BOOKLE,T ACC.OMPANIES: BY CASSSTT.

E 4423474

© 1974 Educations'l Sel\llces, WashIngton, D.C,.

All righls resolrved. No part o~ this book may be reproduced In any form without permissIon from the publisher.

Alii Language/30' CQmponents produced in the U.S,A.

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION GENERAL EXPRESSi'ONS

Seiutsuons , "" .. " "............. 1

Visits and Introductions .,', , " 1

tnquiries on the Street 3

Everyday Expressions "".......................... 3

PERSONAL NEEDS

Food ".",., .. , , .,' .5

At the Amusement Places ., 6

Ae the H·otel , ......•.......................... 7

At the Restaurant , .. , ' 8

TJME, NUMBERS, COLORS

Days of the Week 9

Months of the Year ............•... , , , , " . , 70

Season-Weather , , 10'

Time , • , , .. , , , , , ,11

Numbers 12

Colors ,"", 14

COMMUNICATrONS

At the Post Office , . , .. , , .. , ......•. , 14

A( the Telegraph Station 15

Ac the Telephone, , ,. , , , . , , " , . , , . , 15

Handling Money 16

At Customs. , 16

TRANSPORTATION

Means of Transportation , 17

Railway Travel ' .. 17

A t the Airport , ; .. ;;";;""',." ·18

Driving an Automobile " .18

Automobile Maintenance , , , 20

SOCIAL CUSTOMS AND POLITE EXPRE5SfONS ..•... 22

lmpcrtent: Signs , .. e ••••••• , " •••• 24

ALHAI\ BRA PUSLIC IBRARY A~ IllH.lII~h",\, r' ~ n nR~ 11,'\

Stari cassette smE 1 and listen to

the taped introduction before reading.

key phrases will giv'€ you an instinctive grasp of how Chinese is put together. It willi help you no make YOWlr own sentences as you ,I'earn new words. You will discover that siimply listening, reading. and repeating the Chinese saud's willi give you a head start in speaking modem Idiomatic Chinese.

After a brief introduction by Charles Ber~itz" the well known linguist, you wiil hear phrases In English immediately translated into Chinese, repeated twi'ce, and followed by a pause, During the pause say the Chinese words aloud. Remember, you can always stop the cassette and rep,Jay any phrase you feel unsure about. Iust listening is not enought You must repeat the words, and phrases listened to, as often as possible. Say the words aloud many times to impress ~hem Oli yom memory, The Chinese phrases are spoken at normal conversational speed, as yOtJI will hear them spoken by Chinese people. Practice repeating them at the same speed in order to be understood,

It has been proven by testing that a word spoken 10 to 2.0 times wiU impress itself on tile conscious mind more readily than a word seen so to 100 times. When the two systems are combined, as in this course, you will be surprised at the ease with which you will acquire a whole new vocabulary.

After reading this introduction, notice that on page 1 the English phrase is on the left, and the equivalent Chinese phrase. written in English letters, in the middle. The characters at the :rightr;nay be I.Js',"d to point out what Y0l;n want no say ;if pronouncrng a phrase is difficult. The beautiful Chlnese script is also well worth examining and, in time,studying, as a way of understanding_the people and culture of China. It is interesting 'to note that all: Chinese dialects use the same writing systeman important link in national lJni:ty that makes Cantonese and Mandarin mutually understandable when written, although not when spoken. Some Chineseideographs were originally pictures, and these are irequeirlily combined. When the character "wornan," for example, is combined with that for "child," it means "good." One woman under a roof means "peace.' The combination of "tree' and "sun" form a character meaning "east," and this is sometimes explained as the morning sun seen through the trees. However, such traditional explanations, while helpful in memorizing the characters, do not explain everything. For example the characters, "east" and "west" written lin sequence represent a two syllable word meaning "thing",

The word for "middle" is also the Chinese word' for "China" (the Middle Kingdom), going back to anearly concept that the Chinese Empire was the center of civilization, with other, less civilized nations on its fringes.

Chinese' grammar is relatively' simple and, like English, depends larg.ely on word' order tor meaning, rather than changes in ward forms.

INTRODUCTION

More people speak Chinese than any other of the world's languages, It i.s the official language for the approximately 850,000,- 000 population of the People's Republic of China and is spoken by millions more in Taiwan and in the colonies of overseas Chinese in South East Asia, Nor~h and South America, and other parts of the world,

The Chinese given in the' cassettes and booklet i:s standard Mandarin, known in Chinese as Cwo y,u (national languagel, With local variations, this is the native language of about 85% of the Chinese people. It is the medium of instruction in nearly all Chinese schools, world-wide, except in Hong Kong.

There are several other Chinese dialects that: are related linguistically. Numer.ically the most important of these are Cantonese (spoken i:n Kwangtung province, Hong Kong and overseas, including the United States), Wu (spoken ln the Shanghai areal. Amoy (spoken in Fukien, Taiwan and Singapore)' and Hakka (spoken in parts of Kwangtung, Kwangsi, Fukien and Taiwan). The first three are spoken by well over 50 rnlllion people each, while Hakka has about half as. many speakers.

This cassette course has been prepared to furnish you with the basic phrases you will need to communicate in Chinese: what you wish to say and what you can expect to hear in reply. The Chinese phrases you will hear when you listen to the cassettes will enable you to make yourself und'erstoodand establish cnmmunication so you can get what you want, find your way about, and make hfends in China. The phrases on the cassettes are short, easy to repeat and memorize, and they are the phrases that Chinese people use many times each day.

The number of words and phrases employed in everyday COnversation is surprisingly small, and the vocabulary of this cassette COUlrs,€ In-dudes and stresses these. Your repetition of these

The pronoun llst below will help you identify these important Httle words when you hear them in Chinese.

English PWliunc.iation Chinese

I wo ':fit

~u ~ ~

he, she, it fa· ftl! ta!.! ~

we wo~en 3X 1r~

you nlmen 11.K 1r~

they fa men 11l! 1M i@. 1r, :t iF.!

Engllish, in common with many other languages, uses tonal changes to indicate meaning, such as the difference between a statement and a question. In English the tone is related to the sentence pattern, and not te the word, (D[ffeJent words may be substituted to change the meaning without changing the tonal pattern of the sentence.)

ln Chinese the tone is an inherent part of the word. The Chinese must, therefore, use a different method In asking questions, rather than depending on tone alone? It is important to learn tile sentence patterns provided, as, otherwise, your questions may not be ldentlfied as such.

Mandarin Chinese hasfour major tones and a fifth called a light tone. Since the tones are pronounced correctly on the cassettes, simply pronounce the words as you hear them and yOUJ own tones will be correct.

The four tones are relative to each other, not a matter of absolute pitch, and they are given the following tone marks in the book:

1. Normal tone (flat) - rna ;;::: "mother"

2. Saed as if asking questi:cm- m~ = "hemp"

3. Said as if saying wh-a-a-t! - rna = "horse'

4. Said as if giving an order - rna := "scold"

The use of the same syllable in the above shows how the tone can completely change the meaning: of a word.

Now proceed with the book and tum on the cassette, And, as soon as you are familiar with the cassette tape; put the book aside and practice repeating each phrase aloud in the time pause after the Chinese phrase is repeated for the second time, We suggest that you play these cassettes not onlly at special "study tlmes" but at different times during the day, even when yo,u are doing something else, like getting dressed, having breakfast or a. coffee break, sipping cocktails, ignoring a TV commercial. or in bed, before going to sleep .. Each time you hear and practice repeating the language will become easier; and the more often you repeat the words and phrases the better you will remember them .. Finally they will easily come to mind as needed.

ENGLISH

GENERAl. EXPRESSIONS

CHINESE

PRONUNCIATION

..

SALUTAT10NS

Good morning, Mr. Lee.

Dzau-an, Ii 5yaI15heng ..

Good afternoon, Mr. t.ee.

Wu-ilin, n :syan she rng.

Good eventng, Mr. lee.

Wan-an. IT s,ylinlshe Rg.

How are YOIJ?

Nf hau rna?

I am very pleased to meet you.

Wo hen gausying jyan dau nl.

Thank you.

ChTng

Good bv.

VfSHS AND INTRODUCTIONS

Do YOUI know him?

M remsnr (a ma~

Allow me to Introduce him. her

rnyself

fa

"",0 di: Ii

Here is my card.

How do you do?

NT shr Ii syansheng ma~ .11.I\:Iiik*)It ~ I~ ?

Are you Mr. lee?

~ am 'stay~n,g at the hotel,

NT hWEH shwo 'f,t, iJ ~ ~ j:_ P.ffi?

¥jng wen rna?

Do you speak Engli~h?

Yes, a little.

1

"'masculine, ieminine and neuter gender

'Where are you sta.yi ng?

fNCUSH

PRONUNCiATION

CHINESE

I don't speak your language we-ll.

Wo buds hWEH sll,wij nTmendle hwa.

~ 7f A fi IDt 1fK 1F.l Ir-J mi: ~

Please speak 5lowly.

chf nlg nW shwo ma,n y"idy.k

Ching dza.i shwo yfbyan.

I beg your pardon.

Excuse me lor interrupting.

DweibuchT, dajyau nTIe.

;:J. :::f' ~ } IT ~~1;'K To

Please come 10 my house for breakt~,t. lunch

'lea

dinner

Chfng ,!TIT diiu wo iya I§,i ehr (/zaufan. iiJngranl

eM

wfnfan

~Ilj i~§"l;~J: ~ ~ * ,r:JZ; !f-1!&~

q:. ilfl

;W

Il.l ~K

ILTta.i lai d2:ai Iyii mal

When will she be back?

Til sh'i'imma .shfholl hwei lail

Ching ~nlai..

ChTng chwo.

Will you have a NT yau c:nou: ii" van

cigarette?' rna.?

You are welcome. BUkecht

May I offer you Ni yail he y1dyar

something 10 drink? dUing,yi mal

eat cllF

1f1: ~ I~ - ~~i j[l, .lilt Wli~,~, ?

rt'£

Ni syThwan eha mal

I like coffee.

It has been a long time since 'Ii saw you last,

DZ-Isi'iing shangtsz jyan my,~m Yljil1l,g henjyou Ie.

Chrng dili WD wenhou nTde iya·-~i!n.

f~dlitn

2

~·"!1liJ:*~rni , B «tI! ~N! j\ T •

ENGLISH

PR,ONUNOATJON

CHINESE

"

mother husband wife,

muchin syanslleng tai taii

Ni"de eer-dz hau rna? nyu.-er

INQUIRI.fS ON THE STREfT

Ch"lng-wen ya,utang dzai :nali?

J~ lyiiu lu dati silang--ye cnyu rna? re([ichang

y~nl1a[ng

Jyau1lal1,g

~iywan bliilwogiingsz b6·wll gwan

giln~ ..• -ij\0:van

sz·,;nY:~ll

hwoch(j:jan y6u-W1,g-jyo

Ch~ng nf didi dM shang i,gei wa kan.

ChTng-wen je Iya UJ. Dye· Iyau shemma mrngdz~

EVERVDAY EXPRESSIONS

Shl'

Ching

Dweibucni.

Y6syu

3

~~ 1t.1::

::t:.:*

Please remember me (0 your family. (adler

~fJ 1·~ ;fjt I}~ ~ 1{~I¥J 'i1.,A~

3!:~

How is your son? daughter

~~~1%~tff-~~ ? :k5C

P'lea~e come aga.in.

Wheir'e is the pharmacy?

~ rr:l' ,~~. tE m; 1\ :m!?

~5 this the way to

ill e b us! fless district? airport

bank

chulrch

hospita:~

department store museum

[park

temple

'ail road station post office

!

Please show me on this map.

W~at is the name of this sl.reeH

P'!!) ?

;l~ t~ ~ ;II fJ' $f:£ ~~ -\I

-;>:;"'.r,o;./;:"'~.' ~ .lI'l. A RJ.

w.~t1l, iii H ~OOJ

~'.~ Il A $}io

iI is!}iij ,f

ffilf ,lJi; ;(£ iti!, !i&J1 J:. m fit flt ~ •

1rM 1111 " :ili f~ ~~ n 4

1'+ ~ -i; ~. ?

Yes

No

Ple'a~e

'3'Li: !lit;

EKeUS.e me.

Maybe

Certainly

ENGLISH

PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

Is that sol

Thank you very much.

H~rI 5y~SY@ ni.

YOU! are welcome,

~ am gratetul,

Wi5 tll~n gan sy.il!.

I am sony.

I don't know.

Wo btJj"rdau.

I think so.

Wo sylng~ jyomhr jeyimg.

I don't (hunk so.

w5 bu~eylmg syang.

Good luck,

]u nr hau yU!I.

Be careful!

Syausy·in!

Can you get all! i nterpretert

What: is this~

Ni"' ne,ng jau yige fan-VI ma?

i1~" '1f~ it - ifM irJI ~ n~ ?

What is that?

Where is the toilet?

Chi,ng-wen tse swo dzai n51i?

What: are you doing?

Nr dzai dZW0 shemma'!

Where are you going~

I am going to school,

wi!) dau sywesyau cllyu ..

Plea sa sh ow me ..

Please write it.

CIl' n g sye sya.hiL

Please draw a p lctu re of it.

Ch,ng InT deng wo hwenai.

Women llke jyolJyau dzolJ le,

Wo keyr he n' ykhi dZOli.

P~ea5e wait until I come back

fNCUSH

PRONUNCtA nON

CHINESE

Which way sllJall we go?

Women dzou nlty~l.I.

Ii:! ne?

I am in a humy.

How much wiH it co~H jege if dwoshau chyi'!T1?

'ihi5 is tile shortest way.

Je yi.tyau shr dzwei [inde lu.

~~,~~Qlli:~ ~"

PERSONAL N.EEDS

FOOD

~ H~ , m{i;(£' ~ :fm?

Ching-wen shrchaITlg dz~i nlilm

Whl;lreis the groeerv slore?

Chlng'w~n dza\'1wodyan dz~U n~li?

IDlf' r"", iii jtir JiS :t.E m}~ ?

Where can I buy food?

Wo dZ3.i nilli m1ing maida.u sh(pTng?

~ ;IE .~ tID. t~ il. ~·U ft ~ '[

Wo y.~iJ ma.i pfng gwo. ~yangjy:ai!J

doulu

doudz

ny6ur(r~

nyaupai

pijiyou

my.anbau

nyollYou

bausyintsai

b~it5ai

darn-gau

Uln,ggwo

dm,'L1

y'ihgl.lUI

Dr

chy.iitlke~1

gH

yed'z

ik".ilE!i

niiyou

flt ~ ~ iU'f': a 'if~

il~

R.r

.tp I*:J

'* t§~

~~ iI

·.m

.tp;lh

m Jc.~. 'tti 8m: ~t~

1m*

~:~ ~ (I

11 tiE \

~ :t51lJJ ~!l!lJ

~I~ .::f

Wl g1~ to~dm

We will go right away.

~)t 1TiJ !L :t~J 1tt ~ 7E·11

I .~ \

I should I~ke 10 accompany you.

:f~ ilJ JJ ;ftl 111(, ~ .~ 7E-

I want to buy .app.les. bananas

bean curd

beans.

:beei

beef steak beer bread butter cabbage

chinese cabbage cake

candy

cheese

cherries

chicken chocolate

dams

cocoanuts colfee

cream

ENCLISH PRONUNCIATION CH.INESE
dates dza!ldz ~ :::r'
eggs ii'dan mili "'1
I,ish yu ~
grapes putall l1iliJ
lamb yamo'U ~~ ~
lemons nfngmeng 1*·tl
lobster lungsya mllm
mangoes rnang-gwo 1::.*
meat rOil ~
milk nyou-naT l:j:.tf)j
oranges iyudz m=rll
oysters hau ~
peaches taudz .#6 T
pears It ~
pineapples bw(ilwo if£ J.rii
plums meldz $=J-
pork jliray ~ ~
potatoes m3111lgshti J~ I%- :!l
rice (uncooked) mT *
rice (cooked) fan 'M.
shrimp sy'a' ~
soda, water si..idashwei chishwei' ~. tr 7k ~ 7}.
soup t~ng m
string. beans doujyau li1f!l 1 (
lea chal ~.
,
tomatoes ranchy,e ~ nb
turnips Iw6bwo ;Ii ;jij 11
vegetables shiitsai ~.#! ENGU5H

PRONUNCIATiON

What play is scheduled :next week?

CHINESE

Syasyingc'hf paide stu sh~mma syH

"F .£ Wl 3lF tf.J ~ it ~t&?

Pllease reserve two

I:i c kets fo r Fr,~da y •

Wo yau ding lyangjang syi'hgc,hif wilde pyau,

~~~Wi!i££J91 jUf:J ~ •

At what lime does the play begin:?

Jh:hu sy! shemma shrhou kiiiyan?

~ i~ .tIt {T i!E ~ ~ M til· 7'

AT THE HOTH

Where can I find ,a hotel?

ChTng:-wen shernrna dif.:mg you lyUgwh?

~ r'"~ , ,ft,e; it 15 :fltiti. ~_?

What is the rate per day?

wee~ month

Ching-wen l.1ng~iya shr dwoshilll chyan yi,!ya·n? Ylsyihgchf

yfg@ ywe

~1!1!b~ , m " :@: ~ tt, 'fi - :JC_ ?

~&;IV] -.{W fj

Do Y'QU accept credit cards,l

NTmen iyeshotl sYln-YiUng I<:':i, m,,?

11r. 1rH.~ 5¥! -rn In -+ p.~ ?

Have you a, room with a bath Of shower?'

Nimen vou taufang ma?

Have you an air conditioned room?

Ni yi'lu you I;<:ngcnll -f{j; iI'f It ~ 1& 1iIfj El:'-J

snebeide {angjylfn ma? m ~ifl ijl!J ?

I want a: belief

. room. cheaper' larger quiet smaller

Wo yal!J y(ge haude Mngjyiin . IPyanyide

dade

iinjlngde

5Y~Ulde

~ ~ ~. fmll.f a9 }fj rd'l ..

·il 1L I1t-J *tr;]

~" a'1

tl' if.}

I' am sleepy,

I want bedding. hot water

lee

ice water ,3 light

a pill'ow soap

!,oilet pillpel~ a towel

Wo ya u Y'isye: beitu, y1sye reshwei ylsy~ bYng

y'isy~ b"i'ngshwei ylj~nd!!ng

y(ge jentou yfkwiil f'iiddu wiHshiing jif jllyau mau;fl'n

7

ft~-~~iIJ -~~*

-·~.Pk

-,~ Zit;. 7t:

~ .. -1WttliJ _!W."E.!t it~it -,~.~ rill

AT THE AMUSEMENT PLACES

SliDE l

Wnere is the theatre]'

ChTng-wen jyu-ywan, dz:"i ntili?

~ r", ~;(£ ~

:~ ?

Where is the movie house?

Chlng-wen dyim ying-yw'an dzai mili f

1m r",~ , 11..~.~:(£ m3?

This is a good seat.

Ji!! shryi'g.e !natl d'zwDwe,i,

NT' shl' bushr d;:~i py~lUfang m3i de py~lJ?

Dld you buy Ihe' Hekel at the box. oUice?

~7: ~ ;f .:;I! :(:E ~ ~ I!ltf.J~?

6

ENGlfSH

PRONUNC/ATJDN

'ChIng dzai dzau shang lyollJdyanji.ing jyausyin wo.

Ching-wen, )'u~hr azai nam Iffadyan meirungyw~n

ChIng ba / esye yufli 5yIgiinjylng. gansyf

Shemma shfhOu keyi ge~ wi'S?

Wo yiiu fangjY:irnde y~urshr<

I want 10 speak !o the wi} yau he .iil·rngIT

CHINESE

ENCUSH

PRONUNOATION

CHINESE

a plate

a ~p(lor;

pepper

salt

sugar

vinegar

soy sauce hotsauce cooked rice bread, and' butter lea

vise pandz y!] r lll!ngd:1; hujyau

van

tang

Isu

jya,ng you la-you

f~n

mylnbal:1 fWOiJ-Y0i.l ella

_. 11:~ m;' "=f-3l1:~~ ~ri4x

!Jl

~.

~~

~fm

tAHm

'il ~1M',*Mi ~

Plea~s·e bring me the hill.

Chlilg ni biijarngdan kiii lai.

TIME, NUMBERS, COLORS

DAYS Of THE WEtK

MOIlUd'ay

SyYngchiiyT

SyYngchier

Wednesday

Sy{ngchlsan

Thursday

SyYngch~sz

hiday

Saturday

Sunday

everyday

meHya.n

~od.a.y

";,Iyan

tomorrow

miinglyan

yesterday

dzw6ty.m

this week

nexl wee~

last week

9

another blanket

Please wah! me at 6 a.m,

Please bring me a Clip.

a fork

a glass

a knife

Where is ihe bathroom? barber shop hal rdresser

Please have these clothes washed. dry cleaned

~ r .. 1 , r& §il:# ~ :m!?

~.iJi~

~;g~

liI~ :tE! ~ @-:Ji_ ,ijil 'WC l!tllll·

t&;.i7C

VVhen can I have them back?

it !!H~ ~OJ J;t ~ fit?

I want a key 10 my room ..

manager.

jyanghwa.

Here is my Flew 11 ddress ..

I~ shr wode ,y'ln d!jr~

i shall return tomorrow,

Wo m(ng Iyan iyou hweila.t

Give me my bill, please,

Chrng bi jangdiIh kai lai.

AT THE RESTAURANT

Wh.ere ls a good rres~a U rim I ?

Shemma dlfi\~g you hilude fan.gwan?

it !l .:1& .tJ '* tlJ- I'J~) fl!li!!B?

We desjre break/as!. lunch

dfnner

Women yau dza"man. junglsan

winl.an

ow. 11":! ~ !f.. ~ I'fp'it

fjJB '~

ChTng gei w5 ytge biHdz., ylba ch'lldz yrge bwolibei ylb~ aaud;,:

8

-ru3?:r

- ·13j :p£ ·fIIiI· .fl'

~ 1~.7J .:r

ENGLISH

PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

ENGU5H

PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

How is the weather flntyiinde tyanehi

today? dzemma yang?

4- ~ (f.J 7... #.\. ~ .!if! ~ ?

MONTHS OF THE YEAR

Calendar

Ywe-li

What will the weather M~nglyande tyinehi

be tomorrow! dzemma yang?

E!>'3:K~J7.:~~. ~ ?

J1anuary

Erywe

.dry gan

:ilm

~.~,~--------~--------------~----~------~---------

~ . cold ~eng lit

;10 ,

hoi re ~

wei

chau

M~rch

April

Szywe

Woywe

June

tyouyw;';

July

Chin'ywe

August

B::iywe

J\FJ

September

}youywe

October

shfywe

November

December

Shrerywe

+~~

this month

F:ge ywe

next: month

sya.ge ywe

last month

snal'lgge ywe

tl1[<; year

1.115.1 year

next year

Mingllyan

SEASON - WEATHER

iljye

spring

chwiin

autumn

summer

winter

dUng

weather

chlhoD

10

I: ... _d_e_ar __ ~ ~ ch_m~g~la_n~g~~ ~~~.~~·.·_, ~

cloudy yi"nlyan .~ 5R.

cool

Jyangkw:ai'

frost

slmwil'ng

fog

wu

raining

syayt5

snowing

hailing

.,ylb£u

thundering

windy

guii feng

humid

chjiusbr

nice

beautiful

cninglangde tyanc.n"

TIME

time

mrnlute

secone

myau

hour

shr

A.M..

P.M.

syawu

1,

ENGLISH

PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

One second

y"lmyiiu

two seconds

ihmyii:u

ten seconds

shrmyatJ

one hour

two hours

Iyangsyausnf

five hours

wusyaushf

one' minute

yWn lUng

len minutes

shrfefil jiing.

twenty minutes

ihsht'fen jUng

th~ rly minutes

sanshffen jung

What time, Is it now?

Ching-wen, ~yimdzai: shr shemma .shfjy:an?

If r"" , :m;(£ ~ 1t

.~rJJ '?

1'1 is nine o'clock.

Syandzai shr jyoudyan jUng,

It is twenty minutes before ten o'clock.

Sy'~ndzai shr shrdyiin cha. ihshfren.

:g». :tE :m: + #Jli ~ tr

10-' •

It is fifteen minutes after eleven o'clock.

Syandzli shr shnYI'dyall sh!Fwlule'n.

~ :{-£ '::I! + - 'Ji + .ff.fIt·

It is half past two,

Sya.ndzai shr Iy.i~gdyall blin.

I' was at your home tllJs moming.

this afternoon this evening at noon

at midnight at nlght

eari'y lin the momililg

Jimyan dzaushang w5 dau fi:ishang chyo gwo.

j'uhtyan syawu ,Intyan wanjy'an jllntyan jUngwu ~'htyan bimye jihiyan wanshang (Ir.lyan chingdzau

.±f 7E. 1f. ..t.. ~. ~a J(ff .l; 1H& •

~~rlf

A,;R ~~ rEI) .£f;Rr;filp 4'~<¥tl .lf7C~J:

4- ;R?r~·iF

NUMBERS

SIDE'1I

One

y',

two

1'2:

ENGUSH

PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

three

lour

51:

live

wu

six

Iyou

seven

ch'i

eight

J\

nine

iyOIU

ten

snf

+

+-

twelve

+=

thirteen

fourteen

fifteen

sh.Fwti

twenty

twenty-one

--r-

twenty-two

ershrer

=T=

twenty· three

ershrslin

forty

sbhf

fifty

wusnr

siXly

lyoushF

fr,,+

di(shf

eighty

A+

n.inety

jyous!!F

one hundred

y'ibaii

-8

one thousand

y'ichyan

_"'T-'

13

PRONUNCIATION

CHfNESE

ENGLISH

ENGHSH

PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

COLORS

This package contains books.

toys

candy

lood

clothing

perishable food Iragde' materials

lege baug,wo sin!' .shUj.i.

walnjyu l.i",ggwo shllPTI1l

rilu

hwiH I1wili de shrpTn ItIwe,i pwo de diiingsyi

~fIl-&~1!:1f~. ~~

ik*

jt ~Ir

::Ji: n!!,

il ~, a'~ 1t ~, it \i!t fI'-J m ;tg'

Wbat color lis this?

:j§: :.l! fl &'~ • ]if ft~

g ItfJ

S W~I

~ rf~1

.*fk I'(}

*l't-J

Ie sh r Mngde. hwangde ~ande

baide'

neide

Iyude

d~de

~II tS red. yellow blue whire black

gre'en purple

AT THE TELEGRAPH STATION

,I want to send a telegram to the U.S.A.

day leiter

nigh~ leiter

ea blegra m, radiogram

Wo yau fa"

Ylfeng dyimbau.

COMMUNICATIONS

AT THE .POST OFF.lCE

'1lre-ng rjyandy~nbllu y) ren,g yi! jy'andy~ n bi u haidi dyanbau wusyan dyanbilU

_, j;j' l3i r~'[ ~ - ~':p'z rJl llt ~ ~~m~ ~W.'itf.~

mad

youchai

mail! carrier

~'Pd,J , jj\~';(£ ft ~:Il:iJ?

ChTng~wen, youjyu dz~i shemm.l dHang?

Wher·e' is, the post office?

How much wW this cost?

~ fh, , ~. -1£' 1+ ,If '1& 15 PJW re :@: fm *U:l~ ?

Where can I mail ,this?

Ching-wen" w5d,zai shemma dlfang Myi Iba jege jichUchyiH

When will it arrive?

SMmma shfhou !k~yi dau?

:fJ;t·~mtto,.~,~.~

iW·

tt~

~ll IFJf ~ ~ II -m~

ZfSm

w.o yau Ylmg gwahau ji jeg,e.

hangkUng

syanshf jw:an silng b'augwo

ptingsy1n

I want 10 send this reg! stered.

ail' mail

special delivery parcel post regular mail'

AT THE TELEPHONE

i¥M ib~i " ~t S:I& 15 tf1!:~?

Chingwen, shemma d1fan:g you dyanhwal'

Where is: the telephone?

May I U5~ YOIUf telephone?

ti!: Iff J,J ffl '!1r,. 1r:J 1t Ilis ij~ ?

Wo keyi yung nide dyanhwa rna?

Ching gei wo Ylsyii y6upyau. y1sye MngkHng youjyan

yhyi.! mfngsylnpyan - ~ ~~ -Fa ".

~~~~~~--~~--

le leng sy~n sy'Uyau ;1t ~ ~ 1m ~ fir :::t-'

dwosMiu youpyam? !I!B ~?

Please give me p,05.!age shimps. .. erogrerns

Whe.re is the telephoWle directOJjf?

ChTngwen, shemma dif.lng 'Y,i5u dyanhwab'u?

fM P.I'J " 1+}jfj:tm 'n

~1i.~ff'?

_ I!!i iI-!' 'k. .ffirr ,M; __ w.'w =.. ~) J:tr:i)

post Caras

Will YOu please get this number for mel

Ni keyi 11 wi) jye [ege hauma mal

How much is the postageon this leuerl

parcel

Wha,l: number areyou cal~ing?

NIl" y~u~hemma h~um3?

14

1S

ENGLISH

PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

lnformatiorr please,

Chfng n] 11 WoO iye fUiwutii.i,.

is·

1.!iIffff,:ff~t&'~~ 1t~;Et~

Long distance, please,

Ching nr tl wo iii'! changtudyan'hwatai.

HANDLING MONEY

Where is the bank?

Ching-wen yiin hS:r1g dz~j n"i?

~s rJJ , j! 11 ;(£ f1l\ :fI?

Please change this into small bilk

Ching nl ba Jiige I~w:~ncheng syiu pyaudz.

~. ldJ~ ~~ ~ 11~J ~ )]X; IJ,~ T .,

please give me Chinese money.

Ching niT ,g,ei wo Junggwo chy,an.

What is, thf! rate of exchang@{

Nl'mencle dwe,ihwanlyo shr dwoshilu?

1iKiI'~ 9-'1 ~' ~ $ .;I! ~ ~v ?

Do you sell traveler's checks?

Nimen mill lytiSYlng jr'pyau mal

11K 1r.l !l M ft ::t ~ ~;1l~ '?

AT CUSTOMS

Where is the customs official?

Shemma dlfang shr h'5igwan gwan-ywan?

{i" B :1& jj :;I! #ii 1m 1"~ ?

This lis rny baggage.

J~ shr ""'ode syrlngli..

I have nothing to declare.

We m,eiyou yau bat! shwelde dj]ngsyi.

~ ~:W~ ~ m 1f1 Jl(j!§m

This is not new.

Je bushr syYnde.

15 this duty free?

Ie shr bushr myalUl shwEHde?

May I lock my trunk now?

suitcase handbag

W5 keYII 'b3 wode da syiin'gdz ,gwansha:ng le rna? sy,au syangd'z shi5utibau

~ 1iJ W-jlS:f): ir;J t::.. $tj T ~~ J: T q!!) ?

IJ"'~ T EF·m:·@,

16

fNGl.l'5H

PRONUNCIATION

TRANSPORTATION

CHINE5E

MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION

Wnere can I find a bicycle I'

boat bus

car

horse taxi

Ching-wen, 'WO dziii shemma dUang key. iiud~u yflyilng ;yam,khe?

y'llyau chwan giinggungchkhe yi'lyang chlehs y.pi'rna

yilyl:mg f1ch~nlgchkhe

liM ,~Q~ ~ ;(£ 1+ • :It!!. 1i JjJ tI! tt ~l -$iii' JIlMlii?

-1~ lim"

1} 3:Ii' .f't * '-~?1:* -l!!~

~~it:fl~.

RAILWAY TRAVEL

Where is the railw,ay staliQrH

Where is the information desk?

IP lease give me a time table.

'ChTng gei w,5 yifenl s h,r'jyanby'a 1.11.

p~ ~ ~ ,_ 19- iiij r~ :;&.

How much is a tourist {first) class tickel?

round trip ticket express ticket

express with reserved seats

popular class ticket

Ching-wen gwan-gwling= 'irflf' r .. ~ , if!. 7t. ~ q,.

.h~u dwashau (hyan .~:!J;>. ~ _ iii ~ ?

yij\ingpyau?

rii-hw€upyau kwaiche

dw~i h1i,u kwaich(!

pu tyngche

When does the tr .. in depart]

Hwoche shemma shrhou :k J![ it ii: ~ J~ ~? kii?

Is Ihis the right trai n l

lis this an express trainl'

Is ~here a res.!aUr.;l,r:J!. alii this tra,in~ sleepiill,g car

Jelye cheshang you (sanche rna? wopuc'he

~;9,Ij. 1: :ff1l. P.!t ?

~r Mil!

1:7

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION CHINESE

lis smoking permitted lege ch~syang jwun- ~ .fIljJ$ fm Ii Iff ~

in this compartment? syo sy'l'yan mat ;1m 'PJj '(

What is the name of lege dHang iY~u ~ .jJ!] :i& Jj ~y ft m

tllis p!!ac:e'~ shemma, mungdz~ :t * "

Hw"c'he',' d',~~I' ,1';'11' ,L ~ *' ~ ~ ~ ',$L

How I:ong does the U hO" 7'- ..... '1J: ;y

train stay here~ tlng dwi:ljyou:? -!A ?

Where is the exit Nali shr rllng d~jye m~ 1JM ~,Jm, *- tiff e'-J

to the s.treetl de chUkou l W Cl?

the bus 5hnd.

Take my baggage to Ching b;i W'odes,yingli ii'.l!te:! ?jt, e'..J ff * Ii

laxi

Iban d~1U gUng,gongch'ichii:ian. jkhengchkhe

~11} * tt lli M .. t].,~ f't ~

A t THE AIRPORT

Where is t~e airport?

fei.jl·chang dz~1i shernma d'irang?

m *-1.i! ~ i.E it ~ :l:U!. 15 ?

How much does the tax] 10 the airport c05H

Dil: jyicbengche cnyu n~ij.chln,g yau dWi'i5h3u chy.1n?

~~m-m.*71'~~ :~~1fr~!>~ ?

where do I have my ticket checked?

Dzal shemma dHang d1ilpy1iu?

Where is the passport ;lind customs areal

HI~iau he h1iigwiin dzaJ nall jyl1och;H

.~ ,U\'! ;f1! :i'ff. !W 1£ »fi 1m~':t: ?

What lime does the plane' for Tokyo, departt

Dii!:i OUngjihg c:hyu de feij'l' shemmashilhou ehirei?

3l1! 3ft: Jit ~ ~1 m ~ f+ lti ~ ~ (@ 7l\ ?'

What gate do I go to?

Wo y!n!lllai dZQUl nage men(

How long will the lIiigh! be delayed?

Ft:lii'I' yau yanch; dwHjyou?

SIDE ..

DRIVING AN AUTOMOBI[E

Do you know the road 1.0 the soulh~

east

west

NT ji'diiul wang n~11 chytl de III mal dting

syr

18

-1Jr- ~ ii! it m .~ 9'1 ~Ii~ ?

Jl{ rm

ENGLISH

PRONUNCIA710N

north

CHINESE

"5 th i 5 road good? bad

passable

open to Iraffic

J,etyau Iii Mu ma? hwai

fll?n.g tungsyin 'Ylji'hg [kl:ifang, key! liingsyrngle

.~ ~11& fl- IIJI!5 ? ~

ifB il fi

E. *' 1M! 1iti5J tJ.:iJi, fiT

ChTng.w~1l (hyau dzai nalii?

Is there a ierry?

Naill you diuchwan ma?

Whe,re does t:his mad lead?

Jelyaulu ttirngd.lu i§ ~. !&i'ilR ~1 fT JjIj

shemma d'il,mgl it!!. n ?

Am II mIl the road eo ~he no,rth?

Wi) sh] bushr d'zaj t!t ~ ;:r;. ~.:I: .(E $J ~t;

syang bel de liJsh'ang:? til] OCt:- J: ?

How many miles is it lolown?

Dau chell g ,I i you jf IT It.?

Excuse me, I am 10,51.

Please help me!

Dweibudf( WI) mile I'u.

Ching n1l bangma'ng!

l~--'f'~' ~jlT § ii~~~tt •

Have you a mapl

Can you guide met

Ni neng buneng t'l wiS, dailui

Can you Ii~.d me a guide?

NT neng 11 wo jau Ylge syand3u rna?'

.iff, 1m ~;.:&; tt ..... fi ";$~~?

Pleas,e point,

Ching nT jrgei wo kan.

What place is this?

m _ m ny ft JB !6 * '1

What is the name of Ill: is street7

Je"tyau jy~ jyau shemma mrngdzf

lurn right

lurn I'eft.

jwall dzwo.

Co straight ahead.

Yli; syimgchy!in.

Co back 10 Ihe crossroad and' follow line g.uide sign.

Dyautou hweidal!J shfdz,luki'l dzai sweije lopai dzou'.

_ jiJii llill JIj + !:f:. M 11:1 ~ rIM is !Mi It$ ~ •

19

ENGLISH

PRONUNCMTJON

CHINESE

Where is the villagel

TwsulIljw:;ing dldi shemm<l d1f,an,g?

there

here

near

far

ywal1l

hen ywan·

:tILi!

this way

11101'1 way

rnlHyau l'u

Is there a gar,age near here?

gas station town

police station river

railroad' telephone

)MuIln you 5yo(J.chll"Mng ~ r4t.i&: ::fi'~ !II ,1i!R'

ma? ij~ ?

jyayoDJJ;'n 1.10 iIfI M i'i1ii ,,~.r.n

1ilJ iJ;;'i 'ei!it!i

jfmsh? jingchajy(i he

ty'cdalJl

dyanhw::l

Where is a garage?

AUTOMOBILE MAINTENANCE

Nali y,51.! syo.ucMic:hlng?

Do you bave parts for this American car?

Nl yiSu je j ti ng Meigwochede Ilngjyiu'U rnaj'

frt. * iInffl ~ ~ ~ B'~ ~ itt:!lIl!l '?

Do you have a battery? Ni you dyanpfng rna I

<i! cable dylmsyam

tire chains Ch~l~iIY~!1I

distilled water jengly6yshwiH

gasoline c'h~yQ'1.!

grease

an ~ nner lube a light bulb oil

a pump spark plugs a tire

tire patches

ron-hwi-yoUi neilai

yifr dengpau jlYOI! dkhilung hwosYI'ngs'ai y~j'f che,;ti bij~aibY

20

11JQ'i llum p.m ? ~~ ljlijf;l'~

~. fli ,Ji: 7\;1D ~JtliM! fJ'lMa

- ':9,::m it!!. :fft1lE tr~$1 1<~a ~ :5[. Jlfj

fiIj JMj;{fj

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

CHINESE

Where can I find a NaH keyi ja~dau Y~!le

mechanic? sy,auchede ren?

1£m~~~mp.Jtt ~J ~ 'WI {tl' ¥ 9'1 A ?

Will you please repair Chlngwen nT-n€n,g 'Ii

the tire? wo .syou chelai rna?

~ fd] '0; fi~ i< a f~ * Miqm ?

How much wm the NT Y~'u dWQshiu

work cost! gUngcnyan?

21

SOCIAL CUSTOMS

AND POLITE EXPRESSIONS

The many Chinese words and phrases you nave, listened to 011 the cassettes and practiced sayiing can be varied 'to express, aU kinds of different meanings. Now you will be able mo get along quite well in Chinese, 'Using the phrases you have learned in set patterns, without having to worry about grammar or sentence construction.

Besides these necessary words, however, there are other words -polite expressions and phrases that, spoken at lffi1e right time, will indicate that you know something about the cuhure of China. These are 'the "extra words" that Chinese people eonstanrlv use=wosds that willi stamp you as, someone who understands and respects the social customs of the country. Use these extra words and the Chinese willi think of you as polite, charming, interesting, or-as ~hey say in Chinese-.Hen you li-m,au.

A good example of this type of word and one you wli.l frequently hear is Hsu, meaning "Good!" When hau is preceded ,by the negative word tus its meaning changes to "Sad!" .. that is, "Not good!" In the same way the word lor "yes"-;-sn! when preceded by bu means "no" or "It isn't so" as ill Btl sh.r.

The word for "Mr." or "sir" is Syan~5he'ng which li,le~rally means "elder" or "born before .. " The word 'for "Mrs." or "madam" is Tai-tai. To say "Miss" use SyalJ-iye. In Communist China these tltles nave been replaced by a new one' equlvalem to "Comrade," which in Chinese is Tong-H. Tile title follows tihe name, 50 if you are speaking to lor introducing a Mr. Li, yo'u r.efe'r to him as U Sy,a.n-sileng .. Also remember that the personal name follows the fami.ly name. In the Chinese name Lin Yu-tang, Lin is the tam i:ly name and YlJ-l:af18 is, line personal name.

An easy way so say "Happy to meet you!" isly~jj-~ang fY0i.J~ yang,. A polite way to ask a person's name 15 Gwel-symg meaning"honorabl,e name," the word gwei being atulbuted to the other person's name or famil:y,. but nom used in reference to one's self, When meeting people, talking II eave, or to express, thanks for something, it is considered courteous to bow to' the person to whom you are spealking.

When someone dcesvou a service, besides saying "Thanks" -Sye-sye, Or "Many thanK5"-dwo-:sye, y,QUI might sometimes use ""Uousual many tnanks"-Fe,j-chang dwo-sy,e. If you are Invited somewhe,e accept "with great pleasllIre"-hau jf le,

meaning "very happy." . ..

When visililms sorneone's l10me you willi probably hear the expression "Ma:k.e yourself at home."-Ching swe,j-yi; or "Please sit down." Chrng dzwo; to which you can, reply, "'Please don't

stand on oer;emony:."~BU ke chi; which can also be 'used for "Don't bother:' 011 "You're welcome."

If you meet the children you can exclaim, "What a charming child !"-Je' hskiz py~ulyang de hen} or "What charming children !"'~Je ;;ge ha:idz pyau/y.a:ng de Mn!

When you are lnvited to dunner cornplirnent your host by saying, "This is exceJlent:'-jen hau-c.hi: ,A~d whea you leave, remember to say 'Thanks for an excellent dinner"-Sye'-sye nT, lemma haude wa.l1fal1; and "Thank YOlJfor a fine time."Sye-sye nT, war de' hen h iiI),

You should be ready to admire monuments, palaces, pagodas, and scenery' with remarks like, "How be'au~iful!"-Jt'n hliuklJ:nl or "Very jlnteresting"~H€n-yo.u yj:5l/ or "Great"--:J@11 bang!

When having a drink with a Chinese friend you say Ga~n bel,. meaning "Dry cup!" or "Bottoms up!" "Have a good trip." is YI-ID shUn-f.1ing and "Good IIU<::k!" is }u or hiu-yun! The I!YlliU New Year, falling in January or Febru:ary, is an important li1Ioliday for all Chinese. The expression for "Happy New Year" is GUngsyi, Cling-sri. China is famous for its panicles and mass demonstrations at wnichyou wm hear tthe,·,exc!amation., Wan-swei"Ten thousands years." The Chinese name for China is JUlIg-gw6.

Certain ,idiiomattic expressions can be used as informaJ greetings such as "How are you ?"-Ni l1au? to which the answer is HaUl or Hai-hBu, "Still good." "Long time no see:' a lransla,tion of a. Chinese expression which is often used ,il'l Engllish lis; in the ongfnal Chinese: Hau-iyi5u M~iy:an!

To call the waiter's attention in a restaurant you say Uu-iya.

Chopsticks are: called .Kwai-dz, and when you finish eating, place t:he chopsticks pointing QIUt from you. To ask for the check" say Ching swan-lang and if the waiter thanks you say" "It's nothing!"

-Me; S'hemma! .

Although there is no common linguistic basis between the ~ i'ido-E u ropean langua:ge:s, 01' which English is one, and 'the Sino-Tibetan language group, which includes Chinese, Chinese lis not hard to learn to speak since the grammar is relatively simple. There are no case endings or ... e~b col1ljug,a,tions ~o worry about as there are in European .Iang,uages, so you cain"! substltute new 'Words lnto the 'framework of what you have already learned without fear of grammatical mistakes. Some Chlnase words; espectattv pertaining to food, are familial' .10 many Americans Here are a few with thelr correct Chillese pronunelation; Chow (ch3u), Chow Mein (chiu-myan) Won Ton (hwUn-, twun), lichee (lj-m. I'n addltion, many place rnames you are familiar with have basic rneanings in Chi'n.ese. Shanghai (Sh'atlg-h~"i) means "bv the sea;" "South CapJital" is, Nanking (Nan-Fog); "North Capital" is Peking fBei-Ji'rlg); "Terrace S,ay" is TMw~m (Tal-wan). And one word almost everyone knows is Kllng Fu (G.Ung-J.u). You see? You already know some Chinese!

ALHAM . RA p~ LIe UBRA,RY ALHAMBRA. CALIFORNIA

22

JMPORT ANT SIGNS

ENGLISH

CfUNfSE

ENGLISH

PRONUNCJAT/ON

CHINESE

No parking

Jln-.rr trng che

PRONUNCIATION

Careful

Iyousyih

Cautton

Closed

fen,gbi

Crossroad

Danger

Danger01JS curve

syllnwan

Dead end'

silu

Detour

lin- j"r: tu~ngsyi ns

~ J . .!:, :j,ill :fi

Do not enter

Don', smoke

chouyan

<I!i' ~ t, ~Il~ ,k:!l 7l" "U;;; ~ J+Oj

Emergency 'ext!

jnngf chtikou

Entrance

iinkoul

Exit

chi.ikoll

first-aid station

Go slow

Keep out

bl.llwUn r"u-nei'

Keep to left

tkoiudzwo

Keep 10 right

tkauyou

Lavatory

Left. c!JIVe

dz.wojwanwiin

Men

No adrnltance

11n-ji" )1n ru

No animal-drawn Ira'lIie

shenSYUI two'lade chelyal"g bude ttingsYlng

1l!£ ii .?m ilf z. Ji! fj ;if ~ij, fj

No motor vehicles

cniche bude liingsYlng,

24

No vehlcles

ci11:ilyang bujwtin lii:ingsyfng

Right eUIVe

, • 'if' I,.

Yo'lilwanw,an

Sharp' turn

Speed l'ilmil

syan sii

Take either eoute

swtlibyiln dzi5u na yil.y~u'l~

Thi,5 way

Weig'h~ limit 5 tons

dzriiju,i'Ug wudwun

Wornern

.25

INTERNATIONAL ROAD SIGNS

!LE.FT CURVE.

DANGER

TA.KE. EITHER ROlUTE

MAliN ROAD AHEAD

CROSSROAD

CAUTION

RIGHT CURVE

THIS WAY

GUARDED RAILROAD CROSSING

DO NOT ENTER

SPEED LIMIT

PARKING

~. QS·-.5.' '®I~

WlElGHT LIM 11 5Y~ TONS

o

NO VEHICtES

I!I

Siiglil~ showing place at

which a first-aid station can be found.

DANGER

UNGUARDED RAIL- 1'>;10 WAITING 1 NO PARKING

ROAD CROSSING

NO ANIMAL. OPEN CULVERT

, DRAWN TRAFFIC {DIP)

NO MOTOR VEHIC;LES

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