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Karlee Martin Dr. Paitakes 10/27/2010 Article Critique “Offenders Incarcerated for Crimes Against Juveniles” David Finkelhor and Richard Ormrod; Pages 1-12
pdf .ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/191028.Martin 2 Source: http://www.
Additionally. These crimes include child abuse. the amount of violent juvenile offenders incarcerated has increased from nineteen to twenty-two percent within the violent inmate population. Disturbingly. neglect. the age. while only seven percent of the incarcerated sex offenders were adult sex offenders. The more insight on these crimes will help the nation take the best and most suitable actions. and preventing future crimes. gender and race of offenders and victims a long with the severity and length of sentences imposed. violent acts. the media coverage has increased significantly. To ease the public. these statistics are used to inform and better the actions of authorities. Between 1991 and 1997. and thirty-eight percent had victimized someone . The amount of imprisoned juvenile sex offenders is significantly higher than the amount of imprisoned adult sex offenders. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is committed to improving the responses of authorities by making use of the data produced.Martin 3 MAJOR ISSUES Crimes against juveniles have been receiving more and more attention as the years pass. In response to the sexual abuse children are receiving. there have been amore offenders arrested and prosecuted. forty-eight percent of juvenile sex offenders had violated someone in their family or someone living in the same residence. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention are committed to responding with appropriate action. and sexual abuse. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) have done numerous researches to improve their efforts and results. sixty-five percent of incarcerated sex offenders were juvenile sex offenders. Authorities find it difficult when it comes to punishing and deterring juvenile offenders. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention outline statistics that show the nature of the crimes. and of course the victims. “Offenders Incarcerated for Crimes Against Juveniles” by David Finkelhor and Richard Ormrod compose an article that deals with researches of juvenile and adult inmates. more than one-fifth of inmates incarcerated for violent crimes were sex offenders (of juveniles) in state prisons. SUMMARY OF ARTLICE Children are at risk for a number of crimes. By 1997.
Lastly. and twenty-nine percent were over the age of eighteen. and ninety percent of victims were eighteen or older. and robbery accounted for 116. while sixty-sixty percent of adult sex offenders were under the age of thirty. and seventy three percent were over the age of eighteen. The first table shows the statistics for 1997 of violent offenders in state prisons.294. The second part of the article focuses on the characteristics of sex offenders. a majority of adult sex offenders (fifty-four percent) had committed a crime against a total stranger. sentences were not as harsh for offenders who targeted teenagers. three percent of victims were thirteen to seventeen. thirty-two percent of victims were thirteen to seventeen. each pie chart is for a different age group and shows the different percentages of the different violent crimes encountered. rape or sexual assault accounted for 87. thirty-nine percent of victims were twelve or younger. ignorant young adult. The second figure in the article is done in pie charts. Lastly. homicide accounted for 128.00.028). and is organized by the type of offense and the age of victims.205. Fifty-one percent of juvenile sex offenders were over the age of thirty. assault accounted for 91. In relation to the reason for abuse. The article gives reason for this by stating that teenagers may be partly responsible for their victimization. a majority of juvenile sexual offenders were once physically or sexually abused themselves. The first . while fifty nine percent of adult sex offenders were a minority (nonwhite). fifty-six percent of juvenile sex offenders were married and sixty percent of adult offenders have never been married. and ninety six percent were eighteen or older. seven percent were thirteen to seventeen. When looking at the rape and sexual assault category. and seventy-eight percent were against people eighteen or older. sixty-four percent of juvenile sex offenders were white.028 violent crimes. while adult sex offenders appear to be more of the irresponsible. More over. On the other hand. six percent was accounted for children thirteen to seventeen. Of all the violent crimes (436. one percent of victims of robbery were under twelve. Four percent of children under the age of twelve were victims of homicide. there is no justification for juvenile sexual abuse or sexual abuse in general On another note. there is no suggesting evidence that concludes that offenders who violate preadolescents are given lighter sentences. fourteen percent were thirteen to seventeen. This concludes that juvenile sex offenders appear to be more of an average adult. However. Six percent of victims of assault were under the age of twelve. Thirteen percent of victims of kidnapping were twelve or younger. eleven percent was against children from the age of thirteen to seventeen (meaning twenty-two percent of violent crimes are against juveniles).780. and eighty-seven percent were eighteen or older. This helps one gain some insight on the motive of the juvenile offender and his or her mens rae.Martin 4 they knew. eleven percent was against children under the age of twelve.807. Out of the 436. kidnapping accounted for 11. However.
fifteen percent of victims were thirteen to seventeen. five percent of victims were twelve or younger. eighteen percent were accounted for homicide. and seventy percent of victims were over the age of eighteen. twelve percent of victims were thirteen to seventeen. victims from thirteen to seventeen are represented. seven percent were accounted for rape or sexual assault. three percent were arrested for crimes against children twelve and younger. and seventy eight were arrested for crimes against people eighteen and older. eleven percent accounts for assault. White offenders targeted thirteen percent of victims twelve or younger. sixteen percent of the victims were thirteen to seventeen. eleven percent of victims were twelve or younger. The last chart was for victims eighteen and older. while the peak age of offenders of victims’ age thirteen to seventeen. For offenders twenty five to twenty nine. Thirty four percent of crimes were homicide. and eighty four percent of victims were over the age of eighteen. Forty eight percent of offenders for all age groups were black. twenty-three were accounted for assault. Seventy two percent accounts for rape or assault. seventeen percent of victims thirteen to seventeen. three percent accounts for homicide. Fifty-right percent of violent crimes were rape or sexual assault. and seventy two percent of victims were eighteen or older. For the thirty to thirty four age group. In the fourth figure and fifth. and only thirty four percent of adult offenders were over the age of thirty. Black offenders targeted five percent of children twelve or younger. For the age group of forty to forty four. eight percent of thirteen to seventeen year olds. sixteen percent of victims were twelve years old or younger. and sixty nine percent of the victims were under the age of eighteen. Fifty-one percent of juvenile offenders were over the age of thirty. eight percent were accounted for robbery. When the fifty to fifty four age group . eleven percent were thirteen to seventeen. forty-six percent of offenders for all age groups were white. the age of offenders at arrest were classified by the age group the inmate targeted. seven percent of victims were thirteen to seventeen. and over eighteen was about twenty. and eighty three percent were eighteen or older. The next figure is about the victims’ ages classified by the offenders’ races. and seventy seven percent of victims were eighteen or older. and sixty two percent of victims were eighteen or older. and the remaining six percent of offenders were of a different race. For the age group forty five to forty nine. three percent accounts for robbery and the remaining two percent accounts for other violent crimes. fourteen percent were accounted for assault. eight percent of victims were thirteen to seventeen. thirty-three percent were accounted for robbery. For offenders eighteen to twenty four. twenty three percent of victims were twelve or younger. and eighty seven percent of eighteen year olds. Within the thirty five to thirty nine age group. fifteen percent of victims were twelve or younger. two percent were accounted for kidnapping. sixteen percent of victims were twelve or younger.Martin 5 chart is for victims twelve and younger. For offenders seventeen and younger. and one percent was accounted for other violent crimes. nineteen were arrested for crimes against children thirteen to seventeen. and three percent were accounted for kidnapping. In the second chart. ten percent accounts for kidnapping. The peak of offender age for victims twelve or younger was about thirty two.
and one must keep in mind that a majority of violent crimes towards juveniles are sexual. Lastly. when it comes to homicide. twenty seven percent of crimes against teens involved a weapon. Similarly. and forty six percent of victims are eighteen and over. Twenty one percent of offenders victimized their own children when the age was thirteen to seventeen. and fifty six percent o the victims were eighteen or older. The amount of strangers victimized by adults was fifty four percent. there was an increase from nineteen percent to twenty two percent in all violent juvenile offenders. forty five percent of the victims are twelve or younger. In state prisons. the older the offender. Furthermore. and another nine victimized a spouse of a girlfriend. and fifty one percent of crimes against adult involved a weapon. when the gender of the victim is taken into consideration to the overall population of violent crimes more females constituted all of juvenile violent crimes. but homicides committed against teens were not due to offenders within the family. nine percent victimized a relative. One of the most significant differences between juvenile offenders and adult offenders was the victim offender relationship. Forty percent of juvenile offenders against children twelve and under victimized their own children or step children. seventy-two percent of adult offenders are likely to recommit crimes. Strangely. when adults target males more. twelve percent of the victims were thirteen to seventeen. Eighteen percent victimized a young relative and only five percent victimized a stranger. When the fifty five to fifty nine age group is looked at. thirty two percent of the victims were under the age of twelve. the numbers of inmates incarcerated for juvenile homicide . offenders sixty and over victimize forty percent children. and fifty nine percent of offenders against children. the more likely they are to victimize a younger child. and relatives accounted for sixteen percent. Furthermore. Eight percent of crimes against children twelve and under involved a weapon. Similarly. the number of offenders against juveniles have been increasing. fourteen percent of victims are thirteen to seventeen. eleven percent is thirteen to seventeen and forty four percent is eighteen or older. often committed the homicide against one of their children. Another major difference among the crimes committed is that juvenile crimes were less likely to involve a weapon. On another note. juvenile offenders target females more.Martin 6 is looked at. while sixty four percent of adult victims were males. sixty one percent of offenders against teens. these statistics are for violent crimes in general. Seventy six percent of juvenile victims were female. however. In addition. juvenile victims of sexual assault are more likely to be males. Similarly. figure seven shows that offenders imprisoned for homicide against children twelve and younger. the number of inmates in general has been increasing (thirty three percent increase from 19911997). However. Overall. juvenile offenders are less likely to recommit crimes when compared to other offenders. However. and more males constituted for all adult violent crimes. crimes against juveniles were less likely to involve multiple people when compared to crimes against adults.
there is a major difference. it is probable that these offenders need treatment more than punishment. Since adult sex offenders more commonly victimize strangers. In regards to length of the sentences. while seven percent are adult sex offenders. the article never states what percentage of violent offenders make up the population of the state prisons. and may of stemmed from anger. However. AGREEMENT. However. one must take into consideration that they are less likely to use weapons. or abuse of alcohol and/or drugs. EVALUATION: MY OPINION. Only twelve percent of offenders against children receive the death sentence. In my opinion. that . Another misleading statistic is that sixty-five percent of the incarcerated sex offenders are juvenile sex offenders. DISAGREEMENT The article makes it clear that the nation is responding more to sexual crimes. while adult sex offenders prey on the unknown. compared to the victims of adult sex offenders. These offenders’ sentences are criticized for not being harsh enough. however. They are mainly white. the number of sex offenders is increasing at a slower rate. This statistic does not seem convincing seeing that the article excludes the remaining twenty-eight percent of incarcerated sex offenders. the article states that one-fifth of inmates incarcerated for violent crimes were sex offenders. married and less recidivistic when compared to the other violent offenders. The difference in victims shows a different motive. juvenile sex offenders’ motives seem to stem from dysfunctional childhoods and show a more deranged way of thinking with underlying mental issues. Once again. adults and juvenile offenders do not differ much. they are often criticized for being too lenient. Juvenile sex offenders prey of people they are familiar with. but the language of the article seems to be a bit deceiving. For instance. crimes against juveniles make up a decent percentage of crimes. Overall. However. When the sentences for juvenile offenders are looked at. have jobs. the crime does seem as thought out. and it is continuing to grow. while nine percent of offenders against teens receive death sentences and seventeen percent of offenders against adults receive the death sentence.Martin 7 and sexual assault is increasing as well. This statistic is misleading. and this decreased the sentences severity significantly. This initially makes one believe that one-fifth of the general prison population is incarcerated for sexual offenses against juveniles. The juvenile offending inmates have distinguishing features: a majority of sex offenders commit crimes against family members or people they know. however. when it comes to homicides juvenile offenders are more likely to serve a longer sentence. The average for juvenile offenders is 180 months versus 240 months. When examining the targeted victims of juvenile sex offenders. although violent offenders are a significant portion of inmates.
it is interesting to see how different races target different age groups. and why adult sex offenders are more likely to violate a random person. I did not find it surprising that juvenile victims were the highest for rape or sexual assault when compared to kidnapping. I found it extremely disgusting that offenders of teenagers receive lighter sentences. unmarried individual would sexually abuse a random adult. As previously said. Similarly. Additionally. I am curious to why there is such a big gap in the peak age when comparing offenders of twelve year olds and younger. and were previously abused as a child themselves. I believe that no matter how misleading a teen may be. Twenty two percent of violent crimes are targeted at juveniles and seventy one percent of the twenty two percent were victims of rape or sexual assault were under the age of eighteen. to the victims thirteen to seventeen. no one asks to be sexually abused. when examining the data from figure four. I cannot theorize an explanation for why black people are more likely to target adults when compared to black people. I also did not find it surprising that a majority of child sex offenders were white. When looking at the third figure. unmarried and a minority. there are some odd changes. over thirty and married. it is interesting that the peak age for offenders victimizing children twelve and under was 32. homicide and robbery. and that rape accounted for a small percent of crimes against adults. the data from figure shows that is more likely for an older offender to victimize a child under twelve. for instance. I did not find it surprising that a majority of adult sex offenders were under the age of thirty. but black offenders are more violent (but not by much) than white offenders. and why white people are more likely to target juveniles than black people. while only twenty nine percent were adults. when looking at the data of violent crimes separated by age group and type of crime. and whites enjoy preying on children more than blacks. and I found it even more disgusting that the article justified this by saying teenagers were partly responsible. and seeing that a majority were older (meaning they have more integrity). the types of crimes different age groups encountered were directly laid out. However. but unsurprising to see the high percentage of crimes dealing with rape and sexual assault that juveniles’ face. It seems that black people enjoy the act of violence more than whites.Martin 8 is just my opinion—I would of liked to see some sort of explanation on why juvenile sex offenders are more likely to violate someone they are familiar with. I believe that juvenile offenders have more of an underlying mental issue. It seems more likely that a young. assault. It was interesting. However. homicide and assault were equally distributed for the most part in the adult group. were married. it seems that white offenders target more juveniles for violent offenses than black offenders. . for the age group forty five to forty nine. while the peak age for offenders victimizing people from thirteen to over eighteen was around twenty. and this should not be taken into consideration when determining a sentence of a sex offender. It was also interesting to see that kidnapping. When examining the data the pie charts supplied. Moreover.
Martin 9 sixteen percent of the victims are under the age of twelve. In my opinion. when the victims under the age of twelve for the age group fifty five to fifty nine is forty five percent. this may be caused by post-traumatic stress disorder that happens to a mother shortly after pregnancy. the intent of their crime is pure evil in my eyes. when the sentences for offenders are looked at. It is odd how there is such a difference n the percentage of victims under the age of twelve for groups of offenders only ten years apart. in response to the recidivism rates. employed and married. I was shocked at first that juvenile offenders are less likely to recommit a crime. the rate is still high and I am not impressed. This is not surprising because it is not unusual for juvenile offenders to also be victims of abuse. This is reassuring that the number of violent offenders being imprisoned is rising. however teenage victims of homicide are not killed due to offenders within the family. I do not think that should free them of a sentence. They should be confined with other juvenile offenders and undergo sever treatment and counseling while incarcerated. However. On a similar note. but they are truly deranged in the head. When figure six and seven are examined. Moreover. however. regardless of there is a weapon involved. Moreover. I think it is absurd that juvenile offenders’ sentences are less severe. it was no surprise the juvenile crimes were less likely to involve weapons and multiple people. When the victims are deeply discussed. the overall number of inmates of increasing at the same time. however. These offenders appear to lead normal lives. it shows that a handful of juvenile offenders victimize their own children or step children. This goes to show that offenders do not need to rely on outside sources to prey on their victims. it does not fully assure me that authorities are taking any special approach to punish and deter sex offenders. I believe juvenile offenders should be given the most severe sentence. However. it does make sense that more adult offenders receive the death penalty because their crimes are often more brutal. Even though the number of incarcerated juvenile offenders is increasing. homicide victims under twelve are often victims of their family. juvenile offenders have different characteristics than adult offenders. Although they are less likely to use a weapon. . I do agree with the article in terms that these offenders may need help and treatment more than punishment. I found it strange that females made up a majority of the victims for violent juvenile crimes. however. In conclusion. They more likely to victimize family. they are mostly white.
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