The letters "EDTA" stand for the chemical solution ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid.

It is a chelating agent, which means that its molecular structure allows it to bind to heavy metals.

varying pH, masking agents, back titrations i have seen some methods here as kinetic masking, masking, demasking, complexation

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Stambolovv gives a few guidelines in the use of chelating agents: 1 Degreasing of the stained areas prior to treatment is essential. 2 Hot solutions increase the rate of chemical reactions involved in stain removal and intensify diffusion of the reaction products. 3 Repeated prolonged weak solutions are more effective than one drastic treatment. 4 Contact between the stain and the cleaning solution is better and the durability of action on the stain is longer if, instead of a pure solution of the stain remover, the latter is mixed with absorbent matter (starch, chalk, talc, corn meal, flour, magnesia, magnesium silicate, asbestos, cotton-wool, cotton textile etc.) and then spread on the stain as a thick layer. 5 Rinsing with distilled water before and after each treatment is indispensable. Chelating reactions work fastest when both the chelating agent and the metal to be chelated are present in solution A good method of using chelating agents is to combine them with a reducing agent. Factors that influence the preference of a chelating agent for one ion over another, such as pH and stability of the formed complex, are taken into account in a number called Conditional Stability Constant. This is a practical expression of the chelate strength for a certain metal ion with a certain chelating agent.

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The effect of temperature on the selectivity of EDTA as an extractant for amorphous iron oxides

Amounts removed at 90°C were appreciably higher than the ³standard´ for both samples. one from Denmark and the other from Tanzania.Purchase $ 31. the experimental results suggest that the possibility of shortening extraction times by the use of higher temperatures is not feasible. Abstract Two soil samples.8 removed the same amounts of iron as did the ³standard´ method. Extraction of the sample from Denmark at 40°C and pH values above 8. indicating attack on crystalline forms of iron oxides and other soil minerals. Borggaarda a Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University.K. The amounts extracted at the higher temperatures and also at lower pH values were compared to those from the ³standard´ method. Chemistry Department. were extracted with EDTA at temperature of 40°C or 90°C and various pH values for periods up to a maximum of 50 days. which consisted of treatment with an alkaline solution of EDTA at 21°C (room temperature) for periods ranging from 3 to 9 months. The amounts of iron removed were then compared with those extracted by a ³standard´ method.50 O. Available online 15 April 2003. Even so. Thorvaldsensvej 40. DK-1871 Copenhagen V Denmark Received 8 October 1980. Similar attacks apparently occurred for the sample from Tanzania at 40°C. The sorption of heavy-metal cations from EDTA complexes on acrylamide resins having oligo(ethyleneamine) moieties . accepted 9 February 1981.

the EDTA will react with Fe first and after you heat the solution the EDTA will react with Cr). The optimum working conditions of acrylamide sorbents having oligo(ethylene amine) moieties for uptake of chelated heavy metals (i.Masking/demasking agents such as cyanide complexes. Available online 18 June 1998. molar ratio {EDTA: Me}solution sorption kinetics and solution flowrate. 16628. . Development resins having OEA moieties and some commercially available exchangers were studied and compared for this application.phosphate anions.ppt of infering cations? EDTA has very little selectivity so I doubt you will find much more. for example determination of Cr and Fe in steel sample solution (under cool condition. Czech Republic Received 20 September 1996. for resin regeneration and for separation of EDTA were investigated.e.Another method is called kinetic masking. Matejka and Z. Prague.complexation. are nothing else than complexation examples. concentration of heavy metal and pH value in the loading solution. accepted 12 March 1997.Purchase $ 35. presence of Mg2+ or Ca2+ cations). Find 3 other methods to increase EDTA selectivity rather :Control of pH.The choice of indicator might increase selectivity (different indicators have different reaction rate)but I'm not sure about that one . Abstract Removal of heavy metals from solutions containing a powerful chelator EDTA and the separation of heavy metals from this anionic ligand are important for the efficient treatment of waste water and for recovery and reuse of heavy metals. Zitkova Institute of Chemical Technology.95 Z.. Power Engineering Department.

Demasking agents Cyanide complexs Solvent extraction Anions Kinetic masking chosen of indicator... The pH at which the titration is carried out.. 5 .. Factors influencing EDTA reactions: The nature and activity of metal ion.

and tetravalent metals contain three. complexes will form 4 more efficiently and be more stable in alkaline solution. Those of the alkaline earth metals. it may be precipitated if the hydroxyl ion concentration is increased too much.67. : . since the actual complexing species is Y . Trivalent metal complexes are usually still more firmly bound and stable in strongly acid solutions.0. Organic solvents also increase the stability of complex. for example. the solubility product of the metal hydroxide is low. tri. pK =2.26) and. If. lead and nickel. are stable down to pH 3 and hence can be titrated selectively in the presence of alkaline earth metals. the cobalt(III) edetate complex is stable in concentrated hydrochloric acid. pH pH .- The presence of interfering ions such as CN . four and five rings respectively: NOMONOOOOCCH2 OOCCH2NOMONOOOOCCH2OOOONOOOONOMO--- Effect of pH on complex formation Ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid ionizes in four stages (pK =2. / : . F and other complex forming agents. however. Citrate. irrespective of the valency of the ion: 2+ 3+ 4+ 2 2222 2+ + + - M + [H X] [MX] + 2H M + [H X] [MX] + 2H 2 M + [H X] [MX] + 2H 22 where M is a metal and [H X] is the anion of the disodium salt (disodium EDTA) which is most frequently used. solutions are usually buffered 6 at a pH at which the complex is stable and at which the colour change of the indicator is most distinct. Complexes of most divalent metals are stable in ammonical solution.16 1 42 3 and pK =10. the stability constant of the complexes will not be so high. at lower pH values when the 4- concentration of Y is lower. On the other hand.meter / : / . Although most complexes are stable over a fair range of pH. pK =6. Nature and stability of metal complexes of Ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid: Ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid forms complexes with complexes with most cations in a 1:1 ratio. The structures of these complexes with di-. Tartrate. such as copper.

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