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Lecture 10

Appling Newton's law

p . dA

ds z

dA

p dAds

p ds dA

s ds

dz

as

s

p

p dA p ds dA dA ds cos dA ds as

s g

1

Acceleration of liquid bodies (cont.)

p

cos a s

s g p.dA

z

ds

p dz

as dA

s ds g

p dAds

p ds dA

1 p dz a s s

ds

s ds g dz

as

p a s

z s

s g

p

is called pressure head [ L ]

z is called elevation head [ L ]

p

z h which is called piezometric head

h a

s

s g

p

in statics as = 0.0 z p

0.0 z Constant

s

2

Acceleration of liquid bodies (cont.)

h a

z

z g

p a

z z

z g

by integration

p az

z z

g

z

p0 hz

p a p h

1 z z

g h az

p c hc

h = -z

p a

1 z h

g a

a p h 1 z

p h 1 z g

g

a

p h 1 z p h

g

Acceleration in +z Deceleration in +z

3

Acceleration of liquid bodies (cont.)

at the rate ax

p a

z x

x g

z a

x

x g

a

tan x

g

p0 h z p 0

h1 ax

h2

p h1 p h 2

4

Acceleration of liquid bodies (cont.)

If ax is increased the slope of the liquid surface is

increased but the space volume is constant

a e b

volume abcd

d c = volume efcb

III- Rotation of an open cylindrical tank of liquid about

its vertical axis at the constant angular velocity ω

p0 h z

v r

pc

an = centrifugal acceleration

an 2 r w

h a

n

n g

h 2r v r

n

r g

5

Acceleration of liquid bodies (cont.)

2

h g rdr h z

p0 revolution

paraboloid of revelution

r

2 2 the volume = 1/2 volume

h const of common cylinder

g 2 pc ho = z o ( forced vortix )

at r = 0.0 h=ho w

2r 2 v2

h ho

2g 2g

r

n

at liquid surface

2r 2

z zo

2g

any value of r and getting the corresponding value of h

6

Acceleration of liquid bodies (cont.)

p0 h z

3 >2 > 1

When ω increases the ba

acceleration increases and

then the height of the

parabola is increased.

volume of the empty space)

remains constant.

w

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