You are on page 1of 29

3

Lesson 1. Lines and Spaces


Note to Teachers: Do not explain the difference between whole notes, half notes and quarter notes in this lesson
The purpose here is simply to distinguish line notes from space notes.

Notes are written on LINES and SPACES of the musical staff.

These are LINE notes:


~
~
~
~
~

These are SPACE notes:

0
0
0
0

DIRECTIONS: On the staffs below you will find LINE and SPACE notes mixed together.
If the note is on a LINE, mark L; if it is in a SPACE,markS.

0 a 0 ~
a a 0 a 0
G 0
0
0
n
a I '

L S
(Write L for LINE and S for SPACE.)

L ~ J~f r. r~ ~ ~ i i ~ ~ ~
(WriteL for LINE and S for SPACE. Watch the note heads. Don't let stems confuse you.)

~
(Write
L orS.)
~ ~r ~ ~ ~~ r J=F i j~

~
~
(Write L or S.)
~

~ ~
0

~I j
0
m
ELOOl59A
4

Lesson 2. Number Names of Line and Space Notes


The five LINES of the staff are numbered from bottom to top, as follows:

e e
e e
0
1st Line 2nd Line 3rd Line 4th Line 5th Line

DIRECTIONS: Write number names under the following LINE notes:

0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
3
--- 2
---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- -u- ----
(Writenumbernames.)

0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
---- -- -- ----
(Write number names.)

The four SPACES of the staff are numbered from bottom to top, as follows:

...
...
... ...

1st Space 2nd Space 3rd Space 4th Space

DIRECTIONS:Writenumbernamesunderthe followingSPACEnotes:

... ". ... "' ... ...


... ... ... ... ... ...
... ... ... ... I

1
--- --4-- ---- -- -- ---- - -- - -- -- ---- -- -- --- -

(Write number names.)

... "' ... ... ... ... ...


... ... ...
... ... ... ... ... ... I

(Write number names.)

ELOOl59A
5

Lesson 3. Note Writing from Number Names


DIRECTIONS:Above the following numbers draw the corresponding LINE notes. (Make whole notes.)

~
~

1 2 4 3 5 4 2 3 1 5 2 1 5 4 3

4 3 1 5 2 2 4 3 5 1 5 2 1 3 4

Above the following numbers draw the SPACE note indicated. (Make whole notes.)

D
D

1 4 3 2 4 2 1 3 2 4 3 1 3 4 2 1

1 3 4 2 3 4 2 1 4 3 1 4 2 3 1 2

COMBINING LINES AND SPACES. Above the following numbers draw the corresponding
line or space note. 2L means 2nd Line, 4S means 4th Space, etc. (Make whole notes.)

2L 4S 3L 2S lL 5L IS 4L 3S 5L 2L IS 3S 4L 2S

IS 5L lL 4S 2S 2L 3L 3S 4L 2S lL 3L 5L 2S 2L

NOTE: Lines and spaces are numbered from bottom to top for both treble and bass staffs.

ELOO159A
6

Lesson 4. The Treble Clef Lines


HOWTO DRAWTHETREBLECLEF

1. Make a straight 2. Draw a small 3. Draw another 4. Draw a curved 5. Put a curlyline
line: curved line at curved line on line from the at each end:
the top: the other side: bottom up:

m
In the measures below draw ten treble clefs. Follow the above directions.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

The letternamesof the trebleclef LINESare givenbelow.The sloganEveryGood Bird DoesFly will help
youto rememberthe letternames.

0
Every
0
Good Bird
:
Does Fly

Write letter names under the following treble line notes. Remember the slogan.

0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
B
- -- - --G-- ---- - -- - - --- ---- --- - --- - ---- - --- ---- --- - ---- ----
(Write letter names.)

0
0 0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0 0 0

---- - -- - - -- - ---- ---- ---- -- -- --- -


(Write letter names.)

0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0 0 0

- -- - --- - - ---
(Write letter names.)

ELOO159A
7

Lesson 5.. The Treble Clef Spaces


The letter names of the treble clef spaces are given below. The word F-A-C-E is the best way to remember
the treble spaces.

~ n
A
n
c
n

Write letter names under the following treble SPACE notes. Keep the word F-A-C-E in mind.

...... ... ...


... ... ... ...
... ... ...
... ...
... ... ... I

- -o.
F E
o.o. o.- - - -u - -- - - - -- - - o. _h - o. - - -- -- - o. - -u - ---- - - o. ---- -- --
(Write letter names.)

... ...
... ...
...
... ... ... ... ... ... ...
... ... ... ... I

uu -u - - -- - o.o. - o.- -o. - --o. - o. - - o.- o.o. - o.- ho. o.o. o.o. o.o. o.--

(Write letter names.)

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
... ... ... ... ... ... I

-o.- o.o. -u -
(Write letter names.)

COMBINING TREBLE LINE AND SPACE NOTES


Write letter names under the following treble notes. You will find LINE and SPACE notes mixed together.

...
o 0 ...
0
0
...
0
0
0
0 ...
0 ... 0

-o. - - o. - uo. u-- -- -- u-- -- -- o. - -


(Writeletternames.)

0 ...
... ...
0
0 ...
0 ... 0
0
... 0
0
0
uo. o.o. o.--

(Write letter names.)

ELOO159A
8

Lesson 6. Treble Note Writing

DIRECTIONS: Above the following letters, draw the corresponding note. Use lines and spaces.
(Make whole notes.)

0 .. 0 ..
0

B A D G E E D G E F A D E D

t D E A D B A G B E
.
G G E D

t B E E A
.
D D E D G A
.
G
.
A
.
C
.
E

.
I I I '

I \
B A B E D E A F D E E D D A B

t D A
.
D
.
F A C E D G A G G E D

t .
F
.
E E
.
D C A F E 'B A D A G E

ELOO159A
9

Lesson 7. Treble Clef Spelling


Note to Teachers: Since the student seldom has to read a series of whole notes in actual music. this lesson
uses a mixture of different types of notes. Do not explain note values yet. The purpose is to learn treble clef
letter names only.

In the following measures, write the correct letter names and you will find that they make words.

~ F E
~

D
~~ D
~
(Write letter names. Watch the note heads. Don't let the stems confuse you.)
~

~ .J-r
(Write letter names.)
~ ~
~ ~ ~ D ~

W .J
(Write letter names.)
0 F ~ ~ ~O r ~ gl

~
D
~ ~~r g W .J
~
w=m
(Write letter names.)

..~
~ a ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~r I
(Write letter names.)

~ D
-
~ ~

~ ~

~ m
(Write letter names.)

ELOOl59A
10

Lesson 8. The Bass Clef Lines


HOW TO DRAW THE BASS CLEF

1. Place a large dot 2. Draw a curved 3. Continue the curved 4. Put two dots after
on the 4th line: line at the top: line down to the 2nd it, above and below
line: the 4th line:
8 "
I I
6)
I
'): I

In the measures below draw ten bass clefs. Follow the above directions.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

The letter names of the bass clef LINES are given below. The slogan Great Big Dogs Fight Animals will
help you to remember the letter names.

: 0 ? 1
0
Great Big Dogs Fight Animals

Writeletternamesunderthe followingbass linenotes.Rememberthe slogan.

: 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
---- ---- ---- ---- --u u- - ---- ---- u-- ---- ---- ---- --- - - --- ----
(Write letter names.)

: 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
---- ---- -. u u-- ---- _u- u-- ---- ---- ---- -_u
(Writeletternames.)

: 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0 0 0
---- -u- ---. ---- ---- ---- ----
(Writelettttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttt
11

Lesson 9. The Bass Clef Spaces

The letter names of the bass clef spaces are given below. The slogan All Cars Eat Gas is a good way
to remember the bass spaces.

~ 0
0
0

All Cars Eat Gas

Write letter names under the following bass SPACE notes. Keep the slogan in mind.

: ..,
I.,
I..
...
I..
",
".
I..
I., I.,
I..
I..
I., I.. I.. I.,

UU -- -- -- - - - - -- ---- -- - - U-- --h - - -- --h -- -- --- - UU -- U ----


(Write letter names.)

: I.,
"' I..
I..
I..
I.,
".
..,
I., I.. ... I.,
I., I., I., I.,

-- h ---- -- -- - --- -- - - u-- --u --- - -- - - u-- ---- --h u--


(Write letter names.)

: ,I.. I..
I..
I..
I..

I..
I..
..,
I..
I..
".
I..

... I.. I., I..


---- ---- u-- -- U - -- - --u U -- - --- ---- -- - - u-- -- - - h-- --u ----
(Write letter names.)

COMBINING BASS LINE AND SPACE NOTES


Write letter names under the following bass notes. You will find LINE and SPACE notes mixed together.

:0 0 I..
I..
0
0 I., 0 I..
0 ..,
0 I.,
0 0
-_u _u - ---- -- - - - -- - u-- --- - --- - ---- --u - - -- U -- --u -- u

(Write letter names.)

: I., 0
I.,
0
0
I.. 0
I..
0
0
0 0 I..
0 0
--- ---- Uh - - -- - - -- - --- --u

(Write letter names.)


12

Lesson 10. Bass Note Writing


DIRECTIONS: Above the following letters draw the corresponding note. Use lines and spaces.
(Make whole notes.)

~
C A B B A G E B E E F C A F E

~
E G G C A B F E E A D D A C E

~
F A C E B E A D B A G G A G E

~
D E A F C A G E D E E D B A D

~
B E E E D G E A D A G E B E D

~
D E C A D E F A D B A B E D A D

ELOOl59A
13

Lesson 11. Bass Clef Spelling


Note to Teachers: The stems on the notes are included simply to create a realistic sight reading situation.
The student should write the letter names only. Do not call attention to the note values now.

In the following measures, write the correct letter names and you will find that they make words.

~ D
~ ~ D
r ~ F ~
~

~ ~

~
(Write letter names. Watch the note heads. Don't let the stems confuse you.)

~ ~
~lr~ r~s
(Write letter names.)

~ (Write letter names.)


~

~ D

~
~

~~ ~
~ ~ ~
(Write letter names.)

~ ~
D
~ D ~

~ ~
(Write letter names.)

~o~o~n~ro~nl
(Write letter names.)
14

Lesson 12. How to Read Sharps, Flats and Naturals

THE SHARP
The center of a sharp sign forms a square. See the red part in the following example:
The location of this square part tells you which letter should be made sharp. In actual
music, of course, the sharp is not colored.

Below is a series of sharps. Write the correct letter name under each one. See where
the sqaure is located.

~~~ (Write letter names only. Watch the square part of the sharp sign.)

THE FLAT
The lower part of a flat sign is enclosed. See the red part in the following example:
The location of this enclosed part tells you which letter should be made flat. The flat
sign is not colored in actual music.

Below is a series of flats. Write the correct letter name under each one. Keep your eye
on the enclosed part.

~,~~~~ G C
~ ~
(Write letter names only. Watch the enclosed parts.)

THE NATURAL
The center of a natural sign forms a square. See the red part in the following example:
This square tells you which note should be made natural. The natural sign is not colored in
actual notation.

In the series of natural signs below, mark the correct letter name under each one.

~~~ (Write letter names only. Watch the squares.)


15

Lesson 13. Sharps, Flats and Naturals in the Bass Clef

~~~ B E
(Write letter names only. Watch the squares.)

~~ G E
~ P-v~~~~
(Write letter names only. Watch the enclosed parts.)

~~~ D A
(Write letter names only. Watch the squares.)

COMBINING THE SIGNS

..
A c
(Write letter names only.)

~I}
(Write letter names only.)
~~ ~ La~ ~

(Write letter names only.)


17

Lesson 15. Using Both Clefs


Remember: Treble Slogans are UP, Bass Slogans are DOWN.

,,
f\
-
-- -- -- .- ,
'"
, -\
J
""
"
-
V : : - : I:

--
- ..
£.,.
-
,,
:
: ""
--
:
: - :
:
--
:
:
: : ".J
:
:
-
:
: - :
:
: : : J : : .. : : : -- : : :

DDDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDDD DDDDD
,
()
-- -'"f' J .. -- --
--
-'"f'
, ...
' v : : '- :

£..,... '!:: -- :
:
:
1
-'"f'
:
:
-'-
" :
- :
:
: -
- ,,
:
:
:
".J
:
:
: :
:
: J :
:
:
: : : :
:
:
r-
:

DDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDD DDDD DDDD
,' v
'\I ""
"
-
'\
I
.. -- -
'\ --
- : :
: -

L ,.
.. -
1 :
:
: --
- : : :
... :
1: :

-, 18""
: : -
'\
: I:
:
:
- :
-
--
:
:
: :
:

:
--
,.....
:
:
:
:
:
I: I:

DDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDDD DDDDDD
'\I
"'- "
-II('" - ""
"
:
-
--
I
--
- -
I
-
J
:
:
-..-I :

--
"".
- .. :
:
:
:
:
-
:
: '\ "" :
:
:
:
:
.. :
:
, : I -- :
: : : : : : - : : : : : :

DDDDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDDD DDDD
18

Lesson 16. Further Drill on Both Clefs


f\ "'"
.1 :J

,V
r
.-
-r -- - :
:
-- J 1"000.

!
-
T
-
1"000.
I:.,.
-,
..
:
:
:
'-'
:
-
_
, ", :

:
-
,...
:
:

...
:

:
:

-
_
:
:

:
18""

:
:

:
,...
:
I:

DDDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDDDDD DDD
r\, - .-
'"'
1"000.

,
r .
""
r.
: -r
- -:
,...

--
:
.I : ';' '"
-
-

L,... : :
:
-- :
:
"", :
:
: : : :
-
--

-" : : : :
- : :
1"000.
'-'
: :
:

:
:

:
:

:
1"000.
'-'
:
:

:
:
1"000.
-...

DDDDDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDDD DDD
f) "'" ..-
1 18""

- I : .. '" .. ""
r
'.: V
:
- : - \
:
: :
- \
I

I:.,.
-".. :
.. :
I :
-
-r :
I -
r
:

:
:

: :
:

: r.
:
:
:

: :
';'
J
:
--
:
: -
'"
:
: :

DDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDD DDDD DDD
f\
1
1"000.
I
--.
""""
"'"
- --
r
,.t)'
'"'
:
'"
\
..-I I
I:
:
1"000.
-...
: . :
:
..: :
:

I:.,.
-".. :
:
I :
: - :
:
:
: ""'
:
:
:
: :J
: .-
1'8r
:
:
:
:J
-
1"000.
'"' J
: : : : : : : : : : 10' : : :
.

DDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDD DDDD DDDD
PI Ofl1 <;0 A
19

Lesson 17. Sharps, Flats and Naturals in Both Clefs

DDD DDD DDD DDD DDD


(Write letter names.)

..
DDD DDD DDD DDD DDD
(Write letter names.)

DDD DDD DDD DDD DDD


(Write letter names.)

DDDD DDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDD DDDD
20

Lesson 18. How Stems Are Placed on Notes

DIRECTIONS: If the note head is on or above the middle line of the staff, the stem goes down on the left side.

If the note head is below the middle line, the stem goes up on the right side.

These rules apply to both treble and bass clefs and to white and black note heads.

Add stems to the following note heads. (Do not write letter names.)

r:J. G G r:J. G ~
r:J. r:J.
~ G r:J.
G
G
r:J. r:J. r:J.

. . . .
it .
~ :dd "': OnlY~
it
it
it . . .

G r:J. . G
. . r:J.
~ (';)
(Add "': OnlY~
. . r:J. r:J. .

(Add stems only.)

r:J. G 110 r:J.


~ r:J.

G
r:J. G r:J. r:J. G
G
r:J. G

(Add stems only.)


..
~ . it
. . it it .
it
it
.
it .
it

(Add stems only.)

r:J. r:J. .. .
~ G
it . r:J. it G . G it
r:J.
ELOOl59A
21

Lesson 19. Learning the Time Value Names


A WHOLE NOTE (0) can be changed into any kind of note.

0 How to change a WHOLE NOTE into a HALF NOTE (J):

L~ 2.(Add
a stern)

How to change a WHOLE NOTE into a QUARTER NOTE (J):


P
L~ 2.(Fill
itin)~ 3.(Add
astern) P
How to change a WHOLE NOTE into an EIGHTH NOTE () or ~):

LP 2. (Fill it in) ~ 3. (Add a stern)

Change the whole notes below as indicated by the following symbols:


P 4. (Add a flag) p
~ = Half Note ("I) \ = Quarter Note (J) ~ = Eighth Note () or ~)

NOTE:The flag of the eighth note is always added on the right, whether the stem goes up or down.

... ...
... 0
0
... 0
...
0
0
...
... 0 ... 0
}2 g }2 Yg Ys Ys Yg

... 0
0 ... ... 0 ...
0

: 0 ...
0 ... ... ...
0 I

}2 Ys Ys }2 Ys }2 Yg Ys

, ...
... ... 0
... 0
... 0 ... ... 0
0
...
0 0
Yg }2 }2 Ys Ys }2 Yg Yg }2
22

Lesson 20. Identifying the Time-Value Names


Write the corresponding TIME VALUES under the notes below.

Make W - for a WHOLE NOTE (0)

Make ~ - for a HALF NOTE (d)


Make ~ - for a QUARTERNOTE (J)
Make Ys - for an EIGHTH NOTE ()
NOTE: When two or more eighth notes are side by side, their stems are often joined with a heavy line
called a BEAM.
beam

~ n -L
~
~ ~

72 w
~ ~

§ ~r~~~
(Write time-value names.)

~: 0 #j~ n ~ ~ s m ~

beam

~ e ~ ~ n ~ e
~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ n
~~

~o ~ Ffif n
~ ~
~ ~ ~~
ELOOl59A
23

Lesson 21. How Rests Are Named


RESTS have the same time-value names as notes.

This is a WHOLE REST. (W)


~ A whole rest is heavier
and always hangs below
the fourth line.

~
.~
A half rest is lighter
This is a HALF REST. (72 ) and always floats on
the third line.

This is a QUARTER REST. (~ )

This is an EIGHTH REST. (Y8)

Write W for Whole; 72 for Half; ~ for Quarter; Ys for Eighth.

- "1 - "1 -
!
-
J
- - 7. -
J 7.
-

~
- -
7. - J
- 7. - ! 7. - 7. - - ~

- - - 7. - 7. - - ! - 7. -
J J J
~

~ 7. - J 7. - - J - ! 7. - 7. - J -
24

Lesson 22. Correlating Note and Rest Names

On the staffs below the following rests, make notes of the same time value.
'\
r
,I

,V
- .
"
- &of
I
. - - &of
I
- &of
I
,
.
,
-
f)
,I

r """
'-, t/

£. ,.
- ,,
.. .
,
&of
I
- - &of
I
- ,
.
,
- &of
I
- - ,
.

L.,.
..
-,

On the staffs below the following notes, make rests of the same time value.
" ---
r,
,,I
.. - -
,., III.. -- '\ '-"'" - -
'- J
--
I /
-- I' ... I
- --

f\,
r
'- J

L'. '-""' - "'" --


-..
--" . -
j
,.,
-
I '-"'"
--
I r:
/
'-"'"
- -...

II
L.,.
..
-"

ELOO159A
25

Lesson 23. Putting in Measure Bar Lines


NOTE VALVES

= 1 count

n = 1 count

J = 2 counts

J. = 3 counts

0 = 4 counts

Look at the time signatures of each of the following staffs and insert the measure bar lines where needed.
(Do not write letter names.)

~
n
Em ~
Ef~. #r E; J~ ~
~.~ ~ ~

~ ~ ~~ H
~i#r~ ~r j===Ef~
ELOO159A
26

Lesson 24. Inner Leger Lines


(Below Treble and Above Bass)

Study the Leger Lines BELOW the treble staff in the following example:

~~ ABC
J ~ jD ~
E
Using the example above, write letter names below the following notes.

... ... '...'... ,....


.....
.....
-e-

DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
(Write letter names.)

.. .... .... ,.,.


u -e-
....
....

DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
(Write letter names.)

Study the leger lines ABOVE the bass staff in the following example:

I r r r
A B C D E
Using the example above, write letter names below the following notes.

~DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
FH4 f-fl FFf=~
~
(Write letter names.)

~~~~ DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
(Write letter names.)
ELOO159A
27

Lesson 25. Inner Leger Line Spelling


(Below Treble and Above Bass)

u
-e-
-
: :
: : : : :
: : : :

DDDDD
(Write letter names.)
DDDDD DDDDD

fi -e-
.
.

DDDDD DDDDD DDDDD


(Write letter names.)

r\

-- -- --
'"
f " ,I "
V
tJ -
-rJ :j1 -r:J -e-
-e-
-r;;- -11- -e-
- fi -P- -
-,...
I
:
:
: : : :
:
:
:
:
:
: :
:
J
:
:
:
:
:
: :

:
" "

DDDD DODD DODD DDD


(Write letter names.)

-e-
-e-
-e-

. : : : :
. : : : : : : : : : :
: : : : :
:

DDDD DDD DDD DODD


(Write letter names.)

ELOO159A
28

Lesson 26. Outer Leger Lines


(Above Treble and Below Bass)
Study the Leger Lines ABOVE the treble staff in the following example:

~F F
~
GAB
~ L ~
C
Using the example above, write letter names below the following notes.

.0. .0.

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
(Write letter names.)

e-
e-

: : : : : : : : : : : :

DDD[j[j[j[j[j[j[j[j[j[j[j[j
(Write letter names.)

Study the Leger Lines BELOW the bass staff in the following example:

J J J
C D E F G

Using the example above, write letter names below the following notes.

~JJu~~~-~~~u~
~ ~ ~ e- ~ 1
~
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
(Write letter names.)

~
0 ~
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
~
(Write letter names.)
~ 0 J 1 ~ u ~ ~ 1 ~
ELOO159A
29

Lesson 27. Outer Leger Line Spelling


(Above Treble and Below Bass)

Write letter names in the squares below.

DDDDD DOOOO DOOD


.
.

DDDD DDDD DDDD DDD


.
.

-a u

f\ .. ---
-a
1'- -.- -a
II J
c;
: I: : :
r """ : :
\:.\1 :
tJ
DD D D DO 0 0 0 0 0 D 0 DD
1.:.,.
...,. : : :
I : : : : : :
....
Gj. -
:
...
:
Gj.
:

..
:

-6
:
-
-
-a u

-a

DDD DDDDDDD DDDD


.
.

u
ELOO159A
30

Lesson 28. Half Steps and Whole Steps


A HALF STEP is from key to key (with NO key in between).
A WHOLE STEP is from key to key (with ONE key in between).

Below is a series of half steps and whole steps.


Mark (H) for half step; mark (W) for whole step.

~ ~i'I.~: ~T'I o~,I.yO 11~0qo I0_~,1


D D D D D D D D

* . ~D
- 0 ~? .. ~T
D
: - I

D
0 I 0 t ~' §~
D
.

D
i ~ . I U
D
0 oi" .. ~ 0
.I --,--

D
I

D
I

Watch clef changes.

~: .~O ~
I II
/
0 II~~ ~
I 0
'"T
~' 10 ~
II I ~2' ~
111-:0
~
I 0~'1 ~

D D D D D D D D

~. . 0 '7:
:
~, I 0 ~~ :
:
I
U
/
0: I oi" :
:
I
.~o: :
I
.~o'~
.:
I
:
:
0 I

-D
.. 0
'"
I

D D D D D D D

I I I ~0~0~~1
~0U ~
0-9
~ """"
-
TT-9TT-
""-9:
~
~

~
1

:
~
1

:
~

D D D D D D D D

~: 0
~-9
I

u-9
10
~
U
I-
-9""
TT:
§oT §0~~fi~r~r
. 'F -:'
~
:
~
:
~
:
~
I

/
/ : ~ ~ ~

ELOO159A
D D D D D D D D
31

Lesson 29. Half Steps and Whole Steps


(With Accidentals)

Mark (H) for half step; mark (W) for whole step.

~~IDDDDD
~°-i~ ~OFI~o~r I.y~~.~o
D 00
f~o~~I

~ ~~ ~ ~
0~ ~~o ~
'-' o~.~o ~ 1
f~o~ .~-(
~
0 I

D DO 00 DO D

~: ~g.=fd
! I!
o~o
:~
n ~o n I.~n ~ y~.~o ~
I

D DD OOD 0 D

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-a~D -a Dtt-a

U -a -a!1U
--" /

0 D 0 0 0 0 0 D

#D-.ft -a -aD
..

D 0 0 0 0 0 D 0
ELOO159A
32

Lesson 30. Enharmonic Note Writing


In our language there are words that sound alike but are spelled differently - for example: too, two, and to.

Likewise, in music, there are different names for the same note - for example: R and G~.
On the staffs below, write another note name for each of the following notes. Study the examples.

f) ~ u.... I
I ......
11
I
-- I
J u.. -- .I
, """,
II
"'''''''''
.. . V'-J
IJ.
U

f)
J
T #j
'I:
-'- """
,_\J

,"- ,.
L. --L
..n .J. --.':...-=
.:]10 -L

.L::. V...1.L
-L ....n.-::::.. --YL.J. I
..;..- ... I -L.Io ...."
'" .
P-8-

. 1IL.1.L-. 'T I

--L.
L
L":: J
,.

- ~ ~
... " - -
L ,.
-..I' . I
..........".
r.l... ,. ..
I v-
1- ".. . JIll.....".
u

£ ,.
T .

- I'..

ELOO159A