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You are on page 1of 18

You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this section.

1 The equation relating the pressure and volume of a gas with its thermodynamic

temperature T is given by

pV = kT

A no units

B kg m3 s-2 K-1

C kg m2 s-2 K-1

D kg m s-2 K-1

2 A student measures the p.d. across and current through a resistor as (6.25 ± 0.05) V

and (202 ± 2) mA respectively. How should the student express the resistance of the

resistor to the most appropriate precision?

A (30.94 ± 0.02) Ω

B (30.9 ± 0.6) Ω

C (31 ± 3) Ω

D (0.0309 ± 0.0005) Ω

a2

3 Given the function Y = , what is the consequential error in Y if there is an error of

bc

+2 % in a, + 3 % in b and − 4% in c?

A -3 % B 1% C 5% D 11 %

1

5 The graph below shows the variation of temperature with time t, for 1 kg of a

substance. The substance is initially a solid, and is heated at a constant rate of 1000

W until all of it vaporizes. At any point, any vapor formed is allowed to escape freely

out of the container.

A The latent heat of vaporization is greater than the latent heat of fusion.

B The specific heat capacity in the liquid state is lower than that in the solid

state.

C The total amount of energy to turn the substance from a solid at 0 oC to a

liquid, and to raise the temperature of it to 90 oC requires approximately as

much energy to vaporize all of the substance at boiling temperature.

D Of the substance is vaporized in a sealed container, it would require more

energy to vaporize everything.

a third solid Z. The three bodies are of different materials and masses. Which one of

the following statements is correct?

B Y and Z have the same internal energy

C There is no net transfer of energy if X is placed in thermal contact with Z.

D It is not necessary that Y should be in thermal equilibrium with Z.

7 Three bombs are projected vertically upwards relative to a tank, which is traveling

horizontally at a constant speed to the right. They are projected one by one at one-

second intervals. Neglecting air resistance, which of the following diagrams correctly

shows the positions of the tank and the three bombs at a certain instant of the

upward flight?

2

8 A car at rest in a traffic queue moves forward in a straight line and then comes to rest

again. The graph shows the variation with time of its displacement.

9 Two forces P and Q act at a point X as shown in the vector diagram below.

P Q

X

In which of the following diagrams does the vector F represent the force which must

be applied at X to maintain equilibrium?

A B C D

F

F F

F

3

10 Figure shows a gondola blown through an angle θ by the force of the wind. The weight of

the gondola is 1900 N and the angle θ is 25o. What is the magnitude of the force of the

wind?

<img src=http://h2physics.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/q9b.jpg></img>

30 N 20 N

30 N

20 N

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the

object?

A zero zero

B zero non-zero

C non-zero zero

D non-zero non-zero

12 A molecule of mass m travelling horizontally with velocity u hits a vertical wall at right

angles to the wall. It then rebounds horizontally with the same speed.

4

13

B

A C

2 kg 3 kg 1 kg

smooth horizontal surface by a force of 12 N applied to A as shown. What is the

magnitude of the force exerted by block C on B during this acceleration?

A 12 N B 8N C 4N D 2N

14 Three identical, stationary discs P, Q and R are placed in a line on a horizontal, flat

frictionless surface. Disc P is projected head-on towards disc Q.

P Q R

If the

consequent collisions are perfectly elastic, what will be the final motion of the three

discs?

P Q R

A Moving Left Moving Left Moving Right

B Stationary Stationary Moving Right

C Moving Left Stationary Moving Right

D Moving Right Moving Right Moving Right

15 What is the power required to give a body of mass m a forward acceleration a when it

is moving with velocity v up a frictionless track inclined at an angle θ to the

horizontal?

A mavg sin θ

B mav sin θ + mgv

C mav + mgv sin θ

D (mav + mgv) sin θ

16 The diagram shows two bodies X and Y connected by a light cord passing over a

light, free-running pulley. X starts from rest and moves on a smooth plane inclined at

30o to the horizontal.

What will be the total kinetic energy of the system when X has travelled 2.0 m along

the plane (g = 9.8 m s-2)?

5

A 20 J B 59 J C 64 J D 132 J

Which of the following correctly describes the linear velocity, angular velocity and

linear acceleration of the particle?

B varying constant constant

C constant varying zero

D constant constant zero

18 A bucket of water of mass 1.5 kg is whirled in a vertical circle of radius 0.50 m. What is

the minimum speed of the bucket at the highest point of the circle so that the water

does not spill out?

19 Two identical stars each of mass M are separated by distance d. They are rotating

about their centre of mass in circular motion with a periodic time T, given by

A T2 = π 2d3/(2GM)

B T2 = 4π 2d3/(GM2)

C T2 = 2π 2d3/(GM)

D T2 = 4π 2d3/(GM)

20 A satellite moves in an elliptical orbit around the Earth, well above the

atmosphere. At the point in its orbit nearest to the Earth’s surface,

B the kinetic energy is minimum and the potential energy is maximum.

C both the kinetic energy and the potential energy are minimum.

D both the kinetic energy and the potential energy are maximum.

6

21 The diagram shows two pendulums suspended from the same thread PQ.

P Q

pendulum of fixed frequency fy. As the frequency of oscillation of X is increased by

shortening the thread, the amplitude of the oscillation of Y changes. Which of the

following graphs best represents the relationship between the amplitude ay of the

oscillation of Y and the frequency fx of X ?

A B

ay / m ay / m

C D

ay / m ay / m

fx / Hz fx / Hz

0 0

fy fy

fx / Hz fx / Hz

0 0

fy fy

22 The smallest distance between two points of a progressive transverse wave which

π

have a phase difference of rad is 0.050 m. If the frequency of the wave is 500 Hz, what

3

is the speed of the wave?

A 25 m s-1

B 75 m s-1

C 150 m s-1

D 1700 m s-1

7

23 A stationary transverse wave is set up as shown in the figure. The speed, frequency

and wavelength of the wave are v, f and λ respectively. What would be the speed and

wavelength of the wave if the frequency is doubled and other physical conditions remain

constant?

A v λ /2

B v 2λ

C 2v λ

D 2v 2λ

24 A lamp emits light of two distinct wavelengths, x and y. When the lamp is used as a

source for a diffraction grating experiment, it is found that the second order maximum for

wavelength x occurs at precisely the same angle as the third order maximum for wavelength

y. The ratio x to y is therefore

8

Section B (46 marks)

This section consists of 5 short structured questions.

You are required to answer all questions.

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

(b) High speed neutrons produced in a nuclear reactor during nuclear fission

processes have to be slowed down by collisions with nuclei in the moderator of the

reactor before they can trigger additional fissions. Some nuclear reactors use

heavy water moderators in which elastic collisions, some of which are head-on

collisions, occur between neutrons (of mass 1.0 u) and deuterons (of mass 2.0 u).

colliding elastically and head-on with a deuteron which is initially at rest, as

illustrated below.

neutron deuteron

(i) In qualitative terms, what can be stated about the subsequent motion as a

result of knowing that the collision between a neutron and deuteron is

1. elastic, and

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

2. head-on? [2]

___________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

collision, and

speed, v, after an elastic, head-on collision with the neutron.

[5]

9

2 A football match is played on a flooded pitch. The conditions are as such that the

football will stop upon touching the ground. Midfielder Nazri noticed that his

teammate, Fandi, is left unmarked in the opposition area. If he can make a direct

pass to the feet of Fandi, who is 20.0 m away, Fandi will be clear on goal.

20.0 m

(a) If the ball is stationary before it is hit, state the angle θ Nazri has to hit such

that he will need to impart the minimum speed to the ball for it to reach Fandi.

[1]

(b) Considering only the horizontal component of the flight, express in terms of u

and θ , the time of flight of the ball. [2]

(c) Considering the vertical component of the flight, express in terms of u and θ ,

the time for the ball to reach its maximum height. [2]

Assuming that Sasikumar is 1.80 m tall and is capable of jumping 0.600 m

vertically above the ground. Determine whether Nazri’s pass will be

intercepted by Sasikumar. [3]

10

3 The following experimental set-up is used to determine the specific latent heat of

fusion of ice. Equal mass of crushed ice is put into two funnels F1 and F2. Two

identical immersion heaters are completely immersed into the ice. The heater in F1 is

unconnected while that in F2 is connected to an electric supply.

________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

(c) Funnel F1 starts to drip as soon as the apparatus is set up. Explain. [2]

________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

(d) When both funnels F1 and F2 are dripping at the same rate, the following

procedure is carried out:

The beakers are replaced by two dry beakers. The switch S1 is closed and a

stop watch is started.

Power of heater = 15 W

Mass of water in beaker B1 = 3.0 g

Mass of water in beaker B2 = 8.4 g

11

(i) Find the heat supplied by the heater in 20 minutes. [2]

(ii) What is the mass of ice melted by absorbing heat from the heater?

[1]

(iii) Hence find the specific latent heat of fusion of ice. [2]

4 A planet P of mass m orbits the Sun S of mass M in a circular orbit of radius r with

angular velocity ω as shown in the diagram below.

P

ω

S

r

(a) (i) On the same diagram, draw an arrow representing the linear velocity

of P and label this v. [1]

acceleration of P. Label this a. [1]

(b) Write down an expression in terms of m, M, r and G, for the magnitude of the

gravitational force exerted by the Sun on the planet. [1]

(c) Use this expression to find the angular velocity of the planet in its orbit.

[2]

(d) The Earth is 1.50 x 1011 m from the centre of the Sun and takes exactly one

year to complete one orbit. The planet Jupiter takes 11.9 years to complete

an orbit of the Sun. Calculate the radius of Jupiter's orbit.

[2]

12

5 (a) State the equation defining simple harmonic motion. [1]

(b) A light helical spring is 30.0 cm long in its relaxed state and 35.0 cm long

when it is suspended vertically and supports a mass M = 0.20 kg at its lower

end. A student pulls the mass down a further 4.0 cm and then releases it. The

subsequent motion of the mass is simple harmonic and its period is given by

M

T = 2π

k

where k = force constant of spring.

x = A cos Bt ,

where x = displacement of the mass from the equilibrium position and

t = time after release, determine the values of A and B. [4]

[3]

(iii) Sketch a graph below to show how the kinetic energy E k of the mass

varies with its displacement x. [2]

13

Section C (40 marks)

1 (a) A billiard ball is hit with a uniform velocity of 20 ms-1 at an angle of 450 with the

horizontal, as shown in the Figure 1.1.

20 ms-1

45o

Fig, 1.1

(i) Calculate the magnitude of the horizontal and vertical component of this velocity.

[3]

(ii) If this ball hits a cushion and rebounds at the same speed but at 450 with the

cushion as shown in Figure 1.2 below, calculate the change in velocity of the ball.

[3]

45o 45o

20 ms-1

20 ms-1

Fig. 1.2

(b) Fig. 1.3 shows a simplified diagram of the forces acting on a spine of a person,

as he bends forward. The lumbosacral disc is the lowest disc of the spinal

column, and it acts as a pivot for the spine. The length of the spine is L. The force

F is the combined effect of all the back muscles, and it is angled at 150 from the

spine. W is the weight of the upper body. Both forces act at a distance of 0.6L

from the pivot.

14

L

0.6L

F 150

W

650

Lumbosacral disc

(pivot)

Fig. 1.2

(i) State the conditions for a body in static equilibrium under the action of a system of

forces. [2]

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

(ii) If F = 800 N and W = 490 N, show that for equilibrium, a third force R that is

exerted on the spine by the pivot has to act along the direction of the spine. What

is the magnitude of this force R? [4]

(iii) Now suppose that while in the position as shown in the figure, the person picks

up a load of 50 N with his arms. Effectively, this can be considered as adding

another force of 50 N at a distance of 0.85L from the pivot.

equilibrium. [3]

15

2. If the minimum force of R needed to cause slip disc at the pivot is 1300 N,

determine whether the person will suffer from slip disc at this posture.

[5]

2 (a) Fig 2.1 shows a bicycle inner tube in which the pressure is being increased using

a bicycle pump. Assume that air behaves like an ideal gas.

Fig 2.1

The cycle inner-tube has a volume of 1.30 x 10-3 m3 which remains constant as

more air is pushed into it. When full of air, the pump contains 1.80 x 10-4 m3 of air at

a pressure of 1.00 x 105 Pa and a temperature of 300 K.

When the piston is pushed in, all the air molecules from the pump are transferred

into the inner tube.

Initially the air in the inner tube has a pressure of 1.50 x 105 Pa and a temperature

of 300 K.

Given: the universal gas constant, R = 8.31 Jmol-1K-1

(i) Calculate the number of moles of gas in the inner tube initially. [2]

16

(ii) Calculate the number of moles of gas transferred into the inner tube each

time air is pushed into the tube. [1]

(iii) Calculate the new pressure in the inner tube after one "pump-full" of air has

been transferred to the inner tube.

Assume that the temperature of the air in the pump and the inner tube

remains constant at 300 K when the air is pushed into the inner tube and that

air behaves like an ideal gas. [2]

(b) Fig 2.2 shows a graph of the variation of pressure with volume of the air in the

pump up to the time when it starts to enter the inner tube.

Fig 2.2

(i) Use the graph to estimate the work done on the gas while the gas is being

compressed to the point at which the air enters the inner tube. Show your

working. (Notice that neither of the scales on the axes starts at zero.)

[3]

(ii) Given that 6.1 J of heat is absorbed during the compression, find the change

in internal energy of the air during the process. If the temperature increased

or decreased? [2]

17

(c) State the conditions that are necessary for an observable interference

pattern. [4]

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

(b) A laser emitting light of wavelength 6.0 × 107 m is used to illuminate two

parallel slits. Interference fringes are thus produced on a screen placed 2.0 m

away from the slits and the fringe separation obtained is 5.0 mm.

(i) Calculate the distance between the centres of the two slits. [2]

(ii) State and explain two changes that you would expect to see in the

fringe pattern if both the slits were each made narrower and their

separation is increased. [4]

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

18

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