AFRICAN

African MYTHOLOGY

125

Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use

AFRICAN Letter By Letter “The Calabash Children” Find words from the story of “The Calabash Children” to fill in the blanks which are above and below the word “calabash. ___ ___ ___ C ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ A ___ L ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ A ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ B ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ A ___ ___ S ___ ___ ___ ___ H ___ ___ What the lonely woman wanted most The state of the lonely woman’s husband What the messenger said that the Great Spirit would send to the lonely woman How the lonely woman felt when Kitete acted helpless The type of tree that the lonely woman tended Material used to mend the roof of the house Animals that the woman acquired when she became rich Place where the lonely woman lived 126 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use .” The clues are in the order in which they appear in this word.

AFRICAN Letter By Letter “Goto. the direction that Goto was told to go The bride of Goto 127 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ M ___ ___ ___ A ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ G ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ I ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ C ___ H ___ ___ ___ ___ O ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ R ___ ___ ___ S ___ ___ ___ ___ E ___ The person who deserted Goto in the bush The woman who recognized Goto as her son The reward for which the watchman agreed to kill Goto A word used to describe the greedy watchman Where the ring was tied to the dog The portion of the kingdom that Kabel’s father gave to the couple The king of two kingdoms The woman who was banished In his dream. King of the Land and the Water” to fill in the blanks which are above and below the words “Magic Horse.” The clues are in the order in which they appear in this word. King of the Land and the Water” Find words from the story of “Goto.

King of the Land and the Water” _W_ _A_ _T_ _C_ _H_ M _A_ _N_ _D_ A _N_ _Y_ _A_ _W_ _O_ G _O_ _L_ _D_ _A_ _V_ _A_ _R_ I _C_ _I_ _O_ _U_ _S_ 128 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use _Y_ _A_ _N_ _E_ C _K_ H _A_ _L_ _F_ _G_ O _T_ _O_ _W_ _U_ R _O_ _E_ _A_ S _T_ _K_ _A_ _B_ E _L_ .AFRICAN TEACHER’S KEY Letter By Letter: “The Calabash Children” _I_ _D_ _E_ C _H_ _I_ _L_ _D_ _R_ _E_ _N_ A _D_ L _U_ _C_ _K_ _M_ _P_ A _T_ _I_ _E_ _N_ _T_ B _A_ _N_ _A_ _N_ _A_ _G_ _R_ A _S_ _S_ S _H_ _E_ _E_ _P_ H _U_ _T_ TEACHER’S KEY Letter By Letter: “Goto.

King of the Land and the Water” Complete this crossword puzzle using the clues on the following page. 129 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use .AFRICAN African Crossword Puzzle “The Calabash Children” “Goto.

AFRICAN African Crossword Puzzle (continued) CLUES Across 1. The man who is bribed to kill Goto 5. The plants that the lonely woman carefully tends 24. The animal that Goto is anxious to hunt 13. The jewelry that proves Goto's identity 130 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . The reward that the king offers 16. The animal that recognizes Goto 21. Yet another word used to describe Kitete 10. The mother of Goto 7. The oldest brother's name 12. A container used to carry water or for a bowl 15. Another word used to describe Kitete 3. What the children do while the lonely woman is gone 23. The bribe that Yawuro offers to the gatekeeper 18. The type of transportation that Kabel and Goto take to go to Goto’s home 11. The childless wife of the king 8. What the gourd on the ground beside the fire becomes 19. One word used to describe Kitete 20. The place where the Great Spirit lives 9. The father of Goto Down 2. What the lonely woman scoops out of each gourd 6.The false name that Goto uses 17. The person who brings instructions from the Great Spirit to the woman 22. Where Kitete places the children when they are ready to turn back into gourds 14. The princess of the river people 4.

AFRICAN TEACHER’S KEY African Crossword Puzzle 131 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use .

accordion style (/\/\/\/\/) at each taped point. tape the sets together. further organization. sequentially by story. The objective of this activity is for students to determine each cause-and-effect situation and compile these into a simple book.AFRICAN Cause and Effect in the African Myths ACCORDION BOOK PROJECT Events in both African myths occur because of situations that cause other things to happen. might be in order.) STEP 4: Once organized. as in the diagram below. STEP 6: Fold. VA 132 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . STEP 2: Tape together each cause with its effect on both front and back as shown below. (NOTE: for more advanced and older students. and the result will be a book where each left-hand page is a cause. its effect. Produced Produced by __________________________ CAUSE & EFFECT BOOK Susan Senechal Virginia Beach. and each right-hand page. front and back. STEP 3: Organize all cause-and-effect sets by the stories which contain them. glue the back part of the cover to the last “effect” card. STEP 5: Glue the front part of the cover to the back of the first “cause” card. MATERIALS scissors tape glue stick copies of the cover sheet below and the next four pages PROCEDURE STEP 1: Cut out the cover sheet and each of the causes and effects (which have been scrambled on the pages).

AFRICAN Cause and Effect in the African Myths (continued) C A U S E The messenger touches the gourds. The king worries about his successor. E F F E C T C A U S E Goto falls asleep. E F F E C T C A U S E Kitete is witless. E F F E C T 133 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . E F F E C T C A U S E The king has no sons. E F F E C T C A U Bags of cowries are offered as a S reward for news of Goto. The gatekeeper abandons Goto. E Goto becomes king of a second kingdom. The lonely woman trips over him. The lonely woman tends her gourds with even greater care.

Goto comes to live among the river people. The gourds become children. E F F E C T C A U S E Goto longs to see his father. Everyone looks for Goto. E F F E C T C A U S E The messenger tells the woman that the Great Spirit of the mountain has heard her prayer.AFRICAN Cause and Effect in the African Myths (continued) C A U S E A woman has no husband or children. E F F E C T C A U S E The village women spy. E F F E C T 134 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . People refuse to give the king any more children. E F F E C T C A U S E Goto’s father dies. The secret of the gourd children is discovered.

She is lonely. No one knows where Goto is. Goto goes to a river and calls for Kabel. E F F E C T C A U S E Goto has a vivid dream. E F F E C T C A U S E Kitete lies on the floor in the dark hut. E F F E C T 135 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . E The lonely woman grows poorer and poorer. Goto is able to send a message to his father. E F F E C T C A U S E An aged dog recognizes Goto.AFRICAN Cause and Effect in the African Myths (continued) C A U S E All of the adopted children die. E F F E C T C A U The calabash children work hard S for the lonely woman.

E F F E C T C A U S E Goto follows Kabel’s command.AFRICAN Cause and Effect in the African Myths (continued) C A U S E Kabel’s father dies. The gatekeeper and Yawuro are banished. Yawuro bribes the gatekeeper to kill Goto. Yawuro becomes jealous and brokenhearted. E F F E C T 136 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . E F F E C T C A U S E The gatekeeper takes Goto on a secret hunting trip. E F F E C T C A U S E The lonely woman tends her gourd seeds faithfully. S E The spirit answers the lonely woman’s prayer. The lonely woman becomes rich. E F F E C T C A U The king recognizes Goto’s ring.

Kitete helps the children down from the rafters. Kabel and Goto become king and queen. The gods do not send the lonely woman any children. E F F E C T C A U S E A woman is considered to be bad. E F F E C T C A U S E The lonely woman calls Kitete a calabash. The gatekeeper receives his reward. E F F E C T C A U S E Goto is born to Danyawo.AFRICAN Cause and Effect in the African Myths (continued) C A U S E Goto tells of his adventures since he left his father’s palace. E F F E C T C A U S E The gatekeeper has children of his own. E F F E C T 137 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . The lonely woman becomes impatient and abuses Kitete.

The seeds grow very quickly. Goto is brought before the king. E F F E C T C A U S E The gatekeeper tells Yawuro that he would do anything to become rich. Kabel offers the magic horse for transportation. E F F E C T C A U S E The children never return.AFRICAN Cause and Effect in the African Myths (continued) C A U S E The children in the rafters yell for help. The gatekeeper is unable to kill Goto. E F F E C T 138 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . E F F E C T C A U S E The lonely woman prays for someone to help her. The children change back into gourds. E F F E C T C A U S E The gatekeeper lies about killing Goto.

The children change back into gourds. Kitete lies on the floor in the dark hut.AFRICAN TEACHER’S KEY Cause and Effect in the African Myths The Calabash Children Cause A woman has no husband or children. The lonely woman tends her gourd seeds faithfully. The children in the rafters yell for help. A woman is considered bad. The lonely woman becomes rich. Effect She is lonely. The lonely woman grows poorer and poorer. 139 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . The children never return. The messenger touches the gourds. The lonely woman trips over him. The gourds become children. The spirit answers the lonely woman’s prayer. The lonely woman tends her gourds with even greater care. The village women spy. Kitete helps the children down from the rafters. The seeds grow very quickly. The gods do not send the lonely woman any children. The calabash children work hard for the lonely woman. The lonely woman calls Kitete a calabash. The secret of the gourd children is discovered. The lonely woman becomes impatient and abuses Kitete. The lonely woman prays for someone to help her. Kitete is witless. The messenger tells the woman that the Great Spirit of the Mountain has heard her prayer.

Kabel offers the magic horse for transportation. King of the Land and the Water Cause The king has no sons. The gatekeeper receives his reward. No one knows where Goto is. Goto’s father dies. Goto longs to see his father. Goto is able to send a message to his father. Goto is brought before the king. Kabel and Goto become king and queen. Goto tells of his adventures since he left his father’s palace. The gatekeeper is unable to kill Goto. Goto goes to a river and calls for Kabel. Bags of cowries are offered as a reward for news about Goto. Goto follows Kabel’s command. People refuse to give the king any more children. Goto has a vivid dream. 140 Copyright 2008 American Classical League May be reproduced for classroom use . Yawuro bribes the gatekeeper to kill Goto. Goto becomes king of a second kingdom. All of the adopted children die. Yawuro becomes jealous and brokenhearted. Everyone looks for Goto. Goto comes to live among the river people. The gatekeeper takes Goto on a secret hunting trip. Goto falls asleep. Kabel’s father dies. Goto is born to Danyawo. An aged dog recognizes Goto. The gatekeeper lies about killing Goto. The gatekeeper tells Yawuro that he’d do anything to become rich.AFRICAN TEACHER’S KEY Cause and Effect in the African Myths Goto. The gatekeeper has children of his own. The gatekeeper and Yawuro are banished. The king recognizes Goto’s ring. Effect The king worries about his successor. The gatekeeper abandons Goto.

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