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# The masses are Q=0.500 kg, R=0.300 kg, and S=0.600 kg.

Calculate the x and y coordinates of A mass M=153 kg is suspended from the end of a uniform boom as shown. The A 28.0 kg uniform beam is attached to a wall with a hinge while its far the Center-of-Mass of this three mass system. boom (mass=86.0 kg, length=3.60 m) is at an angle =55.0 deg from the vertical, and end is supported by a cable such that the beam is horizontal. is supported at its mid-point by a horizontal cable and by a pivot at its base. If the angle between the beam and the cable is = 61.0° what is the XCM = 1.29 m YCM = 1.29 m Calculate the tension in the horizontal cable. 5.49×103 N tension in the cable? just in case my (x,y)= use the equation: g*tan(given angle)(m+2M) 1.57×102 N mg/2=T*sin q=.4 kg (4,-2) = (1.6,-.8) The masses are Q=0.300 kg, R=0.500 kg, and S=0.600 kg. Calculate the moment of inertia (of the 3 r=.2 kg (0,1) = (0,2) A crate with a mass of 161.5 kg is suspended from the end of a masses) with respect to an axis perpendicular to the xy plane and passing through x=0 and y=-2. s=.3 kg (-3,3) = (-.9,.9) uniform boom with a mass of 84.9 kg. The upper end of the boom is [Since the masses are of small size, you can neglect the contribution due to moments of inertia total= .9kg Mx=.7; My=.3 supported by a cable attached to the wall and the lower end by a about their centers of mass.] 1.48×101 kg*m^2 pivot (marked X) on the same wall. Calculate the tension in the cable. A plank of length L=1.800 m and mass M=4.00 kg is suspended r^2 = ( x)^2 + ( y)^2 I = mr^2 Add the moment of inertia of the 3 masses. 3N 2.60×10 horizontally by a thin cable at one end and to a pivot on a wall at finding alpha: sin^-1 [a/sqrt(a^2+x^2)] = A small mass M attached to a string slides in a circle (x) on a frictionless horizontal table, with the other end as shown. The cable is attached at a height H=1.30 finding beta: sin^-1 [b/sqrt(b^2+x^2)] = the force F providing the necessary tension (see figure). The force is then increased slowly m above the pivot and the plank's CM is located a distance finding L: sqrt(x^2+y^2) and then maintained constant when M travels around in circle (y). The radius of circle (x) is d=0.600 m from the pivot. Calculate the tension in the cable. finding cos( ): cos(gamma)=x/L 1N twice the radius of circle (y). 2.23×10 theta= H/ square root (H^2 + L^2) T= [(mg(L/2)*cos(gamma))+MgLcos(gamma))/L*sin(alpha + beta) equal to: M's angular momentum at y is .... that at x. T= M*g*d / L*sin(theta) greater than: As M moves from x to y, the work done by F is .... 0. M, a solid cylinder (M=1.63 kg, R=0.113 m) pivots on a thin, fixed, frictionless A solid homogeneous sphere of mass M = 2.10 kg is released from true: While going from x to y, there is no torque on M bearing. A string wrapped around the cylinder pulls downward with a force F rest at the top of an incline of height H=1.45 m and rolls without false: M's kinetic energy at x is half that at y. which equals the weight of a 0.690 kg mass, i.e., F = 6.769 N. Calculate the slipping to the bottom. The ramp is at an angle of = 25.1o to the true: M's angular velocity at x is one quarter that at y. angular acceleration of the cylinder. 7.35×101 rad/s^2 horizontal. = FR/(.5*MR^2) answers in rad/s^2 Calculate the speed of the sphere's CM at the bottom of the incline. A uniform rod of length 1.27 m is attached to a frictionless pivot at one end. It is released If instead of the force F an actual mass m = 0.690 kg is hung from the string, find 4.51 m/s Part 1: Vf= sqrt [(2gh)/(1+(2/5))] answer in m/s from rest from an angle = 25.0° above the horizontal. Find the magnitude of the initial the angular acceleration of the cylinder. 3.98×101 rad/s^2 Determine the rotational kinetic energy of the sphere at the bottom Acc= (3/4)*g*cos(theta) acceleration of the rod's center of mass. 6.67 m/s^2 = mgR/(mR^2+1/2MR^2) answers in rad/s^2 of the incline. The system is illustrated above just as the shaft is directed along the +y-axis (P to A). Give How far does m travel downward between 0.490 s and 0.690 s after the motion 8.53 J Part 2: KE= (2/7)mgh answer in J the direction of each of the quantities listed at that time. begins? 5.31×10-1 m -X: The torque on the wheel, . d = 1/2 R (answer from b)*(t2^2-t1^2) answer is in m The mass of a star is 1.790×1031 kg and it performs one rotation in 35.90 -X: The change in angular momentum L, in a small t. The cylinder is changed to one with the same mass and radius, but a different day. Find its new period (in days) if the diameter suddenly shrinks to Z: The angular velocity of precession, p. moment of inertia. Starting from rest, the mass now moves a distance 0.344 m in 0.690 times its present size. Assume a uniform mass distribution before Y: The angular momentum of the wheel, L. a time of 0.450 s. Find Icm of the new cylinder. 1.67×10-2 kg*m^2 1 and after. 1.71×10 I2 = mR^2((t^2g)/2d)-1) answers in kg*m^2 You multiple given days for one rotation by the given diameter after the Calculate the change in potential energy of a 92.1 kg man when he takes an elevator from the -angular velocity is constant in a circle first floor to 37th floor, if the distance between floors is 3.87 m. 1.26×105 J star shrinks squared. --> 31.10 x (.290^2) = answer. t*f^2 Asteroids X, Y, and Z have equal mass of 3.0 kg each. They orbit around a planet with -angular momentum is constant on an ellipse GPE = mgh 24 kg. The orbits are in the plane of the paper and are drawn to scale. -period of a circle & ellipse are the same M = 4.20×10 A 67.0 kg diver is 1.50 m above the water, falling at speed of 7.30 m/s. Calculate her -the angular momentum of the circle is greater than the small less than: The angular velocity of Y at s is .... that at r. 2.77×103 J kinetic energy as she hits the water. (Neglect air friction) ellipse equal to: The angular velocity of Z at r is .... that at c. K final = mgh (init.) + 1/2mv^2 (init.) and KEi + PEi = KEf + PEf PEf = 0 greater than: The angular momentum of Z is .... that of Y. -the period of the small ellipse is less than the large ellipse -the angular velocity is slower the farther it is away from less than: The period of Y is .... that of X. A skier (m=63.0 kg) starts sliding down from the top of a ski jump with negligible the center equal to: The angular momentum of Y at s is .... that at r. friction and takes off horizontally. If h = 6.80 m and D = 11.2 m, find H. 1.14×101 m -the angular velocity of the the circle is greater than the equal to: The period of Y is .... that of Z. D= sqrt(4*h*(H-h)) solve for H greater than: The angular velocity of Z at r is .... that of Y at r. small ellipse at the same point... Find her total kinetic energy as she reaches the ground. 7.05×103 J v^2 = sqrt(2*g*(H-h)) then plug into totalenergy= (m*h*g) + (.5*m*v^2) A 0.467 kg bead can slide on a curved wire as seen in the figure. Assume h1 = 4.95 A 36.0 kg child slides down a long slide in a playground. She starts m and h2 = 2.19 m. If the wire is frictionless and the bead is released with an from rest at a height h1 of 20.00 m. When she is partway down the A car of mass 900.0 kg accelerates away from an intersection on a horizontal road. When the car speed is initial speed of 1.49 m/s in the forward direction then find the speed of the bead slide, at a height h2 of 10.00 m, she is moving at a speed of 7.40 m/s. 47.5 km/hr (13.2 m/s), the net power which the engine supplies is 4700.0 W (in addition to the extra power (1/2)mvi^2 + mghi = (1/2)mvf^2 + mghf at B. 9.97 m/s Calculate the mechanical energy lost due to friction (as heat, etc.). required to make up for air resistance and friction). Calculate the acceleration of the car at that time. If the wire is frictionless, find the speed of the bead at C. 7.51 m/s 2.55×103 J (m)(g)(h) + (1/2)(m)(v^2) (first height) - (m)(g)(h) + 3.956×10-1 m/s^2 a=P/(m*v) Use the same equation: For Vi, use the answer from Part 1. For Hi, use 0 since (1/2)(m)(v^2) (second height) It takes a minimum distance of 98.26 m to stop a car moving at 17.0 m/s by applying the brakes you are starting at the bottom. For Hf use your H2 A crane at a construction site lifts a concrete block with a (without locking the wheels). Assume that the same frictional forces apply and find the minimum In the Biomedical and Physical Sciences building at MSU there are 133 steps from the mass of 339 kg from the ground to the top of a building with stopping distance when the car is moving at 26.0 m/s. ground floor to the sixth floor. Each step is 16.7 cm tall. It takes 3 minutes and 49 a height of 17.1 m. How much work did the motor of the 2.30×102 m Vf^2=Vi^2+2aD now the second part of prob. use this (a) to find the distance traveled seconds for a person with a mass of 81.6 kg to walk all the way up. How much work did crane do? (Assume zero energy loss in the lifting mechanism at your second velocity Vf^2=Vi^2 +2ad the person do? 1.78×104 J W=mad (acceleration is 9.81 m/s^2) d= step times due to friction.) 5.69×104 J W= m*g*height A car is stopped for a traffic signal. When the light turns green, the car accelerates, increasing its distance per step divided by 100 If the duration of the lift was 3.00 minutes, then what was speed from zero to 8.25 m/s in 3.75 s. What is the magnitude of the linear impulse experienced by a What was the average power performed by the person during the walk? 7.76×101 W the average power performed by the crane? 73.0 kg passenger in the car during this time? 6.02×102 kg*m/s linear impulse= mass*veloctiy P=W/t time in seconds 3.16×102 W P=W/t What is the average force experienced by the passenger? 1.61×102 N F= m*(v/t) How many food Calories did the person burn during the walk? (Do not enter unit for A 84.0 kg diver falls from rest into a swimming pool from a height of 5.10 m. It Food Cal = (W/4.186 J)/(1000) this part.) 4.25 An MSU linebacker of mass 124.0 kg sacks a UM quarterback of mass 80.0 kg. takes 1.74 s for the diver to stop after entering the water. Find the magnitude Just after they collide, they are momentarily stuck together, and both are moving A small mass m slides with negligible friction down an incline at an angle of 25.76° with respect to of the average force exerted on the diver during that time. 4.83×102 N at a speed of 3.50 m/s. If the quarterback was at rest just before he was sacked, the horizontal. It then drops down to a horizontal surface and bounces elastically back up as shown F= (m*square root(2gh))/t how fast was the linebacker moving just before the collision? 5.76 m/s The picture is to scale. It shows the position of the mass at equal time intervals starting from rest at High speed stroboscopic photographs show that the head of a 180 g golf club Vi=((ml+mq)/ml)*Vf X. The height of the mass at S is the same as at R. Click here to view the motion of the mass m. is traveling at 55.7 m/s just before it strikes a 45.8 g golf ball at rest on a tee. The mechanical energy of m at P is equal to that at R. After the collision, the club head travels (in the same direction) at 41.9 m/s. A 1900 m1 kg car traveling at 11.0 m/s collides with a 3040 m2 kg car that is 1 m/s The velocity of m at S is equal to that at R. Find the speed of the golf ball just after impact. 5.43×10 initally at rest at a stoplight. The cars stick together and move 2.17 m before The size of the total force on m at S is greater than at Q. mass of club x (change in velocity of club)/ ( mass of ball) convert g to kg friction causes them to stop. Determine the coefficient of kinetic friction The size of the total force on m at P is less than at V. between the cars and the road, assuming that the negative acceleration is A railroad cart with a mass of m1 = 12.0 t is at rest at the top of an h = 10.9 The speed change between X and Q is greater than between Q and T. constant and all wheels on both cars lock at the time of impact. 4.20×10-1 m high hump yard hill. After it is pushed very slowly over the edge, it starts The speed of m at U is less than that at P. (m1/(m1+m2))*vi=vf vf^2/2gd = coefficient of friction to roll down. At the bottom it hits another cart originally at rest with a mass A 4.69 kg sphere makes a perfectly inelastic collision with a second sphere that is initially at rest. of m2 = 24.8 t. The bumper mechanism locks the two carts together. What A small metal ball with a mass of m = 60.9 g is attached to a string of length l = The composite system moves with a speed equal to one fifth the original speed of the 4.69 kg is the final common speed of the two carts? (Neglect losses due to rolling 1.49 m. It is held at an angle of = 67.7° with respect to the vertical. The ball is sphere. What is the mass of the second sphere? 1.88×101 kg friction of the carts. The letter t stands for metric ton in the SI system.) then released. When the rope is vertical, the ball collides head-on and perfectly M1V1+M2V2 (before)=M1V1+M2V2 (after) 4.77 m/s Vf=(M1/(M1+M2)) x (square root(2gh)) elastically with an identical ball originally at rest. This second ball flies off with a A 44.1 kg girl is standing on a 122 kg plank. The plank, originally at rest, is free to slide horizontal initial velocity from a height of h = 3.96 m, and then later it hits the on a frozen lake, which is a flat, frictionless surface. The girl begins to walk along the A tire placed on a balancing machine in a service station starts from rest ground. At what distance x will the ball land? 3.83 m plank at a constant velocity of 1.22 m/s relative to the plank. What is her velocity x=2*sqroot(height*length*(1-cos )) and turns through 12.8 revolutions in 5.66 s before reaching its final relative to the ice surface? 8.96×10-1 m/s (m1/(m1+m2))*v12 angular speed. Calculate its angular acceleration. 5.02 rad/s^2 What is the velocity of the plank relative to the ice surface? -3.24×10-1 m/s (2*revolutions*2 )/(t^2) An air puck of mass 0.678 kg is tied to a string and allowed to revolve in a circle of radius 1.07 V2= (V12 V1)*-1 -1*(1.22- .896) = V2 A bicycle is moving at a speed v = 4.56 m/s. If the radius of the front wheel is m on a frictionless horizontal table. The other end of the string passes through a hole in the 0.450 m, how long does it take for that wheel to make a complete revolution? center of the table, and a mass of 1.17 kg is tied to it as seen in the figure. The suspended It takes 23 hours 56 minutes and 4 seconds for the earth to make one 6.20×10-1 s t= ((2* )(r))/v mass remains in equilibrium while the puck on the tabletop revolves. What is the tension in revolution (mean sidereal day). What is the angular speed of the earth? A proposed space station includes living quarters in a circular ring 60.0 m in diameter. the string? 1.15×101 N T=ma=(hanging mass)a 7.29×10-5 rad/s 2(pi)/t(the time you just found in seconds) At what angular speed should the ring rotate so the occupants feel that they have the What is the magnitude of the force which causes the centripetal acceleration of the puck? Assume the earth is spherical. Relative to someone on the rotation axis, what same weight as they do on Earth? 5.718×10-1 rad/s 1.15×101 N T=F The tension is the same everywhere in a string is the linear speed of an object on the surface if the radius vector from the What is the speed of the puck? V=square root of (9.81*r) find V then plug in to solve for W W=V/r center of the earth to the object makes an angle of 73.0° with the axis of 4.26 m/s F=ma=(mass of puck)a first find accel a=v^2/r A mass of 4.30 kg is suspended from a 1.47 m long string. It revolves in a rotation. The radius of the earth is 6.37×103 km. horizontal circle as shown in the figure. The tangential speed of the mass is 3.27 A section of a high speed test track is circular with a radius of curvature R = 1300 m. At what 4.44×102 m/s v=R*sin *w w is from part 1 m/s. Calculate the angle between the string and the vertical. 4.59×101 deg angle of should the track be inclined so that a car traveling at 63.0 m/s (141 mph) would What is the acceleration of the object on the surface of the earth in the X^2 + the value of (V^2/(length*gravity))X - 1 = 0 quadratic formula of that keep moving in a circle if there is oil on that section of the track, i.e., it would not slip previous problem? 3.24×10-2 m/s^2 a=(v^2)/(R*sin ) velocity in km/s Then take the iverse cos of that answer to get degree sideways even with zero friction on that section. (Hint: The car's vertical acceleration is zero.) A car with a mass of 1000 kg is traveling in a mountainous area with a 1 The radius of curvature of a highway exit is r = 59.5 m. The surface of the exit road is 1.73×10 deg constant speed of 68.4 km/h. The road is horizontal and flat at point horizontal, not banked. If the static friction between the tires and the surface of the Tan(theta)= v^2/ g X r then do tan -1 (of answer) A, horizontal and curved at points B and C. The radii of curvatures at road is s = 0.596, then what is the maximum speed at which the car can exit the B and C are: rB = 155 m and rC = 115 m. Calculate the normal force Planet-X has a mass of 3.27×1024 kg and a radius of 7830 km. What is the First Cosmic 1.87×101 m/s highway safely without sliding? exerted by the road on the car at point A. 9.81×103 N Speed i.e. the speed of a satellite on a low lying circular orbit around this planet? F= m*a Us*g=a solve for a then use a=(v^2)/r solve for v F= m*g 1000*9.81 (Planet-X doesn't have any atmosphere.) 5.28 km/s Vi = square root((G)*(m)/(r)) Now calculate the normal force exerted by the road on the car at The escape velocity of a bullet from the surface of planet Y is 1631.0 m/s. Calculate the What is the Second Cosmic Speed i.e. the minimum speed required for a satellite in point B. 7.48×103 N m(g-(v^2/Rb)) order to break free permanently from the planet? 7.46 km/s escape velocity from the surface of the planet X if the mass of planet X is 1.55 times that And finally calculate the normal force exerted by the road on the car of Y, and its radius is 0.903 times the radius of Y. 2.137×103 m/s V = Vi (Answer from Part 1) * square root(2) at point C. 1.29×104 N m(g+(v^2/Rc)) Vx=(sqroot(1.63My/.895Ry)) * Vy If the period of rotation of the planet is 14.5 hours, then what is the radius of the synchronous orbit of a satellite? 2.47×104 km R = cubed root((G*m/4pie^2)*T^2)) Find the speed of a satellite in a circular orbit around the Earth with a A satellite is in a circular orbit very close to the surface of a spherical planet. The radius 3.03 times the mean radius of the Earth. (Radius of Earth = 6.37×103 period of the orbit is 2.29 hours. What is density of the planet? Assume that the Two planets X and Y travel counterclockwise in circular orbits about a star, as km, mass of Earth = 5.98×1024 kg, G = 6.67×10-11 Nm2/kg2.) 4.55×103 m/s planet has a uniform density. 2.079×103 kg/m^3 seen in the figure. The radii of their orbits are in the ratio 3:1. At some time, V= sqr( (Gme)/R ) V= 1/ sqr(3.03) * sqr( (Gme)/Re ) Convert time to seconds plug into Density= (3pi/(G(T^2)) they are aligned, as seen in (a), making a straight line with the star. Five years The paths of two small satellites, M1 = 4.00 kg and M2 = 1.00 kg, are shown Asteroids X, Y, and Z have equal mass of 6.0 kg each. They orbit around a later, planet X has rotated through 93.4°, as seen in (b). By what angle has below, drawn to scale, with M1 corresponding to the circular orbit. They orbit planet with M=6.20E+24 kg. The orbits are in the plane of the paper and planet Y rotated through during this time? 4.85×102 deg around a massive star, also shown below. The orbits are in the plane of the are drawn to scale. In the statements below, TE is the total mechanical Theta(y) = Theta(x) * (Radius Ratio)^(3/2) paper. The period of M1 is T1 = 28.0 years. Calculate the period of M2, in energy, KE is the kinetic energy, and PE is the potential energy. years. 1.11×102 greater than: The PE of Y at a is .... that at u T2=T1 x Square rt(a^3/r^3) equal to: The TE of X is .... the TE of Z Helpful hints: equal to: The PE of Z at i is .... the PE of Y at i 1. The greater the distance from the center point, the less than: The PE of Z at r is .... the PE of Y at i greater the PE. less than: The speed of Y at i is .... that at u 2. The closer to the center point, the faster the speed. equal to: The PE of Z at r is .... the PE of X at u (and the higher the KE) greater than: The TE of Y is .... the TE of Z 3. The bigger the diameter (a), the bigger the TE. equal to: The KE of X at m is .... that at u