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Suzaku takes the form of a scarlet phoenix. He protects the country of Konan. In human form he has bright red hair and red eyes. He is the fourth god to be summoned. click here for a picture of Suzaku in human form
Seiryuu, god of the east Seiryuu takes the form of a dragon. He protects the country of Kutou In human form, he has long blue hair and his ears are that of a dragon. He is the third god to be summoned. click here for a picture of Seiryuu in human form
Genbu, god of the north Genbu takes the form of a turtle and snake combined. He protects the country of Hokkan. Genbu is the first god summoned, over 200 years ago.
Byakko, god of the west Byakko takes the form a of a white tiger. He protects the country of Saito. Byakko is the second god summoned about 90 years ago.
Behind the scenes--Astronomy
Although Suzaku, Seiryuu, Genbu, and Byakko are characters in a story, they were taken from ancient astronomy of China, and later Korea and Japan.
The sky is divided into four quadrants: one for each of the four cardinal directions and four seasons. They are: The Black Tortoise of Winter (North), The Azure Dragon of Spring (East), The Red Bird of Summer (South) and The White Tiger of Fall (West). There is also a fifth direction, 'center',being the earth. Each quadrant, or 'celestial palace' has seven sei shuku or 'moon stations', otherwise known as constellations. The sei shuku were determined roughly from the relative position of the moon against the stars. Genbu, name of the god of the north in FY, is taken from the name of the celestial palace of the North. 'Black Tortoise' is a rough translation of 'Genbu' None of the names of the other gods of FY are taken from the names of their respective celestial palace in astronomy. The assigning of the talismanic animals to the four seasons/directions is somewhat ambiguous. They were adapted over time and were also associated with the astrology of the different cultures. One interesting fact that is worth noting is that while the Red Bird of Summer and the Black Tortoise of Winter are aligned with the path of the sun during their season, the Azure Dragon of Spring and the White Tiger of Fall are opposite to the sun's path in their season. Analogous to this is the position of the Big Dipper. In the summer, the handle of the Big Dipper is pointing South which is the direction of the Red Bird of Summer. In the winter, the handle of the Big Dipper is pointing North, which is the direction of the Black Tortoise of Winter. However, in the Spring, the handle of the Big Dipper points to the East which is the direction of the White Tiger of Fall, and in the Fall, the handle points to the West, which is the direction of the Azure Dragon of Spring. ***information on the astronomy of China/Korea/Japan was found at Star Charts and Moon Stations This site also has lots of other great articles on astronomy. If you like astronomy, this is the place to go visit!
Magic Beasts of China and Magic beasts of the West
The Chinese have 5 sacred beasts. Each of these beasts represent a different element and a different direction. These animals have a god level status and are the kings of their kinds. They represent power and luck. They are used for magic and blessings. They are found in temples, with the gods, in homes, paintings, everywhere.
They are the Lung (dragon), Xuanwu(black tortoise), Feng-Huang(phoenix), Ki-Lin(unicorn), and Baihu(white tiger). In the west, they loosly correspond to the dragon, phoenix, unicorn, lion and sacred bull. There are numerous other sacred beasts, but these are the most primal to use. The Lung. He is a symbol of rain, weather, water, spring and the east. It is the guardian of the emperor and the city of Kyoto. It is a part of the Chinese zodiac and is a constellation in the sky. It is a symbol of yang, the positive and masculine energies of the universe. They are generally benevolent. The Lung are
full of power, and the only animal that is their equal would be the white tiger. Some well known dragons are the four dragon kings, worshipped as the gods of weather, the yellow dragon that is the symbol of the Emperor of China and the Azure dragon, a great warrior of the heavens.
The western dragon is seen more as a symbol of fire and power. They are usually malevolent and slaying them represents the climax of a heroes quest. They are greedy and love gold and beautiful virginal girls. Their blood gifts heroes with power or knowledge. They usually lair in large caves, symbolizing their connection with the Earth. They are variously described as children of the gods or of the prime creator/creatrix(like Tiamat) or as cursed individuals (like Fafnir.) Their ferocious temperment and power got them identified with Satan in the Christian mythos and because of that they were demonized even more as the symbols of sin. But, they can be used for good as well. The Welsh turned the red dragon into their symbol. In the pagan community dragons are regarded now as guardians of knowledge and so must be contended with to learn more advanced techniques. They are seen as forces of nature and the epitome of natural power
rising from the ashes of it's own destruction.The Fenghuang is actually 2 immortal birds. They came to be identified with fire and the south direction and is called the King of birds. It is a much loved and well remembered symbol. justice. and so became a symbol of the empress to balance out the Yang of the Lung(dragon. and the female is the huang. The phoenix has become very well known in the west. the female energies of the universe.) The 2 birds are now usually depicted as single female entity. It used to be a symbol of the sun. Together they represent harmony and marriage. Over time. It is a symbol of rebirth. The male is the Feng. It is the king of birds and can live for a thousand years before it needs to immolate itself. but has also become a symbol of fire. the fenghuang came to symbolize the Yin. the sun and the power of heavens sent to man. The church took this beast as a symbol of Christs resurrection and so it was saved . It is a symbol of grace and virtue.
The Kilin looks like a mix of dragon and deer covered with flames and bearing a single horn. It is the herald of sages and benevolent rulers. it will spout flames from its mouth to punish those whom sin. and told her she would have a son that would be "a king without a crown. giving it a cult status among fans. but is not feirce at all. speed. After the Lung and the Fenghuang.) The phoenix was given a power boost by the comic book characte Jean Grey. when it became a creature made of all the psychic energy in creation and a cosmic entity. and a vegetarian. The kilin is the symbol of grace.from demonification (poor dragon. wisdom and the wind. ." It also used to be sighted during the reign of great emperors and kings. One came to Confucius' mother. While is usually a pacifist. it is the third ranked beast. for it is able to walk across grass without bending a blade and can walk swifter than any animal and can even walk across water.
) The pagans saw it as raw. In classical times. cloven hooves(like a goat) and a single horn upon its head. with a goats beard. it wasn't until the medieval times that it got it's power and beauty. The unicorn was kind to those who were pure. a deers body. both of whom are symbols of England. pure nature. The unicorn can heal poisons and will protect innocense. a lions tail. The enemy of the unicorn is the lion. . The unicorn hunt is a symbol of taming that power.The unicorn is a symbol of raw nature. but also of destroying purity. healing and virginity. virginal and peaceful. The unicorn has both pagan and christian associations. the Unicorn was simply thought of as a fierce exotic animal. purity. but was a fierce warrior to those whom would harm it or those it regarded as pure. It is not a horse with a horn! It has a head like a horse. The Catholics saw it as a symbol of Christ and gave the name of a herd of unicorns a "Blessing" of Unicorns (like a murder or crows.
He is the lord of the west and is connected to the element of metal. when the world is dying. He represents the dark.Baihu. In the west we do have a creature similar to the White Tiger. able to equal the power of the dragon. negative yin. But he can also be cruel. He is a great leader and warrior. the white tiger. strength and the sun. good yang. symbol of kings. He was not evil though and would appear to a ruler when he ruled with absolute virtue. The king of beasts and the strongest of all. . but I have also seen him represent winter and the cold.) He is the king of all beasts. to the dragons postive. He represents the fall. as when he attacks the unicorn. it is the Lion(also called Lyon in Medieval times.
black tortoise. while the Jews demonized the sacred bull into form of the golden calf. The only other animal that is widly known and worshipped in the west that could roughly correspond to the Xuanwu would be the sacred bull. It is the symbol of guardians and warriors. with a turtles body and head. of fertility and of life. the tortoise and the snake. with or without the snake tail. is the symbol of the north. but at times also demonized. with Hindus being the only people in the world that still openly worship and/or adore it. He represents the earth in some cosmologies. It is also a symbol of the maculine forces of creation and of virility. He is actually two entities. At times he is pictured as chimeara like beast.The Xuanwu. The Greeks demonized the sacred bulls of the Minoans into the Minotaur. and also of longevity and good fortune. It has been thought of as a blessed beast by most pagans. The sacred bull is a symbol of the earth. . but a long snake tail (with its own head. They have had cults all over the West and some parts of the East. in others he is the water. Most pagans in modern times think of the bull as a symbol of the horned lord or nature.) Other times it is depicted as a tortoise with a dragons head.
pinyin: Sì Xiàng) are four mythological creatures in the Chinese ) ) Azure Dragon of the East ( Vermillion Bird of the South ( . and Four Legendary Beasts The Four Symbols (Chinese: constellations. They are: y y . but they should also think of the other beasts here.With these beasts being sacred in the East and adorning their temples and altars. I know many pagans adorn their altars with dragons. but many think of it as a girlish symbol or as childish. I have had the phoenix be part of my spiritual life for a while now. I know many people love the unicorn. The Four Symbols. Five Cardinal Directions. I feel that they should regain so much more importance in the west. Break out of the box and think of them as beasts of power to be honored and respected.
Huáng-lóng ( ). It is sometimes called the Azure Dragon of the East (simplified Chinese: . Like the other Four Symbols. or the Yellow Dragon of the Center. traditional Chinese: . The seasons they represent are as follows: y y y y Azure Dragon of the East ( Vermilion Bird of the South ( White Tiger of the West ( Black Tortoise of the North ( ): Spring ): Summer ): Autumn/Fall ): Winter The Azure Dragon is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. It represents the east and the spring season. pinyin: Ji o) . or positions. pinyin: D ng F ng C ng Lóng).y y White Tiger of the West ( Black Tortoise of the North ( ) ) Each one of them represents a direction and a season of the year. Azure Dragon has the name Meng Zhang . of the moon. Black Tortoise is Zhi Ming . pinyin: Fáng) . and it is known as Seiryuu in Japan and Cheongryong in Korea. They have been portrayed in many historical Chinese and Korean myths and fiction. The cardinal direction associated with this animal is "centre. traditional Chinese: . These Four Symbols were given human names after Daoism became popular. see above) represent a season each. the Azure Dragon corresponds to seven "mansions". pinyin: Kàng) . The four legendary beasts (excluding Huáng-lóng. pinyin: D ng F ng Q ng Lóng. White Tiger is Jian Bing . or sometimes simplified Chinese: . and each has its own individual characteristics and origins. there is a fifth legendary beast. pinyin: D ) . y y y y Horn (Chinese: Neck (Chinese: Root (Chinese: Room (Chinese: . Vermilion Bird is Ling Guang . and also appear in many modern Japanese comic books and animation. A Han-dynasty pottery tile emblematically representing the 5 cardinal directions Each of these mythological creatures has also been synthesized into the 5 element system: y y y y y Azure Dragon of the East ( Vermilion Bird of the South ( White Tiger of the West ( Black Tortoise of the North ( ): Wood ): Fire ): Metal ): Water Additionally." and its element is Earth. It should not be confused with the mythological yellow dragon that is associated with the Emperor of China.
pinyin: X n) . Nán F ng Zh Què) and it is also known as Suzaku in Japan and Jujak in Korea. he's said the reincarnation of the White Tiger's Star. According to Wu Xing. Like the other Four Symbols. Liao Dynasty general He Suwen is the reincarnation of the Azure Dragon's Star. the south is protected by the Vermilion Bird. pinyin: J ng) . the Kitora Tomb was found in the village of Asuka. the north is protected by the Black Tortoise.y y y Heart (Chinese: Tail (Chinese: . the reincarnation of the White Tiger's Star is said to be Li Shimin's general Luo Cheng (Ì / ) and the reincarnation of the Azure Dragon's Star is said to be the rebellious general Dan Xiongxin ( brothers of Qin Shubao ( ( / / ). pinyin: Gu ) . while the Vermilion Bird is a mythological spirit creature of the Chinese constellations. the Azure Dragon (Seiryuu) is one of the four guardian spirits of cities and is said to protect the city of Kyoto on the east. the direction south. In Kyoto there are temples dedicated to each of these guardian spirits. of the moon. In Japan. This is one of the few ancient records of the four guardians. pinyin: X ng) Extended Net (Chinese: . The Vermilion bird is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. Xue Rengui ( In some legends of the Tang Dynasty's general Xue Rengui. It is often mistaken for the Fenghuang due to similarities in appearance. it represents the fire-element. The Azure Dragon is represented in the Kiyomizu Temple in eastern Kyoto. pinyin: Zh ng) . And his archenemy. They two are sworn ) and Yuchi Jingde ) ). y y y y y Well (Chinese: Ghost (Chinese: Willow (Chinese: Star (Chinese: . but the two are different creatures. Thus it is sometimes called the Vermilion bird of the South ( . the Taoist five-elemental system. and the center is protected by the Yellow Dragon. The west is protected by the White Tiger. All four guardians were painted on the walls (in the corresponding directions) and a system of the constellations was painted on the ceiling. or positions. pinyin: Li ) . In 1983. pinyin: W i) . Their souls after death are said to possess the body of the new heroes of the ) and He Suwen ( Tang Dynasty and the Liao Dynasty. Cheng Zhijie ( / / / ). Before the entrance of the temple there is a statue of the dragon which is said to drink from the waterfall within the temple complex at nighttime. pinyin: J ) Winnowing Basket (Chinese: In the novel Shuo Tang Yanyi (Tales of Tang Dynasty). Therefore each year a ceremony is held to worship the dragon of the east. the Vermilion Bird corresponds to seven "mansions". The Fenghuang (Similar to the phoenix in western mythologies) are legendary ruler of birds associated with the Chinese Empress in the same way the dragon is associated with the Emperor. and the season summer correspondingly.
the Liao Dynasty's prince He Suwen is the reincarnation of the Azure Dragon's Star. or if there was peace throughout the world. it is very selective in what it eats and where it perches. the reincarnation of White Tiger's Star is said to be Li Shimin's general Luo Cheng (Ì ) and the reincarnation of Azure Dragon's Star is said to be the rebellious general Dan Xiongxin ( ). Legend had it that when a tiger reached 500 years old. It is sometimes called the Black Warrior of the North ( . Cheng Zhijie ( ) and Yuchi Jingde ( ). Like the other Four Symbols. y y y y y y y Legs (Chinese: Bond (Chinese: . and his archenemy. and the entire entity is not just the tortoise itself. its tail would turn white. pinyin: Yì) . It represents the west and the autumn season. It represents the north and the winter season. In this way. pinyin: Sh n) Stomach (Chinese: Hairy Head (Chinese: Net (Chinese: . and is known as Genbu in Japan and Hyeonmu in Korea. the white tiger thus became a mythological guardian of the west. pinyin: Kuí) . pinyin: M o) . B i F ng Xuán W ). pinyin: Wèi) . pinyin: Zh n) The Vermilion bird is an elegant and noble bird in both appearance and behavior. Although its .y y Wings (Chinese: Chariot (Chinese: . In some legends of the Tang Dynasty's general Xue Rengui. It is sometimes called the White Tiger of the West ( . of the moon. but both the tortoise and the snake. The White Tiger is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. Xue Rengui ( ) and He Suwen ( ). In the novel Shuo Tang Yanyi (Tales of Tang Dynasty). pinyin: Z ) . They two are sworn brothers of Qin Shubao ( ). he is said to be the reincarnation of the White Tiger's Star. X F ng Bái H ). pinyin: Lóu) . with its feathers in many different hues of reddish orange. and is known as Byakko in Japan and Baekho in Korea. The Vermilion bird is often associated with the mythical Phoenix due to their associations with fire. or positions. The Black Tortoise is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. Their souls after death are said to possess the body of the new heroes of Tang Dynasty and Liao Dynasty. Because the color white of the Chinese five elements also represents the west. It was said that the white tiger would only appear when the emperor ruled with absolute virtue. the White Tiger corresponds to seven "mansions". the white tiger became a kind of mythological creature. pinyin: Bì) Turtle Beak (Chinese: Three Stars (Chinese: During the Han Dynasty. The word for "tortoise" was taboo. people believed the tiger to be the king of all beasts.
he was not interested in taking the throne. and terrorized people. During the Han Dynasty. the tortoise and the snake were thought to be spiritual creatures symbolising longevity. thus there is a "Tortoise Mountain" and a "Snake Mountain" on the opposite sides of a river in Wuhan. pinyin: Shì) . Journey to the West. he must purge all humanly flesh from his body. but decided to study in Tao's way. and they became the "Tortoise General" and "Snake General". Since he was born he had been eating the food of the world. Xuánw . In the classic novel.name in Chinese. the capital of Hubei. as the snake and tortoise demons showed remorse. Legend told of an event that a god came and changed out his human stomach and intestines for a godly body so he could fully achieve god status. pinyin: Niú) Emptiness (Chinese: Rooftop (Chinese: Wall (Chinese: Encampment (Chinese: . or positions. It was said that he eventually achieved god status and was worshipped as a god of northern sky. In Taoist legend it was said that Xuánw was the prince of a Chinese Emperor. of the moon. As many Chinese legends speak of certain animals becoming demons over time as they gain knowledge. that's what the tortoise and snake became. (It was also said that the stomach and intestines that were tossed out became the "Tortoise Mountain" and "Snake Mountain".) The stomach and intestines taken out by the god who did the surgery on Xuánw were said to have taken on the shape of a tortoise (stomach) and a snake (intestines). humanly food. pinyin: N ) . pinyin: W i) . it is usually depicted as both a tortoise and a snake. the Black Tortoise corresponds to seven "mansions". heard of this. A Xuanwu sculpture from the Yongle Emperor era. However. he did not kill them. y y y y y y y Dipper (Chinese: Ox (Chinese: Girl (Chinese: . Like the other Four Symbols. honorific titles and badges in Japan often referred to the tortoise or images of tortoises. and they assisted Xuánw with his quests. he came and slayed the demons from his past. is often translated as Black Tortoise in English. pinyin: Bì) In ancient China. However. people often wore jade pendants that were in the shape of tortoises. he left his parents to search for enlightenment in Tao's way. specifically with the snake coiling around the tortoise. . now in his god status. pinyin: X ) . Because of ancient Chinese influence on Japan. As Xuánw . therefore his stomach and intestines were still human." This king had a temple at Wudang Mountains in Hubei. a "Tortoise General" and a "Snake General. At age 16. Xuánw was a king of the north who had two generals serving under him. During Xuánw 's study to achieve enlightenment and god status he was told that in order to fully achieve god status. He let them train under him and atone for their wrong doings. from the collection of the Hubei Provincial Museum Other Chinese legends also speak of how the "Tortoise General" and a "Snake General" came to be. pinyin: D u) .
In the washing of his internal organs. the Chinese quintessence. The following are exerpts from Derek Walters' "An Encyclopedia of Myth and Legend: Chinese Mythology" and Donald A. Its waking. it filled a hole in the sky made by the monster Gong Gong. The myth of the Four Gods has been deeply rooted in ancient Chinese mythology. is not something that was made up for Fushigi Yuugi by Watase Yuu. was reputed to have become a goddess after she had passed to the celestial regions. aided by rebel generals of her empire. Vietnamese: Hoàng Long) is a hornless dragon who once emerged from the River Luo and presented the legendary Emperor Fu Xi with the elements of writing. Since the Chinese consider Huang Di as their ancestor. However. the first legendary Emperor Huang Di was said to have been immortalized into a dragon that resembled his emblem. These then formed into a black tortoise and snake who terrorized the people. This legend also contributed towards the use of the Chinese dragon as a symbol of imperial power. and ascended to Heaven..According to another source. According to legend. but not until a gigantic warrior had partly destroyed the heavens by upsetting one of its pillars and the flood had covered a great . He learned to achieve this by washing his stomach and bowels (intestines) in the river. Nu Kwa waged war against them. Huang Long is often forgotten. This deity is the guardian of the center and it represents the element earth. Her campaign was successful. Because of this." Creation Myth "Nu Kwa. once Xuánw 's had begun study of the way. In East Asian culture.When the demons of water and fire. Mackenzie's "Myths of China and Japan. Once Xuánw learned of this. Mandarin: huang2 long2. he discovered that he must purge himself of all his past sins to become a god. Huang Long ( or . Yellow Dragon. sleeping and breathing determined day and night. season and weather. black form. some consider the Ouryu ( ry . Cantonese: wong4 lung4. they sometimes refer to themselves as "the descendants of the dragon". Japanese: K ry or ry . Korean: Hwang-Ryong. The story of the Four Gods of Heaven and Earth. as well as the changing of the seasons. set out to destroy the world. he returned to conquer the forms of this past sins and subdue them under himself and they became his servants. when it appeared before Fu Xi. At the end of his reign. there is sometimes a fifth Guardian Beast of the Si Ling. so there cannot be an animal representing it. the Shi Jin Ten Chi Sho. a mythical empress of China. Huang Long does not appear in Japanese mythology: the fifth element in the Japanese elemental system is Void. his sins melted from them and into the river in a dark.. yellow dragon) as the Japanese counterpart of Huang Long since they share some similarities.
or water. the Pleiades. the Bird for the South. who was given control over autumn. represent the four seasons. the Dragon for the East. As there was no identifying star at the centre of the Black Tortoise. and the Tortoise for the North. the Blue Dragon in the east. and the Bird Star are the names of three of the lunar mansions which marked the central position of the Dragon. and afterwards rebuilt the broken pillar. and the Red Bird in the south. they form the five cardinal points. Spring. West and North. and the Tortoise Black. The empress stemmed the rising waters by means of charred reeds. Autumn and Winter. the moon being protected by the White Deity of the west. South. Each animal has its own colour: the Dragon is the Green of Spring. who was given control over spring. The Four Directions have been represented at least since the second century BC. East. whose special duty was to guard the sun.Thereafter she created the guardians of the four quarters. the Bird the red of Fire. the appropriate place (the eleventh mansion) was called Void (Walters). who was given control over summer. for night. which have no connection with the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac. Summer. with the Gold Dragon. by four celestial animals.." click for bigger version Star Map of the 28 star lodgings and the centre Star Guide of the 28 star lodgings Dragon . The four celestial animals. The broken pillar of heaven was built up with stones coloured like the five gods (Mackenzie). and giving it control over winter. which in Chinese is synonymous with China itself. are also the names of the four divisions of the sky. the White Tiger in the west. Together with the Centre. the Tiger for the West. the Tiger of Autumn the glittering white of metal (of ploughshares or swords).portion of the earth." Celestial Emblems "The Four Directions. Tiger and Bird. placing the Black Tortoise in the north. The Dragon's Heart..
the stripes of a dragon. Planet. execept in years when there is an extra month. of course. In many respects its . the appearance of the Dragon constellation is said to herald the rainy season (Walters). Jupiter. Planet. the bill of a chicken. there was nothing on the Red Bird at all. also.the Blue Dragon. rivers and the sea. usually associated with the Empress. and the arched back of a tortoise. Local dragons are to be respected. green and yellow. and drinks from fountains of fresh water. the more powerful the dragon. white. red. It is one of the four emblems of royalty. Dragons are generally considered to be aquatic. Summer. heart and large intestines (Mackenzie). Fire. virtually identical to an ornamental pheasant. however. but since Suzaku is more like a Phoenix i'd thought i'd add this instead. benevolent. feared. Wood. Nevertheless. Dragons are rarely depicted as malevolent. lives in the branches of the dryandera tree. and all stand in awe of the dragon-kings."East . The expression Dragon and Phoenix signifies wedded bliss." (i know this should be the Red Bird section. but not self-rejuvenation. For this reason. and petitioned as one would petition a just and honest ruler. one quarter of the sky being called the Palace of the Green Dragon." "One of the oldest symbolic animals. the dragon symbol is the sign of authority. Mars. Its plumage is of the five mystical colours . Few illustrations match its verbal description. They may be fearsome and very powerful. Even so. There are. and does not posess the Arabian phoenix's propensity for self-immolation. It feeds on bamboo seeds. as it is said to have the front of a swan. but such monsters would be foreign ones. liver and gall(Mackenzie). Spring. being worn on the robes of the Imperial family and nobility. legends of the various immortals battling against evil dragons. in reference to the stars which in Chinese astronomy constitute the constellation of the Dragon. It has many miraculous attributes. the throat of a swallow. living in lakes. the Sum. or Feng Huang." Phoenix "South .) "Phoenix is used as a translation for Feng. stylized forms of which are a feature of the decoration of ancient bronzes cast before the invention of writing. the hinder parts of a unicorn. In complete contrast to Western mythology. the neck of a snake. the sacred bird of Chinese mythology. when there are thirteen. It is usually portrayed as a beautiful bird. but they are equally considered just.the Red Bird. the larger the expanse of water. there are dragons which inhabit the heavens.black. and it has twelve tail feathers. and the bringers of wealth and good fortune.
Tortoise shell is a symbol of unchangeability. three days after the burial of the king.. To the Chinese the tiger was the king of all animals and 'lord of the mountains'. among other things. therefore. for instance. the symbol of longevity and wisdom. Water.. A common symbol for longevity is the Tortoise and Snake." "In China the tortoise had divine attributes. whose union was thought to have engendered the universe. the god of war. but fought the demons that threatened the dead in their graves (Mackenzie). the essence of the element metal assumed the shape of a white tiger and crouched down on the top of the grave. Planet. When. lungs and small intestine (Mackenzie).the Black Tortoise. The male tiger was. Metal. is associated with metal..As we have seen. "One of the Celestial Emblems.. Venus. and a symbol or rank when used for court girdles." Tiger "West ..symbolism has been confused and merged with that of the Red Bird. .the White Tiger. and the tigerjade ornament was specially researved for commanders of armies." This is all i could find on the white tiger. It is said that its shell represents the vault of the universe. The reason why the tortoise symbolism has been superseded by the Black Warrior as the emblem of the North. one of the four Celestial Emblems (Walters). a ceremonial connection with the tiger-god is effected. metal is placed in a grave. kidneys and bladder (Mackenzie). Planet. is probably due to the fact that 'tortoise' is a term of abuse (Walters). a tiger was depicted on the jade symbol. and in this capacity it not only assisted the armies of the emperors. Winter. Wind. ".The White Tiger of the West. it is known as 'tiger jade'..' Here the tiger is a protector . the tortoise was supplanted by the "Black Warrior" symbolism. white jade was used when the Tiger god of the West was worshipped. Autumn. i'll keep looking." Tortoise North . Cold. 'According to the Annals of Wu and Yueh.a preserver." In recent times. . The tortoise was also used for purposes of divination. Mercury.
in the Far East. Origin = China Click images to jump to specific creatures. Tortoise (Black Warrior) = North. Fire Dragon = East. color. for charts. White. Shish . with each quadrant containing seven seishuku. Red.four celestial emblems -each guarding a direction on the compass." Jp. Water White Tiger (Kirin) = West. the four animals are much more prevalent in artwork in China than in Japan.A gigantic mythical tortoise is supposed. or Shirei . Black. In China. or star constellations (also called the 28 lunar mansions or lodges. In any case. virtue. Also read Shijin. = Four Heavenly Kings (of Buddhism) Four Guardians of the Four Compass Directions. It has one eye situated in the middle of its body. to live in the depths of ocean. Also known in Japan as the Shij .which carried its own seishuku. In Japan. Spring. and other traits. Fall. representing China itself -. the symbolism of the four creatures appears to have merged with and been supplanted by the Shitenno (Four Heavenly Kings). The four were probably introduced to Japan from China sometime in . Metal Red Bird (Phoenix) = South. the four creatures have been supplanted by the SHITENNO Lit. element. Associated closely with China¶s Five Element Theory. Wood In Japan. = Sì Shòu Four Guardians of the Four Compass Directions Celestial Emblems of the Chinese Emperor Shishin . and are closely associated with China¶s Theory of Five Elements. each corresponds to a quadrant in the sky. Winter. Chn. the four date back to at least the 2nd century BC. Summer. although in Japan one can still find groupings of the four creatures. Each creature has a corresponding season. The latter four are the Buddhist guardians of the four directions who serve Lord Taishakuten (who represents the center). There was a fifth direction -the center. Each of the four groups of seven is associated with one of the four celestial creatures. = Shishin . see this outside site). Blue/Green. Once every three thousand years it rises to the surface and turns over on its back so that it may see the sun (Mackenzie). HISTORICAL NOTES At the heart of Chinese mythology are four spiritual creatures (Sì Shòu ) -. Further.
Jp: Genbu) of the north. or water. Those of the Tang period (618 . the Feng-huang. Thus the Tortoise was a later but not the last addition. they form the five cardinal points. The four celestial animals. the White Tiger replaced the Ch¶i-lin. The Dragon's Heart. the appropriate place (the eleventh mansion) was called Void. They are also found on the base of the Yakushi Triad at Yakushi-ji Temple .the 7th century AD.´ Phoenix vs. and on the base of the Yakushi Triad. Jp: Byakko) of the west. the Tiger of Autumn the glittering white of metal (of ploughshares or swords). represent the four seasons. Together with the Center. which in Chinese is synonymous with China itself. and black warrior (Chn: Xuan Wu . not the Red . Walters explains: ³However. it seems that before the adoption of the Four Celestial Emblems.the Feng Bird (or Phoenix). Jp: Seiryuu) of the east. Each animal has its own color: the Dragon is the Green of Spring. West and North. the Pleiades. Below Text Courtesy JAANUS Ancient Chinese mythical animals associated with the four cardinal directions: green/blue dragon (Chn: Qinglong . the Dragon. Yakushi Sansonz at Yakushiji Temple . red phoenix(Ch: Zhuque .´ < end quote from Derek Walters > NOTE: The Chinese Ch¶i-lin is known in Japan as KIRIN. and the Dragon. Why the Confusion ? In the same book. and the Phoenix gave way to the Red Bird. or sometimes the 28 or even 36 animals of the Chinese Zodiac.906 AD) show all twelve. which was built sometime in theAsuka period (600 . Red Bird. the Bird the red of Fire. which have no connection with the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac. Jp: Suzaku) of the south. and those of an earlier period depict the four celestial emblems referred to above. Tiger and Bird. also in Nara. East. and the Tortoise Black. ISBN: 1855380803 "The Four Directions. and the Ch¶i-lin (or unicorn). a tortoise-like chimera with the head and tail of a serpent. for their images are found on the tomb walls at Takamatsuzuka in Nara. white tiger (Chn: Baihu . the Tiger for the West. SHISHIN . there were only three -. The Four Directions have been represented at least since the second century BC by four celestial animals. the Bird for the South. the animals served primarily an apotropaic function warding off evil spirits. and the Tortoise for the North.710 AD). Frequently painted on the walls of early Chinese and Korean tombs. but as the Black Warrior. In Japan notable examples of the shishin are found on the walls of the tomb chamber in the tumulus Takamatsuzuka of the Asuka period. Exerpt from ³Chinese Mythology: An Encyclopedia of Myth and Legend´ by Derek Walters. Summer. White Tiger. Autumn and Winter. Spring. Bronze mirrors usually portray cosmological patterns and symbolism on the back. As there was no identifying star at the centre of the Black Tortoise. which is of uncertain identity. Many web sites replace the White Tiger with the mythological KIRIN in groupings of the four animals. and the Bird Star are the names of three of the lunar mansionswhich marked the central position of the Dragon. are also the names of the four divisions of the sky. for many mystical texts refer to the northern constellation not as the tortoise. Ch¶i-lin (Kirin) vs. both in Nara. South. the Dragon for the East. for night. The pictorial theme developed around the Warring States to Early Han period in China. But the very earliest mirrors show only the three: the Ch¶i-lin. Because of the astronomical significance. Many web sites also list the Phoenix.
Japan¶s dragon lore comes predominantly from China. and the pictorial form most widely recognized today was already prevalent in Chinese ink paintings in the Tang period (9th century). Planet Venus. and may assume human form. Qinglong in China. It is also a member of the Hachi Bushu (the eight protectors of Buddhism). North. In contrast to Western mythology. the color green/blue. kidneys and bladder EAST . Ry (Ryu) or Seiry (Seiryu) in Japan. benevolent. and the virtue propriety. those with five claws instead of the usual four. In both China and Japan. Cold. Summer. South. Fire. Planet Mercury. Metal. (2) dragon spirits.Bird. In Chinese mythology. Despite the dragon¶s close association with water and the watery realm. Please visit the main DRAGON page to learn much more. (4) treasure-guarding dragons. Dragons are said to be shape shifters. This confusion is entirely forgivable. supports and maintains the country (controls rain. Planet Jupiter. liver & gall Red Bird (Phoenix). Wood.THE DRAGON Jump to Main Dragon Page for More Details Dragon. The dragon corresponds to the season spring. The mortal enemy of the dragon is the bird-man Karura and the Phoenix. A mythological animal of Chinese origin. heart and large intestines White Tiger. symbol of the Emperor¶s power). and a member of the NAGA (Sanskrit) family of serpentine creatures who protect Buddhism. Represents the yang principle. they are equally considered just. dragons are rarely depicted as malevolent. . East. there are five types of dragon: (1) the celestial dragons who guard the abodes of the gods. Mackenzie. as the celestial emblem of the south. Often paired with the Phoenix. Although fearsome and powerful. who rule over wind and rain but can also cause flooding. West. who cleanse the rivers and deepen the oceans.the emperor (dragon) and the empress (phoenix). Autumn. Dragon and Phoenix symbolism is associated closely with the imperial family -. the element wood. See Five Elements. for the two represent both conflict and wedded bliss. Images of the reptilian dragon are found throughout Asia. Planet Mars. lungs and small intestine Tortoise. Spring. The turtle is associated with the element WATER. Winter. the dragon is associated with the element WOOD. and (5) imperial dragons. Attributes of the Four China and Japan Myths and Legends by Donald A. (3) earth dragons. Click here for much more on the Asian dragon. Wind. and the bringers of wealth and good fortune. Editor¶s Note. ISBN: 1851700161 y y y y Dragon. Water.reflecting its membership in the NAGA (Sanskrit) family of serpentine creatures. often portrayed surrounded by water or clouds. as the composition of this group of four has changed over the centuries to reflect ever-changing traditions. The dragon is a mythical creature resembling a snake -. in the Shishin Grouping of Four Celestial Emblems (this page). Black.
= Chang ) Tasuki Boshi (Chn.´ In both Japan and China. Jump to Dragon Main Page y y SOUTH -. and an enchanting song. 5. 6. At this site. the symbolism of the red bird seems nearly identical to or merged with that of the mythologicalPhoenix. = Chen ) * Learn more about the Red Bird¶s seven constellations (this site). 6. Shujaku Japanese = Shuch or Such . Sujaku. * See star charts for the Red Bird at this outside link. red. See JAANUS for a few more details on this gate. Su Boshi Ami Boshi Tomo Boshi Soi Boshi Nakago Boshi Ashitare Boshi Mi Boshi y Learn more about the Dragon¶s seven constellations (this site). makes small seeds grow into giant trees (need to give source). = Hsing ) Chiriko Boshi (Chn.The Dragon¶s seven seishuku are: 1. aka the Vermillion Bird. = Yi ) Mitsukake Boshi (Chn. only appears in times of good fortune. and knowledge. fire. 4. = Liu ) Hotohori Boshi (Chn. 7. although I am not certain if this is entirely true. Big Bird. 4. Chichiri Boshi (Chn. Suzaku. 3. for the Red Bird more accurately reflected the astronomical iconography associated with the southern lunar mansions. 5. Corresponds to summer. See Dragon star charts at this outside site . 7. Often paired with the dragon. = Kuei ) Nuriko Boshi (Chn. Akamidori. dragon(emperor) and phoenix (empress). 2. the term ³Suzaku´ is translated as ³Red Bird´ or ³Vermillion Chinese Phoenix. 2.THE SUZAKU (aka THE PHOENIX) Red Bird. I consider the Suzaku and the Phoenix to be the same magical creature. for the two represent both conflict and wedded bliss. there was a gate known as Suzakumon (Red Bird Gate). Portrayed with radiant feathers. Shuch was also a Japanese era name for a few months between 686 and 687 AD. Phoenix Jump to Main Phoenix Page for More Details Chinese = Zh Qi o or Zh Ni o Korean = Chujak Japanese = Suzaku. . In Japan. Akamitori. Within the ancient Imperial Palace in Japan. Suzaku¶s seven seishuku (constellations) are: 1. 3. = Ching ) Tamahome Boshi (Chn. Scholar Derek Walters (see resources) says the Phoenix was supplanted (replaced) by the Red Bird.
Modern Drawing.gol. Available for Online Purchase .htm Photo courtesy Research Institute for Cultural Properties. The Red Bird. Nara Archaeological dating places its construction to the Asuka period (7th to early 8th centuries) Suzaku.com/users/stever/kitora.The Red Bird of the South (Suzaku) Found on tomb wall at Kitora Kofun http://www2.
PHOTO: From Research Report of Cultural Heritage in Asuka Village Vol. Scholar Derek Walters says the Ch¶i-lin was supplanted (replaced) by the White Tiger. a ceremonial connection with the tiger god is effected. 3. It is a good omen associated with . Byakko. The Kirin is said to have the body of a deer. 4. Takamatsu Zuka Tombs Learn more at this outside site.WEST . = Wei ) Subaru Boshi (Chn. The Kirin appears only before the birth or death of a great and wise person. metal is placed in a grave. TIGER CONFUSED WITH KIRIN In Japan. the tiger is sometimes confused with the mythological Chinese Ch'i-lin (Qilin). which often appears tiger-like in artwork (see photos below). but fought the demons that threatened the dead in their graves. the hooves of a horse. * See star charts for the White Tiger at this outside site. the color white. KIRIN IN JAPAN The Kirin.THE WHITE TIGER Jpn = Byakko . = Mao ) Amefuri Boshi (Chn.a preserver.' a tiger was depicted on the jade symbol. = K¶uei ) Tatara Boshi (Chn. A primary center of power in Japan in the 6th and 7th centuries. is a different creature entirely from the White Tiger. = Tsui ) Kagasuki Boshi (Chn. among other things. is associated with metal. Asuka lies about 12 miles south of Nara in the Kinki District. Tokaki Boshi (Chn.710 AD). the tail of an ox. and the virtue righteousness. and the tiger-jade ornament was specially reserved for commanders of armies. 6. observes world with clairvoyance. for the Tiger more accurately reflected the astronomical iconography associated with the western lunar mansions. three days after the burial of the king. wind. = Shen ) * Learn more about the Tiger¶s seven constellations. for instance. the essence of the element metal assumed the shape of a white tiger and crouched down on the top of the grave. As we have seen. a body covered with the scales of a fish. 2. When. According to the Chinese Annals of Wu and Yueh. therefore. 7. Said to live in paradise. The male tiger was. the Kirin personifies all that is good. To the Chinese the tiger was the king of all animals and lord of the mountains." <end quote> The Tiger¶s seven seishuku (constellations) are: 1. pure. Guards Buddha¶s teachings and mankind. = Pi ) Toroki Boshi (Chn.000 years old. the god of war.com A mythical horned Chinese deer-like creature said to appear only when a sage has appeared. Says Donald Mackenzie: "The White Tiger of the West. and in this capacity it not only assisted the armies of the emperors. it is known as 'tiger jade. 5. white jade was used when the Tiger god of the West was worshipped. which is rendered Kirin in Japan. the element metal. corresponds to the season fall. The Takamatsu Zuka Tombs were discovered the early 1970s and date back to Japan¶s Asuka Period (600 . Below text courtesy of thefreedictionary. Here the tiger is a protector . 3. home to many ancient temples and tombs. and a single horn. Chn = Baihu. and peaceful. = Lou ) Ekie Boshi (Chn. can live to be 1.
The Tortoise / Turtle / Snake Genbu in Japanese. Xuanwu). Japanese art typically depicts the Kirin as more deer-like than its Chinese counterpart. Zuan Wu. Kirin is sometimes translated in English as "unicorn. known as Gui Xian.serenity and prosperity. Often depicted with what looks like fire all over its body. Zheng Wu. in Chinese. In most drawings. and is thus portrayed as completely . its head looks like that of a Chinese dragon (see dragon above). Genbu is always listening.the later a hoofed mythological horse-like beast with a single horn on its head. Some accounts describe it as having the body of a deer and the head of a lion. Kuei Hsien." because it looks similar to the unicorn -. <end quote> Below: Images of the Kirin NORTH .
Nü . islanders can stand behind the turtle as it lays its eggs and catch the eggs in their hands. dig a hole in the sand. earth.com y Learn more about the Turtle¶s seven constellations (this site). pp. Once every three thousand years it rises to the surface and turns over on its back so that it may see the sun. cold. Mission archeologique. = Niu ) Uruki Boshi (Chn. Tortoise shell is a symbol of unchangeability. Hs 26. In Japan. y . and Pi . Niu .and returns to the ocean. 144. and a symbol or rank when used for court girdles. It has one eye situated in the middle of its body. = Tou ) Inami Boshi (Chn. 4. Hikistu Boshi (Chn. winter. Able to foretell the future. his imagery corresponds to north.never once looking back -. 1. = X ) Umiyame Boshi (Chn. = Pi ) Turtle Entwined with Snake Wood. Tou . A common symbol for longevity is the Tortoise and Snake. like the tortoise. it is able to speak the language of humans. to live in the depths of the ocean. The tortoise is a symbol of long life and happiness. The turtle does not even notice. vol. The Dark Warrior is the tortoise. = Nü ) Tomite Boshi (Chn.versed in Buddha¶s teachings." <end quote Mackenzie> A turtle¶s shell (plastron) also symbolizes a suit of armor. Wei2 . they lay their eggs. Date Unknown Photo courtesy of www. corresponds to winter. = Shih ) Namame Boshi (Chn. In China. Mh III. Chavannes.rarebooksinjapan. the term ³turtle egg´ is equivalent to calling someone a ³bastard. the symbol of longevity and wisdom. the turtle¶s Buddhist counterpart is known as Tamonten. 221. The tortoise was also used for purposes of divination. and faith. 353. and the element water." <end quote by Walters> Turtle as Term of Abuse in China. Says Derek Walters: "One of the Celestial Emblems. whose union was thought to have engendered the universe. 156. the most powerful of the Shitenno (Four Buddhist Protectors of the Four Directions). Genbu¶s seven seishuku (constellations) are: 378. The Dark Warrior was the name for the Northern Palace or the northern constellations of the Chinese zodiac. in the Far East. viz. 11. The turtle fills the empty hole -. fig. In artwork. When it becomes one thousand years old.´ The reasoning is simple. The reason why tortoise symbolism has been superseded by the Black Warrior as the emblem of the North. water. = Wei ) Hatsui Boshi (Chn.. The eggs are left to fend for themselves. 7. A gigantic mythical tortoise is supposed. The turtle then pushes the sand back over the eggs and returns to the ocean. Cf. black. 2.16a. See star charts for the Turtle at this outside site. hence the turtle is also called the Black Warrior (Xuanwu in Chinese). 3. Tamonten is also known as the Black Warrior and is also called Bishamonten. 6. 5. and with their backs to the hole. Says Donald Mackenzie: "In China the tortoise had divine attributes. It is said that its shell represents the vault of the universe. Furthermore. 231. Shih . often shown together with the snake. Turtles crawl out of the ocean. is probably due to the fact that 'tortoise' is a term of abuse in China. black.
Tortoise and Crane The crane lives 1.or.Tortoise and Snake Symbolism Below text courtesy Gabi Greve www.000. The tortoise is also regarded as an immortal creature." In Japanese Buddhist art. Both animals are symbols of longevity. so Shang-di rewarded the animal with a life span of Ten Thousand Years. The crane too was a symbol of Long Life and also the symbol of the relationship of Father and Son according to the Confucian philosophy. one of the four protector gods of the four directions.amie. especially under the influence of Taoism ( ) the tortoise is the symbol of heaven and earth. says a Japanese proverb. The connection between a tortoise and a crane also dates back to China. For more on Taoism. <end quote from Gabi Greve> . it was said he was "turning into a crane. Usually the crane was carrying a lotos flower with a long stem in his mouth and the flower was formed in a way to hold the candle. we have a candle holder in the form of a crane standing on a tortoise (tsurukame shokudai ). the Protector God of the North. Furthermore the crane is a symbol of wisdom. We often see stone grave steles on a stone tortoise or reliquaries standing on it. It also stands for immutability and steadfastness. It helped the First Chinese Emperor to tame the Yellow River.html y Tortoise and Snake In Chinese culture. These types of illumination stands were produced since the Muromachi Period (1333 ." y Tsurukame . see this online catalog about "Taoism and the Arts of China. its shell compared to the vaulted heaven and the underside to the flat disc of the earth. Thus the tortoise embracing a snake became the protector symbol of the north.as the ancient believed -the female had to mate with a snake.1573 AD). This kind of temple decoration was often used by the New Sect of the Pure Land (Jodo Shinshuu ). The tortoise was the hero of many ancient legends. Thus the tortoise became a symbol for Long Life. As there are no male tortoise -.jp/daruma/Tsurukame. as tortoise and snake (or tortoise entwined by a snake) dates back to the third century BC. The symbol of Zhenwu. it was referred to as the "dark warrior" (genbu ) and finally became Zhenwu (in Chinese Taoism). When a high-ranking Taoist priest died.000 years and the tortoise 10. but since the word "tortoise" was taboo in Chinese.
These reptilian creatures.Tomb with Turtle Body with Snake Head Tomb of Oe Hiromoto (in Kamakura. that of the snake and the tortoise. the snake and tortoise.also known as the somber warrior -. According to ancient tradition. In Neolithic prehistory the tortoise -. unruly black hair. He is powerful and strong deity capable of powerful punishments and redemptive deliverance. the snake yang. MORE ON THE BLACK WARRIOR The Chinese Dark Lord of the North . 1200 BC) the Dark Lord has become the human figure of a warrior with wild. with similar turtle / snake design. Yi Jing The Dark Lord of the North (Xuan Wu Da Di) is a deity that comes from the pre-history of shamanic times (c. <end quote by Online Journal of the I Ching> TURTLE PROVERB Old Chinese spelling. were probably themselves worshipped or were powerful medicine to help in overcoming one's enemies. Very ancient drawings of a black snake and tortoise together symbolize the Dark Lord. In relatively modern Chinese prehistory (c. is that of Shimazu Tadahisa. Another nearby tomb. the illegitimate son of Yoritomo. Prehistory: The Snake and the Tortoise The Dark Lord speaks to a more ancient myth. Oe was Yoritomo Minamoto¶s celebrated counselor during the founding of the Kamakura Shogunate. the black tortoise is yin. in religious prehistory. 6000 BC).and snake together are the symbols or totems of a powerful shaman who fights evil against the demons of the Invisible World. dressed in the primitive clothing of the tribal peoples of Neolithic times. He is called " Xuan" for the color black and " Wu" meaning "tortoise. He is frequently depicted as the black tortoise who rules over the direction North in Chinese cosmology. 1225 AD). From Shang times onward. PROVERB:The rareness of meeting a Buddha is compared with the difficulty of . means turtle. pronounced ³kame´ in Japan.Xuan Wu Below Text Courtesy of: The Online Journal of the I Ching. the flag bearing this symbol (snake and tortoise) was part of the king's color guard. He was a distinguished scholar credited with conceiving and organizing the Kamakura system.
htm The story of the Historical Buddha¶s birth as a tortoise (in his past lives.a blind sea-turtle finding a log to float on. 5. and in fact P¶an Ku does not make his appearance . 7. In the Hindu scriptures.tv/avadana_04. where a total of five panels present the culminating scenes from a story called the Kaccapavadana. The solar nature of Kasyapa is particularly appropriate representation for a past life of the Sakyamuni.borobudur. India. P¶an Ku). Associated with virtue of benevolence. the great sage Kasyapa (Sanskrit for toroise) is the father of Aditya. Synonymous with China itself Tenkyoku (Chinese = Pangu. or a one-eyed tortoise finding a log with a spy-hole through it. circa 191-195 AD See www. ISBN: 1855380803 The legendary architect of the universe. However. the Sun. the story of how P¶an Ku created the universe is now so firmly established in Chinese folklore.htm CENTER. 2. 6. JATAKA Below text courtesy www. it would be forgivable to assume that the story of P¶an Ku was one of China¶s earliest legends. Pan Ku. the great philosopher Ssu-ma Ch¶ien makes no mention of it. Taishi Boshi Tei Boshi Shoshi Boshi Koukyuu Boshi Kyoku Boshi Shiho Boshi ???? P¶an Ku Exerpt from ³Chinese Mythology: An Encyclopedia of Myth and Legend´ by Derek Walters. who was sometimes called the "Kinsman of the Sun" (Adityabandu). 3.borobudur. The seishuku (constellations) are: 1. before becoming the Buddha) is featured in Indian reliefs of the first gallery balustrade. Oddly enough. 4. BUDDHST LEGENDS." [from soothill] TURTLE IN EARLY INDIA.tv/avadana_04.
and each was deified. and the lower half the earth. He may be holding a hammer in one hand and a chisel in the other. China and Japan Myths and Legends y y . Learn more about each of the four quarters (north. Pangu grew rapidly and increased his height by six to ten feet daily.chinavoc. regarded as the Chinese Adam by westerners. only English equivalents. ascribed to the brush of Ko Hung (Kung) is likely to have been a tale imported from Southeast Asia. Chinese Mythology: Encyclopedia of Myth and Legend By Derek Walters. his blood the rivers. Very useful resource. his body became the substance of the universe: his head became the mountains. He sometimes appears as a dwarf with two horns on his head. because it would have been second-nature to an educated Chinese writer to introduce established characters of Chinese mythology. or perhaps the symbol of yin and yang. clothed in skin or leaves. Pages = 191 pages. his flesh the soil. but none are present. and yang. LEARN MORE y 28 Constellations. A-to-Z format. From his eyes the sun and moon were made. Pangu (Chinese Adam) & the Four Mythical Creatures Text courtesy www. Pangu has been depicted in many ways. the active or positive male principle -. and the shell to separate.until the 4th century AD. his breath the wind. All 28 represent points in the moon¶s monthly path. He is often depicted with his companions the four supernatural animals . phoenix. west) and the seven constellations in each group. and is surrounded by the Four Creatures (tortoise. and unicorn. six feet every day. We have plenty of myths and legends. east. This vast egg was subjected to two opposing forces or principles. 1992. south. his hairs the trees and plants. the dragon. in the beginning there was only darkness and chaos. First published by The Aquarian Press. He may also be shown holding the sun in one hand and the moon in the other. but no Chinese language characters are given. the lice on his body become the human race. ISBN = 1855380803. and as he worked. while the stars were made from his beard. and his sweat the rain.caused the egg to produce Pangu. The date of its composition may be even later. his teeth and bones the rocks and minerals. the passive or negative female principle.htm China has a history longer than that of any other present day nation.the phoenix. He labored ceaselessly for eighteen thousand years and finally he separated heaven from earth. According to legend. 28 Moon Stations This site. The legend. The substance of the legend is that P¶an Ku chiselled the universe for eighteen thousand years. His body dissolved when his work was done. In any case. so he grew himself. The upper half of the shell formed the heaven. as its first appearance may not be earlier than the 11th century Wai Chi (Records of Foreign Lands). In China. Then an extremely large egg appeared. His limbs became the four quarters. he holds the hammer and chisel with which he formed the universe. It is highly unlikely that it would have been fabricated by a Taoist writer such as Ko Kung. theunicorn and the tortoise.yin.com/history/ancient/legend. When his work was complete. <end quote by Derek Walters >. and as he chiselled. Finally. the heavens and the earth became progressively wider. He hammered and chiseled a massive piece of granite floating aimlessly in space. dragon. The interaction of the two forces -. The first figure in our history is Pangu. 28 Moon Lodges.
Los Angeles Valley College www.fengshuiwrite.html Four Animals.gol. espeicially the KIRIN www.fi/ivilkki/Chinese_Calendar_and_Astrology. Publisher: Bracken Books (1986). Gabi Greve darumamuseum.htm (Excellent review) Tsurukame -.pp.chartpak..com/users/stever/asuka.net/saintseiya/ikki/mythology. ISBN: 1851700161 y Star Charts & Moon Stations. Mackenzie.Crane.htv.html Says Phoenix is Karura (which I believe is wrong) www. by Steve Renshaw and Saori Ihara Detailed maps of the 28 Lunar Mansions. Japan By Steve Renshaw and Saori Ihara http://www2.D.sempai.crosswinds.com/2010/02/tsurukame.gol.htm http://www2.html Dolores Kozielski Certified Feng Shui consultant who practices in NJ & PA. see www.html y y y y y y y y .htm Kelley L.com/pelikan/kirin_story.boadicea.by Donald A. A very excellent resource.com/users/stever/charts.gol.com/users/stever/kitora.htm Astrology: More on Chinese Constellations & Calendar www. www.blogspot.com Wonderful Site for Textual Info on Buddhism campross. For other charts of the 28 Lunar Mansions. Tortoise and Snake Symbolism Dr.friesian. Ph. Ross.net/ShuteiMandala/4kings.com/elements.htm http://www2.org Takamatsu Zuka Tombs & Kitora Kofun Tombs An Ancient View of the Sky from a Tomb in Asuka.
who also guard the four cardinal directions. = Four Heavenly Kings (Buddhist) Four guardians of the four compass directions in Buddhism. Photo courtesy daiwagroup. Photo from this Japanese eStore. tiger. Associated closely with China¶s Five Element Theory.com/fengshui/ SHITENNO.Modern reproductions of old Chinese imagery. turtle) can be associated with the iconography of the Shitenn . Lit. . The four celestial emblems (dragon. red bird. Modern Artwork of the Four.
Jikokuten Painted Wood.Four Shitenno. Each Statue Approx. Oldest extant set of the four. ISBN 4-06-187822-0 . Tamonten . 133. Horyuji (H ry ji) Temple . Nara Mid-7th Century.5 cm in Height Photos from Comprehensive Dictionary of Japan's Nat¶l Treasures ( . Z ch ten . K mokuten .