Note to parents: I made this unit to study earthquakes and tsunamis with my 6th grade son after the

horrendous disaster in Japan. This unit can easily be used with a variety of grade levels, approximately 3-8th grade. Due to his learning style and the fact that we really like them, we use Brainpop videos for a lot of our science, but the information needed to complete the activities and foldables in this unit can be found in a variety of online and print resources. So feel free to substitute other resources whenever a Brainpop activity is called for.

1. Watch Brainpop video about earthquakes (currently free), then take and print quiz and store in lapbook pocket ² http://www.brainpop.com/science/earthsystem/earthquakes/ a. Two other interesting video sources are: i. Bill Nye - http://www.gamequarium.org/cgibin/search/linfo.cgi?id=7713 (3 segments) ii. Newton·s Apple http://www.newtonsapple.tv/video.php?id=1288 b. Or read http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/kids/eqscience.php 2. Complete Seismic Waves foldable by filling in a description and illustration of each type of wave(design your own cover) and attach to lapbook, using a tri-fold 3. Conduct slinky experiment ² photograph and add photos and a descriptive label to lapbook: directions are at http://www.exploratorium.edu/faultline/activezone/slinky.html 4. Review basic classifications of faults at http://www.iris.edu/hq/programs/education_and_outreach/animations /2 or http://www.tinynet.com/faults.html, then complete Basic Faults foldable by briefly describing each type of fault) and attach to lapbook ² (foldable should be folded in half horizontally and then tabs are cut on dotted lines, so they can be lifted up to reveal the description) 5. Conduct box/sand experiment they show in Bill Nye segment 1 ² photograph and add photos and a descriptive label to lapbook http://www.gamequarium.org/cgi-bin/search/linfo.cgi?id=7713 6. Conduct liquefaction experiment ² photograph and add photos and a descriptive label to lapbook: directions are at http://www.exploratorium.edu/faultline/activezone/liquefaction.html 7. Do earthquake interactive http://tlc.discovery.com/convergence/quakes/interactives/makeaquake .html 8. Make a copy of the Modified Mercalli Scale & The Richter Scale and attach to lapbook using a quad fold http://www.fema.gov/kids/intense.htm 9. Watch Brainpop video about tsunami (currently free), then take and print quiz and store in pocket ² http://www.brainpop.com/science/earthsystem/tsunami/ a. Other good video sources²

i. Tsunami 101 at http://www.neok12.com/php/watch.php?v=zX53095a467b 677a5e0c7e0a&t=Natural-Disasters ii. Street level view of tsunami video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijuwl1Zw7s0&feature=pl ayer_embedded 10. Complete Anatomy of a tsunami interactive http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/tsunami/anatomy.html 11. Completea Tsunami Timeline foldable - then attach to lapbook 12. Do creative writing assignment and store in pocket 13. Create an earthquake preparedness check list and attach to lapbook, using a quad fold ² check if your emergency backpack is properly assembled 14. Design a cover for your lapbook

P Waves

S Waves

Surface Waves

My Earthquake Experiments

My Brainpop Quizzes

Creative Writing Assignment

Pretend that you live in Tokyo. Write three paragraphs. The first paragraph should be written in the past tense and take place March 11, 2011, the day before the big earthquake and tsunami. The second paragraph should be written in the present tense and take place on the day of the earthquake. The third paragraph should be written in the future tense and refer to a day that occurs sometime after the earthquake.

Basic Types of Faults

Tsunami timeline to complete this foldable, first cut out the two timeline strips on the next page and tape them together. Then cut out the labels below and paste or tape them in order to the timeline. Then illustrate the timeline, if you would like. Fold the timeline like an accordion, such that the sides/pages that face outwards on the very front and back are blank. Title and illustrate the front blank side/page. Attach the timeline to your lapbook by gluing or taping the back blank side/page to the lapbook.

Often the first part of the tsunami wave, the trough, reaches the shore, making it appear that the sea is receding.

The tsunami reaches shallower water and begins to grow in height.

Tons of water is displaced, generating a tsunami.

Pressure begins building in subduction zone.

Tsunami waves travel through deep ocean waters at speeds of up to 500 mph, losing very little energy as they travel.

Earthquake occurs, pushing a segment of the ocean floor upwards.

Tsunami waves move outward from site of earthquake.

The tsunami hits the coast, usually looking more like a tide, rather than a breaking wave.

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