Shankibhanga Khal Subproject, Upazila : Ghatail , District : Tangail

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF BARREL
Shankibhanga Khal WRS (5v-1.50 x 1.80 ) at Ch.0+030 km (Khal)
2.1

REQUIRED INPUT DATA
Embankment Crest Level
Top Slab Level

-->
-->

5.60 m
5.60 m

Live Vehicle Loading(H10 or H20) ->

H20

Unit
Unit
Unit
Unit

KN/m³
KN/m³
KN/m³
KN/m³

Weight
Weight
Weight
Weight

of
of
of
of

Steel
Concrete
Soil
Water

-->
-->
-->
-->

77.00
23.60
19.60
9.81

Angle of Internal Friction (ø)
-->
Coeff. of Active Earth Pressure (Ca)
Top Slab Thickness
-->
Bottom Slab Thickness
-->
Abutment Top Thickness -->
Abutment Bottom Thickness->
Pier Thickness
-->
No. of
Inside
Inside
Length
Barrel

Vents
Height of Barrel
Width of Barrel
of Barrel
Extension Length

=
350
900
350
600
450

-->
-->
-->
-->
-->

5
4.25
1.50
4.45
1.35

25 °
(1-sinø) =

0.58

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

m
m
m
m

- * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF BARREL
Ultimate Flexural Strength of Steel (fy) -->
Ultimate Flexural Strength of Concrete(fc')

2.76E+5 KN/m²
1.72E+4 KN/m²

Allowable Flexural Strength of Steel (fs)
=
Allowable Flexural Strength of Concrete(fc) =

0.45 * fy =
0.40 * fc' =

Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete(v)

2.89 * (fc')^0.5

=

Modulus of Elasticity of Steel (Es)
Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete (Ec)

-->
-->

Coverage + 1/2 Dia.Reinforcement (c)

-->

1.24E+5 KN/m²
6.88E+3 KN/m²
=

3.79E+2 KN/m²

1.96E+8 KN/m²
1.98E+7 KN/m²
75 mm

- * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * -

SCHEMATIC VIEW OF BARREL
|

|
350 mm
|
|
-----350 mm
-/-- -|
|
4.25 m
|
|
|
-/-- -900 mm
------

-----|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
-----|
|

Extended Barrel Length

=

5.60 m
---*----- --------\\\///\\\///\\\///

5.60 m
--------- ---*----- --------/
--------- -----------|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
--------- ------------/
--------- --------- --------

|
|
|
600 mm
450 mm
|
|
|
/ --------- ----/
|
1.50 m
|
2 Nos.Barrel Extension Length + Barrel Length
=
7.15 m
1

Width of Barrel =
(at Bottom Slab)

No.Vents * Width

+

No.Abutments * Width +
=
10.50 m

Length of Top Member Adjacent to Abutment
(Member AC)

2.2

=

1.90 m

Length of Bottom Member Adjacent to Abutment=
(Member BD)

2.03 m

Length of Interior Top and Bottom Members
(Member CE,EG,GI,DF,FH,&JL)

=

1.95 m

Length of Piers and Abutments
Member AB,CD,EF,GH,&IJ)

=

4.88 m

No.Piers * Width

DESIGN LOADS

LIVE LOAD
Live load is considered negligible when the depth of fill is greater than the
distance between abutments and is greater than 2.5 m.
WARNING: Analysis assumes D > 1 m (distributed load with overlap between wheels)
Depth of Fill(D) =
0.00 m
Distance between Abutments (L)
=
9.30 m
D < L

Live Load is Not Negligible.

<-----

- * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * Live Load

=

Load of Rear Wheels

Load of Rear Wheels
Load

=

=

Distributed Area

*

Load Distribution

No.Wheels

/

178 KN
=

Distributed Area

Length along Embankment

Length along Embankment

Load

(H20 Live Vehicle Loading)

Load of Rear Wheels
=

*

2

*

0.4

=

*

1.75
=

Length traverse to Embankment

178
*

=

142.40 KN

Length traverse to Embankment

* Depth of Fill
0.00 m

=
=

1.75 * Depth of Fill +
0.00 + 1.80 =

Wheel Spacing
1.80 m

OR
= Length of Barrel
whichever value is less
Use
1.80 m
<----Distributed Area =

Live Load

=

=

1.00

*

1.80

=

142.40

/

1.80

=

4.45 m

1.80 m²

9.64 KN/m²
(2*.4*20t*9.807)/(4.45*4.15)
- * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * - * - - * -

LOAD ON TOP SLAB
Earth Embk.Load

Top Slab Load

=
=
=

Height * Weight of Soil
0.00
*
19.60
0.00 KN/m²

=
=

Thickness * Weight of Concrete
0.35
*
23.60
8.26 KN/m²

=

Live Load
=
9.64 KN/m²
--------- --------- --------- ----Total Load
=
17.90 KN/m²

LOAD ON BOTTOM SLAB
Abutment Load

=

(No. * Height * Avg.Thickness * Weight of Concrete) / Barrel Width
=

2
*
4.25
*
0.48
*
23.60
--------------------------------------------------------2

10.50
=

Pier Load

=

9.07 KN/m²

(No. * Height * Thickness * Weight of Concrete) / Barrel Width
=

4
*
4.25
*
0.45
*
23.60
--------------------------------------------------------10.50
17.19 KN/m²

=

Load on Top Slab =
17.90 KN/m²
--------- --------- --------- ----Total Load
=
44.17 KN/m²

LOAD ON ABUTMENTS
Top Slab C/l

=

Ca

*

(Height Soil + Height Soil Surcharge)

*

Weight of Soil

The Height of Soil Surcharge is the equivalent height of soil due to the Live Vehicle
Loading.
For H20 Loading, the Height of Soil Surcharge is 0.90 m.
Top Slab C/l

=

Bottom Slab C/l

=

0.58

Ca

*

=

*

1.08

*

19.60

=

(Height Soil + Height Soil Surcharge) * Weight of Soil
0.58
*
5.95
*
19.60
=

LOAD ON PIERS
The critical design condition for piers is during the maintenance period, when
one vent is full of water and the adjacent vent is empty.
Maximum Water Level
(maintenance period)

Top Slab C/l

=

=

0.00 m

=

Height *
-5.43

Weight of Water
*
9.81

=

-53.22 KN/m²

=

Height *
-0.55

Weight of Water
*
9.81

=

-5.40 KN/m²

Load on Top Slab
Load on Bottom Slab

=
=

17.90 KN/m²
44.17 KN/m²

Load on Abutments
(Top of Member)
(Bottom of Member)

=
=

12.17 KN/m²
67.33 KN/m²

Load on Piers
(Top of Member)
(Bottom of Member)

=
=

-53.22 KN/m²
-5.40 KN/m²

Bottom Slab C/l

=

SUMMARY OF LOADS

2.3

DISTRIBUTION FACTOR
The Distribution Factor (Dis.Fct.) of each member is calculated by dividing the
member's Stiffness Factor (t³/l) by the summation of all Stiffness Factors at each
joint (Sum(t³/l)).
A sketch giving the barrel vent, joint and member designation is shown below. Only
half of the barrel is analyzed, the second half is assumed symmetric to the first.

BARREL VENTS, JOINTS AND MEMBERS
A
*-------|
|
|
1
|
|

C
*-------|
|
|
2
|
|

E
*-------|
|
|
3
|
|

G
*-------|
|
|
4
|
|

I
*---|
|
|
5
|
|
3

K
*

12.17 KN/m²

67.33 KN/m²

000 0.47 4.83 DF 0.000 0.01 6.00 0.296 0.95 0.753 0.51 E EC 0.96 6.000 0.298 0.374 0.67 0.488 0.000 0.03 0.024 0.63 CE 0.488 14. FEM DM RM COM DM A AB 0.67 0.35 1.044 0.357 5.73 2.00 0.720 -5.00 0.00 0.05 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.38 0.30 89.57 33.298 0.000 0. The balancing moment at each joint is distributed amongst all the members meeting at that joint in proportion to their relative stiffness.00 0.00 .000 0.023 0.01 3.90 1.00 7. This moment at the remote end of the member.00 0.67 0.90 1.00 0. The effect of applying the Distributed Moment at one end of a member.86 -0.00 0.00 0.78 3.88 0.22 -89. A brief description of the Moment-distribution Method is given below: 1.Fct.91 -50. The end moments of each member are first approximated by considering the members as fixed at both ends.97 5.67 0.009 0.03 0.00 0.41 -0.19 -15.23 2.29 0. (m) (m) 0.00 0. The Distributed Moment (DM) applied at the ends of each member is calculated by multiplying the balancing moment by the member's Distribution Factor.000 0.360 0.01 EG 0.13 G GE 0.000 0.063 0.478 -15.357 0.890 0.766 0.374 0.000 0. 5.98 B BA 0.49 -22.000 0.00 0.00 0.01 -8.52 -14. which are then distributed.063 0. The Carry-over Moments produce further unbalanced moments at each joint.73 -0.00 0.110 0.00 0.02 F FD 0.04 -0.56 C CA 0.000 0.95 -1.00 0.00 0.025 0.00 -0.360 0.000 0.404 0.000 0.00 0.01 FH 0.4 Member AB AC BA BD CA CD CE DB DC DF EC EF EG FD FE FH GE GH GI HF HG HJ IG IJ IK JH JI JL * L Thick(t) Length(l) t³/l Sum(t³/l) Dis.00 0.000 0.351 0.03 0.019 0.351 -5.00 14.00 0.280 0.38 -44.*-------.35 1.35 1.000 0.48 -8.07 0.000 0.16 AC 0.296 0.000 0.95 0. 3.497 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 -5.30 -8.13 FE 0.019 0.00 0.90 1.95 0.27 -0.00 -0.00 0.08 0.351 0.00 0.). 2.000 0.07 3. the sum of the bending moments at each joint must be equal to zero.01 13.280 67.65 8.000 0.00 -0.000 0.00 -5. so a balancing moment must be introduced at each joint. For equilibrium.*-------.45 4.88 0.023 0.45 4.88 0.00 0.39 81. The relative stiffness of each member is determined by its Distribution Factor (Dis.000 0.000 MOMENT DISTRIBUTION The Moment-distribution Method developed by Hardy Cross is used to determine the moments at each joint in the barrel.45 4.497 14.000 0.70 -0.374 0.00 0.17 -81.00 -16.720 0.29 4.03 0.Fct. The sum of the Fixed End Moments (FEM) calculated above are unlikely to equal zero.022 0.110 -89.48 0.69 -13.90 0.00 0.95 0.488 0.022 0.000 0. 4.351 5. is to produce a moment of half the magnitude but the same sign at the other end of the member.000 0.35 1.019 0.348 0.75 0.00 0.90 2.32 -0.90 DC 0.67 0.022 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.478 0.08 0.00 -14.Fct.54 0.01 -5.00 0.45 8.00 -0.80 D DB 0.88 0. A Resultant Moment (RM) at each member is calculated after each operation to document how fast the unbalanced moments converge to zero.26 7.50 50.488 -14.890 15.88 0.000 0.90 0.05 -2.95 0.*-------.58 -7.01 0.60 4.93 BD 0.00 COM 0.*---B D F H J Joint A B C D E F G H I J 2.90 2.57 0.*-------.00 0.348 -5.01 CD 0.09 0.00 0.02 EF 0.95 0.00 0.35 4.000 0.86 0.00 0.019 0.90 0.00 0.00 5. The carry-over procedure must then be repeated. Successive operations (Trials) are continued until the unbalanced moments are negligible.09 66.35 1.00 4 RM 53.22 -53.10 5.09 -1.88 0.025 0.000 0.45 4. TRIAL 1 TRIAL 2 Joint Member Dis.80 -17.26 -0.00 0.031 0.76 -1.49 -0.55 14.024 0. is called the Carry-over Moment (COM).

00 0.26 PIER (water in right vent) C D 7.000 0.60 43.00 4.96 126.00 0.06 -51.00 0.00 -54.98 0. it is possible to calculate the end reactions.29 0.000 0.98 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -88.00 0.27 KN ABUTMENTS (Top of Member) (Bottom of Member) = = 66.00 0.00 -49.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 90.52 -0.32 -6.000 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.86 1.38 55.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 -4.00 B DESIGN MOMENTS Once the moments and shears for all members have been calculated. the maximum values are chosen for the design of member thickness and reinforcement.52 43.00 0.71 17.95 -52.00 0. Clockwise rotation is considered positive.79 8.00 0.00 .00 8.26 KNm 52.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -2.00 0.00 -157.00 0.00 0.55 18.00 0.67 KNm 89.82 2.95 0.00 50.42 G H 0.00 0.00 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -92.04 0.32 KNm BOTTOM SLAB Top Tension Bottom Tension = = 17.22 0.91 6.00 0.52 -0.76 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 SHEAR AND MOMENT ANALYSIS Once the loads and end moments have been determined.67 -89.26 23.32 66.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0. the locations of zero shear (Loc/sz) and the maximum mid span moments for each member in the barrel.81 -91.15 KNm 89.00 0.00 17.03 -17.00 0.00 0.00 BOTTOM SLAB B D D F F H H J J L 89.000 0.00 0. The mid span moments are calculated at the location of zero shear and are the summation of all moments taken from Joint(1) to the location of zero shear.27 11.00 I J 0.00 0.91 KNm ABUTMENTS Exposed Face Tension = Earth Face(Top) Tension = Earth Face(Bottom) Tension= 47.92 -90.00 0.50 E F -1.00 0.20 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 8.50 E F -1.75 0.96 KN 126. Joint (1) (2) TOP SLAB A C E G I End Moment(KNm) (1) (2) End Reaction(KN) (1) (2) Loc/zs(m) from Joint(1) Mid Span Moment Max(KNm) C E G I K -52.82 30.17 6.00 -10.05 -17.5 0.000 0.28 0.55 148.69 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.76 0.51 0.00 2.65 0.00 0.03 -6.00 0.00 0.67 3.00 0.82 KN 5 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.GH GI HF HG HJ IG IJ IK JH JI JL H I J 2.00 0.00 0.00 2.45 0.00 136.75 -18.000 0.00 0.00 0. for both end and mid span moments.32 KNm PIERS Exposed Face Tension = 157.00 ABUTMENT A 52.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 G H 0.82 KN PIERS = 0.000 0.53 -47.00 0. TOP SLAB Top Tension Bottom Tension = = 52.00 2.41 -145.00 0.67 KNm 17.00 0.66 8.06 0.45 0.00 0.00 KN DESIGN SHEARS TOP SLAB = 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.41 KNm BOTTOM SLAB = 90.00 PIER (water in left vent) C D 7.00 0.04 0.00 I J 0.00 8.

0015 0.89 * (fc')^0.98E+7 KN/m² 75 mm Unit Width of Member = 1.79E+2 KN/m² 1.3.27 KN v = Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete = dr(Shear) = 133 mm 3.24E+5 KN/m² 6. dr(Moment) > dr(Shear) Use c = Coverage + 1/2 Dia.72E+4 KN/m² = = = = = = 1.0020 0.00 m Modular Ratio = Es / Ec = 9.96E+8 KN/m² 1.00 m dr(Shear) = V/(v*b) V = Design Shear = 50.05 n/(n + r) = 0.40 * fc' = Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete(v) 2.Reinforcement tr = dr ta = Actual Member Thickness Provided ta > tr + c = 221 dr = = <----- 50 mm + Design is OK. dr(Moment) = (M/(R*b))^0.354 Lever Arm Coefficient = 1 .67 KNm 1.5 M = Design Moment = R = Resisting Moment Coef.07E+3 KN/m² TOP SLAB MEMBER THICKNESS tr = Required Member Thickness = dr + c The effective depth of the member (dr) is calculated for both the moment and shear conditions.1 INPUT DATA AND DESIGN COEFFICIENTS Ultimate Flexural Strength of Steel (fy) --> Ultimate Flexural Strength of Concrete(fc') Allowable Flexural Strength of Steel (fs) = Allowable Flexural Strength of Concrete(fc) = 0.0015 Ast(Exposed Face) = Length of Barrel = 4.79E+2 KN/m² The effective depth values for moment and shear are compared and the maximum is used for design.Reinforcement (c) --> b n r k j R 3.00 m 0.0 STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF BARREL 3.5 = Modulus of Elasticity of Steel (Es) Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete (Ec) --> --> Coverage + 1/2 Dia. = b = Unit Width of Member = dr(Moment) = 221 mm 52.2 2.882 1.76E+5 KN/m² 1.45 m ta = Actual Thickness of Member = b = Unit Width of Member = 1. The recommended values for K1 are shown below: Length of Member <= 9 m > 9 m Exposed Earth Face Face 0.07E+3 KN/m² 1.90 fs /fc = 18.88E+3 KN/m² = 3.45 * fy = 0.0015 * 350 6 * 1000 = 350 mm 525 mm² . 221 mm 50 = = 271 mm 350 mm <----- SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Ast = = Required Area of Steel K1 * ta * b (for ta <= 380 mm) OR = K1 * 380 * b (for ta > 380 mm) The coefficient K1 depends on the Length of the Member and the Face (Exposed or Earth Face) being designed.0010 0.k/3 = Resisting Moment Coefficient = fc*j*k/2 = 0.

07E+3 KN/m² 1.882 * = = 1749 mm² 275 CHECK SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Length of Member = Width of Barrel (at Top Slab) = ta = Actual thickness of Member = 350 mm < K1 (Earth Face) = 0.00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1.Use 12 mm ø Ast(Earth Face) Use @ 200 mm = c/c 0.24E+5 * 0.Reinforcement) ta .67 KNm Allowable Flexural Strength of Steel Lever Arm Coef.3 < * 350 * Ast(Shrinkage) 19 mm ø 1000 Use @ 150 mm c/c Ast 10.24E+5 KN/m² 52. = 0.882 * = 594 mm² 275 CHECK SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Length of Member = Width of Barrel (at Top Slab) = ta = Actual thickness of Member = 350 mm < K1 (Exposed Face) = 0.0015 Ast(Moment) > Use * 350 * Ast(Shrinkage) 19 mm ø 1000 Use @ 150 mm Ast c/c 10.67 * 1.0015 380 mm Ast = 525 mm² = 1749 mm² <----- 1890 mm²) <----- = 0.0010 12 mm ø @ (Ast = * 200 mm 565 mm²) 350 c/c * (Ast = <----- 1000 = 565 mm²) <----- TOP REINFORCEMENT Ast = Required Area of Steel M ----------fs * j * da = M fs j = = = Design Moment = 52.0020 Ast(Moment) Use 3.32 KNm 1.24E+5 * 0.00 m 7 9 m <----- <----- 350 mm² .c = 350 75 = 275 mm Ast = 1.882 da = = = Actual Effective Depth of Section Actual Member Thickness .5 M = Design Moment = R = Resisting Moment Coef.00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1.00 m (Ast = > 9 m BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT Ast M ----------fs * j * da = Required Area of Steel = = 17. dr(Moment) = (M/(R*b))^0.(Coverage + 1/2 Dia. b = Unit Width of Member = = 89.00 m (Ast = > 1890 mm²) BOTTOM SLAB MEMBER THICKNESS tr = Required Member Thickness = dr + c The effective depth of the member (dr) is calculated for both the moment and shear conditions.0020 380 mm Ast = 700 mm² = 700 mm² = 0.91 * 1.

15 m ta = Actual Thickness of Member = b = Unit Width of Member = 1.0020 0.50 m (Ast = BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT 8 > 570 mm² <----- = 377 mm²) 900 mm 9 m 380 mm² .dr(Moment) = 288 mm dr(Shear) = V/(v*b) V = Design Shear = 90.0010 0.882 * = = 190 mm² 825 CHECK SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Length of Member = Width of Barrel(at Bottom Slab) = ta = Actual thickness of Member = 900 mm > K1 (Exposed Face) = 0.882 da = = = Actual Effective Depth of Section Actual Member Thickness .15 * 1.Reinforcement tr = dr ta = Actual Member Thickness Provided + c = 288 dr = 288 mm = <----- 75 mm + 75 = = 363 mm 900 mm ta > tr Design is OK.Reinforcement) ta .0015 Ast(Exposed Face) Use = 0.82 KN v = Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete = dr(Shear) = 240 mm 3.0020 380 mm Ast = 760 mm² = 760 mm² <----- 754 mm²) <----- = 0.15 KNm Allowable Flexural Strength of Steel Lever Arm Coef. The recommended values for K1 are shown below: Length of Member <= 9 m > 9 m Exposed Earth Face Face 0.0010 12 mm ø @ 300 mm 380 * (Ast = * = 565 mm²) 380 c/c 1000 * (Ast = 1000 <----- TOP REINFORCEMENT Ast = Required Area of Steel = M ----------fs * j * da M fs j = = = Design Moment = 17.00 m @ 200 mm = * c/c 0.0015 0.24E+5 KN/m² 17. dr(Moment) > dr(Shear) Use c = Coverage + 1/2 Dia. <----WARNING: Actual Member Thickness is considerably larger (>50%) than required.00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1. = 0.24E+5 * 0.79E+2 KN/m² The effective depth values for moment and shear are compared and the maximum is used for design.0015 12 mm ø Ast(Earth Face) Use Length of Extended Barrel = 7. SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Ast = = Required Area of Steel K1 * ta * b (for ta <= 380 mm) OR = K1 * 380 * b (for ta > 380 mm) The coefficient K1 depends on the Length of the Member and the Face (Exposed or Earth Face) being designed.0020 Ast(Moment) < Use * 380 Ast(Shrinkage) 12 mm ø @ * 1000 Use 150 mm c/c Ast 10.(Coverage + 1/2 Dia.c = 900 75 = 825 mm Ast = 1.

THICKNESS AT TOP OF MEMBER tr = Required Member Thickness = dr + c The effective depth of the member (dr) is calculated for both the moment and shear conditions. <----- = = 271 mm 350 mm <----- THICKNESS AT BOTTOM OF MEMBER tr = Required Member Thickness = dr + c The effective depth of the member (dr) is calculated for both the moment and shear conditions. dr(Moment) > dr(Shear) Use c = Coverage + 1/2 Dia.882 * = 988 mm² 825 CHECK SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Length of Member = Width of Barrel(at Bottom Slab) = ta = Actual thickness of Member = 900 mm > K1 (Earth Face) = 0.0015 Ast(Moment) > 380 * 1000 Ast(Shrinkage) Use 3. = b = Unit Width of Member = dr(Moment) = 221 mm 52.5 M = Design Moment = R = Resisting Moment Coef. because the soil pressure increases with depth.0015 380 mm Ast = 570 mm² = 988 mm² <----- 1890 mm²) <----- = 0.67 KNm 1.07E+3 KN/m² 1.5 M = Design Moment = R = Resisting Moment Coef. dr(Moment) = (M/(R*b))^0.00 m 9 .32 KNm 1.96 KN v = Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete = dr(Shear) = 177 mm 3.07E+3 KN/m² 1.Reinforcement tr = dr ta = Actual Member Thickness Provided ta > tr + c = 221 dr = 221 mm = + 50 mm 50 Design is OK. = b = Unit Width of Member = dr(Moment) = 288 mm 89.50 m c/c Ast (Ast = > 9 m ABUTMENTS MEMBER THICKNESS The thickness of the abutments often increases between the top and bottom of the member.24E+5 * 0. dr(Moment) = (M/(R*b))^0. To take into consideration the variable abutment thickness.00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1.79E+2 KN/m² The effective depth values for moment and shear are compared and the maximum is used for design.Ast M ----------fs * j * da = Required Area of Steel = = 89.00 m dr(Shear) = V/(v*b) V = Design Shear = 66. the member thickness is checked at both the top and bottom.4 * 19 mm ø Use @ 150 mm 10.32 * 1.

0010 0. dr(Moment) < dr(Shear) Use c = Coverage + 1/2 Dia.0015 @ 200 mm = Use 12 mm ø 0.26 KNm Allowable Flexural Strength of Steel Lever Arm Coef.26 * 1.00 m = 12 mm ø Ast(Earth Face) 0. ta(top) ta(bottom) l d(zs) ta(zs) da Ast = = = = = = = = = = Actual Member Thickness at Top of Member Actual Member Thickness at Bottom of Member Length of Member Distance to Zero Shear (from top of member) = = = = mm mm m m Actual Member Thickness at point of Zero Shear ta(top) + [ta(bottom)-ta(top)] / l * d(zs) 480 mm Actual Effective Depth of Section Actual Member Thickness .50 m < 9 m .0015 Ast(Exposed Face) Use Length of Extended Barrel = 7.Moment).79E+2 KN/m² The effective depth values for moment and shear are compared and the maximum is used for design. = 0.24E+5 * 0.dr(Shear) = V/(v*b) V = Design Shear = 126.882 * = 405 mm 1066 mm² 405 CHECK SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Length of Member = Height of Barrel(plus Top & Bottom Slab) = 10 5. The recommended values for K1 are shown below: Length of Member <= 9 m > 9 m Exposed Earth Face Face 0.24E+5 KN/m² The actual Effective Depth of Section is calculated at the point of Zero Shear (Max. 335 mm 75 = = 410 mm 600 mm <----- SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Ast = = Required Area of Steel K1 * ta * b (for ta <= 380 mm) OR = K1 * 380 * b (for ta > 380 mm) The coefficient K1 depends on the Length of the Member and the Face (Exposed or Earth Face) being designed.(Coverage + 1/2 Dia.Reinforcement tr = dr ta = Actual Member Thickness Provided ta > tr + c = 335 dr = = <----- 75 mm + Design is OK.53 47.Reinforcement) ta(zs) .88 2. because the thickness of the abutments often increases between the top and bottom of the member.00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1.882 = 1.82 KN v = Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete = dr(Shear) = 335 mm 3.0010 @ 300 mm * 380 c/c * (Ast = * = 565 mm²) 380 c/c 1000 * (Ast = 600 mm 570 mm² <----- 1000 = 377 mm²) 380 mm² <----- EXPOSED FACE REINFORCEMENT Ast M fs j = = = = Required Area of Steel = M ----------fs * j * da Design Moment = 47.15 m ta = Actual Thickness of Member = b = Unit Width of Member = 1.0020 0.c = 480 75 = = 350 600 4.0015 0.

00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1.67 * 1.00 KN v = Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete = dr(Shear) = 0 mm 3.c Ast(top) = = 52. because the thickness of the abutments often increases between the top and bottom.00 m dr(Moment) = 383 mm dr(Shear) = V/(v*b) V = Design Shear = 0.0015 Ast(Moment) > * 600 mm 380 * Ast(Shrinkage) Use 19 mm ø 1000 Use @ 150 mm > Ast c/c 380 mm = 570 mm² = 1066 mm² <----- 1890 mm²) <----- (Ast = EARTH FACE REINFORCEMENT The Steel Requirement is calculated at both the top and bottom of the member.ta = Actual thickness of Member = K1 (Exposed Face) = 0.0010 Ast(Moment) > Use 3.5 * 380 * Ast(Shrinkage) 19 mm ø 1000 Use @ 150 mm c/c Ast 5.00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1.32 KNm - 600 = = 525 mm = 525 1553 mm² The Steel Requirement at the top and bottom of the member are compared and the maximum value is taken for design purposes.882 * = M(bottom) da(bottom) M ----------fs * j * da = = 1749 mm² 75 89.67 KNm 350 = = Design Moment(bottom) ta(bottom) .07E+3 KN/m² b = Unit Width of Member = 1.41 KNm R = Resisting Moment Coef.24E+5 * 0.5 M = Design Moment = 157.882 * = 275 mm = 275 89. Ast(top) > Ast(bottom) Use Ast = 1749 mm² CHECK SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Length of Member = Height of Barrel(plus Top & Bottom Slab) = ta = Actual thickness of Member = 600 mm > 380 mm K1 (Earth Face) = 0.c = Ast(bottom) - 75 52.79E+2 KN/m² The effective depth values for moment and shear are compared and the maximum is used for design. Ast = Required Area of Steel M(top) da(top) = = Design Moment(top) ta(top) . dr(Moment) = (M/(R*b))^0.32 * 1.24E+5 * 0. = 1. dr(Moment) > dr(Shear) Use dr = 383 mm 11 <----- < 9 m .50 m = 380 mm² = 1749 mm² <----- 1890 mm²) <----- (Ast = PIERS MEMBER THICKNESS tr = Required Member Thickness = dr + c The effective depth of the member (dr) is calculated for both the moment and shear conditions.0010 Ast = 0.0015 Ast = 0.

50 m = 570 mm² = 3832 mm² (Ast = 754 mm²) QUANTITY AND COST OF MATERIALS CONCRETE Unit Cost of Concrete Member No.24E+5 KN/m² 157.--------.25 17.00 m = 0. = 0.--------Total 109.64 0 12 <----- <----- < 9 m .0015 12 mm ø @ * 150 mm 380 c/c * (Ast = 1000 450 mm = 754 mm²) 570 mm² <----- EXPOSED FACE REINFORCEMENT Ast = Required Area of Steel = M ----------fs * j * da M fs j = = = Design Moment = 157. = Thick (mm) 0.Reinforcement tr = dr ta = Actual Member Thickness Provided ta < tr + c = 383 = 75 mm + Design is Not OK.--------.25 34.0015 Ast(Moment) Use 3.05 0 Abutments 2 475 4.15 m ta = Actual Thickness of Member = b = Unit Width of Member = 1.--------.0015 0.00 Tk/m³ Length (m) Wid/Hgt (m) Volume (m³) Cost (Tk) Top Slab 1 350 4.(Coverage + 1/2 Dia.97 0 Piers 4 450 4.c = 450 75 = 375 mm Ast = 1.41 * 1.04 0 --------.--------.0015 Ast = 0.--------.Slab 1 900 4.45 10.45 4.00E+09 ---------------------------------------------1.882 * = = 3832 mm² 375 CHECK SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Length of Member = Height of Barrel(plus Top & Bottom Slab) = ta = Actual thickness of Member = 450 mm > 380 mm K1 (Exposed Face) = 0.c = Coverage + 1/2 Dia.45 4.50 42.6 > * 380 * Ast(Shrinkage) 12 mm ø @ 1000 Use 150 mm c/c Ast 5.0020 Ast(Exposed Face) Use Length of Extended Barrel = 7.882 da = = = Actual Effective Depth of Section Actual Member Thickness . 75 = = 458 mm 450 mm <----- SHRINKAGE REINFORCEMENT Ast = = Required Area of Steel K1 * ta * b (for ta <= 380 mm) OR = K1 * 380 * b (for ta > 380 mm) The coefficient K1 depends on the Length of the Member and the Face (Exposed or Earth Face) being designed. The recommended values for K1 are shown below: Length of Member <= 9 m > 9 m Exposed Face 0.24E+5 * 0.Reinforcement) ta .45 10.58 0 Bott.00 15.41 KNm Allowable Flexural Strength of Steel Lever Arm Coef.

50 754 754 2318 0 --------.--------. Top/Exp Bot/Ear (mm²) (mm²) SHRINK.--------.Slab 1 4.45 5.--------Total 7163 0 MATERIAL COST Cost of Concrete and Steel = Tk 0 <------ 13 .00 Tk/Kg Wid/Hgt (m) MAIN REINFOR. Exposed Earth (mm²) (mm²) Weight (Kg) Cost (Tk) Top Slab 1 4.ROD Unit Cost of Steel = Member Length (m) No.--------.--------.REINFOR.45 5.50 1890 1890 565 377 1815 0 Piers 4 4.--------.--------.--------.S.00 1890 1890 565 565 1715 0 Bott. 0.45 10.--------.45 10.50 754 1890 565 377 1315 0 Abutments 2 4.M.

72 89.76 0.00 6.39 0.63 13.73 9.80 Calculation of horizontal forces & moments R/S C/S P1 = P2 = P3 = Sum P1 = P2 = P3 = Sum Section C-C/G-G Wt Lever (Kn) Arm (m) 69.33 Kn Checking of depth Sec.90 Kn/m3 γs(Sub) = 9.43 30.00 P2 = 2.25 30.80 m Design of Wingwall & Apron of Regulator Design Parameters : fc' = fy = 17.06 2.16 P2 = 2.55 3.95 28.41 1.88 13.72 Lever Arm (m) 2.76 155.42 0.55 3.50 0.00 3.74 N/mm2 γconc = 23. of Vent : Size of Regulator : Gomara Beel Gomara khal Reg.40 Kn/m3 γs(Sat) = 18.00 6.70 P1 = 15.80 13.69 P2 = 2.19 Kn Required steel area (mm²) Earth face Main Shrinkage Wt Exposed face Main Shrinkage Moments (kn-m) 21.50 6.73 9.25 P3 = 143.63 0.33 Kn 126.76 0.19 126.50 0.88 1.29 Kn-m Sum 54.32 3.20 N/mm2 = 2500 psi 276 N/mm2 = 40000 psi ϕ= 7.06 Kn-m .73 9.80 C/S 30.09 Kn/m3 γw(Water)= 9.73 9. dreq (mm) davail (mm) Section D-D/H-H Moments (kn-m) Wt (Kn) 170.21 Kn 64.34 P1 = 15.Name of Subproject : Name of Regulator : No.50 m x 1.20 N/mm2 γs(moist) = 17.10 Kn-m Sum 12.81 Kn/m3 fc = 25 º Ka = R= Section C-C/G-G 0.50 0. Two vent 1.73 9.85 P1 = 14.95 28.50 0.80 28.33 Kn 2.73 9.76 33.25 30.39 3.76 89.25 P3 = 188.80 13.32 6.33 107.03 6.85 P1 = 14.31 0.25 P3 = 173.51 2.00 3.06 Kn-m 21.33 Kn Section E-E/I-I Moments (kn-m) (Kn) Lever Arm (m) 1.00 P2 = 2.78 2.78 2.60 Kn/m3 fy = 124.10 Kn-m Sum 12.55 6.03 6.47 31.31 0.76 101.23 Section D-D/H-H Section E-E/I-I t1 t2 t3 h t1 t2 t3 h L t1 t2 t3 h R/S 250 800 800 5400 4575 250 728 800 4925 6290 250 450 450 2900 7750 End Sec C/S 250 800 800 5250 4269 250 719 800 4925 5971 250 450 450 2900 7000 L t1 Design of Wingwall L t1 h-1000 P1 h GWL P2 1000 P3 t3 Pc Pb t3 Pa t2 t2 L Calculation of horizontal Pressures Section C-C/G-G Pa Pb Pc Section D-D/H-H Section E-E/I-I Pa Pb Pc Pa Pb Pc R/S 31.50 6.12 Kn-m Sum 54.25 P3 = 143.55 0.33 33.80 28.

20 0.48 29.87 Total Section E-E/I-I Moments (kn-m) 148.48 29.44 6.76 6.39 5.36 Concrete 23.C/S E-E D-D C-C I .70 0.92 0.00 5.17 4.61 10.22 13.95 23.25 79.95 0.47 107.55 4.24 Kn-m Section E-E/I-I Soil W kn w kn 22.19 Mend = 217.06 2.86 16.18 5.24 Kn-m 38.33 Concrete 56.47 120.54 Where.07 94.71 6.43 56.72 Pb Section E-E/I-I Pc Pa 28.W(L/2 + x) + w{(L + t2)/2}²/2 Wt Lever Arm (m) 12.47 Mend = 126.07 Kn P1 = P2 = P3 = 54.57 12.26 0.Wx + wx² Mend .91 Kn-m 181.96 30.26 Total 2.26 Kn P1 = P2 = P3 = 64.83 27.03 Kn 148.22 13.08 22.41 Total 23.43 42.13 Kn Section D-D/H-H Moments (kn-m) 197.14 12.86 16.97 35.30 Kn-m Section D-D/H-H Soil W kn w kn 28.88 1.63 Kn P1 = P2 = P3 = (kn-m) 23.00 5.57 Pb 12.19 234.70 0.03 Mend = 2. x = Distance from wingwall centroid to wingwall exposed face Mmid = 182.07 13.95 Soil W kn w kn 5.45 13.01 Calculation of horizontal forces & moments R/S P1 = P2 = P3 = Total C/S Section C-C/G-G Wt Lever (Kn) Arm (m) 69.32 13.01 Pc 28.37 Kn-m Section C-C/G-G R/S Concrete 66.95 2.71 39.14 Critical bottom tension moment at exposed face wingwall Mend .88 1.15 0.17 4.61 10.01 Mend = 92.55 4.93 10.83 78.47 P1 = P2 = P3 = Total 107.05 Mwing = = Lever Arm (m) 54.70 13.83 27.31 21.32 5.87 43.71 0.15 0.29 Wt (Kn) 23.14 Mend = 39.44 7.84 182.93 10.44 7.63 Kn 38.20 12.08 13.I H-H G-G R/S 392 715 OK 2409 mm² 760 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² 342 643 OK 2036 mm² 760 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² 157 365 OK 754 mm² 760 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² 376 715 OK 2215 mm² 760 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² 342 634 OK 2065 mm² 760 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² 157 365 OK 754 mm² 760 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² t1 Design of Apron t1 h-1000 P1 h GWL P2 1000 + t3/2 P3 t3 Pc t3/2 Pb Pa t2 t2 L Calculation of horizontal Pressures Section D-D/H-H Section C-C/G-G Pa Pb Pc Pa R/S 31.72 C/S 30.41 Moments (Kn) P1 = P2 = P3 = Total Mend = 39.28 Kn-m 36.60 0.90 .47 29.34 27.70 12.60 0.95 39.91 C/S 65.44 6.82 0.37 13.

13 0.I H-H G-G R/S E-E D-D C-C Sec.72 Kn-m 1.79 Use 1.4 Use 1.Section C-C/G-G Section D-D/H-H Mwing Mmid X Mc (Kn-m) Kn-m Kn-m Kn-m (Water face) R/S 190.460 35.522 89.80 m Should be made 160 365 OK 786 mm² 760 mm² 1231 mm² 570 mm² 0.29 -94.08 -82.59 -49.0m Required steel area (mm²) davail (mm) Earth face Main Shrinkage Remarks Calculated Exposed face Main Shrinkage distance 'd' Curtailment 394 715 OK 2433 mm² 760 mm² 1150 mm² 570 mm² - m Should not made 348 715 OK 1897 mm² 760 mm² 1276 mm² 570 mm² 1.27 0.61 Kn-m 0.24 -22.86 mm Should be made OK 786 mm² 760 mm² 1118 mm² 570 mm² 0.86 mm Should be made 160 365 Summary of Reinforcement details Apron C/S Exposed face Shrinkage (S3 /S4) Main E-E D-D C-C E-E D-D C-C Wing Apron R/S Earth face Shrinkage (S1 /S2) Main 22 Ø @ 158 12 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 198 19 Ø @ 139 12 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 198 16 Ø @ 267 12 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 198 22 Ø @ 156 12 Ø @ 150 16 Ø @ 175 12 Ø @ 198 19 Ø @ 149 12 Ø @ 149 16 Ø @ 158 12 Ø @ 198 16 Ø @ 256 12 Ø @ 150 16 Ø @ 163 12 Ø @ 198 I .29 0.18 Kn-m 1.453 44.3m 149.37 Use 1.I H-H G-G I .24 -17.07 -44.12 0.34 0. 22 Ø @ 172 12 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 198 19 Ø @ 137 12 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 198 16 Ø @ 267 12 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 198 22 Ø @ 171 12 Ø @ 150 16 Ø @ 191 12 Ø @ 198 19 Ø @ 148 12 Ø @ 150 16 Ø @ 167 12 Ø @ 198 16 Ø @ 256 12 Ø @ 150 16 Ø @ 180 12 Ø @ 198 .0m 31.25 Use 1.26 Use 1.92 -99.11 Kn-m 0.I H-H G-G Wing Sec.85 m Should be made 377 715 OK 2228 mm² 760 mm² 1055 mm² 570 mm² - mm Should not made 349 715 OK 1910 mm² 760 mm² 1205 mm² 570 mm² 1.36 0.90 Kn-m 1.79 Use.4m Cur ht X Mmid Mc (Kn-m) Kn-m Kn-m Kn-m (Water face) 148.4m Cur ht C/S 174.68 -89.522 95.43 Kn-m 1. dreq (mm) Section E-E/I-I Mwing Mwing Mmid X Mc (Kn-m) Kn-m Kn-m Kn-m (Water face) 31.1.3m Checking of depth C/S I .

t1 t1 S1 E1 S3 W1 h S2 W2 E2 S4 t3 t2 t2 L Reinforcement of wingwall & Apron Recommended reinforcement details Earth face Recommd. (E1 + E2) E-E D-D C-C E-E D-D C-C 22 Ø @ 158 22 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 200 19 Ø @ 139 19 Ø @ 140 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 200 16 Ø @ 267 16 Ø @ 150 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 200 22 Ø @ 156 22 Ø @ 150 16 Ø @ 175 16 Ø @ 170 19 Ø @ 149 19 Ø @ 140 16 Ø @ 158 16 Ø @ 160 16 Ø @ 256 16 Ø @ 150 16 Ø @ 163 16 Ø @ 160 I . (W1 + W2) 22 Ø @ 172 22 Ø @ 170 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 200 19 Ø @ 137 19 Ø @ 140 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 200 16 Ø @ 267 16 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 200 12 Ø @ 200 G-G Wing Apron R/S Main 22 Ø @ 171 22 Ø @ 170 16 Ø @ 191 16 Ø @ 180 I .I H-H Wing Main 19 Ø @ 148 19 Ø @ 140 16 Ø @ 167 16 Ø @ 170 16 Ø @ 256 16 Ø @ 200 16 Ø @ 180 16 Ø @ 170 .I H-H G-G Apron C/S Exposed/Earth face Recommd.

90 Kn/m3 γs(Sub) = 9.73 14.74 N/mm2 γconc = 23.23 Section F-F/J-J Base t1 t2 t3 B2 Width 250 450 450 h 2900 B1 R/S 1350 900 2700 C/S 250 450 450 2900 1350 900 2700 Stability Analysis t1 S3 S1 h-1000 S2 W1 P1 h GWL S5 S4 W2 B2 1000+ t3 P2 P3 Pc Pb t2 B1 Pa Calculation of horizontal Pressures at the boottom of Toe Section F-F/J-J Pa Pb Pc R/S 13.73 0.95 Kn-m For sliding stability. Used.21 Calculation of horizontal forces & moments R/S C/S P1 = P2 = P3 = Sum P1 = P2 = P3 = Sum t3 W3 Section F-F/J-J Wt Lever (Kn) Arm (m) 12.48 46.95 Kn-m 26.08 19.20 N/mm2 = 2500 psi 276 N/mm2 = 40000 psi fy = ϕ= 25 º 7.Name of Subproject : Name of Regulator : No. required width of the Base.88 2.87 47.40 Kn/m3 γs(Sat) = 18.80 m Design of Return wall of Regulator Design Parameters : fc' = 17. Used.65 0.60 Kn/m3 fs = 124.40 14.75 Kn 12. Two vent 1.65 14.25 6.41 1.6% m m .08 0.21 C/S 13. of Vent : Size of Regulator : Gomara Beel Gomara khal Reg.83 14.9% for C/S Used.50 m x 1.4% for R/S 52.83 14.25 6.09 Kn/m3 γw(Water)= 9.20 N/mm2 γs(moist) = 17.48 Kn Moments (kn-m) 26.40 14.81 Kn/m3 Ka = 0 KPa C= fc = R= 0.75 2. B = Percentage of Base width corresponding to Stem height = Return Wall Stabilizing forces 1821 mm for R/S 1774 mm for C/S 54. Used.88 19.6% 80.87 47.55 5.22 46.55 5. 2700 2700 80.22 0.

33 W3 = S1 = S2 = S3 = 28.67 44.35 2.17 1.29 Kn 24.45 OK 54.23 Kn/m2 30.03 1.03 1.5 OK 1.45 OK 54.35 2.Wt (Kn) Sec.63 2.27 0.28 2.11 6.38 3.85 0.92 >1.217 1.316 2.03 1.03 1.00 4.5 Not OK C/S 3.108 2.327 Moments (Kn-m) 17.57 S4 = S5 = 2.217 17.14 <1.85 0.54 8.80 Calculation of horizontal forces & moments P1 = Section F-F/J-J Wt Lever (Kn) Arm (m) 12.108 38.03 1. R/S C/S F-F J-J W1 = W2 = W3 = S1 = S2 = S3 = S4 = S5 = 17.67 44.17 12.23 Kn/m2 30.13 m C/S 0.327 12.78 Kn-m R/S Facor of Safety against Overtuning Sliding 3.54 8.03 t2 .88 1.84 1.71 90.55 3.42 187.73 9.38 3.03 1.43 Kn/m2 1.31 114.27 0.78 Kn-m W1 = W2 = 17.316 2.80 C/S 13.71 90.78 < L/6 = 0.78 Design of Stem t1 h-1000 P1 h GWL P2 1000 P3 B2 t3 Pc Pb t3 Pa B1 Calculation of horizontal Pressures at the base of Stem Section F-F/J-J Pa Pb Pc R/S 13.84 28.31 114.00 4.5 Not OK Ecentricity R/S e 0.33 38.11 6.29 Kn Lever Arm (m) 1.28 2.63 2.5 OK 1.55 3.43 Kn/m2 1.57 24.42 187.73 9.92 >1.14 <1.63 Moments (kn-m) 21.127 m Foudation Pressure P1 P4 P1 / P4 < L/6 = Check 0.

25 30.45 Kn-m Top tension 12.09 0.23 Kn/m2 15.90 Kn/m2 30.19 0.33 Kn M/2 dreq davail (mm) (mm) 0.25 30.50 0.03 Curt.45 Kn-m Top tension Moment at Exposed face of Stem 12.38 Used 1.48 Kn-m Bottom tension Checking of depth Section R/S C/S F-F J-J dreq davail (mm) (mm) Required steel area (mm²) Top face Main 570 mm² OK mm² 1164 mm² 365 OK 1164 365 OK 1164 mm² mm² Heel 195 365 OK Toe 101 365 Heel 195 Toe 101 1164 Bottom face Main Shrinkage Shrinkage 570 570 mm² mm² 313 mm² 570 mm² 313 313 mm² mm² 570 570 mm² 313 570 570 mm² mm² mm² mm² Summary of Reinforcement Details Earth face Section Stem R/S 16 Main Ø @ 16 16 Main Ø @ Ø @ 16 Ø F-F Heel Toe Stem @ Exposed face Shrinkage (E2) 267 12 Ø @ 300 Top face Shrinkage (T2 / B2) 12 Main Ø @ 12 12 Ø Ø @ @ 200 200 12 12 Ø Ø Main @ @ 267 12 Top face Ø @ 300 12 Ø @ 173 173 Shrinkage (W2) 200 Bottom face 12 Ø @ 200 200 200 12 12 Ø Ø @ @ 200 200 200 Bottom face 12 Ø @ 200 Shrinkage (T2 / B2) .19 0.63 P2 = P3 = Sum 13. Shear Stress Check.78 2.00 m 0. Ht 21.88 1.50 0.03 Curt. Ht Checking of depth Sec.78 2.55 6.76 33.87 Kn/m2 11.00 m Required steel area (mm²) Earth face Main Shrinkage Exposed face Main Shrinkage R/S F-F 157 365 OK 754 mm² 380 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² C/S J-J 157 365 OK 754 mm² 380 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² Design of Heel & Toe t1 h t3 t2 B1 B2 P4 P3 P1 P2 Calculation of Foundation Pressures P2 P3 P1 P4 R/S 54.23 Kn/m2 15.R/S P2 = P3 = Sum 13.43 Kn/m2 Design of Heel Design of Toe R/S Moment at Earth face of Stem -46.06 Kn-m 15.48 Kn-m Bottom tension C/S -46.43 Kn/m2 C/S 54.76 33.87 Kn/m2 11.K 1.90 Kn/m2 30.03 0.86 6. N/mm N/mm22 vcal vall 6.06 Kn-m 15.55 6.86 O.33 Kn M/2 C/S P1 = 12.

C/S J-J Heel Toe 16 16 Main Ø @ Ø @ 173 173 12 12 Shrinkage Ø @ 200 Ø @ 200 12 12 Ø Ø Main @ @ 200 200 12 12 Shrinkage Ø @ 200 Ø @ 200 .

(E1 + T1) Exposed face/Bottom face Recommd. (W1 + B1) 267 173 173 16 16 16 Ø Ø Ø @ @ @ 250 160 160 12 12 12 Main Ø @ Ø @ Ø @ 267 173 173 16 16 16 Ø Ø Ø @ @ @ 250 160 160 12 12 12 Ø Ø Ø @ @ @ 200 200 200 12 12 12 Ø Ø Ø @ @ @ 150 200 150 200 200 200 12 12 12 Ø Ø Ø @ @ @ 150 200 150 .E1 W1 E2 W2 T2 T1 B1 12 Ø @ 300 B2 Reinforcement of Return Wall Recommended reinforcement details R/S C/S Section Stem F-F Heel Toe 16 16 16 Main Ø @ Ø @ Ø @ Stem Heel Toe 16 16 16 Ø Ø Ø J-J @ @ @ Earth face/Top Face Recommd.

50 m x 1.20 N/mm2 = 2500 psi 276 N/mm2 = 40000 psi ϕ= 25 º 7. pc pw pcm pw + pc .81 Kn/m3 fc = Ko = 0.40 Kn/m3 γs(Sat) = 18.80 m Design of Barrel Part of Regulator Design Parameters : fc' = fy = 17.58 R = 1. of Vent : Size of Regulator : Gomara Beel Gomara khal Reg.23 Required Input Data t1 t2 t3 350 750 750 h 5850 Surcharge 300 mm L 1200 t1 L Live Load H 10 t1 t1 h GWL 1000 t3 t2 t2 L 1550 475 a A C 5025 6400 b GWL 1375 B D 1950 pa pb pa + pb Centre Line Wheel load is distributed over a width.09 Kn/m3 γs(Water )= 9.06S. E = 4 + 0.60 Kn/m3 fs = 124.74 N/mm2 γconc = 23.20 N/mm2 γs(moist) = 17. Two vent 1.Name of Subproject : Name of Regulator : No.pcm .90 Kn/m3 γs(Sub) = 9.

86 Kn/m .672 C CA 0.03 Dist.49 Kn/m2 pcm = 13.59 Kn/m 122.26 Kn/m 4.38 m 6.400 1.Load on Rear Wheel = Where S is the effective span of the Slab if ft.22 0.184 B BA BD 0.pcm = 6.195 105.25 Kn/m2 pw = 13.35 1.87 Kn 8.87 Kn/m Load on Bottom Slab : Abutment Load = Load from Top Slab = Abutment Side soil = Total = 56.843 0.38 122.35 6.400 AC 0. FEM Joint MemberThick (t)Length in m.07 0. E= 4. distribution factor. FEM Factor Kn-m 0.24 Kn Load Per meter 38.86 69.38 Kn/m2 pc + pw .0344 0.31 m 39.805 -9.234 -159.31 ft = 1.805 9.88 Kn/m2 pa + pb + pcm = 69.35 1.87 Kn/m (30% Impact included) = Load Calculations Consider 1 meter strip along the width Load on top Slab : Top Slab Live load = = 8.04 Kn/m Stiffness.184 6.75 6.79 Kn/m GWL 1.01 0.79 Kn/m2 pb = 50.2823 0.0344 0.38 69.550 0.03 0.79 A C B D 4.26 Kn/m 38.550 t3/L Sum 0.950 0.696 0.21 Kn/m 45. A AB 0.25 Kn/m 20.75 0.86 Kn/m2 38.766 38.04 Kn/m Calculation of Horizontal Pressures pa = 4.71 Kn/m2 pc = 7. in m.

D CD 0.86 Kn-m Member AB.234 0.766 159.950 0.55 m RC = 25.18 92. Moment = -74.58 KN-m 83.95 m RD = 118.22 0.79 Kn-m D 126.99 Kn Maxm.26 Kn-m Member AC C 92.83 Kn Maxm.18 6.696 -38. CD 69.21 Kn RD = 162.87 Kn Let Shear force is zero at distance x from C.58 Kn-m (Water face in tension) 38. Moment = -68.59 Kn-m 4.52 m Maxm.2823 0.400 1.84 DC DB 0.64 KN-m 83.07 0.01 0.18 KN-m .18 KN-m A 92.18 A C 74.04 Kn-m D 126.195 -105.58 KN-m 92.99 Kn RC = 118.18 KN-m 92.35 6.83 Kn RA = 25.400 m RC = 79.64 Kn-m (Water face in tension) Member BD 122.75 0. X= 3.50 1.50 KN-m B 126.75 6.672 6.87 Kn 8.38 Kn-m 64.49 Kn-m (Water face in tension) Final Bending Moment 92.18 1.50 KN-m C 92. Moment = 83.400 0.

50 KN-m Component 126.50 KN-m Checking of depth dreq davail (mm) (mm) 274 265 Top Slab Bottom Slab 321 665 Abutments (bot) 321 665 Abutments (mid) 261 265 Required steel area (mm²) Earth face/Top face Exposed face/Bottom face Main Shrinkage Main Shrinkage Not OK 3183 mm² 380 mm² 2577 mm² 570 mm² OK 942 mm² 570 mm² 1740 mm² 380 mm² OK 1740 mm² 380 mm² 1150 mm² 570 mm² OK 2885 mm² 380 mm² 2885 mm² 570 mm² Required MS Bars Top face Shrinkage (S1 / B2) Component Top Slab Bottom Slab 22 12 Abutments 22 Bottom face Main Ø @ 119 12 Ø @ 300 Ø @ 122 12 Ø @ 200 Earth face Shrinkage (S3) Main Ø @ 218 12 Ø @ 300 16 22 22 Main Ø @ Ø @ Shrinkage (B1 / S2) 80 12 Ø @ 200 220 12 Ø @ 300 Exposed face Shrinkage (B3) Main Ø @ 132 12 Ø @ 200 E1 S1 t1 t1 t1 E1 B1 S3 W1 B3 W3 h S2 W2 B2 E3 t3 E2 t2 L t2 Reinforcement of wingwall & Apron Recommended reinforcement details Component Main Top face Recommended (E1 / W2) Bottom face Recommended (W1 / E2) Main .49 KN-m D 126.B 68.50 KN-m 126.50 126.

Top Slab Bottom Slab 22 12 Abutments 22 Ø Ø @ 119 22 Ø @ 130 @ 122 12 Ø @ 150 Earth face Recommended (E3) Main Ø @ 218 22 Ø @ 130 16 19 19 Ø Ø @ @ 80 16 Ø @ 150 220 22 Ø @ 130 Exposed face Recommended (W3) Main Ø @ 132 22 Ø @ 130 .

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766 -38.177 -9.381 -42.132 D 0.766 38.516 5.672 -92.432 -21.771 -21.202 3.011 -5.845 14.170 2.761 -46.716 6.349 42.195 28.813 -9.341 -13.181 -3.216 -22.170 3.696 0.423 -159.697 -105.716 10.234 0.525 -11.771 21.349 -42.498 6.805 A 0.032 -18.525 11.381 42.805 C -28.845 -38.791 -5.181 0.234 92.184 0.516 -2.263 -9.132 105.843 -10.696 13.101 2.263 38.813 9.882 ### 5.423 B 18.907 77.195 11.498 -6.432 21.843 -11.907 -77.184 0.181 -92.032 -6.354 ### 9.386 ### 10.672 92.341 -2.181 .791 -92.202 -14.697 159.0.882 ### 9.433 -3.386 20.433 92.761 46.216 22.011 126.101 -126.

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09 Kn/m3 fc = Ko = γs(Water )= 1.50 m x 1.1 2400 12.60 Kn/m (30% Impact included) Pressure area = m2 Pressure on to slab = Kn/m2 Load Calculations Consider 1 meter strip along the width pa pb pa+pb pc pw pw + pc . E = 4 + 0.40 Kn/m3 0.06S.PWD mm m.20 L m.81 Kn/m3 γs(Sub) = 9.20 7. of Vent : Size of Regulator : Gomara Beel Gomara khal Reg.90 Kn/m3 9.00 0.67 ft = 1.78 Required Input Data Clear height of box (h) Clear width of box (L) Top slab thickness (t1) Bottom slab thickness (t3) Side wall thickness top(t1) Side wall thickness bottom(t2) Middle wall thickness(tm) Live Load = 3600 mm = 3125 mm = 300 mm = 350 mm = 300 mm = 300 mm = 350 mm = H 20 t1 Embankment Crest Level Invert Level of Box Groundwater depth Box top level Depth of earthfill Total top width Total bottom width = = = = = = = tm L 12 8. Where S is the effective span of the Slab if ft.PWD m.00 7.60 Kn/m3 fs = 186.80 m Design of Barrel Part of Regulator Note : One truck on top slab Design Parameters : fc' = 25 N/mm2 = 2500 psi fy = 415 N/mm2 = 40000 psi ϕ= 25 º R= 11.58 γs(Sat) = 18.48 Kn Load Per meter = 71.43 m Load on Rear Wheel = 78.75 N/mm2 γs(moist) = 17.pcm .25 N/mm2 γconc = 23.PWD m m m t1 t1 h GWL 2400 t3 t2 L tm 3450 A L 3450 B t2 a 150 C 1350 3925 b GWL 2575 F E D 3450 3450 Centre Line Wheel load is distributed over a width. Two vent 1.Name of Subproject : Name of Regulator : No. E= 4.

450 t3/L Sum 0.87 0.12 Kn/m2 12.30 3. 3.356 -37.99 Kn/m2 41.0109 0.02 0.87 37. Factor 0.925 0.26 Kn/m2 25.00 C CB CD 0.30 0.01 0.532 0.468 -7.01 0.0266 0.00 Kn/m 38. distribution factor.347 0.02 0.35 3.51 Kn/m D C 15.01 0.450 3.05 KN-m 3.08 Kn/m 1.01 0.294 0.12 Kn/m 39.17 37.66 GWL 2.0069 Sum Dist.51 k A B C F E D 1.01 0.90 -26.411 -37.60 Kn 7. Factor 0.0147 0.51 Kn/m2 13. Moment = 19.450 3.08 Kn/m 4.61 Kn/m 1.305 -37.59 Joint D Member Thick (t) in m.30 3.74 Kn-m (Water face in tension) 71.58 Kn/m2 25.30 DE 0.01 0. FEM Joint A Member Thick (t) in m.30 AF 0.925 0.62 Kn/m2 13.35 0. X= 74.35 3.11 m Maxm.13 Kn/m 26.450 3.35 0.87 B BA BC BE 0.450 3.644 FEM Kn-m -39.450 m .347 0.468 FEM Kn-m 37.51 Kn/m 0.60 Kn 7.54 Kn/m B 29.60 Kn/m 7.08 Kn/m (concentrated load) 7.01 0.67 Kn Let Shear force is zero at distance x from C.85 Kn/m 41.43 KN-m 3.450 3.12 Kn/m 12. DC 0.0193 0.18 Kn/m Calculation of Horizontal Pressures pa = pb = pc = pw = pcm = pa + pb + pcm = pc + pw .12 41.925 3.17 12.26 42.925 m RC = 25.450 0. AB 0.532 0.pcm = 1.18 Kn/m Stiffness.01 0.925 0.925 0.294 0.925 0.59 F FE FA 0.30 Length t3/L in m.90 7.30 0.35 0.30 0.0069 0.87 39.02 26.01 0. CD 41.08 Member AB RD = A 34.450 3.08 Kn/m 0 Kn/m 71.85 Kn/m Member AF.01 Dist.00 E ED EF EB 0.97 Kn/m 0.Load on top Slab : Top Slab = Top soil load = Live load = Total load = Load on Bottom Slab : Abutment Load = Middle wall Load = Load from Top Slab = Abutment Side soil = Total = 7. 3.356 0.35 Length in m.85 Kn/m 38.58 m 12.0147 0.01 3.0358 0.644 0.85 Kn/m2 71.55 Kn 2.

RA = RB = 49.49 Kn 40.43 Kn (Water face in tension) Required steel area (mm²) Earth face/Top face Exposed face/Bottom face Main Shrinkage Main Shrinkage 793 mm² 570 mm² 925 mm² 760 mm² 570 mm² 570 mm² 841 mm² 760 mm² 1190 mm² 570 mm² 1190 mm² 760 mm² 559 mm² 570 mm² 559 mm² 760 mm² Required MS Bars Top face Shrinkage (S1 / B2) 254 12 Ø @ 200 355 12 Ø @ 200 Earth face Shrinkage (S3) 169 12 760 266 mm² mm c/c Ø @ 200 Bottom face 16 16 Main Ø @ Ø @ 16 Main Ø @ Shrinkage (B1 / S2) 219 12 Ø @ 151 241 12 Ø @ 151 Exposed face Shrinkage (B3) 360 12 Ø @ 151 Recommended reinforcement details Component Top Slab Bottom Slab 16 16 Main Ø @ Ø @ Abutments 16 Main Ø @ Top face Recommended (E1 / W2) 254 16 Ø @ 250 355 16 Ø @ 300 Earth face Recommended (E3) 169 16 Ø @ 150 16 16 Main Ø @ Ø @ 16 Main Ø @ Bottom face Recommended (W1 / E2) 219 16 Ø @ 200 241 16 Ø @ 225 Exposed face Recommended (W3) 360 16 Ø @ 300 Reinforcement of wingwall & Apron E1 t1 S1 tm t1 E1 B1 .18 Kn/m E F 36.28 Kn 20. Moment = Component Checking of depth dreq davail Top Slab Bottom Slab Abutments (bot) Abutments (mid) (mm) 139 143 154 105 (mm) 265 265 215 215 Component Top Slab Bottom Slab 16 16 Main Ø @ Ø @ Abutments 16 Main Ø @ Middle Wall steel required = Spacing 16 mm dia @ OK OK OK OK 65.53 Kn (Water face in tension) 38.30 Kn-m Maxm.91 Kn-m Maxm.63 35.450 m RF = RE = 66.16 KN-m 3. Moment = Member FE 46.

39 t2 L F EF FE 0.20 -2.90 -26.644 37.09 12.04 E2 L B BC BE 0.02 2.47 0.87 0.45 tm C D E CB CD DC DE ED EB 0.00 0.08 -0.90 BAL -6.008 0.10 1.87 -37.95 0.W1 W3 16 16 Ø Ø @ @ 16 16 266 266 W2 B2 Ø Ø @ @ 266 266 S2 B3 h S3 E3 t3 t2 JOINT A MEMBER AB AF BA STIFFNESS0.42 0.007 0.35 -2.79 1.94 1.85 -0.007 0.23 -3.27 FA 0.12 -1.82 -1.29 9.00 -10.02 -5.00 4.42 6.532 0.47 -1.012 0.97 -1.55 0.59 -37.17 37.04 1.294 FEM 37.356 39.38 -1.01 BAL -2.007 0.87 -37.21 0.011 0.55 -0.39 -1.012 0.00 0.59 -39.294 0.008 DF 0.10 1.00 2.42 3.95 -2.69 -5.47 1.17 -0.20 1.468 0.89 -0.00 -1.007 0.347 -7.43 -1.00 -0.15 0.09 COM 4.70 0.008 0.42 COM 1.012 0.84 -0.30 -2.02 0.69 -1.21 0.468 0.15 BAL -0.70 .356 0.27 -1.24 1.00 9.644 0.23 -4.94 -1.01 0.41 -9.23 1.87 0.02 26.79 1.011 0.008 0.47 -2.012 0.532 0.84 0.64 0.58 0.305 0.347 0.54 -2.63 2.411 7.21 0.

02 -0.01 0.05 -0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.71 -0.18 -0.00 0.46 -0.56 0.19 -0.26 -0.00 4.36 0.09 -0.01 -0.00 -0.09 -0.01 -0.50 -0.41 0.04 -0.03 -0.01 0.01 0.02 -0.06 -0.05 -0.12 0.33 0.04 0.01 0.01 -0.00 0.03 -0.38 -0.05 -0.06 -0.10 0.35 -0.01 0.05 -0.75 -0.00 0.COM BAL COM BAL COM BAL COM BAL COM BAL COM BAL COM BAL COM BAL COM BAL TOTAL 0.00 0.01 0.11 -0.00 35.00 0.72 0.43 -0.72 -0.01 0.09 0.01 0.03 0.04 -0.00 0.00 0.05 0.01 -0.18 0.54 0.35 -0.37 -0.01 0.01 0.08 0.02 0.03 0.06 -0.17 -0.00 0.01 -0.16 0.01 -0.09 -0.40 0.63 .01 -0.00 0.02 -0.12 -0.02 -0.04 -0.00 0.00 0.10 -0.05 0.06 -0.32 -0.02 -0.36 0.17 -0.11 -0.25 0.00 0.05 0.36 0.00 0.03 -0.00 0.21 0.00 0.01 -0.63 0.17 0.52 0.17 -0.01 -0.01 0.01 -0.01 0.12 0.18 -0.00 0.01 -0.19 0.25 -0.00 0.01 -0.64 -0.02 -0.01 0.24 -0.01 0.01 0.61 -0.08 -0.47 0.01 0.02 -0.16 -0.00 0.01 0.08 0.03 -0.00 0.06 0.09 0.01 -0.01 -0.00 0.18 0.00 42.01 0.18 0.42 -0.06 0.00 0.05 0.05 0.40 0.24 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.20 -0.32 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.16 -36.12 -0.00 -39.03 -0.54 -34.39 -0.03 0.02 0.20 -0.05 -0.02 0.00 13.00 0.02 0.00 0.63 36.05 0.05 -0.02 0.03 -0.00 0.21 -0.23 -0.12 0.11 -0.34 -0.54 -29.69 -0.03 0.01 -0.01 0.01 -0.65 0.09 -0.01 0.04 -0.00 0.11 0.05 0.37 -15.00 0.72 0.02 0.09 -0.01 0.70 0.00 -42.03 -0.01 0.26 15.23 -0.36 0.01 0.70 0.01 0.04 0.01 -0.00 0.20 0.08 -0.06 -0.00 0.03 0.01 -0.01 0.01 0.06 0.25 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.10 -0.50 0.32 -0.01 -0.36 0.09 0.02 0.05 0.21 0.00 34.25 0.09 0.06 0.01 -0.01 -0.02 -0.09 0.05 -0.05 0.01 0.00 0.45 -0.49 -0.52 0.12 0.18 0.43 -0.10 0.00 16.01 0.02 0.03 0.

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