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100 COOL MAINFRAME T I PS
JONATHAN JEBAN MARTIN
100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS 100 COOL MAINFRAME TIPS.............................................................................................................1 Preface.................................................................................................................... ...........................3 ISPF......................................................................................................................... ..........................4 JCL........................................................................................................................... .......................12 COBOL ..................................................................................................................... ......................18 VSAM....................................................................................................................... .......................24 T FILEAID.................................................................................................................... .....................28 SORT........................................................................................................................ .......................32 SDSF........................................................................................................................ ........................33 CICS......................................................................................................................... .......................35 DB2.......................................................................................................................... ........................37 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS
This e-Book is collection of all the tips that have been published in the MVSTIPS Yahoo! Groups. The sources for these tips are manuals, books, websites, mainframe forums and group members’ contribution. Also one can visit tips online at
For comments, feedbacks, errata on this booklet, please send your mails to email@example.com. With Warm Regards, Jonathan Jeban Martin 20-Oct-04
100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS
TIP # 001 ISPF Lets start with a generic and simpler one. Consider that you are editing a file/program and you want to know the changes you have done since the last SAVE command. How to find that?
Answer: Give COMPARE SESSION on the command line Further use of COMPARE commands... - Can be used like 3.13 option TIP # 002 ISPF Usually the PDS or PS bears the ID of the creator or the ID of the person who modified it recently.But is it possible to change these ID values without leaving trace of one’s own ID? Answer: Yes its possible! In the command area against the member name or PS name, by giving ‘G’. Dialog box will pop up allowing you to change the ID values. TIP # 003 ISPF Suppose you are in a ISPF Screen and want to know in which TSO Region ( Development, Production, or other TSO regions) you are now . Answer: Issue on the command line : SAREA ISPF STATISTICS Pop-up window will show you the region( and other info too)
100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS
TIP # 004 ISPF Any command entered in the COMMAND LINE disappears after the successful execution of its intended function. If you want to repeat the same command , you got to re-type it or use some PF key to retrieve the last command entered. But here is a cool method the make the command entered not to disappear and stay on the screen. Precede commands with '&' For Example: COMMAND ===> &C '110-PARA' '220-PARA' SCROLL ===> CSR ****** ************************ TOP OF DATA ************** 000001 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION. 000002 PROGRAM-ID. COBOLSAMY. 000003 DATE-WRITTEN. APRIL 2004. After the execution of the command, the below command stays on the screen. This way you can entering the same command or modifying the command a little and using it multiple times. TIP # 005 ISPF While trying to open any member in a PDS, we sometimes come across "member in use" message. In that situation, if you want to know who is using the member
go to ISPF 3. Does MAINFRAME has the same feature?? Answer: Yes! It has “Autocomplete” feature!!! How to use it? 1. issue COMP 'YOUR.4 option. e. we have some cool option called address autocomplete…we enter some letters in the address bar and the browser auto completes it with the closest guess. Select REFLIST 3. TIP # 007 ISPF How can I find the last 10 datasets that I have accessed ? Answer: 1. TIP # 008 ISPF Alternate to SuperCE Option(3.. now type any Dataset partially and press the assigned PFkey!! .. enter KEYS in the command line.COMPARISON. Specify the LANG type as COB And select the browse option. 1 .PESTCBL1. I have a PDS and I want to search it for member only by middle string of the members. BESTCBL2.SECOND. there is a MENUBAR.SECOND. 2.Open a DSN in EDIT or VIEW Mode 2. set any key to AUTOTYPE.4 .KEYS window will popup 3. save and exit 2. there are some members like BESTJCL1.BESTASM2.DSN' EXC 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 009 ISPF While Browsing Internet. issue COMP 'YOUR. WESTCBL3. On the top.g. Specify the dataset to be searched and the pattern of the string. Select Option 1 in it. 2. Consider this situation . On the Command line .RESTJCL2.etc I want to find members which have CBL in them. Using this option you can find out the last 30 datasets that you have accessed. If you want only the changes to be listed.currently.GO TO ISPF 3.TESTASM1.13) is to use the macro COMPARE .. How can I search and find these members? 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS Answer: Use ISPF 4.COMPARISON..12 option. press F1 twice..DSN' 3. Use this when you there is less difference between the two files. TIP # 006 ISPF We usual search for members in a PDS by the first string of the members.
The Dataset will be opened in EDIT MODE If you want to open in VIEW mode: Issue : EPDF ‘MYID.Note: It will not retrieve GDGs and VSAM files.MEMBERS. Now issue.PDS. One can save few keystrokes by placing the cursor on any of the column header in the ISPF 3. If we don’t use E at the end. if we place the cursor on the CHANGED header. it will open in browse mode.4 to open in EDIT or BROWSE MODE.4 and list all PDS with MYID.MYAPPLN. type BROWSE at the end.4 Option!!! To Open a PS or PDS member.MYPS’ . Here is one way where one can open PS or PDS member in EDIT/VIEW/BROWSE mode from any command line. I have to issue.* 2.4 listing of the PDS.4. Issue : EPDF ‘MYID. we can avoid using 3. we issue SORT CHA or SORT CHANGED on the command line. Thus. TIP # 010 ISPF I want to find a member but I don’t know the PDS to which it belongs. lets consider high level Qualifier as MYID. RETP on the Command line. which has CBL as middle string in the PDS MY. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 015 . In our case. MEMBER MYMEM on the command line TIP # 011 ISPF I want to know what are the last 25 COMMAND LINE commands that I have issued from ISPF panel. we will get the members sorted on that column. for opening in BROWSE mode. TIP # 014 ISPF Here is a tip by which you can avoid ISPF 3. issue S *CBL* E in the command line. Go to 3. One shortcut way is to in the ISPF 3. we usually use ISPF 3. Answer: For example. I only know the high level qualifier of the PDS.* and member as MYMEM 1. Answer: To get that. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 012 ISPF I want to edit a member. and press ENTER.4 option.4 Option Usually to find the last edited member.MYAPPLN.MYPS’ VIEW Similarly. TIP # 013 ISPF Here is another tip on ISPF 3.
And when I issue PASTE. I have received a maintenance change request on one of the program. After few minutes .KEYS window will popup 2 set any key to NRETRIEV and exit 3 now when you are in 3. Clipboard manager will pop up and gives us options to edit or browse the content. But is it possible for me to view/edit the clipboard ? One can view the clipboard after any valid CUT command was issued. I have a dataset with 10. 4. press the assigned PF keys. TIP # 018 ISPF . Pressing them repeated will bring up one-by-one the last 30 accessed datasets from the reflist. the clipboard content are pasted.. TIP # 017 ISPF Tired of typing the often-used datasets repeated?!!! We have seen AUTOTYPE previously. While I am making changes to the program. I am not sure what changes I made previously on the program? How can I find the changes I have made (without getting out of this screen)? Well. when I am back. issue : CUT DISPLAY.000 lines. How to use it? 1 enter KEYS in the command line.4 or whichever screen you have set the KEYS option.When I cut the first 10 lines and then again the last 10 lines . Issue : COMP * X TIP # 016 ISPF When I issue CUT . one of my friend pops in and I leave with him for a cup of coffee without SAVING the changes I made. TIP # 017 ISPF Here is another tip on ISPF CUT. then issue CUT APPEND 2. here is one simple command line command to achieve this.I want to cut the first 10 lines and last 10 lines and paste into another dataset.When you PASTE it.ISPF Here is a situation.first cut 10 lines. Here is another one that saves lots of key-strokes. I know that the CUT content are placed in a clipboard. then issue CUT APPEND 3. To view the clipboard..then cut last 10 lines.only the last 10 lines are pasted into the new dataset. Use NRETRIEV. you got both. Is there anyway out (other than doing a 2 cut & paste)? 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS The answer for the above question is to: 1.
All the subsequent lines will wrap to 80 chars per line.14 . Use the standard 3. with ISPF. In the same screen itself. press PF3 and exit 4. search with ‘’’abc’’’ string..4 (where all the datasets will be displayed) .e.4 option . So ensure all the PDS are in Disk.14 option?. E 2. “Is there command similar to Wordwrap (as in Notepad or MS WORD) in mainframe?” Yes. with 3 quotes at both sides of the string) TIP # 019 ISPF I have to compare one input file field with one output file field. 1.. In my pgm there may be more abc strings.Open the dataset in ISPF EDIT mode. i need the abc enclosed with quotes.. Now the message "MEMBER(S): memname found" will apppear in the right side of the panel. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 022 ISPF Here is another tip on ISPF 3. one can wrap the data as required.. issue the line command: TF80 (as in this case I want to wrap to 80 chars per line) 3. In the ISPF 3. In the Command line give Command line==>M memname This command will not work for the migrated PDS. then type. type in the input dataset TIP # 020 ISPF Is an easy way to search member in Multiple PDS? Go to 3.But i don't want to retrieve all of them. How to search is in 3.13 ISPF option..(i. So basically what I am looking for is . The input file field in is column 1 to 10 and the output file field is in column 40 to 50. CMPCOLN 40:50 CMPCOLO 1:10 3. type in the output dataset 5. To do that. TIP # 021 ISPF I have data which is of length 160.Here is one simple one. in the command line issue. I want to search a string like 'abc' (including quote). How can I do it? 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS 1.In the first line. I want to wrap the data in each record to 80 characters and have the next 80 characters in the next line. For some reasons. In the Old dataset . In the New dataset .. 2.
then --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------USING IDCAMS USING JCL COMMENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TO(04365) LABEL=RETPD=04365 Will protect till end of 2004 FOR(30) LABEL=RETPD=10 Will protect for 30 days --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Villain's Method: If by chance of fate. the line is considered to be JES3 statement. TIP # 026 JCL . //* statements) and JES3 Statements (which also start with //* ) ? If the 4th column contains JES3 keyword. you want to delete a dataset that is protected by the above method.DATA PURGE /* 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 024 JCL Is it possible to execute a program from any library using the referback? The Answer is Yes! //STEP1 EXEC PGM=IEFBR14 //PROGRAM DD DSN=SYSTEM.. E / (member) use for Browse (B) and view (V) Command .g.PGM.DISP=SHR //STEP2 EXEC PGM=*.. Use IDCAMS DELETE command with PURGE option. //STEP1 EXEC PGM=EXEC //SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=* //SYSIN DD * DELETE TOP.SRC NV1E56 ***************************** End of Data Set list **************************** JCL TIP # 023 JCL Hero's Method: If you prefer a dataset to be not deleted accidentally..From the ISPF 3. else it is considered as normal JCL statement.Enter "/" to select action Message Volume ------------------------------------------------------------------------------E /(MEMBER1)MYID.WORK.4 option listing. e.LOADLIB(COBOLPGM)..STEP1. I can directly Edit/Browse/view the member without listing all the members and then select the particular member.e.SECRET. In the Line command issue.PROGRAM TIP # 025 JCL How does the system differentiates between JCL comment statements (i. To do that.
(Source: System 390 JCL by Gary DeWard Brown) 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 031 JCL Do you know why null statement was introduced in JCL? Back when punched cards were used. it helped to identify the end-of-job card. But. I have a JCL with 10 steps. but is there any JES1? OS/VS1 (the forefather of MVS) supported only one job entry subsystem namely JES1 TIP # 027 JCL Consider this situation. Can Catalog Procedure have PEND statement? Yes! Now it can have PEND Statement. In the JOBCARD. TIP # 030 JCL How much data can TAPE store?? A typical tape reel might contain 170 MB whereas tape cartridges can contain as much as 10GB. only the Step mentioned in the RESTART parameter will get executed. How can I do it? 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS One way to do it is to use RESTART from STEP05. For reasons known only to me. but it will try to execute the subsequent steps too. But one decent way is there in which we don’t need to touch the job steps code. and the start of ..g. when the Job is executed .LE) TIP # 028 JCL We know that JOBLIB statement must be placed after the JOB statement and before the first EXEC statement in the job. code COND parameter.. Do check it out….. Then. RESTART=STEP05. We have to insert null statement after step05 to prevent the execution of subsequent steps.. a null coded on distinctive colored cards was used to help operators separate card decks.COND=(0.We know JES2 and JES3 . but alter only the Jobcard. ( Hence . And that is. e. TIP # 029 JCL Here is a quick question. I want to execute step 5 only. the STEPLIB statement can be placed anywhere in the particular step’s JCL (not necessarily the first DD statement in the STEP).
This parameter tells the OS to treat the file as VSAM file.NEW.INPUT DD DSN=MYID. I specify as //PS010. It is the only system symbol that can be used in a batch job. but someone is using it.AMP=’AMORG’ TIP # 034 JCL I can specify the max limit of TIME parameter as TIME=NOLIMIT or TIME=MAXIMUM.55 days) TIME=NOLIMIT will allow the job for unlimited amount of time Another advantage of NOLIMIT option is that it can remain in wait status for more than the installation time limit.DATASET . How can I delete it? One can use the following JCL //DELMEMB EXEC PGM=IDCAMS //SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=* //PDS DD DSN=libraryname.SYSIN DD DSN= MYID. The first DD statement is in step 10 and second DD statement is in step 40. So ‘//’ ensures that the punched cards are placed properly!! (Source: System 390 JCL by Gary DeWard Brown) TIP # 033 JCL How can I specify dummy VSAM dataset in a JCL? Code AMP=’AMORG’ . If the cards were mistakenly put back to front in the reader.DISP=SHR //SYSIN DD * ALLOC DDN(INFILE) SHR REUSE DSN('libraryname') DELETE libraryname(membername) FILE(PDS) TIP # 036 JCL &SYSUID is a "system symbol" for which the system substitutes your TSO ID. and can be useful when more than one individual submits the same JCL. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 037 JCL I am overriding 2 DD statements in a PROC from my JCL. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS Now which specification gives maximum time for a JOB? TIME=MAXIMUM will allow the job to run for 357912 minutes (248. the slashes wouldn’t be read first and so the card deck could be rejected. Usually .next job for the operators) (Source: System 390 JCL by Gary DeWard Brown) TIP # 032 JCL Do you know why JCL has ‘//’ in col 1& 2 in each Statement?? The Slashes date back from when PUNCHED CARDS were used to submit JCL code for execution. //NOVSAMIO DD DUMMY. TIP # 035 JCL I want to delete a member in a PDS.DATASET //PS040.
the DDNAMEs should be prefixed with AS.What will happen if I specify step 40 first and step 10 next? zOS JCL will process it! It will override irrespective of the order it is specified. TIP # 040 COBOL MERGE statement can have OUTPUT PROCEDURE but not INPUT PROCEDURE !! TIP # 041 COBOL Do you know how COBOL Compiler finds a dataset as VSAM dataset? When the ORGANIZATION clause is coded for a file. Hence. the ORGANIZATION clause should not be coded with a non-VSAM dataset. If you are not doing that then an S213 ABEND might occur when attempting to open data set. the COBOL compiler interprets it as a VSAM dataset. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS COBOL TIP # 038 COBOL If you are accessing ESDS VSAM file. Formerly out-of-order DD overrides were ignored. TIP # 039 COBOL When writing a COBOL program that is to be used as a CICS application program.do not use the compiler option DYNAM. then in COBOL do you know that SELECT clause has something different about it!! For ESDS. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 042 COBOL Do you know using an odd number of digits for PACKED DECIMAL (COMP-3) is 5% to 20% faster than using an even number of digits !! TIP # 043 COBOL Performance considerations for indexes vs subscripts: using COMP to address a table is 30% slower than using indexes! using COMP-3 to address a table is 300% slower than using indexes !! using DISPLAY data items to address a table is 450% slower than using indexes !!! (source: Cobol performance tuning manual) TIP # 044 COBOL Rule of the THUMB: For a table with less than 50 entries ==> go for SEARCH ( Sequential Search) greater than 50 entries ==> go for SEARCH ALL ( Binary Search) . SELECT FILE ASSIGN TO AS-DDNAME Y es..
100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 050 COBOL For KSDS or RRDS . ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. You Wr ite a RECORD because you know in advance the answers to both of the above ques tions .ERRMSG. TIP # 048 COBOL Consider using an in-line PERFORM instead of a SEARCH when you have less than 20 elements in a table. Using OPEN I-O or OPEN EXTEND will have a negative impact on your program's performance.whether there actually is a RECORD to read or not 2. TIP # 049 COBOL One can generate a complete listing of compiler diagnostic messages. DATA DIVISION. by compiling a program with the program-id of ERRMSG specified in the PROGRAM-ID paragraph. For var iable or undefined length files.TIP # 045 COBOL In CO BO L. when DELETE statement is used. the file must be opened in I-O Mode. if there is one. why we READ FILE but W RITE RECO RD? You READ a FI LE because you don’t know in advance: 1. INITIALIZE once and move it to a second like sized 01 level. TIP # 047 COBOL Avoid repetitive uses of the INITIALIZE statement. EX: IDENTIFICATION DIVISION PROGRAM-ID. PROCEDURE DIVISION. then move the second 01 level to the first to initialize the fields. STOP RUN. with their explanations. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 046 COBOL Using OPEN OUTPUT to load a VSAM file will significantly improve the performance of your program. TIP # 051 COBOL . how long the next RECORD will be.
group elements which are FILLERs will not be initialized! 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 053 COBOL I am using internal sort in my COBOL Program. Is there anyway to test the return code of sort operation? The return-code or completion code is stored in a SORT-RETURN special register. INTIALIZE WS-RECORD REPLACING ALPHANUMERIC DATA BY SPACES NUMERIC DATA BY ZEROES. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 057 COBOL In COBOL SELECT clause. TIP # 056 COBOL SEARCH ALL condition only test an equal condition. Perform varying I from 1 by 1 until I > 100 Compute total = total + item (i) * discount End-perform Remove multiply from loop Move zero to total Perform varying I from 1 by 1 until I > 100 Compute total = total + item (i) End-perform Compute total = total * discount TIP # 052 COBOL Sometimes my initialization doesn’t work when I use INTIALIZE verb? Is there anything that I should take care of? When we use INITIALIZE verb to initialize group verbs. TIP # 055 COBOL Here is one better way of INITIALIZATION of a record or group item. it is advantage to use COMP for numeric data and COMP-3 for decimal data. If SORT-RETURN = 0 (successful completion of SORT/MERGE) If SORT-RETURN = 16 (Unsuccessful completion of SORT/MERGE) TIP # 054 COBOL In general. Example Move zero to total. I see sometimes see ASSIGN coded like this… SELECT INFILE ASSIGN TO UT-S-INFILE OR SELECT INFILE ASSIGN TO DA-S-INFILE What they mean actually… .Performance Tuning Taking constant expressions out of a loop speeds up a program with no ill effects.
100) specification causes one record to be written for each Control interval. D – Disk files to be accessed randomly TIP # 058 COBOL When using INPUT /OUTPUT PROCEDURE with SORT We RELEASE record-name (for INPUT PROCEDURE) and We RETURN file-name (for OUTPUT PROCEDURE) 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS VSAM TIP # 059 VSAM Performance Tuning One can speed up applications greatly by using memory to cut I/O when dealing with VSAM datasets. They are SYSPRINT and SYSIN. IMS can process records in existing VSAM datasets but can't create the dataset.Device Class UT stands for Utility (Tape or Sequential Disk) DA stands for Direct-Access (disk) Second part in DDNAME: . . and one Control Interval would be written for each control area. But do you know why? VSAM will always load the first record before taking FREESPACE option into consideration!!! TIP # 062 VSAM DEFINE PATH command creates an alias for the VSAM base cluster DEFINE ALIAS command creates an alias for non-VSAM datasets 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 063 VSAM CICS. For this VSAM Buffers can be enlarged. disk or tape) I. BUFSP ( amount of virtual storage) Increase number of Data buffers (BUFND) for sequential access Increase number of Index buffers (BUFNI) for random access TIP # 060 VSAM IDCAMS Utility can't be executed without 2 DD Statements.First part in DDNAME: . R. BUFND(data). In the DD statement code AMP parameters = BUFNI(index).Method of Organization S – Sequential (Printer. TIP # 061 VSAM We know that FREESPACE(100. DB2. terminal.
what’s the best way to choose Control Interval (CI) size for the data and the index? Well. DEFINE CLUSTER 2.Even you can process VSAM data sets in COBOL programs only after you create them with access method services. Now what are the 5 IDCAMS commands that must be executed before the records in a KSDS can be processed thru an alternate key? 1. it depends on whether the data will be accessed directly or sequentially.INDEX INHIBIT /* // Notice that the ALTER command is used with DATA and INDEX and not with the cluster.DATA INHIBIT ALTER SECRET. The last 2 IDCAMS can be done in any order. REPRO (the base cluster must be non-empty KSDS) 3.KSDS. DEFINE PATH 5.AMP=’AMORG’ TIP # 065 VSAM I want to process a KSDS thru an alternate key.3) TIP # 069 VSAM While designing VSAM files. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 068 VSAM How should be VSAM file defined in order that it can be accessed both in CICS and in BATCH environment? Define as SHAREOPTION (2.. //NOVSAMIO DD DUMMY. How can I do it? By using INHIBIT along with ALTER command e. DEFINE ALTERNATEINDEX 4. For Direct access use small CI . 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 066 VSAM I want to make my VSAM dataset read-only. TIP # 067 VSAM VSAM equivalent of temp dataset is to create VSAM file with REUSE option.KSDS. //STEP1 EXEC PGM=IDCAMS //SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=* //SYSIN DD * ALTER SECRET. TIP # 064 VSAM How can I specify dummy VSAM dataset in a JCL? Code AMP=’AMORG’ . BLDINDEX The first 3 IDCAMS commands should be executed in the above-mentioned order. A dataset created with REUSE can be treated as a new dataset at any subsequent time. This parameter tells the OS to treat the file as VSAM file.g.
Use FMT mode 4. enter TALLY 3. U will get the record count 4. Go to FILE-AID 3. 3. in the Line Command is sue COMMAND ==> GO BROWS E 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 072 FILEAID How to determine compile date of loadlib member ?? Use FILE-AID !! 1. what we do is come out of the browse mode and again open in edit mode and vice ver sa.. At the prompt of .. If you want to find the invalid data in the age field.ENTER NEXT FUNCTION OR END . then issue F /2 INVALID TIP # 071 FILEAID We always face a s ituation such that when we have opened a File in FI LEAID Browse mode but later wished it was EDIT Mode and vice ver sa.8 2. in the Line Command is sue COMMAND ==> GO EDI T I f u r in EDIT Mode and want to change it into BROWSE Mode ..Choose FILE-AID Option 3. Type END to exit. Type 'a' next to the member name 4.COUNTRY.XREF with COPYBOOK.. I f u r in Browse Mode and want to change it into EDIT Mode . In the Library Utility type in the loadlib dataset name 3.AGE. 1.For Sequential access use Lager CI 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS FILEAID TIP # 070 FILEAID The Easiest and Coolest way to locate bad data is thru File-Aid's FIND command.Then issue . TIP # 074 . The FILE has 3 fields namely NAME. e. But there is a cool command available in FI LE-AID to help us in this type of s ituation. So in this s ituation. F /field-name INVALID or F /field-number INVALID The control will take you to the first invalid data record for the given field.g. TDATE is compile date TIP # 073 FILEAID Whats the best way to count the number of records in a VSAM File? 1.1 option 2.OPEN the file in FILE-AID (in either browse or edit mode) 2.
2. I need to verify only 25th and 175th fields only. I am doing a verification on an output file. TIP # 076 FILEAID Consider this situation.g.6 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 075 FILEAID Can I issue FIND command to find values that are less than or greater than ‘certain value’ at column 25?? We can’t accomplish this task thru ISPF . This feature is helpful in analysis when there are lots of columns(fields) in a file. but File -Aid provides us the facility to issue FIND command with relational operators like EQ.NE.LE and GE..Open the file in File-Aid 2. use VFMT format 3. If you want to freeze columns(fields) 1.LT. TIP # 077 FILEAID ABEND SOLVING At midnight I receive production call. The output file has 200 fields. By this options we can freeze some columns and have other columns scrolling. One job abended due to classic S0C7.GT. we have similar such facility thru File-Aid. open the same dataset in FILE-AID. . which is an annoyance. and 6 and have the rest as scrollable issue command HOLD 1-3. issue DISPLAY 25 175 ONLY Only 25th and 175th fields will be displayed. FIND LT ‘2004’ 25 ALL So if one wants to use relational operator along with FIND command. but still other fields are displayed .These bad records are not contiguous but occuring randomly in the input file.3. Thru analysis I located the particular field which is a COMP-3 and junk data is sitting in that field for some records. 1. e. Is there any efficient way to handle this situation? Some people might use HOLD to freeze 25th and 175th field .FILEAID While working in MS Excel we have the option of “freeze Panes”. In mainframe too. I am using FILE-AID’s VFMT mode and for each record I am scrolling between 25 th and 175th field. Here is one better way: In the VFMT mode.
CHECK. use the "T" line command. field-length. one can set percentage amount for numeric fields that determines "close enough" matches. My input layout is: 01 TEST-RECORD. Assume that input file has some 10 million records.CHECK. TIP # 078 FILEAID I want to do Fuzzy Comparison of files!! My requirement is to compare 2 files of which for one certain field I can have + or .CHECK.Now to save my head I have to delete all the records with bad data in that particular field and reexecute the job quickly. // DISP=(NEW.1 value which should be acceptable while comparing.DISP=SHR //DD01O DD DSN=MYID. // DCB=(MYID. SORT TIP # 079 SORT Do you know COBOL Internal SORT and MERGE is actually done by DFSORT ?!! If you SORT or MERGE with COBOL. 05 NAME-FIELD PIC X(5). 05 AMOUNT-FIELD PIC 9(3) COMP-3.CATLG). How can I eliminate the bad records in an efficient and a fast method? 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS Here is the approach: Using the following FILE-AID option in batch mode $$DD01 DROP IF=(field-position. Thru FILE-AID COMPARE (OPTION 10).OUT) //SYSIN DD * $$DD01 DROP IF=(6.2. NEP) NEP means Not Equal to PACK One can generalize and customize the below JCL to deal with similar type of ABENDS. My JCL to eliminate the bad records: //STEP01 EXEC PGM=FILEAID //* //SYSUDUMP DD SYSOUT=* //SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=* //SYSLIST DD SYSOUT=* //SYSTOTAL DD SYSOUT=* //DD01 DD DSN=MYID. When the "Formatted Criteria" table appears after the 2 files are specified. For Example.NEP) /* This will drop the bad data records and retain only the good one.CATLG. the compiler automatically generates a SORT or MERGE control statement for you with the correct DFSORT descriptions for the COBOL fields .OUT.OUT. This brings up a 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS "Tolerance Value/Percentage Specification" panel where you can set a plus or minus value for a numeric field.
in an FB data set with an LRECL of 80: ALTSEQ CODE=(0040) OUTREC FIELDS=(1. we supply them with jobname and jobid. TIP # 080 SORT How can I replace all the low-values in a file to spaces?? Use ALTSEQ CODE . 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 083 SDSF How to allow another user to browse my job? Usually if we want other user to see our job. 3.you specify.e. When its empty.You can move the columns using "/" and "//".TRAN=ALTSEQ) (Source: IBM SORT website) 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 081 SORT SYNCSORT My Production job is such that. One Column in the SDSF that we can bring to the front position is the MAX-RC (which usual is the last column in SDSF ) which shows the completion code or the abend code of the job. Sometimes the input VSAM may be empty. VSAMEMT=YES for the SORT utility.This will bring the complete list of SDSF column names.PARM=’VSAMEMT=YES’ //* //SYSOUT DD SYSOUT=* //SORTIN DD DSN=VSAM. i. on one of the steps it has to copy a VSAM dataset to flat file.In command line type "arr ?". 2. 4. .80.DSN // DISP=SHR //SYSIN DD * SORT FIELDS=COPY /* SDSF TIP # 082 SDSF If you want to rearrange the columns in SDSF 1. //STEP3 EXEC PGM=SORT.Go TO SDSF. my job abends. and then process that flat file in the subsequent steps. How can I prevent the job from abending when the VSAM is empty ? Pass the parameter.DSN // DISP=SHR //SORTOUT DD DSN=FLATFILE. Here's an example of how you could change all low values (X'00') to spaces (X'40').
shows jobs with “exceptional conditions” FIL MAX EQ ‘RC 0000’ .establishes a new run unit . use the primary command FILTER on the command line as given in the examples below FIL MAX AB* . 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS CICS TIP # 086 CICS Use CALLs instead of LINKs in CICS EXEC CICS LINK . Is there any command to navigate to view each output group when I use "S" to select the job? After opening the job using "S".JESYSMSG. then issue FIL OFF TIP # 085 SDSF For selecting jobs in the SDSF queue .For all this activities. use "N" (next) or "P"(Previous) to navigate between different output groups.sets up environment . I either use "?" or "S".JESJCL.30 % * CALL used in the study is STATIC CALL . One simple way to allow another user to browse is to change the DEST column in either the H /I or ST panel of the particular job to the another user id(who wants to view it). COBOL refered here is VS COBOL II TIP # 087 .SYSPRINT. TIP # 084 SDSF I have some 50 jobs in my SPOOL.SYSUT2 etc. For such a kind of listing. OWNER urid and PRE urid* to browse your job.shows jobs that has ABENDS Other Examples are: FIL MAX ‘JCL ERROR’ .Does CICS table-search . it executes 1400 machine code instructions CALL .78 % Total CPU Time improved 15 .It executes around 12 machine code instructions Just replacing EXEC CICS LINK with CALL statement on a case study. When I use "?" . It will be available in his Hold/Output panel itself. I get the break-up output groups for example like JESMSGLG.shows jobs that has JCL errors FIL MAX NE ‘RC 0000’ . the entire job is selected without this break-up.They use.shows successfully completed jobs If you want to switch off the filter.23 % Dynamic storage use improved 11 . I want to list only the jobs that are ABENDED. The Other user need not issue commands or change panels to view your job. When I use "S" . it was found that Internal Transaction Response time improved 23 .
one can use EXEC CICS ASSIGN TIP # 091 CICS While doing a mass delete using a generic key. including other versions of COBOL. YES generates a 12byte FILLER item at the beginning of each symbolic map. time. TIP # 094 . how can you determine the number of records deleted? By using the NUMREC(data-area) option with the generic key. After couple of years. Userid etc and store in a variable. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 092 CICS When generating Mapset. it took the name CICS.CICS You can use a COBOL CALL statement to call only a VS COBOL II or an Assembler language program in the same load module as the calling program. specify TIOAPX=YES for COBOL programs. you need to use the commands EXEC CICS LINK or EXEC CICS XCTL. For calls to programs written in languages other than VS COBOL II. TIP # 089 CICS What is the difference between getting the system time with EIBTIME and ASKTIME command? ASKTIME = requests the current date and time EIBTIME = field have the value at the task initiation time TIP # 090 CICS To access the system values like date. DB2 TIP # 093 DB2 Use the OS/390 – MVS solution ‘Move current-date to ……’ to obtain a date or to do a date calculation instead of DB2’s ‘SET CURRENT TIMESTAMP’. It should always be specified for COBOL programs. 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 088 CICS Do you know how CICS was called initially ?? PUCICS!!! PUCICS stands for Public Utilities Customer Information Control System. Upon completion of the delete the data-area will contain the number of records that are deleted.
42.F '1756ed7b'. In a case study. There will be a column called CONTOKEN. Break it up into multiple SQL statements. N ow How to match it to load lib . This will have a value. G o to the DBRMLIB . If it is the correct DBRM lib using which it is bound then you will find a match. If you find a match then it is your matching load !!! The twist here is . Covert the CONTOKEN to zoned decimal format. Breaking it up dropped the usage to 9 CPU hours per month!! TIP # 095 DB2 If using CURSOR SQL for read only. G o to SYSIBM. You can use HEX on to find the ZD format. DFDBS ABC 2004-04-21-06. Step 4.look at the latest bind you can look at the time stamp column to find the latest. Step 3.¹". Otherwise you need to swap the 16 bytes of the .F x'1756ed7b02da7f32' .DB2 Avoid joins that involve more than two TABLES. From the above example it is X'1756ed7b02da7f32'. This is why you need to search for the 8 bytes separately. Go to your load lib in browse mode.on the SYSIBM. There is a Column for that also.SYSPACKAGE and The DBRMLIB the contoken is stored in the Same format.SYSPACKAGE for that program . 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 096 DB2 How To Match Contoken Across Loadlib & Dbrmlib Step 1.00.îÒ#. a 5-table join used 4190 CPU hours in a month for a weekly process. Step 2 . Also you can get the DBRMLIB used for binding from the above Query o/p also if you scroll towards the end. use FOR FETCH ONLY in the SQL.Search for this String like . But in the Loadlib the date & time part of the CONTOKEN is swapped and stored. Ex -+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---C OLLID NAME CONTOKEN OWNER CREATOR TIMESTAMP +---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---CBPR39WO PGMNAME . Search for the First 8 bytes in the above ZD format of the CONTOKEN Like =-.
100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 097 DB2 To get only the first n rows select * from table name fetch first n rows only with ur. the COBOL equivalent generated is PIC S9(n-m)v9(m) COMP-3 .m). LASTNAME FROM EMP WHERE WORKDEPT IN ( SELECT DEPTNO FROM DEPT WHERE DEPTNAME = ‘PLANNING’ ) TIP # 099 DB2 How to select the duplicate rows from a table? SELECT columns FROM table GROUP BY columns HAVING COUNT(*) > 1 100 COOL MAI NFRAME T I PS TIP # 100 DB2 For SQL declaration of DECIMAL(n.CONTOKEN and search. TIP # 098 DB2 Performance Tuning Use JOIN instead of Sub-Queries SELECT EMPNO. LASTNAME FROM EMP. DEPT WHERE WORKDEPT =DEPTNO AND DEPTNAME = ‘PLANNING’ SELECT EMPNO.