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sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0fnfO{ lgoGq0fdf lnO{ hghLjgnfO{ ;xh hgtfsf] 9f8 ;] S g] u/L unt g]kfnLsf] clxt 5 . To;sf/0f g]kfnL hgtfsf] efUo abNg] ;'gf}nf] Aoj:yf PsLs[t
agfpg ;lsG5 . tl/sfn] k};f sdfpg] ;'gf}nf] cj;/
lgdf{0f u/]sf 5g\ . :jf:y ;]jfsf]
hgqmflGtdfkm{t\ j}1flgs ;dfhjfbdf nfda4 x'g ;a}sf nflu aWotf cfPsf] 5 .
t;y{, olta]nf b]z / hgtfnfO{ sf]/f]gf cft+saf6 gfddf cs't ;DklQ sdfpFb} hgtf :jod\ cfˆgf e|i6 dGqL / g]tfsf] xfnt hlt v/fa 5, g]tf / zf;ssf] hLjgz}nL abNg] s'g} klg kl/jt{g
d'Qm kfg{ ;Dk"0f{ qmflGtsf/L, k|ultzLn, nf]stGqjfbL, dfl//x]sf 5g\ . cfk"mn] agfPsf] ;+/If0fsf nflu d}bfgdf plqG5g\ . dlt pltg} e|i6 / u}/lhDd]jf/ 5 . cfPg . clxn]sf] ;dodf sf]/f]gf
;+ljwfgsf kfgfnfO{ ;'Gb/ agfpgsf ;+oQ' m /fi6« ;+3sf] k|If]k0fdf Wofg ;+;bLo Ao:yfdf g]kfnsf g]tfx? dxfdf/Laf6 g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ ;'/lIft
/fi6«jfbLnufot ;+;b\jfbL bn / g]tfx?;d]t Psh'6 nflu s]xL /dfOnf zAbx? pNn]v lbg] xf] eg] of] jif{ xfd|f] b]zsf] cfly{s slxn] s;}n] s'g} b]zdf klg gu/]sf] agfpg Wofg lbg'sf] ;§f pN6} cfˆgf]
ul/Psf 5g\ . h;n] hgtfsf] a[lbb/ C0ffTds x'g] k|If]k0f u/]sf] /fhgLlt ul//x]sf 5g\ . /fhgLlt s';L{sf] /Iff u/L ;Qf nDAofpFb}
eP/ ;xsfo{df nfUg' clgjfo{ ePsf] 5 eg] ;/sf/n] cfFvfdf 5f/f] xfn]/ dflkmoftGq, 5 . o'Pgsf] cg'dfgadf]lhd blIf0f eg]sf] b]z abNg] dfWod xf] eg]/ Oltxf;s} 7"nf–7"nf /fi6«3ft /
klg tdfd /fhgLlts bn, g]tfnufot tdfd tx / n' 6 \ t Gq, sfnf] a hf/LtGq, Pl;ofsf] ;a}eGbf v/fa cy{tGq a'em]sf g]tfn] b]z t ablnof] t/ hg3ftdf nflu/x]sf] x'Fbf of] bnfn
e|i6frf/tGq h:tf tdfd tGq}tGqsf] g]kfnsf] xf] . s]kL jnL g]t[Tjsf] cfzfnfO{ lg/fzfdf, cGofonfO{ Aoj:yfn] g]kfnL hgtfsf] d'lQm
tKsf;Fu xft]dfnf] ub}{ sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0flj?4 nfUg' clgjfo{ cFWof/f] s'gfdf a;]/ /fh ul//x]sf ;/sf/n] rfn" cf= a= ah]6 k|:t't cTofrf/df, sld;gvf]/LnfO{ gLltut lbFbg} . s]xL glhssf cf;]–kf;]afx]s
ePsf] 5 . cGoyf sf]/f]gf dxfdf/Ln] b]z / hgtfnfO{ 5g . cem sDo'lg:6sf] gSsnL ubf{ & k|ltzt cfly{s j[l4sf] ;kgf e|i6frf/df ab\lnlbP . nfv– bz c? ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnLsf] clxt 5 .
d's'G8f] nufP/ cfk"mnfO{ ;dfhjfbL hgtfnfO{ b]vfPsf] lyof] t/ clxn]sf] nfvdf x'g] e|i6frf/nfO{ Ps} k6s To;sf/0f g]kfnL hgtfsf] efUo
w/fzoL agfpg] lglZrt 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf b]z / sDo'lg:6 eGg ?rfpF5g\ . cfly{s a[lbb/ ! k|ltzt k'u] klg ;Q/L s/f]8df k'¥ofOlbP . abNg] ;' g f} n f] Aoj:yf PsLs[ t
hgtfsf] /Iffy{ v6\g g;Sg] /fhgLlts bn / g]tfnfO{ x'g] vfg]sf nflu of] b]z :ju{ xf] efUo dfGg' kg]{ cj:yf 5 . d'ns ' cGTodf, xfd|f] b]z ax'hftLo, hgqmflGtdfkm{t\ j}1flgs ;dfhjfbdf
t/ ul/a lbg b'MvLsf nflu gs{ . o:tf] xl/s+ufn eO;Sbf hgtfsf ax' e flifs / ax' ; f+ : s[ l t Pad\ nfda4 x'g ;a}sf nflu aWotf
hgtfn] sbflk dfkm ug]{ 5}gg\ . h'g /fhgLlts bn, g]tf clxn]sf zf;s / plxn]sf /f0ff cfwf/e"t cfjZostf k"/f ug{ g;s]/, k|fs[lts ;'Gb/tf tyf ;|ft] – ;fwgn] cfPsf] 5 .
/ ;/sf/ hgtfsf] /Iff ug{ sDd/ s;]/ nfU5, p;}nfO{ zf;gdf vf;} leGgtf kfOFb}g . pkrf/ vr{ geP/ hgtf cfTdxTof el/k"0f{ b]z xf] . g]kfnL hgtfsf] -n]vs M clvn -qmflGtsf/L_
Tr a n s p a r e n c y ug{ ljjz eO/xFbf of] b]zsf dGqL, hLjgz}nL b'Mv si7sf ;fy} xf;f]– ljz]if lhNnfsf cWoIf x'g\ ._
hgtfn] ;fy / ;xof]u u5{g\ . hgtfsf] ;fy / ;xof]u
gkfPsf /fhgLlts bn / g]tfx?sf] eljio s:tf] x'G5,
cfk"mnfO{ nf]stGqsf] 7]s]bf/ 7fGg] / dfGg] /fhgLlts
Nxf]dL hflt df}lns ;+:s[ltsf sf/0f c?eGbf leGg
sf7df8f}F . Pp6f /f]rs Oltxf; Oltxf;;Fu klg hf]l8Psf] b]Vg atfpF5g\ . pQm tYonfO{ k'li6 ug{sf] lrGHo'ªn'Sdn] gfud -8fOgf];/_ nfO{
af]s]sf] Nxf]dL hflt cfˆg} df}lns ;lsG5 . em08} @# s/f]8 jif{ klxn] nflu pgLx?;Fu Pp6f nf]s syf 5 . dfg{sf] nflu yfªd'5o\ Lsf] uf]SkRof]S;
bn / g]tfx?nfO{ ;DemfO/xg' gknf{, r]tgf eof . ;+:s[ltsf sf/0f c?eGbf leGg 5 . pTklQ eP/ clxn] ;+;f/af6 nf]k h;df rGHo'ª n'Sd eGg] s'g} alnof eGg] 8fF8fdf a;]/ gfud -8fOgf];/_
sf]zL k|b]z If]qdf kg]{ ;+v'jf;efsf] eO;s] s f] 8fOgf] ; /;F u cfˆgf k'?if kfqsL >LdtLnfO{ gfud - nfO{ s' l //x] . Pslbg gfud -
6]lnsdåf/f cglnld6]8 8] 8f6f pQ/L e]udf /x]sf] c?0f gbLsf] k'vf{x?n] o'4 ug]{ u/]sf] ls+jbGtL of] 8fOgf];/_ n] log} vf]nfdf lgn]sf] 8fOgf];/_ lg:s]/ 9'+u] wf/f]dfly
pb\ud:yndf a;f]af; ug]{ hflt xf], hfltdf /x]sf] cflbjf;L hghflt eGg] hgljZjf; kfOG5 . al;/x]sf] lyof] . oxL df}sf kf/]/
Kofs]h / l/rfh{df 8f6f af]g; Nxf]dL . dflyNnf] c?0f pkTosfdf pTyfg /fli6«o k|lti7fgsf nflu ToxfF Pp6f ef]Daf]Dd gfds emgf{ lrGHo'ªn'Sdn] uf]SkRof]S; eGg]
sf7df8f}F . sf]le8–!( sf sf/0f jf k] Ph o' uf] pkof]u x'g5 ] . o; kg] { tTsfnLg yfªd' I fL r] k ' j f ;fªa' g'Kkf Nxf]dLn] tof/ kf/]sf] /x]sf] kfOG5 . h'g em/gf P]ltxfl;s 7fpFaf6 x'bf]{ -3'Foqf]_ df 9'+uf /fvL
d'n'ssf w]/} :yfgdf lgif]wf1f / cjlwdf Pdkf]; cyf{t ljleGg uflj;df c?0f vf]nfsf] jfl/kfl/ a:g] klxrfgsf] ;]/f]km]/f]df Nxf]dL hflt dxTjsf] If]q eP klg clxn] To;sf] gfud dfly cfqmd0f u¥of] . klxnf]
ns8fpgsf] cj:yf 5 . o; ljifd e'QmfgL ;]jf k|bfossf dfWodaf6 of] hflt ;LdfGts[t ;d"xdf kg]{ hflt eGg] cg';Gwfgd"ns k':tsdf pNn]v gfdlgzfgf e] l 6F b } g . o;sf] 9'+uf 5f5fk'slt/ uof], bf]>f] If'bfdf
kl/l:yltnfO{ dWogh/ u/L g]kfn df]afOndf l/rfh{ ubf{ af]g; 8f6f xf] . o;sf] Oltxf;sf af/]df olsg 5 . pQm k' : tssf cg' ; f/ P]ltxfl;stf s]jn Nxf]dL hfltsf] / t];f| ] bf]l/l/df em¥of] . rf}yf] k6ssf]
6]lnsdn] j}zfv #! b]lv ! dlxgfsf pknAw u/fOg]5 . ?= @)) b]lv ?= k|df0f e]6\g ufx|f] 5 . of] hfltsf] 8fogf];/nfO{ pgLx? gfud eg]/ lrGg] Oltxf;;Fu dfq} hf]l8Psf]n] klg cGo lgzfgf gfud -8fOgf];/_ nfO{ nfUof]
nflu …ns8fpg :6] sg]S6]8 ckm/Ú $(( ;Dd l/rfh{ ubf{ %)) PdaL gfd Nxf]dL eg]/ klxnf] k6s O:jLsf] ;Dk|bfosf] pk]Iffdf ;f] em/gf k/]sf] / Tof] 7x/} eof] . oxL cfqmd0fdf
sf ?kdf cglnld6]8 8] 8f6f Kofs]h 8f6f pknAw u/fOg]5 / ;f] 8f6f @ !(%) lt/ dfgjzf:qL 8f]/axfb'/ x'g ;Sg] :yfgLo atfpF5g\ . :yfgLo pQm 9' + u ] wf/f] klg efF l rPsf]
/ l/rfh{df 8f6f af]g; pknAw lbgleq k|of]u ug{ ;lsg]5 . lji6n] k|of]udf NofPsf x'g\ . of] hflt Nxf]dLx?sf cg';f/ lrGHo'ªn'Sdsf] atfOG5 .
u/fpg] ePsf] 5 . cglnld6]8 8] o;}u/L, ?= %)) jf ;f]eGbf a9L g]kfnsf cnfjf ef/tsf] bflh{lnª ;dodf of] emgf{df Pp6f 9'u+ ] wf/f] o;/L wf/f] efFlrPkl5 kfgL
8f6f Kofs ckm/ ?= #( df pknAw /sd l/rfh{ ubf{ !)@$ PdaL 8f6f If]qdf klg e]6\g] ul/G5 . Nxf]dL lyof] . h'g c¿0f gbLsf] aLrdf emg]–{ hldgdf g} v:g uof] / xfnsf] ef]Daf]d
x'g]5 . ;f] 8f6f Kofssf] l:k8 ! pknAw u/fOg]5 / ;f] 8f6f $ hflt;Fu Pp6f nfdf] Oltxf; af]ss ] f v:g] ub{Yof]{ . emgf{sf] tn km]bdf emgf{ aGg k'Uof] eGg] hgljZjf; 5 .
PdaLkLP;;Dd x' g ] 5 . o; lbgleq k|of]u ug{ ;lsg]5 . oL s]xL ls+jbGtLx? 5g\ . h;dWo] Pp6f c¿0f gbL aU5 . of] em/gfsf] dfly lrGHo'ªn'Sdn] xfg]sf] x'bf]{ -3'oF qf]_ sf]
ckm/cGtu{t vl/b ul/Psf] Kofs ckm/x? kmf]/hL g]6js{df k|of]u u/L ls+ j bGtLn] Nxf] d L hfltnfO{ Pp6f 7"nf] 9'u+ ] bx 5 . ToxL 9'u+ ] 9'u+ f clxn] klg b]Vg ;lsg] :yfgLo
rnfpg ;lsg] ;dofjlw @$ 3G6fsf] tLj| ultsf] 8f6f k|of]u ug]{ cj;/sf] 8fogf];/sf] k':tf;Fu o'4 u/]sf] eGg] bxdf Ps k6s lrGHo'ªn'Sdsf] hxfg ljZjf; 5 . clGtd k6ssf] 9'+uf
x'g]5 . b}lgs ?kdf Ps k6s dfq ;b'kof]u ug{ ;lsG5 . o;sf ;fy} b]vfpF5 . Tof] ls+jbGtL cfkm}dF f /f]rs kf}8L v]Ng uPsL lyOg\ . ToxfF kf}8L emgf{sf] afofFtkm{ -dlg6/sf] b[li6n]_
;f] Kofs vl/b ug{ ;lsg]5 . of] cfˆgf] df]afOnsf] l;dn] kmf]/hL vfnsf] 5 . csf{t] km{ of] hfltn] cfˆgf] v]Nbf gfud -8fOgf];/_ n] pgnfO{ dfly clxn] klg 5 h'g 9'u+ fdfly
Kofs laxfg % ah]b]lv a]n'sL % g]6js{ k|of]u ug{ ;Sg] jf g;Sg] ljjfx ;+:sf/df rLgsf /fhf ;|ªrª vfOlbof] . cfˆgL >LdtLdfly Pp6f ;'ss ] f] :o'Sk -w'kL_sf] af]6 5 .
ah];Dd dfq rnfpg ;lsg] ePsf]n] hfFr ug{ tyf kmf]/hL g]6js{ PlS6e]6 uDkf]n] e[s6' LnfO{ ljjfx u/]sf] :d/0f u5{g\ . Nxf]dLx? cfk"m a:g] If]qdf 8fogf];/n] cfqmd0f u/]sf] e]6]kl5 ToxL 9'u+ fnfO{ 8fogf];/ df/]sf] 9'u+ fsf]
;f] ;do cl3 jf kl5 8f6f rnfpFbf ug{ s f nflu *444# 8fon cfˆgf] ljjf/ ;+:sf/df b]vfpg] /x]sf] e"ld tyf vf]nfx¿df klg lrGHo'ªn'Sdn] cfˆgf] axfb'/L b]vfP/ ?kdf :yfgLon] cf:yf /fV5g\ eGg]
u|fxsn] vl/b u/]sf] cGo 8f6f Kofs ug{'kb{5 . u5{g\ . o;af6 o;sf] Oltxf; lrlgofF gfudsf] a;f]af; /x]sf] pgLx? 8fof]g;/nfO{ dfg]{ of]hgf agfP . dfGotf 5 .
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s;/L ;'Gb/ agfpg ;lsPnf g]kfnsf] elaio <


ljleGg uDeL/td\ ljZj:t/Lo / hgtfn] lxF8s ] f] ;xL af6f] klxNofpg u/]sf lyP eGg] s'/fnfO{ rL/:yfoL Bf]ts x'g\ . ltgnfO{ b]v/] clxn] klg hlta]nf laZj ;fd|fHojfbdf slxNo} ;fndf / g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ @))^
:yfgLo r' g f} t Lx?sf aLraf6 ;Sb5f}F / cfh / ef]lnsf nflu klg /fVg] sfd u/]sL lyOg\ . ltgn] xfd|f] gfs 7f8f] x'G5, uaf{ge
' l" t x'G5 . 3fd c:tfpFb}g, elgYof] k[YjLsf] ;fndf v8f eP . d"ntM /f0ff zf;g
u'lh|/x]sf] sdhf]/ / cljsl;t xfd|f] canDag ug{kg]{ ;xL af6f] canDag agfpg nufPsf 7" n f] df6f] s f] g]kfnaf6 rLg uP/ Kofuf]8f z}nLsf] klZrdb]lv k"aL{ uf]nfw{;Dd, Tof] lj/f]wL /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngdf g]kfn
b]znfO{ ;'Gb/ eljiosf] lbzfdf s;/L ug{ ;Sb5f}+ . cw{uf]nfsf/ z}nLsf u'Daf :t"kx? k|rf/–k|;f/ ug]{ cg]s d7dlGb/ a[l6z ;fd|fHojfbsf] PsIfq zf;g k|hf kl/ifb, g]kfnL sfFu|]; / g]kfn
8f]/fpg ;lsG5 cfhsf] of] ;af{lws xfd|f] b]zsf] Oltxf;df o:tf clxn] klg xfdL nlntk'/sf] k'nrf]s, laxf/ cflbdf Tof] z}nLsf] c+sg ug]{ lyof], Tolta]nf g]kfnn] ckdfghgs sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ To; kl/l:yltdf v8f
xfd|f k|l;4 g]kfnL snfsdL{ AolQmTj ;'uf}nL ;lGw ug{' k/]sf] lyof] / cfh ePsf lyP . To;df leqL?kdf /fhf
nf]sgf/fo0f ;'jb
] L c/lgsf]sf] g]kfndf eGbf rLgdf
Tolta]nf klg / clxn] klg 7"nf]
xfdL To;} ;lGwn] rr]s { f] g]kfnsf]
;Ldfgf ef/tn] ldr]sf]n] Tof] lkmtf{
lqe'jg klg /f0ff zf;g la?4 nfUg
;xdt ePsf] b]lvG5 . :jod\ zxLb
x'g t Oltxf;nfO{ cg]s b[li6sf]0faf6 x]g{ ;Ddfg /x]sf] 5 . x'g klg ls/fFt, u/ eg]/ s/fO/fv]sf / nl8/fv]sf wd{eQm /fhf lqe'jgnfO{ zf/Ll/s
lnR5lj / dNn sfnkl5 g]kfndf 5f}+ . Tof] ;'uf}nL ;lGwb]lv g} a[l6z Aofod l;sfpg] lzIfs lyP .
/ s]nfpg ;lsG5 . ;fFRr} g} olb cfhsf] snfsf} z nsf] lasf; / ltgn] ;fd|fHojfbn] g]kfnsf] b/afl/of /f0ffx?n] ;'/f ;'Gb/Ldf n¶ kf/]/
cdfgjLo / c;dfgtfn] cfqmfGt gaLgtf kfPsf] xfdL b]Vb}gf}F . ltgsf] cGt/la/f]wdf v]n]/ yfkf, kf08] / y' g ] s f /fhfsf] afXo ;Dks{
Aofkfl/s gSsn of gjlgdf{0f w's/' – a:g]t vnsx?sf aLrdf sf6df/ wd{eQmdfkm{t\ g} Tolta]nf ePsf]
ljZjnfO{ abn]/ o;nfO{ ;'Gb/ ljZj w''s'/ rNg' a]Un} s'/f xf] . xfd|f] dRrfpFb} hfg] qmddf cGttM sf]tka{ Oltxf;sf lj1x? atfpFb5g\ . o;/L
agfpg] lx;fjn] x]g{] / o;sf] ;/f]sf/sf] Oltxf;n] xfdLnfO{ yfxf lbG5— k|frLg u/fP/ /f0ff zf;gsf] cEo'bo u/fPsf] /f0ff zf;g la/f]wL ;a} zlQm k|ToIf
b[li6n] s]nfpg] xf] eg] s]xL k|Zgx? / s]xL nlntsnfsf] nflnTon] el/Psf] xfdL kfpF b 5f} + . Tof] a[ l 6z k/f]If?kdf ldn]/ n8]kl5 @))& ;fndf
kf6gnfO{ To;} sf/0fn] nlntk'/ eGg] ;fd|fHojfbsf] cf8wfkdf z'? ePsf] /f0ff zf;gsf] cGTo ePsf] lyof] .
;d:ofx? cToflws cu|efudf v8f x'g] ;+1f lbOPsf] xf], h'g clxn] klg /f0ff zf;g !)$ aif{;Dd rNof] . of] g]kfnL hgtfsf] lautsf]
5g\ / ltgsf] ;dfwfg ;af{lws k|l;4 g} 5 . Tof] jf:tjdf aa{/ dWoo'uLg ;fdGtL Oltxf; xf] . t/, @))& ;fn kl5sf]
o;sf cltl/Qm h'g xfd|f] kl5Nnf] zf;g lyof] . hgtfnfO{ s'g} clwsf/ kl/at{g kl5 klg g]kfnL hgtf /
k|fyldstfsf] cfjZostf kb{5 . To;}n] P]ltxfl;s csf]{ sfnv08 5 Tof] lyPg . To;sf] la?4 g]kfnL hgtfsf] /fi6«n] wf]sf af/Daf/ wf]sf kfPsf]
xfdLn] xfd|f] b]zsf] / ljZjsf] klg ;fd|fHojfb la/f]wL sfn v08sf] cfGbf]ng x'g' clgafo{ lyof] t/ Tof] Oltxf; 5 . k6s–k6s k|ltudgsf]
cf/De ePsf] sfnv08 klg xf] . p7\g ;ls/x]sf] lyPg . b' i rqmn] /fhgLlt, cy{ t Gq,
Oltxf;nfO{ x]g{' kb{5 ls Oltxf;sf] s'g clxn] klg xfdL xfd|f] b]zdf k"a{b]lv /f0ff h+uaxfb'/ zf;gsfnsf] ;fdflhs ;+/rgf / ;F:s[ltdf ;d]t
r/0fdf, s'g ;dodf / s'g j:t'l:yltdf hgtfsf aLrsf] cfk;L efOrf/f, k/:k/ ;'nx– klZrd;Dd rf}b08Lu9L, pbo'k/u9L, cTofrf/ ;xg g;s]/ cGttM nvg g] k fnL hgtfnfO{ Ps jf csf] {
l;Gw'nLu9L, dsdfgk'/u9L, hLtu9L, yfkfn] wfld{s cf8d} eP klg lab|fx] lsl;dn] nv]l6/x]sf], k5\ofO/x]sf]
;Demf}tf s'g sf/0fn] ePsf] lyof] / Tof] s'g kl/j]zdf a9L ;an ag]sf] lyof] . hgtfn] s'g cd/u9L, lzau9Lh:tf 7"nf–;fgf z' ? u/] . pgLnufot w] / } h gf l:ylt clxn];Dd g} rln/x]sf] 5 .
r/0fdf / ;do ljz]ifdf ;d[l4nfO{ dfq xf]Og, ;Gt'li6 / PstfnfO{ a9L g} dxTj lbPsf lyP . u9Lx? kfpFb5f}+ tL g]kfnL hgtfsf lab|fx] Lx?nfO{ /f0ff zf;sx?n] df/] . To;}n] eGg] ul/Psf] 5 ls– …kfq
clg s'g ;do ljz]ifdf dfgjLo hLjg–d"No / ;fdflhs d"Nox?nfO{ a9L dxTj lbPsf lyP . ;fd|fHojfb la/f]wL df]rf{ lnFbfsf To; lab|f]xsf] w]/} ;do kl5 k|r08 alb\ n of] t/ k| a [ l Q ab\ l nPg .
avtsf u9Lx? x'g\ . Tolta]nfsf uf]vf{sf] klg lab|f]x pTkGg eof] . ljutsf c;n s'/faf6 l;Sg] sfd
clg s'g a]nf >dsf] cfbz{ / dxTjaf6 a9L k|]l/t eP/ hgtf cu|;/ ePsf lyP . o;/L g} hgtfn] h'g :t/df s'/f a'em]sf lyP t/, /fhgLlts k|sl[ tsf] klxnf] lab|fx] ePg t/ unt k|a[lQnfO{ tLa|?kdf
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5 . g]kfn OlGhlgol/Ë P;f]l;P;g pgLx?sf] dfu ;Daf]wg ug]{ u/L g]kfn ;/sf/n] 7"nf] ;+Vofdf cf/If0f kLl8t ;d' b fosf nflu cjfh Aof08SofDk, Sof; Pk, Kofl6«cf]g, k]kn tyf e]Gdf] h:tf cgnfOg e'QmfgL
g]kfndf ePsf OlGhlgo/x?sf] Pp6f ;Demf}tf kqdf pNn]v ul/of] . sf]6fnfO{ xf6fPsf] 5 . cflv/ Tof] gp7fpg] ljleGg kf6L{ s f] ;]jfdfkm{t\ /sd k|bf ug{ ;lsg]5 .
5ftf ;+u7g xf] . h;nfO{ g]kfn To;}u/L k'glg{df{0fsf] qmd sof}F cf/If0fsf] Tolts} cfPsf] xf]Og . Tof] ljrf/wf/f;Fu d]n vfg] OlGhlgol/Ë ut km]ac
'| /Ldf 6\jL6/n] Super Follower gfdsf] Ps ljjfbf:kb
;/sf/n] sfg'gL dfGotf lbPsf] 5 . OlGhlgo;{dfly xftkft eof], sof}n + fO{ cf/If0f sf]6fsf nflu sof}+ hgljb|fx] KofgnnfO{ cfˆgf] dt glbgsf nflu lkmr/ NofPsf] lyof] . h;df rlr{t JolQmTj jf ;]lna|]6Lx?n] cfˆgf
h;sf] sfd OlGhlgol/Ë k]zfnfO{ s'l6of] t/ NEA n] slxn] klg eP, To;df sof}+sf] alnbfgL eof], cg'/f]w ub{5' . kmnf]c;{nfO{ z'Ns ltg{ nufP/ cfˆgf 6\jL6/nfO{ d'b|Ls/0f ug{ ;Sby] .
dof{lbt, Jojl:yt agfpg] xf] . ;fy} To;nfO{ uDeL/tfsf] ;fy lnPg g sof}+ 3fOt] eP, sof}+ ckfË ePkl5 dnfO{ ofb 5, nf]s ;]jf cfof]udf pQm lkmr/ ;fj{lhgs eP;Fu} RIP Twitter gfds Xof;6\ofu PsfPs
o;sf] ;a}eGbf dxTjk"0f{ sfd eg]sf] t s;}nfO{ Gofo lbnfPsf] ;'lgof] . dfq of] cf/If0f tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL cf/If0f sf]6f sf6\bf O= ;lGha 6«l] 08ª ePsf] lyof] . To:tf] lkmr/n] cfd;j{;fwf/0f k|of]ustf{sf] efjgfdf
NEA sf] ;b:otf lnPsf] To;} u /L lghfdlt ;] j fdf lul/hfk| ; fb sf] O /fnf g] t [ T jsf] s' d f/ ofbj g] t [ T jsf] /fli6« o 7]; k'u]sf] / w]/} kmnf]c;{ ePsf ;]lna|]6LnfO{ dfq dxTj lbOPsf] eGb}
OlGhlgo/x?sf] xs clwsf/sf] nflu cfjZostfeGbf sd k|fljlws /fv]sf] ;/sf/n] :jLsf/ u/] . t/, clxn] OlGhlgo/ ;+3n] dfq} nf]s;]jfsf] 6\jL6/sf] cfnf]rgf ePsf] lyof] .
n8\g' g} . t/, NEA n] ljutsf s'/f ;a}nfO{ yfxf 5 / of] s'/f lg:s]sf] lj1fkgdf nf]s;]jf cfof]un] sfof{nodf tfnfaGbL ug]{ 3f]if0ff u/]/ oBlk eljiodf dlg6fOh ePsf 6\jL6/ csfpG6af6 cfDbfgL ug]{ nIorflxF
lbgx?df OlGhlgo/x?sf] xs k" j { ; fdfGo k| z f;gdGqL Åbo] z g} oqf] ;+3if{kZrft\ lbPsf] cf/If0f cf/If0f arfp cfGbf]ngsf] z'¿jft 6\jL6/n] /fv]sf] 5 . ;g\ @)@# df ;f9] #! s/f]8 dlg6fOh ug{ ;lsg] b}lgs
clwsf/sf nflu n8]sf] sd} b]lvG5 . lqkf7Ln] eg]sf klg 5g\ . lghfdtLdf sf]6fnfO{ x6fPsf] 5 . t/, NEA ul/Psf] lyof] . /fli6«o OlGhlgo/ k|of]ustf{ k'Ug] 6\jL6/sf l;Ocf] Hofs 8f];L{sf] k|If]k0f 5 . o;af6 6\jL6/n]
g] k fn ;/sf/åf/f OlGhlgol/Ë k|fljlwsx¿sf] sdL xf]Og t/ :yfoL OlGhlgol/Ë k]zfdf ;a}sf] ;+aw} flgs ;+ 3 n] dxf] Q /Ll:yt nf] s ;] j f cfˆgf] cfDbfgL jflif{ ;f9] & ca{ 8n/ k'¥ofpg] atfOPsf] 5 .
k]zfnfO{ ul/Psf] e]befjnfO{ NEA
n] Tolt uDeL/tfk" j { s lnPsf]
sd{rf/Lsf] sdL 5g\ . oxfF vfnL
ePsf] kbsf] hDdf $)Ü hlt dfq
clwsf/ ;'lglZrt u/fpg vf]lnPsf]
5ftf ;+u7gn] o;sf] af/]df s'g}
cfof]udf tfnfaGbL;d]t ul/Psf]
lyof] . To;kl5 t/fO{ dw]z /fli6«o x\jf6\;Pkdf gof“ lkmr/ Û
b]lvFbg} . /fli6«o k'glg{df{0f k|flws/0fn] lj1fkg u/fpF5g\ / afFsL ^)Ü l/Qm cleJolQm ;fj{hlgs gug{' b'Mvb\ xf] . kl/ifb\n] cfGbf]ngsf] g]t[Tj lnO{ sf7df8f}F . OG:6\ofG6 d];]lhª Pk km];a'sn] cfˆgf k|of]ustf{sf nflu
OlGhlgo/ dfly ul/Psf] cGofodf kbrflxF cfˆgf sfo{stf{, gft]bf/nfO{ o:tf 36gf b]Vbf NEA kLl8t ljleGg kLl8t ;d'bfo;Fu ldnL nuftf/ gofF–gofF lkmr/ NofO/x]sf] 5 . s]xL ;do klxn] Xjf6\;Pkn]
NEA n] Tolt rf;f] lnPsf] lyPg . s/f/df /fVg] u/]sf] b]lvG5 . o;/L OlGhlgo/sf] nflu cfjfh p7fpg'sf] cfGbf] n gnfO{ r/d ljGb' ; Dd Pp6f lkmr/ NofPsf] lyof] h;cg';f/ Xjf6\;Pkdf k7fOPsf d];h ] &
kl5 rf}tkmL{ lj/f]w ePkl5 aNn Ifdtfjfg\nfO{ :yfoL ;]jfdf k|jz] ug{ ;f6f] g]kfn ;/sf/sf] Pp6f OsfO{ k' ¥ ofPsf] lyof] . -dw] z bk{ 0 f lbgleq cfkm}+ l8ln6 x'G5g\ . pQm lkmr/sf] gfd Disappearing
NEA n] uP/ g]kfn ;/sf/;Fu glbO{ cfˆgf sfo{stf{ / gft]bf/ kfNg] ag] / a;] s f] , ;/sf/sf] lkmr/ ;] j f_ Messages xf] . csf]{ d];]lh+u Pk 6]lnu|fds} l;sf] ub}{ Xjf6\;Pkn]

s[lif qmflGt M dfgj Oltxf;sf] ;a}eGbf dxTjk"0f{ qmflGt


pQm lkmr/ k]z u/]sf] lyof] . d];h ] cfkm}+ x/fpg] ;do ;LdfnfO{ o;cl3 &
lbg sfod ul/Psf]df Xjf6\;Pkn] To:tf] ;donfO{ Ps lbgdf emfg]{ ePsf]
xf] . ;dfrf/ cg';f/ Disappearing Messages lkmr/df Xjf6\;Pkn]
sf7df8f}F . s[lif qmflGt ;DejtM k|ljlwsf] cfljisf/ eP . hg;+Vof :k]g / ;]G6«n hd{gLdf O;fk"j{ %))) ;l~rltsf] cjwf/0ff ;d]t ljsf;
dfgj Oltxf;sf] ;a}eGbf dxTjk"0f{ gf6sLo ¿kdf a9\g yfNof] . t/, df s[ l ifsf] ljsf; eof] . s[ l if x'g yfNof] . k[YjL $ k6s lxd o'udf
qmflGt lyof] . jf:tjdf ;+;f/el/ gofF 6]Sgf]nf]hLn] pTkfbg ug{ ;Sg] qmflGtkl5sf] klxnf] ;Eotf ux'aF f6 ;'? k'Uof] / # k6s lxdfgL o'udf uof]
ljleGg ;dodf y'k|} s[lif qmflGtx¿ h'g;'s} rLh klg k|fs[lts lgoGq0f ePsf] xf] . ux';F uF } hf} / bnxg ;fdu|Lsf] eGg] dfGotf /flvG5 . lxd o'udf
eP . of] Pp6f 36gf geP/ nfdf] k|0ffnLsf] ;fd' sd} x'G5 . ;'?df ljsf; eof] . /x]sf] k[YjL ha tftf] x'Fb} hfG5
Pj+ qmlds k|lqmof lyof] h;df O;fsf] !) xhf/ jif{cl3 klxnf] To:tf vfgfx¿ t'ngfTds ¿kdf To;kl5 hLj hGt'sf] ljsf; x'Fb}
dflg;x¿n] 3'dGt] hLjgz}nL dfq} k6s s[lif qmflGt eof] eGg] dfGotf pRr k|fl] 6g o'Qm lyP . ;'?df o:tf hfG5 . ;f]xLcg';f/ vfgf / cGo
geP/ cfk"mnfO{ s[lif / ;Eotfdf ;d]t /flvG5 . Tof] ;dodf xfnsf] O/fs, vfgfx¿ k|foM sfFr} vfg yflnof] . ;Eotfsf] ;'?jft x'G5 / ha Tof]
kl/jt{ g ub} { uP . ;flxlTos l;l/of, k"jL{ 6sL{, n]agfg, Oh/fonh:tf o;df aGbfsf]aL h:tf t/sf/Lx¿ jftfj/0f;Fu dfG5] 3'nldn x'g
JofVofgaf6 xfdLn] hfGg ;S5f}+ ls If]qdf pTkfbg ;'? eof] . ;f]xL ;dob]lv ;dfj]z eP . Tolta]nf;Dd b'Uw ;Sb}g . To;kl5 eg] dfG5] la:tf/} l5§} g} @$ 306fsf] ljsNk klg yk ub}5 { . tt\kZrft\ pQm ljsNk 5gf]6
s;/L k'/fgf] dflg;x¿n] s[lifdf g} af]sf, e]8F f / ufO{;lxt ljleGg la?jf pTkfbgx¿ dfgj cfxf/df nueu cl:tTjlaxLg aGb} hfG5 . ug]{ Xjf6\;Pk k|of]ustf{sf k7fPsf tyf k|fKt ePsf d];h ] x? @$ 306fdf
cfwfl/t ;dfhsf] ljsf; u/] / / cGgx¿ klg nufpg yflnof] . xfnsf] k"/} gofF vfnsf lyP . hg;+Vofsf] ha k[YjL Gofgf] x'g yfNof] . cfkm}+ l8ln6 x'g]5g\ . WeBetaInfo sf] l/kf]6{ cg';f/ Xjf6\;Pksf] gofF
clxn]sf] cj:yf;Dd cfOk'u] < s[lif Pl;ofdf wfg, d];f]dl] /sfdf ds}, blIf0f rfkn] s]xL JolQmx¿nfO{ vfgf ksfpg] udL{df};ddf k[YjLsf] tfkqmd ^) b]lv ;+:s/0fdf ;f] Disapperaing Messages lkmr/nfO{ yk ul/Psf]
qmflGtsf] ;'?jft !* cf}+ ztfAbLsf] cd]l/sfdf cfn'sf] ljsf; eof] eg] gofF tl/sfx¿ ckgfpg afWo *) l8u|L km/]gxfO6;Dd k'Ubf dfG5]n] 5 . xfn Pksf] cfOcf]P; e;{gdf pQm lkmr/sf] k/LIf0f e}/x]sf] 5 .
cGtlt/ ePsf] bfz{ l gs Pj+ clk|msf / Olyof]lkofdf klg 5'§f5'§} agfof] . ;do–;dodf cfpg] cfjtL{ vfgfsf] ljleGg tl/sfx¿ ckgfof] . h;df Xjf6\;Pk d];h ] @$ 306fdf cfkm} x/fpF5g\ . @$ 306] lkmr/;Fu}
cy{zf:qL yf]d; dfny; atfpF5g\ . cGgsf] ljsf; eof] . sltko 7fpFdf ;+ s 6, vfBfGg cefj / la:tf/} df};d jftfg's'lnt x'Fb} o;cl3sf] & lbg] lkmr/ klg sfod /xg] atfOPsf] 55 cyf{t\ k|of]ustf{n]
dfgj hg;+ V of klg ;| f ] t sf] k|frLg ;dodf cGgsf] ljsf; x'g clgsfnnufot sf/0f w]/} dfG5]df uPkl5 dfG5]df lzsf/ ug{ ufx|f] / Ps lbg jf & lbgdf d];h ] cfkm}+ l8ln6 x'g] lkmr/ cfk"mv';L 5fGg
pknAwtfsf] cwLgdf 5 . hg;+Vof ;s]g . h:tf] ci6«l] nof, cd]hg / Joj:yfkgsf] df]8n ljsf; x'g hDdf ug{ ;lhnf] x'g yfNof] . To;kl5 kfpg]5g\ . To;qmddf k|of]ustf{n] l8ln6 x'g] d];]hsf l:qmgz6 lnP/
Tolt g} l56f] a9\g ;S5 hlt sfnfxf/L d¿e"lddf ;d]t nfdf] yfNof] . h;/L lxd o'u ;lsg] a]nfdf ljleGg k|hfltsf cGg Pj+ kmnk"mnx¿ ;'/lIft /fVg ;Sg]5g\ . ;ft lbg] lkmr/ k;{gn Rof6 tyf U?k Rof6
;+;fwgx¿n] gofF k':tfnfO{ v'jfpg ;do;Dd pTkGg x'g ;s]g . o'lgel;{6L hf8f] / udL{af6 afFRgsf] nflu nufpg yflnof] . dfG5]n] cfˆgf] b'ad } f nfu" ePsf]df Ps lbg] lkmr/ u|k' Rof6df nfu" x'G5 jf x'bF g} eGg]
;S5 . olb o;sf] ;+Vof w]/} eof] ckm Kofl;lkmssf k|fWofks s]g dfG5]n] ljleGg k|ljlwsf] ljsf; ;f/lysf] ¿kdf s's'/ kfNg yfn] . 6'u+ f] gePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . Xjf6\;Pkn] cfOcf]P; Knf6kmd{df Ps dlxgfb]lv
eg] k|sl[ tn] g} lgoGq0fsf] nflu cg]sf}+ cnafafn] tof/ kf/]sf] k"m8 M c u/fof] . o;/L g} dfG5] s[lif ljsf;sf] h'g ;a}eGbf klxn]bl] v kfNg ;'? k/LIf0f ul//x]sf] pQm lkmr/ lgs6 eljiodf PG8«f]O8nufotsf x/]s
pkfox¿ ckgfpg] u5{ . h:tf] clxn] sNr/n s'lng/L lx:6«L gfds k':tsdf ljleGg r/0fdf klg 5'§} ef]ufOaf6 ul/Psf] kz' lyof] . To;kl5 la:tf/} Knf6kmd{df pknAw x'g] atfOPsf] 5 .
sf]/f]gfsf] dxfdf/L b]lvPsf] 5 . olb
;|f]tx¿ k|z:t 5 eg] hg;+Vof
pNn]v ePcg';f/ O;fk"j{ &)))
jif{cl3 lu|;;Dd v]tLsf] ;'?jft ePsf]
rln/Xof] . hlta]nf dfG5] lzsf/L
o'u s6]/ ;Eotfsf] ;'?jftlt/
cGo kz'x¿ klg kfNg ;'? eof] .
kz'kfngeGbf cl3 g} dfG5]n] s[lifsf]
rLgsf] cGtl/If ofg d+unu|xdf cjt/0f
:jfefljs ¿kdf l56f] a9\ 5 . lyof] . O;fk"j{ ^))) jif{ klxn] s[lifsf] nfUof] . To;kl5 dfG5]df la:tf/} ljsf; u/]/ ljleGg km;n pTkfbg sf7df8f}F . rLgn] cGtl/If ofgaf6 k|If]k0f u/]sf] h'/f]ª /f]e/ d+un
k|fu}ltxfl;s sfndf s[lif h:tf] gofF lj:tf/ qmdzM ;+;f/el/ km}lnof] . k"jL{ lzsf/ dfq} geP/ vfgfsf] ;'? ul/;s]sf] lyof] . u|xdf cjt/0f ePsf] 5 . o;;Fu} rLg d+unu|xdf ;kmntfk"j{s /f]e/
cjt/0f u/fpg] bf];|f] d'n's ag]sf] 5 . ^ j6f kfª\u|f ePsf] ;f] /f]e/

sg]S6 cfOlkP;dfkm{t\ Ps dlxgfd} 8]9 va{ ¿k}of“sf] sf/f]af/


sf7df8f}F . g]kfn /fi6« a}+sn] sf/f]af/ ug]{sf] ;+Vofdf a[l4 x'g So"cf/ :Sofg / df]afOn jfn]6dfkm{t\ cd]l/sL 8n/df ljk|]if0f cfk|jfx
d+un u|xsf] pQ/L uf]nfw{df cjt/0f ePsf] hfgsf/L lrlgofF clwsf/Lx¿n]
aLaL;LnfO{ lbPsf 5g\ . d+un u|xdf cjtl/t Sofd]/fhl8t /f]e/sf] tf}n
@$) lsnf]u|fd /x]sf] / o;n] ToxfFsf] ;tx tyf ;txleqsf] ef}ule{s
cWoog ug]{ rLgn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . /f]e/df cGo kfFrj6f pks/0f
;fj{hlgs u/]sf] k|ltj]bgcg';f/ yfn] s f] 5 . g] k fn /fi6« a} + s n] x'g] sf/f]af/df j[l4 ePsf] xf] . !#=) k|ltztn] j[l4 eO{ ^ ca{ !( klg h8fg ul/Psf] / To;n] d+un u|xdf lxpF eP–gePsf] tyf ToxfFsf
sg] S 6 cfOlkP;dfkm{ t \ x' g ] ;fj{ h lgs u/] s f] ( dlxgfsf] o;} u /L, g] k fn /fi6« a} + s n] s/f]8 k'u]sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{ o:tf] 9'+ufleq /x]sf vlgh kbfy{ k/LIf0f ;d]t ug]{5 .
sf/f]af/sf] ;+Vofdf j[l4 x'Fb} uPsf] tYof+scg';f/ OG6/g]6 tyf df]afOn ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] rfn' cfly{s jif{sf] cfk|jfx $=( k|ltztn] 36]sf] lyof] . rLgn] bf];|f] k|of;df d+unu|xdf /f]e/ k'¥ofpg ;kmn ePsf] xf] .
5 . /fi6« a}+ssf] tYof+scg';f/ ut a}l+ sª;lxtsf k|ljlwsf] k|of]u ug]s
{ f] ( dlxgfsf] tYof+scg';f/ /]ld6\ofG; ;dLIff cjlwdf j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf o;cl3 ;g\ @)!! df ¿; / rLgn] ;+oQ ' m ¿kdf u/]sf] ofg k|If]k0f ljkmn
kmfu'g dlxgfsf] t'ngfdf r}t dlxgfdf ;+Vofdf a[l4 ePsf] kfOPsf] xf] . /fi6« !^=% k|ltztn] a9]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . nflu clGtd >d :jLs[lt -;+:yfut ePsf] lyof] . rLgcl3 cd]l/sfn] dfq} d+un u|xdf /f]e/ cjt/0f u/fpg
dfq Ps va{ $! ca{ *) s/f]9 a} + s n] ;fj{ h lgs u/] s f] r} t /]ld6\ofG; !^=% k|ltztn] j[l4 eO{ tyf JolQmut–gofF / j}wflgsLs/0f_ ;s]sf] 5 . oltv]/ cd]l/sf / o'PO{n] klg d+unu|xtkm{ /f]e/ k7fPsf
@) nfv ?k}ofF a/fa/sf] sf/f]af/ d;fGt;Ddsf] tYof+scg';f/ ut ?=&@( ca{ @ s/f]8 k'u]sf] 5 . lng] g]kfnLsf] ;+Vof ^^=& k|ltztn] 5g\ . tL /f]e/ xfn cGtl/Ifd} 5g\ .
ePsf] 5 . a}+ssf] tYof+scg';f/ dlxgfsf] t'ngfdf sg]S6 cfOlkP;, cl3Nnf] jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf ljk|i] f0f 36]sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] ;f]xL
kmfu' g sf] Ps dlxgfdf sg] S 6 df]afOn a}+lsª, OG6/g]6 a}+lsª, cfk|jfx $=@ k|ltztn] 36]sf] lyof] . cjlwdf o:tf] ;+Vof !)=@ k|ltztn]
cfOlkP;dfkm{t\ Ps va{ !) ca{ a9]sf] lyof] . j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf
%& s/f]8 @) nfv ?k}ofF a/fa/sf] nflu k'gM >d :jLs[lt lng] g]kfnLsf]
sf/f] a f/ ePsf] lyof] eg] df3 ;+ V of ;dLIff cjlwdf %%=&
dlxgfdf Ps va{ $ ca{ #( k|ltztn] 36]sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{sf]
s/f]8eGbf a9Lsf] sf/f]af/ ePsf] ;f]xL cjlwdf o:tf] ;+Vof !%=)
lyof] . r}t dlxgfdf @) nfv #* k|ltztn] 36]sf] lyof] . ;dLIff
xhf/ $^% k6s sg]S6 cfOlkP;sf] cjlwdf v' b 6« f G;km/ !$=$
k|of]u] ePsf] 5 . ut kmfu'g dlxgfdf k|ltztn] j[l4 eO{ ?= *!$ ca{ #^
!^ nfv k6s k|of]u ePsf] lyof] . s/f]8 k'u]sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{sf]
kl5Nnf] ;do cgnfOgsf] ;f]xL cjlwdf o:tf] 6«fG;km/ $=&
;xhtf / k|ljlwsf] k|of]un] gub/lxt k|ltztn] 36]sf] lyof] .
@)&* ;fn h]7 @ ut] cfOtaf/ 5
sf]/f]gf 7Ls ePkl5 klg
sf]/f]gf ;+qmldtx¿sf nflu ljif ;dfg vfg]s/' fx¿
ljZjJofkL dxfdf/Lsf ¿kdf SofG;/sf] hf]lvd a9\g,] d'6' tyf xfNg] rng k'/fg} xf] t/ olb tkfO{+ AoflS6]l/ofx¿ dg]{ cflb x'G5 h;n]
Wofg glbP Hofg hfg;S5 Û
km}lnPsf] sf]/f]gf efO{/; /f]u …sf]eL8– /QmgnLsf /f]ux¿ nfUg], PnfhL{n] sf]/f]gfaf6 ;+qmldt x'g'x'G5 eg], k|lt/Iff k|0ffnL sdhf]/ x'gsf ;fy sf7df8f}F . w]/}h;f]n] sf]/f]gflj?4sf] n8fOF lhlt;s] t/ o;af6 d'lQm
!(Ú sf sf/0f cfh ;d:t ljZj ;tfO/xg] / k| l t/Iff k| 0 ffnL d;nfbf/ vfgfaf6 6f9f /xg' k5{ . ;fy} k|lt3flt klg x'g ;S5 . eg] cem} k|fKt eO;s]sf] 5}g . sf]/f]gfd'Qm ePkl5 sltko dflg;n] cGo
cfqmfGt 5 . b}lgs nfvf}s F f] ;+Vofdf cfTd3ftL;d]t x'g] ub{5 . sf]/f]gf d;nfbf/ vfgf vfFbf 3fF6L b'Vg], k]6 *= /S;L / r'/f]6 M nufPsf] ;d:of klg ;fdgf ul//x]sf 5g\ . s;}nfO{ l5§} ysfO nfUg] t s;}nfO{
dflg;x¿ ;+qmldt x'g / xhf/f}Fsf] x'F8Ng], 5ftL kf]Ng], jfo' a9\g] / /S;Ln] sf]/f]gfsf ls6f0f'x¿ df/] klg ;f; lng ;d:of eO/x]sf] xf]nf . s;}nfO{ d'6'sf] ;d:of t s;}nfO{ cGo
;+Vofdf dfl/g yfn] kl5 of] /f]usf] k]6;DaGwL cGo ;d:ofx¿ x'g vfPsf] /S;Ln] ;+qmd0fnfO{ emg} a9jf ;d:ofx? b]lvg yfn]sf] ;'Gg / b]Vg kfOG5 . lrlsT;sx?sf cg';f/
qf;n] cfh ;d:t ljZj dfgj ;S5g\ . d;nfbf/ vfgfn] skmsf] lbG5 . /S;Ln] z/L/df k|lt/Ifs kf]:6 sf]l8e s]o/ cyf{t\ sf]/f]gfaf6 d'Qm ePkl5 klg :jf:Yosf] Vofn
;d'bfo k|tfl8t eO/x]sf] 5 . xfd|f] JofwLnfO{ klg a9fOlbG5 . kmntM sf] i fx¿sf] pTkfbgnfO{ c;/ plt g} cfjZos x'G5 . xKtf}F jf dlxgf}; F Dd klg ;ts{tf ckgfpg cfjZos
b] z df klg xhf/f} F s f] ;+ V ofdf ;d:of sf]le8 l/se/L ;':t x'gb] l] v k'¥ofpg'sf ;fy} /ut, /QmgnL, gzf, x'G5 . gq ;fgf] nfk/afxLn] klg 7"nf] ;d:of lgDofpg ;S5 .
;+qmldtx¿ ylkg yfn]kl5 of] /f]unfO{ ;d:of hl6n x'bF } uP/ Hofg} klg gf8L, d'6', sn]hf] cfGb|f cflbnfO{ z/L/df sf] l e8sf] c;/
s;/L lgoGq0fdf lng] eGg] ljifo hfg ;Sb5 . klg cf3ft k' ¥ ofpF b 5 . o;sf w]/}h;f] dflg;n] sf]le8nfO{ ;fdfGo ?3fvf]hLh:t} la/fdL 7fG5g\ .
/fli6«o lrGtfsf] ljifo ag]sf] 5 . %= af]tn / a§fa4 vfg]s/' fx¿ cltl/Qm /S;Ln] xfd|f] z/L/df hnLo o;n] s]jn kmf]S;f]df dfq c;/ ug]{ ;lDemG5g\ . t/ To:tf] xf]Og . sf]le8
kl5Nnf] ;dodf cfP/ sf] / f] g f M af]tn / a§fa4 vfg]s/' fx¿sf] ;]jg, dfWoddf x'g] cg]sf}F h}j /f;folgs gofF ;+qmd0f xf] . o;n] z/L/sf cGo s'g–s'g c+udf c;/ u5{ eGg] s'/f
efO/;sf] bf]>f] e]l/o06sf sf/0fn] sf]/f]gf ;+qmldtx¿sf nflu ljif ;dfg k|ltlqmofx¿nfO{ /f]lslbg] / r':t lj:tf/}–lj:tf/} aflx/ cfO/x]sf 5g\ . o;n] dflg;sf] d'6,' lbdfu, df+;k];L,
nfvf}+ dflg;x¿ Ps;fy ;+qmldt x'g
yfn]kZrft Psflt/ :jf:Yo ;]jf /
8f= x]d/fh sf]O/fnf 5 . oL vfg]s/' fx¿sf] ;]jgn] sf]/f]gf
;+qmd0fsf hl6ntfnfO{ emg} a9'jf lbg]
k| l t/Iff lqmofsf nflu rflxg]
/;fogsf] ;+Zn]if0fnfO{ ;d]t k|efj
wldgL / g;f, /ut, cfFvfh:tf z/L/sf cGo c+udf klg c;/ u5{ eGg]
s'/f kQf nflu;s]sf] 5 . oxL sf/0fn] Åbo3ft, l8k|];g, ysfg, zf/Ll/s
clS;hg gkfP/ dflg;n] Hofg ;+qmd0fsf b}/fg hÍk'm8sf] ;]jg ubf{ ub{5 . o;f] x'gs ' f] sf/0f s] xf] eg] kfl/lbg] x'Fbf /S;Lsf] ;]jg ;j{yf b'MvfOh:tf ;d:ofsf] ;fdgf ;+qmd0fd'Qm ePsfx?n] ul//x]sf 5g\ . To;}n]
u'dfO/xg' k/]sf] 5 eg] csf]{lt/ ;+qmd0f emg} hl6n aGb} hfG5 . af]tn / a§fa4 vfg]s/' fx¿df w]/} alh{t dflgPsf] 5 . o;}u/L, w"dk| fg lrlsT;sx?n] sf]/f]gfd'Qm ePkl5 z/L/df b]lvg] To:tf ;d:ofnfO{
sf]le8–/f]usf /f]uLx¿sf] kYo ckYo @= sf] N 8l8« S ;sf] ;] j g M lk|h/j]l6j / ;f]l8od xflnPsf] x'G5, klg k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLnfO{ cToGt gh/cGbfh gug{ ;'emfj lbG5g\ . z/L/df cGo ;d:of b]lvgf ;fy ;Nnfx–
gldn]sf] sf/0fn] /f]usf] hl6ntf sf]sfsf]nf, k]lK;sf]nf, km06f, ldl/08f, h;n] tkfO{s + f] OGˆnfd];gnfO{ a9fpg] sdhf]/ kfg]{ tTj xf] . w"dkfg ubf{ ;'emfj lng lrlsT;sx?n] cfu|x ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ .
emg\ – emg\ a9\ b } uO/x] s f] 5 . l8o", :k|fO6 h:tf k]o kbfy{ h;nfO{ ub{5 . OGˆnfd];g a9\of] eg] sf]/f]gf w'Fjfdf ljBdfg cg]sf}F xflgsf/s xNsf nIf0f ePsf] sf] l e8af6 lgsf] ePkl5 s] ug] { <
;+qmd0fsf qmddf s] vfg] s] gvfg] sfaf]g{ 6] 8] ;ˆ6l8Ísf] ;]jg ug{' x'bF g} . lgsf] x' g nfdf] ;do lngb] l v tTjx¿n] k| l t/Ifs sf] i fx¿sf] lrlsT;sx?n] xNsf nIf0f ePsf] sf]le8 b]lvPsf w]/h } ;f] dflg;x? 3/d}
eGg] 1fg gx'Gbf cfh ;+qmldtx¿n] sf]N8l8«S;sf] ;]jg ugf{n] ;j{ky| dtM ;+qmd0fsf] hl6ntf a9]/ Hofg} klg sfo{sz ' ntf sd ul/lbg], sf]ifx¿df 7Ls eP klg kf]:6 sf]le8 s]o/ cfjZos /x]sf] atfpF5g\ . pgLx? w]/h } ;f]df

clS;ld6/ s] xf] / lsg k|of]u ug]{ <


sf7df8f}F . clS;ld6/ Ps lsl;dsf] On]lS6«s pks/0f xf] . of] cfkm}+df k'gM
k|of]uof]Uo x'G5 . h;nfO{ cf}+nfdf /fv]/ /utdf /x]sf] clS;hgsf] dfqf k/LIf0f
♦ bL3{sfnLg Zjf;k|Zjf; jf Åbo;DaGwL ;d:of ePsf dflg;x¿sf] dfgl;s
l:yltsf] ljZn]if0f ug{ .
zf/Ll/s sdhf]/L, ysfg, ef]s gnfUg], b'MvfO, z/L/sf] tfkdfg a9\g,] 8/h:tf
;d:of b]lvg] x'bF f lgsf] ePkl5 o:tf ;d:of b]lvg ;Sg] lrlsT;sx? atfpF5g\ .
o;sf nflu lrlsT;sx?n] o:tf ;'emfj lbPsf 5g\–
– olb xNsf nIf0f b]lvPsf] 5 t/ cfk"mnfO{ :j:y dx;'; ug{'x'G5 eg]
!$ lbg 3/d} cfO;f]n];g a:g ;Sg'x'G5 .
ug{ ;lsG5 . k|foMh;f] k|of]u x'g] clS;d]6/x¿nfO{ kN; clS;ld6/x¿ elgG5 . ♦ k"/s clS;hgsf] nflu cfjZostf d"Nof+sg ug{ .
– lgsf] ePkl5 vfgkfgdf ljz]if Wofg lbg'xf];\ . xl/of] ;fu;AhL /
o;n] d'6'sf] w8\sgsf] dfqf ;d]t k/LIf0f u5{ . clS;d]6/af6 clS;hgsf] dfqf clxn] sf7df8f}F pkTosfnufot b]zsf ljleGg zx/L e]udf lgif]wf1f hf/L
k/LIf0f ug]{ ljlwnfO{ clS;d]6/L ljlw elgG5 . hfgsf/x?sf cg';f/ Ps :j:y ul/Psf] 5 . ctM clS;ld6/ cgnfOg ;lkªaf6 vl/b ug{ ;lsG5 . h'g k|fl] 6go'Qm vfgf w]/} vfg'xf];\ . o;n] sf]/f]gfaf6 sdhf]/ ag]sf] z/L/sf]
JolQmdf clS;hgsf] ;fwf/0f tx (% b]lv lnP/ !)) sf] aLrdf x'g] u5{ . (% sDkgLcg';f/ ^ ;o ?k}ofFb]lv % xhf/ ?k}ofF;Ddsf] d"No tf]lsPsf] 5 . k|lt/f]wfTds Ifdtf a9fpF5 .
k|ltzteGbf sd clS;hgn] ;+s]t u5{ ls JolQmdf s'g} g s'g} ;d:of 5 . olb hfgsf/x?sf cg';f/ 3/]n' k|of]usf] nflu vl/b ul/g] clS;ld6/ / c:ktfndf – vfgf vfg dg nfUb}g eg] klg yf]/}–yf]/} u/L vfg'xf];\ . kfgL klg ;xL
clS;hg n]en (@ jf () ;Dd em¥of] eg] t'?Gt lrlsT;s;Fu ;Dks{ ug{k' 5{ . lrlsT;sx?n] k|of]u ug]{ clS;ld6/sf] u'0f:t/ leGg x'G5 . t/, sf]/f]gfsf sf/0f dfqfdf lkpg'xf];\ .
sf]/f]gfsf] ;Defjgf b]v]/ Sjf/]lG6gdf a;]sf / cfO;f]n];gdf a;]sfn] ;d]t ;Dej z/L/df clS;hgsf] dfqf k/LIf0f ug{sf] nflu eg] w]/} u'0f:t/sf] clS;ld6/ cfjZos – lgoldt of]u tyf k|0ffofd ug{x' f];\ . Ps} k6s y'k}| sfd gug{x' f];\ .
eP;Dd clS;ld6/sf] k|of]u ug{' pko'Qm x'g] lj1x? atfpF5g\ . clxn] sf]/f]gf x'Fb}g . 3/df cfkm}+n] k|of]u ug]{ clS;ld6/n] s]jn kN; clS;hg / Åbosf] ult – ;+qmd0fd'Qm ePsf] !%–#) lbg;Dd clS;hg, Hj/f], /Qmrfk, ;'u/sf]
efO/;sf] dxfdf/L al9/x]sf] a]nfdf clS;hgsf] cefjn] w]/}n] Hofg u'dfpg' kg]{ dfkg u5{ . ha ls c:ktfndf k|of]u ul/g] leGg vfnsf] of] k|ljlwdf eg] o;sf] lgoldt hfFr ug{x' f];\ .
hf]lvd al9/x]sf] a]nf z'?df g} clS;hgsf] dfqf sd x'g glbg ;do–;dodf l/kf]6{ lk|G6 x'g] vfnsf] k|ljlw xG5 . oBlk s]xL kN; clS;ld6/ ;xfos pks/0fx¿ – e/;s tftf] jf dgtftf] kfgL lkpg'xf];\ . lbgdf @ k6s afkm cjZo
o;sf] k/LIf0f ul//xg' plrt x'g] pgLx?sf] egfO{ /x]sf] 5 . of] k|ljlwdfkm{t\ ul/g] clxn] :df6{kmf]gdf klg hf]8\g] ul/Psf] kfOG5 . lng'xf];\ . sDtLdf * b]lv !) 3G6f cjZo ;'Tg'xf];\ .
k/LIf0fn] Åbo / kmf]S;f]sf] sfo{nfO{ s'g} c;/ k/]g k/]sf] / /utdf x'g] clS;hgsf] /utdf clS;hgsf] dfqfnfO{ k;]{G6]hsf] cfwf/df gfKg] ul/G5 . z/L/df /ftf] – ;+qmd0fd'Qm ePkl5 x/]s & df lrlsT;s;Fu cjZo :jf:YohfFr
cefj s'g cj:yfdf 5 < eGg] s'/f hfgsf/L kfpg ;lsG5 . /Qm ;d"xsf] cfwf/df z/L/df clS;hg :ofr'/];gnfO{ k;]{G6]hdf atfpg] ul/G5 . u/fpg'xf];\ .
kN; clS;ld6/sf kmfObf pbfx/0fsf] nflu olb s'g} klg JolQmsf] clS;hg n]en (^ k|ltzt b]vfPsf] 5 lrlsT;sx?n] ;+qmd0fd'Qm ePsf] !)–!% leq} lgoldt sfddf kmls{g
ahf/df yl/yl/sf kN; clS;ld6/ kfOG5 . o;sf cfˆg} 5'§} ljz]iftf x'G5g\ . eg] /utdf clS;hgsf] dfqf s]jn $ k|ltztsf] sdL 5 . Ps :j:y JolQmdf ;lsG5 . t/ lrlsT;sn] s'g} cf}iflw vfg ;Nnfx lbPsf 5g\ eg] cjZo
t/, o;sf] kmfObf eg] ;dfg vfnsf] x'G5 . ;a}eGbf d'Vo kmfObf eg]sf] t kmf]S;f]df clS;hgsf] ;fwf/0f tx (% b]lv lnP/ !)) sf] aLrdf x'g] u5{ . (% k|ltzteGbf vfg'xf];\ . lgoldt lrlsT;ssf] ;Nnfx klg lng'xf];\ . sf]/f]gfd'Qm ePsfx?
lgdf]lgofsf] dfqf cfsflzg'k"j{ g} of] k|ljlwsf] k|of]un] xfdLnfO{ ;r]t u/fpg d2t sd clS;hgn] ;+s]t u5{ ls JolQmdf s'g} g s'g} ;d:of 5 . olb clS;hg w"dkfg / dBkfgaf6 6f9} a:g'kg]{ lrlsT;sx? ;Nnfx lbG5g\ .
u5{ . kN; clS;ld6/n] z/L/sf] :jf:Yo k/LIf0fdf lgDg kmfObf u5{ . n]en (@ jf () ;Dd emof]{ eg] t'?Gt lrlsT;s;Fu ;Dks{ ug{k' 5{ . clS;hgsf] sd uDeL/ / w] / } uDeL/ nIf0f ePsf la/fdLn] sf] / f] g fd' Q m
♦ ;dosf] ;fydf clS;hgsf] dfqfaf/] lg/LIf0f ug{ n]en k/LIf0fsf] nflu pko'Qm ljlw eg]sf] clS;ld6/sf] k|ljlw pko'Qm x'G5 . ePkl5 s] ug] { <
♦ ljz]ifu/L gjhft lzz'x¿df clS;hgsf] sdLsf sf/0f vt/gfs l:yltaf/] o;sf] aLrdf cf}+nf /fVbf o;leq Ps lsl;dsf] aQL an]sf] b]lvG5 . o;n] – sd uDeL/ / w]/} uDeL/ nIf0f ePsf] sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0faf6 d'Qm ePsf
;"rgf lbg /Qmsf]ifsf] /+u / To;sf] xnrnnfO{ …l86]S6Ú ug]{ u5{ . la/fdLx?n] z/L/df kfgLsf] dfqf ;xL /fVgsf nflu t/n kbfy{ ;]jgdf
hyfefjL vfg] u/]sf] / /f]u lauf/]/ o;n] k]6 x':; kfl/lbg] / Zjf; km]g{ hfg ;Sb5 . ljBdfg Pl06clS;8]06sf] ultljw a9L hf]8 lbg'k5{ .
emg\emg\ l;ls:t eP/ Hofg u'dfpg' g} ufx|f] agfOlbg] ub{5 . o;}u/L ^= lrgLsf] ;]jg M xfdLn] ld7f] lg/:t ul/lbg], w/}eGbf w]/} lk|m– – tfhf vfgf g} vfg'k5{ .
k/]sf] 5 . o;} ;Gbe{df d cfh sf]N8l8«S;df pRr dfqfdf xflnPsf] dfgL–dfgL vfg] u/]sf] lrgL jf lrgL /]l8snx¿sf] pTkfbg u/fOlbg] / tL – zf/Ll/s ysfg x'g] u/L Ps} k6s w]/} sfd ug{'x'Gg .
tkfO{+x¿nfO{ sf]/f]gf efO{/;af6 lrgLn] klg k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLnfO{ xflnPsf vfg]s/' fx¿ :jf:Yosf nflu sf]ifx¿sf] 8L=Pg=P= ;d]t 8\ofd]h – o:tf la/fdLnfO{ k"0f{ ?kdf lgsf] x'g # dlxgf;Dd nfUg] ePsf]n]
;+qmldtx¿n] vfg gx'g] vfg]s'/fsf] sdhf]/ agfpFb5 eg] efO;/sf] j[l4 cToGt xflgsf/s x'g\ eGg] ljifo ul/lbg] ub{5 . sdhf]/ k|lt/Iff ePs} cf/fd ug{' g} l7s x'G5 .
af/]df hfgsf/L lbg uO/x]sf] 5' . a4{gnfO{ klg 6]jf k'¥ofpFb5 . o;y{ w] / } n fO{ yfx gx' g ;S5 t/ sf/0f sf]le8–!( w"dkfgstf{x¿df – lgsf] ePkl5 Jofofd / k|f0ffofd u/]/ lbgsf] ;'?cft ug{'k5{ .
sf] / f] g f ;+ q mldtx¿n] s] – s] sf] / f] g f ;+ q md0fsf qmddf jf:tljstf x]g{] xf] eg] lrgL xfd|f] eofjx aGg] u/]sf] 5 . – o:tf la/fdLn] lgsf] ePkl5 lgoldt ?kdf z/L/df clS;hgsf] dfqf
gvfg] < sf]N8l8«S;sf] ;]jg gu/f}F . a¿ nflu ld7f] ljif xf] . lrgLn] k|lt/Iff sf] / f] g f ;+ q mldtn] s] vfg] < r]s ug{'k5{ . lrlsT;ssf] ;Nnfxadf]lhd cGo hfFr klg lgoldt
sf]le8–!(sf /f]uLx¿n] Psflt/ sf]N8l8«S;sf ;§f kmnk"mnsf] tfhf k|0ffnLsf sf]ifx¿sf] ls6f0f' dfg]{ sf]/f]gf ;+qmldt la/fdLx¿n] /fVg'k5{ .
k| l t/Iff k| 0 ffnLnfO{ c;/ ug] { /;, sfutL kfgL, hl8a'6Lsf sfF8f IfdtfnfO{ b'a{n u/fOlbG5 . o;/L pRr vfB /]zf ePsf] vfg]s'/f – dfgl;s tgfj lng'xG' g .
vfg]s'/fx¿sf] ;]jg ug{' x'Fb}g eg] jf siffof vfg] u/f}F . b'a{n x'g'df oL sf]ifx¿nfO{ oyf]lrt vfg'kg]{ x'G5 . sf]bf], kmfk/, lrgf]
– lrlsT;ssf] /fo–;Nnfxcg';f/ lbgrof{ agfpg'k5{ .
csf]{lt/ cf}ifwf]krf/sf ;fy;fy} #= tf/] e"6]sf] vfg]s'/fx¿ M sfo{ ug{sf nflu cfjZos le6fldg rfdn, sfu'gf] rfdn, h'g]nf] /
– s]xL la/fdLsf] lgsf] ePkl5 df+;k];L sdhf]/ ePsf] x'g ;S5 . o:tf]df
:j:y cfxf/sf] ;]jg klg ug{k' b{5 . sf] l e8–!( sf] ;+ q md0fkZrft …;LÚnfufotsf /;fogx¿nfO{ lrgLn] afh/fh:tf cGg, xl/of ;fukft
;+qmd0fsf] ;dodf vfglkgdf u8a9L w]/h } gfnfO{ uGw / :jfb x/fpg]h:tf sf] i fleq hfg lbF b } g kmntM oL kmnk"mn Pj+ t/sf/Ldf pRr vfB k|r"/ dfqfdf k|f]l6go'Qm vfgf vfg'k5{ .
eof] eg], of] lgsf] x'g w]/} ;do nfUg ;d:of b] v fkb{ 5 g\ . o;f] x' F b f sf]ifx¿sf] sfo{Ifdtf 36\b5 . lrgL /]zf kfOG5 . o;}u/L jg:ktLo – s]xL la/fdLdf lgsf] ePkl5 klg cf}iflwsf] ;fO8 Okm]S6 xKtf}F;Dd
;S5 jf /f]u emg} hl6n aGg;S5 . clwsf+zn] tf/] e"6]sf], cldnf]–lk/f] olb lrof, skmL, sf]sf, ;f]8fh:tf k|f]l6gx¿ h:t} l;dL, af]8L, bfn, /xg ;S5 . To;}n] lgsf] ePkl5 lgoldt ?kdf z/L/df b]lvg] ;d:ofsf
o;y{ vfglkgsf] ljz]if Vofn /fVg'xf];\ . xflnPsf], r6k6], vfg]s/' fx¿ vfg k]osf] ;fydf lnOPsf] xf] eg] oL tfhf kmnk"mn / t/sf/Lx¿nfO{ klg ljifodf lrlsT;s;Fu /fo;Nnfx lng'k5{ .
k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLnfO{ c;/ ug]{ vfg] vf]Hb5g\ . olb tkfO{+ klg sf]/f]gfaf6 /;fogx¿n] k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLdf cem cfˆgf] vfg] s ' / fdf ;dfa] z ug{ – ;+qmd0fd'Qm ePkl5 lrlsT;ssf] lgoldt kmnf]ck hfg'k5{ . s'g}
s'/fx¿sf] ;]jg ub}{ gug{; ' \ / /f]u ;+qmldt x'g'x'G5 jf ev{/} ;+qmd0f w]/} cf3ft k'¥ofpFb5 . o;f] x'g'sf] ge'Ng'xf]nf . sf]/f]gf ;+qmldtx¿n] hfFr ug{'5 eg] ug{'k5{ .
k|lt/f]ws Ifdtf a9fpg] vfg]s/' fx¿nfO{ lht]/ l/se/L km]hdf x'g'x'G5 eg] k5fl8 lrof, skmL, sf]sf, ;f]8fdf b}lgs * b]lv !) lunf; kfgL lkpg' – df:s clgjfo{ ?kdf nufg'k5{ . xft af/Daf/ wg'k5{ . ;fdflhs b"/L
vfg]s/' fdf ;dfa]z ug{x' f];\ . o; dfldnfdf, cfk"mnfO{ cln lgoGq0f ljBdfg tTjx¿n] :gfo'tGqnfO{ kb{5 . k|lt/Iff k|0ffnL j[l4 ug{ / sfod ug{'k5{ .
!= h+ s k' m 8 oflgsL 3l6of ug{'xf];\ . d;n]bf/ / tf/]e"6]sf
vfgf M ;an k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLsf] vfg]s'/fx¿ gvfg'xf];\ . lsgls
n7\ofP/ w]/} dfqfdf sl6{;f]n pT;h{g ;+qmd0f 36fpg, cdnf, sfutL,
ub{5 h;n] k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLnfO{ ;'Gtnf, e'Os F 6x/h:tf l;6«; kmnx¿ cfkm}n+ ] sf]/f]gf k/LIf0f ug{ ldNg] ls6 lgdf{0f Û
nflu ;Gt'lnt, k|s[lts Pj+ kf}li6s tf/]e"6]sf] vfg]s'/fx¿df lrNnf] sdhf]/ kfb{5 . vfg' lbg'kb{5 . cb'jf, n;'g, a];f/, sf7df8f}F . blIf0f sf]l/ofn] cfk"mnfO{ sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0f eP gePsf] yfxf
vfgfsf] 7"nf] dxTj 5 . vfgfsf] kbfy{sf] clwstf x'G5, h;n] krfpg &= k| z f] l wt vfg] s ' / fx¿ M dl/r, bfnlrgL h:tf kfpg cfkm}Fn] k/LIf0f ug{ ldNg] ls6 lgdf{0f u/]sf] 5 . ls6 oxfFsf b'O{
u'0f:t/ vl:sFbf k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLsf] w] / } ;do nfUb5 . tf/] e " 6 ] s f] k|zf]wg u/]/ k|fs[lts u'0fwd{ gi6 vfg]s'/fx¿nfO{ klg vfg]s'/fdf cf}iflw lgdf{tf sDkgL x'dfl;; / P;8L afof];]G;/n] lgdf{0f u/]sf x'g\ .
sfo{Ifdtf klg vl:sG5 . To;df vfg]s/' fn] kfrg k|0ffnLnfO{ klg c;/ ul/Psf vfg]s'/fx¿ h:t} k|zf]lwt ;dfa]z ug]{ u/f}F . lbgsf] @ rf]6L pQm ls6dfkm{t\ cfk"mnfO{ sf]/f]gf nfu]sf] zÍf nfu]df 3/d} a;]/ cfˆgf]
klg hÍkm' 8 , l/kmfO08 km' 8 / ub{ 5 . ljleGg cg' ; Gwfgx¿n] cGg, d}bfsf kl/sf/x¿, k|zf]lwt cfˆgf] tf}nnfO{ !) n] u'0fg u/]/ k/LIf0f u/L lglZrGt x'g ;lsG5 . 3/d} a;L cfˆgf] :jfadfkm{t\ k/LIf0f
ldnfj6L vfg] s ' / fx¿sf] ;] j gn] bzf{Pcg'¿k pRr lrNnf] ePsf] df;', ;+/lIft vfBfGg cflbsf] ;]jg k|fKt of]ukmn a/fa/ u|fd rf/ ul/g] of] ls6n] k/LIf0f u/]sf] !% ldg]6d} sf]/f]gf efO/; nfu] gnfu]sf]
k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLnfO{ a];/L cf3ft vfg]s'/fn] k|lt/Iff k|0ffnL /fd|f];Fu sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0fsf /f]uLsf nflu ljif lsl;dsf df};dcg';f/sf kmnk"mn kQf nufpg ;lsG5 . olt dfq geO{ of] ls6 ca x/]s @$ 306] k;ndf
k'¥ofpFb5 . oL vfg]s'/fx¿df k|r'/ sfd ug{ lbF b } g ;fy} v/fa ;dfg 5g\ . oL vfg]s'/fx¿df k|r"/ ;]jg ug]{ u/f}F . cfjlws pkjf;n] ;xh} pknAw x'g] ePsf] 5 . oxfFsf hL P;–@%, ;]e]g Onfe]g, O–
dfqfdf :ofr"/6] 8] of6, k|zf]lwt lrgL, sf]n]:6«f]nnfO{ klg a9fpFb5 . o;y{ dfqfdf, OdlN;kmfP/, lk|h/e]l6e; klg sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0fnfO{ nufd df6{nufotsf @$ 306] k;naf6 ;lhn} vl/b ug{ ;lsg] pQm ls6sf]
rflxg] e Gbf pRr dfqfdf g' g , sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0fsf b}/fg tf/]e"6]sf, / lrgL, sg{l;/k, g'g, s[ltd u'lnof] nufpg 7"nf] d2t k'¥ofpg] x'Fbf v'bf| d"No !) xhf/ sf]l/og jg cyf{t\ em08} Ps xhf/ g]kfnL ?k}ofF k5{ .
:jfba4{s /;fog, clhgf]df]6f]h:tf r6k6] , cldnf] lk/f] xflnPsf] , h:tf k"m8 P8]l6E; / s[lqd /ªx¿ cfjlws pkjf; ug]{ u/f}F . o;sf] ;xfotfn] ca k|of]ustf{n] ;xh} cfˆgf] glthf yfxf kfO{ kf]lhl6e
lk| h /e] l 6e xflnPsf] x' b fF F oL vfg]s/' fx¿ vfFb} gvfg'xf];\ . xflnPsf] x'bF f oL vfg]s/' fx¿sf] ;]jgn] -n] v s e/tk' / –! jfluZj/L cfP ;]Nkm cfO;f]nz ] g a:g] tyf yk lkl;cf/ hfFr u/L :jf:Yo ;'/Iff
/;fogx¿n] k|lt/Iff k|0ffnLnfO{ c;/ $= pRr dfqfdf d;nf k| l t/Iff k| 0 ffnLnfO{ sdhf] / lrtjgl:yt of]uL g/xl/gfy of]u ckgfpg ;Sg]5g\ . sf]l/ofdf kl5Nnf] ;do sf]/f]gf efO/;sf] k|sf]k yk
k'¥ofpFb5 . kmntM 3fp–vl6/f l56f]] xflnPsf] vfgf M :jfb / ;Gt'li6sf t'NofpFb5 . oL vfg] s'/fx¿sf] ;]jg tyf k|fs[lts lrlsT;fnosf d]l8sn a9\g yfn]kl5 ;/sf/n] k/LIf0fsf] bfo/f a9fpg pQm gLlt cjnDag
lgsf] gx'g], OGnfd]zg eO/xg], nflu vfgfdf pRr dfqfdf d;nf ubf{ k]6sf] leqL kq ;'lGgg], k]6sf 8fO/]S6/ x'g\ ._ u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 .
6 @)&* ;fn h]7 @ ut] cfOtaf/

k|]dsf] zlQm / ljjfxsf] cfjZostf


…k|]dÚ zAb cfkm}+df cg]sfy{s 5, /f]dflG6s k|]d g} cfwfl/t /x]/ ljjfb/lxt xf];\ / hLjg ko{Gt cfly{s, sfg'gL, wfld{s, ;+:F s[lts,
;fd|fHojfbn] rnfPsf] b]z
a;Gtdf hLjg x/fPsf] 5 .
c:ktfndf uof] 3/ hfG5
emk] G b| / fh a} B

lsgls JolQm ;dfg ToxfFsf] ;+:s[lt, clwsf+z k':ts, rnlrq, pkGof;, Pscsf{df dfof al;/xf]; eGg] rfxgf k/Dk/fjfbL ;Qfn] u|x0f u/]sf 5g\ .
efiffx?sf] sf/0faf6 cy{ jf a'emfO{df syf, sljtf sf]l/Psf] 5 t;y{ klg ;a}sf] x'G5 . t;y{, klg j}jflxs ljjfx u/] kl5 dlxnf k'?ifsf] 3/ hfg] 3/ a:of] hLjg hfG5 .
sf]/gfsf] sx/ Zjf;km]g{ ufx|f]
km/s x'g ;S5 . o;nfO{ k|of]u ubf{ k|d
] eGGf] laltSs} xfdLnfO{ klg g/ / hLjgsf] ;kmntfsf] d"n ;fFrf] g} k|d] x'bF f ljjfxkl5 k'?if dlxnf dfly xfaL lghL c:ktfnsf] dgkl/
kof{ o jfrL ?kdf dfof, ddtf, gf/LaLrsf] k|]d eGg] dx;'; x'G5 . xf] . hxfF k|]d 5, ToxfF g} hLjgsf] x'g] u/]sf] klg sbfsbf b]lvG5 t;y{ larf}lnofsf] t:s/L
neh:tf zAb k|of]u ul/G5g\ t/ /f]dflG6s k|d] ;dfhzf:qdf dfq d"No 5 t;y{ klg k|d ] nfO{ c;Lldt >Ldfg\ 5gf}6 ubf{ cfˆgf] efjgfsf] sb/ dflkmofdf b]z
h]–h:tf] zAbsf] k|of]u / cy{ nfu] zlQmsf] ko{ f o elgPsf] xf] . ug{] / cfˆgf] k]zfnfO{ ;DDffg ug{] j/ :jf:Yo k|dv' dflkmof
klg Ps k|f0fLn] csf{] k|f0fLk|lt ul/g] ztfAbLcf} F cl3b] l vg} k' ? if / 5fGg' kg{d] f dlxnfx? cem a9L ;r]t dGqL dflkmof
cGt/fTdfb]lv lglSnPsf] ;fdLKotf, dlxnfaLr ljjfxsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] x'gk' g{] b]lvG5, To;f] t o:t} lgod Aoa:yfsf] d"n g} dflkmof
bofsf] efj k|d] xf] . b'O{ cIf/n] ag]sf] lyof] . ljjfx ;df/f]xsf] klxnf] k|df0f k'?ifdf klg nfu" x'G5 eGg'sf] tfTko{ xfsfxfsL #% s/f]8 sldzg
vf]kdf dgkl/,
…k|]dÚ zAbsf] zlQm c;Lldt 5 . d];f] kf]6f ldofdf O=k' @#%) sf] k'?ifn] klg cfk"mnfO{ dfof ug{] >LdtL :j:Yodf a|Xdn"6
k|d
] ljgfsf] ;+;f/ sNkgf klg ug{ e]l6Psf] 5 . o;sf] dtna ljjfx /f]Hg' kb{5 . gf/L / k'?if eg]sf] Ps ;fd|fHojfbn] rnfPsf] b]z
;lsFbg} . ;+:yfsf] ;'?jft ToxL ldltaf6 ePsf] /ysf b'O{ kfªu|f x'g . t;Yf{ klg gf/L 5}g oxfF g]kfnL e]if
wtL{df dfgjsf] pTklQb]lvg} dfgj eGg] xf] O g . a? To; ldltsf] / k'?ifsf] clwsf/sf] ljifodf klg xfdL g]kfnLkg / g]kfnL kl/a]z
hLjgdf ;a} e Gbf cfjZos / k|df0frflxF e]l6Psf] eGg] xf] . o;/L ;r]t x'g' kb{5 . gf/L / k'?ifnfO{ ;dfg bnfn k'hF Ljfbdf
zlQmzfnL k|]dnfO{ g} dflgPsf] 5 . ljjfx ;+:yf cfh;Dd k|fKt k|df0fsf] clwsf/ lbg' kb{5 . ljjfx cl3 g} bnfnL ;F:s[lt
k[YjLel/ dfgjnufot hlt klg cfwf/df sl/a rf/ xhf/ tLg ;o dlxnf cfˆgf] v'§fdf pleg] x'gk' b{5 . las[lt / la;+ult
hLjhGt' 5g\, tL ;a} k|]dsf nflu
lhpF b 5g\ . k| ] d dfgj cg' e j,
ldng cfkmGt krf; jif{ k' / fgf] b] l vG5 .
dfgjzf:qLx?n] To:f cl3sf] xhf/f}F
dlxnfsf clejfjsx?n] cfˆgf]
;GtfgnfO{ ljjfx cl3g} cfjZos
dl//x]5g\ gful/s
3/df ?jfaf;L
cg' e " l t;F u ;DalGwt 5 / of] ;Lldt 5}g . dfgj ljsf;qmd, jif{df ljjfx cEof; /x]sf] / pgLx? lzIff–bLIff lbg' kb{5 . 5f]/LnfO{ bfOhf] c:ktfnsf] cfFugdf 56\kl6Psf 5g\
dl:tissf] Pp6f hl6n k|lqmofsf] Knfª\s6gb]lv af]g hf]eL;Ddsf] nlrnf] ;fd'lxs ;+u7gsf] clwg:t lbg'eGbf klg c+zsf] g} Aoj:yf ug{] xf] la/fdL
lx::ff xf] . dl:tisn] k|d] sf] k/dfgGb, ljsf;qmddf afFb/x?n] Pscsf{kl| t a:g] u/]sf] pNNf]v u/]sf] kfOG5 . eg] of] ;dfhdf dlxnfsf] cj:yf t/ 5}g 8fS6/ .
clwsf/ / Psf]xf]/f] w'g pTkGg u5{ . efjgfTDfs ?kdf hf]l8g] Ifdtfsf] k'?if / dlxnfn] Pscfk;df ;'v, dha'b x'gd] f s'g} z+sf 5}g . t;y{, t/ 5}g clS;hg
;fFrf] cy{df eGg] xf] eg] k|d ] ;DaGw ljsf; u/] . oxL efjgfTds b' M vsf efjgfx? ;f6\ g , hLJfg o; ljifodf ;/sf/n] klg plrt Aoj:yf a]xf];\ 5g\ la/fdL
w]/};Fu x'g] ub{5 . h:tf] ls a'jf– ;DaGwnfO{ cfw'lgs dfgjn] k|d ] sf] cfgGbbfosf ;fy latfpg ljjfxsf] jf sfg'g lgdf{0f ug{' cfhsf] cfjZostf s] lghLnfO{ 5'6 5 <
5f]/Lsf] k|]d, 5f]/f–cfdfaLrsf] k|]d, ?kdf j0f{g ug{ yfNof] . ha dfgasf] Aoj:yf ul/Psf] xf] . gf/L / k'?if xf] . hLjg ;fyLaLr of]Uotf / b}lgs nfv nfv
s] xTof/f xf] ;/sf/ <
bfh'–a}gLaLrsf] k|]d, lbbL–efOsf] cEo'bo eof], hLjgnfO{ ;xh agfpg Pscsf{sf] ;fy lagfhLjg latfpg :jfledfgnfO{ ;sf/fTds ;dy{g klg dflg; t8\k8fP/ dfg]{
k|]d, u'?cfdf ljBfyL{sf] k|]d cflb k|d] sf] aLhf/f]k0f ul/of] . Oltxf;b]lv c;Dej g} 5 . cfk"mnfO{ dgkg{,] efjgf lbg' kb{5 . Pscsf{sf] tfl/km ug{' xTof/f xf] ;/sf/ .
t/ klg jt{ d fg ljZjdf k| ] d L jt{dfg;Dd k|d] sf] dxTj lbgk|ltlbg ldn]sf o'jfo'jtLaLr ljjfx x'bF f O{Zj/ kb{5 . pkxf/sf] cfbfgk|bfg ug{k' b{5 . Pp6f clS;hg lbg g;Sg]
k|]ldsfaLrsf] k|]d, >Ldfg\–>LdtL a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . k|d] g} ;a} ;Eotf, klg v';L x'g] s'/f atfOPsf] 5 . >Ldfg\, ta dfq ljjfx l6sfp x'gd] f s'g} z+sf lghL xl:k6nnfO{
aLrsf] k|]d, g/ / gf/LaLrsf] k|]d / wd{ / ;dfhsf] hggL xf] . jf:tjdf >LdtLaLrsf] k|d] O{Zj/sf] pkxf/ xf] . 5}g . cGtdf, dfgj hLjgdf ljjfxsf] af]Ng g;Sg]
k'?if–dlxnfaLrsf] k|]d h] eg] klg eGg] xf] eg] k| ] d n] g} j} j flxs ljjfx ca lqmofdf ;Lldt 5}g . of] cToGt cfjZostf 5 / k|d] zlQmsf] hlt 7u] klg 7Ug lbg]
b'O{ ljkl/t lnËLsf] cfk;L k|]dnfO{ ;DaGwnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg ;Dej ;+:yfsf ?kdf pkl:yt 5 . h;sf] andf dfq ljjfx :yfoL x'g ;S5 eGbf hlt n"6 u/] klg n'6g\ lbg]
lbgk|ltlbg cf}ifwL lagf
w] / } g} dxTj lbOPsf] kfOG5 . x'G5 . bfDkTo hLjg cfgGbdo xf];\ . :jfldTj kl/jf/ ;Qf, ;fdflhs, cTo'lSt gxf]nf . d5{ dflg;

ljZj s} 7"nf] k]lG6ª &$) s/f]8df laqmL Û cgf}7f] ufp“ hxf“ h'Qf nfpg kfOb}g Û
ns8fpg 5 3/df aGbL .
xft 5 t/ k]zff vf]l;Psf] 5 .
d'v 5 t/ af]Ng ;Sb}g dflg; .
sf7df8f}F . ljZjsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf k]lG6ª &$) s/f]8df laqmL ePsf] 5 . sf7df8f}F . ef/tsf] Ps ufpFdf h'Qf–rKkn gnufpg] k/Dk/f 5 . olb ;a} 3/df aGbL
a]nfotsf snfsf/ ;frf hfkm/Ln] agfPsf] k]lG6ªnfO{ k|mfG;sf Joj;foL cfGb|] s;}n] e'njz nufPsf] kfPdf pgLx? ;hfosf] eflubf/ x'G5g\ . ef/tsf] ;'lglbg] sf]xL 5}g .
cA8f]gn] &$) s/f]8 cyf{t\ ^@ ldlnog cd]l/sL 8n/df lsg]sf x'g\ . ;frfn] tldngf8'sf] db'/fO{af6 s/La @) lsnf]ld6/sf] b"/Ldf /x]sf] Ps ufpFdf elglbg] sf]xL 5}g .
agfPsf] ;f] k] ljZjsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] k]lG6ªsf] gfddf lulgh a's ckm jN8{ h'QfrKkn gnufpg] k/Dk/f 5 . slndfog gfds o; ufpFdf ;of}+ jif{b]lv ef]sef]s} ;'Tg afWo dflg;
h'QfrKkn nufpg gkfpg] lgod 5 . oxfF h'QfrKkn nufPsf] b]vd ] f :yfgLo csf]{ lbg xflb{s >4fGhnL
/]s8{df btf{ ePsf] 5 . of] k]lG6ªsf] cfsf/ ^ 6]lg; sf]6{ hlQs} 7"nf] 5 cyf{t\ oxL rvf{ rn]sf] 5 .
!& xhf/ xhf/ !&^ ju{lkm6df agfOPsf] 5 . hgL{ ckm Xo'Doflglt gfdsf] o; l/;fpg] / ;hfo lbg] ub{5g\ . slt;Dd eg] cleefjs g} ;fgf afnaflnsfnfO{
;d]t h'QfrKkn nufpg dgfxL ub{5g\ . h'QfrKkn gnufpg] k/Dk/fsf] cu|udgdf x|f; g]tfh:t}
k]lG6ªnfO{ ;frfn] cfˆgf] dl:tisdf cfPsf] lrq ptf/]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . pgsf] uf]nrSs/ 5 .
k5fl8 cgf}7f] sf/0f 5 . vf;df To; ufpFdf ckfR5L gfds b]jtfsf] j}1flgs ;dfhjfbdf
;lbof}+b]lv k"hf x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . pgLx? ckfR5L b]jtfn] g} pgLx?sf] /Iff :jf:Yo lgMz'Ns x'G5
ug]{ dfGotf /fVb5g\ . pg} b]jtfk|lt ckf/ cf:yf b]vfpg o; ufpFleq of]Uotfcg';f/ sfd x'G5
h'QfrKkn gnufpg] /Lt a;]sf] xf] . o;df cem} /f]rs t s] 5 eg] olb sfdcg';f/ bfd x'G5 .
pgLx? aflx/ hfg' k/] xftdf rKkn af]s]/ cfpF5g\ / ufpFaf6 aflx/ ;fDojfbdf
k'u]kl5 dfq klxl/G5g\ . To:t} ufpF leqg' cl3 km]l/ h'QfrKkn vf]n]/ cfjZostfcg';f/ dfd x'G5 .
vfnv'§f hfG5g\ . t/ oxfF lsg lje]b x'G5 <
bnfn k'FhLjfbdf t o:t} x'G5 .
n]v, /rgf;DaGwL ;"rgf PsLs[t hgqmflGtaf6
j}1flgs ;dfhjfb cfpF5 .
t/ Tof] cfkm}+ cfpb}g
…If]Kof:qÚ ;fKtflxs / ;fx; / ;f}o{ rflxG5
alnbfgL x'G5
Ps b'O{ ;k't d/]/ uP
oxL k]lG6ªn] pgnfO{ ljZje/ rlr{t agfPsf] 5 . o; k]lG6ªsf] lnnfdLaf6 …hgva/Ú cgnfOgdf k|sfzgfy{ gofF laxfgL aG5 .
To;a]nf /f]u ef]s d'Qm x'G5 .
cfPsf] /sd cfjZostf ePsf u/La afnaflnsfdf vr{ ul/g] atfOPsf] 5 . ca af]n ;a} >lds
o; k]lG6ª agfpg' tfsfsf] /f]rs kIf s] 5 eg] ;frfn] o;nfO{ agfpg &)
j6f k|md] hf]8s
] f lyP . ;fy} o;nfO{ agfpFbf ! xhf/ ^% a|; / ^ xhf/ # ;o
/fli6«o÷cGt/f{li6«o dxTjsf n]v, ls;fgx? p7\
o'jfx? p7\
dlxnfx? p7\ .
ln6/ k]G6sf] vkt ePsf] lyof] .
/rgf / tl:j/x¿ pknAw u/fO{ Gofok|]dL ;a} p7\ .
ax/fOgsf /fhs'df/ z]våf/f ;u/dfyf cf/f]x0f So'jfdf efO/; lgoGq0f 5
sf7df8f}F . ax/fOgsf /fhs'df/ z]v df]xDdb xdfb df]xDdb cn ;xof]u k'¥ofpg' x'g OR5's kfls:tfg ynf k/]sf] 5}g .
ckmuflg:tfgn] ;Dxfn]sf] 5 .
vflnkmf;lxtsf] …/f]on uf8{Ú 6f]nLn] ;u/dfyfsf] ;kmn cf/f]x0f u/]sf] 5 . cf/f]x0f ul/a b]z Oyf]lkofn] klg t
bnn] cfh ljxfg ;f9] % b]lv kf}g] & sf] aLrdf ;u/dfyfsf] r'r/' f]df k'us
;ld6 6«s ] k|flnn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . ;u/dfyfsf] gofF prfO * xhf/ * ;o
] f] ;]eg] ;a}df cg'/f]w ul/G5 . sf]/f]gfnfO{ lhlt;s]sf] 5 .
Pp6f c;n zf;sn] lhTg ;S5 .
$* ld6/ *^ ;]lG6ld6/ dfkg ePotf ljb]zL cf/f]x0f bn ;u/dfyfsf] r'r/' f]df
k'us] f] of] klxnf] k6s xf] . cf/f]x0f bnsf] g]tT[ j 6f;L nfSkf z]kf{n] u/]sf lyP . If]Kof:q k|sfzg s]Gb| t/ g]kfn t xTof/fsf] b]z eof] .
/f]d hln/x]sf] a]nf
lg/f]n] afF;'/L ahfPh:t}
pgL !( jif{sf] pd]/df clS;hg lagf ;u/dfyf cf/f]x0f ug]{ sLlt{dfgwf/L cf/f]xL yfkfufp“, sf7df8f},+ kmf]gM (*$!$)#*%! oxfFsf zf;sx?n]
x'g\ . ax/fOgsf /fhs'd/;lxtsf] 6f]nLn] ;u/dfyf cf/f]x0fsf] tof/L:j?k nf]ar ' ] E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com s/f]8f}+sf /fqL ef]h u5{g\ .
/ dgf;n' lxdfn cf/f]x0f ;d]t u/]sf] lyof] . janakhabar@gmail.com Kn]g r9]/ pDd]bjf/L lbG5g\
t/ hgtf l;6fdf]n kfpFb}gg\ .

t]nsf] yf]kfyf]kf hf]ufcf}+


3/–3/df nf; 5
a]bgf 5 cfqmfGt 5 .
k|To]s 3/df uP/
lkl;cf/ Nofpg ;Sb}g ;/sf/ <
sldzgdf lnKt ;/sf/ <
hlt /f]P klg

OGwg vr{ 36fcf}+ hlt d/] klg


c;kmn 5 ;/sf/ .
lwSsf/–lwSsf/ ;/sf/
hgtf ;aeGbf 7"nf] xf]
ca hgtfn] ;hfo lbG5
g]kfn cfon lgud lnld6]8 p7\g} g;Sg] u/L ;hfo lbG5 .
Ps lbg cjZo tfgfzfxL hfG5
kmf]g g+=+ $@^@(&), km\ofS; M $@^#$&! afnsx?sf] cf]+7df nfnL x'G5 .
o'jfx?df hfFu/ / hf]z x'G5 .
To;} a]nf of] b]z aG5 .
@)&* ;fn h]7 @ ut] cfOtaf/ 7
;+;f/s} 7"nf] cf“k M jhg ;jf $ lsnf] Û
dfS;{jfbsf] k|ltkfbg M ljZj Oltxf;df Pp6f o'ufGtsf/L kl/36gf
sfn{dfS;{ -;g\ !*!*–!**#_ ul/G5 . ;QfnfO{ 1]o, af]wuDo atfpF5 . pTkfbg ;DaGw cGTo ug{sf nflu -
sf7df8f}F . blIf0f cd]l/sfsf]
sf]nlDaofdf ;+;f/s} ;a}eGbf 7"nf]
cfFksf] kmn]sf] 5 . sf]nlDaofsf]
Joj;flos ?kdf cfFkv]tL x'Fb}g .
ufpFn]x?n] 3/df vfgsf nflu dfq}
cfFksf ?v /f]Kg] u/]sf 5g\\ . 3/d}
dfS;{jfbsf k|jt{s / ;j{xf/fju{sf dfS;{ å f/f P] l txfl;s o;sf] cWoog pTkfbs zlQm, #_ pTkfbg ;DaGwdf cfwfl/t u'cfof6fdf a:g] hDof{g cf]nf{G8f] gf]ef vfgsf nflu /f]k]sf] cfFksf] ?vn]
dxfg\ l;4fGtsf/ x'g'x'G5 . cfˆgf ef} l tsjfbsf] cfljisf/n] pTkfbg ;DaGw, cfwf/ / ;fdflhs ;DaGwx?sf] pGd"ng ug{sf / pgsL kTgL /]Oof dfl/ofn] ;+;f/s} ljZj sLlt{dfg sfod ul/lbPkl5
cgGo ldq Pjd\ ;xof]uL k|m8] l/s Oltxf;sf] If] q df qmflGt pkl/;+/rgf tyf cGt/lj/f]wdf nflu / -$_ ;fdflhs ;DaGwaf6 ;a}eGbf 7"nf] cfFksf] kmn kmnfpg] clxn] ufpFs} klxrfg ljZjJofkL
P+ u ] N ; -;g\ !*@)–!*(%_ sf] sfn{ d fS;{ å f/f P] l txfl;s cfwfl/t /x]sf] 5 eGg] s'/f dfS;{n] k}bf x'g] ljrf/x? hf] x'g ltgLx?nfO{ ljZj sLlt{dfg sfod u/]sf 5g\\ .
;xof]udf dfS;{n] h'g dfS;{jfbsf] ef}ltsjfbsf] k|ltkfbg x'ge' Gbf klxn] :yflkt ug{' eof] . qmflGtsf/Ls/0f ug{sf nflu k'h F Ljfb pQm cfFksf] jhg $ lsnf] @%) u|fd
k| l tkfbg ug{ ' eof] , Tof] ljZj Oltxf;sf] If]qdf oflGqs ef}ltsjfb, ju{ , ju{ ; + 3 if{ , Oltxf;df ;dfhjfb x'Fb} ;fDojfbdf k'Ugsf /x]sf] 5 . lulgh a's ckm jN8{ /]s8{;\
Oltxf;df Pp6f o' u fGtsf/L cfbz{jfb / clwe"tjfb JofKt lyP . ank| o f] u sf] e" l dsf, ju{ / nflu ;dfhjfb ;+qmd0fsfn xf] eGg] pQm cfFksf] bfgfnfO{ ljZjs} ;a}eGbf
kl/36gf lyof] . dfS;{jfbn] ljZj /fHosf] ljnf] k L sf/0faf/] lzIff lbg' eof] . dfS;{n] k|mfG;df 7"nf] cfFksf] bfgfsf] ?kdf k|dfl0ft
sDo' l gi6 cfGbf] n gnfO{ cufl8 j}1flgs ;dfhjfbsf] If]qdf ju{;+3if{ / k]l/; sDo'gaf6 lzIff u/]/ k|df0fkq g} lbO;s]sf] 5 .
a9fpgsf lglDt, ;fDojfb k|flKtsf] vf;u/L ;dfhdf ju{x? x'G5g\ eGg] lnF b } ;j{ x f/fju{ n ] ju{ ; + 3 if{ s f] o;cl3 ;a} e Gbf 7" n f] cfF k ag] s f] 5 . lulgh a' s sf
;+3if{ ug{sf ;}4flGts, /fhgLlts / s'/f klxn] g} ;a}nfO{ yfxf eO;s]sf] dfWodaf6 k' / fgf] /fHo;QfnfO{ kmnfpg] sLlt{dfg lkmlnlkG;sf] clwsf/Lx?n] cflwsfl/s ?kdf pQm
;f+u7flgs ?kn] pTk|]l/t ug]{ sfd lyof] . juL{o ;dfhdf rNg] ju{ rsgfr'/ kf/]/ gofF /fHo;Qf NofpF5 gfddf lyof] . ToxfFsf Ps ls;fgn] cfFksf] kmnnfO{ ;a}eGbf 7"nf] cfFksf]
u¥of] . k|s[lt, ;dfh, /fHoJoj:yf, ;+3if{nfO{ s;/L xn ug]{ eGg] s'/fdf eGg] dfGotf dfS;{n] ljsl;t ug{' ;g\ @))( df # lsnf] $#% u|fdsf] kmnsf] ?kdf k|dfl0ft u/];uF } To;nfO{
cflbsf af/]df sfn{dfS;{ / k|m]8l/s dfS;{n] cWoog, cg';Gwfg ug{' eof] . eof] . dfS;{n] Oltxf;sf] cWoog ug]{ cfF k sf] kmn kmnfPsf lyP . sfl6of] / ToxfF pkl:yt ;a} hgfnfO{
P+u]N;n] dxfg\ vf]h / k|of]uåf/f ;dfhdf rNg] ju{;+3if{sf j}1flgs qmddf …cflbd ;fDojfbnfO{ 5f]8]/ sf] n lDaofsf] u' c fof6f ufpF d f vfg lbP/ pT;j dgfOPsf] lyof] .
lgsfNg' ePsf] j} 1 flgs tyf lgodx? kQf nufpg' eof] . ju{ cfh;Ddsf] dfgj ;dfhsf] Oltxf;
qmflGtsf/L ljrf/, l;4fGt /
Jojxf/nfO{ dfS;{ j fb elgG5 .
;+3if{n] g} ju{x?sf aLrdf rNg]
ju{ ; + 3 if{ s f] lgodx? dfS;{ n ]
ju{;3+ if{sf] Oltxf; xf]Ú eGg] k|dfl0ft
ul/lbg' eof] . P]ltxfl;s ef}lsjfbsf
hxfhsf] OlGhgdf l;Ssf k\mof“sk] l5===
dfS;{jfb ;j{xf/f qmflGtsf] lj1fg xf] . cg' ; Gwfg ug{ ' eof] . ;dfhdf If]qdf dfS;{sf dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfgx? sf7df8f}F . rLgsf] zf+u8f]u+ k|fGtdf nfUof] .
Pshgf ofq'n] xjfO{ hxfh r9\g' cufl8 cfk"mn] /ftf] sfuhdf a]//] ^ j6f
of] k'FhLjfbsf] k|f/lDes cj:yfdf x:taxfb'/ s];L j}1flgs cj:yfx? lgwf{/0f u/]/, log} x'g\ .
z'eofqfsf] sfdgf ub}{ hxfhsf] l;Ssf hxfhsf] OlGhgdf ˆofFs]sf]
ljsl;t ePsf] xf] . åGåfTds tyf dfS;{n] o'u ljsf;sf qmdx? lgwf{/0f dfS;{ –P+ u ] N ;åf/f
P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfb, cltl/Qm k|sl[ t bz{gsf] h:t} Oltxf; bz{gsf] ug{' eof] . h:t} cflbd ;fdfjfxL o'u, ;+ z f] w gjfbLx?sf lj?4 eg] OlGhgdf l;Ssf ˆofFsk] l5 p8fg g} /2 jf+un] :jLsf/ u/]sf 5g\\ . pQm
d" N osf] l;4fGt, ju{ ; + 3 if{ tyf If]qdf klg jf:tljs cGtM;DaGwnfO{ bf;o'u, ;fdGtjfbL o'u, k'FhLjfbL s7f] / ;+ 3 if{ ug{' k/]sf] 5 . l;Ssf ˆofFsd] f u'8ns l;Ssfx?sf] t:jL/ cgnfOgdf clxn]
Oltxf;df ank| o f] u sf] e" l dsf, :yflkt ug{'sf] ;§f sfNklgs / o'u / j}1flgs ;dfhjfbL o'u u/L dfS;{ / P+ u ] N ;n] k| y d x'G5 eGg] k/Dk/fut dfGotfcg';f/ efO/n alg/x]sf] 5 . pgn] ˆofFss ] f
;j{xf/f clwgfosTj, / j}1flgs /x:od"ns cGtM ;DaGwnfO{ :yflkt kfFrj6f o'u ljsf;sf qmdx?sf] cGt/f{li6«odf 3';s ] f k|f8] f]gjfbLx? / tL JolQmn] xjfO{ hxfhsf] Pp6f ;a} ^ j6f l;Ssf km]nf k/] klg
;dfhjfb tyf ;fDojfb dfS;{jfbsf ul/Fb} cfpg] sfd ePsf] lyof] . juL{s/0f ul/lbg' eof] / cflbd nf;fnjfbLx? h:tf cj;/jfbLx? / OlGhgleq wft'sf l;Ssf ˆofFss ] f lyP . ;'/Iffsf] sf/0f / yk k/LIf0fsf nflu
cfwf/e" t dfGotf dflgG5g\ . kmfo/jfv / x]u]n b'j} cfbz{jfbdf ;dfhjfbL o'ujfx]s cGo ;a} o'ux? Anf+sLjfbLx? h:tf cft+sjfbLx?sf pQm 36gf j]Okmf+u ljdfg:yndf ePsf] eGb} kfOn6n] hxfh p8fg /2 u/] .
;j{xf/fju{sf csf{ dxfg\ g]tf eL= km;]sf lyP . x]u]nsf] cfbz{jfbnfO{ juL{o ;dfhcGtu{t ;+rfng ePsf lj?4 eLif0f j}rfl/s ;+3if{ ug{e ' of] . xf] . jf+u y/ ePsf Ps k'?if ofq' hxfhdf rl9;s] s f !$* hgf
cfO= n] l ggsf] egfO cg' ; f/ pN6\ofpFb} cfˆgf] k|l;4 /rgf …kljq o'ux? ePsf] j}1flgs 9+un] k'li6 /, k|yd cGt/f{li6«onfO{ lj36g u/]/} a]Oa' uNkm Po/nfOG;sf] p8fg gDa/ ofq'x?nfO{ aflx/ lgsflnof] . hxfhsf]
…dfS;{jfb eg]sf] dfS;{sf ljrf/ / kl/jf/df dfS;{n] eGg' ePsf] 5, ul/lbg' eof] . dfS;{ n ] ;dfh eP/ klg dfS;{jfb / dfS;{jfbL lhPS;**!$ dfkm{t\ j]Okmf+uaf6 OlGhgdf l;Ssf ˆofFSg] jf+unfO{
pgsf lzIffsf] Jojl:yt z[v + nf xf]Ú . …Oltxf; s]xL xf]Og clkt' nIof]Gd'v ljsf;sf ultsf lgodx? lgwf{/0f bz{gsf] /Iff / ljsf;df dxTjk"0f{ xfOs'sf] ofqfdf lg:sFb} lyP . cfˆgf] k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . rLgdf
dfS;{jfbsf] lgdf{0f bz{g, /fhgLlts dflg;sf] ultljlw xf] . dfS;{sf] of] u/]/ o'u ljsf;sf qmdadf]lhd of]ubfg ug{'eof] . tL cj;/jfbL, ofqf z'e xf];\ eGgsf nflu pgn] Ps ofq'x?n] hxfhsf] OlGhgdf l;Ssf
cy{zf:q / j}1flgs ;dfhjfbsf ljrf/nfO{ pTkfbgsf nflu ;+3if{, ;dfhjfbdf k'Ug] / Tof] ;fDojfb cft+sjfbL Pjd\ ;+zf]wgjfbLx?sf d' 7 L l;Ssf hxfhsf] OlGhgdf ˆofFss] f] of] klxnf] 36gf xf]Og . ut
tLg ;+36s tTjsf] ;+Zn]if0faf6 ju{;+3if{ / j}1flgs k|of]u eGg ju{ljxLg, /fHo ljxLg ;dfh Joj:yf lj?4 eLif0f j}rfl/s ;+3if{ u/]/ ˆofFlsxfn] . hxfh p8\ge' Gbf cufl8 jif{ klg Ps @* jifL{o o'jsn]
ePsf] 5 . ;lsG5 . o; ;DaGwdf cfˆgf] k|l;4 x'g] s'/f atfpg' eof] . /, pTkfbg qmflGtsf/L dfS;{jfbsf] /Iff / ljsf; ul/Psf] lg/LIf0fsf qmddf e'OdF f s]xL u' 8 nssf nflu eGb} hxfhsf]
P] l txfl;s ef} l tsjfbsf] If] q df s[lt hd{g ljrf/wf/fdf dfS;{n] eGg' ;DaGw / ju{ ; + 3 if{ g} ;dfh ug{' k/]sf] ljifodf P+uN] ;n] eGg' ePsf] l;Ssf b]lvPkl5 Ps sd{rf/Ln] OlGhgdf l;Ssf ˆofFs]sf lyP .
P] l txfl;s ef} l tsjfbsf] ePsf] 5, …hLjg r]tgfåf/f lgwf{/0f kl/jt{ g sf d' V o s8L ePsf] 5 …;j{xf/fju{sf] ljsf; hxfFsxLF klg hxfhsf :6fkmnfO{ va/ u/] . To; pgLdfly Po/nfOG;n] ! nfv @)
cg' ; Gwfg sfn{ d fS;{ s f] cfˆg} x'bF g} , clkt' r]tgf hLjgåf/f lgwf{l/t ;' l glZrt ub} { dfgj ;dfh cfGtl/s ;+3if{sf] aLraf6 g} cufl8 qmddf OlGhlgdf l;Ssf ˆofFlsPsf] kQf xhf/ o'cfg hl/jfgf u/]sf] lyof] .
cfljisf/ xf] . cyf{t\ sfn{dfS;{ x'G5 .Ú oL cleJolQmx? dfS;{sf ;fDojfbdf k'u] kl5 qmdzM ju{sf] a9\5 h:tf] ls dfS;{ / d cfkm}n F ]
P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbsf cfljisf/s Oltxf;;DaGwL ljrf/nfO{ Oltxf; ljnf]kLs/0f x'g] /fHosf] ljnf]kLs/0f klg c? s;};uF eGbf a9L gSsnL
x'gx' G' 5 . pxfFn] juL{o rNg] ju{;3+ if{sf bz{gsf] If]qdf Ps dxfg\ qmflGtsf x'g] ;dfh lj1fgsf ultsf lglZrt ;dfhjfbLx?lj?4 hLjgdf sl7g
lgodx? kQf nufpg' eof] . ?kdf u| x 0f ug{ ' cfjZos 5 . lgodx? kQf nufP/, dfS;{n] :yflkt n8fO{ n8]sf lyof}+ .Ú P+uN] ;sf oL
P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfb eg]sf] ;dfh P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbLsf] k|ltkfbg ul/lbg' eof] cyf{t\ dfgj ;dfh egfOx? ;fj{ef}d 5g\ . sfn{dfS;{ -
lj1fgsf ;fdfGo lgodx?sf] lj1fg kl5 o;n] Oltxf;sf] If]qdf 7"nf] j}1flgs ;fDojfbdf k'u]/ ju{x?sf] !*!*–!**#_ / k|m8] l/s P+uN] ; -
xf] . of] l;4fGt ;dfhnfO{ ef}ltsjfbL qmflGt NofOlbof] / To; l:yltdf ljnf] k Ls/0f x' g ] , /fHox?sf] !*@)–!*(%_ n] sDo'lgi6 lnudfkm{t\
9+un] x]g,{] a'‰g] JofVof ug]{ / abNgsf Oltxf;sf] If] q df sfNklgs of ljnf]kLs/0f x'g] s'/fsf] j}1flgs 9+un] ;g\ !*$* df sDo'lgi6 3f]if0ffkq
lglDt kyk|bz{g ug]{ dfS;{jfbL /x:odo cGtM;DaGw klg :jtM Wj:t ;+ Z n] i f0f eof] . P] l txfl;s hf/L dfS;{jfbsf] k|ltkfbg ug{' eof] .
n]lggjfbL dfcf]jfbL ljZjb[li6sf]0f x'g' k'Uof] / Tof] 7fpFdf jf:tljs ef} l tsjfbsf If] q df dfS;{ s f] sDo'lgi6 3f]if0ffkqdfkm{ ljZj ;j{xf/f
xf] . åGåfTds ef}ltsjfbsf] cfwf/df cGtM;DaGw sfod eof] . of]ubfgx? s]–s] x'g eGg] s'/f sfn{ klxnf] k6s cfˆgf] d'lQmsf]
Oltxf;sf] ef}ltsjfbL JofVof ug]{ -v_ P] l txfl;s ef} l tsjfbsf] cfpF5 . klxnf] dfS;{n] ;dfh lj1fg ;}4flGts kyk|bz{s l;4fGt k|fKt
j}1flgs b[li6sf]0fnfO{ P]ltxfl;s ljifoj:t' s f If] q df / Oltxf; lj1fgsf If]qdf u|x0f u¥of] . dfS;{n] klxnf] gDa/df h'g
ef}lsjfb elgG5 . sfn{dfS;{åf/f dfS;{ j fbsf] of] u bfg cWoog ug{'eof] ;dfh ljsf;sf / cfˆgf] bz{gsf] ?kdf /x]sf] åGåfTds
k| l tkfbg ul/Psf] P] l txfl;s P] l txfl;s ef} l tsjfb Tof] kl/jt{gsf ultsf lgodx? kQf ef}ltsjfbsf] cg';Gwfg u/]/ o;nfO{
ef}ltsjfb åGåfTds ef}ltsjfbsf] bfz{lgs Pj+ ;dfh lj1fg xf], h;n] nufpg' . bf];|f] dfS;{n] ju{ ;+3if{ ljsl;t t'Nofpg' eof] . bf];f| ] gDa/df
cleGg c+u xf] . lsgeg] åGåfTds Oltxf;sf ultsf ;fdfGo lgodx?sf] clgjfo{ 5 / ju{;+3if{ rnfpgsf] dfS;{n] bz{gzf:qsf If]qdf P]ltxfl;s
tyf P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfb dfS;{sf] cWoog ul/G5 . of] cWoog lglDt ;j{xf/fju{;Fu cfˆg} kf6L{ ef}ltsjfbsf] cfljisf/ u/]/ ;dfh
bz{g xf] / of] g} ;j{xf/fju{sf] P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbsf] lglZrt cyf{ t \ ;j{ x f/fju{ s f] /fhgLlts ljsf;sf ;fdfGo lj1fgsf ?kdf
ljZjb[li6sf]0f xf] . vf;df ;dfh k|ju{ xf] . o;sf] cWoog P]ltxfl;s cu| b :tf sDo' l gi6 kf6L{ s f] ;dfh ljsf;sf] P]ltxfl;s k|lqmofsf]
ljsf;sf] P]ltxfl;s k|lqmofsf ultsf ef}ltsjfbsf lglZrt k|ju{ k4lt / cfjZostf cf}Nofpg' eof] . / kf6L{ ultsf ;fdfGo lgodx?sf] cg';Gwfg
;fdfGo lgodx?sf] cWoog ug]{ l;4fGt;Fu ;DalGwt /x]sf] 5 . lgdf{0f ug]{ k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg' eof] . ug]{ / tL lgodx?nfO{ :yflkt ug]{
lj1fgnfO{ P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfb P] l txfl;s ef} l tsjfbsf] k4lt t];f| ] ju{ ;+3if{ Pp6f r/0fdf k|jz ] sfo{ u/]/ dfS;{n] bz{gzf:qsf If]qdf
elgG5 . P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbdf ef} l tsjfbL åGåjfbsf] k4ltdf ul/;s]kl5 ;z:q ;+3if{df hfg} k5{ dxTjk"0f{ / ct'ngLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg'
Oltxf; tyf ;dfh ljsf;sf pTk|/] s cfwfl/t 5 . of] k4lt ;a}vfn] / ;z:q ;+3if{n] dfq qmflGtsf] ePsf] 5 .
zlQmx?sf] cWoog ul/G5 . åGåfTds clwe"tjfblj?4 v8f 5 . P]ltxfl;s l5gf] k mfgf] u5{ , eGb} dfS;{ n ]
ljZjb[li6sf]0fsf] cfwf/df dfgj
hfltsf] Oltxf; / ;fdflhs hLjgsf]
ef}ltsjfbsf] l;4fGt ;fdflhs ;Qf
/ ;fdflhs r]tgfaLr ljBdfg
Oltxf;af6 k|fKt lzIff h:t} k|mfG;sf]
ju{;+3if{, k]l/; sDo'g lnFb} dfS;{n]
af6f] sf6\bf h]af|
cWoog ug]{ k|lqmofdf dfS;{åf/f
P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbsf] cg';Gwfg
;DaGwsf] cWoog ug]{ bz{gzf:qsf]
ef}lts k|Zg;Fu ;DalGwt /x]sf] 5 .
;j{xf/fju{sf] clwgfosTj cfjZos
x' G 5 eGg' eof] . ;j{ x f/fju{ s f] qml;ªaf6 dfq g] k fn ;/sf/
ePsf] xf] . P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbsf] Oltxf;;DaGwL bz{gzf:qsf] o; clwgfosTj lsg cfjZos 5 < eGg] ;~rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|ljlw dGqfno
vf]hn] Oltxf;sf] cWoogdf ljBdfg
cfbz{jfb / clwe"tjfbsf] cGTo
k|sf/sf] df}lns k|Zgdf åGåfTds tyf
P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbsf] ;fdflhs
s'/fdf -!_ ju{ lje]b cGTo ug{sf
nflu, -@_ ju{ lje]b pTkGg x'g]
af6f] sf6f}+ . ;" r gf tyf k| ; f/0f ljefu
8 @)&*
sf= lh=;fn h]7 b=@ ut]
k|= sf= cfOtaf/
g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$

g]skfsf=====
clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ åf/f /fi6« / hgtfsf] kIfdf ;+3if{ ug{ cfxj\ fg
cfO;f]n;] gdf a;]sf ;+qmldtx¿sf] eg] dnfO{ ljZjf;sf] dt lbg'; .’
lhNnfsf] /f]ª ufpFkflnsf ! l:yt dgf]an a9fpg] ;fdu|L ;d]l6Psf] 5 . cGttM pgn] ljZjf;sf] dt k|fKt
;8s lgdf{0f sfo{ cnkq ePkl5 clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ c3f{vfFrL u/]gg\ / k|wfgdGqLaf6 /fhLgfdf
:yfgLo afl;Gbfn] af6f] lgdf{0fdf kxn lhNnf OGrfh{ gjLg v8\ s fn] lbP . w]/} jf cfd dfG5]nfO{ nfUof]– sf7df8f}F . clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ clwsf/ k|fKt ug{' ;fdfGo ljifo ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ngnfO{ cem} ;zQm,
ul/lbg kf6L{;uF cg'/f]w u/]sf lyP . ljutdf klg ljleGg 7fpFdf vfBfGg, ca aNn cf] n L ;/sf/ 9Nof] . n] km]l/ klg g]kfnsf cfd o'jf lyPg . t;y{, h]7 ! ut] g]kfnsf l;h{gzLn / :j–ultdf ;~rfng
kf6L{ n ] :yfgLo hgtfsf] df:s, ;fa'g, ;]lg6fOh/ ljt/0f /fi6«kltaf6 ax'dtLo ;/sf/sf nflu ljBfyL{x? Pstfa4 eO{ /fi6« / nfvf}F o'jf ljBfyL{x¿sf] uf}/jk"0f{ lbg ug{'kg]{ cfjZostf 68\sf/f] ePsf]
cfjZostfcg'¿k sfd ul//x]sf] u/]sf], af9L–klx/f]af6 kLl8tnfO{ # lbg] cfJxfg eof] . cGttM hgtfsf] kIfdf ;dlk{t eO{ ;+3if{ xf] . o; cj;/df nfvf}F o'jf ljBfyL{, 5 . cfh b]zdf slyt nf]stGqsf]
lhNnf OGrfh{ ;'dgl;+x kf}8]nn] vfBfGg ljt/0f u/]sf] :d/0f u/fpFb} ljkIfLx?sf] df]rf{df ax'dt k'Ug ug{k' g]{ cj:yf ;[hgf ePsf] atfPsf] cleefjs, lzIfsnufot ;Dk"0f{df gfddf zf;sx¿n] lgxTyf
atfP . cfˆgf] kf6L{sf hg;]jsnfO{ clxn]sf] dxfdf/Ldf klg :jf:Yo ;s]g . k'gM ;+;b\df 7"nf] bnsf] g]tfsf] 5 . ;f] ;Ë7gsf s]Gb|Lo cWoIf xflb{s z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}F . ;fy} hgtfdfly b[Zo–cb[Zo ?kdf n'6–
>ddf klg nufpg] / :yfgLo dfkb08 k"/f u/]/ hgtfsf] ;]jfdf lx;fan] s]kL cf]nL g} k|wfgdGqLdf lr/~hLlj 9sfnn] %& cf}+ ljBfyL{ ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ngsf] tkm{af6 laleGg v;f]6, :jR5frfl/tf nfb]/ hgtfsf]
lgsfonfO{ ;d]t b|"t ultdf sfd nflu/x]sf] atfP . pgn] cfk"mx¿ cGo lgo' Q m eP . of] klg pgsf] lbj;sf] ca;/df zlgaf/ cfGbf]ngx?df ;xfbt kfKt ug{'x'g] x'd{t lng] sfd ul//x]sf 5g . /fi6«
u/fpg kxn ul/g] pgn] atfP . ;Ë7gh:tf] tdf;f x]//] ga:g] klg cfZro{hgs / b'n{e hLt lyof] . z'esfdgf ;Gb]z lbFb} ;f] s'/f u+ufnfn >]i7, lrlgofFsfhL >]i7, / hgtfsf] lxteGbf cfˆgf] ;Qf
sf]/f]gfsf]===== k|:6 kf/] . pgn] ljBfyL{ tyf ;r]t ca k|wfgdGqLdf lgo'Qm ePsf] #) atfPsf x'g\ . o; ljifodf clvn - lbnaxfb'/ /Dt]n, j]gf]h clwsf/L, :jfy{df ;+;bjfbLx? ktg x'g k'us ] f
k|To]s kflnsfdf clS;hg / cfjZos gful/snfO{ ;'/lIft eP/ sf]/f]gf lbgleq ljZjf;sf] dt lng'k5{ . qmflGtsf/L_ sf s] G b| L o cWoIf 5g\ . /fli6« o :jfwLgtf /
bIf hgzlQm;lxtsf] PDa' n ] G ; dxfdf/Lsf lj?4 cf–cfˆgf] 7fpFdf To;kl5sf] kl/0ffd s] x'G5 Tof] eg] lr/~hLlj 9sfnn] hf/L u/] s f] hgclwsf/sf] k|Zg cfh ;jf{lws
;~rfng ug{k' g]{ / PDa'nG] ;sf] cefj hg;]jfdf clkn klg u/]sf 5g\ . x]g{ afFsL g} 5 . la1lKt o; k|sf/ /x]sf] 5– æcfh dxTjsf] ljifo ag]sf] 5 . /fhg}lts
x'g glbg hgk|ltlglw / ;/sf/L e]/f];]n===== #= v;]sf] b]pjfsf] k|lti7f M
kl5Nnf] ;do ;'b[9 ePsf] z]/axfb'/
h]7 ! ut] ljBfyL{ lbj; . lj;+ If]qdf bnfn / ;+;b\jfbsf] pTkL8g
sfof{nosf uf8Lx¿ tof/L cj:yfdf j}zfv # / $ ut] nufPsfn] h]7 % @)@! ;fn h]7 ! ut] tTsfnLg 5 eg] z}lIfs If]qdf lghLs/0f,
/fVg'kg]{ .Ú tyf j}zfv % / ^ ut] nufPsfn] b]pjfsf] k|lti7f k'gM v:of] . kl5Nnf] k~rfotL kmf;LjfbL lg/+sz ' ;Qf;Fu Jofkf/Ls/0f / dflkmofs/0fn]
To;}u/L, 1fkgkqdf n]lvPsf] 5, h]7 ^ ut] bf];f| ] dfqfsf] vf]k nufpg kl5Nnf] g]kfnL sfFu|];sf ;efklt uf]vf{ etL{ s]Gb|sf] vf/]hL, /fi6«3ftL ljs[ltsf] kxf8 v8f u/]sf] 5 . cfh
…ul/a, ljkGg, >dhLlj tyf b}lgs elgPsf] 5 . z]/axfb'/ b]pjfsf] k|lti7fdf ;'wf/ ;lGw ;Demf}tfsf] vf/]hL, :jljo'sf] sf]le8 !( sf] sf/0f /fi6« / hgtfn]
hLjgofkg ug{ ;d:ofdf /x]sfx¿sf o:t}, j}zfv & b]lv !) ut];Dd cfPsf] lyof] . ;Qfsf nflu h] klg :yfkgf ug{ kfpg'kg]{ / lu/Ktf/ r/d\ b'Mv, si6 vkL /xg'k/]sf] 5 .
nflu ljz]if /fxt lbg'kg]{, ?s'dsf] nufPsfn] h]7 &, j}zfv !! / !@ ug]{ eGg] pgLdfly nfu]sf] cf/f]k ljBfyL{x?sf] l/xfO{sf] dfu /fvL k|Hjn zfxL nufotsf xhf/f} ;Dk"0f{ hgtf a];xf/f x'g k'us ] f 5g\ . o:tf]
dxTjk"0f{ afnL nufpg] jt{dfg ut] nufPsfn] h]7 *, j}zfv !# lj:tf/} sd x' F b } uPsf] lyof] . cfGbf] n g ;+ r fng u/L ljBfyL{ dxfg zxLbx?k|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL cj:yfdf km] l / klg g] k fnsf
;dodf s[ifsx¿df dn, lap / cGo ut] nufPsfn] h]7 (, j}zfv !$ k|wfgdGqL s]kL cf]nLsf] ;+;b\ lj36g cfGbf]ngn] laho k|fKt u/]sf] lbg ck{ 0 f ub{ 5 f} F . g] k fndf ljBfyL{ cfd;/:o'jf ljBfyL{x? Pstfa4 eO{
;fdu|L ;xh / ;'ne ¿kdf pknAw ut] nufPsfn] h]7 !) / j}zfv !% / r' g fjsf] 3f] i f0ffn] z] / axfb' / xf] . kmf;LjfbL k~rfotL cfGbf]ngn] /f0ffzf;g / k~rfotL /fi6« / hgtfsf] kIfdf ;dlk{t eO{
u/fpg'kg],{ sf]/f]gf dxfdf/Lsf sf/0f ut] nufPsfnfO{ h]7 !! ut] vf]k pT;flxt g} agfPsf] lyof] . To;sf/0f zf;gsfndf :jljo' vf]Ng kfpg] zf;g lj?4 /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngsf] ;+3if{ ug{k' g]{ cj:yf ;[hgf ePsf]
;d:ofdf k/]sf pBf]u, Joj;fo, nufpg cg'/f]w ul/Psf] 5 . …e]/f];n ] Ú ;+;b lj36gsf] vf;} rsf]{ lj/f]wdf lj3g / dWofjlw lgjf{rgdf hfg] ;d]t g]t[Tj u/]sf] lyof] . dxfg 5 . cfpg'xf];\ Ps k6s km]l/ h]7 !
xf]6n, sf/vfgf, oftfoftnufot vf]ksf] klxnf] dfqf ut r}t @% b]lv pgL plqPgg\ . z]/axfb'/ b]pjfsf ljsNk dfq sfod /xg] cj:yf aGg] hgo'4b]lv bf];|f] hgcfGbf]ng x'b}F ut]sf] uf}/jk"0f{ lbgdf ;+sNk u/f}+
If]qx¿sf nflu ljQLo ;‹;+:yfx¿n] j}zfv !% ut];Dd nufOPsf] lyof] . b'O{j6f ;+Zn]if0f sfFu|];sf nflu ;xL 5 . dfwj g]kfn / s]kL cf]nLsf] cfh ko{ G t ljBfyL{ cfGbf] n gn] ls xfdL xfd|f] b]z / hgtfsf] j}1flgs
Aofh ldgfxf jf ;x'lnotsf nflu o;}aLr, ;/sf/n] sf]le8–!(af6 lyP, tL x'g\ klxnf] xf] . b'O{ ltxfO{ ldng ;Dej eof] eg] k'iksdn dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x ul//x]sf] 5 . ;dfhjfb / j}1flgs ;dfhjfbL
cfjZos k| a Gw ug{ ' k g] { , b} l gs ;+ q mldtsf nflu cfjZos k/] ax'dt NofPsf] bn ljeflht eO{ bfxfn / s]kL cf]nLsf] Pstf gxf]nf lautdf /fhgLlts / z} l Ifs lzIff k|flKtsf] lbzfdf lgzt{ cufl8
pkef] U o ;fdu| L sf] ;j{ ; ' n e / /]D8]l;le/ cf}iflw dGqfnon] tf]lsPsf ;+;b\ lj36g / dWofjlw r'gfjsf] eGg ;lsFbg} . jf:tjdf k'iksdn cfGbf]ngsf] g]t[Tj u/]sf] g]kfnsf] a9\g]5f}+ . xflb{s z'esfdgf ÛÛÆ
3f]if0ff ug'{ g]kfnL sfFu|];sf nflu bfxfnsf] leqL OR5f km]l/ klg Pdfn]d}
Gofof]lrt ljt/0fsf] k|aGw ul/g'kg],{
ljleGg axfgfdf x'g] dxFuL, s[lqd
cefj, sfnf]ahf/L /f]Sg s8feGbf
JolQm;Fu lng ;lsg] atfPsf] 5 .
:jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof dGqfnonn]
sf]/f]gf efO/; lgoGq0fsf] nflu
;'gf}nf] cj;/ xf] . To;sf/0f ;+;b\
k'g:yf{kgfsf] d'2fdf sfFu; ]| n] g]tT[ j
lelqg] g} 5 . ;a}nfO{ yfxf, k|r08
lgs} nrsbf/ jf cl:y/ g]tf x'g .
r'/] If]qsf gbLsf] u}/sfg'gL bf]xg
clxn];Dd k|dfl0ft s'g} cf}ifwL ug'{ cfTd3ftL x'G5 . bf];|f] ;+Zn]if0f Pdfn]sf] ;+u7gk|lt pgsf] df]x 5n{Ë} sf7df8f}F . /fi6«klt r'/]–t/fO{ dw]z ;+/If0f ljsf; ;ldltsf] lg0f{o
sbd rfNg'kg]{ .Ú ljkl/t c3f{vfFrLsf] r'/] ;+/If0f If]qdf kg]{ af0fu+uf gbL If]qdf olta]nf
1fkgkq a'emfpg] kf6L{ / To;sf l;kmfl/; gePsf] eGb} ;DalGwt lyof]– olb ;+;b\ k'g:yf{kgf ePdf b]lvPsf] tYo xf] . t/, s]kL cf]nLnfO{
c:ktfn / lrlsT;ssf] Pdfn]x? k'gM PsLs[t x'G5g\ / Pp6f cfz+sf afFsL g} x'g5 ] , Tof] d]l;g k|of]u u/L r'/] bf]xg eO/x]sf] 5 . ljqmd\ kfj/f gbL If]qdf x]eL
g]tT[ jx?df g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf d]l;gsf] k|of]u u/L r'/] bf]xg eO/x]sf] xf] . ufpF g} hf]lvddf kg]{ u/L
g/]Gb| ljs, g]skf Pdfn]sf 6Ík|;fb k|]l:qmK;g;lxt cf}iflw lng hfg] Tof]eGbf clxn] g} r'gfjdf hfg ;s]df xf] . dfwj g]kfn / k'iksdn bfxfn
JolQmsf] kl/ro kq v' N g] u/L sfFu|];sf] ax'dt cfpg] 5 . pgsf] ldn]/ km]l/ klg eljio cfkm\gflj?4 7]s]bf/n] :sfe]6/ k|of]u u/]/ dgkl/ r'/] bf]xg u/]sf 5g\ . gu/n] s]xL
jnL, hgtf ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ s f 7]s]bf/l;t ldn]/ P]g sfg'gsf] wHhL p8fpFb} r'/] kxf8sf] lkFw vf]l;|g]
k| z f/fd vqL, g] k fnL sfF u | ] ; sf /]D8]l;le/sf] cflwsfl/s cfoftstf{ ljZn]if0fdf ;+;b\ k'g:yf{kgf geP df]rf{aGbL ug]{ vt/f sfod /xg] 5 .
cfog x]Nys]o/df ;Dks{ /fVg ;lsg] Pdfn]sf] ljefhg emg rs]/{ hfg]5 . ^= ;+ ; bLo Joj:yf cg'dlt lbPsf] :yfgLosf] cf/f]k 5 . gu/n] ?kGb]xLsf] l8= P;= sG6«S;gnfO{
s[i0faxfb'/ /f]sfo, /fli6«o hgdf]rf{df r'/] If]q af0fu+ufsf] dflyNnf] t6Lo If]qaf6 klxnf] r/0fdf ^ xhf/ * ;o
lul/k|;fb a'9f, /fli6«o k|hftGq atfPsf 5g\ . dGqfnon] hf/L t/, Tof] a'emfOdf sfFu|];leq Psdt c;kmnl;4 eof] – kl5Nnf]
ul/Psf] ;"rgfdf s'k08f]nl:yt ePg / pN6f] b]pjf g} cNkdtdf ;+;bLo kmf]xf]/L v]nn] cGttM ;+;bLo 3gld6/ gbLhGo kbfy{ lgsf;Lsf nflu 7]Ssf lbPsf] atfPsf] 5 . 7]sb] f/n]
kf6L{sf ;'w/ljqmd zfx /x]sf 5g\ .
o'gPgkfs{df /x]sf] x]Nys]o/sf 8f= kg]{ cj:yf aGof] . kl5Nnf] k6s Joj:yfnfO{ c;kmn agfOlbof] . @ j6f 7"nf cf}hf/ :sfe]6/n] gbLhGo kbfy{ lgsf;Lsf nflu sl/a ! bh{g
clvn===== ca'n cG;f/Lsf] (*))%%%(!), Pdfn]df s]kL cf]nL / dfwj g]kfnaLr nueu ;/sf/sf ;a} cËx? l6Kk/sf] k|of]u u/L dgkl/ bf]xg u/]sf 5g\ . Pp6f l6Kk/n] b}lgs !@–!%
lhNnf cWoIf OGb' jnLn] atfP . ;'jf;sf] (*!)!($$!^, ljdnsf] Pstfsf] ;Defjgf a9]sf] 5 / b]pjfsf] lj3l6t / sn+lst ag] . /fi6«klt, l6«k ug]{ u/]sf] :yfgLosf] egfO{ 5 . o; cufl8 r'/] bf]xgsf ljifodf ljleGg
cleofgdf ;Ë7sf s] G b| L o (*$!%)^#&) / sdnsf] ljZn]if0f ;xL ;fljt ePsf] 5 . ptf k|wfgdGqL, ;+;b\, ;efd'v, ;jf]R{ r ;~rf/ dfWoddf ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePkl5 /fi6«klt r'/]–t/fO{ dw]z ;+/If0f
;lrjfno ;b:o tyf nlDagL Ao'/f] (*%!!@$^#( df ;Dks{ ug{ ;lsg] ut ;+;bLo r'gfjsf] k/fho kl5 cbfnt, GofofwLz / k|wfgGofofwLz ljsf; ;ldltsf] Wofgfsif{0f ePsf] hgfPsf] lyof] .
;+of]hs jL/]Gb| ljs, ;Ë7gsf s]Gb|Lo elgPsf] 5 . x] N ys] o /af6 g]kfnL sfFu; ]| n] ;Qf ;dLs/0fdf vf;} ;a} ljjflbt ag] . /fhgLlts zLtu+uf gu/kflnsfn] r'/] ;+/If0fcGt{ut kg]{ af0fu+uf vf]nfnufotsf
;b:o tyf ¿kGb]xL lhNnf OGrfh{ k| l t/] D 8] l ;le/ rf/ xhf/ ()) ?lr gb]vfO{ zfGt a;]sf] x'gfn] sfFu; ]| bnx?sf] lx;fan] x]bf{ ;a} bnx? ^ j6f 3f6If]qaf6 gbLhGo kbfy{ pTvgg\–;+sngsf nflu r'/] ;+/If0f If]qdf
¿kf a'9fdu/, ;Ë7gsf lhNnf ?kofFdf kfOg] dGqfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . / z]/axfb'/ b]pjfsf] k|lti7fg ;'wf/ bnLo dof{bfeGbf aflx/ uP . bnLo ljsf; lgdf{0f ubf{ cjnDag ug{'kg]{ sfo{ljlw tyf dfkb08 @)&& hf/L
cWoIf OGb' jnL, pkfWoIf kf/; ;+ ; bLo===== cfPsf] lyof] . t/, ;+;b\ k'g:yf{kgf cg'zf;gsf] cGTo eof] . ;f+;bx?nfO{ u/]sf] 5 . ;f]xLcg';f/ ljsf; ;ldltsf] k|ljlws 6f]nLn] g} cWoog u/L
/fxfbL du/, ;x;lrj kjg Pdfn]sf] ljefhg, h;kfsf afa'/fd sf/jfxL ub}{ ;f+;b kb l/Qm x'g] @)&&–!@–)! sf] kqaf6 sfdbf/x?af6 3/]n' cf}hf/ k|of]u u/L gbLhGo
1jfnLnufot g] t f–sfo{ s tf{ x ¿ a9]kl5 pgn] b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dt k|fKt e§/fO{ / pk]Gb| ofbjsf] ;dy{g clg
k| w fgdGqLsf] x} l ;otaf6 eGb} cj:yf aGof] . ˆnf]/ qm; jf XjLk kbfy{ ;+sng ug{ cg'dlt lbPsf] lyof] . t/, cg'dlt ljkl/t gbLhGo
;xefuL 5g\ . g]skf ¿kGb]xLn] k| r 08sf] pS;fx6df z] / axfb' / pNn+3g ;fdfGo aGof] . ;+3 / k|bz ] kbfy{ bf]xg u/]sf] ;fj{hlgs ePkl5 gu/n] zt{ ljkl/t ePsf sfo{x¿
cfOtaf/ lhNnfsf] /fgLuGhaf6 ;+ ; b\ n fO{ g} lj36g ul/lbP . b]pjfn] cfk"mnfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg]
/fhgLlts Oltxf;df of] klg ;a}lt/ /fhgLlts cl:y/tf a9\of] . tTsfn aGb ug{ lgb]{zg hf/L u/]sf] 5 . pQm lgb]{zg eg] sfof{Gjog ePsf]
cleofg ;'? u/]sf] lyof] . pQm / cf]nL ;/sf/ 9fNg] xf]8afhLdf ;f+ ; b lsga] r , ckx/0f / bn 5}g . lbgx'F v'n]cfd d]l;gsf] k|of]u u/L bf]xg hf/L 5 . bf]xg g/f]lsPkl5
cleofg lhNnfJofkL ?kdf ul/a, csNkgLo ljifo lyof] . s]xL dlxgf g]t[Tj u/] .
;+;b\ lj36g kl5sf] r'gfj jf ;+;b\ bnabn ;fdfGo aGof] . o;/L x]bf{ ;ldltn] kqdf tf]lsPsf zt{x¿ ljkl/t eO/x]sf sfo{ oyfzL3| aGb u/fO{
ls;fg, dhb'/ / ;'sd' af;L a:tLnfO{ $= Iflt dfcf] j fbL s] G b| / ;+;bLo Joj:yf c;kmnl;4 eof] . ;f]sf] hfgsf/L k7fpg zLtu+uf gu/kflnsf, lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no c3f{vfFrL,
ljz]if k|fyldstfdf /fv]/ k|efjsf/L k'g:yf{kgf eGg]df ;+;bLo ax; k|r08lt/ dfq – kl5Nnf] ;+;bLo
s]lGb|t eof] . jf:tjdf kf6L{leq ;'? &= ;+ ; bLo Joj:yfsf] l8lehg jg sfof{no c3f{vfFrLnufotnfO{ kqfrf/ u/]sf] 5 .
9Ën] ;~rfng ul/g] g] s kf lvrftfgL / /:;fs:;Ldf a9L Iflt ljsNkdf ax; s] l Gb| t u/f} + – 7]s]bf/n] ljleGg ;/f]sf/jfnfsf] ldn]dtf]df lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{non]
¿kGb]xLn] hgfPsf] 5 . ePsf] lgif]w jf k|ltzf]wsf] zq'tfk"0f{ dfcf]jfbL s]Gb| / k'iksdn bfxfnnfO{
/fhgLltnfO{ tx nufpg] csNkgLo /fhgLltsf] s]Gb| b]z / hgtf agfpg] hf/L u/]sf] ;jf/L cg'dlt kqsf e/df gbLhGo j:t'sf] lgsf;L u/]sf 5g\ .
o;}u/L, clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ ePsf] 5 . Pdfn];Fusf] ljefhg xf] eg] ;+;bLo cEof;sf] uDeL/ /fhZj /l;b ljgf g} lgif]wf1f 9'jfgL ug]{ l6k/ rfnsn] kf; hf/L ePsf] kq
slknj:t'n] lhNnfsf a'4e"ld gu/, / cgf}7f] sbd lyof] . ;fob pgn] bfxfnsf nflu clk|o 5Fb} lyof] .
of] sbd grfn]sf] eP pgsf] cGTo ;dLIff ug{ h?/L 5 . /fhgLlts b]vfpFb} lgsf;L u/]sf x'g\ . jgIf]q leq} 8lDkË 7]sb] f/n] st} klg lgodfg';f/
lzj/fh gu/, jf0fuËf gu/cGtu{t lsgls pgsf] p2]Zo Pdfn]df cfkm\gf] cl:y/tfsf] cGTo ug]{ ljlwsf] ljsf; sfd u/]sf] 5}gg\ . pTvggaf6 ;+slnt s]xL gbLhGo kbfy{ c3f{vfFrLs}
$ gDa/, afËfO{, sf]kf]jfnufot eO;s]sf] x'GYof] . d]/f] ljrf/df pgsf] jr{Zj sfod ug{ lyof] g ls ljefhg
of] afWofTds t/ ;fxl;s sbd ug{df ;a}sf] Wofg cfs[i6 x'g kfj/f ljqmd ufpF glhssf] ;fd'bflos jg / w]/} kl/df0f slknj:t'sf]
ljleGg ;fj{hlgs :ynx¿df sf]le8 xf] ; \ . ljefhg x' F b f /fdaxfb' / cfjZos 5 . cl:y/tfsf] d'Vo sf/s gGbgu/ l:yt s}nfz cf>d tyf dgsfdgf b'uf{ dlGb/ wfld{s jgleq
!( lj?4 hgr]tgfd"ns Aofg/ lyof] . pgsf] t];f| ] ;+s6 lyof]•—:– yfkf;lxtsf] Pp6f ;d"x Pdfn]d}
;jf]{Rr cbfntåf/f ul/Psf] ;+;b\ ;+;bLo c+s ul0ft xf] . hgtfk|lt 8lDkË u/]sf 5g\ . c3f{vfFrLsf] r'/] ;+/If0f If]qdf kg]{ af0fu+uf gbL If]qdf
6fFu]sf] 5 . n'lDagL If]qLo ;dGjo /Xof] . dfwj g]kfn ;d"x klg Pdfn]d} pQ/bfoL ;/sf/ x'gk' g]d { f ;+;bk|lt u}/sfg'gL ?kdf pTvgg\ ul/Psf gbLhGo kbfy{sf nflu k|of]u ul/Psf]
;ldltn] laxLaf/ sf]le8 !( af6 k'g:yf{kgfsf] lg0f{o . of] km};nf pgsf] kmls{ g ] ;Defjgf k| j n ePkl5
hGdlbgsf] pT;j dgfO/x]s} ;dodf pQ/bfoL ;/sf/sf] kl/sNkgf d'Vo lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nosf] kf; h'g jg P]g ljkl/t ePsf] l8lehg jg
cfk"m klg aRg / c¿nfO{ klg Pdfn]sf] Iflt Go"g x'Fb}5 . hgtf sf/s ag]sf] 5 . ax'dt / b'O{ sfof{no slknj:t'sf ;xfos jg clws[t dbgdf]xg :ofl8Non] atfP .
arfpg clkn ub}{ ljleGg lhNnfdf cfPsf] lyof] . ;fob pgsf ;a} ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ ;Defljt ljefhgaf6
;dsIfLnfO{ ;d]t nfUof]– ca xfd|f] ltxfO{sf b'ne { k/LIf0fx? klg k6s– pgn] tTsfn x6fpg kqfrf/ eO;s]sf] atfP .
Aofg/ 6fFluPsf] ;Ë7gsf lhNnf /f]lsg] ;S5 . g]kfnL sfFu; ]| ;Un} 5 . k6s c;kmn x'g' eg]sf] of] Joj:yf
cWoIf lj1fg If] q Ln] atfP . k/fho eof] . ;/sf/sf k|jQmf k|bLk o;/L oL b'O{ 8lDkËdf /x]sf] gbLhGo kbfy{ x]bf{ klg tf]ss ] f] kl/df0feGbf
yf]/} xl/of] alQ afNbLgf ;fy dfwj jf k|0ffnLsf] ;+s6 xf] . ax'dt Nofpg] a9L gbLhGo kbfy{ pTvgg\ eO;s]sf] b]lvG5 . lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no
cleofgdf lhNnf ;lrj ljgf]b lu/L, 1jfnL g} Pp6f cGtjf{tf{df eg] ca g] k fn ;d" x n] ;d] t k| r 08;F u
k|wfgdGqLsf] /fhLgfdf g} xf] . aflx/ kf6L{x? klg % jif{ ;/sf/ rnfpg c3f{vfFrLsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L lji0f' kf}8]nn] r'/]sf] kq k|fKt ePsf] t/
;kgf, lji0f' , ;ËLtf, k| s fz, hfFbfeGbf Pdfn]d} kmls{gd' f eljiodf g;Sg] / pN6f] ljeflht x'g] cj:yf
sl/Zdfnufot lhNnfsf ljBfyL{ g]tf ljkIfLx?n] ljhof]T;j, ljho ¥ofnL, lhDd]jf/ lgsfo lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt / gu/kflnsf g} ePsf] x'bF f pgLx?n]
b]Vof] . lj:tf/} k'iksdn bfxfn ;+ ; bLo Joj:yf jf ax' d t /
tyf sfo{stf{sf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] bLk k|Hjng / n8\8'kfg u/] . cfd IfoLs/0fsf] lzsf/ ag]sf] ;xh} b]Vg kqsf] sfof{Gjog gu/] dfq cfk"mx¿n] ug]{ eGb} k|ltIffdf a;]sf] atfP .
dfG5]nfO{ nfu]sf] lyof], …cf]nL ;/sf/ cNkdtsf] v]naf6 l;lh{t ;d:of ;dGjo ;ldltsf k|d'v lktfDa/ zdf{ e';fn;d]t lhDd]jf/Laf6 ts{g
atfOPsf] 5 . ;lsG5 . dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf s]xL xf] . ctM b]znfO{ l:y/tf lbg] xf]
o;}u/L, clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ 9Nof] . ’ hGdlbgsf] ef]hdf pkl:yt ;f+;bx? g} sf/afxL k/L ;+Vof sdL vf]h] . pgn] lgif]wf1fsf] cj:yf eofjx ePsf] eGb} PSn}n] cg'udg gx'g] /
g]tf tyf sfo{stf{sf] lg/fzfnfO{ eg] sDtLdf klg ;+;bnfO{ ;/sf/ !%–@) hgf hfg ;Dej gePsf] ts{ u/] . 9'jfgL ug]{ ;jf/L ;fwg l6k/n]
c3f{vfFrLn] ahf/sf rf]srf]sdf ePsf] 5 . agfpg] jf 9nfpg] clwsf/ lbg'
sf] / f] g f efO/;sf af/] d f dTy/ kfb}{ pgn] eg], …d 5}g / < %= k'gM jfd ;/sf/sf] gf/f /l;bsf] k|of]u eg] clgjfo{ ug{k' g]{ pgsf] egfO{ 5 . zLtu+uf gu/kflnsfsf
lrGtf lng' kb}g{ . ’ ljkIfLx?nfO{ x'bF g} . ;+;b\sf] sfd ;/sf/ agfpg] k|d'v k|zf;sLo clws[t k|]daxfb'/ s]=;L=n] gu/sfo{ kflnsfsf] a}7sn]
hgr]tgfd"ns Aofg/ 6fF;]/ k|bz{g nfUg ;Sg] – k| w fgdGqL s] k L jf 9fNg] xf]Og . g t ;+;bsf] sfd
u/] s f] 5 . c3f{ v fF r Lsf cWoIf ljlw;Ddt 9+un] cfk"mnfO{ x6fpg cf]nLnfO{ ljZjf;sf] dt lng'kg]{ Pp6f d]l;gljgf pTvgg\ ;+Dej gePsf] pNn]v u/] . pgn] d]l;gsf] k|of]u ug]{
v'Nnf r'gf}lt lbFb} cfk"mn] /fhLgfdf s'g} JolQmsf] kIf / s'g} JolQmsf] cg'dtL lbPsf] eGb} /fhZj hDdf e};s]sf] x'Fbf gu/ sfo{kflnsfsf] lg0f{o
afa'/fd P;s]sf] g]t[Tjdf kbd ;xh ljsNk afFsL g} 5 . To;sf ljkIfdf dt xfNg] xf] . of] ;d:ofsf]
g]kfnL, lul/hf v8\sf, ;'lgn g]kfnL, gbLg] 3f]if0ff u/] . ;fob of] klg nflu Pdfn]nfO{ Pstfa4 agfpFb} kl/jt{g gx'g] / d]l;g g} k|of]u x'g] atfP .
pgsf] csf]{ cfZro{hgs / b'n{e ;dfwfgsf nflu xfdL sDtLdf k|ToIf bf]xgaf/] tNnf] t6Lo If]qsf afl;Gbfdf lrGtf r'/]sf] df6f] v's'nf] x'g] /
/rgf ljs, uLtf g]kfnL;lxtsf] dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|;Fu k'gM df]rf{aGbL lgjf{lrt sfo{kflnsf jf hgcg'df]lbt
6f]nLn] dflg;x¿sf] rxnkxn a9L hLt lyof] . x'g;Sg] ;DefjgnfO{ klg gsfg{ r'/] bf]xgnfO{ a]nd} f lgoGq0f ug]t{ km{ Wofg glbg] xf] eg] o;n] eljiodf 7"n}
ca rf}yf] / lg0ff{os 36gf x]/f}+, dlGqkl/ifb\sf] Joj:yfdf hfg' ckl/xfo{
x'g] zflGt au}Frf, lhNnf c:ktfn, ;lsFb}g . olb hgtf ;dfhjfbL 5 . To;sf/0f lgisif{df eGg'kbf{ ljklQ Nofpg ;Sg] eGb} r'/s ] f] cf;kf; / tNnf] t6Lo If]qdf a:g] afl;Gbfn]
6'Fl8v]n, kfl0fgL rf]s, 9fsfafª, pgn] cs:dft ;+;b\df ljZjf;sf] kf6L{sf] dxGt 7fs'/ ;d"x ;/sf/df lrGtf JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . ;+3Lo ;/sf/ dfq xf]Og, k|b]z / :yfgLo ;/sf/
dt lng] 3f]if0ff u/] . pgsf] kIfdf ;+;b\kl| t xf]Og, hgtfk|lt pQ/bfoL
elQm6f]nnufot 7fpFdf Aofg/ k|bz{g uPg / ljZjf;sf] dt klg lbPg ;/sf/ agfpg] gLlt agfpg] xf] ls klg plQs} ;hu x'g h?/L /x]sf] af0fu+uf–@ /fhk'/sf ljlkg kf}8]nn]
u/]sf] xf] . Aofg/df gofF e]l/oG6;lxt ljZjf;sf] dt k|fKt x'g] s'g} ;Defjgf eg] km]l/ klg Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbL atfP . d'Vo s'/f r'/] ;+/If0fsf nflu NofOPsf sfo{qmdx?sf] k|efjsf/L
lyPg . t/, pgn] ;+;b\df ;Daf]wg ;/sf/ agfpg] jf 9nfpg] xf];\ .
cfPsf] sf]/f]gf efO/;sf nIf0f, s]Gb|sf] u7aGwg x'g ;xh ljsNk To;sf/0f ;a}sf] ;xdtLdf ;+;bLo lx;fan] sfof{Gjog ug{'k5{ eGg] r'/] bf]xgdf ;+nUg hf]sf]xLnfO{ klg sfg'gL
sf]/f]gfaf6 aRg] tl/sf / xf]d ub}{ eg], …;+;b lj36gnfO{ /f]Sg] xf] x'g]5 . olb To;f] gePdf km]l/ ;+;b sf/afxL ug{'kg]{ :yfgLosf] dfu 5 .
Joj:yfsf] ljsNk vf]hf}+ .
If]Kof:q k|sfzg s]Gb|åf/f k|sflzt, ;Dkfbs M /fh]Gb|k|;fb lrdf}l/of, sfof{no M yfkfufpF, sf7df8f}F, df]afOn M (*$!$)#*%!,
E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com,website: www.janakhabar.com d'bs
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