q B 3 ; 15 Kt B 5, P x P ; 16 B x Kt, Kt P x B=*. Alekhine Black's opening play is very original. 14 Q x B, Kt B 3 ; 15 Q Q 2, Q B 3 ; 16 Q R Q 1, with a minimal advantage. Capablanca, Hastings, 1929. Ktx P ; 10 Ktx Kt transposes back into the column) 9 Px P Px P ? (9 3 1 ; 13 Kt-B 4, 3, 5 !, r 11 B x Q Kt, P x B ; 12 A. J. Mackenzie, Weston, 1922. R5
14

Kt

Kt 3, P

,

0-0
.

Kt-R

R-K

P-B

,

;

Mar6czy

R. P. Michell

Capablanca, Hastings, 1919.

274
i

P K 4> P K 4

;

RUY LOPEZ 2 Kt KB 3 Kt
.

QB

3

;

3

B Kt 5

.

STEINITZ DEFENCE DEFERRED 4 B R4, P Q 33.., P QR 3
;

Przepiorka, Frankfurt, 1930. 1 3 R3 K3,0-0; 10 Q Kt-Q 2, KtS; 14 B-R3, Kt-R4; 15 B Q 5, 5, P 12 PxP, PxP; 13 P B3- 16 P Q Kt4, Kt Kt2 =. Rauser Lovenfisch, Leningrad, 1934. (e\ Panoff Bogatyrchuk, Leningrad, 1934. 2 transposes into col. 180, Kt B 3 (9 , 9 B 3, Kt (f) 8 P x P ?, P x P Q Kt4, P KtS 12P KR3, 11 P 10 QKt 62, noteT/))E. G. R 4, Kt-Kt2 15 1 ; 14l>-Kt5?, Kt-Q 15 VSt'3,

p_QKt4?; 6 B B 2, Kt B3; 7 P Q 4, B K 2 8 O O, O p (A) 5, Lasker Romanovsky 9R K 1,P R3; 10Q Kt Q2, Kt K R2; IIP Q R 4 PxP, transposing into col. 183, note (f), is simpler. (a9 ? Or 13 P-B3, KR-Q1; 14 Q-B1, P-R3; 15 P-Q R 4, K-R2;
;

;

f

!

.

:

,

16

Kt

KtS.

Ahues

K-R2

lB l

;

B~B

P-K

;

UB-KtS

;

P-QR4;
13

K Q-K2;

!

.

.

K

K

;

P-Q

T

O-O;

.

-Q 2, 0-0 10 Bx Q Kt B x B 11 P x P, Q B x P P Q 4 14 Kt-Q 4, R- K 1 15 P-B 3, B B 4 Ktx B +. Sir G. A. Thomas W. Gibson, Southsea, 1923. 4 =F. Alekhine, New York, 1924, which continued 13 Q Kt Q 2, P B (A) Yates The text is recommended by Alekhine.
; ;

Se

12 16

^rrsf^^ R-K1, PxP, PxP;
(*)

;

;

;

;

I

K

San Remo, W30.

Kt 3 which transposes into the next column. 7 O O, Kt Forced, to prevent 8 Kt Kt 5. This:w even stronger than 12 P x P, Kt x B ; 13 Q x Kt, Kt x P ; 14 Kt x P, 4 3 ch, K-K.l ; 17 Kt-Q 2, 3 ; 16 x Kt ; 15 Q x Kt ch, <Kt; 18 Q x P, R Q 1, when Black has dangerous counter-chances. Ahues^ Rubinstein,

M

StrontStronger than
I

(i)

B-K

Q-B

Q-Kt

;

15

p xB P,QxP;
Analysis
8

16

Q x Ktch,

B-K3;

17

Q

B 3ch f

with

P Q
P

5

and Kt
Or

T)
11

7.
,

Q
,

P-R 3
.

2 to follow.
;

Q Kt

Q 2 ?, P

by A- Becker. K Kt 4. E.

G. Sergeant

Rubinsteia,

threatening KtxP; 11 B B 2 (somewhat stronger than . Kt3, P B3; 14 Kt B 5 12 BxB, QxB; 13 Kt R 1 12 Kt Kt3, B Kt 5; 13 5, Kt Q Kt 1 Asztaloi-Stoltz, Bled, 193 1), Lasker Steinitz, Hastings, 1895. 14 p {-. and Naegeli Alekhine and 0. S. Bernstein, Lc Pont, 1930. (o) H. Johner, Michel

car oroug

Q5, Kt

Ql:

KR3

K

;

P-Q

;

RUY LOPEZ
P

275

K4

,

P

K4

;

2

Kt

KB 3,

Kt

QBs;

3

B

Kt

5.

3..,

P

STEINITZ DEFENCE DEFERRED (SIESTA VARIATION) QR 3 4 B R 4 P Q 3 5 P B 3 P
;
,

;

>

B4

.

186

187

188

189

190

K 2, B K 2 9 K Kt Q 2, Kt B 3 {*) Much stronger than either 8 Q P KR3, P Q4; 11 Kt B 1, P Q Kt 4; 12 B B 2, Kt Q R 4 13 Kt K3, O = (Capablanca Marshall, 14th match game, 1909); or 14 Kt Q 2, Kt3; 8 B KKt5, B K2; 9 Kt R4, B K3 10 BxB, KKtxB!; 11 Q R 5 ch, 13 Q 15 O B 4, Kt B 3 14 Kt Q 2, O P Kt 3 12 Q R 6, Kt Kt 1 O, p Q 4 :. A. Sterner Capablanca, Budapest, 1928. 15 ., K Q2; 16 P B 3, PxP; 17 RxPt. Szabo Znosko-Borovsky, T&)
;
;

10

;

B

;

!

;

;

;

Tata-Tovaros, 1935.

P
14

K6?
(d)

(c)

Kt
(e)

If8..,P R3; 9P Q 5, P Kt4; 10 B B 2 + ; or 8. .,P Q 4; 9 P B 3, 10 P K B 4 +. Horowitz Fine, Syracuse, 1934. Weaker is 11 PxP, KtxKP; 12 Ktx Kt, BxKt; 13 Kt Q 2, B Kt3; B 3, P Kt 4 15 B Kt 3, B K 2 when Black's position is tenable. A. Steiner
; ;

11 ., White's threat was 11 PxQP, QxP; 12 Kt B3++. 12 P QR3, B R4; 12 P Q5 costs Black a piece, while if 11.., B Q Kt 5 B 3 +. 15 Kt 13 p__Kt4, B Kt3; 14 P B 5, B R 2 O O: 16 Kt B3. (/) 15.., Q 5, P K R 4 ; 18 P Kt 3, Q B 1 ; 19 R K 6, fe 16 B x Kt, B x B ; 17 Q Q Ql; 20 R K3, Q B 1 21 Q Q 1. Draw by repetition of moves. Capablanca H. Sterner, New York, 1931. 9 B KtSch, Kt B 3 2 R 5 ch, K 8 Q (h) If 7 KtxP?, PxKt; 10 K B x Kt, P x B ; 11 P x P, Q Q 4 12 B R 4, K Q 2 andBlack wins (Tartakover). 5 ch, P-Kt S.; 10, 5 ch, But _ not P-Q4?; 9 __Q-K 2S;

Kashdan, Prague, 1931.

QPxP

;

;

:

RK6,
;

K

;

;

1

'

Q-R

Q-K
;

_

K 2 10 P K 6, O O If (1) 9 O is already bad. O, Kt Tjfc) White's position 13 BxP, BxP; 14 BxP, KxB; Q R5, P R3; 12 Kt B 7, Q K 1 R 6 ch, K x Kt+ + Gromer Znosko-Borovsky, Paris, 1930. (2) 9 P Q B 4, 15 Q P K6; 10 P B4,P Q5; 11 B B 2, P K Kt 3 12KtxP,RxKt; ISBxPch, KB1!: 14 BxR, Q R5ch; 15 P Kt3, QxB+. Analysis by Spielmann. 12K-R 1.PR3; 11 B-Kt3, Ktx P (3) 9Q-K2,Kt-K2; 100-0,P-Kt4; 13 Kt~-KR3, BxKt; 14 Q R5 ch, K Kt Kt 3; ISQxB, O OI+. Vajda
;

H

;

.

;

;

Znosko-Borovsky, Nice, 1931.
(I)

Analysis

by Znosko-Borovsky.

276
i

RUY LOPEZ
P

K 4 P K4;
,

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB

3

;

3

B

Kt5-

(a)
(6)
(c)

The Schhemann Defence, against which
S. 5

4

P

R. Wolff
, !

B
+
.

9 Kt
(d)

K

2

E. Cohn

B4;

Spielmann, Vienna, 1928. White has a slight 7 KtxP', 5 ; 8 6 O, O O
;

Q

4

is inferior.

11
,

,PxB,

Dus-Chothmrsky, Carlsbad, 12 Q B 4. Leonhardt Spielmann, 1906.

KtQ 1907.

pull.

B

R 4, P-Q4;

(e) Bogoljuboff Reti, Stockholm, 1919. 8 P Q 4, O O: B K 2 ; 6 Q K 2, Kt B 3 ; 7 Kt x Kt, B x Kt (A) 5 9 BxKt, QPxB; lOPxP, B K 2 ; Q Q 4 (threatening B K Kt 5); 12 Q 3. Budapest Berlin, correspondence, 1938 Black Q 3, Q B 2 13 O O, B has compensation for his Pawn. (/) If? ,P K5, 8Kt Kt5,B KtSch; 9 P BS.PxKt; 1QQ R5ch+. R 5 ch, Q B 2 (E. G. Sergeant Spielmann, Margate, 13 Q (g) 12 Ktx P !, P x Kt 14 Q x P ch, K Q 2 15 Q Q 4 ch !, and White wins. 1938) 7 PxKt, Q K 2 8 Q Q 4, Q Kt 5 ch ; 9QxQ, BxQch; 6 KtxKt; (h) 10 P B3 +. R 4 13 B x P 11 P x P e.p. 12 R x P, Teichmann Spielmann, (0 match, 1914. The Schhemann Defence Deferred. 11B Q5, R R2; 12 Q B 3, KtxB; 13 Ktx Kt, P Q 3 ; 14 (7) +. Marco Alekhme, The Hague, 1921. The Cozio Defence Deferred. (k) Tarrasch Stemitz, Nuremburg, 1896. 11 Kt Q5 +.
,

K

11BK3,

;

;

;

;

,

;

.

,

;

KtQ

;

/)

11

B

(tn)

Inferior defences are

Alapm*s Defence, a name which is also applied to the next column. Other 3 P K Kt 4 (Brentano's); 3 Q B 3 and 3. B Q S.
, .

Q3

+.

JuddSho waiter,

1890.
, ;

.

,

277

SCOTCH OPENING
name dates from the time between Edinburgh and London over a century game ago) arises from the moves I P 4, P 4; 2 Kt K B 3, Kt QB3; 3 P Q 4 After the usual reply 3..., PxP; 4 Kt x P leads into the Scotch Game, and 4 B Q B 4 or 4 P B 3 into the Scotch Gambit.
old opening (of which the

THIS

of a

K

K

.

these, the Scotch Game is the more important; and, though the whole opening was condemned by Tarrasch as incorrect, a certain number of examples are still found, if in diminishing quantity, in modern master tournaments. White obtains a free and open development of his pieces, but cannot prevent Black from equalising the game.

Of

There are three

lines of

defence

:

B 3 (cols, i to 7), favoured in master play. (i) 4..., Kt This defence leads to a positional type of game, which Tarrasch and other authorities consider in Black's favour. Col. 2 shows a variation revived by Mieses with some
little

success,

but

inadequate

against

the

best

defence.

Tartakover has reintroduced an old Steinitz line in col. 3, but Black obtains a slight advantage with b..., B 64. In the Four Knights' form of the Scotch Game (cols. 5 to 7) Black can equalise in various ways, the simplest of which is the line in col. 7, due to Rubinstein.
(ii)

4.,.,

Q R5

(col. 8),

an inferior

line yielding

White

considerable advantage.

B4 (cols. 9 to 20), leading to an intricate (iii) 4..., B and combinational type of game, in which Black obtains an advantage in most variations. The speculative Blumenfeld
Attack
(col.

10)

has

been' discredited

by Bardeleben/5

278

SCOTCH OPENING
In the older forms
(cols,

investigations.

n

to 20),

White

has the choice of seven lines on his 7th move, of which only Meitner's suggestion, Kt B2 (cols. 14 and 15), seems
to give

him a reasonably good game.
SCOTCH GAMBIT.

This Gambit leads to an open game for White, in which he has little compensation for the Pawn sacrificed and is
frequently hard pressed to attain equality.

4B
into

QB4

(cols,

i

to

3)

yields positions similar

to

the Giuoco Piano,

Max

Lange, and

Two

Knights' Defence,

which it may readily transpose. The Goring Gambit 4 and 5) is similar to the Danish Gambit, with one variation of which it unites on the 6th move in col. 4, bit has fewer resources for the attack.
(cols.

SCOTCH GAME
i

279
3
;

P K4 P
,

K4

;

2

Kt
4

KB 3, Kt Q B KtxP, Kt B 3
.

3

P Q 4, PxP;

(a)

6..,

10

Kt
(b)

K4

B
is

B4;

7

weaker.

P K 5, Kt Q4; 8 O O, O 9 Kt Q 2, P ; The column is Mardczy Janowski, London, 1899.
;

Q3;

Or 7 PxP; 8 BxP, KtxB; 9 QxKtch, Q K 2 10 QxQch. BxQ =. 9 Kt B 3, O 0. O, B K 2 (c) Or 8 O B 3, B Q Kt 5 transposes into col. 5. (d) 7 Kt Fuchs, 1923. ICtS, BxRch; 16 KxB, PxP -f. Mieses (e) 15 Kt Q4; 7 PxP, PxP; 8 B KtSch, B Q2; 9 BxBch, QxB; tf\ e.., P 10 O O, B O; 12 B Kt5 K2; 11 Kt B 3, K2 8 Q K 2, Kt Q4; 9 Kt Kt3, B Kt3; 10 B Q 2, (g) 7 p__ K5, Q (Tartakover Ed. Lasker, New York, p_QR4; 11 P QR4, O O; 12 O O B31 +. 1924), P
; .
;

QK2,

(h)
(i)

Tartakover
8

Jacobson, Copenhagen, 1923.
10

KKt3, P Kt3; 9 B Kt2, B KKt2; IIP B3, 00; 12 BxKt, QxB; 13 0, P B 3 qp. Kt R 5, Q Kt 5 ch 11 Q Q 2, Q -K 5 ch + If 1
P
(;')
;

P

KB 4,

Q

B4;
is

(Kmoch). The column

Mieses

Tarrasch, Metz, 1916.
;

(k) A novel attempt to get something out of this position for White is 7 B Q 2. O ; 8 B Q 3, P Q 4 9 P B31?, PxP; 10 KtxP, KtxKt; but after 7.., 11 P x Kt, B Q B 4 ; 12 Q B 3, Q R Kt 1 Black stands well. Alekhine Alexander, Margate, 1937. Here Black can force a draw by 9 .., B x Kt j lOBxB, PxP; 11 BxP,

KtxB;
(0
11

etc.

Kt 5 ch, B Q 2 ; 10 BxBch, QxB; 11 O O, O O; 12 Q Q 3, K2ch, Q K2; Bogoljuboff Euwe, Carlsbad, 1929. Or here 10 Q BxBch, KtxB; 12 QxQch, KxQ; 13 B Q 2, Kt Kt3; 14 O O O, P Q B 3 =. Sir G. A. Thomas Alexander, Hastings, 1937-38. Kt3 ; K3; 15 Q Q 4, R5, P (m) !2BxKt,QxB; 13 Q Q K 2 leaves Black with freedom of action to compensate for the doubled Pawn minus /Tartakover). The column is Mardczy Rubinstein, Carlsbad, 1929.

KR KI

Or

9

B

=.

K

14QxQP,B

280
i

SCOTCH GAME
, ;

P K4 P K4

2

Kt KB3, 4 KtxP.

KtQB 3

;

3

P Q 4,

(a)

A

simple reply

is

10 .,B

K3!;
4-

11

P Q5 12BxKt,QxB; 13QxQ,PxQ; 14 Kt K2, B Kt5; 15 Kt Spielmann Balogh, Bucharest, 1934. K 1, RKtl; 13 Q R Kt 1, P K R 3 14 B x P, (c) Better than 12 K R K 3, B Q3; 16 Q x K R P, R KtS 17 QKt 5 ch with perpetual 15 Q PxB; Or here 12 QR Ktl, R Ktl check. Romanovsky Capablanca, Moscow, 1925.

P

B~K2;
15
(b)

Kt3; 13KtxP?>,Q 12 P KR3, 4 =. Kt K4,
Or 11 Kt3,
,

KtQ RK1; R K4 =.
13

RKtl;
Kan

QI +

13 P Q Kt3, P B 4 Goglidse, Moscow, 1925.

,or!2

Q B 3 (if 11 Bx Kt ?, Q x B Ktx P,B x Kt 13Q R5,KR 14 Q
;

;

12
1,

;

RQ

Q R 5, Ql !++),

;

;

;

;

(

p

Stoltz, Hastings, 1930.

_ QR3 =
15 id 9
td]

),

Q

K3, B

K3?

(R

Kt2 is necessary)

;

14

Q x P +. E.M.Jackson

4 +. Spielmann Lasker, Moscow, 1935 B 1 15 1, B Rubinstein, Teplitz-Schonau, 1922. K B 3, Q R4 reduces Black's disadvantage to a minimum. If On 5 Kt B K 3 8 Kt B 3, Q B 4 P ch? 6 B 2, P Q4; 7 however, Q x Kt 5 9B Q KtS, Kt K2; 10 B KtS +. 5Q Q 3 ?, Kt B 3 6 Kt Q 2, Kt B 4), 5 Kt 3, Q B 3 8 K Kt B 3, Q Kt K 4 9 Q B 3 (9 Q 2, B 7 p W. Prugel Dr. Dyckhoff, correspondence. and White resigns. B 1 7 Kt R 5, Q R 5 ; 8 Kt Kt 3, B 5 ?, P Q 4i; 6 Kt x P ch, (h) 5 Kt 10 P K R3, R Kt 1 +. Kt B 3 9 B K 2, Kt K 4 Tarrascb, Breslau, 1912. (*') Spielmann

PxP'
R__K

1

(/) (e\

ch; 14 K Spielmann

12

R K 2. Spielmann Yates, Semmering, 1926. White's position is freer, ,QxQch?; 10 KxQ!, PxP? (Somewhat betteris 10 ..BxKt; llPxB, B R3 ); 11 Kt Kt 5 K Q 1 12 R Q 1, P B3; 13 P QB3
B
;

KtQ

!,

;

K

;

K

OO,
;

;

,

;

;

;

K

K

'

BKt

K

!

;

;

K

B 3 15 KtQ 4, P R 5 + 3, P Or9Q Kt B3,QxR; 10 Kt x P ch, K Q 1 1 1 Q Q 6, Kt B 3 12 KtxR, 13 Kt B 7, QxKPch +. Q B6; (m) 15 O O 0, P B 3. Analysis by Bardeleben and Dr. von Claparfcdc.
,

f

H BKt
(1)

,

,

10 Q B 4, 10 Q B 4, B 3, Kt K 4
;

;

;

,

.

;

SCOTCH GAME

28l

P

a 8 m> 3; 9 Kt R3, Q Kt3; B4; 12PxP,KtxP; 13KtxKt,Bx Kt
t

\

.

PQ

10
;

HBxB.

R

K

1,

Kt

MiesesE.

K4;

11

Q Kt B 2>
G. Sergeant,

Margate, 1935. (b) Alekhine and Reilly
(c)

Stoltz

and Monosson, Nice, 1931.

7
is

B
. ,

QB4, Kt
by
;

K4;

8

B

K 2, Q KKtS;
;

9
3

O
;

O,
II

P Q4
Q 2,

+.

The
;

column
12

analysis

Steimtz.

O

B 4, 10 B Q K 4 9 Q B 3, O O =. Tartakover Tarrasch, Vienna, 1922. 14 B B 3, Q R Q 1 T13 Ktx Kt, Bx Kt (e)
(d) 8.
;

PQ

Kt

B K3

Martinez

Zukertort, 1884

(/)
fc)

Tartakover
7.
,

Brinckmann, Niendorf, 1927.
8
;

11

Kt

R

K

(*)
1

(t)
(/)

12 Ktx B P +. Kashdan Reshevsky, New York, 1936. O 11 KtxP, Ktx Kt; 12 PxKt, Kt Kt5; 13 PxKt, QxP; 14 Q Q B Von GottschalTs Attack. ch + K 2, R Q 6 +. Analysis by Steinitz. 15 B 14 K B 2, Kt K 4

Kt

BxKt?;
I

PxB,

PQ 4;

9

Kt

B

3,

PxP;

10

PQ

5,

Kt

K4

;

5

!,

3>

.

;

7

.

4 ; 9 P pielmann, Gothenburg, 1920.
,

B x Kt

;

8

P x B,

PQ

K 5, Q Kt 3

is inferior.

The column

is

the variation called by Blackburne the " Mac-Lopez," best met O, K Kt K 2, (b) For 5 O 0, P Q 3 6 P B 3, B K Kt 5 see Giuoco Piano, col. 23. For 5 R 5, O, Kt B3; 6 P K 5, see Max Lange. If 5 Kt Kt5, Kt R3, 6 Q P Q 3 8 P K R 3, B Q 2 9 P B 4, O T (Steimtz). Or Q K2; 7 here 6 KtxBP, KtxKt; 7 BxKtch, KxB; 8 Q RSoh, P Kt3; 9 QxB,

by

B B

(a)

4

B Q Kt 5
if

is

4 and

5

O

;

00,

;

;

R K

i

Tartakover's analysis. Kt 5, Kt (/) If 7 P

P Q 3 or 5 Kt B 3 transposing into the Giuoco Piano. Or 6 B x P ch, Kx B 7 Q Q 5 ch, K B 1 8 Q x B ch, Q K 2 ~. 9 B R 4, K Kt -K2; () Or 7 B KKt5, Q Q2; 8 Q Q 2, P K R 3 10 O K Kt 3, P R 3 12 Kt Q 5, P Kt 4 13 B Kt3, 0, Kt Kt3; 11 B B Kt2j 14 K Ktl, O 0; 15 R Q B 1 (Em. Lasker). The column is
(c)

5

,

.

,

;

.

,

(d)

;

;

;

;

,

!

R4

;

8

Bx

P,

P

Q

4

+

.

The column

is

P. Johner

Baden, 1914.
(g)

Nyholm, 7
'

and

The Goring Gambit.
.

At move 6

in this

column

cp. Danish

Gambit,
.,

cols. 6

7.
(A)

4 ., P safe defence.

Q

4;

SKPxP, QxP

leads into the Danish Gambit. 4 .

P

Q6

is

a

^

Gothenburg, 1920.

^

(*')

Hromadka, Baden, 1914. 14 Q ~" B 4 K Kt B 3 ls p Kt e p x p v
'

Reti

~

'

>

'

16

B

Kt 5-

Marco

Spielmann,

283

SICILIAN
THE
irregular defences to

DEFENCE

Sicilian has claims to be considered as the best of the

i P K 4 at Black's disposal, and has been practised with satisfactory results by the leading

Its characteristic is struggle players, past and present. in the opening, and struggle in the middle-game, so that it
is

not for those

who

are contented with a draw.
is

The
and

chief

object of the struggle

the control of the centre, at which

Black strikes with his
his Bishops.

first

move

I...,

P

Q B 4,

later

generally with a nanchetto-development for one or other of

After the customary 2 Kt
of four main replies
(i)
:

KB3

Black has the choice

2...,

P

KS

(cols, i to 25) is

gradually falling into
(cols, i to 7) is the

discredit.

The Scheveningen Variation

most important here; Maroczy's continuation (cols, i to 3), which is the introduction to a vigorous King-side onslaught,
still

holds the

field

as White's best reply.
to

It leads to

a

violent attack and counter-attack,

where White generally

wins.

8B
the

Maroczy's continuation is K3 (cols. 4 and 5), which is also quite strong. In is Scheveningen Variation Black's Queen's Knight
alternative
;

The

some masters, notably Tartakover, developed at Q B 3 the development at Q 2, with the idea of an eventual prefer Kt B 4, attacking White's King's Pawn, but in the positions reached Black has too little scope for his pieces. at Q 3 and of Black's Pawns Since the usual
position

K3

condemns Black's King's Bishop
this piece at

to

inactivity,

the

second player sometimes

tries to institute a counter-attack

weakening of his Pawn-position in 16 order to hinder Black's development (iii) 6 B Q 3 (cols. Variation equalises (col. T^ and T7\ against which Jaffe's
line
;

p_Q

this gives rise to wild for both sides. White positions full of brilliant possibilities (0 6Kt Kt ^ (cols has three replies at his disposal the surprising rejoinder 6..., 13 and 14), inferior against (col. 15) is the strongest 4 (col. 14); (ii) 6P

by developing

Q Kt 5

;

:

KS

White submits

to a

;

284

SICILIAN

DEFENCE

The Sicilian Four Knights' (cols. 18 and 19) is one of 2 the counter-attack Black's strongest lines. After 6 B B Kts is more effective than on the previous move. 6...,

K

occasionally secure a played, notably by Tartakover, but White can Marshall's clear superiority in a number of different ways.
(cols.
is still

The Paulsen Defence

22 to 24)

Variation
(ii)

3...,

P

Q4

(col 25)
(cols.
is

is

theoretically

unsound.

2...,

Kt

QB3

early King's Fianchetto, nowadays. The counter-attack

26 to 47)> followed by an the line preferred by most masters

is against White's far more counter-play exceptionally strong, and gives Black than (i). The normal continuation is the Dragon Variation

Q4

extremely complex who stands better. White has the choice of simple development, coupled with the advance of his King's Bishop's Pawn, or of delaying In the former Castling and playing for a King-side attack.
(cols.

26

to

36),

which gives

rise to

positions,

where

it is

difficult to

decide

case White must withdraw his Knight from

Q4

to prevent

Black from liberating his game by

P Q4-

The con-

tinuation in col. 26, due to Spielmann, gives could not turn positional advantage, although Spielmann In the latter case this to account in the gaimes involved.

White a minimal

recent tournament play has

shown

that Black's position can

withstand

all

attacks.

The

extraordinarily brilliant

game
33,

Alekhine
is still

Botvinnik, Nottingham, 1936, quoted in

col.

the last
(cols.

word on

this crucial variation.

The Richter

in our 37 and 38), which was a mere footnote of the last edition, has considerably enriched the theory Sicilian Defence. Its object is to prevent Black f^om adopt-

Attack

danger advised

successful ing the Dragon formation. In this it is certainly whether it leads to a winning advantage, as some maintain, Most masters pay the sincere tribute to the is doubtful. Richter Attack of avoiding it. It should be noted that the the Dragon formation can be reached without submitting to not wellof the Richter Attack; see (iii). Black is
to

;

the lines

vary from the customary order of the moves, as Tn cols. 42 and 43, in cols. 41 to 45 indicate.

SICILIAN
where Black
tries

DEFENCE
before

285

the

fianchetto

King's Knight, Maroczy's 5

P

Q B 4 comes

developing his very near to

conferring a winning advantage.
to Nimzovitch's line in col. 46.

It is practically

Attention must be called never seen,

yet no clear refutation
(lii)

is

known.
48 to 50) can be called the

2...,

P

"

modern "
is

Q3

(cols.

variation, adopted chiefly in order to avoid the

Richter Attack.

move

The most important continuation with this Dragon Variation in cols. 48 to 50 are shown attempts by White to avoid the routine lines of this variaCol. 48 is a complicated game with chances for both tion. The attack with 5 P K B 3 (cols. 49 and 50) is sides. with the object of substituting P Q B 4 for Kt played
the
;

K B 3,
shown

(as in cols.

thereby transposing into a kind of Maroczy system 42 and 43). Black can prevent this by P K4,
in col. 50.

Kt 3 (cols. 51 to 54), introduced by has the same strategical goals as Alekhine's Nimzovitch, Defence Black wishes to provoke the advance of White's that these will later become weak. centre Pawns in the
(iv) 2...,
:

KB

hope

Innovations since our

last edition

have shown that

this line

to be is much more dangerous than was formerly thought Kt Q4J 4-Kt 63 White plays 3 P If 5, the case.

enables White p 3. which Black has the choice of attack at the expense of a Pawn (col. to build up a strong of Knights, which leads to an *ven or the

4,

K K

51),

exchange

to transpose 3 Black does best because the reply 3..., P Q4 into (iii) by 3..., Q 3, to force a highly favourable gives White the opportunity

ending,

Against

3...,

Kt

B

P

endgame.
Instead of

2Kt
s
)

KB 3

White has

also

2

Kt

QBs

move, however, is much too passive. (cols. 55 and 56 note () give unusual first moves for Cols.* 57 to 60 and White. r but the Wing The Wing Gambit (col. 57) is unsound, of Keres's, abounds in Gambit Deferred (col. 58), an idea for White.
;

this

4

,

attacking possibilities

286

SICILIAN DEFENCE
SCHEVENINGEN VARIATION

,

p K4 P
,

4

KtxP, Kt

KB 3;

QB 4

;

2
5

Kt KB 3, P K Kt Q B 3, P Q 3

3
;

;

6

B K2,

3

PQ

4,

Kt

B3

.

8

K R

i

(a]

B K

3

2 1 1 B B 3, Kt Q R 4 O 9 P B 4, Q B 2 10 Kt Kt 3, (6) 8 ... O Ktx xKt.QxKt; 13P K 5(13 Q Q 2 is somewhat better), Px P HPxP.QxKP; Euwe, Zandvoort, 1936. 15 BxP, QR Ql=. Van Doesburgh 0; 10 Kt Kt3, Kt QR4; 11 KtxKt, QxKt, 12 P B 4, (c) Or 9... T> R QI; 13 B B3, B Q2; 14 B K 3, B B 3 15 Q Q 2, Q Kt 5 =5=. Asztalos
)
;

a (a)

Mar6czy's continuation.

;

BQ

;

;

;

;

Scheveningen, 1923.
,

16 BxKt. K 5, Kt K 5 Mar6czy Euwe, is Leonhardt Hilse, Magdeburg, 1927. 11 P KKt4 is again best, for White must attack on the B Q2, () If 10 B 2, R Kt 14 Q 15 Q R 12 B Q 1, K3, P QKt4; 13 Q K 1, O O P QR4=F (Michell Botvinnik, Hastings, 1934-35); and (2) 11 K Kt K 2, R P QKt4; 13 P Q R 3, P KR4; 14 Q K 1, B1; 12 P QKtS,
;
;

Bogoljuboff, Bled, 1931. , P (d) Stronger than 1 1 14 K2, P Q4; 15

P

Q Kt 3

12

B

B

3,

BKt 2

13

B

K 3, Kt Q

Kt

5

;

;

The column

.

,

,

;

I

;

Kt^KKtS;
(/) (k)

15

Q

Kt 3, B

B3 =

.

A. Sterner

White has a strong attack. KtxRP; 17 P K 5 (1)16
,

Mardczy
!.

Pirc, Ujpest, 1934. Pirc, Sliac, 1932.

10

BPxP;

KtxKt?, PxKt;
Q

11

14

Kl,

QR

KR

Yates

Ktl;
;

15

4 !3PxP, Q 1, Q B2; 12 P B 3, Q R Ktl, B Q3^F. SpieTmann Euwe,
;

Takacs, Kecskemet, 1927.

PQ

Kt 4 13 P Q Kt 4 I, Kt Kt 2 (not Kt Q R 4 12 Q Q 3, R 3 (Sir G. A. I3..,Kt B5?; 14 K Ktx KtPl, Px Kt; 15KtxP++); 14 B Q 2 ? 15 P K51, Kt K 1 Thomas Euwe, Noordwijk, 1938), R Q 1 (14 16 Kt B5! +); 15 B B 3, P Q4; 16PxP. 11 B B 3, P B4, Q B2; 10 Kt Kt 3 (or 10 Q K 1, 2; (;) 9 B 1, P K4J=, Kt QR4; 12 R Q 1, R Q B 1 13 Q B 2, Kt B 5 14 B Sosin Botvmmk, Moscow, 1931), O B 3, B Q2; 12 Q Q 2, Q R Kt 1 11 B 13 QR QI, p QKt4; 14 Q B 2, P Q R 4 ; 15 P KKt4, P R5 with a Kan Goglidse, Moscow, 1931. satisfactory game for Black. (*) Or 10 .,B 02; 11 B B 3, R Q Kt 1 12 Kt Kt 3, Kt Q R 4 13 KtxKt, QxKt; 14 Q Q 2, Q B2; 15 P R5-t. Kashdan Samisch, Berlin, 1930.
;

Kissingen, 1928. (*) If 11 .,

PQ

PQ

,

;

;

BQ

;

;

;

;

!

;

;

f/t

LrSvenfisch

Maka^onov,

Tiflis,

1937.

SICILIAN
i

DEFENCE
;
;

287
3

P

K 4 P QB 4
,

;

2

4

KtxP, Kt

Kt KB P K KB 3 5 3,Kt Q B3

3,

P

P Q 4 PxP; Q 3.
,

(a)

9

P

B

K2
(6)

An inferior continuation for White is 7 B K 3, B Q 2 8 Q Q 2, P O R 3 B4, Q B2; 10 Kt Kt 3, P QKt4, 11 B B 3, R QKtl; 12 2 14 Kt Kt 3, 13 O O, R 4 =p Lasker Capablanca, Moscow!
:

;

00

;

1936.

PQ
Q
;

KtK
1

t

!

.

9

Kt KI; 13 Q Q3, B Q2; 14 P Q R Alekhme Euwe, 9th match game, 1926-27.
(c)

B

Kt 2, Q

R4

;

10

Q

Q

2,

R Q
3,

1

B

;

11

Q R Q 1, Ktx Kt K B 3 15 P B 4, Q 12QxKt, =
; ;

RB
9

14 Kt Q 4, 12 P B 4, Kt Q Kt 5 13 Q Q 2, B B 3 4 15 P with chances for both sides. Sultan Khan Pirc, Hastings, 1932-33. Kt K4; 10 R QI, P QKt 4; 11 P B 4, Kt B 5 12 B B
; ;

(d)

Kunert Grunfeld, Vienna, 1931. R 4 10 Or 9 P QR4,

KtQ
P

,

Q 3, B

Q2;
Kt

PQ
;

11

Kt

Kt3, Kt B 3 K 5, Kt K 5
If
1.

;

13

B B3, R
(g)

QB1;
Pirc,

14

B 5, P

Kt

5

;

15

Kt

1,

P

B

Q

K 1,
A.

Kt2

K4=F.

Canal

Steiner, Budapest, 1933.

Lasker

!, Q B 2; 17 Kt Q R 4 wins) ; 1 ch and wins. R 4 is not essential in this variation after 7 R 4, PKt 3 (/) 11 Q 8 B K3, _ T Kt2; 9 P B3, B K 2 10 O O, Q 2, Q Kt Q 2 -2 Kt 13 Kt R 2, Kt B 4 12 B B 2, Q B 2 B 4, B4; 14 P Q K 4, Q Kt Q2; 15 ~ " Q 1 (Sir G. A. Thoma Petrov, Margate, 1938), White must soon weaken his

Moscow, 1935.

If

(on 16.., 19 R Q

now 15.,, B K 2 17 Ktx P Bx Kt
;
:

;

16 18 B

Kt B 5 !, R K 1 Kt 6ch, B B 2;

'

;

K Rl?, P QKt4; 9 P Q R 3, B Kt 2 10 Q K 1. Q Kt Q 2 11 B Kt5, P KR3 (11.., KtxP?; 12 Ktx Kt, B x Kt 13BxP+); 12BxKt, Kt x B 13 P B 4, B K 2 T Vajda Alekhine, Kecskemet, 1927. Or here 10 P B 3, 2 Kt Kt ~ 14 B Q3, B _ _ 11Q K1,O O; 12 B KtS, Q Kt Q ""' 13 P B 4,~ 3; K2; . j*_ _ _ " 16 R B 3, Kt B5q=. P R3; 15 B R4, Q R B 1 R6thy Flohr, Ujpest,
;
; ;
; . ;
.

Pawn

KR

;

,

;

PQ

00;

PQ

PQ PQ

:

position. (g) If 8

'

"

'

;

1934.
(h)

If 8..,

Post
12 16 14

Becker, Vienna, 1924.

B B 3, Q B2.
(;)

() Or 9

Q Q O PQ Kt4; 9 P B B K Kt Kt O PQQ R 13Q KI, P3; Q4!?; 14PxP,KtxP; PQ Kt Q Kt
3,

2

;

10

2,

;

11

PQ R
B 4, B
Kt,
;

4

.

4,

10

3,

;

11

P

2;

15

Ktx
Kt4,

Kt2; Px Kt

;

Ilym-Zhenevsky

Or
;

11

P
(k)

Q__Kt

Kt 5, Kt 17 P 3
Enoch

Q

KI, Kt Kt3; K 1 15 Q B 2
;
!

Kt3, Kt

K4

Alatorzev, Tiflis, 1937. 12 R Q 1, B 13 Q 2 . Kt 3, If instead 15 Q
;

P
Kt

B5

QR B1 16 B B 1,
;

!

=.

Kan
2,

Ragosin, Moscow, 1936.

Bogoljuboff, Berlin, m Yates Noteboom, Prague, 1931. *n)7P KKt3,B K2; 8 B Kt 00: 11 P Kt3, KR QI; 12 B
14

1927.

P
Kt

QR3
2,

;

9

O

O,

RxKt, P
tn)

Kt-QKt5;

Q B2
13

;

10

Kt

R2, KtxKt;

PQ R

4,

Q4!

qp.

Spielmann

Spielmann

Pirc, 1st

match

Bogoljuboff, Bled, 1931. game, 1931.

P Q R 3 1 1 Q Kt ift\ Q p_Q Kt 3, B Q 2 10 B Kt 2, Q R 4 (10 K R 3, Q R 14 P R4, 12 P QB4, Q R4; 13 Q Q 2, K R Q 1 P KKt4+. Bogatyrchuk Rumin, Moscow, 1931); 11 Q Q 2, Q R Kt K 2, QxP!?; 14 R Rl, QxB; 15 K R QR Q 1, K Rl; 13 Q Qx Rch and Black has excellent prospects. Ilyin-Zhenevsky Lasker, Moscow,
;
!

,

;

K 2,
B B
Kt
1
; ,

Q

:

15 12

1

1,

1925,

(&)

Q Kt
12

(c)

Moscow,

QKt1925.

Bernstein Bogoljuhoff, Zurich, 1934. 7 Weaker is6.., P Q B2; 8 Q 2 (better 9 , Kt B 3) ; 10 Q K 1, P Q Kt 4 Kt 3 ; 13 B Q 2, P K R 4 ; 14 Q R 3, P

QR3;

OO,
R

K R 1, B K2; 9 P B 4, Kt 2 11 P Q R 3, B K Yates Bogoljuboff,
; ;

1

.

Verlinsky, Moscow, 1925. (d) Yates . O ; 7 P Q 3, Ktch; 8 Ktx B, Q Q4 (8. ., P *) If instead 6. , as in the column, is preferable) ; 9 B PxP; 1 1 Kt x P, Kt x Kt ; Q 3, P Q 4 ; 10 . A. Sterner, Budapest, 1924. Kt Q 2 13 R K 1 12 Chalupetzky Kt, 8 Kt B 7 ch, K B 1 ; 4, KtxP leads to an even position (?) On 7 B 9 Q B3, P Q4; 10 O 0, BxKt; 11 PxB, R Q Kt 1 ; 12 (if 14 B Q 6 ch, Kt 1 ; 15 Kt R 3, 12 Kt Kt5, Q R4; 13 BxR, 14 Q ch, Ktx R ; KtxB; 16 Kt Ktl,Kt Becker Asztalos, Bad Tuffer, 1929. If 7 Kt Q 6 ch, K K 2 ; 3. 15 B x R, P Q B 1 ; 10 B Q 2, P Q 4 + . 4 ; 9 Kt B 5 ch, B 4, P 8 B 10 B Q 3, B Kt5 ; IIP B 3, B K3; 12 (g) After 9 PxP, PxP; 14 Kt Kt3, Q 13 Kt K 2, P Kt3ch; 15 K R 1, Q Q1 Black's pieces are better developed. Kostich Wagner, Prague, 1931. Samisch, Hamburg. 1921. (H) John P ch, K2; If8..,B BI; 9 PxP!, PxKt; 10 (*')

Bx

Bx

OO,

R4

KB

;

K KR3;

R K

K QxRP; K4++),PxKt; 13QxKt,PxQ; K

KtxQP

Rx

OO;

R

OO,

and if 9 Kt R 3, This sacrifice is practically forced, for if 9 Q R 4, O ; PxP' with advantage to Black in both cases. Dake, Warsaw, 1935. (k} Szabo R4 (or 6 ., Q B 2) ; 7 Px Kt !, Bx Kt ch ; 8 PxB, (Z) Forced, for if 6 ., Q 3 ; 12 PxP, Q 2 !, QxR; 10 P B 3, Q Kt 8 ; 1 1 B Q 3, QxPch; R Kti; 130 R 6++ and if 6 .,Kt K5; 7 Q Kt 4 !, Ktx Kt 8 Q x P, R B 1 ; 9 QR3, Q R4; 10 Kt Kt3, Q Q 4 ; 11 B Q 3, Kt R7ch; 12 PxB, Ktx B 13 Rx Kt, Kt B 3 ; 14 P K B 4 +. Koch Eisner, Berlin. 1932. P Kt3 (9.., K B 1 is no better); 4, K2; 9 (m) Or 8., B
(/)

12

BxP

Px

K

HQxQch, KxQ;

+.

90

QKt
;

p_
B

;

10

K R6

QKt

.

SICILIAN

DEFENCE
;

289
3

QB 4

;

2 4

Kt KB 3, P K 3 KtxP, Kt KB 3.

P

Q 4, PxP;

BK
O

3 Perils Jaffe, Carlsbad, 1911. Q R3, Kt KtS; 14 B4; 7 Kt B5, O O; 8 Kt K 3, B x Kt ch 9 Px B, P Q Kt 3 =. Yates Alekhme, The Hague, 1921 If 7 KtxKt, KtPx Kt, 80 O, P Q4; 9 Kt5,P KR3; 10 BxKt, 2 =p A. Steiner Q x B~; 1 1 P x P, K P x P 12 Q K 1 (threatening Kt x Q P), 13
.
'
v

R3+. K 5, KtK 5 (not 7.., Q B 2; 8PxKt,BxKtch; 9 PxB, QxPch; 10 Q Q 2, QxR; 11 P Q B 3+ +) 8 Bx Kt, p x B; 9 O 0, BxKt; 10 PxB, Q Q 4 11 Q R 5, Kt Q 2 12 P K B 4,
(c)

If 6 2?, KtxP; 7 O 0, Kt 2 +. Better than 7.., KtPxKt; 8 P K (&) P QB4; 12 B 100 O, BxKt,
(a)

BK

KB3
5,

+, or

7.

.,

Ktx Kt

;

8

PxKt,

HPxB,

Kt

Q4;

9

QKt4,

P

KKt3;

Yates

(d)

Jaffe's Variation.

Atkms, London, 1922. P Q 4 If 6
,

;

7
;

P

;

BK

;

;

;

BK BK
,

.

Walter, Gyor, 1924.
(h) Igel
(i)

Beutum, Vienna, 1928. On 6 K Kt KtS, Black should play
or 6
.

either 6
;

B

col. 13

,

P

Q
12
10

good.

York, 1924. Or here 11.., Q P B4=); 9 P KB4, P KB4!; 10 P x P e.p. Ktx P 11 R 5 ch, K Q 1 = (Euwe). 12 Q Tarrasch, Baden-Baden, 1925. (Z) Treybal

Kt Q 8 QPxKt; 7 QxQch, KxQ; Kt P K 5, KtK 2 9 2 4, BB KtS; 13 2 12 4, K3, 0, B Q Kt3; 11 K B2* 14 B K2 i. Opocensky Hasenfuss, Folkestone, 1933 /M 'or 7 P K5, Kt Q4; 8 KtK 4, Q B 2 (8 P K B 4 9 PxP .., Kt x P 10 Kt Q 6 ch, B x Kt 1 Q x B, Q R 4 ch 12 B Q 2, Q Q 4 = is also
(/)

K2; O O

9
-,

B
+.

Q 3, but not 6 K B 4, Kt K R 4
Kashdan

.,
;

P

10

Q R 3 ? 7 Kt Q 6 ch, B x Kt 3, P Q x Q ch, KxQ; 11
;

KtS, transposing into

Vidmar, Prague, 1931.
;

6

B-~ Q2, P
:

BK P BK B
; ;

;

8

QxB;

QKt4,

.,

;

1

;

Yates

Em.

Lasker,

New

t

;

KtS; 12 B Q 3, Ktx Kt ch, Px Kt;

8

KtxKt, PxKt;
Kfr-02,

\m)

0/5 Kt-Q2, P-Q
9

8

00 PQ

Kt-B 3, P Q 3 ? 6 O 0, Pirc, Ujpest, 1934. (2) 5 Sir G, A. Thomas B 2 10 R B 1, 3, Q 7 p_r>B4 QKt Q2; 8 Kt Q B 3, P Q R 3 9 P B 3, B Kt2; 12 Q K 1, O O 13 Q B 2 +. Treybal Flohr, KtS 11 Ujpest, 1934. ^ ^ p _ K 4 Q Kt_ B ^ B _ Q B 4 9 B _ K 3> B x B 10 Kt x B =. Spielmann Alekhme, New York, 1927. B K3' 11 00, Kl Kt Q 2 14 BxB!, 13 Q P KR4?; 12 Kt-B4, R Q 1 () 11 Botvmnik, Hastings, 1934-35 Sir G. A Thomas PxB; 15'pKt4
;

=

4 6 P-K 5, KKt-Q2; 7 Q Kt-B 3, Kt-Q B 3 B-Q 3, Kt-B4; 100 O, -K2j 11 B-K 3, Ktx B =. -QR3;60-0,Q-B2; 7 3Q-K 2, P-Q 4 11 P-KR3, 10 P-Q KtS, B9 KtxKt, PxKt; B-Q 2
,

,,
.
; ;
,

,

,

BK
,

;

BK

;

;

;

00
.

_

.

.

f

;

,

2 go

SICILIAN DEFENCE

p_K 4,

P QB4

;

2

Kt

K B 3, P K 3

;

3

4 (A)-

7 PxKt, B K2=. () Or 8 P x P, B P x P 12 Kt R4, B K

(A)

3B

K2,Kt KB3;
;

4

Kt

B 3, P Q

4

;

5PxP,KtxP; 6P Q4, Ktx Kt;

00;
c

9Kt B3,B-Q3;
.

I

Spielmann

4 ch 10 4, S&misch, Vienna, 1922.
5
,

P-B

B-B

;

11

K R

1,

(6)

Foltys

L. Steiner,

1933.

Kt-K4 Spielmann-Tartakover, 7P-B3 P-Q4; SBPxP, KPxP; 9 Teller Tartakover, Hastings, 11 BxKt, PxB +
.

7 11

B 3), pj_n R 4 (after 4 Kt KtI?Kt 5 Q x P ch';' 8 B-K 2, Q-K

(0 The Paulsen Defence.

On4

Kt-QB3; Kt K B 3 (5
.

4

;

9

P-B 4,%-Kt 10 P-Q R 3, B-K 2 Kt5; Vienna, 1928); 6 Kt-Q B 3, B B-K Kt5, Q-R 4; 10 Ktx Kt, Px Kt
;

Q

Kt-Q B 3 is best If howeyer R 5 6 Kt Q B 3, B Kt
1
;

;

;

;

1927.

pHo
15

Kt 3:

12
is

gL_B2+

P Q Kt 4/ B Kt 2; 13 P B 3, Q R B*l; Spielmann ^Tartakover, Marienbad, 1925.
Erdelyi, Prague, 1931.

14

Q

K

1,

<

m

() Alekhine

Here and

Variation
)

by P

Q 3 and Kt Q B

in the

next column Black should transpose into the Scheveningen,
3.

Q-B2;
(i)
(/)

Bogoljuboff Rubinstein, London, 1922. (M Or 7 Kt B 3, B Kt 5 ; 8 B B 3, B x 12 1, 11 B-R3,' Kt-B 3
;

R-K

Kt-K 4

Kt

;

9

P X B, Q x B P
;

13

R-Kt3 +

;

10
.

R

Kt

1,

LSwy-

H. Wolf, 1902.
Moller
Marshall's Variation.

Tartakover, Copenhagen, 1923. The column is Reti

Kostich, Teplitz-Schdnau, 1922.

SICILIAN
P K 4, KtxP, Kt

DEFENCE

291

i

4

PQ B KB
7

3 5 Kt Q B 3, B KS, B Kt2;
;

4

;

DRAGON VARIATION 2 Kt K B 3, Kt Q B 3

PQO
8

3

;

6

O,

B K 2, P K Kt 3 O O.

;

3

P Q 4,

;

Q4 ! equalises at once : 11 PxP, KtxP; 12 Ktx Kt M Q x Kt; with an even ending. Schonmann Rellstab, Hamburg, 1932. instead 10 Q B 1 ; 11 P K R 3, Kt K 1 ; 12 Q Q 2, P B 4 13 PxP, PxP; 14 KI, K R 1 ; 15 Kt Q 4, B Kt 1 ; 16 P KKt4!-K Or 10 , P Q R 3 R^ti Tartakover, New York, 1924. 11 B B3. Q B 2 12Kt Q5,BxKt; 13 Px B, Kt Kt 1 14 R K1,R KI; 1 5 2, O * 2; ' Szabo Gygh, Warsaw, 1935. 16 R " 13 KtxP, 14 KtxQ, BxP; 15 Kt B 6 KtxKt, (c) 12 Kl:=. Lasker Rumin, Moscow, 1936. If 12 P K5?, BxB; 13 Q x B Q 1, Q B2; 15 Kt Kt5, Q B5 + . Q B2; 17 P (d) White maintains a slight advantage after both 16. is PxCt, B^x P JS^ielmann -Petrov^, Riga^ 1934); 19 4 !,
(a)
(6)

If

10P

B3, P

13

QxQ, BxQ,
Best.

If

,

QR

;

K2.

;

QQ

KtQ

PxKP; 14QR
Px)
18

KR

BxB;

BxQ;

,

RRK5

Landau, 5th match game, 1938.

PQ]

.

QR

()Or(l)12 B 1 =. L.

,

KR
?,

Q

Steiner

BxKt; HPx-B.Kt Q2;
Winter, Lodz, 1935. Kt 3 (/) 16
(g)

1; 13 Kt Q 5, KtxKt; 14 PxKt, B B4; 15 P~~B 3, Becker, Vienna, 1935. (2) 12 ,, Q R B 1 ; 13 Kt Q5, B 3, Kt Kt 3 16 B B 2,R B 2 =. L. Sterner15 P
;

10 3 ; 14 Prague, 1931.

Kt

(h)

PQ + Rauser PQ Margate, Spielmann B R B K3 PQ B B B P R B B R Kt-~K Kt P
4
!

!

.

Botvinnik, Leningrad, 1933.
1
;

Alekhine,
5,

1938.
4,
2,

4,

;

11

5

;

15

12 B 4 T.

B 3, Kt Q
Sir G. A.

2

;

13

K R

1,

Thomas

Petrov,

(i)
(?)

12

P -KKt4

is

Sir G. A.

Thomas

more aggressive. Alekhme, Nottingham, 1936.

Moscow, 1936. m Or 10... Kt QKtS; 12 K Kt KtS, Q Ktl; 13 B

11

B

3,

PQK B

6,

QxP;

12
;

3

Kt

2 =F- Treybal Petrov, Folkestone, 1933), R4ti, match, 1928. Lipke, Vienna, 1898. (m) Tarrasch

Q

QKt

;

14

B

B 5, Kt B 3
13

Q Kt

Kt
;

5

(weaker

1

PQ B

15

4

=. Weenink

Q

K 2,

292

SICILIAN DEFENCE

DRAGON VARIATION
P K 4 P QB 4 4 KtxP, Kt B 3
i
,
:

;

2

5

Kt KB 3, Kt Q B 3. B Kt Q B 3, P Q 3 K3, B Kt2. 7 B
;

3

K 2, P K Kt 3

P

Q

4

,

;

PxP, KtxP; 10 Q Ktx Kt, QxKt; 11 B B 3, Q B 5; Q Kt3, Q B6; 14 Q Q 3 QxQ; ISPxQ, BxR; K KtS? ?; 9 BxKt, BxB; 10 Ktx Kt+ + Q B 2 11 P Q R 3, B Q 2 12~ Kt (B - Kt 5, Q B (6) Weaker is 10 _ 13 P B4, B KtS; 14 Ktx Kt, Px Kt; 15 Kt B 3 "' Treybal Flohr, Munchen,..___ " ~ ~ "" ~ And if 10.., QxP?, 11 KtxKt, PxKt; 12 Q R Kt 1, Q R6; gratz, 1933. 13 Kt Q 5 +
(a)

If

8.

,

P

Q4>;
13
,

9

12

16BxPch +

KtxKt, PxKt,
.

P

!,

Or 8.., Kt
J

.

;

;

3-)

1

;

,

..

.

'

!

.

?, P Q4!; 10 PxP, KtxP; 11 Q Ktx Kt, Qx Kt 12 B B 3, Q B5; 13 P B3?, KtxKt; 14 P x Kt, B K 3 =p. VajdaKmoch, Prague, 1931. Or9P B3?, P Q4!; 10PxP,KtxP; 11 Q Ktx Kt, Q x Kt 12 Ktx Kt, Q x Kt K 3 =. Barth Flohr, Zwickau, 1930. 13 P B 3, B

(0)

Ahues
9

(d)

K RI
P

Richter, Berlin, 1930.

;

;

;

(e)

9

=. AsztalosTartakover, Bled, 1931. 3 transposes into col. 30, note (k) Tartakover, Bled, 1931. (h) Nimzovitch Kt 12 Q 11 P KtS, Kt ; Q2, (t) If 10 Bl; 13 B Q 4, Kt B5, 14 BxKt, 15 O O O, Q Q 2 ; 16Q + . Kan Botvinnik, 1936. Moscow, 11 P K5, P Q 5!; 12 Ktx P, Ktx Kt ; 13 B x Kt, Ktx P =, Lovenfisch (;) Botvinnik, Moscow, 1936. If 13 Px P, R PxP!; 14 B B 3, KtxKtP!; 15 BxKt, (A) Best. 16 QxB, K 2, KtxR; 19RxKt, ch; 17 P x B, Ktx P ch ; 18 and If 13 B B 3, Px P , 14 P Kt 5, Kt KtS ! =F- Bondarevsky Alatorzeff, Tiflis. 1937. 16 BxKt, KtxKtP!; 17 BxKt, Q B 2, Q KtSch; (1) Kt6ch; 18 19 Bl, drawn. Alekhme Botvinnik, Nottingham, 1936. Kt K Kt 5 is weak 9 B x Kt, B x B 10 Kt Q 5 (or 10 P B 3, B Q 2 ; (w) 8 11 KtxKt, Px Kt; 12 B R 4 14 P K Kt 4 !, R 4, P Q 4, P B3; 13 P 15 Q Kt 2, with a strong attack. Van den Bosch Sir G. A. Thomas, Prague, 11 P 1931), QB4, B Q 2; 12 O O, P B4; 13 PxP, 14KtxB, RxKt; 15 Q 1 . Bogatyrchuk Botvmmk, Leningrad, 1933. 1, P (n) 9 R Q4!; 10 Ktx Kt, Px Kt ; 11 Q B2; 12 PxP, Kt2 =F. T. H. Tylor Foltvs, Margate, 1938. 13 Kt KtS, Q Horowitz Reshevsky, New York, 1938. (o)

(/)

Or
11

4 is also playable. 10 KtxKt, 11
,

Q

Q_R4;
(g)

14

P

Q

K R
,

K3, P

PxKt;

R4

B

KR

Compare
6,

col. 30,

note

(k).

BxB; 12QxB,R
Kl

Kt

1

;

13P

QKt3,

QR4; RxB;

R

Q3

!

BxKt

K

QxP+;

BxB;

R

R

,

:

;

K

K

;

PxP,

OO;
8 P

QR
Q

BxP;

OO,

PxP:

B

B3=,
(q)

(p)

KR3,
if

for

12

OO; P

9

Q

Q

2,

B

Kt5?, KtxP;

Q
13

2

Straat

10 P K Kt 4, Ktx Kt fll Bx Kt, KtxKt, BxKt; 14 BxB, BxRJ-f;
!
;

Schevemngen, 1923. L. Steiner Herzojr, Mahnsch-Ostrau, 1933.
Colle,

SICILIAN
i

DEFENCE
,

293
;

P

K 4 P QB 4
,

4

2 Kt KB 3 Kt KtxP, Kt BS; 5 Kt
;

QB 3 QB 3 P
,

3

P Q 4> PxP Q 3.

;

and if 10 BxP, KtxP; If now 10 KtxP, KtxP; (a) Rauser's suggestion. Kt 3 ch and Black stands well in both cases. Some alternatives to the 11 Bx Kt, Q B K 3 10 P B 5, BxKt, 11 R Px B, Q Kt 3 ch 12 K Rl, text are. (1) 9. Romanovsky Kt K4, 13P K Kt4,Q B3; 14 R R4!,PxP; 15 Kt Kt 4 (or 10 B B 3, R B 1 ; 10 P Rabmovitch, Moscow, 1935. (2) 9 , B Q 2 12P Q R 4, Kt Q R 4 ? 13P K 5 ', Kt K 1 14KtxKt+. R 1,P 11 K 11 P Kt5, Kt K 1 ; 12 Kt Q 5, Alekhme Desler, Hamburg, 1930), Q B 1 15 Kt Kt6-K Keres Gran, P B4- 13 P K5', PxP, 14 Kt B 5, P K 3 11 R 3 ; B 3, Q B 2 10 B P Q R3 1, P (3) 9 Warsaw, 1935 B Kt 2 14 P Q R 4, P Kt 5 15Kt K2, 13 Kt 4 2, K 3, P Q 12 B Kt Q R 4 1 16 Q x Kt P, Kt B 5 with chances for both sides. Tartakover Najdorf, 3rd match game, 1935. lb] The Richter Attack. R4 ; 9 B x Kt, 5, (or 8. ., Q Better than 7 KtxKt, PxKt; 8 \c if O 0, R Q Kt 1 PxB- 10 P x Q P, Q K 4 ch 11 Q K 2, B x P 12 4 cb + ); 9 Q B 3, Kt 5 ; 11 3, Q B KtS, PxB; 10 Px Kt, here 9 Analysis by Euwe. K2; 11 BxKt, PxB, 12Q B O2- 10 0, B
, ,

Q5!.

;

!

,

QR3;

;

;

;

;

,

;

;

K
;

K

!

;

Q-Q

,

;

P-K

,

!

F

PxP Q-B
;

K Kt3=

=

;

l

10 B K B 4, P K 4 ; P .. are strong. and 9 B B 4, P Q 4 10 P K 5, Kt K 1 11 Kt B 3 3 Bad, however, is 9 BxKt?, BxB!; 10 KtxKt, PxKt, llQxP,Q-R4; 12B-B4, B R 3 13 B x B, B x Kt q=. Keres Hemicke, Bad Nauheim, 1936. continuation in the column is suggested () Goghdse Pirc, Moscow, 1935. The by the Tournament Book. " Alekhme Frentz, Paris, 1933. Rauser Chekhover, Leningrad, 1936.

KR3;

11

B

K

;

;

v

i

P P
9

Kt3041!

B 8'0" 12 B--B5
(3)

Kt2;
6

R Kl:
Q Kt
Kt; 14

L^ebwerd'a 1934

K-F
10 14 P

0-K2 KtxP??'10
1
;

B

P If instead 6. t' and best. ,.-9 B-B4! (after 9 P-K 6, P Schlechter-Lasker, adequate 'counter-play. 12 O
,

13Q-B4, Px 9

K 2, O U 10 F li K a, P K 4 11! Henneberger Flohr, P K Kt4 ?, P Q 5 + Kt 2 8 B-K 3, B 7 O, P-K Kt 3 Q KtxKt, KtxKt; HBxKt, KBxB, 12KtxPch, 15 B-B4 G.Abrahams-Winter,
9

Q

;

;

13

.

5,

B-Q 2

;

;

,

Q

x B,

K-Ktl

;

+.

K R3+
(;)

B3 B

.

Spielmann

7 KtxKt, PxKt; 8 P KS, 10 O-O, B-Kt 2 Black has ; 7th match game 1910), Q-Kt3 ; Kl, P~Q4: O, O O O ; 13 B4; 11 PxP, PxP; Rodl Engels, 2nd match game, 1930 1923 Euwe. Schevemngen,

KKt3; KB4

KR

294

SICILIAN

DEFENCE
QB
3
;

K 4, P

QB4

J

2

Kt

K B 3,
4

Kt KtxP.

3

P Q 4 PxP;
,

Mar6czy

A
7

P

9

B

Q3;
(b)
(c)

B

Sterner, Budapest, 1932.

B4,

RxP++.

Kt5

(2)

5

,

P

K

4

!

?

,

6 Kt x
1
;

Kt
8

?

),

KtPxKt;

7

B

K Kt5>, R

(6

K Kt

Kt

5,

Q Kt

BxKt??, QxB;

Botvinnik

Mellgren Alekhme, Orebro, 1935, Flohr, Moscow, 1935.

The Mar6czy Variation. KKtS; 8 QxKt, KtxKt; 9 Q Q 1, Kt B3; 10 Q Q 2 . 7.., Kt () Kashdan Apscheneek, Folkestone, 1933. Kt 3 is also quit* strong, e.g. 6 Kt Kt 3, Kt 3 3 7 Kt B 3, P Q 3 ; (/) 6 Kt 8 B K 2, O O 9 B K 3, B K 3 10 P B 3, Kt Q 2 11 Q Q 2, K Kt K 4 ; 12 Kt Q 5, P B 4 13 P x P, B x P 14 O Tartakover Rosselh, Baden-Baden,
(d)
; , ;

;

;

O.
B

;

1925.

R

(g)

After 9
13

Bl;
(h)

Q R
.,

O 00, R
Ql,

K

;

1

;

10 B 14 K

K

3,

Kt
1,

R

Q
;

4 11 Kt Q 4, B Q 2 12 Q Q 2, R 4 Black has excellent counter-chances.
;

;

Nimzovitch

Capablanca, Carhbad, 1929.
13

Or 9

Ktx KtP;
(*')

O 0; 10 O O, Kt B 4 Kt Q 5 !, Bx R; 14 KtxB +

11
.

P B3, Q R4?; 12 P Q Kt 4 !, Euwe Landau, 5th match game, 1934
l

Flohr Engels, Sliac, 1932. Better than 7 Kt(Kt 1) B 3, P Q R3; 8 Kt R 3 (8 Kt O 4?, Ktx P + ) f P K3; 9 Kt B 2, Q B2; 10 P B4,P Q3; 11 B Q 3, P Q Kt 3 12 O O, and Black has counterplay. Rumin Flohr, Moscow, B Kt2; 13 B Q 2, B K 3, P 1936. Or here 7.., P 9 Kt Q 4, B Kt 5 10 B Q 3, K3; Kt K4; 11 O O?, KtS! + . Alexander Flohr, Nottingham, 1936.
(7)

K2 SB KKt
;

;

QR3;

;

(k) Kan Flohr, Moscow, 1936. Or 7 B K 3, P Q R 3 8 O O, P Q Kt 4 9 P B 3, B B 4 10 Q (/) Kt3; 11QR 6l,0 O; 12 K R 1, B Kt 2; 13 B Kt 1, P Q 4; 14 Q Px P SSB, Sir G. A. Thomas Mikenas, Hastings, 1937-38. (m) Kan Flohr, Moscow, 1935.
; ;

PxP

Q

2,

SICILIAN
I

DEFENCE
;

295
3.

P K 4, P Q B 4

2

Kt~K B

[

l"

4 White's advantage is negligible." Von Holzhausen Nimzovitch, Dresden, 1936.

'

QXP

*

*

;

8B-K2,

Tartakover and Cukierman, Paris, 1931

SfcS^^fl O O, K Rl
9

v* Kt Kt

0r
;
;

8

B3; R4;
tf)

, P 7 11 P

f

',?^ 35 7 P 3 KtxKtr 8 tfxKt Tartakover, Hastings, 1928. 4 P - B3 B Kt3; 6 ST ^*?^ 4 8 BB KtKt2;2 5 9 00, Q O-O 10 Kt-R3, K5, K Q B R K B
5

.

t?^
Yates
t
;

.

(3)

3

Kt

5

',

^
;

B3 P
'

K4

!

4

B

OB

4 P-

1

'

4,

Q4, PxF; 12 KtxP, KtxB;

1,

lr? 3. Nimzovitch-Stoltz, Flohr, ZUnch, 1934,
i * in the text

,

,

13

5th match game, 1934.

PxKt,

The column

P-Q 4

;

HQKt--B2
of

KtS,

is

Henneberger6
moves

J

6

into the Dragon Variation. ?~ K*?' KtB 3 transposes the Richter Attack. often adopted to avoid
is
I ;

The order

R

tf)

Saferis8Kt--Kt3,00; B 1 12 K R 1, P Q R 3
.
,

8 KrxP rxP:9 Q KtxKt, KtxKt; 10 Kt B 6 11 QxKt, O 0; K B 4 3C Rauser Ragosin, Leningrad, 1936. ch, PxKt; AXWM.3&J. AXa^VSOULL, J^CilUl^JL tU, 13OO. After 9 KtxKt, PxKt; 10 P K 5, Kt K 1 11 PxP, Kt KtxP; 12BxP, QxB; 13 QxKt, Q Kt4ch; 14 Q Q 2, Q Q R 4 15 B B 4, R Kt Black has a strong attack. Rauser Kan, Leningrad, 1936. K 2, K Kt Q 2 14 B K R 6, 13 B 15 P 1 K R 4, Kt-Kt 3 with (*) a complicated position and chances for both sides. Panoff Kan, Tiflis, 1937. K3?: 7 Kt B 3, B K 2 8 Kt B 2, O O 9 B K 2, Q B2: (;7 6.., P 10 O 1 1 B B 4 Kt K 4 1 2 Kt Kt 5 + Euwe Winter, Amsterdam, O, R Q 1 1937. O; 9 Q Q 2, QR4!?; 10 Kt Kt3, Q KtS; 11 Q B 2, (*) Or 8.., O Kt Q2; 12B Q2,Kt B4; 13 Ktx Kt, Qx Kt with chances for both sides. Keres-!

1937. Orhere9B R_6,P Kt x Kt = Keres Resh

OR4; 10BxB,KxB; IIP QR4,B-K3; 1937-38.
Hastings,
;

9 B--K 2, B 13 P B 4,

10OO.R Kl; 11QR-Q1, B-K 3 =.
Q
2
;

Rabmovitch-Kan, Mis 12 Kt Q4

12

B

(g)

I

.

(A)

ir

;

1

;

BR

;

;

;

;

!,

;

.

Capablanca, Semmering-Baden, 1937. Keres Landau, Noordwijk, 1938. (/)
(m)
;

Landau,

M

Fine

Or 8 B Kt 5, B K 2 9 B x Kt, B x B 10 Kt 1st match game, 1938. Eliskases, Semmering-Baden, 1937.
;

Q

5,

B

Kt

4

=

Spielmann

2Q6

SICILIAN DEFENCE
i

P

K4> P

QB4.

Q R5ch, with a winning position. Keres Winter, Warsaw, 1935. B 5 >, O O + . 12 K PxP, BxP; 13 B and Black's defensive 13 KtxP, KtxKt; 14RxKt,B 3, Q3; 15 resources are adequate K B 4, Kt B3 see Alekhine's Defence, col. 17, note (c). (g) For 6 B 3 6 B p 5 Q x P (simpler 5 KtxP, P Q B 4, Kt Kt 3 : 4, t> (M 4 4 ; 9 B 3, 7B KtS, Kt B3 8 e.p.,&*P 10 Kt B 3, O ), 8 B Q 2, Kt Kt3; P K3!; 6 P B4, Kt Q B 3 ; 7 Q Q 1 ?, K Kt K 2 "2, Q B2, 10 B B3, P Kt3; 11 P K R 4, P Q 3 ; 12 PxP, BxP=F. Eu iubmstein, The Hague, 1921. Kostich, Hastings, 1921. J. J. O'Hanlon ) 3. , P Q3 4 P Q 4 transposes into more regular variations, 7) K 5 transposes into Alekhine's Defence, col. 19. k) 4 P Better than either 5 B 2 ; 7 B Kt5 ch. 5, Ktx Kt; 6 KtPx Kt, Q /) Kt Q 2 8 Q K 2, P K 3 9 O O, B Q 3 10 O; 11 1, O 4, P x P : 12 PxP, (Tarrasch Tartakover, Berlin, 1928), or 5 4, KtxKt: 6 PxKt, P K3; 7 B Q 3, Kt Q 2 ; 8 O 0, B K 2 ; 9 Q K2, Kt B3, O 10 B Kt5ch, B Q2; 11 5, O (Kashdan A. Steiner, The Hague,
Kt; 14
(e)

11 KtxKP, Q B 2 (10.., Kt B3; 11 O O O, Q R 5 (13 R B 1, Kt B 3 14 B B 6 (Eliskases P Frydmann, Lodz, 1938), PxB; 15 Q R 5, P B 4 and White must take a draw by 15 K R K 1 with a powerful 14 Q R B 1, Kt B 3 perpetual check), P B 4 P KKt3; 14 Q R 4 If here 13 BxKtattack. Analysis by Eliskases. K 1, Q B2; 17 B B6+. 15 PxB, QxP; 16 Q R PxKtP?, 11 R Ktl, PxP; 12 KtxP, B Q 3 13 KtxPJ, (d) 10

Seitz, Lodz, 1938. (c) If 9 Q 3 12 P x P,

B

,PxKP;
O

10

;

O

!)

;

;

13

!

;

;

;

,

3,

Kx

,

;

(/)

RK 0O
K
;
-,

=

p_Q

KtK
;

PQ

PxP

=

-~

!

;

;

KtK

,

KtxKt=
Kt
P

;

;

RK
;

PQ PQ
;

KtK
Q
;

=

1928),

KKt B3
11
(o)

K KtK 2 7 8 B K 3, Kt Q 5 9 Q 3, O Q 2, Q4?; 10 PxP, PxP; llKt B4)j 10 Kt Q I, Q R4 P QB3, Ktx Ktch; 12 QxKt, P Q3=. RuminKyril off, Moscow, 1931.

w) () Or 6

If 8.., (9

00,
,

R3;

9

R5 ch, P K Kt3

PQ

10KtxP+.

,

:

Stoltz

Nimzovitch, Berlin, 1928.

SICILIAN
i

P

K4

,

DEFENCE P QB 4
.

297

- Q 3, P K 3 6 B K 3, Kt Q 5 7 Q Q 2, Q R 4 ; 8 P B 4, Kt K 2, (a) 5 O ; 1 1 P K 5, P Q 4 =. Sir G. A. Thomas Kt B 3,10 9 Kt B 3, TTJ * 1Q 2 A. Sterner, O __ Q g P __ K R 3j K t K 1 ; 9 B K3; ^ ^ Sterner, Ujpest.^1934^ ^ Kt 05: 10 P B4,P B4; 11 K R 2, R Kt 1 12 P Q R 4, Kt B 2 ; 13PxP, Or Alexander Pirc, Hastings, 1932-33. C. KtxP(B4)- 14 B Ktl, P K2i P QKt4; 8 Kt Q 5, P K 3 9 Kt K 3, R Ktl: 7 Nilsson Euwe, B 1, 12 Q P KtS; 11 B- Q 2, O O The Hague, 1928. V. Buerger, 1927. (c) Von Nuss Inferior alternatives^are i (e) Best.

K

;

'

00,

;

'1

.

p_QB3,

_,

00,

K4=.

H

;

;

;

PxP=.

KKt

Kt3 + . Marshall 8 >-Q4 PxP; 9 PxP, B-Kt3; 10 O-O, B-Kt5; 11 Q 2; P Q B 3, B P K 3; Verl (3) 3 -linsky, Moscow, 1925. B4; KR3 9 4 8 B 4, 5, Kt 3, P 6 P i_Q 7 P Q 3 7 10 Vienna, 1922 10 xP e,i>. -t. Spielmann Kdnig, Kt; 5 B Kt2,P K4; 6PxP,BxP; 7 Kt Q B 3, 'm Or 4 B 3 +. 11 O-O, F 2 10 ; 2, 8 B x B, Kt Q B 3 ; 9 Kt-B 3, K Spielmann SaTOisch, Marienbad, 1925. V. Buerger, London, 1926. /a] Yates 2 ; 9 8 5, Kt-Q 2 ; 3 7 O-O, Kt-B 3 1, I After 6 J KtS Black's position remains cramped. 11 Kt 10 Kt B 1 O O and wins. 11 Ktx B P .#.?, 10Q-Kt3!, (5) If 9' ., Keres Eliskases, Semmenng-Baden, 1937. White won, but Black's conduct

PxP

;

P-K

,

P-Q

,

4PxP,BxP;5 P-K
;

K

B-Q

KPxP.QxP,
.

Kt-K

;

B-K

00

Px

P-K
:

;

;

R-K

B-K

P-K

PxP
a
6
1

P-K3,
Kt
5
;

'

1

(;)

f

th

J p Pari8

Q-kichW);
4

^
fS)

d
3

fe

Ce
;

a

fr
)

1

p x p!

Qx p
;

P-KR3, B-B 4
10

4

Kt

KB 3,
;

B
7

5

B

Q 3> p__K 4
1

Kt

B

3,

P

B

3.

Tartakover and others
?

O-O, Q-Q

Kt2, Kt
2
;

8

K-R 2, O-O-O
5,

QB

3

(or

5

.,
;

Alekhme and

others,

3
4

BxP
Kt

Kt

m) Better than 9
12 Qllfe 2,

3 KB 3; 5B-Kt2, B KtS; 6 Kt-K 2, Kt-BKt T. 11 Kt_Q Q-K 2 10 B-K 3, Q-Q 3 B-B 3
?
;

Q

5

;

13

Q KtxKt,
-

BPx

,

;

Kt;

14BxP! +
;

.

Spiehnann
;
1

Bogoljuboff,

7th

B-6 3
ILif f
ft

'rnfor 2 6
ni P

?Q"l8-k5is

g F-0 3 P-K 3 3 P-Q B 3, P-Q 4 Q-B 3 K Kt-K 2,7 Kt-K 2, O-O 10
better)

9

lann Vienna 1932 yp ~K P5 Kt-6 4 -5 Kt-B 3, x P 10 B-K 2 O =. Nimzovitch-Vidmar, 4 9 P x P \4 Q P^Kt P 4 P-B 4, P-Q 3 New York 1927 2 P-Q B f, Kt-Q B 3 3 P-Q 3, P-K Kt 3 U n e nt tra to a French also p iSy 2.., P-K3, followed by P-Q4 leading ^rBlac k can
;

QPxP;

Kt-Q 2, Kt Q B 3 5 P-K B 4, P-K Kt 4, P-B 4 9 Kt P x P +. QPxP, PxP; 11 Kt-K3Kt 3, Px PKt KSB R. 3 P Q 4, Or 2 P Q B 3 P K 3 P xP; 6 PxP, B-K 2 7 Kt-B 3, KtxKt;
4
;

8

,

;

;

'
'

.,

;

;

;

Defence

The column

is

Nfmzovitch-Capablanca, Berlin, 1928.

298

THREE KNIGHTS' GAME
THIS comparatively safe way of avoiding the many drawing variations of the Four Knights' Game is barren of resources for the second player, whose chances of winning are small.
Yet we find it occasionally adopted even by the greatest masters in modern tournament play.

i

to 8) or 2...,

The opening arises from either 2..,, Kt QB3 (cols, Kt KB 3 (cols. 9 and 10), the latter form

producing immediate equality of position. On the former by 4 Kt Q 5 (cols, i to 4) still holds the Black's best answers being 4..., B K2 (the line in field, col. i showing the soundest form of the defence), and 4,..,
line the attack

Kt

B

3,

recommended by

Schlechter.

White appears

to retain better chances

with 4

B Kt 5

2 being of doubtful value. In Kt (col. 5), the reply the Fianchetto Defence (col. 7) Tartakover's suggestion in note (e) is worthy of attention. Col. 8 shows an important
line,

K

K

which had the advantage of two high

tests in 1931.

Col, 10 srives an improvement form of the Three Knights*.

in the 2...,

Kt

KB 3

THREE KNIGHTS' GAME
i

299
3

P K 4, P K 4

;

2

Kt

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

Kt B 3.

(a) 4 P Q R 3, B x Kt 5 Q P x B, P Q 3 6 B Q B 4, Kt B 3 7 Q Q 3, B K3; 8 P R3, P QR3; 9 Kt Kt 5, BxB; 10 QxB, PQ4; 11 PxP, Q x P 12 Q x Q, Kt x Q =F. Flohr Alekhine, Prague, 1931. Or 4 B B 4, Kt B 3 6 P Q 3, B x Kt 5 O O, O O 7 P x B, P Q 4; 8PxP, KtxP; 9 P K R 3, KtxP; 10 Q Q2, Kt Q5; 11 KtxP, Kt (B 6) K 7 ch 12 K R2, KtxB =.
:

;

:

;

:

,

;

;

Leonhardt
9

Schlechter,

Saa Sebastian, 1911.

R

(6)

5..,P Q3; 6B Kl,0 0; lOBxKt,
If

QKt5,PxP; 7KKtxP,B Q2; 80 O, Kt B3; PxB; 11 Ktx Bch, Qx Kt; 12 B -Kt5. ZnoskoNew
York, 1924.
; ;

Borovsky
(c)

Alekhine, London, 1922.

Alekhine

Tartakover,
3

6

B B

O
O

Kt 5, Ktx Kt see Four Knights' Game, col. 30. 5 P B 3, B K 2 8 B x Kt, O has been played. 7 P Q 3, Ktx Kt 4, Q () 6 P Q4, P Q4; 7 KtxP, PxP; 8 P QB3, Q Kt Q4; 9 B Q B 4, O =. Forgacs Schlechter, San Sebastian, 1912. Or 6 P B 3, Kt B 3 7 2, 10 P Q3=. Mardczy Alekhine, 2 O, O; 8 B--K2, P Q 3 9
(d)

For 5 B

P

;

;

QK

;

QB

;

London, 1932. (/) Or 9 P
(g)

Q 4 at once. The column is suggested by Tartakover. Playing the Rubinstein Defence to the Four Knights' Game with a move in . hand. If 5.., KtxP; 6 O O, O O; 7 Q K2 P Q 3 9 Q K 2, Kt Q R 4 j 10 B Q 3, (A) Or 7 Kt x B ch, Q x Kt ; 8 Kt R 4 ; 11B B 2, Kt K B 5; 12 Q Kt 5, Kt B 3. T. H. Tylor Alekhine, Hastings 1933-34. 12 P Q4. Mardczy Grtinfeld, Vienna, 1920. (t)

00,

;

Maroczy
(k) If

Chajes, Carlsbad, 1923.
7.., 11

P

B
9

Kt3;
Kt

KtxB
.

KR3;
+.

8

O

0,

O

;

9

P

Q

R 4, P Q R 3

;

10

P

QKt4.

(0 For 4..,

K2

KtB

Alekhme Cohn, Carlsbad, 1911. 3 see Four Knights' Game. If4..,P

QR3; 5BxKt,QPxB;

!

(m) Forcing exchange of centre Pawns. 8 B Schlechter Tarrasch, Hamburg, 1910.

7P KR3,P QR3;
(n] 12

If instead SO O, OO; 6P Q4>P Q3; K2,PxP; 9KtxP,KtxKt; lOQxKt, B Q B 4=.

P

K B 4. P B 3

;

13

Q

R

5

!

.

Treybal

Reti, Teplitz-Schdnau, 1922.

300

THREE KNIGHTS' GAME
i

P K 4 P K4;
,

2

Kt

KB

3.

For 4 B Kt5, Kt B3 see Four Knights', cols. 31-35. 3 ch 7 K Kt 1, Kt Kt5 ; 4..,BxPch; SKxB, KtxKt; 6 P Q 4, 9 P K R 84 8 Q Q 2, Kt K 2 B K 2 transposes into the Ruy Lopez (Steimtz Defence) by 4 B Kt 5, (c) 3 Kt B 3 5 00, P Q 3 or into the Hungarian Defence, p. 83, by 4 B B 4, Kt B 3. P B4>; 4 P Q4, BPxP; 5 KtxP, Kt B 3 6 B Q B 4, P Q 4 If 3. 7 KtxQP', K KtxKt; 8 Q R5ch, P Kt3; 9 KtxP, PxKt; 10 QxPch++.
(a)
(&)

QB

;

;

.

,

;

,

;

;

Breyer
(tL)

Balla, Pistyan, 1912.

4

B

(better
(e]

R K
5

KtS, B
1).

V.

Mann

Kt2;
5

5 K Kt K2; 6 P Capablanca, Barcelona, 1929.

00,

Q

3,

00;
;

7

B B

4

?

Or4..,B
Kt
9

KKt K2;
(g)

(/)

Q

5,

B

PxP, KtxP; Kt2; B Kt 2 6 B K Kt 5, P B 4, Kt R4; 10 B
;

6

K2.

KtxKt, BxKt (Tartakover). B 3 7 B K B 4, P Q 3 8 Ktx Q
;

P,

II

BxKt,
P

00;
10 3

12

BxB, Kx3;
Q2;

13
11

P
P

KB4-K
B
4,

Weenink

Kmoch,

London, 1927.
(fc)9..,

P

B

3

;

13

O; QR

P
.

KKt4. Kt
Mattison

Kt

Kt3;

12

B

Q 3,
and

Alekhine, Prague, 1931.

11 B K2, P KKt4! (i) Mattison), correspondence, 1931.

=.

Riga Chess Club

Riga

Seniors

(Behting

This position may be reached through Vienna Game, Alekhine's Defence or (;') B 4, Kt x P ; 4 Kt B 3, Kt x Kt ; 5 Q P x Kt see BodenPetroff Defence. For 3 B

Kiesentzky Gambit,
(ft)

p. 14, col. 6.

11

P

B3, Kt

K B 3;

12

B

B
;

2.

Tarrasch

Gninfdd, Vienna, 1922.
;
;

Kt 3, B Kt 5; 9 Q K 2, Kt 1,0 Kt Q 2 p_K R 3, IIP B3. YatesOUand, Hastings, 1919. R3I; 12 Kt-R4 (better 12 00), Kt-B 4 \3 B-K 3 (*) 11 Q-K2, Kt K3, Kt Q 5), KtxB 14 Px Kt, B Q 1 15 Kt B 5, (13 B B2, Kt K3; 14 B Q K3; 16 P QKt4. Becker Eu we, Carlsbad, 1929.
(I)

4..,

8

00; 5 P B KR4

Q3, P B3; (simplest is P x P)

6

00,

P Q4; 7 B P Q 5 10 Kt

;

;

;

TWO
THIS
Evans Gambit,
for

KNIGHTS' DEFENCE

301

sometimes called in German-speaking defence, countries the Preussisch (Prussian), is an effective method of avoiding the dangerous attacks in the Giuoco Piano and
arising from the substitution of Kt Black's 3rd move. It is still frequently adopted with satisfactory results by enterprising players, and indeed has attracted some little attention from 'the

63

B

B 4 on

modern For
(i)

school.
his 4th

move White has

the .choice of

:

upon Black the necessity of sacrificing a Pawn, for which he obtains control of the centre and a strong and enduring attack. The old form 6P Q3 (cols, i to 7), favoured by Morphy, has again come into favour through the influence of Tartakover's analysis of the opening in Die Hypermoderne Schachpartie.
(cols, i to 15), entailing

4Kt Kt5

4 and 5) and Maroczy's 9..., B K2 are unsatisfactory. The form with 6B Ktsch (cols. 8 to 10) has seen some important improvements since our last edition. On his nth move White can play either P Q 4, which is inferior against P x P e.p., and P K B 4, which is advantageous for the
(cols.
first
(ii)

Black obtains a powerful attack with i to 3), but both 9..., B Ktsch

9...,

B

QB4

(cols.

player, according to recent analysis. 4 (cols. 16 to 28), an aggressive continuation 4P

Q

which retains the initiative for White at the temporary expense of a Pawn. Since our last edition it has been shown
that in the usual lines Black can obtain a clear superiority (col. 19), so that he has no reason to with 12.,.. B

Qa

col.' 17 adopt the simplifying variations given in col. 16 and note (6). Canal's Variation (cols. 20 to 23) may involve Black in considerable difficulties, but here too Decent analysis

indicates that

it is

unsound against the
col.

line given in col 23.

The

counter-attack in
test.

28 has been strengthened by a

recent
(iji)

29 and 30), played on the authority a of Charousek, Tarrasch, and Tartakover, but leading to for Black when correctly advantage

4P Q 3

(cols.

slight

positional

countered.

$02
i

TWO
K4 P K4
,

KNIGHTS' DEFENCE
Kt
5

P
Kt

;

2

K B 3,
K5;

Kt

QB
;

3

;

3

B B 4, Kt B 3.

4

Kt5, P
7

Kt

KB 3,

Q4;

P

PxP, Kt 8 Q

QR 4

6

K 2, KtxB;

P Q3> P
9

KR3;
5

PxKt.

15

B

B

ISO

(a) If 13 P p-lKt4, B R 4 : 19 Kt x R4; 15 P

0,

Vienna, 1908.
(6)

17

B Q 2, B x B ch 14 Q Ktx B, R K 1 IS P K R 3, P K 6 + BxB, PxP; 18 QxP, QxP; 19 QxQ, KtxQ=. Analysis by Tartakover
If

P

14 P KR3, B R4; B3, B K21 (weaker is 13.., B Q 3 KB 4; 18 PxP, 17 Q Kt 2, P Kt3; 16 B K 3, Kt Q 2 P -f Tartakover Bogolj uboff, Bad Homburg, 1927} ; 14 P K R 3, Kt Q 2, Kt K4; Kt4, B Kt3; 16 B K3, Kt Q2; 17 Kt4!; 19 Px P, Kt Q6 ch 20 K Kt 1, Q x P-f Salwe Marshall,
:

;

!

.

;

.

13

;

;

1

.

in

Die Hypermodtrne Schachpartie. Euwe, Zurich, 1934. (c) Grob
(d) If

Kt

K5;

10 P KR3, 14 Kt B 1,

00;
Q

11

Kt
15

R5ch;

R2, P ~K6I; 12 BxP, -BxB; 13 PxB, "' ~ -P Kt3, Q B3; 16 P B 3> B B4 +

(Steinitz)'

11 Kt Q 4, B K Kt 5 ; 12 Q B 2, BxKt; 13 PxB, u) Or 10 ., p__rt Kt4; 14 P Q Kt3,PxP; 15PxP,P B3; 16 P K R 3, B R 4 17 B PxP; 18 P B5, Kt R2; 19 P Kt4, B Kt3; 20 Kt B 3, Kt Kt 4 (W. Koch 22 QxP, Q R4; 23 R Q B t, Kt3, R Kt 1 Schlage, Berlin, 1929); 21 Q
;

00;

K3

KR

;

Q1+.
(/)

n
17

Q

R K

(*)

10.., B 1 ; 14 Kt

Yates, The Hague, Q4 (*) 11 Kt
(;)

(A)

Q

B Q3; 18 Q K R 4, R K7. Grob Keres, Dresden, 1936. K2; 11 Kt Q4, B KKt5; 12 Q B 2, 00; 13 B K3. + Tartakover Teichm ana, Berlin, 1921. Q 2, B K B 1 15 R5, Kt Q6ch; 18 K Kt 1, R B 1 19 P KKt4 + Tartakover
B4,
;
.

;

,

1921.
is

necessary.
18

17

P

QKtS, PxP;

PxP, P

B3;

19

Px

P,

Kt

Kt5 +

.

W.Koch

Dr. R. Diihrssen, Berlin, 1923. r.

TWO
i

KNIGHTS' DEFENCE
Kt

33

P K 4, P K

4

;

2

K B 3, Kt Q B 3

;

3

B B 4, Kt B 3-

R kl; PxP; 16 O

K R 3, O O; 11 Kt Q 4, 10 P 3 B-K4; 13Q-Q2,^~Q2; 14Kt-QB3, P-B3; 15PxP Q K2 is Grob Ltindan, Ostend, 1936. (c\ 16 B Q 2 + Analysis by Tartakover. 13 Kt-Kt 4, 12 P-K R 3, B-Q 3 1 1 0-0, R-K 1 2) 10 Kt~K 5, 0-0 Ktx t- HPxKt, Q R5; 15 P B 4, P K6 + Analysis by Dr. v. Clap arfede. 12.., B R4f; 13 P-Q 6 followed by Kt B5 + 18 O-O-O, (it 16 ^-Kt3, B QB4; 17 B-K 3, K R K 1 """n Deetnescu Berlin 1924. O resigns for T is best 10 B K 2, PxKt wev, ... Kt x Kt ch, Q x Kt 12 P Q 3 + Bertrand Beuter, correspondence,
,

W 6 P Q Kt 3 Mar6czy's 12B
(a)

is a suggestion 9 Variation.

by

S.

Mlotkowski.
;

B

Q

K3,

O,

.

;

;

;

.

.

;

-

-

-

,

;

.

^

12

K-R:iTP-K"t4ri3TP-QB3,
>;

B-I^t8;

14

B-K 3,
12

'

Kt
1,

Q4 +

.

Makovetz;

H ii

]f

Q5;

11

P

KB4, B QB4;
12

R B

B Kt3

13

P

B

3,

K t St^KtxKt;

BxKt, Q

$ S1?^I^M4V UK^8s^^5
x*lIBxBJCtx.Kt<^I8Px^^
20
Diihrssen

R5; 13BxB, RxB; KB4 l 5^- B ..0-0;
;

14
,6

Q K 2,

B-B 4,

P^rirVrP-Q'BVPxP;
192

^nVBal KlT6^0 !l3B-Kt3,R-Ktl';14P-Kt3, 16PxP,Kt-Q4 + Demeter-Kostich,
.

Demetriescu, Berlin, 1927. 3 C

Gyula,

V\

if

(Bla

?s3^ x5Mss,'? w^rQ BK P^- ^SQ
B
c
9

Caoablanca suggests 15

P

KB4

(to

which P

B

4

is

a

good

B^f3,

^x^w
;

reply)

and

tS)

R

l?S-3 4 ^Px
-

.0

1

+

Tp)

x P", Kt Kt 2 1938. Spielmann Pirc, Noordwijk, Analysis by Euwe.
5

8

;

;

14

Q-B 2

15

Kt

Q

2,

304
i

TWO
K4 P K4
,

KNIGHTS' DEFENCE
Kt

P

;

2

KBs,
4 Kt

;

3

B B 4 Kt BS;
,

Kt 5

12

B B

4,

K B

2

;

13

B x P,

White has a powerful attack, but Black has excellent

counter-chances.
(6) Fritz's
(c)

Variation.

Better than 7
11

PxKt,PxB;

8
2

Px

P,

KtQ2,
)

P

Q4,

PxP

e.p.i
If

1

T. Gruber's suggestion.
11

Kt B 3, Q-B 8 P x Kt, Q x Kt

QxP;

9

3
;

0-C>,B-Kt2; 10 Kt-K B 13QxP,0-0-O.
;

3,

9

B x P ch, K
13

B-Kt214
( tf )

B-K2=.
s.
(/)

P-BSnKt-BS;

12

P-KKt3, Kt-R6ch;

K-R

Q

1

;

10
1,

O-O, PxP;

15

,Q-R5; 9Kt-Kt3,B-KKt5; 10PB 3, Kt-B 4; 11 Q K2M++. Kt B3, PxQPch: 16 BxP, R Klch; 17 K B 1, B K Kt 5.
Rubinstein, Stockholm; 1919.

Bogoljuboff
(g)

4 8 7 Ktx R, 2, alternative it 5 KtxBP, Bx'pch; B Kt 3 with counter-play for the Exchange. If here 6KxB??, KtxPch;7 K- Kt 1, R Bl; 9 P Q3, Kt Q3; 10 Ktx Ktch, Px Kt 11 Q K 2, Bl, Kt Q5; 12 Q Q2, Q Kt5; 13 White resigns, G, H. Perrine Wilkes-Barre C.C., correspondence, 1931.

The Wilkes-Barre Variation, so-called because it has been played and analysed by the Wilkes-Barre C C. of Pennsylvania. T. An Q 4 ?, P Q 4!!; 6KPxP,KtxP; 7 P Q 6, If 5 P (to Best

6K-B1,Q-K2;

P-6

00 B-K
; ;

OR5-

80

TWO
i

KNIGHTS' DEFENCE
Kt

35

P

K 4, P K 4

;

2

K B 3,

Kt

QB3

;

3

B B 4, Kt B 3.

R 6 ? (Dr. Hartlaub), P x R 1 2 B x P, Ktx Kt (a) 1 1 B 14 BxKt, R BI; 15 R Q 1, B Q 3 16 Q Kt4ch, Tarrasch in Kagan's Neueste SchachnachricJiten, 1921.
;

;

;

13 Q R 5 ch, K Q 2 K K1+. Analysis by
; ;

PQ
1920.

B 4+ B5; 9 Kt Q 2 !, Q R 3 ; 10 Kt Q 5, Q R 4 11 (b) 8.., Q 9 Ktx Kt Analysis by Schlechter in Deutsche Schachzeitung, 1916. Or 8 ., Q K R 4 K3; 10 B Kt 5, B Q Kt 5 ; QxQ; 12 K Rx Q, Ktx Kt =. RxKtch (or 9 KtxP?, KtxKt; 10 QxKt, P KB4+), B K3; (c) 9 10 KtxP, +. O; 11 B K 3, B Q2, B Kt5; 11 BxB, QxB; 12 Kt (K 4) Kt 5, O O O ; (d) 10 B K 1 15 KtxKP, R K 2 13 KtxB, PxKt; 14 Kt Kt 5, Q R (Euwe). Or 13 KtxB, PxKt; 10 B Kt5, B Q Kt5; 11R K 2, O O; 12 P Q R 3, B Q 3 14 B B4, B Kt5 =f. Cortlever Euwe, Amsterdam, 1938. R 6 ch, Q Kt 2 19 Q K 2, 18 Q {) 17 Q K 6 ch (17 Kt K 5 ?, R K 1 B R6; 20 R Kl,Q Kt4 + Kostich Vidmar, Bled, 1931), K Kt 1 ; 18Q K4, K 5, Q Kt 2 20 Ktx P ch, K R 1 21 Q Q R 4, with a strong 19 Kt 6 attack (Tartakover). . Q6; 14 PxP, QxP; 15 B Kt 5 (/) 13.., P K 5, P K R 4 19 Kt 2 ; 20 R Q B 1 , 18 Kt 4, (g) 17 R x Kt !, P x R R KI; 21 R- B3. Tartakover A, Sterner, Budapest, 1921. R Q2; ISRxR, KtxR; K2; 13 Kt K 5 !, Ktx Kt (h) 12... B 19 Q 16 B B4, R KI; 17 P K R 3, Q K B 4 ; 18 B Kt 3, Q K 5 Q 2, Kt3; 20 P Kt4, Kt B3; 21 R -Q 1 . Tartakover Tarrasch, Gothenburg,

PQ
;

B

HKtxP,

00

KB4

;

=

!

;

;

;

PQ

.

:

;

;

!

;

;

PQ

K

;

HRxB,

;

(i)

17

R

and others
(/)

Oskam and

Ql,

KtxKt ch; 18QxKt,QxQ; 19PxQ,P B4+.
others,

Tartakover

Rotterdam, 1933.
.

Canal's Variation.
If 8

()
(/)

KtxKt, B

17 B Trieste, 1923.

R 4,

Better

PQ B was

K2 +
4
;

18
.,

16

R x R ch, Q x R 19 Q B 3 + + Canal P. Johner, R B 2 17 Q K 2 P B 3 (Tartakover).
;
.

;

!,

306
I

TWO
P-K 4
;

KNIGHTS' DEFENCE

P K 4,

2

KtK B
4

3,

Kt-Q B 3

;

3

B-B 4. Kt-B 3.

P Q4, PXP{).

(fl)4..,
(6)

16 tettung, 1923.
(c)

RQ

KKtxP;
1,

5
;

PxP, Kt-B4(if B-B4?; 6Q-Q5++).
by Tartakover
best,

17 R x Q. Analysis White's advantage is negligible.

QxQ

in

Neue Weiner Schaclt*

10..

O, transposing into col. 16,
13

is

MlfBxR:
p /,) 15 pondence, 1928.
11

BxB
If

with the.same threats. M. Frh. von Feihtzsch.

and R K 1. If QxKt; 13 BxB BxB; 13R-Q57B^Q2; 14QRxB + Analysis by
threatening

Kt

Q

5

.

Q Kt 4; 16 KtxB P++. Von FeUitzsch Dr. Kreyher, corresIfl5..,BxKt; 16RXKB.O-0; 17QR-QH-10 KtxB, PxKt; 2 (/)7..,B-K3; 8 KtxKt, PxB; 9 K Kt-Kt 5, B-K 13 QxBP, Q Q4; 14 Q K 2, Q-i R5ch, P Kt8; 12 Q Q Kt 5,

00;

;

QR

K

1

s.

(g)

9

R x Kt,

KtK 2
R

!

!

+

Or

9

Bx Kt, B Q

Kt

5

+

(Euwe).
;

1 (RxB would have prolonged (A) 15.., K Von Feilitzsch F, Eschrich, correspondence, 1930.

the game)

16

K KtxP,

resigns.

() Giving a cramped game.

With

this

The column is Tarrasch column compare Three Knights* Game, col. 8.
; ;
.

Taubenhaus, Ostend, 1905.
:

Q
8

BB

1 1 Q Q 2, Q Kt 3, KtK 4 9 B-Q 3, R K 1 10 B Kt 2, P B 3 (J) 8 P 1928. Cancelliere B2; 12QR-Q1, B-Q2; 13P-B4 + K Kt B-B Asztalos, Trieste, 1 =. Becker Vidmar, 3, Kt-K 4 9 B Q Kt 3, R KI 10 P 4,
; ;

Graz, 1929.

TWO
i

KNIGHTS' DEFENCE
Kt

307

P

K

4

,

P

K4

;

2

K B 3,

Kt

Q 63;

3

B B 4, Kt B 3

(a)
(6)
(c)

For 5.., 6
,

00

B
;

B4
7

see

Kt

Max Lange, pp. 107-9. Q B 3, P Q 3 transposes
R^ti, Baden, 19 14.

into col. 25.

Dr. Krause's analysis.

(d)
{<?)

6PxKt,PxB; 7Q K2ch,B K3j SPxP.BxPj
The column is Tartakover
0, transposing into the

QB4; 8 B K3I + Not, however, 8 Kt x Kt, B x P ch 9 K BI (/) 7...B R5I; 10QK2, O 0; 11 B K3, PxKt; 12 BxB P, B Kt5: 13 Q Q 9, R Q H. (tfr. Keidanzki). Q K4; 6QxP,KtxB; 7Qx Q Kt.P Q 4 8PxP,QxP=. Torre(g) 5..,Kt Kt3,P KR3; 7P K B 4,Px Kt; 8Px Kt, Marshall, New York, 1925. IfhereSB KtxP; 9 O O, P Q4; 10 PxP e.p., QxP; 11 BxPch, K Q1+. Kan
.

by 7

O

Max

9 Kt Kt 5, Q Q White may answer 6 Kt
. .

4

+

,

K5

Lange.

;

Q

;

Lavenfisch, Leningrad, 1933. K4; 7 QxP, KtxB; 8 QxQKt, QxP; (h) 6.., Kt 8 B Kt 5 ch, P B3; 9 PxP, K2, (*) If 7 Q

9QxQ=.
PxP:
10

KtxBch +
(j)

KtK4j
9

B Q 3,

.

10 Ktx Ktch, Q x Kt; Q 3 ; 12 Q K 2 ch, K B 1 =F Szabo Kostich, Lyublyana, 1938. x P ; 5 B Q 5, Kt B 3 6 B x Kt, Q P x B ; 7 Kt x P, B Q 3 =. 4 O, Kt 4 p Q 3 B B 4 transposes into the Giuoco Piano. If 4 P Q 3, P Q 4 ? ; 5 P x P, 0, B K2; 7 R K1+. KtxP; Kt x Kt 6 Q P x Kt see Boden-Kiesentzky Gambit, 5 B x P ch (for 5 (I) 6 Ktx Kt, P Q 4 Kt 5 ch, 7 Q Kt Kt 1 + . p. 14, col. 6), K x B (m) Analysis by Dr. Krause. K 2 ; 8 P B 3, P K B 4 ; 9 B B 2, Kt Kt 3. 7 ... Kt G. Haglund (n) W. Edman, Ljusne (Sweden), 1927. Or 8 ., PxP; 9 BxKtch, PxB; 10 QxP, 11 O 0, P (o) QB4 12 Q B3, B Kt2; 13 P Q Kt 3, Q Q 2 ; 14 B Kt 2, P K B 3 ; 15 Q R Ql, R 1 ; 17 Kt (Tartakover Bogoljuboff, Pistvan, Q__B4: 16 Q B4ch,

B

Or 8.,, P

KRS;

Kt

K4, KtxB;
;

HQxKt,

m

60

00,

;

;

;

K

00;

;

1922),
(^>)

Q K51 =. 13 B B 3 is probably stronger (Tartakover). The column is Tartakover

K

R4

Atkins,

London, 1922.

308

VIENNA GAME
THE
2

Kt

4; very complex opening arising from I P 4, P Q B 3, a great favourite with the master Rudolf
2...,

K

K

Spielmann, diverges into three branches by the replies

Kt

KB 3,

2...,

B

B4, and

2...,

immediately sub-divides again.
general be

Kt The

Q B 3,
play,

and in each which may in

summed up

as counter-attack with a

move

in

hand, abounds

in opportunities for brilliant combinations,

but exhaustive analysis has

shown

that the opening is

on the

whole advantageous for Black.
group play branches into three sections : (cols. I to 10), with which the name of J. H. Blake is closely associated, both in theory and practice. Black's most usual answer is 3..., B 64 (cols, I to 5), though this allows White by the advance of 6 P B 5 (cols, i and With correct play, 2) to cramp Black's development.
first
(i)

In the

36 64

however, White
of

P

Q4,

is unable to prevent the equalising move except at the cost of a total disruption of his

Queen's

side.

Black has at his disposal three main alternatives: 3..., B 3 (cols. 6 and 7), enabling White to defend a Ruy Lopez with a valuable move in hand, the line of play in col. 7 being simplest for both sides; 3..., P 63 (col. 8), also

Kt

leading to equality; and 3..., (cols. 9 and 10), when Black can either play for an attack at the expense of the

KtxP

Exchange (col. 9, note (h}\ or adopt the simplifying lines shown in cols. 9 and 10, which give him complete equality.

The

first

alternative

(col.

9,

note
is

(A)),

has never been

subjected to an exact analysis, but

apparently a win for

White.
(ii)

sP KKt3

(p.

306,

note

(A)),

which
2...,

is

less

effective against 2...,
(col. 23).

Kt

B3

than against

Kt

QB3

VIENNA GAME
(iii)

309

3

P

64
if

critical positions,

(cols, ii to 21), giving rise to extremely tending on the whole in favour of the

second

player

he

is

prepared

to

risk

the

ensuing

complications.

In the most usual variation, beginning with Black has the choice of five moves
:

5

Kt

B

3,

(i)

5...,

B

QKts

(cols,

ii

to

13),

which

is

advan-

tageous for Black after 6 B 2, for he can then either obtain a more solid Pawn position (col. n), or even play for an attack (col. ii, note (0)), but is of questionable
value after Spielmann's recommendation 6 Q (col. 13). In col. 12 White sacrifices the Exchange for so strong a position that no satisfactory defence has been found for
Black.
(ii)

K

K2

5...,

B

QB4
P

(col. 14)

is

Marshall's idea (which

was

still

earlier

Marco's)

of playing

B Q Kt 5

in

two

stages, to
(iii)

provoke

Q 4.
(cols.

5...,

B

K2

15

and

16),

which has now

generally come into recognition as Black's soundest policy, avoiding the complications of the other variations, and
against any but the best play by
superiority.
(iv)
5...,

White leading

to a positional

B
Kt

KKts

(col.

17), leading to

approximate

equality.

has been analysed least. The reply in the column is definitely weak, but it is not easy to see how White can obtain a satisfactory game with any
(v) 5...,
(col.
1 8)

QB3

other continuation.

B 3, favoured for some time by attack with 5 second player no difficulties. Spielmann, should occasion the B 3 (col. 20) B 4 (col. 19), and 5..., Kt P Both
The

Q

5...,

K

Q

are strong replies, where no continuation White can as much as equalise.

is

known

in

which

3io

VIENNA GAME
The second form of this opening diverges move which usually transposes
and third groups.
at 2...,

B

B4

(col. 22), a

into variations

dealt with under the first

The third group diverges at 2..., Kt Q B 3 (cols. 23 to 25), a move from which the Gambit also springs. Against this move White has more chance to obtain a promising
attack.

VIENNA GAMBIT.
This arises from White's
sacrifice

of the King's Bishop's

the 3rd move, and leads to positions akin to those of the King's Gambit; it is therefore too speculative in

Pawn on

character for match use.

The Pierce Gambit

(cols. I

and 2)
out

in provokes sparkling sacrifices, frequently turning favour of White in over-the-board play, although analytThe Hampe-Allgaier Gambit (cols. 3 and 4) ically unsound. an attack perhaps surpassing in violence the ordinary yields In Allgaier Gambit, but Black should survive the storm. the Steinitz Gambit (col. 5), White allows his King to be driven about the board in the early stages of the game in

the hope of obtaining positional superiority. The simple continuation 5..., P 3, is advantageous for Black; the

Q

sacrifice of the

Knight

in note (i) is not sound.

VIENNA GAME
P K 4f P K 4
;

2

Kt
4

P

QB 3
Q

,

Kt

3f

P Q

KB3
3
.

;

3

B B 4, B B 4

;

(a)
(6)
(c)

For 5..,

B

For 6 Kt
If

K Kt 5 6 Kt B 3 see King's B 3 see King's Gambit Declined.
;

Gambit Declined.

BB3; R10 K 13 P
(d) J.
(e)

6..,
4,

Kt

P

B

QR3, P Q R 4 Q 5 14 R Q Kt
;

QR4;
;

7

Q

B 3, KtxB; 8 PxKt, B Q 2 9 K Kt- K2, 11 P Kt KKt4, Q K2; 12 B Q 2, Kt- Q 2 1, P Q Kt 3. j! H. Blake R. T. Black, cable
;
:

;

match, 1910.

H. Blake

R. P. Michell, City of London championship, 1921.

Spielmann

P. Johner, Vienna, 190&

Kt 4, K-B 1 =. Mieses von Scheve, Monte Carlo, P x B, Q Kt Q 2 ; 8 Q B 3, P B 3 9 K Kt K 2, 11 B PxP, PxP; 12 B Kt Kt3; 10 P QKt3, P Q 4 Kt5, P Q5TSpielmann Eliskases, 9th match game, 1932.

P

Kt 3, Kt If 6 B -Q 4: lOPxP, KtxP; 1901. If 6 P B 5, B x B
Spielmann
.,

M

B

3

;

7

P
;

B 5, BxB; SRPxB, P K R 3
;

;

9

B

Q 2,

;

11 7

Q

(h)

tinuation 15.

Kt

K 7 ch
is

;

() 7..,

19 K Q 2, Kt B 5. o O followed by an
.

P

Tartakover suggests the conTanrasch, Bad Kissingen, 1928. QKt4; 16 P Kt5, P Kt 5 ; 17 PxKt, PxKt; 18 KtPxP,
eventual Kt Rubinstein, Moscow, 1925.

Q

5

was better

(Bogoljuboff).
Cj 2, is

The

column
(i)

Tartakover
. ,

Better 10

Kt
;

than 11

P B 4, P x P

Q

12

2 against Ktx P,

which

11

Kt

K4

Kt Kt 3, followed (Tartakover).

by Q

stronger

312
i

VIENNA GAME
P

K4

,

P

K4

;

2

Kt

QB 3

,

Kt

K B 3-

Kt
Kt

Q5;
(j)

10

QxKtch, Q
B
02, P Kt 5
eh,

K2=f.

9

Q
;

K Kt4;
P

Kt 3
(c)

13

B

10 P 3 ; 14 B

Q

K 2; 11 PxP, PxP; 12 R Q 1, 4, Kt B 4, Kt R 5^. P- S. Milner-Barry-Ah k'liue,
1
.

London, 1932.

11R-KU,P-R5;
15

PxP;
(d)

Q

QSch,

12 Q-Q3, Kt-K2; 13 B-Kt 5 ch, K-B K Kt2; 16 QxP, P R6 + Spielmann
;

14 PxP, Bogoljuboff,
;

Berlin, 1920.

BxB;
U)
(/)
(?)
;

5 B Q 2, PxB, PxP =. Or 8. Q Ql;

Or
9

00

6

K

Kt

K 2, P Q
P
9.
.,

3

;

7

00,

B K3

;

8 P

B
4

4,

Spielmann

9 P Ahues, Berlin, 1926.
,

B4,
Here

B4; 10 PxP, KtxP; B -Kt 5 was better (Spielmann).
11

P Q

Spielmann 8 Kt 5
.,

Rti, Dortmund, 1928.
4,

Weakens4P O
B
Kt
3,

B
q=.

Kt

5

;

Kt x Kt

Tartakover
Black

5PxP,KtxP; 6 Ri, 1919.

P QQcolumnQ The
4,

4

;

x*..,
H. Blake

is

J.

J. A.

J.

Drewitt, Hastings, 1923.

the column Alekhine Euwe, 27th match game, 1935. The continuation by Alekhine. 8 P Q 4, with a view to B K B 4 and ft 7. tt o
;

6Kt Kt5 P K Kt3; 7 Q B 3, P B4; 8 Q Q 5, Q K2; 9KtxPch, K Q 13 KtxP, 12 P K R 4, P~K R3 10 KtxR, P-Kt3; 11 P Q 3, B Q Kt 2 PxKt; 14 Q B3, Kt Q5; 15 Q Kt3 + R K 1 10 00, B B 9 Kt Q 5 M 7 Kt x Kt ? 8 Q x Kt, O 13 P Q 4, Q R4; 14 P Q B 3 1 lQLlB4,P QB3; 12 Kt K 3, Q R 4
1
;
;

(h)

B

3 involves

m

the promising but highly speculative sacrifice:
;

.

,

;

;

!,

;

1
i

;

;

m

.

is

suggest d

000.
P

(A)

SSlmisch

Rubinstein',

12RxB, KtxKtch;

13

K

Hanover,

Kt2, Kt

If now 1926. Q 5 =F (Kmoch).

II

Kt4?,

Kt

R5;

VIENNA GAME
i

313
(A),P

P

K 4, P K 4;
4

2

Kt Q B 3, Kt K B 3 3 P B 4 BPxP, KtxP; 5 Kt B 3
;
.

Q4

;

5 B Kt 2, 3; 6 P, Kt x P Kt K 2, * <> * * 2; 8 P ^^>i ^j KtxKt; 9 PxKt, JD W 4 ; 10 P B ij. Q4, JCVUAiVL, 17 JTXlXt, J.U ,r JtJ 12 Q Q3, Q K 3 =F. O. C. Muller Grunfeld, Margate, 2; 8 KR4 ;9P R 3, Q Q 2 ; 10 K R 2, O, P Kassa, 1918. (a) Or 8.., P B3; 9 KtxKt, PxKt; 10 B B 4 ch, K R 1 ; 11 QxP, B B4ch; 12 3 15 B Q2 Rl.PxP; 13 P Q 3, B B 4 ; 14 Q Q 5, Q If here 13 Kt x P ?, R x R ch ; 14 B x R, Q B 3 15 K Kt 3 16 Kt x Kt 3, P PxKt; 17 Q B3, Q Q5; 18 Q -K3, B Q 2 19 QxQch, i xQ: 20 P B 3,' R Kl; 21 P KR3, K8ch + W. E. Bonwick M. E. Gu*".oin, London 1923. Another alternative to the text is 8.., B B4ch; 9 K R 1, Kt Q 5 10B Ql.P B4; 11 P Q 3, KtxQ Kt ; 12 Px Kt, Kt K 3 13 P Q 4, B K 2 K Kt 4 ; 15 14 Kt 5 with attacking possibilities. 2, P 3, P (5) Analysis by S. Mlotkowski. K 1, KtxBch; 11 QxKt, Q R 3 (c) If 8.., BxKt; 9 PxB, KtxP; 10 Q 12 Q B2, O 0; 13 P + P 12 6, Kt R3; 13 Kt R4, Kt B2; 14 P R 4, (d) 11.., Kt K3; 15 Kt B5 + . Flamberg and Rabinovitch Bogoljuboff and Vainstein, 1915. 8 Q K 3, P K B 4 (8.., Kt Q B 3 7 KtPxB, (e) 6.., BxKt; R4ch (10 ., Kt B 6 ? 9 B 9 P B 4, P B 3 ; 10 P Q 3, Q 3 ; 11Q Q4 + ); 11B Q2,KtxB; 12Q x Kt,Q x Q ch 13 Ktx Q, (/) Spielmann Yates, Prague, 1931. K2, B B 4 7 Kt Q 1, followed by P Q 3 (Alekhme) fe) Also good is 6 Q curious variation is 7 is best. 3, KtxKt, 2, P (A) If 7 8 P x Kt, B x P ch ; 9 B Q 2, BxR; lOQxB, White having prospects of an attack, to compensate him for so heavy a sacrifice. but not enough 14 KtxP, KtxKP; 15 KtxKt, 5+ (Alekhine). The column is (t) Spielmann Marshall, New York, 1927. Kt 5, B Kt 5 Much better than 8 KtxP; 9 O O, Kt B 3 10 B (;) 12 B Q 2, BxKt, 13RxB, KtxP; 14 R Kt 3, B B 4 11 Q Kl, P R 1 4-. Spielmann Mar6czy, Teplitz-Schdnau, 1922. 15 12 Kt B 4, KtxKt. K2, Kt K2; 11 P B 3, Kt Kt 3 (k) Or 10 Kt B 4 11 Q K 1, B Kt 3; 3, B Spielmann Loman, Scheveningen, 1923. Or 10 von Holzhausen, Berlin, B 4, B K 2, Q K2; 13 Kt 12 Kt Spielmann 1926. The column is Spielmann Reti, Vienna, 1922.

Kt Q B 3 7 O O, v * ~ O O; 11B K3, Q Q3; 1923. Here 7 P Q 3, P B 4 is Mieses Asztalos,
-

(

A 3
)

p_K
, ;

Kt3?, ~P " !4; 4 P x
<;
-

;

1-"

BK
R

BK BQ

K

-

!

K

K

;

BQ

=

.

;

,

'

BK

BQ

;

KR3;

QR4

,

BQ

.

Kt5!);

00;
;

,

;

BQ

QB4

A

BK 14PxP. BQ
,

BQ

,

;

K

K

,

K

KR3;

,

B2=.

BK

;

;

314
i

VIENNA GAME
K4 P K4
,

P

;

2

Kt
4

BPxP, KtxP.
18
19
,

QB 3

,

Kt

KB3

;

3

PB

4

,

P Q4
20

16
5

17
.
.

(Kt~B 3 )..

6
7
8

Q K 2 (a) P KB 4 P Q3 Kt B 4

(B

K 2)

.B

KKt5.. Q K2
KtxKt(c)

K2 KB 4 !(/)
?

Q B3 W P KB 4.. Kt Q B 3 B Kt 5 tf) P Q3 KtxKt KtxKt

P-QB 4
Q-B2
Kt

KtPxKt(d)

PxKt
P Q5

KtPxKt
(t)

P-Q 4
Kt

9
I0

B B4

KS

B3

Kt

QxKtP
Kt
5
!

00
P B

B Kt5 B K2

p_K R 4
3
(6)

00 00

KtxKt PxKt Kt-Q 4
B B4

Q-Kt 3 B3 B K2 B Ks
Kt

P Q

12
13

B Kt5 Kt Q2 B K3

14

QKtxKt BPxKt B K2
P
(a)

P-Q4 PXP BxKt PXB PxP
P B3 Q Q

R Q Kt i Q R?
!

BB

3

Q-Q2 Kt K 2
B B4 P 64

K 5 ch QxQ PxQ BxKtch PxB
B

Kt 3

QxB QxQ KtxPch K B2
QxKt
KtxQ=F
K
O

00 00 BXP
Kt

00
4

K2 K2l R Bi
Kt

B

PB3+W
:

R B4

B4 T

B B4ch:
1927. 10 P

2, Alternatives are : (1) 6 B 9 P Q 4, B Kt 3 ; 10 Kt Q Q3, KtxKt; 7 PxKt,O (2) 6 P

R

Kt

02

(6)

04. B R5ch; 11 P Kt3, B T. Sultan Khan Weemnk, Liege, 1930. B Kt 5 11 Q K 3, P B 4 (Gninfeld). The column Or 10
; . ,

8 P Q 3, 7 O O, Kt Q B 3 B K B 4 =p. Marotti Reti, London, O; 8 B K2,P KB3; 9 PxP.BxP; K 2 12 O O, B K R 6 13 R B 2,

O

;

4,

;

;

is

Spielmann

Teichmann,, Teplitz-Schonau^
10
ig\

P-Kt5;
9 Kt
(/)

B4; 8 P Q4!, P Q R 3 ; 9 Q K 2, Kt K 5 B 4 13 Kt-R4, B K 3 12 Q B 2 !, with a strong attack for the Pawn sacrificed. Kan is analysis by Rabinovitch. The column Botvinmk, Moscow, KtSch (the Schrader Variation), P B3 ; (h) Other continuations are. (1) 5 B 6 KtxKt, PxKt; 7 B B 4, P Q Kt 4 ; 8 B Kt 3, B K B 4 followed by 9.., B B 4 q=. (2) 5 P Q 3, Ktx Kt ; 6 P x Kt, P Q 5 ; 7 Kt B 3, P Q B 4 8 B K 2, K 1, P B 3 11 Q Kt 3, B P x P 12 B R 6, B B 3. 10 Q B K2 9 Q R 5 ch ; 6 P Kt3, Ktx P ; Milner-Barry Alexander, Worcester, 1931. Here 5. R4: 8 KtxP+ is Wurzburger's Trap. If now 8.., B KKt5; 7 Kt B3, Q 9 Kt B4, BxKt; 10 KtxQ, BxQ; llPxKt,BxP?; 12 P Kt 3 !, and the B cannot escape (Milner-Barry). B4, Kt B 3 ; 9 Kt B3, B B4; 10 B Kt2, PxP; 11 BxP, (i) Or 8 Q Ed. Lasker, =F. E. Schrader B K 3 ; 12 P Q R 3, Q K 2 ; 13 B Kt 2, O O K 2, K3; 10B Q3,B K2; Chicago, 1916. IfSQ B2,PxP; 9P Q4,B O O, Kt B3; 13 B K 3, Kt Kt5; 14 KtxP, KtxB; 15 PxKt, O 0; 12 The column is Spielmann Tartakover Lilienthal, Paris, 1933. P B5
(g)

p raeu e.

p K Kt 4 (Locpck's Counter Attack) ; 6 P Q 3, Kt x Kt ; 7 P x Kt, 8 Kt-Q4, P-QB4; 9 Kt-K 2, P-Q5; 10 Kt-B4 + . K 3, R3 Better than 6.., Kt B4; 7 P Q 4, let K 3 ; 8 B Mattison Rubinstein, O; 11 Q Ql, B K2; 10 P B 3,
'

5

QB2B-K

P-Q

;

1931.

Simpler than 7.., Kt
15 1935.

;

100

14

B Q

K3, KtxKt; Q 2; 3, Q

HPxKt,BxPl;

;

;

;

00, 00

;

;

;

;

,

HKt

I

Romanovsky, Moscow, 1925. 6 KtxKt?, Kt Q5; 7 Q (7)

P
11 15

16

B4, PxKt; 8 B B 4, B K B 4 9 P B 3, KKt4; 10 BxPch, KxB; 11 Q B 2, P K61 + Boros Lilienthal, 1933. B K 2: 8 P 6 4, O O 9 B Q 3, P B 3 10 6 R 5, P K Kt 3 (M 7 B x P, leading to- perpetualcheck. Hromadka Em. Lasker, Mahrisch-Ostrau, 1923. Hromadka Spielmann, Trentchin-Tephtz, 1928. If 14 RxKP, B K B 4 R QB4, PxP; 16 RxP, B Q3 + Or 14 PxP, BxP; 15 RxP, B B4; R QB4, QBxP; 17 Rx P, Q R K 1 + (KmocH).
;

.

,

;

;

;

(ft

;

.

VIENNA GAME
i

P

K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

QB3.

(a]

Steinitz's Variation.

If

4 5
;

Kt

B3;
(6)

7

Kt

B

3,

B

K

Kt

KPxP, KtxP; 5 KtxKt, QxKt, 8 B K 2. For 4 KPxP, P K5 see
;

6

PxP,

Falkbeer

Counter-Gambit.

B3; SPxKP, QKtxP; 6 P Q 4, Kt B 3 7 P K 5, KtxKt, PxKt; 9 B K 3, B K2; 10 Kt K 2, 0; 11 Kt B 4, P B3, Kt K2; 13 B B 4 Horowitz Maderna, Warsaw, 1935. P Q5; 5 Q Kt K 2 (Stemitz recommended 5 Kt Ktl), Kt B3; (2) 4.,, Kt 5 7 KtxP, KtxKt; 8 PxKt, Kt Q2; 9 P K R 3, BxKt; 6 Kt K B 3, B 10QxB,Q R5ch; 11 K Q 1, Ktx P =F. (3)4 .,B QKt5, 5BPxP,KtxP!; 6 PxKt, Q R5ch; 7 K K 2, BxKt; 8 PxB, B Kt 5 ch 9 Kt B 3, PxP; 100 Q4,B R4; 11 K K 3, BxKt; 12 PxB, Q K8 ch; 13 K B 4, Q R5 cb with a draw by perpetual check. K5, P Q5! + (c) If 5 P
Kt
Or (1)4. ..Kt
8
12

B

K5;

Kt4;

.

;

,

.

col.

Spielmann (e) For 3 B 23. For 3 P
(d) {/)

Lasker, St. Petersburg, 1909. B 4, Kt K B 3 see cols. 1-5.

For 3

B

4,

Weaker

is

7QxP, Q B3;
11
(g)

4 8

B

Kt Q B 3 see col. 25. Kt QR4, B Kt3; 5 KtxB,

P KKt 3, Kt QB3
6

see

O, Kt Kt3 =. Kan Capablanca, Moscow, 1936. Horowitz Kupchik, Syracuse, 1934.

KKt 5, QxQ; 9KtxQ, B Q2;

RPxKt:
10

B

Q4, Q B4, Kt

P

PxP; K2

;

(h)

8 Kt
(i)
(;)

KKt 5,
12

Or

5

Ktx Kt;
(K)

O
.

7 P 03, P KR4; 6 P K R 3, B K 3 Kt 05; 9 B K 3, Kt-~K2; 10 Q Q 2, P
;

K B1
1926.
(Z)

Mieses Kt B 3 see cols, 6-7. For 3 If 4 ., Q B3; 5 Kt Q 5, QxPch; 6 K Q1 + An alternative is 4.,, 5 Q Kt3, P Q 3 6 K Kt K 2, Kt K B 3. Rosselli Yates, Semmering,
.

O O. J. H. Blake Alapin, Vienna, 1908.
,

KB 3;

Kt

B 3, Q Q2; 11 KtxB,

H. Saunders, London, 1921.

,

.

;

Tarrasch, Vienna, 1922. The position is even. Kt 5 5 Kt B 3, B x Kt cb +. (Fyfe Gambit), Kt x P 4 P B 4, B B 3 The into the King's Gambit Declined by Kt (n) White should transpose is Spielmann Schlechter, Vienna, 1914. column

Spielmann

(m) 3

P

Q4

;

;

(o)

13

BxP, Q

R

5 oh.

VIENNA GAMBIT
i

P K4 P K4
,

;

2

Kt

QBs, Kt Q B 3

;

3

P B 4, PxP.

(a)

Pierce Gambit.

i2 ^"-?^'^?!'"" Q 2+ P 16 ~" Q B 4 Q
'

(&)If9PxKt (the Rushmere Attack), 7 ch* lORxP BxO* 11 PxP B-KKt5; 12 B Kt 5 ch, B--Q 2 13 Kt-Q 5 k-Kt 14 Bx P 15 R K 1 ch, B K 2: 16 Rx B ch, Qx R+ (Analysis by S. Mlotkowski and R jf P W, T! Pierce, or 9 R K 1 ch, K Kt K2; 10 PxP, B R6- 11 BxP R Kt ch
;

PB

1

-

only

,

f tournament
'

8 P

(c)

5

,

9P-KR4,B-K4;
(d)
(e)

KR4,
15

15 S 1932. Alexander, example of the Pierce Gambit for almost fifty years B Kt2; 6 P Q 5, 4 7 P Q 6, KtxKtch (if 7 PxPKtxKtch; 9 QxKt, P Q 4 10 Ktx P +f 8 Ox Kt P' O lOPxP.TjxP; 11 R'' 13B x P + : 5.Q-Efg "ll Rx
' '

^-^S^-BS; iVt-KX B-KtV; K-R"; P Milner-Barry-C. H. Cambridge,
,'
1

1

KtK

;

R-R

j

B,x

&V

Hampe-Allgaier Gambit.

P

K5, B-Kt2;

16

Q-K 2, KKt-K2 +
Kt2;
10

.

weaker.
(g)

BxP, B
If 10

B

B
2.

4 ch,

K Kt3;

11

P

K5

it

B
Q

Q Kt
4
;

5 (Ldrobok, 1921),

K
;

KtK
Kt

(A) Steinitz

Gambit.
6

Q-K .**.
(;)

(i)

5.
1
,

.

,

P
11

Px
. .

B x Kt

:-Klch,

ch (or 9 R K Kt-K4,Q-R4;
,

P,

B

Kt 5 ch
1

7

B

ch 12

;

10 K-Q 2, Q--.Q K-Q 2, -^B 4;

3,

000 ol-B P
8
l
-

1 1

13

B~R3+,

x Kt 2+}

B

OR4
10 1>

x B' '

Analysis by Dr. E. von Schmidt.

INDEX
ALAPIN'S OPENING ALBIN COUNTER-GAMBIT ALEKHINE'S DEFENCE

317
Pa?e
33
L

Alekhine's Counter- Variation Lasker's Variation L. Steiner's Variation

........ ....... ---...-. ----.

Col. or note
5(I)

,7

166-70
g

x-j 4 4
5

8-10
ZI

.

ALLGAIER GAMBIT, BIRD'S OPENING From Gambit

--

see

King's Fianchetto Defence Schlechter's Variation Swiss Gambit

BISHOP'S GAMBIT, see under King's Gambit BISHOP'S OPENING Berlin Defence
Boden-Kieseritzky GambitCalabrese Counter-Gambit Classical Defence Lewis Counter- Gambit M'Donnell's Double Gambit

........ ..... -----........ --------.-... ......
-

under King's Knight's Gambit

8-n
IO

_ 9 IO

ylg* 4 _g

n
I2 4 _ I3 4 14 J4 J4

9

1-2

n

.

(&)

j_6
6
n.
(/)

I4
i

7-3 y
n.
(g)

4

BODEN-KIESERITZKY GAMBIT,

see above

BREYER GAMBIT, see under CARO-KANN DEFENCE
Exchange Variation

King's Gambit
-

Alekhine's Counter-Attack Panoff-Botvinnik Attack Tartakover's Variation Q B 3 Variation 3 Kt

CENTRE GAME

Centre Gambit Charousek's Variation Reshevsky's Variation-

CENTRE COUNTER GAME
Burn's Variation Kiel Variation Lasker's Variation
-

----... ------.-.. ---------.. ----.--26 ------25 ---....--..-.-29 -.---.-28
-

15-23 19-21 20 19-20 21-2 17-8

....

11-21
n.
(a)

11-19 25-6 I-IQ
....

24-6 26

9-10
8

4
.... 10

-

-

27-9 29

'8
2

CUNNINGHAM GAMBIT,
Gambit DANISH GAMBIT

see

under King's Knight's

Alekhine's Variation

Danish Declined

-

Rosentreter's Variation Schlechter's Variation

--.--.-32 ------------31
Pawn Game
Opening
Opening
see Ponziani's

30-33
33 33

....

9-10
11-3
n. (&)

12

DUTCH DEFENCE, DUTCH OPENING,

see

under Queen's

see Bird's

ENGLISH KNIGHT'S OPENING, ENGLISH OPENING
Flohr's Attack

Inverted Sicilian Defence Four Knight's Variation

Symmetrical Defence
Fine's Variation

-------...--..----------... -------

-

34-41 40 36-8 36-7
39
30

....

22-4 1-15
1-7 i6-5
n. (/)

*

-

3 i8 **
EVANS GAMBIT

---------

INDEX

Page

Col. or note

Compromised Defence
Lasker's Defence Leonhardt's Defence Normal Position Pierce's Defence

Sanders- Alapin Defence Tartakover's Variation Waller's Attack

-44

42-4 43 44 43 43 43 44

4
8

n
n

-

(*;

*~3
-

*i.

JO (0

EVANS GAMBIT DECLINED
Cordel's Variation

Mlotkowski's Variation

43 45 45 45
see

*>(/)
J

n

-

(3)

FALKBEER COUNTER-GAMBIT,
Declined

under King's Gambit

FOUR KNIGHTS' GAME
Classical Defence

Tattersairs Attack

Double Ruy Lopez
Blake's Variation Lasker's Variation

4o-5 54 54 49-54
52 5* 53 50 53 51 55-7 57 55 56 57 55

3*
n-

W

5

1-30
10
JI

Mar6czy's Vfi-'on Metger (Delmar) Variation Nimzovitch's Variation Svenvuu* Defence Rubinsteui Defence Bogoljuboff's Variation Exchange Variation Mar6czy's Variation
Schlechter's Variation.

-

-

-

-

22-3 6-10 2 4~5 J 4-5

3&~5o
a.
(o)

Schlechter-Henneberg Variation Teichmann's Variation

-----57
-

36-8 45 49 39-4O 4^

FRENCH DEFENCE
Classical Continuation

Alekhine's Attack (Albin Gambit) Burn's Variation
GleJhill Attack

59-7* 63-9 66-7 65-6 69
69

6-40 23-8 19-22
n.
(j)

Lasker's Variation McCutcheon Variation Mieses-Wolf Variation L. Steiner's Variation

3^

Winawer's Counter- Attack

Exchange Variation

Mar6czy's Variation Steinitz Variation Tartakover's Attack Tchigorin's Attack FROM GAMBIT, see under Bird's Opening

----------64 -------62 -----.

68-9
69

35-8 38
14

63-5
62

9-18
1-5

70-71
7i 71

4 44-6 49 47
**

Giuoco PIANO " Attack " Bayonet Cracow Variation
Giuoco Pianissimo Greco's Attack

" Miss-in-Baulk " (Pierce's Variation) Moller Attack
Keres Variation Leonhardt's Variation-

Bernstein's Variation -

-------------...-----75

72-9 74 76 76
75 77 74-5

4
13 15 9

-------74 -----

9 19 *-7 2
5

74

INDEX
Old Piano Variation
Canal's Variation Steinitz Variation
.-.,

319
Page 78-9 7y
75
Col. or note

_.

---

--

-

-

24-30 27-30
g

Therkatz Variation

74

3

GOERING GAMBIT, see under Scotch Gambit GRECO COUNTER-GAMBIT, see under Irregular Openings GRUENFELD DEFENCE, see under Queen's Pawn Game HAMPE-ALLGAIER GAMBIT, see under Vienna Gambit HUNGARIAN DEFENCE, see under Irregular Openings
IRREGULAR AND UNUSUAL OPENINGS
Alapin's Opening Anderssen's Opening
Damiano's Defence Double Fianchetto Defence Greco Counter-Gambit Hungarian Defence Inverted Hanham Opening

....

QQ^J
85

-0

^

87
84.

5 n. (m) n. (a)
5*

King's Fianchetto Defence King's Fianchetto Opening Nimzovitch's Defence Polish Opening Queen's Fianchetto Defence Queen's Fianchetto Opening

Queen's Knight's Opening Queen's Pawn Counter-Gambit Saragossa Opening "

82 84 83 83 82 87 85-6 87 82 87 86 84 87
87 86 87 86

6-9 1-3 4
1-3
n. (m)

1-7 14

4
13 10 10 11-12 n ( )

Spike"

m

Tenison (Lemberg) Gambit Van't Kruys Opening
Zukertort's Opening

8

15

8-9

ITALIAN OPENING, see Giuoco Piano KING'S GAMBIT
BISHOP'S GAMBITBogoljuboff's Defence Classical Defence Lopez Counter-Gambit MacDonnell's Attack Morphy's Defence Saunders Attack

..-.-.-------------------

88-96
91-2 92
91

....

1-8

7
a.
5 n.
0*)

..-..91 -----......92
91 91 92

(j)

6
n. (a) 8

Lesser Bishop's

Gambit

BREYER GAMBIT KERES (WILLEMSON) GAMBIT
KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT Abbazia Defence

92
92

9

10

Allgaier Gambit Allgaier-Thorold Attack

Ourousoff Attack Berlin Defence Calabrese-Philidor Gambit

Cunningham Gambit Three Pawns Gambit Kieseritzky Gambit
Brent ano's Defence

-----

93-9 93 94 94 94 96 96
93

1-40
1-5 11-5

n-3
14

26-9 29
9
n. (n)

99 95 Q5

16-25
21

320

INDEX

KING'S GAMBIT continued Neumann's Defence Paulsen's Defence
Rice Gambit

-----

Page 99 95 95

Col. or

note n. (n)

i6-7 9

Muzio Gambit
Brentano's Defence

Double Muzio From's Defence

Ghulam Kissim's Attack Lean's Attack
MacDonnell's Attack " " Wild Muzio
"

Quaade Gambit Rosentreter Gambit Salvio Gambit KING'S GAMBIT DECLINED

----------------

97-S 97
9

31-40 35-7
n.
(I)

-

97 98 ^97 98 98 93 99 96

34 39
31 38

46
*

n. (n)

3
....

100-105
102

Blackburne's Attack Falkbeer Counter-Gambit Alapin's Variation Keres Variation Keres-Stoltz Variation Milner-Barry's Variation Nimzovitch's Variation Tarrasch's Variation Heath's Variation Marshall's Variation Soldatenkoff Attack Svenonius Defence Tarrasch's Defence

---------------------

1-4

104-5 104 104 104 105 105 104 103 103 103 102 102

11-20
n. (a)

12-3
15

20
16
n. (&) n. (A)

9
n. (c) n. (/)

3

LEWIS COUNTER GAMBIT, see under Bishop's Opening M'DONNELL'S DOUBLE GAMBIT, see under Bishop's Opening

MAX LANGE

Krause's Variation Lasker's Variation Loman's Defence Marshall's Variation Seibold's Continuation
Rubinstein's Defence Schlechter's Variation Van Holzhausen's Attack

-------109 ------109 108

106-9

-*
13 12

-----

7-9
I

107 107 107 108
109

i

and n.

-------

M
3-5

&

(/>

10 n. (w)

see under Giuoco Piano NIMZOVITCH'S ATTACK NIMZOVITCH'S Di FENCE, see under Irregular Openings PETROFF'S DEFENCE

MOLLER ATTACK,

110-12
113-5 115
115 115

x-io

Kaufmann's Variation
Marshall's Variation Alexander's Continuation Steinitz Variation

n. (b)

7~lo
n. (h)

PHILIDOR'S DEFENCE

Hanharn Variation

Mlotkowski's Variation Nimzovitch's Variation Pailidor's Counter- Attack

-------114 ---------118 ------

1-2 ....

116-8

1x8

6-7 9
1-3 10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-118

117

PIERCE GAMBIT, see under Vienna Gambit POLISH DEFENCE, see under Queen's Pawn Game POLISH OPENING, see under Irregular Openings

322
QUEEN'S GAMBIT DECLINED
-

INDEX
cont.
-

Pae
-

Col. or note

Tartakpver's Defence Tchigorin's Defence Vienna (Griinfeld's) Variation

-

-

155 156 157

108-9 112-3 116-8

QUEEN'S KNIGHT'S OPENING, QUEEN'S PAWN GAME

see

under Irregular Openings
168-218
-

....

Benoni Counter-Gambit Blackmar Gambit Blumenfeld Counter-Gambit

-

211 182

171-5 28 (e)

i.O->oljuboffs Variation A. Steiner's Variation-

-

-

-

-

-

Budapest Defence

Fajarowicz Variation Catalan System See also under R6ti Opening
Colle

System

Dory Defence Dutch Defence

---------------

209 195 195 208 208
181

161-3 91-5 91 (a) 156-60
160 21

177-8 210

1-7 166

(a)

Alekhine's Variations

-

-

-

-

-

212-15 212, 214

176-95 178, 187

see Staunton Gambit BlacKburne's Attack Mieses Variation Staunton Gambit Alekhine's Attack Balogh's Defence Stonewall Variation King's Indian Defence Griinfeld Defence Botvinnik's Variation Lundin's Variation Schlechter's Variation Alatorzeff's Variation Capablanca's Variation

Blackmar Attack,

-

------.--------------

212-14
213 215 215 215 213-5 198-206

176-89
n.
(6)

191-5
192 195 179-81

Four Pawns' Attack Janowski's Attack Nimzovitch's Attack Nimzo- Indian Defence Botvianik's Attack
Rubinstein Variation Samisch Variation

------------------

106-50

203-06 206
203 205 202 202
199 202 201

13150
146-8
135 144-5 126 130 (/) 113-4 126

-

-

-

-

-

-

1245
31-69 54 56-60 61-4 43-7
166 7
l~
(a)

------187
189
-

183-90

188

Zurich (Milner-Barry) Variation
Polish Defence

-

-

185-6 210
( 1
I9

Queen's Indian Defence
Berg's Variation
Colle

r4 196-7

System

Fine's Attack

196 196 193
191 182 180

9 96-105 96 (a) 99-100
84
71
(k)
(

Rubinstein's Variation Stonewall Variation Tartakover's Attack Tchigorin's Defence

a

\

-

-*-

-

-

RETI OPENING Catalan System C. H. Alexander's Variation Inverted Griinfeld Defence Reti Gambit Accepted DEFENCE, see PetrofFs Defence

--------

207

28-30 19-20 151-5

220-30 226-9 228 230 222

23-40
35
41 1-5

INDEX
RUY LOPEZ
Alapin's Defence Berlin Defence

323
Page Col. or note .... 231-76 276 199-200 1-20 238-41 241 241 240 238 238 240 242 276 243-4 244 245 276 245 246-65 251 256 249 262 265 252 246
251
n, n.
(rf)

---. -.------

Duras Variation
Mortimer's Defence and Trap Nyholm's Variation Rio de Janeiro Variation Schlechter's Variation Znosko-Borovsky's Variation Bird's Defence Brentano's Defence Classical Defence Charousek's Variation Cozio Defence Cozio Defence Deferred Fianchetto Defence Morphy Defence Berger's Variation Bogoljuboff's Defence Breslau VariationDuras Variation Exchange Variation
Friess Attack
-

-----

(t)

14
2
I

n
21-5
n. (w)

........
------

26-35
31

36-7 196 38-40 41-140 68-9 92-4 56-60 121-2 136-40 72
n. (a} n. (b)

Giuoco Piano Deferred
Howell's Variation

Kecskem6t (Alekhine's) Variation Leonhardt's Counter-Attack Marshall's Variation Moller Defence Motzko Variation Noah's Ark Trap Riga Variation Schlechter's Variation Tarrasch's Trap Tartakover's Variation Treybal's Variation Worrall Attack Schliemann Defence Schliemann Defence Deferred Steinitz Defence Nimzovitch's Attack Steinitz Defence Deferred Capablanca's Defence Exchange Variation Keres Variation
Noah's Ark Trap
Siesta Variation L. Steiner's Variation

------...----*

257 255 257 261 250 264 252 255 249 252 263 258-60 276 276 266-9 268 270-5
273 270-1 273

98-9 86 96 117-9
65
n.
(c)

73 9O
n.
n,
(b) (/)

130 101-13

191-4
195

141-60 154-5 161-90 179-80 161-7
*7$

{%
275 2/1 276
see

*\$
186-90
170

Unusual Defences SCANDINAVIAN DEFENCE,

191-200

Centre Counter

Game
277-82 282 282 282 279-81 280
1-5

SCOTCH OPENING Scotch Gambit Goring Gambit " " Mac-Lopez
Scotch Game Blumenfeld Variation

4-5
n. (a]

1-20
10

324
SCOTCH OPENING

INDEX
SCOTCH GAME
cont.
-

Page

Col. or note

Four Knights' Variation
Meitner's Variation Von Gottschall's Attack

279-80
281 281

5-7
14-5
n. (h)

SICILIAN
"

DEFENCE
"

Variation Rauser's Variation Four Knights' Variation Jaffe's Variation Mar6czy's Variation Marshall's Variation Modern Variation Nimzovitch- Rubinstein Variation Paulsen Defence Richter Attack Scheveningen Variation Maroczy's Continuation

Dragon

-------------

283-97
29 1-3 293 289 289 296 290 295 296

....

26-36 36
18-9
17

42-3
25

-

-

-

-----------

290 293 286-7 286
297

48-50 51-4 22-4 37-&
1-7

13
57-8

Wing Gambit
SPANISH OPENING,
see

VIENNA GAMBIT

THREE KNIGHTS' GAME 2.., Kt QBs Form

Fianchetto Defence Riga Variation Schlechter's Variation

Form Two KNIGHTS' DEFENCE 2..,

Kt

Canal's Variation

Fegatello Attack Fritz's Variation

Knorre's Variation Mar6czy's Variation Wilkes-Barre Defence

VIENNA GAMBIT
Pierce

Hampe-Allgaier Gambit

Gambit Rushmere AttackSteinitz Gambit

Zukertort's Variation

VIENNA GAME

Blake's Variation Alekhine's Variation
Lipke's VariationSacrificial Variation

-------------------------.-KB -----------------------------------------------31
3
-

Ruy Lopez

298-300 299-30 300 300 299 300

....

x-8
7 8

23
9-10
20-3
n. (a}

301-7 305-6 304 304 303
303 304

12-3
9

-

6-7
x
j.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

316 316 316 316 316 316

...

3-4 1-2
n, (&>

5 n.

(*)

----..312
311
-

308-15 1-2 312
312

....
i

xo

9 9
n. (h)

Tarrasch's Variation

4
'

Fianchetto Variation (Paulsen's Attack)

-

3

{

^
14

(

A*

Fyfe Gambit Locock's Counter- Attack Marshall's Variation Mlotkowski's Variation Rubinstein's Variation Schlechter's VariationSchrader's Variation Spielmann's VariationSteinitz Variation
Wiirzburger's Trap

...... -.-.-.315
-

-

-

-

-

-

315 314 313 313 3x4

n. (m) n. (e)

u

18

25
n. (h} 13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

314 313 315 3x4

21
n. (h}

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