Seventh-day Adventist eschatology

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Seventh-day Adventist eschatology
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The Seventh-day Adventist Church holds a unique system of eschatological (or end-times) beliefs. Adventist eschatology, which is based on a historicist interpretation of prophecy, is characterised principally by the premillennial second coming of Jesus Christ. Traditionally, the church has taught that the second coming will be preceded by a global crisis with the Sabbath as a central issue. At Jesus' return, the righteous will be taken to heaven

"Prophecy seminar"s.[3] Biblical basis and perspectives Seventh-day Adventism derives its eschatological teachings in large part from its interpretation of the apocalyptic Bible books of Daniel and Revelation. White have also been highly influential. Ellen White and pioneers The writings of Ellen G. and Thoughts. Critical and Practical."[8] .[4] which utilises the day-year principle. It was affirmed by Ellen White. he also borrowed from contemporary and early expositors for his materials.[7] "and had an unrivaled influence on [Adventist] prophetic teaching. particularly the final chapters of her book The Great Controversy. as well as Jesus' end-times sermon found in Matthew 24.[8] The Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia states. particularly the last part of her book The Great Controversy. Jesus' statements in Matthew 24 for instance. Critical and Practical. Mark 13. The classic Adventist commentary on the end-times was Uriah Smith's Daniel and the Revelation [1]. New Earth According to a 1985 survey. White have been highly influential in the formation of Seventh-day Adventist eschatology. A 2004 official statement remarks: Adventists' "sense of identity and calling grows from an understanding of Bible prophecies. which sees a prominent place for the nation of Israel in the end-times).Seventh-day Adventist eschatology for one thousand years. especially those concerning the time immediately preceding the return of Jesus. 29% of North American Adventist lecturers nominated eschatology as the area of greatest contribution by Adventists to then-current theology. on the Book of Daniel (1873). although some of the prophecies of Revelation are yet to be fulfilled. have been a key popular source. and that Old Testament end-time prophecies about Israel will be fulfilled more broadly. Millennium and the End of Sin 28. The writings of Ellen G. especially in his interpretations of prophecy. After the millennium the unsaved will be punished by annihilation while the saved will live on a recreated Earth for eternity. Mainstream Adventism interprets biblical prophecies using the historicist method. Death and Resurrection 27. a popular conservative Christian view. and Luke 21. The classic interpretation was Uriah Smith's book. Second Coming of Christ 26.[6] (This stands in contrast to dispensationalism."[5] Hermeneutics Adventists believe the church has replaced Israel as God's people. 2 Basis Fundamental Beliefs The eschatological teachings of the Seventh-day Adventist Church are summarised in the final 5 of the denomination's 28 fundamental beliefs:[2] 24. developed since the mid-20th century. "Although a creative writer. as well as many other Bible verses are also used. Christ's Ministry in the Heavenly Sanctuary 25."[8] It was based on his earlier works Thoughts. on the Book of Revelation (1867). This ranked second only to wholism. The foremost sources are the biblical books of Daniel and Revelation. known by its abbreviated title as Daniel and the Revelation.[9] The book was revised several times during Smith's life and afterwards.

times and dividing of time” of apocalyptic prophecy are equated.[10] The feet of iron and clay in the vision are understood to represent the nations of Europe subsequent to the breakup of the Roman empire. beginning at the close of probation and ending at the second coming of Jesus The millennium The destruction of sinners and new earth Timeline of eschatological events in traditional Seventh-day Adventist teaching. The period ended with the successes of Napoleon of France. Medo-Persia. however the mainstream view does support a period of 1260 years.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology 3 Outline of Adventist eschatology The material here is presented chronologically by fulfillment. The “1260 days”. beginning in 1844 and ending at the close of probation The “time of trouble”. and . which was a blow to the papacy.[11] This interpretation is not unique to Adventists and was held by many expositors in the 18th and 19th centuries. 14-16. the capture of Pope Pius VI by General Louis Alexandre Berthier in 1798. the “Antichrist” of 1 John and the "little horn" of Daniel chapters 7 and 8. which has strong thematic and literary links to Revelation. and Rome (pagan Rome and later papal Rome).[14] [15] This period began with the defeat of the Ostrogoths by the Roman General Belisarius. as the era of papal supremacy and oppression as prophesied in Revelation 12:6. because the history was more of a gradual rise and fall. authentic Christianity.[12] Events prior to 1844 The Roman empire was a "world" power active during the ministry of Jesus. based on the day-year principle. Among other things. The sequence of world kingdoms is interpreted by Adventists as representing in turn Babylonia. The papacy is identified with the “man of sin” of 2 Thessalonians.[16] [17] Today many Adventist scholars believe the end-points cannot be given precisely. In Adventist belief. This has traditionally been held to be the period AD 538 to 1798. the end times consists of four distinct episodes: • • • • The Investigative Judgment. and are interpreted as 1260 years. Greece. Adventists believe the destruction of Jerusalem in AD70 was a partial fulfillment of Jesus' end-times discourse in Matthew 24. “42 months” or “time. The empire continued several centuries into the Christian era. when it was ultimately replaced by the papacy. specifically. This capture of the pope by the French army was understood as the "deadly wound" of Revelation  13:3.[13] It is believed that the Roman Catholic religion grew into a corruption of original. it is considered to have changed the church’s day of worship from Saturday to Sunday.[18] A minority view by Samuele Bacchiocchi is that the rise to "supremacy" and the "downfall" of the papacy are events spanning a larger time. In traditional mainstream Adventist teaching. Four kingdoms of Daniel The background to Adventist eschatology is found in the book of Daniel. A key passage is the interpretation of king Nebuchadnezzar's vision of a statue in Daniel 2. this was the last of three Germanic tribes (including also the Heruli and the Vandals) to be defeated by Rome (see Daniel  7:20. Daniel  7:24 and other passages).

In Adventist teaching. These three events were thought to be a fulfillment of Revelation  6:12. The Great Controversy[21] . Meanwhile on earth. paving the way for the final events of history. Then Jesus ceases His intercession in the sanctuary above.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology cannot be pinned to such points in time. northeastern America experienced a day of extraordinary darkness followed by a blood-red moon that night. let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous. 1780. the remnant church proclaims the "three angels' messages" of Revelation 14." Revelation 22:11. and prior to 1844. "It is done. He lifts His hands and with a loud voice says. Every case has been decided for life or death."[2] The completion of the investigative judgment marks the "close of probation". Jesus Christ is believed to be ministering in the Most Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary. let him be righteous still: and he that is holy. it "announces the arrival of the judgment hour. 4 The Investigative Judgment The investigative judgment commenced in 1844 "at the end of the prophetic period of 2300 days". several significant events took place." and all the angelic host lay off their crowns as He makes the solemn announcement: "He that is unjust." As a result. On November 13.[19] After the end of the 1260 days. On May 19." – Ellen G. Adventists have traditionally interpreted this as the initial proclamation of the three angels' messages. this is a crucial moment when sinners will no longer be able to repent and be forgiven. let him be holy still. because Christ will have ceased his intercessory ministry. let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy.[2] During this time. there is "a work of repentance and reform on earth. "blotting out" the sins of all who are found to truly believe in him. White. a spectacular Leonids meteor shower occurred. In 1755 a massive earthquake hit Lisbon. and heralds the approach of His second advent.[20] Three angels' messages During the 1830s and 1840s the Millerite movement proclaimed the soon return of Jesus. proclaims salvation through Christ. 1833.

[32] . in fulfilment of the second beast of Revelation 13 (the lamb-like beast from the earth). in 1851). fulfilling the prophecy of the first beast of Revelation 13 (the leopard-like beast from the sea) whose "deadly wound" (i." described as "a brief period of extreme tribulation" just before the Second Coming. the people of God will be delivered by the second coming of Jesus Christ. 11. meanwhile.[29] Sabbath keepers will experience fierce persecution from world governments. the persistent refusal of a small minority to yield to the popular demand will make them objects of universal execration. The term comes from Jeremiah  30:7. forming the “image to the beast” 1863 prophetic chart including the beasts of (Revelation  13:14-15). The "time of trouble" has also been known as the "Time of Jacob's Trouble. and a decree will finally be issued against those who hallow the Sabbath of the fourth commandment.[24] Some of the more liberal Adventists do not share these convictions about the Roman Catholic Church. which will include economic coercion and ultimately the death penalty. that it is better for them to suffer than for whole nations to be thrown into confusion and lawlessness. Andrews was the first Adventist to identify America in prophecy. to put them to death. Following the close of probation will be a "time of trouble." a brief but intense period of time immediately preceding the second coming of Jesus Christ. when he returns to earth in glory. and religious and secular authorities have combined to enforce the observance of the Sunday."[26] Religious and civil authorities will combine to enact a "Sunday law" which requires all people to observe Sunday as a sacred day. or are more cautious.[31] Recent arguments claim an allusion from Revelation 14:7 in the three angels' messages to Exodus 20:11 in the fourth Ten Commandments. and Jeremiah's description of Israel's captivity in Babylonia prior to the predicted liberation in Jeremiah  30 verses 3." and therefore receive the "mark of the beast. the deposal of the Pope in 1798) will be healed. Romanism in the Old World and apostate Protestantism in the New will pursue a similar course toward those who honor all the divine precepts. after a certain time.[30] As the Sabbath has become the special point of controversy throughout Christendom.. a conflict will ensue that will Revelation interpreted as paganism. It will be urged that the few who stand in opposition to an institution of the church and a law of the state ought not to be tolerated. It is contemporaneous with the seven last plagues." described in Revelation  13:16-17. N. – Ellen G. the Protestant churches of America will join the confederation between the beasts. Adventists have believe the Roman Catholic Church will return to prominence during the end times." people who observe the seventh-day Sabbath will receive the "Seal of God" (mentioned in Revelation  7:2ff.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology 5 The time of trouble Note: This section describes the traditional view of the church.). and is based on the narrative of Jacob's wrestling with God in Genesis  32:22-30. the battle over worship will include the Sabbath.[22] [23] The United States of America. Thus in the end time.." and in which "the central issue will be and Protestantism obedience to God's law and the observance of the Sabbath. the papacy "involve the whole world.e. . White. 7–9. The Great Controversy[21] Despite being almost overwhelmed by persecution. The "Sunday law" is interpreted as the meaning of the "mark of the beast. At this time. and after the close of probation. will establish ties with the Papacy. denouncing them as deserving of the severest punishment and giving the people liberty. This argument will appear conclusive.[27] [28] In contrast to those who choose to obey the "Sunday law.[25] (J. Ultimately.

according to Adventist teaching. "The Roman Catholic Church of those days was a contemptuous and contemptible organization. to expose her iniquity. The United States has changed. his angels." "But those days are over. and both they and the righteous living will be taken to heaven to reign with Christ for 1000 years. The Roman Church now presents a fair front to the world. Satan and his angels will be loosed at the end of the millennium when the wicked. Vatican Council II transformed all that. and wicked humanity will suffer annihilation in the lake of fire ("the second death". covering with apologies her record of horrible cruelties. Protestant-hating. culture-ignoring. Her views expressed in the book represent the mainstream opinion in Adventism.[37] One critic has stated "There can be little doubt that the Roman church courted much of the antagonism it received. Revelation 20:5). Adventists disagree with the traditional doctrine of hell as a place of conscious eternal punishment.S. science-resisting. when men of God stood up.[34] Critics[35] [36] have written on issues regarding the book The Great Controversy. but she is unchanged.. And even the Roman Catholic church has changed. Additional interpretations Ellen White's book (The Great Controversy) has been a frequent evangelistic handout. Latinmumbling. in the second half of our century. Satan and his angels will occupy the desolate earth. or unrighteous) will be killed at the second coming. or unrighteous are brought back to life to face judgement. Revelation 21:10). The world has changed. at the peril of their lives. The rest of mankind (the wicked. The second coming coincides with the resurrection and translation of the righteous. liberalism and modern civilization. sudden and universally visible. While much of it presents Christian and Adventist church history. the later chapters describe end-time events. having reconciled itself with progress. Adventists reject an intermediate state between death and resurrection.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology 6 The Second Coming Seventh-day Adventists believe the second coming of Jesus will be literal. Revelation 20:8). The destruction of sinners and new earth At the close of the millennium." "incredibly arrogant and contemptuous of democratic principles. Adventists believe that Christ will again return to earth together with the righteous and the "Holy City" (the New Jerusalem. who will surround the New Jerusalem along with Satan. She possesses . Let none deceive themselves. The millennium The second coming of Jesus Christ marks the beginning of the millennium. the righteous dead will be resurrected (the "first resurrection".. At the second coming. The millennium will also be the time when the wicked will be judged. He will then raise the wicked (the "second resurrection"). liberty-opposing. and hold that the soul sleeps until the resurrection of the body at Christ's coming. rightly perceived as a threat to the nation and the world." in U. Finally. intent on ruling the world from Rome. God will create a new earth where the redeemed will enjoy eternal life free of sin and suffering. [38] However Ellen White stated. The doctrines devised in the darkest ages are still held. this is how Adventists interpret the "binding" of Satan described in chapter 20 of the book of Revelation. She has clothed herself in Christlike garments. as described in 1 Thessalonians 4:16. Every principle of the papacy that existed in past ages exists today. obscurantism-loving ecclesiastical organization of former years." build bridges to share the gospel together.[33] See fundamental belief number 25. leaving the earth devoid of human life. During the millennium. The papacy that Protestants are now so ready to honor is the same that ruled the world in the days of the Reformation. At this point Satan. personal. The also reject the doctrine of the pretribulational rapture. Some alternative views about eschatology have been proposed by individuals and groups in the Adventist church. It is no longer the Bible-suppressing.

For instance Revelation is not always chronological (e. so Adventist scholarship first looks to this background before attempting interpretation. and the seal of God and the mark of the beast.11 cannot follow 11:15 where He reigns.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology the same pride and arrogant assumption that lorded it over kings and princes.[44] Some Progressive Adventists advocate possible multiple fulfillments of prophecy. In addition to parallels.[43] In contrast. Ellen White . as a preliminary fulfillment. as well as the traditional belief of the almost all Protestant Reformers. there are contrasts such as the Lamb and the beast.[46] . Jesus' death in Revelation 12:10. Many Adventists disagree with this. Her spirit is no less cruel and despotic now than when she crushed out human liberty and slew the saints of the Most High. According to mainstream Adventist thought. 571 Opinions vary in regards to this topic. for instance with the virgin birth (Isaiah 7:14 / Matthew 1:22–23). and Babylon's activities in chapter 17 cannot follow its destruction in chapter 16). and church history. The context and overall literary structure are important for interpretation. For instance Gerhard Hasel argued apocalyptic prophecy has only "one fulfillment for each symbol.g.[4] [42] Traditionally. p. but many visions are parallel. prophecies usually have only a single fulfillment." "General" or "classical" prophecy may have dual or multiple fulfillments only if Scripture itself points to this. and here include Antiochus IV Epiphanes. and the latter rain (Joel 2 / Acts 2).[19] [45] The themes of Revelation are heavily grounded in the Old Testament. the Seleucid king who conquered Israel. and claimed the prerogatives of God. Adventists interpret the letters to the seven churches of Asia in Revelation 2 and 3 as fulfilled in consecutive periods of church history. Revelation shows a typological connection between ancient Israel's history. a minority have argued for multiple fulfillments of other prophecies. [39] [40] 7 Prophetic interpretation Adventist teach that Historicism (including the day-year principle) is the correct viewpoint in interpretation.[41] Historicism as a method of interpreting prophecy has been challenged by some interpreters. – The Great Controversy. and progressively illuminate themes.

although some have challenged the interpretations. and Jesus' end-times sermon in Matthew 24:29 and Mark 13:24–25 (see also Luke 21). Notice how Daniel foretold a thousand years of world history with unerring accuracy. books. World empires The traditional teaching is that Rome was the last world empire prophesied in Daniel 2 and 7. Medo-Persia."[58] "When the Roman Empire began to crumble in A. produced in 1889 for the Seventh-day Adventist book Bible Readings for the Home Circle Spiritualism Ellen White predicted the rise of spiritualism (allegedly contacting spirits of the dead) but which she understood as communication with evil spirits. it was not overtaken by another world power. they remain highly significant events in history.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology 8 Cosmic signs Great cosmic signs have traditionally been interpreted as the fulfillment of Bible prophecy and signs of the nearing Second Coming. A famous depiction of the 1833 meteor storm.[55] Some believe the context of Jesus' end-times sermon indicates the period stretches from the destruction of Jerusalem (70AD) to the seven last plagues prior to the Second Coming.[48] and a spectacular meteor shower in 1833. and society along with the acceptance of communicating with spirits in modern day churches in Montanism style movements which have emerged from late 19th century as a indication of the fulfilment of the prediction. Ten of these tribes evolved into modern . and Rome-are clearly foretold in the Bible and proved by the history books. and enjoyed world supremacy until Rome was captured by the Ostrogoths in A.[53] Jon Paulien claims they are signs of the age. Greece.[57] and others. they do instruct us to keep watch. Authors on the supernatural include Roger Morneau. and that the order of events matches the biblical prediction. barbarian tribes conquered the Roman Empire and divided it—just as Daniel prophesied. as evidenced in the prominent films. Rome is the kingdom that dominated the world when Jesus Christ was born.D. Adventists had argued the Dark Day was a supernatural sign. and these are preliminary signs.C.[51] [52] Some state there were bigger earthquakes before Lisbon. Many Adventist see the spreading social acceptance of the belief in evil spirits and their powers such as in witchcraft.[53] [54] Many believe their occurrence towards the end of papal supremacy (1798) is significant.[47] New England's Dark Day of 1780.D.[11] The fourth kingdom as mentioned in Daniel 2:40 is stated as "The iron monarchy of Rome conquered the Greeks in 168 B. Instead.[56] The events are the "day of the Lord" foretold in Old Testament prophecy.[50] The interpretations are still commonly held by Adventist. Still. George Vandeman. which divides up into the nations of Europe. The rise and fall of these four world empires--Babylon. 476. such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake in Portugal. but not the ultimate cosmic signs bring in the Second Coming.[49] This is based on the sixth seal (Revelation 6:12–17) of the "seven seals". the occult. not signs of the end. Critics claim that it occurred from natural causes due to forest fires. They believe people were led to God. 476.

Anglo-Saxons.[60] ) "New World Order" Many see the Bible referring to a last-day one worldwide government as mentioned in Revelation 13. The infliction of the deadly wound points to the downfall of the papacy in 1798."[64] . It has been shown that the United States is the power represented by the beast with lamblike horns. free and bond. 1840. Alemannians. After this. "his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast. Seven of them still exist today in Europe." and. In both the Old and the New World. To the very close of time he will carry forward the work of deception. [Note this during the Millerite movement before the start of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.[62] and that this prophecy will be fulfilled when the United States shall enforce Sunday observance."[61] The beast with two horns is also to say "to them that dwell on the earth.[59] This was regarded as being fulfilled on August 11. and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast. whose names are not written in the book of life. both small and great. Revelation 13:11-16. Lombards. free and slave. that rests solely upon the authority of the Roman Church. the Franks became the French. based on Revelation 9. Millerite preacher Josiah Litch had predicted the fall of the Ottoman Empire in August 1840.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology Europe. Visigoths." Revelation 13:8. They were the Ostrogoths. based on Daniel 2:43 which states the toes of the statue [interpreted as the nations of Europe] would not remain united. the Anglo-Saxons became the English. Vandals. And the revelator declares.)[58] 9 Ottoman Empire (In 1838. For example. which Litch did not become a member of]." Paul states plainly that the "man of sin" will continue until the second advent. rich and poor. to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads. rich and poor." to receive the mark of the beast. The influence of Rome in the countries that once acknowledged her dominion is still far from being destroyed. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast. and Burgundians. – Revelation 13:15-17 NKJV "The prophecy of Revelation 13 declares that the power represented by the beast with lamblike horns shall cause "the earth and them which dwell therein" to worship the papacy—there symbolised by the beast "like unto a leopard. the papacy will receive homage in the honour paid to the Sunday institution. the Alemannians became the Germans. But in this homage to the papacy the United States will not be alone."[58] (Adventists predicted that in WWII.. and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.[63] which Rome claims as the special acknowledgement of her supremacy. when Turkey responded to an ultimatum by European powers. And prophecy foretells a restoration of her power. He causes all." Verse 3. "I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death. Heruls. it is to command all. that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. and the Lombards became the Italians. also referring to the papacy: "All that dwell upon the earth shall worship him. Hitler's forces would not conquer Europe. says the prophet. furthermore. which affirmed the Millerites' beliefs. Franks. "both small and great. that they should make an image to the beast. or the number of his name. Sueves. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-8.

and that the Sabbath will be a key issue. In 1866. This is taken as a fulfillment of the prophecy that the Beast of Revelation would receive a deadly wound but that the wound would be healed. referring to General Louis Berthier's capture of Pope Pius VI in 1798 and the pope's subsequent death in 1799. Once again the union of church and state will result in widespread religious oppression. In that context. which was influential in the church. However the majority Adventist view today disagrees and holds to the traditional Adventist view of the Papacy as the Antichrist.[75] Uriah Smith maintained his interpretation in the various editions of Thoughts on Daniel and the Revelation. according to which humanity now lives close to the end of time. It is the number of the beast." "Viceregent of the Son of God. Jan Marcussen has predicted the imminent rise of a global church-state alliance with the Papacy and U.[70] Roman Catholicism Modern “mainstream” Adventist literature continues to express the traditional teaching that Roman Catholicism. in a manner similar to many Christian futurists. with the seventh-day Sabbath as a focal point. which was later restored in 1929. The resulting New World Order will precipitate the final events of history: the “sealing” of Sabbath-keepers." the numerical value of which title is just six hundred and sixty-six The most plausible supposition we have ever seen on this point is that here we find the number in question. we expect that world religions--including the major Christian bodies as key players--will align themselves with the forces in opposition to God and to the Sabbath.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology Eschatological expectations have prompted some Adventists to closely observe current geopolitical events. as corresponding to the title Vicarius Filii Dei of the Pope."[74] Prominent Adventist scholar J. Illinois Adventist pastor A. on the basis of biblical predictions.[76] Various documents from the Vatican contain wording such as "Adorandi Dei Filii Vicarius. Uriah Smith was the first to propose the interpretation to the Seventh-day Adventist Church. November 20. this title: "Vicarius Filii Dei. in coalition with other churches. Seventh-day Adventists teach that the anti-Christ is the office of the Papacy. the seven last plagues and Armageddon. it is the number of his name. the papacy. In The United States in the Light of Prophecy he wrote The pope wears upon his pontifical crown in jeweled letters. N.[72] The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary states. will perpetrate religious oppression during the final end time crisis. a universal Sunday-law.S. Adventists believe. that just prior to the second coming of Christ this earth will experience a period of unprecedented turmoil. which was so widely held by Protestants that they became known as the "Protestant view" of prophetic interpretation. 1866 [73]. the French General Berthier exiled the Pope and took away all his authority. et Procurator quibus numen aeternum summam Ecclesiae sanctae dedit" [77] Which as translated is "As the worshipful . for he adopts it as his distinctive title. Adventists have attributed the wounding and resurgence in Revelation  13:3 to the papacy. see Day of the Dragon [66] by Clifford Goldstein. A minority view by Samuele Bacchiocchi has suggested expanding the antichrist concept to include also Islam. "Whether the inscription Vicarius Filii Dei appears on the tiara or the mitre is really beside the point. Andrews also adopted this view.[67] [68] [69] In 1798. for he who bears it is the "man of sin. along with other bodies such as the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund. and that is sufficient for the purposes of prophecy. Seventh-day Adventists are convinced of the validity of our prophetic views.[72] See Review and Herald 28:196. – How Seventh-day Adventists View Roman Catholicism [71] (official statement) 666: Vicarius Filii Dei Some Adventists have interpreted the number of the beast. 666. it is the number of a man.[65] 10 Antichrist For a popular view. The title is admittedly applied to the pope. Government as key players.

Stated in significant publications such as Questions on Doctrine (1957).[79] [80] 11 We noted that contrary to some Catholic sources who deny the use of Vicarius Filii Dei as a papal title. Some progressive Adventists. as Sabbath will be conveyed to the whole world and there will be a reaction from those who hold to Sunday as the day of worship.[84] Jon Paulien has argued for a parallel between Revelation 14 and the fourth of the Ten Commandments (the Sabbath). Samuele Bacchiocchi an Adventist scholar. – ' Samuele Bacchiocchi. Saturday.[85] including a few scholars. multitudes. the nation occupying most of the river. in Exodus 20. now ruined.htm slide 116 Beliefs regarding this topic vary by individual.[86] disagree with specific traditional views about the "time of trouble. It derives from the Hebrew for "Mountain of Megiddo". Adventists teach that right at the end times the message of the Ten Commandments and in particular the keeping of the seventh day of the week. but is a metaphor for a spiritual battle. and languages.[78] has documented the pope using such a title. The Euphrates river is equated with the "many waters" the prostitutes sits on. however today this is Iraq. and the three unclean spirits as spiritism. There is no mountain called "Megiddo". we have found this title to have been used in official Catholic documents to support the ecclesiastical authority and temporal sovereignty of the pope.[82] Seventh-day Adventists Believe… (1988). is unfair and untrue. Armageddon is understood as a worldwide 'spiritual' battle – a battle for the mind. lies in the Jezreel Valley. and occurs only in Revelation 16:16 in the Bible. and only Adventist to be awarded a gold medal by Pope Paul VI for the distinction of summa cum laude (Latin for "with highest praise")." and the coming Sunday Law[87] Final battle Adventists believe in a future final battle prior to Jesus' return. He saw Armageddon as a literal battle at Megiddo in Israel due to its strategic military location. to whom the eternal divine will has given the highest rank of the holy Church". Thus the charge that Adventists fabricated the title to support their prophetic interpretation of 666.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology Son of God's Vicar and Caretaker. as part of the final events of earth's history before Jesus returns.biblicalperspectives. nations. http://www. Based in this imagery. Adventists have taught that a persecuting "Sunday law" will be enacted at some stage in the future.[88] (Earlier. but the city Megiddo. a term which occurs only once in the Bible.[89] ) . but likely false prophets and false Christs performing miracles in the world (Matthew 24:24).com/endtimeissues/et_196. Paulien believes it is not literal fire. at the foot of Mount Carmel which was the site of Elijah's conflict with the prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18).[83] and Ellen White's classic The Great Controversy.[81] Sunday law Traditionally. which the Bible identifies as peoples. He hence argues the Bible features Sabbath in the end-times. Uriah Smith viewed the drying of the Euphrates river (Revelation 16:12) as the shrinking of Turkey. and not literally on Carmel. This battle is termed "Armageddon" in Revelation 16:16. Thus the drying of the river is the removal of the political powers supporting Babylon. Modern Adventist scholarship believes it refers not to a physical battle in the Middle East.

Texas). edited by Frank B. and the Nature of Prophecy. edited by Frank B. Meaning. USA: Seminars Unlimited. 2004. He joined It Is Written. 24 studies • Focus on Prophecy. and "published under the guidance of the Biblical Research Committee of the South Pacific Division [. Ringwood. 1989. and consists of the following volumes:[93] • • • • • • • Vol.[90] Sources Prophecy Seminars A "prophecy seminar" is a common form of outreach used by Adventist ministers. Shea (publisher's page [94]) Vol. 7 Symposium on Revelation-Book II.. Holbrook . Leviticus. Voice of Prophecy. 1983.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology 12 Other One theme in Revelation is the seven trumpets. 32 studies • Revelation Seminar. The Prophecies of Daniel and Revelation • Daniel. edited by Frank B. edited by Frank B. Holbrook (publisher's page [95]) Vol. which developed into the It Is Written Revelation Seminar by 1975. and together with George Vandeman prepared a day-long seminar. Holbrook Vol. consisting of Focus on Daniel (studies 1–7) and Focus on Revelation (studies 8–20). 6 Symposium on Revelation-Book I.[91] Some currently used seminars are: • Prophecy Seminar. available as printed booklets and also on 12 DVDs. Victoria: Australian Union Conference Resource Centre. 3 70 Weeks. Soon others ran their own seminars. edited by Frank B. 21 studies. in which Bible prophecies such as those in the books of Daniel and Revelation are presented. 2 Symposium on Daniel.]" in 2010. It consists of 24 sessions. Review and Herald / Revelation Seminars (by Seminars Unlimited of Keene.[92] Daniel and Revelation Committee Series The Daniel and Revelation Committee Series (DARCOM) is one of the foremost Adventist sources. Holbrook Vol. 1 Selected Studies on Prophetic Interpretation by William H. number 21 is a summary. 4 Issues in the Book of Hebrews. 2000. Holbrook Vol. and by the 1990s was distributing evangelistic materials to Adventists worldwide. Purpose was written primarily by Jon Paulien and Graeme Bradford. A resource center founded in Texas in 1980 was named Seminars Unlimited in 1986.. Holbrook Vol. edited by Frank B. 5 Doctrine of the Sanctuary. 16 studies The seminar Revelation: Hope. In 1969 George Knowles developed a small group seminar.

champs-of-truth. which teaches that the second coming of Christ will occur after the millennium. Ministry 79:1 (January 2007). • Amillennialism. org/ nxt/ gateway. Postmillennialism has declined in popularity in the twentieth century. org/ beliefs/ statements/ main_stat56. which are shared by no other Christian denomination. . org/ files/ archive/ archive16-20/ 18-1bull. statements compiled in Colporteur Ministry. as well as by many conservative and liberal Protestant churches. whiteestate. adventist. "What Prophecy Means to This Church" (http:/ / www. through their appearances in public and on Adventist television networks such as 3ABN and the Hope Channel. Biblical Research Institute (originally published in Ministry). htm/ book00541. p17–21 [7] White. 4. [5] http:/ / www. . "The Intellectual World of Adventist Theologians" (http:/ / spectrummagazine. " Israel in Biblical Prophecy (http:/ / ministrymagazine. p123. Dispensational premillennialism is held by many evangelicals in the United States. chapter " Chap. htm)". html [6] Raymond Cottrell.[97] 3ABN founder Danny Shelton is comparable.[98] Comparison to other Christian views The Seventh-day Adventist Church fits into the premillennial school of end-time belief. dll/ egw-comp/ section00000. org/ documents/ What Prophecy Means to Church. htm/ chapter00563. which teaches that a rapture of Christians will occur prior to a Great Comparison of Christian millennial interpretations Tribulation of seven years' duration. Seventh-day Adventism's eschatological teaching may be contrasted with: • Dispensational Premillennialism. "The Role of Israel in Old Testament Prophecy". California: Adventist Forums) 18 (1): 32–37. C. Retrieved 2008-05-29. htm). • Postmillennialism. Dwight Nelson and John Carter form a major popular face of the church. Hans LaRondelle. Hans LaRondelle. Ministry 70:6 (June 1997). html) of Seventh-day Adventists [3] Malcolm Bull and Keith Lockhart (October 1987). org/ archive/ 2007/ january/ israel-in-biblical-prophecy. ISSN 0890-0264. [4] Frank B. com/ books/ dr/ [2] Fundamental Beliefs (http:/ / www.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology 13 Evangelists Adventist evangelists such as Mark Finley. several unique aspects of the denomination's teaching. on the basis that it teaches that Christ will return prior to a literal millennium. References [1] http:/ / www.[96] Doug Batchelor. this will be followed by a millennial reign of Christ on earth. and an angel is guiding his hand in writing" the book (quoted in a letter from J. Holbrook (1983). Spectrum (Roseville. There are. Bordeau claimed White had a vision that God is "leading his mind by His Spirit. Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary vol. An early minister A. of course. adventist. Amillennialism is the view essentially held by the Roman Catholic Church. pdf) (PDF). p5–8. when Christ rules his church from his seat at the right hand of God. org/ archive/ 1997/ June/ understanding-israel-in-prophecy)". 20 – Our Large Message Books (http:/ / egwdatabase. Retrieved 2008-01-13. such as the investigative judgment and the idea of a "Sunday law". which teaches that the millennium of Revelation 20 is symbolic of the present age (between the first and second comings of Christ). html)". org/ beliefs/ fundamental/ index. 1955. . adventistbiblicalresearch. " Understanding Israel in Prophecy (http:/ / ministrymagazine.

24:1-41 promotes the "expectancy" side of the picture. Knight. p. 2005). 2005. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. 1966). and Dividing of Time" for July 19. Hagerstown. 378–380. Ministerial Association.God's Law Immutable (http:/ / egwdatabase. biblicalperspectives. Ministerial Association. Times. the first three emphasize watching (24:42. 182–184. " Revisiting the Sabbath in the Book of Revelation (http:/ / www. org/ nxt/ gateway. 1976. pp. org/ net98/ lectures/ english18. arguing from Jesus' end-times message in Matthew 24 and 25. html [20] Seventh-day Adventists Believe (2nd ed). p179–186. "When the Clock Runs Out on America and the New World Order (NeXt Millennium series. section "Time. The Gospel.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology S. 2005. Pacific Press Publishing Association. org/ atissue/ books/ qod/ index. Commentary Reference Series vol. " Chap. [29] Seventh-day Adventists believe (2nd ed). lecture 17)" (http:/ / www." See George R. because neither of the two events have significantly weakened the worldwide influence of the papacy. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. 185. and "occupying" or establishment. dll/ egw-comp/ section00000. pp. adventistarchives. . General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. dll/ egw-comp/ section00000. Ministerial Association. [23] Dwight Nelson (1998-31-10).C. " Letting Roman Catholics Off the Hook: Seven Reasons for Rethinking Our Enemies List (http:/ / www. p266. atoday. htm/ chapter01981.The Bible and the French Revolution (http:/ / egwdatabase. lecture 18)" (http:/ / www. [30] Seventh-day Adventists believe (2nd ed). and Judgment. 10 (Washington. the fourth on the talents emphasizes working while watching (25:14-30). [11] Seventh-day Adventists believe. adventist." [19] For example. html). Retrieved 2007-04-05. . pp. 2005. htm). 374–378 [34] Historian George Knight has outlined two approaches to Jesus' return: a sense of "immediacy" or expectation. Quote: "If we date the beginning of papal Rome to the late fifth. [24] Dwight Nelson (1998-01-11). Retrieved 2007-04-05. 2005. pdf)". whiteestate. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. is to live responsibly in the interim. whiteestate.260 years later brings us to the late eighteenth. Ministerial Association. century. htm/ chapter01971. Adventist Today (Winter 2010). 184–185. 2005. or Canon Edward Hoare of Canterbury Cathedral. and the danger of the latter is living in practice as if Jesus were not coming soon. White. asp?CatID=88 & SortBy=0& ShowDateOrder=True) [. whiteestate. com/ letting-roman-catholics-hook) posted online on 4 January 2010 [26] Seventh-day Adventists believe. " Chap. html)". General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.. com/ files/ Feature Article . com/ endtimeissues/ eti_87. As reproduced on a website [9] Thoughts on Daniel (http:/ / www. see Isaac Newton's expositions of Daniel. htm)" [17] Samuele Bacchiocchi believes a more significant humiliation was in 1870 when king Victor Emmanuel II of Italy captured Rome. org/ net98/ lectures/ english17. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. 357. p. and the final one on the sheep and the goats (25:31-46) emphasizes the social concern and nature of the working. 284. p34. ISBN 1-57847-041-2.] 2nd edn (1883) online [10] Seventh-day Adventists believe. " Adventist Approaches to the 14 . Ministerial Association. chapter 39 [22] Seventh-day Adventists believe (2nd ed). org/ publication_file. pp. He advocates balance. 194–197. org/ books/ gc/ gc. org/ 2006/ 3Q/ SE/ EAQ306_04. Seventh-day Adventists Believe (2nd ed. whiteestate. Turkey and Jerusalem. p22–23. White (http:/ / www. 3rd quarter 2006. htm/ book01953. p. Don Neufeld [32] Jon Paulien. 296. [27] Seventh-day Adventists believe. [25] For instance Loren Seibold. p623–24 of Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Ministerial Association. or early nineteenth. early sixth century. atoday. 25 . html). Samuele Bacchiocchi. 1957. [28] Seventh-day Adventists Answer Questions on Doctrine (http:/ / www. atsjats. "Beauty and the Beast (NeXt Millennium series. htm/ book01953.25:13). Chapter 18 "Historic Concept of the Mark of the Beast.. org/ documents. 376. He concludes "The ideal. lesson 4 " Daniel 7 (http:/ / www. ISBN 1-57847-041-2. p. pp. Washburn to Meade MacGuire on February 18. whereas the rest promotes the "waiting and occupying aspect of the tension. D. Preview (http:/ / www. Ministerial Association. D. Hatchards. [31] "Time of Jacob's Trouble". of course. Ministerial Association.". http:/ / www. tagnet. Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. p1355–1356. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. tagnet. sdanet. Also Paulien and Bradford's Revelation seminar [33] General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. 2005. [12] For example. as quoted on a website). 1923. Review and Herald Publishing Association.: Review and Herald. . Ministerial Association. 2005. absg. ISBN 1-57847-041-2.C. pp. 2005. org/ issues/ faq-mist.Winter 2010. 356–357. Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 9:1–2 (1998)." Of the five parables in this section. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. 2005. 1. pp. accessed April 2010 [8] "Uriah Smith". General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. [16] The Great Controversy by Ellen White. pdf#page=5)". 370.. 1844." " Statements Mistakenly Attributed to Ellen G. 15 . rev edn." He interprets the healing of the wound as the Lateran Treaty with Italian Prime Minister Mussolini in 1929 [18] For instance the Adult Bible Study Guide. which has often occurred in the church. "But there is no reason to debate over which of the two dates (1798 or 1870) have affected more adversely the papacy. 2005. Ministerial Association. [14] The Great Controversy by Ellen White. asp). Rome. as with the postmillennial belief (which is rejected by Adventists). [21] The Great Controversy (http:/ / www. p439. 296. 1876 [13] Seventh-day Adventists Believe (2nd ed). org/ nxt/ gateway. Ellen G. htm)" [15] Seventh-day Adventists Believe (2nd ed). Washington. The White Estate states this is "seriously undercut by the historical facts. 382. Maryland: Review and Herald. The danger of taking the former to an extreme is date-setting. php?pub_id=174& journal=1& type=pdf)PDF". ed. The sensationalism of some approaches has brought people attention or money. 382.

aspx) [49] Second Coming Predictions Fulfilled . 1843 (1838) [60] "Litch. spectrummagazine. "The Great Controversy Vindicated".25–27. and June 5. Ministry 77:9 (September 2005). pdf)" by Jonathan Butler. G. Larry Richards. Some scholars today such as Casebolt are critical of this history 15 . White and the End of the World (http:/ / spectrummagazine. p34. The Great Controversy. W. p180–208. Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 9:1–2 (1998). p25–27 [54] George R. Hans LaRondelle. Adventist Today 1:3 (September 1993). See Ellen White. Exegesis of Daniel. html?& tx_ttnews[backPid]=1& tx_ttnews[tt_news]=198& cHash=d3c2cedbd5) by Raymond F. 1985. and the sincerely misguided who play upon human fascination for a knowledge of the future. as cited by LaRondelle [55] For instance C. p13–14 in the former issue [51] MORE THAN A PROPHET. " The Heart of Historicism (http:/ / ministrymagazine. atoday. apocalyptic prophecies have always been a playground for egomaniacs. The Probability of the Second Coming of Christ About A. p334. " Is Ellen White's Interpretation of Biblical Prophecy Final? (http:/ / spectrummagazine. org/ files/ archive/ archive11-15/ 12-4casebolt. p326–342 [46] Hans LaRondelle.A Great Earthquake (http:/ / www. djvu?djvuopts& page=5). p172–174. p2–13. and see his commentaries on Daniel and Revelation. Mervyn Maxwell. vol. Kenneth Wood. 1990 [42] The Sanctuary Doctrine – Asset or Liability? Part 6 (http:/ / www. Adventist Review 157:26 (May 22. "safety in consensus". As cited in Hook. bibleuniverse. bibleuniverse. part 2 (http:/ / www.part 1 (http:/ / www. " Viewpoint: The Application of Cosmic Signs in the Adventist Tradition (http:/ / ministrymagazine. atsjats. Md: Review and Herald. Leviticus. org/ publication_file. 1994). "Fulfillments of Prophecy". org/ FreeStuff/ BibleStudies/ StoracleLessons/ tabid/ 104/ ctl/ ViewMedia/ mid/ 452/ IID/ 1-1/ LNG/ en/ 7/ The-Millennial-Man/ SC/ R/ Default. 1. " The Apotelesmatic Principle: Origin and Application (http:/ / www. p10. Josiah (1809–1886)" in Gary Land. p2–9 [41] http:/ / whitehorsemedia. Matthew. Prophetic exploiters motivate through fear and apprehension. aspx) [59] Josiah Litch. "The Dark Day Plus 200 Years". atsjats. pdf)" Spectrum 12:4 (June 1982). goodnewsunlimited." He recommends instead: using sound judgment rather than being swayed by charisma. the great controversy. html)". adventistarchives. What the Bible Says about the End Time. com/ articles/ index. and a reply from Butler [38] Paul J. by Dr. Ministry 73:6/7 (June–July 2000). php?pub_id=25& journal=1& type=pdf)PDF Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 14:2 (Fall 2003). amazingfacts. 1973) [58] The Millennial Man (study guide) (http:/ / www. The End of Historicism: Millerite Hermeneutic of Time Prophecies in the Old Testament. Ministry 69:12 (December 1996). Series: May 29.D. Adventist Today 1:3 (September 1993). p157 [57] Psychic Roulette by George Vandeman (Pacific Press. Landa. com/ articles/ second-coming-prophecies-fulfilled/ sun-turned-into-darkness. p24–34 by Harold E.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology Second Coming (http:/ / www. " Is Ellen White's Interpretation of of Biblical Prophecy Final? (http:/ / www. 18 [39] Clifford Goldstein. Historical Dictionary of Seventh-day Adventists. 2008. org/ archive/ 2000/ JuneJuly/ adventist-approaches-to-the-second-coming)". c. See Steven Vitrano. Adventist Today 1:2 (July–August 1993). Nampa. Hagerstown. Idaho: Pacific Press. " The End-Time Message in Historical Perspective (http:/ / ministrymagazine. Jon Paulien. p5–8. "The Dark Day" editorial. 19 [36] One lecturer claims "The symbolic. and to remind "that Christ will triumph over evil" – we should not fear but hope for his return. "Prophecy: A Blessing and a Danger". Uppsala: University of Uppsala. pdf)" Spectrum 12:4 (June 1982). com/ 6. p288–322 in 70 Weeks. Norris. org/ publication_file. p28–32 [35] Adventist Today special issue (1:3) "Sacred Texts: Cast Iron or Free Form? How Should We use The Great Controversy?" rejects "literalistic reading" which ignores context (Bible or EGW). and loyal opposition (possibly) but not fault-finding. org/ archive/ 1996/ December/ the-end-time-message-in-historical-perspective)". page 138 [52] For instance Donald Casebolt. "An approach to Revelation 12–14" [47] Second Coming Predictions Fulfilled . See responses (http:/ / spectrummagazine. Daniel. See also Raymond Cottrell. Knight.See Fred Veltman. section " The Apotelesmatic Principle (http:/ / www. p15–43. p16. DjVu version (http:/ / www. org/ docs/ RH/ RH19800522-V157-26__B/ index. bibleuniverse. atsjats. 1919. Principles extracted and reaffirmed in the reader's context. Thomas A. Fagal. php?d=59. Cottrell [43] Gerhard Hasel. org/ files/ archive/ archive11-15/ 12-4casebolt.Stars Falling From Heaven (http:/ / www. "Text and Community in Dynamic Relationship". aspx) [48] Second Coming Predictions Fulfilled . org/ files/ archive/ archive11-15/ 11-1butler. Nampa. A critical perspective is Roberto Ouro. for soothsaying and fortunetelling. Sprengel. 37 footnote 17 [45] Ford. p170–171. Kai Arasola. org/ archive/ 1998/ September/ viewpoint)". org/ publication_file. Ministry 71:9 (September 1998). Adventist Today 1:2 (July–August 1993). org/ archive/ 2005/ September/ the-heart-of-historicism. p214. p236–237.The Sun Turned To Darkness (http:/ / www. 1994. PDF version also. Spectrum 10:2 (August 1979). "American Anti-Catholicism: History and Evaluation". com/ articles/ second-coming-prophecies-fulfilled/ stars-fall-from-heaven. Ford has written an article on the "apotelesmatic principle" of multiple fulfillments. p10–13. As quoted by LaRondelle [56] Jon Paulien. pdf) in Spectrum 11:1 (July 1980). Graeme Bradford. p22–23. 186–188. php?pub_id=243& journal=1& type=pdf)PDF JATS 17:1 (Spring 2006). cfm)". aspx) [50] Merton E. p17 [37] " The World of E. p12. The prophecies are given to show "God's hand in history". p2–9 [53] Hans LaRondelle. org/ files/ archive/ archive06-10/ 10-2butler. God Cares. charlatans. 1980). Idaho: Pacific Press. Nature of Prophecy [44] c. "The End of Historicism? Reflections on the Adventist Approach to Biblical Apocalyptic" . php?pub_id=183& journal=1& type=pdf)"PDF. com/ articles/ second-coming-prophecies-fulfilled/ a-great-earthquake. 0. org/ library/ exegesisofdaniel/ 22part6. ministrymagazine. An excerpt from Day of the Dragon [40] Donald Casebolt. to be "mindful that time is 'short'".

html) [78] http:/ / www. 1st edition 1988. William H. White [65] A. " (http:/ / atoday. Nichol. The Great Controversy (http:/ / www. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. 9788820960681. Daniel and the Revelation. com/ endtimeissues/ eti_86. to a Diocese: Acta Apostolicae Sedis." See Ron Corson.109. amazingfacts. National Sunday Law (http:/ / www. Endtime Issues no. 1987 [91] "Revelation Seminar" in Historical Dictionary of Seventh-day Adventists by Gary Land. html#thur)". adventistbiblicalresearch. sundaylaw. p157–162 [89] Smith. whiteestate. (http:/ / www. org/ beliefs/ statements/ main_stat42.The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary. htm). adventistarchives. p691–701. asp). ) [63] The Mark Of The Beast (study guide) (http:/ / www. Michigan: Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association (1884). Washington. p. [66] http:/ / www. Andrews University PhD thesis. 6 July 2002. htm) [87] The Adventist Sabbath School Quarterly one time had a different interpretation June 1-7. White. com/ books?id=i18-QVydZp4C& pg=RA1-PA823& vq=vicarius+ filii+ dei& dq=sda+ bible+ commentary& lr=& source=gbs_search_s& cad=0). or later to become. vatican. php?pub_id=610& journal=1& type=pdf)"PDF.. (Washington. auss. org/ atissue/ books/ 27/ 27-24. org/ store/ product/ tabid/ 268/ productid/ 322/ sename/ the-day-of-the-dragon/ default. htm [70] " Islam and The Papacy in Prophecy (http:/ / www. pgs. chapter 38. See responses from leading Adventist theologians: http:/ / www.139—. Decoding Revelation’s Trumpets: Literary Allusions and Interpretation of Revelation  8:7-12. chapter 38 [85] One author states progressive Adventists generally believe "true Christians can and do worship on Sunday. six used three times. "Armageddon: History of Adventist Interpretations" in Symposium on Revelation–Book 2. aspx) [62] The United States In Bible Prophecy (http:/ / www. Chapter 18 "Historic Concept of the Mark of the Beast" [83] Seventh-day Adventists Believe: A Biblical Exposition of 27 Fundamental Doctrines (http:/ / www. org/ doc_info. Silver Spring. html)". and Sunday observance is not now. html [71] http:/ / www. and chapter 24 http:/ / www. chapter 36. sdanet. instead advocating a symbolic interpretation of "intensified rebellion. chapter 38. adventist. n. 1877 reprint. info/ auss_publication_file. com/ archive/ XVII/ 17-2. cast doubt on the early interpretation. htm [81] The Adult Sabbath School Lesson for April–June 2002. Cited from Adventist Bible Commentary [76] Commentary on Daniel and Revelation (http:/ / books. LX (1968). 666truth. p116. 223 [73] http:/ / www. End Time. org/ atissue/ books/ qod/ index. the Mark of the Beast. adventistarchives. google. biblicalperspectives. chapter 25.: Review and Herald Publishing Association). The quarterly topic was "Great Apocalyptic Prophecies" [82] Seventh-day Adventists Answer Questions on Doctrine (http:/ / www. net/ books/ nsl/ en/ nsltoc. aspx?a=b [67] 666 Truth (http:/ / www. Ministerial Association. . 6-12. 2002 [86] ENDTIME ISSUES NEWSLETTER No 139 (http:/ / www.C. amazingfacts. fm/ lesson/ 2002/ june1. net/ eschatology/ reformedescha. com/ endtimeissues/ et_139. 86. 1992. aspx?7=The-Mark-of-the-Beast) [64] The Great Controversy (http:/ / www. com/ 16 . html [72] Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary. p444–449 [90] Jon Paulien. Philippians to Revelation) [77] Decree of Paul VI elevating the Prefecture Apostolic of Bafia. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. tagnet. biblicalperspectives. presenttruthmag. org/ qrtrly/ eng/ 02b/ less10. " Daniel Committee: A Response to the Daniel & Revelation Committee (http:/ / www. org/ books/ gc/ gc. 4th edition. biblicalperspectives. amazingfacts. Mountain Missionary Press. 317-319. Cameroon. The United States in the Light of Prophecy. Jan Marcussen (1986). org/ FreeStuff/ BibleStudies/ StudyGuides/ tabid/ 105/ ctl/ ViewMedia/ mid/ 453/ IID/ 2-22/ LNG/ en/ 7/ The-Other-Woman/ SC/ R/ Default. goodnewsforadventists. com/ magazine/ 2002/ 11/ progressive-and-traditional-adventists-examined)". htm [84] Ellen G.224. MD: Biblical Research Institute. Website is RevelationHope.com (http:/ / revelationhope. aspx?7=The-USA-in-Bible-Prophecy. va/ holy_father/ paul_vi/ apost_constitutions/ documents/ hf_p-vi_apc_19680111_bafianae_lt. crcbermuda. Review and Herald Publishing Association. pdf#view=fit [79] http:/ / www. html [69] http:/ / www. Daniel and Revelation Committee Series 7. D. htm). p246 [92] Quote from the printed sessions. nor is keeping the Seventh-day Sabbath to be the Seal of God. " The Dragon Versus the Remnant Part 2 (http:/ / ssnet. amazingfacts. sdanet. biblicalperspectives. Commentarium Officiale. htm) [88] Jon Paulien. com/ ) [93] Biblical Research Institute . chapter 36. htm). vol. com/ reference/ ellen-white-books-g-m/ great-controversy/ 1931-chap-35-liberty-of-conscience-threatened) Chapter entitled: Liberty of Conscience Threatened by Ellen G. Battle Creek. Francis D. and total independence from God". 2002 (http:/ / www. [75] The Three Angels of Revelation XIV. pp.Biblical Research Institute (http:/ / www. com/ endtimeissues/ et_145. org/ ) [68] http:/ / www. Adventist Today. org/ atissue/ books/ 27/ 27-12. particularly the studies for Thursday and Friday.. 2nd edition 2005. D. ISBN 9780828011709. asp?DocID=11216 [74] Uriah Smith. See also LaRondelle. " The Location and Significance of Armageddon in Rev 16:16 (http:/ / www. org/ adventist. 1957. org/ FreeStuff/ BibleStudies/ StudyGuides/ tabid/ 105/ ctl/ ViewMedia/ mid/ 453/ IID/ 2-20/ LNG/ en/ SC/ R/ Default. com/ endtimeissues/ et_146. htm [80] http:/ / www. Andrews University Seminary Studies 18:2 (Autumn 1980). org/ docs/ AAR/ AAR19751027-V80-43__C.C. org/ FreeStuff/ BibleStudies/ StudyGuides/ tabid/ 105/ ctl/ ViewMedia/ mid/ 453/ IID/ 2-21/ LNG/ en/ SC/ R/ Default. 2008. sdanet. See lesson 10 (June 1–7). htm) One review is Desmond Ford. mountainretreatorg. org/ bookshop. principally authored by Ángel Rodríguez. ISBN 8820960680. p. 6. Shea.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology [61] The Other Woman (study guide) (http:/ / www. 823-824 (from Vol. see Adult Sabbath School Lesson for April–June 2002. biblicalperspectives. com/ endtimeissues/ eti_90. 7.

htm)" (chapter 23). ISBN 0-8280-1424-8. 2005. Review and Herald • Ron du Preez. Review and Herald.reviewandherald. pl?type=sku& sku=0925675008 [95] http:/ / www. Daniel and The Coming King (http://www.php?keyid=8).htm)" (chapter 24). The Next Superpower. cgi?key=68)).htm)" (chapter 27) in Ministerial Association. Daniel ( publisher's page (http://www. ISBN 0-8163-2373-9 • Gerhard Pfandl. Day of the Dragon. 2000. Review and Herald. Sunday's Coming. ISBN 0-8163-2151-5 • Reinder Bruinsma... Seventh-day Adventists Believe.org/atissue/books/27/27-27.sdanet. 2005. Review and Herald. ISBN 1-878046-55-1 [97] Other evangelist sources include Kenneth Cox.org/atissue/books/27/index. Seven Keys: Unlocking the Secrets of Revelation. and conservative perspective • William H. Daniel: The Seer of Babylon. ISBN 0-8163-1148-X • Norman Gulley.adventistarchives. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists (1988). the classic in-depth study • Clifford Goldstein. " The Millenium and the End of Sin (http://www. " Death and Resurrection (http://www. 1994.htm) • V. Pacific Press. htm)). 1994. Paulien has been considered the leading Adventist scholar on Revelation. Prophetic Principles. Seventh-day Adventist Attitudes Toward Roman Catholicism 1844–1965. Hart. articles and blog posts. Fulton.. 1997) • Ministerial Association: " Christ's Ministry in the Heavenly Sanctuary (http://www.com/newproducts/product. Daniel. 2004.edu/universitypress/catalog. The Deep Things of God: An Insider's Guide to the Book of Revelation ( publisher's page (http://www. 2002. Norskov Olsen.compuserve. ISBN 0-9786054-3-8 • G. ISBN 0-8280-1918-5.org. Doukhan. 1982. Review and Herald.pl?type=sku&sku=082801812X)). In the Heart of Daniel: An Exposition of Daniel 9:24–27. Daniel commentaries: Daniel. ISBN 0-9720888-3-0 17 Further reading • Roy Allan Anderson. Pacific Press. reviewandherald.org/atissue/books/27/subjectindex. com/ newproducts/ product. 2001 (distributed by Review and Herald). The Antichrist Agenda: Ten Commandments Twice Removed.pppa.com/index. 1978. ISBN 0-8280-1645-3 • Desmond Ford. Secrets of Daniel. Hagerstown.sdanet.desford. 2007. reviewandherald. Unfolding Daniel and Unfolding Revelation. Florida: First Impressions.org/atissue/books/ 27/27-23. " The Second Coming of Christ (http://www. ed.sdanet. Crisis: A Commentary on the Book of Revelation Volumes 1–3.sdanet.org/atissue/books/27/27-26.. 1996. Berrien Springs. Secrets of Revelation. ISBN 0-8280-1746-8 • Hans LaRondelle.au/home/skyview.org/atissue/books/27/ 27-24. ed. (http://www.com/homepages/clt4/drtoc. Michigan. Andrews University Press ( publisher's page (http://www. Review and Herald. A popular. Daniel and the Revelation ( reprint (http://ourworld. Shea. Edward Reid.sdanet. How to Understand the End-Time Prophecies of the Bible (Sarasota. the classic work on eschatology amongst the Adventist pioneers . Daniel: Vision of the End.htm)" (chapter 25). 1987 • Jon Paulien's books. Maryland: Review and Herald. See the "Prophecy" entry on p390 of the index (http://www.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology daniel-committee/ )" [94] http:/ / www.htm)" (chapter 26) and " The New Earth (http://www. ISBN 1-883925-04-5 • Jacques B. Satan's Trojan Horse: God's End-Time Victory.sdanet. 2008. ISBN 1-883012-37-6 [98] See Danny Shelton and Shelley J. Quinn. Review and Herald.org/documents. The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers (http://www.andrews. MD: Omega (distributed by Review and Herald). and others • Le Roy Froom. Pacific Press. Revelation's Predictions for a New Millennium. com/ newproducts/ product. asp?CatID=79&SortBy=0&ShowDateOrder=False)DjVu (4 volumes). Review and Herald. 2009. reprinted as the single volume Unveiling Daniel and Revelation. The Advent Hope in Scripture and History.org/atissue/books/27/27-25.php?pgName=prodBooks& sku=0816320772)) • Uriah Smith.sdanet. 2006. ISBN 0-9711134-3-2. Review and Herald. For example. pl?type=sku& sku=0925675016 [96] For instance Mark Finley. Rev edn Review and Herald. 2005.htm).

adventistbiblicalresearch.aspx?7=The-USA-in-Bible-Prophecy) • "Eschatology" (http://jewel.org/article. php?pgName=prodBooks&sku=0816322120) • Ellen G. The Great Controversy. com/ Browse. (See also the compilation: White.html)). 2001.Revelation of Jesus Christ ( publisher's page (http://www.andrews.org/documents.Seventh-day Adventist eschatology • Ranko Stefanovic.com 18 External links • "Prophecy" articles (http://www. Daniel: Wisdom to the Wise.andrews.pppa.edu:82/ search/dEnd) articles as cataloged in the Seventh-day Adventist Periodical Index (SDAPI) .andrews.org/FreeStuff/BibleStudies/StoracleLessons/ tabid/104/ctl/ViewMedia/mid/452/IID/1-1/LNG/en/7/The-Millennial-Man/SC/R/Default. aspx?7=The-Mark-of-the-Beast) • " Traditional Interpretation Of The United States In Bible Prophecy For Adventists (http://www.edu/cas/religion/faculty/ stefanovic_ranko.ministrymagazine.org/FreeStuff/ BibleStudies/StudyGuides/tabid/105/ctl/ViewMedia/mid/453/IID/2-20/LNG/en/SC/R/Default.php?id=37) – 2007 Adventist Theological Society Symposium • Traditional Interpretation on Daniel 2 (http://www.edu:82/search/dEschatology) and "End" (http://jewel. White. Andrews University Press • Zdravko Stefanovic. adventistbookcenter. special issue (http://www.com/index.htm#prophecy) from the Biblical Research Institute • Ministry 73:6/7 (June–July 2000).atsjats. org/FreeStuff/BibleStudies/StudyGuides/tabid/105/ctl/ViewMedia/mid/453/IID/2-21/LNG/en/SC/R/ Default. tpl?category=PROP)" books from AdventistBookCenter.amazingfacts.aspx) • Traditional Understanding Of The Mark Of The Beast for Adventists (http://www. Last Day Events. publisher's page (http://www.amazingfacts. ISBN 0-8163-1879-4) See also " Prophecy (http:/ / www. Pacific Press.org/archive/2000/JuneJuly) • Current Issues in Eschatology (http://www.amazingfacts.

TimR.wikipedia.Article Sources and Contributors 19 Article Sources and Contributors Seventh-day Adventist eschatology  Source: http://en.wikipedia Image:Adventist eschatology timeline. Educatetruth. Biblelight. 48 anonymous edits Image Sources. Scritti86. Jerrywlee.org/w/index. Cromwellt.org/w/index.JPG  License: unknown  Contributors: Tonicthebrown Image:Millennial views.php?title=File:James_and_Ellen_White. TomorrowsDream. Man vyi Image:Leonids-1833.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Colin MacLaurin. Woohookitty. 0/ . Pigman.php?oldid=415661392  Contributors: 2Peter14.php?title=File:Adventist_eschatology_timeline. Tonicthebrown. Meredyth.wikipedia.jpg  Source: http://en. Sillyfolkboy.php?title=File:Millennial_views.php?title=File:Adventist_1863_chart.php?title=File:SundayLawTimes01. Magdala3.org/w/index. Licenses and Contributors Image:James and Ellen White.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Original uploader was Logawi at en.org/w/index. StAnselm. Andrereis. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. TheFarix.gif  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Tonicthebrown Image:Adventist 1863 chart.wikipedia.php?title=File:Leonids-1833. Matt122004. Willfults. GoingBatty. Rjwilmsi. Rjakew.wikipedia. John J.JPG  Source: http://en. Entheta. Editor2020.org/w/index.wikipedia. Wikoliver.jpg  Source: http://en. Amish 01. Hebrides.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Adolf Vollmy Image:SundayLawTimes01.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en. Freegiftministries. Iridescent. Bulten. Colin MacLaurin. Clavecin. John663.wikipedia.wikipedia. Farsight001.gif  Source: http://en. Joelster.gif  Source: http://en. 2 anonymous edits License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. EnochBethany. Discospinster.gif  License: Public Domain  Contributors: AnonMoos. Esprit15d. Lamorak. KendallKDown.org/w/index. Simbagraphix.