REPUBLIC OF MOÇAMBIQUE COUNCIL OF THE MINISTRIES

DECREE Nrº 61/2006, of December 26

TECHNICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

TECHNICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

ÍNDICE

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CHAPTER I............................................................................................................................6 PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS..............................................................6 CHAPTER II...........................................................................................................................7 GENERAL PROVISIONS......................................................................................................7 Exploitation Plan..................................................................................................................7 CHAPTER III........................................................................................................................14 WORKINGS WITH EXPLOSIVES.......................................................................................14
Section I....................................................................................................................................16 Storage and Transportation of Explosive Products....................................................................16 Section II...................................................................................................................................18 Works with Explosives...............................................................................................................18

Round Plan/Blasting Diagram..........................................................................................18 Preparation of the Primers................................................................................................18 Detonators and Detonating/ Cords..................................................................................19 Return of Explosives and Detonators to the Magazine.................................................24 CHAPTER IV.......................................................................................................................28 CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORTATION.........................................................................28
Section I....................................................................................................................................28 Workers.....................................................................................................................................28

Circulation in Emergency Ways.......................................................................................32
Section II...................................................................................................................................32 Equipments, Ore and Materials.................................................................................................32

Regulation and Signalling.................................................................................................32 CHAPTER V........................................................................................................................39 RECONNAISSANCE, EXPLORATION AND EVALUATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES .............................................................................................................................................39
Section I....................................................................................................................................39 Exploration Works.....................................................................................................................39 Section II...................................................................................................................................40 Exploration Trenches, Shafts and Adits.....................................................................................40 Section III..................................................................................................................................41 Mechanical Drilling.....................................................................................................................41

Protection against Confined Waters................................................................................41
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TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

Signalling of the Works.....................................................................................................44 CHAPTER VI.......................................................................................................................45 SURFACE/OPEN CAST MINING OPERATIONS..............................................................45 Mining Plan.........................................................................................................................45
Section I....................................................................................................................................46 Exploitation/Production..............................................................................................................46 Section II...................................................................................................................................50 Extraction and Haulage ............................................................................................................50

Signalling of the Extraction..............................................................................................51 Works Signalling................................................................................................................53
Section III..................................................................................................................................53 Dimension/Ornamental Stones..................................................................................................53

CHAPTER VII......................................................................................................................56 UNDERGROUND MINING..................................................................................................56
Section I....................................................................................................................................57 Maps and Sections ...................................................................................................................57 Section II...................................................................................................................................59 Shafts........................................................................................................................................59

Tests and Life Time............................................................................................................72
Section III..................................................................................................................................76 Ground Control..........................................................................................................................76

Application Conditions for Backfilling Material..............................................................77
Section IV..................................................................................................................................81 Lighting......................................................................................................................................81 Section V ..................................................................................................................................82 Precaution against Waters Irruption...........................................................................................82 Section VI..................................................................................................................................83 Fire-Damp and Explosive Dusts................................................................................................83

Warning on Grisu and Explosive Dust............................................................................85
Section VII.................................................................................................................................85 Fire Prevention and Extinction...................................................................................................85 Section VIII................................................................................................................................88 Machines and Equipments........................................................................................................88 Section IX..................................................................................................................................90 Ventilation..................................................................................................................................90 Section X...................................................................................................................................98 Underground Crushing..............................................................................................................98 Section XI..................................................................................................................................99 Mine Safety Guarantee..............................................................................................................99 Section XII...............................................................................................................................101
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..........................................................................130 Health and Safety Committees..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................120 CHAPTER XI.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................125 Section I.103 ARTISANAL MINING...........139 Section II.......................................................................................................130 Section IV............................. Grinding and Milling Installations..............................................................................................................101 CHAPTER VIII.......110 Captation and Bottling of Waters......................118 Concentration Installations............................................132 Section V..............................118 Section III.....109 Exploration.....................115 Crushing...................................................................................................................125 First Aid........................................125 HEALTH AND SAFETY........................................................114 INSTALLATIONS.........................................................................................................................109 EXPLOITATION OF MINERAL WATER...............................................TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Lamphouse............................................................................133 Aptitude and Qualification of the Workers.....................109 Section II....120 Industrial Annexes............................................................143 Personal Protective Equipment....................................133 CHAPTER XII..146 Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 iv .............................................................................................................................129 Health and Safety Services...143 CHAPTER XIII..................................................................................................................................................................................................110 Workers Safety....................................................................115 Section II...........................................................................................142 Social Installations...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................109 Workers Safety.....134 Section I.134 WORKERS’ PROTECTION.......................................139 Preventive Measures...............................................................................................................................................................................103 CHAPTER IX............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ MINERAL PROCESSING AND INDUSTRIAL ANNEXES....................114 Section I........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Lanterns and Lamps.......................... Research and Evaluation............................................................................................................................................................................................................125 Section II...........................................................................................................................................................................129 Section III..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................142 Section III.............................................................................................................109 Section I.....................................................110 CHAPTER X........................................

.............................................149 Section I..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................146 CHAPTER XIV...........................164 Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 v ........................................................153 ANNEXE II – ACCIDENT COMMUNICATION ACCIDENT REPORT FORM....................................................................................152 ANNEX I: GLOSSARY..........................149 DIVERSE PRECEPTS.......................................................................151 Delegation of Powers..................................149 Section II................................................................................................149 Discipline of the Mining Activity..........................151 Final Dispositions...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................151 FINAL NOTE OF THE TRANSLATORS.............TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES MINE CLOSURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.............

exploration. evaluation and production of oil. Regulation Moz 6 . which is an integrant part of this Regulation. evaluation and mining of mineral resources. natural gas and hydro-soluble minerals are excluded from the present Regulation. Article 2 Application Extent 1. Article 3 Definitions The meaning of the terms and the expressions herein used are included in the annexe I. exploration.Versão10a de 6 de April de 2005 CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS Article 1 Objective The objective of this Regulation is to define measures that will improve workers’ health and safety conditions. Activities related to reconnaissance. the professional risks and hygiene at work place in the mining sector. including the application of measures for the prevention of accidents. This Regulation applies for all activities of reconnaissance. 2.

mine closing plan. In the existence of more than one company working simultaneously at the same site. namely the prevision of fire and explosion sources. which direct or indirectly. which will coordinate the application of the safety measures and health. and environmental management rules. in the interest of good mining practice. 2. b) Definition and application of the adequate measures in the prevention of risks. All mines must be preceded by a technical safety and health plan. activities schedule. containing the following information: a) Evaluation of the risks to which the workers are exposed when performing their tasks. and shall evidence the applicability of the mining methods and equipment. developed and kept valid for the best available techniques in safety and hygiene. All mining activities in compliance with the Article 5 of the Mining Law and its relevant regulations are to be conceived. The preparation of the health and safety plan must take into account the event of other activities and the presence of elements already existing on site and at the surroundings. The mining plan must be updated whenever there are significant changes on the methods and progress of works. health and safety plan. 3. may danger or restrain the safety of the work and workers. which should lead to minimum loss of the mineral resources. or in the safety and hygiene conditions of the mining area. The exploitation plan consists of mining plan. the use and maintenance of the equipment and the specific conditions at work places. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 7 . in what concerns to its workers and in the principle of collective responsibility. 2. 3.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER II GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 4 Exploitation Plan 1. planned. without exempting the responsibility of the other companies. Article 5 Health and Safety Plan 1. the technical safety and health plan must identify the company. equipped. according to Article 38 of the Mining Law. work accidents and professional diseases.

The safety and health plan must be presented to the competent entities whenever asked for. Date of birth. g) Ensure the adequate survey of the health of the workers involved in the activities covered by the present Regulation. containing: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) Worker’s identification. b) Plan. equip and keep the mining operations in their best technical and economical conditions using the most appropriate methods and equipments in accordance with mineral deposit characteristics aiming at assuring the best recovery of the ore and the protection of the workers at their work place. additions or modifications made in the working methods or working conditions. as well as the directives of the competent entities. Article 6 Obligations of the Mining Titleholder or Mining Operator The general obligations of the mining titleholder or mining operator are as follows: a) Accomplish the dispositions of the present Regulation as well as other applicable legal and lawful rules. Medical certificate of aptitude for the work. build. Nature of activity. in the prevention of professional risks. f) Promote the cooperation of all workers. so that correct organization and effective supervision of the sites occupied by workers is obtained.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. and in the development of conditions for their well-being at work place. Date of the medical examination of admittance and subsequent exams. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 8 . c) Adopt the necessary measures. e) Define. d) Organize and keep the individual records of the workers that are active in mining works. in internal regulations. aiming at safety and health as well as the protection of the integrity of the mining worker. 5. The safety and health plan must be revised annually and whenever there are significant changes. Admission date. the attributions and duties of the worker in relation to the prevention of accidents and occupational diseases.

e) Immediately communicate to the hierarchical superior abnormal situations. and whenever needed. j) Guarantee that first aid services are created and kept in function. Article 7 Workers’ Obligations/Duties Workers’ obligations/duties are: a) Follow the internal regulations of the company concerning the professional risks and the maintenance of hygiene at work places. adapted to the work conditions. equipment failures or imperfections and the instability of work places. and also the directions given by the entity that leads them. and maintain them in good conservational conditions. such as modifying. d) Strictly follow the norms and instructions about safety. in order to preserve health and also to avoid the spread of contagious diseases amongst the other workers. and abstain from any actions that may cause dangerous situations. on the matters of their competence. in general and individually. c) To use properly the provided individual protection equipment. removing. k) Keep in good hygienic and functioning conditions the sanitary installations required by law. carrying out the dispositions of the present Regulation as well as other applicable precepts. b) Acquire knowledge about hygiene. and others. i) Freely supply the workers. the medical services. damaging or destroying the safety devices or any other protection systems. The workers have the right to: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 9 . f) Take care of their personal hygiene. which are transmitted by the mining titleholder or by the Labour Health and Safety competent entity in this area. with the personal protective equipment considered necessary for the work to be done. maintenance and use. first aid and safety at work place.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES h) Attend the health and safety committees. and the safety technicians and officers. being ensured its hygiene. Article 8 Workers’ Rights 1. displacing. susceptible of causing accidents.

mining pass holder or mining operator must grant training to all workers. d) Be informed about the inherent dangers related to the activity they practise and about the available means at their disposal in assuring their protection. e) The information concerning their health and safety. The representatives mentioned in paragraph b) of the precedent number have the right to: a) Represent the workers in all that concerns safety and health.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES a) Abandon their work sites whenever it is verified that a situation or a fact exists. the mining pass holder or mining operator. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 10 . mining pass holder or mining operator at the work places. in order to guaranty adequate safety conditions for the work at hand. d) Participate in the preparation and implementation of the technical safety and health plan. e) Be informed about the training actions to be conducted by the mining titleholder and about the special measures to be taken in the case of any risk. c) Participate in the inspections and inquiries related to health and safety affairs that are conducted by the mining titleholder. health and safety. which may endanger their safety and/or health. materials and work tools. especially to those who are newly admitted for the first time and to those who are transferred from their working post. b) Choose their representatives for the purpose of participation in safety and health organizations. The workers and their respective representatives have the right to be properly informed about the measures to be taken concerning technical safety and health at their work places. 2. Article 9 Training and Information of the Worker 1. The mining titleholder or the mining pass holder must promote the necessary on job training actions about the correct use and maintenance of the equipments. 2. c) Request inspections and inquiries through the mining titleholder or mining pass holder to the competent entity or other relevant entities. 3. b) Participate in the meetings of the safety and health organizations (committees) constituted by the mining titleholder. as well as refresher actions on health and hygiene at work. The mining titleholder. whenever motives for preoccupation arise concerning their health and safety.

explosion or other occurrences of identical nature.1 of the present article. Article 11 Accidents 1. namely important collapses. the occurrence of any material incident. the restart of activities will require an expressed authorization of the competent entity. 2. The mining titleholder or mining pass holder must prepare a plan containing a set of measures. method of application and controlling systems. extraction ropes failure. fire. namely the following: a) In the case of risk of flooding related to the weather conditions. which must be also coupled with the predominant language in the mining area. the safety measures and control of this operation must be part of the program. so that they may determine the immediate suspension of the works directly or indirectly related to these risks. 2. In the imminence of serious risk situations for the workers’ life or health. b) In the case of unstable rock formations the plan must contain the type of timbering. must be protected by lightening-conductors system controls for electrical charges. within 24 hours time. the mining titleholder or mining operator must immediately communicate this fact to the “Inspecção Geral dos Recursos Minerais” (Mineral Resources General Inspection). after verifying the applied correct measures for reduction of the serious or imminent risks as defined by the program referred to in nº.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. Article 10 Risks and Emergencies 1. d) In areas susceptible to intense thunderstorms the underground or open cast mining operations. Without prejudice of the notifications due to the other applicable legislation. if Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 11 . 3. The mining titleholder or operator must communicate to the “Inspecção Geral dos Recursos Minerais” (Mineral Resources General Inspection). all accidents which result in death or serious injury of the workers. the mining titleholder or mining operator must communicate to “Inspecção Geral dos Recursos Minerais” (Mineral Resources General Inspection). and measures to prevent accidents such as evacuation plan and the energy supply control. or. c) The scaling method of the working faces. The training and instructions transmission language must be the official one. flood. or in the case of intersected hydrostatic water level the plan must have a pumping system with enough capacity. In case of the suspension of work according to the terms of the previous number.

cannot be changed until an inquiry is conducted by the competent entities. 4. 2. evacuate the workers from the affected places and communicate these facts in the terms. Article 12 Inquiry 1. The information referred to in the previous number must be sent to the competent entity and in the report’s form which is included as an annex of this Regulation (accident report’s form as in annex II).TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES independently. without prejudice to the assistance to the victims. the conditions to observe when reinstate the work. in each case. reporting the number of victims with permanent or partial disability. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 12 . all work shall be suspended if susceptible to destruct or change the traces left at the site. After the occurrence of such situations as referred to in the previous number. The condition of the site where an accident has occurred. 3. of personnel injuries. Article 13 Accidents Statistics 1. which resulted in death or serious injury of workers. The competent entity must indicate. immediately. the mining titleholder must. explosion. resulting in extremely dangerous situations to the health and safety of the workers. and within the time referred to in n. The mining titleholder. or in the presence of irrespirable or noxious atmospheres. unless for motives of personnel rescue or site safety. 2.º 2 of the present article. mining pass holder or mining operator must send a monthly description of the accidents occurred to “Inspecção Geral dos Recursos Minerais” (Mineral Resources General Inspection). In the situation of fire.

3. The mining titleholder or operator should have available first aid and rescue equipment ready to function in case of an emergency which must be kept in accessible places. The mining titleholder or mining operator must provide first aid and rescue services in compliance with chapter XI of this Regulation.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 14 Annual Report Beyond the required information as in Article 54 of the Mining Law Regulations and for safety purposes. with the statistics of accidents. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 13 . The mining titleholder or mining operator must prepare and execute a training program on rescue and evacuation. 2. number of fatalities. about safety and health organization. an annual report must be sent to the competent entity. as well as information related to occupational diseases. Article 15 First Aid and Rescue 1.

being the use of other materials subject to approval. The black powder should only be utilised in the form of cartridges. In the opening of packages containing explosives. Without prejudice to specific legislation applicable to transporting. storage and use of explosives. The defrosting of explosives must be done outside of the mine workings and out of the magazine. casuistically authorised by the technical director. 2. storage. frozen. distribution and return of non-used explosives. but in such case. transportation. 2. 3. 5. which carry explosives. In mining and quarrying. Persons duly authorised under the terms of the applicable legislation should do the issuing from magazine. may be opened with metallic instruments. The cartridges of the explosives cannot be cut or broken. 7. 6. The carton packages. Gelignite and other explosives. cannot be utilised. the mining titleholder or mining operator is subject to the rules of the present Regulation. the use of explosives must be approved according to the applicable legislation. exuded or deteriorated. The handling and use of explosives can only be done by duly qualified persons. except for restricted and clearly defined uses. the operator is only allowed to use wooden chisels and mass hammers. 2. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 14 . after special precautions are taken. Article 17 Opening of Explosives Packages 1.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER III WORKINGS WITH EXPLOSIVES Article 16 Use of Explosives and Black Powder 1. The use of explosives in bulk is permitted when technical/economical circumstances advise so. nor even go into the working places. and other activities covered by the present Regulation. 4. according to the specific legislation. the opening tool must not touch the metallic clips. Article18 Frozen or Deteriorated Explosives 1. and by means of authorisation of the competent entities under the terms of the applicable legislation.

During the handling of explosives and detonators the use of mobile telephones or other high frequency communication equipments is not allowed. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 15 . It is prohibited: a) To introduce in the same blasting hole. is not allowed to make fire or use artefacts and equipments that can produce sparks. according to the specific legislation. except under special conditions. e) To smoke during the handling of explosive products in the mining operations. 2. more than one primer (charged cartridge). the two wires of an electric detonator must be kept connected one to the other in shortcircuit in the cases of charged holes or in cases where detonators stay out of the containing packages. 4. aiming at guaranteeing its isolation against induced currents. simultaneously. d) To use of normal electric detonators. he must promote at his own expenses the training of the explosive operators.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. 3. During the handling of explosives or at any time of its transportation and charging phases. cellular phones. telephone lines and high voltage power lines must respect the relevant legislation. clearly justified and authorized by the competent entity. b) To introduce in the same blasting hole. Article 19 Restrictions on the Use of Explosives 1. Explosive products that are not in perfect conditions must be immediately unutilized outside of the mine workings. For the purpose of the disposed in the paragraph c) of the previous number. during the forthcoming or eminence of thunderstorms and lightning. explosive and black powder. c) The handling or even the presence of workers near the explosives. fire or the rise of temperature. Article 20 Training of Operators Whenever the mining titleholder or mining operator has an intention to use explosives. within minimum protection distances from radio and TV stations.

2. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 16 . must be distributed according to the date of arrival and storage in the magazine. The licence for construction and use of explosives and detonators magazines is governed by specific legislation. In mining wet working conditions where the water quantity makes it difficult to clean the blasting holes. as well as the firing cord. detonating cord and detonators. The explosive cartridges. The explosives must be kept far from fire and any easy corroding and flammable substances. 4. 3. The explosive products of each category.e. The explosives to be used during the stoping works or in the opening of other mining works must be chosen in order to the technical requirements needed. 3. Section I Storage and Transportation of Explosive Products Article 22 Storage 1. shocks and electric currents. Article 23 Distribution 1. must be kept in separate and carefully locked in appropriate magazines used only for that purpose.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 21 Technical Characteristics 1. or impervious explosive cartridges). 2. water based emulsion. the mining titleholder or mining operator can apply for the installation of two different magazines for explosives and detonators. as much as possible. and be protected from humidity. until the moment to be used. 2. The explosives must be distributed only and directly to the final use working faces and in the exact quantities needed to perform the referred operations. the technical director must decide for a water resistant explosives (i. as well as out of places where blasting may occur. Whenever consumption is justified. gelamonite (gelignite). Only the necessary quantity of explosives must be delivered to the explosive operators for specific activity.

in wooden boxes. In mechanical transportation of explosives and detonators. The explosives can alternatively be transported to the charging sites in the original packages. The transportation of explosives and/or detonators in heavy equipments. exclusively committed to this use. 2. 3. 7. Black powder and explosives. special rules and procedures must be made and approved by the competent entity. those must be transported in separate vehicles 2. from the magazines to the charging or preparation places or stoping area. The workers in charge of the manual transportio of explosives must be informed about the inherent risks related to the operation. if the quantity to be used exceeds 50 Kg: 5. 6. The detonators must be transported in specific boxes. 2. and must be done by using the type of devices described in the previous article. or leather. The explosives must be transported. or other resistant and impermeable bags. or detonating cords and detonators. The maximum load allowed for manual transport is fixed at 30 Kg. must always be transported separately. In cases where trolleys are used for the transportation of explosives quantities exceeding 50 Kgs.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 24 Transportation of Explosives 1. Article 26 Mechanical Explosives Transportion 1. such as conveyer belts and dumpers is expressly forbidden. 3. Detonators and detonating cord must be transported in specific packages apart from explosives. 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 17 . Article 25 Manual Explosives Transportion 1. The explosives boxes and bags must be equipped with safe lockers and suspending bands. Materials that can produce sparks are not allowed in the manufacturing of the wooden boxes and bags.

the economy of the processes. Whenever needed the use of explosives. the type of detonators and respective delay time. the type and quantity of explosive. The drilling operation must never be done simultaneously along with the charging operation. global resistance of the circuit and the tolerance. at a sheltered place. 6. Article 29 Preparation of the Primers 1. In the beginning of drilling. Protective measures against projections. plan and apply a round plan/blasting diagram. must be defined in the round plan. total and per drillhole. In underground mining. 2. The round plan must define the drilling pattern. adapted to the rock mass characteristics and to the intended result. apart from the conditions described in the previous numbers. the use of sockets of drilled holes and misfires of the previous blast is not allowed. The preparation of primers must be done in a proper dedicated site for that effect or. if not possible. 2. Article 28 Drilling 1. only safety detonators and explosives are allowed. the blasting and the local and environmental conditionings. 3. the diameter. The round plan must take into account the rock type and structure. inclination. the technical director must study. additional consideration must be taken relating the ventilation plan as well as with ensuring the fast exhaust of fumes.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section II Works with Explosives Article 27 Round Plan/Blasting Diagram 1. the production capacity. noise and vibrations. 5. well lighted and interdicted to the presence/circulation of personnel. length and number of holes. approved by the competent entity. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 18 . namely the area and volume to be blasted and product characteristics to get off. whenever the existence of gases or explosive dust is foreseeable. In underground mining. 4.

8. 5. free from combustible materials and interdicted to other person’s presence and circulation. The removal or opening of a detonator. The detonator to be used in explosives of normal sensibility is number #8. 4.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. must be number #6 being interdicted to cause its explosion by other than by a detonator. is interdicted in the same blasting operation. c) Slow electrical detonators and micro delay electrical detonators. the site for preparation of the primers must be well ventilated. The use of electrical detonators of different makes. 3. The detonators and the detonating cord must be inserted in the explosive only immediately before its utilization. The detonator to be used in an operation must be strong enough to ensure the detonation of the primer. 4. it is forbidden. In the cases of deficient natural illumination during the preparation of primers (the introduction of the firing cord in the detonator and the introduction of this one in the explosive) adequate electric light or a flame-protected lamp must be used. The detonator must be introduced into the respective cartridge through a hole done with an appropriate piercer without forcing its penetration. It is also interdicted the combined use of detonators of different type in the same blasting operation. whether electric or pyrotechnical. even being of the same type (instantaneous. 3. Article 30 Detonators and Detonating/ Cords 1. During the preparation of the primers the presence of people not committed to the operations is not permitted. even in open air. 6. b) Normal electrical detonators and slow electrical detonators. slow detonator or micro delay). namely: a) Electrical and pyrotechnic detonators. 7. which can explode by a simple flame. The detonator to be used with black powder. For the purpose of the number 1 of the present article. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 19 . either pyrotechnical or electrical. 2.

2. The firing cord must be cut to square angle and fixed to the detonator with appropriate pliers for this operation. and which length should not be shorter than 0. When bulk explosives. using. The burning speed of the fuse/firing cord must not exceed 1 meter per minute. 6. 4. Before being charged up the drillholes must be cleaned removing the water and drilling detritus. 5. The cartridges must be inserted in the drillhole and. if necessary. 5.20 meters. the charging method must ensure the continuity of the charge in the hole. 2. The burning speed must be verified whenever a new delivery of firing cord occurs or whenever its permanence in the magazine is over three months.0 meters and must allow an end with a minimum length of 0. top or bottom. The primer must always be placed at one of the ends of the charge. powder or slurry are used. 3. 3. which cannot produce sparks or electrical discharges when in contact with the inner wall of the hole. Article 32 Charging up 1. which is to be verified by using a sized charging stick/stemming rod. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 20 . clay. with the detonators’ bottom turned to that end.20 meters remaining out of the hole. 4. The firing cord used with black powder or with explosives must have a minimum length of 5. The stemming rod must be wooden made or of other adequate materials. The stemming must be made with water. if possible. 7. It is not permitted to tie up knots with the firing cord. slowly pushed with the appropriate charging stick/stemming rod avoiding shocks and abrupt movements. or non-flammable and exempt of free silica pulverulent material or other material duly approved by the competent entity. appropriate charging equipment. The drillhole diameter must be larger than the one of the cartridges.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 31 Fuse/Firing Cord 1.

10. 9. When the number of holes per blast is higher than 5. The pathways are difficult or with the risk of falling down. The operator of explosives must ensure the possession of the electric starter key during the charging and connecting phase untill the detonation. detonating cord or firing cord with its appropriate ignition device must be used. the way out to be covered by the explosive operators. In wet terrains or aquiferous hydrogeological systems the explosive cartridges must be made of impermeable material and its blasting must be carried out as soon as possible. The wire points of the detonators and the fire cable ending points must be kept together in short-circuit till the moment of connection. In fuse/pyrotechnic ignition with firing cord. after the ignition. The use of the firing cord as a means of an ignition system is forbidden. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 21 . not allowing the number of firings to be superior to 5. the accesses duly controlled and having no risks to third parties. Article 33 Electric Connections and Ignition 1. Article 34 Fuse or Pyrotechnic Ignition 1. 2. The ignition of the blasting circuit only can be made after the operator of explosive has verified that all the workers are properly protected. In flooded ground conditions and if bulk explosives are likely to be used. an electric ignition. must be clean and free of all obstacles that can provoke falls or cause difficulties in withdrawals or evacuation. explosive dust or by fires. The firing cable connection to the electric starter can only be made after the measurement of the resistance of the circuit and its confirmation with the value foreseen in the round plan. 2. the slurry explosives with watery base must be adopted. 4. In flooded drillholkes. when: a) b) There is a danger of explosions provoked by flammable gases. 3.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 8. The connections between the detonators and the firing cable must be made in such a way that it guarantees the minimum electrical resistance and must be protected against contact with the earth and/or other conductors. powder and bulk explosives shall not be used. 5. 3.

significant risk reduction or an improvement on the performance of the bulk explosives. Article 37 Blasting in Surface/Open Cast Mining 1. but always outside of the blasting area. Article 35 Electrical Ignition 1. 5. the nonel system can be used for blasting. In electric ignition the fire cables and the connections with the detonators must be conveniently insulated. Only the explosives operator is authorized to connect the fire lines to the detonators and this operation only can be performed if the operator has the electric starter key with him. before blasting and with the required antecedence. 8. 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 22 . 6. 7. In open cast/surface mining. The electrical ignition must be used on shaft sinking. whenever it is intended.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES c) The ground is too wet and slippery. The individual resistance of one detonator only can be controlled with an ohmmeter homologated by the competent entity. 2. acoustical and visual signals must be used to efficiently prevent accesses in the vicinity of working places. periodically. In electrical ignition it is not permitted to blast when the number of holes is higher than the nominal capacity of the electric starter Article 36 Nonel System In blasting. In underground works the blasting cannot be done before all workers are in a safe place. The connection to the electric starter cannot be done before the control of the resistance of the circuit with an ohmmeter and with the workers duly sheltered. metallic pipes or other electrical conducting materials. pit or raise opening and in all cases where the safety of the workers recommends it. The fire cable lines must be placed in a way not to be in contact with power lines. 3. The explosives operator must carry out. revisions and verifications of electric starters and keep the records of these operations. 4. outside or at underground.

the explosives operator must be sure of the absence of any risk. 5. namely the misfired holes. 3. Whenever it is necessary to put the signalmen on public roads during the blasting operation. The signalmen on duty must keep in their vigilance position and cannot give permission to the people and vehicles to go until the signal “end of danger” has been given by the explosives operator Article 39 Restarting the Work after Blasting 1. and.40 X 0. Before the work is started. After blasting it is forbidden the access of persons in the blasted area before the explosives operator. those must be marked and kept under surveillance till they are rendered safe. the respective operators must coordinate the blasting hours and the position of the signalmen and other workers in charge of the safety. explosives or detonators dispersed in the blasted broken rock. verifies the safety conditions. they must wear adequate clothing that identify the operation and use red flags with the dimension 0. the signalmen must stay in a position that can be sighted at least at 150 meters. 2. if possible sprinkled with water to settle down dust and blasting gases. at least 150 meters from the site 4. Whenever there are contiguous quarries or other close mining works using explosives. The face must be carefully scaled by skilled people. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 23 . When there are curves that can difficult the visibility. Whenever there are misfired holes. Article 38 After Blasting Control 1. responsible for blasting. 2. The acoustic signals must signalize the beginning and the end of the operation as an indication for the signalmen to open or close the traffic and the circulation of people.30 meters and they must have a position at the passage ways that permits its visibility. In the case where one or more holes have not exploded. the access to the working face will be interdicted for a period of 5 minutes or 1 hour according to the use of electric or fuse ignition. after the blasting. respectively. Article 40 Control of the Misfired Holes 1.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. 3.

of the remaining explosives and detonators not used and not detonated. 7. 3. Article 43 Destruction of Explosives 1. Article 41 Marking of Holes The remaining portion of the holes (sockets) at a stoped face after blasting must be duly marked and cannot be utilized for deepening/re-drilling and re-use. to reinflame the fuse to try its explosion.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. Adequately skilled people must do the removal of the apparently deteriorated explosives and detonators from the respective magazines. 2. nor even handled by personnel not qualified for the use of this type of explosives. after the charge and blasting of the explosive. the explosives operator must organize and promote the return and devolution to the magazine. 6. Explosives with evidences of damage or exudation. or resulting of misfiring of charged holes. Article 42 Return of Explosives and Detonators to the Magazine After blasting. except in fiery mines where it is applicable the disposed in number 6 of the present article. The misfired holes must be washed with a water jet to take off the stemming and then must be detonated with a new primer. 3. The explosives and detonators resulting of misfired holes must be removed and placed in appropriate recipients and stored in an identified place for posterior destruction. Other procedures can be used if authorized by the competent entities. but with sufficient proximity to ensure the sympathy detonation by effect of the misfired charge. When the misfired holes result from pyrotechnical blasting. It is not allowed to remove the explosives and detonators by pulling the electric wires. In fiery mines. 5. it is not allowed. If the situation referred to in the previous number is verified. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 24 . the loading operation must be carefully done. 4. cannot be re-used in the blasting works. a parallel hole to the misfired one must be drilled at a safe distance to avoid the possible contact.

the fire cables must be placed at a distance not less than 0. electric detonators. caused by high or very high tension power lines. the nonel system or pyrotechnic detonators with or without detonating cord must be used. the fire cables must have a cross-section big enough to assure the intensity of the necessary current for the ignition of all detonators. In underground works. when the electrical ignition is done from surface. or electric devices. the possibility of inducted currents at the electric blasting fire lines. 2. it is not allowed to ignite an underground blasting from surface.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. and if it is not possible to use. only high resistance detonators that cannot spontaneously detonate can be used. the ignition by radiofrequency must be made by means of a device with sufficient power to assure the blasting. In underground works.5 meters of other metallic conductors and at least at 1 meter of other cables. Article 46 Verification of Induced Currents The blast/firing circuits with induced currents or static electricity. 3. 5. must be protected against moisture and periodically verified. 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 25 . Article 45 Electrical Ignition in Underground Works 1. With the purpose of avoiding the induced currents at the fire cables that can provoke a uncontrolled blast. Whenever existing. and the values of the verification registered in the appropriate book. The ignition of an underground blast from surface can only be done after the exit of all workers from the mine. 2. In the presence or if there is an expected threat of a thunderstorm. then. Article 44 Protection against Electrical Currents 1. must be controlled at least every six months and the values must be registered in the appropriate book. For the purpose of the rules of the above numbers. 3. The destruction of explosives and detonators must be done according to the precepts of the specific legislation. without any risk. faulty/defective alternating current or high frequency installations. which cannot have mends and must stay far off of other conductors. The ignition equipment for underground blasting must have enough capacity for that purpose.

3. The explosives and detonators to be used in explosive atmospheres must be recommended by the manufacturer and expressly authorized in compliance with the applicable legislation in force. 6. 2. In the definition and calculation of the round plan and in the choice and application of the detonators. 7. The blasting in long wall stoping faces is only permitted if the control of the methane in all surrounding area. Is not allowed to blast uncovered/exposed explosives even if they result from misfired holes. at least as far as 20 meters back off the face. 5. 5. 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 26 . In mine workings. 3. In underground mines with drifts/galleries driven in counter-attack (converging mining) and the danger of fire or explosion exists. the maximum charge per hole must be fixed in accordance to the technical parameters of the explosive and after safety tests being carried out. Whenever the methane content is over 1% in volume or the weight of dust is higher than 5 mg/m3. in a distance of 20 meters. which cannot be less than 0. safety explosives must be used. 4.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 47 Workings with Fire and/or Explosion Dangers 1. Article 48 Use of Explosives in Fiery Mines 1. Before charging the holes. the control referred to in number 1 must be done in the two working faces. In the round plan it must be regarded the distance between holes. must be done.50 meters. 2. Without prejudice of the previous number. The control referred to in the previous number must be repeated immediately before the ignition. it is allowed to blast since the dusts are previously neutralized with inert powder. a control of methane and of explosive dusts content. the face must be carefully sprinkled to suppress the suspended dust to values not susceptible to cause explosion. susceptible to fire or explosions risks. In long wall stoping. assuring an interval of less than 200 milliseconds between the first and the last delay time of the detonators. where the charging of a blasting front is being prepared to be fired. shows a value less than 1% in volume. the blasting is not allowed and the face must be kept under surveillance and under reinforced ventilation.

Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 27 .TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 49 Special Conditions In duly settled special and conditions. the use of explosive products in different conditions than the established in the present chapter can be authorized by the competent entity.

Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 28 . c) The maximum allowed speed for those means of transportation. at surface or underground works. Article 51 Conjoint Circulation 1. 4. The personal ways of circulation. 5. ladders. b) The maximum number of workers per each of the means of transportation and the rules for its use.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER IV CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORTATION Section I Workers Article 50 Ways of Circulation 1. 3. The conjoint circulation of people and equipment or materials at the beginning and end of the shifts is not allowed. 2. The information referred to in paragraphs a) and b) of the previous number must be clearly displayed in the embarking and disembarking places. In the case of conjoint circulation ways where it is not possible to define a passageway for personal (man way). platforms. including the emergency access ways must be duly marked with signs and free of obstacles or waste debris that can reduce the safety conditions. must warrant safe conditions and be regularly checked in order to ensure its maintenance safety. referring: a) The circuits path and the means of transportation that can be used by the workers. equipments and installations used for circulation and transportation of personal. the conditions of utilization must be regulated for people and for equipments. preservation and cleanness conditions. The mining titleholder or mining operator must prepare an internal regulation where it is stated the periodicity of the inspections referred to in the previous number. All access ways. also called man ways.

30 meters. Construction of solid fences between both pathways of the joint circulation between workers and equipments.30 meters. to assure the workers protection. On pathways with slopes greater than 20º special measures must be adopted. 5. The transportation of people in shafts shall be done using cages or skips. the technical director can authorize the conjoint circulation of workers and materials. Have a minimum width of 0. The ascension or the descent in sub vertical stairs must be done facing the stairs. Whenever stairs are used. Whenever the slope is greater than 45º or in slipping floor. the existence of stairs separated by platforms at every 30 meters is compulsory. they must obey to the following requirements: a) b) c) d) Be of solid construction. 2. Article 52 Interdicted Circulation The mining areas interdicted to the circulation of the people and equipments must be duly marked and solidly fenced. Article 54 Transportation in Shafts 1. persons/workers must use the side facing the opposite traffic. Without prejudice of the disposed in the previous number and where the special conditions of the ways of circulation permit. 3. e) In cases where the treads/steps are made of crossbeams. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 29 . the distance between them and the wall must be at least 0. In drifts with double track and without space for the pedestrian circulation. Article 53 Pedestrian Circulation 1.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. duly approved by the competent entity. Permit a firm support for the feet.15 meters. 4. namely: a) b) Through the installation of cables or handrails. The separation between the steps must not be higher than 0.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. and the number of workers. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 30 . In the case of shaft opening. d) All access ways of circulation must be kept free of any materials that can cause obstruction or derailment. 2. they cannot have dimensions smaller than 2. the type of circulating material. and this must obey to the following conditions: a) To be prepared in such a way that can provide a safe and comfortable transportation. the traffic density.20 meters wide and 2. if necessary. b) In the case where. c) The distance between the circulating equipment and the wall of the drifts cannot be less than 0. in compliance with the mine characteristics. b) To be equipped with safety coupling. Article 56 Workers’ Transportation 1.20 meters. after the technical director has established the necessary preventive measures to guarantee the maximum safety of the workers. It is not allowed the transportation of the workers in compositions or mechanical transporters. duly prepared wagonettes can be used. The workers circulation in the underground workings must obey to the following conditions: a) The parts of the drifts which are used for circulation by groups of 15 or more workers.0 meters high. equipment and workers can circulate simultaneously. the competent entity can determinate other circulation conditions. 2. Article 55 Circulation in Underground Works 1. assigned for minerals or materials. except in special cases duly authorized by the technical director. opening refuge chambers with minimum 6 m2 and spaced at least 30 meters.60 meters. Whenever necessary. at the beginning and the end of shifts. In specific cases. maintenance works. or during rescue operations. at the beginning or at the end of the shifts. e) The mobile equipments must be equipped with bumpers that exceed its structure by at least 0. other means of transportation can be used. the transport of workers in trains without the suitable wagons for this purpose. this operation must be done in an easy and safe way.

Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 31 . f) An intercommunication system must exist at contact points located and spaced at distances less 100 meters. g) The dimensions. e) A device that cuts the energy to the head motor must be mounted.0 meters per second. except in the conditions of the previous number.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES c) Have the head protection (FOP’s) mounted in a solid structure. namely ejectors. 5. The workers transportation in the bucket of the loaders is not allowed. The transportation of workers in not prepared wagonettes is not allowed except: a) To transport sick or injured workers and patients. 3. 6. All equipments used in the workers transportation must be verified at the beginning of each operation. The operator of the transportation equipment is responsible for the complacence of the provisions presented in the previous numbers. The conditions for transporting workers in dumpers or other similar type of vehicles used normally in transportation of materials must be foreseen in the internal regulation. shape. examination. which may be put in to action at any place of the conveyor belt by any transported worker. 4. automatic electric circuit breakers and anti-sliding systems must be mounted and kept in operational conditions. which by its nature needs such equipment it must be authorized. b) When they are used for the transport of workers in charge of maintenance. The transportation of workers by means of conveyor belts needs a project approved by the competent entity and must obey to the following conditions: a) b) The belt must be incombustible. side protection devices and the position of the platforms must be included in the approved project. c) The maximum speed must be previously authorized by the competent entity and shall not exceed 2. The minimum width of the belt must be 90 cm. tests or measurements. Article 57 Conveyor Belt Transportation 1. d) End course devices. 7.

Whenever it is foreseen the existence of inadequate breathing atmosphere. in this case. being. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 32 . the norms for the circulation. 2. Article 58 Circulation in Emergency Ways 1. subject to permission by the competent entity. Article 60 Stop and start 1. The workers must be instructed about the adequate measures to be taken in case of emergency. At the end of each shift or when a stop occur during a shift.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. unless special reasons exhort against. Ore and Materials Article 59 Regulation and Signalling The mining titleholder or the mining operator must establish through an internal regulation. from platforms prepared for that purpose and under the control of a responsible worker specially appointed by the technical director. 3. 2. The circulation of workers in the emergency pathways must be processed in accordance with the working plans prepared by the technical director and the circulating conditions must be included in the Safety and Health Plan. the operator must cut the power to the machine and verify whether the braking is correctly made and the parking brake is pulled up. the drifts must be developed at equal resistance profiles. the workers must use autonomous respiratory equipments placed at easy accessible points dully marked. Article 61 Conditions for Manual Transportation in Drifts/Galleries For manual transportation. The embark and disembark of the workers must be processed in the best conditions of safety. Section II Equipments. signalling and safety in the geological and mining works under his responsibility. The restart of the movement can only be done after checking that the machine is fully operational and the workers in the surroundings are safely protected.

The number of units in each train must allow a safe stop in the desirable space according to the specifications of the manufacture. the locomotives must be always put in front of the train. existing or not. The workers in charge of pushing the wagons at low profile drifts must have their hands protected with appropriate personnel protective equipment. without taking the necessary precautions. In inclined galleries. The train engines and the other units forming the locomotives. The places where the coupling and uncoupling of wagons is done shall be horizontal. or with the expressed permission of the competent entity. 3. 5. The last unit of the train must be signalized by a clearly visible red light. discharging and switching points. 2. 4. another device to activate the brakes. Article 63 Mechanical Transportation on Railways 1. the workers cannot put themselves at the front of the wagons to moderate the speed or abandon them. except in the stations and charging. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 33 . Article 64 Coupling and Uncoupling of Wagons 1. 7. through braking devices to avoid the ungoverned motion. cannot be kept working or in movement. if any kind of deficiencies are identified. 4. 6. Unless in case of manoeuvre. putting it in manner that assure better illumination of the space before him. The workers must carry its own personal lamp. The train engines (locomotives) must be equipped with brakes that can be put in action by direct intervention of the operator.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 62 Workers’ Safety during the Manual Transportation 1. Whenever two or more trains circulate in the same railway and in the same direction they must keep among them a minimum distance of at least 100 m. All circulating material that derailed cannot be put in. 3. The workers that push wagons must keep a distance of at least 10 meters between them in drifts of equal resistance and 25 meters in inclined drifts. 2.

3. properly ventilated and clean of flammable materials and as much as possible at surface. 6. The refuelling of diesel vehicles must be done in a specific place. The competent entity can authorize at the request of the mining titleholder. In all exploitations. 3. the ventilation is interrupted the motor of the vehicle must be immediately stopped. 5. the fuel must be transported in metallic drums. by any reason. The internal regulation must contain the dispositions that assure maximum safety of the coupling and uncoupling operations. it must have independent circulating pathways for equipment and for people. which must: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 34 . if possible. 3. wedges must be used or other special stopping devices. It is not allowed to couple or uncouple the wagons prior to the train operator or the winch operators are warned of the manoeuvres to be executed. surface/open cast or underground mining. The signs scheme must be object of internal regulation and must be placed at all points where it is considered necessary. In the case of refuelling in underground. The supply equipment must be withdrawn back immediately after the refuelling. Article 66 Refuelling of Diesel Vehicles 1. permitting efficient illumination of at least 60 meters. 4. 2. cistern-wagons or other appropriate totally tight vehicles equipped with self supplying or transfer system.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. Before starting the march. Article 65 Locomotives and Other Electric or Diesel Vehicles 1. If. The coupling and uncoupling of any unit of the train can only be processed when the composition is immobilized. it must be verified if all the elements are correctly coupled. The circulation driveways for the equipment must have installed adequate signalling to assure safe work. Without prejudice of the disposed in the number 1. 2. the installation of fixed cisterns and respective refuelling systems underground. 4. All vehicles used in underground works must be equipped with one or more electric headlights controlled by the driver. when the displacement is in the same direction. in exceptional cases where the coupling and uncoupling of wagons is not processed in a platform. The diesel vehicles must circulate at a regime speed different from the air speed.

and must be in accordance with following conditions: a) Have a lighting system that permits a good visibility of at least 80 meters when working underground. Article 68 Trolley cable The trolley cable installations must obey the specific norms approved by the competent entity. c) Be equipped with incombustible materials. enough for diluting and making harmless the gases normally produced there. c) Have an automatic system to stop the machine. located at a site duly ventilated and marked and. must obey the general norms imposed on the circulation of these types of vehicles. Article 67 Batteries The batteries of the locomotives only can be recharged or replaced in specially constructed charging stations. being one of them used for blocking the traction. if the operator loses control over the commands (dead man pedal) Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 35 . preferably on surface. Article 69 Mechanical Transportation on Wheels (Tyres) 1. and the polluted flow driven out directly to the exhaust ventilation shafts or raises.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES a) Have at least two exit ways. e) f) g) Have a fire fight system. equipped for this purpose. Be provided with fixed illumination. Vehicles mounted on wheels and used in mining operations. b) Be ventilated with an airflow. Have adequate signing that forbids smocking or making fire. b) Have a double brake system with independent activating system. d) Have an antisliding floor surrounded by a small wall to retain the eventually spills of fuel.

On the fixed mechanical conveyors an adequate system of signalization must be installed for the emission of sound warnings to the operator or controller. in its absence. An auto-alignment system or lateral rollers that impede the belt to slide off the structure. 3.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. devices either automatic or manual that can stop the engine system in the case of emergency or deficient running. 4. In the installation underground. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 36 . An emergency stop system that can be operated at all lengths of the conveyor. The fixed mechanical conveyors shall always have at all length. have: a) b) c) d) The fixed mechanical conveyors installed in a sloping plane. 2. The circulation of cargo and transport vehicles must obey to the rules included in the internal regulation or. to the circuits and dispositions imposed by the technical director. 5. Article 70 Fixed Mechanical Conveyors 1. The load of the charging and transport vehicles cannot exceed the nominal capacity. If they are not an automatic fire fighting system must be mounted. must A system that impede the return of the motor drum: A system that stop the motor in case of belt sliding. 4. The system considered in the precedent number must stop the conveyor when it arrives at the point of maximum displacement. it must be left: of the fixed mechanical conveyors a) Enough free space surrounding the conveyors. either the borders of the container or of the bucket. The circuit of the cargo and transport vehicles must be conveniently marked and the circulation on foot must be interdicted. except for the workers dully authorized and at the fulfilment of his mission. 6. b) Free passage at least 0. 3.60 meters wide between the conveyor and one of the walls. The mechanical conveyor belts must normally be of the incombustible type.

It is not allowed the storage or use of combustible materials at a distance less than 4 meters. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 37 .TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 7. in the place where the motors of the mechanical conveyors are installed.

to exceed the maximum weight established in the internal regulation and the values must be placed in visible way at all loading points. The fixed elements of an auto motor plane or winch must be installed with permanent character and equipped with safety devices that assure its permanent fixation. At the sloping planes with mechanical or gravity transport. devices permitting the exchange of clear and normalized signs between all charging points and the machinist must exist. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 38 . The transportation of personnel at sloping planes must be authorized by the competent entity. 5. 3. It is not allowed to use chariots or wagons for personal transportation. except if adequate measures have been taken. 6. The workers circulation at sloping planes during the transport operation is not allowed. in the loading of chariots or wagons.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 71 Inclined / Slope Planes 1. It is not allowed. 2. 4.

exploration and evaluation works must obey to the prescriptions under the Mining Law and its Regulations. the possibility of electrocution of animals or strange people on the works must be prevented. Article 74 Electric Exploration 1. In the execution of profiles or drillings in electric exploration using electric methods. For the purpose of the previous number.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER V RECONNAISSANCE. 2. Whenever earth moving is necessary for the execution of profiles and accesses. The execution of seismic profiles must take into account and restrict the presence of strange people in the working area. Section I Exploration Works Article 73 Seismic Exploration 1. The explosives used for seismic exploration must obey all the principles included in the specific regulations for use of explosives. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 39 . with a long sound according to the internal regulation. the earth material must be put back in accordance with the environmental management instruments referred to in the Environmental Regulation of the Mining Activity and other applicable legislation. the mining titleholder or mining operator. b) Before injecting the electric current. put on both sides of the profile at minimum spacing distance of 20 meters. 3. 2. must: a) Stick out the profiles with pickets and signing ribbons. EXPLORATION AND EVALUATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES Article 72 Working Program The execution of the reconnaissance. signalize acoustically.

timbering. people and animals and timbered at the length enough to assure the protection against falling or sliding. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 40 . Section II Exploration Trenches. must be opened using the adequate technology and with protection against collapses or sliding. 2. good practice rules for underground works as established in the chapter VII of this Regulation must be applied. The trenches and shafts of up to 10 meters depth. ventilation. b) Shafts – transversal section. width. timbering. In the drifts and shafts with dimensions larger than those considered in the previous number.transversal section. 2. number of workers and materials circulation. adits and pits. products extraction and use of explosives. drifts. namely trenches. earth extraction. deposition of extracted products. In the working programs it must be proposed the execution technologies to de used for: a) Trenches – depth. use of explosives. people and materials transportation.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES c) To signalize acoustically with 3 short sounds at the end of the work and move out the sticks. depth. Article 76 Differentiation of Technologies 1. The shafts and drifts collar must be protected against the fall of surrounding materials. must be closed and protected for future observation or backfilled in accordance with the closure program of the mined area in compliance with the mining legislation. length. Article 77 Abandonment of the Working Areas The exploration woks. and the drifts up to 20 meters in length. c) Drifts or adits . Shafts and Adits Article 75 Methods and Techniques 1. protection against persons and materials falls. explosives to be used.

The mechanical drilling that are executed in the areas that were subject of old mine workings. the necessary safety measures in order to minimize the inherent risks must be anticipated and put in practice. Whenever it is predictable the possibility of existence of under pressure confined waters under pressure. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 2. must contain the drilling location and the protection measures of the existing installations. either at surface or underground. Article 81 Protection against Storms 1. The drilling working sites with the risk of water eruption caused by water under pressure cannot be placed in the area under direct influence of the eruption. 2. In the case of approaching storms or thunderstorms. The exhaust of internal combustion engines in the mechanical drilling installations must be localized in such a way that prevents the risk of fires. without prejudice of the disposed in the article 72 of the present Regulation.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section III Mechanical Drilling Article 78 Working Plan 1. the workers must stand under a shelter or a protected place against floods and lightening. In the mechanical drilling installations it is advised to use equipments driven by internal combustion engines. 3. Article 80 Protection against Confined Waters 1. Article 79 Protection against Gases 1. The mechanical drilling plan. 2. 41 . must be executed with especial measures for the protection of workers and equipment in order to assure that they will not be affected by any slippage or subsidence. Whenever it is predictable the possibility of existence of gas pockets safety measures must be adopted to minimize the inherent risks. and the working places must be localized in such a way that the possibility of intoxication by the exhaust gases is avoided. namely the installation of automatic safety retention valves.

When in the work place suspended charges exist. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 42 . to the tower or drilling masts. Article 82 Lighting 1. 2. the lighting system must assure enough luminosity that permits the circulation and work without risk to all concerned drilling area.3 times the nominal permitted charge. After the work and whenever it is possible. In the case of night or underground work. or in its proximity. must be interdicted. only the workers directly related to the drilling operation can stay. Article 83 Work with Suspended Charges 1. 2. 5. 4. Whenever a storm approaches and an electric discharge is predictable. a safety belt must be used by the workers. The masts higher than 10 meters must be equipped with lightening-rods of proved efficiency and the top of the drill rod should not pass the top of the tower.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. The counters and all verification and control instruments must be mounted in a good visible place or have its own light. the suspended charges must be put on the ground and the chains and ropes eventually under tension must be released. Whenever there are maintenance works at drilling towers or masts. Article 84 Drilling Masts 1. The drilling masts used in the execution of drillholes. must be calculated having in account the stability and the predictable static and dynamic charges. the masts must be submitted to a resistance test with a charge of 1. 3. The resistance tests must be made annually and the results of the tests registered in the appropriate book that must be kept during a period of at least 5 years. all intervention works in the tower or masts. When it is not possible to present the calculations referred to in the previous number. 2.

2. as defined by the technical director. in order to prevent any electric discharge through them. The rope blocks and pulleys mounted on the mast must be equipped with devices impeding the cable to misalign and coming out of the pulley’s groove. The results of the tests must be registered in the appropriate book. referred to in number 3 of the previous article. The ropes of the drilling equipment must be subject of daily verification and be replaced if the safety factor is under 2. In percussion drilling with cable. 2. or less. 3. Whenever the predictable static charge is over 10 tonnes the mast must be equipped with a charge control device. its safety factor cannot be lower than 4. and the maintenance of the drilling equipment.5. Article 86 Static Charge Control 1. 2. Article 88 Drilling Casing and Rods The responsible for the drilling works must define the conditions for the tests. the hawser ropes must be installed. transportation and storage of drilling pipes and rods. 3. The control system of charges referred to in the previous number. must be verified by the person responsible at the beginning of each shift and whenever it is proceeded with the mounting and dismounting of the drilling rods. The resistance and the preservation of the hawser cables must be annually controlled. When the drilling work is done in the vicinity of power lines.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 85 Hawser Ropes 1. The person in charge for the drilling works must fix the periodicity and the type of tests for controlling the ropes and connections conditions. Article 87 Ropes and Pulleys 1. The results of the hawser cables control must be registered in the appropriate book. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 43 . 4.

3. 4. and alerting for the possibility of accidents or risk of accidents. under pressure. convenient and necessary measurements must be made to assure a correct correlation of the geological data. The drilling platforms must be environmentally recovered and integrated into the landscape according to the approved exploration-closing program.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 89 Injection Pumps The injection pumps must be equipped with safety devices that can react when the pressure is bigger that the nominal pump pressure. 2. cased with steel pipe and top screwed valve for future control and utilization. In the case of the drillhole intersects ground water. The drillholes must be followed and supervised by the person in charge of the drilling works or by an assigned technician for the geological area. In all drillholes. adequate signs must be installed announcing the existence of the works. The filling up referred to in the previous number must be made in such a way that there is not reactivity between the filling concrete material and the intersected geological formations and the drill site. Article 90 Deviation Control and Verifications 1. Article 92 Abandonment of the drillholes and Drilling Platforms 1. Article 91 Signalling of the Works During the mechanical drilling works. At the end of geological works and if future utilization is not predictable the holes must be filled up with concrete. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 44 . 2. the drillhole must be marked on a map. multiplied by 1. calling its attention to the compulsory use of the individual protection equipment in all the area of influence. type and cement injection operations must be conveniently documented and registered in the drilling book.1.

The banks width. must show: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) The height and the slope of the working fronts (benches). Besides the disposed at the previous number. related to the working front. The blasting diagram pattern. The excavation shape during and at the end of the works. accesses ways for people and equipments. and its circulation conditions. 2. The pathways and circulation conditions of the workers. Without prejudice to article 44 of the Mining Law Regulation. slope of faces. c) Average size of the medium sized blocks. stoping method.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER VI SURFACE/OPEN CAST MINING OPERATIONS Article 93 Mining Plan 1. dimension. adaptability and situation of the stoping machines. blocks and waste evacuation. which must take into account the stability of the slopes and faces/benches. the following must be taken into account: a) Geological mapping showing stones/aggregates/ore mineral. the possibility of producing ornamental b) Hydrogeological survey showing the groundwater circulation on the rock mass to be mined out and its relation with the stability of the mining operations. which being by benching. the mining working plan must specify the stoping method. benches height. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 45 . The driveways and circulation conditions of the machines for the removal of the products. The type.

5 meter over the maximum height of the bucket Up to 20 meters Drilling and Blasting 700 Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 46 . The slopes angle in weak cohesion rocks or mineral deposits. The slopes angle in coherent rocks or mineral deposits must obey to the following angles and heights: Technology Manual work Mechanical System Slope Angle 600 900 Slope Height Up to 3 meters Up to 0. clay) High consistency (coal. gravel) Medium consistency (marls. bituminous) 420 500 550 More than 10m Upping work (down-up) Up to 10m 650 550 700 More than 10m 400 450 500 550 500 650 2.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section I Exploitation/Production Article 94 Slopes Stability 1. must obey to the following angles: Slope angle Rock Stability Downing work (up-down) Up to 10m Weak consistency (sands. according to its stability.

The competent entity can fix. Article 97 Mining of Weak Cohesion Deposits The mining of clay. b) Whenever it is pretended to work with a higher bench than the referred to in previous number. must obey to the followed provisions: a) If it is not bench mining. The covering ground material that constitutes the topsoil must be carefully extracted and stacked in piles that can assure its conservation for future utilization in the landscape recovering works. 3. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 47 . the mining advance direction and the way of access to the pit levels.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 95 Overburden – Covering Land/Mould 1. not less than 2. the minimum width of the bottom bank of the excavation. in the following conditions: a) The height of the benches shall not exceed 10 m. d) Whenever possible.0 m wide. the face’s profile shall not have a slope higher than 42º. surrounding and limiting the predictable final edge of the pit.0 meters width. c) At the bottom of each bench must exist a bank wide enough to allow the work and the circulation of equipments and workers without danger. leaving without land. the width of the bank must be enough to keep the medium slope angle of the pit walls at about 45o. the bench height and width. In an open cast working operation the benches must have dimensions that assure the performing of safely work. The restart of the mining works at a bench only is allowed after stripping the loose rock originated in the previous extraction. 2. the plan or the alteration of the mining plan. In open cast mining the overburden must be removed to a convenient distance from the final border of the pit. at any moment and case by case. 2. sand. a band with at least 2. must be submitted to the competent entity with the justification of the efficiency and safety of the proposed higher bench. Article 96 Bench Mining in Cohesive Deposits 1. gravel or other weak cohesive mineral resources.

During the scaling operations the necessary measures must be taken. its horizontal base shall not have. The scaling of the faces and walls must be made mainly after the blasting and before the returning to the work following strong rainfalls or prolonged stoppage. its height must be less than 2. this fact must be reported to the technical director. 2. a width less than the highest face between the two adjacent benches. in the zone where risk of been reached by detached blocks exist. The mining fronts and the walls/slopes. near which the workings are performed. Control of the faces registered in the appropriate book must be made at the beginning of the shift and after long stops. 5.0 m. even animals. so that nobody stands. The scaling operations shall be always made from top to bottom and only entrusted to workers qualified for this purpose. which immediately unleashes the necessary measures for its control. must be regularly inspected and sounded. In high risk conditions the scaling operations must obey to specific norms for this purpose. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 48 . at none of its sections. approved by competent entity. 2.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES b) If it is a bench mining. 3. 4. In the case of detection of any risk situation. 3. Article 99 Slopes Scaling 1. c) If the mining method require the normal presence of workers at the benches base. The access of workers to the work faces is not allowed before the verification of its stability by the worker in charge of the works or by a skilled worker accredited for this purpose. a drainage trench shall be prepared. by a worker specially designated for this purpose and scaled whenever suggested on the inspection. d) At the base of the slope. Article 98 Slopes Verification and Control 1. and the face shall not have a gradient bigger that the natural slope angle.

Drilling holes for controlled drainage must precede the mining works in the areas where the existence of overpressure or large volumes of water is expected. The exploitation plan must include the necessary measures to assure the drainage of the waters. Any movement of the mobile equipments inside of the perimeter referred to in previous number must be carefully surveyed and controlled. signalized and declared partly inaccessible till the blasting is carried out. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 49 . In the works with risks of falls. the workers must stay out of the areas where the danger of sliding of the material to be taken exists. materials. a protection perimeter to the charging area must be defined. The person responsible for the works must protect and equip the workers against the risks of being reached by falling blocks. During the stoping operations using water jet. 2. namely in the scaling or cleaning of highly inclined faces. Before any blast charging operation. Whenever it is possible the fall of blocks or materials in the working faces. Article 102 Undermining 1. 3. 2. tools or by land sliding. equipments and vehicles must be immediately removed to a safe site. 2. It is not allowed the undermining or inverted slopes in the mining works. The stoping operations using water jet and hydraulic transportation must obey to the hygiene and safety measures appointed by the technical director in the internal regulation.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 100 Protection against the Infiltration of Waters 1. Article 101 Safety Areas during Explosives Charging Operations 1. 3. the workers. Article 103 Protection of Workers against Falls 1. 2. to guarantee the works and equipments safety and workers protection. the workers must use safety belts securely attached to a solid point above them and upheld tense by other workers or by appropriate devices. either proceeding from the works or from rainfall.

or working in inclined face with more than 45º or 30º in coherent or slipping materials. 3. in the internal regulation. and the priority at crossings and bifurcations. respectively. The choice of the extraction equipment must be made on the basis of the mining characteristics. 3.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. 2. guaranteeing the adaptability of the equipment to the work conditions. In circulation ways. The people access to the mining and services installations must be performed in a safe and controlled manner. The admissible maximum load shall be affixed on easily visible place of the equipment. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 50 . The circulation ways for equipments must be duly signalized in the terms of the internal regulation. 4. Article 104 Accesses and Pedestrian Ways 1. and the access to other persons must be interdicted. or the installation of the apparatus or devices referred to in the present article. connecting the working level to the surface. maximum speed permitted. The technical director must define the maintenance. adequate protection must exist. testing. Section II Extraction and Haulage Article 105 Extraction Equipment 1. maximum and normal lifting up capacity and on the work’s regime. The extraction equipment only can be used in strict and rigorous observance of the technical rules and the manufacturer’s instructions. The disposed in the previous number is applied to the workers that execute his work at more than 4 meters above the bank immediately bellow him in hard rock conditions. amendment and fixing conditions. in order to avoid that any pedestrian circulating on it be exposed to the risk of falling on both sides. 5. 2. 4. where it must be indicated the direction of movement. In open cast mining. one circulation pathway must be maintained in good safety conditions. The competent entity can require a liability declaration emitted by one certified entity.

Any repair that requires the approach or the entry of people in between the machine components can only be executed after the blockage of the machine and the verification that it cannot slip or move by inertia and the starter key is in possession of the responsible person in charge for the operation. all the parts of the extraction equipment. The bucket excavators must be removed from the base of the bench at the end of the shift. For repairing. and maintenance of the extraction machines and lifting equipments. in a stable position Article 107 Maintenance of the Extraction Equipment 1. Article 108 Signalling of the Extraction In open cast mining. At the stoppages the bucket must be put on the ground floor. where manually controlled extraction equipment is used. during every work interruption presumably long. control. at least once a month. 2. and safety and fastening devices. pulleys. and during the repair works. The extraction machines cannot be started when any factory or safety faults are detected on them. 3. that from which might depend the safety of the workers. namely ropes. 2. 4.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 106 Inspection of the Extraction Equipment 1. that must be fixed at all places where these operations are carried out. The technical director must designate a person or persons technically qualified to: a) Daily proceed to the inspection of external parts of the extraction equipment. Article 109 Workers Transportation Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 51 . The result of the inspections referred to in the paragraph b) of the previous number. b) Inspect. the driver shall execute the operations from signals transmitted by a responsible operator placed in a position from where he can guarantee the global operation control. written rules must be elaborated by the technical director. or with them related. must be registered in the appropriate book.

can impose the installation of a proper system of transportation of the workers to the working faces. The loading and transportation equipments must have installed safety cabin.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 1.During the loading operation. Article 113 Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 52 . and a system for the protection of the operator against the fall of materials or tools (FOP’s) and against crush (ROP’s). considering the particular conditions of the operation. the person in charge for the operation must advise all workers staying in the proximity of the risk area. Except in emergency cases and those established by the technical director. Before the loading and transportation equipments start operating. 2. the bucket of the loader may not pass over the vehicle. Without prejudice of the disposed in the chapter IV of this Regulation. Article 111 Workers Protection in Load and Dump Points 1.The vehicles for transport and loading must have installed an acoustic warning sign for rearward movements. The loading conditions in vehicles for transportation in the working faces must consist of the internal regulation. 2. 2.When proceeding to the ascending or descending of a load by means of the extraction equipment. safety verifications recommended by the constructor or resulting from internal regulation must be executed by the operator. the workers cannot be transported in the extraction equipment. Article 112 Vehicles Load and Dump 1. 3. the competent entity. Article 110 Safety Conditions for the Loading and Transportation Equipments 1. The unloading operation from a vehicle on an ore pile or a waste pile must be done taking all precautions or adopting the necessary devices. such as lift or ramp. to move out to a safe place until the danger passes over. 2.

8. 3. the stability of both parts to detach must be controlled to avoid the dragging of the worker. and adequate signalling must be installed advertising for the proximity of mining works and danger of eventual entry. The execution of other work inside the diamond wire influence area is not allowed. The dimension stones extraction must be done in safe manner for the workers and equipments. or be helped by a worker that can Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 53 . taking into account the geological characteristics of the rock mass.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Works Signalling During the mining production works the upper limit of the excavation must be adequately protected by a fence with appropriate characteristics to the site conditions. 5. The use of explosives in ornamental stones stoping must be previously authorized by the competent entity. Article 115 Blocks and Waste Haulage 1. The blocks parting operation with manual drilling hammer only can be done after proper measures to assure safety of the operator are taken. 6. The lifting operation only can be allowed when the machine operator has the possibility of seeing all manoeuvres. The cutting of blocks with the diamond wire must be made with the area duly signalized and perfectly enclosed with barriers placed far off to avoid the risk injury of the workers caused by breaking off of the wire. Whenever the worker executes the drilling operation for cut placed over the block. 2. 7. 4. The use of the helicoidal wire cutter must be preceded of adequate signalling at the surrounding wire influence area and kept under surveillance during the cutting operation. The operation with drill hammers must be made with water injection or efficient dust captivators. Section III Dimension/Ornamental Stones Article 114 Mining Stoping Operations 1.

The loading of the dumpers or lorries must be done so as to avoid its partial fall or slip in the ramps with higher slope angles. During the dumping operation of blocks with the support of lifting equipment. the vehicles must be immobilised with the engine stopped and the operator out of the cabin. 6. 2. The dumping of blocks on the stockpile or processing installation must be done in safe manner for the workers. The removal (transport) of blocks by vertical lifting must be started only after the correct fastening of the block and the raising signal given by the operation controller. 5. 3. 11.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES simultaneously see the block and the lifting machine. The ropes of the lifting machines must be projected. The lifting machines must be solidly fixed. which must be affixed on the equipment at a visible place. In the transportation of blocks with dumpers or lorries. 8. 2. During the loading operation of blocks or waste. It is interdicted the presence of workers. the superposition or overlapping of blocks is interdicted. 4. The operators of lifting and hauling machines cannot stay inside of the cabin more than 4 hours consecutive. the driver of the vehicle must be out of the cabin and out of the block’s reach. maintained and replaced in accordance with the disposed in the articles 152 to 157 of the present Regulation. 10. In the dumper or lorry transportation. The dumping operation must be done with the vehicle in the horizontal position and with the support of auxiliary lifting equipment. 7. have enough capacity for the operation in accordance with the capacity established by the constructor. for as long as the lifting operation and blocks hauling lasts. The operators of lifting machines must be instructed and trained for the task and for the responsibility of the other workers safety. 9. Article 116 Blocks Dump 1. have a cabin for the operator obeying to the ergonomic principles. materials and equipments. and visually follow the rising operation. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 54 . 3. the inclination of the access ways cannot be greater than its traction capacity nor exceed a slope angle of 20%.

5. In the case of lack of lifting equipment. The dumping operation shall be directed by a worker that has the possibility of controlling visually all operations and that can communicate with the lifting machine operator.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 55 . the blocks must be discharged by tipping it over an impact absorbing system.

Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 56 . except for maintenance services. The accesses to entry/exit ways must be kept clean. in formally authorised by the competent entity. The entry/exit ways must be provided with devices that allows for the circulation of the workers and must be protected. In mining installations the exits must be separated by a protection massif (rock mass) of at least 25 m thick. the work done in underground mines can only be carried out. which should always be kept closed. 4. used by the workers.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER VII UNDERGROUND MINING Article 117 Beginning of Mining Underground mining should obey to all requisites established in the mining legislation. with the existence of at least two communication ways with the exterior. 5. 6. With exception to cases especially authorised by the competent entity. 8. connected between them. against any type or cause of destruction. The collar of the shafts and other dangerous inclined workings. even the blind shafts. Constructions that cover the entry collar of the shafts must be of incombustible material. mechanical means for circulation must be mounted or stairs. must be protected with barriers or trapdoors that prevent the fall of people or material. exempt from materials that can impede proper circulation and must be marked with signs. the stopes must be secure and have two accesses that lead to different access ways. where the workers can circulate at any time. 9. capable in assuring health protection and physical integrity of the workers. In shafts. conservation and control. The exits should not lead to the surface. except for the exploration and evaluation works. duly authorised. in the same building. according to the exploitation plan. 3. Article 118 Access Ways 1. Except for exceptional cases. on surface or underground. mining plans that shall include the beginning of production. 2. namely in the elaboration of working programs. development. except during the period of its execution. 7.

buildings. Once a year. or whenever it is predicable to occur. which is not in due function. Article 119 Fiery Mines 1. should use safety belts fixed to solid structures. which could be affected by the mining. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 57 . in accordance with the table below: Type of mine M3 of methane /ton. in general. Workers performing any kind of operations in shafts or raises. whenever alterations are made on the access ways. everything that can possibly suffer damages provoked by the workings or constituting danger to them. ways. constructions. once in suspension. 11. extracted per day I II III IV V 0a5 5 a 10 10 a 15 >15 With significant eruptions and fine dust 3. 2. training exercises for the evacuation of people through the underground emergency ways must be done. must be conveniently identified with signs and sealed. water courses. electrical lines. It is considered a fiery mine (also called grisutous mine) when detected concentrations of methane are equal or higher than 2% in volume. The collar of the shaft. The mining titleholder or mining operator should maintain an up to dated plan of the mining area where is reported the following: a) The workings executed and limits of the area. are susceptible in provoking explosions are included in the table above of the previous number. b) Mining annexes.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 10. Fiery mines are classified by an evaluation committee directed by the competent entity. lakes and lagoons and. 12. Mines with low concentrations of methane and with dusts that. Section I Maps and Sections Article 120 Surface 1.

fuel and its respective refuelling stations. and the sections considered necessary. 2. the mineralised area. the active stopes. and the exploited (mined out) areas. The mining titleholder or mining operator should maintain an up to dated plan of the mining area with the lithological units.000. On each floor or level of the mine. locomotives. b) The location of telephones or any other means of communication with the exterior. e) The distribution networks of electrical energy. the location of the ventilators and the distributing and regulating air devices. b) Type of formation in which works are performed. In the plans. even the abandoned ones.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. water and compressed air. Article 122 Plan Scales 1. rooms. h) Any other indications that are considered useful in view of safety. shafts. in locations accessible to the workers. cross sections and projections of underground works. f) The designed system of the fixed transport. it should consist of: a) Drifts. c) Localisation of deposits of explosives. Article 121 Underground Works 1. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 58 . g) Localisation of doors and any others constructions destined to the fight against fires and/or the invasion of water. first aid and rescue equipments. d) Ventilation circuits. emergency access ways and exits to the surface. indicating the direction and volume of the main and derivative airflow systems. showing the physical characteristics of the geological formations present in the area. as well as fire fighting. a plan must be affixed. The minimum scale of drawn parts referred to in the previous articles must be 1:1. all underground access ways. in general. accurately indicating: a) The principal access ways. including geological characterisation. raises and.

once a day. 2. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 59 . as well as other equipment. Section II Shafts Article 123 Control in the Sinking of Shafts 1. which only subsequently must be opened to allow the passage of buckets. or in the entrance and exit of the workers. proceeds to the shaft inspection. When the shaft opening is done through risky aquifers systems. 2. the technical director should nominate a technically competent person. 3. 2. namely skips or buckets hooks and counterweights. The collar. skip and work platforms. Metallic safeguards must be installed in the working platforms. In the opening of shafts or its deepening. The technical director must dimension the suspension and anchorage of the work platforms. between the work platforms and the bottom of the shaft. 3. The working platforms should provide an anchorage system that allows its fixation to the walls of the shaft. Article 125 Working Conditions in the Shafts 1. must be duly illuminated. must be armed with safety devices foreseen in the present Regulation.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. devices that allow the rapid evacuation of the workers must be installed. pumps and auxiliary ventilators. the bottom of the shaft and working platforms. the shaft must be closed by doors. 4. The machinery used in the opening and deepening of shafts. when at working position. that. Without prejudice to the previous number the competent entity can authorise or demand different map scales. At the collar of the shaft and in the intermediate levels where charges and discharges of material are in process. as well as the timbering. suspending devices. apart from the respective specified techniques to respect. The working platforms must be lined with metallic net or distended metal. Article 124 Working Platforms 1.

a new descent is not allowed unless the person in charge for the shift has made a previous inspection of the bottom of the shaft. he must communicate to his substitutes the conditions in which the work is found. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 60 . Whenever buckets are utilised in the transporting of workers. In case of work be performed during a shift. Whenever necessary an emergency signalization cable must be installed all along the shaft. in the case of consecutive shifts. The signalization systems must be daily inspected by the person as referred in number 1 of article 123 of the present Regulation. 4. 3. must be exercised by the person in charge for the shift. as well as in accordance to international norms. After blasting or any other occurrence that determines the withdrawal of the workers. must be connected with an efficient signalization to surface receipt and to the machine extraction house. The person in charge of the conduction of the works must proceed to the general inspection of the shaft before the descent of his teamwork. On each shift there shall be a person in charge for the conduction of the works in the bottom of the shaft and for the fulfilment of the general and specific safety norms to it applied. Article 127 Person in Charge for the Conduction of the Work 1. 3. 5. the buckets must be fitted with a protection top cap and have a fixed bottom. 4. the work platforms and intermediate levels. The bottom of the shaft. The signalization installation must allow sending the signal from the service level to the machine house. Article 126 Signalization on Shafts 1.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. Article 128 Buckets 1. 2. the abovementioned tasks in the present article. The signals can only be effectuated by the shift foreman or by a person that he designates. The person in charge of the conduction of the works shall be the last one to leave to the surface and. 2.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

2. The maximum speed of the buckets transporting workers shall not exceed 2 metres per second. 3. In the beginning of an ascent, the buckets must be immobilised at a height that permits the cleaning of the bottom and its centring. 4. The entrance and exit of workers in the buckets is not permitted before the doors of the shaft or of the work platforms are closed. 5. The transporting of workers standing up on the edge of the buckets is prohibited; exception is made to the responsible general in charge of the shaft, who must wear a safety belt. 6. The simultaneous transporting of workers and materials in the same bucket is prohibited. 7. In the case of utilisation of two buckets, the transporting of workers is forbidden, when one of them is in the process of transporting materials. 8. The loading of the skips must be kept at least 0,10 meters below its edges. 9. In the case where objects or materials with a height superior to the bucket, these must be tied onto the suspension system of the bucket. 10. After unloading, the safety hook position against the turning of the bucket must be verified and the bucket placed and kept in the closed position. Article 129 Equipment and Sinking of Shafts 1. Extraction installations must be of solid construction with appropriate resistance and the respective functioning must be in faultless safety conditions. 2. The lining of shafts must be in concrete, except in cases where the competent entity, authorises the use of other material. 3. It is permitted the use of wood in the shafts timbering during the period of its opening, the same being applied to the exploration and research shafts. 4. The shafts must be kept clean, and periodic removals of debris existing in them must be executed. 5. The surface or seepage water along the walls must be adequately collected and lead, preventing its free fall in the shaft. Article 130 Monitoring and Registering 1. The technical director should nominate a responsible person for:
Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006

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TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

a) The procedure of daily inspection of the extraction equipment, namely, the external parts of the extraction machine, ropes, safety and signalling devices, fastening systems, cages, sheaves and other components; b) The procedure of weekly examinations of the shaft, including level stations and receipts, guiders, and its lining and cleanliness situation. 2. The detection of any anomalies must be immediately communicated to the technical director. 3. Each extraction shaft must have its own register in appropriate book, where the results of the inspections are written down as referred to in number 1 of the present article, as well as any anomalies occurred, which must be visited by the technical director. 4. The register book must remain near the extraction machine for easy consultation. Article 131 Stairs in Shafts 1. The shafts must be endowed with a compartment of stairs and landings, for the effect of repairs and circulation of the workers. 2. The compartments of stairs and of the extraction, respectively, must be isolated by a thick partitioned, preventing people and/or material to fall. 3. Whenever the landings don’t occupy the entire compartment of the stairs, protections avoiding any accident must be provided. 4. The installation of the stairs must be made always at the same side of the shaft compartment and in superposition; 5. The distance between the landings shall not be bigger than 5 meters and the passages shall permit the workers circulation equipped with the rescue equipment. 6. The stairs must surpass the landings, at least 0,80 meters. 7. In the impossibility of verifying the predicted in the previous number, solid supports till the landing must be installed. 8. The maximum inclination of the stairs shall be 80º. 9. Is not allowed the simultaneous circulation of more than one person in each flight of stairs. 10. The stairs and the landings must be kept in good order, cleaned and free of any materials.

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TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

Article 132 Level Stations The level stations or receipts must be: a) b) Properly illuminated; Painted in light colours or limewhashed;

c) Equipped with doors to impede the fall of people, wagonettes and other materials; d) Equipped with a support system for the cage or skip that will start functioning when reaching the load or unload position. Article 133 Guides 1. Shafts where cages, skips or buckets are used, guides must be installed with enough solidness for each case and approved by the competent entity. 2. The guides must be wooden made but, if justified, can be made of steel shaped I, U or rail type. 3. The competent entity can allow, if duly justified, a rope guide system, and in this case, a parachute system must be planned and approved by the competent entity. Article 134 Shaft Bottom Sump 1. The shafts must have a bottom sump, which length cannot be smaller than the distance between the roof of the cage or skip and the upper shock beams. 2. The sump must have stairs connecting it to the closest upper level station or receipt. 3. The bottom shaft sumps must have: a) A stopping device for the cage or skip, installed in an accessible place;

b) An efficient and secure pumping station, installed directly in the sump or in a subsidiary sump just big enough for this propose, and with an in reserve working pump; c) A water level control system, installed to impede the submersion of people or the equilibrium rope. Article 135
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shock beams that impedes the progression of the cage or skip till the sheaves and. at least 6 meters. The head frames must be metallic or concrete with enough resistance to guarantee a safe operation. The hoisting machine wherein one of the drums can be declutched. 4. constructed. 2.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Head Frames 1. at least 10 meters. The competent entity can authorize the wooden made head frames in smallscale mining works. Article 136 Sheaves 1. To a speed of more than 6 meters per second. must have the following dimensions: a) b) c) To a speed till 4 meters per second. Article 137 Hoisting Machinery 1. b) Be strongly fixed at a solid base. 6. The head frames must be periodically cleaned and whenever it is verified the accumulation of oils. and maintained in such a way that the ascent and descent of the workers be made in an easy. The safety systems must include. 2. in the cases of rigid guides. The hoisting machines should: a) Be conceived. The sheaves must have the groove and the estimated diameter based on the dimensions and own characteristics of the rope. To a speed of 4 to 6 meters per second. must have a sticking device that make it impossible: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 64 . The safety height of the head frame and the safety depth of the bottom sump. at least 3 meters. The head frames must be high enough to allow the mounting of safety systems to avoid the cage or skip reaching the sheaves. 5. behind the self cut off of the extraction machine power feeder system. The platforms must be protected and permit the access to the sheaves regarding its maintenance and surveillance. 3. regular and safe manner. a blockage system to avoid the cage or skip fall down in a case of rope rupture. 2. greases or any flammable materials.

b) A groove lining with a material that reduces to a minimum technically admissible sliding. e) Luminous and acoustic devices to indicate the beginning of speed reduction. The hoisting machines must have the follow devices: a) b) c) d) Manoeuvre brake. Article 138 Drums and Pulley Koepe 1. The drums of Koepe system of hoisting shall have: a) A calculated and adopted diameter in relation to the dimensions and composition of the rope. and maintained at good operating conditions. Speed indicator. The existence of brakes that act through gears cannot prejudice the disposed in the previous number.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES a) To declutch the drum without the brake squeezed. 2. b) To alleviate the brake without the drum’s clutch device clamped and blocked. 3. Position indicator. f) Course limiting mechanisms mounted in the depth indicator that actuate on the safety brake when the cage or skip exceed in 0. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 65 . 3. The extremity of the rope must be correctly connected with the drum and this must contain at least three turns of the rope when the cage or skip is at the lowest position of its normal course. The winding drums must have lateral brims and in the case of conical drums the adequate devices to impede the rope sliding or the incorrect winding of the rope. Article 139 Brake Systems 1. capable of immobilizing the machine even at the most unfavourable unbalance conditions. at least two different braking systems must exist. Over the drums or the drum axles.5 meters the level station or the receipt level. 2. Safety brake that must actuate directly on the drum.

The brakes must be active automatically in cases of failure of the motive power.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 66 .

In the main shafts and all others used for workers transportation. 2. 3. or the lower receipt levels. in all cases where the bottom sumps or head frames not obeying to the present Regulation have been authorized. The hoisting machines used for workers transportation with a speed higher than 6 meters per second. The cages and skips used for workers transportation must be of solid construction and satisfy to the following conditions: a) To have enough height to permit the workers to stand up. The devices referred to in the previous number must be periodically inspected and the results registered in the appropriate book. The depth indicators must be verified at each adjustment of the cage or skip circuit and whenever there are any rope alteration. that offers an adequate protection.5 meters per second. a speed indicator must be mounted. Article 142 Cages and Skips 1. preferentially of recorder type and solidarly installed in the machine and have plain view of the machinist. c) To cut off the hoisting machine driving power whenever the cage or skip exceeds the upper receipt.80 meters. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 67 . 2.0 meters per second. The hoisting machines must have installed one depth indicator that works conjoint and automatically with an acoustics signal. Article 141 Speed Regulator 1. The speed regulator and the safety devices shall: a) To impede that the cage or skip in descent. 3. must be installed with an automatic speed regulator. b) To impede that the cage or skip in descent. b) Have a solid and tight cover.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 140 Depth Indicators 1. exceed the bottom receipt level at a speed higher than 4. when the bottom sump or the head frame are in accordance with the regulatory rules. reach the destination station level or receipt or the bottom of the shaft level at a speed higher than 1. not being less than 1.

g) To possess parachute that must be periodically tested and the results registered in the appropriate book. they must be connected automatically or by the machinist. 3. 2. Article 143 Circulation Conditions 1. The distance between the cages. d) Have doors that cannot open itself under the balance effect or abnormal vibrations of the cage. In workers transport operations the cage or skip cannot move with the doors open. the rules containing the following: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 68 .TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES c) Have at each compartment handles or handrail for workers support. f) Be conceived in such a manner that impedes any accidental contact between the workers and the structure of the shaft. Article 145 Utilization Conditions 1. The cages must be prepared for the rescue of people in emergency cases. The cage or skip cannot circulate with workers without the automatic indicators showing that the speed regulator and the safety devices are in good operation conditions. whenever it is processed the lifting or lowering of workers. If the automatic regulator of the speed and the safety devices are not directly and permanently connected with the hoisting machine. 2. 4. the skips and the counterweight and between those and the shaft walls must be such that the passage be made without danger. Article 144 Succour Illumination At the hoisting machine house. with electric light. The technical director must fix in written. an emergency system must be installed that come into service in the case of interruption of the main illuminating system. e) Have a floor that can resist the impact of normal or unforeseeable stops. The workers transportation only can be started after confirmation (by the machinist) of the signal of people transport. 3.

e) The workers task when occupied in those installations. d) Procedure of the workers in danger situations. The cages or skips cannot be used in the workers transportation without parachutes or another device with identical function have been installed. and those of the safety devices. The rope fastening devices to the cages or skips must have a safety coefficient of at least 10 in respect to maximum static load. b) Any abnormal wearing. the impact is reduced at a minimum technically permissible. The other components of the cage shall also be object of scrupulous observation at least once a year. c) Signalization regulation and measures to take in accidental failure or stoppage. 4. 6. 2. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 69 . must be disassembled and examined.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES a) The technical data of the hoisting equipment. The cages or skips capacity must be defined in the internal regulation and affixed in the station levels. c) The elements that cannot be considered in perfect conditions of utilization must be replaced by other ones with guarantee certificate or submitted to a quality test. 5. its length must be such that in case of rupture of the central attachment device. taking into account the following: a) The pieces of the attached devices of the ropes to the cages or skips. b) Explanation of working methods and meaning of the service and safety installations. Whenever there are used resort chains. which in duly justified cases can be dispensed by the competent entity. The ropes fastenings must guarantee at least 80% of the nominal rope resistance. including the resort chains. 3. fissures or deformations must be object of analyses. Article 146 Verifications and Inspections 1. 2. The attach devices must be object of annual inspection.

the damaged pieces must be inspected by the technical director and kept till the examination is done by the competent entity. 5. The results of the tests foreseen in the previous numbers must be recorded in the book foreseen in the number 3 of the article 130 of the present Regulation. The hoisting installations only can start into operation after: a) It is confirmed that the signalling and safety devices work efficiently. Article 147 Ropes 1. Manufacture date. Number of strands. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 70 . Number of wires per strand. The competent entity must approve the rope characteristics. Wires diameter. The results of the inspections foreseen in the previous number must be reported and a technical report and the conclusions transcribed and registered in the appropriate book. maintenance. 2. The hoisting or equilibrium ropes only can be used if the enterprise has a manufacturer certificate showing the following elements: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Manufacturer’s name and address. In the case of rupture of the fastening devices. Weight per length unit. 4. Rope’s construction type. Commercial maker’s mark of the inner lubricant of the rope.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. Results of normalized torsion tests of the wires. control and inspection. Rope perimeter. 6. Rope identification. b) A sufficient number of workers exist prepared for the operation. Type of core.

determined by a rupture test over a piece of rope with at least 2. the ropes must realize a minimum of twenty transport cycles with the normal hoisting load. the disposed in the previous number is applied. After running into operation the ropes must be object of careful examination to verify the working conditions. Article 150 Conditions of Ropes Utilization Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 71 . Rope length. the maximum distance among themselves being of 100 meters. o) Effective rope’s rupture load. 3. In the case of winding apparatus where it is not permitted the periodic cuts at the rope fastenings. 2. 4.40 meters executed by a certified laboratory. The ropes used during the shafts construction. having to be sent by the mining titleholder to the competent entity one copy of each document. 3. The certificate referred to in the previous number shall be accompanied by the rupture test report in conformity with the disposed at the paragraph o) of the same number. The factor of safety for the workers transportation shall be submitted to and be approved by the competent entity and cannot be smaller than 8 times the maximum static load. 4. Article 148 Factor of Safety 1. Before the starting in operation for the workers transportation. 3. of suspension movable platforms and of mechanic loading devices shall have a factor of safe equivalent to 8 times the maximum static load.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES m) n) Rupture load of the steel wires. Whenever there are cuts on the rope at the fastening device or if this device is disassembled. equilibrium and pipe suspension ropes shall have a factor of safety of at least 6 times the maximum static load. The ropes used with buckets must be anti-gyratory type. the factor of safety must be adjusted to the utilization time. Article 149 Starting the Operation 1. The hoisting. and the rope diameter being measured at least three equidistant points. 2.

The fastening and fastener devices must be examined when the rope inspection is made. 2. The hoisting ropes must be submitted to the following exams made by a competent person especially designated for the purpose by the technical director: a) Daily inspection. using a rope speed not higher than 1 meter per second. Article 152 Tests and Life Time 1. they can only come into service after the accomplishment of the disposed at the article 149 of this Regulation. c) If the monthly inspection shows an accentuated evolution of any of the factors referred to in the previous paragraph the inspection period shall be reduced. b) Monthly inspection with the rope previously cleaned at a speed not higher than 0. near the fastening to the cage or skip. 5. It is interdicted the use of spliced ropes. and be replaced whenever are verified doubts about the safety conditions. The results of the tests foreseen in this article shall be registered in the appropriate book.5 meters of the rope.5 meters per second and having as finality the verification of the existence of reduced or untwisted sections. The gyratory ropes only can be used in the workers transportation if expressly authorized by the competent entity. The life of the ropes used for workers transportation must be approved by the competent entity. When the hoisting ropes stay out of service for long periods. 4.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 1. 3. 2. 2. The cut rope or one part of it must be untwisted and duly examined by a person designated for the purpose by the technical director. Article 151 Verifications 1. 3. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 72 . 6. In the monthly inspection the fractions where the examination and the experience show bigger wearing shall be marked. When the ropes are used in winding drums it must be proceeded to a bi-annually the cut of 3. The examinations referred to in the previous numbers shall be performed with good illumination conditions. broken wires or abnormal wearing.

5. it must be processed. e) The external wires have lost. 6. The ropes out of service cannot be used as tail ropes. The loops formation in the tail ropes must be avoided. The ropes used in a Pulley Koepe system must be removed after two years of service. With the frequency thought necessary. A copy of the reports referred to in the precedent numbers must be sent to the competent entity. except if they are submitted to examination made by a certified entity. more than 1/3 of initial diameter. of the present Regulation relative to verifications. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 73 . 3. as well as on the wires constituting the rope. in a certified laboratory. d) The rope diameter is reduced in 6% of the initial value. utilising the rope fractions referred to in the previous number. Article 153 Tail Ropes 1. The tail rope must be dimensioned allowing the cage to lift till its uppermost station level. The tail ropes characteristics as well as its resistance. 6. The ropes used in workers transportation must be changed whenever: a) One affected section cannot be cut.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. to the appropriate tests. 4. is applied to the tail ropes. which certify its aptitude or use. 2. the competent entity authorizes the prolongation of the lifetime. The time of utilization of the tail ropes must be authorized by the competent entity. In the report it shall be referred the term to the new examination. g) If it is verified structure distortion of the rope. f) The corrosion is well-marked. b) The factor of safety reaches the value 5. and respective measures must be taken. in a meter of rope. c) The number of broken wires. 5. shall be determined in accordance with the working parameters of the hoisting system. The disposed in the paragraph b) of the number 1 of the article 151. by wear. except if under the information based on non-destructive tests made by a certified entity for this purpose. 4. reaches 12% of the total number.

The water level in the bottom shaft sump must be maintained in such a way that the tail rope doesn’t come in contact with it. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 74 .TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 7.

the signalmen and the hoisting machine operator. The transmitted signals shall advise simultaneously the extraction workers. 2. 2. 4. due to wearing and corrosion. Article 155 Reserve Ropes For each hoisting installation where there is transportation of workers. In the hoisting installations an efficient and simultaneously acoustic and optic signalization system must be installed between the underground receipt levels and the surface receipt level and between these and the hoisting machine house. c) There are ruptures of the wires in such a way that the ends be salient of the rope surface. The guide ropes must be replaced when: a) The factor of safety is under 4. b) When it is verified. The guide ropes must be dimensioned.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 154 Guide Ropes 1. the underground and surface shaft station levels and the hoisting machine. and a factor of safety of 4 must be applied. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 75 . that the diameter of the external wires is reduced to 30% of the nominal diameter. 3. the signals should have their own characteristics permitting to differentiate the corresponding signals to each one of the installations. must be interconnected by telephone. having into account its weight and the supported tensions. In addition to the acoustic and optic signalization systems referred to in the previous number. Article 156 Signals 1. In the shafts where more than one hoisting installation is operating. being responsible for its clearness and reliability. 5. The extraction workers and the signalmen must be the sole workers authorized to transmit the signals. it shall be made available one reserve rope of each type.

Article 159 Code of Signals 1.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 157 Stoppage Conditions 1. 2. 2. related to earth slipping or collapsing in the underground workings or affecting the stability of the surface infrastructures. 2. 2. Section III Ground Control Article 160 Surface Infrastructures Protection 1. The entry in a cage or skip to ascend or descent must not be allowed without the corresponding signal for the circulation of workers be transmitted to the hoisting house and this accusing the reception by repeating it. The dimension and localization of the protection massifs must assure that accidents will not occur. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 76 . The signalling devices must be inspected after any interruption of the normal functioning of the equipment and before its restarting. The signalling devices must be inspected at least once a year being the results registered in the appropriate book. The hoisting operations must be stopped whenever it is verified any failure in the signalization system. Whenever the underground works are developed beneath any surface infrastructure it must be planned duly dimensioned protection massifs. The affixation of the code of signals is obligatory in all places where they will be received or emitted. The code of signals must be included in the internal regulation. Article 158 Verifications 1.

2. Guniting (Concrete projecting). b) Be protected of dust conducing it to the direct exhaust airflow. the control method to be applied and the type of structures to protect. tightened and fulfil the voids of the mined out stopes. having into account the rock mass characteristics. 3. Article 162 Backfilling Material Characteristics 1. c) Be wetted to avoid the dust rising. Before the entry of the workers. Article 163 Application Conditions for Backfilling Material 1. it must: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 77 . The filling material must be compacted. the underground working sites must be adequate and carefully scaled.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 161 Principles of Application 1. Still. 2. porosity and mineralogical constitution. The methods to apply are the following: a) b) c) d) Filling. the filling material must: a) Have no free silica or a reduced content of dust. Timbering Rock bolting. the loosen blocks removed and/or effective ground control with the chosen method. its granulometry. In underground workings the ground control must be object of planning and application. 4. 2. the purpose of the works. mainly if dry backfilling is used. The backfilling material must be chosen having in account the areas to fill. The mining titleholder or mining operator has the responsibility of the choice of the method to apply and shall communicate to the competent entity the reasons of such option. When the filling is mechanically processed.

4. Article 165 Conditions of Application 1. Article 164 Principles of Timbering 1. c) Be kept the control and the scaling of the hangingwall and sidewalls.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES a) Be taken in account the reduction of the dusty production. 3. prop or crosslets. it should: a) Be assured one drainage system impeding the waters to accumulate. just enough for it. backfilled areas. 3. 2. b) Be projected barriers and filters for the retention of the filling materials aiming at assuring the solidity and to avoid. appropriate timbering must be used immediately after the advance execution. Any device used for rock sustaining. In the areas where the geomechanic conditions justify it. when selecting the filling equipment. these must be isolated using webs or water curtains. The mining works shall be protected since its beginning by adequate timbering in such a way that they can be maintained in safe conditions during the utilization period. In faulted zones. but adequate control must be maintained. b) Be executed by workers using the adequate individual protection equipment. must always stand firmly in a way to avoiding its sinking. 4. If there are other works in the surroundings of the area. if necessary over a prop or wooden plank with a contact surface. as much as technically possible. the pollution of the drained waters. In case of hydraulic backfilling. old workings and. namely squares. in general. The timbering must be tightened to the ground rock mass in order to obtain convenient charges distribution. 2. the timbering can be dispensed. stretches where the safety conditions are poor. In the imminence of blocks and rock fall the opened works must be immediate and conveniently scaled or solidly fixed. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 78 . in addition to the imposed conditions as in the previous numbers.

The safety conditions referred to in the previous number shall be object of careful examination before the starting of the activity and after any blasting in the surroundings. either in timbered zones or not. metallic or others) shall be of adequate quality and the connection of pieces. frames and piles shall be disposed in such a way that can guarantee the maximum support. must obey to the internal regulation. in compliance with the prevision of the consumption needs. The timbering replacement and removal works and the clearing up or restoration of damaged zones. 3. 2. and the workings related to stopes caving must be object of special safety conditions and executed under the control of a competent person.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. 3. Article 166 Timbering Materials 1. props. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 79 . 2. a rigid connection between them must be set up. general or localized. The type of materials to be used in ground support works shall be chosen by the technical director according to the protection needed and desired. the timbering pieces namely stays. The materials to be used in timbering works (wood. 4. 2. Bolts or support cable bolting or other anchoring devices can be used since they have characteristics adapted to the terrains where they are to be applied. in the rock mass. 5. Other methods or other materials can be authorized by the competent entity. Article 168 Sloping Works 1. must be immediately communicated to the technical safety responsible and to the technical director. Wood and other materials destined to timbering operations must be permanently maintained in a deposit in the mine. When frames are used. must be correctly executed having into account the effort to be supported. namely removable hydraulic supports. having into account the sloping and the probable movement of the hangingwalls. Any movement. when necessary. When the works are developed in sloping ground. Article 167 Special Conditions 1. The use of mechanical timbering.

The support cables must be used in permanent underground installations or in stopes with low geomechanical quality ground. 2. In the rock mass where. 4. it is predictable the fall of blocks. The rock bolts must be adapted to the local characteristics where they are to be applied. 5. by its fracturating systems. 2. Article 170 Support Cables/Cable Bolting 1. The support cables/cable bolting placement method shall assure: a) That the fulfilling between the holes walls and the cable is complete. The bolts with punctual fixation or of expansive head only can be used if the fixation point is placed in a rock formation with characteristics that can assure the support of the tensions to which they will be submitted. steel needles or syntactical fibres. In the workings where rock bolts support systems are used. The net referred to in the previous number can be a steel net. Whenever the layer of concrete has a thickness higher than 3 centimetres it must be used reinforcement net. by use of the best available technologies. b) The concrete or resin resistance and harden time be adapted to the rock mass characteristics. The guniting operation can only be executed by people duly 80 Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 . The concrete shooting (shootcreting) must be done after the washing of the walls to assure the adequate rock adherence of the concrete. Article 171 Concrete Shooting (Guniting) 1. The ground pression plates must have the adequate dimension and must be firmly tight. but there are not sound rock formation for the bolt head fixation. a metallic net between the support plates of the rock bolts shall be placed.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 169 Rock Bolts 1. 3. 3. 2. 4. bolts fixed with resins or concrete that assure the adhesion at all length of the holes shall be used.

d) e) f) The train coupling stations. c) The shaft receipts or station levels and the unloading places for the mined out products. at the proximity of easily flammable materials. Without prejudice of the disposed in the previous number. the underground workings where workers can normally stay must have electric lights thus avoiding shaded places. batteries charging stations. 2.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES formed and trained. To the effects of the disposed in the previous number it shall be lighted: a) The ways of large circulation. Whenever technically and economically possible. The refectories and sanitation annexes. 3. maintenance workshops. g) All places where fixed equipments that can be a danger to the workers are installed. The main cross ways. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 81 . Section IV Lighting Article 172 Basic Rules 1. Article 173 Individual Lighting 1. 3. In batteries charging and refuelling stations electric light with anti-explosion protection must be installed. b) The garages. It is interdicted the use of nude flame lamp in the coalmines. in the explosives handling areas and where there are risks of fires. workers must use helmet electric lamps. 2. In underground workings. and refuelling places. it shall be planned a period of time for its replacement to be approved by the competent entity. in mines where nude flame lamps are still used.

dams or other adequate means with enough resistance to support the waters impact shall be installed. lakes. The workers must be permanently equipped with the individual lighting even in the illuminated places. 5. 7. water flows to occur. Section V Precaution against Waters Irruption Article 174 Localization of Water Points The useful elements related with the location. Article 175 Mines with Submarine or Sub Aquatic Works 1. namely acquiferous systems and spring waters that can exist in the mine perimeter and surroundings. In the places where it is considered necessary watertight doors. The workers must take care of the maintenance of its individual lamps. they must verify that they are in perfect functioning conditions. must be registered in maps. In the conditions of the previous number the stoping methods must take into account the conclusion of the studies carried out with a view to prevent water irruption. and depth of ancient mine works and the waters accumulated. that will be object of permanent actualization. extension. In the act of deliver of individual lamps to the workers. 6. 2. 3. The individual lighting means must be furnished to the workers by the mining titleholder in perfect functioning state and with enough charge for the working period.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. In the mines with works in the proximity or beneath the sea. dangerous. alerting their superior for any functioning or manufacturing deficiency encountered. Article 176 Approach to Potential Acquiferous Zones When mine working are oriented towards abandoned works or where it is suspected the Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 82 . watercourses or acquiferous systems of appreciable importance. previous geotechnical and hydrological studies must be done in order to estimate the behaviour of the rock mass and the potential for large.

for detection and measurement of methane b) Apparatus concentration. 3 The workers in the mines referred to in the previous number shall be instructed on the safety lamps handling. and in addition to the weighting. 4 The measurement of the quantity of suspended dust must be done periodically. preceding and accompanying reconnaissance drillholes must be carried out. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 83 . as well as the stopes opening. and on methane and dust detectors. Section VI Fire-Damp and Explosive Dusts Article 178 Special Conditions 1 The mines susceptible of the existence of fire-damp (also called grisu) or explosive dusts must be equipped with: a) Adequate safety lamps.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES existence of an acquiferous. the volatile materials grade must be estimated. c) Methanometers and dust aspiration pumps. 5 The most current method for the estimation of volatile matters is the following: a) Heat 1g of dry dust at a temperature of 500 o ± 10o during 120 minutes and determinate the new weight. Article 177 Protection Massifs In the works being developed in the surroundings of large water reservoirs. 6 In the mines susceptible of the existence of fire-damp (grisu) or explosive dust it is not allowed the entrance of matches or any means that can produce sparks. 2 The apparatus referred to in the previous number must be maintained in good functioning condition. and drifts. b) The difference in weight will represent the content in volatiles. raises. thick enough protection massifs must be left between them and the referred works in order to assure protection. on shafts.

2. this fact must be inhibited with water aspersion or neutralized with inert powder. The main barriers against fire or explosion propagation shall be erected in straight drifts and placed in the following places: a) In the main air fresh ventilation drifts before each distribution knot. 4. The technical director can authorize the workers re-entry after confirmation of the absence of any danger. 3. fire and explosion retention barriers in the main ways and access drifts to the stoping areas must be installed and maintained in adequate state. The main barriers for fighting the propagation of fire or explosion must be made of a minimum of 400 kg of inert powder or 300 litres of water per square meter of drift. 3. Whenever there are suspended dusts or the possibility of arising of the deposited dust.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 179 Measures for the Presence of Fire-Damp and Explosive Dusts 1. 4. The auxiliary barriers must have enough capacity to create a water or dust curtain that impede the explosion or fire propagation. and as an indication a minimum of 100 kg of inert dust or 100 litres of water per square meter of drift can be considered. 2. In the presence of fire-damp (grisu) at a volume percentage by volume higher than 1% of methane or of explosive dust with a value of 10 mg/m3 the person in charge for the works must interrupt the operations on the affected and potential section of the mine and order their retreat from the mine. The inert powder must not have more than 1% of moisture. or free alkalis or free silica in percentage higher than 5% or 2 mg/m3 and its granulometry must be 80% under 63 micron. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 84 . b) In the main exhaust drifts for the used air after the convergence knots. 5. The barriers referred to in the previous number can be made of water or inert dust and must become active whenever the air pressure increases 10% of its normal value. Whenever fire or explosion due to grisu or dust in suspension is predictable. Article 180 Prevention Measures 1. The coal proportion in suspended dust after the neutralization with inert powder shall not be higher than 35%. 5.

4. through the inert powder. if necessary. The prevention and extinction of fire plan for each mine must be duly adapted to the stoping method and must be kept up to date. 3. Article 181 Warning on Grisu and Explosive Dust The occurrence of fire-damp (grisu) or explosive dust must be immediately communicated to the competent entity that can impose. The organization and structure of the service referred to in the previous number must have into account the mine nature and the number of workers. Article 183 Fire Prohibition Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 85 . The workers of the prevention and firefight teams must be instructed in the use and maintenance of the equipments and devices destined to this effect. The persons in charge for the teams referred to in the number 1 shall inspect the firefight devices at least every month. Section VII Fire Prevention and Extinction Article 182 Organization 1. 2. In the mines with risk of explosions. special measures to be taken for the elimination or reduction to minimal the risk of explosion or combustion.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 6. 7. water or salt and water mixture pulverization. c) In the developing works where there are coal layers. 5. the rising of deposed dust on the footwall or walls or in the places with minimum activity must be prevented. The auxiliary barriers against the explosion or fire propagation must be erected in straight drifts and placed in the following positions: a) Access ways and its parallels in each level after the distribution knot of the main fresh airflow. b) In exit ways of the stoping areas and its parallels before the main return flow. The mines must have a service of fire prevention and extinction composed by teams duly trained and adequately equipped.

5. Article 187 Special Measures Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 86 . 3. in the event of fire. The workers must be instructed on the practical use of the extinguishers. When confirmed the existence of high fire risk at the mine. the competent entity can impose other safety measures.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES In underground mines it is forbidden to make fire. remove the gases or smokes directly to the outside. In the wood or inflammable materials stores fire extinguishers of non toxic substance and sufficient for the volume of stored materials must be installed. The extinguishers must be placed in the airflow sense and before the most risk points. The extinguishers must be periodically examined and recharged by the competent service to assure its good functioning. In the mines with auto-combustion risks it is obligatory the installation of stanching doors for fire insulation. In the selection of places for the storage of inflammable and combustible materials. Article 184 Inflammable Materials 1. 2. The extinguishers must be placed in the higher risk points chosen by the technical director. 2. Article 185 Mines with High Fire Risk 1. Article 186 Extinguishers in Underground Works 1. The quality of inflammable materials and combustibles stored in underground mines must be the necessary for the normal use only. 3. it must be taken into account the possibility of. 3. The mines with the fire risk must be endowed with water pipes and inert material deposits in quantity that permits the immediate and efficient use. and its stores must be far away from the hoisting shafts. In underground works only the non-toxic extinguishers can be used. 2. 4.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Special measures for fire fighting and extinction to adopt in each mine. from which a copy must be sent to the competent entity. must be carefully defined in the internal regulation against fires. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 87 .

3. it must be taken into consideration the risks that they represent to the workers safety and health. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 88 . The use of internal combustion engines in underground works is allowed only if other conditions are not authorized or imposed by the competent entity. 6. If the machine is driven by remote control.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section VIII Machines and Equipments Article 188 Conditions of Utilization 1. The operator must examine the machines before starting. The machines must have installed safety and protection devices against the mobile pieces. installation. The machines and equipments to be used in underground works must have guarantee certificate. Article 190 Internal Combustion Engines 1. When acquiring machineries and other working equipments. Skilled people must weekly verify the machines. The workers must have written instructions referred to the equipments in operation. signs or barriers interdicting the workers access at the operation site must be installed. Article 189 Safety Conditions and Verification 1. testing and operation. construction. 7. If one machine is driven by remote transmission and by this reason it represents danger for the workers that can approach to it. devices that can guarantee the safety of these workers must be installed not permitting the access at the danger zones. The machines and equipments used must obey to specific norms included in the present Regulation and also in force and applicable specific legislation dispositions in relation to plans. namely the specific risk conditions of the working places. 2. 2. 4. since that: a) The engine be diesel type. only being possible to execute another activity after the machine stopping and be assured that it shall not be accidentally or inadvertently started. 5.

and be approved by the competent entity and must be periodically inspected and maintained in good operating conditions in accordance with the manufacturer instructions.500 p. Article 191 Compressors 1. The maintenance operations must be registered in the appropriate book or in proper files for the effect that must be kept at least for 5 years. 4.m.p. The engines must be maintained conveniently clean in order to prevent fire risks and protected against the risk of the workers contact. 3. Samples of exhaust pipe gases must be collected whenever it is carried out the adjustment or repairing of the engine and never at a periodicity longer than three months. must be interdicted. Article 192 Other Machines 1. 3. neither recommended for this type of equipment. Oil which flash point temperature is not indicated.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES b) The exhaust be doted of washing scrubbing or catalyzing systems that shall be maintained in good functioning conditions. The diesel engines must be used and maintained in such a way that the volumetric proportion of carbon monoxide in exhaust gases isn’t higher than 1. Compressors and the respective equipments for conduction and distribution of compressed air use underground must obey to the specific safety norms. 2. The installation of the material referred to in the previous number must have into account the environmental air quality that must be kept breathable after passing through pipes and pneumatic engines. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 89 . 2. The mobile machines used in the underground works must be equipped with autonomous electric light and possess a braking system of double circuit independent one of the other. 5. 4. not guaranteed by the manufacturer. The samples must be taken with the engine at open air and at maximum power and results be registered in the appropriate book. The equipments referred to in the previous numbers must be endowed with a signalling and stopping automatic system that must activate whenever a temperature 30o Celsius lesser than the lubricant flash point is reached. c) Be mounted in mobile equipments.

Section IX Ventilation Article 193 General Principles for Ventilation 1. whose utilization is not forbidden. avoiding exaggerate rising of the temperature and diluting dust. drifts. The installation of any compartment in the shafts. 5. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 90 . Shafts. the sense and flow of each air circuit. 4. enough to maintain the convenient work conditions. 3. except for provisional character and with the knowledge of the competent entity. or raises. they must obey the purpose of maintenance as disposed in the number 1 of the previous article. In underground mining. The underground mines must have an updated ventilation general plan containing the adopted ventilation system. Article 194 Ventilation Project The working plan of any underground mine must include the ventilation project which demonstrate the feasibility of the mining works execution and the respective salubrity. the location of the ventilation doors and the places and periods of measurements. The pathways and working fronts non-sufficiently ventilated must be interdicted to the workers. smokes and poisonous gases. and poisonous or flammable dusts and with oxygen content not less than 19%. must be tightened to avoid the air passage. In regard to other machines not referred to in the present chapter. vapours. Article 195 Ventilation Plan 1. The structures used for hangingwall support. splitting the haulage ways from ventilation ways and isolating the abandoned sectors of the ventilation flow. 2. 7.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. for the simultaneous ventilation inflows and out flows is not allowed. The introduced airflow in the mine must be free of gases. 6. drifts and other ways where the airflow circulate must be maintained in good repair and easy access at all length. the working fronts must have regular airflow. In fiery mines the methane content must not exceed 1% by volume in the main air outflow.

In emergency situations. Article 198 Airflow 1. When natural ventilation is not enough to introduce the minimum fresh airflow in conformity with the previous number. In the mines or mine sectors and quarries with underground works where it is used diesel equipment. the entry airflow must be the established as in the previous number increased by 35 litres per second. 2. keeping it carefully out of the ways used by the workers. With very special exceptions. whenever it is possible. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 91 . the airflow speed in the working fronts must be such that the temperatures on the dry and wet thermometers obey to the conditions referred to in the numbers 1. The airflow poisoned by gases must be. 2. and immediately informed to the technical director. whenever possible. The air speed in the underground works where workers can circulate must not exceed 8 meters per second neither be less than 0. such alterations must be duly authorized by the competent entity. Article 196 Air Speed 1. it must be reinforced by the main ventilators installed and the flows obtained by this means. conducted to the surface by the shortest way. 2. measures to correct anomalies must be taken by the person responsible of the works. The airflow introduced in the mine must be such that it can be disposed at least 50 litres per second of fresh air per man working in longer shifts. Article 199 Main Ventilation 1. Article 197 Air Characteristics 1. In the working fronts the air renovation must be done in such a way that the oxygen content never be less than 19% and the verified presence of poisonous gases should not exceed the values referred to in the article 283 of the present Regulation. In case of necessity for introduction of significant alterations to the general ventilation plan referred to in the previous number. per horse-power installed. 3.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. directed in the same direction of the natural flow. 2 and 3 of the article 286 of the present Regulation.2 meters per second.

4. 3. allow the fast inversion of the airflow and be equipped with a recourse power source. 6. depending on the method approved by the technical director and work conditions of the place to ventilate. In the stope faces the ventilation must intrude all working places with evidenced activity. Article 201 Secondary Ventilation 1. Whenever gases emanation or methane can occur in faces with forced ventilation. in case of need. one front or one place where people normally stay. The main ventilators must be installed in and easy access places. 2. 2. 5. Secondary ventilation can be blowing or exhausting type. Diffused ventilation is interdicted in normal works or where there are risks of explosion by gases or dust. The air renovation by simple diffusion is only tolerated in “cul de sac” fronts until a maximum distance of 6 meters and if there is no danger of emanation and accumulation of poisonous gases or dust concentration. The competent entity can demand the installation of main ventilators as well as to oblige its construction to be made in such a way that. When the main ventilation doesn’t reach in an efficient manner. whenever is at risk the workers safety and health. the blasting can be permitted whenever resettlement of ventilation is possible. thus the exhausting system must be adopted.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. secondary ventilation shall be used. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 92 . At a “cul de sac” front. The main ventilators must be periodically inspected in view to guarantee its correct functioning and the results registered in the appropriate book. being the aspired gases directed to the exhaust flow. they must be equipped with break alert and self alarm systems for emergency stops. Article 200 Diffused Ventilation 1. installed in place under the workers permanent control. 3. far a way from any pollution source and be of exhaust or blowing types according to the direction of the natural ventilation and exigencies of the installation. 3. If the main ventilators are not object of permanent inspection. The main ventilators must work in continuous regime and be equipped with an adequate control device system showing the ventilation is running at normal conditions. 4.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. 2. The ventilators must have a control system that permits to alert for untimely stops. 3. the underground workers must leave the underground workings and the activities and. Being possible the environment deterioration beyond the admissible values. only resumed after being verified by the person responsible for the works that the air renovation was re-established and the working place atmosphere is in good condition. being disconnected only after the reception of acknowledgement signal. b) The working conditions of the conduits at insufflating or aspiring airflow. Any unexpected stoppage of the main ventilation system shall immediately be communicated to the person responsible for the operations. c) The presence of combustible or siliceous dust. Article 202 Ventilation System Stoppage 1. 2. d) The ventilation capacity. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 93 . The “cul de sac” works can only be made if the secondary ventilation is effective and efficient. Before starting any work in “cul de sac” fronts the person responsible for the works must verify: a) The presence and content of noxious or combustible gases. 2. The alert signal of a stoppage or breakdown of one ventilator must be transmitted to a place where workers are permanently due. At the alert signal of a ventilator stoppage correcting action must start immediately by intervening at the airflow system to assure the ventilation of the area of influence or by evacuating of the workers and repairing the ventilator. It is interdicted any blasting or any type of explosion making during the ventilation stoppage. who must immediately take the necessary measures to guarantee the workers safety. Article 204 “Cul de Sac” Ventilation 1. The air entry in blowing secondary ventilation shall be placed at the main airflow or at a fresh air branch. 3. Article 203 Ventilators Protection 1.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES e) The state of the ventilator that assure the local air renovation. 5. the main ventilation can only be stopped for maintenance and resumed immediately after this operation. Article 206 Ventilation Maintenance System 1. The doors not in service neither for emergency must be removed. 10. it shall be used multiple ventilation doors properly spaced must be used. For the disposed in the previous number. 6. the ventilation curtains must be installed in sufficient quantity ensuring that one of them stays always shut during the transport operations. The doors can be replaced by ventilation curtains in places where by working reasons they must not be installed. In the case of blowing ventilation in the “cul de sac” fronts it must be assured that the returning flow is sent directly to the exhaust ventilation airflow system that cannot pass through areas where the workers are. 2. The ventilation doors must shut automatically. 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 94 . In more frequented drifts where connection between the main ways of air entry and exhaust can be established. The ventilation curtains must be sufficiently resistant for the demanded work conditions and be made of incombustible material. 7. The doors isolating the main drifts for the entry and exhaust of air must be constructed in non-susceptible material to the destruction by fires or blasting. The emergency doors that are normally kept opened must not be shut intempestively. 9. 3. The works must be planned at reducing to a minimum the number of ventilation doors used to direct or divide the airflows or to combat the possible water or gas emergencies. When multiple ventilation doors are used necessary provision must be taken to keep at least one of the doors shut. having for this a safety system. at the places where the opening of one door can cause notorious disturbance in the ventilation system. 8. 3. Article 205 Ventilation and Emergency Doors 1. In active underground mines.

The auxiliary breath apparatus must be supplied to the workers at the same time as the individual lighting lamp. The environment quality inside the mine must be controlled by automatic apparatus for measurement of poisonous and explosive gases. During the ventilation stoppage. 3. To assure the correct control of the underground works. Article 209 Air Control 1. SO2. a sufficient quantity of gases measurement and dust determination apparatus must be installed. 2. both being intransmissible and of personnel use. the moisture and the dusts of the main exhaust flow. Article 208 Abandoned Areas Abandoned areas where it is unpredictable the reactivation of the mining workings must be duly closed in compliance with the mine closing programme. c) The CO content. The workers engaged in underground works must carry an auxiliary breath apparatus in perfect functioning condition. independently of the natural ventilation. the presence of the workers in the underground works is interdicted. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 95 . CO. The measurements and control of air must be done by the worker in charge indicated by the technical director. 2. In the fiery mines. CH4 and O2) the temperature. b) The content in gases (NO. Article 207 Protection Against Ventilation Deficiency 1. 4. 5. and the results must be registered in the appropriate book. at the end of each shift. NO2. The mining titleholder is responsible for furnishing and maintaining the auxiliary breath apparatus. 3. The ventilation must be controlled at regular periods and the following verified: a) The blowing and exhaustion ventilation flows of the main draught. placed at previously chosen points by the technical director. NH4. apart from the verification with the fixed apparatus. at least once a shift. the person responsible for the works must proceed to the measurement of the methane content and of the in suspension dust. in the main exhaust flow.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2.

The general ventilation operational condition. The stoping panels shall be planned. by fresh airflow. The temperature.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 6. 2. The mining or development work places must be controlled by the person responsible for the works before the workers entrance. from the beginning. The main ventilators at the fiery mines must be of aspiring type. prepared and executed in a way to be crossed. Article 210 Air Analyses 1. Article 212 Working Fronts Inspection in Fiery Mines 1. 2. moisture and dust conditions. The manual measurement apparatus as well as those of gases and dust control must be verified by the person in charge for the apparatus maintenance.5 % by volume. volatile matter and ashes. at the beginning of the shift. The existence of methane gas and its concentrations. 2. previously named by the technical director. to assure that the mine will work in depression. The diffusion ventilation in fiery mines is only permitted in development works or temporary works in the terms of the number 2 of the article 200. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 96 . 4. once the methane concentration is less that 0. The inspections that must be reported in the daily report must refer to: a) b) c) d) The local safety.5% by volume. Article 211 Additional Ventilation Measures for Fiery Mines 1. the entry flow must not have a methane grade higher than 0. and after any interruption that obliges the workers evacuation or after a stoppage of the main ventilation. If any other solution is practicable and the stoping panels deserve serial ventilation. The control apparatus verification and repairs must be registered in the appropriate book which must be kept for at least 5 years. The collected dust samples must be analysed for carbon weight and content determination. 3.

The measuring points are fixed by the technical director and located at the plan referred to in number 1 of article 213 of this Regulation. as well as the gases and dust measurement fixed instruments’ location. Article 213 Ventilation Circuits in Fiery Mines 1. the necessary actions to correct the situation must be taken. the entry of shafts or at the raises of exhaust flow.0 %. CO and dust must be installed. fixed measurement and control instruments for CH4. If applied measures don’t reduce the methane concentration to values lesser than 1. and the necessary and sufficient measures to stop workers’ access to dangerous areas must be taken. In the main sectors. except those considered necessary to the elimination of the danger and the workers must be conducted to a safety place. Whenever in any working place the presence of methane gas at a concentration equal or higher than 1 % by volume is verified. which must be kept by the technical director. The person responsible for the works must verify. to do the control of methane and suspension dust. if possible. 3. Article 214 Limit Concentration Values in Fiery Mines 1. If the work condition inspection doesn’t allow the workers to remain in the work places. 5. maps of the area with the information of the airflow direction and foreseen speed that circulate in it must be displayed.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. being the values obtained and moment in time registered in the appropriate book. SO2. 4.0% by volume. whose values must be registered in the appropriate book. and in well visible and easy access places. except the ventilators affected to the area. reporting the facts to the technical director. an inspection service for each shift must be organized. Whenever methane concentration exceed 2. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 97 . the person responsible for the works must take the necessary provision to immediately activate the ventilation. the fixed equipments efficiency. 2. at least once a shift. In the main return air circulation drifts. During the days off. the works must be suspended. 3. the electric installations must be disconnected. 2.

the electrical installations. and must be mounted in accordance with the manufacturer specifications. 4. The construction of the installations referred to in the previous number must be done by skilled people and under the technical director supervision. including apparatus and systems of control. designed for fiery mines must have a manufacturer’s guarantee as they have the intrinsic protection characteristics for explosive atmosphere. The excavation for crushing equipment erection referred to in the previous article must have sufficient dimension to install the feeding system of the ore/ waste transported from the working fronts. 2.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 215 Electromechanical Equipments in Fiery Mines 1. 2. Section X Underground Crushing Article 216 Principles of Application vii) Whenever the ore or waste extraction transportation is processed using skip or conveyor belt. viii) The operation referred to in the previous number must be made using a jaw crusher or gyratory cone crusher dimensioned to the maximum granulometry resulting from the blasting and to the capacity to reduce the crushed granulometry to less than 200 millimetres. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 98 . the ore must be crushed till a maximum granulometry of 200 millimetres. plus the crusher and skip or conveyor feeding systems. 3. Without prejudice to the disposed to in specific legislation. must obey at a project approved by the competent entities. The hangingwall and sidewalls of the crushing unit installation room must be timbered and continuously monitored. The electrical instruments used in fiery underground mine works. The diesel powered machines. Article 217 Crushing Room and Feeding 1. for fiery mines. must be of armoured type and protected against fire and explosions.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

3. The ore/waste chute must be protected with a grate and a balustrade that can impede the workers to fall down. 4. The feeder must be of solid construction that assures the continuous and adjustable feed to the crusher room. 5. The operations referred to in the previous numbers must always be under the control of a skilled worker that must have knowledge of the safety measures. 6. The crusher must be supported by a solid massif and must have a vibration absorber system and a dust captivator or water sprayer/sprinkler. 7. The skip or conveyor feeder must be projected and installed with a debit (flow) control system that can assure the load of the skip within the recommended loading limits and assuring a regular and controlled weighted feed to the conveyor belt. 8. The skip and conveyor feeding system must be adequate and provided with protection lateral edges that stop the materials from falling down to the shaft bottom, or to the ramp or to the conveyor tail. 9. The electrical system must be safe and protected against shocks and moisture and must be efficient to assure a continuous, stable and protected feeding, against overloading or short-circuits power supply. 10. The lighting must not produce dark areas that can put in risk the workers circulation or the workings efficacy and safety. 11. Any repairs or maintenance intervention in the crushing unit must be made with the installation stopped and the starting key must be in possession of the worker in charge of the operation. Section XI Mine Safety Guarantee Article 218 Workers Presence in Underground Works 1. Before starting the underground activity the worker must be subject to a medical examination with the purpose of determining the physical and psychic integrity for the work. 2. The periodicity of the underground workers medical examinations must be defined by the technical director in co-ordination with the competent entities with legal authority on the mining area. 3. The register system of the workers that exercise activity underground must allow their exact localization at any moment.

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4. The workers performing work underground must wear the minimum personal protective equipment (PPE) necessary for their protection. 5. The evacuation of all the workers must be always confirmed and in case missing workers the necessary measures for their localization must be taken. 6. It is interdicted the designation of a sole worker to an isolated working place, except in cases where there is continuous and safe communication with other team working in the vicinity. 7. In the fiery mines, apart from the registration of the underground descent of workers, the installed control system must detect and interdict the entry of objects that can produce fire, sparks or flashes. 8. The efficiency of the underground presences control must be inspected at least halfyearly and the results duly registered. 9. The external workers and the visitors that may stay in the mining works must be instructed about the minimum technical safety rules and always be accompanied by a worker nominated by the technical director. Article 219 Responsible for the Works 1. The person responsible for the works conducting (chief) must have, apart from the qualification for the committed tasks, qualifications in mining safety. 2. The chiefs knowledge and updated training in mining safety, must be checked and verified by a committee nominated by the technical director. 3. Whenever in the same place a team is constituted, one of the elements of the team must be named by the person responsible for the works, as the responsible for the safety rules and regulations compliance. Article 220 Previous Inspection of the Work Environment 1. Whenever there is activity underground, a person responsible for the works and people control must be nominated in charge, without prejudice of the disposed in the labour legislation about the working places inspection. 2. Before the workers entry, the active places of the mine must be verified by the person responsible for the works. 3. The verification to be done by the person responsible for the works, under the technical director’s responsibility, aim at the works, workers safety and wellbeing and working environment.

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Article 221 Safety Instructions and Information 1. The workers designated to perform underground mining activities must benefit from the previous necessary training and instructions about the required technical safety norms. 2. The surface workers that eventually can execute underground works shall receive prior training about the safety rules in practice and the instructions about the work to be executed and its inherent risks. 3. Whenever the mining titleholder shows capacity to do it, training courses in mining safety for the underground as well as for surface workers, must be carried out. 4. The small-scale mining companies not capable to carry out training courses can and must join themselves under the support of the Local Mining Authority, to compensate for this insufficiency and create the necessary training courses. Article 222 Mine Accesses and Mining Installations Protection 1. The accesses to the surface industrial installations and to the mining works must be protected, provided with signs and watched not allowing the entry to strangers. 2. It is prohibited the access to the underground works of non authorized people, by the technical director, and those authorized must be duly protected with the same workers personal protective equipment (PPE). 3. The accesses that cannot be watched even during inactive periods must be safely closed. 4. To guarantee the workers and visitors safety, personal protective equipments (PPE) must be distinct and in preference of light and florescent colours. 5. It is prohibited the entry in the mining installations, surface or underground works, of any alcoholic drinks or drunk people. Section XII Lamphouse, Lanterns and Lamps Article 223 Lanterns and Lamps 1. The lanterns and lamps must obey to the specifications approved by the competent entity and be individually distributed to the workers.

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5.7 times the shift of the worker underground. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 102 . The Davy lamps can only be given by the technical director to a worker qualified for the purpose. 3. 6. Article 224 Lamphouses The underground mines must have a lamphouse where the individual lamps or Davy lamps are kept. The workers must use the lamps in a way to assure its conservation. The lanterns and lamps must be maintained by the mining titleholder or mining operator in the lamphouse that must receive them and proceed to their recharge. The individual lamps charge duration cannot be less than 1. It is not allowed the use of lanterns or lamps with evidences of deterioration that must be immediately replaced. maintained and recharged.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. 4. maintenance and distribution at good functioning condition.

Amongst their associates. It is applicable to small-scale mining operators. except when accompanied by their parents or legal representatives. whenever organized in artisanal miners associations. For gold processing in artisanal mining operations it is forbidden the use of mercury or other noxious substances. and those of environmental and landscape recovery of the areas to be abandoned. who will assume the responsibilities of enforcing the basic rules of safety. The artisanal mining associations must cooperate with the inspection teams of the competent entities in order to ensure the compliance with mining technical safety and environmental rules and legal requirements. 4. Article 227 Organization of the Work 1. On occasion of the demarcation process of an area designated as area of “senha mineira” (mining pass area) the foreseen type of shelter and sanitation facilities must be indicated. In areas of “senha mineira” (mining pass area) it is not allowed that children perform any kind of work. Article 226 Mining Activity Area 1. 3. The mining operators can only perform mining activities when holding a “senha mineira” (mining pass). under the terms of the Mining Law. 2. hygiene and health. artisanal mining workers must appoint those who should be their representatives before the competent authorities. It is forbidden to perform individual work in isolated areas without ensuring eye contact with other workers. 3.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER VIII ARTISANAL MINING Article 225 Operating Conditions 1. with the necessary adaptations. The competent entity must undertake all due diligences in order to train the workers that intent to develop artisanal mining activity. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 103 . 5. the regime of chapters VI and VII of this Regulation. 2. It is forbidden the access of children/minors into the artisanal mining areas. 2.

Even in consolidated rock formations. workers must wear waterproof boots. coherent rock material. or of the artisanal mining workers associations. by wearing safety boots equipped with stainless steel toe-caps and inner soles. 2. pan-washing or ore disaggregating in artisanal ball mills. 5. is higher than 3 meters. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 104 . 4. rock formations. and the height of the stopes can reach up to 3 meters. All artisanal mining workers must wear adequate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for the works to be performed. low cohesion. Ladders must be installed whenever the depth of the access shaft. 2. Article 229 Ore Extraction/Mining 1. must assume the responsibility for the blasting. Workers involved in ore mining at the bottom of shafts must wear safety helmets and must have available a communication system with the workers on surface in charge of the ore hoisting system. it is forbidden to work in the same alignment in two consecutive benches. 4. Whenever explosives or black powder must be used for ore mining in consolidated rock material. 3. to the underground working face. were mining is done in benching stopes. 3. Ore extraction from shafts sunk in sedimentary. Artisanal mining workers associations and the competent entities must promote the implementation and the wearing and use of Personal Protective Equipment. low coherent and instable rock material. workers must additionally protect their feet against puncturing and crushing. must be controlled from surface and permanent contact with the workers that are in the bottom of the shaft must be seek. 5. it is necessary a special permission and the representatives of the workers. The mining of ore in faces or stopes in non consolidated. must be done in such manner that the height of the stopes/faces will not be higher than 2 meters and the slope pitch shall be less than 70º.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 228 Artisanal Worker Protection 1. aside the use of the Personal Protective Equipment established in numbers 2 and 3 of this article. Whenever ore mining takes place in faces or stopes in consolidated. Whenever artisanal mining workers proceed to ore hand washout.

Whenever it is not possible to avoid pronounced ramps. which ensures lowest effort and highest safety. with slope angle higher than 15%. Article 230 Ore transport 1. 3. must wear clothing. 5. and must have adequate drainage system and pavement protection. must be equipped with signs. Underground work is forbidden for individual or isolated workers. 4. Extracted bulk sand. All pathways used for ore transportation must be conceived in manner to be exempted of steep inclined ramps. developed from shafts. neither under any water stream. All active shafts must have in between a protection rock massif of at least 5 meters width. must respect the distance limits. 11. by using the production waste for that effect. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 105 . climbing steps must be carved in the ground. 9. 12. developed from the bottom of any shaft must not pass under any construction existing on surface. which might constitute risk of fall. if possible. 2. footwear and head protection that enables them to work safely. washing and concentration areas. clay. All pathways used for ore transportation must be prepared for rainy season. shafts and stopes must be filled. All active shafts must have safety signs and each shaft collar must be protected or must be surrounded by a fence in order to avoid the accidental entry of people during the works stoppage period. diatomite and bentonite transportation must be done by use of safe means and routes must be duly authorized by the competent entity and. Any stoping operations. for the total or partial protection zones of the infrastructures referred to in the previous number. The dispositions contained in numbers 1 to 4 above are applicable to sand. 7. argil. established in specific land legislation. 10. from the stopes to processing. All workers involved in ore transportation. clay and argil or marl extraction. to have enough width and to have such delineation. The weight of each load to be transported by a worker cannot exceed 50 Kilogram. 8. which must be coated with stone blocks or other materials that ensures their stability and the adherence of footwear. At the end of the extraction works.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 6. 6. Any underground stopes.

Whenever transportation of ore or materials used in mining is to be done by women. the weight mentioned in the previous number must be adjusted according to the ability of each woman worker.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 7. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 106 .

where the operator should not be exposed to fumes inhaling risk. All accesses connecting the different sectors of the washing areas must be kept clean and functioning. as well as waste deposition. 4. In ore washing areas there must be functional and simple sanitary installations. for that effect. In the case of gold recovery is made by amalgamation. built and maintained taking in account the functionality and the possibility of becoming flooded in rainy season or during violent storm. Article 232 Concentrate processing 1. water stream. The artisanal miners associations representatives are responsible for its proper maintenance.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 231 Ore washing 1. which are not duly prepared for that effect. 2. 5. which must be kept in the best hygienic conditions and protected against any kind of contamination. be integrated in a previously prepared washing area. It is forbidden the burn of the amalgam in confined spaces. All individual workers must request an ore washing permit. in rivers. Ore washing operations are only allowed in previously selected and prepared areas. 2. and necessary precautionary measures must be taken. 3. 3. 4. its burning must be done under safe conditions and in open air. river beds or any permanent. It is forbidden the permanence of pregnant women and/or children in the vicinity of the area where burning of the amalgam occurs. Article 233 Social installations 1. 2. or not. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 107 . All ore washing areas must be conceived. whenever possible. The artisanal miners associations must promote the joint processing of the concentrate materials produced in the designated area. pointing out the area where they intend to do it. Ore washing is strictly forbidden. although they should always.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

3. In ore washing areas drinking water must be available, contained in closed recipients and protected against any kind of contamination, and accessible to all workers in there working. Article 234 Environmental and Landscape Recovery 1. The mining operations in mining pass areas must be conduced in order to ensure proper mine closure and landscape recovery, according to the conjugation of the dispositions of articles 37 and 38, both of Mining Law, and the dispositions of Environmental Regulation for Mining Activity. 2. The artisanal miners associations, jointly with the inspectors of the competent entity, must prepare mine closing plans, which must include landscape recovery. 3. The designated areas of “senha mineira” (mining pass areas) cannot be abandoned without its previous environmental recovery and the integration with other community economic activities have been done and the competent entity has authorized such abandonment.

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CHAPTER IX EXPLOITATION OF MINERAL WATER Article 235 Scope and extent Without prejudice to the dispositions of articles numbers 80 and following, of the Mining Law Regulation, the rules of the present chapter are applicable to exploration, research, captation and bottling and/or utilization of mineral waters, waters for medical purposes and thermal waters Section I Exploration, Research and Evaluation Article 236 Prevention of Contamination (Pollution) 1. The operations for exploration and research of mineral waters, waters for medical purposes and thermal waters, can only be performed in areas where it is proved that there is not possibility of chemical or biological contamination (pollution) by surface waters or pre-existing installations. 2. The operations of exploration and research must be planned and conceived in such a way that it is avoided any kind of immediate, or future, ground, waters pollution of where those operations are to be executed. 3. During the execution and during the occupation of the potential areas for possible captation of mineral waters, waters for medical purposes and thermal waters, special attention must be given to the sanitation conditions related with human presence. Article 237 Workers Safety All workers involved in the operations of prospecting and research, must wear Personal Protection Equipment (PPE), which must be suitable and adequate for the kind of work to be executed.

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Article 238 Safety of the Equipments 1. Whenever the plan of works foresees electrical or mechanical drilling, the working places must be previously planned and prepared in order that those operations can be executed in safe conditions. 2. All accesses to the working places/areas must have enough width in order to allow a safe circulation of equipments and/or personnel, and must be avoided ramps, with slope near the limits of tolerable inclination of the equipments, as much as possible. 3. Transportation, assembling and running of equipments must be done in safe conditions and according to the manufacturer specifications. Section II Captation and Bottling of Waters Article 239 Workers Safety 1. All workers involved in operations of captation and bottling of waters, must wear Personal Protection Equipment (PPE), which must be the most suitable and adequate for the kind of work to be executed. 2. Whenever captation is performed by drilling, and during its execution, workers must be informed about the risk of the existence of confined waters under pressure and must be duly protected against this risk. 3. In bottling installations, workers must wear clothing, foot-wear, toques and handwear that prevent any kind of contamination of waters. 4. Maintenance, preservation, cleaning and disinfection of Personal Protective Equipments are a responsibility of the mining titleholder, and must obey the applicable legislation on health and hygiene. Article 240 Safety of the Water Captation Installations 1. Captation of waters installations must be solid built, and protected against trespassing of animals and intruders and must ensure the prevention against contamination. 2. The immediate protection perimeter must have a minimum radius of 10 meters and the site must be protected with an adequate surrounding fence.
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and the illumination system must prevent any shadowed areas. 2. It is forbidden the transportation of water by means of cistern. it must be foreseen the assembly. for geological. All entrances/exits must be provided with double door chamber with interlock system that must not allow their simultaneous opening. In cases were it is significant the difference of level between captation installation and bottling installation. The water pipes that link the captation installation to the bottling installation must be protected. or any other kind of container. and its inner must be protected with light-coloured painting. In case of need. 2. reservoir. and must be provided with a ventilation system conceived and built for preventing the admission of dust and/or microbes. disinfestations agents and other herbicides. may be replaced by an efficient air curtain. 3. Article 241 Bottling Installations 1. The outer protection perimeter must have a minimum radius of 500 meters and in this perimeter cannot take place any agricultural activities with the use of any kind of fertilizers. 5. and grazing. in all its length. hydro-geological reasons. between the water source and the bottling installation. Bottling of waters premises must be solid built with a permanent nature. control and maintenance of pressure governors technically accredited and provided with protection against any kind of contamination. As much as possible. the mining titleholder may request to the competent entity the modification of the above mentioned limits. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 111 . lighting must be natural by means of protected windows and/or skylights. edification / house building.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. 3. 4. 5. b) To any kind of activity that might contribute for the contamination of waters. duly presenting the motives. against rupture / disruption. or reasons of other nature. The intermediate protection perimeter must have a minimum radius of 100 meters and it is also interdicted to: a) Any kind of construction. accidents and possibilities of water contamination. The accesses referred to in the previous number. glazed tiles or similar materials. 4.

3. 5. Bottle production installations must be protected contamination and must be provided with enough space for: a) Loading the feeding line contiguous to the bottling installations. 2. Water conduction must be done in such manner that contact with air is always inhibited. c) Storage and preparation of raw material. Article 243 Bottling Operations 1. cooling and storage of bottles. machinery (whether functional or not) and any tools which are strange and/or useless to the installation. Social and sanitary premises must be completely efficient. 2. Inside bottling premises it is forbidden the placing of any object of mineral. vegetal or animal origin. The filtering system must allow filters replacements always with interruption of water flow and without contamination of water. or contamination of the filter jar. against any Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 112 . b) Production. 3. Installation water feeding tanks/reservoirs must be solid built. and must be protected against weather changes/effects and direct sun light exposure. must be kept in good hygienic conditions and must be effectively isolated from the bottling areas. Article 242 Complementary Installations 1. It is forbidden the admittance to bottling premises of workers or visitors. preferentially made of stainless steel or other material capable to support service pressure. as well as any other equipment. Bottling installations must be provided with auxiliary power source with enough capacity to ensure permanent functioning of critical components. Bottling installations must be provided with an area for packing. 4. storage and dispatch of full bottles. the installation must allow the washing operation in a chamber that must be isolated from the bottle-feeding chamber. In case glass bottles are used. 8. which are not properly equipped with adequate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). 7. Technical installations must obey the bottle manufacturing dispositions and the good hygiene practices.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 6.

Bottling operations can only be performed under the following conditions: a) Bottling area must be solid built. Whenever a maintenance or repair operations takes place in the installation. bottling and distribution installations must be inspected by the competent entities. these must report and inform the obtained results to the other relevant related organisms. sterilizing and drying operations. which must be object of sanitary disinfection. this must be done only by personnel properly equipped and using aseptic tools and instruments. c) All workers involved in these operations must wear full Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in order to prevent any contamination. It is forbidden the re-use of any kind of bottles other than glass made bottles. without prejudice of emergency exits. Before restarting the activity of the installation a purge operation must be performed. all mineral waters captation. 7. isolated of other areas and with a unique entrance. provided with double door chamber and must be protected of any sudden entry or risk of contamination. which must be daily changed. d) Entry and exit of workers to/from the bottling area must only be done through a clothing change chamber. 8. Article 244 Control and Inspection 1. 5. When re-using glass bottles. 2. b) Bottle filling terminals must be fixed placed at a convenient height which is to be related with the type of bottle and must be provided with a valve of upwards drive functioning through the bottle itself. In case of autonomous control and inspection performed by other entities. 6.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. or autonomous. these must be previously submitted to adequate washing. 3. and the water flow interrupted. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 113 . inspection and control performed by other entities with a periodicity not higher than six months. Before beginning of the production activity. Notwithstanding the control and inspective power of the competent entities it is encouraged the joint.

including equipments. 8. The circuits.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER X INSTALLATIONS. In all entries. if not working continuously. 5. The ore and industrial minerals treatment and processing industrial installations. The buildings of the ore and industrial minerals treatment and processing industrial installations must be of solid construction with maximum usability of natural lighting and have efficient lightning conductors. according to international colour coding rules. 7. yards and accessible places signs must be affixed indicating that it is compulsory the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and also other relevant signs in graphical language. of those equipments. 4. must be emptied and washed at the end of each working shift. 6. must be conceived and installed in order to ensure the safety of the workers and power circuits. 2. fire extinguishers with adequate capacity and characteristics must be strategically placed and identified with signs. 9. must be done with the installations completely stopped and the start key. must be in the possession of the maintenance personnel. must use the adequate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for the activity they are performing. gas and compressed air piping and tubes must be painted in different colours. The water. MINERAL PROCESSING AND INDUSTRIAL ANNEXES Article 245 Operation and Characteristics of the Installations 1. In ore and industrial minerals treatment and processing industrial installations. 3. 10. The resistance of the earth connection must not exceed 4 ohms. cables and electrical equipments must be shock/impact resistant and must be protected from humidity and water. the protection of the equipment and to ensure efficient earth connection. The power installations. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 114 . The maintenance interventions or repairs of the equipment in ore and industrial minerals treatment and processing installations. All workers of ore and industrial minerals treatment and processing industrial installations. being labelled on a colour code board and affixed in places with the biggest affluence of people in the installations.

The works. The feeding chutes of ore and industrial minerals treatment and processing units must be guarded with gratings and handrails in order to prevent a possible fall of the workers. Section I Crushing. those must be of solid construction. The silos or chutes feeding operations must be continuously controlled by a worker positioned in a protected area and with visibility of the whole operation as well as with possibility of communication with the operators of the machinery in use in the working area. Article 247 Workings in Heights 1.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 246 Mobile Parts Guards 1. 2. and have a height of about 1 meter and an intermediate beam placed at 0. Whenever the feeding is done by means of dumpers or trucks a resistant stop wall must be constructed to impede the vehicles from falling. may only be performed by trained personnel and with an anti-fall safety harness. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 2. 3. 4. might constitute a risk. whether of maintenance. The stairs for accessing high structures must be equipped with guards against falls. 2. by its movement. the access to that area must be prohibited to the workers. The mobile parts of equipments. whether of verification and control. Whenever. although maintenance personnel may access when the equipment has been stopped. Whenever balustrades or handrails are used for protecting the workers from falling. must be guarded with efficient guard plates and be easy fitting and unfitting. 115 . The shelter for the workers in this area must be constructed in manner to protect them against noise and vibrations. by the nature of the equipment. which can be accessed by the workers. it is not possible to efficiently protect the part that. in high equipment or structures.50 meter of the ground. 3. Grinding and Milling Installations Article 248 Feeding of the Installations 1.

Crushers must be equipped with dust control systems/devices. Article 250 Screening Equipments 1. must observe the following safety conditions: a) They must be of solid construction and be provided with anti-skid and lateral sliding protections. 3. The safeguards of the rotating parts must enable easy fitting and unfitting and. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 116 . The maintenance.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 5. 3. 4. 4. The hopper-feeders opening must be provided with guards against possible falls of the workers by use of anti-fall balustrades. an exhausting ventilator must be installed in order to prevent the dispersion of droplets. horizontally installed. if possible. and thus the immobilization of the mills is recommended. unblock up or unobstruction operations can never be performed with running installations and only when using a safety harness. b) Whenever fixed mechanical transporters are installed on raised structures they must be provided with a under guard against falls of materials and tools. Grinding and Milling 1. be provided with safety systems that do not allow the running of equipment when the safeguard is out of place. the screens must be hooded (encapsulated) with the double purpose of preventing dust release and the noise emissions control. The feeding of the grinding and milling elements (rods. Article 251 Conveyor Belts 1. balls) must be done under safety conditions. The screens support structure must be of a solid and rigid built and capable of tolerating high vibrations. Fixed mechanical transporters. Article 249 Crushing. Workers that are not using a safety harness duly fastened to a solid structure are prohibited to unblock operations of the equipment. 2. Whenever technically and economically possible. Whenever screening is done with water under pressure. 2. placed and duly fastened to a solid structure.

must be protected against possible fires. 6. The belts of conveyors must be of incombustible type. c) Allow self-alignment or be provided with lateral rollers that prevents its derailment. protected with handrails or balusters and with an anti-skid pavement. They must have an emergency stopping system along its entire length. Makes the motor to stop when the belt has slip. abnormal rains and piece of vandalism. the fixed mechanical transporters. d) 2. unloaded and preferably washed and the start key must be in the possession of the maintenance technician. must be provided with a system that: a) b) Prevents reverse rotation of the barrel (head motor). Piping for removal of slurries proceeding from the ore and industrial minerals treatment and processing industrial installations.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES c) They must be equipped with at least one lateral passage for monitoring and maintenance. 3. resistance and stability of the pipe line. The rollers referred to in paragraph c) of the previous number must stop the conveyor when the maximum point of deflection is reached. c) 2. Any maintenance or repair operations must be done with the conveyor belt stopped. Article 252 Conveyor Piping 1. A heat and the rain resistant structure. Ensure the continuity. When installed in an inclined plan. The line of pipes with significant unevenness and/or with long length must have appropriate distances between the pressure governors and the air release valves. If this is not the case then an automatic fire extinguishing system must be installed. 3. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 117 . Ensure tightness and the leading of the slurry to a safe place in case of Piping used for conveyance of water or slurry. with a height of at least half of its width. without any risk. Have monitoring and maintenance conditions. 5. in order to: a) b) rupture. must be conceived and constructed. must cover conveyor belts installed exteriorly. whenever installed outside the treatment installations. 4. apart from the dispositions of the previous number.

must be installed in a way that it does not difficult the circulation of the workers. concentration. a) b) Flotation installations must be conceived and built taking into account: The type and nature of the ore as well as the processing capacity. must be installed in such way that: a) b) Its surrounding space is adequate for one to be able to walk. may be subject to electrical lock-out and so eliminating the possibility of extemporary starting of any of those equipments. b) It can be ensured adequate cleanliness and safe circulation of the workers. Electrical circuits and equipment of the hydro-gravity concentration installations must be provided with voltage control devices that can automatically circuit break or shut off in case of overload or short circuit occurs. Have drainage ditches directed to a safe place. 3. built and kept in such way that: a) The ore and water feeding is done in a safe way preventing occasional and accidental spillage. ensuring the discharge of draining waters or those that overflow. Water supply and pulp piping and that for the conveyance of the obtained products. without risk. 2. adjust or intervene. d) Electrical circuits and equipment are protected against the infiltration of water and excessive moisture. number and the capacity of cells. such as concentration tables. Equipment with movement. Article 254 Concentration by Flotation 1. waste and concentrate discharge systems and the water supply systems. The installations of hydro-gravity concentration must be conceived.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section II Concentration Installations Article 253 Hydro-gravity Concentration 1. The type. c) Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 118 . c) Feeding.

The indication and identification of circuits. The workers that might remain for long time in the concentration section referred to in the previous number must be periodically submitted to specific medical exams.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES c) d) 2. there must be landings protected with handrails or balustrades for the circulation of vigilance and control personnel. The section where electromagnetic and electrostatic concentration is done must be protected against radiation. Whenever toxic chemical products are used as reagents. 1. The preparation of the flotation reagents. 2. 8. 5. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 119 . The equipment of dry concentration must be hooded (encapsulated) in order to prevent dust. and its control must be periodically carried out. 6. 3. Article 255 Electromagnetic and Electrostatic Concentration 4. The type. by workers trained for this effect. Article 256 Hydro-metallurgic Processing 1. quantities and distribution circuits of reagents. 7. The preparation of the reagents referred to in the previous number must be made by using the minimum workmanship and in observance to the manufacturer safety instructions. which must be equipped with the adequate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). must be done in a safe and ventilated place. 3. The storage of toxic chemical substances must be made in adequate own installations with restricted access to the workers handling them. The froth collecting and leading system must be efficient and the final thickened product must be stored in a safe way. The heaps for ore leaching must be fenced and the admittance must only be allowed to the workers of the operation. and the admittance of strange persons must be forbidden. Balustrades must protect installations where large volume cells are used. The ore pulp flow must be permanently controlled in a way to avoid rupture of the transferring pipes between the cells and the final thickening system and the discharge to the tailings ponds. Along the lines of cells. the feeding circuits of these must be isolated in order to prevent human contact. which includes toxic products. 9.

must be of material resistant to these fluids and. In already working installations. The occupied area. Cementation or metals recovering installations must be built taking into account the nature of the products. of the suction type and with treatment of exhausted air through efficient dust retainers. an autonomous project must be executed which must be approved by the competent entity superintending the environmental matters. eye splashes or touch with skin. The landfills (barren or waste piles) proceeding from mining operations must be considered as inert materials and must comply with the following minimum conditions: a) b) To be object of a project to be presented with the mining plan for approval. preferably with natural lighting.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. 2. must be protected against the eventual access of strange persons. The landfill projects must contain the following elements: a) b) c) d) The maximum planned capacity. In static leaching the collecting ditches and ponds and the leaching and leached fluids piping. 4. the accessibility of people. the minimum safety conditions for the prevention of falls. 3. 120 Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 . Section III Industrial Annexes Article 258 Mining Waste Piles 1. or in precipitation. the accidental ingestion. In the installations where operations with water sprinkling pressure or with the possibility of occurring dust release. The type of products to be deposited. The storage of the chemical products used in leaching. Installations for the treatment and processing of the ore must be built in order to ensure the adequate lighting. Article 257 Illumination and Ventilation 1. the ventilation must be forced. including the workers. 2. The maximum planned height. must be done in a closed place or deposit locked and the key placed in a secured place.

from any neighbouring land properties. from any public roads/ways. The lower protection against the rolling rocks beyond the limits of the c) 20 m and 40 m respectively. municipality road ways. landfills must be constructed in a way to ensure that they have the following minimum protection distances: a) 10 m and 20 m respectively. the impermeability of its base with the coverage of a compacted layer of clay. 6. transformer or telecommunications stations. with impermeable clay material. low voltage power lines. canals. places of public use and buildings. When is to be presumed the existence of leached materials in the waste to be dumped in the pile it must be ensured. with a thickness not less than 1 meter. telecommunications lines and rope-way telephers. railway lines. if necessary. b) 15 m and 30 m respectively. The installation or construction of anti-fall stop blocks in the areas of unloading. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 121 . The transportation. 5. The accesses and safety conditions to be applicable relatively to the existing structures. circulation and unloading of the materials in the landfills must be done observing the safety conditions. For waste piles with a final height over 10 metres. 4. from fluid ducts. As its height is lower or higher than 10 m. the approval conditions must be completed with a slopes stability study and with a concise geological survey which clearly shows that the grounds are sufficiently solid and resistant to ensure the duration of the landfill beyond its closing. from water springs. 7. d) 50 m and 100 m respectively. mould must be removed. whether enclosed with wall or not. or other equivalent methodology. The capacity and loading of the conveyance or transporting equipment. apart from the conditions established in the previous numbers. The areas for the construction of the landfills must be previously deforested. namely: a) b) c) d) pile. Closing plan. 3. The circulation rules. permanent flow streams. which must be stored in a proper place and prepared.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES e) f) g) The type of transport and unloading.

c) Planned maximum capacity. 8. h) Accesses and. the base of the support wall. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 122 . d) Type of products to be deposited and its physical-chemical stability. f) 150 m and 300 m respectively. 2. f) Planned maximum height.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES e) 70 m and 140 m respectively. i) The safety conditions in place relatively to the existing structures. must be made impervious in accordance to the approved project by the competent entity. operation and closing of tailings ponds must follow a project approved by the relevant competent entities. 9. from the urban perimeters. The distances referred to in the previous paragraphs are not enforced in cases where the things and objects to be preserved are integrated in the respective mining installations. g) Type of transport and unloading. in which it must be mentioned the: a) Localization. classified places of touristic value. Article 259 Tailings Ponds 1. g) 400 m and 600 m respectively. from national roads and high voltage power lines. the wall side in contact with the tailings and the bottom of the pond itself. b) Type of construction. when it is proven that such reduction does not expose to risk the public health or the safety of people and property. national monuments. schools and hospitals. things that must be considered in the respective landfill projects or in the mining plans. In the case of tailings ponds for the waste proceeding from treatment and processing industrial installations of metallic ore. The construction. The distances can be adjusted by the competent entity. e) Occupied area. military and security services installations and buildings. from places or classified zones with scientific or landscape value.

and there must be installed at least one reserve pump with the same capacity in operating condition. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 123 . The tailings ponds must be fenced and provided with signs in order to prevent the access or the entry of strange persons and animals that eventually might fall or become submerged in them. The conditions of deposition.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. the removed products must be deposited under safe conditions in a place approved by the competent entity for the mineral resources field and the entities superintending the environmental matters. Pumping stations that operate in underground mines. 5. Seepage must be controlled through the execution of small wells or piezometric bore holes. 8. must be subjected to cleaning through a safe cleansing system. 4. 7. 9. referred to in number 2 of the present article. Pumping stations installed in the tailings ponds with the purpose of recycling water. The tailings ponds and decantation basins must have foreseen a programmed cleansing system. 2. 6. 3. depending on the kind of pond. The tailings ponds can only be altered by means of a modification project approved by the competent entities. the minimum possible space is occupied. and the amount of infiltrated water weekly measured and its quality monthly evaluated. Pump stations that operate in the bottom of the mine to ensure the drainage. must be conceived and built foreseeing the pumping of the water with materials in suspension and possibly corrosive. must have sufficient capacity for that effect. with auto-prime system. under the exigencies of effectiveness. 4. downstream and sidelong. the water free level and the safety conditions of the tailings ponds must be permanently monitored in order to enable quick intervention in the case of hazard. Decantation systems in underground mining must be conceived and built in order to. having decantation systems preceding them. and must work in load to prevent problems due to operating in void. 5. must be of safe built and must be sheltered or protected against storms. The tailings ponds must be built obeying the minimum protection distances established in number 6 of the previous article. conveyance and deposition systems of collected slurry. The water proceeding from seepage and drainage of the tailings ponds of metallic ores must be pumped back into the basin. must have enough capacity. The decantation. Article 260 Pumping and Water Treatment Stations 1.

Hydraulic shocks. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 124 . The power lines and the water or slurry piping must be protected in order to prevent problems related with power failure or with rupture of the piping. Pumping systems must be protected against: a) b) c) d) e) f) Electrical overloads of the distribution network or due to lightning discharges. The direct pumping from the pump stations foreseen in the previous number into lakes or rivers and streams of the hydrological systems. 2. Contact of persons with the mobile parts. Weather effects. 7. Block up of the suction system. Article 261 Protection of the Pumping Systems 1. Pump stations installed in open cast mining to ensure drainage of pluvial waters. or spring waters. Electrocution risk for persons or animals. is forbidden.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 6. must have enough capacity to convey those waters into the decantation basins. and even of the extraction methods.

In case of eminent dangers or accidents. the mining titleholder must provide installations with divisions or compartments. there must still exist. The artisanal mining operators that work individually or are integrated in associations must be obliged to use the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and present a program of activities that demonstrates their knowledge in the prevention of safety and health. 4. In mines with more than 200 workers.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER XI HEALTH AND SAFETY Article 262 Technical and Economical Conditioning Factors 1. The mining titleholder that employs more than 50 workers must have a first aid station defined in article 264 of the present Regulation. In mining works there must be one first aid assistant for every 10 workers. either at the entrance of the mine or in the place where first aid is given. The name of the first aid assistants must be affixed in a place where it is clearly visible. workers are obliged to give mutual assistance/help. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 125 . 4. 2. once they become technically and economically viable. an ambulance. including the ones mentioned in number 1 of the present article. 3. The competent entity. except in special cases authorised by the competent entity. with 1 first aid assistant and respective first aid bag. will define the technical/economical conditions referred to the in the previous number. 2. The measures for collective protection must prevail over the individual protection. Section I First Aid Article 263 Minimum Requirements 1. 5. The mining titleholder must transmit to the health and safety committees referred to in article 273 of the present Regulation. the normative and technical studies that the competent entity communicates to them. where the workers can receive first aid assistance. 3. In case of mines where the number of workers is less than 50.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 5. c) Doctors room. The first aid station must be under the responsibility of a graduate nurse and must have permanently on duty a first aid assistant. and constituted of: a) A waiting room. d) Lavatory and bathroom. Article 265 Installations and Material for the First Aid Station 1. ventilation and illumination conditions. b) Blankets. 2. must be kept clean. c) Telephone. in good conservation conditions. b) Treatment room. must have hot and cold water and. b) Isolated from areas destined to other finalities. e) Measuring tape. d) Scale. The first aid station must be situated in a relatively central area of the mine installations. 2. with adequate temperature. must be sufficiently spacious. The first aid station must be: a) Of easy access for a stretcher transporting an injured worker. 3. The first aid station must have the basic equipment as follows: a) Stretchers. c) Exclusively used for first aid. The first aid station must be equipped in an adequate manner for its purpose. The associations of artisanal miners and the mining titleholders of small-scale mines must promote the training of at least one first aid assistant. f) Thermometer. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 126 . Article 264 First Aid Station 1. assistance and treatment of injured workers.

h) Magnifying glass. In mines with more than 500 workers. Article 266 Underground First Aid Station/Facilities 1. b) X-ray room. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 127 . t) Sterilised dressings. i) Diverse speculums. r) Emergency medicines. k) Negatoscope. s) Surgical material for performing minor surgery. the first aid station must have at its disposal: a) Cloak-rooms (at least 3) of 4 m2 each. n) Blood pressure apparatus. b) Stretcher. p) Urinary probes. j) A reflex hammer.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES g) Spirometer. m) Oxygen bottle. l) Tourniquet. v) First aid kit. c) Recovery room. o) Stethoscope. 3. The first aid station must be supplied with the following material: a) First aid box with specifications in accordance to the number of workers. u) Bandages. including those in the previous number. q) Apparatus to immobilise fractures.

2. f) Emergency medicines. in order to take the necessary measures. A list that includes the means of permanent contact with the members of the rescue teams must be affixed in places with the biggest affluence of workers. Safety drills must be performed. 4. With the purpose of saving the workers. must be a responsibility of the technical director which must make the respective rules. In case of an accident or serious illness in the mine. 2. organization and supply of the lifesaving staff. The installation of electrical power and sufficient hot and cold running water must be foreseen. The elements of the rescue teams must have adequate training and instruction provided by competent instructors. immediate and appropriate measures must be taken in order to ensure the safe rescue of the workers. 5. Article 269 Safety Drills 1. at least every six months. 3. the person responsible for the first aid station must be immediately informed of such event. as well as training of their members. Article 268 Lifesaving Staff and Rescue Teams 1. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 128 . protecting patrimony and ensuring the continuity of production. stamina and knowledge of the mine conditions. must constitute the rescue teams. The installations. Workers.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES c) Blankets. 2. keeping in mind for the choice their presence of mind. the mining titleholder must create a lifesaving staff constituted by one or more rescue teams. d) Triangular bandage cloths. e) Splices of various sizes. Whenever any serious accident that might put the life of the workers in danger occur or if it is foreseeable. in places usually occupied by the workers. Article 267 Accidents 1.

3. 2. for which workers must be appointed with the attributes as referred to in the present Regulation. in adequate places. with the purpose of providing proper health and safety services. from among suitable workers. ready to be used. Section II Health and Safety Services Article 271 Constitution 1. and replaced in its place. respectively called “safety technicians” or “safety officers” when the mining titleholder employs more than 200 workers or less than this number. Rescue equipment must exist. The safety technicians or the safety officers are only accountable before the technical director.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. The appointment of those workers is a competence of the technical director. 4. recharged if necessary. which must be available in sufficient quantity in accessible places. the workers must make use of masks or breathing apparatus with independent air supply. with easy access and with proper signs. When an evacuation is done through an itinerary susceptible of containing dangerous atmospheres. The training in health and safety of the safety technicians or the safety officers referred to in number 1 of the present article must be done regularly and is a responsibility of the mining titleholder that shall support its costs. Whenever it is justified. 3. Article 270 Evacuation and Rescue 1. can assist the safety technician. one or more safety officers. who must select safety technicians or the safety officers. designated “health and safety services”. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 129 . In all mines a service must be organised. All workers must receive training about the adequate emergency measures. The safety drills have the purpose of training and checking the aptitude of the workers in charge of performing the necessary tasks with the emergency equipment in accordance to the established in the health and safety plan. people with adequate professional training and recognised aptness. 5. 3. 2. The equipment used during the drills must be inspected and cleaned.

namely. reporting the accidents occurred. must: a) Proceed with. Safety technician. The appointments referred to in number 3 of the present article. their causes. d) Elaborate quarterly reports about the developed activities. the proposed measures to avoid its reiteration. The health and safety committee is constituted by: Members representing the company: Technical director. must be communicated to the relevant competent entities. of which copy must be sent to the competent entities or others. to be approved by the safety and health committee. f) Elaborate internal safety regulations. Representative of the mining titleholder. visits to the workplaces. designated “health and safety committee”. b) Propose to the technical director the specific measures deemed necessary and control its implementation. in order to incite a preventing attitude. and must send a copy to the competent entity. Section III Health and Safety Committees Article 273 Constitution 1. with the purpose of ensuring the fulfilment of the dispositions of the present Regulation and other applicable regulations in matters pertaining to safety. frequent and systematic. and must send a copy of the same report to the competent entity. Article 272 Competencies The health and safety services. health and hygiene at work. c) Promote the sensitization of the workers for the matters of safety and hygiene. 130 Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 . e) Elaborate an annual report in which it is specified. the “disabling injuries frequency rate” (DIFR) and the “severity rate” (SR). 2.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 6. a) • • • In mining operations with more than 200 workers a committee must be created.

f) Present to the mining titleholder suggestions for the improvement of health. the causes of accidents occurred and propose the adequate measures. i) To watch over the fulfilment that all workers are duly insured against accidents at workplace. d) To promote the necessary diligences and actions. b) To watch over the compliance with legal dispositions and internal regulations. safety. and hygiene conditions. Safety officer. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 131 . as well as. h) Request the support of experts in the matter. c) To request and study the suggestions of the workers about matters of health and safety. Members representing the workers: Members elected by the workers. Article 274 Attributions The health and safety committee have the following attributions: a) Proceed to periodic inspections of all the installations. and all materials and equipment. so that all the workers admitted for the first time or changed from work posts receive the necessary training in the field of health and safety. 4. whenever such is deemed necessary. The number of representatives for the workers must be equal to the number of representatives for the company with the right to vote. g) Study and debate the problems presented by the safety technicians and safety officers. the committee must assemble immediately.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES • b) • 3. e) Discuss all reports produced by the safety technicians or the safety officers and. In case of severe accidents.

must be subject to an inquiry by the competent entities in accordance to the applicable legislation. collective accidents. and inform his hierarchic superior about the non-compliances. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 132 .TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section IV Workplace’s Organization Article 275 Organization 1. All events that impair or are susceptible to impair public safety must be reported to the local authorities. initiated or to be initiated. Whenever there are workers present in the mine. the mining titleholder must have a person responsible for leading the works. The conditions of the area in which the serious or fatal accident occurred may not be altered without permission given by the responsible entity for the inquiry. which must check the compliance with the regulation for technical safety and health. Article 277 Serious Accidents Reporting 1. The areas considered as high-risk areas must be selected by the person in charge for the works and must be inspected in every shift. 4. about the safety situation and about measures taken. When work is done by shifts. the person in charge for the works of one shift. The serious and fatal accidents. must inform the person in charge for the works of the following shift. except if from this fact it might result a greater danger for the victim. 3. Article 276 Person Responsible for the Workplace For each place of work it is compulsory the appointment of one responsible worker. 3. 2. 2. damages and serious incidents must be immediately reported to the technical director and the relevant competent entities. The accidents referred to in number 1 of the present article.

which must be reviewed with the periodicity deemed necessary. prior training on general aspects about mining safety and on working conditions. but not higher than one year. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 133 . 2. Admittance of people strange to the installations related to the mining operations. Article 281 Visitors 1. 3. It is the duty of the technical director to determine a period for training and its respective program. the workers must be duly trained and qualified. whether visitors or workers of other company must be authorised by the mining titleholder. The workers of other companies must receive training enough in order to ensure their colleagues and their own protection. manoeuvring and maintenance of machinery and mining installations. must be qualified for that effect. and must possess theoretical and/or practical knowledge about the safety rules. The workers designated to another work place or for performing different activities from its usual task. necessary and sufficient. 2. Article 279 Training and Instruction of the Workers 1. Visitors must be informed about the risks. must wear the adequate Personal Protective Equipment and be duly escorted. Article 280 Training for Specific Works 1. must be duly trained and instructed by the person in charge for the works of the new place of work. and written instructions on the tasks to be performed.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section V Aptitude and Qualification of the Workers Article 278 Training of Supervisors The persons in charge for the mining works. Whenever it is necessary specific knowledge for mining works. 2. The workers in charge for performing tasks related with mining operations must receive.

in ppm 50 5000 20 5 10 10 4 1000 3. and in accordance with the danger of the gas.0005 0. 3. concentrations higher than the values established in the previous table can be tolerable. by means of the use of collective protection measures.5 0.001 0. the mining titleholder as complementary protection must supply the workers with adequate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for the risks they are exposed. the mining titleholder must take measures leading to its elimination or reduction to the lowest levels. not exceeding 15 minutes. as well as to ensure the control of the concentrations of noxious chemical substances. The rate of supervision and health and hygiene control actions must be increased whenever it is observed that the risks referred to in the previous number exceeds the established tolerable limit values. in the health and safety plan. it is predictable the exposure of the workers to physical.0004 Conc. 2. the admissible concentrations for the gases are the following: Gas Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Nitrous monoxide Nitrous dioxide Nitrous oxides (NOX) Sulphuretted hydrogen Sulphur dioxide Hydrogen Formula CO CO2 NO NO2 NOx H2S SO2 H2 Conc. and make and supervise the health and hygiene control of the workers exposed to those risks. Without prejudice of the dispositions in the previous numbers.005 0.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER XII WORKERS’ PROTECTION Article 282 Protection against Noxious Agents 1. Related to the most common chemical agents in the mining industry. compatible to the technical/economic conditions. provided that the that following values are not exceeded: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 134 . in mg per m3 Conc. Whenever.002 0. in % of vol 2. and during short periods of time. Article 283 Chemical Agents 1. 55 9000 20 10 15 10 0. Whenever it’s not possible to maintain these values below the established limit values. chemical or biological agents. Necessary measures must be taken in order to ensure that the tolerable limits of the risks to the health of the workers when exposed to atmospheres containing dangerous substances are not exceeded in the workplaces.

Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 . 6. are established according to the following values: 135 2. The mining titleholder must make the control of the physical agents that might have influence on the health and comfort of the workers. especially at the emission source. such as mercury. for each particular case. in presence of the evolution of work techniques and methods. vibrations and the ionising radiations (electromagnetic and optical) levels. the workers must be immediately removed. of the noise levels. lead ore dust. and the technical director has to adopt the measures that are necessary in order to normalize the situation. 7. Article 285 Dusts 1. the best knowledge about the effects of physical. can alter the tolerable limit values referred to in numbers 2 and 3 of the present article. of the dust amounts and its injuriousness. of the temperature and of the humidity level. If the concentrations of dangerous/noxious gases exceeding the values established in the previous number. once a month. which must determine. The maximum tolerable concentration levels of silica contained in breathable dusts present in the air of workplaces. the arising of new control or health protection methods. the levels of exposure to the physical agents must be reduced. Article 284 Physical Agents 1. in ppm 100 12500 3 25 50 10 10000 4. The measurements of the concentrations of the gases referred to in the previous numbers must be carried out. etc. 5. the measures to be taken for its control and for the protection of the workers. The Minister superintending the area of mineral resources together with relevant Ministers for this area. chemical and biological agents on the organisms. Bearing in mind the technical evolution and the availability of means for control. Whenever uncommon dangerous chemical agents are present in the atmosphere..TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Gas Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Nitrous dioxide Nitrous oxides (NOX) Sulphuretted hydrogen Sulphur dioxide Hydrogen Formula CO CO2 NO2 NOx H2S SO2 H2 Conc. through a ministerial joint Act. and every six months in all other cases. to its lowest possible value. and always when the tolerable limit values are reached or exceeded. this fact must be immediately reported to the competent entity. where there is permanent presence of workers. cadmium.

3 X ts . The effective temperature is calculated by the following formula: 2. the workers must use dust masks that ensures their protection.V in which: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 136 . 250 P/cm3 100 P/cm3. in order to ensure that immediate measures be taken whenever the values. under terms to be established by the technical director. The amount of asbestos dust in the air must not exceed the following values: a) Short term exposure b) Long term exposure number of fibers/cm3 = 5. must be annually submitted to medical exams. and are susceptible of getting pneumoconiosis. The dust content must be periodically measured. by Act of the Minister superintending the area of mineral resources. Article 286 Temperature 1. 7.0. as indicated in the previous paragraphs.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES a) Content in silica lower than 5% 5 mg/m3 or or or or 800 P/cm3. are freely distributed. of ventilation and of personal protection. Dust masks. 8. 1 mg/m3 The limits established in the previous number must be adjusted. number of fibers/cm3 = 2. in terms of the formula indicated in the number to follow. these measurements must be done quarterly and whenever the competent entity induces special conditions for the work. In workplaces where. 3. The workers that perform their activity in dusty environments. 4. it is not possible to reduce the content of dust to values below the ones established in number 1.7 X th . 5. are exceeded. 6. In mining works whenever an effective temperature (tr) over 33ºCelsius occurs. personal and is not advised for individuals with respiratory problems. 500 P/ cm3.5 mg/m3 d) Content in silica higher than 50% 2. tr = 0. Whenever it is verified the repeated occurrence of dustings with free silica content higher than 50%. the activity must be suspended during the lengths of time where such is verifiable. b) Content in silica between 5% and 25% 2 mg/m3 c) Content in silica between 25% and 50% 1.

to seek limited the duration of the noise exposure. based on technical evolution and on changes of the economical conditions as per the Ministerial Act. Article 288 Protection Against Vibrations 2. is the Wet Bulb Temperature. if necessary. Whenever the applicable technical measures for protection are not sufficient. 3. In places where it is verified the persistence of temperatures higher than the limits as referred to in number 1 of the present article. and in which for every 5m/sec. The mining titleholder when choosing the equipment and method for the work must consider the reduction of the workers exposure to the risk of vibrations to its possible minimum taking necessary actions at men-machine interaction level. and when reaching its maximum values measurements must be done daily and the values obtained registered. in order to be presented to the control and inspection entities. 5. In areas where it is considered to be high temperature and humidity level or when it is suspect that they can reach the limits referred to in number 1 of the present article. is the Dry Bulb Temperature and is the air speed in meters per second. in order to eliminate or reduce noises. for the acoustic pressure peak not weighed. In places where low temperatures can be verified. 1. the measurement of the temperature must be done at least every fifteen days. it must: a) b) Be installed a non-pollutant heating system. 1. The applicable rules and alterations of the maximum tolerable limits must be defined. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 137 . In the workplaces appropriate technical measures must be taken. the mining titleholder must establish a reduction of the staying time in those places for the workers on duty depending on the maximum values reached.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES th – ts – V3. correspondence to 1º Celsius is made. Be provided to the workers adequate and enough clothing. Article 287 Protection Against Noise 4. avoiding its propagation which level must not exceed 85 dB (A) or 200 Pa. the workers must use adequate personal protectors approved by the competent entities or.

In workplaces where extraction. the mining titleholder must detect its nature in order to evaluate the risks for the health and safety of the workers. 2. The mining titleholder must promote and encourage the use of preventive measures against malaria and other similar diseases making available helpful medicines and instructions to the workers. 1. the preventative measures and the proceedings to be taken after being exposed. Whenever biological agents restrainable by vaccinations are detected. 3. the mining titleholder must inform the responsible authorities for the health and safety of the workers and about the population data used for that risk evaluation. warehousing.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. optical and ionising radiations. The mining titleholder must adopt work methods and choose the equipment in such way to reduce to the minimum possible. 7. Article 290 Biological Agents 2. In workplaces where the possibility of existence of biological agents occurs. in the workplace. manipulation or use of radio-active substances occurs. The evaluation must be regularly performed and must also occur whenever there is any change of the conditions that might affect the workers exposure to biological agents. 5. The competent entity will publish regularly a list of the biological agents that must be controlled. 3. the exposure of the workers to the risks of electromagnetic. Article 289 Protection Against Radiation 1. 6. indispensable dispositions for health and safety of the workers must be adopted. The Ministerial Act must establish the exposure tolerable limit values. the mining titleholder must promote the free supply of the vaccines for the workers. The workers who perform any kind of activity in areas susceptible of biological agents contamination must be informed about the risks they are exposed. 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 138 . Whenever the existence of risks related to biological agents occurs. or where devices able to produce ionising radiations are used. The Ministerial Act must establish the tolerable exposure limit of vibrations transmitted to the hand and body of the workers. and the rules of applicable legislation must be observed.

139 . an explanatory note about the sampling places. d) The elimination of dust on air suspension (float dust). 4. 2. occupational diseases and other indications deemed convenient. on the contrary. physical and biological agents. The mining titleholder must address to the competent entity. may determine the evaluation of other elements and the performance of complementary samplings. the Ministry office superintending the field of mineral resources will verify the observance of the limits imposed in the previous articles by the mining titleholder. in view of the results annually obtained. The mining titleholder must take measures. which is to be incorporated in its health and safety service. 5. When forming the service referred to above it must be considered the number of workers. In relation to chemical. aiming: a) The prevention of dust formation. Article 293 Prevention of Pneumoconiosis 1. b) The reduction of dust at the places of its formation to its possible minimum level. The competent entity. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 3. must contain all particulars considered as risks for the workers. as complementary part of the annual report. may allow the extension of term and the reduction of the deal of analysed elements or. The mining titleholder must create its own service for the risks exposure evaluation.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 291 Verification of Fulfilment Without prejudice to attributions conferred to other entities. the explanatory note referred to in the previous number. the results and measurements obtained the process and the preventive measures taken. the possibility of accidents. c) To avoid that deposited dust pass to a suspension on air condition (float dust). Section I Preventive Measures Article 292 Evaluation of Risks Exposure 1.

3. 4. whenever necessary and possible. of moistening wetting or humidifying processes. In order to avoid dusting. 2. the consolidation of deposited dust must be done. these must be adequately moistened. The minimum water pressure drills must be 3 kg per square centimetre. c) The reduction of the amount of falling of materials susceptible to produce dust to its minimum. b) The reduction of the rate of blasting to its minimum. Once there are no obstacles. 3. Before and during loading and dumping of products (ore. Article 294 Protection against Dust 1. The number of blastings per day depends on the pollution conditions due by dust and fumes in the workings. d) The reduction of dry filling to its minimum. Whenever necessary. strict measures must be taken in order to achieve the objectives referred to in number 1 of the present article. 2. within the technical-economical restraints of the mine. 4. it is prohibited to blast more than once a day. The jacklegs and cutters must be provided with water sprinklers. although the competent entity may allow the captation of dry dust. Article 295 Protection against dust after blasting 1. except when other more efficient substances for the suppression of dust are used or when those products are sufficiently wet. the mining plan must foresees: a) Adequate and sufficient ventilation. working sections/faces) in rock formations with noxious potential. waste). Drilling must be done by means of water injection (wet drilling). e) The introduction. the drilling-machine must be provided with a leg and must be kept in good working conditions.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. In lack of other means to satisfactorily lower the dust levels. In extraction workings with wide sections (haulages. 5. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 140 . when equipment with proven effectiveness is used.

in the sense of promoting and encouraging the execution of risk analysis in the mining areas under their responsibility. 2. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 141 . are applicable. Whenever it is economically and technically possible. must be adequately wet along a minimum length of 10 m. 4. of workings and equipment. about health. In underground works blasting must only be done at the end of each shift. In cases where. A risk analysis of the company must be discussed and analysed with all the workers. In dead-end working faces a water sprinkling system must be foreseen that prevents the dust propagation proceeding from the blasting. in order to ensure the safety of the workers. safety and hygiene in the workplace. whenever necessary. blasting operations must occur for safety reasons or organization of work. that statistically cause more accidents. 7. sometimes difficult to foresee and control. and only the indispensable workers for that purpose may stay underground. 5. 6. Before blasting and. Article 296 Prevention against Occupational Diseases For the prevention of occupational diseases. an analysis of the risks inherent to this activity must be done and preventive measures must be taken. the areas close to the working face. The competent entity superintending the area of mineral resources can technically support the associations of artisanal miners and small-scale operators. Between blasting time and the entry of the workers to the areas affected by the pollution resulting from blast.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. apart from the conditions referred to in the previous numbers. there must be an interval of sufficient duration. Considering that mining activity is subject to specific risks. those operations can be authorised as long as the safety of the workers is safeguarded and ventilation is ensured. Article 297 Risk Analysis 1. 5. the risk analysis of the operations. The final result of the analysis referred to in the previous number must be reported to the competent entities for the purpose of control of the analysed operations. The entrance to the face may only occur after a qualified worker has certified the absence of danger. must be promoted by the technical director and by the associations of artisanal miners. 3. the legal rules and regulations in force. independently of their rank. 4.

be mobile or be permanently located on surface. 6. The workers must have available and at their disposal drinking water in sufficient quantities. 3. must provide resting facilities. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 142 . there must be independent cloakrooms (“change rooms”) for each gender. depending on the circumstances. or showers if the type of activity or the health conditions demands it. d) Equipment that allows the workers to dry their work clothing and footwear. 8. and if for health or decency reasons clothes changing is impracticable. or if only one is possible this must be of alternate use by gender. with adequate dimensions. In the workplace when the wear of work clothing is necessary. with keys. 5. The mining titleholder. The installations for the workers must additionally be provided with: a) Individual lockers for their disposal. The mining titleholder must make provision for eating facilities in the workplaces. Showers and washbasins areas must grant direct access to the cloakroom. 2. The sanitary equipment can.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section II Social Installations Article 298 Installations for the Workers 1. or if only one installation is possible this must be of alternate use by gender. The resting places or other facilities used for the same purpose must have an isolated area for smokers. depending on the technical/economical conditions. both with hot and cold running water. 4. the work clothing and footwear must be kept in different premises than those used for keeping normal clothing and footwear as well as for personal things. that allows them to keep their clothes and personal things in. with excessively wet atmospheres or with dirt. in independent facilities for each gender. and if the workers have been in contact with noxious substances. In case where circumstances demands it. in independent facilities for each gender. 9. for the workers. with seats. 7. c) Sufficient number of water-closets (toilets) and wash-basins near the resting areas and the cloakrooms. b) Sufficient number of wash-basins considering the quantity of simultaneous users. or if only one installation is possible this must be of alternate use by gender.

2. Personal Protective Equipments (PPE) are the following: a) Work clothing. the information about the consequences of non-use or improper use. g) Self-rescuers. d) Masks. about the consequences of their permanence in polluted areas when collective protection measures are not enough solution. For the effects of the present Regulation. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 143 . e) Ear plugs/muffs. The use of Personal Protective Equipment demands the instruction of the workers about its proper use and effectiveness. The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to be used must be standard make tested and approved by the relevant entities.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Section III Personal Protective Equipment Article 299 Information and Training 1. The mining titleholder. b) Helmet / Cap. 2. in particular. 3. c) Goggles and gloves. f) Boots. The workers must be informed and instructed about the risks existing in the workplaces and. must supply the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to the workers. Article 300 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 1. It is compulsory that the workers use the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) supplied by the mining titleholder. 4. who must keep them in good operating condition.

supplied by the mining titleholder. 2. In the case where the dispositions of the previous number are optional. 3. the workers must use adequate head protection for their heads. Article 304 Dust Masks 1. as much as possible. and are not advisable for persons with respiratory problems. The workers that perform their activity in open cast mines must be protected. The protection must be ensured.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 301 Work Clothing 1. soldering sparks. Article 303 Goggles and Gloves 1. Article 302 Helmets / Caps 1. Whenever the workers are subjected to get wet or dirty. by shelters or by using the adequate clothing and footwear. 2. projections of splinters. 2. cleansing and disinfection. The workers must use adequate means for the protection of their eyes whenever risk of damaging the eyesight is present. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 144 . hailstone. and others. file-dust. The dust masks are distributed freely. It is considered as risks to the eyesight the excessive or lack of lighting. depending on each case. In the workplaces comprehended by the present Regulation is compulsory the use of helmets by the workers in activities where there is the risk of fall of any materials or tools. individually. In the performance of any activity susceptible to cause injuries to hands. against weather effects and excessive exposure to the sun. the worker must wear protective gloves. it is their right to use the adequate clothing and footwear. The technical director must establish the rules for the maintenance. 2.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 305 Self-rescuers 1. The mining titleholder must ensure that all safety equipment is always in proper condition to be used. It is compulsory the possession (and eventually the use) of self-rescuers by the workers involved in underground activities specially when there is the risk of fires. 2. and must have a specific adequate place identified with signs. explosions. 2. 3. The mining titleholder must provide Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to the workers. The mining titleholder must answer for the improper use of the safety equipment by the workers. Article 306 Safety Equipment 1. for its maintenance/keeping. and that the adequate maintenance for its use is done. or the ore has an oxidizing propensity. The type and usage mode of the self-rescuers in underground mining operations must be approved by the competent entity. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 145 .

The mine closure programme must contain the necessary elements in order to ensure that its implementation. retention basins must be created for the treatment of the effluents before these run into the surrounding hydrological environment. in the case of galleries/tunnels. 4. must be cleaned of all contaminant materials and the support must be removed. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 146 . In underground mines where the controlled collapse is not possible and where it is foreseeable. which ensures safeguarding and the absence of danger of environmental contamination. When there is natural drainage through galleries/tunnels or shafts. Open cast mines must not be closed nor abandoned without being executed and applied a closure plan approved by the competent entity. 8. unless there is advantage in preserving the workings for future interventions. or when mining restart is foreseeable after stoppage of pumping. approved by the competent entity. that the collapsing of the hanging walls may have substantial consequences on surfaces the workings must be filled with waste materials before abandonment. All accesses to workings must be definitely closed to all possible admittances. collapse the hanging walls under control. The underground mines must not be closed nor abandoned. with walls. in susceptible to be submersed areas. An environmental control system must be foreseen and take place for a duration not less than 10 years. 6. 2. as long as this operation proves to be safe. Article 308 Surface Mining 1. 7. animals and property. All abandoned places resulting from mining. without executing the mine closure programme. 3. 5.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER XIII MINE CLOSURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Article 307 Underground Mines 1. or by simple demolition or waste dumping. lids/covers of concrete or other resistant materials. Flooding of workings must be controlled before their definite closure. allows the workings abandonment in safe conditions for people.

Article 309 Dimension Stone Open Cast Mines 3. must always be backfilled and the slopes that have angle higher than 40 degrees. the slopes next to the vertical plan and those with height over 10 meters must be reduced. 3. 1. A monitoring and control system must be foreseen and installed. the hoisting or access shafts. according to the Environmental Regulation for the Mining Activity. In surface open cast mines where extraction is done on the hill-side. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 147 . The pit and others excavations of the mine to be abandoned must be shaped in a way that its inclination angle does not exceed 45 degrees. 3. to protect them. 2. must be matter of a mine closure plan under the terms in number 1 of the previous article. which due to their size are resemblant to open cast mines. Before the mining sites are abandoned. The extraction area must be fenced with protection wire mesh for preventing the admittance and people and animals from falling. 5. it must be promoted its preparation and presentation before the competent entity. their drains must be kept clean and maintained in order to keep them functioning properly. 4. or stone blocks in an unsafe condition must be scaled and/or barred down. to be submitted for approval. a solid fence that does not allow people and/or animals from entering in accidentally must be built and duly provided with signs. by the competent entities.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 2. In dimension stone open cast mines of which the closure and environmental recovery plan is not foreseen in the approved mining plan. and be kept until it is verified. Article 310 Artisanal Mines 2. the hollow or underground mined areas. cutting them and rectifying them in a way that the average slope angle is 40 º. and must be duly identified with signs. 1. The artisanal miners associations must promote the execution of protection and safety works in all mining areas from which it is intended to abandon. Where there are protection drainage ditches of the workings and natural drainage at the bottom. that the recovered locations no longer constitute danger for neither the safety nor the environment. by the competent entity. The areas. and never higher than 45 º. In artisanal mines.

a solid and visible fence must be installed and kept. all mine surface installations must be dismantled. using for that purpose the stored covering mould and loose soils or other adequate materials. In underground mines. Before mine closure and independently of their size. all equipment that may eventually be reused must be recovered and the buildings must be demolished. The site must be free of all construction materials. including the bedplates of machinery. and must be recovered. Article 311 Surface Installations 1. around the shafts in which backfilling is not viable. unless a nobler purpose has been given to them.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 4. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 148 . 2. in the area that is susceptible to be affected by its subsidence.

it is competency of the “Ministério dos Recursos Minerais” (Ministry of Mineral Resources) and other competent entities. as well as the lack of respect for the environment in mining operations. c) The use of mercury by artisanal operators in gold processing operations.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES CHAPTER XIV DIVERSE PRECEPTS Section I Discipline of the Mining Activity Article 312 Inspection 1. The non-observance of rules. the following: a) Infringement of any rule regarding safety. Article 313 Law Offence and Sanctions 1. the presence of noxious gases as well as other chemical elements in concentrations over the maximum limit levels that might affect the natural work environment. are punishable by means of fines that may vary between five and one hundred minimum salaries. health and hygiene of the worker. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 . they are ruled by specific legislations. The infringements referred to above. the inspection for the compliance of the rules enclosed in the present Regulation. depending on the seriousness of the same. must be inspected by the “Ministério dos Recursos Minerais” (Ministry of Mineral Resources) and other competent entities. in underground or open cast mining. are still infractions. b) Lack of fulfilment of the minimum concentration levels for the oxygen present in the air. enclosed herein or established in specific legislation. 3. in terms of the penal law. the absence of a responsible environment attitude. In what concerns to mining operations. d) Non-observance of the safety rules in the conveyance of workers and equipment. Without prejudice of the dispositions about infractions and sanctions enclosed in chapter IV of the Mining Law Regulation. Mining installations and equipments. 149 2. in particular the pollution of the hydric and atmospheric environment. without prejudice to the criminal proceedings. 2. endangering the health of the workers. for the purposes of the present Regulation.

60 % for the promotion of mining activity.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Article 314 Destination of the Fines The sums of the fines. in terms defined by the joint Ministerial Act of the Ministers superintending exchequer and mineral resources. must obey the dispositions of articles 99 and 100. by means of instituting adequate disciplinary proceedings. 2. mentioned in the present Act. The institution of disciplinary proceedings obeys the Labour Law and it’s regulations. being its destination: a) b) 40 % for the State. in which it is unequivocally demonstrated the practice of the infringement. must be paid at the “Recebedoria de Fazenda” (Taxation office) of its respective fiscal area. Article 315 Legal proceedings The institution of proceedings of lawsuits related with the infringements referred to above. For effects of the precepts of the previous number and without prejudice to dispositions the Labour Law concerning serious infringements. 150 . Article 317 Serious Infringements 1. the sanction to be applied must be equal to the maximum penalty established in the specific legislation in force. including collective and mortal accidents or. which involves the reduction or stoppage of production. It is competency of the technical director to apply the dispositions referred to in the previous articles. Serious infringements are those that cause serious accidents. until the 10 th of the following month of its collection. if necessary. when the author of the infringement is the worker. that cause serious damages to machinery and installations. both of the Mining Law Regulation. Article 318 Attenuating and Aggravating Circumstances In determining the sanctions to be applied. the following must be taken into account and considered: Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 2. Article 316 Disciplinary Proceedings 1.

Article 319 Registering of Sanctions The sanction applied to the infringer must be registered in the respective personal dossier. in special. 2. 2. The importance of the damages cause and. internal regulations adopted by the mining titleholder and.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES a) b) c) d) e) The seriousness of the infraction committed. In everything that is omitted in the present Regulation. in writing. are applicable. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 151 . safety and hygiene of the workers of specific legislation. mutatis mutandis. Section II Final Dispositions Article 320 Delegation of Powers 1. To the omissions in matter of individual and collective protection of the workers in mining industries. The economical situation and. the mining legislation and labour law and respective regulations are applicable. The technical director of the mining operations and the persons designated by him for the assignment and conduction of tasks are responsible for the fulfilment of the rules contained in the present Regulation. the powers conferred to him by the present Regulation. the dispositions about health. The extent/degree of culpability. 3. The delegates will be accountable to the technical director. for the acts committed during the exercise of the acting-order as referred to in the previous number. The technical director may delegate. the circumstances in which the facts were produced. with the necessary adaptations. Article 321 Doubts and Omissions 1. and with the assent of the competent entity. The previous conduct of the worker and/or company.

FINAL NOTE OF THE TRANSLATORS In any event. The doubts/disputes arising under or in connection with interpretation and application of the present Regulation are settled by ministerial dispatch of the Minister superintending the area of mineral resources. for legal purposes. Are revoked the “Regulamentos de Segurança Técnica para Trabalhos Mineiros Subterrâneos e a Céu Aberto” (Regulations of Technical Safety for Underground and Open Cast Mining Works). on the date of its proclamation in the “Boletim da República” (Republic Bulletin). approved by the Ministerial Act number 96/81. Article 323 Revocations 2. Article 322 Regularization of Mining Rights 4.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES 3. under the general proceedings. and also all the legislation that oppose the present Regulation. within the 90 days after the date on which the present Regulation is in force. Article 324 Date of Enforcement The present Regulation is in force. 1. It can be made appeal against the dispatch referred to in the previous number. of the 16th of December. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 152 . must be done based on a program proposed by the mining titleholder and approved by the competent entity. this English version of the text should override the original text in Portuguese. The program referred to in the previous number must be presented to the competent entity. The technical alterations imposed due to the implementation of the present Regulation.

copper. suspending at the opposite end of the hoisting rope. and apart of each other in a maximum of 2. the terms. (Portuguese term: Auto-ferrante) Auxiliary ventilation – Forced air current flowing from the main ventilation with the purpose of taking fresh air into the working areas.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES ANNEX I: GLOSSARY For all effects of the present Regulation. to be put with the blasting cap/detonator in the bottom of the hole (to charge the bottom).0 m above ground with leads soundly fixed on it and to each of the rods.a pump that by design automatically primes for itself and does not unfetch. unless the context demands it. and expressions herein. from a copper sulphate solution) with iron or zinc or other specific substitution composites. (Portuguese term: Agentes Bilógicos) Blasting Cap (Detonator) . when the hoisting operation is done with only one of these equipments The weight of the balance weight must be in between the weights of the cage/skip empty and with full load. have the following meaning: AMA – Artisanal Miners’ Association or Association of Artisanal Miners. to promote the balance with the cage or skip. normally of fracturing type.0 metres. forming a protection fence against possible falls.5 to 1. Auto fetch/Self-prime Pump . allergies or any intoxication/poisoning. (Portuguese term: Carga de fundo) Cage – Rigid Iron box parallelepiped shaped to operate in the winding shaft which is used for the conveyance of ore mine-cars/tip wagons. (Portuguese term: AMA – Associação de Mineiros Artesanais).Type and quantity of explosive. (Portuguese term: Detonador) Blowing ventilation – Forced ventilation system on which the fan creates an air pressure that makes the fresh air to pass through it and flow by the working place in a higher pressure than the outside. (Portuguese term: Jaula) Cementation . (Portuguese term: Cementação) Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 153 .e. Balance weight – Iron part (box) filled with heavy material. cellular cultures and human germs that are susceptible to originate infections. (Portuguese term: Ventilação insuflante) Bottom charge/load .Explosive object composed by a small copper or aluminium cylindrical shell containing an explosive substance very sensitive to heat.Precipitation of metals dissolved in diluted acids (i. materials and people. (Portuguese term: Balaustrada) Biological Agents – Microbiological species. (Portuguese term: Contrapeso) Baluster fence/ Balustrade . or cylindrical wooden beams) installed from 0. including those genetically modified. (Portuguese term: Ventilação secundária).Protection made of two rods (metal pipe.

.. (Portuguese term: Agentes químicos) Chute / Loading pocket – Equipment used to control the loading/dumping of material from an ore/waste pit..Clean water Dark blue. and marketed or not.. (Portuguese term: Contra-ataque) Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 154 .......... and it can be made of other kind of material other than wood...... to be put between the bottom charge/load and the tampon/stemming......Type and quantity of explosives..... (Portuguese term: Tolva....... (Portuguese term: Pega de fogo) Charging stick (Stemming rod) ..Movable railway platform equipped with two sets of steel-rail wheels. (Portuguese term: Céu) Charged/loaded round – Combination formed by charged holes.Clear drainage water Dark brown...........TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES “Céu” – Typically Portuguese mining term (meaning “sky”) to name the hangingwall or roof wall.. Column charge / load ... which is used for pushing explosive cartridges into shot-holes in tamping................ that might originate a risk for the health.A wooden cylinder stick with a sized diameter (of 30 mm. (Portuguese term: Atacador) “Chariot” Trolley .... 45 mm or more)... normally much slower and cheaper... 0 and 4.Mud/Slurries White.. (Portuguese term: Código de cores) Pale blue.... whether it is intentionally produced or not..... (Portuguese term: Carga de coluna) Converging mining (“Counter-attack”) – Mining method where two working faces advance towards each other in the same direction and alignment.Industrial water Light brown . with the purpose of fracturing the rock..... shafts. blasting circuit and connections (electric or pyrotechnic) ready to be connected to the electric starter....... Tolda...... 0 metres). Torva) Colour Coding – Identification painting to be used on the various pipings to ensure that the workers know the inherent danger of each one of them (and their contents).... (Portuguese term: Charriot) Chemical Agents – Any substance or chemical compound. alone or in mixture...... Its length is approximately the same of the shot-holes (2.Polluted/contaminated water.... with or without bogies and provided with coupling system......... in its’ natural state or as the result of a professional activity.... which does not produce sparks or static electricity.... stopes..... Dumping is controlled by means of a door manually or mechanically driven.Compressed air Red. converging to an intersection point (whether galleries... raises and other).... drifts.........

000 m/sec. The fan intakes air from the working places. in hillside slope.detonator made to be activated/used with an electric current of certain intensity. (Portuguese term: Empregador) Exhaust ventilation – Forced ventilation system on which the fan creates a depression that makes the polluted air to flow trough the ventilator/fan. or both).Solid built building with proper dimensions for the storage of detonators/caps. (Portuguese term: Detonador) Detonators/caps magazine .Equipment used for the run of mine ore size reduction by effect of crushing rock between two steel jaws crushers. whether on surface.5 mm with a content of Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 155 . and which are also provided with proper signalling devices.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Crusher . (Portuguese term: Perigo) Dead end / “Cul de sac” – Underground working with only one access for entry and exit (inby and outby are one and the same). (Portuguese term: Paiolim) Dumper – Industrial loading vehicle specific for extracted waste /ore materials and without registration plate for road traffic. (Portuguese term: Dumper) Electric Detonators . with detonating speed around 5. (Portuguese term: Fundo de saco) Detonating/ Igniter cord – Thin hollow plastic hose/tube filled with a breaking explosive used as explosive or to ignite other the explosives. (Portuguese term: Corta) Danger – Imminent accident risk or about to be originated. one of which is fixed and the other one with oscillating to-and-from movement. (Portuguese term: Vias de emergência) Employer – The mining title/ticket holder that employs one or more workers on mining. (Portuguese term: Detonador eléctrico) Electric starter – Manual electric equipment used to generate the necessary electric current to fire electric detonators and blast. (Portuguese term: Britadeira) Cutter / Scratcher machine – Machine equipped with a cutting chain lance capable of opening a groove in hard rock. (Portuguese term: Explosor) Emergency ways – Ways used for the evacuation of people in case of accident or high risk. by using geological. aiming at the localization of mineral resources. which lead directly to refuge bays/safe places or to the surface. above it. in underground or both. (Portuguese term: Cordão detonante) Detonator / blasting cap – Detonating capsule. (Portuguese term: Roçadora) Cutting – Shape/type of surface mine/pit (in a hollow. geochemical and/or geophysical methods. research and evaluation activities. (Portuguese term: Prospecção e pesquisa) Explosive Dust – Refers to coal dust with a size smaller than 0. (Portuguese term: Ventilação aspirante) Exploration – Set of operations to be done at sea and on ground surface.

(Portuguese term: Grisú) Flashpoint – Temperature above which substances get into combustion. (Portuguese term: Polvorinho) Explosives magazine / powder magazine – Solid built building for the explosives storage.Metallic or concrete structure for hoisting. (Portuguese term: Tambor) Hygienic making / sanitation – Set of procedures which includes washing. (Portuguese term: Poeira explosive) Explosives bag / Explosives box – A resistant bag/sac or box-type magazine with a security lock/latch used for explosives transportation. (Portuguese term: Tecto) Headframe . with enough capacity to wind all the necessary rope for the skip/cage reach the last loading pocket/station.40 meters and free depth of 0. (Portuguese term: Paiol) Fire damp (grisu)– Methane-air mixture that becomes explosive when the quantity of methane varies between 4% and 18%. working face. (Portuguese term: Cavalete) HM – Ministry of Health. (Portuguese term: Rastilho) Guiding – Each of the vertical rails/ropes installed along the full length of the winding shaft in each side of the cage (in each doorless sides). disinfection Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 156 . (Portuguese term: Muro) Fuse / Firing cord – Flexible cord made of hemp or similar material with an impermeable coating and the inner filled with black powder having a fixed controlled combustion speed (normally 1 meter per minute). to be fixed on the walls or on the support frames for one to secure himself by holding. normally iron made.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES volatile substances higher than 14% of its weight. (Portuguese term: Ministro da Saúde) Hoist – Steel made cylindrical or frustum of cone drum. Can be made of wooden (10 X 8 cm) or steel beams. crosscut. protection beams. equipped with hoist ropes pulleys. (Portuguese term: Guiadeira) Guidings (Guideway) – Set of guidings fitted in the shaft and for the cage or skip.10 meters. rails or steel ropes. to maintain their correct position/alignment when moving. on which hoisting rope is wound in the engine house. (Portuguese (Portuguese term: Footwall – The ground of the drifts/galleries/crosscuts or the base of a geological structure. and the joints must be grinded to avoid any salience. (Portuguese term: Pegadeira) Hanging wall / Roof wall – Is the immediate overhead surface of the workings – gallery. unloading and safety systems/devices and end of run stop blocks. installed at the shafts collar with enough resistance to support the maximum load of the cage or skip. (Portuguese term: Guiamento) Guy Rope – Cable/rope fixed to a tower and to the ground used to hold it and to avoid its fall. skip or counterweight. Must have a minimum width of 0. (Portuguese term: Cabo de espia) Handle/Handhold – A piece U shaped.

water or soil.e. liquid or gas substance. 50. which are necessary for the its operation. (Portuguese term: Mina) Mineral Resource – Designation that includes any solid.. whether natural or by means of main fans (boosters). air. lake and sea devices. gold with potassium cyanide). μsecs). wastes and residues dumps/piles. such as heaps. formed in the crust of the earth by geological phenomena or with them related.(Portuguese term: Pó inerte) “Koepe” type sheave / Pulley Koepe – Large diameter sheave/pulley. including its’ economic and technical use. above which it is necessary to endeavour corrective control measures. (Portuguese term: Higienização) Industrial Mineral – Mineral resource connected to mineral/ore deposit or the product of its extraction and valorisation. as well as social installations/benefits. (Portuguese term: Exploração mineira) Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 157 . (Portuguese term: Mineral industrial) Inert Dust – Non-reactive mineral dust. (Portuguese term: Detonador microrretardado) Mine – Any place. (Portuguese term: Limite admissível) Micro-delay (micro delayed) detonator . excavation or construction where the mining extraction takes place. without free alkalis and a silica content bellow 5 %. with proper resistance and a groove for support and adherence of the winding rope. 75. 100. including all the infra-structures and terrestrial.Electrical detonator with delay for activation with time gaps measured in microseconds (25. underground. (Portuguese term: Lixiviação) Leg – Compressed air leg to support and push the drilling-machine/jackleg. (Portuguese term: Polie Koepe) Leaching – Ore treatment/processing based on useful metals dissolution by using a proper solvent (i. superficial. functioning and maintenance. (Portuguese term: Ventilação principal) Maximum Tolerable Limit / Threshold Limit Value (TLV) / Admissible Peak Value – Maximum acceptable limit of concentration of an agent/element present in the air. comprising also the spaces related to the storage of mineral products. measure or control equipment in order to ensure its use in hygienic conditions. river. extraction. as well as the necessary or related activities for the development and marketing of mining products. with less than 1% of humidity. treatment and processing of mineral resources. exploration and evaluation. (Portuguese term: Muleta de perfuração) Main ventilation / Main air current – Fresh air current which flows into the main workings and exits from them. refuse tips. (Portuguese term: Recurso Mineral) Mining – All operations and works related with reconnaissance.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES and drying of protective. . The collar must have enough width/section in order to allow the coupling of the support and adherence parts and to avoid the chances of the rope skipping or twisting.

according to the Mining Law. or association involved in artisanal mining operations. (Portuguese term: DNM – Direcção Nacional de Minas) “Nonel” System – It is a system which consists of a detonator fired by an innocuous explosive charge for people and animals. 14/2002.) Physical Agents – Audible acoustic fields. of the 26th July. (Portuguese term: MIREM – Ministério dos Recursos Minerais) NDM – National Directorate of Mines. (Portuguese term: Sistema nonel) Ore / Ore mineral / Mineral product – Useful mineral substance(s) extracted from a mineral deposit.p.m. (Portuguese term: Titular) MIREM – Mineral Resources Ministry. A polyethylene tube forms it with an inner lining of explosive which is able to transmit a chock wave strong enough to fire the detonator/cap which is one of its ends. – Element or composite substance concentration measured in parts per million (1:106). (Portuguese term: Lei de Minas) Mining Law Regulation – Regulation approved by the Decree no. Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 158 . (Portuguese term: Operador mineiro) Mining pass holder – Person. (Portuguese term: Operações mineiras) Mining operator – The mine titleholder or person by him appointed to proceed to mining operations. (Portuguese term: Agentes físicos). vibrations. electric and magnetic fields as well as respective frequency combinations. 28/2003.m. in the name of whom is kept a mining area also called mining pass area. (Portuguese term: p. (Portuguese term: Jazigo) Ore piles / Heaps – Form of ore accumulation with a frustum of pyramid shape or another similar shape built with a minimum of compactness in order to allow the flow of acidified or not. (Portuguese term: Piezómetro). Piezometric hole – Hole drilled with purpose of inserting an underground water level probe/sound and for water sampling. according to the Mining Law. (Portuguese term: Regulamento da Lei de Minas) Mining operations – Works performed in the scope of any mining activity.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Mining Law – Law no. waters (leaching). (Portuguese term: Medas) p.p. of the 17th June. (Portuguese term: Minério) Ore Deposit / Mineral deposit– Ore deposits with economical extraction viability. with or without processing. including radiological radiations when proceeding of mining and processing of radio-active minerals. (Portuguese term: Detentor de senha mineira) Mining titleholder – Is the person or entity holding the mining title/ticket.

Form of excavation of an open-roof exploitation (can be low pressured. Platform – Metallic structure. blasting circuit resistance and its maximum tolerable limit. type. round or rectangular shaped. Pulverulent – Under the form of powder or with a very fine grain size (i. the loosening of the setting Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 159 . cleaning and removing all unsafe/loose stones/blocks which are in the roof/sidewalls or slopes. (Portuguese term: Comissão de Higiene e Segurança). length and direction. especially tensile ropes/cables. and a fixing system on the walls to avoid falling down. Round plan / Blasting diagram – Execution plan for blasting with the drilling pattern. and of the workers. Primer – Explosive cartridge with detonator ready to be inserted in the hole to blast (pyrotechnic detonator with fuse or electrical detonator). or mining operator. (Portuguese term: Coeficiente de segurança) Scaling / Bar down – Operation consisting checking. (Portuguese term: Pontalete). stemming and fire devices. (Portuguese term: Plataforma). Pulley block – Device formed by two sets of sheaves/pulleys used to reduce tensile strain and allow a reduction of the effort in lifting/pulling heavy loads. for the support of roof wall or of the blocks in falling risk. flank slope or mixed). (Portuguese term: Escorva). Safety factor – Factor that service loads must be multiplied by (maximum static load) for the purpose of calculating and establishing the resistance of the machine parts subjected to effort. by making them fall down in a controlled manner. compressed air and water pipes. (Portuguese term: Saneamento) Scaling / Barring down – Operation performed to “clean” a working face/place consisting on making fall down unsupported/risky rock blocks. Risk – Situation that may lead to an accident. bulk blasting agent – ANFO). which is responsible for the aspects connected to mining health and safety. (Portuguese term: Pulverolento). used as working base in a shaft or raise. (Portuguese term: Corta).TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES Pit .e. (Portuguese term: Risco). Prop / Pit prop – Wooden or steel piece /beam. equipped with doors. quantity and distribution of the explosives. balustrade. holes diameter. detonators position and type. (Portuguese term: Cadernal). Safety and Health Committee – Internal service of a mine constituted by representatives of the mining pass holder. (Portuguese term: Escombrar) Self-acting brakes (“para-schutes”) – System assembled in the cage/skip which allows its automatic safe braking in case of rope breakage. (Portuguese term: Detonador piotécnico). Pyrotechnic Detonator . placed vertically or sub-vertically.detonator prepared to be activated with a fuse (black powder cord). (Portuguese term: Plano de tiro).

access doors to the shaft. (Portuguese term: Receita) Shaft Sump – Extension (downwards) of the last access gallery to the winding shaft. It may transport people as long as it is Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 160 . the entry and exit of personnel operations. is installed the pumping station and the drainage system of the cage or of the skip. provided with a movable bottom for unloading the materials. in there. (Portuguese term: Turno) Sidewall – Lateral wall/part of a drift or gallery. Normally. (Portuguese term: Pára-quedas) Shaft station / Receipt – Underground enlargement (or surface platform) placed at a level at the shaft and constituted by platform. (Portuguese term: Hasteal) Signals code – Sound signals (calls/rings) to be used at hoisting and people transportation. corresponding normally to an 8 hours working period. It may have a dividing part to set two compartments. which must be tighten against the sidewall of the shift in order to avoid falls of ground. Skip – Rigid steel box for hoisting of bulk ore/waste in the shaft. nor the safety and stability of hoisting equipment.Timber frame made with four wooden parts (wooden rafters) set as four sides of a rectangle.TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES up or the releasing of the winding drum not impeding its fall in the bottom of the shaft. also called “relevo” (in Portuguese). with enough length for collecting drainage waters without disturbing hoisting. (Portuguese term: Caldeira) Shaft’s Timber set . lighting and signalling devices in order to ensure the loading and unloading of materials. (Portuguese term: Código de sinais) 1 call (ring) 2 calls 3 calls 4 calls 4 calls + 2 4 calls + 3 5 calls 5 calls + 2 5 calls + 3 STOP UP DOWN Materials Transportation UP with materials DOWN with materials PEOPLE (Answer of reception by repeating the code) UP with people DOWN with people. (Portuguese term: Roldana) Shift – Daily effective work period. (Portuguese term: Quadro de Entivação em poços ou chaminés) Sheave – Iron wheel (pulley) with a groove to hold a rope which allows this one to place its weight and strength on the same plan in opposite directions.

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES

prepared for that effect by setting/placing a platform with doors and grates above/on top the ore/waste compartment. (Portuguese term: Skip). Skip / bucket – Cone frustum shaped iron bucket, with solid closed bottom equipped with a hanging bow to connect to a hoisting rope for the purpose of transportation of personnel or bulk ore. (Portuguese term: Balde). Slope – Working face of the excavation between two consecutive benches. (Portuguese term: Talude). Slope angle - Angle formed by the stope face in relation to the horizontal top line of the platform, and measured clockwise. (Portuguese term: Ângulo de talude) Slow (Retarded) Detonator - detonator with delay time intervals between igniting – time delays in milliseconds (5, 10, 15, 20, 100, 200, mseg..). (Portuguese term: Detonador retardado). Subsidence – Decay/abasement of the ground on surface when a fall of the ground (whether controlled or not) occurs in underground bellow that subsidence place. Extraction with a controlled fall of the roofwall sometimes originates this phenomenon, with the formation of a crater on surface. (Portuguese term: Subsidência). Sump/ (Shaft) Sump – Shaft parallel to the winding shaft (shaft sump), made at approximately 10 m bellow the bottom of this one, and connected to him by a gallery, which is used for collecting the mine water and for the installation of a pumping station, or mining place used as collecting point for drainage water (sump). (Portuguese term: Albraque). Tamping/Stemming - the operation of closing a charged hole with chalky products (such as mould, clay or coarse sand) or water, to avoid the firing gases escape after insertion, packing and stemming of explosives. (Portuguese term: Atacamento). Technical director – Competent person with recognized technical capacity and adequate training, appointed by mining pass holder, or the mining operator, which is responsible /accountable for conducting the works and for the compliance with the health and safety rules and regulations. (Portuguese term: Director técnico). Timber set – Timber frame made with three wooden parts (wooden rafters) set as three sides of a trapeze (vertical props and cross beam) used to support the roof of galleries, drifts, crosscuts. (Portuguese term: Quadro de entivação em galeria). Timber set threshold – Wooden piece placed on the ground to support a timber set. (Portuguese term: Soleira). Timbering / packing – Protection system used to support the excavations against fall of ground/blocks. (Portuguese term: Entivação). Tolerable limit value / Threshold Limit value (TLV) / Peak value – The maximum concentration of a substance (chemical element or composite) allowed in the air/water above which it is considered noxious for the health. (Portuguese term: Valor Limite).
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Train – Set composed of wagons and locomotive duly coupled, with locking, lighting and braking functional devices. (Portuguese term: Composição/comboio). Trolley – Electric aerial power supply cable for the mobile equipments, formed by the power line, the power receiver device with a lance provided with a pressing/spring device so that permanent contact is established. (Portuguese term: Trolley). Undermining – Mining stope with its face plan on a reversed slope angle. (Portuguese term: Solinho). Washing Pan – Metal or wooden circular pan, with cone frustum shaped bottom, used for concentration and separation of heavy minerals. (Portuguese term: Bateia) Wheel crane Large diameter pulley placed on top of the head frame with a collar to support and guide the hoisting rope. (Portuguese term: Andorinha). WHO – World Health Organization. (Portuguese term: OMS – Organização Mundial de Saúde) Winch – Hoisting/pulling equipment constituted by a motor (electric or compressed air) connected to a winding drum and provided with cable grasping system and a reverse operating command. (Portuguese term: Guincho) Winch driver – Operator who works/operates with a winch. (Portuguese term: Guincheiro). Working Environment - Atmosphere at working place. (Portuguese term: Ambiente de trabalho).

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OTHER TERMS (Not included in the Portuguese glossary) Competent Entity – Entity that superintends the area of mineral resources namely, licensing, attendance, management, control and inspection of mining activities. Level station – facilities in the hoisting shaft with load and unload systems, hoisting, signal and people transportation systems. Mineral – Useful mineral substance(s) that can be extracted from a mineral deposit. Ore – Mineral resource derived from a mineral deposit, or the result of its’ extraction (Run-of-mine or raw ore) or of its’ processing valorisation (processed ore). Quarry – The join of licensed mineral mass, its’ annexes, the constructions and the properties connected to mining on surface. Relevant Competent Entities – Official entities that have direct or indirect connections with the activities developed on mineral resources and delegated or self competences at the field of its speciality. Research and Evaluation (Exploration) – Preliminary mining works, such as ditches, trenches, drillings, that when complemented with geological, geochemical, geophysical and laboratorial information, have the purpose of determine the technical characteristics of a mineral deposit or rock mass. Reserve – Part of a mineral resource with proved economic viability for mining and benefaction and/or processing. Shift Responsible / Shift Overseer / Shift boss – Worker appointed by the Technical Director, which is responsible for leading the works and workers in the mine or and/or industrial annexes.

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TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES ANNEXE II – ACCIDENT COMMUNICATION ACCIDENT REPORT FORM MIREM ACCIDENT Tech in IDENTIFICATION  Underground Mine  Open Pit Mine Quarry Min Min Inju Date Prof Yea Date / H  TECHNICAL CAUSES Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 Fall of ground or blocks Transport by wire rope traction 164   .

TECNHICAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATION IN GEOLOGICAL AND MINING ACTIVITIES WITNESSES DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCIDENT Draft 1 Revision 1 (English version) 30th May 2006 165 .

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