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Chromalux 389

5/8-inch LED switch

w w w . k o r r y . c o m

Korry’s patented LED illumination delivers sunlight readability


and life-of-the-aircraft reliability at an economical cost. Designed for quick,
About Korry solder-free installation, the lamp-free Chromalux ® 389 requires no aircraft
We specialize in operator interfaces for aerospace, defense,
and other industries that demand high reliability in challenging
modifications and no maintenance. Night-vision lighting is optional.
environments. If you need an interface with high-performance
displays, lighting, switching, or any other difficult requirement, Integrated cap and base design for high reliability
turn to the engineering and manufacturing team at Korry. and simple installation
Korry solutions integrate our expertise in optics, electronics
and software, mechanical packaging, mechanism design, and Uniform, sunlight-readable legends with
human factors, plus more than 60 years of experience. In optional night-vision lighting
addition, we continually perfect and apply our own proprietary
Life-of-the-aircraft LED illumination
materials and processes for leading-edge performance not with built-in dimming, protection, and
available anywhere else. thermal-management circuitry
Korry occupies a modern 150,000 square-foot engineering
and manufacturing facility in Seattle, Washington. We are a Connector-module termination for
wholly owned subsidiary of Esterline Technologies, a worldwide solder-free installation
manufacturing company headquartered in Bellevue, Washington.
Esterline is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the Four-pole double-throw switching
trading symbol ESL.␣
Momentary, alternate, and indicator options

901 Dexter Avenue North


Seattle, Washington 98109
Phone: 206-281-1300
© 2002, Korry Electronics Co.
Fax: 206-273-4128
Korry, Chromalux, and Nightshield are registered trademarks of Korry Electronics Co. www.korry.com
Chromalux 389: standard features and options
How to use this technical guide Use this summary of features and options to specify the Legend type (see table below; others available on request)
Chromalux 389 configuration for your application. If you have S
For an overview of the Chromalux 389 switch, see the facing page. special requirements not addressed here, please call us at B
More detailed specifications follow. 206-281-1300 or 800-257-8921 (US only). W
N
To learn about the advantages of Korry‘s patented LED lighting, Cap type C
turn to page 6. Standard
Description Unlighted Lighted
0.740-inch mushroom
To see how simple it is to install Chromalux 389 double-sleeve and 0.812-inch mushroom black colored lighted
single-sleeve units, consult pages 7-8. External seal S hidden legend background letters, black
background
For an overview of standard features and options, including
Switch action hidden legend, black black letters,
legends, turn to page 9. B lighted background lighted colored
Alternate background background
Momentary
Indicator lighted black letters, black letters,
W background white lighted colored
background background
Switch contact
lighted white letters, colored lighted
Table of Contents 1 Amp or less
1-8 Amps
N letters black
background
letters, black
background
Overview of the Chromalux 389 page 1
colored black letters, black letters,
Termination C background colored lighted colored
Specifications M39029/22-192 connector module background background
Double-sleeve mounting page 2 M39029/57-354 connector module
Single-sleeve mounting page 3 Printed-circuit pin with connector module Font (others available on request)
Special configurations page 4 Gorton Normal Gothic
Weight page 4 Mounting Gorton Condensed Gothic
Electrical page 5 Double sleeve with connector module (LRU) Gorton Extra Condensed Gothic
Single sleeve with connector module Futura Medium
Operating characteristics page 5
Single sleeve Futura Medium Condensed
Reliability page 5
Environmental page 5 Helvetica Light
Spacer height: specify
Mounting-panel thickness: specify Character height (others available on request)
Lighting
Patented LED illumination page 6 0.156 inch
Display circuit (see page 5 for diagrams) 0.125 inch
Night vision page 6 Full display 0.109 inch
Installation 2-way split display 0.072 inch
3-way split display
Double-sleeve unit page 7
Single-sleeve unit page 8 Color (others available on request)
Lens configuration (circle one; must match lamp circuit) Aviation
List of standard features and options page 9 * * Red Blue
Amber White
* Requires installation of switch in rotated position. Green
For more information or assistance Dimming control Night vision
in ordering a Chromalux 389, Voltage input with series dimming resistors Green A, Class A Yellow, Class A
Voltage input with Zener diodes Green A, Class B Yellow, Class B
please call us at 206-281-1300 Green B, Class A Red, Class B
Pulse-width-modulated input with varying duty cycle
or 800-257-8921 (US only). Discrete voltage inputs (no dimming control necessary) Green B, Class B
Constant current regulation (for constant luminance over
voltage range)
Programmable (customized dimming)

Korry Electronics Company Page 9


Chromalux 389 installation Chromalux 389 LED switch

Installation of single-sleeve units Chromalux 389 switches cut acquisition, installation, and
This procedure applies to single-sleeve units and requires 3. Rotate both mounting screws counterclockwise to move the maintenance costs with innovative design and LED lighting
access to the back of the mounting panel. Once a single- mounting cams to the bottom of the mounting screws and into
sleeve unit is installed, any future replacement of the switch the recessed area. The Chromalux® 389 switch leverages cost-effective design In addition, LEDs provide ongoing maintenance cost
will also require access to the back of the mounting panel. solutions developed by Korry. It integrates the cap and base savings by eliminating the need to replace lamps. There
4. Slide the base through the spacer if used. into a one-piece assembly with a flex circuit, containing are no lamps!
If the capability to remove a pushbutton switch without
having access to the back of the mounting panel is required, 5. Orient the pushbutton switch so that TOP is in the correct the LED display components and electronics. A mounting If your requirement is not addressed here, please
double-sleeve mounting or mounting with floating nut brackets position, then insert it into the panel cutout and seat the spacer sleeve with a removeable connector module delivers consult us. The necessary option may be available on
and mounting screws should be used. or mounting flange against the panel. further mechanical simplicity and speed of installation. special order, or we could recommend another solution.
Single-sleeve units are available with printed-circuit-pin or 6. Orient the mounting sleeve so that TOP is in the correct This streamlined mechanical package offers
solder-less connector module termination. The connector position and slide it over the pushbutton switch from the back of outstanding lighting quality, using Korry’s latest patented
module can be configured to accept either M39029/57-354 or the mounting panel. Make sure the mounting cams are visible advances in LED illumination for exceptional sunlight
M39020/22-192 crimp sockets. through the mounting sleeve cutouts. readability and legend uniformity.
Solder-free
A single-sleeve assembly comprises a pushbutton switch, 7. From the front of the mounting panel, rotate the mounting connection
spacer, mounting sleeve, and a connector module, if specified. screws clockwise to draw up the mounting cams and capture
Inside the Chromalux 389 Switch plugs into mounting
The spacer is used to set the height of the cap assembly above sleeve assembly and mates
the mounting sleeve. Torque each mounting screw to 16-20 with inside of connector
the mounting panel. Single-sleeve mounting offers smaller Single mounting sleeve
inch-ounces. Do not over-tighten. Easy mounting module. Outside of
with removeable
center-to-center spacing of adjacent pushbuttons than double- Two cams and single mounting
connector module. connector module (left)
8. Wire the switch as required. If using a pushbutton switch with sleeve lock unit securely to accepts crimp
sleeve mounting. Reliable cap retention
a connector module, it can be wired before installing the switch. Cap stays seated firmly through front panel. terminal pins.
The connector module can then be snapped into the rear of the shock and vibration but pulls out
CAUTION: Disconnect all lighting and operating power to for quick access to mounting
mounting sleeve. The connector module accepts the applicable
a panel before working on any switches in that panel. screws. Indexing ensures proper
M39029 crimp socket. Use the insertion/removal tool specific to cap reinsertion.
• The display circuits may be active even if displays are not your application.
illuminated. Unless lighting power is first disconnected, Reliable switching
9. Rotate the cap back into position and insert it into the base, Four independent
probing with metal tools may cause a short circuit. Life-of-the-aircraft subminiature switches
pressing firmly until it seats with a snap. Cycle the pushbutton a
LED lighting eliminate switch chatter
• Switch actuation may activate a system and damage few times to ensure smooth actuation. Maintenance-free LED lighting is during shock and vibration.
equipment or injure personnel. uniform across the legend and
10. Perform applicable functional procedures.
sunlight readable to 10,000 foot
candles. All standard aviation
1. Grasp the cap with thumb and forefinger and pull it straight
colors are available.
out from the base. The Chromalux 389 requires approximately Complete, integrated
2-5 pounds of force to remove the cap from the base. The cap electronics
All required dimming and
is permanently attached to the base with a flex circuit. protection circuitry is provided
2. Rotate the cap to the side of the base opening. Two Mounting sleeve on flex circuit so switch operates
with standard power supplies.
mounting-screw heads will be visible. No aircraft modification is
Connector required for retrofit installations.
module
Single-sleeve mounting
configuration
Night-vision lighting Reliable, ergonomic actuator
NVIS legends are available to Actuator (momentary or alternate) provides
MIL-STD-3009 (MIL-L-85762). graduated resistance with positive tactile
Flicker-free lighting response, and protects against high force
Switch Strain-relieved flex circuit provides a and contact bounce.
Spacer permanent electrical connection to
Mounting panel
the LED displays while allowing cap
Advanced cap design movement during actuation.
Cam (2x) Proprietary reflector design
maximizes brightness. One-piece
legend will never delaminate and
is designed with Korry-developed
Mounting screw (2x) software for exact color and
transmission characteristics.

Page 8 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 1


Chromalux 389 specifications Chromalux 389 installation

Double-sleeve mounting Installation of double-sleeve units


Once installed, a double-sleeve unit is a line-replaceable This procedure applies to double-sleeve units and requires 4. Slide the inner mounting sleeve through the spacer. Orient the
access to the back of the mounting panel for initial installation. inner mounting sleeve and spacer so that TOP is in the correct
unit (LRU), so any future replacement of the switch is
Outer sleeve Once installed, a double-sleeve unit is a line-replaceable unit position. Insert the inner mounting sleeve spacer into the panel
performed from the front of the mounting panel without
affecting any wiring or termination. (LRU), so any future replacement of the switch is performed cutout seating the spacer against the mounting panel.
from the front of the mounting panel without affecting any 5. Orient the outer mounting sleeve so that TOP is in the correct
Connector wiring or termination. position and the locking tab is mated with the cutout on the
Spacer
Sets cap height module Double-sleeve units are available with solder-less inner mounting sleeve. Slide the outer mounting sleeve over the
above panel. connector module termination. The connector module can be inner mounting sleeve from the back of the panel. The locking
configured for either M39029/57-354 or M39020/22-192 crimp tab on the outer sleeve will engage with the mating cutout on
sockets, or it can include a printed-circuit-pin connector. This the inner sleeve prior to the outer sleeve touching the back of
Mounting screw (2x) printed-circuit-pin connector mounts to a printed wiring board, the mounting panel.
providing for installation and replacement of the switch from
6. Orient the pushbutton switch so that TOP is in the correct
the front of the mounting panel.
Mounting panel position and insert it into the inner mounting sleeve. Verify the
A double-sleeve assembly comprises a pushbutton switch,
mounting cams are visible through the cutouts in both mounting
inner mounting sleeve, outer mounting sleeve, spacer, and a
sleeves.
connector module. The spacer is used to set the height of the
Inner sleeve 7. From the front of the mounting panel, rotate the mounting
Switch cap assembly above the mounting panel.
screws clockwise to draw up the mounting cams and capture
CAUTION: Disconnect all lighting and operating power to the mounting sleeve. Torque each mounting screw to 16-20
Cam (2x)
a panel before working on any switches in that panel. inch-ounces. Do not over-tighten.

• The display circuits may be active even if displays are not 8. Wire the switch as required. If using a pushbutton switch with
illuminated. Unless lighting power is first disconnected, a connector module, it can be wired before installing the switch.
probing with metal tools may cause a short circuit. The connector module can then be snapped into the rear of the
Note: dimensions in inches (mm).
mounting sleeve. The connector module accepts the applicable
• Switch actuation may activate a system and damage
M39029 crimp socket. Use the insertion/removal tool specific to
Recommended mounting-panel cutouts equipment or injure personnel.
your application.
4x .83
(21.1) min. 9. Rotate the cap back into position and insert it into the base,
1. Grasp the cap with thumb and forefinger and pull it straight
out from the base. The Chromalux 389 requires approximately pressing firmly until it seats with a snap. Cycle the pushbutton a
4x . .825
(20.96) 2-5 pounds of force to remove the cap from the base. The cap few times to ensure smooth actuation.
.755 +.010
-.000.
(19.2 +.25
-.00 )
is permanently attached to the base with a flex circuit. 10. Perform applicable functional procedures.
2. Rotate the cap to the side of the base opening. Two
.12 ±.020 mounting-screw heads will be visible. Outer sleeve
Installed position
(3.05 ±.50)
3. Rotate both mounting screws counterclockwise to move the
mounting cams to the bottom of the mounting screws and into Connector
Spacer the recessed area. module
Mounting panel

Spacer
Lightplate

16x R .030 +.005 +.13


-.025. (.76 -.64 )

Termination Double-sleeve mounting


configuration
B 3
4 6 5 7 6 5 7
B
3
Mounting panel
9 8 10 2 9 8 10
A
2 12 11 13 A 12 11 13
1 1 Inner sleeve
15 14 16 15 14 16
Switch
M39029/57-354 M39029/22-192
6-pin display 5-pin display Cam (2x)
termination termination Mounting
screw (2x)

Page 2 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 7


Chromalux 389 lighting

Patented LED lighting Night-vision lighting Single-sleeve mounting


Chromalux 389 switches with our patented LED arrays offer Korry leads the aviation industry in designing and manufacturing
Single-sleeve mounting offers smaller center-to-center spacing
significant performance and cost benefits. Installation is simple lighted displays compatible with night-vision systems. Filtered
of adjacent pushbuttons than double-sleeve mounting.
and quick because the switches include all required power- versions of our Chromalux 389 LED displays are available for
conditioning and dimming circuitry. No modification to aircraft night vision, fully compliant with MIL-STD-3009 (MIL-L-85762).
power or wiring is needed. Korry LED products operate with Every night-vision 389 product offers the benefits of Korry’s
existing voltage inputs, and a common voltage source can be proprietary Nightshield ® filter technology. Our advanced
used with all switches and indicators, regardless of color. Nightshield material is more durable and cost effective than
glass, with tough monolithic construction for stability at high
Life-of-the-aircraft longevity Connector
heat and humidity, an extended useful life with no cracking, module
LED illumination has a life in excess of 150,000 hours versus
1,000 hours for incandescent. shattering, or delamination, and exceptional lighting uniformity.
Lower maintenance costs In addition, using LEDs presents advantages over
incandescent lamps because LEDs emit less near-infrared and Mounting sleeve
By eliminating lamps and lamp replacement, there are
ongoing savings in avoided inventory, labor, and AOGs. infrared energy. Accordingly, our LED night-vision displays
Reduced surface temperature require less filtering than incandescent equivalents, allowing
The touch temperature of the display face is more than for superior brightness and contrast. For night-vision color
50 percent lower than with incandescent lamps. options and detailed specifications, please call us.
Reduced power consumption Switch
Spacer Mounting panel
LEDs reduce power consumption by as much as 50 percent. Sets cap height
Stable color separation in bright and dim modes Infrared energy emitted by unfiltered incandescent lamp above panel.
An LED display maintains the same color with varying Cam (2x)
10.0
input voltage. In incandescent displays, the temperature
of the lamps varies with the voltage and changes the 1.0
Mounting screw (2x)
Normalized radiance

illumination color. 1.0 x 10-1

Specialized solutions 1.0 x 10-2


Note: dimensions in inches (mm). Unit with removeable connector Unit with removeable connector
We are the only supplier in the industry that can customize the 1.0 x 10-3 module and 6-pin display termination module and 5-pin display termination
dimming curve of an LED display to meet your specifications.
For example, we offer an LED display that emulates the 1.0 x 10-4 .75 (19.1)
.75 (19.1)
dimming curve of an incandescent source or we can produce -5 .64(16.3) .64(16.3)
1.0 x 10
any number of possibilities, such as a stepped dimming curve 390 435 480 525 570 615 660 705 750 795 840 885 930
Recommended mounting-panel
(below). If you have a specific lighting requirement, ask for a Wavelength (nm) Spacer Spacer
cutouts
consultation with our optics engineering group.
4x .755

Mounting panel
Infrared energy emitted by unfiltered green LED

Mounting panel
(19.2) min.
Custom stepped LED dimming 1.97 1.505 Mounting
Mounting (38.2)
10.0 (50.0) sleeve sleeve
400 4x .
1.0
.69 ±.005.
Normalized radiance

350 (17.5)±.127.
1.0 x 10-1
2.10
300 2.20 (53.3)
1.0 x 10-2 max.
(55.9)
Foot Lamberts

250 max.
1.0 x 10-3 .680
200 (17.3) max.
1.0 x 10-4
150 .680
1.0 x 10-5 (17.3)
+.005 +.13
100 390 435 480 525 570 615 660 705 750 795 840 885 930 16x R .030 . (.76
-.025 -.64 ) B 3
4 6 5 7 6 5 7
Wavelength (nm) B
50 M39029/57-354 3
A
9 8 10 M39029/22-192 2 9 8 10

0
6-pin display 2 12 11 13 5-pin display A 12 11 13
1 1
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 termination 15 14 16 termination 15 14 16

VDC input

Page 6 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 3


Note: specifications below apply to double-sleeve, single-sleeve, and special configurations shown on pages 2-4.
Chromalux 389 specifications
Electrical
M39029/57-354 6-pin display M39029/22-192 5-pin display
Special configurations 1 2 A 1 2 A 1 2 1 2 B A 1 A 1 A

Note: dimensions in inches (mm). Rectangular cap option


External seal option 1.20
Printed-circuit-pin Available with single or (30.5)
connector option double sleeves; 5- or 6-pin Top

Available with single or double Available with single


display termination
sleeve and 5-pin
sleeves and 6-pin display termination
.960 display termination 3 4 B A 3 B 4 12 B 12 B 3
(single-sleeve unit shown) (24.4)
.860
Full display 2-way split 3-way split Full display 2-way split 3-way split
.75 (19.1) (21.8) display display display display
.14 (3.6)
max.
Note: The Chromalux 389 display circuitry is polarity insensitive.
.125 ±.015 (3.2 ±.38)
Dimming-control interface options Switch circuit
Voltage input with series dimming resistors 5 4 poles (both M39029/57-354
7
.385 ±.030 Voltage input with Zener diodes 6
8 and M39029/22-192 termination
(9.8 ±.762) 10
Mounting sleeve Pulse-width-modulated input with varying duty cycle 9
11 applications)
1.505 13
(38.2) Discrete voltage inputs (no dimming control necessary) 12
14
16
Constant current regulation (for constant luminance over voltage range) 15

Programmable
2.65 Switch contact ratings
(67.3) Wiring
max. Voltage 25,000 cycles 100,000 cycles
Removeable connector module accepts M39029/57-354 or
.31 (7.9) 115/250 VAC Sea level Sea level
M39029/22-192 crimp sockets.
.21 (5.3) Resistive 8 amperes 3 amperes
Inductive 4 amperes 3 amperes
B
6 5 7 Operating characteristics Lamp 2 amperes 1 ampere
4
3
A
9 8 10
Switch type Momentary or alternate action; four 28 VDC Sea level 50,000 ft Sea level
2 12 11 13 6-pin display poles; double throw; Form C single Resistive 8 amperes 4 amperes 3 amperes
1
15 14 16
termination break, MIL-S-8805 Inductive 4 amperes 2.5 amperes 3 amperes
Lamp 2.5 amperes 2.5 amperes 1 ampere
Total cap travel 0.165 inch (4.19 mm)
.690
Mushroom cap options Flip guard (17.5) .345 Actuation force 2-5 pounds (0.91-2.27 kg)
(8.8) Cap extraction 2-5 pounds (0.91-2.27 kg)
Mounting torque 16-20 inch-ounces Environmental
.345 (8.8)
Legend area .812 .740 Legend area .750 Actuation life 100,000 cycles Chromalux 389 switches and indicators are designed to meet
.728 (18.5) (20.6) (18.8) .655 (16.6) (19.1)
Temperature -55° C to +85° C the following environmental conditions. All materials used
1. Flip-guard base are non-hazardous to prevent noxious fumes in a fire.
.430 held under switch
.350 ±.020 (8.9 ±.50) 1.0 (25.4) .940 (10.9) mounting flange
Reliability Dielectric MIL-STD-202
.940 (23.9) (23.9) The Chromalux 389 has an MTBF of approximately 215,000 Drip proof MIL-STD-108 (if applicable)
2. Custom spacer
hours, which varies by configuration. Following are typical Insulation resistance MIL-STD-202
used with flip-guard
results for a full, one-line display with red illumination, using Mechanical endurance MIL-PRF-22885
.200 (5.1) mounting
Mounting panel

MIL-HDBK-217F and applicable field data. Prediction Moisture resistance MIL-STD-202


Lightplate

parameters include an Airborne Inhabited Cargo environment, Salt spray MIL-STD-202


50 degrees C temperature, and a series math model. Sand and dust MIL-STD-202
Weight Part type Qty. Failure rate MTBF (hours) Shock MIL-STD-202
Available with
389 (base and cap): 30 grams max. Discrete semiconductors 8 1.474659171 678,123 Temperature and altitude MIL-STD-810
single or double
Single mounting sleeve: 8 grams max. Optoelectronics 4 0.078759 12,696,962 Thermal shock MIL-STD-202
sleeves; 5- or
Double mounting sleeves: 9 grams max. Resistors 19 0.822035086 1,216,493 Vibration MIL-STD-810
6-pin display
Connector module: 5 grams max. Switches 4 2.1 476,190 Testing to protect LED life
termination
Crimp sockets: PWB 2 0.00782 127,877,238 Normal surge voltage RTCA-D0-160D
(double sleeves
M39029/22-192): 2 grams max. (qty. 17) Electrical contacts 24 0.1126 8,880,995 Abnormal surge voltage RTCA-D0-160D
shown)
M39029/57-354: 2 grams max. (qty. 18) TOTAL 4.595873257 217,587 Voltage spike RTCA-D0-160D

Page 4 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 5


Note: specifications below apply to double-sleeve, single-sleeve, and special configurations shown on pages 2-4.
Chromalux 389 specifications
Electrical
M39029/57-354 6-pin display M39029/22-192 5-pin display
Special configurations 1 2 A 1 2 A 1 2 1 2 B A 1 A 1 A

Note: dimensions in inches (mm). Rectangular cap option


External seal option 1.20
Printed-circuit-pin Available with single or (30.5)
connector option double sleeves; 5- or 6-pin Top
Available with single
Available with single or double display termination
sleeve and 5-pin
sleeves and 6-pin display termination
.960 display termination 3 4 B A 3 B 4 12 B 12 B 3
(single-sleeve unit shown) (24.4)
.860
Full display 2-way split 3-way split Full display 2-way split 3-way split
.14 (3.6)
.75 (19.1) (21.8) display display display display
max.
Note: the Chromalux 389 display circuitry is polarity insensitive.
.125 ±.015 (3.2 ±.38)
Dimming-control interface options Switch circuit
Voltage input with series dimming resistors 5 4 poles (both M39029/57-354
7
.385 ±.030 Voltage input with Zener diodes 6
8 and M39029/22-192 termination
(9.8 ±.762) 10
Mounting sleeve Pulse-width-modulated input with varying duty cycle 9
11 applications)
1.505 13
(38.2) Discrete voltage inputs (no dimming control necessary) 12
14
16
Constant current regulation (for constant luminance over voltage range) 15

Programmable
2.65 Switch contact ratings
(67.3) Wiring
max. Voltage 25,000 cycles 100,000 cycles
Removeable connector module accepts M39029/57-354 or
.31 (7.9) 115/250 VAC Sea level Sea level
M39029/22-192 crimp sockets.
.21 (5.3) Resistive 8 amperes 3 amperes
Inductive 4 amperes 3 amperes
B
6 5 7 Operating characteristics Lamp 2 amperes 1 ampere
4
3
A
9 8 10
Switch type Momentary or alternate action; four 28 VDC Sea level 50,000 ft Sea level
2 12 11 13 6-pin display poles; double throw; Form C single Resistive 8 amperes 4 amperes 3 amperes
1
15 14 16
termination break, MIL-S-8805 Inductive 4 amperes 2.5 amperes 3 amperes
Lamp 2.5 amperes 2.5 amperes 1 ampere
Total cap travel 0.165 inch (4.19 mm)
.690
Mushroom cap options Flip guard (17.5) .345 Actuation force 2-5 pounds (0.91-2.27 kg)
(8.8) Cap extraction 2-5 pounds (0.91-2.27 kg)
Mounting torque 16-20 inch-ounces Environmental
.345 (8.8)
Legend area .812 .740 Legend area .750 Actuation life 100,000 cycles Chromalux 389 switches and indicators are designed to meet
.728 (18.5) (20.6) (18.8) .655 (16.6) (19.1)
Temperature -55° C to +85° C the following environmental conditions. All materials used
1. Flip-guard base are non-hazardous to prevent noxious fumes in a fire.
.430 held under switch
.350 ±.020 (8.9 ±.50) 1.0 (25.4) .940 (10.9) mounting flange
Reliability Dielectric MIL-STD-202
.940 (23.9) (23.9) The Chromalux 389 has an MTBF of approximately 215,000 Drip proof MIL-STD-108 (if applicable)
2. Custom spacer
hours, which varies by configuration. Following are typical Insulation resistance MIL-STD-202
used with flip-guard
results for a full, one-line display with red illumination, using Mechanical endurance MIL-PRF-22885
.200 (5.1) mounting
Mounting panel

MIL-HDBK-217F and applicable field data. Prediction Moisture resistance MIL-STD-202


Lightplate

parameters include an Airborne Inhabited Cargo environment, Salt spray MIL-STD-202


50 degrees C temperature, and a series math model. Sand and dust MIL-STD-202
Weight Part type Qty. Failure rate MTBF (hours) Shock MIL-STD-202
Available with
389 (base and cap): 30 grams max. Discrete semiconductors 8 1.474659171 678,123 Temperature and altitude MIL-STD-810
single or double
Single mounting sleeve: 8 grams max. Optoelectronics 4 0.078759 12,696,962 Thermal shock MIL-STD-202
sleeves; 5- or
Double mounting sleeves: 9 grams max. Resistors 19 0.822035086 1,216,493 Vibration MIL-STD-810
6-pin display
Connector module: 5 grams max. Switches 4 2.1 476,190 Testing to protect LED life
termination
Crimp sockets: PWB 2 0.00782 127,877,238 Normal surge voltage RTCA-D0-160D
(double sleeves
M39029/22-192): 2 grams max. (qty. 17) Electrical contacts 24 0.1126 8,880,995 Abnormal surge voltage RTCA-D0-160D
shown)
M39029/57-354: 2 grams max. (qty. 18) TOTAL 4.595873257 217,587 Voltage spike RTCA-D0-160D

Page 4 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 5


Chromalux 389 lighting

Patented LED lighting Night-vision lighting Single-sleeve mounting


Chromalux 389 switches with our patented LED arrays offer Korry leads the aviation industry in designing and manufacturing
Single-sleeve mounting offers smaller center-to-center spacing
significant performance and cost benefits. Installation is simple lighted displays compatible with night-vision systems. Filtered
of adjacent pushbuttons than double-sleeve mounting.
and quick because the switches include all required power- versions of our Chromalux 389 LED displays are available for
conditioning and dimming circuitry. No modification to aircraft night vision, fully compliant with MIL-STD-3009 (MIL-L-85762).
power or wiring is needed. Korry LED products operate with Every night-vision 389 product offers the benefits of Korry’s
existing voltage inputs, and a common voltage source can be proprietary Nightshield ® filter technology. Our advanced
used with all switches and indicators, regardless of color. Nightshield material is more durable and cost effective than
glass, with tough monolithic construction for stability at high
Life-of-the-aircraft longevity Connector
heat and humidity, an extended useful life with no cracking, module
LED illumination has a life in excess of 150,000 hours versus
1,000 hours for incandescent. shattering, or delamination, and exceptional lighting uniformity.
Lower maintenance costs In addition, using LEDs presents advantages over
incandescent lamps because LEDs emit less near-infrared and Mounting sleeve
By eliminating lamps and lamp replacement, there are
ongoing savings in avoided inventory, labor, and AOGs. infrared energy. Accordingly, our LED night-vision displays
Reduced surface temperature require less filtering than incandescent equivalents, allowing
The touch temperature of the display face is more than for superior brightness and contrast. For night-vision color
50 percent lower than with incandescent lamps. options and detailed specifications, please call us.
Reduced power consumption Switch
Spacer Mounting panel
LEDs reduce power consumption by as much as 50 percent. Sets cap height
Stable color separation in bright and dim modes Infrared energy emitted by unfiltered incandescent lamp above panel.
An LED display maintains the same color with varying Cam (2x)
10.0
input voltage. In incandescent displays, the temperature
of the lamps varies with the voltage and changes the 1.0
Mounting screw (2x)
Normalized radiance

illumination color. 1.0 x 10-1

Specialized solutions 1.0 x 10-2


Note: dimensions in inches (mm). Unit with removeable connector Unit with removeable connector
We are the only supplier in the industry that can customize the 1.0 x 10-3 module and 6-pin display termination module and 5-pin display termination
dimming curve of an LED display to meet your specifications.
For example, we offer an LED display that emulates the 1.0 x 10-4 .75 (19.1)
.75 (19.1)
dimming curve of an incandescent source or we can produce -5 .64(16.3) .64(16.3)
1.0 x 10
any number of possibilities, such as a stepped dimming curve 390 435 480 525 570 615 660 705 750 795 840 885 930
Recommended mounting-panel
(below). If you have a specific lighting requirement, ask for a Wavelength (nm) Spacer Spacer
cutouts
consultation with our optics engineering group.
4x .755

Mounting panel
Infrared energy emitted by unfiltered green LED

Mounting panel
(19.2) min.
Custom stepped LED dimming 1.97 1.505 Mounting
Mounting (38.2)
10.0 (50.0) sleeve sleeve
400 4x .
1.0
.69 ±.005.
Normalized radiance

350 (17.5)±.127.
1.0 x 10-1
2.10
300 2.20 (53.3)
1.0 x 10-2 max.
(55.9)
Foot Lamberts

250 max.
1.0 x 10-3 .680
200 (17.3) max.
1.0 x 10-4
150 .680
1.0 x 10-5 (17.3)
+.005 +.13
100 390 435 480 525 570 615 660 705 750 795 840 885 930 16x R .030 . (7.6
-.025 -.64 ) B 3
4 6 5 7 6 5 7
Wavelength (nm) B
50 M39029/57-354 3
A
9 8 10 M39029/22-192 2 9 8 10

0
6-pin display 2 12 11 13 5-pin display A 12 11 13
1 1
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 termination 15 14 16 termination 15 14 16

VDC input

Page 6 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 3


Chromalux 389 specifications Chromalux 389 installation

Double-sleeve mounting Installation of double-sleeve units


Once installed, a double-sleeve unit is a line-replaceable This procedure applies to double-sleeve units and requires 4. Slide the inner mounting sleeve through the spacer. Orient the
access to the back of the mounting panel for initial installation. inner mounting sleeve and spacer so that TOP is in the correct
unit (LRU), so any future replacement of the switch is
Outer sleeve Once installed, a double-sleeve unit is a line-replaceable unit position. Insert the inner mounting sleeve spacer into the panel
performed from the front of the mounting panel without
affecting any wiring or termination. (LRU), so any future replacement of the switch is performed cutout seating the spacer against the mounting panel.
from the front of the mounting panel without affecting any 5. Orient the outer mounting sleeve so that TOP is in the correct
Connector wiring or termination. position and the locking tab is mated with the cutout on the
Spacer
Sets cap height module Double-sleeve units are available with solder-less inner mounting sleeve. Slide the outer mounting sleeve over the
above panel. connector module termination. The connector module can be inner mounting sleeve from the back of the panel. The locking
configured for either M39029/57-354 or M39020/22-192 crimp tab on the outer sleeve will engage with the mating cutout on
sockets, or it can include a printed-circuit-pin connector. This the inner sleeve prior to the outer sleeve touching the back of
Mounting screw (2x) printed-circuit-pin connector mounts to a printed wiring board, the mounting panel.
providing for installation and replacement of the switch from
6. Orient the pushbutton switch so that TOP is in the correct
the front of the mounting panel.
Mounting panel position and insert it into the inner mounting sleeve. Verify the
A double-sleeve assembly comprises a pushbutton switch,
mounting cams are visible through the cutouts in both mounting
inner mounting sleeve, outer mounting sleeve, spacer, and a
sleeves.
connector module. The spacer is used to set the height of the
Inner sleeve 7. From the front of the mounting panel, rotate the mounting
Switch cap assembly above the mounting panel.
screws clockwise to draw up the mounting cams and capture
CAUTION: Disconnect all lighting and operating power to the mounting sleeve. Torque each mounting screw to 16-20
Cam (2x)
a panel before working on any switches in that panel. inch-ounces. Do not over-tighten.

• The display circuits may be active even if displays are not 8. Wire the switch as required. If using a pushbutton switch with
illuminated. Unless lighting power is first disconnected, a connector module, it can be wired before installing the switch.
probing with metal tools may cause a short circuit. The connector module can then be snapped into the rear of the
Note: dimensions in inches (mm).
mounting sleeve. The connector module accepts the applicable
• Switch actuation may activate a system and damage
M39029 crimp socket. Use the insertion/removal tool specific to
Recommended mounting-panel cutouts equipment or injure personnel.
your application.
4x .83
(21.1) min. 9. Rotate the cap back into position and insert it into the base,
1. Grasp the cap with thumb and forefinger and pull it straight
out from the base. The Chromalux 389 requires approximately pressing firmly until it seats with a snap. Cycle the pushbutton a
4x . .825
(20.96) 2-5 pounds of force to remove the cap from the base. The cap few times to ensure smooth actuation.
.755 +.010
-.000.
(19.2 +.25
-.00 )
is permanently attached to the base with a flex circuit. 10. Perform applicable functional procedures.
2. Rotate the cap to the side of the base opening. Two
.12 ±.020 mounting-screw heads will be visible. Outer sleeve
Installed position
(3.05 ±.50)
3. Rotate both mounting screws counterclockwise to move the
mounting cams to the bottom of the mounting screws and into Connector
Spacer the recessed area. module
Mounting panel

Spacer
Lightplate

16x R .030 +.005 +.13


-.025. (7.6 -.64 )

Termination Double-sleeve mounting


configuration
B 3
4 6 5 7 6 5 7
B
3
Mounting panel
9 8 10 2 9 8 10
A
2 12 11 13 A 12 11 13
1 1 Inner sleeve
15 14 16 15 14 16
Switch
M39029/57-354 M39029/22-192
6-pin display 5-pin display Cam (2x)
termination termination Mounting
screw (2x)

Page 2 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 7


Chromalux 389 installation Chromalux 389 LED switch

Installation of single-sleeve units Chromalux 389 switches cut acquisition, installation, and
This procedure applies to single-sleeve units and requires 3. Rotate both mounting screws counterclockwise to move the maintenance costs with innovative design and LED lighting
access to the back of the mounting panel. Once a single- mounting cams to the bottom of the mounting screws and into
sleeve unit is installed, any future replacement of the switch the recessed area. The Chromalux® 389 switch leverages cost-effective design In addition, LEDs provide ongoing maintenance cost
will also require access to the back of the mounting panel. solutions developed by Korry. It integrates the cap and base savings by eliminating the need to replace lamps. There
4. Slide the base through the spacer if used. into a one-piece assembly with a flex circuit, containing are no lamps!
If the capability to remove a pushbutton switch without
5. Orient the pushbutton switch so that TOP is in the correct the LED display components and electronics. A mounting If your requirement is not addressed here, please
having access to the back of the mounting panel is required,
double-sleeve mounting or mounting with floating nut brackets position, then insert it into the panel cutout and seat the spacer sleeve with a removeable connector module delivers consult us. The necessary option may be available on
or mounting flange against the panel. further mechanical simplicity and speed of installation. special order, or we could recommend another solution.
and mounting screws should be used.
Single-sleeve units are available with printed-circuit-pin or 6. Orient the mounting sleeve so that TOP is in the correct This streamlined mechanical package offers
solder-less connector module termination. The connector position and slide it over the pushbutton switch from the back of outstanding lighting quality, using Korry’s latest patented
module can be configured to accept either M39029/57-354 or the mounting panel. Make sure the mounting cams are visible advances in LED illumination for exceptional sunlight
M39020/22-192 crimp sockets. through the mounting sleeve cutouts. readability and legend uniformity.
Solder-free
A single-sleeve assembly comprises a pushbutton switch, 7. From the front of the mounting panel, rotate the mounting connection
spacer, mounting sleeve, and a connector module, if specified. screws clockwise to draw up the mounting cams and capture
Inside the Chromalux 389 Switch plugs into mounting
The spacer is used to set the height of the cap assembly above sleeve assembly and mates
the mounting sleeve. Torque each mounting screw to 16-20 with inside of connector
the mounting panel. Single-sleeve mounting offers smaller Single mounting sleeve
inch-ounces. Do not over-tighten. Easy mounting module. Outside of
with removeable
center-to-center spacing of adjacent pushbuttons than Two cams and single mounting connector module (left)
8. Wire the switch as required. If using a pushbutton switch with connector module.
double- sleeve mounting. Reliable cap retention sleeve lock unit securely to accepts crimp
a connector module, it can be wired before installing the switch. Cap stays seated firmly through front panel. terminal pins.
The connector module can then be snapped into the rear of the shock and vibration but pulls out
CAUTION: Disconnect all lighting and operating power to for quick access to mounting
mounting sleeve. The connector module accepts the applicable
a panel before working on any switches in that panel. screws. Indexing ensures proper
M39029 crimp socket. Use the insertion/removal tool specific to cap reinsertion.
• The display circuits may be active even if displays are not your application.
illuminated. Unless lighting power is first disconnected, Reliable switching
9. Rotate the cap back into position and insert it into the base, Four independent
probing with metal tools may cause a short circuit. Life-of-the-aircraft subminiature switches
pressing firmly until it seats with a snap. Cycle the pushbutton a
LED lighting eliminate switch chatter
• Switch actuation may activate a system and damage few times to ensure smooth actuation. Maintenance-free LED lighting is during shock and vibration.
equipment or injure personnel. uniform across the legend and
10. Perform applicable functional procedures.
sunlight readable to 10,000 foot
candles. All standard aviation
1. Grasp the cap with thumb and forefinger and pull it straight
colors are available.
out from the base. The Chromalux 389 requires approximately Complete, integrated
2-5 pounds of force to remove the cap from the base. The cap electronics
All required dimming and
is permanently attached to the base with a flex circuit. protection circuitry is provided
2. Rotate the cap to the side of the base opening. Two Mounting sleeve on flex circuit so switch operates
with standard power supplies.
mounting-screw heads will be visible. No aircraft modification is
Connector required for retrofit installations.
module
Single-sleeve mounting
configuration
Night-vision lighting Reliable, ergonomic actuator
NVIS legends are available to Actuator (momentary or alternate) provides
MIL-STD-3009 (MIL-L-85762). graduated resistance with positive tactile
Flicker-free lighting response, and protects against high force
Switch Strain-relieved flex circuit provides a and contact bounce.
Spacer permanent electrical connection to
Mounting panel
the LED displays while allowing cap
Advanced cap design movement during actuation.
Cam (2x) Proprietary reflector design
maximizes brightness. One-piece
legend will never delaminate and
is designed with Korry-developed
Mounting screw (2x) software for exact color and
transmission characteristics.

Page 8 Korry Electronics Co. Korry Electronics Co. Page 1


Chromalux 389: standard features and options
How to use this technical guide Use this summary of features and options to specify the Legend type (see table below; others available on request)
Chromalux 389 configuration for your application. If you have S
For an overview of the Chromalux 389 switch, see the facing page. special requirements not addressed here, please call us at B
More detailed specifications follow. 206-281-1300 or 800-257-8921 (US only). W
N
To learn about the advantages of Korry‘s patented LED lighting, Cap type C
turn to page 6. Standard
Description Unlighted Lighted
0.740-inch mushroom
To see how simple it is to install Chromalux 389 double-sleeve and 0.812-inch mushroom black colored lighted
single-sleeve units, consult pages 7-8. External seal S hidden legend background letters, black
background
For an overview of standard features and options, including
Switch action hidden legend, black black letters,
legends, turn to page 9. B lighted background lighted colored
Alternate background background
Momentary
Indicator lighted black letters, black letters,
W background white lighted colored
background background
Switch contact
lighted white letters, colored lighted
Table of Contents 1 Amp or less
1-8 Amps
N letters black
background
letters, black
background
Overview of the Chromalux 389 page 1
colored black letters, black letters,
Termination C background colored lighted colored
Specifications M39029/22-192 connector module background background
Double-sleeve mounting page 2 M39029/57-354 connector module
Single-sleeve mounting page 3 Printed-circuit pin with connector module Font (others available on request)
Special configurations page 4 Gorton Normal Gothic
Weight page 4 Mounting Gorton Condensed Gothic
Electrical page 5 Double sleeve with connector module (LRU) Gorton Extra Condensed Gothic
Single sleeve with connector module Futura Medium
Operating characteristics page 5
Single sleeve Futura Medium Condensed
Reliability page 5
Environmental page 5 Helvetica Light
Spacer height: specify
Mounting-panel thickness: specify Character height (others available on request)
Lighting
Patented LED illumination page 6 0.156 inch
Display circuit (see page 5 for diagrams) 0.125 inch
Night vision page 6 Full display 0.109 inch
Installation 2-way split display 0.072 inch
3-way split display
Double-sleeve unit page 7
Single-sleeve unit page 8 Color (others available on request)
Lens configuration (circle one; must match lamp circuit) Aviation
List of standard features and options page 9 * * Red Blue
Amber White
* Requires installation of switch in rotated position. Green
For more information or assistance Dimming-control interface Night vision
in ordering a Chromalux 389, Voltage input with series dimming resistors Green A, Class A Yellow, Class A
Voltage input with Zener diodes Green A, Class B Yellow, Class B
please call us at 206-281-1300 Green B, Class A Red, Class B
Pulse-width-modulated input with varying duty cycle
or 800-257-8921 (US only). Discrete voltage inputs (no dimming control necessary) Green B, Class B
Constant current regulation (for constant luminance over
voltage range)
Programmable (customized dimming)

Korry Electronics Co. Page 9


Chromalux 389
5/8-inch LED switch

w w w . k o r r y . c o m

Korry’s patented LED illumination delivers sunlight readability


and life-of-the-aircraft reliability at an economical cost. Designed for quick,
About Korry solder-free installation, the lamp-free Chromalux ® 389 requires no aircraft
We specialize in operator interfaces for aerospace, defense,
and other industries that demand high reliability in challenging
modifications and no maintenance. Night-vision lighting is optional.
environments. If you need an interface with high-performance
displays, lighting, switching, or any other difficult requirement, Integrated cap and base design for high reliability
turn to the engineering and manufacturing team at Korry. and simple installation
Korry solutions integrate our expertise in optics, electronics
and software, mechanical packaging, mechanism design, and Uniform, sunlight-readable legends with
human factors, plus more than 60 years of experience. In optional night-vision lighting
addition, we continually perfect and apply our own proprietary
Life-of-the-aircraft LED illumination
materials and processes for leading-edge performance not with built-in dimming, protection, and
available anywhere else. thermal-management circuitry
Korry occupies a modern 150,000 square-foot engineering
and manufacturing facility in Seattle, Washington. We are a Connector-module termination for
wholly owned subsidiary of Esterline Technologies, a worldwide solder-free installation
manufacturing company headquartered in Bellevue, Washington.
Esterline is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the Four-pole double-throw switching
trading symbol ESL.␣
Momentary, alternate, and indicator options

901 Dexter Avenue North


Seattle, Washington 98109
Phone: 206-281-1300
© 2002, Korry Electronics Co.
Fax: 206-273-4128
Korry, Chromalux, and Nightshield are registered trademarks of Korry Electronics Co. www.korry.com