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3472/2 SULIT
3472/2
Matematik
Tambahan
Kertas 2
2 ½ jam
Ogos 2008
SEKTOR SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH
BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN
SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH / KLUSTER
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2008
MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN
Kertas 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
1. This question paper consists of three sections : Section A, Section B and Section C.
2. Answer all question in Section A , four questions from Section B and two questions from
Section C.
3. Give only one answer / solution to each question..
4. Show your working. It may help you to get marks.
5. The diagram in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
6. The marks allocated for each question and subpart of a question are shown in brackets..
7. A list of formulae is provided on pages 2 to 3.
8. A booklet of fourfigure mathematical tables is provided.
9. You may use a nonprogrammable scientific calculator.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 13 halaman bercetak
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2
The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given are
the ones commonly used.
ALGEBRA
1 x =
a
ac b b
2
4
2
÷ ± ÷
2 a
m
× a
n
= a
m + n
3 a
m
÷ a
n
= a
m  n
4 (a
m
)
n
= a
nm
5 log
a
mn = log
a
m + log
a
n
6 log
a
n
m
= log
a
m  log
a
n
7 log
a
m
n
= n log
a
m
8 log
a
b =
a
b
c
c
log
log
9 T
n
= a + (n1)d
10 S
n
= ] ) 1 ( 2 [
2
d n a
n
÷ +
11 T
n
= ar
n1
12 S
n
=
r
r a
r
r a
n n
÷
÷
=
÷
÷
1
) 1 (
1
) 1 (
, (r = 1)
13
r
a
S
÷
=
·
1
, r <1
CALCULUS
1 y = uv ,
dx
du
v
dx
dv
u
dx
dy
+ =
2
v
u
y = ,
2
du dv
v u
dy
dx dx
dx v
÷
= ,
3
dx
du
du
dy
dx
dy
× =
4 Area under a curve
=
í
b
a
y dx or
=
í
b
a
x dy
5 Volume generated
=
í
b
a
y
2
t dx or
=
í
b
a
x
2
t dy
5 A point dividing a segment of a line
( x,y) = ,
2 1
\

+
+
n m
mx nx

.

+
+
n m
my ny
2 1
6. Area of triangle =
) ( ) (
2
1
3 1 2 3 1 2 1 3 3 2 2 1
1
y x y x y x y x y x y x + + ÷ + +
1 Distance =
2
2 1
2
2 1
) ( ) ( y y x x ÷ + ÷
2 Midpoint
(x , y) =
\
 +
2
2 1
x x
, 
.
 +
2
2 1
y y
3
2 2
y x r + =
4
2 2
xi yj
r
x y
.
+
=
+
GEOM ETRY
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3
STATISTICS
TRIGONOMETRY
1 Arc length, s = ru
2 Area of sector , A =
2
1
2
r u
3 sin
2
A + cos
2
A = 1
4 sec
2
A = 1 + tan
2
A
5 cosec
2
A = 1 + cot
2
A
6 sin2A = 2 sinAcosA
7 cos 2A = cos
2
A – sin
2
A
= 2 cos
2
A1
= 1 2 sin
2
A
8 tan2A =
A
A
2
tan 1
tan 2
÷
9 sin (A± B) = sinAcosB ± cosAsinB
10 cos (A± B) = cos AcosB sinAsinB
11 tan (A± B) =
B A
B A
tan tan 1
tan tan
±
12
C
c
B
b
A
a
sin sin sin
= =
13 a
2
= b
2
+c
2
 2bc cosA
14 Area of triangle = C absin
2
1
1 x =
N
x
¯
2 x =
¯
¯
f
fx
3 o =
N
x x
¯
÷
2
) (
=
2 _
2
x
N
x
÷
¯
4 o =
¯
¯
÷
f
x x f
2
) (
=
2
2
x
f
fx
÷
¯
¯
5 M = C
f
F N
L
m
÷
+
2
1
6 100
0
1
× =
P
P
I
7
1
1 1
w
I w
I
¯
¯
=
8
)! (
!
r n
n
P
r
n
÷
=
9
! )! (
!
r r n
n
C
r
n
÷
=
10 P(AB)=P(A)+P(B)P(A·B)
11 p (X=r) =
r n r
r
n
q p C
÷
, p + q = 1
12 Mean , u = np
13 npq = o
14 z =
o
u ÷ x
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SECTION A
[40 marks]
Answer all questions in this section .
1. Solve the simultaneous equations h + 2k = 5 and k
2
– 3h = 7.
Give your answers correct to three decimal places. [5 marks]
2. Solution to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.
Diagram 1 shows a straight line PRQ
The points P and Q intersects the y –axis and the xaxis. R is the midpoint of line PQ.
The equation of line PR is 0 12 2 3 = ÷ + y x
(a) Find
(i) the coordinates of R. [2 marks]
(ii) the area of triangle OPS if SR was extended to the origin and PS is parallel
to the xaxis. [2 marks]
(b) A point X moves such that its distance from P is always
2
1
of its distance from Q
[3 marks]
4
y
x
0
S
R
P
Q
Diagram 1
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5
3 Diagram 2 shows a histogram representing the distribution of the heights of 30 students
in a class.
Calculate
(a) the value of fx
¯
[3 marks]
(b) the value of
2
fx
¯
[2 marks]
(c) the standard deviation of the number of patients visiting the clinic. [3 marks]
4. Diagram 3 shows the particles A and B are projected simultaneously towards each other
from the opposite end of a straight tube, 9 m long.
Particle A travels 47 cm in the 1
st
second, 45 cm in
nd
2 second, 43 cm in the
rd
3
second, etc. Particle B travels 25 cm in the 1
st
second, 24 cm in
nd
2 second, 23 cm in
the
rd
3 second, etc. Find how long it takes for both particles to meet.
[6 marks]
2
10
8
6
4
145.5 160.5 155.5 150.5 140.5 170.5 165.5
Height (cm)
N
u
m
b
e
r
o
f
s
t
u
d
e
n
t
s
Diagram 2
Diagram 3
A
B
 
÷ ÷
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5. (a) Find the equation of the normal to the curve
3 2
2 y x x = ÷ at the point (1, 1).
[3 marks]
(b) A cylindrical tank with a circular base of radius 0.5 m is filled with h m of
turpentine. If the turpentine is evaporating at a uniform rate of 0.001 m
3
s
1
, find
the rate of change in the level of turpentine. Leave your answer in terms of t.
[3 marks]
6. (a) Prove the identity cos
4
u  sin
4
u = cos 2u. [3 marks]
(b) By sketching the graph of y = 2sin
4
u  2cos
4
u and a suitable straight line on
the same axis for 0 s u s t, state the number of solutions for the equation
2sin
4
u  2cos
4
u = 1
x
t
÷ . [5 marks]
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SECTION B
[40 marks]
Answer four questions from this section.
7. Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.
Table 1 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an
experiment. Variables x and y are related by an equation
1 x
y pk
÷
= ,
where p and k are constants.
Table 1
(a) Plot log
10
y against (x – 1) , by using the scale of 2 cm to 1 unit
on the xaxis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the yaxis. Hence, draw
the line of best fit.
(b) Use the graph in 7 (a) to find the value of
(i) p,
(ii) k
[5 marks]
[5 marks]
x 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0
y 8.2 11.8 16.7 23.9 34.8 50.2
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8. In the Diagram 4, OP = 8 p , OQ = 10 q and PS = 4 q .
(a) Express each of the following vectors in terms of p and/or q .
(i) OS
(ii) QP [4 marks]
(b) Given that OT = aOS and QT = bOP , express OT in terms of
(i) a, p and q
(ii) b, p and q [3 marks]
(c) Hence, find the values of a and b. [3 marks]
Q
10 q
O
S
T
P
8 p
4 q
Diagram 4
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9. Diagram 5 shows sector AOB and sector OED with centre O and E respectively. OCE is a
right angle triangle. (Use t = 3.142).
Given that ZAOB = 50
0
, OA = 10 cm , OE = 8 cm and OB : BC = 2 : 1.
Calculate
(a) u in radian, [2 marks]
(b) perimeter of the shaded region in cm, [4 marks]
(c) area of the shaded region in cm
2
. [4 marks]
C
B
A
O
E
D
θ
Diagram 5
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10. (a) Given y = (t – 2)(t + 1) and x = 2t + 1, find
dy
dx
in terms of x. [2 marks]
(b) Diagram 6 shows the curve y = (x ÷ 3)(x ÷ 5) intersects with a straight line
2 y x p = + at the point (1, 8).
Find,
(i) the value of p,
(ii) the area of the shaded region. [5 marks]
(iii) the volume generated when the region bounded by the straight line x = 1,
y = 2x + p, the x and yaxes is revolved 360
o
on the xaxis.
[3 marks]
11. (a) In one housing area, 20% of the residents are senior citizens.
i) If a sample of seven persons is chosen at random, calculate the probability
that at least two of them are senior citizens.
[3 marks]
ii) If the variance of the senior citizens is 128, find the number of residents in
the housing area.
[2 marks]
b) In a field study, it is found that the mass of a student is normally distributed with a
mean of 50 kg and standard deviation 15 kg.
i) If a student is selected randomly, calculate the probability that his mass is
less than 41 kg.
[2 marks]
ii) Given that 12% of the students have a mass greater than m kg, find the value
of m.
[3 marks]
Diagram 6
(1, 8)
y = (x  3)(x  5)
x
y
O
y = 2x + p

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11
SECTION C
[20 marks]
Answer two questions from this section.
12. A particle moves along a straight line from a fixed point O. Its velocity, V ms
1
, is given
by V = 15t – 3t
2
, where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving the point O.
(Assume motion to the right is positive)
Find
a) the maximum velocity of the particle, [3 marks]
b) the distance travelled during the fourth second, [3 marks]
c) the value of t when the particle passes the point O again, [2 marks]
d) the time between leaving O and when the particle reverses its direction of motion.
[2 marks]
13
Food Price Index, I Weightage, w
Fish 110 3
Chicken m 2
Rice 130 5
Meat 105 n
Prawn 115 1
Table 2 shows the price indices and weightage of 5 types of food consumed in the year
2007 using 2006 as the base year. The composite index of these 5 items in the year 2007
using 2006 as the base year is 117 and
¯
w = 13.
a) Calculate the values of m and n. [4 marks]
b) Find the price of a kilogram of rice in the year 2007 if its price in the year 2006 is
RM 12.50. [2 marks]
Table 2
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12
c) Given that the projected rate of change in the prices of all the foods from 2007 to
2008 is the same as that from 2006 to 2007. Find
(i) the composite index number of these foods in the year 2008, using the year
2006 as the base year.
(ii) the amount to be paid for these foods in the year 2008 if the amount paid for
these items in 2006 was RM650.
[4 marks]
14. An institution offers two types of Mathematics courses, Calculus and Statistic . The
number of students taking Calculus course is x and the number of students taking
Statistic course is y. The number of students taking the Mathematics courses is based on
the following constraints:
I : The ratio of the number of students taking Calculus course to the number of
students taking Statistic course is not more than 80 : 20.
II : The total number of students taking Mathematics courses is less than or equal to
80.
III : The number of students taking Statistic course is at least 10
IV: The number of students taking Calculus course is more than 20.
(a) Write four inequalities, other than x ≥0 and y ≥ 0,which satisfy all the above
constraints.
[4 marks]
(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 students on both axes, construct and shade the region
R which satisfies all of the above constraints.
[3 marks]
(c) By using your graph from (b) ,find
(i) the range of the number of students for Calculus course if the number of
students for Statistics course is 20.
(ii) the maximum examination fee that can be collected if the examination fees
for Calculus and Statistics courses are RM 200 and RM 400 respectively.
[3 marks]
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13
15.
Diagram 7 shows the triangle ABC, where D is a midpoint of the line AC and ABC Z
is an obtuse angle. Triangle CDE is an isosceles triangle such that CD = DE. Given
that the length of AC = 10 cm, EC = 6 cm , AB = 5 cm and 27 ACB Z =
.
a) Calculate the ABC Z [3 marks]
b) Find the area of triangle ABC [3 marks]
c) If the line CB is extended to point F, find the length of the shortest distance from
point A to line CF. [2 marks]
d) Calculate the CDE Z [2 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
A
E
B C
5 cm
6 cm
27
D
Diagram 7
3472/2
Matematik
Tambahan
Kertas 2
2 ½ jam
Ogos 2008
SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH
BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN
SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH / KLUSTER
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2008
MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN
Kertas 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit
Skema Pemarkahan ini mengandungi 13 halaman bercetak
MARKING SCHEME
2
QUESTION
NO.
SOLUTION MARKS
1
2
2
2
2
2
h + 2k = 5 (i)
k  3h = 7 (ii)
From (i) h = 5  2k (iii)
k  3(5  2k) = 7
k + 6k  22 = 0
b b  4ac
Use
2a
6 6  4(1)(22)
k =
2(1)
= 2.568 , 8.568
h = 0.136
±
±
, 22.136
2 a i)
ii)
b)
P( 0 , 6 ) , Q (4 , 0 )
R = ( 2 ,3 )
OPS =
0
1
0 2 6
0
6
4 0
0
or 6 4
2
1
× ×
= 12
XQ PX
2
1
=
=
2 2 2 2
1
( 0) ( 6) ( 4) ( 0)
2
x y x y ÷ + ÷ = ÷ + ÷
2 2
3 3 8 48 128 0 x y x y ¬ + + ÷ + =
2
2
3
N1
K1
Eliminate h or k
Solve the quadratic
equation by using the
quadratic formula or
completing square
K1
N1
N1
N1
K1
Find coord. P,Q and use
midpoint formula
K1
N1
N1
P1
K1
5
7
3
3 a)
b)
c)
See 143, 148, 153, 158, 163 and 168
4(143) + 5(148) + 8(153) + 9(158) +3(163) + 1(168)
4615
4(143
2
) + 5(148
2
) + 8(153
2
) + 9(158
2
) + 3(163
2
) + 1(168
2
)
711195
o =
2
2
x
f
fx
÷
¯
¯
÷
= ÷
=
2
711195
153.83
30
23706.5 23664.69
6.466
3
2
3
4
2 , 47 ÷ = =
A A
d a or 25 =
B
a , 1 ÷ =
B
d
  ) 2 )( 1 ( ) 47 ( 2
2
÷ ÷ + n
n
or   ) 1 )( 1 ( ) 25 ( 2
2
÷ ÷ + n
n
  ) 2 )( 1 ( ) 47 ( 2
2
÷ ÷ + n
n
+   ) 1 )( 1 ( ) 25 ( 2
2
÷ ÷ + n
n
= 900
0 1800 147 3
2
= + ÷ n n
Factorize/solve
24 = n
5 a)
Find
dy
dx
correctly and subtitude x=1
Use
1 2
1 m m = ÷
y = x – 2
3
K1
N1
K1
N1
K1
K1
N1
Find the value of min
Use s.d formula
P1
K1
K1
K1
N1
N1
K1
K1
N1
8
6
P1
Accept listing method
4
b) 0.25
0.25
0.001 (0.25 )
1
250
V h
dv
dh
dv dv dh
dt dh dt
dh
dt
dh
dt
t
t
t
t
=
=
= ×
÷ = ×
= ÷
3
6 a)
b)
4 4 2 2 2 2
2 2
cos sin (cos sin )(cos sin )
(cos sin )(1)
cos 2
u u u u u u
u u
u
÷ = ÷ +
= +
=
3
5
N1
K1
K1
6
K1
K1
N1
y
x
t
4
t
2
3t
4
t
1
2
– 1
– 2
P1
P1
P1
Graph of cos Min/max = 2 & 2
1 period for 0 x t < <
K1
N1
Draw a straight line
of 1
x
y
t
= ÷
Graph of cos
Number of solutions = 2
8
5
7 a)
b)
log
10
y = log
10
p + (x – 1) log
10
k
Refer to the graph
P1
N1
x  1 1 2 3 4 5 6
log y 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.38 1.54 1.70
p = 5.623
Plot all the points
correctly
Draw the best line fit
yintercept = log
10
p
t = 4
gradient = log
10
k
k =1.440
N1
K1
N1
N1
N1
K1
K1
N1
10
Accept listing method
6
Answer for question 7
1.4
1.6
x
x
y Log
10
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
x
x
x
x
x
(a)
x  1 1 2 3 4 5 6
log y 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.38 1.54 1.70
Accept listing method
7
8 a i)
ii)
b i)
ii)
c)
OS
= 8p+4q
QP QO
= 8p10q
OT (8 4 ) 8 4
QT
OT 8 10
8 8
=
4 = 10
4 = 10
OP OS
OP
a p q ap aq
OT OQ bOP
bp q
bp ap
b a
aq q
a
= +
= +
= + = +
= ÷ =
= +
=
5 5
= ,
2 2
a b =
4
3
3
9 a)
b)
tan
1
8
15
61.93
o
= 1.081 rad
AB
S = 10 ( t ×
180
50
) = 8.728
Perimeter of OAB = 10 + 8.728 or EC
2
= 15
2
+ 8
2
= 17
Perimeter of shaded region = 10 + 8.728 + 5 + 9 + 1.081x 8
= 41.376
2
4
K1
N1
K1
N1
P1
K1
K1
N1
P1
K1
K1
N1
K1
K1
N1
Comparison
Solve
Both correct
10
N1
8
c) ( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )
2
2
1
10 0.8728
2
43.64
1
8 1.081 34.59
2
1
8 15
2
60
43.64 60 34.592
69.048
AreaOAB
AreaOED
Area
area shaded region
=
=
= =
A =
=
= + ÷
=
4
K1
K1
N1
K1
Area OAB or Area OED
10
9
10 a)
b i)
ii)
iii)
dy
dt
= 2t – 1 or
dx
dt
= 2 or
+
÷
÷
÷
= 1
2
1
2
2
1 x x
y
dy
dx
=
dy
dt
x
dt
dx
=
2 1
2
t ÷
=
2
1
2
1
2 ÷ 
.

\
 ÷ x
=
2
2
x ÷
p = 6
3
2
1
3
3
2
1
Area of shaded region
1
(6 8)(1) ( 8 15)
2
7 4 15
3
2
13
3
x x dx
x
x x
= + + ÷ +
= + ÷ +
=
í
1
2
0
1
2
0
3
2
1
0
(2 6)
(4 24 36)
4
12 36
3
1
3
49
Volume x dx
x x dx
x
x x
t
t
t
t
= +
= + +
= + +
=
í
í
2
5
3
K1
N1
K1
K1
N1
K1
Area of triangle
Integration
L
1
+ L
2
K1
K1
N1
Use
1
0
í
P1
10
Integrate
10
11 a i)
ii)
b i)
ii)
3
2
2
3
12 a)
b)
c)
d)
a = 15 – 6t
15 – 6t = 0, t =
15
6
s
V
max
=
3
18
4
ms
1
// 18.75 //
4
75
S =
2 3
15
t t
2
÷
Distance travelled = S
4
– S
3
= 56 
1
40
2
S
4
S
3
=
1
15
2
m
2 3
15
t t
2
÷ = 0, S=0
t =
15
s
2
V=0
15 t – 3 t
2
= 0
Time between = 5 s
3
3
2
2
K1
K1
N1
K1
N1
K1
N1
K1
K1
N1
10
K1
K1
N1
a = 0
Substitute t
into v
K1
K1
N1
K1
N1
K1
N1
10
Accept listing method
11
13 a)
b)
c i)
ii)
07
06
07
07
08 07 08
06 06 06
08
08
n = 2
110(3)+m(2)+130(5)+105(2)+115(1)
117
13
m = 108
Q
x 100 = 130
Q
12.50 x 130
Q =
100
Q = 16.25
I I I
= X
I I I
= 1.17 x 1.17 x 100
= 136.89
Q
X 100 = 136.89
650
Q
=
= 889.79
3
2
3
2
14 Refer to the graph
P1
K1
N1
K1
N1
K1
K1
N1
K1
N1
10
12
Answer for question 14
(a) I.
80
20
x
y
s
II. 80 x y + s
III. 10 y >
IV 20 x >
(b) Refer to the graph,
1 graph correct
3 graphs correct
Correct area
(c) max point ( 50,120 )
i) 20 60 x s s
ii) k = 200x + 400y
Max fees = 200(21) + 400(59)
= RM 27,800
10
N1
N1
N1
N1
N1
N1
K1
N1
K1
N1
10
20
70
60
50
80
90
40
30
y
(21,59)
10 20 30 40
50 60 70
0
80
x
13
15 a)
b)
c)
d)
'
'
2 2 2
5 10
sin 27 sin
sin 0.9080
65.23 65 14
180 65.23
114.77 114 46
180 27 114.77
38.23
1
(10)(5) sin38.23
2
15.47
sin 27
10
4.54
6 5 5 2(5)(5) cos
cos
ABC
ABC
ABC or
ABC
or
BAC
Areaof triangle ABC
x
x
CDE
CDE
°
° °
°
° °
° ° °
°
°
°
=
Z
Z =
Z =
Z = ÷
=
Z = ÷ ÷
=
=
=
=
=
= + ÷ Z
Z =
'
73.74 73 44 or
° °
3
3
2
2
K1
K1
N1
P1
K1
N1
* ABC Z
K1
N1
K1
N1
10