Party Constitution  Approved on November 10, 1986 by the First National Party Congress  Amended on April 16 and 17, 1988 by the

Second National Party Congress, first special session  Amended on October 29 and 30, 1988 by the Third National Party Congress  Amended on July 29 and 30, 1989 by the Third National Party Congress, second special session  Amended on October 28 and 29, 1989 by the Fourth National Party Congress, first sessio n  Amended on October 6 and 7, 1990 by the Fourth National Party Congress, second session  Amended on October 12 and 13, 1991 by the Fifth National Party Congress, first session  Amended on June 12 and 13, 1993 by the Fifth National Party Congress, third session  Amended on April 30 and May 1, 1994 by the Sixth National Party Congress, first session  Amended on March 18 and 19, 1995 by the Sixth National Party Congress, second session  Amended on December 1, 1996 by the Seventh National Party Congress, first special session  Amended on September 27 and 28, 1997 by the Seventh National Party Congress, second session  Amended on July 18 and 19, 1998 by the Eighth National Party Congress, first session  Amended on July 15 and 16, 2000 by the Ninth Nati onal Party Congress, first session  Amended on May 6, 2001 by the Ninth National Party Congress, first special session  Amended on October 20, 2001 by the Ninth National Party Congress, second session  Amended on April 20, 2002 by the Ninth National Par ty Congress, second special session  Amended on April 10, 2004 by the Tenth National Party Congress, first special session 

Amended on November 26, 2004 by the Eleventh National Party Congress, first special session 

Chapter 1

General Principles 

Article 1 Article 2 

The name of this party shall be the Democratic Progressive Party. The objective of the Party is to realize its guiding principles.  The flag of the Party is green with a white cross, inscribed with the form of Taiwan in green in the middle of the cross. 
Membership 

Chapter 2

Article 3

Any citizen of 18 years of age and above, willing to accept the guiding principles of the Party and agrees to abide by the constitution of the Party, may apply for membership of the Part y.  Membership regulations shall be established separately. 

Article 4

Party members shall not join other political parties. Those who are already members of other political parties should publicly withdraw their membership of the respective party.  Article 5 The duties of a Party member are as follows:  1. 2. 3. 4. To abide by the Party consititution and comply with the resolutions of the organization;  To advertise the guiding principles of the Party, and to strive for the Party¶s public support;  To participate in activities of the organization, and to serve in positions as designated by the Party; 

To introduce outstanding individuals to join for Party membership;  5. To pay the membership fee.  Article 6 The rights of a Party member are as follows:  1. The right to election, recall, initiative, and referendum according to the regulations of the Party;  An initiative measure may be proposed by presenting a petition that sets forth the text of the proposed statute or admendment to the Party Constitution, Party Platform, regulations, or other major Party policy, which is signed by more than 10 percent of Party members. The C entral Organization shall submit the measure to a Party election within 45 days of receiving the petition.  A referendum measure may be proposed by presenting a petition to reject statutes or parts of statutes in the Party Constitution, Party Platform, regulations, or other major Party policy, which is signed by more than 10 percent of

Party members. The Central Organization shall submit the measure to a Party election within 45 days of receiving the petition.  An initiative statute approved by more than on e half of the votes, in which more than one half of the Party members participate, shall take effect immediately. If an initiative statute is not approved by a majority of the votes, the original statute or policy shall stand.  A referendum approved by more than half of the votes to reject a statute, in an election in which more than one half of the Party members participate, shall take effect immediately. If a referendum is not approved by a majority of the votes, the original statue or policy shall stand.  The same initiative or referendum measure may not be proposed within a one year period.  To participate in discussions, to put forward proposals, and to vote;  3. To accept nomination and support from the Party;  4. To put forward suggestions, to report an offense, and to receive information from the Party;  5. To participate in Party activities;  Article 7 6. To enjoy benefits provided by the Party.  Party members may at any time submit a written declaration to withdraw from the party to the respective County/City or special Party organization. However, Party members under review for violation of regulations may not withdraw from the Party. Membership requests from individuals who have previously withdrawn from the Party must be approved by the Central Organization.  

2.

Chapter 3

Organization 

Article 8

The organizational operation of the Party shall be conducted in a democratic manner:  1. Resolutions shall be passed with a majority vote. However, major agendas must be approved by two-thirds of members present;  Higher levels of organization should be comprised of representatives from lower levels of organization; 

2.

3.

Executive committee members, review committee members, and representatives at all levels shall be elected by means of secret ballot; 

4. Article 9

Members of the executive and review committees are obligated to report to the organization on a regular basis. 

Regional organizations of the Party include the three levels of Central, County/City (including municipalities under the jurisdiction of the provincial Township/Town.  government or Executive Yuan), and

The general assembly is the highest deciding age ncy, the executive committee the highest executing agency, and the review committee the highest reviewing agency for all levels of regional organization.  Party Congresses shall be established where membership exceeds five hundred persons, and shall be the highest deciding agency for that organization.  The structure of regional organizations are as follows:  1. 2. Central: National Party Congress ± Central Executive Committee, Central Review Committee;  County/City: County/City General Assembly (County/City Party Congress) ± County/City Executive Committee, Review Committee;  Township/Town: Township/Town General Assembly (Township/Town Party Congress) ± Township/Town Executive Committee, Review Committee.  Article 11 The Party shall establish specially designated subordinate organizations for women, youth, indigenous peoples, industry, international affairs, and other interests, which are at the same level as County/City organizations.  The Party shall establish Party caucuses in all levels of Councils.  The two aforementioned organizations shall be established separately.  
Chapter 4 National Party Congress 

Article 10

3.

Article 12

The National Party Congress is the highest authority of the Party, and shall be convened once a year by the Central Executive Committee. When necessary, through the resolution of the Central Executive Committee or by written proposal by more than five

County/City Party organizations, the Central Executive Committee may call for a special session of the National Party Congress.  Article 13 The members of the National Party Congress are as follows:  1. Elected representatives from County/City organizations;  2. Elected representatives from subordinate org anizations;  3. 4. National representatives of the indigenous peoples;  Current members of the Central Executive Committee, current members of the Central Review Committee, and the Secretary General;  5. 6. 7. Current Directors of County/City and subordinate organizations and Convener for Review Committees;  Members currently holding a position of elected mayor of a county/city or above;  Members currently holding a position of elected representative to the Central or Special Municipal government;  Members currently holding a position of Vice President, Secretary-General to the President, Secretary-General to the President;  9. and Deputy

8.

Members currently holding a position of President, Vice President, Secretary-General, Minister, or Deputy Minister in the Central Government; 

10. Members currently holding a position of Speaker in a County/City Council;  11. Current and former Party Chairpersons.  The representatives referred in the preceding paragraph shall serve for a term of two years. Regulations regarding the number and ratio of representatives referred to in subparagraphs 1 to 3 shall be established separately. However, the ratio of the gender of representatives may not exceed four to one. The representatives referred to in subparagraphs 4 to 10 are restricted to those currently in office during the National Party Congress. International representatives may no exceed five percent of the total number of representatives.  Article 14 The National Party Congress shall be responsible for the following:  1. Amending the Party Constitution;  2. Determining the Party Platform; 

3. 4. 5.

Hearing and reviewing the work report of the Central Executive Committee; Hearing and reviewing the work report of the Central Review Committee;  Hearing and reviewing the work reports of councilors from the

Central government and Special Municipalities and elected mayors of County/City or above;  6. Receiving and handling proposals;  7. Electing and recalling members of the Central Executive Committee and Central Review Committee;  8. 9. Handling major disciplinary infractions referred by the Central Review Committee;  Determining disciplinary and arbitration regulations, and electing the Arbitration Committee; 

All major policies, resolutions and campaign platforms as determined by the National Party Congress shall be considered part of the Party Platform.  

Chapter 5

Central Organization 

Article 15

The Central Executive Committee shall consist of 35 members and 5 alternate members, and shall be comprised of the following:  1. The National Party Congress shall directly elect 35 members and 5 alternate members for the Central Executive Committee. The Central Executive Committee shall then select 10 of its members to serve as Standing Executive Committee members for a term of 2 years, which may be served consecutively if re-elected. However, the ratio of the gender of members may not exceed four to one;  2. The Party Chairman shall serve as a member of both the Central Executive Committee;  3. Committee and Central Standing

The Legislative Yuan Party Caucus Convener, Executive Director, and Chief Secretary sha ll serve as members in the Central Executive Committee and Standing Executive Committee, whose terms of service shall be adjusted with the respective position. County/City mayors shall select one representative to serve as a member in the Central Executive Committee and Standing Executive Committee

for a term of two years, consecutively if re -elected; 

which may be served

Party representatives of the Legislative Yuan, National Assembly, and City Councils of Special Municipalities, County/City mayors, and Ministers of the Central Government shall attend the Central Executive Committee and Central Standing Committee upon invitation.  The Chairman shall be directly elected by all Party members for a term of two years, who may serve at most a second term upon re-election. In the absence of a chairman, with less than a year in the remaining term, the Central Executive Committee
shall select one of its committee members to serve as Acting Chairman. In the absence of a chairman, with more than a year in the remaining term, all Party members shall vote

to elect a new Chairman. The Acting Chairman or newly elected Chairman shall then serve until the original term is up. A term of more than one year shall be considered a full term. 
Article 15-1 In the event that the current President is a member of the Party, the President shall then serve as the Party Chairman for the term of office. The President¶s term shall be defined as stated in the nation¶s Constitution. The definition of a term as stated in Article 15, Paragraph 3 is not applicable.  In the event that the current President is a member of the Party, the regulation as stated in Article, 15 Paragraph 1, Subparagraph 3 shall be disregarded, as the Vice President, Premier, Secretary General to the President, and Legislative Yuan Party Caucus Convener shall serve as members in the Central Executive Committee and Standing Executive Committee.  In the event that the President does not assume the role of Party Chairman, the Acting Chairman or new Chairman shall be elected in accordance with Article 15, Paragraph 3, and the term of Chairman shall be the same as that of the President¶s. 

Article 16

The Central Executive Committee shall be responsible for the following: 

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Article 17

Implementing the resolutions of the National Party Congress;  Establishing and implementing Party administration plans;  Establishing Party discipline;  Organizing Party budget and final accounts;  Determining major personnel affairs;  Examining proposals for rewards and disciplinary actions;  Supervising over Party affairs in local and subordinate Party organizations; 

The Central Executive Committee shall convene for a meeting at least once every three months. During periods of recess, the responsibilities mentioned in the previous Article shall be exercised by the Central Standing Committee, which shall convene for a meeting at least once every week. The Central Executive Committee and Central Standing Committee shall adopt the collegiate system. 

Article 18

The National Party Congress shall directly elect 11 members and 3 alternate members for the Central Review Committee. The ratio of the gender of members may not exceed four to one. The Central Review Committee shall then select one of its members to serve as Director for a term of 2 years, which may be served consecutively if re-elected.  Members of the Central Review Committee must have one of the following qualifications:  1. Previously served as a member of the executive committee or review committee at a County/City or Central organization;  2. Previously served as a mayor of a County/City or above;  3. Previously served as an elected representative for a Province/City or above;  4. Previously served in a position as judge or attorney general; 

5. Certified attorney or accountant.  Article 19 The Central Review Committee shall be responsible for the following:  1. Supervising the implementation of Party affairs b y the Central Executive Committee;  2. Reviewing Party discipline and budget;  3. Deliberating the final accounts of the Party;  4. Determining the rewards and disciplinary actions for members and Party organizations; 

5.

Explaining the Party Constitution and related regulations in the event of determining a reward or disciplinary action for members and Party organizations. 

Article 20

The Party Chairman shall appoint one full -time Secretary General, and one to two full-time Deputy Secretary General(s) to the Central Organization, whose term shall be the same as the Party Chairman.  Regulations of the Central Organization shall be established separately.  

Chapter 6

Local Organizations 

Article 21

The County/City General Assembly (Party Congress) and the Township/Town General Assembly (Party Congress) is the highest authority of the County/City and Township/Town, and shall be convened once a year by the Executive Committee. When necessary, through the resolution of the Executive Committee or by written proposal by more than one -fifth of local Party members (Party representatives), the Executive Committee may call for a special session of the General Assembly (Party Congress). 

Article 22

Local General Assemblies shall be attended by local Party members. Party Congresses shall be established where membership exceeds five hundred persons, whose members shall be comprised of the following:  1. Representatives elected by the local Par ty organization;  2. 3. Local representatives of the indigenous peoples;  Current members of the local Party organization¶s Executive Committee, Review Committee, and the Executive Director;  4. Current Director of the local Party organiz ation;  5. 6. Members in the current position of the elected mayor of the area;  Members in the representative.  current position of local elected

The representatives referred in the preceding paragraph shall serve for a term of two years. Regulations regarding the number and ratio of representatives referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 2 shall be established separately. However, the ratio of the gender of representatives may not exceed four to one. The local members (representatives) referred to in subparagraphs 3 to 6 are restricted to those currently in office. The current elected

mayor referred to in subparagraph 5 shall be the administrative leader of a Township/Town or above in a County/City Party Congress; the administrative leader of a Vill age/Neighborhood or above in a Township/Town Party Congress. The current elected representative referred to in subparagraph 6 shall be a representative of the County/City Council or above in a County/City Party Congress; the representative of the Township/Town Council or above in a Township/Town Party Congress.  Local General Assemblies shall be responsible for the following:  1. 2. Hearing and reviewing the work report of the Executive Committee and Review Committee; 

Article 23

Hearing and reviewing the work reports of local council members;  3. Receiving and handling proposals;  4. Article 24 Electing and recalling members of the Executive Committee and Review Committee. 

County/City Executive Committees shall have 9 to 17 members and 3 alternate members. Township/Town Executive Committees shall have 5 to 9 members and 2 alternates. However, the ratio of the gender of representatives may not exceed four to one.  The Director of the Executive Committee shall be dir ectly elected by all members, and shall serve for a term of two years, which may be served consecutively if re-elected.  County/City Review Committees shall have 5 to 9 members and 2 alternate members. Township/Town Review Committees shall have 5 to 7 members and 1 alternate member. Each shall select one of its members to serve as Convener for a term of two years.  The number of Executive Committee and Review Committee members referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be established separately by the Central Organization in accordance with the number of local members.  The structure and responsibilities of local organizations shall adhere to the regulations of the Central Organization, provided it does not conflict with local characteristics. 

Article 25

Local organizations have the autonomy to handle local Party affairs, provided it does not violate the Party Constitution and policies. 

Article 26 

Activites or publications outside the purview of a single local organization should be first approved by the Central Organization. 

Chapter 7

Discipline and Arbitration 

Article 27

All Party members and various levels of organizations may freely discuss or criticize within the Party on subjects of the Party¶s direction, strategy, platform, policy, a nd words and actions of major Party figures.  Party members and various levels of organizations may not

refuse the Party¶s resolutions or refuse to participate in Party activities based on difference of opinion.  Article 28 Party organizations which make resolutions or activities that violate the Party Constitution or policies shall be subject to disciplinary actions by the Central Organization through public reprimands, revoking of said resolution or activity, a nd revoking of the offending organization.  Discplinary actions towards Party organizations shall be proposed by the Central Executive Committee for review by the Central Review Committee. However, if the Central Executive Committee fails to make a proposal within 30 days of the Central Review Committee¶s request for investigation, the Central Review Committee shall make a judgement without the input of the Central Executive Committee.  Article 29 The Party shall deliberate and take appropriate disciplin ary action towards members whose statements or conduct violate the Constitution or resolutions, or is deemed to destroy Party reputation.  Regulations regarding the Party¶s disciplinary deliberations and decisions shall be established separately.  Party organizations and members shall be rewarded for activities, statements, or conduct that signifigantly benefits the Party.  Regulations regarding the rewards for Party organizations and members shall be established separately.  Article 30 The Arbitration Committee shall be comprised of 11 Party members of superior eduction, upstanding moral fiber, and impartiality, who shall be nominated by the Central Standing Committee and approved by the National Party Congress. Arbitration Committee members shall serve on a non-salaried basis,

whose term is the same as that of Central Standing Committee members. The Arbitration Committee shall select one of its members to serve as Director.  The Arbitration Committee shall be responsible for the following:  1. Arbitrate major disputes within the Central Organization;  2. 3. Arbitrate major disputes between the Central and local organizations;  Arbitrate major disputes between Party members and the Central Organization. However, the arbitration of disciplinary

cases is restricted to those with major procedural infractions;  4. Explanation of the Party Constitution in the arbitration of major disputes.  Arbitration regulations shall be established separately.  

Chapter 8

Finances 

Article 31

Party finances shall come from the following sources:  1. Individual membership dues,  2. Contributions,  3. Other income.  The regulations regarding membership dues shall be established separately.  

Chapter 9

Supplementary Provisions 

Article 32

Regulations regarding the membership of founding Party members and the first National Party Congress shall be established separately.  This Party Constitution shall come into force upon approval b y the National Party Congress.  Amendments to the Party Constitution must be approved by two-thirds of attending members in the National Party Congress.  Written proposal to amend the Party Constitution must be submitted a month before the convention of th e National Party Congress, and delivered to each representative a week before the National Party Congress. 

Article 33 



DPP Constitution  Published by the Department of International Affairs  Democratic Progressive Party   Original Mandarin text translated by: Paul Yang  Edited by: Ping-Ya Hsu