The Reproductive Health Bill, popularly known as the RH Bill, is a Philippine bill aiming to guarantee universal access to methods
and information on birth control and maternal care. The bill has become the center of a contentious national debate. There are presently two bills with the same goals: House Bill No. 96 or the Reproductive Health Act and Population and Development Act of 2010 introduced by Albay 1st district representative Edcel Lagman, and Senate Bill No. 2378 or the Reproductive Health Act introduced by Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago. While there is general agreement about its provisions on maternal and child health, there is great debate on its key proposal that the Filipino taxpayer and the private sector will fund and undertake widespread distribution of family planning devices such as birth control pills (BCPs) and IUDs, as the government continues to disseminate information on their use through all health care centers. Private companies and the public and private elementary and secondary school system will be required to participate in this information and product dissemination as a way of controlling the population of the Philippines. The bill is highly controversial, with experts, academics, religious institutions, and major political figures both supporting and opposing it, often criticizing the government and each other in the process. The issue is so divisive that at one point, the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines threatened to excommunicate the President, Benigno Aquino III if he supported the bill. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH BILL IN THE PHILIPPINES There are 6 bills pertaining to reproductive health and/or population management that have been filed for deliberation in both the House of Representatives and the Senate for the 15th Congress. The most controversial of these bills is House Bill No. 96 authored by Rep. Edcel Lagman. House Bill No. 96, also known as the proposed "Reproductive Health and Population and Development Act of 2010," will cover the following areas: y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y midwives of skilled attendance emergency obstetric care access to family planning maternal death review family planning supplies as essential medicines benefits for serious and life-threatening reproductive health conditions mobile health care service mandatory age-appropriate reproductive health and sexuality education responsibility of local family planning office and certificate of compliance capability building of barangay health workers ideal family size employers' responsibilities multi-media campaign implementing mechanisms reporting requirements prohibited acts penalties
The bill is controversial, as it is being opposed by concerned citizens, especially the pro-life, pro-family and proGod groups, regardless of creed or religion. The Roman Catholic Church expresses its opposition against the bill on many counts, most especially the procurement and distribution of family planning supplies for the whole country, when the available evidence from peer reviewed medical journals supports the hypothesis that when ovulation and fertilization occur in women taking oral contraceptives (OCs) or using intrauterine devices (IUD), post-fertilization
in itself. or extreme poverty. If artificial contraceptives are medically proven to induce abortion as one of their mechanisms of action.effects are operative on occasion to prevent clinically recognized pregnancy. If there are reasonable motives for spacing births. Hormonal contraceptives and/or IUDs directly affect the endometrium. then procurement and distribution of such family planning supplies are unconstitutional and illegal. However. These make pills and IUDS abortifacient. believe that physicians and policy makers should understand and respect the beliefs of patients who consider human life to be present and valuable from the moment of fertilization. The Philippine Constitution says that the State "shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. infections such as pneumonia and tuberculosis. Pro-life groups. is ordained primarily to the propagation of life. Other aspects of the bill being contested by concerned citizens include the classification of family planning supplies as essential medicines when their safety/toxicity profile and legal permissibility are questionable. Read more: http://wiki. These effects have been presumed to render the endometrium relatively inhospitable to implantation or to the maintenance of the preembryo or embryo prior to clinically recognized pregnancy. At the same time. as if the "number" of children. Financial resources allotted by foreign donors to assist the Philippine government programs could actually be better spent towards pursuing health programs targeting communicable diseases than purchasing artificial contraceptives. The sexual act. were the unmistakable sign of authentic christian matrimonial life. more importance should be given to the prevalent diseases. such as serious medical conditions in the mother.com/Q/What_is_the_Reproductive_Health_Bill_in_the_Philippines#ixzz1GpaAY1vX
. the top ten leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. and many professionals in the medical and nursing fields. Very pertinent to the debate about reproduction rights is the right to life. namely. the position of the Catholic Church and the pro-life groups does not mean that they espouse the attitude of "natalism" at all costs. properly exercised within marriage only. then the Catholic Church teaches that married couples may take advantage of the natural cycles of the reproductive system and use their marriage precisely those times that are infertile (natural family planning). Patients should be made fully aware of this information so that they can consent to or refuse the use of artificial contraceptives.answers.