# PROBLEMS

1.1 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at Band loaded as shown. Knowing that d, = 30 mm and d2 = 50 mm, find the average normal stress in the midsection of (a) rod AB, (b) rod Be.

A~+~
60kN ~~~~~i.iiI!At-.\l~ 750mm

d1

:==~·-n~~~~~~~~:
125~1o.s
m ------1.2 m

125 kN

I t
~
Fig. P1.1 and P1.2

----~.I

600mm

1

Ll
45kN
1200 N .1 't
i'

1.2 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at B and loaded as shown. Knowing that the average normal stress must not exceed 150 MPa in either rod, determine the smallest allowable values of the diameters d, and d2,
1.3 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at Band loaded as shown. Knowing that d, = 30 mm and d2 = 20 mrn find the normal stress at the midpoint of (a) rod AB, (b) rod Be. 1.4 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at Band loaded as shown. Knowing that the normal stress must not exceed 172 MFa in either rod, determine the smallest allowable values of the diameters d, and d2. 1.5 A strain gage located at C on the surface of bone AB indicates that the average normal stress in the bone is 3.80 MPa when the bone is subjected to two 1200-N forces as shown. Assuming the cross section of the bone at C to be annular and knowing that its outer diameter is 2S mm, determine the inner diameter of the bone's cross section at e. 1.6 Two steel plates are to be held together by means of 6 mm-diameter high-strength steel bolts fitting snugly inside cylindrical brass spacers. Knowing that the average normal stress must not exceed 200 MPa in the bolts and 120 MPa in the spacers, determine the outer diameter of the spacers that yields the most economical and safe design.

Fig. P1.3 and P1.4

il f
c
,

I:

11
;

~
I: Ii \,

Ii (::

B "

Fig. P1.5

!

1200 N Fig. P1.6

18

8 1. Knowing that each member has a 50 X 100 mm rectangular cross section and that each pin has a 12 mm diameter.link Be.Problems 19 Fig_ P1. (b) = 90°. DEF. (b) in .9 L D f. PUO . BE.7 1.~ A I~' ---- 1. Two horizontal 22 kN forces are applied to pin B of the assembly shown. determine the maximum value of the average normal stress (a) in member BE. 1.8 Each of the four vertical links has an 8 X 36-mm uniform rectangular cross section and each of the four pins has a 16-mm diameter.0 m Fig.2 m ---~. determine the maximum value of the average normal stress in link BD if (a) = 0. determine the maximum value of the average normal stress (a) in link AB. Fig.8 mi c 'LN 1. ~ 0. P1. ABC. (b) points C and E.0.7 Link BD consists of a single bar 30 mm wide and 12 mm thick. and CF. Determine the maximum value of the average normal stress in the links connecting (a) points Band D.10 The frame shown consists offour wooden members.9 12 rnrn . Knowing that a pin of 20 mm diameter is used at each connection. Knowing that each pin has a lO-mm diameter. e e 1.4 m -+<---Fig. P1. (b) in member CF.

determine the smallest allowable length L if the average shearing stress in the glue is not to exceed 800 kPa.12 Knowing that the average normal stress in member CE of the Pratt bridge truss shown must not exceed 144 MPa for the given loading.~- 20 Introduction-Concept of Stress 1. 1. For the position shown. As part of the design of the joint and knowing that the clearance between the ends of the members is to be 8 mrn. m is applied to the crank of an engine. determine the cross-sectional area of that member which will yield the most economical and safe design.12 1.14 1. Knowing that the controlrods attached at A and D each have a 20-mm diameter and happen to be parallel in the position shown. P1. (b) member DC. which has a 450-mm2 uniform cross section. P1. 60mm Fig. Assume that both ends of the member will be adequately reinforced. Fig. determine the average normal stress in member BE.13 400mm 1.13 A couple M of magnitude 1500 N . P1. knowing that the cross-sectional area of that member is 3780 rnrrr'.11 For the Pratt bridge truss and loading shown. (b) the average normal stress in the connecting rod BC.15 The wooden members A and B are to be joined by plywood splice plates which will be fully glued on the surfaces in contact. P1. '>~I~:" \. 1. 350 kN 350 kN 350 kN Fig.14 Two hydraulic cylinders are used to control the position of the robotic arm ABC.11 and P1.1S . determine the average normal stress in (a) member AE. determine (a) the force P required to hold the engine system in equilibrium.1 150 mm 200 mm Fig.

each 22 mm thick and 150 mrn wide. determine the largest load P that may be applied to the rod. P1. are joined by the glued mortise joint shown. lOmm L1 --1 40mm 1. 1.20 .4 kN. Knowing that the joint will fail when the average shearing stress in the glue reaches 0. determine the smallest allowable length d of the cuts if the joint is to withstand an axial load of magnitude P = 5.16 Determine the diameter of the largest circular hole that can be punched into a sheet of polystyrene 6 mm thick. T" 15mm~. P1.1. Problems 21 P •• lol\~I-·-.' •. Determine the smallest allowable length L of the bearing plate if the bearing stress in the timber is not to exceed 3..17 1. P1.5 MPa. determine the side a of the plate that will provide the most economical and safe design. Knowing that the shearing stress must not exceed 120 MPa in the steel rod and 70 MPa in the aluminum plate.0 MPa.80 MPa. p~ Fig.20 An axial load P is supported by a short W250 X 67 column of cross-sectional area A = 8580 rnrn? and is distributed to a concrete foundation by a square plate as shown. PU8 Fig..19 1.18 A load P is applied to a steel rod supported as shown by an aluminum plate into which a 15 mm-diameter hole has been drilled. Knowing that the average normal stress in the column must not exceed ISO MPa and that the bearing stress on the concrete foundation must not exceed 12. Fig. knowing that the force exerted by the punch is 45 kN and that a 55-MPa average shearing stress is required to cause the material to fail.19 The axial force in the column supporting the timber beam shown is P = 75 kN.17 Two wooden planks. ~ r 6mm p Fig.