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ABSTRACT: Human society is entering an era of ubiquitous computing, when networks are seamlessly interconnected and information is always accessible at our fingertips. The practical implementation of ubiquitous services requires three levels of connectivity: Wide Area Networks (WAN), typically via the Internet, to

it is completely distinct from wireless and infrared. typically via Ethernet or WiFi connectivity among all the information and communication appliances in offices and homes. www. A transmission path is formed at the moment a part of the human body comes in contact with a RedTacton transceiver.chetanasprojects. such as the precipitous fall-off in transmission speed in multi-user environments producing network congestion. for the first time. infrared communications (IrDA).com www. such as the hands. In the past. Technically . NTT's RedTacton is a break-through technology that. physical movements. radio frequency ID systems (RFID). legs or torso. Communication is possible using anybody surfaces.the last one remotely connect all types of severs and terminals.fullinterview. media and communication appliances within the much smaller sphere of ordinary daily . arms. RedTacton uses the minute electric field emitted on the surface of the human body. they each have various fundamental technical limitations that constrain their usage. enables reliable high-speed HAN. Bluetooth. fingers. Physically separating ends the contact and thus end communication. face. and Human Area Networks (HAN) for connectivity to personal information.www. Local Area Networks (LAN). However.1000projects. Using RedTacton communication starts when terminals carried by the user or embedded in devices are linked in various combinations according to the user’s www. INTRODUCTION: www. and other technologies have been proposed to solve the "last meter" connectivity problem.

where the weak electric fields affects the optical properties of an electro-optic crystal.dubbed RedTacton . though. The color red is to convey the meaning of warmth in .com www. leading to various actions (Act on). Where it www. The weak electric fields pass through the body to a RedTacton receiver.fullinterview. Combining these phrases led to the name.1000projects. enabling fast data transfer between devices using the human body as a conduit.can transmit data over the surface of the skin at up to 2Mbps. Instead of relying on electromagnetic waves or light waves to carry www.chetanasprojects.chetanasprojects. is that a RedTactonenabled device does not have to be in direct contact with the skin . "RedTacton". allowing the useful possibility of downloading MP3s through a floor-based sensor.fullinterview.www. WORKING PRINCIPLE: The word. from previous Japanese company Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) claims to have developed the first viable Human Area Networking (HAN) device.only within about 20cm. RedTacton uses weak electric fields on the surface of the body as a transmission www. A RedTacton transmitter couples with extremely weak electric fields on the surface of the body. "Tacton" means communication starts by touching (Touch). WORKING WITH REDTACTON: www. NTT reckons this latest advance on the wireless Personal Area Network concept . The extent to which the optical properties are changed is detected by laser light which is then converted to an electrical signal by a detector circuit. RedTacton can also “transmit” through clothing or shoes.

1000projects. The RedTacton receiver senses changes in the weak electric field on the surface of the body caused by the transmitter. RedTacton relies upon the principle that the optical properties of electro-optical crystal can vary according to changes of a weak electric field.1000projects. www. RedTacton can achieve duplex communication over the human body at a maximum speed of 10 Using a new super-sensitive photonic electric field sensor. The RedTacton transmitter induces a weak electric field on the surface of the body.Redtacton detects changes in the optical properties of an electro-optic crystal using a laser and converts the result to an electric signal in an optical receiver circuit.chetanasprojects.chetanasprojects.fullinterview.

This sensor measures faint electric field by using a laser beam to detect fluctuations in the optical properties of electro-optic crystal that are caused by peripheral electric fields.1000projects. METHOD OF COMMUNICATION WITH REDTACTON: The transmitter sends data by inducing fluctuations in the minute electric field on the surface of the human www. Data is received using a photonic electric field sensor that combines an electro-optic crystal and a laser light to detect fluctuations in the minute electric www.1000projects.fullinterview.chetanasprojects. . The upper layer above this is compliant with TCP/IP protocol. The surface of the human body loses some field due to the returning to ground and electric field dissipated to the earth from legs. The physical layer enables half-duplex communication (transmission and reception are done alternatively) using proprietary CSMA/CD protocol.fullinterview. As with Ethernet It is to be noted that Redaction transceivers which integrate transmitter and receivers. are also available. each transceiver card has a unique www.

com The illustration is as shown in the figure. The RedTacton electrode is covered with an insulating www. The crackling sensation one feels when shocked by static electricity is caused by an electric current of several dozen milli-amperes suddenly flowing into the body from the outside. It clearly depicts various paths of the field.

COMMUNICATION WITH ARMS: According to NTT www. as in mobile www. As a result. www. However. a weak induction current is created in the body owing to the minute electric filed created near the body when the movement occurs. meaning that information such as music and films could be downloaded in seconds via your elbow.1000projects. This induction current is very weak and similar to those occurring in everyday life. no current flows into the body from the RedTacton .com www.fullinterview.chetanasprojects. there is no shock caused by the inflow of electric current from the outside.1000projects. The size of the induction current emitted on the body with RedTacton is in conformity with the "Radio Frequency-Exposure Protection Standard <RCR STD-38> established by the Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (ARIB).fullinterview.chetanasprojects. the whole body is the perfect conductor for electronic data.

com www. For example. Broadband & www. By holding a camera in one hand and touching the printer with the other the photographs can be printed. a distinction between an electric sensor and a photonic electric field sensor is also .chetanasprojects. However. the system realizes who the person is and gives the authorization. regardless of the receiver location. By touching a mobile phone. Any-media. and the team of scientists that invented the "Red Tacton" www. The transmitter worn on a body uses the body’s electrical field to transmit digital messages. Photonic electric field sensors used in RedTacton can measure standalone contacts without being influenced by grounds. by shaking hands two people can exchange business cards.www.1000projects. the received waveform is not distorted. www. They are Touch.fullinterview. When a user touches a door handle. This makes longdistance and high-speed body surface transmission possible. THREE FEATURES : RedTacton has three main functional features. DOWNLOADING FILES VIA FLESH: RedTacton uses the human body as a path for the electric signals that are communicated to represent NTT. the address book can be downloaded.chetanasprojects. As a result. envisage a future in which the human body acts as a non-stop conduit for information.

starting or stopping www. BROADBAND & INTERACTIVITY Duplex.chetanasprojects. Because the transmission path is on the surface of the body. stepping and other human movements can be the triggers for unlocking or www. Using RedTacton.fullinterview. gripping. www. or obtaining data.1000projects. walking. 2 .com .1000projects. 1.www.fullinterview. TOUCH www. communication starts when terminals carried by the user or embedded in devices are linked in various combinations through physical contact according to the human natural movement.chetanasprojects. transmission speed does not deteriorate in congested areas where many people are communicating at the same time. interactive communication is possible at a maximum speed of 10Mbps.

however. The focus on ubiquitous service has brought about the shortening of distances in communication. Wireless communication www. various conductors and dielectrics can be used as transmission media. walls. 3. and metal objects. Conductors and dielectrics may also be used in combination.chetanasprojects.fullinterview. RedTacton conforms to the safety guideline of induced current. RedTacton is in conformity to the "Radiofrequency-exposure Protection RCR standard (RCR STD-38)" issued by the Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (ARIB).com www. COMPARISION WITH OTHER TECHNOLOGIES : The chart below shows the positioning of RedTacton with respect to existing communication www. 2.1000projects. No current flowing into the human body from Red Tacton devices. This displacement current is similar to those occurring in everyday life. creating a minute displacement current. RedTacton uses the electric field that occurs naturally on the surface of the human body for communication.chetanasprojects.1000projects.www.fullinterview. the body indirectly receives a minute electric field. SYSTEM SAFETY : www. This causes electrons already present inside the body to move. Displacement current occurring in the body is small enough. Transmitter and receiver electrodes are covered with insulating films. RedTacton is positioned as the last 1m solution to ultimate close-range communication. ANY MEDIA In addition to the human body. There is no current flowing from the RedTacton transceiver. such as . No current flows into the body from the RedTacton transceiver. A communication environment can be created easily and at low-cost by using items nearby.

chetanasprojects.fullinterview.chetanasprojects.1000projects. Taking the above points in account. APPLICATIONS:  INSTANTANEOUS PRIVATE NETWORK VIA HANDSHAKING : www. the arriving signals can be intercepted. so interception is difficult and security can be considered to be www. It thus has the feature of being difficult to .com www. However. In other www. Wired communication transmits data between two connection www. However. seen from another aspect. so security becomes an issue. connectors and cables are a nuisance. RedTacton allows for easy connection without creates connections when signals arrive. RedTacton is situated directly between wireless and wired communication. while at the same time allowing transmission of data only between two contact points.fullinterview. allowing for easy connections because connectors are unnecessary.1000projects. By shaking www.  PERSONALIZATION OF AUTOMOBILES : The seat position and steering wheel height adjust to match the driver just by sitting in the car The driver’s home is set as the destination in the car navigation system.fullinterview.1000projects. personal profile data can be exchanged between mobile terminals on the users (Electronic exchange of business cards). The stereo plays the driver’s favourite song. Communication can be kept private using authentication and encryption www. www.

com . A network connection is initiated simply by placing a lap-top on the www. mobile phones etc. Using different sheet patterns enables segmentation of the table into subnets.1000projects. www.chetanasprojects. mobile  CONFERENCING SYSTEM : An electrically conductive sheet is embedded in the table.  WIRELESS HEADSET : RedTacton can carry music or video between headsets.fullinterview.chetanasprojects.

and excrescences affected tissues and thus helps in allowing providing a Users can listen to music from a RedTacton player simply by putting on a headset or holding a viewer.chetanasprojects.www.1000projects.  MEDICAL APPLICATION : In human www. it is used to detect ailments such as abnormal www. www.1000projects.fullinterview. tumors.  COMMUNICATION IN SPACE AND WATER : RedTacton allows communication in outer space and in water where the speech constraints are very high and thus enables a highly efficient means of expression of speech which is beyond the purvey of human .

a business development process to be coordinated under NTT's Comprehensive Producer Function program.where everything is networked.1000projects.fullinterview.chetanasprojects. REFERENCES: • WWW.www. In the days to come where man is destined to scale new heights of technology www. RedTacton will enable ubiquitous services based on human-centered interactions and therefore more intimate and easier for people to www. NTT is committed to quickly identifying and opening up those application areas with the the most commercial promise for RedTacton.a technology like RedTacton is likely to propel him in the right direction giving him hope and motivation than any other technology man is able to perceives on the human centered . CONCLUSION : Human society is entering an era of ubiquitous FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS : RedTacton has a wide range of unique new functional features and enormous potential as a Human Area Networking www.COM www. By making Human Area Networks feasible. www.fullinterview.NTT.COM • • • www.COM WWW.JP • .com www.1000projects.chetanasprojects.COM www.fullinterview.www.