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Concept of Area Development Project (ADP)
The concept of Area Development Project (ADP) is based on integration of all the upstream and downstream activities relating to production, processing and marketing. The ADPs are prepared taking into account the potential of identified areas, development of infrastructure facilities, government programmes and analysis of the domestic and international scenario for development of the identified product. NABARD has been emphasising the need for identification, formulation and implementation of Area Development Projects (ADPs) for sometime past. Though our Regional Offices (ROs) have taken initiative to formulate a good number of ADPs, the perusal of the progress reports indicates that they are mostly of traditional and routine nature. In addition, they are lacking backward and forward linkages and are financed under Automatic Refinance Facility(ARF). They are usually small and do not take into account the developments that have already taken place through the efforts of NABARD/Government and State Government agencies. Overall, it appears that the preparation and implementation of ADP is yet to gather sufficient momentum in the activities of our ROs. They are yet to have significant impact on the development of the identified regions. In the above background, Investment Credit Department (ICD), NABARD, HO identified grape for formualtion of an integrated ADP. 2. Agri-Export Zones:
The Central Government has announced the scheme for establishment of Agri-Export Zones (AEZ)in the country under the Exim policy. AEZ scheme comprises identification of product specific, geographically contiguous areas for the purpose of developing and sourcing of the raw materials, their processing/packaging leading to final exports. State Governments will identify potential export products which could be selected for development. Grape has been identified for development under the scheme. The ADP on grape prepared by NABARD will lead to projectisation of grape development activities with bank finance in the AEZ of Maharashtra. 3. Identification of Project - Justification:
Production of grape in India falls behind a number of other fruit crops viz. mango, banana, citrus, apple, papaya and guava. It accounts for only 0.02% of total fruit production. Its cultivation in India started quite late as compared to other fruit crops. Till 4-5 decades ago, its cultivation was considered as non-viable, specially in the tropical areas. However, during the period from 198788 to 1999-2000, the area under grape has increased from 15,000 ha. to 44,000 ha. and the production from 2.5 lakh tonnes to 11 lakh tonnes. The highest world productivity of 100 tonnes grape per ha. has been recorded in the tropical region of the country. It is now being cultivated in all the 3 major climatic conditions - temperate, sub-tropical and tropical. Grape has a number of uses such as table grapes, wine, raisin, grape juice and canned grape. However, in India, 90% of the grape is used for table purpose. The rest of the grape is used mostly for raisin. The other uses of grape are very little in India. The special reasons for identification of grape are as under :
During the period from 1991 to 92 to 1999-2000, the increase in production of grape has shown annual compounded growth rate of 13.36% in Maharashtra.
Among all the fruit crops, grape has emerged as the most successful commercial crop in the recent years.
About 2% of the grape produced in India is exported successfully to Europe, USA, Middle East and South East Asian countries, as against 0.10% of all fruits.
India's productivity of grape at 25 tonnes/ha. is the highest in the world.
3. The by-products from processed grapes such as tartaric acid.y The quality of grape grown in India is comparable with the best in the world.e. good quality and also lower cost of production (being very labour intensive crop). A few mutant varieties of Thompson seedless of similar quality. 71% of total refinance disbursed under grape in the country. Portugal.35 crore i. Iran. y Grape is perhaps the only crop in India which is not usually grown by any farmer without recourse to bank credit. Argentina. 4. South Africa and Chile (Annexure-II). which necessitates institutional finance. y Besides use of grape as fresh fruit.04 crore of refinance assistance for grape. application of growth regulators. juice and wine. During 2000-01. France. The compounded annual growth rate . y Scientific pre-harvest and post-harvest management practices such as drip irrigation. y Grape of India is highly competitive in the international market because of its high productivity. it could be processed to value added products such as canned grapes. which all require high investment. International Scenario: The total world production is estimated to be about 63 million tonnes which amounts to about 16% of total fruit production. y Investment requirement is much higher for grape than any other crop. which constituted 19% of total disbursement of Plantation & Horticulture sector (246 crore) and about 40% of disbursement under horticulture alone. since Thompson seedless variety of grape accepted throughout the world for its high quality has been highly successful in Nashik and adjoining districts and more recently in certain districts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. such as Sonaka. Spain.A. Turkey. The share of Maharashtra was Rs.S. can also be developed.33. which has industrial use. the unit cost being Rs. U. raisin.64 lakh per ha. Tas-e-Ganesh and Sharad seedless have been developed in India. NABARD disbursed Rs.47. It is only next to citrus and bananas and followed by apples (Annexure-I). cold storage. ( in Maharashtra) for high density plantation. pre-cooling. reefer transportation including packaging and processing are gaining ground in India. The major world producers are Italy. training / pruning. pest management.
Italy. Chile. During the same period the CAGR for both area expansion and production were high in China. Germany. Application of post harvest technology . Argentina. Syria. France. Argentina. Iran. Chile accounted for almost half of the growth in export of grape by increasing its exports from 49. Germany. The major exporters are Chile. These countries increased their share in the world exports during the off-season in the USA and European Unions. Hong Kong SAR. 70% of the world grape production is used for wine making.7 million tonnes in 2000. Mexico. are South Africa. Brazil and U. India and Hongkong have also emerged as grape exporters. Brazil and Australia. Chile.(CAGR) from 1990 to 2001 was -0. Spain. USA.. India. Italy.76. whereas these were negative to low in traditionally important countries.78% for area expansion and 0.74% for production for the world as a whole. Large investment in marketing infrastructure.55%. . Australia. Turkey. Argentina. in Turkey. Lebanan and South Africa and the countries with low to negative CAGR included Italy.A. besides Chile.1) Unlike in India. Egypt. Mexico. Spain and Brazil(Fig. About 20% of the table grape production is exported as compared to 9% export of other fruits. World trade in grapes has increased from 1 million tonnes in 1980 to more than 2. such as Italy. Chile.600 tonnes in 1980 to 6. considerable quantity of grape is also used for table purposes and making raisin.S. India. The countries which had high CAGR during the same period included China. and USA. Netherlands.2). etc. France. During the period from 1993 to 2000 the CAGR for the export of grape in the world was 4. Australia. The growth in international trade of grapes was encouraged by the following factors : y y y y Development of new varieties enabling extension of marketing season. However. Greece and Turkey(Fig.474 tonnes in 2000. Adoption of quality control measures right from planting to export. (Annexure-III). The countries which are emerging as major exporters. Spain.
Mauritius. y y Availability of institutional credit. Agriculture and Processed Food Export Development Authority( APEDA) and Ministry of Food Processing Industries ( MFPI). Bangla Desh.( Fig-3) 5. y Incentives in the form of subsidy from National Horticulture Board( NHB). The main constraints for development of grapes in India are as under : . However. which includes use of root stocks tolerant to salinity and nematodes. The South East Asia . pre-cooling. Germany. The size of European market is more than 1 million tonne.646 tonne. grading. packaging. The grape export has become successful due to the following reasons : y y y Cultivation of Thompson seedless variety of grapes. UAE. The importers of Indian grapes are UK. which amounts to only 2% of total production. Adoption of latest scientific production technology. Oman. Farmer friendly State Government policies specially in the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. USA. our export to the Middle East accounts for 90% of the export while 8% is accounted by European countries and the rest by the South East Asian countries. Grape Export from India: The grape export from India started in the year 1991 with the initiation of economic liberalisation. Singapore and Hongkong. Sri Lanka. as demand is set to increase. Total export is about 20. optimum cane density. Netherlands. Bahrain. Production of table grape is likely to increase in the near future. drip irrigation. Quatar. Japan and also Middle East to some extent are other important markets. Grape cultivation is largely in the hands of progressive and well-to-do farmers. Saudi Arabia. proper pruning and training etc. y Adoption of scientific post harvest management which includes use of sulphur dioxide releasing pads. cold storage and refrigerated transportation.The main export markets for grape are USA and Europe.
Bangalore Blue. y Limited harvesting season for export . 6. which make it ineligible for tax concession. Possibility of double cropping. wine and canned grape is still not significant. y Protective measures by the developed countries such as USA and EU for import. y Production of wine from grape is still non-priority item and treated on par with alcoholic drinks. Concentration of grape cultivation in clusters facilitating development of infrastructure. Weaknesses: y Narrow range of varieties which include only Thompson Seedless.y Dependence on single variety i. SWOT Analysis: A detailed SWOT Analysis based on the views of National Research Centre(NRC) Grape and APEDA is presented below. Strengths: y y y y y y y Agro climatic diversity for grape cultivation to sustain productivity. marketing and adoption of technology. y Grape is still considered luxury fruit and consumed by only the affluent section as compared to other fruits. y y Inadequate and high cost post harvest management technologies. Scope to grow grapes almost throughout the year excluding November and December.e. Thompson seedless grape which has small berry size and production season is short. Lack of diversification in utilisation of products such as juice. Technology to produce good quality raisins. Anab-e-Shahi. specially during their production season. Technology available to achieve the highest productivity in the world. Technology available to produce world class grapes.
Inadequate network of cool chain. colour and packing Exploring south-east Asian markets for exports. Improvement in North Indian varieties for expanding the season. Development of cultural practices for autumn cropping in sub-tropical places of North India. Threats: y y y y y y y Rains during fruit ripening in North India. Objectives of the Project: 7. Heavy spray schedule with potential of pesticides residues. Opportunities: y y y y New varieties for off-season / early harvesting. Chile and South Africa have extended their season by growing early and late varieties. High air freight. rotting. y y y Development of varieties resistant to downy and powdery mildew diseases Improvement of size. Decreasing ground water resources and drought.. Too many exporters. Fluctuation in international price. Increasing soil and water salinity. Susceptibility of the varieties to cracking. Production of export quality grape is low (only 15% of the production). Development of less expensive training system. pink berry formation and mildew diseases. The objectives of the present project are as under : .y y y y y y Short period of cropping in sub-tropical places (February to April). Barrenness of vines and coulure (flower and flower bud drop) in North India.
200 Export of table grape 21 ('000 t) 9.) Production Tonne) Productivity (t/ha. but it has the highest productivity among all fruits (Annexure-IV) ( Fig-4). grape juice. y To promote use of scientific production and post harvest management technologies for increasing productivity and improving quality of grape. Pune has prepared a perspective plan for grapes as indicated below : Present Per Capita Availability 750 (g/year) Area under cultivation 43 ('000 ha. in addition to the table grape which is being done at present.1 2.02% of total fruit production) among all fruits. 8. Area. production of raisin. grape occupies the 7th position (only 0. wine. National Perspective Plan for Grapes: National Research Centre (NRC) for Grapes Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR).) Raisin (' 000 t) 25 22 32 50 50 (Million 1. . y To promote diversification in the utilisation of grapes i.e. Production and Productivity: In terms of production. canned grape.y To promote development of grape cultivation specially for export with institutional finance.24 70 By 2020 1.
average productivity of 25 tonne per ha. The fall in grape production is mainly due to the fall in production of wine grape. Western Uttar Pradesh. Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the most important grape growing states. Maharashtra. India is credited with achieving the highest productivity of grape i. the present project has been prepared for Maharashtra only. Oosmanabad and Latur also. Project Area and Basis for Selection: In India. Thus. whereas world production of grape shown fluctuating trend.e. However. Haryana and Punjab also grape is cultivated in large areas and there is scope for further expansion in the area. However. each of which has more than 500 ha. the . According to a report. While during the period from 1991-92 to 1999-2000. it is proposed to be expanded in Ahmednagar. the worldwide grape production fell from 60 million tonne during the mid '80s to 55 million tonne in 1995. Solapur. the table grape production has remained rather stable. The CAGR during the period from 1991-92 to 2000-01 indicates that India specially Maharashtra achieved much higher rate than world as a whole (Annexure-VI) (fig-5).). Overall. under grapes. However. The grape is cultivated in large scale in three districts of Maharashtra viz. Pune and Sangli (Annexure-VII).Area. During the same period. There is still scope to increase grape production in India specially in Maharashtra by increasing the area under cultivation. as against the world average of 8 tonne per ha. In Tamil Nadu. Nashik. Maharashtra accounts for 63% of grape production. India's production of grape had also shown 50% increase. Thereafter. The conducive climate in most of the important grape growing areas. production and productivity of grapes in India are given in Annexure-V . India's area under grape has increased by 50% (approx. and also the record yield of 100 tonne per ha. the report clearly indicates the possibility of increase in the production of table grapes in future. 10. it has increased to 63 million tonne by 2000-2001. well developed production technologies and the progressive entrepreneurship with easy availability of institutional finance for the crop made it possible to increase the grape production and productivity. world area under grape had shown declining trend till 1997-98 and thereafter it started increasing.
1. Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) identifies potential industrial areas in the district and notifies them as such. These areas are developed by MIDC as industrial estates by providing infrastructural facilities and other necessary amenities. 11. It may be observed from the data given in Annexure-VIII that all the districts are connected by roads and railways. water.2. the project area is well developed.2 The various productive infrastructure required for the development of grapes include the following : y y y y Irrigation Nursery Cold chain facilities Transport Irrigation : 11. 11. Osmanabad (62) and Latur (51).1 Infrastructure facilities: General Infrastructure: As regards the general infrastructure facilities. District Industrial Centre (DIC) provides various incentives under the State and Central Government Schemes for promotional and development activities which may include grape processing. like power. Nashik (81). construction of rural roads and bridges. 11. The processing units for grapes can be established in these areas.project is proposed to be implemented in all the seven districts. Solapur (85). The details of infrastructural facilities created under RIDF area given in Annexure-IX. followed by Sangli (87). However. etc. Ahmednagar (79). NABARD has also played a key role in development of infrastructure in the project area by sanctioning a number of projects under RIDF to the State Government for development of minor irrigation facilities. . The relative index of development indicates that Pune (157) is most developed. the grape cultivation can be extended to other non-traditional districts also.
Mutha. Sangli The net irrigated area in the district is about 21% of the net sown area. 7 projects for irrigation of 11. There are a large number of lift irrigation schemes sanctioned by Cooperatives and Commercial Banks. The irrigation technologies that are being applied in the districts include drip. which has many tributaries i. and lift irrigation. Indrayani. Man and Bor as their tributaries. 10 medium and 14 minor irrigation projects are also in progress in the district. is irrigation. drip irrigation system has been proposed for the entire project area. Tal Karad and Krishna Project's Arfal Canal in the district provide irrigation to Sangli district partially.e. Under RIDF. part of the Tembhu Lift Irrigation Project.389 ha. Krishna and Warna are the major potential rivers of the district with Yerala. The surface water irrigation sources are made available through 11 major. The completion of major. Pune Pune has 25% net irrigated area of the net sown area. The major river in the district is Bhima. Ghod. Under RIDF. 6 medium and 82 minor irrigation projects of the State Government. 4 minor and 1 medium irrigation projects for irrigating 8663 ha. Girna and their tributaries. Three major irrigation projects are individual and cooperative lift irrigation schemes on river Krishna. The district-wise position of the availability of irrigation facilities is given below. There are also a large number of irrigation wells in the district. Koyana and Warna. Vandani. It cannot be grown commercially without irrigation.The most important productive infrastructure for raising crops. area have been sanctioned. area have been sanctioned. Grape is irrigated by drip irrigation system. Mula. etc. Agarkani. The district has been selected by the Central Government for application of DRIP Irrigation Technology. Nira. In the present project. Existing sources of irrigation are proposed to be utilised. About 56% of the net irrigated area is covered by Surface Water Irrigation System and the balance 44% by Ground Water Sources. The major sources of irrigation are Godavari. sprinkler. Nashik The irrigated area in the district is 29% of the net sown area. especially grapes. Besides. medium and minor irrigation projects will bring about 60% of the total .
1. 37 projects for irrigation of 16110 ha. Under RIDF. the total capacity created under various projects is 86005 ha. 31 projects for irrigation of 19. Under RIDF. Major rivers in the district are Bhima. 11 projects for irrigation of 5. small lift irrigation schemes and underground pipelines.70 lakh ha would be brought under irrigation. and 93 minor irrigation projects having command area of 110882. The systems of irrigation include drip.616 ha. medium and minor schemes are under implementation in the district. Sina. have been sanctioned. Various major. Under RIDF 11 projects for irrigation of 8758 ha area have been sanctioned. So far. have been sanctioned. have been sanctioned. 11 projects for irrigation of 14. Latur About 18% of the net sown area is under irrigation.784 ha. Nursery: . The other activities include deepening of wells. Ahmednagar About 28% of the net swon area is under irrigation of which 72% is irrigated through ground water resources and the rest through canals. Under RIDF. Various major.051 ha. Under Krishan Valley Development Corporation. 11. have been sanctioned.cultivated area of the district under irrigation. medium and minor irrigation projects are under implementation. 10846 and 11027 ha respectively. Nira.2.2. sprikler and irrigation. There are 3 major. Sholapur About 24% of the net sown area is under irrigation in the district. Osmanabad About 17% of the net sown area is under irrigation. 5 medium. Man and Bhogawati. Under RIDF.
11. Post Harvest Technologies: . production technology for the crop is highly developed. A gist of production technologies being followed by farmers is given in the Annexure-XI .The grape growers raise their own nursery by using hard wood cutting on their farms. India has achieved the distinction of the highest productivity in the world. Since grape vines are proposed to be developed in all the 7 potential districts. Grapes.3.2. Bank Branches: The number of branches of different banks working in the proposed area of operation are given in Annexure-X. Production Technology: As a result of the 100 years' research on grape. The farmers being very progressive take initiative in adoption of the new technologies.600 tonne have been proposed since these facilities are required to be set up on the farmers¶ field or very near to the farmers' field. grapes are transported by refrigerated containers of the shipping lines. additional 38 cold chain facilities with capacity of 7. During the entire season of export of grapes of 70 days. Transportation: For export market. only 16000 tonne grape is exported. 11. The mother plants are available from local progressive farmers and NRC. For domestic market. 12. ordinary trucks are used for transportation to various commercial centres.4. It is observed that the population per branch of a bank varies from 3188 to 11604. Cold Chain facilities: Already total capacity of about 1000 tonne per day for the cold chain facilities have been created in the region. 13.2. As a result. 14.
Very few units are making wine or juice from grape in India. for domestic market. The procedure of raisin making is given in the AnnexureXII. as indicated below : A.78 % in the world. the drip irrigation is proposed to be installed in all the areas to be developed. of which. Therefore. The raisin production technology have been developed with import of ethyloleate.79 % as against -0. 16. of salt affected area over a period of three years. the post harvest technology is not developed. cold storage and refrigerated transportation. Wine makers depend on imported technology.) Outlay (Rs. the projected area for expansion of grape under the project has been estimated. Expansion of Area: Expansion of area includes drip irrigation in all identified districts and saline area in Sangli district only. precooling. 1% .2% of the grape is being processed as wine and juices.24 ha.79 %. It is proposed to develop 1144. Processing Technologies: Hardly 10% of the grape is processed. The compounded annual growth rate from 1991-92 to 1999-2000 for increase in area in Maharashtra is 5.The export of grape requires grading. Physical and Financial Programme: The project will have broad physical and financial programmes. An outline of the technology is given in the Annexure-XIII. The year-wise projected expansion of area under the crop and financial outlay are as under :(Fig-6) Year Area Expansion in Financial (Ha. except cold storage to some extent. There is 17410 ha salt affected area in Sangli district. These technologies have been developed in India. packaging. raisin is the main product in India.in . 15. Since the GOI has identified grape for development in the Agri Export Zone of Maharashtra. However. assuming the compounded annual growth rate of 7. All grape growers install drip irrigation system.
B.61 District-wise details are given in the Annexures-XIV.059.lakh) 200203 2003-04 200405 14 14 702 702 10 501 .531.69 200405 Total 3.32 2003-04 2.119.73 12919.lakh) 2002-03 2. The various assumptions based on which the requirement of post harvest centres have been worked out. packing.024.72 8. The year-wise projected requirement of post harvest centres and financial outlays are as under: Year Physical outlay(no) Financial outlay(Rs.838. Post Harvest Centres: It is proposed to develop 38 post harvest centres during the three year duration of the project. which will have the facilities of grading. are given in the Annexure-XV. precooling and cold storage.58 36.633.53 11.19 11985.
of Maharashtra for setting up wine making units in the proposed wine parks at Nashik and Sangli. Since. E. efforts will be made to promote juice and canned grape production units. Raisin Production: Based on the various assumptions detailed in Annexure-XIV. Summary of Physical and Financial programme: . Wine/Juice Making: More than 50 letters of intents have been issued by the Govt. While the production of grape increases during the progress of implementation of are expansion. so far. raisin making units proposed to be set up during the duration of the project are as under: Year Physical outlay(No) Financial outlay(Rs.905 District-wise details are given in Annexure-XVI C.Total 38 1. It can be a part of the project as and when such units come up.lakh) 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 Total 386 483 595 1464 610 764 941 2315 District-wise details of the physical and financial programme are given in Annexure-XVII D. no licence has been issued. no specific projection has been made for wine making.
256. Unit Cost: The unit cost of the various items of development are as under: Area Expansion Drip Irrigation Reclamation of Salinity Rs.285.97 12.562.51 Bank loan 10.64 lakh per ha Rs. Raisin Making The estimated cost of raisin making unit is Rs.66 10.451.Summary of the entire physical and financial programme is given in Annexure-XVIII.718.104.22.168 lakh to Rs.18 11.26 17. (b) and (c). In lakh Year 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 Total TFO 12.3 40.2 14.75 Details of the unit cost along with economics are given in Annexures-XIX(a) and (b) Post Harvest Centres The unit cost for the post hsarvest centres will vary from Rs.27 10.231. .3. Details of assumptions based on which the cost has been worked out along with economics are given in the Annexures-XX(a).0.51 lakh.213.286.33 30. Highlights of the financial programme are as under: Rs.58 Rs.58 lakh. Details are given in the Annexure-XXI.01 13.992.244.407.0.85 NB refinance 9.7 33.
an Association of cooperatives also exports grapes. The quality of grapes like other fresh . South Africa and Israel to learn about the latest technologies and marketing prospects in Europe. A list of exporters is given in Annexure-XXII. The grape processing in the state is mainly for making raisin which is predominant in Sangli district.18. 20. Both farmers and traders are engaged in raisin making. the grape cultivation in Maharashtra is also in the hand of big. one or two units have come up for making wine from grape by the industrialists/ entrepreneurs. technologies and institutional finance. However. Profile of Farmers. The exporters are broadly of three categories : y y y Merchant Exporters Farmer Exporters and Cooperatives It is interesting to note that the farmers in this area have developed direct marketing channels to Europe. NABARD will provide refinance assistance to eligible banks as per usual terms and conditions 19. Quality and Standards: Maintenance of high quality is essential for any food product especially for export of product like grape to Europe and other developed countries. Banking Plan: The banks will finance the eligible farmers under terms and condition within the guidelines of RBI. These farmers are progressive and have access to required resources. large quantity of grapes is produced in the farm of big farmers whose family holding in many cases exceeds 30 acres. MAHAGRAPES. medium and small farmers. Recently. It is proposed that the banking plan would be prepared by the Pune RO of NABARD in consultation with the banks operating in the area. So. Exporters and Processors: Like cultivation of other fruit crops. Many of these farmers have visited Europe. the grape cultivation has developed mainly because of the efforts made by these farmers.
visual appearance and eating quality.AIC Overseas Price Report European Fruits & Vegetable . Year Price (Pond per kg by air) Low 2000 2001 2002 0. Price: : : : : Greenish yellow 16 .produce is decided by shelf life.20o bric 4-5 gms. the cooperatives and also the middlemen. per berry 350 . It is a partnership firm of 16 cooperative societies and it is equipped with pre-cooling and cold storage .90 1.10 1. The grape growers have established their marketing channels directly in the countries abroad.Weekly 22.40 0. The basic quality standards for exportable grapes are indicated below : Colour Sugar context Berry size Bunch weight (Loose bunch) 21.60 1.500 grams The wholesale price trend of Indian Grape in United Kingdom .90 Source : FICCI .87 High 1. MAHAGRAPES is one of the largest exporters of fresh grapes from India. Marketing of Grape: Marketing of grape is unique in India because it is carried out by growers themselves. The cooperative structure is also strong for marketing of grapes.variety Thomspson seedless during the period from 2000 to 2002 is indicated below.
NHB. the subsidy is available for installing drip irrigation system under the Plasticulture Promotion Scheme of the GoI. The details are given in the Annexure-XXIII.25 lakhs. Details are given in Annexure-XXIV. The organisation has quality control officers which monitor fruit quality at different stages of operations beginning from cultivation in the farm to packing the fruit for export. NHB also operates the capital investment subsidy scheme for construction/expansion/modernisation of cold storage facilities through NABARD/ NCDC under which subsidy is available to the extent of 25% of the capital cost subject to the limit of Rs. Government Schemes and Incentives: : Grape Production Grape is not eligible for the subsidy under Employment Guarantee Scheme of the State Government. APEDA : APEDA has a number of schemes for providing subsidy ranging from 25% to 50% subject to certain ceilings for development of various infrastructures and also conducting feasibility studies. MoFPI and MSEB.50 lakhs. Post Harvest Schemes: Various Government Organisations which provide incentives for post harvest schemes / facilities include APEDA. MFPI: The various schemes of MFPI are as under : . etc.facilities. 23. However. NHB : NHB has a scheme for commercialisation of horticulture under which subsidy is available to the extent of 20% of the outlay with a limit of Rs.
10 lakh) and participation in international exhibitions.60 lakh. y MSEB charges uniform rate of Re. y Marketing assistance is extended to the products upto Rs. . y Scheme for setting up Modernisation/Expansion of Food Processing Units with assistance varying from Rs.3% of the project cost to undertake R &D projects relating to post harvest management. Subsidy of 25% is provided to promote export of fruits and vegetables. etc.25 to 50 lakh.30 lakhs. y Reservation of plots in industrial estates for setting up of a pre-cooling and cold storage and also Sales Tax concessions are extended to these units.10 lakh to 25 lakh).5 lakh.1. of Maharashtra: Government of Maharashtra through Maharashtra Industries Development Corporation provide the following incentives / facilities : y 25% of capital cost of pre-cooling.y Establishment of post harvest infrastructure upto 50% of the capital cost with ceiling varying from Rs. areas.75 lakh to 200 lakh depending on type of organisations. etc.2 lakh to50 lakh. y Assistance to non-profit organistions / universities / NGOs / public sector units @ 100% of the project cost and to private sector @ 33. y Assistance for dissemination of low cost preservation technology on grant basis upto Rs. y Scheme for setting up of mobile fruit and vegetable processing unit with assistance upto Rs. Govt. y Specific grant basis schemes available for marketing (Rs.5 per unit of electricity consumption for both LT & ST in pre-cooling and cold storage units.3 lakh). cold storage. etc. refrigerated van. y Scheme for development of manpower requirements covers the cost of training as also creation of infrastructure facilities and get an assistance ranging from Rs. strengthening of backward linkages (Rs.2 lakh for export of fruits and vegetables. subject to a limit of of Rs. conduct of market surveys (Rs.
Agricultural Universities and also a few NGOs like Grape Growers Association of Maharashtra & Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra Association for Cultivation of Science. Pink berry formation in Maharashtra.The National Agricultural Research System. Lack of cultural practices to increase the firmness of berries to withstand transport to long distant markets. However. is the main coordinating mechanism for grape research in the country. some of the problems which need to be addressed are as under : y y y y y y y y Hastening of ripening in Pusa Seedless. under the ICAR. Lack of superior varieties for raisin making. Lack of seedless varieties with bold berries of good quality. agronomy.y Maharashtra has announced grape processing policy for 2001 under which various incentives have been proposed (Anneuxre XXV). plant protection and crop utilisation. 24. Hisserghata. grape cultivation practices have been developed. As a result of the efforts of these organistions and also empirical works of the viticulturists. flowers and young berries) in North Western plains. Grape is only one of the very few crops in India which has attained average productivity more than the world average. Extension Services and Training: . Departments of Agriculture and Horticulture. Lack of agricultural practices for production of good quality grapes in the off-season specially during November and December in India. Uneven ripening in Beauty Seedless and Gulabi. y y Lack of varieties for good quality wine. juice and ready to serve beverages. Coulure (drop of flower buds. State Govt. These organisations have done useful work in the areas of plant breeding. Grape Research: Grape research in India is more than 100 years old. Pune. Indian Institute of Horticulture Research. 25. Post harvest berry drop in Anab-e-Shahi. The various institutions involved are National Research Centre for Grapes.
Arrangement of seminars. However. Co-operative body registered under Public Trust Act. field training programmes. Project Implementation and Monitoring: The Maharashtra State Grape Growers' Association which have wide network with the grape growers in the region may identify the farmers to prepare their proposals and furnish to the banks operating in the area. in Maharashtra. Well-equipped laboratory to analyse soil. Recently SBI has launched Project Uptake for Grapes under which it has arrangement with the National Research Centre for Grapes for transferring pre-harvest technology with the objective to achieve improvement in productivity and quality in the three main grape growing centres viz. visits of scientists etc. Managed by elected body of grape growers. The Association may also workout the training schedule. The National Research Centre for Grapes at Pune also provide extension services to Grape Growers. jointly with NRC Grape for the State . Maharashtra State Grape Growers' Association. Our Pune RO may convene a meeting of all important banks. Organisation has a well-maintained demonstration farm and nursery facility at Manjari. water and petioles for fertigation schedules. physical and financial parameters of the programme and to prepare a banking plan and detailed action plan. which provide all possible technical guidance and services in producing quality grapes to its members. y Recognition from various government and academic institutions.Extension services for grapes are provided by the Departments of Horticulture of State Governments and Agricultural Universities. Four officers in major grape growing areas to provide services to grape growers. Salient features and Activities of the Maharashtra State Grape Growers Association are indicated below : y y y y y y y y 20. National Research Centre for Grape. Mahagrape and State Government Department of Horticulture to discuss the objectives. Tasgaon in Sangli.000 members cultivating grapes. Representations to various ministries in the state and central governments to plead the case of grape growers. 26. Pimpalgaon in Nasik and Pandharpur in Solapur districts. there is a State Grape Growers Association.
Our DDMs and the lead bank of the area will also involve in coordination and implementation of the project 27.season grapes to NABARD for funding.Department of Horticulture for training the entrepreneurs. Grapes Annexures . Project Benefit: Implementation of the project will give rise to additional production of 177535 tonnes grape for domestic market which in monetary terms amount to Rs. export of 8060 tonnes grape i. NRC Grapes may submit an R&D Project on production of off. A merchant exporter may earn a net income of Rs.e Rs.(Annexure-XXVI).81 per Kg. The progress of the project will be regularly monitored at the BLBC. DLCC and also SLBC level. The Association may also arrange to supply good quality of inputs required for the grape growers.266 crore.36 crore per year on completion of the entire physical programme(Annexure XXV).12. The financing banks will appraise the proposals as per the usual norms.e Rs36 crore and 5196 tonnes raisin i.
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